Project 23560E Shkval/”Leader” destroyer

A new class of destroyer for the Russian Navy is currently under development by the Krylov State Research Center (KSRC), IHS Jane’s was told during a visit to the company.

The new design is called Project 23560E or Shkval (Squall), KSRC’s deputy director, Valery Polyakov, who added that a scale model of the design is going to be exhibited for the first time during the International Maritime Defence Show 2015 in St Petersburg from 1-5 July.

“The Project 23560E destroyer is intended to conduct operations in off-shore maritime and oceanic zones, to destroy land and naval targets, to provide combat stability to naval forces, to maintain area anti-air and anti-missile defence, and to complete peacetime tasks in all zones of the world’s oceans,” said Polyakov.

The Project 23560E destroyer has full-load displacement of 15,000-18,000 tons, a length of 200 m, beam of 23 m, draft of 6.6 m, high speed of 32 kt, cruise speed of 20 kt, endurance of 90 days, and a crew of 250-300.

The destroyer is intended to be powered by a gas turbine engine (although Russia currently lacks any adequate sources for naval gas turbines). It is proposed to be fitted with a battle management system integrated with tactical and operational-tactical ACSs.

The destroyer’s armament comprises 60-70 anti-ship or anti-land cruise missiles, 128 surface-to-air missiles (SAMs), and 16-24 anti-submarine missiles. The ship is also equipped with a 130 mm multipurpose naval gun.

US Intel Report Expresses Admiration of Russia’s Newest Naval Warfare Tech – Project 23560E Shkval destroyer Leader / Lider Class: Here


The US press has poured over a US intelligence report about the development of the Russian naval fleet and picked out the highlights.

The US Navy’s Office of Naval Intelligence has published a report which details how Russia will develop its navy within the next 10 to 15 years, the US magazine The National Interest reported on Thursday.

National Interest defense editor Dave Majumdar identified the development of the new ‘Leader’ nuclear-powered destroyer, a new class of nuclear attack submarines, a non-nuclear submarine, investment in railgun and laser technology and personnel reforms as the key new revelations of the US report.

Russian New Leader-Class Destroyer to Boost Power Projection Capability: Here


The general design of the destroyer was unveiled last summer at the «Army 2015» defense exhibition. The 200-meter long and 20-meter wide vessel will displace up to 17,500 tons. It will travel at a maximum speed of 32 knots. Overall endurance is up to 90 days. Crew – up to 300 men. It is not yet clear how many of the destroyers will be nuclear or gas turbine powered.

The Leader is expected to be outfitted with Kalibr-NK anti-ship, anti-submarine and land-attack missiles, as well as P-800 Oniks supersonic anti-ship cruise missiles with a range of more than 300 kilometers.

The Zircon hypersonic missiles could also be added to the mix.

This new unique missile is capable of speeds around Mach 5.0-Mach 6.0. It is going through testing to enter into production in 2018.

The ship will be equipped with S-500 air defense system capable of destroying intercontinental ballistic missiles and spacecraft, hypersonic cruise missiles and airplanes at speeds of higher than Mach 5. 

The S-500 is able to detect and simultaneously attack up to ten ballistic missile warheads out at 600 km flying at speeds of twenty-three thousand feet per second. It can engage targets at altitudes of about 125 miles, including incoming ballistic missiles in space at ranges as great as 400 miles.

Armed with no fewer than 200 missiles, the Leader will be the second largest modern surface combatant in the world after the 28,000-ton nuclear-powered Project 1144 Orlan battle-cruiser (the Kirov-class). The Leader’s armament will include about 60 anti-ship cruise missiles and 128 surface-to-air missiles and 16-24 anti-submarine missiles. The ship will be equipped with vertical launch systems. The armament will also include a 130 mm multipurpose naval gun fitted with a battle management system integrated with tactical and operational-tactical ACS (automated command systems). 

The outline design of the prospective destroyer “Leader” was approved: Here


The Defense Ministry has approved a sketch of the prospective destroyer of Project 23560 “Leader”, said Igor Ponomarev, Vice President of the United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC).

“His design continues. Draft project (one of the stages of the design) was recently approved by the customer, “- the words Ponomarev  RIA” Novosti “ .

He added that USC shipyards are equipped with technologies and have the necessary experience to create such a ship.

The project of the destroyer “Leader” was developed by the Northern design bureau under the number 23560. The destroyer can develop the speed up to 30 knots, autonomous to work for 90 days. Displacement is 17,5 thousand tons, length is 200 meters and width is 20 meters.




The 130mm A-192-5P-10E Armat-Puma multipurpose shipborne artillery system is intended to equip surface combatants and engage surface, air (including anti-ship missiles) and coastal targets.


130mm A-192 lightweight, single-barrel shipborne gun mount.

Fire control system comprises (in full configuration):

  • 5P-10E electronic fire control system;
  • interface equipment for gun mount, general ship systems, radar and EO systems, targeting systems, battle information systems, radio communications and EMC systems, etc.


The Armat gun mount is controlled by the Puma ─ 5P-10E fire control system (FCS).

The Puma is capable of detecting targets at ranges up to 60 km. In addition to detection, its computer can simultaneously track four targets and generate data for laying the gun at the two of them. The FCS’ reaction time against an air target is five seconds, against surface or ground one – 10-15 seconds.

To reduce the overall radar signature of the carrier ship, the turret of the A-192 gun mount is made of polygonal panels mating at blunt angles. The turret housing also provides light armoring. The barrel life is 2,500 shots, given all operational rules are observed. 

Characteristics básic as:

Caliber, mm:130

Effective range, km:

coastal and surface targets:≤ 23

air targets:≤ 18

Ammunition load ready for automatic fire, rds:22

Continuous burst length with automatic ammunition feed:≤ 200

Rate of fire, rds/min:30

Reaction time, s:

against air target:5-6

against surface target:10-15

Continuous operation time, h:48

Total artillery system weight depending on configuration (w/o ammunition load), kg:


gun mount (w/o ammunition load):25000

control system:3700

Round weight, kg:52.8

Training angle, deg:±170

Elevation angle, deg:– 15 to +80


round with  UF-44 HE projectile with  4MRM impact fuze:

UZS-44 AA round with DVM-60M1 fuze:

UZS-44R AA round with AR-32 fuze:

Combat crew:5


5P-10E Radar Control System

The control system 5П-10Э is purposed for control of shipboard artillery gunnery of 30-130mm caliber and unguided rocket weapons of 122-300mm caliber applicable to air, surface and shore targets (including low-flying air-to-ship missile a.k.a. sea-skimmer) in all ranges, by means of ballistic ammunition unitary loading. It also provides circular and sector scanning, auto-acquisition of air, surface and shore targets observed by the radar.


• Automatic simultaneous fire control of multiple shipboard gun mounts, which includes firing of two various calibers to a single or double air, surface and shore targets.
• Automatic target acquisition from shipborne facilities, capture and tracking of up to 4 targets in scanning sector of receiving antenna array.
• Autonomous target detection in circular and sector scanning modes, automatic capture and tracking of four most hazardous targets of all the detected, ranking of targets depending on their level of hazard.
• Output of present coordinates and necessary movement parameters of the tracked targets to target distribution system for the purpose of using other kinds of shipborne fire arms.
• Automatic measurement of zero hits and firing correction, such as using optical-electronic equipment built into antenna station.
• Interception of missile fired from a tracked target.
• RCS capability automatic control with fault indication and troubleshooting output.
• Crew training using simulated targets under simulated interference with shooting ability.


Implementation of complex phase-shift keyed radar impulses with variable base in RCS, availability of optical-electronic target acquisition and tracking aids built into antenna station, as well as several other engineering solutions provide automatic adjustment to target situation and high-noise immunity of RCS.
RCS software obtains intuitive interface which provides solutions to artillery system automatic control in all operation modes.

CS 5П-10Э architecture includes three functional subsystems:
• Radio-electronic coordinator subsystem;
• Fire control subsystem;
• Power supply subsystem.

Radio-electronic coordinator subsystem provides coordinates measurement and output of target movement parameters, includes radar-location and optical-electronic channel. Provides circular and sector scanning and autonomous target acquisition in off the line (standby) mode.
Fire control subsystem оprovides automatic fire control based on target present data, coming from radio-electronic coordinator or from other target acquisition shipborne systems, as well as interface with shipborne systems and the work results recording.
Power supply subsystem provides devices with necessary identification scheme of double current supply voltage and includes primary and secondary power supply hardware.

Data channels: – radar;
  – optical-electronic.
Radar channel wavelength 3 sm.
Arm time:  
from «Full off» position not more than 3 min;
in burst mode 60 sec;
from «High voltage off» mode 2 sec;
Tracking mode working area  
Range: about 60 km;
Elevation: up to 85°;
Azimuth: up to ±200°.
Circular scanning mode working area  
Range: about 30 km;
Elevation: up to 35°;
Azimuth: circular
Response time from start of automatic tracking to combat readiness: 3 sec;
Combat crew: 2 persons
Energy potential of RCS 5П-10Э provides air-defence balance sheet closing based on reflective surface targets of more than 0,05 m2 with up to 1000 m/sec velocity in effective firing range for artillery arms of all calibers.


A-192-5P-10E Artillery System

130-mm multi-purpose shipboard artillery system А-192-5П-10Э is purposed for ordnance of surface ships of medium and large tonnage for firing to surface, air (including sea skimmers) and shore targets, as well as for improvement of fire power by means of replacement of 100-mm artillery systems.

Single mount 130-mm shipboard lightened gun mount (GM) А-192Э «Universal». (1)
Artillery system fire control system includes (complete package) (2):
– Multi-purpose radar control system (RCS) 5П-10Э;
– Interface facility with GM А-190Э.
Set of 130-mm ballistic unitary munition, including firing of anti-aircraft shell Sl. No. АЗ-УЗС-44, Sl. No. АЗ-УЗС-44Р, fragmentation-demolition shell АЗ-УФ-44 (3).
The composition of the artillery complex according to identification scheme and the number of functional subsystems are defined by the Project engineer of the mother ship or by the Customer. The expanded furnishing of the artillery complex can also include GM АУ МЗА and ПУ НРО with corresponding ammunition, as well as electro-optic aiming aids.

• The system provides all-weather capability and simultaneous firing of two gun mounts to two targets under corresponding configuration. Gun mount ammunition ready to automatic firing of 22 shells. Gun mount is equipped with shells auto-feed system from ship hold.
• High-noise immunity of the system is achieved by means of using radar control system with automatic time-space adaptation based on digital processing of coherent radar impulses with variable base and electro-optical channel.
• The system operability is supported by general shipborne target acquisition systems and autonomous targets detection mode.
• Improved attack potential in combat against stream of attacking sea skimmers is achieved due to capability of simultaneous tracking of up to 4 targets, firing data generation on two most hazardous targets and swift fire transfer to the successive targets in the stream. The system is capable of high quality meteoballistic preparation of fire, zero hits measurements and automatic faults correction during firing to air and surface targets. The system includes automatic operability control and troubleshooting system, as well as operation process documentation facilities.

Field of fire surface (shore) target: up to 23 km
Field of fire air target: up to 18 km
Field of angular combat employment (in tracking mode) by relative bearing: ±170°
Field of angular combat employment (in tracking mode) by elevation: from -15° to +80°
Ammunition на gun mount, shells: 22
Firing rate, shots per minute: up to 30
Continuous burst continuance, shots: up to 200
Shell types:
fragmentation-demolition with munition opening devices;
anti-aircraft shell with proximity fuse or mechanic proximity fuse;
practice round.
RCS zone of action: up to 60 km
Response time by surface (shore) target: 10-15 sec.
Response time by air target: ≤ 5÷6 sec.
Power line consumption: 3-phase, 380 V, 50 Hz: to 100 kVA:
Combat crew: 2 persons


S14 universal cells


UKSK VLS cells just in front of bridge fitted with P-800 Oniks (SS-N-26) and/or Kalibr missile system (SS-N-27) and behind main gun 32 (4 × 8) Redut VLS cells housing 9M96, 9M96M, 9M96D/9M96DM(M2) family of missiles and/or quad-packed 9M100 short range missiles.

P-800 Oniks (SS-N-26)

P-800 Oniks (SS-N-26) The P-800 was reportedly used as the basis for the joint Russian-Indian supersonic missile BrahMos.  Ramjet using kerosene liquid fuel Oniks (version for Russia): 600km (max range) Yakhont (export version): 120 to 300 km (74.6 to 186.4 mi) depending on altitude.  Mach 2.5 

The P-800 can be used in conditions up to Sea State 7.

Country of origin Russia
Entered service 2002
Missile length 8.6 m
Missile diameter 0.67 m
Fin span 1.7 m
Missile launch weight 3 100 kg
Warhead weight 200 – 250 kg
Warhead type Nuclear or conventional
Range of fire up to 300 km
CEP ~ 1.5 m


Kalibr missile system

Kalibr missile system (SS-N-27) An anti-shipping variant deployed by the Russian Navy, as a submarine launched missile, Its basic length is 8.22 m (27.0 ft), with a 200 kg (440 lb) warhead. Its range is 440–660 km (270–410 mi). It is a Sea-skimmer with supersonic terminal speed and a flight altitude of 4.6 metres (15 ft) at its final stage; its speed is then Mach 2.9. 

“We have always built such ships – missile cruisers designed for sinking enemy aircraft carriers in particular and enemy submarines as well and able to repel massive air attacks. The Leader being planned for construction now will be a missile cruiser, in fact. The shipbuilders have not come up with an accurate classification for her yet. The press keeps on mentioning a nuclear-powered destroyer or a missile cruiser. Overall, she will be an oceangoing combatant with versatile weaponry. The ship will have the land-attack capability owing to the Kalibr [NATO reporting name: SS-N-30] long-range cruise missile system that we have seen in action in Syria,” the expert reminded. Source

Russia’s hypersonic Zircon missile to go into serial production in 2018: Here

SAM anti-missile systems S-500 with Prometheus

Redut VLS cells housing 9M96, 9M96M, 9M96D/9M96DM(M2) family of missiles and/or quad-packed 9M100 short range missiles

9M96 anti-aircraft missile  


The S-400 Triumph also launches 9M96E and 9M96E2 medium range ground-to-air missiles. Designed for direct impact, the missiles can strike fast moving targets such as fighter aircraft with a high hit probability. The maximum range of the 9M96 missile is 120km.

9M96E and 9M96E2 missiles (Fakel in
  9M96E 9M96E2
Target engagement envelope, km:
Weight, kg:
container with four missiles
Average velocity, m/s 750 1,000
First shot hit probability:
piloted target
unpiloted target
target═s payload


9M100 short range missiles

The 9M100 is a short-range surface-to-air missile (SAM) being developed by the Fakel Design Bureau, part of Almaz-Antey concern, for new air defenses that should be in place within Russia by 2015. It is targeted at countering the latest generation of fighter aircraft, helicopters, cruise missiles, guided bombs, supersonic missiles and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) which pose a grave threat to ground forces and key facilities. The highly maneuverable 9M100 missile is being designed for launch by means of a vertical launching system (VLS). As of early 2010 the 9M100 missile system is associated with Vityaz medium-range air defense system and might be the primary weapon for the Morfei short-range air defense system.



Pantsir-M SAM/gun systems

Pantsir-S1/S2 mobile air defense system: Details

2 × 6 × Paket-NK dual use anti-torpedo/anti-submarine torpedoes

Paket-NK anti-torpedo/anti-submarine torpedoes


The Paket-E/NK small-sized anti-submarine system with anti-torpedo is designed:

– to engage (destroy) submarines in ship’s close-in zone (when carrying out submarine warfare tasks)

– to destroy torpedoes, attacking the ship (when carrying out anti-torpedo defence tasks)

The complete set of the Paket-E/NK comprises:

– Paket-E control system

– rotating or fixed launching units

– Paket-AE specialized target designation sonar

– combat modules mounted on the launchin unit


Depending on missions assigned to the surface ship, its launching units can house combat modules armed with different combinations of small-sized heat-seeking torpedoes and/or anti-torpedoes, both in nomenclature and in quantity.

The small-sized heat-seeking torpedo is designed to engage enemy submarines, and the anti-torpedo is designed to intercept and destroy attacking torpedoes. Both are housed in unified transport-launch containers.


Characteristic basic as:

Torpedo caliber, mm: 324

Effective anti-submarine defence zone, m: up to 10000

Effective anti-torpedo defence zone, m: 100-800


The Paket-E/NK system can operate independently or be integrated into ship’s antisubmarine/anti-torpedo defence system, solving a number of tasks in fully automatic or automated modes, such as:

– generation of target designation data for small-sized heat-seeking torpedoes, based on data, provided by ship’s sonar systems and posts

– detection and classification of attacking torpedoes, determination of their movement parameters, and generation of target designation data for anti-torpedoes

– pre-launch preparation of combat modules, generation and transfer of firing data to them, launching of anti-torpedoes and/or small-sized heat-seeking torpedoes


– launching units control

The Paket-E/NK system is a radically new weapon system, allowing surface ships to solve ASW/anti-torpedo defence tasks with high effectiveness, and to increase substantially their survivability.

The delivery set of the Paket-E/NK small-sized antisubmarine/anti-torpedo system is customer-defined.

An automated testing and trouble-shooting system can be delivered for combat modules operational support. Source

Type: Torpedo Weight: 235 kg
Length: 2.6 m Span: 0.324 m
Diameter: 0.324 Generation: None
Properties: Search Pattern, Bearing-Only Launch (BOL)
Targets: Submarine, Torpedo
Torpedo Seeker – (Paket-NK, Small-Caliber, 50kts) Hull Sonar, Active/Passive
Torpedo Seeker, Active/Passive Shallow Water
Max Range: 1.9 km
Paket-NK [MTT ASW] – (Russia) Torpedo
Subsurface Max: 7.4 km.


The destroyer’s integrated electronic package includes a multi-functional phased array radar, electronic warfare subsystem, communications suite, underwater reconnaissance system. The aviation wing consists of two utility helicopters. These specifications could all be changed to suit customer requirements however, Polyakov stated.

Poliment 5P-20K multi-function S-band AESA radar

Main mast – It has a 4 face Poliment 5P-20K multi-function S-band AESA radar which can search and track aerial and surface targets as well as provide guidance to the SAMs similar to “Admiral Gorshkov” pr.22350


RFS Admiral GorshkovSIGMA-E Combat Management SystemCombat system: Sigma/Sigma 22350
Class overview
Name: Lider class
Builders: Severnaya Verf, SevMash, Zaliv Shipyard, Krylov, Nevskoe PKB, Yantar PriBalt(?)
Preceded by:
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer
Displacement: 17,500 tons
Length: 200 m (656 ft 2 in)
Beam: 20 m (65 ft 7 in)
Draught: 6.6 m (21 ft 8 in)
Propulsion: nuclear marine propulsion
Speed: 32 knots (59 km/h)
Range: unlimited
  • Anti-ship and cruise missiles (64 3S14 universal cells):
    • Kalibr-NK cruise missile
    • Oniks supersonic anti-ship cruise missile
    • Tsirkon hypersonic cruise missile
  • Air defense missiles:
    • S-500 air defense system (56 cells)
    • Redut medium-range air defense system (16 cells)
    • 3 × Pantsir-M SAM/gun systems
  • Artillery:
    • 1 × 1 × A-192M Armat 130-mm naval gun
  • Anti-submarine warfare:
    • 2 × 6 × Paket-NK dual use anti-torpedo/anti-submarine torpedoes
Aviation facilities: Stern hangar
Notes: Hangar for up to 2 medium-lift helicopters


Source: IHS Jane’s Defence Weekly/

Updated Sep 01, 2017


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s