Project 23560E Shkval “Leader” destroyer

A new class of destroyer for the Russian Navy is currently under development by the Krylov State Research Center (KSRC), IHS Jane’s was told during a visit to the company.

The new design is called Project 23560E or Shkval (Squall), KSRC’s deputy director, Valery Polyakov, who added that a scale model of the design is going to be exhibited for the first time during the International Maritime Defence Show 2015 in St Petersburg from 1-5 July.

“The Project 23560E destroyer is intended to conduct operations in off-shore maritime and oceanic zones, to destroy land and naval targets, to provide combat stability to naval forces, to maintain area anti-air and anti-missile defence, and to complete peacetime tasks in all zones of the world’s oceans,” said Polyakov.

The Project 23560E destroyer has full-load displacement of 15,000-18,000 tons, a length of 200 m, beam of 23 m, draft of 6.6 m, high speed of 32 kt, cruise speed of 20 kt, endurance of 90 days, and a crew of 250-300.

The destroyer is intended to be powered by a gas turbine engine (although Russia currently lacks any adequate sources for naval gas turbines). It is proposed to be fitted with a battle management system integrated with tactical and operational-tactical ACSs.

The destroyer’s armament comprises 60-70 anti-ship or anti-land cruise missiles, 128 surface-to-air missiles (SAMs), and 16-24 anti-submarine missiles. The ship is also equipped with a 130 mm multipurpose naval gun.



Launched on the water
Entry into service
plan 2017
in the construction

Russian New Leader-Class Destroyer to Boost Power Projection Capability: Here


The general design of the destroyer was unveiled last summer at the «Army 2015» defense exhibition. The 200-meter long and 20-meter wide vessel will displace up to 17,500 tons. It will travel at a maximum speed of 32 knots. Overall endurance is up to 90 days. Crew – up to 300 men. It is not yet clear how many of the destroyers will be nuclear or gas turbine powered.

The outline design of the prospective destroyer “Leader” was approved: Here


The Defense Ministry has approved a sketch of the prospective destroyer of Project 23560 “Leader”, said Igor Ponomarev, Vice President of the United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC).



The 130mm A-192-5P-10E Armat-Puma multipurpose shipborne artillery system is intended to equip surface combatants and engage surface, air (including anti-ship missiles) and coastal targets.


130mm A-192 lightweight, single-barrel shipborne gun mount.

Fire control system comprises (in full configuration):

  • 5P-10E electronic fire control system;
  • interface equipment for gun mount, general ship systems, radar and EO systems, targeting systems, battle information systems, radio communications and EMC systems, etc.


The Armat gun mount is controlled by the Puma ─ 5P-10E fire control system (FCS).

The Puma is capable of detecting targets at ranges up to 60 km. In addition to detection, its computer can simultaneously track four targets and generate data for laying the gun at the two of them. The FCS’ reaction time against an air target is five seconds, against surface or ground one – 10-15 seconds.

To reduce the overall radar signature of the carrier ship, the turret of the A-192 gun mount is made of polygonal panels mating at blunt angles. The turret housing also provides light armoring. The barrel life is 2,500 shots, given all operational rules are observed.

Characteristics básic as:

Caliber, mm:130

Effective range, km:

coastal and surface targets:≤ 23

air targets:≤ 18

Ammunition load ready for automatic fire, rds:22

Continuous burst length with automatic ammunition feed:≤ 200

Rate of fire, rds/min:30

Reaction time, s:

against air target:5-6

against surface target:10-15

Continuous operation time, h:48

Total artillery system weight depending on configuration (w/o ammunition load), kg:


gun mount (w/o ammunition load):25000

control system:3700

Round weight, kg:52.8

Training angle, deg:±170

Elevation angle, deg:– 15 to +80


round with  UF-44 HE projectile with  4MRM impact fuze:

UZS-44 AA round with DVM-60M1 fuze:

UZS-44R AA round with AR-32 fuze:

Combat crew:5


– Automation, control and monitoring (Sauk) UE provides synchronization of work feeders shots with the work of artillery machine, control the initial state mechanisms and AC systems before shooting and diagnostics in case of failure during the shooting; – guidance artillery systems, and fire control, select the type of shot carried out remotely, in automatic mode from the radar 5P10 control system or from a remote optoelectronic module (OEM) based on the GOES-140 gyro-stabilized system – used ammunition – unitary ballistic explosive and anti-aircraft missiles (ALS), used in the AK-130 and high-precision artillery shells unconventional kind of firing on shore and surface targets; – AU can be easily adapted to the system of multi-purpose weapons of surface ships with a displacement of 1500 tons or more. The number of personnel during combat service – 3 people. The persistence of the barrel – 2500 shots.

vustrelu_mvms-2015_01Image –

Research Engineering Institute (THEM), belongs to the group “Tehmash”, is developing artillery shells with intelligent, programmable fuses for naval artillery, which will bring the enemy ship down with one shot, he said in July 2015 Head Valeriy Lebedev Institute office. He noted that the use of these shots will significantly increase the effectiveness of firing on marine, coastal and air targets, thus reducing the consumption of ammunition at the goal defeat. “The global trend that we follow – is the creation of intelligent fuses that allow a projectile blasting in optimal time and spatial coordinates, “- said Lebedev. According to him, for example, in contact with such a projectile into the vehicle will first be overcome by the thickness of his body, then carried the projectile blasting with optimal deceleration

A192M_03Image –


Complex Developer Design “Amethyst” Office

Developer gun mount KB “Arsenal”

Caliber, mm 130

Number of trunks 1

Type loader unitary, automatic

trunk Type monoblock shutter type horizontal wedge

firing range, km:

– for sea targets up to 23

– air targets up to 18

Combat rate of fire, rds. / min. OK. 30

RCS coverage area, 60 km to the reaction time, with

– for the purpose of air ≤ 5

– on the topside (Coast) targets 10-15

transfer time to fire another RCC in the stream, with ≤ 1

continuous queue length based SAP, rds 20

ammunition for the installation, shots 22 – 60 (Number of ready to fire ammunition is determined by the capacity of the ship artpogreba) ammunition types

– high-explosive with HC;

– zenith with PB or DVM;

– practical

projectile Weight 33.4

cartridge Weight 52 8

vertical aiming angles -15 ° + 80 °

in the horizontal guidance angle 170 °

Weight, kg 24000-25000 (without ammunition)

Battle calculation, people. 3

Power on the network 3F 380 V 50 Hz, up to 150 kVA

Translated by google – Source

5P-10E Radar Control System

The control system 5П-10Э is purposed for control of shipboard artillery gunnery of 30-130mm caliber and unguided rocket weapons of 122-300mm caliber applicable to air, surface and shore targets (including low-flying air-to-ship missile a.k.a. sea-skimmer) in all ranges, by means of ballistic ammunition unitary loading. It also provides circular and sector scanning, auto-acquisition of air, surface and shore targets observed by the radar.

Automatic simultaneous fire control of multiple shipboard gun mounts, which includes firing of two various calibers to a single or double air, surface and shore targets.
• Automatic target acquisition from shipborne facilities, capture and tracking of up to 4 targets in scanning sector of receiving antenna array.
• Autonomous target detection in circular and sector scanning modes, automatic capture and tracking of four most hazardous targets of all the detected, ranking of targets depending on their level of hazard.
• Output of present coordinates and necessary movement parameters of the tracked targets to target distribution system for the purpose of using other kinds of shipborne fire arms.
• Automatic measurement of zero hits and firing correction, such as using optical-electronic equipment built into antenna station.
• Interception of missile fired from a tracked target.
• RCS capability automatic control with fault indication and troubleshooting output.
• Crew training using simulated targets under simulated interference with shooting ability.

Implementation of complex phase-shift keyed radar impulses with variable base in RCS, availability of optical-electronic target acquisition and tracking aids built into antenna station, as well as several other engineering solutions provide automatic adjustment to target situation and high-noise immunity of RCS.
RCS software obtains intuitive interface which provides solutions to artillery system automatic control in all operation modes.

CS 5П-10Э architecture includes three functional subsystems:
• Radio-electronic coordinator subsystem;
• Fire control subsystem;
• Power supply subsystem.

Radio-electronic coordinator subsystem provides coordinates measurement and output of target movement parameters, includes radar-location and optical-electronic channel. Provides circular and sector scanning and autonomous target acquisition in off the line (standby) mode.
Fire control subsystem оprovides automatic fire control based on target present data, coming from radio-electronic coordinator or from other target acquisition shipborne systems, as well as interface with shipborne systems and the work results recording.
Power supply subsystem provides devices with necessary identification scheme of double current supply voltage and includes primary and secondary power supply hardware.

Data channels: – radar;
– optical-electronic.
Radar channel wavelength 3 sm.
Arm time:
from «Full off» position not more than 3 min;
in burst mode 60 sec;
from «High voltage off» mode 2 sec;
Tracking mode working area
Range: about 60 km;
Elevation: up to 85°;
Azimuth: up to ±200°.
Circular scanning mode working area
Range: about 30 km;
Elevation: up to 35°;
Azimuth: circular
Response time from start of automatic tracking to combat readiness: 3 sec;
Combat crew: 2 persons
Energy potential of RCS 5П-10Э provides air-defence balance sheet closing based on reflective surface targets of more than 0,05 m2 with up to 1000 m/sec velocity in effective firing range for artillery arms of all calibers.


A-192-5P-10E Artillery System

130-mm multi-purpose shipboard artillery system А-192-5П-10Э is purposed for ordnance of surface ships of medium and large tonnage for firing to surface, air (including sea skimmers) and shore targets, as well as for improvement of fire power by means of replacement of 100-mm artillery systems.

Single mount 130-mm shipboard lightened gun mount (GM) А-192Э «Universal». (1)
Artillery system fire control system includes (complete package) (2):
– Multi-purpose radar control system (RCS) 5П-10Э;
– Interface facility with GM А-190Э.
Set of 130-mm ballistic unitary munition, including firing of anti-aircraft shell Sl. No. АЗ-УЗС-44, Sl. No. АЗ-УЗС-44Р, fragmentation-demolition shell АЗ-УФ-44 (3).
The composition of the artillery complex according to identification scheme and the number of functional subsystems are defined by the Project engineer of the mother ship or by the Customer. The expanded furnishing of the artillery complex can also include GM АУ МЗА and ПУ НРО with corresponding ammunition, as well as electro-optic aiming aids.

• The system provides all-weather capability and simultaneous firing of two gun mounts to two targets under corresponding configuration. Gun mount ammunition ready to automatic firing of 22 shells. Gun mount is equipped with shells auto-feed system from ship hold.
• High-noise immunity of the system is achieved by means of using radar control system with automatic time-space adaptation based on digital processing of coherent radar impulses with variable base and electro-optical channel.
• The system operability is supported by general shipborne target acquisition systems and autonomous targets detection mode.
• Improved attack potential in combat against stream of attacking sea skimmers is achieved due to capability of simultaneous tracking of up to 4 targets, firing data generation on two most hazardous targets and swift fire transfer to the successive targets in the stream. The system is capable of high quality meteoballistic preparation of fire, zero hits measurements and automatic faults correction during firing to air and surface targets. The system includes automatic operability control and troubleshooting system, as well as operation process documentation facilities.

Field of fire surface (shore) target: up to 23 km
Field of fire air target: up to 18 km
Field of angular combat employment (in tracking mode) by relative bearing: ±170°
Field of angular combat employment (in tracking mode) by elevation: from -15° to +80°
Ammunition на gun mount, shells: 22
Firing rate, shots per minute: up to 30
Continuous burst continuance, shots: up to 200
Shell types:
fragmentation-demolition with munition opening devices;
anti-aircraft shell with proximity fuse or mechanic proximity fuse;
practice round.
RCS zone of action: up to 60 km
Response time by surface (shore) target: 10-15 sec.
Response time by air target: ≤ 5÷6 sec.
Power line consumption: 3-phase, 380 V, 50 Hz: to 100 kVA:
Combat crew: 2 persons


S14 universal cells

UKSK VLS cells just in front of bridge fitted with P-800 Oniks (SS-N-26) and/or Kalibr missile system (SS-N-27) and behind main gun 32 (4 × 8) Redut VLS cells housing 9M96, 9M96M, 9M96D/9M96DM(M2) family of missiles and/or quad-packed 9M100 short range missiles.

P-800 Oniks (SS-N-26)

P-800 Oniks (SS-N-26) The P-800 was reportedly used as the basis for the joint Russian-Indian supersonic missile BrahMos.  Ramjet using kerosene liquid fuel Oniks (version for Russia): 600km (max range) Yakhont (export version): 120 to 300 km (74.6 to 186.4 mi) depending on altitude.  Mach 2.5

The P-800 can be used in conditions up to Sea State 7.

Country of origin Russia
Entered service 2002
Missile length 8.6 m
Missile diameter 0.67 m
Fin span 1.7 m
Missile launch weight 3 100 kg
Warhead weight 200 – 250 kg
Warhead type Nuclear or conventional
Range of fire up to 300 km
CEP ~ 1.5 m


Kalibr missile system

Kalibr missile system (SS-N-27) An anti-shipping variant deployed by the Russian Navy, as a submarine launched missile, Its basic length is 8.22 m (27.0 ft), with a 200 kg (440 lb) warhead. Its range is 440–660 km (270–410 mi). It is a Sea-skimmer with supersonic terminal speed and a flight altitude of 4.6 metres (15 ft) at its final stage; its speed is then Mach 2.9.

“We have always built such ships – missile cruisers designed for sinking enemy aircraft carriers in particular and enemy submarines as well and able to repel massive air attacks. The Leader being planned for construction now will be a missile cruiser, in fact. The shipbuilders have not come up with an accurate classification for her yet. The press keeps on mentioning a nuclear-powered destroyer or a missile cruiser. Overall, she will be an oceangoing combatant with versatile weaponry. The ship will have the land-attack capability owing to the Kalibr [NATO reporting name: SS-N-30] long-range cruise missile system that we have seen in action in Syria,” the expert reminded. Source

SAM anti-missile systems S-500 with Prometheus

Redut VLS cells housing 9M96, 9M96M, 9M96D/9M96DM(M2) family of missiles and/or quad-packed 9M100 short range missiles

9M96 anti-aircraft missile

The S-400 Triumph also launches 9M96E and 9M96E2 medium range ground-to-air missiles. Designed for direct impact, the missiles can strike fast moving targets such as fighter aircraft with a high hit probability. The maximum range of the 9M96 missile is 120km.

9M96E and 9M96E2 missiles (Fakel in
9M96E 9M96E2
Target engagement envelope, km:
Weight, kg:
container with four missiles
Average velocity, m/s 750 1,000
First shot hit probability:
piloted target
unpiloted target
target═s payload


9M100 short range missiles

The 9M100 is a short-range surface-to-air missile (SAM) being developed by the Fakel Design Bureau, part of Almaz-Antey concern, for new air defenses that should be in place within Russia by 2015. It is targeted at countering the latest generation of fighter aircraft, helicopters, cruise missiles, guided bombs, supersonic missiles and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) which pose a grave threat to ground forces and key facilities. The highly maneuverable 9M100 missile is being designed for launch by means of a vertical launching system (VLS). As of early 2010 the 9M100 missile system is associated with Vityaz medium-range air defense system and might be the primary weapon for the Morfei short-range air defense system.

The 9M100 guidance system combines an inertial navigation system (INS) with an infrared seeker along with a contact and proximity fuze which ignites the warhead. Such a guidance system means that the 9M100 missile is a fire-and-forget weapon capable of engaging multiple targets simultaneously. The solid propellant rocket motor features thrust vectoring control providing outstanding maneuverability.

Diameter: 125 millimeter (4.92 inch)
Length: 2.50 meter (98 inch)
Max Range: 10 kilometer (5.40 nautical mile)



Pantsir-M SAM/gun systems

Pantsir-S1/S2 mobile air defense system: Details

2 × 6 × Paket-NK dual use anti-torpedo/anti-submarine torpedoes

Paket-NK anti-torpedo/anti-submarine torpedoes


The Paket-E/NK small-sized anti-submarine system with anti-torpedo is designed:

– to engage (destroy) submarines in ship’s close-in zone (when carrying out submarine warfare tasks)

– to destroy torpedoes, attacking the ship (when carrying out anti-torpedo defence tasks)

The complete set of the Paket-E/NK comprises:

– Paket-E control system

– rotating or fixed launching units

– Paket-AE specialized target designation sonar

– combat modules mounted on the launchin unit


Depending on missions assigned to the surface ship, its launching units can house combat modules armed with different combinations of small-sized heat-seeking torpedoes and/or anti-torpedoes, both in nomenclature and in quantity.

The small-sized heat-seeking torpedo is designed to engage enemy submarines, and the anti-torpedo is designed to intercept and destroy attacking torpedoes. Both are housed in unified transport-launch containers.


Characteristic basic as:

Torpedo caliber, mm: 324

Effective anti-submarine defence zone, m: up to 10000

Effective anti-torpedo defence zone, m: 100-800


The Paket-E/NK system can operate independently or be integrated into ship’s antisubmarine/anti-torpedo defence system, solving a number of tasks in fully automatic or automated modes, such as:

– generation of target designation data for small-sized heat-seeking torpedoes, based on data, provided by ship’s sonar systems and posts

– detection and classification of attacking torpedoes, determination of their movement parameters, and generation of target designation data for anti-torpedoes

– pre-launch preparation of combat modules, generation and transfer of firing data to them, launching of anti-torpedoes and/or small-sized heat-seeking torpedoes


– launching units control

The Paket-E/NK system is a radically new weapon system, allowing surface ships to solve ASW/anti-torpedo defence tasks with high effectiveness, and to increase substantially their survivability.

The delivery set of the Paket-E/NK small-sized antisubmarine/anti-torpedo system is customer-defined.

An automated testing and trouble-shooting system can be delivered for combat modules operational support. Source

Type: Torpedo Weight: 235 kg
Length: 2.6 m Span: 0.324 m
Diameter: 0.324 Generation: None
Properties: Search Pattern, Bearing-Only Launch (BOL)
Targets: Submarine, Torpedo
Torpedo Seeker – (Paket-NK, Small-Caliber, 50kts) Hull Sonar, Active/Passive
Torpedo Seeker, Active/Passive Shallow Water
Max Range: 1.9 km
Paket-NK [MTT ASW] – (Russia) Torpedo
Subsurface Max: 7.4 km.


The destroyer’s integrated electronic package includes a multi-functional phased array radar, electronic warfare subsystem, communications suite, underwater reconnaissance system. The aviation wing consists of two utility helicopters. These specifications could all be changed to suit customer requirements however, Polyakov stated.

Poliment 5P-20K multi-function S-band AESA radar

Main mast – It has a 4 face Poliment 5P-20K multi-function S-band AESA radar which can search and track aerial and surface targets as well as provide guidance to the SAMs similar to “Admiral Gorshkov” pr.22350


SIGMA-E Combat Management SystemCombat system: Sigma/Sigma 22350


Naval ‘Leader’: Russia to Fit Newest Destroyer With Nuclear Reactor

The Russian Defense Ministry has approved the initial design of the new Project 23560 Lider-class (Leader) destroyer, which will be equipped with a nuclear reactor to power the vessel, a source in Russia’s defense industry told Sputnik Thursday.

MOSCOW (Sputnik) — The announcement comes after Igor Ponomarev, the United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC) vice president for military shipbuilding told Sputnik that the Russian Defense Ministry approved the initial design for the destroyer, but did not specify which type of reactor the ministry chose.

“The design project implies the presence of a nuclear [reactor] on the perspective destroyer. This project was approved by the Russian Defense Ministry,” the source told Sputnik on Thursday.

The new Lider-class destroyer is planned to have a displacement of 17,500 tonnes, length of 200 meters (over 650 feet) and a width of 20 meters. It will have anti-aircraft, anti-ballistic missile, anti-surface and anti-submarine capabilities.

The Russian Defense Ministry has also specified that the ship would equipped with advanced Grach visual optical interference stations, which are capable of “blinding” enemy troops and optoelectronic devices, such as night vision equipment, binocular glasses and laser ranging devices with bright flares of light.

The Severnoye Design Bureau, the country’s leading company for designing surface ships, has been refining its plans for the construction of the ocean-going Leader-class destroyer since 2010.

The universal battleship is expected to be set up in 2019 and is expected to replace three classes of ships, including project 1155 anti-submarine destroyers. Source



Source: IHS Jane’s Defence Weekly/

Updated Apr 21, 2018

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