In December 2001, Germany placed an order for five K130 corvettes based on the MEKO A design from the Arge K130 consortium. The Arge K130 consortium consists of ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems Blohm +Voss in Hamburg (lead yard) and Nordseewerke in Emden, with Friedrich Lurssen Werft based in Bremen.
The corvettes replace the German Navy’s Tiger Class and Albatross Class missile fast patrol boats which no longer meet operational requirements. The K130 corvettes will be based at Warnemunde.
Tiger-class fast attack craft
The Type 148 Tiger-class fast attack craft is a modification of the French La Combattante IIa design for the German Navy. The La Combattante IIas had been designed by Lürssen of Germany for Israel, but were built in France by Constructions Mécaniques de Normandie in Cherbourg (CMN) for political reasons. Eight of the boats were laid down by CMH, but completed by Lürssen.
The boats were commissioned into the Bundesmarine in the mid-1970s, replacing the Jaguar-class vessels of the 3rd and 5th Squadrons. At first the boats did not receive names, only numbers, but these were introduced later at the insistence of the crews.
The ships served for 30 years, and received major updates in 1982—84 and 1990—92.
After decommissioning they were scrapped or sold to different countries. No direct replacements were procured as due to the changed operating conditions the Deutsche Marine has reduced the number of these fast attack boats drastically and procured instead a smaller number of corvettes.
|General characteristics (After last refit)|
|Type:||Fast Attack Craft|
|Displacement:||265 tonnes (261 long tons)|
|Length:||47 m (154 ft 2 in)|
|Beam:||7 m (23 ft)|
|Draught:||2.70 m (8 ft 10 in)|
|Speed:||36 knots (67 km/h; 41 mph)|
|Notes:||The ships have been updated twice (1982—84 and 1990—92), this represents the last update that was performed on all ships.|
Albatros-class fast attack craft
The Type 143 Albatros class was a German class of missile bearing fast attack craft. Each vessel is named after a bird of prey including the albatross, condor and cormorant. Constructed by German shipbuilders Lürssen and Kröger, the vessels were intended to replace the Type 141 Seeadler class.The German Navy retired the class in 2005 and sold the boats off to Tunisia and Ghana.
|Type:||Fast attack craft|
|Displacement:||398 long tons (404 t)|
|Length:||57.80 m (189 ft 8 in)|
|Beam:||7.80 m (25 ft 7 in)|
|Draught:||2.60 m (8 ft 6 in)|
|Propulsion:||4 shafts, 4 MTU 16V 956 TB91 diesels 17,700 hp (13.2 MW)|
|Speed:||40 knots (74 km/h; 46 mph)|
|Range:||1,300 nmi (2,400 km; 1,500 mi) at 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph)|
K130 Braunschweig Class corvette development
Keel-laying of the first of five new K130 corvettes for the German Navy began in December 2003. The first and the fourth corvette were built by Blohm + Voss, the second and fifth by Lürssen and the third by Nordseewerke.
The first of class ship, the FGS Braunshweig (F260), built by Blohm+Voss, was launched in April 2006 and commissioned in April 2008 in the Baltic port of Warnemünde in Northeast Germany. The Braunshweig and the other four ships are to be retrofitted with bow thrusters in order to improve manoeuvrability in port.
The remaining four K130 ships are: FGS Magdeburg (F261) built by Lurssen, launched in September 2006, commissioned in September 2008; FGS Erfurt (F262) built by Thyssen Nordseewerke, launched in March 2007, yet to be commissioned; FGS Oldenburg (F263) built by Blohm + Voss, launched in July 2007, yet to be commissioned; FGS Ludwigshafen (F264) built by Lurssen, launched in September 2007, yet to be commissioned. The gearing problems on FGS Braunshweig and FGS Magdeburg have delayed the commissioning of the remaining vessels.
Ships in class
|F260||Braunschweig||Blohm + Voss||3 December 2004||19 April 2006||16 April 2008||In active service|
|F261||Magdeburg||Lürssen-Werft||19 May 2005||6 September 2006||22 September 2008||In active service|
|F262||Erfurt||Nordseewerke||22 September 2005||29 March 2007||28 February 2013||In active service|
|F263||Oldenburg||Blohm + Voss||19 January 2006||28 June 2007||21 January 2013||In active service|
|F264||Ludwigshafen am Rhein||Lürssen-Werft||14 April 2006||26 September 2007||21 March 2013||In active service|
German Navy to receive five additional K130 corvettes: Here
Germany will buy an additional five K130 type corvettes in 2017 to offset delays to the MKS 180 Multi-Role Combat Ships (MRCSs) programme, the German coalition government announced on 14 October.
“To meet new security needs in the Baltic Sea, in the Mediterranean Sea, and globally, the coalition plans to buy five new corvettes for EUR1.5 billion [USD1.64 billion] for the German Navy,” the two rapporteurs for the ruling coalition on the influential parliamentary budget committee, Johannes Kahrs and Eckhard Rehberg, said in a joint statement.
K130 corvette design and features
The K130 corvettes are designed with stealth features, low draft, and highly automated weapons and defence systems to support littoral warfare and particularly for operations of a multi-national crisis reaction force.
The corvettes have a continuous maximum speed of over 26kt and a cruising range of more than 2,500nm. The displacement is about 1,580t, overall length 88m and breadth 13.2m. The K130 corvettes have an endurance of seven days or, with tender support, 21 days.
A high level of automation and integration, including the automated and integrated bridge, allows the corvettes to be operated by a crew of 50. Some important technologies featured in the type 124 frigates have been incorporated into the K130, including network technology with distributed computer software for weapon, command and control systems.
Command and control
The K130 is equipped with a Thales Netherlands SEWACO sensor, weapon control and command system, together with link 11 and link 16 tactical communications.
Thales Nederland Mirador provides electro-optic surveillance and fire control.
Mirador’s sensors include colour TV camera, infrared camera and an eye-safe laser rangefinder. The identification friend or foe (IFF) is a MSSR 2000 I-type system from Cassidian.
K130’s integrated communications suite includes a UHF satellite-communications (SATCOM) and UHF / VHF / HF communications supplied by EADS.
Thales Nederland Mirador
MIRADOR is a lightweight, compact, electro-optical multi-sensor.
It is a surveillance, tracking and fire control system of a stealthy design, which will contribute to a ship’s effort to remain undetected.
MIRADOR is designed for use on a wide range of platforms, from small patrol craft to large carriers, where it acts as an observation system and fire control director for distant optical investigation, as well as anti-surface and anti-air warfare.
The MIRADOR fire control system incorporates the latest technological features such as carbon fibre shell structure and a direct-drive servo system.
Thanks to its four sensors MIRADOR is capable of combining optical surveillance (good image quality) and tracking capabilities (good contrast).
It uses two daylight TV cameras (surveillance & tracking), and an IR camera (tracking).
An eye-safe laser range finder and an optronic tracking unit ensure that accurate target position indication is carried out.
- Optimal combination of surveillance and tracking characteristics due to an extensive optronic sensor suite, comprising colour TV camera, fixed-focus TV camera, IR camera, and an eye-safe laser range finder.
- Very fast engagement sequence thanks to:
- direct drive brushless servo system,
- auto-acquisition algorithms.
- Stealthy design.
- Operational features:
- naval gunfire support,
- splash spotting.
MSSR 2000 I-type system from Cassidian identification friend or foe (IFF)
The standard MSSR interrogator for the ASR-E system is the MSSR 2000 I.
The Interrogator MSSR 2000 I is of modular design. The system fulfills all requirements for a European Mode S Station for elementary surveillance as well as for enhanced surveillance, ground/air data link including de-centralized control in a cluster application.
The Interrogator MSSR 2000 I includes reasonable growth capability to allow the incorporation of new modes or features in the future as a result of its modern technology.
The MSSR 2000 I operates in the following modes which conform to ICAO Annex 10 and STANAG 4193 part 1 – 4 requirements:
- Mode 1,2,3/A,C,4
- Mode S (level 4)
- Mode A/C/S All-Call
- Mode A/C only All-Call
- Mode 1,2,3/A,C mode interlace
The MSSR 2000 I can interrogate in “interlace modus”, (sequences of different modes freely programmable by the user through menu guided input)e.g. M1:M1 or A:A:C or any other desired sequence. The design of the MSSR 2000 I includes the capability to be upgraded to the new military Mode 5. Source: radartutorial.eu
The German BWB Federal Office for Defence Technology and Procurement and the German Navy selected the RBS 15 mk3 surface-to-surface missile for the K130 corvettes. The RBS 15 mk3, developed by Saab Bofors Dynamics and Diehl BGT Defence, is a fire-and-forget day and night anti-ship missile with land-attack capability.
The K130 class carries four RBS15 missiles. The missile uses active Ku-band radar homing and has a range of more than 200km. The missile has a high subsonic speed, Mach 0.9, and is armed with a 200kg warhead.
German Navy K130 Corvettes Ready for Saab RBS-15 Mk3 Anti-Ship Missiles: Here
The German Navy (Marine) has authorized on 3 June 2016 the use of the surface-to-surface Saab RBS-15 Mk3 missiles aboard the Braunschweig class (K-130) corvette. This type of missiles will give the Marine the capability to engage land targets from the sea.
SAAB RBS15 MK3 Anti Ship Missile
Developed as an upgrade of combat proven RBS15 Mk2 missile, the Mk3 was successfully test fired at an FMV (the Swedish Defence Materiel Administration) test range in October 2008. The first missile was assembled outside Sweden in Germany in December that year.
The RBS15 Mk3 is a fire-and-forget, subsonic cruise type missile launched from ships and trucks. The missile can be used for anti-ship missions and land strikes.
Variations of RBS15 Mk3 missile
The RBS15 Mk3 is available in three versions – ship-launched, truck-launched and air-launched. The ship-launched variant can be installed on small and large sized warships such as fast patrol boats, frigates and corvettes. The missile is easily integrated with the combat management system and can be operated as stand-alone or fully integrated architecture.
The air-to-ship launched version is suitable for modern fighter aircraft. The rapidly deployed truck-launched missile battery provides coastal defence against hostile forces. The highly mobile launch platforms allow the launch of the missile from hidden positions located far away from the coast.
RBS15 Mk3 design and features
The forward part of the RBS15 Mk3 missile includes guidance and electronics section followed by warhead and fuel section. The rearward section consists of wings and turbojet engine and two parallel booster motors. The missile has cruciform wings that can be retracted during storage.
The missile has a length of 4.35m, fuselage diameter of 0.5m and a wing span of 1.4m. The launch and in-flight weights of the missile are 800kg and 650kg respectively. The RBS15 Mk3 can strike targets within the range of 200km, while travelling at a subsonic speed of 0.9Mach.
RBS15 Mk3 guidance system
The RBS15 guidance and control system includes an inertial navigation system and a GPS receiver, a radar altimeter and a Ku-band radar target seeker. The RBS15 missiles are resistant of enemy countermeasures. Two or more missiles can be programmed to hit the target simultaneously from various directions to better penetrate the air defences of warships.
The missile features low radar cross section and IR signature. It has sophisticated target discrimination and selection capabilities. It is extremely resistant to chaff, active jammers, decoys and other electronic countermeasures (ECM).
The RBS15 Mk3 is a low sea-skimming missile performing unpredictable evasive manoeuvres. The missile increases its thrust in the terminal phase to defeat missiles, guns and close-in weapon systems (CIWS). The missile engagement planning system (MEPS) provides advanced user interface for generating plans for different scenarios.
Warhead and propulsion of RBS15 Mk3 SSM
The missile can be equipped with an optimised heavy HE blast-fragmentation warhead. The highly efficient warhead can penetrate into the hull of any modern vessel.
The ship and truck-launched RBS15 Mk3 variants are launched by two booster motors. The missile is powered by TR 60-5 variable-thrust turbo-jet engine developed by Microturbo (a Safran Group company and subsidiary of Turbomeca). The TR60-5 engine incorporating a 3-stage-axial compressor delivers a thrust of 350 to 440daN. Source naval-technology.com
The TR 60-5 family is primarily used for applications of the drone or target drone type.
As such, this engine range powers most of the target drone in service in the united states within the US AirForce AFSAT program and the US NAVY SSAT Program.
Moreover, it perfectly meets the requirements for heavy missile applications such as the RBS 15Mk 3.
RBS15 Mk3 SSM TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
|Fuselage diameter||0.50 m|
|Weight (in flight)||630 kg|
|Weight (w. boosters)||800 kg|
|Speed||0.9 Mach (subsonic)|
|Trajectory||Multiple 3D waypoints|
The K130 class corvettes are armed with two Raytheon / RAMSYS Rolling Airframe Missile (RAM) 21-cell mk49 surface-to-air missile launchers. The RAM guided-missile weapon system is a naval self-defence system for engagement of hostile aircraft and incoming missiles. The RAM missile has a dual-mode radar / infrared seeker and a range of 9.5km.
Raytheon / RAMSYS Rolling Airframe Missile (RAM)
RAM Block 1A Missile
A supersonic, lightweight, quick-reaction, fire-and-forget weapon, the RAM system is designed to destroy anti-ship missiles. Requiring no additional direction upon launch, its passive radio frequency and infrared guidance design provide high-firepower capability for engaging multiple threats simultaneously. The missile is continually improved to stay ahead of the ever-evolving threat of anti-ship missiles, helicopters, aircraft and surface craft. Source raytheon.com
General Characteristics, RAM Block 1A Missile Specifications
|General Characteristics, RAM Block 1A Missile Specifications|
|Primary Function: Ship Self Defense.|
|Date Deployed: August 1999|
|Propulsion: Solid-propellant rocket.|
|Length: 9.3 ft 2.83 m|
|Diameter: 5 inches (12.70 centimeters)|
|Wingspan: 17.5 in / 44.5 cm|
|Weight: 164 lbs. (74.4 kilograms)|
Amphibious Assault Ships (LHA/LHD)
Landing Platform Dock Ships (LPD)
Dock Landing Ships (LSD)
Littoral Combat Ship (LCS)
|Warhead: 7.9 lbs. (explosive weight).|
RAM Mark49 Launcher
General Characteristics, RAM Mark49 Launcher Specifications
|General Characteristics, RAM Mark49 Launcher Specifications|
|Primary Function: Ship Self Defense
Above-Deck Weight: 11,466 lbs. (5,201 kg) loaded with Block 1 missiles; 12,081 lbs (5428kg) with Block 2 missiles
Below-Deck Weight: 2,068 lbs (938 kg)
Working Circle: 129 in./3.28 m
Train: +360 degrees
Elevation: -25 degrees to +80 degrees
Missile Capacity: 21
The ship’s main gun is the Oto Melara 62-calibre 76mm Super Rapid naval gun, which has a rate of fire of 120 rounds a minute. The corvette also carries two 27mm Mauser guns.
Oto Melara 62-calibre 76mm Super Rapid naval gun
The Oto-Melara / Oto-Breda 76/62SR 76mm (3-inches) 62-caliber Super Rapid gun is a lightweight, automatic loading, rapid fire naval gun system used against shore, sea and air targets.
Manufacturer: 1963-2001 Oto-Melara / 2001- OtoBreda
Produced: Compact: 1963- / Super Rapid: 1988-
Caliber: 3 inches / 76,2 mm
Barrel lenght: 186 inches / 4,72 meters (= 62 caliber)
Weight: 7900kg, empty (Super Rapid)
Shell: 76 x 900 mm / 12,34 kilograms
Elevation: – 15° to + 85°
Rate of fire: Compact: 85 rpm / Super Rapid: selectable from single shot up to 120 rpm
Muzzle Velocity: 925 m/s (1100 m/s – DART)
Magazine: Compact: 80 rounds / SR: 85 rounds
16 kilometers with standard ammunition
20 km with extended range ammunition
up to 40 km with VULCANO ammunition
– Super Rapid
– Stealth casing
– DAVIDE/STRALES radio frequency guidance system for DART guided ammunition
– HE (high explosive) – 6,296kg / Range 16km / effective range 8km (4km vs. air targets at elev. 85°)
– MOM (multi-role OTO munition)
– PFF (pre-formed fragmentation) – anti-missile ammunition
– SAPOM (semi-armored piercing OTO munition) – 6,35kg / Range 16km
– SAPOMER (semi-armored piercing OTO munition, extended range) – Range 20km
– DART (driven ammunition reduced time of flight) – sub-calibre guided ammunition against multiple targets
(missiles and maneuvering targets at sea) 4,2kg in barrel / 3,5kg in flight / 660mm lenght / effective range >8km
– VULCANO (76mm unguided and guided extended range ammunition) – under development
2 × 27 mm MLG 27 remote-controlled autocannons
This is the navalized version of the 27 mm BK 27 aircraft gun used on the Tornado and Gripen fighter aircraft. Fire control is provided by a system from STN Atlas Elektronik with target tracking, fire control computation as well as gun control performed from a remote operator console. Sensors include a thermal imager, TV camera, laser range finder and automatic target tracking system with a video tracker.
27 mm MLG 27 remote-controlled autocannons
This weapon was designed by Mauser-Werke Oberndorf Waffensysteme GmbH, a Rheinmetall DeTec subsidiary, to replace older 20 mm and 40 mm guns and the mounting does not require deck penetration. Can be operated remotely or locally with a joystick. 83 of these weapons have been ordered by the German Navy.
This weapon is a gas-operated automatic revolver cannon. Can be assembled for either left- or right-hand feed, and uses linkless ammunition with a case recovery system.
|DESIGNATION||27 mm MLG 27 Light Naval Gun System|
|SHIP CLASS USED ON||122, 123 and 124-class frigates, 332 and 333-class minehunters and minesweepers, 352-class mine countermeasures ships, 404-class tenders and 702-class supply ships
Planned for K 130 corvette class
|DATE OF DESIGN||about 1990 (Original aircraft design)|
|DATE IN SERVICE||2003 (Navalized Version)|
|GUN WEIGHT||37.5 lbs. (17kg)|
|GUN LENGTH OA||91 in (2.310 m)|
|NUMBER OF GROOVES||N/A|
|RATE OF FIRE||1,700 +/-100 rpm cyclic, lower training rates possible|
The corvettes have two Rheinmetall Defence decoy-based Multi Ammunition Softkill System (MASS) for protection from sensor-guided missile attacks. MASS uses programmable omni-spectral ammunition (OMNI TRAP) for protection against ultraviolet, electro-optical, infrared and radar-guided weapons.
2 x Rheinmetall Defence decoy-based Multi Ammunition Softkill System (MASS)
The automatic decoy system MASS provides a unique level of protection against modern sensor-guided missiles. MASS can be installed on ships of all types and can be integrated into existing command systems. The new MASS_ISS features built-in sensors for detecting radar and laser threats. Programmable and omni-spectral, the system’s innovative ammunition provides protection in all relevant wavelengths of the electromagnetic spectrum.
The corvette’s Electronic Support Measures (ESM) system is the EADS SPS-N 5000 radar ESM, operating over frequencies 2GHz to 18GHz. The system intercepts, locates, analyses, classifies and identifies threats and has multiple target tracking capability. The countermeasures suite also includes the EADS SPN / KJS 5000 jammer.
The K-130 corvette will be also equipped with the Ewation (Ulm, Germany) UL 5000K electronic-support-measures/electronic-countermeasures (ESM/ECM) system, based on the Aldebaran system developed for Spain’s F100 frigate. The system consists of an ESM subsystem, working in the frequency range of 2-18 GHz, and an ECM subsystem for active radar jammning. According to some sources, these subsystems are designated SPS-N-5000 and KSJ-N-5000, respectively. The system intercepts and analyzes radar signals and classifies them according to data stored in its reprogrammable threat library. It has multiple-target-tracking capabilities and a high signal- and bearing-measurement accuracy. Interestingly, the system does not control the other countermeasures directly but only provides inputs to a combat-management system, which uses multiple data sources (such as radar, Link 11/16/22) to control the countermeasures launchers. source highbeam.com
|Type: ESM||Altitude Max: 0 m|
|Range Max: 926 km||Altitude Min: 0 m|
|Range Min: 0 km||Generation: Late 2000s|
|Sensors / EW:|
|SPS-N-5000 – ESM
Role: ELINT w/ OTH Targeting
Max Range: 926 km
EADS Defense Electronics supplied the TRS-3D air and surface search radar which operates at C-band.
The TRS-3D is a 3D multi-mode maritime radar capable of automatic detection and tracking of all types of air and surface threats, including the early detection of low flying or fast moving threats such as missiles, fast boats, unmanned air vehicles and drones.
TRS-3D air and surface search radar
Naval 3D Multi-Mode Surveillance and Target Acquisition Radar
TRS-3D is a modular, highly reliable, countermeasure-resistant, medium-range air and surface surveillance system.
It is a fully coherent multi-mode phased array C band radar capable of fully automatic detection, track initiation, and classification of various types of targets. Even under severe clutter conditions encountered in the littoral, it detects and tracks with a particular emphasis on small, fast and low-flying aircraft, missiles, hovering helicopters and asymmetric threats. This ensures minimal operator workload and maximises operational effectiveness.
The corvette is fitted with two Raytheon Marine Pathfinder ST mk2 navigation radars operating at E, F and I bands.
The corvette accommodates one medium-sized helicopter. The K130 corvettes could be equipped with two vertical take-off and landing unmanned air vehicles (VTOL UAVs) for air reconnaissance and over-the-horizon targeting (OTHT), but a decision was taken in 2005 not to install UAV systems on the corvettes.
However, in August and September 2008, a series of trials with the Schiebel Camcopter S-100 UAV was conducted onboard FGS Braunschweig and FGS Magdeburg. The German Navy ordered the first batch of six UAVs for Braunschweig-class corvettes.
Schiebel Camcopter S-100 UAV
|Main rotor diameter||3400 mm (133.9”)|
|Total length||3110 mm (122”)|
|Total height||1120 mm (44”)|
|MTO weight||200 kg (440 lbs)|
|Empty weight||110 kg (243 lbs)|
|Payload capacity||50 kg (110 lbs)|
|Fuel (internal tanks)||57 l (15.0 gal) AVGAS 100LL, JP-5 (NATO F-44), Jet A-1 (NATO F-35)|
|Payload electrical power||1000 W @ 24 V DC|
|Data link range||Up to 200 km (108 nm) available|
|Maximum airspeed (VNE)||130 kn (240 km/h) IAS|
|Dash speed||120 kn (222 km/h) IAS|
|Loiter speed||55 kn IAS (102 km/h) for maximum endurance|
|Endurance||>6 h with 34 kg (75 lbs) payload plus optional external fuel tank extending endurance to >10 h|
|Service ceiling||18000 ft in ISA conditions @ reduced GW|
|Airframe loading||+3.5 g to -1 g rated|
|Operating temperature||-40°C to +55°C (-40°F to +131°F)|
|Wind (takeoff and landing)||Up to 25 kn (46 km/h)|
The K130 is fitted with two MTU 20V 1163 TB 93 diesel engines producing 14.8MW, driving two controllable-pitch propellers.
CAE supplies the vessel’s integrated machinery control system (IMCS).
2 x MTU 20V 1163 TB 93 diesel engines
|Engine model||20V 1163 TB93|
|Rated power to DIN ISO 3046||ICFN|
|Rated power max.||kW ( bhp )||7400 (9923)|
|Dimensions and masses without gearbox|
|Length (L)||mm (in)||5350 (210,6)|
|Width||mm (in)||1898 (74,7)|
|Height (H)||mm (in)||3172 (124,9)|
|Mass (dry)||kg (lbs)||22800.00 (50265.00)|
|Dimensions and masses with gearbox|
|Length (L1)||mm (in)||On request, please contact your MTU dealer ()|
|Width||mm (in)||1898 (74,7)|
|Height (H1)||mm (in)||On request, please contact your MTU dealer ()|
|Mass (dry)||kg (lbs)||On request, please contact your MTU dealer ()|
|Gearbox model||On request, please contact your MTU dealer|
|Transmission ratio||on request|
|Engine main data|
|Bore/Stroke||mm (in)||230/280 (9,1/11)|
|Displacement, total||l (cu in)||232,7 (14200)|
|Intake air temparature||°C||25|
|Sea water temperature||°C||25|
|Site altitude above sea level||m||100|
|Power reduction at 45/32 °C||%||3|
|Fuel consumption||l/h (gal/h)||1998,8 (527,9)|
10 = IMO Tier I (Marpol Convention)
Main material source naval-technology.com
Updated Feb 14, 2019