IL-214 is a twin-engine, multipurpose medium range military transport aircraft designed and being manufactured jointly by United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) of Russia and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) of India. The aircraft is suitable for military as well as commercial operations. It is being built to meet requirements of the Russian Air Force (RAF) and Indian Air Force (IAF).
The aircraft will supersede the obsolete fleet of Antonov An-12, An-26 and An-27s in the RAF. It will also replace the 110 An-32s currently in service with the IAF. The maiden flight of the IL-214 is expected to take place in 2014, with service entry planned for 2016.
The tactical military transport aircraft An-12 is intended for transportation of cargo and technical equipment weighing up to 20 tons and up to 90 cubic meters on lines of small and average extent.
An-12 aircraft in civil performance passed the airworthiness standards of aircrafts, applicable by IKAO and certified and approved in the demilitarized execution for operation in civil aviation.
The aircraft is executed according to the high wing scheme with four fan engines АI-20 М takeoff power on 4250 h.p.
The flight control equipment installed on the aircraft, provides compliance to modern IKAO requirements.
The aircraft crew consists of five people of the aircrew: captain, co-pilot, navigator, flight engineer and flight radio operator. If necessary – two persons of the operation technical staff and operator of cargo compartment.
In the fuselage bow there is the crew cabin, in the other part there is the unpressurised cargo compartment.
The cargo compartment has the dimensions optimized by the sizes of the main stream of transported freights, and allows to transport freights in containers and bunched on rigid pallets, non-standard (bales, barrels, etc.) freights, and also nonself-propelled and self-propelled wheel equipment.
There is applied on the aircraft the complex of the transport equipment which includes: upper onboard cargo-loading device with loading capacity up to 2500 kg, the rope cargo-loading device for rolling by pushback tug the not self-propelled wheel equipment, the mooring equipment.
Loading and unloading of freights in containers and packetize on pallets can be made from the ramp extension by means of the upper onboard cargo-loading device.
By means of the upper onboard cargo-loading device it is also made loading and unloading of non-standard freights of weighing up to 2500 kg. Loading and unloading of self-propelled equipment is made under the own steam, and not self-propelled wheel equipment – by means of the pushback tug and the cable assembly.
The big thrust/weight ratio, existence on the aircraft auxiliary power unit (APU) for on-board starting of engines and onboard mechanic means of loading-unloading operations, the high engines’ location and landing gear design with tires of low pressure are provide the self-sufficient aircraft operation as from surfaced airfields (artificial runway), and from unpaved, beachy, ice and snow-covered (ice flight strip).
Modern radio coherent and flight control equipment established on the aircraft provides the aircraft flights in all geographical areas, over earth and water surfaces, in simple and difficult weather conditions, day and night with high accuracy of the automatic aircraft navigation on the route and landing at the meteorological minima corresponding to 1 category IKAO (60х800 m). Source flymotorsich.com
By the Day of the Air and Space Forces of Russia, TASS created a special projectdetailing the promising military transport Il-276, the first flight of which is scheduled for 2023. Almost all the data presented on the new aircraft are exclusive information and published for the first time.
The special project provides information on how a new transport could be, what design bureau could become its developer and what place the new machine will take in the line of military transport workers of modern Russian aviation. It also tells about the advantages of the IL-276 over the obsolete An-12, which is currently in use by the Russian Defense Ministry, and the possibilities of using it in addition to transporting troops and landing troops.
“In general, the demand for such aircraft in Russia and the world is great, and we are confident that the IL-276 will find its place in the sky and will become an indispensable” labor aircraft “, said Pavel Cherenkov, First Deputy General Director of Il, TASS.
The start of serial deliveries of the IL-276, previously known as the Russian-Indian project MTA (Multipurpose Transport Aircraft – “Multi-Purpose Transport Aircraft”), is scheduled for 2026. From 2019, PJSC “Il” will start developing simulators and training aids that will allow pilots to master a new machine. Translated by google – source tass.ru
Antonov An-12 vs IL-276 – TASS
The IL-214 can carry out passenger transport, paratroop deployment and medical evacuation missions both day and night even in hostile environments. It can take-off from and land on elevated airfields such as unprepared airstrips and unpaved runways including grass, mud and snow.
The IAF is planning to procure 45 IL-214 aircraft. The RAF will acquire 105 IL-214s by 2020.
Development of the IL-214/Il-276 transport aircraft
Governments of India and Russia signed a 50:50 joint venture agreement in 2000 for the $600m IL-214 development project. The project includes design and development of the IL-214T transport aircraft and a 100-seater civilian variation, IL-214-100 passenger version, for which HAL will be the prime contractor.
The IL-214 was initially designated as IRTA-21 by HAL in 2003. It was later renamed as the multirole transport aircraft (MRTA). Russia and India signed a protocol agreement in June 2004 to begin joint construction of the IL-214 aircraft. Engineering and feasibility studies were completed in 2004.
JSC Irkut Aviation and Industrial Association (JSC IAIA) was selected by Russia while HAL was chosen by India for the IL-214 project. HAL revealed the withdrawal of JSC IAIA from the project in March 2008. Ilyushin Aviation Complex (IAC) was selected as the new contractor for the IL-214 development.
The front fuselage, wings and avionics will be built by HAL, while IAC will work on the aft and centre fuselage sections. The IL-214 was displayed at the Aero India Expo held in 2009. The joint venture agreement was officially announced in October 2009 during Indian Defence Minister A.K. Antony’s visit to Russia.
India Is Out, But Russia Continues Developing Il-214/Il-276 Transport
The Russian government will fund development of the Ilyushin Il-214 medium airlifter and production of about a hundred such aircraft for the Russian Air and Space Force (VKS), according to industry sources close to the program. Allocations for procurement will be provided in the Kremlin’s new Armament Program after 2020, following the current program timed for 2010-2020.
The Il-214 is, effectively, a version of the Indo-Russian Multirole Transport Aircraft (MTA). Moscow and New Delhi signed a government-to-government agreement for the MTA in 2007. This was followed three years later by a co-development agreement at the industry level. A newly established Multirole Transport Aircraft Ltd. (MTAL) company based in Bangalore made its first appearance at airshows with a stand at AeroIndia 2010.
The development costs were previously estimated at $600 million, and were to be covered by both parties on equal terms. Serial examples of the aircraft would cost between $35 and $40 million. The global market for the MTA was forecast at 400 units, including special mission versions for electronic warfare, airborne early warning and control, reconnaissance and patrol and airborne tanker.
India’s Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. (HAL) and its Russian collaborators signed agreements in 2012 that established a joint team of 150 designers in Moscow and Bangalore. The team started working on MTA documentation in December that year. Shortly thereafter, however, the effort was discontinued over disagreements and misunderstandings. In January, Ilyushin general manager Sergei Velmozhkin told reporters: “As a joint project between Russia and India, this project has been halted.”
Designers in Moscow, however, continue to develop documentation for the aircraft tailored to VKS requirements. A September 2015 protocol between Russia’s Ministry of Defense and industry calls for completion of Il-214 development.
“The Indians are very difficult people to do business with,” Ilyushin general designer Nikolai Talikov told AIN. “At first, it looked like they are all set to go, but later they began to hesitate. The two countries considered many options, including joint production of Il-114 and, later, the MTA…In the end, Russia will make this aircraft alone, under the designation Il-214.”
The Il-214 program is currently at the draft design stage. Documentation for the manufacturing plant—Aviastar, in Ulianovsk—will be prepared after the design house completes similar work on the smaller Il-112V tactical airlifter for production at the VASO plant in Voronezh. According to Talikov, VASO is on track to make an airframe for structural testing this year, followed by a first prototype and its maiden flight in 2017.
Subsequently, the Il-214 prototype is planned for completion “around 2020,” Talikov said. Developmental prototypes and early production examples will have twin Aviadvigatel PS-90A1 turbofans, each developing 17.4 tons of thrust. These will later be replaced by the more advanced PD-14M producing 18 tons of thrust.
The current work schedule and engine choice are markedly different from earlier ones. Under agreements signed in 2007-2010, the MTA was to make its maiden flight between 2016 and 2018. It was to be powered by CFM International CFM56 or IAE V2500 turbofans, as these were favored above Russian and Ukrainian options to power 45 deliverable aircraft for the Indian air force.
The most recent information on MTA/Il-214 performance and specification metrics available from Russian industry sites specify a maximum takeoff weight of 68 metric tons (149,912 pounds), maximum payload of 20 metric tons (44,092 pounds)and runway length at 1,600 m to 1,800 m (5,250 to 6,000 feet). Design targets include transportation of a 20-ton payload to 2,250 km (1,214 nm) and 10-ton payload to 6,400 km (3,454 nm) at a cruise speed of 437 ktas. The aircraft’s service life will be 35 years and 30,000 flight hours.
Outwardly, the Il-214 resembles a classic twinjet with T-shaped empennage and two high-bypass turbofan engines on underwing pylons. The cabin cross section (with fuselage diameter of about 16 feet) is similar to the much heavier Il-76 four-engine transport. The Il-214 will be able to accommodate two standard army trucks or five airline containers. In a single-deck layout, the aircraft would accommodate 70 to 82 paratroopers; a double-decker would carry up to 150.
The crew station is modeled after that of the Il-476 and features six multifunction displays and two head-up displays. Takeoff and landing operations can be made using both paved and unpaved runways, in hot-and-high environments, and during day or night conditions. Source ainonline.com
Russia to continue MTA work after India withdraws from project: Details
Work at the ‘Ilyushin Aviation Complex’, to develop the multi-purpose military transport aircraft (MTA) will continue despite India’s withdrawal from the project, said an official company representative to RIA Novosti on Wednesday, at the ‘Army-2016’ forum.
lyushin and TsAGI started work to improve the aerodynamic characteristics of the Il-276
Il-276 will pass joint state and certification tests for the first time
Certification tests of the twin-engine medium-sized military-transport aircraft IL-276 will be conducted jointly with the state one for the first time in the domestic aircraft industry. As expected, the innovation will considerably reduce the time of certification of the aircraft and accelerate its introduction into the civilian aviation.
«For the first time in the history of the creation of military transport aircraft, the request for proposals will be prepared both under the standards of the Ministry of Defense and under the requirements of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). This will allow to combine state and certification tests and to count the results for both military and civil purposes. At the present time, the preliminary design of this aircraft and the process of approving the tactical and technical task is underway in the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation», – said Pavel Cherenkov, First Deputy General Director of the PJSC «Ilyushin Aviation Complex».
The thrust loading of the aircraft and the high lift devices should ensure the operation of the IL-276 from austere and ground airfields, including those located in hot and high-altitude areas, as well as in the Far North and Siberia.
The dimensions of the cargo cabin of the aircraft take into account the operational features of the aircraft both for military purposes and for civil aviation flights. Built-in loading and unloading mechanization is developed taking into account the vast experience of the operation of IL-76 aircraft and providing mechanized loading of heavy mono-cargoes, large-sized equipment, cargo on pallets and in international containers.
As previously reported, the priority of the IL-276 program is the construction of a military transport aircraft that will meet all the requirements of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. Completion of the bulk of the design work, preparation of production and the first flight is planned in 2023, the beginning of serial procurement of the aircraft to the troops is expected in 2026. Source ilyushin.org
Russia in RSA
Russia’s new medium-airlift military transport aircraft to make its first flight in 2023: Details
MOSCOW, October 31. /TASS/. The Il-276 medium-airlift military transport aircraft, earlier known as the Russian-Indian project dubbed the “Multipurpose Transport Aircraft,” is anticipated to make its maiden flight in 2023, head of the Program for the Medium-Airlift Military Transport Aircraft at Ilyushin Aviation Complex, Igor Bevzyuk, said in an interview with TASS.
Features of the Russian-built multipurpose military aircraft
Russian internet images
The IL-214 will feature a high wing monoplane design, glazed in nose, T-shaped tail empennage, semi-monocoque fuselage, two telphers, a cargo winch and rollers comprising cargo handling equipment. It will be made up of sophisticated aluminium alloys and composite materials. The stepped cockpit will be equipped with six multifunctional displays along with two head-up indicators. It can accommodate three flight crew members including pilot, co-pilot and flight engineer.
The aircraft will also boast a rear-ward ramp to load or unload freight and carry out air drop missions. The 13.8m long, 3.45m wide and 3.4m high spacious cabin will carry 18.5 tons of cargo, 82 soldiers or 74 paratroopers. Approximately 60 severely wounded soldiers can be accommodated in the cabin.
The airplane is proposed to be provided with two PD-14M bypass gas-turbine engines with a maximum take-off thrust of 15,600 kg. The TA18-200 auxiliary power unit will be accommodated in the left landing gear fairing. The avionics concept allows for its future modernization and the enhancement of its functionality thanks to its open architecture. The integrated airplane control and navigational equipment in the flight crew compartment will include six multi-function LCD displays and LCD head-up displays.
A flight-refueling system can be provided on request.
The dimensions of the pressurized cargo cabin are determined according to the lifting ability and cargo capacity specifications of the Ministries of Defense of Russia and India, and also the range of required payloads, existing and future weapons and military equipment, as well as expected transportation and dropping needs. The determined length of the cargo ramp is such that it can be lowered to the ground at a 12° angle to facilitate the roll-on/roll-out loading of wheeled equipment, as well as accommodate a 2,500 kg load.
A forced parachute opening cable system, spoilers and flow dividers are installed in the cargo cabin for paradropping. Medical equipment can also be installed in the cargo hold, enabling the carriage of up to 80 casualties.
The airplane has a three-member flight crew: the captain, first officer, and flight navigator. An additional seat is provided for a flight mechanic.
Further development of the airplane is envisaged by way of deriving versions from the baseline design:
Aerial picket and guidance aircraft;
Patrol and reconnaissance aircraft;
Airborne relay aircraft;
Aerial jamming station;
Embraer KC-390: Details
Turbofan engine and performance of IL-214
The IL-214 will be powered by two PD-14 turbofan engines designed and built by Aviadvigatel OJSC, of Russia.
The engines are impounded to top-mounted wings. Each engine can generate a maximum thrust of 6,000lbs. Fuel consumption is 10% to 15% lower compared to that of conventional turbofan engines.
The PD-14 is fitted with a single-stage fan, a four-stage low pressure compressor, dual stage high pressure turbine, an eight-stage high pressure compressor, a four-stage low pressure turbine and an annular combustor. The fan tip diameter of the engine is 1.9m. The dry weight varies between 2,770kg and 2,850kg.
PD-14 turbofan engine
Gromov Flight Research Institute
Main Advantages of PD Engines
|Mean time to engine in-flight shutdown which is not recoverable in flight||> 200 000 h|
|A/C departure reliability related to engine readiness||> 99,96 %|
|Low fuel consumption|
|Reduced SFC compared to other contemporary engines||> 10…15 %|
|Compliance with upcoming environmental standards|
|Noise reduction relative to ICAO Stage 4 requirements||> 15…20 EpNdB|
|NOx emission reduction relative to ICAO 2008 requirements||> 30 %|
|Compliance with current certification requirements||АП-33, FAR-33, CS-E, ETOPS|
Engine Modifications under Development
- The family of advanced turbofan engines for short- and medium-haul aircraft comprises the following engines: PD-14, PD-14А, PD-14М, PD-10;
- PD-14 – baseline engine for МС-21-300 aircraft;
- PD-14А – derated modification of the engine for МС-21-200 aircraft;
- PD-14М – uprated modification of the engine for МС-21-400 aircraft;
- PD-10 – derated modification of the engine (10…11 ton-force) for SSJ‑NG aircraft.
(all parameters are without intake losses and customer air bleeds)
|T/O thrust (Н = 0; М = 0), ton-force||12,5||14,0||15,6||10,9|
|Cruise SFC, kg/kgf·h||-(10-15) % relative to other contemporary engines of the similar thrust range and application|
|Fan diameter, mm||1900||1900||1900||1677|
|Dry engine weight, kg||2870||2870||2970||2350|
Besides, the technologies developed within the PD-14 Engine Program are planned to be used to make IGTs for GT Compressor and Generator Packages rated at 8 and 16 MW.
The IL-214 can fly at a maximum speed of 870km/h. Its cruise speed is 800km/h. The maximum and ferry ranges of the aircraft are 2,500km and 6,000km respectively. The service ceiling is 13,000m. The take-off and landing distances are 1,300m and 1,200m respectively.
Il-112V airlifter: Details
Ilyushin IL-76MD-90A: Details
Estimated technical characteristics
|Total airfoil area, m2||160|
|Fuselage diameter, m||4,8|
|Power plant parameters|
|Number x engine type||2 x turbojet engine|
|Top thrust (SI system, H=0), kgf||16 000|
|Maximum takeoff weight, tons||72|
|Maximum payload, tons||20|
|Fuel tank capacity, l||30 700|
|Cruising speed, km/h||800|
|Flight altitude, m||to 12 100|
|Flight range with payload of 20 tons, km||2 000|
|Required airstrip length||1 530|
|Number of seats|
|Crew, persons||3 (2)|
|Military personnel||single-deck version:
150 military personnel
|Freight compartment parameters|
|Length x Width x Height, m||13,85×3,45×3,4|
|Calendar operating life, years||35|
|Number of flights||24 000|
|Number of flight hours, hr.||30 000|
Images are from public domain unless otherwise stated
Main material source airforce-technology.com
* Very limited info on time of posting