Monthly Archives: November 2016

Despite budget cuts, Kuwait finds money for F-18 order

The order for the F-18s will be in the range of $8 billion [Getty]

Date of publication: 28 November, 2016

Kuwait will buy 28 Boeing F/A-18 Super Hornet war planes to replace a fleet of earlier versions of the US fighter jets, a top official said Monday.

The value of the deal is not expected to exceed $5 billion, the KUNAstate news agency reported the head of armament and procurement at Kuwait’s defence ministry as saying.

It comes as voters in this Saturday’s parliamentary election rejected the government’s austerity programme by voting for the Islamist-dominated opposition.

Many Kuwaitis believe taxes should be raised for a huge budget deficit rather than cuts to subsidies.

Major General Lafi al-Azemi said the deal stipulates the supplier will re-purchase the old Hornet fighter jets from Kuwait.

The US state department this month said it has authorised the deal, as well as the sale of 72 F-15 Strike Eagle jets to Kuwait’s Gulf neighbour Qatar at an estimated value of $21 billion.

In April, Kuwait signed a contract with Italy’s Finmeccanica for the purchase of 28 Eurofighter Typhoon warplanes for under eight billion euros ($8.5 billion).

Kuwait’s parliament in March approved spending an additional $500 million as an advance payment for the jets.

That funding came on top of $10 billion additional defence spending already approved by parliament in January to upgrade the country’s military.

The emirate is a member of the US-led coalition bombing Islamic State group targets in Syria and Iraq, and is also taking part in a Saudi-led coalition pounding Iran-backed rebels in Yemen.

Last year, it bought 24 Caracal military tactical transport helicopters and French light armoured vehicles.

Original post


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Kuwait seeks continued support for F/A-18 fighters

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F-18 Super HornetF-18 Super Hornet

Eurofighter Typhoon

Eurocopter EC725/H225MEC725_DIGIT-02956


Brazil eyes additional fighters, advanced training aircraft

29 November 2016
The Brazilian Air Force (Força Aérea Brasileira – FAB) is looking to acquire additional fighter aircraft as well as advanced trainers, Lieutenant Brigadier Nivaldo Luiz Rossato, the FAB’s commander, told IHS Jane’s .

The frontline combat fleet mainly comprises modernised Northrop Grumman F-5EM/FM Tiger IIs and a mix of legacy and upgraded AMX International A-1A/B fighters that are to be withdrawn over the next 10 years. The service is looking towards a potential future purchase of around 50 aircraft. That opportunity will eventually involve an international competition open to interested bidders, Lt Brig Rossato said.

Any such fighter procurement would be in addition to the current F-X2 programme.

Original post


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Pakistan revive interest in OPLOT-M


With Pakistan reviving industry ties with Ukraine, specifically with the Kharkiv Morozov Machine Building Design Bureau (KMDB) and Malyshev Factory, could the Pakistan Army be re-interested in the Malyshev Factory Oplot-M main battle tank (MBT)?

The Malyshev Factory Oplot-M was among the armoured combat vehicles exhibited by Ukroboronprom, Ukraine’s state-owned defence industry dealer, at the 2016 International Defence Exhibition and Seminar (IDEAS), which took place last week in Karachi, Pakistan. The Oplot-M was among the tanks the Pakistan Army evaluated as part of its Haider program in 2015.

During IDEAS, Pakistan’s state-owned armoured vehicles manufacturer Heavy Industries Taxila (HIT) inked a memorandum-of-understanding (MoU) worth $600 million U.S. with Ukroboronprom for the provision of 200 diesel engines for al-Khalid 1 MBTs and other heavy armoured related support (e.g. possibly upgrading the Pakistan Army’s T-80UD MBTs), likely upgrades of existing vehicles and infrastructure work at HIT. Pakistan may also consider the KMDB’s new 6TD-3 diesel engine for use on the recently disclosed al-Khalid 2 MBT, which is to use a 1,500-hp powerplant.

It is not clear if Pakistan is interested in extending this collaboration to an off-the-shelf tank such as the Oplot-M. However, the Ukrainian Ministry of Defence stated that during IDEAS, it did discuss the prospect of jointly manufacturing tanks with Pakistan. This is likely in reference to the Oplot-M.

The 51-ton Oplot-M is the latest development of the T-80, Ukraine’s mainstay MBT platform. The Oplot-M uses a new welded turret and multi-layered armour. It also benefits from an updated onboard electronics suite (e.g. fire control system) and passive as well as an active protection system for defensibility against incoming projectiles. The Oplot-M is armed with a 125-mm smoothbore gun capable of firing armour-piercing, high-explosive, and fragmentation rounds, and anti-tank guided missiles. Although it is powered by a variant of the 1,200-hp 6TD-2, there is the option of having it use the 1,500-hp 6TD-3.

For Pakistan, there are three main considerations.

First, the reality of Ukraine’s geostrategic situation vis-à-vis Russia, which will place uncertainty in terms of the Ukrainian industry’s ability to commit to schedules and contractual commitments.

Pakistan’s uncertain financial long-term condition, which is the second main issue, will have Rawalpindi and Islamabad approach procurements and industry collaboration with Kiev carefully. Uncertainty on both sides could either yield equitable exchanges or failure in actual negotiations.

Third, the technical considerations. In this respect, Ukraine has a strong case. The Oplot-M could share a high margin of commonality with the forthcoming al-Khalid 2, especially in terms of the powerplant. The procurement of the tank could also yield valuable work-share in relation to the 6TD diesel engine, which would be a valuable gain for the Pakistan Army in terms of localizing the supply chain of its armour. The Oplot-M could also be among the more affordable off-the-shelf tanks today.

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OPLOT – MBT536337_800

Bolivia may purchase Brazilian Super Tucanos

By Ryan Maass   |   Nov. 28, 2016 at 3:46 PM

RIO DE JANEIRO, Nov. 28 (UPI) — Defense officials in Bolivia are exploring a potential procurement opportunity for Embraer A029 Super Tucano light attack aircraft from Brazil.

If the governments move forward with the buy, the planes will be used for cracking down on illegal activity around the countries’ shared border. Brazil’s defense ministry says Bolivia formerly expressed interest during a meeting to deepen bilateral relations between the two nations.

“Bolivia is a country with which we have an excellent relationship. Cooperation is important for the security of borders,” Brazilian Defense Minister Raul Jungmann said in a press release.

The meeting focused on pending trade agreements and border security. Jungmann invited his Bolivian counterpart to meet at the Super Tucano unit facility in São Paulo.

The Embraer A-29 Super Tucano is a light attack aircraft designed for counter-insurgency missions. The planes, used by the Brazilian air force, are equipped with a Missile Approach Warning System and tactical communications equipment. It can also be used for training purposes.

Original post


Embraer A-29 Super Tucano: Details

New engine being designed for fifth-generation Russian fighter aircraft

By Nikolai Litovkin, Russia Beyond the Headlines   |   Nov. 28, 2016 at 10:20 AM

The United Engine Corp., part of Rostec state holding company, successfully conducted the first ground-based ignition of the second stage of the engine for the Prospective Airborne Complex of Frontline Aviation (PAK FA T-50 aircraft).

In order to carry out the testing, gas generators had to be prepared for it, in addition to the demonstrator engine.

What is the PAK FA flying with now?

Currently, the PAK FA is using a first stage engine, a modernized Al-41.

According to Pavel Bulat, avionics specialist and head of the Kupol Group of Companies, the AI-41 is an updated version of engines used for the Su-27, Su-30 and other models in that series.

“The engine for the T-50 was significantly upgraded from the original models, incorporating the latest control system, compressors, etc. Nevertheless, it still falls short of the fifth-generation model, and is very noticeable on radar screens,” he said.

The new second-stage engine is one of the most advanced in the world, said Bulat. It enables the T-50 to accelerate to supersonic speed, and maintain that velocity throughout the flight, without using afterburners.

“The speed will be as much as Mach 1.6 (about 1,200 mph), depending on the terrain over which the flight is taking place. The engine will also significantly improve the stealth properties of the PAK FA, thanks to the use of new composite materials,” said Bulat.

The designers expect to start testing the new engine on fighter jets in 2018 and for the motor to be fully integrated in 2020.

“In addition to the engine, a radar station also needs to be modified, and engineers need to remove the last deficiencies in the airframe concept, which, among all the aircraft flying today, is the most modern in the world,” said the analyst.

New fighter’s weapons: 30-mm cannon

The firing unit consists of one of the lightest cannon in its class, the 9-A1-4071K, which is designed to destroy armored vehicles or armored enemy targets. During one flight, the pilot can shoot 150 rounds from the 30-mm cannon.

This new weapon is a modified single-barrel GSh-301 aircraft cannon, used in Russian fighters and bombers.

Aircraft bombs

The future T-50 fifth-generation fighter will also carry high-explosive and volume-detonating bombs, Sergey Rusakov, general director of the Techmash Group, announced on Sept. 22.

Rusakov said they are now considering high-explosive incendiary OFZAB-500 aviation bombs for the PAK FA, and volume-detonating ODAB-500PMV, which are currently being used in Russian operations in Syria. Engineers have produced a set of warheads for future tests.

Operational principle and the use of bombs in Syria

According to the rearmament program, Russian Armed Forces will receive a batch of 12 T-50 fighters before the end of this year. A new contract for the supply of fifth-generation aircraft will be discussed with the Ministry of Defense at the end of 2016, after which the War Department will decide how many new aircraft are needed.

Competing with the Raptor

The newest Russian fighter aircraft was produced as the main competitor to the F-22 Raptor. The American stealth fighter distinguished itself during the Iraq War.

“The T-50 will go into serial production much later than the Raptor. This allows us to take into consideration all the pros and cons of the existing aircraft when constructing our own fighter. A similar situation existed when we were working on the multipurpose fourth-generation Su-27 fighter. The prototype of that domestic aircraft came out much later than the American F-16, and took into account the shortcomings of its precursor. As a result, the domestic Sukhoi was able to beat the ‘American,’ in terms of combat characteristics,” Vadim Kozyulin, professor at the Academy of Military Sciences, told RBTH.

The expert noted that the T-50 would be able to use the full range of existing high-precision air-to-air missiles, as well as all precision-guided munitions.

“As part of the ‘stealth’ concept, special missiles for the PAK FA are being developed, with a square cross section that will allow more warheads to be carried in hatches during combat missions,” Kozyulin added.

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There were test firing 9A1-4071K aircraft cannon for the Russian fifth generation fighter T-50 (PAK FA) for scientific test range aircraft systems, located near the village of Faustovo Moscow region.

 Aerogun tests were on the test bench, loading 30-mm ammunition in the input tray, and test firing, according to “Rossiyskaya Gazeta “.
It is known that the gun 9A1-4071K for the Sukhoi PAK FA (PAK FA) has been developed by specialists of JSC “Instrument Design Bureau” in late 2014. Because open source is known, that it is an upgraded version of the high-velocity gun GS-30-1.

The gun is ideal for aircraft: its weight of only 50 kilograms, it is considered to be the easiest in the world of 30-millimeter cannon. Unique automation scheme has allowed the base to give 9A1-4071K highest for this type of weapon rate per barrel – up to 1,800 rounds per minute. Feature of the gun is also a stand-alone system vodoisparitelnogo cooling barrel. Its principle of operation is simple: the gun in the casing is water, which is heated in the barrel (during firing) is converted into steam.


Fire from the new gun will be conducted high-explosive-incendiary projectiles and armor-piercing tracer shells, capable of striking even lightly armored ground, surface and air targets. On ground targets gun is effective when shooting at a distance of 1800 meters, in the air – to 1200. Previously 9A1-4071K gun was tested in a multi-purpose fighter Su-27SM. T-50 (PAK FA project) – a fifth-generation aircraft equipped with a fundamentally new avionics suite and promising radar with a phased antenna array. Source




High-explosive incendiary bomb aviation OFZAB-500 was established use in high speed with low altitudes against manpower and easily vulnerable field installations, warehouses and fuel depots. The bomb is intended to replace in the Russian Air Force obsolete FOZAB-500. It is used at altitudes of 300 – 20,000 m at speeds of 100 – 1200 km / h.

OFZAB-500 allows the wearer to carry out maneuvers with large congestion. The bomb can be used on a large number of combat aircraft of Soviet and Russian-made MiG-21, MiG-27, MiG-29, Su-17, Su-22, Su-24, Su-25, Su-27, Tu-95, Tu -16.

Length, m
Diameter, mm
span, m
weight bombs, kg
Weight of explosive, kg
250 kg incendiary + 37.5 kg PF



ODAB-500PMV (ОДАБ-500ПМВ – Объемно-детонирующая авиационная бомба) thermobaric air bomb


Bomb manufactured by the Russian company basalts. Furthermore, the term thermobaric air bomb can meet even the names vacuum bomb, fuel, bomb, aerosol bomb, v detonujúca bomb or a high-explosive bomb.

The bomb is designed to control industrial zones, unprotected or protected by live force (eg. In enclosures, tunnels, caves), nepancierovanej technology and military equipment. The bomb is scheduled for troop (front) airplanes and helicopters. It can be used for the destruction of anti-personnel mines and anti-tank.Planes can toss a bomb from a height of 200 to 12,000 m at speeds of 500-1500 km / hr. Helicopters can toss a bomb from a height of 1100 – 4000 M at speeds of 50-300 km / h.

Bomb has built a lighter.
Diameter Bomb: 500 mm
Length: 2380 mm
Weight bombs: 525 kg
Weight of filling: 193 kg
equivalent of TNT explosions: 1000 kg

Source valka.c

Sukhoi Su-57: Details

Kuwait to buy 28 F-18 Super Hornet

Kuwait plans to buy 28 Boeing F-18 jets: official

Mon Nov 28, 2016 | 10:01am EST

Kuwait plans to buy 28 Boeing F-18 Super Hornets, a military official said on Monday, 10 days after the U.S. State Department notified Congress of the possible sale of 40 of the warplanes to the Gulf Arab state.

Major General Lafi al-Azmi, chief of the military’s Armament and Procurement Authority, also said Kuwait planned to return a number of outdated F-18s in its inventory as part of the purchase deal, the official Kuwait News Agency reported.

He added that details of the sale would only be disclosed after it is officially signed.

“Given Kuwait’s proximity to turbulent locations, we certainly need effective military equipment,” he was quoted as saying, in apparent reference to wars in Iraq and Syria.

The fighter aircraft are increasingly important to Kuwait amid rising regional tensions between Saudi Arabia and Iran, whose struggle for regional pre-dominance underpins wars and political tensions across the Middle East. Kuwait, an ally of Saudi Arabia, is also part of a Saudi-led coalition in Yemen.

Boeing, Northrop Grumman Corp, Raytheon Co and General Electric Co are the prime contractors for the proposed sale.

(Reporting by Ahmed Hagagy and Reem Shamseddine; writing by William Maclean; editing by Mark Heinrich)

Original post


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F-18 Super Hornet: Details

UK to reduce number of Main Battle Tanks

“British Army To Reduce Frontline Tanks By A Third”

2016-11-28 10:02

The British Army is reportedly planning to reduce its number of frontline tanks by to up 33%.
The move, which would see all of the Challenger 2s in one of the three tank regiments replaced with Ajax fighting vehicles, could leave the UK with fewer tanks than Serbia, according to the Times newspaper.
Russia, meanwhile, is said to have 2,700 frontline tanks, although it has many more in reserve and is currently bringing the T-14 Armata into service.
The plan, which would leave the British Army with around 40 more tanks than the traditionally neutral Switzerland, is reportedly set to be announced in coming months.
Colonel Bob Stewart, who commanded British forces in Bosnia, said:
“You should only reduce your main battle tank numbers with great caution. Reducing your tank strength may well be misconstrued by our potential opponents and be perceived as weakness in our will to properly defend our country.”
The decision would see Britain’s tank numbers fall from 227 to 170.
112 would serve on frontline duty, with the remainder used for domestic training or in Canada.
Germany, by comparison, has 306 battle tanks, France 200, Poland 971 and Serbia 212.
It comes after the Defence Secretary rejected reports that defence insiders thought the Ajax would be “useless” against anything more than “incompetent enemies”.
Rumours of delays were widely circulated, due to issues with the vehicle’s gun, including the integration of the cannon with a specially-built turret, and a shortage of funds.
However, Sir Michael Fallon denied that the £3.5 billion programme to build the vehicles could be delayed due to the alleged glitches with the weapons system.
The Ajax is lighter and faster than the Challenger 2, with a top speed of 44mph, but is more lightly armoured and has a 44mm gun, as opposed to the Challenger’s 120mm. The vehicle does, however, have a longer range and can cover a wider area.
In response to the reports, an MoD spokesperson told Forces TV the plan would see the Army go from having three to two Armoured Infantry Brigades – plus two Strike Brigades which would have the Ajax.
They added that it’s still being decided how many tanks the two remaining Armoured Infantry Brigades will have, so it can’t be assumed all those in the lost regiment will be scrapped.
The Army, meanwhile, feels that adding the Ajax to capability will make it more relevant and of more use as part of NATO. The MoD said in a statement:
“The Challenger 2 fleet is due to have a £700 million life extension project that will ensure capability until 2035. We are also investing in the transformational, multi-role Ajax armoured vehicle and the Warrior infantry fighting vehicle.
“The project is not fixed and could potentially include upgrades to the main gun, ammunition or armoured protection. We’re open to innovative, cost effective proposals that could improve the capability.”
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Ajax Scout SV CT40