Monthly Archives: July 2016

Samuel Beckett Class Offshore Patrol Vessels (OPVs), Ireland

Babcock Marine’s Samuel Beckett Class offshore patrol vessels (OPVs) are being built for the Irish Naval Service as a part of a fleet replacement programme. The OPVs will be primarily deployed in fishery protection, search-and-rescue (SAR) and maritime patrol missions across the 200-mile Irish Economic Exclusion Zone (EEZ) in the North Atlantic Ocean.

The Department of Defence (An Roinn Cosanta) signed a contract with Babcock Marine in October 2010, for the construction of two new OPVs for the Irish Naval Service at an estimated cost of €108m. The contract also includes an option for third vessel, which was exercised in June 2014.

The keel for the first OPV, LÉ Samuel Beckett (P61) was laid down at Babcock’s Appledore shipyard in May 2012. The vessel was floated out of the drydock in November 2013, arrived at the Naval Base, Haulbowline in April 2014 and was commissioned into service in May 2014. LÉ Samuel Beckett replaced the decommissioned offshore patrol vessel LÉ Emer.


LÉ Samuel Beckett (P61)

The second OPV in class, LÉ James Joyce (P62), was floated out in November 2014 and was commissioned in September 2015. It replaced LÉ Aoife OPV.


LÉ William Butler Yeats (P63) – Image


LÉ William Butler Yeats (P63) – Image

The third OPV in class, LÉ William Butler Yeats (P63), was floated out in March 2016. It is scheduled to be delivered by the end of 2016. LÉ William Butler Yeats will replace the LE Aisling OPV.

PICTURES: Naval ship handed over as work begins on next project: Here

image (2)

(P63) LE William Butler Yeats sets sail. Pictures by Norman Hardaker

Samuel Beckett OPV design and features

14265705885_7234209115_o.jpgLÉ Samuel Beckett14285832753_2f78d0574b_o.jpg


The Samuel Beckett OPV features an extended monohull design based on the PV80 design of STX Canada Marine. The OPVs incorporate fin stabilisers and anti-heel tanks for roll and pitch reduction.


Vard Marine Inc. (formerly STX Marine) designed the vessels, which have features in common with an earlier design, the Róisín class, in service with the Irish Naval Service since 1999.

The 90-metre (300 ft) OPV vessels are designated PV90 by Babock Marine and approximately 10 metres (33 ft) longer with an additional 0.6 metres (2 ft 0 in) in depth to the existing Róisín-class PV80 vessels. This is intended to increase both its capabilities and abilities in the rough waters of the North Atlantic. The PV90 ship is designed carry a crew of 44 and have space for up to 10 trainees. The ships’ published cruising speed is 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph), with a top speed of 23 knots (43 km/h; 26 mph). Source

The vessel can carry two 8m rigid hull inflatable boats (RHIBs) at either side of the hull, while the third RHIB is housed in a cradle over the stern deck. The boats are launched and recovered by single point davits and can be operated at a maximum speed of 30kt up to Sea State 4.

The OPV has a length of 89.5m, beam of 14m, draft of 3.8m and displacement of 1,900t. It can complement of 54 personnel, including 44 Ships Company and ten trainees and the carriage of containers. Accommodation is provided in single berths and four berth cabins.

Weapon systems fitted to the Irish OPV

The main gun of the vessel is a 76mm OTO Melara compact naval gun equipped with an electro-optical fire control system. Two 20mm RH 202 Rheinmetall cannons fitted port and starboard abaft the bridge serve as secondary weapons.

76mm OTO Melara compact naval gun

LÉ Samuel Beckett

LÉ Samuel Beckett at The Samuel Beckett Bridge, Dublin.

Technical data:
Caliber: 3 inches / 76,2 mm
Barrel lenght: 186 inches / 4,72 meters (= 62 caliber)
Weight: 7900kg, empty (Super Rapid)
Shell: 76 x 900 mm / 12,34 kilograms
Elevation: – 15° to + 85°
Traverse: 360°
Rate of fire: Compact: 85 rpm / Super Rapid: selectable from single shot up to 120 rpm
Muzzle Velocity: 925 m/s (1100 m/s – DART)
Magazine: Compact: 80 rounds / SR: 85 rounds
16 kilometers with standard ammunition
20 km with extended range ammunition
up to 40 km with VULCANO ammunition


SEA EAGLE controls the main Oto Melara Gun



  • 24 hour target identification
  • Automatic slewing to search radar contact indications
  • Automatic target acquisition and tracking
  • Anti-air, anti-surface, naval gunfire support and indirect engagement modes
  • 24 hour passive surveillance
  • Automated capture of target ‘snap-shot’ images
  • Designed as a stand alone system or part of ‘multi-function’ console based combat system


SEA EAGLE controls the main Oto Melara, now Leonardo-Finmeccanica, 76mm gun mounting and is optimised for naval fire control against airborne, surface or shore-based targets. It is capable of controlling all in-service naval guns, using a long range thermal imager and daylight TV camera to provide 24 hour automatic target detection, acquisition, identification and tracking. It uses a mid-wave (3-5µ) thermal imager with zoom optics, a colour TV camera which also has zoom optics and an eye-safe, high repetition rate laser range finder and has been designed to operate through a dedicated standalone console or as a fully integrated element of a multi-function console based combat system. It can be fully integrated with the ship’s radar displays, so that it can slew to search radar contact indications.

As well as the Irish Naval Service, SEA EAGLE is in service with the British, Thai, Omani, and Iraqi Navies and is on order for the Royal Malaysian Navy. Source

2 x 20mm RH 202 Rheinmetall cannons


Rheinmetall RH 202 20mm canon – Image

Gun Characteristics

Designation Gun:  20 mm/65 (0.8″) MK 20 DM 5
Ship Class Used On Present-day German warships
Date Of Design 1962 (1973 Naval Version)
Date In Service 1974 (Naval Version)
Gun Weight 167.5 lbs. (76 kg)
Gun Length oa 120.9 in (3.070 m)
Bore Length N/A
Rifling Length N/A
Grooves N/A
Lands N/A
Twist N/A
Chamber Volume N/A
Rate Of Fire 1,000 rounds per minute cyclic


Type Fixed
Weight of Complete Round N/A
Projectile Types and Weights HE-T:  0.3 lbs. (0.134 kg)

AP-T:  0.3 lbs. (0.134 kg)

APDS-T:  0.3 lbs. (0.134 kg)

Bursting Charge N/A
Projectile Length N/A

Length of Complete Round:  8.4 in (21.3 cm)

Propellant Charge 0.092 lbs. (0.42 kg)
Cartridge 20 x 139 mm NATO
Muzzle Velocity HE-T:  3,440 fps (1,050 mps)

AP-T:  3,600 fps (1,100 mps)

APDS-T:  3,770 fps (1,150 mps)

Working Pressure N/A
Approximate Barrel Life N/A
Ammunition stowage per gun Ammunition in 200 round belts


Elevation With 0.3 lbs. (0.134 kg) HE Shell
Range @ 45 degrees 2,200 yards (2,000 m) effective

Mount / Turret Data

Designation Rheinmetall single pintle fork mounting:  S 20 and SV 20

Norwegian Single Mounts:  KV-Sk/20

Weight Rheinmetall S 20

  Without gun or ammunition:  617 lbs. (280 kg)

  With gun and 200 rounds ammunition:  948 lbs. (430 kg)

Rheinmetall SV 20



  Without ammunition:  880 lbs. (400 kg)

Elevation Rheinmetall:  -10 / +55 (or +60) degrees

Norwegian:  -15 / +70 degrees

Elevation Rate Manually operated, only
Train 360 degrees
Train Rate Manually operated, only
Gun recoil N/A
Note:  The Norwegian version is based upon the FK20-2 field-gun mounting.  Norway also uses this gun in their coastal defense units to provide protection to larger guns from land and air attacks.


The vessel is also provided with mountings on the main deck and 01 deck for two 12.7mm heavy machine guns (HMGs), and four 7.62mm general purpose machine guns (GPMGs).

2 x 12.7mm heavy machine guns (HMGs)


Image of HMG is for illustration purpose as no info on actual model

4 x 7.62mm general purpose machine guns (GPMGs)


Image of GPMG is for illustration purpose as no info on actual model

Flight deck


LÉ Samuel Beckett (P61 | by Debs Alanna Simon Alan – Image

The aft flight deck allows for the operations of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) from the vessel. The deck area can also accommodate three 20ft containers and is provided with a large 5t crane at a 9.56m radius.


The diesel electric propulsion integrates two 5,440kW Wartsila medium speed diesel engines driving two five-bladed controllable pitch propellers via reduction gearboxes. The power take in (PTI) motor powered by the electrical alternators ensures low speed operation at speeds up to 8kt.

2 x 5,440kW Wartsila medium speed diesel engine

Wärtsilä 26 engine

Wärtsilä 26 engine – Image



  • for ships


  • medium-speed, propulsion

Power source:

  • diesel


  • turbocharged


  • 4-stroke


  • 3000-4000 hp


  • Min.: 2040 kW (2735.69 hp)
  • Max.: 5440 kW (7295.16 hp)



LÉ William Butler Yeats (P63) – Image

The offshore patrol vessel also integrates a 450kW bow thruster and rudders for high manoeuvrability in close quarter positions. The dynamic positioning (DP) system aboard the vessels maintains position and heading. The shipboard electricity is generated by three 630kW alternators, while emergency power is provided by a 320kW generator.


Bow thrusters on LÉ William Butler Yeats (P63) – Image

The propulsion system ensures a maximum speed of 23kt. The vessels have a range of 6,000nmi at a cruising speed of 15kt and are capable of conducting autonomous mission for up to 21 days.

Type: Offshore patrol vessel
Displacement: 1,900 tonnes
Length: 90 m (300 ft)
Beam: 14 m (46 ft)
Draught: 3.8 m (12 ft)
Propulsion: Two Wärtsilä medium speed diesel engines (5,440 kW (7,300 hp) each)

450 kW bow thruster

  • Baseline speed 23 knots (43 km/h; 26 mph)
  • Economical speed 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph)
Range: 6,000 nautical miles (11,000 km; 6,900 mi) at 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph)
Endurance: 21 days
Boats & landing
craft carried:
3 x 8 m (26 ft) RHIB
Capacity: 3 x 6.1 m (20 ft) sea container, 1 x 5 ton, 9.56 m (31.4 ft) crane aft
Complement: 44 + up to 10 trainees
Sensors and
processing systems:
Fire control: Electro Optical
Aviation facilities: UAV only

Table source

Main material source

Rafael “SPICE 1000” New Ammunition for the IAF

Tuesday Jul 26, 2016 – 00:58 UTC

Rafael’s SPICE 1000 EO/GPS-guided munitions are to be adopted by the Israeli Air Force as the weapon enters into its final development stage. Integration will take place on all fighter squadrons with F-16C/D “Barak” aircraft first in line. Features of Spice include being camera operated with real time maneuver and response abilities when facing fixed and mobile targets.


New SPICE: New Ammunition for the IAF

Release date 17.07.2016

The IAF operates various munitions adapted to its different missions and aircraft. It is now permitted to publicize that the force is expected to soon receive a new bomb manufactured by “Rafael” Systems, which is expected to bring new technological and operational tidings

Shachar Zorani | Translation: Ohad Zeltzer Zubida

“SPICE 1000”, a new munition manufactured by “Rafael” is currently in the final stages of development and is expected to enter operational use in the IAF soon. It is expected to be integrated in all of the fighter squadrons in the force and the first to operate it will be the “Barak” (F-16C/D) aircraft.

Spice 1000, is an advanced electro-optic munition which will bring new abilities and technological progress to the IAF. “The munition is a quantum leap in our operational ability, a fact that is reflected in its deep penetration abilities, its immunity from threats and it precision”, said Capt. Tomer from the Guided Munitions Department in the Air Staff. “It has improved software and algorithmic and advanced identification and processing abilities”.

As stated, the Spice 1000 bomb is camera operated and has real time maneuver and response abilities when facing fixed and mobile targets. “The munition adjusts itself to the new battlefield, to the various threats and the changing theatre”, stated Avi Danon, the project and development manager in “Rafael”, and Capt. Tomer confirms: “It has a range that we haven’t seen in the IAF in munition of this magnitude”.

Operational and Economical Advantage

Authorities in the IAF and in “Rafael” testify that the development process that lasted three years, succeeded by means of cooperation and discussion between the sides. Along the way, many tests were performed and different considerations were made in accordance with the operational requirements and needs.

“The development was escorted by a wide observation of all of the users”, testified Maj. Farhan Tarif, who is responsible for the integration of the munition in the Material Directorate. Maj. Farhan also shared that the munition is built to shorten the work time and quicken the “rotation process” – the time it takes from the moment the aircraft lands until it is armed and takes off again. “Much consideration was performed in order to fit the munition to the work in the cockpit and make the operating interface comfortable and flexible”, Capt. Tomer added.

Alongside the operational advantage the munition holds, it also creates an economical advantage based on the Israeli industry and accumulation of economic capital and knowledge. “The development project alongside ‘Rafael’ was challenging and interesting”, concluded Maj. Farhan. “It was very important to us to stay on schedule and still maintain high quality and uncompromising performance”.

Original  post



The latest addition to the SPICE family – is a new generation stand-off Precision Guided Munition (PGM). SPICE-250 has a standoff range of 100 kilometers. It is an autonomous weapon with real time target position update capability. SPICE-250 is a unitary munition and can be equipped with either general purpose or penetration warheads. Aircraft increase load-out and wide target set provide the optimal solution for high volume precise strike for the dynamic battlefield.

SPICE is easily integrated onto a wide range of single and dual-seated fighter aircraft, and requires no aircraft modifications.

SPICE-250 uses a common aircraft interface and sophisticated Smart Quad Rack (SQR) that simplifies the effort needed for aircraft integration. Four SPICE-250 weapons are carried on each SQR.

SPICE-250 can be directly mounted on light attack aircraft store stations, due to its small size and light weight.

SPICE is fully operational and has recently demonstrated outstanding combat performance in all parameters to become one the Israeli Air Force’s leading air-to-surface weapon systems. Source


  • Range of target destruction, km to 100 of guidance, m 3
  • Control system: inertial + satellite navigation + opto-electronic GOS
  • Weight, kg 113
  • Warhead weight, kg to 80


Spice 1000/2000 Guided Weapon

521Rafael’s Spice 1000 guided weapon carries a 500 kg (1,000 pound) Mk 83 warhead. It is capable of attacking targets at ranges extended beyond 60 km. Photo: Rafael

Spice has been adapted to a number of standard warheads, from Mk-84/BLU-109 (900 kg, 2000 lbs), Mk-83/BLU-110 (450 kg, 1000 lbs) general purpose bombs. The weapon has recently been adapted now to 113 kg (250 lbs) pound small smart bombs (SSB) that are increasingly preferred by airforces due to their lower collateral damage.

The kit uses an imaging seeker for navigation and terminal homing. The system uses image matching techniques giving the weapon a Circular Error Probability (CEP) of less than three meters. Spice can be loaded with 100 optional targets in a given area. In addition to the passive image-based navigation the kit also includes Global Positioning Satellite / Inertial Navigation System (GPS/INS) navigation for reference and backup. But the main sensor of the Spice is the CCD/IIR dual seeker that provides pinpoint accuracy and positive target identification and according to Rafael , overcomes target location error and GPS jamming.

scene_match650This scene matching example shows the correlation between the target pointed by the reference image (left) and the target picked by the weapon’s computer during a flight test. Photo: RAFAEL

The Kit’s automatic target acquisition capability is based on a unique scene-matching technology that can handle scenery changes, counter-measures, navigation errors and target location errors. The technology is based on the continuous comparison of  a real-time image received from the dual CCD/IIR seeker with a reference image stored in the weapon’s computer.

The basic kit includes a strap-on forward guidance section and fixed, stubby wings and tail fins aft of the main charge, heaviest Spice uses the MK-84 (2000 pounds) general purpose bomb, with a flatter trajectory the Spice kit extends the weapon’s range beyond 60 km. This version is operational in the israeli airforce and was used in combat. Another kit has been adapted to Mk-83 (1000 pounds) bombs, featuring a wing-set that further extends the weapon range beyond 100 km. The Spice’s deployable wings allow an aircraft to carry more bombs. The latest addition of the SSB type weapon enables a single F-16 to carry up to 16 small smart bombs. Source

Korea, US meet on fighter jet project

According to The Korean TImes

Posted : 2016-07-27 16:14

Updated : 2016-07-27 21:16

By Jun Ji-hye

Korea and the United States held their first high-level talks in Washington, Tuesday, on the transfer of jet technologies for Seoul’s project to develop its own fighter jets.

The Ministry of National Defense said the two sides discussed the vital intersection of foreign and national security policies on defense technology cooperation, including issues related to the transfer of technologies for the KF-X project.

It was the first high-level meeting of the Defense Technology Strategy & Cooperation Group (DTSCG), which followed the group’s working-level talks held in March. The DTSCG was established last year based on an agreement between defense chiefs of the two nations.

During Tuesday’s meeting, the Korea delegation, led by Vice Defense Minister Hwang In-mo and Deputy Foreign Minister for Economic Affairs Lee Tae-ho, stressed the need for the transfer of key technologies from the United States for the success of the KF-X project, according to a ministry official.

In response, the U.S. delegation, led by David Shear, assistant secretary of defense for Asian and Pacific security affairs, and Rose Gottemoeller, undersecretary of state for arms control and international security, said the two sides will continue to discuss the issue, the official said.

The official added that details about which technologies will be transferred were not determined during the meeting.

The joint press release of the two sides also said, “The U.S. delegation provided an overview of its conventional arms transfer and regional defense trade policies.”

The release added that the two sides concurred on the need for regular information-sharing on relevant issues and decided to continue to utilize the DTSCG to advance policy and strategic discussions on technology security, foreign policy and defense technology cooperation in support of the ROK-U.S. alliance.

The 8.5 trillion won KF-X project is to replace the Air Force’s aging fleet of F-4s and F-5s. The government will invest an additional 10 trillion won to produce 120 jets by 2032.

The project is proceeding with the help of the U.S. defense company, Lockheed Martin, which vowed to transfer technologies used in the F-35 stealth fighter in return for Korea’s purchase of 40 F-35s, signed in September of 2014.

In early December, the U.S. government approved the transfer of 21 technologies in a “large frame,” according to the Defense Acquisition Program Administration (DAPA).

Since then, negotiations between DAPA and Lockheed Martin officials have been ongoing to list the details, as hundreds of technical items are part of 21 technologies.

Before its official kickoff in January, the KF-X project had suffered a severe crisis after the U.S. government refused in April of last year to allow the defense firm to hand over four core technologies — the active electronically scanned array radar, electronic optics targeting pod, the infrared search and radio frequency jammer and the infrared search and tracking system.

The DAPA said the nation will domestically develop those four technologies.

During the meeting, the Korea delegation also asked the United States to give it technologies related to the development of the medium-altitude unmanned aerial vehicle (MUAV), the official said. Washington said that was being considered added.

The two sides plan to hold the next DTSCG high-level talks in 2017, according to officials.

On the sidelines of the defense talks, Hwang met Deputy Secretary of Defense Robert O. Work to discuss views on extended efforts between the two allies to cope with ever-growing nuclear and military threats from North Korea, according to the ministry.

Original post


Related post:

Republic of Korea Air Force advanced multirole fighter(KF-X) conduct a wind tunnel test !

Defense chiefs of Korea, Indonesia to hold talks

U.S. denies exports of three more technologies for KF-X


Type 052D destroyer

The Type 052D destroyer (NATO code name Luyang III class, or Kunming class after the lead ship) is a class of guided missile destroyers being deployed by the Chinese People’s Liberation Army Navy Surface Force. Currently it is being built at two different Chinese ship yards.

After the Type 052C destroyer (NATO code name Luyang II class, or Lanzhou class after the lead ship), two new hulls were spotted under construction at Changxingdao-Jiangnan Shipyard (JNCX) in August 2012. According to imagery, they were armed with a new 130 mm main gun and new AESA radar system. Altogether six vessels of this class are now fitting out or under construction, one vessel is on sea trial and four vessels are active.

Nearing the completion of the first 12 Type 052D ships, the PLAN will shift production to the newer Type 055 destroyer.

Type 055 destroyer compared to Type 052D


China launches first stretched Type 052D destroyer

The first stretched variant of China’s Luyang III (Type 052D) destroyer class was launched in early July at the Jiangnan Changxingdao shipyard near Shanghai. The ship, which is the 14th Type 052D to be built overall, is 4 m longer than its predecessors, resulting in a 4 m larger flight deck. The size of the hangar remains unchanged.

Satellite imagery captured on 16 July shows the ship afloat in the fitting-out basin, together with a Type 055 destroyer that was launched in April, three other Type 052D destroyers, and 10 Yuyi (Type 726)-class air-cushioned landing craft (LCAC).

The Type 052D’s increase in size is likely to be in preparation for a navalised version of the Harbin Z-20 helicopter being introduced into service. Source

Type 052C destroyer: Details

Type 052E destroyer compared to Type 055 and Type 052D

The PLA Navy Type 052E Destroyer (observation info)

The Type 052E DDG may have dimensions as of 157 meters (L), 18 meters (W), draft of 6 meters, with full-load displacement is estimated to be around 7,500 tons


The main improvements: the Type 364 Radar to be replaced by a Single-sided X-band rotating phased-array radar, the Type 517B VHF air search radar to be replaced by an L-band remote search radar, the single hangar to be enlarged into double, flight deck extension by 2 meters more, powered by two gas turbine generators, Integrated Power System, stealthy chimney, universal VLS (96 cells) and YJ-12 anti-ship missile launchers. Source


The layout of the Type 052D is similar to the earlier Type 052C, but the superstructure of the Type 052D slopes inward at a greater angle, providing reduced radar cross-section.

**For main radar see bottom of article**

On top of the bridge of the first three 052D hulls is the usual Band Stand over-the-horizon targeting radar radome, along with a Type 344 fire control director and electronic countermeasure (ECM)/jammers on the enclosed mast. Mounting plates outboard the stack may be for 30-millimeter guns, but the 052C had boat davits in that location. Source

Type 344 fire control director


Chinese Designation: Type 344
Export Name: MR34
NATO Reporting Name: N/A
Role: Fire-control for the 100mm gun and anti-ship missile targeting
Contractor: Xi’an Research institute of Navigation Technology
Band: I/J
Range: N/A
Description: The Type 344 radar is normally installed on top of the brigade right in front of the main mast. The radar is used as the standard fire-control radar on all post-1990 PRC-built destroyers and frigates for 100mm main gun and anti-ship missile targeting. Source

The helicopter hangar on the Type 052D is moved to the center, as opposed to being on the left like on the Type 052C. A pair of enclosed boat/raft launching systems similar to that of the Type 054A frigate is added, with one on each side of the helicopter hangar. The Type 517HA VHF radar mast is moved toward the stern of the ship.

Type 366 Radar

qb4Daojtb3AType 366 radar – Chinese internet images

Type 366 is the Chinese development of Russian MR-331 Mineral-ME naval radar (NATO reporting name: Band Stand], and as late of 2010’s, it is the latest and most advanced surface search radar in Chinese navy.

MR-331 Mineral-ME radar system consists of Mineral-ME1 active radar and Mineral-ME2 passive radar mounted in a back-to-back configuration, and Mineral-ME3 mutual data exchange, navigation and joint combat operation control station,  Mineral-ME radar system is designed to detect, track and record (including over-the-horizon) surface targets, provide and receive information to and from other sources. Typical detection range against a destroyer sized target in the active mode in up to 250 km, while that of the passive mode ranges from 80 to 450 km.  Active and passive subsystems of MR-331 Mineral-ME can operate in conjunction. MR-331 Mineral-ME is installed on Sovremennyy-class destroyer sold to China, and China also purchased additional sets for its own destroyers.

Sovremennyy-class destroyer: Details

China was thoroughly impressed by the performance of Russian MR-331 Mineral-ME naval radar and proceeded to develop its own version designated as Type 366. The major Chines modification of the Russian system is in the data exchange and operator console, where China has improved mode of operations. Like its Russian predecessor, Type 366 radar operates in five different frequency bands and when working in the active mode, the number of targets can be handled is three times of that of when in passive mode. Type 366 radar is claimed to be superior than its Russian predecessor is when active and passive subsystems work in conjunction. In comparison to the original surface search function of its Russian predecessor, China expanded the functions on Type 366 radar by also using it as a low-altitude 2-D air search radar against sea-skimming anti-shipping missiles. With improved software, Type 366 radar is proven to be effective against sea-skimming target with radar cross section of 0.1 to 1 square meter by detecting such incoming targets at distance of 20 to 35 km range.  Source

Type 517HA VHF radar

type517h1apr19bw9VHF Type 517HA  – Image

China Type 517H-1 Knife Rest – (Pea Sticks) Radar

Radar, Air Search, 2D Long-Range

Max Range: 333.4 km


Further aft, the VHF Type 517HA relic 1950 vintage yagi antenna is retained. The 2D very high frequency radar is moved forward on the 052D to make deck space for an aft vertical launcher. Satellite communication radomes are adjacent to it. Source

55cd411c0d36f2f4df8e86301e8a01d9.jpgVHF Type 517HA forward of VLS & Type 364 is top mast radar within the dome

Type 364 Radar

052d-17.pngType 364 air/surface-search Radar – Image at

The Type 364 radar was developed by the Yangzhou Marine Electronic Instruments Research Institute (扬州船用电子仪器研究所) / No. 723 Research Institute. It is typically enclosed in a dome on new PLA-N’s frigates and destroyers.

An improved version of the earlier Type 360, it replaces the Yagi IFF antenna with a planar IFF configuration and moves to higher frequencies in order to achieve better target discrimination. The dome is also expected to improve azimuth resolution.

It is expected to be used primarily for CIWS (Type 730, Type 630) targeting with secondary air search and SSM targeting abilities.


  • Mast weight: 520 kg
  • Scan rate: 10+ RPM
  • Other features:
    • Full coherent chirp pulse compression
    • Adaptive MTD (AMTD)
    • Able to track missiles with RCS<0.1m2 between Mach 1-3


China Type 364 – (SR-64, Seagull-C) Radar

Radar, Target Indicator, 2D Surface-to-Air

Max Range: 129.6 km


There are several mounting sites for a new single barrel 30 mm stealthy gun mount that is fully automated. The addition of this small caliber weapon is presumably for the need to counter non-conventional threats such as potential terrorist attacks and anti-piracy operations, but as of the end of 2012, no 30 mm gun mounts have been observed to be installed on the hull yet.


Due to the greater angle of superstructure slope, more space was made available for the active phased array radar (APAR), which first appeared in June 2012 onboard PLAN weaponry trial ship Bi Sheng. It is believed that this new APAR is a development of Type 348 Radar mounted on the Type 052C. One of the main differences is that the size of the new array is larger, so presumably there are more transceivers on each array. Another obvious difference is that the curvature resulted in the need for air circulation on earlier APAR on Type 052C is gone, so it is believed that the new APAR on Type 052D must have adopted a pure liquid cooling system instead of the mixed air and liquid cooling system on earlier APAR on board Type 052C.


Vertical Launching System

Type 052D DDG (3)Image

The Type 052D has a brand new vertical launching system (VLS) for surface-to-air missiles, cruise missiles, anti-submarine missiles, and anti-ship missiles, and is capable of quad-packing missiles and cold launch; it is the third type of Chinese VLS system identified, after the circular version of VLS on Type 052C destroyer and the rectangular version on Type 054A frigate. The VLS system on Type 052D differs from that on Type 052C. The circular-shaped VLS system on Type 052C is replaced by the VLS with rectangular cells on Type 052D. 

Type 052D VLS model

vertical launching system (VLS)Image

Moreover, this box-like VLS looks different from the VLS system of Type 054A. Photos show that Type 052D’s VLS system does not contain the shared exhaust vents between the rows of launching tubes, which is the common feature of Type 054A’s VLS. Instead, the VLS on Type 052D looks more similar to the American Mk 41 VLS, but without obvious indication of exhausts. The lack of exhaust vents in the leaked photos leads to some Chinese internet forums postulating the cold launch method is adopted on Type 052D, but such claims cannot be confirmed by independent or official sources.

Type 052D VLS

landscape-1465329183-153109gupv1ibyu1p1npapForward VLS on Type 052D – Chinese internet images

Other sources on Chinese internet forums state that the difference between the VLS on Type 052D and VLS on Type 054A is simply a rearrangement of exhaust to a different location and Type 052D is still utilizing the hot launch method like Type 054A, but used a more advanced method of concentric canister launch (CCL) system (同心筒式垂直发射系统), first pioneered by USA in the mid-1990 for Mk 41 VLS upgrade.


According to the China Military News, a new destroyer equipped with two sets of vertical launch missiles with 64 cells each to launch anti-aircraft missiles HQ-9B, anti-ship and antisubmarine missiles . Original Type 052C on missile launchers anti-YJ-62, apparently, are not present in the new destroyer. It has been suggested that the Type 052D can be equipped with a marine version of the ground cruise missile long-range DH-10.



The basic airframe configuration and internal layout of the HQ-9/HHQ-9/FD-2000 round appear identical to the Russian Almaz-Antey/Fakel 5V55/48N6 family of SAMs. The only notable difference is the redesign of the TVC vanes, which are situated aft of the nozzle in the Chinese missile.

No details have been disclosed on the seeker employed. Given the design heritage of the missile, the baseline seeker is likely to be a direct derivative of earlier variants of the 48N6E/E1 seeker, employing TVM (SAGG) guidance, and midcourse datalink corrected inertial guidance.

Claims have also emerged of an active radar seeker, but these should be treated with caution as Chinese industry has little experience with such, licencing the Russian Agat 9B-1103M design for the PL-12 AAM. However, in the long term it is likely that an active seeker will find its way into the missile, as this is a strong trend in contemporary long range SAM design.

There are also claims of an alternate HQ-9B configuration, employing a dual mode semi-active radar homing and scanning infrared seeker, claimed by Janes to be an imaging IR seeker1. The latter would not present unusual difficulties as China has designed a range of scanning IR seekers for air to air missiles.


Cutaway of the FT-2000 round from brochure material. Note the additional cruciform strake absent in the 5V55/48N6 family of missile airframes, and the baseline HQ-9 (via R.D. Fisher).


China Type 346A PAR [HQ-9] – (Kvant/APAR) Radar

Radar, FCR, Surface-to-Air, Long-Range

Max Range: 324.1 km


DH-10 cruise missile


Many sources claim that the PLA now operates the indigenous HN-1 (320 NMI/600 km), HN-2 (800+ NMI/1,500+ km) and the HN-3 (1,350 NMI/2,500 km). The sole good quality image to emerge suggests these weapons are clones of the BGM-109 Tomahawk, suitable for naval and aerial launch. The CJ-10/DH-10 cruise missile, declared operational, also resembles a Tomahawk.

 Given the availability of Russian TERCOM, DSMAC, Glonass, Western GPS and computer technology, the only issue for the PLA will lie in good quality 12 inch 600 lb class turbofan availability to power a genuine AGM-86/BGM-109 class strategic cruise missile. With submarines, surface warships and H-6H Badgers, there is no shortage of launch platforms. The recently unveiled H-6H variant with four wing pylons is clearly intended for such a role.

The missile uses both GLONASS and GPS satellite systems for guidance, with four different types of warheads available; a heavy variant weighing 500kg, and three 350kg variants: high explosive blast, submunition and earth penetrator. Source

In 2013, the United States credited the missile with a range of more than 1,500 km, and either a conventional or nuclear payload; other sources claim the missile has ranges of 2,000 km (1,200 mi; 1,100 nmi), 2,500 km (1,600 mi; 1,300 nmi), or as much as 4,000 km (2,500 mi; 2,200 nmi). In 2004, the CJ-10 was credited with a CEP of 10 m.  Source

CY-5 (Chiang Ying, Long Tassel) ASROC-type missile

1639542_-_mainA PLAN naval drill in July saw the likely first images of an ASROC-type torpedo-carrying missile, fired from the vertical launch system of a Type 054A ‘Jiangkai II’-class frigate. The official designator of this missile is uncertain, although some sources suggest nomenclature of CY-5 (Chiang Ying , Long Tassel). Source: Screengrab from CCTV

CY-5 is the vertically launched version of CY-4 with folding control surfaces to fit into VLS. The range is reported to be 30 km. The existence of CY-5 type weapon was first officially revealed in 2012 when Type 054A frigate was opened to public in Hong Kong, when the governmental explanation described the modular VLS at the bow of the ship can launch both air defense missiles and rocket propelled ASW torpedoes armed with various Chinese and western torpedoes. However, the exact designation of the rocket propelled ASW torpedo was not revealed. Because CY series was also first intended for export and armed with torpedoes of western origin, CY-5 is thus also most likely armed with Chinese Y-7, or other western light torpedoes such as A244-S. CY-5 is reportedly also deployed onboard Type 052D destroyer. Source

Yu-8 anti-submarine missile has successfully tested

Yu-8 is a rocket boosted torpedo that can be launched by the vertical launch system (VLS) in Type 052 destroyers or on-deck launchers on other warships.

The VLS can launch both Yu-8 and HQ-16 air defense missiles while the launchers can launch both Yu-8 and YJ-83 anti-ship missiles. In fact, Yu-8 also has anti-ship capabilities.

As Yu-8 flies quickly in the air before it goes into water to hit its target submarine, it can hit a target further away and quicker than ordinary submerged torpedoes.

As it has similar capabilities to those of Russian SS-N-12 missiles, China has caught up with major world naval powers in anti-submarine capabilities when it has successfully developed its Yu-8 missile.

Some commentators believe that China has surpassed Japan in anti-submarine capabilities due to its successful deployment of Yu-8 says in its report on May 13 that according to Taiwan media, Chinese navy successfully tested Yu-8 anti-submarine missile during its major drill in July, 2015. Source

Yu-7 torpedo


The Yu-7 is a lightweight torpedo of Chinese origin. Since 1984 China tried to copy and later produce under license the US Mk 46 torpedo. This proved to be difficult and a batch of Italian A.224S torpedoes was ordered and the two designs were mated. An electrically powered Yu-7 offspring called the ET-52 was developed and put into service before the development of the Yu-7 was finished.


Anti-submarine torpedo


Aircraft, surface ships


324 mm


2.6 m


235 kg


45 kg


Active/passive acoustic seeker


Twin propeller

Power supply

Otto Fuel II


43 kt


10 km


6 to 400 m depth



YJ-18 (YingJi-18) Low-Flying Subsonic-to-Supersonic Anti-Ship Cruise Missile (ASCM)


The YJ-18 ASCM first cruises at approximately 600 mph right above the surface of the water, and then accelerates to up to Mach 3 (3X the speed of sound) at about 20 nautical miles out from the target ship, making it “harder to hit with on-board guns”, and a “faster target for radars”, according to one Larry Wortzel of the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission. Even worse, the new missile has an operational/engagement range of roughly 290 nautical miles, or roughly 14 times that of its predecessor, the YJ-82. The commission therefore concluded that the YJ-18 missile “could have serious implications for the ability of U.S. Navy surface ships to operate freely in the Western Pacific” in the event of a naval confrontation. In other words, there’s serious concern right now that the YJ-18 can significantly upset the current balance of naval power, i.e., the US Navy’s firepower advantage in the region, and work as an anti-access/area-denial weapon, presumably alongside the DF-21D ASBM ship killer, to keep US ships off the Chinese coast and outside the First Island Chain–in other words, everything the United States controlled during and after World War II (WWII).  Source

YJ-18 is another powerful anti-ship cruise missile that the US has no effective defense. It is but supersonic at its terminal stage but it flies with a zigzag trajectory difficult to intercept. It is mainly launched from the VSL of China’s Type 052D destroyers and 093A/B attack nuclear submarines.

According to, Britain’s Jane’s Defense Weekly says that the anti-radiation function of YJ-18 is so powerful that it destroys 60% of an Aegis warship’s electronic system even if it explodes 50 meters away from the warship. Source

YJ-12a Anti-ship Missile

Launching a YJ-12A from a Type 052D destroyer –
TYPE Anti-ship cruise missile
PLACE OF ORIGIN People’s Republic of China
IN SERVICE ~2015-present
USED BY People’s Liberation Army Navy
WEIGHT 2,500 kg (5,500 lb)[citation needed]
LENGTH 6.3 m (21 ft)[1]
DIAMETER 0.756 m (2.48 ft)[1]
WARHEAD 205–500 kg (452–1,102 lb)[2][3]

ENGINE integrated ramjet/booster propulsion system[4]
250–400 km (160–250 mi; 130–220 nmi)[4][2] (depending on altitude)
SPEED Mach 2-4[1][2] (depending on altitude)
Inertial navigation system(INS)/Beidou navigation system[5]
Terminal guidance

Technical data

‘World’s best’ anti-ship missile a showstopper: Here


China’s largest missile-maker is promoting what it calls “the world’s best anti-ship missile” for sales in the international market.

China Aerospace Science and Industry Corp, one of the main defense equipment suppliers in the nation, is marketing its CM-302 supersonic anti-ship cruise missile to nation shopping to improve their naval capabilities.

YJ-83 anti-ship missile


The YJ-83 is a long-range anti-ship missile designed to meet the requirements of the PLA Navy (PLAN). The YJ-83 has a range of 150 to 200 kilometers and introduces a data-link to receive target updates from airborne assets such as helicopters or fixed-wing aircraft. The YJ-83 can fly at supersonic speeds (Mach 1.5) during the terminal phase of the flight (approx 15 kilometers). The PLAN is deploying the YJ-83 missile as the standard anti-ship missile onboard frigates and destroyers.


Diameter: 0.36 meter

Length: 6.39 meter (21.0 foot)

Wingspan: 1.22 meter


Max Range: 200 kilometer (108 nautical mile)


Cruise Speed: 0.90 mach (1,076 kph)

Top Speed: 1.50 mach (1,793 kph)


Warhead: 165 kilogram (364 pound)


HQ-16 medium range SAM


The Hong Qi 16 or HQ-16 is a Chinese medium-range air defense missile system. It is based on the Soviet Shtil naval air defense system, which in turn is a version of the Buk. So the HQ-16 can be seen as a Chinese improved equivalent of the Buk. Some sources report that is had been adopted in the mid 1990s. Currently the HQ-16 is being widely used by the Chinese armed forces.

Missile of the HQ-16 evolved from the Soviet 9M38 missile, used by the Buk. However the Chinese missile is more capable than its predecessor.

The HQ-16 has a maximum range against aircraft of 40 km. It can engage cruise missiles at a range of 3.5 to 18 km. This air defense system can engage very low flying and high altitude targets. It can reach targets at an altitude of up to 18 km. Claimed hit probability of an aircraft with a single missile is 85%. Hit probability of a cruise missile is 60%.

DEN-5ngUQAAvH8kChinese VLS For HQ-16 Air Defence Missiles of Type 054A Frigate – Chinese internet images

Entered service



Missile length

5 m

Missile diameter

0.34 m

Missile weight

615 kg

Warhead weight


Warhead type


Maximum range of fire

40 km

Maximum altitude of fire

18 km

Number of targets engaged simultaneously





First concrete proof of the existence of the Chinese SD-10A Sky Dragon Medium-Range Surface To Air Missile System program. Surface Launched SD-10A is also known as DK-10 Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) which also forms medium range part of Chinese Lie Shou LS-II (Hunter II) Surface To Air Missile System.

The DK-10 Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) has larger diameter which offers increased range of 50 km. Norinco is marketing the Sky Dragon Medium-Range Surface To Air Missile Air Defense System as a competitor to the HQ-16 / LY-80 Medium Range Surface To Air Missile.
Range: 3 km to 50 km
Altitude: 30 m to 20 km
Guidance system:  ≤ 13 m
Launch mode: canister-launched missile
Single Shot Kill Probability: ≥ 0.80 (fighter like targets)
Range of Search radar: ≥ 130 km
12 Missiles Can Be Fired Simultaneously To Engaging 12 Targets
System reaction time (normal): ≤ 20 sec
System reaction time (emergency): ≤ 16 sec
Deployment time: 15 min
Withdrawal time: 6 min
Continuous operating time: ≥ 12 hrs
Operating temperature: -20°C to +55°C    

HHQ-10 (FL-3000N) short-range Air Defense System

hongqi102FLN 3000 missile – Image

FL-3000N missile utilizes a combined guidance system that incorporates both passive radio frequency (RF) guidance and imaging infrared (ImIR) guidance. There are a pair of horn like protrusions mounted on the ImIR seeker at the tip of the missile, and these two protrusions are the passive RF seeker. An optional ImIR only guidance is also available and the missile is a fire and forget weapon.


The fire control system (FCS) of FL-3000N can simultaneously control two launchers, and can be integrated into other FCS on board ships. Alternatively, FL-3000N is also capable being directly controlled by other FCS on board ships. The system is usually fully automatic without human intervention, but manual operation can be inserted when needed.


  • Length: 2 meters
  • Diameter: 0.12 meter
  • Minimum range: < 500 meters
  • Maximum range: > 9 km for subsonic targets, > 6 km for supersonic targets
  • Guidance: passive RF + ImIR or ImIR only.

Chinese military standard GJB-5860-2006

On a number of Chinese websites published fragments of the Chinese military standard GJB-5860-2006 «Requirements for universal installation vertical launch surface ships,” according to which, probably designed by the OHR new Chinese destroyers 052D project.

In accordance with the requirements of the CIP are intended for simultaneous planning and implementation of the four classes of missiles, including anti-aircraft missiles, anti-ship missiles, anti-submarine rockets and missiles to bombard land targets. OHR should independently provide missile launch according to the ship’s fire control system.

CIP must ensure the storage and use of rockets three standard sizes:
– “big” – up to 9.9 m;
– “medium” – up to 7 m
– “small” – a length of 3.3 m.


Type 054A VLS


This second claim appears more probable than the cold launch claims, because official Chinese sources have confirmed the existence of CCL VLS developmental program headed by the School of Mechatronics Engineering of Beijing Institute of Technology, and various research papers have been publicized, such as the effect of the flow mechanism and annular size of CCL and others. It is reported that chief designers of Chinese CCL VLS included Professor Yuan Zenfeng (袁曾凤), Professor Miao Peiyun (苗佩云) and professor Liang Shijie (梁世杰). When using CCL method, the flame produced in hot launch is diverted through the space between the inner and outer canisters within each individual VLS cell, so no specially dedicated exhaust shared by several cells are needed, thus similar to how British vertical launched (VL) Sea Wolf missile operates, and this is why CCL VLS can be mistaken for cold launch due to the lack of dedicated exhaust sandwiched between two rolls of cells in traditional VLS, while in reality, the exhaust of CCL VLS is within each individual cell.

Naval Gun


Another improvement of the Type 052D is that the Type H/PJ87 100mm gun on the Type 052C is replaced by a new single barrel 130 mm gun, designated as the Type H/PJ38 CIWS.

Type H/PJ38 130 mm naval gun


The H/PJ38 is a new single barrel 130 mm gun of the Chinese Navy introduced on the Type 052D destroyer. Designed by the Zhengzhou Mechanical-Electrical Engineering Research Institute (郑州机电工程研究所, also known as the 713th Research Institute of the 7th Academy) and manufactured by Inner Mongolia 2nd Machinery Manufacturing Factory (内蒙第二机械制造厂), the H/PJ-38 130 mm naval gun was developed from reverse engineering of Soviet AK-130 twin 130 mm naval gun, which was carried out by the same two establishments.

The general designer of the H/PJ-38, Chen Dingfeng (陈汀峰), was also the general designer of all models of Type 79 100 mm naval gun, all models of Type 210 100 mm naval gun, and the H/PJ26 76 mm naval gun. Chen was recalled from retirement to complete the H/PJ38 single barrel 130 mm naval gun. When the Soviet AK-130 was first successfully copied by Chinese developers, the Chinese navy was unsatisfied and decided not to let the AK-130 into production, despite all performance parameters being met. Because the AK-130 was judged out-of-date by the Chinese Navy, the H/PJ38 program was created in 2005. The H/PJ38 130 mm single barrel naval gun is considered more powerful and more reliable than other smaller caliber naval guns currently in Chinese service, and as with naval guns on most warships, it is installed in front of the VLS.

Research led to the development of a single barreled 70 caliber, 130 mm system which took more than four years to complete, and the H/PJ38 went to series production soon after completion. The primary improvement of the H/PJ38 over the AK-130 is its adaptability: H/PJ38 can fire both separate loading rounds and semi-fixed rounds, which is crucial in firing gun-launched missiles and PGMs. The H/PJ38 can also fire a variety of sub-caliber rounds, but more importantly, a variety of PGMs were developed for H/PJ38 to increase its effectiveness. Source

China Type 349A – (GFCR, 130mm) Radar

Radar, FCR, Weapon Director

Max Range: 37 km



052d-12.jpgMain gun and H / PJ11 CIWS – Image

H / PJ11 model (estimate) 11 30mm near Artillery, 730 1130 the latest developments in the turret change is particularly evident. Since the increase in the volume of the turret. Radar cabin shift. Turret to make room for the installation playing the drums, so that 1130 becomes about playing the drums structure, increase the amount of shells to accommodate the need for a substantial increase in the rate of fire of 1130. Double the amount of deposit is estimated at 730 bombs basis. More than 1,000 rounds of level 730B. 9000-10000 rate of fire rounds / min or so, other performance is unknown. Translated by GoogleSource

**Information confirmed by

PLAN_Type_052D_Destroyer_exercise_2PLAN Type 052D Destroyer firing with the H/PJ-12 30mm CIWS – Chinese internet images

Sources on the Chinese Internet have stated that Type 052D is equipped with a newest Chinese data link which has just completed national certification in Jun 2012 and publicized by the end of year. Designated as JSIDLS (Joint Service Integrated Data Link System, 全军综合数据链系统), this is the Chinese equivalent of Link 16, a significant improvement of earlier HN-900 which is the Chinese equivalent of Link 11/TADIL-A installed on Type 052C. The general designer of JSIDLS is Major General Wang Jianxi (王建新), who was the also head of the research institute of the People’s Liberation Army General Staff Department assigned as primary contractor of JSIDLS. More than 300 establishments and 8000 people were involved in the development of JSIDLS, and it won State Science and Technology Prizes after completion.

Ships interior


China’s Aegis

China’s state-run media informally designate the Type 052D as Zhonghuashendun / 中华神盾 which means “of and referring to China” and God-Shield. The new destroyer is equipped with a flat-array AESA radar, a 64-cell VLS and modern long-range anti-air missiles. The destroyer is expected to have capabilities similar to those of U.S. Arleigh Burke-class destroyers.

052d-16Type 052D flat-array AESA radar – Image

There is speculation that the radar systems on Type 052D destroyers are able to detect stealth fighter aircraft, particularly the American F-35 Lightning II, especially if the Type 346 radar is an S-band radar like the American SPY-1 radar. Tactical stealth fighters are optimized to be undetectable from higher-frequency radar bands such the C, X, and Ku, but features like the tail-fin may make it susceptible to lower S or L-band frequencies.

052d-15Type 052D flat-array AESA radar – Image

Depending on the distance between the ship and aircraft and the strength of the return of the omni-directional signal, a target may not be picked up at a tactically significant distance since L-band and most S-bands have resolution cells that cannot generate quality targets for weapons tracking. However, the SPY-1 and Air and Missile Defense Radar operate in higher frequency portions of the S-band and are able to generate weapons quality tracks, so Chinese systems could be similar. China is also speculated to be reducing the size of the large radar resolution cells by connecting multiple low-frequency radars through high-speed data-networks, which can refine resolution enough for tracking a missile to the target.

Type 346 phased-array radar developed by Ukraine for Type 052C Luyang-class Guided-Missile Destroyer-1

Type 346 S-band multi-function active phased-array radar with four antenna arrays, each of which has a maximum range of 150km, a maximum resolution of 0.5 metres, and can  scan a 0-120-degree arc in azimuth and 0-90 degrees in elevation, with a peak power output of 1mWe. Source


Two QC-280 gas turbine engines

r_17490525_2012102410245534082600Image @china.comqc280Image

The Chinese QC280 is a high performance gas turbine developed and assembled by the China Shipbuilding Industry. The QC280 relates to the Ukranian GT-25000 gas turbine technology delivered to China in 1993 but with key components manufactured in Ukraine. In the early 2000s, China was able to get all the technology of the GT-25000 allowing it to manufacture all its components locally thus receiving the designation of UGT-25000. In the early 2010s, after solving a series of defects and shortfalls China re-designated this gas turbine as the QC-280. As of 2014 the QC280 is in production and is expected to be provided to large displacement ships such as the 12,000-ton class Type 055 destroyer and the new conventionally-powered Type 011 aircraft carrier. Source

Two MTU 20V 956TB92 diesel engine


Series 956
Engine type
956 956 956
No. of cylinders
12V 16V 20V
Cylinder configuration
60°V 60°V 60°V
Bore/Stroke mm
230/230 230/230 230/230
Rated power max. kW
3750 5000 6250
Speed max. 1/min.
1500 1500 1500


Ships of class

# Pennant number Name Builder Launched Commissioned Fleet Status
1 DDG-172 昆明 / Kunming Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co. Ltd. 28 August 2012 21 March 2014 South Sea Fleet Active[27]
2 DDG-173 长沙 / Changsha Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co. Ltd. 28 December 2012 12 August 2015 South Sea Fleet Active[28]
3 DDG-174 合肥 / Hefei Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co. Ltd. 1 July 2013 12 December 2015 South Sea Fleet Active[29]
4 DDG-175 银川 / Yinchuan Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co. Ltd. 30 March 2014 12 July 2016 South Sea Fleet Active[30]
5 DDG-117 西宁 / Xining Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co. Ltd. 26 August 2014 22 January 2017 North Sea Fleet Active[31]
6 DDG-154 厦门 / Xiamen Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co. Ltd. 30 December 2014 10 June 2017 East Sea Fleet Active[32]
7 DDG-118 乌鲁木齐 / Ürümqi Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co. Ltd. 7 July 2015 January 2018 North Sea Fleet Active[33]
8 DDG-155 南京 / Nanjing Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co. Ltd. 28 December 2015 April 2018 East Sea Fleet Active[34]
9 DDG-119 贵阳 / Guiyang Dalian Shipbuilding Industry Company 28 November 2015 Sea trials
10 DDG-131 太原 / Taiyuan Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co. Ltd. 28 July 2016 Sea trials
11 DDG-120 成都 / Chengdu Dalian Shipbuilding Industry Company 3 August 2016 Sea trials
12 DDG-161 呼和浩特 / Hohhot Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co. Ltd. 26 December 2016 Fitting out
13 DDG-121 齐齐哈尔 / Qiqihar Dalian Shipbuilding Industry Company 26 June 2017 Fitting out
14 DDG-132 淄博 / Zibo Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co. Ltd. 29 June 2018 Fitting out
15 Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co. Ltd. Under Construction
16 Dalian Shipbuilding Industry Company Under Construction
17 Dalian Shipbuilding Industry Company Under Construction
18 Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co. Ltd. Under Construction
19 Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co. Ltd. Under Construction
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer
Displacement: 7,500 tons (full load)[2]
Length: 157 m (515 ft)[2]
Beam: 17 m (56 ft)[2]
Draught: 6 m (20 ft)[2]
  • 2 × QC-280 gas turbine engines 25 27,6 MW
  • 2 × MTU 20V 956TB92 diesel engines, each generates 6 MW
Speed: 31 knots (57 km/h; 36 mph)
Complement: 280
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • 1 × H/PJ-45A 130mm dual purpose gun
  • 64 VLS
  • 2 × 30 mm remote controlled gun
  • 1 × H/PJ-12 CIWS or H/PJ-11CIWS
  • 1 × HHQ-10 short range SAM in 24-cell launcher
  • 6 torpedo tubes
  • 4 × 18-tube decoy rocket launcher
Aircraft carried: 1 helicopter
Aviation facilities:
  • Stern hangar
  • Helicopter landing platform

Main material source

Updated Sep 12, 2018


IAI to Deliver Three New Patrol Craft to Israel Navy


, Defense News8:46 p.m. EDT July 27, 2016

TEL AVIV – The desert-based shipyard of state-owned Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) will soon deliver three new Super Dvora Mk3 fast patrol craft to the Israel Navy, a Navy officer told Defense News on Wednesday.

The first of the three vessels, purchased from IAI’s Beersheba-based Ramta Division in September 2013, arrived at the Navy’s Mediterranean base in Ashdod last month and is now undergoing acceptance trials.

Once certified, it will replace the last of the Navy’s Dabur-class craft, which was recently decommissioned after more than 40 years of service.

“The first will be delivered in the coming few weeks, and the other two will follow by the end of the year,” the officer said. “This is a major improvement in our fast patrol and interdiction capabilities … and we intend to buy more.”

In a recent interview, Rear Adm. Yossi Ashkenazi, head of the Navy’s Materiel Command, said the service has earmarked funds in its multiyear modernization plan for additional fast craft from IAI as well as Israel Shipyards, the Haifa-based producer of the Shaldag Mk3.

“We are constantly upgrading our patrol boat fleets with these two contractors, both of which are well versed in our operational needs,” Ashkenazi said. He added, “It is MoD’s policy to give work to both of those industries.”

With regard to IAI’s Ramta Division, Ashkenazi said the service was extremely satisfied with the firm’s performance. “Only in Israel can you find a top-rate shipyard in the center of the desert.”


Original post


Super Dvora Mk-III

Super Dvora Mk-III is a modern new generation fast patrol/interdiction craft intended to replace 30 years old Dabur, Dvora, Super Dvora Mk-I and Super Dvora Mk-II fast patrol vessels in service with the Israel Navy. The procurement contract was awarded in January 2002 to RAMTA, an IAI division, covering six Super Dvora Mk-III with options on five additional vessels. The craft was developed during two years between RAMTA and the Israel Navy (ISN).


The Super Dvora Mk-III craft features interception of sea target at high-speeds approaching 50 knots; long range missions thanks to at sea replenishment capability beyond a typical four-day endurance; high maneuverability in both open ocean and littoral environment; stable seakeeping in a variety of sea states and very harsh weather; and the capability to integrate advanced, stabilized, precision naval weapons and sensors. The overall vessel displacement varies from 72 to 58 tons depending on the mission package.

Detroit Diesel MTU 12V-4000


The propulsion system comprises two diesel engines (Detroit Diesel MTU 12V-4000) driving to articulated surface drives, which were originally designed for competitive speedboats. Articulated surface drives provide the vessel with thrust vectoring control similar to the most advanced fighter aircraft such as Russian Su-35/37. This propulsion system allows Super Dvora Mk-III to operate in shallow waters at drafts of 1.2 meters facilitating special operations forces delivery on enemy shores and disaster relief missions.


Crew: 12


Beam: 5.74 meter (18.8 foot)

Draft: 1.30 meter

Length: 27.4 meter (90 foot)

Main Gun Caliber: 25 millimeter


Max Range: 1,250 nautical mile (2,315 kilometer)


Top Speed: 48 knot (24.8 mps)


Full Displacement: 72 ton




Royal Australian Air Force

Published on Jul 19, 2016

We are excited to share our first episode of Exercise Pitch Black News. Over the next three weeks, we will take you behind the scenes to meet our people, international partners, discuss Plan Jericho and get an exclusive look at your Air Force during its premier exercise.


Pentagon denies ISIS shot down coalition warplane


By DAVID WILKES 7/25/16 5:06 PM

The Pentagon confirmed a coalition warplane was not shot down on Monday afternoon, but contradicted a report from the Islamic State’s news agency, Amaq Agency, that the terrorist group was responsible for the event.

U.S. Central Command tweeted, “There is no truth to reports of ISIL downing a U.S. aircraft near Anbar.”

Amaq Agency also reported that the crew of a U.S. warplane, allegedly shot down by Islamic State fighters near Ayn Asad Airbase in Iraq, is dead.

But Captain Jeff Davis, director of press operations at the Pentagon, denied the claim saying, “We have confirmed that all coalition aircraft are accounted for.”

Original post


ISIS says U.S. warplane shot down, crew killed; Pentagon dismisses claim

– The Washington Times – Monday, July 25, 2016

The official news agency of the self-styled Islamic State claimed Monday that it forces shot down an American warplane, a claim the U.S. military quickly dismissed.

“The crew of the U.S. warplane that was shot down by Islamic State fighters near Ayn Asad Airbase is dead,” read a statement by the Amaq news agency.

The Islamic State claim did not specify whether the air crew was killed in the crash or captured alive and executed.

 However, the U.S. military quickly rebutted the claim as false.

“There is no truth to reports of ISIL downing a U.S. aircraft near Anbar. All U.S. & Coalition aircraft accounted for at this time,” the U.S. Central Command posted on Twitter.

U.S. airplanes have been flying over the Islamic State’s “caliphate” in western Iraq and eastern Syria in support of a recent offensive by the Iraqi government.

U.S. forces are also involved in Syria’s civil war, in which the Islamic State is one of the parties.

Copyright © 2016 The Washington Times, LLC.

Original post

Mirage 2000 Multirole Combat Fighter, France

Mirage 2000 is a multirole combat fighter from Dassault Aviation of France. It has been operational with the French Air Force since 1984, and has been selected by Abu Dhabi, Egypt, Greece, India, Peru, Qatar, Taiwan and the United Arab Emirates. By 2009, over 600 Mirage 2000 were in service worldwide.

Mirage 2000E

“Mirage 2000E” was a blanket designation for a series of export variants of the Mirage 2000, with the aircraft actually having a wide range of different designations, depending on the customer nation. These aircraft were fitted the M53-P2 engine and an enhanced “RDM+” radar, and all could carry the day-only ATLIS II laser targeting pod — though not all customers acquired the pod.

Thomson-CSF (now Thales) “Radar Doppler Multifunction (RDM)”


* Egypt was the first buyer, ordering 16 “Mirage 2000M” fighters and four “Mirage 2000BM” trainers in late 1981, with deliveries beginning in 1986. The Egyptians also purchased ATLIS II pods and a wide range of appropriate munitions for their shiny new Mirages, including Magic and Super 530 AAMs, AS-30L laser-guided air-to-surface missiles (ASMs), and Armat anti-radiation missiles (ARMs).

* India became a big user of the Mirage 2000. The order history is a bit complicated:

Dassault-Mirage-2000-IAFIAF Mirage 2000 – Image
  • The first part of an initial batch of 26 single-seaters and 4 two-seaters was shipped to the Indian Air Force (IAF) beginning in 1985 with the older M53-5 engine since India didn’t want to wait on the M53-P2. These aircraft were given the designations of “Mirage 2000H5” and “Mirage 2000TH5”.
  • The second part of this initial batch consisted of ten more single-seaters with the M53-P2 engine, with these aircraft designated “Mirage 2000H”. All the first batch were re-engined with the M53-P2 over time, with the single-seaters redesignated “Mirage 2000H” and the two-seaters redesignated “Mirage 2000TH”.
  • A second batch of six Mirage 2000H single-seaters and three Mirage 2000TH two-seaters was shipped in 1987:1988.

The total came to 49 IAF Mirage 2000s, including 42 single-seaters and 7 two-seaters. In 2004, the Indian government approved purchase of ten more Mirage 2000Hs, with these machines featuring improved avionics, particularly an upgraded RDM 7 radar.

The IAF named the Mirage the “Vajra”, loosely translated as “Thunderbolt”. India also purchased appropriate stores along with the fighters, including ATLIS II pods and laser-guided weapons. There are unverified reports that the IAF qualified Soviet-designed munitions with the Mirage 2000, such as the R-27 (NATO AA-11 Alamo) AAM. It is also rumored that India has assigned the nuclear strike role to their Mirage 2000s. They were used in 1998 during a major border clash with the Pakistanis in the mountains near Kashmir, dropping LGBs to good effect.

A contract was signed in 2011 to upgrade all IAF Mirage 2000H machines to the Mirage 2000-5 Mark 2 spec, discussed below; India is also now obtaining the Mica AAM. The first of the 48 aircraft to be updated was returned to the IAF in late 2013, with the first two upgrades implemented in France and the rest by Hindustan Aeronautics in India.

India accepts first upgraded Mirage 2000s

India’s first two Dassault Mirage 2000 fighters have completed extensive upgrade activity in France, with the conversion programme now to move to Hindustan Aeronautics (HAL) in Bengaluru.

Modified by Dassault and Thales at Istres air base, the programme’s lead aircraft were formally accepted on 25 March. Originally flown in the T/TH configuration for India, the pair – a single-seat fighter KF107 and a two-seat trainer KT201 – are now redesignated as I/TI models, respectively.

New Delhi signed a $2.4 billion upgrade deal for the Mirage 2000 fleet in July 2011. The first updated airframe, KT201, was returned to flight status in October 2013, followed two months later by the single-seat KF107. The country’s order originally covered 51 aircraft.

Key elements of the upgrade include a Thales RDY fire-control radar and new glass cockpit avionics equipment, as well as the integration of MBDA’s Mica short-/beyond-visual-range air-to-air missile. Images released by Dassault show two of the weapons being carried by each upgraded aircraft. Posted 25 MARCH, 2015 Source

* Peru placed an order that, after some complications, amounted to ten “Mirage 2000P” fighters and two “Mirage 2000DP” trainers. The Peruvians ordered a set of munitions similar to that ordered by Egypt, along with ATLIS II targeting pods.

* This first series of Mirage 2000Es sold to Egypt, India, and Peru were followed by a second series featuring modest avionics enhancements that was sold to Abu Dhabi of the UAE, and Greece.

Beginning in 1983, Abu Dhabi / UAE purchased 22 “Mirage 2000EAD” fighters; 8 unique single-seat reconnaissance variants designated the “Mirage 2000RAD”; and 6 “Mirage 2000DAD” trainers, for a total order of 36 machines. The order specified an Italian-made defensive avionics suite that delayed delivery of the first of these aircraft until 1989. Abu Dhabi Mirages also flew in the First Gulf War, but saw little or no action.

Mirage 2000RAD

dsc_5763UAE Mirage 2000RAD

The “Mirage 2000RAD” reconnaissance variant did not have any built-in cameras or sensors, and the aircraft could still be operated in air combat or strike roles. The reconnaissance systems were implemented in pods, including the Thales / Raphael “SLAR 2000” radar pod; the Dassault “COR2” multi-camera pod with visible and infrared imaging capability; and the Dassault “AA-3-38 HAROLD” telescopic long-range optical camera pod. Abu Dhabi was the only nation to obtain such a “specialized” reconnaissance variant of the Mirage 2000.

Thales / Raphael “SLAR 2000” radar pod


Airborne electronic imagery radar with radio transmission 600-kg pod for radar imagery (SLAR : Side Looking Airborne Radar) up to 100-km inside enemy lines. Source

Dassault “COR2” multi-camera pod


Dassault COR2 multi-camera pod (400 kg/ 882 lb), with sensors operating the visible and infra-red spectra. Contains :

  • a fan of 4 OMERA 35 cameras (114×114 mm format) with focal lengths between 150 and 600 mm
  • OMERA 40 panoramic camera (240 x 47 mm)
  • and SAT Super Cyclope infra-red linescan.

Speed and altitude limitations = 600 kt (1100 km/h;690 mph) and 11600 m (38,000 ft).


* Beginning in March 1985, the Greeks ordered 36 “Mirage 2000EG” fighters and 4 “Mirage 2000BG” two-seat trainers. They featured an “ICMS 1” defensive countermeasures suite, which was an updated version of the standard Mirage 2000C countermeasures suite, characterized by two small antennas near the top of the tailfin. These Mirage 2000s were later modified in the field to carry the Aerospatiale AM39 Exocet anti-ship missile. Source

Dassault Mirage 2000 WallpaperMirage 2000N

Mirage 2000 fighters in operation with the French Air Force are: Mirage 2000C/B single seater and two seater for air defence; Mirage 2000N, two seater, designed for all weather nuclear penetration at low altitude and very high speed; Mirage 2000D, an upgraded version of the Mirage 2000N, for automated bombing using conventional and laser guided munitions; and Mirage 2000-5, incorporating advanced avionics, new multiple target air-to-ground and air-to-air firing procedures using the RDY radar and new sensor and control systems.

Dassault contracted to conduct Mirage 2000D MLU: Here


Dozens of Mirage 2000D aircraft of the French air force are to receive midlife upgrades by Dassault Aviation and MBDA.

The modernization contract covers 55 aircraft and was issued by the French military procurement agency, DGA.

As previously reported by IHS Jane’s , this work will include managing radar and avionics obsolescence issues, as well as swapping the soon-to-be retired MBDA R550 Magic 2 short-range air-to-air missile (AAM) with the newer MBDA MICA InfraRed (IR) AAM, and the fitting of a gun pod for air-to-surface and air-to-air applications.

Further, the Sagem AASM Hammer precision-guided munition (PGM) will be integrated, and the aircraft will be made compatible with the Thales Talios laser designation pod as fitted to the Dassault Rafale. There has been no announcement on the possible integration of the Astac electronic intelligence pod previously fitted to the now-retired Dassault Mirage F1, and trialled on the Mirage 2000D. Source

MIRAGE 2000-5

maxresdefault (10).jpg

By the late 1980s, the Mirage 2000 was beginning to show its age relative to the competition, and export sales slumped. Dassault and Thomson-CSF began work on a privately-funded update of the Mirage 2000C to compete with the latest models of US F-16 fighters. The new “Mirage 2000-5” was to feature updated avionics and MICA missile armament. A two-seat Mirage 2000B prototype was extensively modified as the first Mirage 2000-5 prototype, first flying on 24 October 1990 with Patrick Experton at the controls. A Mirage 2000C prototype was then reworked to a similar standard, performing its initial flight on 27 April 1991.

As it emerged, the Mirage 2000-5 was difficult to distinguish from first-generation Mirage 2000 variants, and possessed the same SNECMA M53-P2 engine. The only really visible difference from a Mirage 2000C was that the Mirage 2000-5 lacked a nose pitot probe. However, the avionics system had been almost completely modernized, featuring:

  • The Thales multimode “Radar Doppler Multi-target” (“RDY” in its French acronym). The RDY radar was the heart of the upgrade, providing true multi-target tracking to support the MICA EM. The RDY could guide four MICA EMs to different targets simultaneously.
  • A more powerful processor.
  • The updated ICMS 2 countermeasures suite, along with the Samir DDM missile warning system.
  • A new glass cockpit layout borrowed from the Rafale program, featuring three color MFDs; a dual linked wide-angle HUD / head-level display; and HOTAS controls. There was a high degree of cockpit automation; for example, the fire control system could automatically prioritize threats. The cockpit was of course NVG compatible.


RDY Radar

RDY Mk3 radar

Central to the upgraded multirole capability of the Dash 5 is the RDY radar developed by Thomson-CSF/Detexis. Development of the RDY radar began in 1984 and the programme proceeded smoothly. In July 1987 the first of nine prototypes took to the air in a Falcon 20, and seven years later in December 1994, Thomson-CSF were able to deliver the first production standard set.

RDY is the result of Thomson-CSF´s experience gained from producing four generations of fighter radar, in particular the RDI radar -the first Pulse Doppler radar developed by Thomson-CSF.

The RDY can select one of three PRF (Pulse Repetition Frequency) modes, namely low, medium and high when operating in the air intercept mode (Auto Waveform Management). Low PRF is employed in the Look – Up mode. High PRF is best suited to long range Look – Down, while Medium PRF is used at all altitudes due to it´s reliable target detection properties. Thomson – CSF have developed algorithms that continually optimize the wave form to guarantee the highest target discrimination, even when the enemy is using advanced ECM. RDY has proved it´s ability to accurately measure target range even in heavy ground clutter and consistently demonstrates a  “False Alarm Rate” of zero. When operating in the air-to-ground mode, the RDY employs Doppler Beam Sharpening, terrain mapping and air-to-ground ranging. RDY can simultaneously detect 24 airborne targets, irrespective of their altitude, track the eight most threatening and auto-prioritise four of them.

Thomson-CSF/Detexis quote the look-up,look-down, shoot-up,shoot-down performance as being 70 km. In actual practice engagements conducted by the French AdlA, RDY has demonstrated it´s ability to detect, reliably, fighter size targets at 140 km.

Great effort has been made reduce the effectiveness of any ECM that the enemy might choose to employ. Of significance is the advanced signal processing and the Monopulse receiver with it´s three independent channels.The RDY is however being developed further. The latest version, RDY-2 has a 15% greater air-to-air range, a SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar) mode that allows ground mapping with a resolution of less than one metre and refined moving ground target tracking. Source

Mirage 2000-5 cockpit

1435657281-13452889204-cdda957a71-oMirage 2000-5 cockpit

Mirage 2000-5 is available as a single-seater or two-seater multirole fighter. The aircraft has hands-on throttle and stick (HOTAS) control. Mirage 2000-5 incorporates the Thales VEH 3020 head-up display and five cathode ray tube multifunction advanced pilot systems interface (APSI) displays.


The combined head-up / head-level display is collimated at infinity, and presents data relating to flight control, navigation, target engagement and weapon firing. Sensor and system management data is presented on two coloured lateral displays.



Mirage 2000 has nine hardpoints for carrying weapon system payloads: five on the fuselage and two on each wing. The single-seat version is also armed with two internally mounted, high-firing-rate 30mm guns.

30mm gun


Air-to-air weapons include the MICA multi target air-to-air intercept and combat missiles, and the Magic 2 combat missiles, both from MBDA (formed out of a merger between Matra BAe Dynamics, EADS Aerospatiale and Alenia Marconi Systems). MICA supports a maximum operating range of 60km. The aircraft can carry four MICA missiles, two Magic missiles and three drop tanks simultaneously. The Mirage 2000-5 can fire the MBDA Super 530D missile or the MBDA Sky Flash air-to-air missile as an alternative to the MICA missile.

MICA missile


MICA is the multi-mission air-to-air missile system for the Rafale and the latest versions of Mirage 2000-5 combat aircraft. It has a high level of tactical flexibility in order to meet the most demanding operational requirements:

  • Beyond Visual Range (BVR) multi-target / multi-shoot
  • Enhanced Short Range (SR) performance
  • Maximum flexibility for multi-role / swing-role aircraft

MICA has a totally dual role. It is able to cope with both BVR and SR combat situations and exhibits very high performance in both situations. The weapon covers Beyond Visual Range situations and in addition offers 2 guidance systems with its 2 interoperable seekers:

  • RF MICA with radar seeker providing all weather shoot-up / shoot down capability
  • IR MICA with dual waveband imaging infrared seeker surpassing latest generation AAM missiles.

MICA outperforms other BVR missiles with its unique stealthy interception capability provided by its silent seeker. Source

* Note as per Jane’s article only IR will be available 

Missile guidance

  • Strap-down inertial reference unit
  • Active RF monopulse doppler seeker
  • Passive imaging IR seeker
  • Data-link
  • Lock-On After Launch
  • Lock-On Before Launch

Target designation modes

  • Onboard aircraft radar
  • Electro-optical sensors
  • Helmet mounted sight (HMS)
  • Autonomous lock-on from the seeker’s own IRST scans Aerodynamics and control
  • Long chord wings
  • Tail control surfaces
  • Thrust vector control (TVC)


  • High impulse
  • Low-smoke
  • Solid propellant Fuzing and warhead •

RF proximity fuze

  • Impact fuze
  • Focused splinters

Aircraft integration

  • Rail or eject launchers
  • Firing up to max g and max angle of attack

Missile characteristics

  • Weight: 112 kg
  • Length: 3.1 m
  • Diameter: 160 mm
  • RF or IR guidance
  • Thrust Vector Control system
  • Rail and ejection launch


photo-7D-IMG_4202Mirage 2000 – Image

Magic 2 (R.550 Mk2)

Profil magic2Image

R.550 Mk2

  • Manufacturer: Matra
  • Release Date :1986
  • Type : air-to-air short-range missiles


Second version, greatly improved.


  • Length : 2750 mm (108 in)
  • Diameter : 157 mm (6 in)
  • Wingspan : 660 mm (26 in)
  • Weight : 90 kg (198 lbs)
  • Engine : fuel rocket engine solid SNPE Richard
  • Maximum range : 10 km (6 mi 5 nm)
  • Initial speed : Mach 2
  • Guidance : Passive Infrared
  • Load weight 12.5 kg (27.558 lbs)
  • Payload : HE fragmentation


MBDA Super 530D missile


Super 530D

  • Manufacturer:  Matra
  • Release Date :1987
  • Type : average air-air missiles scope


basic weapon of Mirage 2000C, including shooting abilities to the extended low.


  • Length : 3800 mm (150 in)
  • Diameter : 263 mm (10 in)
  • Wingspan : 620 mm (24 in)
  • Weight : 270 kg (595 lbs)
  • Propulsion : rocket engine with solid fuel
  • Maximum range : 40 km (25 miles, 22 nm)
  • Initial speed : Mach 4.5
  • Guide : Radar semiactive
  • Load weight : 30 kg (66 lbs)
  • Payload : HE fragmentation


photo-7D-IMG_4206.jpgMirage 2000 – Image

MBDA Sky Flash air-to-air missile

8373651725_9b2cab8d7e_zSkyflash missile

The Active Skyflash retains the airframe of the basic Skyflash/Improved Skyflash, but is fitted with a Thomson CSF active radar seeker. This allows fire and forget launches against multiple targets, which will not become aware of the inbound missile until it is either sighted or its active seeker commences terminal homing. The active seeker has an inherent capability to burn through hostile jamming as the power on target increases as the missile closes with the target. Source


  • Manufacturer: BAE Systems
  • Type : average air-air missiles scope


  • Length : 3683 mm (145 in)
  • Diameter : 203 mm (8 in)
  • Wingspan : 1016 mm (40 in)
  • Mass : 193 kg (425 lbs)
  • Engine : fuel rocket motor Aerojet solid or Rockwell Mk 52 Mod 2
  • Maximum range : 50 km (31 mi, 27 nm)
  • Initial speed : Mach 4
  • Guide : Radar semiactive
  • Load weight : 30 kg (66 lbs)
  • Payload : Charge fragmentation


Mirage 2000 is also equipped to carry a range of air-to-surface missiles and weapons including laser-guided bombs.

These include the MBDA BGL 1000 laser-guided bomb, MBDA AS30L, MBDA Armat anti-radar missile, MBDA AM39 Exocet anti-ship missile, MBDA rocket launchers, MBDA Apache stand-off weapon, and the stealthy cruise missile, SCALP.

MBDA BGL 1000 laser-guided bomb


Bombe Guidée Laser (BGL) laser-guided bombs were developed by Matra (now MBDA) starting in 1978. The guidance system had to work using the same principles as the US Paveway guided bombs. The guidance kits were intended as modifications to existing free fall bombs that were in service with the French Air Force. The semi active laser homing (SALH) guidance system was developed starting from the AS-30 laser-guided missile sensor. The guidance system allowed for in-flight target illumination by the aircraft-mounted ATLIS 2 (Automatic Tracking Laser Illumination System) or with ground-based laser designator targeting pod.

ATLIS II Targeting Pod

ATLISII-1Royal Thai Air Force F-16 with ATLIS II Targeting Pod – Image

The BGL targeting system are attached to 250, 400 and 1,000 kg free-fall general-purpose bombs. The French Air Force discontinued the purchases due to the higher cost compared to the US Paveway family bombs that were adopted as an interim solution while waiting for the French-made AASM family of guided bombs to enter service. Source

Sagem AASM Hammer precision-guided munition (PGM)


Armement Air-Sol Modulaire (AASM) HAMMER (Highly Agile Modular Munition Extended Range) is a new generation medium-range modular air-to-ground weapon designed and manufactured by Sagem (Safran group), for the French Air Force and Navy.

The AASM weapon system has a length of 3m and weight of 330kg, and has a range of over 60km at high altitudes and 15km at low altitudes. It has fire and forget capability, and an extended stand-off capacity.

The interoperable missile has the ability to engage multiple targets simultaneously. It can also strike fixed or moving targets with high precision. The missile is maintenance-free and has low lifecycle costs.

The missile uses single, double or triple store adaptors and uses Sagem’s Hemispheric Resonating Gyro, inertial / GPS hybridisation and strap-down infrared imagers and associated algorithms for conventional deep strike missions.

The AASM HAMMER missile consists of a guidance kit and a range extension kit. The kits are fitted with Mk82 warheads including Smart Bomb Unit (SBU)-38, SBU-64 and SBU-54. The easy to use missile supports operations with 125kg, 250kg, 500kg and 1,000kg bomb bodies, and can be reprogrammed during the flight.

The basic version SBU-38 HAMMER is provided with hybrid INS/GPS guidance, while the SBU-54 version is equipped with INS/GPS/IR (infrared) guidance. The latest version SBU-64 uses INS/GPS/laser guidance.


The hybrid inertial/GPS layout is the standard guidance mode for coordinates. Once the coordinates have been entered in the weapon, the inertial guidance system enable it to hit the target without requiring a GPS signal, if it is unavailable. This version is designated the SBU-38 Hammer (Smart Bomb Unit).

The AASM’s modularity allows it to be used on 125, 250, 500 and 1000kg bomb bodies. Its engine provides it with range greater than 50km, meaning it can be fired at a standoff distance. Autonomous after it has been dropped, it can be used at low altitudes, cross hilly terrain or veer sharply from the firing aircraft.


The inertial/GPS/IR kit adds an infrared imager for terminal guidance. With a simplified model of the scene around the target first being uploaded to the weapon, this imager allows the AASM to recalculate its trajectory during the last few seconds prior to impact, using image recognition algorithms. This allows the AASM to hit its target with the highest possible accuracy, even if GPS coordinates are incorrect, or the GPS signal is unavailable. This version is called the SBU-64 Hammer.
The AASM’s modularity allows it to be used on 125, 250, 500 and 1000kg bomb bodies. Its engine provides it with range greater than 50km, meaning it can be fired at a standoff distance. Autonomous after it has been dropped, it can be used at low altitudes, cross hilly terrain or veer sharply from the firing aircraft.


The inertial/GPS/laser kit adds terminal laser guidance to engage agile, moving land or naval targets, illuminated by a ground or airborne laser designator. It will be deployed by French armed forces starting in 2012. This version is designated the SBU-54 Hammer (Smart Bomb Unit).
The AASM’s modularity allows it to be used on 125, 250, 500 and 1000kg bomb bodies. Its engine provides it with range greater than 50km, meaning it can be fired at a standoff distance. Autonomous after it has been dropped, it can be used at low altitudes, cross hilly terrain or veer sharply from the firing aircraft. Source

The laser terminal guidance version can be deployed to engage moving targets, while the infrared terminal guidance version minimises target coordinate errors.

The combat proven missile can operate in all weather conditions during the day and night. It has vertical strike capability and can support deep strikes, close air support, air interdiction, and SEAD-type or anti-ship combat missions.


The propulsion system is fitted at the rear of the missile and consists of a solid rocket motor and four winglets for flight control. Source airforce-technology




The AS-30L is a French short-to-medium range air-to-ground missile which employs laser homing guidance. The AS-30L is employed for attacking targets which require a high degree of precision to engage effectively, but are also potentially dangerous enough to necessitate a longer-distance “stand off” attack profile to reduce the danger to the aircraft and pilot to ground based anti-aircraft defences. The missile has a range of 3 to 11 kilometers, carries a 240 kilogram warhead, and claims a 1-meter CEP with either airborne or ground-based laser designators.

Weight 520 kg (1,146 lb)
Length 3.7 m (12 ft 1 in)
Diameter 340mm (13 in)
Warhead 240 kg (529 lb) impact-fuzed SAPHE (Semi-Armor-Piercing High-Explosive)
Delayed AP impact fuse (2 m ferroconcrete)

Engine Two-stage solid propellant rocket motors, composite booster, double-based sustainer
Wingspan 1 m (3.2 ft)
Minimum range: 3 km (1.8 mi)

Maximum range: 11 km (6.8 mi)

Flight ceiling 10,000 m (32,800 ft)
Speed 1,700 km/h (1,056 mph)
semi-active laser homing
Mirage 2000D, Mirage 2000-5, F-16,Jaguar, Mirage F1, upgraded Super Etendard, Rafale


MBDA Armat anti-radar missile (AS 37 Armat)

The AS 37 is the product of a collaboration between the British firm of Hawker-Siddely, and Matra in France. The AS.37, employed by both the British and the French, uses a movable receiver aerial to lock onto the hostile radar emission and send guidance signals to the small set of control fins behind the wings. Length of the AS.37 version Martel is reported at 412 centimeters, and it weighs 1213 lbs. at launch. Speed is high subsonic, although it is claimed to break the sound barrier in a steep attack. The updated version of the AS-37, known as the Armat, was introduced in 1984 using the same airframe but with an updated radar seeker. The somewhat shorter, television-guided AJ.168 version of the Martel is used only by the British. The firms Electronique Marcel Dassault (France) and Marconi (UK) took part in developing the missile. The former created the guidance system for the AS- 37 version and the latter the electronics for the AJ-168 version.

Contractor Matra
Year 1984
Type standoff anti-radar missile
Wingspan 1.2 m
Length 3.9 m
Diameter 0.40 m
Launch weight 550 kg
Max. speed 1025 km/h
Maximum range 120 km
Propulsion two stage solid propellant rocket motors, 2.4 s boost, 22.2 s sustain
Guidance passive radar homing
Warhead proximity-fuzed with delayed impact high-explosive blast fragmentation, 150 kg
Service France, Kuwait, Iraq.


MBDA AM39 Exocet anti-ship missile


The Exocet (French for “flying fish”) is a French anti-ship missile developed in the 1970s. While lacking in warhead size and range, this battle-tested missile is still in production.

This missile is an internally guided weapon. When it is about 12-15 kilometers from the target, it begins to utilize its active radar. The Exocet has a solid-fuel rocket motor. It can reach a top speed of Mach 0.9 (1 130 km/h).

The main advantage of the Exocet is its low flight altitude (generally 1-2 meters above the water). Due to this low altitude, this sea-skimming missile can often avoid detection until it is about 6 000 meters from the target, which leaves little time for launching surface-to-air missiles. Consequently, this missile has a good hit probability.

The Exocet is primarily useful against small warships like frigates and corvettes due to its small warhead size.

Country of origin France
Entered service 1979
Missile length 4.7 m
Missile diameter 0.35 mm
Wing span 1 – 1.1 m
Launch weight 670 kg
Warhead weight 165 kg
Warhead type Conventional
Range of fire 42 – 180 km


126368721f9cd3e5e7dea2dfa8db79d7Photo: © EMA – Take off of a French Armée de l’Air Dassault Mirage 2000D armed with SCALP-EG missile from the Jordanian BAP

MBDA Apache stand-off weapon or Storm Shadow / SCALP

The Storm Shadow / SCALP is a long-range, air-launched, stand-off attack missile designed and developed by France-based MBDA Systems. The missile was developed primarily for the UK and French armed forces. It is derived from the MBDA Systems’ Apache anti-runway missile.

The missile is intended to strike high-valued stationary assets such as airbases, radar installations, communications hubs and port facilities. The Storm Shadow is capable of engaging the targets precisely in any weather conditions during day and night. The long range and low attitude combined with subsonic speed make the Storm Shadow a stealthy missile.

Storm Shadow guidance and navigation system

The Storm Shadow missile is designed to strike the targets with an enhanced accuracy, employing different navigation systems installed onboard.

The navigation system of the missile includes inertial navigation (INS), global positioning system (GPS) and terrain reference navigation for better control over the path and accurate target strike. The missile is fitted with a passive imaging infrared seeker.


The Storm Shadow missile is programmed with each and every detail of the target and the path to be taken to reach the target prior to its launch. Once released from the aircraft, the missile follows a pre-programmed path at low level with the help of continuous updates from the onboard navigation system. It employs imaging infrared seeker to compare the actual target area with stored imagery repeatedly until reaching the target.

Storm Shadow warhead details

The missile is fitted with a two-stage bomb royal ordnance augmented charge (BROACH) blast/ penetrator warhead.

The first stage of the warhead makes the way for the second stage by cutting the surface of the target. The larger second stage (main) of the warhead then penetrates into the target and detonates.

Storm Shadow propulsion system

tri60-30_1Turbomeca Microturbo TRI 60-30 turbojet – Image

The Storm Shadow missile is equipped with a Turbomeca Microturbo TRI 60-30 turbojet propulsion system, which can produce a 5.4kN of thrust. Source

Apart from extreme accuracy, the second element of Storm Shadow effectiveness is the sophisticated warhead it carries, the Bomb, Royal Ordnance, Augmenting CHarge (BROACH). BROACH uses a precursor penetrator charge followed by a follow through main charge. Combined with an advanced fuze (like Paveway IV, from Thales) it has proven to be devastatingly effective. Source


Technical data:

Originated From: France

Possessed By: France, United Kingdom, Italy, Greece, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates (UAE)

Alternate Name: APACHE AP, SCALP EG, Storm Shadow, SCALP Naval, Black Shaheen

Class: Short Range Cruise Missile

Basing: air-, ship-, sub-launched

Length: 5.1 m (5.5 m for SCALP Naval)

Diameter: 630 mm

Launch Weight: 1,300 kg (1,230 kg for APACHE AP)

Warhead: 1 X 400 kg HE penetration

Propulsion: turbojet

Range: 140- 400 km

Status: Operational

In Service: 2004

Variant  SCALP EG/Storm Shadow
Range  400 km
Platform  Air-Launched
Warhead  1X400 kg HE penetration
Diameter  630 mm
Launch Weight  1,300 kg
Countries Possessing Missile  France, Greece, Italy, Saudi Arabia, United Kingdom

Technical data source

The Mirage 2000-9 aircraft ordered by the United Arab Emirates carries the Black Shahine missile developed by MBDA. The MBDA Storm Shadow / Scalp EG stand-off cruise missile will arm French AF Mirage 2000D, Greek Mirage 2000-5 and UAE Mirage 2000-9 aircraft. Storm Shadow was first deployed on UK RAF Tornado aircraft during Operation Iraqi Freedom in March 2003. Scalp EG entered service on French AF Mirage 2000D in December 2003.

MBDA was awarded a contract in October 2003 to integrate the ASMPA medium-range air-to-ground missile on the French Air Force’s new Mirage 2000NK3 aircraft. ASMPA has a tactical nuclear warhead and replaces the ASMP missile, which has been in service on the Mirage 2000N since 1988. The operational evaluation was completed in March 2009 and the new missile entered service on the Mirage 2000NK3 in October 2009. The nuclear warhead was provided by the French Atomic Energy Commission (Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique).

ASMPA medium-range air-to-ground missile


The ASMP (Air-Sol Moyenne Portee, medium-range air-to-surface) is a ramjet powered, land attack cruise missile that carries a nuclear payload. The missile was developed from a competition between Matra’s turbojet proposal and Aerospatiale’s ramjet proposal (now MBDA). The ramjet version was chosen and full-scale development began in 1978. The goal was to replace the AN-22 nuclear bomb carried by the Mirage IV with a cruise missile that could penetrate air defenses and achieve a more credible deterrent vis-à-vis the Soviet Union. A longer range version, ASMP-A (Amelioreor Plus), has since been developed and became operational in October 2009.

The ASMP is 5.38 m in length, .38 m in body diameter, and 860 kg in launch weight. The missile carries the TN-81, a 300 kT nuclear warhead with a 200 kg payload. The ASMP is an inertial-guided, air-to-surface missile guided most likely by terrain-mapping and an onboard computer which is programmed before launch. The motor assembly is comprised of a solid-propellant engine which fires after the missile has been released from the aircraft. Upon ignition, the missile accelerates to Mach 2.0 in five seconds after which the booster cartridge is ejected from the ramjet exhaust nozzle. Then, the liquid (kerosene) – powered ramjet motor takes over and accelerates to a maximum speed of Mach 3.0 depending on the altitude. The ASMP has a high altitude range of 300 km, and a low altitude range of 80 km.

The ASMP was deployed in 1986 by the French Air Force, and later in 1989 by the French Navy. A 150 missiles were reportedly scheduled for production, but reports indicate only 87 missiles were constructed.

Originated From:France
Possessed By:France
Alternate Name:ASMP-A
Length:5.38 m
Diameter:.38 m
Launch Weight:860 kg
Payload:200 kg
Warhead:TN-81, 300 kT nuclear
Range:300 km
In Service:1986


Mirage 2000 has an upgraded digital weapon delivery and navigation system (WDNS). The aircraft is fitted with a TV/CT CLDP laser designation pod from Thales Optronics, which provides the capability to fire laser-guided weapons by day and night. A number of French Air Force Mirage 2000D aircraft were fitted with the Damocles laser designation pod with thermal imaging camera, also from Thales Optronics, under a contract awarded in July 2008.

Damocles laser designation pod


MISSIONS Air-to-Ground

  • Compatible with laser guided weapons, INS/GPS guided missiles and imagery-guided weapons
  • Attacks in autonomous or cooperative mode, using integrated laser spot tracker and laser marker
  • Long range damage assessment capability
  • Target recognition capability
  • 3D localisation
  • Integrated navigation FLIR


  • Medium range day/night small targets reconnaissance


• Day/night visual airborne target identification


  • Powerful laser and high resolution imagery provide the aircraft with a stand-off range and tactical ground/air defence system survivability
  • Advanced technology featuring state-of-the-art staring array detector effective at long range
  • Robust new generation tracking systems
  • Superior image processing


  • 3rd generation detector
  • Spectral band: 3-5 μm
  • Field of View:

– Wide FoV: 4° x 3°

– Narrow FoV: 1° x 0.75°

– Electronic magnification: x2

Laser range-finding

  • Wavelength: 1.5 μm
  • Eye-safe

Laser designation

  • Wavelength: 1.06 μm
  • STANAG 3733

Laser spot tracker

  • Wavelength: 1.06 μm

Laser marker

  • Wavelength: 0.8 μm


Thales Talios laser designation pod



Designed entirely around operational feedback from users, TALIOS is the latest addition to the Thales family. With its open architecture and a high level of functional integration, TALIOS is the first optronic pod to cover the entire critical decision chain from intelligence gathering to weapon delivery. With the latest generation of high-resolution sensors and high-precision line-of-sight stabilisation, capabilities range from deep strike with long-range missiles and bombs to air-to-air target identification and close air support, and include the rapidly emerging requirement of Non-Traditional Information, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (NTISR). Permanent Vision™. Very wide-angle combined vision (synthetic and real) is one of the key features of the TALIOS pod, providing critical contextual information and making the pod a key component of the pilot’s visual environment throughout the mission. All functions will be standard for both French and international customers. With its open architecture, the TALIOS pod is conceived as a ‘plug & fight’ system for integration on all existing fighters, ready to incorporate new functionalities. Source


Mirage 2000-5 is equipped with a multi-mode Thales RDY doppler radar which provides multi-targeting capability in the air defence role and the radar also has look down / shoot down mode of operation. The radar can simultaneously detect up to 24 targets and carry out track while scan on the eight highest priority threats.

Astac electronic intelligence pod


According to Thales, the 400kg (882lb) ASTAC pod’s ELINT capabilities include the ability to locate and classify hostile emitters to support targeting applications or to inform an air force’s electronic order of battle. Source

Mirage countermeasures

The aircraft is equipped with a self-protection suite installed internally. Mirage 2000-5 carries the ICMS mk2 automated integrated countermeasures system from Thales.




  • Completely integrated on to the Mirage 2000 EW suite
  • Large range of decoy types and calibres: chaff, flares, others
  • Fully programmable by the user
  • In full operational service




ECLAIR-M is a highly effective subsystem that is able to protect combat aircraft against attacking missiles. To counter modern threat such subsystems are required.

However, increasing the decoy capacity of individual platforms, while not compromising the available internal and external space capacity of aircraft, remains a constant cause for concern.

  • ECLAIR-M is the complementary decoy dispenser to SPIRALE, the chaff and flare dispensing system for all variants of the Mirage 2000
  • ECLAIR-M increases the basic IR flare capacity of SPIRALE by 4 times
  • Chaff cartridges can also be used
  • ECLAIR-M is housed in the dragchute bay of the Mirage 2000 in order to keep the hard points clean
  • ECLAIR-M is completely integrated within the ICMS EW suite of the Mirage 2000 developed in co-operation with Thales. It is in service with the French and export Air Forces


ICMS mk2 incorporates a receiver and associated signal processing system in the nose section for the detection of missile command data links.

The system can be interfaced to a new programmable mission planning and a post-mission analysis ground system.

Mirage 2000 SNECMA M53-P2 turbofan engines

m88-1.jpgSNECMA M53

The M53 turbofan engine has been developed by the French company Snecma for the 1-engine Mirage 2000 fighter jet, in service with the French Air Force and 9 other Air Forces. There have been produced more than 639. The newest M53 version is the M53-P2 which gives a thrust of 64 kN (14.500 lb) and 95 kN (21.400 lb) with afterburner. This version is also equipped with a FADEC.

The M53-P2 is used by the new Mirage 2000-5 from the French air force and the Mirage 2000-9 for the United Arabian Emirates Air Force (UAEAF). The UAEAF has bought 74 engines for their fleet of 32 Mirage 2000-9 fighter jets. These are equipped with an engine auto-speed function. With this the aircraft will automatically hold the speed, selected by the pilot.

114CW 548 Tanagra 6-6-16331 Mira Pantos Kerou (331 MPK/All-Weather Squadron) Greece – Image


Thrust 14,5000 lb (64.5 kN)
Thrust with afterburner 21,400 lb (95.2kN)
Air flow 94 kg/s
Turbine inlet temperature (TIT) 2420 degrees F.
Bypass ratio 0.36
Specific Fuel Consumption 26.06 mg/Ns

Engine data

Mirage 2000 is equipped with an SNECMA M53-P2 turbofan engine, which provides 64kN thrust and 98kN with afterburn. The air intakes are fitted with an adjustable half-cone-shaped centre body, which provides an inclined shock of air pressure for highly efficient air input.


The Mirage 2000 can climb at the rate of 285m/s. The maximum and approach speeds of the aircraft are 2,530km/h and 259km/h respectively. The ferry range is 3,335km. The range and service ceiling are 1,550km and 17,060m respectively.

Mirage 2000 international orders and deliveries

Orders for 110 Mirage 2000-5 have been placed by the air forces of France (37), Taiwan (60 aircraft), Qatar (12) and Greece.

114CW 549 Tanagra 6-6-16 (6) (1 of 1)A single-seat Greek Mirage 2000-5 from 331 Squadron powers out of Tanagra’s Runway 28 – Image

The first Mirage 2000-5 was delivered to Taiwan in December 1997. Around 57 Mirage 2000s are currently in service with Taiwan.

Greece acquired 15 Mirage 2000-5 mk2 and upgraded ten of its Mirage 2000 to the same standard. The first entered service in September 2004 and deliveries concluded in November 2007. Mirage 2000 production line was shut down in 2007 after the last aircraft was delivered to Greece in November 2007.

Greece Mirage 2000-5 mk2

In 2000, Greece ordered a batch of 25 Mirage 2000-5 Mk.2 fighters, which feature the SATURN secure radio. The order included 15 new-build aircraft and 10 upgrades of existing Greek Mirage 2000EGs. Apparently the Greek order does not include any upgrades of two-seaters.
Mirage 2000-5 Mark 2 Dassault extended the improvements of the Mirage 2000-5 a bit further with the Mirage 2000-5 Mark 2, which is an enhanced, fully multirole version of the Mirage 2000-5. It is currently the most advanced version of the Mirage 2000


Thales RDY-2 radar. This radar system is similar in configuration to the original RDY, but features two new air-to-ground modes, including a high-resolution synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imaging mode with a moving target indicator (MTI) capability to provide an all-weather, day/night targeting capability.

Radar multimodo Thales RDY-2


Velocity Search (VS) – Speed Search

• Track While Scan – Manual (TWS-M) – Track while Scan – Manual

• Single Target Track (STT) – Tracking White Solitaire

• Raid Assessment (Zoom) – evaluation of Attack (Focus Near or Zoom)

• Modes Combat radar RDY 2

• Boresight Aiming – Aiming to white out the sense of direction of the airplane

• HUD search – search using the HUD • Vertical search – Búdqueda Vertical • Azimuth Acquisition Scanning – Scanning Acquisition Azimuth

• Slaving on other sensors – Escalizado other sensors


Modes Air-Surface radar RDY 2

• Ground Mapping (GM) – Mapping Surface

• Doppler Beam Sharpening (DBS) – Sharpening Lightning / Frequency Doppler

• Air to Ground Ranging (AGR) – Determiner distance Air to Surface

• Contour Mapping – Mapping Contours

• Ground Moving Target Tracking / Indicating (GMTT / GMTI) – Monitoring and / or indication Blanco Movil Floor

• Synthetic Aperture Radar – Synthetic Aperture radar

Modes Air-Sea radar RDY 2

• search while Scan (SWS) – search while scanning

• Track while Scan – Manual (TWS-M) – Track while Scan – Manual

The RDY 2 radar has an inherent potential growth, and other modes and functions can be introduced at a later stage.

RDY 2 data

The radar features low-probability-of-intercept (LPI) operation, with the output pattern varying in a seemingly random pattern that prevents an adversary RWR from recognizing that it has been targeted. The high-power Modular Data Processing Unit (MDPU) designed for the Rafale.

A new Thales Totem 3000 INS with ring-laser gyros and GPS capability, providing much greater accuracy, higher reliability, and shorter alignment time replaces the older ULISS 52 system. It works in conjunction with a terrain-following system. An improved, classified ICMS 3 digital countermeasures suite.

An on-board oxygen generation system (OBOGS).

The cockpit was updated as well, retaining the same general layout but with larger color displays and other modernizations. The Thales Topsight helmet-mounted display / sighting system is offered as an option.

The Mirage 2000-5 Mark 2 includes a datalink for the targeting of MICA ER missiles and can carry the Damocles targeting pod.


Future Upgrades: Thales AIDA visual identification pod; technology used in the Rafale will be also integrated into the Mirage 2000, including infrared and optical sensors for IFF and targeting. It will be used by AdA Mirage 2000-5Fs. Further development of the second-generation type is expected to include a GPS receiver, MIDS datalink, and unspecified long-range sensors.Topsight E helmet-mounted sight

thales topsight

The radar can detect 24 targets simultaneously and track the eight of highest priority.A Mirage 2000’s comprehensive self-protection suite is installed internally and does not require any external pods. The 2000-5 carries the automated integrated countermeasures system (ICMS) Mk2 from Thomson-CSF Detexis. It incorporates a receiver and associated signal processing system in the nose for detection of hostile missile command data links.

The aircraft’s self protection equipment can be interfaced to a new programmable mission planning and post mission analysis ground system. Fly-by-wire controls are used in combination with a SFENA 608 autopilot.

Other systems companies involved include:

Amphenol Canada Corp.–connectors and interconnection systems;
Celsius Tech Electronics–electronic warfare system; Filtronic Components Ltd.–microwave subsystem; LMB: fans and brushless motors; SBS Technologies–Mil-Std-1553,  ARINC 429 and telemetry products; and Thomson CSF Communications–comms, nav and identification.




The United Arab Emirates ordered 20 Mirage 2000-9 and 12 Mirage 2000-9D aircraft, customised versions of the Mirage 2000-5, delivered between 2003 and 2007.

In July 2005, the Government of Brazil agreed to purchase 12 ex-French Air Force Mirage 2000C aircraft. Deliveries began in September 2006 and concluded in June 2008.

Dassault has received a contract to upgrade the French Air Force’s Mirage 2000N to K3 standard. The K3 upgrade includes the operation of the MBDA ASMPA nuclear stand-off missile and a new Thales Optronics Reco NG reconnaissance pod.

Thales Optronics Reco NG reconnaissance pod


In October 2008, three French Air Force Mirage 2000D aircraft were deployed to Kandahar in Afghanistan in support of the Nato International Security Assistance Force (ISAF).

India is in discussions with French companies to upgrade a fleet of 51 Mirage 2000 aircraft operated by the Indian Air Force (IAF), at a cost of about $1.9bn. In June 2011, it was announced that the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) would consider the upgrade of IAF’s Mirage 2000. Two proposals regarding the overhaul will be discussed at the committee’s next meeting.

The modernisation will increase the lifespan of Mirage 2000 by 20 to 25 years. Four aircraft will be sent to France for overhauling and the remaining will be upgraded at Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) facilities once the deal is finalised.

Dassault and Thales will modernise the on-board equipment and systems to bring the aircraft to Mirage 2000-5 standards.

Another piece of Rafale technology that has been ported to the Mirage 2000 is the Thales AIDA visual identification pod, which includes infrared and optical sensors for IFF and targeting. It is used by AA Mirage 2000-5Fs. Further development of the second-generation type is expected to include a GPS receiver, MIDS datalink, and unspecified long-range sensors.

Mirage 2000-5F

1977870Photographer Mark Broekhans Airline France – Air Force  Version Dassault Mirage 2000-5F

Operators: Here

Specifications (Mirage 2000)

Data from Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft,International Directory of Military Aircraft

General characteristics





FMIRA2000_vlImage @combataircraft.com800px-Famille-mirage.jpgImage @wikimedia.orgdassault-mirage-2000-5

Main material source

Updated Apr 15, 2018

Burevestnik remote controlled weapon station (RCWS)


6S21 is designed as an armament system for armored combat vehicles and other special-purpose vehicles used to solve the following tasks:

– reconnaissance, battlefield surveillance and target recognition using TV and IR cameras,
– engagement of point and group targets, both moving and fixed, by means of 7.62mm and 12.7mm machine-guns from short halts, on the move and on the float


Base version


Version 02


Version 03


Remote-controlled turret 6S21 developed in JSC “Central Research Institute” Petrel “.” The forum “Engineering Technologies 2014” corporation “NPK” Uralvagonzavod “presented to the public turret 6S21 in two versions. It can fire from 7,62- and 12.7-mm machine guns. Target detection and battlefield surveillance carried out by means of television and Thermal imaging devices.

Purpose UT 6S21:

Armament armored and other special purpose vehicles with the purpose of the following tasks: – exploration opponent, battlefield surveillance and detection through thermal imaging, and television purposes sight channels; – fire damage by a 7.62mm or 12.7mm machine gun single and multiple moving and fixed targets with short stops, descent and afloat.



Combat module:

– gun with the system of ammunition

– the cradle to the mechanism of remote arming gun

– drive mechanisms for vertical and horizontal guidance

– the basis

– turntable

– stops the vertical and horizontal guidance

– sight (MTD / MTTD)

Operator, located inside the machine body:

– digital panel gunner – gunner control



Gunner Panel:

– high-quality display of video from sight HD-SDI output format (SMPTE292V) or GOST 7845 – ballistic computer with automatic calculation with the elaboration of aiming angles and amendments

– interaction with MIS machines interfaces the CAN 2.0 We do, the RS485, the Ethernet

– Diagnosis elements 6S21


Tele-thermal sight “MTTD” horizontal version


– detection of targets by day and night, including in difficult climatic conditions at a distance of 5000 m

– digital precision aiming;

– measurement of the target range;

– the transfer of video on HD- Protocol . SDI

Control unit:

– drives the management guidance (BH, GN)

– sensor management (ammo count, encoders VN and GN)

– powered battle module electrical

– power elektroosnascheniya gun

– working areas of fire ban


Remote Gunner:

– quality management module combat arms

– high-precision digital signal processing and integration into the OMS combat the CAN protocol module


FEATURES execution type UT 6S21

• 01 – the possibility of rapid disassembly and dismantling

• 03 – loading ammunition inside the machine without logging out


Posted 23 Июля, 2016 года © A.V.Karpenko 2013-2015 / AVKarpenko 2013-2015 Source

Main technical data

6S21 RCWS version 00,01 02 03
Machine-gun: caliber/index 12.7mm Kord MG 7,62mm PKTM tank MG
Ammunitions in one belt, ready to fire, pcs up to 200 up to 500 up to 320
Max weight with a machine-gun

(w/o ammunitions), kg

230 200 185
Elevation / Traverse, deg -5(15)* to 75 / 360
Elevation / Traverse aiming speed, deg/sec 0,03 to 40 (60)* / 0,03 to 40 (60)*
Weapon stabilizer no (installation is possible)*
Remote cocking yes, multiple
Sight unit CAM/(CAM1*) CAM1(CAM*)
Hydro-pneumatic cleaning of the sight

shield glass

no no (installation is possible)*
Dimensions (max), mm:

– height

– width



(w/o ammo box)



(w/o ammunition feed chute)

Diameter of seat flange, mm 500 750
Power consumption, kW

– nominal up to 0.8

– short-time overload mode

up to 0.8

up to 2,4

*- optional CAM – TV camera + Laser Range-finder (LRF) CAM1 – TV / IR camera + Laser Range-finder (LRF) Source

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F-15E demonstrates new display system


Boeing demonstrated an improved display computer system on a US Air Force F-15E Strike Eagles earlier this month, uniting the host of upgrades the service will implement on its F-15Es and F-15Cs.

On 8 July , the F-15E recorded its first flight with the Advanced Display Core Processor. The high-speed processor can handle new capabilities on the fighter including a long-range infrared search and track capability and an improved electronic warfare suite called the Eagle Passive/Active Warning Survivability System, a July 20 air force press release states.

Last August, the Defense Department also awarded a contract to IEE to upgrade the cathode-ray tube displays on the F-15E to a modern multi-purpose display.

Boeing is equipping the improved F-15E with the Raytheon APG-82(V)1 active electronically-scanned array (AESA) radar, friend or foe identification and a joint helmet mounted cueing system (JHMCS). That technology represented an impressive improvement for the fighter jet, but their full capability could not translate to the pilot without new displays and processors.

Original post


IEE to upgrade the cathode-ray tube displays on the F-15E


AN/APG-82(V)1 AESA Radar


Radar: It is one of the most important differences between the F-15E and F-15SE models. The F-15SE is equipped with Raytheon’s APG-82 radar, the newest of their ultramodern AESA line. Raytheon’s AESA radar versions got a bit confusing in the last years. APG-63(V)4 is yet another improved version of the APG(V)3 (the same radar that can be found in the F-15K Slam Eagle or in the F-15SG), but got a new designation: it’s officially called APG-82, mainly because USAF has selected this radar for its F-15E Strike Eagle radar modernisation programme. This new radar combines the F/A-18E/F Super Hornet’s APG-79 forward antenna with a newly developed backend processor unit derived from the APG-63(V)3. Its designation number is 1 greater than APG-81, theJSF‘s intended AESA radar unit developed by Northrop Grumman, which might come handy for Raytheon for marketing purposes. Source

Digital Electronic Warfare Suite (DEWS) 

slide15Image @from the web
Electronic Warfare: Instead of the TEWS used in the Strike Eagle, the F-15SE features a digital electronic warfare system (developed by BAE Systems), dubbed as DEWS. DEWS was developed by leveraging F-22 and F-35 EW program results and replaces 4 legacy systems of the Strike Eagle. It is fully digital (hence its name) and works in close integration with wideband RF systems, including the APG-82 AESA radar, giving the jet a very sharp edge in the electronic warfare arena.

DEWS offers full quadrant detection and response control, containing aft receiving antennas on top of the tails, aft RF transmitters and antennas built in the tailbooms, forward RF transmitters and antennas built in the leading edge of the wing roots, forward receiving antennas built in the wingtips and a low band Rx knife antenna placed on the underbelly of the jet below the cockpit.

DEWS includes a digital RWR, digital jamming transmitter, ICS and an interference cancellation system. According to Boeing, the system enables the Silent Eagle to jam enemy radars while its own radar and RWR continues to operate. Source

Updated Jan 21, 2017

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