Monthly Archives: July 2016

Samuel Beckett Class Offshore Patrol Vessels (OPVs), Ireland

Babcock Marine’s Samuel Beckett Class offshore patrol vessels (OPVs) are being built for the Irish Naval Service as a part of a fleet replacement programme. The OPVs will be primarily deployed in fishery protection, search-and-rescue (SAR) and maritime patrol missions across the 200-mile Irish Economic Exclusion Zone (EEZ) in the North Atlantic Ocean.

The Department of Defence (An Roinn Cosanta) signed a contract with Babcock Marine in October 2010, for the construction of two new OPVs for the Irish Naval Service at an estimated cost of €108m. The contract also includes an option for third vessel, which was exercised in June 2014.

The keel for the first OPV, LÉ Samuel Beckett (P61) was laid down at Babcock’s Appledore shipyard in May 2012. The vessel was floated out of the drydock in November 2013, arrived at the Naval Base, Haulbowline in April 2014 and was commissioned into service in May 2014. LÉ Samuel Beckett replaced the decommissioned offshore patrol vessel LÉ Emer.


LÉ Samuel Beckett (P61)

The second OPV in class, LÉ James Joyce (P62), was floated out in November 2014 and was commissioned in September 2015. It replaced LÉ Aoife OPV.


LÉ William Butler Yeats (P63) – Image


LÉ William Butler Yeats (P63) – Image

The third OPV in class, LÉ William Butler Yeats (P63), was floated out in March 2016. It is scheduled to be delivered by the end of 2016. LÉ William Butler Yeats will replace the LE Aisling OPV.

PICTURES: Naval ship handed over as work begins on next project: Here

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(P63) LE William Butler Yeats sets sail. Pictures by Norman Hardaker

Samuel Beckett OPV design and features

14265705885_7234209115_o.jpgLÉ Samuel Beckett14285832753_2f78d0574b_o.jpg


The Samuel Beckett OPV features an extended monohull design based on the PV80 design of STX Canada Marine. The OPVs incorporate fin stabilisers and anti-heel tanks for roll and pitch reduction.


Vard Marine Inc. (formerly STX Marine) designed the vessels, which have features in common with an earlier design, the Róisín class, in service with the Irish Naval Service since 1999.

The 90-metre (300 ft) OPV vessels are designated PV90 by Babock Marine and approximately 10 metres (33 ft) longer with an additional 0.6 metres (2 ft 0 in) in depth to the existing Róisín-class PV80 vessels. This is intended to increase both its capabilities and abilities in the rough waters of the North Atlantic. The PV90 ship is designed carry a crew of 44 and have space for up to 10 trainees. The ships’ published cruising speed is 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph), with a top speed of 23 knots (43 km/h; 26 mph). Source

The vessel can carry two 8m rigid hull inflatable boats (RHIBs) at either side of the hull, while the third RHIB is housed in a cradle over the stern deck. The boats are launched and recovered by single point davits and can be operated at a maximum speed of 30kt up to Sea State 4.

The OPV has a length of 89.5m, beam of 14m, draft of 3.8m and displacement of 1,900t. It can complement of 54 personnel, including 44 Ships Company and ten trainees and the carriage of containers. Accommodation is provided in single berths and four berth cabins.

Weapon systems fitted to the Irish OPV

The main gun of the vessel is a 76mm OTO Melara compact naval gun equipped with an electro-optical fire control system. Two 20mm RH 202 Rheinmetall cannons fitted port and starboard abaft the bridge serve as secondary weapons.

76mm OTO Melara compact naval gun

LÉ Samuel Beckett

LÉ Samuel Beckett at The Samuel Beckett Bridge, Dublin.

Technical data:
Caliber: 3 inches / 76,2 mm
Barrel lenght: 186 inches / 4,72 meters (= 62 caliber)
Weight: 7900kg, empty (Super Rapid)
Shell: 76 x 900 mm / 12,34 kilograms
Elevation: – 15° to + 85°
Traverse: 360°
Rate of fire: Compact: 85 rpm / Super Rapid: selectable from single shot up to 120 rpm
Muzzle Velocity: 925 m/s (1100 m/s – DART)
Magazine: Compact: 80 rounds / SR: 85 rounds
16 kilometers with standard ammunition
20 km with extended range ammunition
up to 40 km with VULCANO ammunition


SEA EAGLE controls the main Oto Melara Gun



  • 24 hour target identification
  • Automatic slewing to search radar contact indications
  • Automatic target acquisition and tracking
  • Anti-air, anti-surface, naval gunfire support and indirect engagement modes
  • 24 hour passive surveillance
  • Automated capture of target ‘snap-shot’ images
  • Designed as a stand alone system or part of ‘multi-function’ console based combat system


SEA EAGLE controls the main Oto Melara, now Leonardo-Finmeccanica, 76mm gun mounting and is optimised for naval fire control against airborne, surface or shore-based targets. It is capable of controlling all in-service naval guns, using a long range thermal imager and daylight TV camera to provide 24 hour automatic target detection, acquisition, identification and tracking. It uses a mid-wave (3-5µ) thermal imager with zoom optics, a colour TV camera which also has zoom optics and an eye-safe, high repetition rate laser range finder and has been designed to operate through a dedicated standalone console or as a fully integrated element of a multi-function console based combat system. It can be fully integrated with the ship’s radar displays, so that it can slew to search radar contact indications.

As well as the Irish Naval Service, SEA EAGLE is in service with the British, Thai, Omani, and Iraqi Navies and is on order for the Royal Malaysian Navy. Source

2 x 20mm RH 202 Rheinmetall cannons


Rheinmetall RH 202 20mm canon – Image

Gun Characteristics

Designation Gun:  20 mm/65 (0.8″) MK 20 DM 5
Ship Class Used On Present-day German warships
Date Of Design 1962 (1973 Naval Version)
Date In Service 1974 (Naval Version)
Gun Weight 167.5 lbs. (76 kg)
Gun Length oa 120.9 in (3.070 m)
Bore Length N/A
Rifling Length N/A
Grooves N/A
Lands N/A
Twist N/A
Chamber Volume N/A
Rate Of Fire 1,000 rounds per minute cyclic


Type Fixed
Weight of Complete Round N/A
Projectile Types and Weights HE-T:  0.3 lbs. (0.134 kg)

AP-T:  0.3 lbs. (0.134 kg)

APDS-T:  0.3 lbs. (0.134 kg)

Bursting Charge N/A
Projectile Length N/A

Length of Complete Round:  8.4 in (21.3 cm)

Propellant Charge 0.092 lbs. (0.42 kg)
Cartridge 20 x 139 mm NATO
Muzzle Velocity HE-T:  3,440 fps (1,050 mps)

AP-T:  3,600 fps (1,100 mps)

APDS-T:  3,770 fps (1,150 mps)

Working Pressure N/A
Approximate Barrel Life N/A
Ammunition stowage per gun Ammunition in 200 round belts


Elevation With 0.3 lbs. (0.134 kg) HE Shell
Range @ 45 degrees 2,200 yards (2,000 m) effective

Mount / Turret Data

Designation Rheinmetall single pintle fork mounting:  S 20 and SV 20

Norwegian Single Mounts:  KV-Sk/20

Weight Rheinmetall S 20

  Without gun or ammunition:  617 lbs. (280 kg)

  With gun and 200 rounds ammunition:  948 lbs. (430 kg)

Rheinmetall SV 20



  Without ammunition:  880 lbs. (400 kg)

Elevation Rheinmetall:  -10 / +55 (or +60) degrees

Norwegian:  -15 / +70 degrees

Elevation Rate Manually operated, only
Train 360 degrees
Train Rate Manually operated, only
Gun recoil N/A
Note:  The Norwegian version is based upon the FK20-2 field-gun mounting.  Norway also uses this gun in their coastal defense units to provide protection to larger guns from land and air attacks.


The vessel is also provided with mountings on the main deck and 01 deck for two 12.7mm heavy machine guns (HMGs), and four 7.62mm general purpose machine guns (GPMGs).

2 x 12.7mm heavy machine guns (HMGs)


Image of HMG is for illustration purpose as no info on actual model

4 x 7.62mm general purpose machine guns (GPMGs)


Image of GPMG is for illustration purpose as no info on actual model

Flight deck


LÉ Samuel Beckett (P61 | by Debs Alanna Simon Alan – Image

The aft flight deck allows for the operations of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) from the vessel. The deck area can also accommodate three 20ft containers and is provided with a large 5t crane at a 9.56m radius.


The diesel electric propulsion integrates two 5,440kW Wartsila medium speed diesel engines driving two five-bladed controllable pitch propellers via reduction gearboxes. The power take in (PTI) motor powered by the electrical alternators ensures low speed operation at speeds up to 8kt.

2 x 5,440kW Wartsila medium speed diesel engine

Wärtsilä 26 engine

Wärtsilä 26 engine – Image



  • for ships


  • medium-speed, propulsion

Power source:

  • diesel


  • turbocharged


  • 4-stroke


  • 3000-4000 hp


  • Min.: 2040 kW (2735.69 hp)
  • Max.: 5440 kW (7295.16 hp)



LÉ William Butler Yeats (P63) – Image

The offshore patrol vessel also integrates a 450kW bow thruster and rudders for high manoeuvrability in close quarter positions. The dynamic positioning (DP) system aboard the vessels maintains position and heading. The shipboard electricity is generated by three 630kW alternators, while emergency power is provided by a 320kW generator.


Bow thrusters on LÉ William Butler Yeats (P63) – Image

The propulsion system ensures a maximum speed of 23kt. The vessels have a range of 6,000nmi at a cruising speed of 15kt and are capable of conducting autonomous mission for up to 21 days.

Type: Offshore patrol vessel
Displacement: 1,900 tonnes
Length: 90 m (300 ft)
Beam: 14 m (46 ft)
Draught: 3.8 m (12 ft)
Propulsion: Two Wärtsilä medium speed diesel engines (5,440 kW (7,300 hp) each)

450 kW bow thruster

  • Baseline speed 23 knots (43 km/h; 26 mph)
  • Economical speed 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph)
Range: 6,000 nautical miles (11,000 km; 6,900 mi) at 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph)
Endurance: 21 days
Boats & landing
craft carried:
3 x 8 m (26 ft) RHIB
Capacity: 3 x 6.1 m (20 ft) sea container, 1 x 5 ton, 9.56 m (31.4 ft) crane aft
Complement: 44 + up to 10 trainees
Sensors and
processing systems:
Fire control: Electro Optical
Aviation facilities: UAV only

Table source

Main material source

HAL flies upgraded Mirage-2000 successfully

According to The Times of India

TNN | Jul 31, 2016, 03.17 AM IST

Bengaluru: Defence PSU Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) flew the upgraded final operational configuration (FOC) Mirage-2000 on Thursday, a day ahead of schedule.

 The first flight of 45 minutes was piloted by Group Captain (retd) C Subramaniam, Chief Test Pilot, HAL, and Wing Commander Haldikar of ASTE, IAF. Group Captain Mishra of IAF was the test director. “It proves HAL’s capability of mid-life upgrade of platforms to overcome obsolescence issues, enhance the reliability and maintainability of these aircraft. The introduction of state-of-the-art facility created for this project ensures timely upgradation of the Mirage fleet,” HAL CMD T Suvarna Raju said.

The FOC design was implemented on an Initial Operational Configured aircraft which was received at HAL eight months ago. The IOC was designed by Dassault and Thales of France. “The FOC configuration covers integration of Indian specific weapons and electronic warfare system,”a statement said.

Original post


MIRAGE 2000 upgrade infographicImage

Mirage 2000: Details

Rafael “SPICE 1000” New Ammunition for the IAF

Tuesday Jul 26, 2016 – 00:58 UTC

Rafael’s SPICE 1000 EO/GPS-guided munitions are to be adopted by the Israeli Air Force as the weapon enters into its final development stage. Integration will take place on all fighter squadrons with F-16C/D “Barak” aircraft first in line. Features of Spice include being camera operated with real time maneuver and response abilities when facing fixed and mobile targets.


New SPICE: New Ammunition for the IAF

Release date 17.07.2016

The IAF operates various munitions adapted to its different missions and aircraft. It is now permitted to publicize that the force is expected to soon receive a new bomb manufactured by “Rafael” Systems, which is expected to bring new technological and operational tidings

Shachar Zorani | Translation: Ohad Zeltzer Zubida

“SPICE 1000”, a new munition manufactured by “Rafael” is currently in the final stages of development and is expected to enter operational use in the IAF soon. It is expected to be integrated in all of the fighter squadrons in the force and the first to operate it will be the “Barak” (F-16C/D) aircraft.

Spice 1000, is an advanced electro-optic munition which will bring new abilities and technological progress to the IAF. “The munition is a quantum leap in our operational ability, a fact that is reflected in its deep penetration abilities, its immunity from threats and it precision”, said Capt. Tomer from the Guided Munitions Department in the Air Staff. “It has improved software and algorithmic and advanced identification and processing abilities”.

As stated, the Spice 1000 bomb is camera operated and has real time maneuver and response abilities when facing fixed and mobile targets. “The munition adjusts itself to the new battlefield, to the various threats and the changing theatre”, stated Avi Danon, the project and development manager in “Rafael”, and Capt. Tomer confirms: “It has a range that we haven’t seen in the IAF in munition of this magnitude”.

Operational and Economical Advantage

Authorities in the IAF and in “Rafael” testify that the development process that lasted three years, succeeded by means of cooperation and discussion between the sides. Along the way, many tests were performed and different considerations were made in accordance with the operational requirements and needs.

“The development was escorted by a wide observation of all of the users”, testified Maj. Farhan Tarif, who is responsible for the integration of the munition in the Material Directorate. Maj. Farhan also shared that the munition is built to shorten the work time and quicken the “rotation process” – the time it takes from the moment the aircraft lands until it is armed and takes off again. “Much consideration was performed in order to fit the munition to the work in the cockpit and make the operating interface comfortable and flexible”, Capt. Tomer added.

Alongside the operational advantage the munition holds, it also creates an economical advantage based on the Israeli industry and accumulation of economic capital and knowledge. “The development project alongside ‘Rafael’ was challenging and interesting”, concluded Maj. Farhan. “It was very important to us to stay on schedule and still maintain high quality and uncompromising performance”.

Original  post



The latest addition to the SPICE family – is a new generation stand-off Precision Guided Munition (PGM). SPICE-250 has a standoff range of 100 kilometers. It is an autonomous weapon with real time target position update capability. SPICE-250 is a unitary munition and can be equipped with either general purpose or penetration warheads. Aircraft increase load-out and wide target set provide the optimal solution for high volume precise strike for the dynamic battlefield.

SPICE is easily integrated onto a wide range of single and dual-seated fighter aircraft, and requires no aircraft modifications.

SPICE-250 uses a common aircraft interface and sophisticated Smart Quad Rack (SQR) that simplifies the effort needed for aircraft integration. Four SPICE-250 weapons are carried on each SQR.

SPICE-250 can be directly mounted on light attack aircraft store stations, due to its small size and light weight.

SPICE is fully operational and has recently demonstrated outstanding combat performance in all parameters to become one the Israeli Air Force’s leading air-to-surface weapon systems. Source


  • Range of target destruction, km to 100 of guidance, m 3
  • Control system: inertial + satellite navigation + opto-electronic GOS
  • Weight, kg 113
  • Warhead weight, kg to 80


Spice 1000/2000 Guided Weapon

521Rafael’s Spice 1000 guided weapon carries a 500 kg (1,000 pound) Mk 83 warhead. It is capable of attacking targets at ranges extended beyond 60 km. Photo: Rafael

Spice has been adapted to a number of standard warheads, from Mk-84/BLU-109 (900 kg, 2000 lbs), Mk-83/BLU-110 (450 kg, 1000 lbs) general purpose bombs. The weapon has recently been adapted now to 113 kg (250 lbs) pound small smart bombs (SSB) that are increasingly preferred by airforces due to their lower collateral damage.

The kit uses an imaging seeker for navigation and terminal homing. The system uses image matching techniques giving the weapon a Circular Error Probability (CEP) of less than three meters. Spice can be loaded with 100 optional targets in a given area. In addition to the passive image-based navigation the kit also includes Global Positioning Satellite / Inertial Navigation System (GPS/INS) navigation for reference and backup. But the main sensor of the Spice is the CCD/IIR dual seeker that provides pinpoint accuracy and positive target identification and according to Rafael , overcomes target location error and GPS jamming.

scene_match650This scene matching example shows the correlation between the target pointed by the reference image (left) and the target picked by the weapon’s computer during a flight test. Photo: RAFAEL

The Kit’s automatic target acquisition capability is based on a unique scene-matching technology that can handle scenery changes, counter-measures, navigation errors and target location errors. The technology is based on the continuous comparison of  a real-time image received from the dual CCD/IIR seeker with a reference image stored in the weapon’s computer.

The basic kit includes a strap-on forward guidance section and fixed, stubby wings and tail fins aft of the main charge, heaviest Spice uses the MK-84 (2000 pounds) general purpose bomb, with a flatter trajectory the Spice kit extends the weapon’s range beyond 60 km. This version is operational in the israeli airforce and was used in combat. Another kit has been adapted to Mk-83 (1000 pounds) bombs, featuring a wing-set that further extends the weapon range beyond 100 km. The Spice’s deployable wings allow an aircraft to carry more bombs. The latest addition of the SSB type weapon enables a single F-16 to carry up to 16 small smart bombs. Source

Korea, US meet on fighter jet project

According to The Korean TImes

Posted : 2016-07-27 16:14

Updated : 2016-07-27 21:16

By Jun Ji-hye

Korea and the United States held their first high-level talks in Washington, Tuesday, on the transfer of jet technologies for Seoul’s project to develop its own fighter jets.

The Ministry of National Defense said the two sides discussed the vital intersection of foreign and national security policies on defense technology cooperation, including issues related to the transfer of technologies for the KF-X project.

It was the first high-level meeting of the Defense Technology Strategy & Cooperation Group (DTSCG), which followed the group’s working-level talks held in March. The DTSCG was established last year based on an agreement between defense chiefs of the two nations.

During Tuesday’s meeting, the Korea delegation, led by Vice Defense Minister Hwang In-mo and Deputy Foreign Minister for Economic Affairs Lee Tae-ho, stressed the need for the transfer of key technologies from the United States for the success of the KF-X project, according to a ministry official.

In response, the U.S. delegation, led by David Shear, assistant secretary of defense for Asian and Pacific security affairs, and Rose Gottemoeller, undersecretary of state for arms control and international security, said the two sides will continue to discuss the issue, the official said.

The official added that details about which technologies will be transferred were not determined during the meeting.

The joint press release of the two sides also said, “The U.S. delegation provided an overview of its conventional arms transfer and regional defense trade policies.”

The release added that the two sides concurred on the need for regular information-sharing on relevant issues and decided to continue to utilize the DTSCG to advance policy and strategic discussions on technology security, foreign policy and defense technology cooperation in support of the ROK-U.S. alliance.

The 8.5 trillion won KF-X project is to replace the Air Force’s aging fleet of F-4s and F-5s. The government will invest an additional 10 trillion won to produce 120 jets by 2032.

The project is proceeding with the help of the U.S. defense company, Lockheed Martin, which vowed to transfer technologies used in the F-35 stealth fighter in return for Korea’s purchase of 40 F-35s, signed in September of 2014.

In early December, the U.S. government approved the transfer of 21 technologies in a “large frame,” according to the Defense Acquisition Program Administration (DAPA).

Since then, negotiations between DAPA and Lockheed Martin officials have been ongoing to list the details, as hundreds of technical items are part of 21 technologies.

Before its official kickoff in January, the KF-X project had suffered a severe crisis after the U.S. government refused in April of last year to allow the defense firm to hand over four core technologies — the active electronically scanned array radar, electronic optics targeting pod, the infrared search and radio frequency jammer and the infrared search and tracking system.

The DAPA said the nation will domestically develop those four technologies.

During the meeting, the Korea delegation also asked the United States to give it technologies related to the development of the medium-altitude unmanned aerial vehicle (MUAV), the official said. Washington said that was being considered added.

The two sides plan to hold the next DTSCG high-level talks in 2017, according to officials.

On the sidelines of the defense talks, Hwang met Deputy Secretary of Defense Robert O. Work to discuss views on extended efforts between the two allies to cope with ever-growing nuclear and military threats from North Korea, according to the ministry.

Original post


Related post:

Republic of Korea Air Force advanced multirole fighter(KF-X) conduct a wind tunnel test !

Defense chiefs of Korea, Indonesia to hold talks

U.S. denies exports of three more technologies for KF-X


Type 052D destroyer

The Type 052D destroyer (NATO code name Luyang III class, or Kunming class after the lead ship) is a class of guided missile destroyers being deployed by the Chinese People’s Liberation Army Navy Surface Force. Currently it is being built at two different Chinese ship yards.

After the Type 052C destroyer (NATO code name Luyang II class, or Lanzhou class after the lead ship), two new hulls were spotted under construction at Changxingdao-Jiangnan Shipyard (JNCX) in August 2012. According to imagery, they were armed with a new 130 mm main gun and new AESA radar system. Altogether six vessels of this class are now fitting out or under construction, one vessel is on sea trial and four vessels are active.

Nearing the completion of the first 12 Type 052D ships, the PLAN will shift production to the newer Type 055 destroyer.

Type 055 destroyer compared to Type 052D


China launches first stretched Type 052D destroyer

The first stretched variant of China’s Luyang III (Type 052D) destroyer class was launched in early July at the Jiangnan Changxingdao shipyard near Shanghai. The ship, which is the 14th Type 052D to be built overall, is 4 m longer than its predecessors, resulting in a 4 m larger flight deck. The size of the hangar remains unchanged.

Satellite imagery captured on 16 July shows the ship afloat in the fitting-out basin, together with a Type 055 destroyer that was launched in April, three other Type 052D destroyers, and 10 Yuyi (Type 726)-class air-cushioned landing craft (LCAC).

The Type 052D’s increase in size is likely to be in preparation for a navalised version of the Harbin Z-20 helicopter being introduced into service. Source

Type 052C destroyer: Details

Type 052E destroyer compared to Type 055 and Type 052D

The PLA Navy Type 052E Destroyer (observation info)

The Type 052E DDG may have dimensions as of 157 meters (L), 18 meters (W), draft of 6 meters, with full-load displacement is estimated to be around 7,500 tons


The main improvements: the Type 364 Radar to be replaced by a Single-sided X-band rotating phased-array radar, the Type 517B VHF air search radar to be replaced by an L-band remote search radar, the single hangar to be enlarged into double, flight deck extension by 2 meters more, powered by two gas turbine generators, Integrated Power System, stealthy chimney, universal VLS (96 cells) and YJ-12 anti-ship missile launchers. Source


The layout of the Type 052D is similar to the earlier Type 052C, but the superstructure of the Type 052D slopes inward at a greater angle, providing reduced radar cross-section.

**For main radar see bottom of article**

On top of the bridge of the first three 052D hulls is the usual Band Stand over-the-horizon targeting radar radome, along with a Type 344 fire control director and electronic countermeasure (ECM)/jammers on the enclosed mast. Mounting plates outboard the stack may be for 30-millimeter guns, but the 052C had boat davits in that location. Source

Type 344 fire control director


Chinese Designation: Type 344
Export Name: MR34
NATO Reporting Name: N/A
Role: Fire-control for the 100mm gun and anti-ship missile targeting
Contractor: Xi’an Research institute of Navigation Technology
Band: I/J
Range: N/A
Description: The Type 344 radar is normally installed on top of the brigade right in front of the main mast. The radar is used as the standard fire-control radar on all post-1990 PRC-built destroyers and frigates for 100mm main gun and anti-ship missile targeting. Source

The helicopter hangar on the Type 052D is moved to the center, as opposed to being on the left like on the Type 052C. A pair of enclosed boat/raft launching systems similar to that of the Type 054A frigate is added, with one on each side of the helicopter hangar. The Type 517HA VHF radar mast is moved toward the stern of the ship.

Type 366 Radar

qb4Daojtb3AType 366 radar – Chinese internet images

Type 366 is the Chinese development of Russian MR-331 Mineral-ME naval radar (NATO reporting name: Band Stand], and as late of 2010’s, it is the latest and most advanced surface search radar in Chinese navy.

MR-331 Mineral-ME radar system consists of Mineral-ME1 active radar and Mineral-ME2 passive radar mounted in a back-to-back configuration, and Mineral-ME3 mutual data exchange, navigation and joint combat operation control station,  Mineral-ME radar system is designed to detect, track and record (including over-the-horizon) surface targets, provide and receive information to and from other sources. Typical detection range against a destroyer sized target in the active mode in up to 250 km, while that of the passive mode ranges from 80 to 450 km.  Active and passive subsystems of MR-331 Mineral-ME can operate in conjunction. MR-331 Mineral-ME is installed on Sovremennyy-class destroyer sold to China, and China also purchased additional sets for its own destroyers.

Sovremennyy-class destroyer: Details

China was thoroughly impressed by the performance of Russian MR-331 Mineral-ME naval radar and proceeded to develop its own version designated as Type 366. The major Chines modification of the Russian system is in the data exchange and operator console, where China has improved mode of operations. Like its Russian predecessor, Type 366 radar operates in five different frequency bands and when working in the active mode, the number of targets can be handled is three times of that of when in passive mode. Type 366 radar is claimed to be superior than its Russian predecessor is when active and passive subsystems work in conjunction. In comparison to the original surface search function of its Russian predecessor, China expanded the functions on Type 366 radar by also using it as a low-altitude 2-D air search radar against sea-skimming anti-shipping missiles. With improved software, Type 366 radar is proven to be effective against sea-skimming target with radar cross section of 0.1 to 1 square meter by detecting such incoming targets at distance of 20 to 35 km range.  Source

Type 517HA VHF radar

type517h1apr19bw9VHF Type 517HA  – Image

China Type 517H-1 Knife Rest – (Pea Sticks) Radar

Radar, Air Search, 2D Long-Range

Max Range: 333.4 km


Further aft, the VHF Type 517HA relic 1950 vintage yagi antenna is retained. The 2D very high frequency radar is moved forward on the 052D to make deck space for an aft vertical launcher. Satellite communication radomes are adjacent to it. Source

55cd411c0d36f2f4df8e86301e8a01d9.jpgVHF Type 517HA forward of VLS & Type 364 is top mast radar within the dome

Type 364 Radar

052d-17.pngType 364 air/surface-search Radar – Image at

The Type 364 radar was developed by the Yangzhou Marine Electronic Instruments Research Institute (扬州船用电子仪器研究所) / No. 723 Research Institute. It is typically enclosed in a dome on new PLA-N’s frigates and destroyers.

An improved version of the earlier Type 360, it replaces the Yagi IFF antenna with a planar IFF configuration and moves to higher frequencies in order to achieve better target discrimination. The dome is also expected to improve azimuth resolution.

It is expected to be used primarily for CIWS (Type 730, Type 630) targeting with secondary air search and SSM targeting abilities.


  • Mast weight: 520 kg
  • Scan rate: 10+ RPM
  • Other features:
    • Full coherent chirp pulse compression
    • Adaptive MTD (AMTD)
    • Able to track missiles with RCS<0.1m2 between Mach 1-3


China Type 364 – (SR-64, Seagull-C) Radar

Radar, Target Indicator, 2D Surface-to-Air

Max Range: 129.6 km


There are several mounting sites for a new single barrel 30 mm stealthy gun mount that is fully automated. The addition of this small caliber weapon is presumably for the need to counter non-conventional threats such as potential terrorist attacks and anti-piracy operations, but as of the end of 2012, no 30 mm gun mounts have been observed to be installed on the hull yet.


Due to the greater angle of superstructure slope, more space was made available for the active phased array radar (APAR), which first appeared in June 2012 onboard PLAN weaponry trial ship Bi Sheng. It is believed that this new APAR is a development of Type 348 Radar mounted on the Type 052C. One of the main differences is that the size of the new array is larger, so presumably there are more transceivers on each array. Another obvious difference is that the curvature resulted in the need for air circulation on earlier APAR on Type 052C is gone, so it is believed that the new APAR on Type 052D must have adopted a pure liquid cooling system instead of the mixed air and liquid cooling system on earlier APAR on board Type 052C.


Vertical Launching System

Type 052D DDG (3)Image

The Type 052D has a brand new vertical launching system (VLS) for surface-to-air missiles, cruise missiles, anti-submarine missiles, and anti-ship missiles, and is capable of quad-packing missiles and cold launch; it is the third type of Chinese VLS system identified, after the circular version of VLS on Type 052C destroyer and the rectangular version on Type 054A frigate. The VLS system on Type 052D differs from that on Type 052C. The circular-shaped VLS system on Type 052C is replaced by the VLS with rectangular cells on Type 052D. 

Type 052D VLS model

vertical launching system (VLS)Image

Moreover, this box-like VLS looks different from the VLS system of Type 054A. Photos show that Type 052D’s VLS system does not contain the shared exhaust vents between the rows of launching tubes, which is the common feature of Type 054A’s VLS. Instead, the VLS on Type 052D looks more similar to the American Mk 41 VLS, but without obvious indication of exhausts. The lack of exhaust vents in the leaked photos leads to some Chinese internet forums postulating the cold launch method is adopted on Type 052D, but such claims cannot be confirmed by independent or official sources.

Type 052D VLS

landscape-1465329183-153109gupv1ibyu1p1npapForward VLS on Type 052D – Chinese internet images

Other sources on Chinese internet forums state that the difference between the VLS on Type 052D and VLS on Type 054A is simply a rearrangement of exhaust to a different location and Type 052D is still utilizing the hot launch method like Type 054A, but used a more advanced method of concentric canister launch (CCL) system (同心筒式垂直发射系统), first pioneered by USA in the mid-1990 for Mk 41 VLS upgrade.


According to the China Military News, a new destroyer equipped with two sets of vertical launch missiles with 64 cells each to launch anti-aircraft missiles HQ-9B, anti-ship and antisubmarine missiles . Original Type 052C on missile launchers anti-YJ-62, apparently, are not present in the new destroyer. It has been suggested that the Type 052D can be equipped with a marine version of the ground cruise missile long-range DH-10.



The basic airframe configuration and internal layout of the HQ-9/HHQ-9/FD-2000 round appear identical to the Russian Almaz-Antey/Fakel 5V55/48N6 family of SAMs. The only notable difference is the redesign of the TVC vanes, which are situated aft of the nozzle in the Chinese missile.

No details have been disclosed on the seeker employed. Given the design heritage of the missile, the baseline seeker is likely to be a direct derivative of earlier variants of the 48N6E/E1 seeker, employing TVM (SAGG) guidance, and midcourse datalink corrected inertial guidance.

Claims have also emerged of an active radar seeker, but these should be treated with caution as Chinese industry has little experience with such, licencing the Russian Agat 9B-1103M design for the PL-12 AAM. However, in the long term it is likely that an active seeker will find its way into the missile, as this is a strong trend in contemporary long range SAM design.

There are also claims of an alternate HQ-9B configuration, employing a dual mode semi-active radar homing and scanning infrared seeker, claimed by Janes to be an imaging IR seeker1. The latter would not present unusual difficulties as China has designed a range of scanning IR seekers for air to air missiles.


Cutaway of the FT-2000 round from brochure material. Note the additional cruciform strake absent in the 5V55/48N6 family of missile airframes, and the baseline HQ-9 (via R.D. Fisher).


China Type 346A PAR [HQ-9] – (Kvant/APAR) Radar

Radar, FCR, Surface-to-Air, Long-Range

Max Range: 324.1 km


DH-10 cruise missile


Many sources claim that the PLA now operates the indigenous HN-1 (320 NMI/600 km), HN-2 (800+ NMI/1,500+ km) and the HN-3 (1,350 NMI/2,500 km). The sole good quality image to emerge suggests these weapons are clones of the BGM-109 Tomahawk, suitable for naval and aerial launch. The CJ-10/DH-10 cruise missile, declared operational, also resembles a Tomahawk.

 Given the availability of Russian TERCOM, DSMAC, Glonass, Western GPS and computer technology, the only issue for the PLA will lie in good quality 12 inch 600 lb class turbofan availability to power a genuine AGM-86/BGM-109 class strategic cruise missile. With submarines, surface warships and H-6H Badgers, there is no shortage of launch platforms. The recently unveiled H-6H variant with four wing pylons is clearly intended for such a role.

The missile uses both GLONASS and GPS satellite systems for guidance, with four different types of warheads available; a heavy variant weighing 500kg, and three 350kg variants: high explosive blast, submunition and earth penetrator. Source

In 2013, the United States credited the missile with a range of more than 1,500 km, and either a conventional or nuclear payload; other sources claim the missile has ranges of 2,000 km (1,200 mi; 1,100 nmi), 2,500 km (1,600 mi; 1,300 nmi), or as much as 4,000 km (2,500 mi; 2,200 nmi). In 2004, the CJ-10 was credited with a CEP of 10 m.  Source

CY-5 (Chiang Ying, Long Tassel) ASROC-type missile

1639542_-_mainA PLAN naval drill in July saw the likely first images of an ASROC-type torpedo-carrying missile, fired from the vertical launch system of a Type 054A ‘Jiangkai II’-class frigate. The official designator of this missile is uncertain, although some sources suggest nomenclature of CY-5 (Chiang Ying , Long Tassel). Source: Screengrab from CCTV

CY-5 is the vertically launched version of CY-4 with folding control surfaces to fit into VLS. The range is reported to be 30 km. The existence of CY-5 type weapon was first officially revealed in 2012 when Type 054A frigate was opened to public in Hong Kong, when the governmental explanation described the modular VLS at the bow of the ship can launch both air defense missiles and rocket propelled ASW torpedoes armed with various Chinese and western torpedoes. However, the exact designation of the rocket propelled ASW torpedo was not revealed. Because CY series was also first intended for export and armed with torpedoes of western origin, CY-5 is thus also most likely armed with Chinese Y-7, or other western light torpedoes such as A244-S. CY-5 is reportedly also deployed onboard Type 052D destroyer. Source

Yu-8 anti-submarine missile has successfully tested

Yu-8 is a rocket boosted torpedo that can be launched by the vertical launch system (VLS) in Type 052 destroyers or on-deck launchers on other warships.

The VLS can launch both Yu-8 and HQ-16 air defense missiles while the launchers can launch both Yu-8 and YJ-83 anti-ship missiles. In fact, Yu-8 also has anti-ship capabilities.

As Yu-8 flies quickly in the air before it goes into water to hit its target submarine, it can hit a target further away and quicker than ordinary submerged torpedoes.

As it has similar capabilities to those of Russian SS-N-12 missiles, China has caught up with major world naval powers in anti-submarine capabilities when it has successfully developed its Yu-8 missile.

Some commentators believe that China has surpassed Japan in anti-submarine capabilities due to its successful deployment of Yu-8 says in its report on May 13 that according to Taiwan media, Chinese navy successfully tested Yu-8 anti-submarine missile during its major drill in July, 2015. Source

Yu-7 torpedo


The Yu-7 is a lightweight torpedo of Chinese origin. Since 1984 China tried to copy and later produce under license the US Mk 46 torpedo. This proved to be difficult and a batch of Italian A.224S torpedoes was ordered and the two designs were mated. An electrically powered Yu-7 offspring called the ET-52 was developed and put into service before the development of the Yu-7 was finished.


Anti-submarine torpedo


Aircraft, surface ships


324 mm


2.6 m


235 kg


45 kg


Active/passive acoustic seeker


Twin propeller

Power supply

Otto Fuel II


43 kt


10 km


6 to 400 m depth



YJ-18 (YingJi-18) Low-Flying Subsonic-to-Supersonic Anti-Ship Cruise Missile (ASCM)


The YJ-18 ASCM first cruises at approximately 600 mph right above the surface of the water, and then accelerates to up to Mach 3 (3X the speed of sound) at about 20 nautical miles out from the target ship, making it “harder to hit with on-board guns”, and a “faster target for radars”, according to one Larry Wortzel of the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission. Even worse, the new missile has an operational/engagement range of roughly 290 nautical miles, or roughly 14 times that of its predecessor, the YJ-82. The commission therefore concluded that the YJ-18 missile “could have serious implications for the ability of U.S. Navy surface ships to operate freely in the Western Pacific” in the event of a naval confrontation. In other words, there’s serious concern right now that the YJ-18 can significantly upset the current balance of naval power, i.e., the US Navy’s firepower advantage in the region, and work as an anti-access/area-denial weapon, presumably alongside the DF-21D ASBM ship killer, to keep US ships off the Chinese coast and outside the First Island Chain–in other words, everything the United States controlled during and after World War II (WWII).  Source

YJ-18 is another powerful anti-ship cruise missile that the US has no effective defense. It is but supersonic at its terminal stage but it flies with a zigzag trajectory difficult to intercept. It is mainly launched from the VSL of China’s Type 052D destroyers and 093A/B attack nuclear submarines.

According to, Britain’s Jane’s Defense Weekly says that the anti-radiation function of YJ-18 is so powerful that it destroys 60% of an Aegis warship’s electronic system even if it explodes 50 meters away from the warship. Source

YJ-12a Anti-ship Missile

Launching a YJ-12A from a Type 052D destroyer –
TYPE Anti-ship cruise missile
PLACE OF ORIGIN People’s Republic of China
IN SERVICE ~2015-present
USED BY People’s Liberation Army Navy
WEIGHT 2,500 kg (5,500 lb)[citation needed]
LENGTH 6.3 m (21 ft)[1]
DIAMETER 0.756 m (2.48 ft)[1]
WARHEAD 205–500 kg (452–1,102 lb)[2][3]

ENGINE integrated ramjet/booster propulsion system[4]
250–400 km (160–250 mi; 130–220 nmi)[4][2] (depending on altitude)
SPEED Mach 2-4[1][2] (depending on altitude)
Inertial navigation system(INS)/Beidou navigation system[5]
Terminal guidance

Technical data

‘World’s best’ anti-ship missile a showstopper: Here


China’s largest missile-maker is promoting what it calls “the world’s best anti-ship missile” for sales in the international market.

China Aerospace Science and Industry Corp, one of the main defense equipment suppliers in the nation, is marketing its CM-302 supersonic anti-ship cruise missile to nation shopping to improve their naval capabilities.

YJ-83 anti-ship missile


The YJ-83 is a long-range anti-ship missile designed to meet the requirements of the PLA Navy (PLAN). The YJ-83 has a range of 150 to 200 kilometers and introduces a data-link to receive target updates from airborne assets such as helicopters or fixed-wing aircraft. The YJ-83 can fly at supersonic speeds (Mach 1.5) during the terminal phase of the flight (approx 15 kilometers). The PLAN is deploying the YJ-83 missile as the standard anti-ship missile onboard frigates and destroyers.


Diameter: 0.36 meter

Length: 6.39 meter (21.0 foot)

Wingspan: 1.22 meter


Max Range: 200 kilometer (108 nautical mile)


Cruise Speed: 0.90 mach (1,076 kph)

Top Speed: 1.50 mach (1,793 kph)


Warhead: 165 kilogram (364 pound)


HQ-16 medium range SAM


The Hong Qi 16 or HQ-16 is a Chinese medium-range air defense missile system. It is based on the Soviet Shtil naval air defense system, which in turn is a version of the Buk. So the HQ-16 can be seen as a Chinese improved equivalent of the Buk. Some sources report that is had been adopted in the mid 1990s. Currently the HQ-16 is being widely used by the Chinese armed forces.

Missile of the HQ-16 evolved from the Soviet 9M38 missile, used by the Buk. However the Chinese missile is more capable than its predecessor.

The HQ-16 has a maximum range against aircraft of 40 km. It can engage cruise missiles at a range of 3.5 to 18 km. This air defense system can engage very low flying and high altitude targets. It can reach targets at an altitude of up to 18 km. Claimed hit probability of an aircraft with a single missile is 85%. Hit probability of a cruise missile is 60%.

DEN-5ngUQAAvH8kChinese VLS For HQ-16 Air Defence Missiles of Type 054A Frigate – Chinese internet images

Entered service



Missile length

5 m

Missile diameter

0.34 m

Missile weight

615 kg

Warhead weight


Warhead type


Maximum range of fire

40 km

Maximum altitude of fire

18 km

Number of targets engaged simultaneously





First concrete proof of the existence of the Chinese SD-10A Sky Dragon Medium-Range Surface To Air Missile System program. Surface Launched SD-10A is also known as DK-10 Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) which also forms medium range part of Chinese Lie Shou LS-II (Hunter II) Surface To Air Missile System.

The DK-10 Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) has larger diameter which offers increased range of 50 km. Norinco is marketing the Sky Dragon Medium-Range Surface To Air Missile Air Defense System as a competitor to the HQ-16 / LY-80 Medium Range Surface To Air Missile.
Range: 3 km to 50 km
Altitude: 30 m to 20 km
Guidance system:  ≤ 13 m
Launch mode: canister-launched missile
Single Shot Kill Probability: ≥ 0.80 (fighter like targets)
Range of Search radar: ≥ 130 km
12 Missiles Can Be Fired Simultaneously To Engaging 12 Targets
System reaction time (normal): ≤ 20 sec
System reaction time (emergency): ≤ 16 sec
Deployment time: 15 min
Withdrawal time: 6 min
Continuous operating time: ≥ 12 hrs
Operating temperature: -20°C to +55°C    

HHQ-10 (FL-3000N) short-range Air Defense System

hongqi102FLN 3000 missile – Image

FL-3000N missile utilizes a combined guidance system that incorporates both passive radio frequency (RF) guidance and imaging infrared (ImIR) guidance. There are a pair of horn like protrusions mounted on the ImIR seeker at the tip of the missile, and these two protrusions are the passive RF seeker. An optional ImIR only guidance is also available and the missile is a fire and forget weapon.


The fire control system (FCS) of FL-3000N can simultaneously control two launchers, and can be integrated into other FCS on board ships. Alternatively, FL-3000N is also capable being directly controlled by other FCS on board ships. The system is usually fully automatic without human intervention, but manual operation can be inserted when needed.


  • Length: 2 meters
  • Diameter: 0.12 meter
  • Minimum range: < 500 meters
  • Maximum range: > 9 km for subsonic targets, > 6 km for supersonic targets
  • Guidance: passive RF + ImIR or ImIR only.

Chinese military standard GJB-5860-2006

On a number of Chinese websites published fragments of the Chinese military standard GJB-5860-2006 «Requirements for universal installation vertical launch surface ships,” according to which, probably designed by the OHR new Chinese destroyers 052D project.

In accordance with the requirements of the CIP are intended for simultaneous planning and implementation of the four classes of missiles, including anti-aircraft missiles, anti-ship missiles, anti-submarine rockets and missiles to bombard land targets. OHR should independently provide missile launch according to the ship’s fire control system.

CIP must ensure the storage and use of rockets three standard sizes:
– “big” – up to 9.9 m;
– “medium” – up to 7 m
– “small” – a length of 3.3 m.


Type 054A VLS


This second claim appears more probable than the cold launch claims, because official Chinese sources have confirmed the existence of CCL VLS developmental program headed by the School of Mechatronics Engineering of Beijing Institute of Technology, and various research papers have been publicized, such as the effect of the flow mechanism and annular size of CCL and others. It is reported that chief designers of Chinese CCL VLS included Professor Yuan Zenfeng (袁曾凤), Professor Miao Peiyun (苗佩云) and professor Liang Shijie (梁世杰). When using CCL method, the flame produced in hot launch is diverted through the space between the inner and outer canisters within each individual VLS cell, so no specially dedicated exhaust shared by several cells are needed, thus similar to how British vertical launched (VL) Sea Wolf missile operates, and this is why CCL VLS can be mistaken for cold launch due to the lack of dedicated exhaust sandwiched between two rolls of cells in traditional VLS, while in reality, the exhaust of CCL VLS is within each individual cell.

Naval Gun


Another improvement of the Type 052D is that the Type H/PJ87 100mm gun on the Type 052C is replaced by a new single barrel 130 mm gun, designated as the Type H/PJ38 CIWS.

Type H/PJ38 130 mm naval gun


The H/PJ38 is a new single barrel 130 mm gun of the Chinese Navy introduced on the Type 052D destroyer. Designed by the Zhengzhou Mechanical-Electrical Engineering Research Institute (郑州机电工程研究所, also known as the 713th Research Institute of the 7th Academy) and manufactured by Inner Mongolia 2nd Machinery Manufacturing Factory (内蒙第二机械制造厂), the H/PJ-38 130 mm naval gun was developed from reverse engineering of Soviet AK-130 twin 130 mm naval gun, which was carried out by the same two establishments.

The general designer of the H/PJ-38, Chen Dingfeng (陈汀峰), was also the general designer of all models of Type 79 100 mm naval gun, all models of Type 210 100 mm naval gun, and the H/PJ26 76 mm naval gun. Chen was recalled from retirement to complete the H/PJ38 single barrel 130 mm naval gun. When the Soviet AK-130 was first successfully copied by Chinese developers, the Chinese navy was unsatisfied and decided not to let the AK-130 into production, despite all performance parameters being met. Because the AK-130 was judged out-of-date by the Chinese Navy, the H/PJ38 program was created in 2005. The H/PJ38 130 mm single barrel naval gun is considered more powerful and more reliable than other smaller caliber naval guns currently in Chinese service, and as with naval guns on most warships, it is installed in front of the VLS.

Research led to the development of a single barreled 70 caliber, 130 mm system which took more than four years to complete, and the H/PJ38 went to series production soon after completion. The primary improvement of the H/PJ38 over the AK-130 is its adaptability: H/PJ38 can fire both separate loading rounds and semi-fixed rounds, which is crucial in firing gun-launched missiles and PGMs. The H/PJ38 can also fire a variety of sub-caliber rounds, but more importantly, a variety of PGMs were developed for H/PJ38 to increase its effectiveness. Source

China Type 349A – (GFCR, 130mm) Radar

Radar, FCR, Weapon Director

Max Range: 37 km



052d-12.jpgMain gun and H / PJ11 CIWS – Image

H / PJ11 model (estimate) 11 30mm near Artillery, 730 1130 the latest developments in the turret change is particularly evident. Since the increase in the volume of the turret. Radar cabin shift. Turret to make room for the installation playing the drums, so that 1130 becomes about playing the drums structure, increase the amount of shells to accommodate the need for a substantial increase in the rate of fire of 1130. Double the amount of deposit is estimated at 730 bombs basis. More than 1,000 rounds of level 730B. 9000-10000 rate of fire rounds / min or so, other performance is unknown. Translated by GoogleSource

**Information confirmed by

PLAN_Type_052D_Destroyer_exercise_2PLAN Type 052D Destroyer firing with the H/PJ-12 30mm CIWS – Chinese internet images

Sources on the Chinese Internet have stated that Type 052D is equipped with a newest Chinese data link which has just completed national certification in Jun 2012 and publicized by the end of year. Designated as JSIDLS (Joint Service Integrated Data Link System, 全军综合数据链系统), this is the Chinese equivalent of Link 16, a significant improvement of earlier HN-900 which is the Chinese equivalent of Link 11/TADIL-A installed on Type 052C. The general designer of JSIDLS is Major General Wang Jianxi (王建新), who was the also head of the research institute of the People’s Liberation Army General Staff Department assigned as primary contractor of JSIDLS. More than 300 establishments and 8000 people were involved in the development of JSIDLS, and it won State Science and Technology Prizes after completion.

Ships interior


China’s Aegis

China’s state-run media informally designate the Type 052D as Zhonghuashendun / 中华神盾 which means “of and referring to China” and God-Shield. The new destroyer is equipped with a flat-array AESA radar, a 64-cell VLS and modern long-range anti-air missiles. The destroyer is expected to have capabilities similar to those of U.S. Arleigh Burke-class destroyers.

052d-16Type 052D flat-array AESA radar – Image

There is speculation that the radar systems on Type 052D destroyers are able to detect stealth fighter aircraft, particularly the American F-35 Lightning II, especially if the Type 346 radar is an S-band radar like the American SPY-1 radar. Tactical stealth fighters are optimized to be undetectable from higher-frequency radar bands such the C, X, and Ku, but features like the tail-fin may make it susceptible to lower S or L-band frequencies.

052d-15Type 052D flat-array AESA radar – Image

Depending on the distance between the ship and aircraft and the strength of the return of the omni-directional signal, a target may not be picked up at a tactically significant distance since L-band and most S-bands have resolution cells that cannot generate quality targets for weapons tracking. However, the SPY-1 and Air and Missile Defense Radar operate in higher frequency portions of the S-band and are able to generate weapons quality tracks, so Chinese systems could be similar. China is also speculated to be reducing the size of the large radar resolution cells by connecting multiple low-frequency radars through high-speed data-networks, which can refine resolution enough for tracking a missile to the target.

Type 346 phased-array radar developed by Ukraine for Type 052C Luyang-class Guided-Missile Destroyer-1

Type 346 S-band multi-function active phased-array radar with four antenna arrays, each of which has a maximum range of 150km, a maximum resolution of 0.5 metres, and can  scan a 0-120-degree arc in azimuth and 0-90 degrees in elevation, with a peak power output of 1mWe. Source


Two QC-280 gas turbine engines

r_17490525_2012102410245534082600Image @china.comqc280Image

The Chinese QC280 is a high performance gas turbine developed and assembled by the China Shipbuilding Industry. The QC280 relates to the Ukranian GT-25000 gas turbine technology delivered to China in 1993 but with key components manufactured in Ukraine. In the early 2000s, China was able to get all the technology of the GT-25000 allowing it to manufacture all its components locally thus receiving the designation of UGT-25000. In the early 2010s, after solving a series of defects and shortfalls China re-designated this gas turbine as the QC-280. As of 2014 the QC280 is in production and is expected to be provided to large displacement ships such as the 12,000-ton class Type 055 destroyer and the new conventionally-powered Type 011 aircraft carrier. Source

Two MTU 20V 956TB92 diesel engine


Series 956
Engine type
956 956 956
No. of cylinders
12V 16V 20V
Cylinder configuration
60°V 60°V 60°V
Bore/Stroke mm
230/230 230/230 230/230
Rated power max. kW
3750 5000 6250
Speed max. 1/min.
1500 1500 1500


Ships of class

# Pennant number Name Builder Launched Commissioned Fleet Status
1 DDG-172 昆明 / Kunming Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co. Ltd. 28 August 2012 21 March 2014 South Sea Fleet Active[27]
2 DDG-173 长沙 / Changsha Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co. Ltd. 28 December 2012 12 August 2015 South Sea Fleet Active[28]
3 DDG-174 合肥 / Hefei Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co. Ltd. 1 July 2013 12 December 2015 South Sea Fleet Active[29]
4 DDG-175 银川 / Yinchuan Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co. Ltd. 30 March 2014 12 July 2016 South Sea Fleet Active[30]
5 DDG-117 西宁 / Xining Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co. Ltd. 26 August 2014 22 January 2017 North Sea Fleet Active[31]
6 DDG-154 厦门 / Xiamen Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co. Ltd. 30 December 2014 10 June 2017 East Sea Fleet Active[32]
7 DDG-118 乌鲁木齐 / Ürümqi Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co. Ltd. 7 July 2015 January 2018 North Sea Fleet Active[33]
8 DDG-155 南京 / Nanjing Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co. Ltd. 28 December 2015 April 2018 East Sea Fleet Active[34]
9 DDG-119 贵阳 / Guiyang Dalian Shipbuilding Industry Company 28 November 2015 Sea trials
10 DDG-131 太原 / Taiyuan Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co. Ltd. 28 July 2016 Sea trials
11 DDG-120 成都 / Chengdu Dalian Shipbuilding Industry Company 3 August 2016 Sea trials
12 DDG-161 呼和浩特 / Hohhot Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co. Ltd. 26 December 2016 Fitting out
13 DDG-121 齐齐哈尔 / Qiqihar Dalian Shipbuilding Industry Company 26 June 2017 Fitting out
14 DDG-132 淄博 / Zibo Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co. Ltd. 29 June 2018 Fitting out
15 Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co. Ltd. Under Construction
16 Dalian Shipbuilding Industry Company Under Construction
17 Dalian Shipbuilding Industry Company Under Construction
18 Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co. Ltd. Under Construction
19 Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) Co. Ltd. Under Construction
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer
Displacement: 7,500 tons (full load)[2]
Length: 157 m (515 ft)[2]
Beam: 17 m (56 ft)[2]
Draught: 6 m (20 ft)[2]
  • 2 × QC-280 gas turbine engines 25 27,6 MW
  • 2 × MTU 20V 956TB92 diesel engines, each generates 6 MW
Speed: 31 knots (57 km/h; 36 mph)
Complement: 280
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • 1 × H/PJ-45A 130mm dual purpose gun
  • 64 VLS
  • 2 × 30 mm remote controlled gun
  • 1 × H/PJ-12 CIWS or H/PJ-11CIWS
  • 1 × HHQ-10 short range SAM in 24-cell launcher
  • 6 torpedo tubes
  • 4 × 18-tube decoy rocket launcher
Aircraft carried: 1 helicopter
Aviation facilities:
  • Stern hangar
  • Helicopter landing platform

Main material source

Updated Sep 12, 2018


IAI to Deliver Three New Patrol Craft to Israel Navy


, Defense News8:46 p.m. EDT July 27, 2016

TEL AVIV – The desert-based shipyard of state-owned Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) will soon deliver three new Super Dvora Mk3 fast patrol craft to the Israel Navy, a Navy officer told Defense News on Wednesday.

The first of the three vessels, purchased from IAI’s Beersheba-based Ramta Division in September 2013, arrived at the Navy’s Mediterranean base in Ashdod last month and is now undergoing acceptance trials.

Once certified, it will replace the last of the Navy’s Dabur-class craft, which was recently decommissioned after more than 40 years of service.

“The first will be delivered in the coming few weeks, and the other two will follow by the end of the year,” the officer said. “This is a major improvement in our fast patrol and interdiction capabilities … and we intend to buy more.”

In a recent interview, Rear Adm. Yossi Ashkenazi, head of the Navy’s Materiel Command, said the service has earmarked funds in its multiyear modernization plan for additional fast craft from IAI as well as Israel Shipyards, the Haifa-based producer of the Shaldag Mk3.

“We are constantly upgrading our patrol boat fleets with these two contractors, both of which are well versed in our operational needs,” Ashkenazi said. He added, “It is MoD’s policy to give work to both of those industries.”

With regard to IAI’s Ramta Division, Ashkenazi said the service was extremely satisfied with the firm’s performance. “Only in Israel can you find a top-rate shipyard in the center of the desert.”


Original post


Super Dvora Mk-III

Super Dvora Mk-III is a modern new generation fast patrol/interdiction craft intended to replace 30 years old Dabur, Dvora, Super Dvora Mk-I and Super Dvora Mk-II fast patrol vessels in service with the Israel Navy. The procurement contract was awarded in January 2002 to RAMTA, an IAI division, covering six Super Dvora Mk-III with options on five additional vessels. The craft was developed during two years between RAMTA and the Israel Navy (ISN).


The Super Dvora Mk-III craft features interception of sea target at high-speeds approaching 50 knots; long range missions thanks to at sea replenishment capability beyond a typical four-day endurance; high maneuverability in both open ocean and littoral environment; stable seakeeping in a variety of sea states and very harsh weather; and the capability to integrate advanced, stabilized, precision naval weapons and sensors. The overall vessel displacement varies from 72 to 58 tons depending on the mission package.

Detroit Diesel MTU 12V-4000


The propulsion system comprises two diesel engines (Detroit Diesel MTU 12V-4000) driving to articulated surface drives, which were originally designed for competitive speedboats. Articulated surface drives provide the vessel with thrust vectoring control similar to the most advanced fighter aircraft such as Russian Su-35/37. This propulsion system allows Super Dvora Mk-III to operate in shallow waters at drafts of 1.2 meters facilitating special operations forces delivery on enemy shores and disaster relief missions.


Crew: 12


Beam: 5.74 meter (18.8 foot)

Draft: 1.30 meter

Length: 27.4 meter (90 foot)

Main Gun Caliber: 25 millimeter


Max Range: 1,250 nautical mile (2,315 kilometer)


Top Speed: 48 knot (24.8 mps)


Full Displacement: 72 ton




Royal Australian Air Force

Published on Jul 19, 2016

We are excited to share our first episode of Exercise Pitch Black News. Over the next three weeks, we will take you behind the scenes to meet our people, international partners, discuss Plan Jericho and get an exclusive look at your Air Force during its premier exercise.