AVIC TA-600 (AG600): Details
The AG600, also known as TA-600, is the world’s biggest amphibious aircraft developed by Chinese state aircraft manufacturer, Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC). The aircraft is intended for forest fire-fighting, ocean monitoring, ocean rescue, and maritime enforcement missions.
The first prototype of the AG600 was rolled out in July 2016 from a production facility located at Zhuhai in South China’s Guangdong Province. The first flight of AG600 is expected to be completed by the end of 2016.
Image – globalsecurity.org
AG600 amphibious aircraft development
The plan for the development of the AG600 was approved by the Chinese government in 2009. The aircraft was developed by a group of 70 aircraft component manufacturers and research teams in association with more than 150 institutes across 20 provinces and municipalities in China.
China builds massive seaplane AVIC TA-600 (AG600): Here
Image – Airliners.net
The mid and forward fuselage sections of the aircraft were completed in December 2014 and March 2015 respectively. The horizontal and vertical tail reaming was completed by January 2016.
The aircraft is available in fire-fighting, search and water rescue variants. AVIC is also planning to develop other variants of the aircraft including maritime surveillance, passenger, cargo, and tourism.
Interior of prototype
Images source from the net
Orders and deliveries
Image – dafeng cao
AG600 aircraft received two option orders at the 10th Airshow China held in Zhuhai in November 2014, bringing the total option orders to 17. The aircraft is mainly intended for domestic market in China, especially for conducting variety of operations in the South China Sea.
Island countries including New Zealand and Malaysia have also shown interest in the AG-600.
World’s largest amphibious aircraft AG600 makes maiden flight – Video: Here
BEIJING (Reuters) – China’s domestically developed AG600, the world’s largest amphibious aircraft, performed its maiden flight on Sunday from an airport on the shores of the South China Sea, the latest step in a military modernization program.
China has stepped up research on advanced military equipment as it adopts a more muscular approach to territorial disputes in places such as the disputed South China Sea, rattling nerves in the Asia-Pacific region and the United States.
State television showed live images of the AG600 lifting off from Zhuhai airport in the southern province of Guangdong, which sits on the South China Sea coast.
It returned about an hour later and taxied to its stand accompanied by martial music and greeted by crowds waving Chinese flags.
AG600 performed high speed taxiing test today, first flight is scheduled on 24 December
Technical issues impeding the maiden flight of AG600 Amphibious Aircraft have been cleared
AG600 first taxi test in Zhuhai
World’s Largest Amphibious Aircraft AG600 Progressing Toward First Flight: Here
Design and features of the Chinese amphibious aircraft
The AG600 aircraft is designed to perform multiple tasks on both land and sea. It is a boat-type amphibious airplane with a single hull fuselage integrating cantilevered high-mounted wings, T tail-wing, and tricycle landing gear. It has an overall length of 36.9m, height of 12.1m, and a wingspan of 38.8m.
Tricycle landing gear
Image – hunan.china.org.cnImage – hunan.china.org.cnImage – xinhuanet.comImage – bestchinanews.com
The aircraft can take-off and land from 1,500m-long, 200m-wide and 2.5m-deep water bodies. It has the capacity to collect 12t of water in 20 seconds and can carry up to 370t of water on a single tank of fuel.
Fire fighting capabilities
Large fire / water rescue amphibious aircraft (referred to as “Dragon 600” aircraft) in order to meet China’s forest fire, the need to develop maritime emergency rescue mission of a large amphibious aircraft. Aircraft using a single hull, cantilever monoplane layout pattern; optional four WJ6 engine, with retractable tricycle landing gear.
Dragon 600 aircraft in the implementation of forest fire fighting tasks, can draw water 12,000 kg in 20 seconds, the aircraft may be multiple trips between water and fire, drowning fire. When performing water rescue mission, aircraft stable minimum flight altitude of 50 meters, can be parked in the water rescue operations, making up to 50 rescue persons in distress.
“Dragon 600” aircraft by “a machine type, amphibious, series development,” the design concept to design, the installation of the necessary equipment and facilities according to the needs of users, in order to achieve marine environmental monitoring, resource exploration, passenger and freight transport task needs. Source caiga.cn
The aircraft can evacuate up to 50 people in a single search-and-rescue (SAR) mission on water. It can be equipped with customer-specific equipment to conduct maritime surveillance, resource detection, as well as passenger and cargo transport missions.
Search-and-rescue (SAR) mission
AG600 amphibious aircraft engine and performance details
The aircraft is powered by four Chinese-made WJ-6 turboprop engines driving four six-bladed constantspeed propellers. WJ-6 is a license-built copy of the Ivchenko AI-20 engine and generates a power output of 3,805kW (5,103hp).
WJ-6 turboprops (Ivchenko AI-20)
Designed for use as a sustainer propulsion system on two or four-engine passenger and transport multi-purpose aircrafts on short-haul and medium-haul (up to 6500 km). It powers: AN-8, AN-10, AN-12, AN-32, Be-12, IL-18, IL-20, IL-22, IL-38 aircrafts and their modifications. Meets the environmental requirements of ICAO standards. In commercial production since 1957
|АI-20К||АI-20M||АI-20D series 2||АI-20D series 5||АI-20D series 5M|
|Takeoff power rating (H=0, М=0, ISA)|
|Equivalent power, ehp||4,000||4,250||5,180||5,180||4,750|
|Specific fuel consumption, kg/e.h.p./h||0.27||0.239||0.227||0.227||0.24|
|Cruise power rating (H=8,000m, М=0.57)|
|Equivalent power, e.h.p||2,940||2,700||2,725||2,725||2,725|
|Specific fuel consumption, kg/e.h.p./h||0.21||0.197||0.199||0.199||0.199|
|Dimensions, mm||3,096 x 842 x 1,080|
|Dry weight, kg||1,080||1,040||1,040||1,040||1,040|
|Assigned service life, h||20,000||22,000||6,000||6,000||20,000|
Image – dafeng cao
The aircraft can fly at cruising speed of 500km/h, maximum speed of 560km/h, and minimum speed of 220km/h. It has a maximum range of 4,500km and service ceiling of 6,000m, while the minimum level flight altitude is 50m.
The AG600 aircraft can perform take-off and landing in severe weather conditions with a wave height of 2m. The maximum take-off weight of the aircraft is 53.5t on runways and 49t on water.
Main material source aerospace-technology.com
Updated Dec 24, 2017
Main image: China’s domestically developed AG600, the world’s largest amphibious aircraft, is seen during its maiden flight in Zhuhai, Guangdong province, China December 24, 2017. REUTERS/Stringer
Data from AerospaceTechnology.com, Popular Science, Flight Global, Guo and militaryfactory.com
- Capacity: 50 passengers
- Length: 40 m (131 ft 3 in)
- Wingspan: 40 m (131 ft 3 in)
- Max takeoff weight: 53,500 kg (117,947 lb)
- Powerplant: 4 × WJ-6 turboprops, 3,805 kW (5,103 hp) each
- Propellers: 4-bladed constant speed propellers
- Maximum power output: 3,809 kW (5,180 ehp) (take-off); 2,004 kW (2,725 ehp) (cruise)
- Overall pressure ratio: 7.6:1 (take-off) to 9.2:1 (cruise)
- Air mass flow: 20.7 kg/s (45.6 lb/s)
- Turbine inlet temperature: 900 °C (1,652 °F)
- Specific fuel consumption: 0.271 kg/KW/hr
- Power-to-weight ratio: 2.8 kW/kg (1.9 hp/lb) (take-off power)
- Maximum speed: 570 km/h (354 mph; 308 kn)
- Range: 5,500 km (3,418 mi; 2,970 nmi)
- Service ceiling: 10,500 m (34,449 ft)
By Reuters Published: October 29, 2016
India is offering to buy hundreds of fighter planes from foreign manufacturers – as long as the jets are made in India and with a local partner, air force officials say.
A deal for 200 single-engine planes produced in India – which the air force says could rise to 300 as it fully phases out aging Soviet-era aircraft – could be worth anything from $13-$15 billion, experts say, potentially one of the country’s biggest military aircraft deals.
After a deal to buy high-end Rafale planes from France’s Dassault was scaled back to just 36 jets last month, the Indian Air Force is desperately trying to speed up other acquisitions and arrest a fall in operational strength, now a third less than required to face both China and Pakistan.
But Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s administration wants any further military planes to be built in India with an Indian partner to kickstart a domestic aircraft industry, and end an expensive addiction to imports.
Lockheed Martin said it is interested in setting up a production line for its F-16 plane in India for not just the Indian military, but also for export.
And Sweden’s Saab has offered a rival production line for its Gripen aircraft, setting up an early contest for one of the biggest military plane deals in play.
“The immediate shortfall is 200. That would be the minimum we would be looking at,” said an air officer briefed on the Make-in-India plans under which a foreign manufacturer will partner local firms to build the aircraft with technology transfer.
India’s defense ministry has written to several companies asking if they would be willing to set up an assembly line for single-engine fighter planes in India and the amount of technology transfer that would happen, another government source said.
“We are testing the waters, testing the foreign firms’ willingness to move production here and to find out their expectations,” the person said.
India’s air force originally planned for 126 Rafale twin-engine fighters from Dassault, but the two sides could not agree on the terms of local production with a state-run Indian firm and settled for 36 planes in a fly-away condition.
Adding to the military’s problems is India’s three-decade effort to build a single-engine fighter of its own which was meant to be the backbone of the air force. Only two of those Light Combat Aircraft, called Tejas, have been delivered to the air force which has ordered 140 of them.
The Indian Air Force is down to 32 operational squadrons compared with the 45 it has said are necessary, and in March the vice chief Air Marshal B.S. Dhanoa told parliament’s defense committee that it didn’t have the operational strength to fight a two front war against China and Pakistan.
JET MAKERS RESPOND
Saab said it was ready to not only produce its frontline Gripen fighter in India, but help build a local aviation industry base.
“We are very experienced in transfer of technology – our way of working involves extensive cooperation with our partners to establish a complete ecosystem, not just an assembly line,” said Jan Widerström, Chairman and Managing Director, Saab India Technologies.
He confirmed Saab had received the letter from the Indian government seeking a fourth generation fighter. A source close to the company said that while there was no minimum order set in stone for it to lay down a production line, they would expect to build at least 100 planes at the facility.
Lockheed Martin said it had responded to the defense ministry’s letter with an offer to transfer the entire production of its F-16 fighter to India.
“Exclusive F-16 production in India would make India home to the world’s only F-16 production facility, a leading exporter of advanced fighter aircraft, and offer Indian industry the opportunity to become an integral part of the world’s largest fighter aircraft supply chain,” Abhay Paranjape, National Executive for Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Business Development in India said in an email.
US TOP SUPPLIER
Lockheed’s offer comes on the back of expanding US-India military ties in which Washington has emerged as India’s top arms supplier in recent years, ousting old ally Russia.
Earlier this year Boeing also offered India its twin-engine F/A-18 Hornets, but the level of technology transfer was not clear.
India has never previously attempted to build a modern aircraft production line, whether military or civilian. State-run Hindustan Aeronautics (HAL) has assembled Russian combat jets including the Su-30, but these are under licensed production.
“We have never had control over technology. This represents the most serious attempt to build a domestic base. A full or a near-full tech transfer lays the ground for further development,” said retired Indian air marshal M. Matheswaran, a former adviser at HAL.
He said the Indian government would be looking at producing at least 200 fighters, and then probably some more, to make up for the decades of delay in modernizing the air force.
Original post tribune.com.pk
If India picks F-16 they are really crazy as production will end in 2020.
“In the meantime, procurement of the APG-68(V)9 and APG-80 continues, even as production of their host platform winds down. By 2020, production of the F-16 is expected to cease, nullifying much of the continued demand for either radar. However, going forward, O&M funding will continue to support extant radars.” Source defencetalk.com
Saab Gripen E: Details
F-16 E/F Block 60: Details
F-16V Fighter – Upgrade: Details
China and Argentina are not new allies, as the Asian giant has looked to its South American trading partner to fuel domestic demand for agricultural goods and natural resources since 2004. However, 20 new agreements signed in February 2015 bolstered overall relations to a “comprehensive strategic partnership,” as cited by representatives in both China and Argentina.[i] These agreements are far-reaching and encompass trade, investment, agriculture, technology, and defense. Of particular interest in the region and abroad are the defense components of the agreements, as they extend beyond the scope of previous cooperation between China and any other Latin American country to date. Furthermore, the defense agreements encompass each branch of Argentina’s military, as they aim to modernize the countries aging defense systems. What is not yet clear about these agreements is whether or not the new Maurico Macri administration will honor them or instead look to other nations to modernize Argentina’s military force.
If one thing is certain, it is that the December 2015 decommissioning of Argentina’s Dassault Mirage fighters left a hole in Air Force capabilities, but there are hopes that China may be able to solve this problem. A joint working group is currently looking at the feasibility of Argentina acquiring as many as 20 FC-1 or J-10 aircraft from China’s Chengdu Aircraft Corporation.[ii] Hypothetically, this deal stands to benefit both parties, as it would provide China with a feasible export market for its new fighter jet. Furthermore, Argentina’s delicate financial situation would benefit from favorable finance terms offered by China. If Argentina is able, it is likely to choose the J-10, despite its higher price tag, as it would most effectively counter British Typhoon aircraft stationed on the Falkland Islands.
On a strategic level, this deal is troublesome to the British as they fear Argentina’s acquisition of new fighter jets would open up a theoretical window of opportunity to strike the Falkland Islands before Britain’s new carrier fleet enters into operation in 2020. This concern was reiterated by British Defense Minister Michael Fallon in May 2015, when he stated that “Argentina still poses a very live threat to the British-ruled Falkland Islands” as it has always claimed sovereignty over them despite the fact that Britain has ruled there for nearly two centuries.[iii] In an attempt to mitigate this potential immediate threat, Britain plans to increase troop presence and provide additional aerial support to the 150 British soldiers currently stationed in the Falkland Islands. However, this may not be necessary as Macri vows that he plans to take a less aggressive stance than former President Cristina Kirchner did on the Falkland Islands, but did state that Argentina will retain its claims to them.
Argentina has been looking to update its naval fleet for over a decade and is currently considering the purchase of China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation’s P18 export corvette (5 total), following failed deals in recent years with countries including Spain, Germany, and Brazil. In a controversial move, the Argentinian government reported that, if acquired, it will call the vessel the “Malvinas” class after the Argentine name for the Falkland Islands which as stated in the previous section, is still a point of contention between the two nations.
What is unique about the naval deal proposed by the Chinese is that 3 of the 5 P-18s would be coproduced in Argentina which is very appealing as it is looking to compete with military equipment producers in the region such as Brazil. Estimated completion time for this project is 2017. Other items to be acquired as part of the naval deal include icebreakers, tugboats, and offshore patrol vessels. The Chinese have also proposed potential deals for ground forces, which involve Argentina in the coproduction of 110 8×8 VNI amphibious armored personnel carriers.
In addition to updating Argentina’s defense force, China just finished construction of a Satellite Launch and Tracking Control General (CLTC) in the Neuquén province of Argentina, which represents the first of its kind outside of the Chinese borders. This project was fiercely contested by opposition politicians in the Argentine Congress, as they claim the space station could eventually be utilized to employ space sensors for early-warning and missile defense operations. Argentinian international analyst Felipe de la Balze echoed similar concerns when he stated that the base “may be used for military purposes which could implicate our country in a future military conflict between the US and China.”[iv]
In response to these claims, Chinese Ambassador to Argentina Yang Wanming indicated that the station is “a peaceful and technological project to explore outer space and has nothing to do with a military project.” Still, concerns remain as the CLTC responds directly to the General Armament Department and the Central Military Commission of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army. Furthermore, Argentinian news source Clarin reported that the agreement is not completely transparent, as at least two of the attachments are secret and known only to China’s CLTC and Argentina’s National Space Activities Commission.[v] Macri has since responded to these claims by stating that CLTC will not be sanctioned for any type of military use.
What becomes evident after reading proposed defense deals between China and Argentina is that years of work have gone into them, but the November 2015 win by center-right presidential candidate Mauricio Macri may leave some of them hanging in the wind. Regarding military strength, Macri must take into account that Argentina is in desperate need of upgrading its current defense systems, and China is already committed to providing this support in exchange for commodity-backed loans. However, what has become evident since he took office is that he wants to keep his options open on the purchase of equipment as evidenced by quotes for the purchase of weapons that have been submitted to countries such as the United States, France, Russia, Brazil, Israel and Korea to name a few.
From a defense perspective, the purchase of modern equipment is imperative as it will revive Argentina’s aging military which is likely why Macri is weighing his options and not completely committing to China. These same deals would be a big win for China, as they look to expand military influence in Latin America while securing valuable sources of natural resources and exports needed to support its growing population base. In closing, only time will tell which deals Macri will honor, but from what has been seen thus far, he wants to re-build relations with countries such as the United States and Britain while simultaneously working with China as he realizes the Asian giant would be a powerful ally to lose. What this means for the purchase of defense equipment is that multiple vendors will be considered before final decisions are made.
The views expressed in this report are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the official policy or position of the Department of the Army, Department of Defense, or the U.S. government.
Original post smallwarsjournal.com
FC-1 Xiaolong jets: Here
Chengdu J-10: Here
ZBL-09 IFV (VN1): Here
Type 056 class (P18 export corvette)
The Type 056 (Western reporting name: Jiangdao) is a mass-produced corvette class intended for operations both close to and far away from the shore. These corvettes can be used for a number of different missions.
The first Type 056 corvette was adopted by the Chinese Navy in 2013 for the Chinese Navy. It is currently replacing a number of older patrol craft, corvettes and frigates in Chinese service. In addition, the Type 056 has been exported to Nigeria and Bangladesh.
The Type 056 is suitable for “green-water” operations. Basically, its design (and particularly its draught) is small enough for shallow coastal service, but seaworthy and large enough for open sea patrols. Nevertheless, it is still not a true open sea ship.
The Type 056 is fitted with a number of stealth features, although it is certainly not a stealth ship. These features include sloped surfaces and a compact superstructure.
The Type 056 augments the Type 022 missile boats in coastal patrols and the Type 054A class frigates in open sea operations.
The Type 056 incorporates a high level of automation, reducing crew size.
Despite its small size, the Type 056 packs a sizeable punch. It is a competent Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) vessel with two 324 mm torpedo tubes and landing pad, but not a hanger, for a single Z-9C helicopter. This helicopter can use radar, sonar, and anti-submarine torpedoes. Also, according to some sources, the Type 056 warship has Type 87 anti-submarine rockets. The equipping of the newer variants with towed and variable depth sonars indicates that a major role, perhaps the main role, of the Type 056 Class is anti-submarine warfare.
|Country of origin||China|
|Dimensions and displacement|
|Displacement, standard||~ 1 300 tons|
|Displacement, full load||1 500 tons|
|Propulsion and speed|
|Range||6 500 km at 16 knots|
|Propulsion||2 x SEMT diesel engines, generating 6 900 hp each|
|Helicopters||1 x Z-9C|
|Artillery||1 x 76-mm gun, 2 x 30-mm CIWS|
|Missiles||4 x JY-83 anti-ship missiles, 1 x FL-3000N launcher with 8 HQ-10 SAM missiles|
|Torpedoes||2 x 324 mm torpedo tubes|
Type 056 specification @military-today.com
China to Start Construction on 1st Type 075 LHD Amphibious Assault Ship for PLAN Soon
Published: Wednesday, 26 October 2016 11:47
According to our source in China, the steel cutting of the first Type 075 Landing Helicopter Dock (LHD) for the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN or Chinese Navy) is expected to take place by the first quarter of 2017
Unofficial artist impression of what PLAN’s future Type 075 LHD may look like
China State Shipbuilding Corporation (CSSC) is said to have been awarded the contract and will therefore act as prime contractor. CSSC is one of the two largest shipbuilding conglomerates in China (the other being the China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation – CSIC). CSSC is one of the top 10 defence groups in China, consists of various ship yards, equipment manufacturers, research institutes and shipbuilding related companies, some of the well known shipbuilders in China such as Jiangnan Shipyard and Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding are currently owned by CSSC.
Unofficial artist impression of what PLAN’s future Type 075 LHD may look like
The Type 075 LHD is expected to have a displacement of 36,000 tons. In comparison, a Mistral-class LHD displaces 21,000 tons full load, the Juan Carlos LHD 26,000 tons and the Wasp-class 40,500 tons.
Type 075 LHD should be able to deploy and accomodate up to 30x helicopters (Z-8, Z-9, Z-18, Ka-28, Ka-31) with 6x helicopter spots on the flight deck and the main elevator located at the stern.
For self protection, the LHD is set to be fitted with 2x H/PJ-11 eleven-barreled 30mm CIWS and 2x HQ-10 short range SAM launchers.
Finally, the contract for the new Type 054B frigates should be signed soon, while the extension work at the Shanghai shipyard will be completed by 2017 (construction of a future CATOBAR aircraft carrier will then be possible at this shipyard).
Unofficial artist impression of what PLAN’s future Type 075 LHD may look like
Original post: navyrecognition.com
Other post on the net claim that it is already being constructed
Pending approval, the T-100 aircraft will be built in Meridian, Miss.
Raytheon plans to build the T-100 Integrated Air Training System, a proposed jet trainer for the U.S. Air Force, in Meridian, Mississippi. Should the Air Force approve the company’s proposal for the Advanced Pilot Training program, Raytheon would establish a final assembly and check-out facility at a site it has chosen in Meridian.
“Our process determined that the best location for building the T-100 is Meridian,” said Rick Yuse, president of Raytheon Space and Airborne Systems. “It provides the right blend of infrastructure, proximity to our customers, government support and a talent base that’s ready for the high tech jobs critical to our success.”
Raytheon has manufactured products in Mississippi for more than three decades. The company builds active electronically scanned array radars at its facility in the city of Forest.
“Mississippi’s existing partnership with Raytheon is one reason we are a global leader in advanced manufacturing for the defense industry,” said Mississippi Governor Phil Bryant. “With a firm understanding of the significance of the advanced pilot training mission, we are excited about the possibility of expanding that partnership and creating hundreds of new, high-paying jobs supporting our brave men and women who serve this country.”
The T-100 Integrated Air Training System is a comprehensive, next-generation training solution customized to meet and exceed the U.S. Air Force’s mission requirements. Based on the Aermacchi M-346, it combines cutting–edge, ground-based simulators with computerized classroom training to prepare the next generation of pilots. Raytheon has partnered with Leonardo-Finmeccanica, CAE USA and Honeywell Aerospace to offer the T-100 to the U.S. Air Force.
This document does not contain technology or Technical Data controlled under either the U.S. International Traffic in Arms Regulations or the U.S. Export Administration Regulations. E16-5PXJ.
Last Updated: 10/24/2016