UH-60M Black Hawk is a medium-lift, rotary-wing helicopter designed and manufactured by Sikorsky Aircraft to meet evolving warfighting needs. It is a modernised version of the UH-60 Black Hawk helicopter.
The UH-60M has multi-mission capabilities and features a new airframe, advanced digital avionics and a powerful propulsion system. It can be used to perform tactical transport, utility, combat search-and-rescue, airborne assault, command-and-control, medical evacuation, aerial sustainment, search-and-rescue, disaster relief and fire-fighting. It offers improved situational awareness and greater survivability.
The US Army deployed UH-60Ms in support of combat missions in Iraq and Afghanistan. As of July 2012, Sikorsky had delivered 400 UH-60M utility helicopters and around 956 helicopters are scheduled to be delivered through 2026.
In April 2014, the Government of Mexico requested a possible foreign military sale of 18 UH-60Ms and associated equipment at an estimated cost of $680m.
UH-60M Black Hawk design and features
The UH-60M Black Hawk helicopter features a monolithic design and offers better handling qualities and active vibration control. It is attached with a three-point dual energy absorbing landing gear and foldable main and tail rotor blades that are protected from ballistic damage. It can execute missions during day or night in all-weather conditions.
The helicopter features machined cabin structure, two jettisonable cockpit doors, and two sliding cargo doors with pop-out egress windows. The cabin is 3.8m long, 2.3m wide and 1.3m high, and features crashworthy seats for the pilot and co-pilot. The cabin and baggage volumes are 11.2m³ and 0.5m³ respectively. The maximum gross weight of the helicopter is 9,979kg.
Straight forward design enables rapid configuration change to fit mission requirements. Utilizing the BLACK HAWK aircraft, mission planners can maximize assets by moving them where and when they are needed most. Troop seats are removed in minutes for transporting cargo and supplies. Increase aircraft capabilities by selecting fully developed mission equipment that is easily removed when it’s temporarily not needed. No airframe modifications are necessary. BLACK HAWK helicopter: no limits, only solutions.
UH-60M Utility Helicopter
Utility – Image: sikorsky.comUtility – Image: sikorsky.com
|Armored pilot seats and side panels|
|Medical Litter Provisions, 3 or 6 Patient Arrangement|
|Camouflage or VIP aircraft paint scheme|
|Rappelling Equipment Completion|
|Electric rescue hoist|
|Bambi bucket firefighting equipment|
|Fast Rope Insertion-Extraction System (FRIES) Completion|
|Snow-ski landing gear kit|
|Nightsun searchlight system|
|Window Washer System|
|Heads-Up Display (HUD)|
|Personnel locator system|
|Color Weather Radar|
UH-60M Helicopter – Armed Capability
The BATTLEHAWKTM helicopter meets the demanding requirements of armed reconnaissance and attack missions on the modern battlefield. With multi-mission capability and cost effectiveness in a single weapon system, this aircraft is versatile enough to do it all. From close-air support to disaster relief, the BATTLEHAWKTM helicopter is mission ready.
Image: sikorsky.comImage: sikorsky.com
UH-60M Baseline Configuration plus following features.
|.50 caliber machine guns|
|7.62 caliber machine guns|
|7, 12, or 19 pod 70 mm rocket launchers|
|missile systems provisions|
|Internal Auxiliary Fuel (200/400 gallon capacity)|
|External Gun Mounting System|
|External Stores Weapon System|
0.50 caliber machine guns
7.62 caliber machine guns
7, 12, or 19 pod 70 mm rocket launchers
19 pod 70 mm rocket launcher
AGM-114 Hellfire Missile
The family of Hellfire missiles includes, but is not limited to, AGM-114 B/K/K2/K2A/M/N/N-5/P/P+/R variants. These variants include shaped charge warheads (B/K/K2/K2A) for use against armored targets and blast fragmentation warheads (M/N) for use against urban structures. The AGM-114N is a thermobaric blast fragmentation warhead that maintains the capability provided by the AGM-114M while adding a unique capability against confined compartmented spaces, a typical target type observed in current combat operations. Other variants include the AGM-114 K2A which has a blast frag sleeve for use against soft-skinned tactical vehicles, the N-5 which provides a trajectory shaping capability to increase endgame lethality against vertical structures, the AGM-114P/P+ variants which include high-altitude launch trajectories for use from fixed-wing aircraft (such as the KC-130J Harvest HAWK), and the R which can be used against all Hellfire targets with a single warhead.
The latest Hellfire variant is the AGM-114R multi–purpose Hellfire II missile, (aka Hellfire Romeo). According to the U.S. Army, the AGM-114R will replace all other Hellfire II missile configurations (K/N/M/P). The AGM-114R consolidates the capabilities of all previous Hellfire missile variants. It is equipped with semi–active laser (SAL) seekers into a single missile capable of defeating a broad range of targets. The AGM-114R can be launched from multiple air, sea and ground platforms, autonomously or with remote designation. From pre-launch to detonation, the AGM-114R employs a range of technological improvements that boost its effectiveness and utility. The AGM-114R features a three–axis inertial measurement unit, which enables properly equipped launch platforms to engage targets to the side and behind without maneuvering into position. The AGM-114R can be launched from higher altitudes than previous variants due to its enhanced guidance system and improved navigation capabilities. A new multi–purpose warhead enables the missile to defeat hard, soft and enclosed targets, which allows pilots to engage many targets with a single Hellfire loadout. The Army is currently only purchasing this variant.
Primary Function: Air-to-surface and surface-to-surface point target/anti-armor missile
Prime Contractor: Hellfire Systems, LLC – A Boeing – Lockheed Martin Joint Venture
Propulsion: ATK (now Orbital ATK) solid propellant rocket motor (IM HELLFIRE Propulsion System);
AGM-114A: ATK M120E3; AGM-114B: ATK M120E4; AGM-114L: ATK M120E4
Length: 5.33 ft (1.62 m); AGM-114L: 5.77 ft (1.76 m)
Diameter: 7 in (17.8 cm)
Wingspan: 28 in (0.71 m)
Weight: 98 to 109 lbs (44.5 to 49.4 kg); AGM-114R: 109 lbs (49.4 kg)
Range: AGM-114 K/L/M/N: 4.97 miles (8,000 m)
AGM-114R fired at 3,000 ft (914 m):
4.97 miles (8,000 m) – LOAL, high trajectory
4.41 miles (7,100 m) – LOAL, low/direct trajectory
Guidance: Semi-Active Laser (SAL) seeker; AGM-114L: Millimeter wave (MMW) radar seeker
Warhead: AGM-114 A/C/F/K/K-2/L/P/P+: Shaped charge warhead
AGM-114F-A/K-2A/P-2A: Shaped charge warhead with frag sleeve
AGM-114M/N: Blast fragmentation warhead (AGM-114N is a thermobaric version with metal augmentation charge)
AGM-114R: Multi-purpose Integrated Blast Frag Sleeve (IBFS) warhead
UH-60M Helicopter – Search and Rescue
The UH-60M model offers a SAR cabin that enables operators to complete their difficult task in the most efficient manner with enhanced safety. This is critical to the success of your mission. BLACK HAWK helicopters are mission ready.
Image: sikorsky.comImage: sikorsky.com
|AFCS with SAR Modes (climb, mark on top, approach)|
|External electric rescue hoist|
|SAR Cabin Seating|
|SAR direction finder|
|Crashworthy Extended Fuel System|
|Integrated Vehicle Health Management System|
|Nightsun search light|
|Color weather radar|
|Personnel locator system|
|Internal auxiliary fuel (200/400 gallons)|
|406 Mhz emergency locator transmitter|
|Distance measuring equipment|
|Various weapon options|
Aircraft: Sikorsky – UH-60M Black Hawk Photo taken on 2015-7-7 by Radu Tatar – Image: airplane-pictures.net
Some of the major features include wire strike protection system, anti-plow keel beams, rotor de-icing provisions, active vibration control system, foldable stabilator and tail pylon.
Electrical equipments installed in the helicopter include controllable searchlight, portable maintenance light, retractable landing light and night vision goggle (NVG)-compatible formation lights.
Cockpit of the UH-60M
The UH-60M Black Hawk features a glass cockpit featuring fly-by-wire Common Avionics Architecture System (CAAS) and a digitised 1553 bus-based avionics suite. The cockpit is equipped with four Rockwell Collins open-architecture integrated cockpit flight and mission displays for improved situational awareness, Honeywell dual embedded global positioning system (GPS) inertial (EGI) navigation system, and two Canadian Marconi electronic flight management systems.
UH-60M MULTI-FUNCTION DISPLAY (TBOS)
- 6×8 Viewing Area
- 1024×768 Pixel Resolution
- Ultra Wide Viewing Angles
- High Intensity LED Backlight
- Integrated Switch Bezel
- Smooth Voltage Controlled Inclinometer
- NVIS Compatible
MFD-268C4 Multi-Function Display (MFD)
Rockwell Collins selected by U.S. Army for UH-60Ms
The U.S. Army has selected Rockwell Collins to service the MFD-268C4 multi-function display (MFD) units for its UH-60M Black Hawk fleet under a five-year firm-fixed-price, indefinite delivery, indefinite quantity contract. This is a follow-on contract that continues the Army’s relationship with Rockwell Collins for long-term support of the program.
“Whether the displays are in need of an upgrade, repair or modification, this agreement provides Army UH-60M operators peace of mind that we’ll get them operational as soon as possible,” said Thierry Tosi, vice president and general manager, Service Solutions for Rockwell Collins.
Installed on the Army’s UH-60M Black Hawk helicopters, the MFD-268C4 displays provide advanced graphic engines, safety critical processing, and Active Matrix LCD technologies, as well as multiple video interfaces. Proven in over 10 years of operational use, MFD units deliver primary flight and mission display functions for the Black Hawk’s demanding multi-mission role. The MFD-268C4 displays are based on the proven Open System Architecture design features of the Flight2™ product line.
The MFD-268C4 displays will be repaired in Rockwell Collins’ Atlanta Service Center. The Service Center processes 1,300 customer goods per month, consisting of 450 different equipment types from 550 different customers. The equipment that is repaired, modified and upgraded ranges from displays, flight controls, weather radar and navigation equipment to Flight Management Systems and communications equipment. The Service Center was established in 1975 and services the Air Transport, Regional, Government and Military markets.
The firm-fixed-price contract covers repairs and service bulletins for MFD-268C4 displays in all of the Army’s UH-60M Black Hawks including those used by UH-60M foreign military sales customers. Dated 10 Oct, 16 Source helihub.com
Ballistic Protection System
Elbit Systems next generation AN/AVS-7 ANVIS-HUD Head Unit Displays.
Elbit Systems’ AN/AVS-7 is a standard helicopter aviator day and night helmet mounted display system (a Heads-Up display). The HUD is an electro-optic system combining the standard ANVIS goggles image with aircraft flight instrumentation and computer graphics during night operation. Source oled-info.com
H-764G dual embedded GPS inertial navigation
Honeywell H-764G INS
Three Honeywell EGIs ( Embedded GPS Inertial). The Honeywell H-764G INS is self-contained equipment that incorporates three GG 1320 ring laser gyros, three solid-state Sunstrand QA 2000 accelerometers plus their associated electronics, a dual MILitary STanDard (MIL-STD) – 1553B databus installation, a MIL-STD-1750A microprocessor, an embedded Raytheon Global Positioning System (GPS) module with six channels and a P(Y) code capability.
Outputs Blended INS/GPS, free inertial and GPS only
- Supports CNS/ATM Mandates
– ADS-B Blended Position Source with
MSO-C145 certification, low latency design and transponder direct connect
– Autonomous LPV
– WAAS, EGNOS
– DO-178 B/C Level A
– DO-254 Level A
- Supports open architectures with flexible interfaces and integration with FACE
- Power – 35-60watts
- MTBF >10,000 hours calculated, >25,000 hours demonstrated in certain applications
- State of the art 1320 Ring Laser Gyro, 450,000 hours MTBF demonstrated with over 4 Billion accumulated flight hours
- Alignment Modes:
– In Flight Alignment
– Ship Alignment (SINS/AR-57 and In Motion)
– Stored Heading Alignment
Source PDF aerospace.honeywell.com
It also incorporates two UHF/VHF AM/FM radios, integrated stormscope lightning sensor, digital moving map, four-axis fully coupled autopilot, automatic direction finder, five digital integrated control stations (ICS), VHF omni ranging (VOR)/instrument landing system (ILS) receiver, and a blue force tracking system. A night vision imaging system is also installed to provide high resolution situational awareness.
AN/ARC-231 Airborne Communication System from Raytheon including two UHF/VHF AM/FM radios
The AN/ARC-231(V)(C) Skyfire Radio System, based upon the RT-1808A/ARC-231(V)(C) Receiver Transmitter is a fully compliant, high performance, fully qualified, low risk solution for any airborne platform.
- NSA & JITC certified for SATCOM, DAMA and IW
- Enhanced MELP vocoder
- Anti-jam communications: HAVE QUICK I/II and enhanced SINCGARS
- MIL-STD-1553 or Serial Control
- Embedded Tactical Internet protocols (IPV4)
- High data rate communications in LOS and SATCOM for imagery file transfer
- Embedded Communications security (COMSEC)
- Net Control Device functions (OTAR/OTAT) externally supported
- Embedded Advanced Data Controller (ADC)
- Bussed DS-101 advanced fill device supported
- 239 preset channels
- Software programmable
- 30-512Mhz operation
AN/AMS-2 integrated stormscope
Sikorsky Aircraft Company has given Charlotte-based Goodrich Corporation the nod for a long-term contract to provide an Electronic Standby Instrument System for the U.S. Army’s fleet of over 1,200 Black Hawk aircraft. The addition of this equipment is part of an upgrade of the fleet to the UH-60M helicopter and will also include Goodrich’s Emergency Power Supply and Stormscope lightning detection system.
Displaying lightning information at ranges out to 200 nmi, the Stormscope WX-500 is designed to interface directly with the Collins MultiFunction Display. Operating in a passive detection mode, the Stormscope locates thunderstorm activity by analyzing the radiated signals of electrical discharges from storm cells. Its ability to determine both azimuth and range is made possible through complex algorithms. These provide the reference information for the Stormscope to analyze the unique characteristics of the signals, their strength and their varying rates of recurrence. This information is then processed to determine the location and intensity of dangerous thunderstorm cells. Source aero-news.net
LN-200 inertial measurement unit
The LN-200 inertial family of fiber-optic gyros (FOG) offers the lowest accel/gyro bias, lowest random walk and the highest mean time between failures (MTBF).
The LN-200 is a small, light weight, highly reliable, state-of-the art, fiber-optic, all-altitude, strap down Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU). The LN-200 has three solid-state fiber-optic gyros and three solid-state silicon Micro Electro-Mechanical System (MEMS) accelerometers in a compact package that measures velocity and angle changes in a coordinate system fixed relative to its case. Digital output data of incremental velocity and incremental angle are provided to user equipment over a digital serial data bus. The LN-200 is hermetically sealed and contains no moving parts, ensuring low noise, long usage and shelf life. The LN-200 has been in high rate production since 1994 with over 25,000 units produced.
The LN-200 is available in 0.5, 1.0 and 3.0 deg/hr gyro bias classes of performance.
Any LN-200 can be installed with variations of software, including:
- Attitude and Heading Reference System (AHRS)
- Motion Compensation
- Electro-optical/FLIR / Camera / Radar Stabilization
- Fly-By-Wire (FBW) Flight Controls
- ACMI/TSPI (Air Combat Maneuvering Instrumentation/ Time, Space, Position)
The AHRS version of the LN-200 is certifiable to DO-178B Level A.
The LN-200 FOG family is a hermetically sealed non-dithered, low-voltage inertial sensor, ensuring long, reliable usage life. It has the lowest gyro and accelerometer white noise and highest MTBF in the medium accuracy IMU class.
Goodrich AN/AVR-2B(V) Laser Warning System (LWS)
The AN/AVR-2A is a passive laser warning system which receives, processes and displays threat information resulting from aircraft illumination by laser designators, range finders and beam riding missiles. The threat information is displayed on the AN/APR-39A(V)1 Radar Detecting Set indicator in the cockpit. The AN/AVR-2A LDS is derived from the basic AN/AVR-2 LDS through the incorporation of several engineering change proposals (ECPs). These ECPs include: incorporation of the Multiple Integrated Laser Engagement System-Air-to-Ground Engagement System interface; incorporation of a removable user data module to the comparator interface to permit a means to apply software changes and system declassification; and increased Band III sensitivity for improved threat detection performance. The AN/AVR-2A LDS consists of one interface unit comparator and four identical sensor units. The total system weight is 21 pounds.
The AN/AVS-2B(V) was derived from the system developed for the Sikorsky RAH-66 Comanche. Goodrich claimes it is 40% smaller, 45% lighter (i.e. approx. 2,5 pounds (1,5 kg) per sensor) and uses 45% less power than the previous AN/AVR-2A(V) version . The system provides increased functionality for threat detection and data interface and has demonstrated a 500% improvement in reliability. The model was introduced into service in 2004. Source scramble.nl
The aircraft also features Goodrich’s integrated vehicle health management system for monitoring engines, transmission and rotors of the helicopter. A cockpit voice flight data recorder and a crash-survivable memory unit are also fitted.
Propulsion and performance
The UH-60M Black Hawk is powered by two General Electric T700-GE-701D engines with cowling. Each engine generates a maximum take-off power of 2,974kW and one engine inoperative (OEI) power of 1,447kW. The propulsion system also consists of auxiliary power unit, gearbox, four wide-chord composite blades, and single point for close circuit and pressure refuelling.
General Electric T700-GE-701D engine
Performance Specifications (Sea level/standard day)
Ratings SHP (kW) SFC
Contingency (2.5 min. OEI) 2,000 (1,491) –
Maximum (10 min.) 1,994 (1,486) 0.465 (78.0)
Intermediate (30 min.) 1,902 (1,418) 0.462 (78.0)
Maximum continuous 1,716 (1,279) 0.462 (78.0)
Length 46 in (117 cm)
Nominal diameter 15.6 in (39.6 cm)
Weight 456 lb (207 kg)
T700-701D turboshaft engine
Printed in U.S.A.
SHP – Shaft Horsepower
OEI – One Engine Inoperative
SFC – Specific Fuel Consumption in lb/SHP-hr (µg/J)
Performance being evaluated
Technical data geaviation.com
The Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk is a four-bladed, single-rotor, medium-lift, utility helicopter. The latest configuration, the UH-60M, is powered by two General Electric T700-GE-701D turboshaft engines with 1,994 shp each. The older UH-60L is powered by the less powerful 1,890 shp T700-GE-701C. Source bga-aeroweb.com
UH-60M Black Hawk Exhaust
The aircraft is also fitted with two crashworthy and self-sealing 360gal fuel tanks. The gravity refuel ports are installed on the left and right sides of the transition section.
The UH-60M can fly at a maximum cruise speed of 280km/h and offers a maximum range of 511km. It can operate at a hovering in ground effect (HIGE) ceiling of 3,206m and hovering out of ground effect (HOGE) ceiling of 1,831m.
UH-60M Black Hawk development, orders and deliveries
In July 2012, Sikorsky announced the delivery of the 500th H-60M Series Black Hawk helicopter. The deliveries comprise 400 UH-60M utility and 100 HH-60M MEDEVAC helicopters. Included are 73 UH-60M helicopters sold by the U.S. Army to six foreign militaries via the U.S. Government’s Foreign Military Sales (FMS) program. The 500 H-60M aircraft are part of a planned production run of a total of 1,375 M models (956 UH-60M and 419 HH-60M aircraft), which the Army plans to order through 2026. By then, the Army’s total Black Hawk fleet – including upgraded UH-60A and UH-60L – is expected to exceed 2,100 aircraft. Source bga-aeroweb.com
In April 2001, the US Army approved an upgrade programme for more than 1,500 Black Hawks to UH-60M configuration. Sikorsky Aircraft developed eight UH-60Ms in the integration and qualification phase of the programme. The UH-60M made its first flight at the Sikorsky Flight Development Center in Florida in September 2003.
The Pentagon’s Defense Acquisition Board approved low rate initial production (LRIP) of 22 new-build UH-60M aircraft in April 2005. The first helicopter was delivered to the US Army in July 2006.
In December 2007, the US Army and the Pentagon approved full rate production of 1,227 new UH-60Ms and ordered 11 LRIP UH-60M upgrade helicopters. The US Army received a total of 200 UH-60Ms by mid-2010. Maiden flight of the UH-60M upgrade was held in August 2008.
Sikorsky delivers 1000th H-60M to US: Here
During the ceremony, Brigadier General Robert L. Marion said, “The UH-60 is often referred to as the workhorse of Army Aviation and as such your efforts here, past, present, and future are critical to the continued defense of our nation. The rollout of the 1000th UH-60M BLACK HAWK marks an important outcome of our Aviation Modernization Plan, and these aircraft will transform our aviation fleet to a more flexible, capable, and ready team.”
In September 2008, the Government of Egypt requested a possible foreign military sale (FMS) of four UH-60Ms.
The Government of Mexico requested UH-60Ms through the US Government’s FMS programme in July 2009. The US Army Security Assistance Command delivered three helicopters for use by the Mexican Secretariat of the Navy (SEMAR) in October 2011. The Government of Mexico’s Federal Police (FP) received three helicopters from the US Department of State for law enforcement missions, in January 2011.
The Government of Sweden requested for 15 UH-60Ms through the FMS programme in September 2010. The helicopters were ordered by the Swedish Defence Material Administration (FMV) at an estimated cost of $546m in May 2011. Deliveries began in September 2011 and were completed in September 2012. The UH-60Ms were deployed by the Swedish Armed Forces in support of combat search and rescue and medical evacuation transport missions in Afghanistan Area of Responsibility (AOR).
Sewdish UH-60M Black Hawk, HKP 16 – Image: photos.smugmug.com
The Government of Iraq requested for a possible FMS of 12 helicopters in November 2009 and the Government of the United Arab Emirates requested for five UH-60M VIP helicopters in June 2011. The Government of Qatar requested for 12 UH-60M utility helicopters and associated equipment in June 2012.
UH-60M Blackhawk UAE Army
The Royal Thai Army signed a letter of offer and acceptance with Sikorsky for the acquisition of two UH-60M helicopters through the FMS programme in July 2012. The Government of Austria also requested for three helicopters and associated equipment in December 2013.
The UH-60M helicopter is also in service with the Department of Homeland Security, US Customs and Border Protection and the Royal Jordanian Air Force.
Main material source army-technology.com
Primary Function: Twin-engine utility helicopter
Prime Contractor: Sikorsky Aircraft (United Technologies Corp.)
Power Plant: 2x General Electric T700-GE-701D with 1,994 shp (each engine)
Length: 64 ft 10 in (19.8 m)
Height: 16 ft 10 in (5.1 m)
Width: Fuselage: 7 ft 9 in (2.36 m)
Rotor Diameter: 53 ft 8 in (16.4 m)
Weight (Empty): 10,624 lbs (4,819 kg)
Maximum Takeoff Weight (MTOW): 22,000 lbs (9,979 kg)
Capacity: Internal: 2,640 lbs of cargo; 11 combat-equipped troops or 6 stretchers;
External: 9,000 lbs of cargo (can for example carry a 105mm Howitzer)
Speed: 151 kts/174 mph (280 km/h)
Rate of Climb: 700 ft/min (3.6 m/s)
Service Ceiling: 15,180 ft (4,627 m)
Range: Ferry: 1,200 nm/1,381 miles (2,224 km)
Combat Radius: 320 nm/368 miles (593 km)
Armament/Weapons: 2x 7.62 mm machine guns; AGM-114 Hellfire missiles and 2.75 inch Hydra-70 rockets
Crew: Four (two pilots and two crew chiefs)
Technical data bga-aeroweb.com