Monthly Archives: January 2017


South Korea may Purchase 12 more ASW Helicopters

South Korea to Purchase 12 ASW Helicopters

20 Jan, 17, Source:

South Korea is currently considering purchasing 12 more ship borne anti-submarine warfare helicopters. They are looking towards Lockheed’s MH-60R, AgustaWestland’s AW159 and NH Industries’ NH-90. They plan for the new helicopters to be bought and delivered by 2022.

Their fleet currently consists of 40 helicopters, made up of 8 AW159 helicopters, 8 Sikorsky UH-60Ps, 11 AgustaWestland Lynx Mk. 99s and 13 Lynx 99As. They also have 16 P-3 Orions that make up their fixed wing assets, reports Flight Global.

Original post


Related post:

Korea Aerospace Industries (KAI) get $1.8 billion order from (ROK) Marine Corps and Army for Surion utility helicopter

South Korea receives first batch of AW159 anti-submarine helicopters

Lockheed’s MH-60R

130731-N-KA046-039 MEDITERRANEAN SEA (July 31, 2013) Sailors hook cargo to an MH-60R Sea Hawk helicopter assigned to the Swamp Foxes of Helicopter Maritime Strike Squadron (HSM) 74 during vertical replenishment training aboard the guided-missile destroyer USS Gravely (DDG 107). Gravely is on a scheduled deployment supporting maritime security operations and theater security cooperation efforts in the U.S. 6th Fleet area of responsibility. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class James Turner/Released)

MEDITERRANEAN SEA (July 31, 2013) Sailors hook cargo to an MH-60R Sea Hawk helicopter assigned to the Swamp Foxes of Helicopter Maritime Strike Squadron (HSM) 74 during vertical replenishment training aboard the guided-missile destroyer USS Gravely (DDG 107). Gravely is on a scheduled deployment supporting maritime security operations and theater security cooperation efforts in the U.S. 6th Fleet area of responsibility. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class James Turner/Released)

The MH-60R, manufactured by Sikorsky Aircraft Corp, and equipped with advanced mission systems and sensors by Lockheed Martin Mission Systems and Training (MST), is capable of detecting and prosecuting modern submarines in littoral and open ocean scenarios. In addition, it is capable of conducting stand-alone or joint anti-surface warfare missions with other Romeo or MH-60S “Sierra” aircraft. Secondary missions include electronic support measures, search and rescue, vertical replenishment, and medical evacuation.

The advanced mission sensor suite developed and integrated by Lockheed Martin includes:

  • Multi-mode radar  (including Inverse Synthetic Aperture Radar)
  • Airborne Low Frequency Dipping Sonar (ALFS) subsystem and sonobuoys
  • Electronic Support Measures with an integrated helo threat warning capability
  • Forward Looking Infrared Electro-Optical device
  • Integrated self defense
  • A weapons suite including torpedoes and anti-ship missiles

Lockheed Martin MST also produces the Common Cockpit™ avionics, fielded on both the MH-60R and MH-60S. The 400th Common Cockpit will be installed on the first Royal Australian Navy MH-60R. In 2012, the Common Cockpit exceeded 600,000 flight hours across an operational fleet of 360 aircraft. The digital, all-glass cockpit features four large, flat-panel, multi-function, night-vision-compatible, color displays. The suite processes and manages communications and sensor data streaming into MH-60 multi-mission helicopters, presenting to the crew of three actionable information that significantly reduces workload while increasing situational awareness.

The U.S. Navy is committed to a long-term preplanned product improvement program, also known as P3I, to keep the MH-60R current throughout its life. Recent upgrades have included vital software and mission management systems in the Situational Awareness Technology Insertion (SATI) package as well as design upgrades to the Identification Friend-or-Foe Interrogator Subsystem. Combined with the aircraft’s Automatic Radar Periscope Detection and Discrimination system, the MH-60R’s range of detection will expand — enhancing situational awareness and advanced threat detection — while interference with civil air traffic control systems will diminish.

The MH-60R Electronic Surveillance Measures (ESM) system, which provides aircrew with valuable threat-warning capabilities, has benefited from the installation and maintenance of an ESM autoloader, and the development of Mission Data Loads, which comprise a database of possible threats within a specific region of operations.

Smaller elements are included as well, including the integration of a new multi-function radio called the ARC210 Gen 5 (which sister-aircraft MH-60S will also receive), crucial spare assemblies and integration of other core technologies. The Gen 5 radio will provide MH-60R aircrew with flexible and secure communication.


Airframe characteristics

Mission gross weight

  • Undersea warfare
  • Surface warfare
 22,500 lb
21,290 lb
 10,204 kg
9,657 kg
Max. takeoff gross weight 23,500 lb 10,682 kg
Engines (2) T700-GE-401C  
Mission endurance    
  • Undersea warfare
  • Surface warfare
2.70 hours
3.30 hours
Dash speed 140 kts  
Weapons Anti-ship missiles, torpedoes, 50 cal. guns
Auxiliary fuel Up to two external tanks

Airframe dimensions

Operating length 64.83 ft 19.76 m
Operating width 53.66 ft 16.35 m
Operating height 16.70 ft 5.10 m
Folded Length 41.05 ft 12.51 m
Folded width 11.00 ft 3.37 m
Folded height 12.92 ft 3.94 m
Main rotor diameter 53.66 ft 16.35 m
Tail rotor diameter 11.00 ft 3.35 m


NHIndustries NH90: Details


AgustaWestland AW159 Wildcat: Details


Meteor Beyond-Visual Range Air-to-Air Missile The United Kingdom Ministry of Defense has announced that it will equip itsRoyal Air Force Eurofighters with the Meteor beyond-visual range air-to-airmissile. Boeing is the U.S. member of the international Meteor team, which isled by the Anglo-French joint venture, Matra BAe Dynamics. Meteor is aramjet-powered missile with advanced seeker technology that can fly atsustained high speeds, over long ranges and with great agility to defeat air-to-air threats.

Japan-UK collaborate research on development of next-generation Air-to-Air Missile technology “JNAAM”

World’s highest level fighter aircraft missile, Japan-UK collaborative research completed to completion When development realized non-US first … political decision (世界最高水準の戦闘機ミサイル、日英の共同研究完了へ 開発実現なら米以外で初…政治決断なるか)


On February 15, the government found out that it will strengthen its joint research on next-generation missile technology of fighter aircraft advanced with the UK in FY2007. It also turned out to summarize a report that the world’s highest level missiles can be developed with a combination of high technology in Japan and the UK. It is the first case outside the United States if cooperative development is realized, focusing on whether to shift to joint development or political decision.

European high speed / range range + empty detectability

“JNAAM” (joint new air to air missile = joint new air-to-air missile) is conducting joint research.

The government approved joint research at the National Security Council (NSC) in July 26. Based on the three principles of defense equipment replacement instead of the three principles of weapons export, the first case where NSC judged the possibility of collaborative research, started a joint research from November the same year.

The foundation of JNAAM is the air-to-air missile ‘Meetia’ jointly developed by six European countries such as the UK, Germany and France. It combines the technology of the same missile “AAM 4” which is mounted on the FS 15 Fighter of the Air Self Defense Force.

MiTea features an engine that maintains high speed, and the length of range is the best among missiles of the same type, but the ability to guide the target is not high. AAM 4 is equipped with radar mounted on large equipment such as naval vessels, and has excellent tracking and tracking ability of the target.

As a result of simulation assuming threats and actual scenarios, the effect of combination of technologies is large, and the performance is expected to reach world highest level.

Strengthening deterrence and handling capability is also a cost issue

If joint development is realized, fighter aircraft pilots can fire missiles farther from earlier, higher accuracy of hits. There is no need to shorten the distance from the enemy’s fighter aircraft, which also has the advantage of making it easier to avoid enemy attacks. It is expected to be installed in the state-of-the-art stealth fighter F35 which introduces 42 aircraft.

In June 28, the fighter aircraft around the Senkaku Islands (Ishigaki-shi, Okinawa Prefecture) attacked the air force fighter aircraft around the Senkaku Islands (China’s Ishigaki-shi), and in December the aircraft carrier “Liaoning” equipped with the aircraft carrier (J) It went through the Miyako Strait of the same prefecture and entered the western Pacific for the first time. If JNAAM is developed, deterrence and coping ability will be strengthened, but cost reduction is a subject.

Translated by google – source



The improved AAM-4B was the world’s first air-to-air missile with an AESA radar seeker. The AAM-4B entered production in 2010 for service on the F-15J and F-2, but it is too large to be carried in the weapons bay of the F-35 Lightning II. So on 17 July 2014 Japan announced a collaboration with the United Kingdom to study the development of a new Joint New Air-to-Air Missile (JNAAM). MBDA UK is prime contractor on the Meteor missile which entered service on the Saab JAS 39 Gripen in 2016 and on the Eurofighter Typhoon and Dassault Rafale in 2018, and can fit in the internal weapons bay of the F-35. It has a unique variable-flow ramjet motor that according to MBDA gives the Meteor the largest no-escape zone of any air-to-air missile. The JNAAM will “[combine] the UK’s missile-related technologies and Japanese seeker technologies”, possibly with some adjustments to help the missile fit better in the F-35 weapons bay. Source

Will UK’s Joint Missile Project With Japan Be More Trouble Than It’s Worth?

18:01 18.01.2017

Japan and Britain are pushing ahead with the development of a new air-to-air missile in 2017 and the technical feasibility study for the Joint New Air-to-Air Missile (JNAAM) is slated to be completed before the end of this year, Sankei News reported.

Work on the JNAAM project started in November 2014 as an attempt to merge the AESA missile seeker from the Japanese AAM-4B missile on the body of Meteor missile jointly developed by Britain, Germany and France. Even though the new missile can travel great distances, its accuracy leaves much to be desired.

The Japanese want to install an active self-homing  system from their Mitsubishi AAM-4 missile, which they hope would help bring the JNAAM up to par with the very best such missiles around.

In an interview with Sputnik, political analyst Dmitry Verkhoturov said that the AAM-4B with an active radar homing system and effective range of 120 kilometers produced in Japan since 2010 is more effective than its main Chinese counterpart, the Tien Chien II, which has a passive radar and infrared homing system and a maximum range of 60 kilometers.

Even the more advanced PL-12 missile with an active homing system and a range of up to 100 kilometers is no match for Japan’s AAM-4.

“With such an edge over their Chinese rival, the Japanese have nothing to worry about,” Verkhoturov said.

As for the Meteor missile, it is equipped with an active self-homing system and has a maximum range of up to 100 kilometers.

“Even it is it is a little better than its Japanese analogue, I don’t think it makes any sense working together on a new missile that may never find any practical use,” Verkhoturov added.

According to military expert Konstantin Sivkov, “the Japanese and British are developing a new missile to leave the Americans behind. The Japanese army is well equipped, but it mainly depends on US technology, including the Aegis system, missiles and military aircraft.”

“Just like the British who scrapped their own development back in the late-1970s. Moreover, no one has so far been able to top Russia’s R-37 missile,” Sivkov said.

Dmitry Verkhoturov mentioned the KS-172 missile with an effective range of 400 kilometers, which is currently being tested in Russia. It is meant to engage strategic bombers and AWACS planes.

“This means that, compared with Russian missiles, the joint Japanese-British project is already outdated because if you increase a missile’s range from 100 kilometers to 400, you can not only shoot down enemy fighters but can also destroy the enemy’s entire battle control system and seriously degrade its air power.”

If all goes well, Japan and Britain plan to install their new missile on the fifth-generation F-35 Lightning IIs. Before this happens, however, the designers need an official go-ahead from the Japanese government. The high cost of the new missile’s development could also be a problem.


Mitsubishi AAM-4

The Mitsubishi AAM-4 is a medium range air-to-air missile, it was developed by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries to succeed the aging American-made AIM-7 Sparrow. It entered service with the Japanese Air Self Defence Force in the year 1999 under the designation Type 99.

The active radar guided air-to-air missile has ECCM (Electronic Counter Countermeasure) capability, which allows it to lock on a target, even if this uses ECM, this capability results of the use of advanced semi conductor technology, which made it possible to mount a single signal processor on a small place in the missile.

The program for a new medium range missile for the Japanese Air Self Defence Force started in the year 1985, while Japan searched for a replacement for the aging AIM-7 Sparrow missile. Japan had two options, the first was developing their own low-cost, active-radar guided, medium range air-to-air missile and the second was to purchase the American AIM-120 AMRAAM; Japan decided to do both. In the year 1993 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries awarded a 15 million USD contract to develop such a missile. While the Technical Research and Development Institute (TRDI) managed the program, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries designed and developed the missile. Development finally started in the year 1993 and 50 missiles were ordered by then.


Type Mitsubishi AAM-4
Length 3,667 mm
Diameter 203 mm
Wing span 800 mm
Weight 222 kg
Guidance system Active radar guided
Range 100 km
Speed Mach 4-5


Meteor – Beyond Visual Range Air-to-Air Missile (BVRAAM)

Design of the Meteor missile system

The missile, being designed as a complete unit, requires no assembly and maintenance immediately before loading. This arrangement reduces its overall life logistic support cost.

Meteor can be launched as a stealth missile. It is equipped with enhanced kinematics features. It is capable of striking different types of targets simultaneously in almost any weather.

The Meteor has a length of 3.65m and diameter of 0.178m. It is designed to be compatible with AIM-120 type rail and eject launcher systems.

Meteor BVRAAM blast-fragmentation warhead

The Meteor missile is equipped with a blast-fragmentation warhead, supplied by TDW of Germany. The warhead is designed as a structural component of the missile. The missile integrates proximity and impact fuses.

Sensors on the beyond visual range air-to-air missile

The Meteor is equipped with a two way datalink, which allows the launch platform to provide updates on targets or re-targeting when the missile is in flight. The datalink is capable of transmitting information such as kinematic status. It also notifies target acquisition by the seeker.

The Meteor is installed with an active radar target seeker, offering high reliability in detection, tracking and classification of targets. The missile also integrates inertial measurement system (IMS) supplied by Litef.

Meteor missile performance

The missile has a range in excess of 100km. It is designed for a speed greater than Mach 4. The missile has a large no escape zone.

Propulsion system on the next generation missile

The Meteor missile is powered by a solid fuel variable flow ducted rocket (ramjet) supplied by Bayern-Chemie. The ramjet provides the Meteor missile with a capability to maintain consistent high speeds. This ability helps the missile to chase and destroy fast moving flexible targets.

The Meteor includes an electronics and propulsion control unit (EPCU). The EPCU adjusts the rocket’s air intake and duct covers based on the cruise speed and the target’s altitude.

The EPCU observes the distance and fuel level in the rocket and adjusts the throttle of the rocket. This feature of the EPCU helps the missile to manage its fuel system. Source

Weight 185 kg (407 lb)
Length 3.65 m (12 ft 0 in)
Diameter 0.178 m (7.0 in)
Warhead High explosive blast-fragmentation
Proximity/impact fuse
Engine Throttleable ducted rocket
100+ km(63mi, 60 km No Escape Zone)[3][4][N 1]
Speed over Mach 4
Inertial guidance, mid-course update via datalink, terminal active radar homing
Eurofighter Typhoon
Dassault Rafale
Saab JAS 39 Gripen
F-35 (Pending)


Mitsubishi F-2: Details


BIRD Aerosystems deliveres Airborne Missile Protection System (AMPS) to US Army

AMPS delivered to US Army

18th January 2017 – 13:30by The Shephard News Team

BIRD Aerosystems has delivered its Airborne Missile Protection System (AMPS) to the US Army, the company announced on 16 January.

Developed in cooperation with Airbus Defence and Space, AMPS provides enhanced protection for military and civilian aircraft against ground-to-air missiles.

The system is designed to detect, verify and foil surface-to-air missile attacks through the effective use of countermeasure decoys (flares and chaff) and directional infrared countermeasures that jam the missile’s infrared seeker.

The system is fully operational on military and VIP aircraft. AMPS has also evolved into a standard system for NATO, having been installed on military, VIP and civil platforms used by NATO members, the United Nations air operations, governments and air forces.

Original post


AMPS – Airborne Missile Protection System



The Airborne Missile Protection System (AMPS) family of solutions is provided in cooperation with AIRBUS Defence and Space. The system has been expressly designed to provide complete protection against all known Surface to Air Missiles (SAM) including the most deadly type – the MANPADS (Man Portable Shoulder Launched Missile).

AMPS automatically works as follows:

1. Detects a missile threat.
2. Processes and optimizes the countermeasure programs.
3. Provides visual and audio alerts to the crew.
4. Initiates the appropriate countermeasure decoys.

The system is certified by leading aircraft manufactures including AIRBUS Helicopters, MIL Design Bureau and others.

The system has a proven track record in the leading conflict zones worldwide, operated continuously by the most advance armed forces in theaters such as Libya, Iraq and Afghanistan.  


AMPS Configurations

AMPS is installed on a large number of helicopters and fixed wing aircraft with a wide verity of detection sensors and configurations. The system ensures complete protection against any available ground to air threat in the following main configurations:

AMPS-M Protects military and civil aircraft against Shoulder Launched Missiles (MANPADS).
AMPS-MV Protect civil aircraft against MANPADS attacks using an adaptation of the AMPS system  
AMPS-ML Protects aircraft against MANPADS and Laser Beam Rider threats (LRF, LTD, LBR) .
AMPS- MLR Protects against MANPADS, Laser Beam Rider threats in addition to radar guided missiles and Radar controlled guns

BIRD provides its customers with a turn-key solution that includes the installation, integration and support for the AMPS system. AMPS is combat proven and has been operational in Afghanistan and Iraq with over 400 installations on platforms such as: EC135, EC635, EC145, BK117, EC155, Cougar, EC225, Mi8, Mi17, UH60, S-92, CH53, B407, B200, B350ER, P3C, C130 and many more.




Elbit Systems awarded contract to supply BrightNite Systems to a NATO Country

Elbit Systems to Supply BrightNite Systems to an Air Force in a NATO Country

By Elbit Systems -January 18, 2017

Elbit Systems announced today that it was awarded a contract to supply groundbreaking, multi spectral BrightNite system to an air force in a NATO country. The contract, in an amount of approximately $17 million, will be performed over a thirty-month period.

Low-flying helicopters are especially vulnerable to threats such as difficult terrain, enemy fire and obstacles in the flight path. Sorties must be performed both day and night and often carried out in DVE conditions, adding to the already heavy workload. Prior to BrightNite, flight crews have had to rely on night vision goggles (which have limited capabilities) to accomplish their mission. Factors like complete darkness, poor weather conditions, brownouts, whiteouts and sandstorms limit the pilots’ Field of View (FOV).

Lightweight, compact and cost-effective, BrightNite is a multi-spectral end to end panoramic piloting solution that delivers the landscape scenery directly to both eyes of the pilot, including 2D flight Symbology and 3D mission symbology, enabling intuitive head-up eyes-out orientation flight in pitch dark and other low visibility landing conditions, including Elbit Systems’ unique brownout symbology. The scenery picture is driven from the multi-spectral sensor which fused multiple day and night cameras into one crystal clear very intuitive piloting picture regardless of outer light conditions.

Bezhalel (Butzi) Machlis, President and CEO of Elbit Systems commented: “We are proud to have won this contract which enables helicopter pilots to gain highly advanced operational capabilities by flying in more than 90% of the nights and in adverse weather conditions. The BrightNite revolutionary solution is suitable for a variety of missions such as Special Forces and search and rescue. Given the important role helicopters are playing in the modern battlefield and the necessity of operating at night, we hope other customers will follow this selection by a NATO country’s air force.

Elbit Systems Ltd. is an international high technology company engaged in a wide range of defense, homeland security and commercial programs throughout the world. The Company, which includes Elbit Systems and its subsidiaries, operates in the areas of aerospace, land and naval systems, command, control, communications, computers, intelligence surveillance and reconnaissance (“C4ISR”).

Original post


Related post:

Elbit Systems has announced the successful testing of their new BrightNite multi-spectral panoramic vision system – Details of BrightNite



T-50 PAKFA stealth fighter to start flight testing by military pilots

Russia’s New Stealth Fighter Starts New Test Phase


US Air Force eyeing potential commercial-off-the-shelf light attack aircraft

Goldfein: Search for New Light Attack Aircraft May Begin by Spring


By: Vivienne Machi

The Air Force may begin eyeing potential commercial-off-the-shelf light attack aircraft to add to its fleets as early as this spring, the service’s chief of staff said Jan. 18.

If approved, the service could begin an experiment, called OA-X, to work directly with the defense industry to find a suitable light-attack and/or low-end fighter aircraft within a few months, said Gen. David Goldfein in a speech at the American Enterprise Institute, a Washington, D.C.-based think tank.

“We’re actually right now looking at an experiment where we go out to industry and ask, ‘What do you have, commercial-off-the-shelf low-cost, that can perform this mission?”’ he said. “We’re going to do this experiment and just sort of see what’s out there, and I expect many of the companies to come forward.”

The service is looking to begin the experiment” probably around the springtime” but he emphasized that this would not be a competition.

“This is an experiment … there are very appropriate acquisition laws that ensure we have a fair and open competition; this is not a competition,” he said.

Brig. Gen. Ed Thomas, director of Air Force public affairs, said the experiment remains in discussions, has not officially been approved, and no money is attached “at this point.”

“The chief believes it does make sense to look at opportunities to provide as he described a … less expensive attack-type aircraft that can do the close-air support mission, that can do the support mission, that other countries and allies can fly also … cheaper to maintain, and do this in a way that doesn’t require the F-22 [tactical fighter] or an F-35 [joint strike fighter] over a permissive environment,” he said.

Sen. John McCain, R-Ariz., called for the Air Force to develop and field new counter-air and electronic attack capabilities to maintain U.S. air dominance beyond the 2020s in a defense white paper released Jan. 16.

He also called for the service to embrace a “high/low mix” of fighter aircraft, noting that expensive fifth-generation technology is not needed in every scenario. He recommended the Air Force procure 300 low-cost, light-attack fighters that would require minimal work to develop.

“These aircraft could conduct counter terrorism operations, perform close-air support and other missions in permissive environments, and help to season pilots to mitigate the Air Force’s fighter pilot shortfall,” the report said.

Goldfein said he thought McCain’s recommendation was a “great idea,” especially as it pertains to service readiness levels while conducting a sustained air power campaign against violent extremism in the Middle East and elsewhere in the world, while maintaining readiness levels at home.

“If you’re looking at sustaining this campaign… if that’s all we’re doing, I can take all of the forces that I currently put towards the fight — the F-22s, the high-end capability — I can continue to sustain that, as long as I am willing to accept the risk that I have back home,” he said. “I don’t think that’s acceptable risk, given the global challenges we face.”

“If getting into a low-end capability, that can actually help me with building and sustaining the coalition, lowers costs and improves capability, I’m all for it,” he continued.

Textron’s AirLand Scorpion jet is “one of the ones we’re going to look at,” Goldfein said. Experts have previously mentioned Embraer’s A-29 Super Tucano and Beechcraft Defense’s AT-6 Wolverine as viable options.

Air Force service acquisition officials noted at the 2016 Air Force Association’s Air, Space and Cyber Conference that the OA-X program is not about replacing the aging A-10 Thunderbolt II, but could supplement the Warthog and other existing warplanes. McCain in his report called for sustaining the A-10 fighter fleet for close-air support.

Original post


Related post:

US Air Force to asses improved Scorpion jet

First production Scorpion test flown

Scorpion jet may have a shot in possible Air Force contest

Textron Begins a Limited Production Run of Scorpion Jet, But No Contract Yet

US Air Force Mulls Fly Off for Possible Light Attack Aircraft Buy

Textron’s Scorpion jet completes first weapons exercise

Air Force reaches deal through Wright-Patterson to test Scorpion jet

Cessna Manufacturer Gears Up For War

Air Force to Certify Scorpion Jet, Broadening Its International Appeal

Scorpion Selected for ASDOT Proposal

OPINION: Can Scorpion jet fight its way to sales success?

Scorpion jet: Details

Embraer EMB 314/A-29 Super Tucano: Details

Beechcraft AT-6: Details



BAE picked to Modernize HUD for F-22s

BAE Systems’ Digital Light Engine Technology to Illuminate F-22 Head-up Display

BAE Systems will modernize the F-22 Raptor’s head-up display with its Digital Light Engine technology. (Photo: BAE Systems)BAE Systems will modernize the F-22 Raptor’s head-up display with its Digital Light Engine technology. (Photo: BAE Systems)
January 16, 2017 11:00 AM Eastern Standard Time

ARLINGTON, Va.–(BUSINESS WIRE)–BAE Systems has been selected by Lockheed Martin to modernize the F-22 Raptor’s head-up display (HUD) for the U.S. Air Force, replacing it with a completely digital version.

Under terms of the contract, BAE Systems will use its advanced Digital Light Engine (DLE) technology to implement a form, fit, and function HUD solution that integrates seamlessly into the F-22’s existing HUD space. The company then anticipates receiving a follow-on production contract to retrofit the F-22 fleet’s current HUDs with the modern DLE solution.

“The F-22 is a premier fighter aircraft of the U.S. Air Force, and its pilots deserve the most advanced situational awareness technology available today,” said Andy Humphries, director of Advanced Displays at BAE Systems. “We’ve worked closely with Lockheed Martin to deliver a completely modernized HUD solution for the F-22 fleet that meets the long-term needs of the Air Force.”

The DLE package is compatible with any existing aircraft interface. Designed for mission effectiveness, the upgrade removes the conventional cathode ray tube image source and introduces a more advanced digital display solution. The digital technology offers increased reliability, eliminates high-maintenance and obsolete items, and provides a constant luminance performance.

“This new F-22 head-up display is a great example of how the F-22 industry team is integrating innovative technologies into the combat Raptor fleet,” said Ken Merchant, vice president of the F-22 program at Lockheed Martin. “This directly supports our ongoing efforts to deliver affordable and reliable new capabilities to our Air Force customer and warfighters.”

BAE Systems has been a leader in HUD development and production for more than 50 years, a position gained through continuous investment in technology and innovation. The company has produced more than 15,000 head-up displays that have been in service on more than 50 different aircraft types in more than 50 countries around the world. BAE Systems’ displays perform on some of the most advanced and demanding military aircraft around the world.

Original post


Digital Light Engine Head-Up Display (HUD)

See thru display for Military Aviation

BAE Systems has been a leader in HUD development and production for more than 50 years, a position gained through continuous investment in technology and innovation. BAE Systems:

  • has produced over 14,000 head-up displays
  • that are in service on over 50 different aircraft types
  • and for more than 50 countries


  • Better situational awareness for the military aviator
  • Allows some freedom of head movement, reducing pilot fatigue
  • Backward compatible to any existing aircraft interface which offers minimal impact on display performance

Photo of the Digital Light Engine Head-Up Display

Designed for mission effectiveness, the DLE HUD has addressed obsolescence issues by:

  • removing the conventional cathode ray tube (CRT) technology powering the display and
  • introducing a more advanced digital display solution

With more military aircraft upgrade advancements to digital display solutions, the DLE HUD offers easy integration into existing HUD space. Offering more than 20 percent life cycle cost reduction and at least four times greater Mean Time Between Failure (MTBF), the DLE HUD is a future proof investment in the advanced display technology segment.

Typical performance specification

Specification Display Source Analogue Symbol Generator, EU, AEU, MLU, IMDC
Display Surface Resolution 1280 x 1024 pixels
Field of View 25° x 22°
Display Luminance 0 to > 2000 ftL
Luminance Uniformity < 20% within a 10° diameter area
< 30% over the TFoV
Secondary Images < 2% of primary
Display Contrast > 1.2:1 against an ambient of 10,000 ftL
> 1200:1 Sequential
Outside World Transmission > 75%
Image Positional Accuracy < 0.8mR error within 5° of CFoV < 1mR elsewhere within FoV
Mass < 20.1 Kilograms (ballast may be applied to maintain C of G position if required)
Operating Temperature -40°C to +75°C
Storage Temperature -40°C to +85°C
Operating Altitude 0 to 70,000 ft
Power <85 Watts
Latency <1mS
Dimensions Form Fit Function


Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor: Details