Monthly Archives: May 2016

Raytheon (RTN) Secures Aegis Radar Transmitter Contract


Integrated Defense Systems division has won a contract from the U.S. Navy for the production of Aegis Weapon System AN/SPY-1D(V) Radar Transmitter Group, Missile Fire Control System MK 99 equipment, and associated engineering services. The contract is valued at $365.8 million. 

This contract has options which, if exercised, will bring the total contract value to $423 million. The contract falls under the Foreign Military Sales program that includes purchases for South Korea and Japan apart from purchases for the U.S. Navy. Work under this contract is expected to be completed by Oct 2022.

The SPY-1D(V) Transmitter and the MK 99 Fire Control System are an essential part of the Navy’s Aegis missile defense system. Over the past 35 years, these systems have been in continuous production and are in use aboard 108 warships worldwide, comprising 17 ships sailed by foreign nations.

The SPY-1D(V) is a high-powered radar transmitter that supports search, track and missile guidance functions, while the MK99 system communicates with the mission control station to identify and illuminate air targets.

Raytheon is one of the best-positioned, large-cap defense players and will continue to gain traction on the back of its strong fundamentals, focus on technological innovation and improvement of its product offering, which will ensure more contract wins and an enhanced growth trajectory.

The company has been enjoying a steady stream of contracts from several government establishments. As a result, total backlog at the end of the first quarter of 2016 was $34.8 billion, up from $32.5 billion at the end of the year-ago quarter.



The SPY-1D(V) radar system

The SPY-1D(V) radar upgrade is the newest improvement to the SPY-1D. The SPY-lD( V) littoral radar upgrade will supersede the SPY-1D in new-construction ships beginning in FY 1998, and will deploy in DDG 51 Flight IIA ships starting in approximately 2003. The third variant of this radar, known as the Littoral Warfare Radar, will improve the radar’s capability against low-altitude, reduced radar cross-section targets in heavy clutter environments and in the presence of intense electronic countermeasures. The SPY-1D radar system is the multi-function, phased-array, three-dimensional (range, altitude, and bearing) radar which conducts search, automatic detection, and tracking of air and surface targets. The SPY-1D also provides mid-course guidance for the SM-2 missile, and has also demonstrated a capability to track theater ballistic missiles. The AN/SPY-1D(V), under development for installation in some Flight IIA ships, is an improved system with better performance against targets in clutter, additional moving target indicator (MTI) waveforms, and greater ability to counter deceptive Electronic Attack measures. Source

Mk 99 Missile Fire Control System

The Mk 99 MFCS controls the loading and arming of the selected weapon, launches the weapon, and provides terminal guidance for AAW (Anti-Air Warfare) missiles. It also controls the target illumination for the terminal guidance of SM-2.
Radar and weapon systems on an AEGIS class cruiser.

The radar system associated with the Mk 99 MFCS is the missile illuminator AN/SPG-62.



AN/SPG-62 RADAR.-The AN/SPG-62 is I/J­Band fire control radar. The SPY-1 radar system detects and tracks targets and then points the SPG-62 toward the target, which in turn provides illumination for the terminal guidance of SM-2 missiles. Refer to chapter 1 for discussion on the different phases of missile guidance and the way radar is used for missile guidance. Remember that in order to track a target you need a very narrow beam of RF energy. The narrower the beam, the more accurately you can tell if you have one target or multiple targets (this is called radar resolution). This narrow beam radar is normally a second radar that works with a primary search or track radar. The AN/SPG-62 illuminating radar works as a second radar with the AN/SPY-1 series radar.

In addition to the Mk 99 MFCS, the AEGIS SPY 1 series radar works with the Gun Fire Control System. Source

Pakistan, Russia deal on MI-35 attack helicopters likely in two months

Minister says Pakistan to approach other countries if US refuses to deliver F-16 aircraft

By: APP  30-May-16

ISLAMABAD: Minister for Defence Production Rana Tanveer Hussain has said that Pakistan is in negotiations with Russia for procurement of MI-35 attack helicopters, expressing confidence that there would be significant development in two months in this regard.

“I hope we will be able to materialise this project (to buy MI-35 helicopters) in two months,” he said while talking to reporters here. He said that the JF-17 fighter aircraft were capable enough to meet defence requirements of Pakistan. Pakistan had a fleet of state-of-the-art JF-17 Thunder aircraft which carried all specifications of any advanced fighter jet, he said.

Pakistan was at top among 10 countries having JF-17 fleet, he said, adding that the country’s defence was impregnable and had the capability to meet all challenges. Commenting on the country’s defence production quality, he said that the Pakistan Ordnance Factory (POF) was producing and exporting small arms to different countries including US, Britain and Germany.

He said that the Ministry of Defence Production was working day and night to meet requirements of the armed forces, adding that a proposal had been forwarded to the quarters concerned for separate budget of the ministry. Answering a question, Tanveer said Pakistan was in contact with US for delivery of F-16 aircraft, and in case the deal was not materialised, it would approach other countries for the purpose.

To another question, the minister said a protest had been launched with US over the recent drone attack, adding that US ambassador had been called in by the Foreign Office. Both civil and military leadership expressed serious concerns over the attack, he added.



Mi-35M (Hind E): Details

Congress Urges Air Force to Accelerate JSTARS Recap

, Defense News11:04 a.m. EDT May 27, 2016

WASHINGTON – Despite concern that aircraft modernization will fall through the cracks in a tight budget environment, all four defense congressional committees are urging the Air Force to accelerate the effort to recapitalize its aging ground surveillance fleet.

As Congress negotiates this year’s defense policy and spending bills, all four committees have expressed concern over the continued delay of the Air Force’s planned contract award for a new Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System, or JSTARS. The legacy E-8 JSTARS, a militarized Boeing 707-300 airframe produced by Northrop Grumman, provides ground and air commanders critical ground surveillance and battle management capability to support attack operations.

Despite urgency in replacing the legacy fleet, the down select for the JSTARS recap engineering, manufacturing and development, or EMD, contract has slipped to the first quarter of fiscal year 2018, the Air Force recently told Defense News. Meanwhile, initial operational capability for the new fleet, originally planned for FY22, is now optimistically projected in FY24.

The Air Force is currently conducting a study, expected to be completed in March 2017, to determine how much longer the existing E-8 JSTARS aircraft can last. But lawmakers are concerned that a prolonged acquisition of a replacement fleet could lead to a significant capability gap.

“The committee has continually expressed concern that a protracted acquisition program will result in a multiyear capabilities gap, which will leave combatant commanders without an acceptable level of ground moving target indicators and battle management command and control capability,” according to the House Armed Service’s version of the defense policy bill, which the full House approved May 18.

“The committee notes that under the most optimistic scenarios, the Department can expect a shortfall of 10 JSTARS aircraft in its fleet of 16 operational aircraft by late fiscal year 2025.”

The House version fully funds JSTARS at $128.1 million, and encourages the Air Force to develop a plan to accelerate the development and fielding of the new fleet. Lawmakers direct the Air Force to brief the committee no later than Dec. 1 on options to accelerate IOC.

The Senate Armed Service Committee’s markup of the bill, which has yet to pass the full Senate, also requested a briefing on options to accelerate JSTARS IOC, among other issues, by Dec. 1.

In a unique move, the Senate version also limits funding for JSTARS recapitalization unless the EMD contract is firm-fixed price, a contracting structure committee Chairman Sen. John McCain, R-Ariz., believes is better to control costs.

“The committee believes a fixed price development and production contract structure is more appropriate for this program than a cost plus/incentive fee contract, as the program’s aim is to integrate mission systems onto a commercial derivative aircraft, similarly to the KC–46A tanker recapitalization program,” according to the legislation.

Meanwhile on the appropriations side, the House Appropriations Committee’s spending bill goes further, limiting funds for pre-award activities like radar technology maturation and risk reduction after Dec. 31, 2017. The committee also recommends the Air Force consider an increase in the number of development aircraft, and incentivize the prime contractor to accelerate delivery and IOC.

The Senate Appropriations Committee’s version of the spending bill, approved May 26, also fences some funding for JSTARS radar risk reduction, and directs the Air Force and acquisition officials to brief the congressional defense committees on plans to accelerate IOC and fielding of the new platform.

Both the Senate and House spending legislation still need to go to the floor before approval.

Three industry teams are currently on contract with the Air Force for pre-EMD JSTARS recap activities. Northrop Grumman, which builds the existing aircraft, is teamed with Gulfstream and its G550 business jet, with L-3 helping with integration. Lockheed Martin is working with Bombardier on a proposal based on the Canadian company’s Global 6000 business jet. Meanwhile, Boeing is offering a modified version of its 737-700 commercial airliner.

The Air Force has also awarded Northrop and Raytheon separate contracts to mature radar designs for the new fleet.

Original post


Raytheon Makes Radar Available for JStars Contenders

“Raytheon’s “Skynet” radar proposed for the JStars main sensor is based on a previously classified system the Navy is flying on the P-8A Poseidon maritime patrol aircraft.”

“The “sensor derivative baseline” for the JStars ground surveillance radar that Raytheon proposes is the Navy’s Advanced Aerial Sensor (AAS). Details of that electronically scanned array radar, under development by Raytheon since 2007, remain classified. However, in June the Naval Air Systems Command announced that an AAS-configured P-8A Poseidon, which is based on the Boeing 737-800 airliner, had completed its first flight on May 20. Designated APS-154, the radar will replace the APS-149 littoral surveillance radar system fitted on specially modified P-3C Orions.”

AAS-configured P-8A Poseidon testing with APS-154 radar

“Rather than siding with one industry team, Raytheon has made the radar available to all comers. On the Northrop Grumman team proposing the Gulfstream G550 business jet as a host platform, Raytheon would provide just the radar sensor “and a little BMC2 software” to control it.” Full article

See related post:

Spy plane contract to be awarded in fiscal 2018: U.S. Air Force – See details of E-8C Joint Star

Advanced Airborne Sensor flies on P-8A –  IHS Jane’s Defence Weekly

America’s Doomed China Strategy

May 26, 2016

Two developments in the past month indicate that Washington’s mixed policy of engagement and containment (or “congagement”) toward China has begun to tilt more toward containment. The first development was the visit of Secretary of Defense Ashton Carter to India in mid-April and the signing of a bilateral cooperation agreement on military logistics. The other episode is President Obama’s just-completed trip to Vietnam and the announced lifting of the long-standing arms embargo on that country. As usual, American officials insist that the marked change in U.S. policy toward Hanoi is not in any way directed against China. But such statements strain credulity, especially when viewed in the larger context of U.S. warships conducting “freedom of navigation” patrols in the South China Sea and bluntly reminding Beijing of America’s security obligations to the Philippines under a bilateral defense treaty.

The containment side of U.S. policy has gone from merely assembling some of the necessary components, to be activated at a later date if necessary (first gear), to the initial phase of activation (second gear). More emphasis is likely to be placed on China as a serious strategic competitor, if not an outright adversary. But developing any kind of a containment policy against China is almost certain to prove hopelessly difficult. Despite the sometimes inflammatory rhetoric coming from Donald Trump and some other China bashers, the bilateral economic relationship remains quite extensive and crucial. China is America’s second largest trading partner. In 2015, the United States exported $116 billion in goods to China while importing $482 billion. Disrupting that relationship would be extremely costly and painful for both countries.

That point underscores one key reason why reviving anything even faintly resembling the Cold War–era containment policy that worked against the Soviet Union is a hopeless quest. America’s economic relations with the USSR were minuscule, so there was little sacrifice on that front in taking a hardline stance against Moscow. That is clearly not the case today regarding America’s economic connections to China.

There is also the matter of assembling a reliable alliance against Beijing. Conducting a containment policy against the Soviet Union during the Cold War was feasible because (at least during the crucial formative stages) neither the United States nor its key allies had much of a political or economic relationship to lose with Moscow. The costs, therefore, of shunning Moscow were minimal. That is clearly not the case with China. Most of the East Asian countries, including close U.S. allies Japan and South Korea, already have extensive economic links with Beijing. Indeed, China is Japan’s largest trading partner, accounting for one-fifth of that country’s total trade. It would not be easy for those countries to jeopardize such stakes to support a confrontational, U.S.-led containment policy aimed at Beijing. Tokyo undoubtedly has concerns about China’s behavior in the East China Sea (and about overall Chinese ambitions), but it would still be a reluctant recruit in a hostile containment strategy.

Indeed, as time passed during the Cold War, even the containment strategy directed against the Soviet Union proved increasingly difficult for U.S. leaders. That was especially true after the early 1970s, when West Germany’s policy ofOstpolitik sought better relations with communist East Germany, and indirectly with Moscow and the rest of the Soviet bloc. As connections deepened between democratic Europe and the USSR, support for hard-line U.S. policies began to fade. That point became evident in the 1980s, when U.S. leaders attempted to persuade their European allies to reject the proposal for a natural gas pipeline from the Soviet Union to Western Europe, fearing that it would give Moscow an unhealthy degree of policy leverage. Much to Washington’s frustration, key European allies rejected the advice.

If the United States attempts to mobilize regional support for a containment policy against China, it will start out operating in an environment even less conducive than the policy environment regarding the Soviet Union in the 1980s. Washington’s courtship might be welcomed by very small countries, such as the Philippines, that are already on extremely bad terms with Beijing. Larger powers, though, are more likely to see what benefits they can entice and extract from Washington, without making firm commitments that would antagonize China and jeopardize their own important ties to that county.

There is a final reason why an overt containment policy against China would be a poor option for the United States. Several troublesome global or regional issues will be difficult to address without substantial input and cooperation from China. It is nearly impossible, for example, to imagine progress being made on the difficult and complex issue of North Korea’s nuclear and ballistic missile programs without China’s extensive involvement.

The United States needs to lower, not increase, its level of confrontation toward China. That also means restoring respect for the concept of spheres of influence. In attempting to preserve U.S. primacy in East Asia and the western Pacific, U.S. leaders are intruding into the South China Sea and other areas that logically matter far more to China than to America. Such a strategy is likely to result either in a humiliating U.S. retreat under pressure or a disastrous military collision. A containment strategy is a feeble attempt to evade that reality.

Ted Galen Carpenter is a senior fellow in defense and foreign policy studies at the Cato Institute and a contributing editor at the National Interest. He is the author of ten books and more than six hundred articles on international affairs.

Original post



I would say this article is probably true as China trade with the whole world and China have invested heavily in Africa and Pakistan so that corridor is very hard for the US to shut.  The building of rail network running from China to Europe and the future network that would run through Thailand, Malaysia and into Singapore is another route……..


It may be the fact that suddenly USA have become interested in Africa and have redeployed back into Libya. The sudden generosity of providing free weapons to some African nations is also another indicator……….

US ‘Stirring up Trouble’ in South China Sea: HERE


I doubt Vietnam, Japan, S. Korea, Taiwan or India for that matter would want a conflict with China. Vietnam and India share a common border with China so it is unwise to consider any conflict.  

India and the South Asian Neighbourhood: HERE

There seems to be a rush into SE Asia,  India look East as I perceive India tries to increase her influence as seen by the road linking Myanmar and Thailand soon to be opened…….


See related post:

South China Sea Controversy: Beijing To Send Nuclear Weapons To Disputed Region Amid US Military Tensions

G7 agrees need strong message on South China Sea; China says don’t ‘hype’ – Reuters

Dire US Ignorance of China’s Advanced Strategic Nuclear Submarines – By  Author of Tiananmen’s Tremendous Achievements, freelance Chinese/English translator

China isn’t the only one building islands in the South China Sea

China Building Missiles to Strike Guam

Set red line for US to avoid military clash in S.China Sea

China Deploys YJ-62 Subsonic Anti-Ship Cruise Missile To South China Sea’s Woody Island

This interactive map of China’s power in the South China Sea is a wake-up call to us all

China sends surface-to-air missiles to contested island in provocative move

Conflicting parties in the SC Sea and Naval power comparison – Non US

Chinese Submarine Fires 2 Nuclear JL-2 Missiles off American Coastline near Oregon

Project 03160 Raptor High Speed Patrol Boats – Russia

The Raptor (Project 03160) high-speed patrol boats are designed and being built by Open JSC Pella Shipyard based in Leningrad, Russia. The boat can be deployed in a wide range of missions, including patrolling, search-and-rescue, anti-sabotage and anti-terrorism. It can transport up to 20 crew members of distressed ships or aircraft and has the ability to intercept and arrest light ships.

Project 03160 “Raptor”

The Pella Shipyard of St Petersburg, mainly known for their tug boats, last week officially launched the first series produced vessel of their new Project 03160 ‘Raptor’-class (ru. “Раптор”). This boat is rather interesting, if not for anything else, then at least because it bears a striking resemblance to a 30 year old Swedish design…

Project 03160 “Raptor”. Picture from Pella Shipyard.

The internet seems to differ whether the boat is in fact a licensed version of Dockstavarvets Combat Boat 90/Stridsbåt 90, or if it just “happens” to look like one. However, what is certain is that Dockstavarvet sold a number of its Interceptor Craft 16 M, a patrol craft based on the CB 90 concept, to the Russian border guards (FSB)[1]. The Raptor, however, seems to be based on the original CB 90 instead of the IC 16 M, and it is clearly stated that this time the customer is the Russian Navy, with at least four boats slated for the Black Sea Fleet.

Is the boat then a copy of the CB 90. If it is unlicensed, I believe the answer is ‘No’. The general layout certainly seems copied, but it is hardly revolutionary. Pella might have borrowed more than is considered “fair”, but the general characteristics of the CB 90 is conventional enough. To try and reverse engineer the details of the CB 90 would probably not have been worth the hustle. To begin with, Pella would have to send a number of engineers to a boat and measure it up, down to what size the bottom stringers are and how high the masthead light is, as well as document every little detail of the equipment. After this, the engineers would have to create the whole drawing package from scratch, after which they would have to adopt it to Pella’s materials and standards. What is the size of the Swedish chairs? Does Pella’s standard choice fit? What can be used instead? How is the Russian ballistic protection attached, compared to the original?


Simply using a proven general layout, and starting an own design from there, is far faster than “true” reverse engineering. And I think speed is the issue here. Projecting boats from the keel up is a long process, even when it is a relatively small and straightforward one as the Raptor. Going through all the normal stages, with a preliminary round of tenders, choosing a winner, nailing down the details of the design, producing and testing a prototype, building a pre-production run, and then finally going into series production, usually takes at least a few years. Here it seems like the first steps have been skipped, and the project jumped straight into the detailed design phase. The result is a stop-gap vessel, built to expand on current capabilities (and numbers), rather than revolutionize them. This also fits the general trend of rapid expansion of the Russian armed forces. Edit 22:45 (GMT +2 DST) 25062014

The Russian Navy plans to procure a series of eight boats by 2015. Four of them were rolled-out in 2014, while the remaining four are scheduled to be launched in 2015. The boats will be operated by the Russian Navy’s Black Sea Fleet and will be based at the Leningrad Naval Base.

Orders and deliveries

The first Raptor patrol boat was launched in August 2013 and underwent builder’s sea trials in the same month. The boat was demonstrated to the Russian Navy in September.

The Russian Ministry of Defence awarded a contract to OJSC Pella to build and deliver a series of eight patrol boats for the Russian Navy in June 2014.

The first Raptor boat in the series was launched in June 2014 followed by the second in August 2014. The state acceptance board signed an acceptance act for a patrol boat in March 2015 and the boat was commissioned into the Russian Navy’s Black Sea Fleet in August 2015.


8 + 9 units


Pella Shipyard, Otradny

Yard №
Laid Down
from 7.10.2016 – P-280 Yunarmeets Baltiki
plan 2017
under construction
plan 2017
under construction
plan 2018
under construction
plan 2018
under construction
plan 2018
under construction


Last two high-speed Raptor patrol boats delivered to Russian Navy: Here

Russian Defense Ministry Orders Additional Project 03160 High Speed Patrol Boats: Here


The Russian Defense Ministry and Pella Shipyard have signed a contract for over 10 Project 03160 Raptor-class patrol boats before 2018, according to the online news agency. Under the contract, the fast boats are to be delivered before year-end 2018. In addition, the manufacturer will build Project 16609 special harbor tugboats for the Russian Navy.

The Navy will conduct tests to evaluate the navigation and communications systems, life support systems, airborne weapons, as well as running and seaworthiness of the patrol boats before commissioning them into the Black Sea Fleet.

The crew of Raptor patrol boat will undergo a comprehensive and multi-level training at the Joint Training Centre of the Russian Navy in St Petersburg.

Design and features of Project 03160 patrol boat

The Project 03160 patrol boat accommodates two crew members and 22 personnel. It has maximum length of 17m, maximum width of 4m, a fixed height of 3.5m, and a depth of 0.9m. It has special cabins to house anti-terrorist groups, divers, lifeguards, inspection and rescue teams.

General characteristics – Project 03160


Special boat – Project 03160 (var.1)Special boat - Project 03160 (var.1)

Special boat – Project 03160 (var.2)Special boat - Project 03160 (var.1)


Medical version

The boat is integrated with modern navigation systems, communications, radar and radios to provide high-navigability. The bridge is equipped with operator workstations and consoles for command and control.

Note: Some speculate that the Raptor have been deployed to Syria

Russian Assault Boats head to Syria: Here



Combat module “Udovaya Kord” Remotely operated weapon station 14.5mm machine gun

Remotely operated weapon station to hold a 14.5mm machine gun Image

The boat is fitted with a remotely operated weapon station to hold a 14.5mm machine gun, as well as a gyro-stabilised, electro-optical module. The gun has a firing range of 2,000m and is used for defence against weapon systems and armoured targets. The electro-optical module provides target detection up to a range of 3,000m.

Version 2

Version 3

Specifications KPVT

Caliber: 14.5 mm
Cartridge: 14.5×114
Weight machine gun without: 52.5 kg
Overall length: 2000 mm
Barrel length: 1350 mm
Bullet muzzle velocity: 990-1000 m/sec
Effective rate of fire: 70-90 rds/min
Rate of fire: 600-650 rds/min
Sighting range: 2000 m
Ammunition belt capacity: 50 rds


2 x 7.62mm 6P41 Pecheneg machine gun

7.62mm 6P41 Pecheneg machine gun Image

7.62mm 6P41 Pecheneg machine gun is intended to engage hostile manpower, fire means and aerial targets.

The whole range of rifle cartridges is used to fire from the machine gun. The availability of gas regulator ensures the reliable operation of machine gun automatics in various operation conditions.

The high degree of commonality with the PKM machine gun and similar layout of automatics action ensure the reliability of the Pecheneg machine gun in any operating conditions.

The machine gun incorporates some design novelties aimed to increase the effectiveness of barrel cooling, which has allowed a spare barrel to be eliminated from the machine gun set.

The enhanced rigidity of the barrel, annihilation of its thermal deformation due to wind and actually the absence of thermal air flow from the heated barrel has made it possible to improve aiming conditions and increase accuracy of fire more than 2 times.

Technical Characteristics
Caliber, mm 7.62
Weight, kg 8.2
Rate of fire, rds/min. 600…800
Muzzle velocity, m/s 825
Aiming range, m 1500
Cartridge 7.62×54R
Belt capacity, rds 100 Х 200
Overall dimensions, mm 1200×115×213
Operational temperature range, °C ±50


Two bracket mounts are fitted at the stern to carry a 7.62mm 6P41 Pecheneg machine gun each. The gun has an aiming range of 1,500m and a rate-of-fire between 600 and 800 rounds a minute.

Protection features of Raptor patrol boat

Armour panels fitted on the hull provide level 5 and 5A protection against bullets. The 39mm-thick bulletproof glass windows offer ballistic protection for the occupants.

Propulsion and performance


Powered by a 2,000hp engine, the Raptor patrol boat can reach a top speed of approximately 50k. It can execute missions in a radius of 100 miles (160km) from its operating base.

The boat is capable of operating in coastal waters, estuaries and straits both during day and at night.

Caterpillar C18 diesels

Pella has not given out their engine of choice on their homepage, but a secondary source of uncertain value gives the engines as Caterpillar C18’s. This seems logical, as several of Pella’s tugs have been fitted with Caterpillar diesels. The C18 has a dryweight of 1950 kg, or 400 kg more weight for the pair of marine diesels.

Caterpillar C-18 Marine EngineThe stern with the water jets of the Raptor. Source: Pella JSC.

I have not found the model or manufacturer of the waterjets of the Raptor stated anywhere. However, if one looks closely at the drawings provided by Pella, it becomes very clear.

That, my dear friends, is a Rolls-Royce Kamewa A3-series water jet, most probably of the 40A3-model. Unlike the axial-flow FF-series, the A3 provides a hybrid-flow design, giving higher performance. However, another major difference is in the material.

Rolls-Royce Kamewa A3-series water jet

Roll-Royce Kamewa A3 series waterjet

Where the FF-series is made of aluminium, the A3 is of an all-steel construction. This raises the dryweight to 850 kg apiece, with an entrained water volume of 186 litres/kg. In total, a simplified calculation of the weight of the drive package (not counting liquids, turbocharger, transmission, shaftes, …) of the Raptor gives a total weight of 5970 kg, with the corresponding value of the CB 90 being 4755 kg. This is a 25% increase in the mass of the drive train (compared to a total increase in displacement of 28%). In fact, the increase in weight of the engine and water jet accounts for roughly 24% of the total increase in displacement. Source

Main material source

Displacement (tons):
Full load: 23
Dimensions (m):
Length: 16,7
Beam: 4
Draft: 0,85
Speed (knots): 48
Range: 300 mni
Autonomy (days):
Propulsion: 2×1150 hp Caterpillar C18 diesels, 2 pump-jets
Armament: 1×1 14,5 mm (not on №706)
2×1 7,62 mm 6P41 «Pecheneg» (not on №706)
Electronics: “Nautilus” navigation radar
Complement: 2+22


Updated Apr 13, 2018

Loitering, lethal airborne system for U.S. Army on way

An Israeli-made small UAV is being modified to meet the U.S. Army need for a miniature and lethal UAV system with a loitering capability.
By Richard Tomkins   |   May 27, 2016 at 4:23 PM

TUCSON, May 27 (UPI) — Small and lethal loitering airborne systems are to be jointly developed by Raytheon and Israel’s UVision for U.S. military requirements.

The first system for the Army’s Lethal Miniature Aerial Missile Systems capability will be UVision’s Hero-30 manpack, canister-launched system, which will be modified for lethal engagement, Raytheon said.

“Raytheon and UVision will offer U.S. Army small units a new capability with a fully-developed, portable, lethal loitering system,” said Dr. Thomas Bussing, Raytheon vice president of Advanced Missile Systems. “This system significantly enhances the situational awareness and combat power of small units operating on the battlefield.”

The electric-powered Hero-30 comes in several variants. The smallest has a 30-minute endurance and features an electro-optical/infrared sensor.

“The Hero-30 plays a significant role for ground forces regardless of the operating environment,” said Noam Levitt, UVision chief executive officer. “Our partnership with Raytheon provides valuable battlefield intelligence and the capability to directly engage enemy threats when necessary.”



See related post:

IAI and UVision Pitch LM’s to US Army


Man-pack portable, Hero 30 is the smallest system in the UVision family of smart loitering systems. Deployable within minutes, Hero 30 is capable of speeds of up to 100 knots and is ideal for anti-personnel missions.

Weight (kg): 3
Warhead (kg): 0.5
Range (LOS): 5, 10, 40 km
Endurance (min): 30
Engine: Electrical
Launch method: Canister

With new radar the PAK FA fighter can detect any stealth aircraft

In the early 2020s, Russia’s fifth-generation PAK FA fighter jet could get a photonics-based radar system using active radio-optical phased array technology (known by its Russian acronym ROFAR). It would be capable of viewing stealth aircraft at distances beyond the range of air-to-air missiles.
Guards watch Russian Sukhoi T-50 fighter jet Russian Sukhoi T-50 fighter jet landing at the opening of the MAKS Air Show in Zhukovsky outside Moscow, Aug. 27, 2013. Source: AP

A working model of the new radar, which is being developed by the Russian state-owned Radio-Electronic Technologies (KRET) firm, should be presented by the end of 2018.

The main advantage of ROFAR technology is its width of transmission frequency. Whereas the transmission frequency of a modern radar system is at most 10 GHz, with ROFAR it can reach 100 GHz.

How does ROFAR work?

“In practice, this means that ROFAR can produce a detailed 3D image of what is happening hundreds of kilometers away,” said Vladimir Mikheyev, advisor to KRET’s first deputy CEO. “For example, at 400 kilometers it can not only see a person, but even recognize their face.”

The exhibition stand of the KRET at the opening of the MAKS 2015. Source: Mikhail Voskresenskiy/RIA Novosti

According to KRET, the future radio-optical phased array antenna known as ROFAR will be half the weight of the conventional radar system currently being developed for the fifth-generation fighter. At the same time, its resolution will be 10 times better, making it possible to “virtually get a TV picture in the radar range.”

Additional advantages

The use of radio-frequency photonic technology allows for a significant reduction of aircraft detectability within the infrared spectrum and of fuel consumption. This is possible due to the high efficiency of the future radar system, which will produce several times less heat, so developers will not have to include an additional powerful cooling system, which would significantly increase the mass of the product and require electricity generated by the aircraft’s engines at the cost of burning fuel.

In addition, it will not be possible to block ROFAR through high-power jamming. For this, the range of the electronic warfare system must be greater than that of the radio receiver, which is physically impossible with photonics-based radar.

If the ROFAR project is successfully completed, the technology will not only be used for airborne radar systems. According to Mikheyev, equipping new or existing Russian naval ships with ROFAR would make it possible to reduce the weight and size of their onboard antenna systems by approximately 80-85 percent.

A fly in the ointment

The announcements from Russian manufacturers sound optimistic, but economic realities, shortcomings in organization and management and difficulties with training and recruiting personnel could hinder the implementation of their ideas. Russia still has difficulties mass-producing airborne active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar systems like those the U.S. already has not only on its fifth-generation F-22 and F-35 fighter aircraft, but also on its upgraded fourth-generation F-16 and F-15 fighters. The only Russian AESA radar system, Zhuk-A, created for the MiG-35, was first presented back in 2009, but as at the end of 2015 was still at the testing stage.

According to KRET, the Russian government has allocated 680 million rubles (about $8.4 million) to the entire ROFAR program. By comparison, the U.S. Department of Defense allocated $110 million dollars to photonics back in 2014, and plans to raise at least as much from private investors.

It is not just Russia and the U.S. who are involved in this technology race. For example, scientists from Italy presented a working model of a photonics-based radar system back in March 2013. And Jean-Loïc Galle, the executive vice president at France’s Thales Group, has announced that it is stepping up its work in this area.

With such global competition, the announcements from Russia’s KRET that working technology is to be created in the very near future sound almost like a challenge and represent a further test of the capabilities of Russia’s defense industry.



See related post:

Zhuk-AE/FGA-35 modified radar with AESA (ROFAR)

See details of MiG-35: HERE

See details of PAK FA (Su-57): HERE

USN, Royal Thai Navy conduct “most complex” anti-submarine exercise to date

26 May 2016
The Royal Thai Navy’s sole aircraft carrier HMTS Chakri Naruebet, seen here alongside in Sattahip naval base in 2013, is participating in Exercise ‘Guardian Sea’ with the US Navy from 23 to 27 May. Source: US Navy

Key Points

  • Navies of Thailand and the United States are conducting anti-submarine exercises in the Andaman Sea
  • Drills are being conducted against the backdrop of submarine proliferation in the Southeast Asian region

The USN Navy (USN) and the Royal Thai Navy (RTN) are carrying out a series of drills that includes the “most complex” anti-submarine warfare (ASW) exercise conducted between the two services to date.

The drills, which are being conducted as part of the annual bilateral naval exercise known as ‘Guardian Sea’, are being held in the Andaman Sea from 23 to 27 May. The exercise in 2016 involves a USN Los Angeles-class attack submarine, a P-8A Poseidon maritime patrol craft and the RTN’s sole aircraft carrier, the 182 m HTMS Chakri Naruebet .

Also participating from the USN is the Arleigh Burke-class destroyer USS Stethem , the RTN’s two Chinese-made Naresuan-class frigates, HTMS Naresuan and HTMS Taksin , and an unspecified number of S-70B naval helicopters, according to information provided to IHS Jane’s on 25 May.

“Guardian Sea provides our navies the opportunity and challenge of detecting and tracking submarines, and to practice procedures related to anti-submarine warfare,” said Capt H. B. Le, commodore of the USN’s destroyer, Squadron Seven , in a statement on the bilateral drills.

“This year’s exercise will be the most complex to date and we look forward to working alongside the Royal Thai Navy ashore and at sea to improve our skills and enhance our interoperability,” he added.

Exercise ‘Guardian Sea’ in 2016 will also feature a shore phase with seminars and exchanges between subject-matter experts from both navies.

Original source


Exercise ‘Guardian Sea’ 2016

Pictures courtesy of

เรือฟริเกตชุด ร.ล.นเรศวร ทั้งสองลำคือ ร.ล.นเรศวร(421) และ ร.ล.ตากสิน(422)
FFG-421 HTMS Naresuan and FFG-422 HTMS Taksinเรือดำน้ำโจมตีพลังงานนิวเคลียร์ SSN-711 USS San Franciscoฮ.ปด.๑ SH-60B กองการบินทหารเรือ และ ร.ล.จักรีนฤเบศร(911)
CVH-911 HTMS Chakri Naruebet and SH-60B Royal Thai NavyRoyal Thai Navy FFG-421 HTMS Naresuan, FFG-422 HTMS Taksin and US Navy DDG-63 USS StethemSH-60B Royal Thai Navy carrying a Mark 46 lightweight torpedo(training torpedo)


Turkish Navy Mulls Buying Long-Range Patrol Aircraft


, Defense News8:02 a.m. EDT May 25, 2016

ANKARA, Turkey — The Turkish Navy is considering the purchase of long-range patrol aircraft to add to its fleet of CN-235 and ATR72s, navy and procurement officials said.

“The requirement comes in line with the government’s foreign policy priorities,” explained one procurement official.

Navy officials say the planned aircraft should be able to fly 1,000 to 1,200 nautical miles away from their main base in Turkey and fly 12 to 15 hours.

“Our current fleet may not respond to our future roles,” said one Navy official. “The new patrol aircraft should ideally have anti-submarine and anti-surface warfare roles.”

Naval industry sources say the Turkish description of the requirement would probably point to the Boeing P-8 Poseidon (formerly the Multimission Maritime Aircraft or MMA). The P-8 Poseidon was developed for the US Navy by Boeing Defense, Space & Security, modified from the 737-800ERX.

The P-8 also conducts shipping interdiction, along with an electronic signals intelligence role which involves carrying torpedoes, depth charges, SLAM-ER missiles, Harpoon anti-ship missiles, and other weapons. It is able to drop and monitor sonobuoys. The aircraft is designed to operate in conjunction with the Northrop Grumman MQ-4C Triton Broad Area Maritime Surveillance unmanned aerial vehicle.

Procurement officials say they hope to issue a request for information for the planned acquisition soon.

“We are hoping to see a competitive contest,” one official said.

But industry sources say the description of the acquisition narrows options.

“There will not be too many bidders, judging from the description of the requirement,” said one source.

Original post


Nobody interested in Kawasaki P-1……..

“The aircraft is designed to operate in conjunction with the Northrop Grumman MQ-4C Triton Broad Area Maritime Surveillance unmanned aerial vehicle.” 

Northrop Grumman MQ-4C Triton Broad Area Maritime Surveillance UAV

Northrop Grumman’s MQ-4C Triton Unmanned Aircraft System provides real-time Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance over vast ocean and coastal regions. Supporting missions up to 24 hours, the high-altitude UAS is equipped with a sensor suite that provides a 360-degree view of its surroundings at a radius of over 2,000 NM/2,302 miles/3,704 km.

Built to support the U.S. Navy’s Broad Area Maritime Surveillance program, Triton will support a wide range of intelligence gathering and reconnaissance missions, maritime patrol and search and rescue. The Navy’s program of record calls for 68 aircraft to be built.

Payload (360-degree Field of Regard)

Multi-Function Active Sensor Active Electronically Steered Array (MFAS AESA) radar:

  • 2D AESA;
  • Maritime and air-to-ground modes;
  • Long-range detection and classification of targets.

MTS-B multi-spectral targeting system:

  • Electro-optical/infrared;
  • Auto-target tracking;
  • High resolution at multiple field-of-views;
  • Full motion video.

AN/ZLQ-1 Electronic Support Measures:

  • All digital;
  • Specific Emitter Identification.

Automatic Identification System:

Provides information received from VHF broadcasts on maritime vessel movements.

Wingspan 130.9 feet/39.9 m
Length 47.6 feet/14.5 m
Height 15.4 feet/4.6 m
Gross Take-Off Weight (GTOW) 32,250 lbs/14,628 kg
Maximum Internal Payload 3,200 lbs/1,452 kg
Maximum External Payload 2,400 lbs/1,089 kg
Self-Deploy 8,200 NM/9,436 miles/15,186 km
Maximum Altitude 56,500 feet/17,220 m
Maximum Velocity, TAS (True Air Speed) 331 knots/381 mph/613 km/h
Maximum Endurance 24 hours


See related post: 

Australia’s 1st P-8A Poseidon Maritime Patrol Aircraft Completes Maiden Flight – Video

US Navy awards Boeing $235.2 million modification contract to obtain long-lead materials and parts required for the P-8A program

State Dept. approves sale of P-8A Poseidon aircraft to Britain

See details of P-8 Poseidon: HERE

South China Sea Controversy: Beijing To Send Nuclear Weapons To Disputed Region Amid US Military Tensions


BY @MCHUGHJESS ON 05/26/16 AT 8:19 AM

China will send nuclear weapons to patrol the South China Sea amid rising tensions with the U.S. over the disputed region, the Guardian reported Thursday. The area has become a point of contention between the U.S. and China, as Beijing claims it has sovereignty over the zone. The U.S. says the area is in international waters until competing land claims from neighboring countries are resolved.

Beijing is expected to send submarines equipped with nuclear missiles to patrol the region after working on the technology for ballistic missile submarines for nearly three decades. However, Chinese military authorities did not say when exactly these nuclear patrols would begin.

Because China’s SSBNs [nuclear missile submarines] are in the South China Sea, the U.S. navy will try to send spy ships in there and get close to the SSBNs. China’s navy hates that and will try to push them away,” Wu Riqiang, an associate professor at the School of International Studies at the Renmin University in Beijing, told the Guardian.

China has submitted a vast land claim over the region and sought to bolster that claim by building artificial islands in the South China Sea, including the Spratly Islands. While the islands are small and mostly unpopulated, they sit in the middle of popular trade routes and could also contain precious natural resources. The Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia, Taiwan and Brunei, have also submitted competing claims over some part of the region.

The U.S. has accused China of militarizing the zone, and the U.S. military sent ships to sail through part of the South China Sea that Beijing claims as its own as a way to insist that the region is in international waters. The announcement of the planned use of nuclear-armed submarines came little over a week after two Chinese fighter jets nearly collided with a U.S. military reconnaissance aircraft in the region.


Actually they have been doing that for sometime now from what I read! So I guess this news is just blowing more hot air since China gave the US the ultimatum of war!

It seems the Chinese Type 096 are already in operation so it means only one thing either China is making this up or that it is so good that the US haven’t been able to track it!

“Wall Street Journal’s report on China’s strategic nuclear marines shows widespread ignorance of China’s military capabilities, especially China’s nuclear submarines”  – Dire US Ignorance of China’s Advanced Strategic Nuclear Submarines – posted Aug 29, 2014. (See below)

Type 098 is said to be already in development

Type 098 Nuclear Submarine190707qydn9ikgn19ssddyType 098 Nuclear Submarine2

See related post:

G7 agrees need strong message on South China Sea; China says don’t ‘hype’ – Reuters

Dire US Ignorance of China’s Advanced Strategic Nuclear Submarines – By  Author of Tiananmen’s Tremendous Achievements, freelance Chinese/English translator

China isn’t the only one building islands in the South China Sea

China Building Missiles to Strike Guam

Set red line for US to avoid military clash in S.China Sea

China Deploys YJ-62 Subsonic Anti-Ship Cruise Missile To South China Sea’s Woody Island

This interactive map of China’s power in the South China Sea is a wake-up call to us all

China sends surface-to-air missiles to contested island in provocative move

Conflicting parties in the SC Sea and Naval power comparison – Non US

Chinese Submarine Fires 2 Nuclear JL-2 Missiles off American Coastline near Oregon

Type 094 Jin class nuclear submarine