Monthly Archives: May 2016

Algeria reportedly took delivery of first two Mi-28NE combat helicopters

Air recognition

Published: Monday, 30 May 2016 14:41

According to pictures released on social medias, Russia reportedly delivered the two first Mi-38NE attack helicopters ordered by Algeria. Russia will deliver a total of 42 Mi-28NE attack helicopters to Algeria in line with a bilateral contract, Interfax news agency announced in late March 2016, quoting a source in Russia’s arms exporting bodies.

Algeria reportedly took delivery of first two Mi 28NE combat helicopters 640 001One of the twoi first Mi-28NE Night Hunter attack helicopters reportedly delivered to Algeria on May 26, 2016
(Source: Twitter)

According to data of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Russia is officially delivering Mi-28NE helicopters to Iraq and Algeria. In 2013, Algeria signed a contract for purchasing 42 Russian-made Mi-28NE helicopters with the dual-control technology, while Iraq is receiving organic Mi-28NE helicopters.

The Mi-28N helicopter, dubbed “Night Hunter” by the Russian military, is said by arms experts to be among the best in the world in its class. It is capable of carrying out missions day and night and in most adverse weather conditions. It is equipped with a top-mounted millimeter wave radar station, thermographic camera-TV, and a laser rangefinder. The Mi-28N is powered by two Russian Klimov TV3-117VMA-SB3 engines (2,500 hp each), produced by the Ukrainian Motor-Sich.

The Mi-28NE modification is equipped with a dual-control system, which allows to fly the helicopter both from the pilot’s cockpit and from the cockpit of the operator pilot who acts as an instructor.


See related post:

Algeria request to test the Su-35

Russia, Algeria To Sign Deal for Su-34 Sale by End of 2016

Algeria ordered 40 Mi-28NE Night Hunter attack helicopter

Algeria to get dual-control Mi-28 helicopters

See details of Mi-28: HERE


Raytheon (RTN) Secures Aegis Radar Transmitter Contract


Integrated Defense Systems division has won a contract from the U.S. Navy for the production of Aegis Weapon System AN/SPY-1D(V) Radar Transmitter Group, Missile Fire Control System MK 99 equipment, and associated engineering services. The contract is valued at $365.8 million. 

This contract has options which, if exercised, will bring the total contract value to $423 million. The contract falls under the Foreign Military Sales program that includes purchases for South Korea and Japan apart from purchases for the U.S. Navy. Work under this contract is expected to be completed by Oct 2022.

The SPY-1D(V) Transmitter and the MK 99 Fire Control System are an essential part of the Navy’s Aegis missile defense system. Over the past 35 years, these systems have been in continuous production and are in use aboard 108 warships worldwide, comprising 17 ships sailed by foreign nations.

The SPY-1D(V) is a high-powered radar transmitter that supports search, track and missile guidance functions, while the MK99 system communicates with the mission control station to identify and illuminate air targets.

Raytheon is one of the best-positioned, large-cap defense players and will continue to gain traction on the back of its strong fundamentals, focus on technological innovation and improvement of its product offering, which will ensure more contract wins and an enhanced growth trajectory.

The company has been enjoying a steady stream of contracts from several government establishments. As a result, total backlog at the end of the first quarter of 2016 was $34.8 billion, up from $32.5 billion at the end of the year-ago quarter.



The SPY-1D(V) radar system

The SPY-1D(V) radar upgrade is the newest improvement to the SPY-1D. The SPY-lD( V) littoral radar upgrade will supersede the SPY-1D in new-construction ships beginning in FY 1998, and will deploy in DDG 51 Flight IIA ships starting in approximately 2003. The third variant of this radar, known as the Littoral Warfare Radar, will improve the radar’s capability against low-altitude, reduced radar cross-section targets in heavy clutter environments and in the presence of intense electronic countermeasures. The SPY-1D radar system is the multi-function, phased-array, three-dimensional (range, altitude, and bearing) radar which conducts search, automatic detection, and tracking of air and surface targets. The SPY-1D also provides mid-course guidance for the SM-2 missile, and has also demonstrated a capability to track theater ballistic missiles. The AN/SPY-1D(V), under development for installation in some Flight IIA ships, is an improved system with better performance against targets in clutter, additional moving target indicator (MTI) waveforms, and greater ability to counter deceptive Electronic Attack measures. Source

Mk 99 Missile Fire Control System

The Mk 99 MFCS controls the loading and arming of the selected weapon, launches the weapon, and provides terminal guidance for AAW (Anti-Air Warfare) missiles. It also controls the target illumination for the terminal guidance of SM-2.
Radar and weapon systems on an AEGIS class cruiser.

The radar system associated with the Mk 99 MFCS is the missile illuminator AN/SPG-62.



AN/SPG-62 RADAR.-The AN/SPG-62 is I/J­Band fire control radar. The SPY-1 radar system detects and tracks targets and then points the SPG-62 toward the target, which in turn provides illumination for the terminal guidance of SM-2 missiles. Refer to chapter 1 for discussion on the different phases of missile guidance and the way radar is used for missile guidance. Remember that in order to track a target you need a very narrow beam of RF energy. The narrower the beam, the more accurately you can tell if you have one target or multiple targets (this is called radar resolution). This narrow beam radar is normally a second radar that works with a primary search or track radar. The AN/SPG-62 illuminating radar works as a second radar with the AN/SPY-1 series radar.

In addition to the Mk 99 MFCS, the AEGIS SPY 1 series radar works with the Gun Fire Control System. Source

From Tejas & Gripen to missiles under ‘Make in India’: How Saab wants to be the ‘Sahab’ of India’s defence sector

FE - News

Sweden’s Saab is aggressively eyeing India’s defence sector and is betting big on not only making fighter jets such as Gripen and Tejas, but also missiles.

By: | Updated: May 27, 2016 11:09 AM

Sweden’s Saab is aggressively eyeing India’s defence sector and is betting big on not only making fighter jets such as Gripen and Tejas, but also missiles under PM Narendra Modi’s ‘Make in India’ initiative.

Jan Widerström, Country Head and Chairman of Saab India tells FE Online, “Make in India is definitely on our agenda. Our footprint in India is expanding fast. We now have eight Indian partner companies working with us.”

Saab has offered to support HAL for developing sub-systems for the next generation fighter jet Tejas. Talking about Saab’s offer, Widerström says, “HAL has sought responses on specific queries relating to the next generation of the Tejas, and our interactions revolve around deeper discussions for these systems. Our discussions are progressing very well so far.” “We have an excellent working relationship with HAL, which started with the IDAS Electronic Warfare suite that we provide for the Dhruv,” he adds.

Not only Tejas, Saab has time and again offered to manufacture its Gripen fighter aircraft in India. The newly unveiled Gripen E, which is said to have improved avionics system when compared to previous versions of the jet, is also being considered under ‘Make in India’. However, Saab is not the only defence major that is vying to cater to India’s armed forces. Boeing and Lockheed Martin have already shown interest in making their F/A-18 and F-16 aircraft in the country. A final call on which jet will be chosen for the ‘Make in India’ programme will be taken by Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar by the end of this fiscal.

Saab is confident that it will benefit immensely by investing in India’s defence sector and has even given its thumbs up to the recently unveiled Defence Procurement Policy (DPP). “We (Saab) believe that DPP 2016 is a strong step in the right direction, towards boosting Make in India and encouraging defence manufacturing. We are looking forward to the remaining appendices now, and are confident that they will further build on this base,” says Widerström.

Missiles are yet another area that Saab is looking for business opportunities. Giving details about its foray into missiles for India Widerström says, “In February this year, we announced plans for a Joint Venture company in India together with Kalyani Strategic Systems, which is the defence arm of the Kalyani Group. The joint venture will handle the main part of production and delivery of air defence systems for VSHORAD (Very Short Range Air Defense Systems) and SRSAM (Short-range surface-to-air missile) programs to the Indian customer.”

“The production in India will comprise of subsystems and systems for SRSAM and VSHORAD with the aim to transfer production as well as development knowledge to India. This of course goes hand in hand with the Make in India programme. Orders of missile parts have already been issued to KSSL and production-readiness reviews are ongoing. Saab and KSSL are planning for technology transfer for different packages within the programmes.” he explains.

What other initiatives is Saab venturing into? Says Widerström, “We have an R&D center in Hyderabad in collaboration with Tech Mahindra, where engineers are working on designing next-generation systems in close cooperation with our teams in Sweden. We have recently announced that we will now be manufacturing self-protection systems for land vehicles in conjunction with Tata Power SED at their facility in Bangalore. We see huge potential for this partnership, which will begin with export of sub-systems from India for our global orders.”



Saab is major contender for the 120 foreign make single engine fighter program as F-16 is out of the running unless Tata can pull a big one!

The 120 twin engine foreign fighter program will be between Rafale and F-18E/F unless F-18 throw in the Advance Super Hornet I doubt Boeing can win!

See F-18E/F vs Rafale comparison posted earlier (below main article): HERE


Kalyani Strategic Systems website: HERE

Related post:


400 more fighter jets in Indian Air Force’s vision 2030

Lockheed Eyes Tata as F-16 Partner for Next Big India Jet Deal

 The Swedes have handed India an irresistible offer

Sweden to customise offer to push Gripen-NG fighter aircraft deal with India

‘Make in India’ pitch to sell Swedish fighter for air force

 Flat Refusal: India Dismisses US Offer of F-16 Jets



‘All the Kings Horses…’ Russian Critical Mass in Syria – The Boresight

Posted May 25, 2016

[Above] A rather spectacular photo of a SyAAF Su-22M-4K during the fighting to eject Daesh (ISIL) from the ancient Roman city of Palmyra. We can certify this image as authentic (see video below). The city was largely retaken by Syrian forces with the help of Russian strikes. Palmyra a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in central Syria. Qatar has now supplied opposition forces with Chinese FN-6 MANPADs despite deep concern by the international community of these weapons being acquired by Jihadists. This Su-22M-4K is almost certainly an ex-Iranian machine acquired from Iraq during the 1991 Gulf War when Iraqi Air Force flew many of its aircraft to Iran.

We had not planned on writing more on Syria, but after the gains made by government forces and the continued impressive execution by the Russian military (one of the few times in history that direct observation of actual Russian combat operations is possible), it was time for another post. Most Western assessments of Russian capabilities have been completely off the mark, (and unfortunately nothing new). Assessments Western policy makers need to start seriously revisiting. The Soviet military that entered Afghanistan in 1979 is not the same military we are seeing in Syria. Too many observers have omitted the mounting evidence of increasing combat effectiveness displayed during the Second Chechen War, the 2008 campaign against Georgia, and a hand in the encirclement of Ukrainian forces (collapse of the Debaltseve pocket) in the Donbass in February 2015.

We had a suspicion that Russia would manipulate (read: simplify) the battlefield in Syria as to force the various rebel groups to either give up or join with jihadists groups. Indeed, this is exactly what appears to be occurring. Either way, all those opposing Assad become fair game.

The war in Georgia in 2008 should have been a teachable moment for the global defense press – it was not. 2008 was revealing in that the Russian military was able to prevail while operating under impossible IFF (Identification Friend or Foe) conditions. Opposing forces in Georgia employed the same aircraft, helicopters, and armor/vehicle types. There is a high probability that losses suffered by the Russians (and the disarray displayed by Georgians) was partly a result of IFF issues – something totally missed by both Western and Russian defense analysts.

Part of this is a function of Russia being forced to confront the vast proliferation of its own machinery around the globe.  

The Syrian war has many of the same IFF dimensions as the Georgian campaign. Though accidents can occur, this type of IFF delineation proficiency (who the good guys are, who the bad guys are – while all sides using the same equipment) especially in engaging ground elements with air power, appears to be a growing capability in the Russian military – that could exceed the delineation proficiency of the West.

As of 2016, there is little doubt that Man Portable Air Defense (MANPADs) missile are in the hands of Syrian opposition forces despite Western intelligence concerns. Most believe functional weapons were supplied by Qatar (Chinese FN-6) as well as smuggled out from Libyan stocks after the ouster of Gadaffi. There could be other sources as well. Finite battery life of MANPADs could be the only factor (currently?) mitigating their wide employment by nonstate actors. Expect the Russians to counter this new MANPAD threat by employing weapon location radar to suppress-destroy MANPAD teams after they fire their weapons at aircraft.

[Above] This is the first time in memory we have seen SyAAF SA.342L Gazelles operating and using their (HOT) antitank missiles no less.

Kremlin support has enabled the Syrian Army and SyAAF to reconstitute their fighting abilities. This included sending Syrian Army officers back to Russia for retraining. Having said that, this is an all Russian show. We predicted after assessing the Russian intervention in Syria in 2015 and in particular – after the impressive display of RuAF Mi-24P employment proficiency – operating through hails of ground fire – that the gig was up – and the Syrian war could effectively be concluded by the summer of 2016. The taking of Palmyra this week (late March 2016) would support that assessment. There is no actor or proxy in Syria that can take on Russian military strength, inertia, or employment doctrine. Government forces are now moving east on the M20 highway towards Deir ez-Zor. Russian airstrikes are already occurring there. We expect Deir ez-Zor to fall to government forces and Russian airpower within the 2nd to 3rd weeks in April 2016 (new update). If nothing changes – thankfully the Daesh in Syria – it appears it will be routed. Given the state of affairs the region, this is not an unimpressive feat.

Government forces appear to now be concentrating on Aleppo rather than Deir ez-Zor. Given that most of the population centers in Syria are in the west – retaking allepo would largily win the war for Assad and pro-Assad forces. Expect civilian casualties to be very high in any Aleppo campaign

8-Mar 2016: The Syrian Army has entered Palmyra  Deash had held the city and had ravaged the antiquities there. Palmyra is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. PHOTOS: Ancient City Of Palmyra After ISIS Was Driven Out

[Above] Russian flown Mi-24P helicopters showing proper employment of the Hind type.

[Below] Let us take a closer look at the Russian flown Mil Mi-24 Hind-P rotary-wing operations and employment doctrine in Syria. They work in pairs and groups, at extremely low level (nap of the earth), in daytime, using expendables. The very low altitude in daytime helps mask the helicopters hot exhaust (its IR signature) and make locking onto on with a MANPAD difficult. IR-masking is effective because objects and terrain in the foreground/background of the aircraft heat up during the day allowing the aircraft to blend into the IR picture. As of the time of this writing the Russian Mil Mi-24 Hind-P appear impervious to the large variety of ground fire encountered in Syria. The Russians are also employing their Ka-52 and Mi-28N helicopters.

Most Western observers (smugly) assured themselves (and those who would listen) that the Russians would take helicopter losses almost immediately.

We suggest one assign little utility to these observers in the future. The rockets used are also of a higher caliber (than SyAAF machines) and delayed fusing warheads appear to be employed as well. The Syrian war will rewrite the history of Hind.

There have been persistent reports of heavier than normal civilian casualties since the Russian intervention. This is consistent with war during any taking of territory. As uncomfortable as this is to point out – civilians do not (do not) have a legitimate expectation of safety if they are in places where a heavy weapon offensive is taking place. It would be akin to trying to live regular lives and sending your kids to school in the Ardennes during the Battle of the Budge. Not prudent. Towns caught in the fighting in the Ardennes were flattened – by both sides. Civilians and hospital staff must heed leaflet drops and other indicators – and get out of the area if possible.

It is a near certainty that after the Russian arrival, what looks like the indiscriminate bombing of civilians areas – is in actuality attempts to collapse opposition tunnel networks that have arisen after during years of civil war. Having said that, a depopulation strategy by Assad could still be in play?

After the West ‘cut the head off the snake’ in Iraq and Libya, we have changed policy. The US/Saudi are pursuing the same policy in Yemen – that Russia, Iran, and Iraq is pursuing in Syria. Everyone knows the Turks and Saudi (Qatar) only want Assad out so they can run a gas pipeline up from the Gulf into Europe. Neither Turkey or Saudi give a 2-cents about human rights or the Sunni, as beheadings in Saudi Arabia for witchcraft and sorcery testifies.

European capitals privately dislike Erdogan, and people everywhere increasingly detest the House of Saud Wahhabi-Salafist ideology. Assad is also – not some benevolent ruler. The entire region is up to its eyeballs in bad actors.

[Above] A SyAAF Su-22M4 landing in front of two MiG-25s (at T4?). Their large twin tails clearly visible in the background. [Below] The St. Petersburg Mariinsky orchestra hold a concert in the ancient Roman amphitheater in Palmyra on 05-May, 2016. This was the same place Daesh conducted their beheadings. Whatever one’s view on the Syrian Civil War and the Russian intervention, if there was ever a symbol of a clash of cultures – we cannot think of a greater one. No one said winning a war was a bloodless enterprise. We think Western criticisms of Russian behavior in Syria needs to be understood in its larger context. To pose more fundamental questions about what values we share?

It’s too bad the legitimate Syrian opposition became entangled with Jihadists (or was perceived to by the outside). This served to undermine their movement as it became too complicated for outside governments to figure out (apparently the CIA is still trying) – in essence, it became a geopolitical IFF problem. Then when ISIS arrived on the scene, the big powers just said: to hell with it – we’re going in – and Assad?…stick with the devil we know. Assad didn’t shoot up Copenhagen, Paris, or Brussels. A secular authoritarian regime (that kills its own) has been deemed ‘preferable’ over Salafi-Wahhabi Jihad that also kills “infidels.”

24-May, 2016: [Below] Images have appeared purporting to show Russian Air Force Mi-24s destroyed on the ground at T4 Air Base, between Homs and Palmyra. As more evidence comes in, it is unclear if it is due to hostile action. Stay tuned. The Russian Duma has asked the military to destroy ‘al-Nusra’ front. so perhaps al-Nusra was involved?

If hostile action: we would expect some aerial-denial sorties (aerial mining) by Russian fighter-bombers along the flanks of Russian supply routes, to keep hostile indirect-fire out of reach? We will likely see the relocation of weapon-location-radar combined with self-propelled artillery in forward areas, for hostile indirect-fire suppression. The Russian Federation should assume that all hostile forces in Syria have access to open-source satellite imagery.  Forward deployments are inherently always (always) dangerous, and should deploy aerial-reconnaissance deception technologies (decoys) under these conditions.

[Below] Alas, Daesh jihadists have now militarily turned on the Turks (as opposed to just using suicide bombers inside Turkey) – and destroy an M-60T Sabra MBT using a 9M133 Kornet. Up to now Ankara had up to now been quite happy to watch Daesh attacking the Kurds:

In a possible related development [below] this video purports to show Daesh units being escorted away from Eastern Qalamoun by SyAAF gunships. Daesh command and control could be breaking down, however, there is presently no way to verify whom precisely is driving down this road. If accurate, dealings with the Vichy regime by the Allies in WWII come to mind.

[Below] More video claiming to be ISIS attacking Turkish self-propelled artillery with 9M133 ‘Kornet’ ATGM. Together with the shelling of Turkish towns in the south earlier, it is obvious that Daesh (or their supporters) are vigorously attempting to expand the war.

[Below] 16-May 2016: Pantsir S-1 deployment in Palmyra to kill hostile aerial reconnaissance drones-quadcopters including those of the Daesh. ISIS have been attempting a counter-attack in the area. Quadcopter drone reconnaissance has become a new norm of war, even for non-state actors.

Iraq will likely be Washingtons Humpty Dumpty, and time will tell if it can eject ISIL and put it back together again. Iraq was certainly an elective project the United States had no business destabilizing. The Americans need to remember that time is not infinite. CENTCOM has been tiptoeing with the Daesh for far (far) too long. Iraq’s future may already be out of Washington’s reach. The recent F-16 sale to the Iraqi Air Force and endless incremental additional advisors to Iraq indicates DC is at least still trying to hang on by its fingernails. We shall see…

– All media found here is for scholarship and research purposes and protected under U.S. Internet ‘Fair Use’ Law –


Many content in the article were also posted in this blog.

See related post below:

Russian helicopters and military vehicles ‘destroyed by Islamic State’ – Assumed to be faked as it came from sole source

Watch Kurdish PKK shooting down a Turkish army helicopter – Short clip

Islamic State destroyed 3 Turkish Army tanks near Karkamis town of Gaziantep

Turkish tank survives Kornet missile strike

ISIS missile allegedly hits Turkish tank near Mosul (VIDEO)

Russian Kamov Ka-52 “Aligator” seen for the first time in the battle for Al-Qaryatain, Syria

Pipeline plan B if Islamic State plan fails in Syria


New sense of urgency for Canada’s CF-18 fighter replacement

Pakistan, Russia deal on MI-35 attack helicopters likely in two months


Minister says Pakistan to approach other countries if US refuses to deliver F-16 aircraft

By: APP  30-May-16

ISLAMABAD: Minister for Defence Production Rana Tanveer Hussain has said that Pakistan is in negotiations with Russia for procurement of MI-35 attack helicopters, expressing confidence that there would be significant development in two months in this regard.

“I hope we will be able to materialise this project (to buy MI-35 helicopters) in two months,” he said while talking to reporters here. He said that the JF-17 fighter aircraft were capable enough to meet defence requirements of Pakistan. Pakistan had a fleet of state-of-the-art JF-17 Thunder aircraft which carried all specifications of any advanced fighter jet, he said.

Pakistan was at top among 10 countries having JF-17 fleet, he said, adding that the country’s defence was impregnable and had the capability to meet all challenges. Commenting on the country’s defence production quality, he said that the Pakistan Ordnance Factory (POF) was producing and exporting small arms to different countries including US, Britain and Germany.

He said that the Ministry of Defence Production was working day and night to meet requirements of the armed forces, adding that a proposal had been forwarded to the quarters concerned for separate budget of the ministry. Answering a question, Tanveer said Pakistan was in contact with US for delivery of F-16 aircraft, and in case the deal was not materialised, it would approach other countries for the purpose.

To another question, the minister said a protest had been launched with US over the recent drone attack, adding that US ambassador had been called in by the Foreign Office. Both civil and military leadership expressed serious concerns over the attack, he added.


See details of Mi-24(Mi-35): HERE


US State Dept Clears FMS of F/A-18 C/D Svc & Support to Kuwait