Raytheon chooses US site to manufacture Air Force jet trainer

Pending approval, the T-100 aircraft will be built in Meridian, Miss.

Raytheon plans to build the T-100 Integrated Air Training System, a proposed jet trainer for the U.S. Air Force, in Meridian, Mississippi. Should the Air Force approve the company’s proposal for the Advanced Pilot Training program, Raytheon would establish a final assembly and check-out facility at a site it has chosen in Meridian.

“Our process determined that the best location for building the T-100 is Meridian,” said Rick Yuse, president of Raytheon Space and Airborne Systems. “It provides the right blend of infrastructure, proximity to our customers, government support and a talent base that’s ready for the high tech jobs critical to our success.”

Raytheon has manufactured products in Mississippi for more than three decades. The company builds active electronically scanned array radars at its facility in the city of Forest.

“Mississippi’s existing partnership with Raytheon is one reason we are a global leader in advanced manufacturing for the defense industry,” said Mississippi Governor Phil Bryant. “With a firm understanding of the significance of the advanced pilot training mission, we are excited about the possibility of expanding that partnership and creating hundreds of new, high-paying jobs supporting our brave men and women who serve this country.”

The T-100 Integrated Air Training System is a comprehensive, next-generation training solution customized to meet and exceed the U.S. Air Force’s mission requirements. Based on the Aermacchi M-346, it combines cutting–edge, ground-based simulators with computerized classroom training to prepare the next generation of pilots. Raytheon has partnered with Leonardo-Finmeccanica, CAE USA and Honeywell Aerospace to offer the T-100 to the U.S. Air Force.

This document does not contain technology or Technical Data controlled under either the U.S. International Traffic in Arms Regulations or the U.S. Export Administration Regulations. E16-5PXJ.

Published: 10/24/2016

Last Updated: 10/24/2016

Source @raytheon.com


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India $12 billion quest for new fighter jets

India could shell out $12 billion for new fighter jets

by Rishi Iyengar   @IyengarishOctober 25, 2016: 9:08 AM ET

India needs new fighter jets, and the world’s leading manufacturers are lining up to provide them.

The South Asian nation’s government has sent letters to several companies regarding a new fleet of military aircraft, to be jointly produced with local firms. A potential deal, according to experts, could be worth up to $12 billion.

“India is looking at paying $65 to $80 million per aircraft for 150 aircraft,” says Ben Moores, a defense and aviation analyst at IHS Jane’s. The country faces an elevated sticker price for the fighters because government rules require most of the manufacturing to take place in India.

The requirement, which is part of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s “Make in India” initiative, is believed to have been a roadblock in India’s most recent military aircraft deal with France.

That deal, which originally called for French company Dassault to supply the Indian air force with 126 Rafale fighters, underwent lengthy negotiations due to disputes over the local production clause.

Under the final terms of the sale agreed by India and France last month, India will only get 36 jets.

Other companies appear more than ready to fill the gap. U.S. manufacturer Lockheed Martin and Sweden’s Saab are the leading contenders.

“We are prepared to provide a solution under the ‘Make in India’ program,” said Saab spokesman Sebastian Carlsson, who confirmed that the company has received the Indian government’s letter.

Carlsson touted his company’s deal to supply Brazil with its Gripen fighters as a blueprint for a potential agreement with India. Saab is transferring technology to local firms as part of the deal, and is even training Brazilian engineers.

It’s “an example of the way we like to do business,” Carlsson said. He added that Saab was preparing an official response to India’s letter.

Lockheed Martin (LMT) has gone a step further, offering to make India the sole global manufacturing hub for its F-16 fighter if offered the deal.

“Exclusive F-16 production in India would make India home to the world’s only F-16 production facility,” said Abhay Paranjape, Lockheed’s national executive for business development in India. “None of our competitors can offer that.”

Paranjape said the company, which has received and responded to the government’s letter, envisions “a joint venture model with Indian industry as prime owner.”

While India appears to have begun the procurement process in earnest, past instances suggest a final deal — especially of the magnitude being discussed — will be anything but straightforward.

“There might be a strategic eagerness for modern aircraft but the reality is that bureaucratic hurdles and state owned industrial self-interest outweigh the requirement urgency,” says Moores. “If India can sign a deal and make it stick that will be impressive in its own right.”

CNNMoney (New Delhi)First published October 25, 2016: 8:08 AM ET

Original post cnn.com


The USA has completely omitted that the Gripen E will have a naval version which would suit very much the Indian Navy needs.


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Four-way dogfight for Indonesia F-5 replacement

Indo Defence 2016: Four-way dogfight for F-5 replacement

24th October 2016 – 12:00by Chen Chuanren in Singapore

The race is still on for the Indonesian Air Force’s (TNI-AU) F-5E fighter replacement programme. Despite the air force expressing strong interest in the Sukhoi Su-35 as early as September 2015, a deal is yet to be inked.

Saab, Lockheed Martin, Sukhoi and Eurofighter are still hopeful of a shot at the deal estimated to be worth around $1.5 billion to replace 11 Northrop Grumman F-5E Tiger IIs acquired in 1980.

The country wishes the first aircraft to be delivered within 12-18 months of contract signing.

Indonesia’s Defence Industry Law requires foreign investors to fully engage with local industry, which could entail technology transfer or developing indigenous capabilities. Indonesian firms have to own at least 51% of any joint projects.

Saab hopes to market the Gripen C/D whilst riding success stories from the Czech Republic and Hungary where both air forces leased and then eventually bought the platform. Similarly in Brazil, the air force there will develop its own variant of the Gripen with Saab’s assistance.

‘We want to deliver a sovereign independent capability,’ said Rob Hewson, head of communications at Saab Asia-Pacific, at a media brief in July. Saab is also looking to offer a wider air defence package including ground-based radars and defence systems like the RBS 70NG.

Eurofighter expressed in 2015 that it is ready to set up an assembly line in Bandung, Indonesia.

The TNI-AU currently operates a squadron of Su-27SK/Su-30MKK fighters as well as receiving refurbished ex-USAF Lockheed Martin F-16 C/D Block 25 aircraft (known as Block 52ID).

It will be interesting to see how the TNI-AU evaluates its choices between currently operated platforms against attractive new packages.

Original post shephardmedia.com


11 Su-35 is around $1.1 billion, Euro Typhoon $3.8 billion, F-16V $1.65 billion & Gripen C/D $1.012 billion

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World War III Update: Experts say 5 of Russia’s Satan missiles could destroy US east coast & kill 4 million people

By @vitthernandez on October 24 2016 11:38 AM

Experts warn that if Russia would unleash just five of its SS-18 missile, also known as the Satan, it could destroy the east coast of the US and kill more than 4 million people. Russia is believed to have 55 Satans, its most powerful missile, part of the largest nuclear stockpile in the world which could make the nuclear bombs dropped during World War II in Japan pale in comparison.

Just one SS-18 missile, in an apocalyptic nuclear strike, could wipe out 75 percent of New York for thousands of years, Dr Paul Craig Roberts, former assistant secretary of the Treasury for Economic Policy, warns. He explains that the SS-18 missiles could carry nuclear warheads with payloads of up to 20,000 kilotons, Dailystar reports.

It is more than a thousand times powerful than the bomb dropped on Nagasaki. Roberts says at maximum payload, a direct hit on New York is capable of killing 4.5 million people, injuring another 3.6 million and send radioactive fallout covering over 600 miles. It could also be armed with 10 smaller nukes of 550 kilotons each that can spread across a wide area and almost impossible to intercept.

Roberts, in an article for the Centre for Research on Gloablization, warned Russia could easily annihilate NATO and lead to the total collapse of the western alliance. Based on FEMA predictions from the Cold War, the targets of a Russian nuclear attack would include cities with huge populations such as New York, Philadelphia, Miami, Boston, Jacksonville and Washington DC.

A global war is imminent and could begin in two weeks, a Russian official predicted, as Russia starts air attacks on Aleppo. On Sunday, the three-day humanitarian ceasefire in Aleppo ended, but residents did not leave the war-torn city’s eastern area. CNN reports that the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights says it was not aware of any resident who left Aleppo using any of the eight approved evacuation routes.

Residents opted not to leave because they fear being ambush on the routes or suspect the Syrian and Russian governments encourage evacuations to clear rebels from the area. Fight resumed on Sunday asmortars peppered Khan Touman, a southern village of Aleppo, USA Today reports. The missiles were Grad rockets freshly supplied by backers of the Syrian government.

During the three-day ceasefire, relief agencies failed to bring aid to the eastern districts of Aleppo held by rebels because of lack of security guarantees from both warring parties, causing the cancellation of planned medical evacuations, VOA reports.

Original post ibtimes.com.au


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A400M Military Transport Aircraft

The A400M (formerly known as the future large aircraft) is a military transporter designed to meet the requirements of the air forces of Belgium, France, Germany, Spain, Turkey, Luxembourg and the UK.

A European staff target was drawn up in 1993, together with a memorandum of understanding signed by the governments of the seven nations. Italy subsequently withdrew from the programme.

a400mImage @abc.es

Airbus Military SL of Madrid, a subsidiary of Airbus Industrie, is responsible for management of the A400M programme.

Other companies with a share in the programme include BAE Systems (UK), EADS (Germany, France and Spain), Flabel (Belgium) and Tusas Aerospace Industries (Turkey). Final assembly took place in Seville, Spain.

A400M future large aircraft programme

Image @nbcnews.com

In May 2003, a development and production contact was signed between Airbus and OCCAR, the European procurements agency, for 212 aircraft. France, Germany, Italy, Spain, the UK, Turkey, Belgium, and Luxembourg initially signed but Italy subsequently withdrew. The order was consequently reduced to 180 aircraft with deliveries starting in 2009. These will continue until 2020.

First metal cut for the airframe of A400M was in January 2005 and assembly began in 2007. The first flight was scheduled for early 2008; however, development problems with the engines caused this to be postponed. The first aircraft was officially rolled out in June 2008 and the long-awaited A400M took its maiden flight on 11 December 2009.

The aircraft took off with 127t in weight, carrying 15t of test equipment, including 2t of water ballast. Its official maximum take-off weight is 141t.

0000124522Source: EADS. Graphic: Cristina Rivera Gª, Dept. of Computer Graphics.
1  Flight refueling probe 62  IFF antenna
2  radome 63  Front side of the center wing box
3  Weather radar 64  Costilla central wing box
4  Forward pressure bulkhead 65  Centr fuel tank drawer.
5  Localizer antenna and glideslope 66  Clamping elements wing / fuselage
6  Rudder pedals 67  Cuadernas
7  Navigation instrument panel 68  Accom. the main landing gear
8  Control Units 69  Main Landing Gear
9  central pedestal and levers engine 70  Lever-type dampers
10  Passenger seat 71  multidisc carbon brakes
eleven  Windshield 72  Trapdoor main landing gear
12  HUD projection system data 73  wing fuel tanks
13  the third crew member workstation 74  Fuel pumps
14  Pilot seat 75  Fixed trailing edge wing
fifteen  Third crew member seat (m. Tactics) 76  Antifreeze pipe system
16  top panel 77  FRONT anchor. the nacelle
17  Sidestik 78  Anchoring engine nacelle under wing
18  Steering wheel nose wheel 79  Front side of the outer wing
19  side console 80  rear engine mount frame
twenty  4th folding seat crewman 81  fire wall
twenty-one  Storage space 82  Capots engine
22  Rest area of the flight crew, two bunks 83  Direction of rotation of the propellers
2. 3  Emergency escape hatch 84  RATIER-FIGEAC propeller blades 8
24  Door of the cockpit 85  Feathering system
25  Kitchen 86  Turboprop Europrop (10,000 hp)
26  Storage space 87  propeller gearbox
27  IFF antenna 88  accessory gearbox
28  Electronic equipment cabinet 89  Nozzle
29  Stairs 90  Pod refueling
30  Avionics compartment 91  Navigation light left
31  Floor beams support 92  radar system
32  Since the loadmaster 93  Aileron
33  electronics compartment under the floor 94  Fuel tank ventilation
3. 4  Front landing gear 95  Aileron actuator
35  Hatches front landing gear 96  outer flap
36  Front sensor missile alerter 97  inside flap
37  Drawer front landing gear 98  Backdoor paratrooper
38  Crew normal access with integrated ladder 99  hydraulic tank
39  Frame, supporting structure of the door 100  lifeboat
40  Oxygen bottles 101  flaps hydraulic motor
41  front window 102  Auxiliary Power Unit (APU)
42  Oxygen generation system 103  Access APU maintenance
43  Obs light. leading edge 104  Escape from the APU
44  Troop seat 105  Cowling behind. union wing-fuselage
Four. Five  Cargo handling rollers 106  Emergency escape hatch
46  Emergency door 107  hydraulic actuator ramp
47  Bunk beds for evacuation 108  Ramp extensions
48  TACAN antenna 109  Portalón
49  SATCOM antenna 110  Stabilizer main drawer. vertical
fifty  Landing Light 111  rudder onesie
51  Carena left 112  Rudder actuators
52  Sinker wind generator. 113  HF antenna
53  Conditioned air mixer. 114  Vertical-fuselage stabilizer clamping
54  Conditioned air duct. 115  Compensator horiz stabilizer.
55  Conditioned air group. left. 116  adjustable horizontal stabilizer
56  Air vent 117  Elevator
57  Air intake 118  Stable fastening pivot. horizontal
58  Antenna V / UHF 119  anti-collision light
59  Heat Exchanger 120  spoiler
60  TACAN antenna 121  Cone rear fuselage
61  lifeboat 122  Self-protection equipment

Source @granadahoy.com

In January 2009, EADS postponed the first deliveries of the A400M until 2012, and proposed to develop a new approach for the A400M to discover new ways to advance the programme.

2009 continued to be a troubled year for the A400M as estimates on the cost overrun of the project were released with predictions of up to €11.2bn over budget. The South African Air Force started to look at alternatives to the A400M and the European partners placed it under consideration. Airbus suggested that the programme may be scrapped unless €5.3bn could be provided.

Image @defenceindustrydaily.com

In November 2010, Belgium, the UK, France, Germany, Luxembourg, Spain and Turkey agreed to lend Airbus €1.5bn and proceed with the programme; however, Germany and the UK reduced the number of aircraft ordered to 53 and 22 respectively, decreasing the total to 170.

First deliveries were made to French Air Force in August 2013. Deliveries are expected to conclude in 2025.

A400M test flights

Image @thalesgroup.com

This first A400M is known as MSN1. The second A400M, MSN2, completed its maiden flight on 8 April 2010, while MSN3 completed its maiden flight on 9 July 2010. The fourth A400M MSN4 completed its maiden flight in December 2010. The first production aircraft of A400M (MSN7) completed its maiden flight on 6 March 2013.

The development of the A400M fleet was designated as Grizzly in July 2010. Trials with MSN1, MSN3 and MSN5 are performed in Toulouse, while those with MSN2 and MSN4 are done in Seville, providing greater flexibility and taking advantage of the best weather conditions available.

The A400M was displayed at two events in 2010: the Berlin Air Show in Germany, and the Farnborough International Airshow in the UK.

In October 2011, A400M was tested on wet runways and taxiways. The water ingestion test was completed successfully. The latest cold weather tests were concluded in February 2013.

Engine problems ground German A400Ms

A400M at Hannover right before takeoff

Germany has grounded two of the three Airbus Defence and Space (DS) A400M transport aircraft that it has so far received following the discovery of excessive engine wear, national media disclosed on 30 June.

Flight operations of aircraft 54-01 and 54-02 – the first two received in December 2014 and December 2015 – have been temporarily suspended after inspections found heavy engine wear after only 365 and 189 hours of operations respectively, Der Spiegel reported, adding that engine wear on the third aircraft, 54-03, had also been identified.

This issue is likely to be connected to problems that were identified with the EuroProp International (EPI) TP400-D6 engine earlier this year. In April it was reported that engines were being affected by excessive abrasive wear and heat resistance. It was noted that parts of the engine were struggling to stand up to the extreme temperatures, with individual components found to be flawed. A UK Royal Air Force aircraft suffered an in-flight engine shutdown as an apparent result of these issues.

At that time Airbus DS said that it was working hard to solve the issue of excessive abrasive wear, noting that it “has no impact on the security of the plane”.

It is understood that the issue has been isolated to the propeller gear-box (PGB); the part that converts the rotating high-speed motion of the engine into a slower speed motion for the propeller. A significant number of engines that are both on the final assembly line (FAL) and in service have had to be replaced because of quality issues, though the issue affects only gearboxes with a clockwise rotation.

EPI has performed an analysis of the issue, identified the root cause, and developed a procedure whereby each gearbox is inspected every 200 hours. If a crack is found the gearbox is then inspected every 20 hours after that to keep the aircraft that have been delivered flying. Gareth Jennings, London – IHS Jane’s Defence Weekly 01 July 2016 Source @janes.com

A400M orders

Image @copybook.com

Total firm orders for the A400M stand at 174 aircraft. Malaysia ordered four and 170 aircraft were ordered by seven countries, including the UK (22), Belgium (7), Turkey (10), France (50), Germany (53), Luxembourg (1) and Spain (27).

Looming capability gap in Germany’s military transport fleet may result in the MoD to urge A400M partner nations to procure & jointly operate C-130 Hercules: Here


A looming capability gap in Germany’s military transport fleet may result in the Ministry of Defense looking to urge A400M partner nations to procure and jointly operate a limited fleet of C-130 Hercules airplanes. Ongoing participation of German forces in Mali has highlighted the need for aircraft capable of landing on small and poorly fortified airfields and participation in special operations, limitations found in the A400M. At present, Germany operates the C-160 Transall which is due for retirement in 2021. 

C-130J Hercules: Details

MP14-0471 C-130 5723 Israel Ferry. Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company, Marietta, Ga. Lockheed Martin Photography by Todd R. McQueenMP14-0471 C-130 5723 Israel Ferry. Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company, Marietta, Ga. Lockheed Martin Photography by Todd R. McQueen

In April 2005, South Africa signed a contract with Airbus Military to be a full participant in the A400M programme. South Africa ordered eight aircraft, for delivery between 2010 and 2014. South Africa then cancelled the order in November 2009. In December 2005, Malaysia signed a contract for the purchase of four A400M.

Airbus Looks To the US in Search of A400M Buyers: Here

RAF Atlas (Airbus A400M) ZM400 'City of Bristol' taking off at RAF Brize Norton. BZN-OFFICIAL-20150205-131-008 Mr Paul Crouch is a civilian contractor photographer employed by Serco and permanently based at RAF Brize Norton, Oxfordshire. He previously completed 22 years as a RAF Photographer from 1984 at AIDU RAF Northolt, RAF Laarbruch, Germany, AIDU RAF Northolt, RAF Manston, AIDU RAF Northolt, 41 Sqn RIC RAF Coltishall and JADTEU RAF Brize Norton as well as detachments to the Falklands, Gioia del Colle, Italy and South Wales as a ‘Green Goddess’ driver during the fire-fighter’s strike and then ‘retired’ in 2006. After working in the commercial photographic sector for two years he was then employed by Serco to work as a civilian contractor in the photographic section at RAF Lyneham where he was often called upon to photograph the repatriation ceremonies of service personnel from Afghanistan. He was made redundant by Serco when RAF Lyneham closed in March 2012 but he was then re-employed by Serco to work at RAF Brize Norton in a similar role.RAF Atlas (Airbus A400M) ZM400 ‘City of Bristol’ taking off at RAF Brize Norton.

OPINION: Can Airbus bear weight of A400M Atlas? : Here

Asset ImageAirbus Defence & Space @flightglobal.com

A400M design

The A400M has a much larger payload than the C-160 Transall and C-130 and the design makes extensive use of composite materials. The capability for short, soft field landing and take-off is part of the requirement and the aircraft has six-wheel high-flotation main landing gear.

The need for airdrops and tactical flight requires good low-airspeed flight and the aircraft also has long-range and high-cruise speed for rapid and flexible deployment.


  • Complete in-house development of both hardware and software, including application software
  • Both SW and HW certified in accordance with RTCA DO-178B/-254 DAL A
  • Control-, monitoring-, autonomous- and electronic maintenance functions for the High-Lift System
  • Sensor inputs for determination of actual flap position and shaft speed

Source @saab.com

Image @airheadsfly.com

Final assembly of the composite (carbon-reinforced plastic – CRP) wingbox is taking place at Airbus UK in Filton. GKN Aerospace in the UK has supplied the complex carbon composite wing spars. Denel Aviation of South Africa is the supplier of the fuselage top shells and wing-fuselage fairings. EADS, Augsburg, is supplying the 7m × 4m composite cargo door.

Fuselage assembly is at Airbus Deutschland in Bremen, Germany. Final assembly of the A400M aircraft takes place at EADS CASA in Seville.

APU (APS 3200)

The APU, to be supplied by Hamilton Sundstrand Power Systems of San Diego, California, will be a derivative of the reliable APS 3200 unit, which is the standard fit APU for the Airbus single-aisle programme. The A400M APU, mounted in an upper wing fairing, will provide pneumatic power for starting the main engines and will also provide electric and pneumatic power for operation of aircraft systems and air conditioning when the engines are not running. Source @flightglobal.com

APS 3200 unit

Ram Air Turbine (RAT) emergency power system

Example of RAT – Image @enseeiht.fr

The RAT provides 45 kVA of electrical power to critical loads in the event of a total power loss.

Source @prnewswire.com

Cockpit of the military transporter


The cockpit is fully night-vision compatible and provides accommodation for two pilots and an additional crew member for special mission equipment operations. It is fitted with a fly-by-wire flight control system developed for the Airbus range of civil airliners.

Two sidestick controllers are installed to allow the pilot an unrestricted view of the electronic flight displays. The throttle controls are placed centrally between the two pilot stations.

Thales and Diehl Avionik Systeme are developing the A400M’s FMS400 flight management system, based on integrated modular avionics modules, an adaptation of systems being fitted on the Airbus A380 airliner.

The avionics includes cockpit control and display systems with nine 6in × 6in displays and a digital head-up display which features liquid crystal display (LCD) technology and enhanced vision systems (EVS), for enhanced situational awareness, automated CG calculation, automated defensive aids systems, simple EMCOM switching, simplified switching, uncluttered screens, automated tanker and receiver fuel control and auto fuel tank inerting.

‘RMP’ and P.A. communications equipment for the A400M model

Cobham Avionics (TEAM) has been chosen as the supplier for Airbus Military for the A400M programme relating to PA and RMP communications equipment. Source @europavia.es

The A400M for Germany is fitted with a terrain-masking low-level flight (TMLLF) system, from EADS Military Aircraft, for low-level flight control. The TMLLF system has a Saab Avitronics flight computer. EADS Defence & Security Systems digital map generator is also fitted.

There is a military mission management system (MMMS), from EADS Defence Electronics, which includes two mission computers. The MMMS controls cargo handling and delivery, calculating the load plan and the computed air release point before an air drop, as well as fuel management and fuel operational ranges. The MMMS also manages the tactical ground collision avoidance system (T-CGAS) and military / civil communications.

Rockwell Collins was selected to supply the HF-9500 high-frequency communications system and the avionics full-duplex ethernet (ADFX). Cobham Antennas Division provides the SATCOM antennas.

Countermeasure technology

The EADS Defence Electronics defensive aids suite includes an ALR-400 radar warner from Indra and EADS, MIRAS (multicolour infraRed alerting sensor) missile launch and approach warner developed by EADS and Thales, and chaff and flare decoy dispensers. A laser DIRCM (directed infrared countermeasure) system may be added later.

ALR-400 radar warner

The ALR-400 is an advanced radar warning system developed specifically for the Airbus A400M tactical military transport aircraft. ALR-400 would be able to effectively detect any incoming radar-based threat. The system is being produced by a team comprising EADS Defense Electronics and Indra of Spain.

ALR-400 radar warner, defensive aids computer, MIRAS multi-color missile warner and a chaff/flare dispenser are the basis for the A400M aircraft self-protection system which is expected to achieve initial operational capability by 2010 with 85 systems on order to equip the same number of A400Ms. Source @deagel.com

The aircraft can also accommodate armour plating crew protection, bulletproof windscreens, engine exhaust treatment for infrared emission reduction and inert gas explosion retardation and fire retardation in the fuel systems. The wings have hardpoints for the installation of electronic warfare pods and refuelling pods.

A400M transporter cargo systems


Rheinmetall Defence Electronics is supplying the loadmaster control system for electronic cargo control. Loadmaster consists of a workstation and control panel, eight sidewall lock panels and a crew door panel. It provides efficient ground loading and airborne cargo drops.

Loadmaster Workstation (LMWS)

The loadmaster uses the Loadmaster Workstation (LMWS) to finalize the load and trim sheet required for takeoff, which was prepared with the MPRS and transmits it electronically via an aircraft server to the cockpit, where it is printed and signed. This is one of the few remaining paper formats still existing in the A400M system.

New ground is broken when it comes to the responsibilities of the loadmaster: The A400M loadmasters are to accomplish not only logistical, but also technical tasks on the aircraft in future.

Particularly the technical part presents new challenges in the fields of personnel selection and training. In simple terms, the technical qualification of the loadmasters will conform with the EASA CAT A level; thus, jobs up to maintenance level 1 (onboard) can be carried out.

This approach requires a completely new training cycle: Depending on the previously acquired technical skills, e.g. the Air Forces Engineering schools will provide an “EASA CAT A equivalent delta training course.” Subsequently, the A400M loadmaster type rating course will take place – the traditional loadmaster training course on the A400M aircraft as well as the “Maintenance Course for Loadmasters.”

Building upon the CAT A knowledge, the latter will convey A400M-specific contents. Thus, the loadmaster will become capable of conducting “ground handling and servicing”, simple troubleshooting and maintenance activities.

Source @eatc-mil.com

air_a400m_loading_features_lgImage @defenceindustrydaily.comThe A400M Atlas delivered a cargo into Cyprus this week on its first operational mission as it prepares for initial operational capability later this year – Image @combatandsurvival.com

The payload requirements include a range of military helicopters and vehicles, heavy engineering equipment, pallets and cargo containers.

Airbus A400M Atlas Airborne Cargo Bay Dimensions – Image @thinkdefence.co.ukAirbus A400M Atlas Cargo Dimensions – @thinkdefence.co.uk
Image @aviation-news.co.uk

The cargo bay can transport up to nine standard military pallets (2.23m × 2.74m), including two on the ramp, as well as 58 troops seated along the sides or up to 120 fully equipped troops seated in four rows. For Medevac, it can carry up to 66 stretchers and 25 medical personnel.

Right dropping door and wind deflectors used during the jump

The A400M can carry 116 paratroops and air-drop them and their equipment either by parachute or gravity extraction. It can air-drop single loads up to 16t; multiple loads up to 25t total; 120 paratroops plus a wedge load of 6t, or up to 20 1t containers or pallets.

It can also perform simultaneous drops of paratroops and cargo (RAS / wedge or door loads) and very-low-level extraction (VLLE) of a single load up to 6.35t, or multiple loads up to 19t total weight. Gravity extraction can be performed for a single load up to 4t, or multiple loads up to 20t total weight.

The cargo compartment can be configured for cargo, vehicle or troop transport or air drop, a combination of these and for aero-medical evacuation. A single loadmaster is able to reconfigure the cargo compartment for different roles either in flight or on the ground. A powered crane installed in the ceiling area of the rear section of the fuselage has a 5t capacity for loading from the ground and for cross-loading.

The rear-opening door has full compartment cross-section to allow axial load movement, roll-on and roll-off loading and for the air drop of large loads.

A400M tactical tanker and refuelling

Image @thinkdefence.co.uk

The A400M is convertible to a tactical tanker, with the ability to refuel a range of aircraft and helicopters within two hours. Flight Refuelling Ltd is supplying the 908E wing pod drogue system, which provides a fuel flow of up to 1,200kg/min for each pod, plus the centreline pallet-mounted hose drum unit fitted in the rear cargo bay, which provides a fuel flow of 1,800kg/min.

908E wing pod drogue system

905E Series podImage @cobham.com

908E Wing Dispense Equipment (WDE)

Flow rate Up to 400USgpm

Weight Up to 630kg wet

Delivery pressure 50psig

Hose length 80ft trailed length

Operating envelope Fixed wing 180 – 300kts

Rotary wing 105 – 130kts

Source @cobham.com

In addition, up to two cargo bay fuel tanks (CBT), which connect directly to the A400M’s fuel management system, can be fitted. Total fuel capacity is 46.7t or 58t with the CBTs.

Airbus A400M Atlas Airborne Refuelling Chart

Image @thinkdefence.co.uk

In October 2011, GKN Aerospace won the £6m ($9.54) contract from Cobham Mission Equipment. It includes supplying air refuelling pylon for A400M. It also supplies a wing spar for the A400M.


The aircraft’s independent navigation system comprises an inertial reference system (IRS) integrated with a global positioning system (GPS). The weather and navigation radar is the Northrop Grumman AN/APN-241E, which incorporates wind shear measurement and ground mapping capability.

Northrop Grumman AN/APN-241E

The only radar in the transport class with a high resolution SAR mapping mode

The AN/APN-241’s capability remains unmatched by the competition as the only radar in the transport class with a high resolution SAR mapping mode. In addition to meeting needs for precision navigation, this unparalleled mapping capability enables operators to execute landing missions with confidence on unimproved runways without aid from ground-based landing systems.

No other radar in the industry can compete with the range and accuracy of the AN/APN-241. It is the only radar with a 10nm range Windshear mode and its unique two-bar can technology eliminates false alarms. And, unlike other systems, the AN/APN-241 windshear mode is not restricted by altitude. At 20 nautical miles, the AN/APN-241 provides the longest range air-to-air situational awareness mode of any transport radar. The Skin Paint mode also features computer generated target-sizing, a clutter-free display, and hands-free operation to the crew.

246Simultaneous multifunction capability

The AN/APN-241 is designed to allow pilots to focus on the mission rather than “working” the radar. Automatic tilt and gain adjustments reduce operator tasking, and with simultaneous mode interleaving, crews can select independent radar modes according to mission requirements. The AN/APN-241 provides overlays of flight plan or TCAS information on weather or ground maps for greater situational awareness. Operators may also ‘freeze’ the AN/APN-241 into a non-emitting mode to gain a tactical advantage.

The AN/APN-241 was built with growth in mind. Modifications to current modes and technologies will provide a maritime patrol capability suitable for fisheries protection, smuggling interdiction, and Search and Rescue missions. With the development of ‘Ballistic Wind’ mode, a modification which will measure drop zone winds, the AN/APN-241 provides a unique air drop capability to support both military and humanitarian missions.

Proven versatility

The highly adaptable AN/APN-241 is currently fielded on four aircraft: C-130H, C-130J, C-27J and C-295. Northrop Grumman has integrated the AN/APN-241 with five different avionics architectures and two antenna systems. As the baseline radar for the LMCO C-130J and Alenia C-27J, it has a solid, long-term production base with logistics and maintenance support through 2030 and beyond.

Source @northropgrumman.com

The radio navigation suite includes a pair of instrument landing systems, VHF omnidirectional radio ranging (VOR), radio distance measuring equipment (DME), air traffic control (ATC) transponders, automatic direction finders (ADF) and a tactical air navigation unit (TACAN).

Engines onboard the A400M

In May 2003, Airbus Military selected the three-shaft TP400-D6 turboprop engine, to be manufactured by EuroProp International (EPI). EPI is a consortium formed by Rolls-Royce (UK, Germany), ITP (Spain), MTU (Germany) and Snecma (France). Rolls-Royce is responsible for overall integration.

EuroProp International (EPI) TP400-D6 engine

Image @mtu.de

The development of this advanced military turboprop engine is shared by ITP, MTU Aero Engines, Rolls-Royce and Snecma. The partners have launched a joint company, Europrop International (EPI), to develop, manufacture and support the TP400-D6.

The TP400-D6 powers the A400M military transport which has successfully completed its maiden flight in Spain’s Seville in late 2009. The TP400-D6 successfully entered into service with the French Air Force in late 2013.

MTU is responsible for the TP400-D6’s intermediate-pressure compressor, intermediate-pressure turbine and intermediate-pressure shaft and has a stake in the engine control unit. Furthermore, final assembly of all TP400-D6 production engines takes place at MTU Aero Engines in Munich and acceptance testing at MTU Maintenance Berlin-Brandenburg. Source @mtu.de

TP400-D6 engine – Image @mechanicalproducts.blogspot.comimagenTP400-D6 engine – Image @itp.esImage @flightglobal.com
  • Power range in excess of 11,000 shp
  • Low risk design and life cycle cost
  • Low susceptibility to FOD and erosion
  • Ample growth potential

The TP400-D6 is a collaborative engine between Rolls-Royce, MTU, Snecma and ITP. The engine was designed to fulfil the European Staff Requirements (ESR) for the A400M military transport, an aircraft used for peacekeeping missions abroad.

Within the collaboration, Rolls-Royce areas of responsibility include overall engine performance, Air & Oil systems, Intermediate casing, 6-stage High Pressure Compressor and the Low Pressure shaft.

Rolls-Royce is contracted to development and production of more than 750 engines for the A400M fleets of Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Spain, Turkey, Belgium and Luxembourg, and the production of additional engines for potential export customers. 

Specification TP400-D6
Power (shp) 11,000+
Bypass ratio 0.8
Pressure ratio 25
Length (in) 137.8
Diameter (in) 36.4
Basic weight (lb) 4,026
Compressor 5IP, 6HP
Turbine 1HP, 1IP, 3LP
Applications Airbus Military A400M

*Technical data (ISA SLS)

Data @rolls-royce.com

The four engines each have a maximum output of more than 11,000shp. EPI states they are the largest turboprops ever made in the West. The engines are fitted with FADEC (full authority digital engine control), supplied by BAE Systems and Hispano-Suiza.

Engine problems ground German A400Ms: Here

Interim fix for A400M engine issue certified – Airbus: Here

Eight-bladed composite variable pitch FH386 propeller

Image @ainonline.com

Ratier-Figeac SA of France (a business unit of US-based Hamilton Standard) supplies the eight-bladed composite variable pitch FH386 propellers. The propellers are 5.33m (17.5ft) in diameter and fully reversing with the capability to back the fully loaded aircraft up a 2% slope. FiatAvio supplies the propeller gearbox.

Electrical power generation systems are supplied by Aerolec, a joint venture between Thales and Goodrich. The variable frequency generators will provide up to 400kVa.

Operational range of A400M with 20-tonne (44,000 lb) and 30-tonne (66,000 lb) payloads, flown from Paris, France. source @wikiwand.com

Image @wikimedia.org

Landing gear

Messier-Dowty was chosen as the supplier of both main and nose landing gear. Each main landing gear consists of three independent twin-wheel assemblies, providing six wheels on each side. This allows the plane to land on unprepared runways. The landing gear system also enables the A400M to ‘kneel’ which lowers the rear ramp to facilitate the loading of large vehicles.

Image @raf.mod.uk

The main landing gear shock absorbers maintain a minimum distance from the ground whatever the load. Messier-Bugatti supplies wheels and brakes. The aircraft has two nose wheels and 12 braked wheels.

EuroProp International (EPI) has developed TP400 power plant for the A400M. The power plant has been installed on the inner engine mount of the C-130K flight test-bed.

The A400M’s normal operating speed is 555km/h, but it can reach a maximum speed of 780km/h. The normal and ferry ranges of the aircraft are 3,298km and 8,710km respectively. The service ceiling is 11,300m.

The take-off and landing distances of the aircraft are 980m and 770m respectively. The aircraft weighs around 76,500kg and the maximum take-off weight is 141,000kg.

Main material source @airforce-technology.com

Military transport aircraft
4 × Europrop TP400-D6 turboprop, 8,250 kW (11,060 hp) each
11,278 m max.
France, Spain, Germany, Italy, United Kingdom, Belgium
Germany, France , Spain, United Kingdom, Turkey, Belgium, Luxembourg, Malaysia.
No armament, cargo transport
Maximum speed: 780 km/h
Take Off Weight
141,000 kg
EADS Defence Electronics defensive aids suite, ALR-400 radar, EVS enhanced vision systems, automated CG calculation, DIRCM (directed infrared countermeasure),
Length: 45.1 m; Wingspan: 42.4 m; Height: 14.7 m


Technical data @airrecognition.com


Comparison of price and cargo capacity

Comparison of price and cargo capacity @forum.keypublishing.com

Comparison of An-70 vs A400M

Data – Image @naumenko.infovarianty-zagruzki-an-70-i-1Data – Image @naumenko.info

Antonov An-70: Details


Safran’s Sigma 40 integrates with Harpoon missile system

Company this week announced successful integration tests of its Sigma 40 shipborne navigation system.

By Geoff Ziezulewicz   |   Oct. 21, 2016 at 10:56 AM

PARIS, Oct. 21 (UPI) — Safran Electronics and Defense has successfully carried out integration tests of its Sigma 40 ship navigation system with the alignment system of the AGM-84 Harpoon anti-missile system.

The test was carried out within the scope of a contract signed with Korean naval shipyard DSME, Safran said in a statement.

The company also worked with Harpoon manufacturer Boeing on the tests.

The systems are intended for Krabi corvettes and KDX-class frigates deployed by the Royal Thai Navy.

After the successful tests, Safran’s inertial navigation systems can now be used in all of Thailand’s warships.

The Sigma 40 system is also used for conventional navigation and stabilization functions on ship sensors and weapons.

Sigma 40 navigation systems are built around a ring laser gyro inertial core, offering sustained precision and a high degree of operational flexibility.

Sigma inertial navigation systems are now fitted to combat systems on more than 500 warships, including the latest front-line ships such as the Charles-de-Gaulle aircraft carrier, Europe’s Freem and Horizon frigates and helicopter carriers.

Original post @upi.com


Sigma 40: laser gyro technology inertial navigation system

The Sigma 40 inertial navigation system is making use on laser gyro technology. An advanced system designed by Sagem for maritime applications, the Sigma 40 meets the most demanding navigation and weapon system stabilization requirements. 

Both an inertial attitude and heading reference system, the Sigma 40 offers high performance and precision for all sizes of surface vessels. Both compact and robust, the Sigma 40 delivers all data needed for navigation: heading, roll and pitch, angular velocity, position and heave, vertical/horizontal speed and acceleration.

The Sigma 40 is suited to all types of platforms, including fast patrol boats, mine-hunters, corvettes, frigates, aircraft carriers, etc. It comprises an inertial navigation unit (INU), control and display unit (CDU) and an installation bracket, for fast removal and reassembly without recalibration. Both innovative and scalable, the Sigma 40 is easy to install, maintain and operate. Source @safran-electronics-defense.com

The main features of RLG Sigma 40 are :

  • It has got high-level performance
  • It has very simple installation requirements
  • It has very convenient operation procedure.
  • It does not requires any preventive maintenance.
  • It consists both Synchro and digital interfaces. There is no need to provide any extra hardware interface.
  • It is IMO approved and military standards certified.
  • It is very reliable and rugged.

The core aim of RLG sigma 40 is :

  • To provide the target navigational data like heading, roll, itch etc in real time.
  • To regularly update the target navigational data like speed and velocity.
  • Interfacing of other navigational inputs from/to other Navigational equipments like EM Log, GPS, DGPS, Radar, Anemometer etc.

Sub-Units of RLG Sigma 40:

The RLG Sigma 40 system contains four basic sub-units. They are as follows:

Components of Ring Laser Gyro Sigma 40 – Image @electricalfundablog.com

Here,  INU stands for Inertial Navigation Unit

            CDU stands for Control and Display Unit

            DDU stands for Data distribution unit, and

            UPS stands for Uninterrupted Power Supply

The Inertial Navigation Unit of basic RLG Sigma 40 unit consists of the following sub-units:

  • Inertial Sensor Block (referred as BSI)
  • Basic Synchro Module
  • EB Module
  • UTR-SP Module
  • Interface module (or RS 422 Module)
  • Power Supply Unit
  • HT/ THT Module
Composition of Inertial Navigation Unit – Image @electricalfundablog.com

The Inertial Sensor Block (BSI) consists of the various sensors. They are :

  1. Laser Gyros (Model GL S32) 03 in numbers : It senses Angle of Rotation and Speed of Rotation.
  2. Accelerometers (Model A-600)   : It senses the acceleration.
  3. EACC : It consists the circuitry for controlling the Pendulum of Accelerometer using servo elements. In addition to that, It also contains the EEPROMs which stores the sensor’s calibration data.

** EEPROM stands for Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory.

Source @electricalfundablog.com

Krabi Class OPV: Here


M777 155mm Ultralightweight Field Howitzer


The M777 has been developed by BAE Systems Land Systems (RO Defence, formerly the Armaments Group of Vickers Shipbuilding and Engineering Ltd) at Barrow-in-Furness.

M777 howitzer A1 and A2 variants

The M777 will be the artillery system for the Stryker Brigade Combat Teams (SBCT). The M777 is normally operated by a crew of eight men but can be operated with a reduced detachment of five.


The systems fitted with the digital fire control system are designated M777A1, and those with the software update which allows the firing of the Excalibur projectile, M777A2. M777A2 received full material release in July 2007, clearing the upgrade for fielding. All M777A1 systems will be upgraded to the A2 standard.


The M777 was deployed by the US Army and Marine Corps to Afghanistan in December 2007 and to Iraq in 2008.

The Excalibur projectile was first deployed in Afghanistan in March 2008.

Excalibur projectile

XM982 Excalibur Shell

Excalibur is the world’s first GPS driven projectile.

Engineers had to make delicate circuitry inside an artillery round. That’s like dropping a computer from the top of a skyscraper and expecting it to work! But that’s not the only thing that makes Excalibur the present and future choice for artillery.

Excalibur is a 155mm artillery round that can strike within 10 meters of its intended target. It has a 40 kilometer range that has a high angle of attack. Why is that important? Well, in combat, enemy combatants can hide near infrastructure that makes them hard to eliminate. That’s because typical artillery’s angle of attack is somewhere around 45 to 50 degrees. Excalibur’s angle of attack is somewhere around 80-85 degrees. That makes hiding nearly impossible.

And Excalibur virtually eliminates one of the most dangerous aspects of modern combat – friendly fire. In tests, Excalibur was fired with a 15 degree misfire. Now, over big distances, that is a huge mistake! Well, Excalibur’s GPS system and Canard Control Guidance took over and reguided the round back to within 2 yards of its intended target! That’s impressive. Source @gopaultech.com


By August 2008, over 400 systems had been delivered to the US Army and USMC.

The Indian Ministry of Defence (MoD) has requested for 145 M777s from multiple contractors under a foreign military sales (FMS) contract.

The $885m contract will also include procurement of associated equipments and logistical support services for the aircraft.

The MoD, however, failed to sign off a deal by the 15 October 2013 deadline imposed by BAE, causing the company to initiate shut down of its M777 howitzers production line at Burrow-in-Furness, UK.

M777 armament

The M777 matches the firepower of current generation 155mm towed systems at less than half the weight. The Howitzer is equipped with a 39-calibre barrel. The muzzle velocity (at Charge 8 super) is 827m/s.

The maximum firing range is 24.7km with unassisted rounds and 30km with rocket-assisted rounds. The M777A2 will fire the Raytheon / Bofors XM982 Excalibur GPS / Inertial Navigation-guided extended-range 155mm projectiles using the Modular Artillery Charge Systems (MACS). Excalibur has a maximum range of 40km and accuracy of 10m.


First firing trials of the M777A1 with Excalibur took place in August 2003. First production rounds were delivered in September 2006. Excalibur successfully completed limited user test in March 2007. It was first fielded in Iraq in May 2007 and in Afghanistan in February 2008.

The M777 is able to deliver up to five rounds a minute under intense firing conditions and is able to provide a sustained rate of fire of two rounds a minute.

Fire control

fire-control (1).png

The M777A1/A2 is fitted with the SELEX Sensors and Airborne Systems UK Ltd LINAPS (Laser Inertial Artillery Pointing System) artillery pointing suite coupled to a Lincad Ltd made battery and muzzle velocity radar. Source @poadu.wordpress.com

The LRIP systems employ an optical sighting system for direct and indirect firing by day or night. Full production systems will be fitted with the General Dynamics Armament Systems Towed Artillery Digitisation (TAD) system. LRIP systems will be retrofitted with TAD.


The TAD digital fire control system provides onboard ballistic computation, navigation, pointing and self-location, providing greater accuracy and faster reaction times.

The TAD system also includes a laser ignition system, electric drives for the howitzer’s traverse and elevation and a powered projectile rammer. Source @army-technology.com



BAE Systems






7,500 lb


35 ft


31 ft 2 in


200 in




5 rpm


18.6 mi; (Excalibur)25 mi

Data @military.com