MiG-31 may get further upgrade

Russia has potential to further upgrade MiG-31 fighter jets

Military & Defense  January 23, 18:10 UTC+3

The potential of the interceptor itself is far from being used up

MOSCOW, January 23. /TASS/. The potential to modernize the Mikoyan MiG-31 all-altitude interceptor has not yet been used up, CEO of the Tikhomirov R&D Institute of Instrument-Making Yuri Bely told TASS on Monday.

The Tikhomirov R&D Institute of Instrument-Making is part of Almaz-Antey Group, the developer and producer of S-300 and S-400 antiaircraft missile systems.

“The potential of the interceptor itself is far from being used up: it has still been unrivaled by some parameters. If we speak about the prospects of interceptors, then the parent company MiG and our institute have proposals on creating a new product but a decision on the commencement of works on this issue has not been made yet,” the chief executive said.

At the same time, the potential of modernizing the MiG-31 fighter jet’s armament control system has already been used up after the Zaslon-AM radar technology has been developed for MiG-31BM fighter jets, he said.

“At present, the relevant contractors are improving operational MiG planes to the BM version,” the chief executive said.

Original post tass.com


Mikoyan MiG-31: Details



Russia testing “Arena-M” Active Defense System on T-72 & T-90 tanks

Active protection for the T-72 and T-90. The new version of the Arena


In Russia began initial testing of the new system of active defense of the vehicle (ASOP) “Arena-M”  intended for the family series of tanks T-72 and T-90. According to the assumptions modernization, new model ASOP is intended to provide protection against the US led anti-tank set. TOW.  

According to the agency TASS “Kонструкторское Бюро Mашиностроения” (KБM) from Tula with Urałwagonzawod from Nizhny Tagil they received a contract to install a new security system active on the latest tanks operated in Russia.

According to specialists of the new model KБM Arena uses, above all, the experience of the battles conducted in the Middle East. Possibilities of American hardware (but not only), the use of different sets of tactics ppk (or another anti-tank weapons) and use the same tactics of armored vehicles have shown that opportunities present ASOP developed in the USSR / Russia, are insufficient to various threats. On the other hand, the analyzes show that the system itself covers passive / passive (modern armor layer, reinforced with additional modules like. Contact or Relic ) is not currently able to provide effective protection to the extent that – taking into account the different possible systems and anti-mold attack with their use – give a high probability of survival of the crew and the machine itself on the battlefield.

The great importance of the work undertaken modernization provides twice visit, commander of Land Forces. Colonel. Oleg Saljukowa in KБM. The designers stress that already several times modernized the system, but Arena-M is a completely new system of protection.

Most countries are preparing requirements for ASOP seeks to be kept secret. This is due to the possibility of introducing a potential enemy weapons systems able to overcome them and working out methods to ensure effective bypass capabilities of the system of protection.

Russian ASOP Arena is an active type system “hard-kill” consisting of a multifunctional radar with high noise immunity (designed to detect and track threats), and special antypocisków high-speed, distributed around the circumference of the turret in special trays / launchers. This ASOP is integrated with the combat vehicle management and integrated into the overall system protection.

The exact structure of the complex is unknown, but probably przeciwpocisk insert consists of a covered jacket and the light is rotated in the direction of danger after firing. In standby insert may be located on its upper surface.

Despite the disclosure ASOP Arena and is designated for export, he was not in the USSR / Russia, regarded as the most perspective. He was assessed as worse than the Drozd-2 (the development version is Afganit ) or curtain / Dożda .

One of the drawbacks of the first version of the arena (also other contemporary ASOP) was the lack of combat missiles attacking from the upper hemisphere (ie. Top attack).

Afganit probably  from the ground up was designed as able to fight with missiles attacking from the top of the hemisphere – at least give Russian sources. We do not know is whether przeciwpocisk combats the threat by creating in its area podpocisków a certain density or the blast of the explosion. There were claims that przeciwpocisk uses the charge EFP (or MEFP or even EFA). All this is in contradiction with the declared possibility of the Afganita as to combat both antitank guided missiles, projectiles fired from hand-held launchers anti-min led laden EFP or missiles podkalibrowych.

Small clusters EFP is a very serious threat to the missile type APFSDS. With proper angle EFP having a diameter of 25 mm and a weight of 75 g can break the core. But the blast of the explosion longer such a threat will not. This system also has little opportunity to fight min directional laden EFP.

It seems, however, that Afganit provides the ability to defend the vehicle only in the selected sector (in this case, the azimuth angle is approx. ± 60 for sometimes referred to a maximum of ± 100 on ). This type ASOP the reason for this. intercept point (called. Intercept Point – IP) operates at distances of 2 to 30 m from the protected vehicle and the response time of over 1 ms. Its antennas serve as a means for detecting incoming missiles (and encourage the use of multispectral grenades system and possibly as part of the fight radioelekronicznej – disrupting guidance incoming projectiles) , although some reviews give them an additional function of electromagnetic emitters used for warfare.

Arena-M rather uses przeciwpocisk generating a “cloud” podpocisków. This is a system in which the point of interception is from 2 to 30 meters and that the system response time is very short. The main modification went ensure, in the fight against missile attack from the upper hemisphere. There are technical possibilities to adapt the system to such a role. Besides this ASOP can be easily integrated with the family of tanks T-72 / T-90, but its features directional mine laden with EFP are small.

Russians themselves can test the combat new Arene-M without fear of the consequences of losing the secrets of its construction, but also the “safe” to enter the data gained in the modified Afganicie .

Translated by google – original post defence24.pl





Designed to protect tanks and infantry fighting vehicles from anti-tank grenades, fired from any type of grenade launchers, as well as anti-tank guided missiles launched from the ground and from helicopters, armored vehicles damaging the object as a direct hit, and when flying over it.

The system comprises:

  • detection and control equipment – radar, computer, remote control (commander), blocks the conversion of commands;
  • Means of destruction – protective ammunition and mines mounting section;
  • Test equipment.


Features of the complex:

Detection and tracking of targets multifunction radar with “instant” review of the space around the protected sector;  aiming loss goals through protective ammunition highly directional action with a very high speed; fully automatic operation without the participation of the crew; complex is an all-weather and vsesutochnym, detect and engage targets in all circumstances the use of armored vehicles of the object, including the movement and turns the tower; great protection azimuth -220 ° … 270 °, is movable together with the tower; the small size of the danger area (radius of 20 … 30 m) for infantry support and lack of exposure to outdoor furnishing armored vehicles and elements of the complex when triggered ST; a large stock and the ability to intercept multiple targets, including the one direction; a high level of noise immunity and secrecy applications;

Selection of low-speed objects, debris and explosions of shells, bullets and small-caliber ammunition, as well as those moving away from the object of protection and flying past him;

EMC complex object systems and armored vehicles between the complexes in the application objects as part of AVA groups; a high level of security.


Tactical and technical characteristics:
mode automatic, vsesutochny, all-weather
Detect and target tracking radar
speed range of the targeted objectives, m / s 70-700
protection of the azimuth, degrees 270
Detection range flying up purposes, m 50
Complex reaction time, with 0.07
Power consumption, kW less than 1
Power Supply, 22 … 29
Complex Weight, kg 1000 … 1300
The volume of the apparatus, placed inside the object, dm3 less than 30
 The amount of protective ammunition at least 22
The size of the danger area for infantry support, m 20 … 30

Translated by google – Source kbm.ru


Delays hit Turkey’s Altay MBT project as Austria block technology transfer

Turkey’s Altay MBT project hit by engine technology transfer issues

20 January 2017

Turkey’s plans to build its Altay main battle tank (MBT) have hit a snag after Tümosan, the planned engine provider, cancelled a key technical support contract with Austria’s AVL List GmbH.

The cancellation comes after Austria’s parliament unanimously adopted a non-binding motion that imposed an arms embargo against Turkey in November 2016. As a result conditions were placed on the transfer of technology to Turkey. Austria made the move in response to Turkey’s increasing violation of human rights since the failed military coup attempt in July 2016.

Tümosan has been tasked by the Turkish Undersecretariat for Defence Industries (SSM) with developing a local engine for the Altay MBT. The company brought in Austrian firm AVL List in 2015 to provide technology transfer and support in the development and integration of engines into the Altay tank. Due to the imposition of conditions on technology transfer, Tümosan cancelled the contract with AVL List on 17 January.

“Due to the adoption by the Austrian government [of measures] to insist on export licences that include conditions that interfere in Turkey’s domestic politics … the contract as recorded and revenue guarantee given by the company will be cancelled,” Tümosan stated in a document published on Turkey’s Public Disclosure Platform (KAP) on 17 January.

“It has been understood that there will be serious hurdles that (the company) will face in the transfer of technologies concerning critical sub-components because of sanctions being imposed against Turkey recently in particular by the European Union countries,” it added.

The statement noted that instead, “Tümosan will go ahead with local suppliers as much as possible in the development of the engines”.

Original post janes.com


Better for them to upgrade the Leopards 2s …..

Related post:

Turkey Mulling Upgrade to Leopard 2s, M60s – Upgrade details

Another Turkish M60T(Sabra Mk.II) destroyed near Tall Hawa village with ATGM

Two Turkish M60T(Sabra Mk.II) tanks knocked out by an ATGM IS team

ISIS missile allegedly hits Turkish tank near Mosul (VIDEO)

Turkish tank survives Kornet missile strike

Altay main battle tank (MBT): Details


Sukhoi T-50 (ПАК ФА) performing aerial refuelling trials with Il-78M tanker – Short clip

Combat Pedia

Main image source Авиация России

Related post:

T-50 PAKFA stealth fighter to start flight testing by military pilots


Boeing F-15SE Silent Eagle

F-15SE Silent Eagle is an upgraded version of the F-15 Strike Eagle aircraft, being developed by Boeing for international customers. The F-15SE features an innovative design which reduces its radar cross section. A prototype of the F-15SE Silent Eagle aircraft was first unveiled in March 2009. The F-15SE flight demonstrator aircraft, F-15E1, completed its maiden flight in July 2010.

F-15E ‘Strike’ Eagle: Details


F-15SE Silent Eagle design

F-15SE is 63.6ft (19.4m) long, 18.5ft (5.6m) high and has a wingspan of 42.8ft (13m). The basic design of the F-15SE is similar to that of the F-15 Strike Eagle aircraft with new components added. The new components include the conformal weapons bay (CWB) instead of the standard conformal fuel tanks.


The CWB significantly increases the internal carriage capacity of the aircraft and also reduces its radar signature. Two additional weapons stations have been included to enable the aircraft to carry an additional four air-to-air missiles.


The Silent Eagle also features twin vertical tails canted 15° outward. Canted tails provide rear lift to the aircraft and reduce ballast usage, while increasing the range by 75 to 100 nautical miles. Coatings will also be applied to various areas of the aircraft to minimise the radar signature.

Canted Tail Fins

e3Twin vertical tails canted 15° outward

The Strike Eagles tails are canted outward by 15 degrees which decreases RCS in A/A engagements. The outward cant also improves aerodynamic efficiency and generates extra lift. The canting also allows airframe weight to be reduced by removing 400-500 lbs of ballast weight from the forward section of the aircraft. Source onfinalofficial.wordpress.com

The F-15SE has also been designed to function as a non-stealthy, multirole aircraft. The CWBs can be removed and the aircraft can be reconfigured to include conformal fuel tanks based on mission requirements.

Conformal fuel tanks


Advanced F-15 (2040c) Air Superiority Fighter: Here

2040c-eagle-headerF-15 2040C

F-15SE Silent Eagle development programme

Boeing commenced development of the F-15SE as an evolution to the F-15 family of aircraft. The company signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Korea Aerospace Industries in November 2010 for development of the F-15SE’s CWB.

F-15 Silent Eagle: Why South Korea rejected this jet: Here


Boeing’s F-15 Silent Eagle had been in the box seat to win the 8.3 trillion won ($7.7 billion) tender – as the only bid to fall within budget – but former military top brass and even the ruling party’s lawmakers had criticized the plane as it lacked crucial stealth capabilities.


Note: If one looks at the cost of the F-15E one needs not wonder why the F-15SE did not get any buyers as it would cost nearly the same as the F-35 which would be around $400 million a unit…The F-15E cost Qatar $293 million per unit….

Qatar to buy 72 F-15 fighter jets: Here


The US State Department has approved the sale of 72 F-15QA fighter jets to the government of Qatar, along with weapons and related support, equipment and training.

The estimated cost is $21.1 billion, and the prime contractor will be Chicago-based Boeing.

F-15K: Details

F-15K Slam Eagle

Boeing successfully completed the weapons launch from the left CWB of the F-15E1 flight demonstrator aircraft in November 2010. The F-15E1 launched an inert AIM-120 demonstrating the aircraft’s ability to deploy a missile in flight.

F-15E1 flight demonstrator

790df91f6367dd2a357e9e5ae805a998F-15E1 flight demonstrator aircraft

The Boeing company completed the first flight of the F-15SE ‘Silent Eagle’ flight demonstrator on July 8, 2010. The aircraft, designated F-15E1 took off from the Lambert St. Louis International Airport on an 80-minute flight, where the aircraft opened and closed its left-side Conformal Weapons Bay, which contained an AIM-120 Instrumented Test Vehicle (ITV) missile. “[In this flight] we cleared the desired flight envelope needed to fire the missile at the test range” said Boeing F-15 Chief Test Pilot Dan Draeger. According to Boeing F-15 Development Programs Director Brad Jones, in the next couple of weeks, the F-15E1 will be ferry to a test range to launch an AIM-120.

Key to the F-15SE design is the conformal weapons bays, designed for the F-15SE. This new add-on module was originally designed specifically for the F-15SE but could also be available for other F-15 models, particularly interesting is the F-15E, I K, S and S (F-15E models operated by Israel, South Korea, Saudi-Arabia and Singapore) already operating F-15s with conformal tanks.

boeing-f-15se-eagle-3F-15SE conformal weapons bays

The Silent Eagle was developed in response to South Korea’s requirements for high-performance, stealth capable fighter aircraft. The F-15SE offers unique aerodynamic, avionic and Radar Cross Section reduction features that provide maximum flexibility in air dominance as it can be operated with and without stealth capabilities. Boeing is offering the F-15SE with customizable fighter that can be outfitted with AESA radars, radar absorbent coatings, large digital cockpit displays, fly-by-wire software, canted tails and bolt-on internal weapons bays.

According to UPI, Boeing is hoping to win an export license to sell its new F-15 Silent Eagle to South Korea within a month. South Korea has a requirement for a third batch of 60 F-15 size fighters, due next year. Boeing could be offering the F-15SE with customizable fighter that can be outfitted with AESA radars, radar absorbent coatings, large digital cockpit displays, fly-by-wire software, canted tails and bolt-on internal weapons bays.

A close-up view showing the conformal weapons bay integrated in the conformal fuel tank. Photo: Boeing

Source defense-update.com

Wind tunnel tests on the CWB of the Silent Eagle were completed in June 2012. A scale model of the aircraft was used to test aerodynamics of the CWB design.

A scale model of the aircraft was used to conduct the wind tunnel tests – Image: airforce-technology.com

Boeing has offered the aircraft for the F-X III competition launched by South Korea’s Defense Acquisition and Procurement Agency to procure 60 new fighter aircraft for the Republic of Korea Air Force. The F-15SE is competing for the $7.3bn order with the Eurofighter Typhoon and Lockheed Martin’s F-35.

The three companies submitted their formal bids in June 2012. South Korea was scheduled to decide the winner of the competition in October 2012 but the decision has now been postponed to mid-2013.

New orders from Saudi Arabia and Japan are also the driving forces behind the development of the next generation of F-15 aircraft. The development cost of F-15SE is estimated at $100m each. Boeing plans to offer the aircraft to five foreign customers with an estimated market for 190 orders. Flight testing of the F-15SE is expected to be carried out in 2013.

Royal Saudi Air Force F-15SA: Here


Boeing Defense presented the first F-15SA destined for Saudi Arabia in a ceremony at its St. Louis headquarters on April 30. The latest F-15 variant is the centerpiece of the largest foreign military sale in U.S. history, worth $29.4 billion. It also figured prominently in recent U.S. negotiations to improve the military capabilities of Israel, the UAE and Saudi Arabia simultaneously.

Aircraft engines, cockpit and avionics

The F-15SE will be fitted with two General Electric F110-GE-129 turbofan engines providing thrust of 29,000lbs or two Pratt & Whitney F 100-PW-229 engines providing thrust of 29,000lbs.


General Electric F110-GE-129


Manufacturer: General Electric Co.
Thrust: F110-GE-129: 29,500 pounds; F110-GE-132: 32,000 pounds
Overall Pressure Ratio at Maximum Power: F110-GE-129: 30.7; F110-GE-132: 33.3
Thrust-to-Weight Ratio: F110-GE-129: 7.29; F110-GE-132: 7.90
Compressor: Two spool, axial flow, three-stage fan
LP-HP Compressor Stages: 0-9
HP-LP Turbine Stages: 1-2
Combustor Type: Annular
Length: 182.3 in (4.63 m)
Diameter: 46.5 in (118 cm)
Dry Weight: F110-GE-129: 3,980 lbs (1,805 kg); F110-GE-132: 4,050 lbs (1,837 kg)
Platforms: F-16 Fighting Falcon; F-14 (retired); F-15K Slam Eagle; F-15SA; F-15SG; F-2

Source fi-powerweb.com

Pratt & Whitney F100-PW-229

aar.jpgPratt & Whitney F100-PW-229 [Graphic by Pratt & Whitney]

Manufacturer: Pratt & Whitney (United Technologies)
Thrust: 17,800 pounds dry thrust; 29,160 pounds with afterburner
Overall Pressure Ratio at Maximum Power: 32
Thrust-to-Weight Ratio: 7.6
Bypass Ratio: 0.36
Compressor: Two spool, axial flow, three-stage fan
LP-HP Compressor Stages: 0-10
HP-LP Turbine Stages: 2-2
Combustor Type: Annular
Length: 191 in (4.85 m)
Engine Control: FADEC
Diameter: 46.5 in (1.18 m)
Dry Weight: 3,836 lbs (1,744 kg)
Platforms: F-15E Strike Eagle; F-16 Fighting Falcon

Source fi-powerweb.com


The F-15SE will feature next-generation Joint Helmet Mounted Cueing System produced by Vision Systems International, Elbit 11in x 19in Large Area Display (LAD) system on the front and rear cockpits, digital fly-by-wire flight control system, Link-16 Fighter Data Link and infrared search and track (IRST) system.

Joint Helmet Mounted Cueing System (JHMCS)


In an air-to-air role, the JHMCS, combined with the AIM-9X missile, form the High-Off-BoreSight (HOBS) system. HOBS is an airborne weapon-interception system that enables pilots to accurately direct or “cue” onboard weapons against enemy aircraft merely by pointing their heads at the targets to guide the weapons, while performing high-G aircraft maneuvers that may be required to complete the attack.

In an air-to-ground role, the JHMCS is used in conjunction with targeting sensors (radar, FLIR, etc.) and “smart weapons” to accurately and precisely attack surface targets. It allows F-15E aircrew to provide unparalleled support to ground troops in the CAS environment.

In all roles, the JHMCS provides the pilot with aircraft performance, targeting, weaponry and threat warning information, regardless of where the pilot is looking, significantly enhancing pilot situation awareness throughout the mission. In a dual-seat aircraft, each crewmember can wear a JHMCS helmet, perform operations independent of each other, and have continuous awareness of where the other crewmember is looking.

System Features

Unlike one of its predecessor, the DASH system, which is integrated into the helmet itself, JHMCS is a clip-on attachment unit, which can be latched into position with one hand during flight (see photo below). It fits to modified HGU-55/P, HGU-56/P or HGU-68/P helmets and it features a newer, faster digital processing package than that used in the DASH. The overall design is more advanced than DASH, based on the collective knowledge accumulated by Elbit and Kaiser through the years.


The JHMCS has a magnetic helmet-mounted tracker (like DASH), which determines where the pilot’s head is pointed, combined with a miniature display system that projects information onto the pilot’s visor. A magnetic transmitter unit is fixed to the pilot’s seat and a magnetic field probe is mounted on the helmet to determine where the helmet is actually pointing. A Helmet Vehicle Interface ( HVI) interacts with the aircraft system bus to provide signal generation for the helmet display. The head tracker and visor display together act as a targeting device that can aim sensors and weapons.

To obtain a variety of information and sensor-based data pilots can refer to the visual display on the inside of the helmet while remaining in a “heads-up” or “outside” position during combat; this eliminates the break in visual contact that occurs when they look away to check the display readouts in the cockpit. This significantly improves pilot situational awareness during all mission elements. The visor display presents monochrome calligraphic symbology (stroke display) with information like airspeed, altitude, G-load, AoA, target range, targeting cues, threat warnings, etc. JHMCS provides support for raster scanned imagery to display FLIR or IRST pictures for night operations and provides collimated symbology and imagery to the pilot. JHMCS symbology covers a 20 degree field of view for the right eye, with an 18 mm exit pupil (see photo below).

To aim and fire a missile, pilots simply move their heads to align a targeting cross (placed in the middle of the projected imagery) with the target and press a switch on the flight controls to direct and fire a weapon.

aug_i_ttImage: boeing.com

To attack a ground target, the pilot can acquire the target with a sensor and note it’s location on the helmet display. Alternatively, the pilot can use the helmet display to cue sensors and weapons to a visually detected ground target. Note that precision ordnance cannot be released based on JHMCS targeting alone, the system is not accurate enough for this. However it can be used to direct the aircraft’s much more precise targeting systems (targeting pod) towards the target the pilot is looking at. This way the tedious “soda-straw” search limited to a display image generated by the narrow field of view targeting system can be shortened significatly. With JHMCS, target acquisition can follow a much quicker “look, sharpen, shoot” process.

The system can be used without requiring the aircraft to be maneuvered, significantly reducing the time needed to prosecute an attack, which also minimizes the time spent in the threat environment.

Since targets may be located at high-off-boresight line-of-sight locations in relation to the shooter, the system delivers a short-range intercept envelope that is significantly larger than any other air-to-air weapon in use. When combined with the AIM-9X missile, JHMCS allows effective target designation up to 80 degrees either side of the aircraft’s nose.

The JHMCS display assembly requires two cable connections: a high voltage power cable for operation and a data cable for information exchange with the host aircraft. Unlike in DASH the high voltage power supply is not embedded in the helmet, it feeds up via an umbilical, through a quick disconnect inline high coltage rated connector.

When used in conjunction with a datalink, the system permits handoff of visually detected targets from one aircraft to another, with the second aircraft receiving visual cueing to the target. Source f-15e.info

AN/AAS-42 Infrared search and track

Well the IRST  system is going to reduce the stealth of the plane as it is located on the weapons pylon – Image: dailyairforce.com
irstaas42F-14D AAS-42 – Image: sistemasdearmas.com.br

Lockheed Martin’s IRST is a development of the AN/AAS-42 system that was originally carried by Northrop Grumman F-14D Tomcats. However, it has been undergoing development since then, first for the abortive pod-mounted system for the F-15 Eagle, and now further refined for the Super Hornet application. Source ainonline.com

Note: AN/AAS-42 system is the older system currently the USAF has selected a newer system IRST21 Sensor System for it’s F-15C/D

Lockheed completes first flight of Legion Pod: Here

IRST21 infrared sensor

IRST21 is the next generation of Lockheed Martin’s legacy IRST sensor system, which accumulated over 300,000 flight hours on F-14 and international F-15 platforms. As a passive, long-range sensor system, IRST21 uses infrared search and track technology to detect and track airborne threats with weapon-quality accuracy, increasing pilot reaction time and improving survivability.

A compact design enables IRST21 to be integrated in a variety of ways. On the F/A-18E/F, IRST21 is mounted on the nose section of the centerline fuel tank. A podded sensor system with IRST21 is also in development and will be transportable across a wide range of platforms including the F-15C and F-16. Source lockheedmartin

Source lockheedmartin

Link 16 data net system

6666Image: globalmilitarycommunications.com

ViaSat’s team is leading the transformation in Link 16 Airborne Terminal technology by being the first to upgrade the design of many components of the terminal to provide greater flexibility, enhanced technological capabilities, decreased cost and improved reliability. Embedded modules provide COMSEC and TACAN.

figure-8-mids-lvt-platform-integration-requirementsImage: researchgate.net

Through extensive use of reprogrammable components and a modular VME architecture, we’ve provided a lower cost design while also allowing for future requirements. Our terminal provides all operational modes of the Link 16 waveform, and implements all required Multifunctional Information Distribution System (MIDS) host interfaces for both U.S. and Coalition integration. Our hardware implements Enhanced Throughput, a new capability that can increase coded data throughput from its current maximum of 115.2 kbps to over 800 kbps. Host interfaces and operational employment of this capability are still in the planning stages.

figure-11-mids-platform-integration-scheme-for-the-fa-18Image: researchgate.net

Together with Harris and European Aeronautic Defense and Space Company (EADS), ViaSat is delivering a family of combat-proven, fully qualified, and EMC-Certified Link 16 MIDS terminals to U.S. Forces and Coalition partners under contracts to the Navy MIDS International Program Office (IPO) and other commercial customers. Source viasat.com



9d1e1-f-15-silent-eagle-cockpit-1F-15SE cockpit – Image: onfinalofficial.files.wordpress.com


Elbit Systems of America® is a global leader in developing and manufacturing display and mission management systems for air, land, and sea applications. Military forces worldwide rely on our displays to simplify the increasing workload on commanders and crew by presenting information and crisp, sensor video images that enhance communication, navigation, and situational awareness capabilities.


Features and Benefits:

  • AMLCD ruggedization to withstand and perform in harsh military environments
  • Backlights efficiently deliver high brightness for direct sun viewability while allowing extreme dimmability for night operation in excess of 20,000:1
  • ANVIS compatibility with both Class A and Class B requirements, wide-viewing angles, and preservation of the red color
  • System
    • Powerful real-time and non real-time processors backed with our high-performance and high visual quality graphics accelerators and generators
    • Optimized video processing for image clarity and resolution
    • Multiple picture-in-picture windowing with a comprehensive interface suite
    • System software with powerful applications including: primary flight display, situational awareness, digital real-time moving map, fusion of sensor video with digital maps, digital terrain elevation, threat intervisibility, data sharing, messaging, and EFB.
    • Packaged in the smallest volume possible with the lowest power consumption and weight

Source elbitsystems-us.com

APG-82(V)1 AESA radar



Delivering next-generation capabilities

The APG-82(V)1 AESA radar is the latest radar advancement for the U.S. Air Force F-15E fleet.


The APG-82(V)1 optimizes the F-15Es multirole mission capability. In addition to its extended range and improved multi-target track and precision engagement capabilities, the APG-82(V)1 offers improvement in system reliability over the legacy F-15E APG-70 radar. This phenomenal level of reliability and maintainability will result in significant maintenance cost savings for the U.S. Air Force.


By leveraging combat-proven technologies—the APG-79 and APG-63(V)3 AESA radars flying on the F/A-18E/F, the EA-18G and the F-15C platforms—Raytheon delivers a low-risk, cost-effective and superior situational awareness and attack radar to modernize the Strike Eagle.


Aircraft equipped with the APG-82(V)1 AESA radar can simultaneously detect, identify and track multiple air and surface targets at longer ranges than ever before. The longer standoff range facilitates persistent target observation and information sharing for informed decision making. This superior battlespace awareness supports greater tactical mission capability. The result: greatly increased aircraft-aircrew effectiveness and survivability.


Raytheon’s ground-breaking AESA technology has consistently proven its exceptional performance, reliability and mission capabilities for the warfighter. Our APG-79 AESA radar design, now extended to the APG-82(V)1, is combat-proven on fielded F/A-18s, and it’s being adapted now to modernize the Strike Eagle.

Source raytheon.com


“The new radar system does everything faster, is extremely precise and requires less maintenance,” Riley said. “It can designate air-to-air and air-to-ground simultaneously, allowing us to track enemy aircraft and identify ground targets at the same time.”

According to the Air Force’s first RMP report, the new radar system is designed to retain functionality of the old legacy radar system while providing expanded mission employment capabilities to include:

– Near simultaneous interleaving of selected air-to-air and air-to-ground functions
– Enhanced air-to-air and air-to-ground classified combat identification capabilities
– Longer range air-to-air target detection and enhanced track capabilities
– Longer range and higher resolution air-to-ground radar mapping
– Improved ground moving target track capability

Source af.mil


An advanced targeting pod provides the aircraft with target identification and autonomous tracking capabilities. A navigation pod will also be fitted to the aircraft providing it with all-weather and night-attack capabilities.

The aircraft will also feature advanced electronic equipment including BAE Systems digital electronic warfare system (DEWS) and active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar.

BAE Systems digital electronic warfare system (DEWS)


Instead of the tactical electronic warfare system (TEWS) in the Strike Eagle the Silent Eagle makes use of BAE’s Digital Electronic Warfare System (DEWS)

DEWS uses digital radio-frequency memory (DRFS) technology which is said to have substantially better performance and reliability than the Analog TEWS system. The system has the ability to listen over a frequency band constantly without the need to scan it and the advanced antenna systems can obtain more accurate data with regards to the measurement of bearings. Targets acquired by the DEWS are fused with radar and infrared search and track (IRST) data and displayed on the large format cockpit displays.

The system was designed by implementing lessons learned during the development of the electronic warfare systems for the F-22 and F-35 JSF.

The F-15 Silent Eagle’s (F-15 SE) Basic Sensor Suit

The system utilizes various sensors located in sections of the tail fins, wings and the underside of the airframe as well as a digital radar warning receiver (RWR). The Silent Eagle also contains an advanced jamming system which according to Boeing, allows the aircraft to jam enemy radar systems while still allowing it’s own radar and RWR to operate.

The actual systems contained within the Silent Eagle make it more than capable of entering the battle arena with the best of Russia or anyone else. Source onfinalofficial.wordpress.com


F-15SE weapons and performance


The F-15SE can carry air-to-air missiles, such as AIM-120 and AIM-9, and air-to-ground weapons including precision-guided weapons, JDAM and globules admire. The F-15SE can fly at a maximum speed of 2,655km/h. It can climb at the rate of 15,240m/min. The aircraft will have a range of 3,900km and a service ceiling of 18,200m. The empty weight of the aircraft will be 14,300kg and the maximum takeoff weight will be 36,741kg. The aircraft can carry a payload of 11,748kg.


M-61A1 20mm Gatling gun

M-61A1 20mm Gatling gun

The M61 20mm Vulcan is an externally powered, six-barrel, rotary-fire gun having a rate of fire of up to 7200 spm. The firing rate is selectible at 4,000 spm or 6,000 spm. The gun fires standard electrically primed 20mm ammunition. The M61A1 is hydraulically or ram-air driven, electrically controlled, and uses a linkless ammunition feed system.

Each of the gun’s six barrels fires only once during each revolution of the barrel cluster. The six rotating barrels contribute to long weapon life by minimizing barrel erosion and heat generation. The gun’s rate of fire, essentially 100 rounds per second, gives the pilot a shot density that will enable a “kill” when fired in one-second bursts.

M-61A1 20mm Gatling gun on F-15C

The M61 20mm cannon is a proven gun, having been the US military’s close-in weapon of choice dating back to the 1950s. The F-104, F-105, later models of the F-106, F-111, F-4, B-58, all used the M61, as does the Air Force’s F-15 , F-16 and F-22, and the Navy’s F-14 and F/A-18. The internally mounted 20mm cannon system is common to all versions of the F-15. This system combines the widely used (F-4, F-16, F-18) M61 cannon with 940 rounds (A through D models) or 500 rounds (E model) of ammunition. The cannon can be loaded with target practice, armor piercing, or high explosive incendiary rounds. The primary use of the cannon is in the extremely short range (less than 2000 feet) air-to-air environment, where more sophistacated air-to-air missiles are ineffective. Alternately, the cannon has limited usefulness in a ground strafing role. Source fas.org


AIM-9L/M infrared-guided Sidewinder

aim9lAIM-9L Sidewinder air-to-air missiles

The AIM-9L added a more powerful solid-propellant rocket motor as well as tracking maneuvering ability. Improvements in heat sensor and control systems have provided the AIM-9L missile with an all-aspect attack capability and improved guidance characteristics. The L model was the first Sidewinder with the ability to attack from all angles, including head-on. An improved active optical fuze increased the missile’s lethality and resistance to electronic countermeasures. A conical scan seeker increased seeker sensitivity and improved tracking stability. The AIM-9L is configured with an annular blast fragmentation warhead. Production and delivery of the AIM-9L began in 1976.

AIM-9M Sidewinder air-to-air missiles

The AIM-9M missile utilizes a guidance control section with counter-countermeasures and improved maintainability and producibility. The AIM-9M is configured with an annular blast fragmentation warhead. Currently the only operational variant, has the all-aspect capability of the L model, but provides all-around higher performance. The M model has improved defense against infrared countermeasures, enhanced background discrimination capability, and a reduced-smoke rocket motor. These modifications increase ability to locate and lock-on a target and decrease the missile’s chances for detection. Deliveries of the M model began in 1983. Source fas.org


AIM-7 Sparrow


The AIM-7 Sparrow is a radar-guided, air-to-air missile with a high-explosive warhead. The versatile Sparrow has all-weather, all-altitude operational capability and can attack high-performance aircraft and missiles from any direction. The AIM/RIM-7 series is a semiactive, air-to-air, boost-glide missile, designed to be either rail or ejection launched. Semiactive, continuous wave, homing radar, and hydraulically-operated control surfaces direct and stabilize the missile on a proportional navigational course to the target. Propulsion for the missile is provided by a solid propellant rocket motor.


f823614b6003d8647e47475bd43df90eAIM-7F Sparrow is a supersonic, medium range, aerial-intercept missile

The AIM-7F joined the Air Force inventory in 1976 as the primary medium-range, air-to-air missile for the F-15 Eagle. The AIM-7F was an almost completely new missile, gaining ability from improved avionics that allowed the warhead to be moved to the front, allowing a bigger motor to be carried that has improved range.


rim7sp_01-jpg21a14892-6efa-45bf-bc06-dc5065392368largerAIM-7M Sparrow is a supersonic, medium range, aerial-intercept missile

The AIM-7M, the only current operational version, entered service in 1982. It has improved reliability and performance over earlier models at low altitudes and in electronic countermeasures environments. It also has a significantly more lethal warhead. The latest software version of the AIM-7M is the H-Build, which has been produced since 1987 and incorporates additional improvements in guidance. AIM/RIM-7M DT and OT was successfully completed in FY82. The F-15 Eagle and F-16 Fighting Falcon fighters carry the AIM-7M Sparrow. Source fas.org


AIM-120 AMRAAM Slammer

The AIM-120 advanced medium-range air-to-air missile (AMRAAM) is a new generation air-to-air missile. It has an all-weather, beyond-visual-range capability and is scheduled to be operational beyond 2000. AMRAAM is a supersonic, air launched, aerial intercept, guided missile employing active radar target tracking, proportional navigation guidance, and active Radio Frequency (RF) target detection. It employs active, semi-active, and inertial navigational methods of guidance to provide an autonomous launch and leave capability against single and multiple targets in all environments.

The AMRAAM weighs 340 pounds and uses an advanced solid-fuel rocket motor to achieve a speed of Mach 4 and a range in excess of 30 miles. In long-range engagements AMRAAM heads for the target using inertial guidance and receives updated target information via data link from the launch aircraft. It transitions to a self-guiding terminal mode when the target is within range of its own monopulse radar set. The AIM-120 also has a “home-on-jam” guidance mode to counter electronic jamming. With its sophisticated avionics, high closing speed, and excellent end-game maneuverability, chances of escape from AMRAAM are minimal. Upon intercept an active-radar proximity fuze detonates the 40-pound high-explosive warhead to destroy the target. At closer ranges AMRAAM guides itself all the way using its own radar, freeing the launch aircraft to engage other targets.

59b73e780a816ca18912abf3b75aad1bAIM-120C AMRAAM 


Presently, there are three series of AMRAAM: AIM-120A, AIM-120B, and AIM-120C.

AIM-120A.  First production AIM-120A, delivered by Hughes in 1988 to the 33d TFW at Eglin AFB, Florida.

AIM-120B and AIM-120C versions are currently in production, the latter with smaller control surfaces to permit increased internal carriage capability in the F-22. AIM-120B deliveries began in FY 94, and AIM-120C deliveries began in FY 96.

P3I.  An improvement program seeks to develop AMRAAM capabilities, including software reprogrammability, advanced counter-countermeasures, and options for improved propulsion.


The AIM-120A is a non-reprogrammable missile (requires a hardware change to upgrade the missile software). The AIM-120B/C is reprogrammable through the missile umbilical using Common Field-level Memory Reprogramming Equipment (CFMRE). The AIM-120C has smaller aero surfaces to enable internal carriage on the Air Force F-22 aircraft. The USAF All-Up-Round (AUR) container houses an internal cable which enables up to four missiles to be reprogrammed while in the container. USN containers are not equipped with the cable and must be opened to reprogram the missile. All three AMRAAM variants are currently approved for use on the F-15C/D/E, F-16C/D, and F/A-18C/D aircraft. Source fas.org


Joint direct attack munition (JDAM)

Joint direct attack munition (JDAM) @boeing.com

Joint stand-off weapon (JSOW)

Joint stand-off weapon (JSOW)


AGM-158 Joint Air to Surface Standoff Missile (JASSM)


JASSM is a precision cruise missile designed for launch from outside area defenses to kill hard, medium-hardened, soft, and area type targets. The threshold integration aircraft are the F-16, B-52, and F/A-18 E/F, and the airframe design is compatible with all JASSM launch platforms: the B-52H, F-16C/D, F/A-18E/F, F-15E, F-117, B-1B, B-2, P-3C and S-3B. The weapon is required to attack both fixed and relocatable targets at ranges beyond enemy air defenses. After launch, it will be able to fly autonomously over a low-level, circuitous route to the area of a target, where an autonomous terminal guidance system will guide the missile in for a direct hit. The key performance parameters for the system are Missile Mission Effectiveness, range, and carrier operability.

Lockheed Martin AGM-158 joint air-to-aurface stand-off missile

JASSM’s midcourse guidance is provided by a Global Positioning System (GPS)-aided inertial navigation system (INS) protected by a new high, anti-jam GPS null steering antenna system. In the terminal phase, JASSM is guided by an imaging infrared seeker and a general pattern match-autonomous target recognition system that provides aimpoint detection, tracking and strike. It also offers growth potential for different warheads and seekers, and for extended range. Source fas.org

The F-15E is the first aircraft to be armed with the Boeing GBU-39 GPS-guided 113kg (250lb) small diameter bomb. Up to 12 bombs can be carried. The SDB entered Low-Rate Initial Production (LRIP) in April 2005 and achieved Initial Operating Capability (IOC) on the F-15E in September 2006.

Boeing GBU-39 GPS-guided 113kg (250lb) small diameter bomb

SDB_6Boeing GBU-39 GPS-guided 113kg (250lb) small diameter bomb

The Laser Small Diameter Bomb (Laser SDB) system is the next generation of affordable and low-collateral-damage precision strike weapons, which builds on the success of the same Semi-active Laser (SAL) sensor currently used by Boeing’s Laser JDAM.  A Laser SDB increases mission effectiveness in several ways: 

By using already-proven laser sensor technology, Laser SDB offers the flexibility to prosecute targets of opportunity, including moving targets. With the BRU-61 Carriage System, these optimized munitions offer increased load-out for each weapons station to prosecute multiple targets per sortie. As a 250-lb. class weapon, Laser SDB’s smaller size and High Performance Wing Assembly allow it to glide for extended ranges. 

Besides providing a safer standoff distance for pilots at greater than 60 nautical miles, Laser SDB target coordinates can be updated after weapon release by illuminating the target with standard Laser designation procedures. Laser SDB also retains a smaller warhead that provides reduced collateral damage, and offers ultra-low fragmentation with the composite focused lethality munition (FLM) variant. Source boeing.ca

GBU-39/B Weapon:

•  Dimensions: (L x W): 70.8″ x 7.5″ (1.8 m x 19 cm)
•  Weapon Weight: 285 pounds (130 kg)
•  Warhead: 206 lb. (93 kg) penetrating blast fragmentation
•  Warhead penetration: >3 feet of steel reinforced concrete
•  Fuze: electronic safe/arm fuze 
•  Standoff maximum range: more than 60 nautical miles
•  Precision inertial navigation system/GPS
•  Anti-jam GPS and selective-ability anti-spoofing module

BRU-61/A Carriage System:

•  Payload capacity: four weapons
•  Weight: 320 pounds (145 kg) empty, 1,460 pounds (664 kg) loaded
•  Dimensions (L x W x H): 143″ x 16″ x 16″ (3.6 m x 40.6 cm x 40.6 cm)
•  Fits nearly all delivery platforms



  • Maximum speed: Mach 2.5+ (1,650+ mph, 2,650+ km/h)
  • Combat radius: 800+ nm (720 nmi for stealth A/A mission) (920 miles (1,480 kilometres))
  • Ferry range: 2,400 mi (2,100 nmi (3,900 km)) with conformal fuel tank and three external fuel tanks
  • Service ceiling: 60,000 ft (18,200 m)
  • Rate of climb: 50,000+ ft/min (254+ m/s)

Source wikiwand.com

Main material source airforce-technology.com


Entered service ?
Crew 2 men
Dimensions and weight
Length 19.43 m
Wing span 13 m
Height 5.63 m
Weight (empty) 14.3 t
Weight (maximum take off) 36.7 t
Engines and performance
Engines 2 x Pratt & Whitney F100-229 turbofans
Traction (dry / with afterburning) 2 x ? / 129 kN
Maximum speed over 2 650 km/h
Service ceiling 18.2 km
Ferry range 3 900 km
Combat radius 1 480 km
Cannon 1 x 20-mm M61 Vulcan six-barrel cannon (510 rounds)
Missiles AGM-65 Maverick, AGM-88 HARM anti-radar missiles, AGM-130 air-to-surface missiles, up to four AIM-7M Sparrow and four AIM-9 Sidewinder, AIM-120 AMRAAM air-to-air missiles
Bombs Mk82, Mk83, Mk84 bombs, GBU-10/12/15/24/28 precision guided munitions, CBU-series cluster bombs

Technical data military-today.com


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South Korea may Purchase 12 more ASW Helicopters

South Korea to Purchase 12 ASW Helicopters

20 Jan, 17, Source: HeliHub.com

South Korea is currently considering purchasing 12 more ship borne anti-submarine warfare helicopters. They are looking towards Lockheed’s MH-60R, AgustaWestland’s AW159 and NH Industries’ NH-90. They plan for the new helicopters to be bought and delivered by 2022.

Their fleet currently consists of 40 helicopters, made up of 8 AW159 helicopters, 8 Sikorsky UH-60Ps, 11 AgustaWestland Lynx Mk. 99s and 13 Lynx 99As. They also have 16 P-3 Orions that make up their fixed wing assets, reports Flight Global.

Original post helihub.com


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South Korea receives first batch of AW159 anti-submarine helicopters

Lockheed’s MH-60R

130731-N-KA046-039 MEDITERRANEAN SEA (July 31, 2013) Sailors hook cargo to an MH-60R Sea Hawk helicopter assigned to the Swamp Foxes of Helicopter Maritime Strike Squadron (HSM) 74 during vertical replenishment training aboard the guided-missile destroyer USS Gravely (DDG 107). Gravely is on a scheduled deployment supporting maritime security operations and theater security cooperation efforts in the U.S. 6th Fleet area of responsibility. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class James Turner/Released)

MEDITERRANEAN SEA (July 31, 2013) Sailors hook cargo to an MH-60R Sea Hawk helicopter assigned to the Swamp Foxes of Helicopter Maritime Strike Squadron (HSM) 74 during vertical replenishment training aboard the guided-missile destroyer USS Gravely (DDG 107). Gravely is on a scheduled deployment supporting maritime security operations and theater security cooperation efforts in the U.S. 6th Fleet area of responsibility. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class James Turner/Released)

The MH-60R, manufactured by Sikorsky Aircraft Corp, and equipped with advanced mission systems and sensors by Lockheed Martin Mission Systems and Training (MST), is capable of detecting and prosecuting modern submarines in littoral and open ocean scenarios. In addition, it is capable of conducting stand-alone or joint anti-surface warfare missions with other Romeo or MH-60S “Sierra” aircraft. Secondary missions include electronic support measures, search and rescue, vertical replenishment, and medical evacuation.

The advanced mission sensor suite developed and integrated by Lockheed Martin includes:

  • Multi-mode radar  (including Inverse Synthetic Aperture Radar)
  • Airborne Low Frequency Dipping Sonar (ALFS) subsystem and sonobuoys
  • Electronic Support Measures with an integrated helo threat warning capability
  • Forward Looking Infrared Electro-Optical device
  • Integrated self defense
  • A weapons suite including torpedoes and anti-ship missiles

Lockheed Martin MST also produces the Common Cockpit™ avionics, fielded on both the MH-60R and MH-60S. The 400th Common Cockpit will be installed on the first Royal Australian Navy MH-60R. In 2012, the Common Cockpit exceeded 600,000 flight hours across an operational fleet of 360 aircraft. The digital, all-glass cockpit features four large, flat-panel, multi-function, night-vision-compatible, color displays. The suite processes and manages communications and sensor data streaming into MH-60 multi-mission helicopters, presenting to the crew of three actionable information that significantly reduces workload while increasing situational awareness.

The U.S. Navy is committed to a long-term preplanned product improvement program, also known as P3I, to keep the MH-60R current throughout its life. Recent upgrades have included vital software and mission management systems in the Situational Awareness Technology Insertion (SATI) package as well as design upgrades to the Identification Friend-or-Foe Interrogator Subsystem. Combined with the aircraft’s Automatic Radar Periscope Detection and Discrimination system, the MH-60R’s range of detection will expand — enhancing situational awareness and advanced threat detection — while interference with civil air traffic control systems will diminish.

The MH-60R Electronic Surveillance Measures (ESM) system, which provides aircrew with valuable threat-warning capabilities, has benefited from the installation and maintenance of an ESM autoloader, and the development of Mission Data Loads, which comprise a database of possible threats within a specific region of operations.

Smaller elements are included as well, including the integration of a new multi-function radio called the ARC210 Gen 5 (which sister-aircraft MH-60S will also receive), crucial spare assemblies and integration of other core technologies. The Gen 5 radio will provide MH-60R aircrew with flexible and secure communication.


Airframe characteristics

Mission gross weight

  • Undersea warfare
  • Surface warfare
 22,500 lb
21,290 lb
 10,204 kg
9,657 kg
Max. takeoff gross weight 23,500 lb 10,682 kg
Engines (2) T700-GE-401C  
Mission endurance    
  • Undersea warfare
  • Surface warfare
2.70 hours
3.30 hours
Dash speed 140 kts  
Weapons Anti-ship missiles, torpedoes, 50 cal. guns
Auxiliary fuel Up to two external tanks

Airframe dimensions

Operating length 64.83 ft 19.76 m
Operating width 53.66 ft 16.35 m
Operating height 16.70 ft 5.10 m
Folded Length 41.05 ft 12.51 m
Folded width 11.00 ft 3.37 m
Folded height 12.92 ft 3.94 m
Main rotor diameter 53.66 ft 16.35 m
Tail rotor diameter 11.00 ft 3.35 m

Source mh-60.com

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