MK VI Patrol Boats

The MK VI patrol boats are designed and built by American boat manufacturer, Safe Boats International (SBI) to serve as the next-generation patrol boats for the US Navy. The 85ft patrol boats will replace the ageing patrol boat fleet of Naval Expeditionary Combat Command (NECC) and will support the Coastal Riverine Force (CRF).

SBI was awarded an initial $36.5m contract for six MK VI Patrol Boats in May 2012. The US Navy signed a $34.5m firm-fixed-price agreement with SBI for four additional MK VI patrol boats in July 2014. The agreement includes options for two more boats, bringing the total value of the contract to $52.2m. The US Navy plans to acquire a total of 48 Mark VI Patrol Boats.

180424-N-NT795-842 SAN DIEGO (April 24, 2018) Sailors assigned to Coastal Riverine Squadron (CRS) 3 are underway aboard MKVI patrol boat during unit level training conducted by Coastal Riverine Group (CRG) 1 Training and Evaluation Unit. CRG provides a core capability to defend designated high value assets throughout the green and blue-water environment and providing deployable Adaptive Force Packages (AFP) worldwide in an integrated, joint and combined theater of operations. (U.S. Navy photo by Chief Boatswain’s Mate Nelson Doromal Jr/Released)

The U.S. Navy quietly updated its fleet last month, adding its first new patrol boat since the mid-1980s. The Mark VI Patrol Boat is an 85-foot vessel that seats 10 crewmen and eight passengers, reaching a sprint speed of more than 35 knots.

Built by Safe Boats International, a military supplier with the motto, “God, Country and Fast Boats,” the Mark VI is designed to patrol shallow littoral areas, support search-and-seizure operations, and function as a high value shipping escort, among other duties. The Navy expects to deploy its first 10 MK VI boats next year and expand the fleet starting in 2018. Source bloomberg.com

SBI received a contract modification in July 2015 to supply two additional boats to the US Navy, bringing the total number of orders to 12.

Navy orders two Mark VI patrol boats with on-board networking and flat-screen displays: Here

Excerpt

U.S. Navy surface warfare experts are ordering two 85-foot patrol boats that have surveillance and battle-management networking, as well as flat-screen monitors mounted throughout the vessels.

Officials of the Naval Sea Systems Command in Washington announced a $17.8 million contract modification Friday to Safe Boats International LLC in Bremerton, Wash., to provide two Mark VI patrol boats.

The boats are being built at SBI’s large craft production facility (LCPF) situated in the Port of Tacoma, Washington. SBI hired 100 new employees in addition to the existing 275 workers to build the boats.

The first of 12 MK VI patrol boats was delivered to the US Navy in August 2014. The boat successfully completed sea trials and was handed over to NECC for operational deployment in 2015. The remaining 11 boats are expected to be built by March 2018.

Coastal Riverine Group 2 (CRG 2) of the US Navy received two MK VI patrol boats in September 2015.

US Navy Patrol Boat Mark VI Debuts in Arabian Gulf: Here

Excerpt

The US Navy’s latest patrol boat, the Mark VI, has made its operational debut in the Arabian Gulf this month.

The patrol boat was designed and built by American boat manufacturer Safe Boats International to serve as the next-generation patrol boats for the US Navy. Mark VI arrived at the 5th Fleet base of operations in Bahrain in March, according to the ship’s program manager, US Navy Lt. David Weinreb.

The fleet of 85-foot patrol boats is cued to replace the aging patrol boat fleet of Naval Expeditionary Combat Command (NECC) and will support the Coastal Riverine Force (CRF).

Currently there are four Mark VI patrol boats in the US Navy, Weinreb said, with two assigned to the 5th Fleet with a third due to be delivered.

One more Mark VI is planned to be sent out to the 5th Fleet, he said, adding that three of the four existing boats are allocated for the Gulf.

Sailors assigned to Coastal Riverine Group (CRG) 1 Det Guam oversee the lifting of a MK VI patrol boat in order to perform yearly scheduled maintenance at the Port Authority in Guam on Jan. 11, 2017. CRG 1 Det Guam is assigned to Commander, Task Force 75, which is the primary expeditionary task force responsible for the planning and execution of coastal riverine operations, explosive ordnance disposal, diving engineering and construction, and underwater construction in the U.S. 7th fleet area of operations. (U.S. Navy Combat Camera Photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Daniel Rolston)

MK VI patrol boat missions

The MK VI patrol boat is the first mission-specific patrol boat designed for the US Navy since the mid-1980s. It will replace the smaller 68ft Mark V and 34ft Sea Ark to defend the green-water navy. The CRF will deploy the patrol boats for critical infrastructure protection (CIP) in and around foreign ports across the world.

U.S. Defense System

The boats can operate in brown, green or blue waters, and will be deployed to patrol shallow littoral regions beyond the harbours and bays. They can conduct missions in the open ocean for protecting defence forces.

The versatile patrol vessels can support search-and-seizure operations, maritime intercept operations, theatre security cooperation operations and other clandestine security force activities. They can function as escorts for high value assets and also take part in mine hunting and fast attack combats.

The boat is ideal for coordinated efforts with Naval Special Warfare and Naval Special Operations operators such as Navy SEALs and Explosive Ordinance Disposal (EOD).

Unmanned systems

The U.S. Navy’s MK VI Patrol Boat is designed to carry a variety of unmanned systems.  At Sea Air Space 15, the boat displayed a PUMA UAV. It will also be configured to carry two MK 18 Mod 2 Kingfish mine hunting UUVs.  Source navaldrones.com

MK 18 Mod 2 Swordfish UUV

auvac.org

Based on Hydroid REMUS 600 (Lightweight)
Dimensions: 12‐3/4” diameter, 11‐1/2’ long / Weight: 600 lbs in air
Operating Depth: 5m‐300m (Search to 3 m)

MKVI-RemuMK 18 Mod 2 Swordfish UUV navaldrones.com

Sensors:
Dynamic Focus Side Look Sonar (SLS)
Neil Brown Conductivity & Temperature Sensor (CT)
WET Labs Beam Attenuation Meter (BAM) Optical Sensor
Imagenex 852 Pencil Beam Sonar (Obstacle Avoidance)
WET Labs ECO FLNTU (Fluorometer & Turbidity measurement)

Communications:
Long baseline (LBL) Acoustic (via Ranger)
WiFi
Iridium
Freewave Radio Modem (via Gateway Buoy)

Navigation:
Up/Down looking Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP)
Doppler Velocity Log (DVL)
Kearfott Inertial Navigation Unit (INS)
Compass
P‐code GPS

  • Body Type: Torpedo
  • Size (LxWxH): 3.93m x 0.66m x 0.66m
  • Body Size (LxWxH): 3.93m x 0.32m x 0.32m
  • Hull Material: Aluminum
  • Weight: 282.00kg
  • Maximum Depth: 600.00 m
  • Dynamic Buoyancy: No
  • Self-Righting: Yes
  • Obstacle Avoidance: No
  • Endurance (nominal load): Information not available
  • Manufacturer Website: Link

Source auvac.org

MKVI-Remus2MK 18 Mod 2 Swordfish UUV navaldrones.com

RQ-20A Puma AE

Navy Petty Officer 3rd Class Neil Wierboski prepares an unmamned aerial vehicle for launch aboard Mark VI patrol boats during training conducted by the Coastal Riverine Group 1 Training and Evaluation Unit in the Pacific Ocean, May 9, 2018. Wierboski is assigned to Coastal Riverine Squadron 3.

The Aqua Puma All Environment (AE) RQ-20A is a small tactical, hand-launched UAS produced by AeroVironment, Inc. and marinized for use by the United State Marine Corps and Naval Special Warfare. Puma is an acronym for “Pointer Upgraded Mission Ability,” indicating the vehicle’s derivation from the Pointer. The electrically-powered RQ-20A carries stabilized electro-optical and infrared cameras, an 860 nanometer laser illuminator and has a maximum flight time of two hours and ceiling of 10,000 feet. The Puma’s Ground Control Station (GCS) has a communications range of 20 km and is common with the smaller Wasp and Raven RQ-11 UAS.  AeroVironment’s Digital Data Link (DDL) gives the Puma encrypted, beyond-line-of-sight voice, video, data, and text communication capabilities.  The aircraft can use GPS to automatically land within 25 meters of a chosen spot, including on the water. Source navaldrones.com

SPECS

Payloads Gimbaled payload, 360 degree continuous pan, +10 to -90 degrees tilt, stabilized EO, IR camera, and IR Illuminator all in one modular payload
Range 20 km
Endurance 3+ hours with an LE battery
Operating Altitude (Typ.) 500 ft (152 m) AGL
Wing Span 9.2 ft (2.8 m)
Length 4.6 ft (1.4 m)
Weight 14 lbs (6.3 kg)
GCS Common GCS with Raven® and Wasp® AE
Launch Method Hand-launched, rail launch (optional)
Recovery Method Autonomous or manual deep-stall lan

Source avinc.com

Design and features

by gaston18
by gaston18

MK VI patrol boat is a modification of the 780 Archangel Class patrol boat, which was also built by SBI. The boat is designed to decrease Total Ownership Cost (TOC) and manpower. Its aluminium hull is enhanced for performance, fuel efficiency, easy maintenance and firepower.

The boat is equipped with ballistic protection, with armour plating around the engines and fuel storage. The boats are small enough to fit inside the well deck of LHD, LPD and LSD class amphibious warfare ships. Thus, they can be transported to any location in a short period of time.

Weaponry

The patrol boat is armed with two remotely controlled and stabilised MK-38 Mod2 25mm machine gun systems, small arms mounts and six crew served 50-calibre machine guns. It also has the provision to install other weapons such as mini guns, grenade launchers and smaller calibre machine guns.

2 x MK-38 Mod2 25mm machine gun system

MK-38 Mod2 25mm machine gun system –  US Navy

The MK 38 MOD 0 25mm MGS replaced the MK 16 20mm gun system and was then later upgraded to a MK 38 MOD 1 MGS. A total of 387 MK 38 MOD 1 MGSs were procured and deployed in the U.S. Navy and U.S. Coast Guard (USCG). In 2003, the chief of Naval Operations (CNO) directed the Navy to pursue a simple, stabilized, low cost solution for outfitting near-term deployers to counter small boat threats. The Navy began fielding the Mk 38 MOD 2 in 2005. Due to the success of the MK 38 MOD 2 MGS, the program scope was expanded in July 2012 to add several ship classes and to develop a modification to the system. This modification is known as the MK 38 MOD 3 which is a technical refresh of the MK 38 MOD 2. The first MK 38 MOD 3 is to be fielded in FY17.  Source navy.mil

U.S. Defense SystemU.S. Defense System

50-calibre machine guns

U.S. Navy Quartermaster Jonathon Williams, assigned to Coastal Riverine Squadron (CRS) 3, fires a .50-caliber machine gun aboard Mark VI patrol boat during a simulated small boat attack exercise as part of unit level training provided by the Coastal Riverine Group (CRG) 1 Training and Evaluation Unit in San Diego May 10, 2018. The CRG provides a core capability to defend designated high value assets throughout the green and blue-water environment and providing deployable Adaptive Force Packages (AFP) worldwide in an integrated, joint and combined theater of operations. (U.S. Navy photo by Chief Boatswain’s Mate Nelson Doromal Jr.)
DESIGNATION 0.50″/72 (12.7 mm) M3M FH Herstal MG
SHIP CLASS USED ON Rotary-wing aircraft
DATE OF DESIGN N/A
DATE IN SERVICE 2001-2003 (evaluation)
2004 (service)
WEIGHT 79.9 lbs. (35.8 kg)
GUN LENGTH OA 59.8 in (1.520 m)
BARREL LENGTH 36 in (0.914 m)
RIFLING LENGTH 31.5 in (0.800 m)
GROOVES 8
LANDS N/A
TWIST N/A
CHAMBER VOLUME 1.5 in3 (24.6 cm3)
RATE OF FIRE 950 – 1,100 rounds per minute cyclic
200 rounds per minute practical

Source navweaps.com

M240 machine guns

180510-N-NT795-153 SAN DIEGO (May 10, 2018) Electronic Technician 3rd Class Carlos Jacob Gilmore, assigned to Coastal Riverine Squadron (CRS) 3, fires the M240 machine gun aboard MKVI patrol boat during a simulated small boat attack exercise as part of unit level training provided by Coastal Riverine Group (CRG) 1 Training and Evaluation Unit. CRG provides a core capability to defend designated high value assets throughout the green and blue-water environment and providing deployable Adaptive Force Packages (AFP) worldwide in an integrated, joint and combined theater of operations. (U.S. Navy photo by Chief Boatswain’s Mate Nelson Doromal Jr/Released)

The FN MAG is a gas operated, belt fed, air cooled automatic weapon. It uses the long piston stroke gas system with the gas regulator, located below the barrel.The bolt is locked using a swinging shoulder that engages the cut in the floor of the receiver. The air-cooled barrel is quick-detachable, with the carrying handle attached to it to help handling of the hot barrel. The receiver is made from steel stampings.

The M240 is fed using the disintegrating steel belts of various lengths. The rate of fire can be selected between “low” (~650 rpm) and”high” (~950 rpm), depending on the tactical situation, and the gun can be fired in full auto only. The charging handle is located on the right side of the receiver.

Caliber: 7,62x51mm NATO
Weight: 11 – 13 kg on bipod (depending on version), ~21 kg on tripod
Length: 1260 mm
Barrel length: 545 mm
Feed: belt
Rate of fire: selectable, 650-750 and  950-1000 rounds per minute

Source modernfirearms.net

Propulsion

Water-jet – DefenseWebTV

The propulsion system consists of twin diesel engines and water-jets. The engines can burn both marine grade diesel fuel and JP-5 aviation fuel. The boats can reach a maximum sprint speed of 30kt at full load. The propulsion system enables the boat to sail up to a range of more than 600nmi.

U.S. Navy photo

 2 x MTU 16V 2000 M94 engines

Source transdiesel.com

Accommodation aboard the patrol boat

U.S. Defense System

The boat consists of a pilothouse and a main deck cabin. The pilothouse contains state-of-the-art shock mitigating seating for the crew. Work stations are integrated into the seats for easy access to the controls and displays, and to minimise injury and fatigue.

bremolympicnlus.wordpress.com

The spacious interior can accommodate ten crewmen and eight passengers. Basic amenities such as berthing accommodations, galley and shower facilities ensure extended missions.

bremolympicnlus.wordpress.comDefenseWebTVDefenseWebTV

The main cabin can be configured to accommodate unmanned, remotely operated vehicles and additional shock mitigating seating. It can also be converted into a temporary medical triage area during emergencies. Small boats, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and underwater unmanned vehicles (UUVs) can be launched and recovered from the rear deck and stern of the boat.

gpai.com

General Characteristics, MK VI Patrol Boat 

Propulsion: Installed Power: 5,200 HP – 2 x MTU 16V2000 M94 and 2 x Hamilton HM651 Water Jets
Length: LOA: 84.8′
Beam: 20.5′
Displacement: 170,000 lbs (full load displacement)
Draft: less than 5 ft
Speed: Cruise: 25+ Knots; Sprint: 35+ Knots
Range: 600+ Nautical Miles
Crew: 2 Crews, 5 Personnel each, plus 8 Person Visit, Board, Search and Seizure (VBSS) Team (18 Total)
Armament: MK 50 (.50 cal) Gun Weapon System (Qty 4); MK 38 Mod 2 (25 mm) Gun Weapon System (Qty 2); MK 44 Machine Gun System; Multiple Crew Served Weapon & Long Range Acoustic Hailing Device (Qty 6)

Source navy.mil

Main material source naval-technology.com

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Project 21980 Class Counter-Sabotage Boats

Designed by JSC Vympel Design Bureau, the Project 21980 class counter-sabotage vessels are intended for the protection of naval bases, ports and aquatic areas of the Russian Federation.

The boats are also used to fight against sabotage and terrorist activities in the sea, as well as render assistance to the Border Service of the Russian Federation in their efforts to safeguard the state borders.

The Russian Navy has commissioned a total of 12 Project 21980 class counter-sabotage vessels as of November.

Boat pr. 21980 Grachonok was developed by the specialists of OJSC KB Vympel (Nizhny Novgorod) and is serially produced at the facilities of OJSC Zelenodolsky Plant named after VNIgorov. A.M. Gorky “under the contract with the Ministry of Defense, signed in 2007. The head boat P-104 (plant number 981, side 889) was laid on February 18, 2008, launched on April 25, 2009 and after successful tests in the waters of the river. The Volga and the Baltic Sea in December of the same year became part of the Baltic Fleet of the Russian Navy.

The following year, on 4 May 2010, the Adrei flag was hoisted on it. Currently, the boat is fighting to protect the water area of ​​the Leningrad naval base, and in the summer of 2011, in an original camouflage color, it was demonstrated at the International Naval Salon.

Second GPC pr.21980 “Grachonok” (factory number 982, airborne 840) was laid on 7.05.2010, launched in July 2011. At the end of October of the same year, an act was signed on the transfer of the boat to the compound of the ships of the protection of the water area Novorossiysk Naval Forces of the Black Sea Fleet. On the eve of the 67th anniversary of the Great Victory, it was planned to solemnly raise the naval flag.

In May of last year, a third anti-sabotage boat was built at the capacities of Zelenodolsk Shipyard, prospect 21980, the active construction of which is currently under active development.  Translated by google source arms-expo.ru

Vympel Shipyard (Shipyard Vympel)

Project 21980 class orders and deliveries

Construction on the Project 21980 class counter-sabotage vessels began in 2008 and deliveries were commenced in 2009. The vessels are operational with the Russian Navy’s fleets, including the Baltic Fleet, Pacific Fleet, Black Sea Fleet, and Caspian Flotilla.

The Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation selected three Russian shipbuilding companies JSC Zelenodolsk plant, named after A.M. Gorky, Vostochnaya Verf Shipyard and JSC Vympel Shipyard to build the Project 21980 class vessels.

JSC Zelenodolsk plant was contracted to build up to nine boats and completed deliveries of first seven by October 2014. Keels for the eighth and ninth vessels were laid in 2015.

Vostochnaya Verf Shipyard built and delivered three vessels, while Vympel Shipyard agreed to construct four Project 21980 vessels.

The Russian Navy’s Northern Fleet took delivery of the first two vessels from Vympel Shipyard in November.

Completed

16 + 8 units

Ships

Project 21980

Name
Yard №
Laid Down
Launched
Commissioned
Note
Shipyard named after A.M. Gorky, Zelenodolsk – 8+2 units
P-104
№981
8.02.2008
25.04.2009
11.2009
from 27.12.2013 – P-104 Nakhimovets
P-191
№982
7.05.2010
07.2011
10.2011
from 16.02.2015 – P-191 Kadet
P-349
№983
6.05.2011
16.06.2012
14.11.2012
from 16.02.2015 – P-349 Suvorovets
P-350
№984
5.05.2012
04.2013
22.08.2013
from 16.02.2015 – P-350 Kursant Kirovets
P-351
№985
27.07.2012
2013
15.10.2013
from 2016 – P-351 Yunarmeets Kaspiya
P-355
№986
7.05.2013
05.2014?
22.08.2014
from 2016 – P-355 Yunarmeets Kryma
P-424
№987
27.07.2013
2014
9.10.2014
from 06.2017? – P-424 Kinel
P-433
№988
12.01.2015
2017?
16.09.2017
P-
№989
7.05.2015
plan 2018
under construction
P-
№990
plan 2018
under construction
Vostochnaya verf, Vladivostok- 4+2 units
P-377
№8002
03.2012
24.06.2013
26.09.2013
P-420
№8003
2012
30.11.2013
24.02.2014
from 2016 – P-420 Yunarmeets Primorya
P-417
№8004
2012
4.07.2014?
25.09.2014
from 2016 – P-417 Yunarmeets Kamchatki
P-
№8005
08.2017
14.10.2017
P-
№8006
under construction
P-
№8007
under construction
Vympel Shipyard, Rybinsk – 4+4 units
P-340
№01221
03.2014
7.06.2016
19.11.2016
from 2016 – P-340 Yunarmeets Zapolyarya
P-421
№01222
12.2014
22.07.2016
19.11.2016
P-429
№01223
15.09.2015
27.04.2017
14.07.2017
P-430
№01224
15.04.2016
22.06.2017
9.11.2017
from 24.02.2018 – P-430 Valery Fedyanin
BSK-
№01225
under construction
BSK-
№01226
under construction
BSK-
№01227
under construction
BSK-
№01228
plan 2019
under construction

Fleets

Baltic Fleet: P-104
Black Sea Fleet: P-191, 349, 350, 355, 424, 433
Pacific Fleet: P-377, 417, 420, №8005
Northern Fleet: P-340, 421, 429, 430
Caspian Flotilia: P-351

Hull Numbers

P-104: 889(2009), 689(2016)
P-191: 840(2011)
P-349: 841(2012)
P-350: 842(2013)
P-351: 930(2013), 600(2016)
P-355: 836(2014)
P-424: 837(2014)
P-377: 996(2013)
P-420: 997(2014)
P-340: 669(2016)
P-421: 699(2016)
P-429: 936(04.2017)
P-433: 844(20.07.2017)
P-430: 941(2017)
№01224: 941(2017)

Source russianships.info

Shipyard in central Russia floats out first Project 21980 anti-sabotage boat: Here

Excerpt

In accordance with the contract signed with the Russian Navy, the Vympel Shipyard is expected to build four Project 21980 anti-sabotage boats, the press office added.

“A Project 21980 Grachonok anti-sabotage boat has been put afloat today. This is the first out of four anti-sabotage boats the Vympel Shipyard has built under the contract signed with the Russian Defense Ministry,” shipyard spokeswoman Tatyana Gerasimova said.

“The Vympel Shipyard has not built such boats earlier,” she added.

Design and features of the counter-sabotage vessels

factandamazing.blogspot.com

The Project 21980 counter-sabotage vessel features a single hull made of steel and its deckhouse is built using aluminium and magnesium alloys.

Vympel Shipyard (Shipyard Vympel)

The overall length and widths of the boat are 31m and 7.4m respectively and the draught is 1.85m. With a displacement of 138t, the vessel can carry up to eight crew members.

Vympel Shipyard (Shipyard Vympel)

The boat carries a remotely operated underwater vehicle to conduct mine-clearing and inspection activities in deep waters. Diving systems are provided aboard the vessel to support search and recovery, and mine clearance operations.

Vympel Shipyard (Shipyard Vympel)Vympel Shipyard (Shipyard Vympel)

Armament fitted to Project 21980 class counter-sabotage vessels

A 14.5mm marine pedestal heavy machine-gun mount fitted at the bow provides defence against lightly armoured surface, marine and air targets. With a rate of fire of 450 shots a minute, the machine gun can engage targets at distances of 2km.

14,5 mm MTPU-14,5

MTPU 14.5mm marine pedestal machine-gun mount

14.5 mm marine pedestal machine-gun mount (14.5 mm MTPU) is intended for fight against lightly armoured surface, coast and air targets. It is mounted on decks of war boats and ensures defeat of surface and coast targets at the distances of up to 2000 m at the height of up to 1500 m.

Cartridges with armour-piercing-incendiary bullet B-32, armour-piercing-tracer bullet BZT and incendiary of instant action MDZ are used for firing at surface, coast and air targets.

Pedestal machine gun mount without gun – Vympel Shipyard (Shipyard Vympel)
Technical Characteristics
Weapon machine-gun KPVT
Machine-gun calibre, mm 14.5
Rate of fire, shot/min, not less 450
Mass of a mount with a machine-gun (without ammunition and SPT&A),kg 350
Overall dimensions (with the height
of foundation from the deck 100 mm), mm:
length
width
height
2800
865
1500-1800
Angle of elevation guidance, degrees -15 to +60
Angle of traverse guidance, degrees ±180
Direction of a machine-gun feed right
Method of guidance manual
Crew, persons 1

Source zid.ru

The vessel is armed with Igla man-portable air-defence system (MANPADS) at the stern to defend enemy aircraft, helicopters and remotely operated vehicles.

9K38 Igla (Needle) Man-Portable Air Defense System (MANPADS)

Intended to defeat approaching and receding jet-engine, turboprop, propeller-driven fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters round the clock when they are visually observed against clutter background and in infrared countermeasure environment.
High counter-countermeasure resistance. Round the clock identification friend-or-foe. Main combat employment – shoulder-firing. Launch options include a 203-OPU Dzhigit support launching unit and 9S846 Strelets set of control equipment and launch modules.

Major features of Igla MANPADS:

  • two-colour seeker;
  • automatic entry of lead and elevation angles at launch;
  • target selection when it deploys IR decoys;
  • software-driven target adaptive guidance;
  • detonation of sustainer’s remaining propellant together with warhead activation;
  • disabling launches at friendly targets.

System specifications:

 Target altitude, m  10…3,500
 Target range, m  5,200
 Target speed, m/s:
            head-on engagement  Up to 360
            tail-chase engagement  Up to 320
 Combat equipment weight, kg (in combat position)  16.8
Major missile specifications:
 Missile calibre, mm  72.2
 Missile length, mm  1,655
 Missile launch weight, kg  10.6
 Booster  Solid-propellant
 Sustainer  Solid-propellant, two-thrust
 Warhead  Blast fragmentation
 Aerodynamic configuration  Canard
 Flight control  Aerodynamic surfaces, powder thruster at initial trajectory
 Seeker  Optical, two-colour, homing (passive)
 Control system  Single-channel

Source kbm.ru

The 55mm remote-controlled counter-sabotage grenade launchers, including ten-barrelled DP-65A and two-barrelled DP-64 are installed at the stern to protect the boat against enemy combat vessels. The DP-65A grenade launcher offers a maximum firing range of 500m, while the range of DP-64 is 400m.

DP-65A grenade launcher

Рыбинская Неделя YouTube

DP65 small-sized remotely controlled antidiversion grenade launching system

It is designed for protection of ships against attacks of underwater combat swimmers at external roadstead open anchor stops and bases, for protection against attacks of underwater combat swimmers at water-development works, sea platforms and other important sea and coastal installations.

It is mounted both on the ships (sea installations) and on the coastal installations.

The system ensures single-shot and salvo fire with rocket grenades RG-55M and RGS-55.

Guidance of the system and fire control is carried out remotely or manually. Rocket grenades launching in manual control mode is carried out by the autonomous power source.

The control panel and the power source provide the possibility of simultaneous connection of one to four grenade launchers.
The system is equipped with blocking device ensuring security of loading and unloading of the grenade launcher, blocking of firing circuits in the zones forbidden for firing.

Detection of a target is performed with the sonar dipping station. When using the system with the sonar “ANAPA-ME” automatic detection of the target, guidance of the system by the sonar to the target and its tracking up to defeat is ensured.

Technical Characteristics
Calibre, mm 55
Quantity of barrels 10
Angle of elevation guidance, degrees -33 to +48
Angle of traverse guidance, degrees -165 to +165
Speed of elevation guidance, degrees/s 10
Speed of traverse guidance, degrees/s 15
Range of fire, m minimum 50
maximum 500
Mass of the grenade launcher (without grenades), kg 132
Overall dimensions of the grenade launcher, mm 970×780×1820

Source zid.ru

DP-64 grenade-launcher

dp_64_nepryadva_grenade_launcher__hi_poly__by_kutejnikov-d96fcju

DP-64 grenade launcher is designated for protection of submarines in the above-water position, ships at external roadsteads, against attacks of underwater combat swimmers.

The grenade launcher allows carrying out loading and fire conducting by one person at a range of up to 400 m.

Firing the grenade launcher is conducted with FG-45 fragmentation grenade to destroy a swimmer and with SG-45 signal to mark the swimmer’s location.

DP-64 grenade launcher allows conducting fire ordinary small arms from any place of the ship deck, from the deck house of a submarine in the above-water position and from a helicopter. Source strategic-bureau.com

vitalykuzmin.net

Navigation and communications equipment

The Project 21980 class counter-sabotage vessels are provided with advanced navigation and communications equipment to perform efficient detection and tracking of underwater objects.

The systems include MR-231 Anapa navigation radar, MTC-201 M3 electro-optical observation system, underwater detecting objects, sonar, searchlight, hydro acoustic system, loudhailer, siren, and search equipment.

MR-231 Anapa navigation radar

MR-231 Anapa navigation radar on top of bridge aft of MTK-201ME Multipurpose TV shipborne system – Рыбинская Неделя YouTube

MTK-201ME Multipurpose TV shipborne system

The MTK-201ME multipurpose TV shipborne system is designed to surveillance air and surface situation in the ships and boats for all types of defense of self-defense zones, ship`s navigational safety and weapons control.

Missions:

  • automated and manual search of air, surface and coastal targets, including pinpoint, autonomous or according to targeting;
  • visual detection, recognition and identification by operator of air, surface and coastal targets at round-the-clock;
  • automatic, automated and manual tracking of targets, including high-speed;
  • measuring of targets distance and angle coordinates, the computation of motion parameters;
  • visual (thermal imaging and television), the coordinate and calculated data transmission in ship’s information systems and radar fire-control systems;
  • shipboard helicopters position and trajectory control during takeoff and landing, as well as monitoring of premises within the ship.

The system provides the fire-control of one or two artillery units simultaneously visually observed targets.

Components:

  • multi-sensor gyrostabilised turret;
  • digital progressive scanning TV black and white, and color cameras;
  • thermal imager 8-12 m;
  • lasers range-finders, 1.06 m and 1.54 m;
  • electronic units including auto tracker, video processor, and control units.

Source roe.ru

anton-blinov.livejournal.com

Anapa-ME underwater anti-saboteur detection sonar system

The Anapa-ME underwater anti-saboteur detection sonar system is designed for surveillance underwater situation to provides anti-sabotage actions protection of ships stopped in the open roadsteads or basing points, and to safeguard important military and industrial installations, hydrotechnical facilities in ports, open sea and other water areas.

Missions

The Anapa-ME sonar main missions are as follows:

  • search and detection of underwater saboteur with flippers or underwater delivery scooters;
  • identification and tracking underwater targets;
  • automatic measurement of target coordinates and their feeding into anti-saboteur weapons launchers.

Source roe.ru

Project 21980 class propulsion and performance

Рыбинская Неделя YouTube

Power for the Project 21980 class vessel comes from two diesel engines, two fixed-pitch propellers and two diesel generators.

The maximum speed of the boat is 23kt and the cruising range is 200mi. It can also stay afloat for up to five days.

2 x 2400 hp MTU diesels (?)

screenshot-www.transdiesel.com-2018.06.15-02-42-57

Source transdiesel.com

2 x Deutz Mwm Tbd620V12 Diesel Engine (Ships №01221-01226)

application Running work Intermission work
Working ship High speed ship Yacht,high speed duty ship
condition air/turbocharge cooled/atmospheric pressure/relative humidity:45°C/32°C/0.1MPa/60%
Power symbol MCFN MFN
(A) (B) (C) (D)
speed 1500 1650 1800 1500 1650 1800 1860 1860
TBD620V8 829 870 920 915 960 1016 1120 1168
TBD620V12 1240 1304 1380 1370 1440 1524 1680 1752
TBD620V16 1658 1740 1840 1830 1920 2032 2240 2336
MAIN SPECIFICATION
BORE/STROKE 170/195mm
ARRANGE 90° v-90°
CYLINDER NUMBLE 8,12,16
MIN. SPEED AT FULLY LOAD 600r/min
IGNITION SPEED 150r/min(5°c)
RATED SPEED 1500r/min
UNIT CYLINDER VOLUME 4.43dm3
COMPRESSION RATIO 13.5:1
MAX. COMBUSTION PRESSURE 15MPa
DIRECTION counter clockwise rotation(from the end of flywheel)
TYPE 4-stroke,direct-injection
INTAKE turbo/turbo-intercooler
DIMENSION mm V8:2340*1450*2000
V12:2980*1450*2040
V16:3400*1450*2100
WEIGHT(KG) V8:3600
V12:25100
V16:6290

Source: deutzengine.en.made-in-china.com

russianships.info

General characteristics 

Displacement (tons):
Standard: 138
Full load:
Dimensions (m):
Length: 31,04
Beam: 7,4
Draft: 1,85
Speed (knots): 23
Range:
Autonomy (days): 5
Propulsion: 2×2400 hp MTU diesels (№01221-01226 – 2×2215 hp TBD620V12 diesels), 2 fixed pitch propellers, 2×100 kW DGA-100-V-A1-MPS diesel-generators
Armament: 4×1 SAM system 9K38 «Igla» launchers (9M39 missiles)
1×1 14,5 mm MTPU-14,5
1×10 55 mm DP-65A grenade launcher (RG-55M, GRS-55 grenades)
1×2 45 mm DP-64 grenade launcher (FG-45, SG-45 grenades)
1 diving complex (1 diving chamber), 1 Falcon Underwater Remotely Operated Vehicle
Electronics: MR-231 navigation radar, MTK-201M3 electronic-optical television system, «Filin» (P-104) optical system, «Kalmar» sonar complex, MG-757 «Anapa-M» anti-saboteur sonar
Complement: 8

Source russianships.info

Main material source naval-technology.com

Updated Jun 15, 2018

An-124 Ruslan (Condor) Large Cargo Aircraft

The An-124 Ruslan (Nato reporting name Condor), designed by the Antonov ASTC, based in Kiev, Ukraine, is a very large cargo transport aircraft. It is manufactured by Aviant State Aviation Plant, Kiev, and Aviastar, Ulyanovsk, Russia.

The Ruslan is designed for long-range delivery and air dropping of heavy and large size cargo, including machines, equipment and troops. The development of the first AN-124 airframe commenced in 1979. The An-124 completed its maiden flight in December 1982 and entered service in January 1986. The aircraft was first showcased at the Paris Air Show in 1985. It was accredited with civil certification in 1992. Around 60 aircraft have were built. The Russian Army operates 25 An-124 aircraft.

An-124 Ruslan transport capabilities

Volga-Dnepr Airlines An-124-100 – T24 YouTube

The unique transport capabilities and the high performance of the aircraft have been proven in operation.

20 An-124-100 of Antonov Airlines, Volga-Dnepr, Poliot and other airlines transport different cargoes all over the world; for example: 90t hydraulic turbines, large Liebherr autocranes, American Euclid dump trucks, the fuselage of Tu-204 passenger transporter, a 109t railway locomotive, and a sea yacht more than 25m long.

Volga-Dnepr Airlines An-124-100 – T24 YouTube

Volga-Dnepr Airlines of Russia has ten plus five An-124 aircraft on order. Polet Airlines of Russia operate eight An-124 aircraft.

Aviant State Aviation Plant in Kiev completed an An-124-100 from parts in stock which was sold to the United Arab Emirates in 2004.

Volga-Dnepr Airlines An-124-100 – T24 YouTube

Seven An-124-100 aircraft were operated by Antonov Airlines, based at London Stansted Airport, in partnership with Air Foyle HeavyLift. Antonov Airlines did not renew the contract for this partnership in June 2006 and instead signed an agreement with Volga-Dnepr Airlines and Aviastar for the modernisation and construction of the An-124.

Volga-Dnepr Airlines – Gdańsk112 – Jacas YouTube

In September 2004, the governments of Russia and the Ukraine announced that series production of the An-124 would be restarted. Up to 80 An-124-100M upgraded aircraft are to be jointly manufactured by Aviastar and Aviant between 2007 and 2020.

Volga-Dnepr Airlines An-124-100 – T24 YouTube

Volga-Dnepr Airlines placed an order for five An-124-100Ms in August 2005. Supplemental type certification was received for the aircraft in June 2007, allowing operations with 402t maximum take-off weight and 150t maximum payload. The An-124-100M’s flight range was increased to 4,000km and the crew reduced to three.

AN-124-cargo-cabinacp-logistics.com

A preliminary agreement was signed between Russia and Ukraine in April 2008 to resume the An-124 aircraft production.

Antonov was contracted by Volga-Dnepr Airlines in August 2011 to overhaul the fleet of An-124-100 Ruslan into An-124-111VD standard. The modernised aircraft will have a maximum take-off weight of 402t, a cargo lift capacity of 150t, a flight range of 5,000km with a 120t payload and a minimum crew of three. It will be powered by advance 3M series D-18T engines compatible with the FADEC system.

An-124-100 Antonov Design Bureau (Aviant, Antonov Airlines) – Vaibhav Shah YouTube

Volga-Dnepr details new modernised An-124 variant An-124-111VD

Russian outsize freight specialist Volga-Dnepr has reached another development agreement to modernise the Antonov An-124, this time into a version designated the An-124-111VD.

It will have a maximum take-off weight of 402 tonnes and a payload capability of 150 tonnes, with a range of 5,000km with a 120-tonne load.

The upgrade will include powerplant modification to the Ivchenko-Progress D-18T 3M series engine, with full authority digital engine control.

Antonov, which disclosed the agreement during the MAKS Moscow air show, said the engine would have a life of 50,000h and 11,111 cycles.

“This will significantly improve the fuel efficiency of the aircraft, to increase its reliability, as well as reduce noise and maintenance costs,” it added.

The heavy transport would have a crew of three and its cockpit would be modernised with digital avionics.

Upgrade of the type has been a long-running effort. Antonov Airlines operates a modernised variant known as the An-124-100M-150, which needs a four-person crew.

Volga-Dnepr, which has 10 An-124s, said the lifetime of the new type would eventually be lengthened to 60,000h and 12,000 cycles, potentially taking service life to 50 years.

The aircraft would be able to comply with requirements for ICAO Category IIIa landing performance, it added.

Volga-Dnepr said the modernisation of the carrier’s first aircraft would lay a platform for production launch of a new-build version known as the An-124-300.

Antonov chief Dmitry Kiva said the agreement set out design specifications for Volga-Dnepr’s aircraft and added: “The An-124 is undergoing yet another landmark moment in its history. The demand for these unique aircraft has exceeded supply.”

Volga-Dnepr Group president Alexey Isaikin added that the modernisation, ready by 2013, would be an “important practical step” towards resumption of An-124 production. He said the company was committed to the type and was prepared to order 40. Source flightglobal.com

Russia unveils its new giant cargo aircraft

‘Slon’ – ‘elephant’ concept

Details provided of new heavy transport aircraft to replace AN-124

Moscow’s Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute (TsAGI) – the centre of Russian research on aerodynamics, and a key institution in the development Russian aircraft since its foundation by Nikolay Zhukovsky in December 1918 – says that Russia has completed preliminary design work on a new giant cargo aircraft to replace the Soviet era AN-124.

The AN-124 with its ability to ferry 150 tonnes of cargo over 3,200 kilometres is the largest and most powerful cargo aircraft in current service.  However it was designed in the 1970s and is now showing its age.

Also the AN-124 is the offspring of the Antonov Design Bureau based in Kiev in what is now independent Ukraine, and its Progress D-18T turbofan engines are built by the Motor-Sich factory in Zaporozhye in Ukraine.

As the AN-124 becomes increasingly old its maintenance needs are increasing, and the conflict with Ukraine means Russia can no longer easily source engines or spare parts for it.

The need for a new big cargo aircraft to replace the AN-124 for both civil and military uses is therefore becoming pressing, and it has been known for some time that the Russians have been working on such an aircraft.

TsAGI has not disclosed the identity of the design bureau that is responsible for this aircraft, but it is almost certainly the Ilyushin bureau which is becoming the main design centre for Russian large transport aircraft projects.

The new cargo aircraft (pictured) looks similar to the AN-124 but is actually bigger and has a longer range.

Allegedly it will be able to ferry 150 tonnes of cargo over 7,000 kilometres (twice the distance of the AN-124 with the same load) whilst the maximum load will increase from the 150 tonnes of the AN-124 to 180 tonnes for the new aircraft, which the new aircraft will however be able to ferry over a distance of 4,900 kilometres.

This is a significant upgrade in performance over the AN-124.

This is consistent with the demands of Russia’s leading air freight specialist Volga-Dnepr – the main civilian operator in Russia of the AN-124 – which says that any new aircraft replacing the AN-124 should be at least 30-40% more efficient than the AN-124.  Advances in technology since the An-124 was designed in the 1970s make that possible.

The new cargo aircraft will achieve its greater efficiency by using in its structure the stronger and lighter materials which have become available since the AN-124 was designed in the 1970s, and by using a newer and significantly more powerful and efficient engine than the D-18T used by the AN-124.

The new engine will almost certainly be the new Kuznetsov PD30 geared turbofan which is reported to have a rating of around 35 tonnes of thrust (roughly a third more than the D18T).

The Kuznetsov PD30 is known to be in advanced development for use on the new Russian-Chinese wide-bodied aircraft, which will carry two.  The illustration of the new Russian cargo aircraft released by TsAGI shows it will have four.

Combined with a lighter and stronger structure because of the use of new materials, four Kuznetsov PD30 engines – more powerful and more efficient than the AN-124’s D18T engines – will ensure that the new aircraft is able to meet the performance targets.

The Russians have spoken in the past of a programme entitled “Prospective Airborne Complex of Transport Aviation” or PAK-TA, which is intended to provide the air transport division of the Russian Aerospace Forces with a family of new large cargo aircraft.

It seems that at least two aircraft are being developed, and that these will share components and sub-systems with each other, making their design and construction simpler, and simplifying the logistic and maintenance burden.

The smaller of these aircraft will apparently take the form of a revived version of the IL-106 project of the 1980s, and will be able to carry payloads of 80-100 tonnes using four of the new PD-18R geared turbofan engines, which have 20 tonnes of thrust each.

The second is the larger aircraft details of which TsAGI has just revealed, which is designed to carry payloads of 150-180 tonnes using four of the new PD-30 geared turbofan engines, with 35 tonnes of thrust each.

Both of these aircraft appear to be conservative designs posing few technical challenges for an industry which has extensive experience of designing and building large transport aircraft.

Given the availability of the new engines to power the new, they should not be especially expensive or complex to design or build.

The factory tasked with building them will probably be the Aviastar factory complex in the Volga city of Ulyanovsk.

Production will probably begin in earnest in the early 2020s, as sufficient numbers of the new PD18R and PD30 engines become available, with service entry apparently intended for 2023.

The Russians have now provided us with a glimpse of what the larger aircraft will look like.  Apparently the Russians have already given it a nickname: “Slon” meaning elephant. Source russiafeed.com

Kuznetsov PD30 engine

“The PD-30 engine will have the bypass design with the gearbox and split exhaust in the ducts”, said Dmitry Fedorchenko. “The modification of the core engine should be aimed at ensuring the stated parameters, including a considerable increase in the gas-dynamic characteristics of the blade units. In the course of the modification, the low-pressure turbine and compressor, gearbox, single-stage fan and control, monitoring and diagnostic system are designed anew. The gearbox will ensure the optimal revolutions of the fan and low-pressure turbine and also transfer the power to the fan by means of the shaft of the low-pressure turbine inside the medium-pressure turbine”.

According to the design data released during the Engines 2012 salon in April, the PD-30 will have a takeoff thrust of 29,500 kgf along with a bypass ratio of 8.7, an airflow rate of 1,138 kg/s and an inlet air temperature of 1,570K. The specific fuel burn will equal 0.535 kg/kgf*h in cruising mode (H=11 km, M=0.76). According to the requirements specification, the PD-14 fan diameter measures 2,950 mm, and the weight of the engine without its reverser accounts for 5,140 kg. The design and technological solutions implemented in the PD-30 include the use of blisk technologies in the high- and medium-pressure compressors, monocrystal cast blades of the high- and medium-pressure turbines, hollow fan and low-pressure turbine blades, etc.

The development of the PD-30 is planned to build on the expertise resultant from the development of another advanced Russian engine, the PD-14. To manufacture the engine demonstrator and then run the production of the PD-30, proposals have been made to subcontract other Russian companies, e.g. UMPO, Salut, NPO Saturn, Aviadvigatel, etc. Source  fantasylab.ru

Libyan Arab Air Cargo – wallpaperstone.blogspot.com

Variants

An-124 Ruslan
Strategic heavy airlift transport aircraft
An-124-100
Commercial transport aircraft
An-124-100M-150
Commercial transport version fitted with Western avionics

An-124-100M-150

An-124-100M-150 Antonov Design Bureau (Aviant, Antonov Airlines) – 235FireFly YouTube

The An-124-100M-150 version

– includes the main components of the ?N-124-100 program development:
– payload increased from 120 tons to 150 tons;
– take-off weight increased from 392 tons to 402 tons;
– flight range increased, including for cargo of 120 tons from 4650 km to 5400 km;
– aircraft assigned service life is increased to 24,000 flight hours; works on its extension up to
50 000 flight hours/10 000 flights/45 years service life are being performed;
– the new PO-500 schedule of maintenance has been introduced (maintenance every 500 flight hours);
– onboard crane equipment providing loading-unloading operations of a single piece of cargo up to 40 tons weight;
– fuselage structure had been strengthened to enable airlift of a single piece of cargo up to 150 tons weight;
– Navigation System and radar have been updated;
– digital anti-skid braking system allowing to reduce landing distance up to 30% have been installed;
– crew reduced from 6 to 4 members, and the comfort level of the crew rest cabin has been improved;
– military oxygen equipment has been exchanged for the civil one;
– reinforced wheels and tires have been installed;
– new devices for engine control have been installed;
– modernized systems of reverse control and engine vibration state monitoring have been developed;
– the SRPPZ-2000 ground proximity warning system installed;
– A826 inertial navigation system upgraded;
– Enhanced observation (EHS) has been applied;
– Mail Minimum Equipment List has been developed and is now being implemented

On June 19, 2007, the An-124-100M-150 obtained an Annex to the Type Certificate issued by Aviation Register of the Interstate Aviation Committee (AR IAC) and an updated Type Certificate was obtained for the An-124-100 aircraft issued by State Aviation Authority of Ukraine. Source redstar.gr

An-124-100M-150 cockpit – VeaceslavAn-124-100M-150 cockpit – siulzz.deviantart.com
An-124-102
Commercial transport version with an EFIS flight deck
An-124-115M
Planned new variant with EFIS based on Rockwell Collins avionic parts
An-124-130
Proposed version
An-124-135
Variant with one seat in the rear and the rest of the cargo area (approx. 1,800 square feet) dedicated to freight
An-124-150
New variant with increased payload (150 tonnes)
An-124-200
Proposed version with General Electric CF6-80C2 engines, each rated at 59,200 lbf (263 kN)
An-124-210
Joint proposal with Air Foyle to meet UK’s Short Term Strategic Airlifter (STSA) requirement, with Rolls-Royce RB211-524H-T engines, each rated 60,600 lbf (264 kN) and Honeywell avionics—STSA competition abandoned in August 1999, reinstated, and won by the Boeing C-17A.
An-124-300
variant ordered by the Russian Air Force with new avionics, a new improved braking system and a payload of 150 tonnes.

Source wikipedia.org

An-124 orders and deliveries

Customer orders for the An-124 include Russian Air Force (25), Libya Arab Air Cargo (two), Antonov Airlines (seven), and Maximum Air Cargo (one).

Maximum Air Cargo – Cargospotter YouTube

Volga-Dnepr Airlines awarded a contract to state-owned joint stock company United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) in 2008 to deliver 40 An-124-100M aircraft.

UAC will start delivering the new AN-124 Ruslan to the Russian Air Force from 2014 under the state arms procurement programme. It will produce 20 AN-124s by 2020 at the rate of three aircraft per annum. The deliveries are scheduled for completion by 2027.

Russian Air Force – Alexander Mishin

Revenues from Production of An-124 Aircraft Will Reach $12,89 Billion

According to some forecasts, the resuming of An-124 aircraft production and manufacturing of 80 jets of the type will generate revenues of $12,89 billion, RIA Novosti-Ukraine reports with reference to the prime-minister of Ukraine, Nikolay Azarov.

Earlier Russia and Ukraine signed a number of agreements following the results of the meeting of inter-governmental commission, in particular, an intergovernmental agreement on implementation of measures of State Support for resuming the serial production of An-124 aircraft.

“Ukraine and Russia are resuming the production of An-124 aircraft with Ukrainian-produced engines. The total production output will be 80 aircraft. The total revenues from selling 80 An-124 jets will be around $12.89 billion”, – Azarov said during the meeting of Ukrainian Cabinet of Ministers held on Wednesday. Source engineeringrussia.wordpress.com

Polet Airlines – MidlandsAviationHD YouTube

Operators: Here

An-124 very large cargo aircraft design

antonov_an_124_condor-05309.jpggetoutlines.com

The design of the AN-124 began in 1971. The aircraft fuselage has a double-deck layout. The cockpit, the relief crew compartment and the troop cabin with 88 seats are on the upper deck.

Rear cargo entry with ladder to rear upper deck – airlinereporter.com

The lower deck is the cargo hold. The flight deck has crew stations arranged in pairs for six crew: the pilot and co-pilot, two flight engineers, the navigator, and the communications officer. The loadmaster’s station is located in the lobby deck.

Antonov AN-124 Boeing 747-8F C-5 Galaxy Antonov AN-225
Payload 330,000lbs 295,800lbs 270,000lbs 418,834lbs
Length 226ft 3in 250ft 2in 247ft 1in 275ft 7in
Wingspan 240ft 5in 224ft 7in 222ft 9in 290ft 0in
Height 68ft 2in 63ft 6in 65ft 1in 59ft 5in
Max Take Off Weight 893,000lbs 987,000lbs 840,000lbs 1,410,958lbs

Source airlinereporter.com

Volga-Dnepr Airlines – Liam Gusman YouTube

Antonov An-225 Mriya Strategic airlifter: Details

The An-124 aircraft is fitted with a relatively thick (12%) swept-back super-critical wing to give high aerodynamic efficiency and, consequently, a long flight range.

The construction includes extruded skin panels on the wing, extruded plates for the centre-section wing panels and monolithic wafer plates for the fuselage panels. The aircraft structural members are made of composites that make up 1,500m² of the surface area.

Multi-leg landing gear and loading equipment ensure self-sufficient operation of the aircraft on prepared concrete runways and on unpaved strips.

The landing gear is self-orienting and incorporates a kneeling mechanism, which allows an adjustable fuselage clearance to assist the loading and unloading of self-propelled equipment.

Cargo systems

Onboard system of cargo handling equipment – photos Jonty Wilde

The onboard system of cargo handling equipment makes it possible to load and unload the aircraft without the help of ground facilities. The para-dropping and cargo handling equipment comprises two travelling cranes, two winches, rollgang and tiedown equipment.

Cargo handling equipment Volga-Dnepr Airlines An-124-100 – T24 YouTubeCargo handling equipment Volga-Dnepr Airlines An-124-100 – T24 YouTube

The aircraft is often compared to the US Lockheed Martin C-5 Galaxy. The An-124 has a transportation capability 25% higher than that of the C-5A and 10% higher than the C-5B.

photos Jonty Wilde

The two cargo hatches are a distinctive structural feature. The fuselage nose can be hinged upward to open the front cargo hatch and there is a cargo hatch in the rear fuselage.

wallhere.com

Source azfreighters.com

Avionics

airlinereporter.com

All systems are quadruple redundant. The onboard equipment provides the capability to execute airlift and para-drop missions by day and at night, in visual flight rules and instrument flight rules (VFR and IFR) weather conditions. There are 34 computers functioning aboard the aircraft, combined into four main systems: navigation, automatic piloting, remote control and monitoring.

airlinereporter.comPeephole from the cockpit to monitor the cargo hold  Volga-Dnepr– leorus77.livejournal.com

The integrated flight control and aiming-navigation system comprises an autonomous navigation system, altitude and air-speed indicating system, combat formation flight control equipment, short-range radio navigation and landing system, global positioning system, automatic radio compass, ground surveillance radar, forward-looking weather radar, optical and TV sight, and IFF equipment.

Galley aft of cockpit – airlinereporter.comCrew rest area – airlinereporter.comLadder leading up to front upper deck cockpit area – airlinereporter.com

The pressurized cabin accommodated a flight crew of six, along with accommodations for a relief crew. The aircraft was flown with a quadruplex fly-by-wire flight control system, and featured a triple-redundant inertial navigation system. It did not have a glazed nose. A pressurized passenger section with 88 seats was included behind the wing. Source airvectors.net

Upper deck crew rest area Volga-Dnepr Airlines An-124-100 – T24 YouTubescreenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.05.11-10-45-47Upper deck crew rest area Volga-Dnepr Airlines An-124-100 – T24 YouTubeUpper deck galley area Volga-Dnepr Airlines An-124-100 – T24 YouTubeUpper deck crew rest area Volga-Dnepr Airlines An-124-100 – T24 YouTubeRear upper deck hatch with ladder in up position Volga-Dnepr – leorus77.livejournal.com

An-124-210 and An-124-100M

Volga-Dnepr – Gdańsk112 – Jacas YouTube

Antonov, Aviastar and Air Foyle of the UK jointly submitted a proposal to the UK MoD for leasing of new versions, the An-124-210 and An-124-100M. An-124-210 will be equipped with a Rolls-Royce RB211-52H-T engine; An-124-100M with series 3 D-18 engines, produced by Progress Design Bureau in Zaporozhe.

Volga-Dnepr Airlines An-124-100 – T24 YouTube

These engines allow an increase in service range of 10% and reduced take-off distance.

Ivchenko-Progress D-18T 3M series engine

Designed to power heavy transport aircraft. Installed on the An-124 and An-124-100 Ruslan aircraft and the An-225 Mriya extra high load capacity transport aircraft. The engine has the Type Certificate. In conformity with existing ICAO Environmental Standards requirements. In commercial production since 1999.

Volga-Dnepr Airlines An-124-100 – T24 YouTube

Source ivchenko-progress.com

 Volga-Dnepr Airlines An-124-100 – T24 YouTube

TA18-200-124 APU

The plane has two separate APU — there will be one “full-time” and the new APU APU TA18-200-124 with a capacity of 60 kW generator.

Basic APU TA18-200 provides an air launch propulsion aircraft engines, power supply AC 115/200 V with power up to 60 kW, as well as to supply air to the air conditioning system and cabin interiors.

Optimizing turbocharger (centrifugal and centripetal turbine compressor), the combustion chamber, gear and mounted units allowed to provide fuel savings of 30% and a significant (2-fold) reduction in engine weight compared with the previously developed counterparts. The use of modular construction allows to effectively diagnose and repair the engine.

APU allows you to run up to the height of the plane’s engines in the 9,000 meters Operating temperature range — ± 60 ° C. Weight (without generator) of 190 kg. Initial assigned resource is 2000/4000 hours / launches. Assigned resource 12/15 thousand hours / launches. Source survincity.com

APU, the photo shows a nozzle and blades Volga-Dnepr – leorus77.livejournal.comAPU exhaust visible on both sides Volga-Dnepr – leorus77.livejournal.com

The engines are provided with 76 714 Imp gallons (348 740 litres) of fuel in ten integral wing tanks. This provides a range of 2 795 miles (4 500 km) when fully loaded. However, range varies considerably according to the load carried. For example, when carrying an 88 184 pound (40 000 kg) payload the range is a much greater 7 456 miles (12 000 km). Source aircraftinformation.info

The An-124-210 is a 120ft (36.5m)-long cargo freighter. The floor width and height of aircraft is 21ft (6.4m) and 14.4ft (4.3m) respectively, with 10.5ft (3.2m) below the crane.

Cargo area – wallhere.comextremecargogroup.com

The An-124-100M aircraft has the capacity to travel 4,500km at a height of up to 10,000m carrying a maximum load of 120t. The aircraft is 36m long and 4.4m high. It can operate under 60°C below zero and 45°C above zero.

Front loading ramp An-124-100 Antonov Design Bureau (Aviant, Antonov Airlines) – Vaibhav Shah YouTubeMain landing gear An-124-100 Antonov Design Bureau (Aviant, Antonov Airlines)  – Vaibhav Shah YouTubeAPU exhaust one on each side behind rear landing gear An-124-100 Antonov Design Bureau (Aviant, Antonov Airlines) – Vaibhav Shah YouTube

Both versions will be equipped with digital instrumentation and displays from Honeywell of the USA and Aviapribor of Russia, enabling the crew size to be reduced from six to four. Also fitted are a traffic alert collision avoidance system (TCAS 2000), ground proximity warning system and satellite communications system.

Upper deck exit door Volga-Dnepr – leorus77.livejournal.comEmergency escape shaft Volga-Dnepr – leorus77.livejournal.com

Specification

Source flugzeuginfo.net

Source azfreighters.com

Main picture Liam Gusman YouTube

Main material source airforce-technology.com

MQ-4C Triton Broad Area Maritime Surveillance (BAMS) UAS

MQ-4C Triton is a new broad area maritime surveillance (BAMS) unmanned aircraft system (UAS) unveiled by Northrop Grumman for the US Navy. The UAS will complement the navy’s Maritime Patrol and Reconnaissance Force family of systems, delivering SIGNET (signals intelligence), C4ISR and maritime strike capabilities.

The MQ-4C Triton programme is managed by the Persistent Maritime Unmanned Aircraft Systems Programme Office (PMA-262).

Details of the BAMS UAS programme

The BAMS UAS was acquired under a US Department of Defence (DoD) Acquisition Category (ACAT) 1D programme and Northrop Grumman was awarded a $1.16bn contract for the MQ-4C BAMS programme in April 2008. The programme saw the completion of preliminary design review in February 2010 and critical design review in February 2011.

northropgrumman.com

The first of the three fuselages of MQ-4C was completed in March 2011 and the ground station testing of multifunction active sensor (MFAS) radar was completed in November 2011.

The flight testing of MFAS on the Gulfstream II testbed aircraft began in February 2012. The first MQ-4C Triton was unveiled in June 2012, while the maiden flight for the UAS was conducted in May 2013.

The MQ-4C completed its ninth trial flight in January 2014 and operational assessment (OA) in February 2016. The US Navy intends to procure 68 MQ-4C Triton UAS to carry out surveillance missions, along with the manned P-8 Poseidon maritime patrol aircraft.

Navy gets first new Triton drone for ocean surveillance: Here

Excerpt

The Navy received its first operational MQ-4C Triton drone when the high altitude, long endurance unmanned aircraft landed at a Navy facility at Point Mugu, contractor Northrop Grumman announced Nov. 10.

The company said it expects to deliver a second Triton later this year.

Early next year, the Tritons will fly to Guam where the Navy is expected to make them officially operational, Thomas Twomey, senior manager of business development at Northrop Grumman, told C4ISRNET in April. The MQ-4C can fly for as long as 24 hours and at an altitude as high as 55,000 feet.

A small skeleton crew will perform launch and recovery tasks and then a larger group will fly the Triton remotely from Naval Air Station Jacksonville, he added.

Germany to buy MQ-4C Triton drone: Here

Excerpt

Germany’s defense ministry has decided to buy high-altitude MQ-4C Triton unmanned surveillance planes built by U.S. weapons maker Northrop Grumman Corp for deliveries after 2025, ministry sources said on Tuesday.

The new drones will replace the Euro Hawk program, which Berlin canceled in May 2013 after it became clear that it could cost up to 600 million euros to get the system approved for use in civil airspace.

MQ-4C Triton design features

MQ-4C Triton

The MQ-4C Triton is based on the RQ-4N, a maritime variant of the RQ-4B Global Hawk. The main aluminium fuselage is of semi-monocoque construction, while the V-tail, engine nacelle and aft fuselage are made of composite materials.

Global Hawk flying environmental mapping missions in Latin America, CaribbeanRQ-4B Global Hawk

New sensor payload capability available for Global Hawk: Here

Excerpt

A Northrop Grumman solution to enable the use of legacy and future sensor systems on its RQ-4 Global Hawk drone has been successfully demonstrated.

The test involved the use of a legacy SYERS-2 intelligence gathering sensor attached to the high-altitude, long-endurance drone through the use of the company’s innovative Universal Payload Adapter, a bracket mounted onto a Global Hawk airframe to support a wide variety of payloads.

With the success of the SYERS-2 flight, Northrop Grumman now plans to fly an Optical Bar Camera sensor and an MS-177 multi-spectral sensor later on the RQ-4 later this year.

File photos of MQ-4C Triton. Courtesy of Northrop Grumman.

The forward fuselage is strengthened for housing sensors and the radomes are provided with lightning protection, and hail and bird-strike resistance.

The UAS has a length of 14.5m, height of 4.7m and a wingspan of 39.9m. It can hold a maximum internal payload of 1,452kg and external payload of 1,089kg.

Mission capabilities of MQ-4C Triton BAMS UAS

MQ-4C Triton – northropgrumman.com

Key Features
• Provides persistent maritime ISR at a mission radius of 2,000 nm; 24 hours/7 days per week with 80% Effective Time on Station (ETOS)
• Land-based air vehicle and sensor command and control
• Afloat Level II payload sensor data via line-of-sight
• Dual redundant flight controls and surfaces
• 51,000-hour airframe life
• Due regard radar for safe separation
• Anti/de-ice, bird strike, and lightning protection
• Communications bandwidth management
• Commercial off-the-shelf open architecture mission control system
• Net-ready interoperability solution

Source northropgrumman.com

The MQ-4C is a high-altitude, long-endurance UAS, suitable for conducting continuous sustained operations over an area of interest at long ranges. It relays maritime intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) information directly to the maritime commander.

The UAS can be deployed in a range of missions such as maritime surveillance, battle damage assessment, port surveillance and communication relay. It will also support other units of naval aviation to conduct maritime interdiction, anti-surface warfare (ASuW), battle-space management and targeting missions.

The MQ-4C is capable of providing persistent maritime surveillance and reconnaissance coverage of wide oceanographic and littoral zones at a mission radius of 2,000 nautical miles. The UAS can fly 24 hours a day, seven days a week with 80% effective time on station (ETOS).

Payloads of Northrop’s unmanned system

Fra denne vinkelen synes de fleste sensorene i US Navys Triton: Lengst fram i nesepartiet er EO/IR-sensoren, kuppelen i midten er den MFAS-radaren («multifunction active sensor») og bakerst er ESM («electronic support measures») som identifiserer og lokaliserer marinefartøy. *** Local Caption *** Fra denne vinkelen synes de fleste sensorene i US Navys Triton: Lengst fram i nesepartiet er EO/IR-sensoren, kuppelen i midten er den MFAS-radaren («multifunction active sensor») og bakerst er ESM («electronic support measures») som identifiserer og lokaliserer marinefartøy. Translated – From this angle, most of the sensors appear in US Navys Triton: At the top of the nose section is the EO / IR sensor, the middle of the middle is the multifunction active sensor (MFAS) and the back is ESM (“electronic support measures”) identifies and locates marine vessels. *** Local Caption *** From this angle, most of the sensors appear in US Navys Triton: At the top of the nose is the EO / IR sensor, the middle of the center is the multifunction active sensor (MFAS) radar and the rear is ESM (“Electronic support measures”) that identifies and locates marine vessels.

The payload is composed 360° field of regard (FOR) sensors including multifunction active sensor (MFAS) electronically steered array radar, electro-optical / infrared (EO/IR) sensor, automatic identification system (AIS) receiver and electronic support measures (ESM). The payload also includes communications relay equipment and Link-16.

AN/ZPY-3 Multi-Function Active Sensor (MFAS)

northropgrumman.com

The AN/ZPY-3 MFAS is a 360-degree field-of-regard active electronically scanned array radar designed for maritime surveillance. The X-Band two-dimensional sensor features a combination of electronic scanning and a mechanical rotation, allowing the radar to spotlight a geographic area of interest for longer periods to increase detection capabilities of smaller targets, particularly in sea clutter.

northropgrumman.com

The AN/ZPY-3 MFAS sensor is the first radar system to provide full 360-degree persistent coverage of both open oceans and littoral regions from extremely long ranges.

northropgrumman.comnorthropgrumman.com

The AN/ZPY-3 MFAS sensor operates with a rotating sensor that incorporates electronic scanning and provides mode agility to switch between various surveillance methods. These include maritime-surface-search (MSS) mode for tracking maritime targets and inverse-synthetic-aperture radar (ISAR) mode for classifying ships.

northropgrumman.comnorthropgrumman.com

Image-while-scan capability is used to interleave very short duration ISAR functions (ISAR snapshot and high- range resolution) during MSS scans. Two synthetic aperture radar (SAR) modes are used for ground searches; spot SAR for images of the ground and stationary targets and strip SAR for images along a fixed line. Source northropgrumman.com

General data:
Type: Radar Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 370.4 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0.2 km Generation: Late 2010s
Properties: Periscope/Surface Search – Advanced Processing [2000+], Moving Target Indicator (MTI), Pulse-only Radar, Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA)
Sensors / EW:
AN/ZPY-3 MFAS AESA – (MQ-4C) Radar
Role: Radar, Surface Search, Long-Range
Max Range: 370.4 km

Source cmano-db.com

The MTS-B multispectral targeting system performs auto-target tracking and produces high-resolution imagery at multiple field-of-views and full motion video. The AN/ZLQ-1 ESM uses specific emitter identification (SEI) to track and detect emitters of interest.

MTS-B multispectral targeting system

northropgrumman.com

Multi-spectral targeting system (MTS) “B” AN/DAS-3

Raytheon’s Multi-Spectral Targeting System (MTS) is a turreted electro-optical/ infrared (EO/IR) sensor used in maritime and overland intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) missions.

It provides EO/IR, laser designation, and laser illumination capabilities integrated in a single sensor package.

The MTS product family of sensors, includes Compact MTS, MTS-A, MTS-B, MTS-C and MTS-D (AN/DAS-4).  Source raytheon.com

northropgrumman.com
General data:
Type: Infrared Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 55.6 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Infrared, 3rd Generation Imaging (2000s/2010s, Impr LANTIRN, Litening II/III, ATFLIR)
Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Classification [Class Info] / Brilliant Weapon [Automatic Target Aquisition], Continous Tracking Capability [Visual], Periscope/Surface Search – Advanced Processing [2000+]
Sensors / EW:
AN/DAS-3 MTB-S [EO/IR] – (MC-4C, Multi-Spectral Targeting System) Infrared
Role: Infrared, Surveillance FLIR
Max Range: 55.6 km

Source cmano-db.com

AN/ZLQ-1 ESM

northropgrumman.com
General data:
Type: ESM Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 926 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Late 2000s
Sensors / EW:
AN/ZLQ-1 – (MQ-4C) ESM
Role: ELINT
Max Range: 926 km

Source cmano-db.com

Engine and performance of the US’s UAS

MQ-4C Triton is powered by a Rolls-Royce AE3007H turbofan engine. It is an advance variant of the AE3007 engine in service with the Citation X and the Embraer Regional Jet. The engine generates a thrust of 8,500lb

The UAS can fly at a maximum altitude of 60,000ft. It has a gross take-off weight of 14,628kg. Its maximum unrefuelled range is 9,950 nautical miles and endurance is 30 hours. The maximum speed is 357mph.

AE 3007H turbofan engine

northropgrumman.com

The AE 3007 turbofan engine is a high bypass, two shaft engine featuring a wide-chord single-stage low pressure (LP) compressor, 14-stage high pressure (HP) compressor followed by an effusion-cooled annular combustor, two stage high pressure (HP) turbine and a three stage low pressure (LP) turbine.

Specification AE 3007H
Thrust lbf (kN) 9,500 (42)
Bypass ratio 5.0
Pressure ratio 23
Length in (m) 115.08 (2.92)
Diameter in (m) 38.5 (0.98)
Basic weight lb (Kg) 1,644 (746)
Compressor 1LP, 14HP
Turbine 2HP, 3LP

Engine source rolls-royce.com

Operators: Here

Source northropgrumman.com

Ground control station

The UAS is operated from ground stations manned by a four-man crew, including an air vehicle operator, a mission commander and two sensor operators.

The ground station includes launch and recovery element (LRE) and a mission control element (MCE).

NAVAIRSYSCOM

The MCE performs mission planning, launch and recovery, image processing and communications monitoring.

The LRE controls related ground support equipment as well as landing and take-off operations.

NAVAIRSYSCOM

NAVAIR Flight Ready: Triton Airspace Integration

Published on Dec 22, 2015

Main material source naval-technology.com

RBS 70 NG Very Short Range Air Defence (VSHORAD) System / MSHORAD (Mobile Short Range Air Defence) solution

RBS 70 NG (new generation) is a very short range air defence (VSHORAD) system produced by Saab. It is an upgraded version of the RBS 70 VSHORAD system operational with 19 countries across the world.

The RBS 70 NG made its public presence during the Defence & Security Equipment International (DSEi) exhibition in September 2011. The system offers long-term static air defence for strategic assets and can be deployed for event protection in peacetime.

More than 1,600 RBS 70 systems have been acquired by 19 nations across five continents to date.

Design and features of RBS 70 New Generation VSHORAD

SYSTEM FEATURES

  • Automatic target tracking
  • Integrated thermal imager
  • Visual target assignment
  • Simplifed aiming functions
  • Simultaneous detection of several targets
  • All-target capability (with BOLIDE Missile)

The RBS 70 NG system includes a launch container, a tripod and an NG sight. The nozzle and sustainer motor in the midsection and the laser beam riding system at tail make the missile highly invulnerable against jamming. The complete VSHORAD system is operated by one person and requires three personnel for portability.

The modular design of the NG sight allows the users to integrate the RBS 70 NG system into almost all vehicle types, networks and remotely controlled platforms. The modularity and state-of-the-art technology used in the system transforms RBS 70 NG into a scalable and long term solution to meet the ground based air defence (GBAD) requirements.

The RBS 70 NG system comes with a complete training package, including basic operator training and concerted training for the complete air defence unit. The classroom training simulator offers operator drills to enhance operator skills in the fields of target attainment, recognition, target tracking, missile launch and guidance. It ensures the operators to learn about the engagement processes within a few hours.

RBS 70 NG guidance and navigation

“The integrated sighting system includes a thermal imager, built-in automatic target tracker and advanced visual cueing aids.”

The integrated sighting system includes a thermal imager, built-in automatic target tracker and advanced visual cueing aids. The integrated high-resolution thermal imager allows for 24/7 capability while advanced cueing improves reaction times and target acquisition.

The auto-tracker with manual override ensures the engagement of target with high hit probability all over the missile range, while graphics-based human machine interface and advanced guidance further enhance the performance during manual and auto-tracker engagements. The system is also equipped with in-built video recording capability for post-mission review.

The common sight module of the RBS 70 NG can be integrated into MANPADS, combat vehicles, and remotely controlled systems. The RBS 70 NG’s new-generation sighting system in combination with unjammable laser guidance offers high level of precision strike capability to the users. The system can simultaneously detect multiple targets.

Mobile Short-Range Air Defence (MSHORAD) solution

Saab

The Mobile Short-Range Air Defence (MSHORAD) solution – comprising the Giraffe 1X, C2 and RBS 70 NG Remote Weapon System (RWS) – enables moving units to identify and counter air threats quickly and effectively.

Air threats are continuously evolving to become more high tech than ever before. Modern radar systems must contend with High Energy Laser weapons, Electronic Warfare, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) and guided munitions, without letting any target go unnoticed.

This requires an advanced solution that can not only detect any target but also react and strike when time is of the essence. The MSHORAD solution is designed to complement existing defence by filling the gaps in long-range radar coverage created by terrain obstacles. It acts as a protective shield, scanning the battlefield to find and identify a threat, then coordinating the necessary action to remove the target.

As an entire package, MSHORAD provides a solution that increases survivability and supports domain sovereignty in conflict zones. Source saab.com

Giraffe 1X

Saab

Giraffe 1X is a mobile, deployable or fixed asset for short-range surveillance and Ground Based Air Defence (GBAD) that provides forces with early warning and the ability to detect and classify more than 100 different targets – simultaneously. Even in high-clutter environments. The system can be delivered with surface surveillance as well as sense & warn add-ons and can be operated remotely or locally.

Giraffe 1X provides simultaneous air surveillance, GBAD target acquisition and RAM sense and warn capabilities without performance degradation. It can detect fixed and rotary wing targets, fast missiles and RAM targets as well as small UAVs in high-clutter environments. It also offers flexible integration of weapon systems and tactical data links, and can be configured fully self-contained with C3 capabilities.

Saab

Giraffe 1X covers the entire search volume every second and will detect any air threat, including small, slow, high and low targets. The system provides exceptional air picture awareness with all-weather performance and accurate 3D data for all targets in the search volume.

Automatic weapon location and impact location can be provided as an option. The system offers 360˚ detection and tracking of RAM threats even in severe clutter. This means it can provide your forces with automatic warning of incoming threats, giving them the time needed to prepare and respond.

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.04.19-17-05-44

VOLUME SEARCH

  • 12 stacked beams
  • Elevation coverage: 0°- 70°
  • Scanning rate 60 rpm

Saab

TECHNICAL DATA

Radar type Stacked beam 3D radar
Antenna type AESA, digital beam forming
Frequency X (I) band
Elevation coverage > 70 degrees
Rotation rate 60 RPM
Search volume 360° or in a sector
Instrumented range  75 km

Source saab.com

C2

  • Local air picture coordination and compilation
  • NATO interoperability: Tactical Data Link 16 and JREAP-C
  • Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) system

The C2 command and control communication platform then analyses target data, identifying the threat and creating a local air picture to confirm the required action. C2’s Tactical Data Link transmits the information to RBS 70 NG RWS for interception.

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.04.19-17-08-38

Once data is received, the missiles are engaged in five seconds. RBS 70 NG RWS features visual 3D cueing, an automatic target tracker and a thermal imager for precision aiming and fast target acquisition.

RBS 70 NG Remote Weapon System (RWS)

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.04.19-17-07-56

Guidance method Laser beam-riding missile
Range 9 km
Altitude coverage 5 km

Source saab.com

Missiles of the RBS 70 NG very short range air defence system

The highly modular RBS 70 NG air defence system allows the integration of all existing generations of RBS 70 missiles including the latest BOLIDE fourth-generation all-target VSHORAD missile. The system, when integrated with BOLIDE missile, provides complete air defence against all threats ranging from fixed and rotary wing aircraft to small targets such as cruise missiles and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs).

The BOLIDE missile has the maximum velocity of Mach 2. Its combined shaped-charge and pre-fragmented warhead can defeat armoured aerial targets including attack helicopters and close air support (CAS) aircraft as well as land-based armoured targets such as armoured personnel carriers (APCs).

“The laser beam-riding missile can engage targets in countermeasures and clutter environments.”

The laser beam-riding missile can engage targets in countermeasures and clutter environments. It has a maximum shelf life of over 30 years.

BOLIDE missile

Unlike competitors such as Raytheon’s FIM-92 Stinger, MBDA’s Mistral, or KBM’s SA-18 Igla, the RBS-70 is an ‘unjammable’ laser beam-riding missile with no seeker head at the front. The RBS-70 is a bit heavy for shoulder firing, and is handled from a tripod. The system can be carried in its component parts by 3 infantry soldiers. Target acquisition includes an IFF (Identification, Friend or Foe) phase, but once fired, the missile locks on and vents its propulsion exhaust through the mid-section. This allows the laser beam riding system to fit in the tail, where it is extremely difficult to jam.

Its GlobalSecurity.org entry adds that the RBS-70 Mk 2 uses the Linear Quadratic Method based on the Kalman Theory for missile guidance, whereupon it delivers a 1-2 punch using a shaped charge surrounded by more than 3,000 tungsten pellets.

The Bolide missile is an RBS 70 Mk 2 upgrade that is faster (Mach 2 vs Mach 1.6), with a range up to 8 km (4.8 miles), an adaptable proximity fuse that gives it full effectiveness against a wider variety of targets, and new reprogrammable electronics. The 4th generation system incorporates the BOLIDE all-target missile, BORC clip-on thermal imager, a digital IFF Interrogator, a PC-based training simulator, and an external power supply for training. These improvements reportedly allow the RBS-70 Bolide to be deployed against surface targets as well, which makes it an especially interesting choice for naval use given the proliferation of small fast attack boat threats.

In a complete air defense system configuration, up to 9 RBS-70 firing tripods can be connected to a surveillance radar like Ericsson’s Giraffe 75, enabling all C3I functions. If the missile firing positions are set 4 km apart, the resulting networked VSHORAD (Very SHOrt Range Air Defense) battery protects an area of 175 square kilometers. A number of radar options are available for the RBS-70, including automatic threat evaluation, autonomous operations, et. al. Source defenseindustrydaily.com

Source weaponsystems.net

RBS 70 NG performance

The RBS 70 NG system can destroy targets within the maximum distance of 8,000m and altitude of 5,000m. It can be integrated with Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) interrogator to identify friendly targets. The system is deployed within 30 seconds, while reloading for MANPADS requires less than six seconds.

The system has 24/7 all-target capability, can launch missiles in complex areas such as urban terrains, and can be operated in all weather conditions during day and night.

TECHNICAL DATA

Guidance method Laser beam-riding missile
Effective range 220 – >9,000 m
Altitude coverage 0 – 5,000 m
Deployment time 30 sec
Reloading time: Less than 6 sec (MANPADS)
Max velocity (BOLIDE) Mach 2

Source saab.com

Main material source army-technology.com

Boeing T-X Trainer Aircraft

Boeing T-X aircraft is a new advanced pilot training system being offered by Boeing in partnership with Saab, for the T-X advanced pilot training programme of the US Air Force (USAF). The T-X aircraft is intended to replace the ageing T-38 trainer fleet of the USAF.

Boeing entered a joint development agreement with Saab to develop an all-new aircraft design for the T-X programme in December 2013.

Did Boeing Receive a T-X Prototype From Saab?: Here

Excerpt

On Monday, aviation enthusiasts in Sweden noticed the arrival of an Il-76, operated by Volga-Dnepr Airlines LLC, near the city of Norrköping, where a large piece of cargo was loaded onto the plane. From there, the large cargo plane took off for Reykjavik, Iceland — and then took an overnight flight to St. Louis, Missouri.

So what was the cargo loaded at Norrköping? Local radio station P4 Östergötland claim that the cargo aboard the plane is related to the T-X program, notable given the final destination for the cargo; St. Louis is home to Boeing’s fighter production line and is widely expected to be where any T-X work gets done for the company. That report set off a frenzy for enthusiasts in the region — and led to local media arriving to snap pictures.

The first two production T-X aircraft were unveiled by Boeing and Saab in September.

Boeing and Saab Reveal First Two Aircraft for Air Force T-X Competition: Here

Excerpt

Boeing and Saab’s bid for the US Air Force trainer competition took flight from St. Louis, Missouri, on 20 December, demonstrating the clean-sheet design’s performance for the first time.

During a 55min flight, the single-engined jet climbed close to 11,000ft and reached speeds of up to 230kt (430km/h), Steve Schmidt, lead T-X test pilot, told reporters. Boeing will persevere through the chilly Missouri winter to gather flight performance data for the T-X competition, which the company must deliver by 30 June 2017.

T-X programme details

The USAF unveiled the T-X programme requirements in March 2015, which was followed by the release of draft request for proposals in July. The USAF plans to acquire 350 T-X aircraft to replace the 431 T-38s. The initial operational capability (IOC) of the new fleet is projected for 2024.

The USAF launched T-X on December 30, 2016, when it released its formal request for proposals (RFP) for the Advanced Pilot Training (APT) requirement.

  • Planned procurement includes as many as 350 new trainers and could be worth as much as $16.3 billion to the winning team.
  • The USAF expected to select a winner of the T-X competition in 2017 (now slipped to July 2018).
  • The aircraft is expected to enter service no later than Fiscal Year 2024.
  • According to AETC, the period of operation for the T-X is 2026 to 2045, and the aircraft is set to fly 360 hours a year, at a mission readiness rate of at least 80 per cent.
  • The total value of the program could reach $16 billion.

Three significant performance characteristics stood out among over 100 points in the initial March 2015 requirements list: a sustained turn rate of a minimum of 6.5g, simulator visual acuity and performance, plus aircraft sustainment. That minimum sustained G requirement was set at 6.5g but with an aspiration to hit 7.5g — this is considered sufficient to ensure students can operate at 9g in a front-line fighter.

The future was also very much in mind as the requirement called for embedded training with synthetic sensors and a datalink. Other capabilities include the need for in-flight refueling (the aircraft must be at least adaptable to being fitted with an aerial refueling kit but built-in capability is preferred), a 10 per cent reduction in fuel usage over the T-38, and a minimum of being able to take off using 8,000ft of runway, plus a dry crosswind performance of 25kt and wet runway performance of 20kt.

Both cockpits are to have identical displays and controls, and the aircraft is to feature terrain and collision avoidance equipment. The T-X winner will also feature the ‘switchology’ for simulated release of both air-to-air and air-to-ground weapons, and be able to carry a weapon systems support pod and a travel pod. The cockpits will also feature wide-area displays, as per the F-35, and be compatible with NVGs. Source combataircraft.net

Northrop Grumman-BAE Systems, Lockheed Martin-Korean Aerospace Industries (KAI), and Raytheon-Leonardo are competing with the Boeing and Saab partnership for the T-X programme.

Northrop Grumman’s T-X breaks cover: Here

Northrop Grumman’s ‘clean sheet’ T-X trainer design

Stavatti Javelin: Details

5821_4070623629

Northrop Grumman and BAE Systems are jointly developing a new aircraft for the T-X competition, while Lockheed Martin is offering T-50A aircraft, a variant of the KAI T-50. Raytheon / Leonardo is offering M-346-based T-100 Integrated Training System (ITS) for the programme.

Lockheed Martin / KAI T-50 Golden Eagle: Details

Leonardo T-100: Details

Boeing T-X Trainer design details

aerofred.com

The Boeing T-X aircraft incorporates a clean-sheet design, and airframe integrating a single engine, twin tails and advanced cockpit housing stadium seating and embedded training instrumentation. The aircraft is delivered to customers as a complete advanced pilot training system including state-of-the-art, ground-based training aids.

The T-X matches fighter aircraft in terms of appearance, experience and performance. The twin-tail design resembles the design of current and future fighters and promises better stability, superior control, inbuilt speed break functionality, and safer in-flight refuelling.

The maintenance-friendly design supports long-term functionality and allows for the integration of latest technology and equipment.

Boeing

The aircraft serves as a more affordable and flexible platform when compared with the existing aircraft in its class. The system also supports technological evolutions to meet the requirements of future training needs.

The comprehensive advanced pilot training solution offers highly realistic simulation, computer-based training modules, and adaptive training. It also provides a complete suite of instructor tools to support a wide range of training needs.

The Boeing T-X design features less and more common fixings and ensures the maintenance crew to easily access critical items.

The aircraft is also compatible with the common USAF ground equipment and uses established component providers to cut down supply chain complexity.

Cockpit and avionics

The trainer integrates a modern fighter-like cockpit equipped with flexible avionics. The cockpit features a modular large area display offering a range of training options for both instructors and students.

The stadium seating layout of the aircraft houses an instructor and a student. The seating arrangement offers an ideal position for instructor and visibility for flight instructions to perform basic traffic pattern operations and advanced visual air combat training.

The JPATS 1-7-compliant seating also accommodates a range of individuals of different body sizes.

The cockpit is equipped with fly-by-wire flight controls ensuring excellent handling at all speeds, flight parameters and high angle-of-attack.

Boeing T-X engine

The aircraft is powered by a GE F404 engine offering higher power, improved fuel efficiency and superior mission capability.

GE F404 engine

1_RM12-engineGeneral Electric F404 afterburning turbofan

Source geaviation.com

Specifications

Structural

Crew: 2
Length: 46.42 ft (14.15 m)
Width: 32.81 ft (10.00 m)
Height: 13.12 ft (4.00 m)
Empty Weight: 7,165 lb (3,250 kg)
MTOW: 12,125 lb (5,500 kg)

Installed Power
1 x General Electric F404 turbofan afterburning engine developing 17,200lb of thrust.

Standard Day Performance
Maximum Speed: 808 mph (1,300 kph; 702 kts)
Maximum Range: 1,143 mi (1,840 km; 994 nm)
Service Ceiling: 50,000 ft (15,240 m; 9.47 mi)
Rate-of-Climb: 33,500 ft/min (10,211 m/min)

Armament
None.

Source militaryfactory.com

Main material source airforce-technology.com

GlobalEye Airborne Early Warning and Control (AEW&C) Aircraft

GlobalEye airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) aircraft is a new multi-role airborne surveillance system developed by Saab.

The aircraft is capable of offering air, maritime and ground surveillance on a single platform. It can operate in dedicated or multiple roles and has the ability to simultaneously switch between different roles at any point of time during an ongoing mission.

The GlobalEye airborne surveillance system was launched at the Singapore Airshow 2016. Saab received a $1.27bn contract from the United Arab Emirates (UAE) in November 2015, to supply a new airborne swing role surveillance system (SRSS) integrating a new variant of the Saab Erieye radar system based on the Global 6000 aircraft.

Dubai Airshow 2015: UAE signs with Saab for two surveillance aircraft and upgrades: Here

Excerpt

The contract, which was announced at the Dubai Airshow 2015, will see the UAE receive two of the latest versions of Saab’s Erieye airborne surveillance systems fitted aboard Bombardier Global 6000 business jet host aircraft, as well as the upgrade of the country’s two existing Erieye systems that are fitted to Saab 340 turboprops.

As noted by Saab, the new Swing Role Surveillance System (SRSS) being procured by the UAE is the most advanced version of the Erieye system to date, in that it will provide surveillance capabilities over air, land, and sea. “This is a significant step forward in capability, in that it is effectively a combined AWACS [Airborne Warning And Control System], JSTARS [Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System], and MPA [maritime patrol aircraft] in one,” a company representative told IHS Jane’s .

GlobalEye variants

The GlobalEye AEW&C platform is offered in three different configurations according to customer-specific requirements. The base configuration is equipped with the AEW&C capability to deliver aerial, maritime and ground surveillance.

The second variant integrates additional maritime surveillance radar and electro-optical sensors to transform the base platform to offer enhanced maritime and ground capabilities. The third version incorporates new sensors for electronic intelligence (ELINT) and signals intelligence (SIGINT) capability.

Swordfish Multi-Role Maritime Patrol Aircraft (MPA): Details

First UAE Spyplane Breaks Its Cover: Here

In addition to its openly acknowledged procurement of three Saab GlobalEye airborne early warning aircraft, based on Bombardier’s Global 6000 platform, the UAE is also set to receive two further Global 6000s converted for electronic intelligence (ELINT) or signals intelligence (SIGINT) duties under a more secretive programme. Jon Lake reports.

The first of the UAE’s two shadowy spyplanes has been spotted and photographed undergoing pre-delivery testing at Marshall Aerospace’s facility at Cambridge Teversham Airport in the UK.

The Global Express family forms the basis of a number of military special missions variants, including the Saab GlobalEye, the UK RAF’s Raytheon Sentinel R1 radar surveillance aircraft, and the US Air Force’s Northrop Grumman E-11A battlefield airborne communications node, (BACN), which allows disparate battlefield communications systems to share data, and allows fifth-generation fighters, like the F-22 and F-35, to share their sensor picture with older aircraft.

PICTURE: Saab unveils first GlobalEye for UAE

Saab

Saab has unveiled its first GlobalEye surveillance aircraft, revealing the extensively modified Bombardier Global 6000 business jet in the livery of launch customer the United Arab Emirates air force.

Conducted at the Swedish company’s Linköping site on 23 February, the event came a little over two years after the GlobalEye deal was announced at the Dubai air show in November 2015. The UAE initially signed a two-aircraft order, before also taking an option on a third example last year.

Adaptations include adding a Saab Erieye ER airborne early warning and control radar in a “skibox” fairing above the fuselage, plus a search radar and electro-optical/infrared sensor beneath, enabling the GlobalEye to also perform maritime and overland surveillance tasks.

This combination of sensors aboard an ultra-long-range business jet platform “brings extended detection range, endurance and the ability to perform multiple roles with one solution, including search and rescue, border surveillance and military operations,” Saab says.

“This first aircraft is equipped and being prepared for ground and flight trials to gather aerodynamic data as part of the ongoing development and production programme,” the company adds. It has not disclosed a delivery schedule for the UAE’s new capability.

“This milestone is clear evidence that the GlobalEye programme and Saab are delivering on our commitments,” says Anders Carp, senior vice-president and head of the company’s surveillance business area. Source flightglobal.com

GlobalEye AEW&C aircraft design and features

saab.com
  • Latest generation Command & Control
  • Operators sideway seated
  • Ergonomic seats
  • Low cabin noise level and pressure altitude
  • 6-seat rest area

The GlobalEye AEW&C system is based on the Bombardier Global 6000 ultra-long range jet aircraft. Its cabin houses ergonomic sideway seating for operators and offers low noise level and pressure altitude. It also accommodates six-seat rest area for passengers.

The aircraft has a length of 30.3m, wing span of 28.7m and wing area of 94.8m². The maximum take-off weight (MTOW) of the aircraft is 45,132kg.

saab.com

Command and control system

The command and control (C2) system aboard the aircraft enables the crew to perform multiple missions in complex and changing scenarios. The aircraft accommodates up to seven C2 workstations. Each operator console is equipped with a 30in wide-screen high-resolution colour display offering the best possible interface for the operators.

TACTICAL C2 SYSTEMS

This calls for systems that are able to provide consistent control of the battlefield situation. That is precisely what Saab provides – command and control systems that are designed to facilitate land operations by giving the right information to the right units at the right time.

Our modular open-standard solutions allow for capability growth step-by-step, as well as application-by-application. Future-proof solutions that fit the system you are already operating, making upgrades and the integration of new applications simple and cost-effective. Source saab.com

The displays present target data obtained by the onboard sensors or received via the data links, and allow the operators to find tracks, control own forces, monitor threats, command operations and manage all onboard systems. The C2 system also enables mission planning and mission evaluation.

Each multi-role console offers mission data and control functions and is interchangeable. The crew can access all operator consoles during high-priority missions, while low-intensity missions can be handled using one or two consoles to reduce manpower requirements.

Sensors / radars

 Juliusz Sabak/Defence24.pl

The main sensor of Global Eye system is the Erieye ER (extended range) S-band active electronically scanned array (AESA) multi-mode radar. The radar is designed to collect target data in a large air volume and / or across a vast surface area, in heavy clutter and jamming environments.

The long-range airborne surveillance radar offers a continuous air, sea and ground surveillance, while delivering increased detection range in comparison with ‘stealthy’ low observable air targets.

Erieye ER (extended range) S-band active electronically scanned array (AESA) multi-mode radar

globaleye_antenna_2340_1316saab.com

However, at the core of the system is a new airborne early warning radar known as Erieye-ER. Housed in the same over-cabin “ski-box” fairing as the previous iterations of the Erieye radar, the S-band Erieye ER employs gallium nitride semiconductor technology to allow more power to be transmitted while providing greater flexibility of operating mode.

As with the Erieye, the ER provides 300-degree coverage with small gaps to the front and rear. Full 360-degree coverage was studied by Saab and found to offer limited operational benefit for the additional cost involved, and its deletion allows the ER to fit into the existing dorsal fairing. The radar is now under test in Saab’s Gothenburg facility, and will first fly on a GlobalEye. The aircraft itself is modified by Saab at Linköping under a series of supplemental type certificates.

In developing Erieye-ER Saab looked to extend the range at which low-observable targets can be detected, as such air vehicles are increasingly fielded around the world. “Reclaiming the stealth gap” is how the company describes it, and the GlobalEye is being marketed as the “stealth-killer.” In the air domain the jam-resistant radar offers a 70 percent increase in detection range compared to the existing Erieye, and its various modes can detect a wide variety of flying objects, including hovering helicopters. In the maritime surveillance role the aircraft has a horizon of approximately 400 km (250 miles) and the ability to detect periscopes and jet-skis. GMTI and synthetic aperture modes provide an overland capability. Source ainonline.com

saab2000aewccoverage1140saab.com

Other counter-stealth technologies in Saab’s new radars include “multiple hypothesis” tracking, in which weak and ambiguous tracks are analyzed over time, and either declared or discarded based on their behavior.

In fact, the EriEye ER’s name is a bit of a misnomer. Like any powerful AEW&C radar, the EriEye can see conventional aircraft at normal cruise altitudes all the way to its radar horizon. The new version restores its range against stealthy targets, against which it offers a 70% range increase or “the same range, against a target one-tenth the size,” a Saab engineer says. “That was a major criterion in the design” Source aviationweek.com

Detection range is extended by about 70 percent to more than 300 nm (555.6 km). This provides significantly longer warning times against potential intruders, permitting commanders to maintain interceptors on ground alert rather than having to fly combat air patrols. Alternatively, the radar can detect low-observable targets at ranges that are typical for non-GaN radars against non-stealthy targets. Source ainonline.com

The radar is also capable of detecting and tracking air targets of any size over land and sea. It can also detect tiny targets such as cruise missiles in heavy clutter environments and even small objects such as submarine periscopes and small waterborne craft.

The under-fuselage of the aircraft is mounted with a high-performance maritime surveillance radar for close-range maritime and ground surveillance, radar imaging, and search-and-rescue (SAR) missions. The aircraft also features an electro-optical system, which can simultaneously operate in the visible, near-infrared and mid-wave infrared spectrums.

Partnering the Erieye ER are an underbelly Leonardo Seaspray 7500E AESA radar that provides coverage—including synthetic aperture radar and ground moving target indicator (SAR/GMTI) modes—for surface targets on land or sea, and a FLIR Systems Star Safire 380HD electro-optical turret under the nose. Wingtip fairings support an electronic support measures suite, and the GlobalEye is equipped with radar, laser and missile approach warning systems, and countermeasures, for self-protection. Source ainonline.com

High-performance maritime surveillance radar

Leonardo Seaspray 7500E

The Seaspray 7500E multi-mode radar combines a state-of-the-art Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) with a Commercial Off-The-Shelf (COTS) processor.

KEY FEATURES
AESA technology and flexible waveform generation capability enables Seaspray 7500E to deliver peak performance in all modes. Using multiple low power, solid state Transmit/Receive Modules (TRM) makes the Seaspray 7500E radar more reliable than conventional radar systems.

This results in a significant cost benefit over the life of the system. Superior performance in detecting small targets, such as Fast Inshore Attack Craft (FIAC) in high sea states, through use of Composite Electronic and Mechanical Scanning (CEMS).

Interleaved modes by virtue of its ability to changewaveforms pulse-to-pulse. For instance, surface surveillance and weather detection can be provided simultaneously. Effectively two radars within one system.

Source leonardocompany.com

FLIR Systems Star Safire 380HD electro-optical turret

The FLIR Star SAFIRE 380-HD provides superior image stabilization, ultra long range imaging performance, and true metadata embedded in the digital video. The Star SAFIRE 380-HD is fully hardened for military fixed-wing and helicopter operations so it can operate continuously in all conditions–even while sitting on the tarmac with no airflow.

Single LRU full HD multi-sensor imaging system

The Star SAFIRE 380-HD is the only all-digital, full HD system in a single LRU for ease of installation and integration; no junction boxes required. In addition, the sensor and geospatial data is fully embedded within the digital video stream, so there is no need for dedicated ports or external boxes.

High definition color in low light

The Star SAFIRE 380-HD extends full color imaging into the dark with full high definition clarity along with an expanded wide dynamic range. The system combines important spectral information from IR and color or SWIR sensors for enhanced results, which is extremely valuable when limited to single video channel downlinks.

SWIR band sensor

The optional SWIR, short wave infrared, payload provides expanded multi-spectral day and night imaging enabling you to see more than ever before. The Star SAFIRE 380-HD provides full high definition mega-pixel resolution imagery from all sensors for superior range and imaging performance.

Source flir.com

Countermeasures

GlobalEye is equipped with an advanced self-protection system based on the latest technology developed by Saab.

The self-protection system integrates a suite of sensors and countermeasures dispensers. The autonomously operated system can also be controlled by the pilot.

RADAR-WARNING FUNCTION (RWS-300)

The radar-warning function features a compact, wide-band, high-sensitivity solution with high probability of intercept (POI). The addition of an optional digital receiver (DRx) transforms the radar-warning functionality into a full-fledged ESM system.

  • High sensitivity with full capability to simultaneously handle pulsed and CW radars.
  • Internal wide-band IFM.
  • Digital video processor provides high-accuracy DF, pulse-on-pulse handling and intra-pulse measurements.
  • Near 100 % POI.
  • Frequency coverage 0.7–40 GHz (pulsed signals), 0.7–18 GHz (CW signals).
  • Spatial coverage 360° AZ over the full frequency range with four antennas. Full spherical coverage can be achieved with  six sensors.
  • Option: digital receiver enhancing sensitivity, emitter identification, simultaneous CW handling capability and DF performance.
  • Use of INS dramatically improves range measurements, minimises symbol “duplication” or “splitting” under dynamic platform manoeuvring and enables intercepted weapon-system localisation.

LASER-WARNING FUNCTION (RWS-310)

The laser-warning functionality is achieved by using four (4) LWS-310 sensors and a processor card in the electronic-warfare controller (EWC). It features high sensitivity, excellent threat coverage and exceptional probability of intercept (POI) for both single and multi-pulse emissions. A unique feature of this system is that it not only classifies laser emissions, but can also identify laser emission through a user-programmable threat library.

  • Wavelength coverage of 0.5-1.7 µm.
  • Threat classification and direction-finding indication of laser range finders, designators, lasers used for missile guidance and dazzler lasers.
  • Identifies specific lasers if threat-library information is available.
  • High sensitivity to detect missile-guidance lasers.
  • High POI.
  • Low false-alarm rate.
  • Spatial coverage 360° AZ with four sensors including good sensor overlap.
  • Direction-finding to allow appropriate manoeuvring to break operator’s line of sight and counter threats.
  • Provision for up to six (6) sensors for improved large platform coverage.

MISSILE-APPROACH WARNING FUNCTION (MAW-300)

A unique optical design, incorporating filter technology with purpose-built image intensifier tubes and photon-counting focal-plane array processors, ensures high sensitivity equating to long detection range. Each sensor uses a dedicated digital signal processor making use of a distributed, hierarchical data-processing architecture to ensure optimal utilisation of information in real time.

Digitisation and pre-processing functions are performed at the detector using an advanced focal-plane processor. Each sensor’s data is transferred to a dedicated digital signal processor (MAW controller), resident in the EWC, which performs equalisation, segmentation and feature extraction.

Each sensor processor can detect and process multiple potential targets, passing the spatial and temporal feature data to the processor card in the EWC. There, the spatial data is integrated with real-time INS information to compensate for platform movement, attitude and altitude. The MAW controller then executes neural-net pattern-recognition algorithms to ensure accurate operation with very low false-alarm rates.

The missile-approach warning system is in production for numerous platforms. It has been field tested and approved against various missiles including live missile firings under in-flight dynamic conditions.

  • Passive ultra-violet (UV) based sensors, which operates in the solar-blind UV spectrum.
  • Neural-net classifiers using both temporal and accurate spatial information as well as compensation of own platform movement, ensures low false-alarm rates.
  • Reaction time optimised by keeping missile time to impact constant, irrespective of range to ensure enhanced flare countermeasures effectiveness.
  • Inhibits warning against diverging missiles.
  • Direction accuracy suitable for cueing DIRCM and dispensing of countermeasures decoys in correct direction.
  • Spatial coverage of 110° conical per sensor limits unprotected “hole” below platform and allows good sensor overlap.
  • Spatial coverage of 360° AZ with 4 sensors. Full spherical coverage can be achieved with six sensors.
  • Provision to add up to eight sensors to ensure hemispherical or full spherical coverage.
  • Multi-threat capability allows tracking of multiple targets simultaneously.
  • Near 100 % probability of warning.
  • Compact, light-weight, low-power, no-cooling, skin-mounted sensors.

COUNTERMEASURES-DISPENSING FUNCTION (BOP-L SERIES)

The BOP-L dispensers are controlled via a fully integrated Chaff and Flare Dispenser
Controller that resides in the Electronic Warfare Controller, EWC. This allows for automatic dispensing under the control of the EWC upon threat identification. The system can handle mixed payloads per dispenser, i.e. chaff and flares mixed in each dispenser. Semi-automatic and manual firing capability is also provided.

User-defined dispensing programs/sequences are selected by the EWC per identified threat.
The dispensing techniques can be defined in the Threat Library for the EWC and uploaded
to the system on the flight-line. The jettison of all payloads is possible in all modes of operation under emergency conditions.

  • Numerous safety features inherent in design (functional and personal safety).
  • Modular and compact design.
  • User-programmable dispensing sequences.
  • Low weight.
  • Payload mix recognition, misfire detection and compensation.
  • Programmable back-up mode in the event of system degradation.
  • Easy installation and removal.

Source saab.com

2 x Rolls-Royce BR710A2-20 turbofan engines

The BR710 is a 2-shaft, high-bypass-ratio engine with a single-stage low pressure (LP) compressor and 10-stage high pressure (HP) compressor, driven by a 2-stage HP turbine and 2-stage LP turbine respectively. The engine features a single low emissions annular combustor with 20 burners. Long life on wing, low fuel burn and excellent environmental performance contribute to low operating costs with maximum reliability.

Specification BR710
Thrust (lbf) 15,550
Bypass ratio 4.2
Pressure ratio 24
Length (in) 89
Diameter (in) 48
Basic weight (lb) 4,640
Compressor 1LP, 10HP
Turbine 2HP, 2LP
Applications Gulfstream G500 / G550, Bombardier Global 5000 / 6000

*Technical data (ISA SLS)

Source: rolls-royce.com

GlobalEye performance

The GlobalEye platform ensures a maximum mission endurance of more than 11 hours. It allows for operations from short runways in small airports.

SPEED (MACH)

  • Top speed 0.89
  • High-speed cruise 0.88
  • Typical cruise speed 0.85

AIRFIELD PERFORMANCE

  • Takeoff distance(SL, ISA, MTOW) 1,974 m
  • Landing distance(MTOW) 682 m

OPERATING ALTITUDE

  • Maximum operating altitude 15,545 m
  • Initial cruise altitude (MTOW) 12,497 m

ENGINES

  • Rolls-Royce BR710A2-20 turbofans
  • Thrust: 14,750 lbf (65.6kN)
  • Flat rated to ISA + 20°C

global-eye-media-brief-dsa-2016-7-638

Technical data businessaircraft.bombardier.co

Main material source airforce-technology.com