China Tests 10 DF-21 Missiles

China Flight-Tests 10 DF-21 Missiles

Show of force comes amid transition to Trump


December 2, 2016 5:00 pm

China’s military conducted a salvo of 10 missile flight tests late last month in a show of force during the transition to the Donald Trump administration.

Chinese state media reported Thursday that the simultaneous flight tests of 10 DF-21 intermediate-range ballistic missiles were carried out in China.

The missiles “can destroy U.S. Asia-Pacific bases at any time,” the dispatch from the official Xinhua news agency reported.

The flight tests were disclosed by China Central Television on Nov. 28 and coincide with President-elect Donald Trump’s high-profile announcements of new senior government officials.

Disclosure of the missile salvo launch comes as Trump announced on Thursday that he will nominate retired Marine Corps. Gen. James Mattis as his defense secretary. Mattis is one of the Corps’ most celebrated warfighting generals.

Xinhua reported that the DF-21 is comparable to the U.S. Pershing II intermediate-range missile that used a two-stage rocket and aerodynamic reentry vehicle. The Pershing II was dismantled under the U.S.-Russian INF treaty.

Rick Fisher, a China military expert, confirmed the missile tests involved the DF-21C variant of the missile.

Fisher, a senior fellow with the International Assessment and Strategy Center, also noted that the missile test came as China is conducting large-scale naval exercises.

“The PLA is banging some drums to provide background for military psychological warfare,” Fisher said.

The DF-21 is the basis for several types of missiles, including the anti-ship variant known as the DF-21D. Another version is believed to be part of China’s anti-satellite arsenal.

The DF-21C is a land-attack maneuvering missile with a range of about 1,000 miles.

It is also capable of firing a maneuvering warhead.

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Main image


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DF-21D Medium-range ballistic missileJL-1-SLBM-1S.jpg


Thailand’s Marsun Shipyard Delivers Six M21 Patrol Craft to Royal Thai Navy

Thailand’s Marsun Shipyard Delivers Six Inshore Patrol Craft to Royal Thai Navy

Published: Friday, 02 December 2016 09:58

The Royal Thai Navy took delivery of six inshore patrol craft from local shipyard Marsun. They are intended to patrol the country’s coastlines in the Gulf of Thailand and in the Andaman Sea and to conduct maritime security missions.

The Commander-in-Chief RTN, ADM Na Arreenij, chaired the delivery ceremony. He was welcomed by ADM Sucheep Whoungmaitree, Commander-in-Chief Royal Thai Fleet, and RADM Banjob Poedaeng, Commander Coastguard SQN, where the ships will be posted to. The ceremony was held at Sattahip Naval Base, Chonburi, on 30 Nov 2016.

The vessels are 21.40 metres in length and 5.56 metres in width with a maximum speed of 30 knots.

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M21 Patrol Boat


Boats built by Marsun for The Royal Thai Navyt995_ms_1


Set back for Tejas as Navy rejects Tejas, says ‘overweight’ and does not meet its requirements

Navy rejects Tejas, says ‘overweight’ fighter does not meet its requirements

TNN | Updated: Dec 2, 2016, 10.12 PM IST


  1. The Navy has rejected the naval version of the indigenous Tejas light combat aircraft
  2. Navy has said that the “overweight” fighter cannot optimally operate from aircraft carriers

NEW DELHI: The Navy has rejected the naval version of the indigenous Tejas light combat aircraft, holding that the “overweight” fighter cannot optimally operate from aircraft carriers, and is now looking to induct an alternative fighter from abroad in the next five to six years.

“We will continue to support Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), Hindustan Aeronautics (HAL) and Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) but the naval LCA in its present form unfortunately does not meet our qualitative requirements for carrier capability,” said Admiral Sunil Lanba on Friday.

The single-engine Tejas, which is “too heavy”, does not meet the “thrust-to-weight requirement to take off with a full fuel and arms load” from an aircraft carrier’s deck. At present, the Navy has inducted over 30 of the 45 MiG-29K fighters acquired from Russia for $2 billion.

 Both the MiG-29Ks and the naval Tejas were supposed to operate from the 44,400-tonne carrier INS Vikramaditya as well as the under-construction 40,000-tonne INS Vikrant, which will be ready by 2019-2020.

“In addition to MiG-29Ks, we now need an alternative aircraft to operate from these two carriers. If you look around the world, there are not too many options available and we need this carrier-capable aircraft sooner than later. So, I am looking at next five to six years,” said Admiral Lanba.

 While the IAF is going to get at least 120 Tejas, under the LCA project which was cleared way back in 1983, while the Navy was supposed to get around 50 of the indigenous fighters. In August this year, IAF finally inducted the first two Tejas fighters in the 45 “Flying Daggers” Squadron, which will be fully constituted with 20 jets only by 2018.

IAF had earlier ordered 40 Tejas jets, with the defence ministry in November giving the initial approval for procurement of another 83 Tejas Mark-1A fighters from HAL for Rs 50,025 crore. The Mark-1A version, which is the one IAF really wants, will be ready only by 2020 or so. It will have an AESA (active electronically scanned array) radar and advanced electronic warfare (EW) suite, as also be capable of mid-air refuelling and firing advanced BVR (beyond visual range) missiles.

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Better get the Gripen as it will also have a Naval version

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Boeing T-X Nearing First Flight

Boeing T-X Headed Toward First Flight

November 29, 2016
ORLANDO, Fla. — The Boeing-Saab T-X trainer is on track to fly by the end of the year after completing afterburner engine runs last week, Boeing officials said.

Only a few more major tests remain before the plane makes its inaugural flight, said program manager Ted Torgerson during a Nov. 23 interview ahead of the Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation and Education Conference (I/ITSEC).

“We are clicking off all of our test points, we have tested around somewhere around nearly 1,200 test points on the jet on ground tests,” he said.

The next test involves putting the plane, engine running, through the motions of a flight — takeoff, climb and landing — with the aircraft tied down to the runway, Torgerson said. The company will also check how the airplane responds to simulated system failures. After that, a Boeing-Saab board will clear the aircraft for flight, and the Federal Aviation Administration will certify it. Finally, the company will conduct low-, medium- and high-speed taxi tests before flying the jet.

“We’re looking to fly soon, before the year is over” Tom Conard, the company’s T-X capture team leader, reiterated during a Tuesday briefing at I/ITSEC. “And as we’re preparing that jet to fly, our flight crews are training in the training system devices to prepare them exactly what they’re going to see in the jet.”

A second Boeing T-X was revealed to the press during a September rollout ceremony shortly before it went through structural proof tests. The company is currently powering all of the systems on the airplane, will fuel the plane in a matter of weeks and plans to move quickly through tests for an early 2017 flight, Togerson said.

The Boeing-Saab team is competing against one other clean-sheet design, manufactured by Northrop Grumman. Two other teams are banking on less risky existing designs. Lockheed Martin has partnered with KAI to offer the T-50A, a version of the Korean company’s T-50 trainer. Raytheon joined with Leonardo and CAE on the T-100, which uses Alenia Aermacchi M-346 as the basis.

If all goes according to schedule, the Boeing-Saab plane will fly around the same time as the US Air Force issues its final request for proposals, which officials have targeted for a December release. The service has already put forward several draft request for proposals, which detail threshold requirements as well as objective requirements that could knock hundreds of millions of dollars off a company’s total evaluated price.

Boeing, for its part, has stressed that its clean-sheet design was tailored specifically for the threshold requirements, and officials have not detailed how close it can get to the objective.

“We’re going to meet all the requirements and growth provisions for the future,” Conard said. “It has no radar, it has no weapons, it is not doing anything except advanced fast jet training.”

Asked whether Boeing plans to incorporate such features for potential opportunities currently under discussion by the Air Force — such as an exercise of light-attack aircraft that could inform a program of record, or a proposal to hire industry to play the aggressor role in training exercises — Conard demurred.

“We’ll look at that after we win T-X,” he said. “We’ve got to win T-X, and then from there we will able to adapt and work in future variants. And I’ll leave it at that.”

Original post


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Did Boeing Receive a T-X Prototype From Saab?

What we know about Boeing T-X


Boeing’s clean-sheet T-X trainer is designed to fly like a fighter, with a twin tail configuration similar to the F-35 and F-22 to give the aircraft optimal handling at all speeds. The Boeing T-X uses a single GE F404 afterburning turbofan, the same engine found on the F/A-18, giving the trainer the high G and high angle-of-attack capabilities required to mimic flight in modern fighters.

The aircraft uses some technologies found in the F/A-18 Super Hornet, developed by Boeing, as well as Saab’s Gripen multirole fighter. Boeing has already manufactured one T-X that will fly for the first time before the year is out, and a second aircraft is also near completion, which will begin structural proof tests in the next few days.

Tiered, stadium-style seating provides maximum visibility in the cockpit for instructors and students to practice air traffic maneuvers and combat training. An advanced avionics system and large display screen are included to prepare pilots for the high-tech systems found in fifth-generation fighters like the F-35. The computer systems in the cockpit, as well as ground-based simulators, provide a number of training modules for students and tools for instructors in what Boeing is calling their “classroom in the sky.”

When it comes to trainer aircraft, it is crucial that maintenance operations are as pain-free as possible, so a high wing design was used to provide easy access to the panels on the Boeing T-X. Optimized for Air Force ground equipment, the T-X uses fewer fasteners for the panels and parts from established suppliers to streamline the maintenance needs of the trainer. Source

General Electric F404

1_RM12-engineGeneral Electric F404 (built under license by Samsung Techwin) afterburning turbofan

General characteristics

  • Type: Afterburning turbofan
  • Length: 154 in (3,912 mm)
  • Diameter: 35 in (889 mm)
  • Dry weight: 2,282 lb (1,036 kg)


  • Compressor: Axial compressor with 3 fan and 7 compressor stages
  • Bypass ratio: 0.34:1
  • Turbine: 1 low-pressure and 1 high-pressure stage


  • Thrust:

    • 11,000 lbf (48.9 kN) military thrust
    • 17,700 lbf (78.7 kN) with afterburner
  • Overall pressure ratio: 26:1
  • Specific fuel consumption:

    • Military thrust: 0.81 lb/(lbf·h) (82.6 kg/(kN·h))
    • Full afterburner: 1.74 lb/(lbf·h) (177.5 kg/(kN·h))
  • Thrust-to-weight ratio: 7.8:1 (76.0 N/kg)

Technical data


British carriers and fighters in South China Sea after 2020

British fighters to overfly South China Sea; carriers in Pacific after 2020: envoy

Thu Dec 1, 2016 | 7:11pm EST

By David Brunnstrom | WASHINGTON

British fighter planes visiting Japan will fly over the South China Sea and Britain will sail aircraft carriers in the Pacific once they are operational in 2020, given concerns about freedom of navigation there, Britain’s ambassador to the United States said on Thursday.

The envoy, Kim Darroch, told a Washington think tank that British Typhoon aircraft currently deployed on a visit to Japan would fly across disputed parts of the South China Sea to assert international overflight rights, but gave no time frame.

Speaking at an event also attended by Japan’s ambassador to Washington, Darroch said that most future British defense capacity would have to be directed toward the Middle East, but added:

“Certainly, as we bring our two new aircraft carriers onstream in 2020, and as we renew and update our defense forces, they will be seen in the Pacific.

“And we absolutely share the objective of this U.S. administration, and the next one, to protect freedom of navigation and to keep sea routes and air routes open.”

In spite of Britain’s preoccupations in the Middle East, “we will try to play our part” in the Pacific, he said.

Four British fighter planes arrived in Japan in October to take part in exercises with Japanese forces at a time of rising tensions over China’s pursuit of disputed territory in East Asia, including the South and East China Seas.

Japan’s ambassador, Kenichiro Sasae, said the United States, Japan and Britain discussed greater naval cooperation at a meeting at the Pentagon in October and Tokyo welcomed greater British involvement in Asian security.

Darroch said British Prime Minister Theresa May and U.S. President-elect Donald Trump discussed the importance of all NATO members meeting their defense spending commitments in a telephone call this week, their second since Trump’s Nov. 8 election.

Darroch said all NATO states had committed to spending at least 2 percent of GDP on defense, yet only five, including the United States and Britain, were doing so.

“I think the criticism … during this election campaign that a number of NATO countries aren’t doing everything they can … is entirely fair and we will see how the incoming administration wants to take that forward,” he said.

Trump has criticized European NATO members for not meeting their spending commitments and has also called on U.S. Asian allies Japan and South Korea to pay more for their defense or risk the alliances.

Trump has said he plans to build up the U.S. military, and advisers have said he will pursue a policy of “peace through strength” in the Pacific in the face of China’a growing assertiveness.

The advisers say Trump can also be expected to take a more “robust” approach to naval operations to assert navigation rights in the South China Sea, a vital global trade route.

(Reporting by David Brunnstrom; Editing by Jonathan Oatis)

Original post


I think UK must take into account that by that time the Chinese Navy would be equal or may have ovetaken US Navy in terms of naval power.  The SC Sea is full of Chinese submarines, Chinese naval vessels, the islands have anti-ship missiles and SAMs.  The mainland have anti-ship bellistic missiles.

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Queen Elizabeth-class aircraft carrier199272-computer-generated-image-of-queen-elizabeth-class-aircraft-carrier.jpg


Indonesia and Russia still in talks over the procurement of up to 10 Su-35S

Indonesia, Russia Locked in ‘Intensive Talks’ Over Su-35 Fighter Jet Deal

So far, Jakarta and Moscow have been unable to come to an agreement over the purchase of up to ten Su-35s.

By Franz-Stefan Gady

December 02, 2016

Indonesia and Russia are holding intensive talks over the procurement of up to 10 Russian-made Su-35S multirole fighter jets for the Indonesia Air Force (TNI-AU), according to a senior Russian government official.

“There are prospects and the talks are very intensive,” the Russian president’s aide in charge of defense and technology cooperation, Vladimir Kozhin, told TASS News Agency on December 1. Kozhin did not divulge any additional details of the ongoing contract negotiations.

For over a year now, Russia has been pushing very hard to sell Indonesia Su-35 (NATO reporting name: Flanker-E) Fourth++ generation, twin-engine, highly maneuverable multirole fighter jets; however, Russia has had limited success so far despite repeated leaks to the media that a deal was imminent.

Last month, an Indonesian defense official said in a phone interview with Reuters that Indonesia is interested in purchasing “nine or ten” Su-35S fighter jets. “We are still negotiating,” he added. “We are still bargaining, ‘how much do you want to sell them for?’”

In addition, a senior manager of Russia’s state arms exporter, Rosoboronexport, reiterated that bilateral talks are continuing. “Bilateral talks on the delivery of Su-35 multirole fighters are being conducted very actively,” Sergei Goreslavsky said during the Indo Defense 2016 exhibition on November 2. (See: “Indonesia Still Mulling Su-35 Purchase”).

As I reported previously:

 A joint military-technical cooperation commission began talks in late in November 2015 in Jakarta to discuss details of the contract, including technological transfers. (Indonesian law stipulates that at least 35 percent of the aircraft’s technology needs to be transferred to the country as part of the defense deal.)

Russia and Indonesia failed to sign a contract in early 2016. Among other things, analysts expected the inking of an agreement during the Russia-ASEAN Summit in May, 2016 but no fighter jet deal materialized. (Also, no signed contract emerged during Indonesian Defense Minister Ryamizard Ryacudu’s visit to Moscow in April, 2016.)

The exact details of the Indonesian-Russian fighter jet deal remain unknown. For example, as I noted elsewhere, there have also been conflicting reports over the total number of aircraft to be purchased:

First, Indonesia considered buying 16 new warplanes. This number went down to 10 as talks progressed. According to press reports, both sided eventually settled on eight, with an option of procuring two additional Su-35s in the future. The contract under negotiation also includes pilot training and knowledge transfers through a military exchange program.

The TNI-AU is currently undergoing a major modernization effort. By 2018, it is expecting to induct ten more F-16A/Bs fighter jets in addition to the 14 currently in service. Indonesia also operates older Russian combat aircraft including 11 Su-30s and five Su-27s. Indonesia’s defense budget has been steadily rising over the past four years.

Original post


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Lockheed Martin starts conducting flight operations with its T-50A

Lockheed Martin begins T-50A flight operations

 By Ryan Maass   |   Dec. 1, 2016 at 4:02 PM

GREENVILLE, S.C., Dec. 1 (UPI) — Lockheed Martin has begun conducting flight operations with its T-50A training aircraft to test its capabilities.

The operations followed an initial flight test, which took place on Nov. 19, company officials announced in a press release.

The T-50A is the result of a collaboration between Lockheed Martin and Korea Airspace Industries, and is designed to train prospective pilots for more advanced fighters such as the F-22 Raptor and the fifth-generation F-35 Lightning II.

For combat training, the training aircraft incorporates air-to-air and air-to-ground weapons, an avionics suite with electronic warfare capabilities, and a multi-mode radar. The configuration is based on South Korea’s FA-50.

The aircraft is a follow-up to the legacy T-50, and has accumulated over 100,000 flight hours and trained more than 1,800 pilots.

Original post


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Photos and videos from the KAI/LM T-50 T-X launch ceremony

KAI T-50635907945332468962-T-50A-Head-on-Lockheed-Martin-photo-1-