South Korea KM-SAM or M-SAM

The KM-SAM which is also known as the Cheolmae-2 or Cheongung or M-SAM is a South Korean medium range surface-to-air missile (SAM) system that was developed by the Agency for Defense Development (ADD) with technical support from Almaz-Antey and Fakel.

A complete battery consists of up to six 8 cell transport-erector-launchers, a passive electronically scanned array (PESA) X-band multi-function 3D phased array radar, and a fire command vehicle.

8 cell transport-erector-launcher cell transport-erector-launcher

Passive electronically scanned array (PESA) X-band multi-function 3D phased array radar

Passive electronically scanned array (PESA) X-band multi-function 3D phased array radar
General data:
Type: Radar Altitude Max: 30480 m
Range Max: 83.3 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0.2 km Generation: Early 2010s
Properties: Pulse Doppler Radar (Full LDSD Capability)
Sensors / EW:
KM-SAM MFR – Radar
Role: Radar, FCR, Surface-to-Air, Short-Range
Max Range: 83.3 km


Fire command vehicle

Fire command유용원의 군사세계

KM-SAM (Modified 9M96)


General data:
Type: Guided Weapon Weight: 400 kg
Length: 4.61 m Span: 0.5 m
Diameter: 0.275 Generation: None
Properties: Anti-Air All-Aspect, Capable vs Seaskimmer
Targets: Aircraft, Helicopter, Missile
Sensors / EW:
Active Radar Seeker – (SAM MR, KM-SAM) Radar
Weapon Seeker, Active Radar
Max Range: 9.3 km
KM-SAM [Modified 9M96] – (South Korea) Guided Weapon
Air Max: 46.3 km.


The KM-SAM is the middle-tier of South Korea’s three-tier aerial and missile defense system. Though it was developed in Russia by the Almaz Design Bureau with assistance from Samsung Thales, LIG Nex1, and Doosan DST, localization and industrialization were done in South Korea enough to consider it an indigenous system. The Cheongung (Iron Hawk) can intercept targets up to an altitude of 15 km (49,000 ft) at a range of 40 km (25 mi).

It is to replace upgraded MIM-23 Hawk batteries in South Korea and be made available for export. Almaz-Antey continued with the program after prototypes were transferred and have created a distinctly Russian version called the Vityaz missile system.유용원의 군사세계

The Republic of Korea Air Force revealed in mid-2015 that the KM-SAM would soon enter mass production and begin delivery to the Air Force that September, replacing the Hawk missile that had been in Korean service since 1964, which the United States military retired in 2002. The system can intercept up to six targets simultaneously, and the missiles have anti-electronic warfare capabilities to keep functioning despite jamming. Source wiki


To defend against North Korean missiles and rocket attacks the Republic of Korea is eying a three-tier aerial and missile defense system to integrate radars, missile interceptors of different types through a unified battle management system. Preliminary study on missile shield system to be completed by year-end.

Seoul principal air defense layer operates six batteries of Patriot PAC-2 GEM/T missiles along with 24 Hawk XXI batteries. These assets are more capable to defend against aircraft than hit ballistic missiles. Two missile interceptor/air defense programs currently underway in Russia will be transferred for production in Korea, one covering extended range and high altitude, and another handling the middle-tier zone.

The upper tier interceptor will be designed intercept ballistic missiles, offering capabilities similar to the American THAAD missile. This new missile is expected to be based on the Russian S-400 technology; it is designated Cheolmae 4-H (L-SAM), and will offer a range of 150 km and ceiling of about 200,000 ft, offering performance levels twice superior to the Patriot and future Cheolmae II missiles. This project is expected to cost around $812 million.

The Korean Navy is also planning to deploy anti-ballistic missile capability on its new KDX AEGIS destroyers. Unlike Tokyo, that has entered the U.S. SM-3 ABM program as a development partner, Seoul preferred to go its own way and develop its won version of a missile interceptor under ‘Project Guardian’, at an investment of about US$1 billion.

EL/M-2080 ‘Super Green Pine’ radars

36101EL/M-2080 ‘Super Green Pine’ radars

Quick Facts

Mobility Ground-based/ transportable
Role Primary radar system for Israeli Arrow missile defense system; can discriminate between clutter and missile threats
Country of Origin Israel
Deployment At least two deployed in Israel, two in India, and two in South Korea
Frequency L-Band
Range 500 km (EL/M 2080); 900 km (EL/M 2080S)
Producer Elta/Israel Aerospace Industries


The baseline for Seoul’s future the missile defense capability are two EL/M-2080 ‘Super Green Pine’ radars, ordered from Israel’s IAI Elta in 2009. The radars will be able to detect hostile missiles 800 km away, providing missile defense assets ample early warning for response. These radars will also integrate with the SPY-1 radars of the AEGIS KDX destroyers to provide the situational picture for the Korea Air and Missile Defense center (KAMD) beginning next year. Source


1 thought on “South Korea KM-SAM or M-SAM

  1. Pingback: Güney Kore'nin hava savunma sistemi çalışmaları: KM-SAM & L-SAM | DefenceTurk

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.