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F100 Alvaro de Bazan Class Frigate

The F100 Alvaro de Bazan Class is a 5,800t multipurpose frigate built by the Spanish shipbuilder, Izar (formerly E.N. Bazan). In February 2005, the naval shipbuilding activities of Izar were spun off into a new company, Navantia.

The first batch of four ships was ordered by the Spanish Navy in January 1997. The first, Alvaro de Bazan (F101), was launched in October 2000 and commissioned in September 2002. The second, Almirante Juan de Borbon (F102), was launched in February 2002 and commissioned in December 2003.

The third, Blas de Lezo (F103) was launched in May 2003 and commissioned in December 2004. The fourth, Mendez Nunez (F104), was launched in November 2004 and delivered in March 2006.

In June 2005, the Spanish Government announced plans to procure a fifth Alvaro de Bazan Class vessel, Cristobal Colon (F105). Procurement of the new vessel was authorised by the government in May 2006. Construction began in June 2007 and the keel was laid in February 2009. The ship was launched in November 2010 and entered sea trials in June 2012. A sixth vessel, Juan de Austria (F106) is also planned, to commission in 2013.

The F-100 frigate is a multi-purpose ship with the following capabilities:

  • Medium-size oceanic escort.
  • Command and control ship in conflict scenarios, capable of operating with allied fleets, and providing cover to expeditionary forces.
  • Capable of operating in coastal and blue waters depending on the conflict situation.
  • High anti-air capability.

The F-100 project entails important challenges; among them:

  • An AEGIS Combat System around the SPY-1D radar which, up to now, was used only in larger combatants such as destroyers and cruisers.
  • Integrate national weapons and sensors into the AEGIS System.
  • Other specific developments like the Navigational Data distribution (DIANA) or the Platform Control Integrated System.

Source YouTube
Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Álvaro de Bazán F101 Navantia, Ferrol 14/6/1999 27/10/2000 19/9/2002 in service (2018)
Almirante Juan de Borbón F102 Navantia, Ferrol 27/10/2000 28/2/2002 3/12/2003 in service (2018)
Blas de Lezo F103 Navantia, Ferrol 28/2/2002 16/5/2003 16/12/2004 in service (2018)
Méndez Núñez F104 Navantia, Ferrol 16/5/2003 12/11/2004 21/3/2006 in service (2018)
Cristóbal Colón F105 Navantia, Ferrol 20/2/2009 4/11/2010 23/10/2012 in service (2018)


Alvaro de Bazan Class Aegis combat system

Álvaro de Bazán – david –

The ship incorporates the AN/SPY-1D Aegis Combat System from Lockheed Martin Naval Electronics and Surveillance Systems. The main missions of the ship are fleet protection, anti-air warfare, operation as a flag ship for a combat group, anti-surface and anti-submarine warfare.

In June 2008, Spain requested the foreign military sale (FMS) of Raytheon Tomahawk Block IV land attack missiles to arm the F100 frigates.

Alvaro de Bazan is the first European ship with the Aegis weapon system. In July 2003, Alvaro de Bazan (F101) took part in combined Combat Systems Ship Qualification Trials (CSSQT) with the Aegis Class destroyer USS Mason (DDG 87). A second CSSQT trial took place in September 2004 with Almirante Juan de Borbon (F102) and USS Pinkney (DDG 91). In June 2007, Mendez Nunez (F104) took part in the first tri-nation CSSQT, with Arleigh Burke class destroyer USS Gridley (DDG 101) and the Royal Norwegian Navy frigate Fridtjof Nansen (F310).

Nansen Class Anti-Submarine Warfare Frigate: Details

In 1994 Spain entered an agreement with Germany and the Netherlands, which provided cooperation in development and in national construction of the frigates. In Spain, Izar built the F100, in the Netherlands, Royal Schelde built the LCF (De Zeven Provincien Class) and in Germany the ARGE 124 group (Blohm and Voss as the leading yard, Howaldtwerke-Deutsche Werft and Thyssen Nordseewerke) built the F124 (Sachsen Class). The agreement covered cooperation on the ship platform and not on the systems.

De Zeven Provinciën-class frigate: Details

Aegis combat data system

F110 Frigate – NavantiaOficial YouTube

The Aegis combat data system controls the detection, control and engagement sequence through the AN/SPY-1D radar, the command and decision systems (C&D) and the ship’s weapons control system (WCS). The F100 is the first frigate to be equipped with Aegis.

F110 Frigate – NavantiaOficial YouTube

The ship has satellite communications and Link 11 secure tactical data link.

Weapons systems

The ship has two four-celled Boeing Harpoon anti-ship missile systems. Harpoon is a medium-range missile with a range of 120km, 220kg warhead and active radar terminal guidance. The surface-to-air missile system is the evolved Sea Sparrow missile (ESSM) developed by an international team led by Raytheon.

2 x four-celled Boeing Harpoon anti-ship missile systems

screenshotAtUploadCC_1514616913064Spanish Navy Frigate SPS Mendez Numez’s – Contando Estrelas

RGM-84 Harpoon anti-ship missile

The Harpoon is an all weather, subsonic, over the horizon, anti-ship missile which can be launch from surface ships, submarines and aircraft. Its guidance system consists of a 3-axis integrated digital computer/ radar altimeter for midcourse guidance, and an active radar seeker for the terminal phase of the flight.

The Harpoon flies at subsonic speeds, with a sea-skimming flight trajectory for improved survivability through reduced probability of detection by enemy defenses. It was designed to strike enemy ships in an open ocean environment.

The ship launched RGM-84 Harpoon was introduced in 1977, as well as the encapsulated submarine launched UGM-84.

Diameter: 340 millimeter
Length: 4.63 meter (15.2 foot)
Wingspan: 910 millimeter
Max Range: 124 kilometer (67 nautical mile)

Top Speed: 237 mps (853 kph)
Thrust: 660 pound
Warhead: 224 kilogram (494 pound)
Weight: 691 kilogram


Spanish Navy Frigate SPS Mendez Numez’s – Contando Estrelas

ESSM has semi-active radar guidance with tail control motor to improve range, speed and manoeuvrability. The medium-range Raytheon standard missile SM-2MR Block IIIA provides area defence. SM-2MR has a range of 70km, a speed of Mach 2.5 and has semi-active radar seeker and an Aegis radio command link. Both ESSM and SM-2MR use the Lockheed Martin Mark 41 vertical launch system.

Mk 41 vertical launch system (48 cell)


The MK 41 Vertical Launching System (VLS) is the worldwide standard in shipborne missile launching systems. Under the guidance of the US Navy, Martin Marietta performs the design, development, production, and field support that make the battle-proven VLS the most advanced shipborne missile launching system in the world. The Mk 41 VLS simultaneously supports multiple warfighting capabilities, including antiair warfare, antisubmarine warfare, ship self-defense, strike warfare, and antisurface warfare.

The Vertical Launching System (VLS) Mk 41 is a canister launching system which provides a rapid-fire launch capability against hostile threats. The missile launcher consists of a single eight-cell missile module, capable of launching SEASPARROW missiles used against hostile aircraft, missiles and surface units. Primary units of the VLS are two Launch Control Units, one 8-Cell Module, one 8-Cell System Module, a Remote Launch Enable Panel and a Status Panel.


F110 Frigate – NavantiaOficial YouTube

Raytheon standard missile SM-2MR Block IIIA

SM2BLKIIIA view3.jpg3f13ab02-0dc7-45ec-b53e-a9c28bba83b0Large

The Standard Missile-2 is the world’s premier fleet-area air defense weapon, providing superior anti-air warfare and limited anti-surface warfare capability against today’s advanced anti-ship missiles and aircraft out to 90 nautical miles and an altitude of 65,000 feet. SM-2 is an integral part of layered defense that protects the world’s important naval assets and gives warfighters a greater reach in the battlespace.

SM-2 Block IIIA and IIIB features

  • Advanced semi-active radar seeker technologies in both continuous wave and interrupted continuous wave guidance modes
  • Tail controls and solid rocket motor propulsion to engage the world’s advanced high-speed maneuvering threats at tactically significant ranges
  • IIIB enhances the IIIA’s existing superior capabilities by adding autonomous infrared acquisition
  • High-technology active radar target detection device and directional warhead to ensure successful destruction of the target


*Standard SM-2MR Block IIIB on F105 Cristóbal Colón


General Characteristics, SM-2 Block III/IIIA/IIIB Medium Range
Primary Function: Surface to air missile.
Contractor: Raytheon Missile Systems.
Date Deployed: 1981 (SM-2 MR).
Propulsion: Dual thrust, solid fuel rocket.
Length: 15 feet, 6 inches (4.72 meters).
Diameter: 13.5 inches (34.3 cm).
Wingspan: 3 feet 6 inches (1.08 meters).
Weight: SM-2: 1,558 pounds (708 kg).
Range: Up to 90 nautical miles (104 statute miles).
Guidance System: Semi-active radar homing (IR in Block IIIB).
Warhead: Radar and contact fuse, blast-fragment warhead.


RIM-162 Evolved Sea Sparrow

RIM-162 ESSM was developed by the U.S. Navy in cooperation with an international consortium of other NATO partners plus Australia. ESSM is a short-range, semi-active homing missile that makes flight corrections via radar and midcourse data uplinks. The missile provides reliable ship self-defense capability against agile, high-speed, low-altitude anti-ship cruise missiles (ASCMs), low velocity air threats (LVATs), such as helicopters, and high-speed, maneuverable surface threats. ESSM is integrated with a variety of U.S. and international launchers and combat systems across more than 10 different navies.

ESSM has an 8-inch diameter forebody that tapers to a 10-inch diameter rocket motor. The forebody includes a guidance section uses a radome-protected antenna for semi-active homing and attaches to an improved warhead section. A high-thrust, solid-propellant 10-inch diameter rocket motor provides high thrust for maneuverability with tail control via a Thrust Vector Controller (TVC).

ESSM’s effective tracking performance and agile kinematics result from S- and X-band midcourse uplinks, high average velocity and tail control, increased firepower through a vertical “quad pack” launcher (Mk-41 VLS), and greater lethality with a warhead designed for defeating hardened ASCMs.

Primary Function: Surface-To-Air and Surface-To-Surface radar-guided missile.
Contractor: Raytheon Missile Systems, Tuscson, Ariz.
Date Deployed: 2004
Unit Cost: $787000 – $972000 depending on configuration
Propulsion: NAMMO-Raufoss, Alliant (solid fuel rocket)
Length: 12 feet (3,64 meters)
Diameter: 8 inches (20,3 cm) – 10 inches (25,4 cm)
Weight: 622 pounds (280 kilograms)
Speed: Mach 4+
Range: more than 27 nmi (more than 50 km)
Guidance System: Raytheon semi-active on continuous wave or interrupted continuous wave illumination
Warhead: Annular blast fragmentation warhead, 90 pounds (40,5 kg)


F110 Frigate – NavantiaOficial YouTube

Tomahawk cruise missile


Tomahawk is an all-weather submarine or ship-launched land-attack cruise missile. After launch, a solid propellant propels the missile until a small turbofan engine takes over for the cruise portion of flight. Tomahawk is a highly survivable weapon. Radar detection is difficult because of the missile’s small cross-section, low altitude flight. Similarly, infrared detection is difficult because the turbofan engine emits little heat. Systems include Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver; an upgrade of the optical Digital Scene Matching Area Correlation (DSMAC) system; Time of Arrival (TOA) control, and improved 402 turbo engines.

The Tomahawk land-attack cruise missile has been used to attack a variety of fixed targets, including air defense and communications sites, often in high-threat environments. The land attack version of Tomahawk has inertial and terrain contour matching (TERCOM) radar guidance. The TERCOM radar uses a stored map reference to compare with the actual terrain to determine the missile’s position. If necessary, a course correction is then made to place the missile on course to the target. Terminal guidance in the target area is provided by the optical Digital Scene Matching Area Correlation (DSMAC) system, which compares a stored image of target with the actual target image. Source


General Characteristics
Primary Function: Long-range subsonic cruise missile for striking high value or heavily defended land targets.
Contractor: Raytheon Missile Systems Company, Tucson, AZ.
Date Deployed: Block II TLAM-A IOC – 1984
Block III – IOC 1994
Block IV – IOC 2004.
Propulsion: Block II/III TLAM-A, C & D – Williams International F107 cruise turbo-fan engine; ARC/CSD solid-fuel booster
Length: 20.3 feet; with booster: 20 feet 6 inches (6.25 meters).
Diameter: 21 inches
Wingspan: 8 feet 9 inches (2.67 meters).
Weight: 3,330 pounds with rocket motor.
Speed: Subsonic – about 550 mph (880 km/h).
Range: Block III TLAM-C – 900 nautical miles (1000 statute miles, 1600 km)
Block III TLAM-D – 700 nautical miles (800 statute miles, 1250 km
Block IV TLAM-E – 900 nautical miles (1000 statute miles, 1600 km)
Guidance System: Block II TLAM-A – INS, TERCOM
Warhead: Block II TLAM-N – W80 nuclear warhead
Block III TLAM-C and Block IV TLAM-E – 1,000 pound class unitary warhead
Block III TLAM-D – conventional submunitions dispenser with combined effect bomblets.


The ship is equipped with the BAE Systems, Land & Armaments (formerly United Defense) mk45 mod 2 gun controlled by the DORNA radar / electro-optic fire control system from FABA. DORNA sensors include K-band radar and tracking radar along with an infrared camera, TV and laser rangefinder.

Mk45 mod 2 gun

Visit to Vigo of the frigates “Álvaro de Bazán” F-101 and “Admirante Juan de Borbón” F-102 of the Spanish Navy, both of the class “Álvaro de Bazán” (also known as F-100), May 27 and 28, 2017. – Contando Estrelas

*For F-105 – 127/54 Mk 45 Mod. 4


Fully-automatic naval gun mount employed against surface (anti-surface warfare – ASuW), air (anti-air warfare – AAW) and land attack (Naval Surface Fire Support – NSFS) targets.


The MK 45 gun was developed as a lighter weight, more easily maintained replacement for the MK 42 5″/54 caliber gun mount. It is designed to engage surface and air targets and to provide naval surface fire support for expeditionary operations. The MK 45 MOD 4 gun mount upgrade includes a longer barrel (62 caliber) that improves the gun’s effectiveness as a land attack weapon (naval surface fire support).

The gun mount includes a 20 round automatic loader drum. The gun’s maximum firing rate is 16-20 rounds from the loader drum per minute. The rounds in the loader drum can be fired with one crewmember located at the EP-2 console below deck. Additional rounds can be loaded and fired by the full crew (Mount Captain, EP-2 Operator and four ammunition handlers), all of which are stationed below deck.

screenshotAtUploadCC_1514617125731Visit to Vigo of the frigates “Álvaro de Bazán” F-101 and “Admirante Juan de Borbón” F-102 of the Spanish Navy, both of the class “Álvaro de Bazán” (also known as F-100), May 27 and 28, 2017. – Contando Estrelas
General Characteristics
Primary Function: Fully-automatic, naval gun mount.
Date Deployed: 1971 (Mark 45 Mod 0)
Range: 13 nautical miles (14.9 statute miles) with conventional ammunition.
Type Fire: 16-20 rounds per minute automatic, conventional ammunition.
Magazine Capacity: 600 rounds conventional for Destroyers; 1200 rounds conventional for Cruisers.
Caliber: 5 inch 54 caliber (MK 54 Mod 1/2) barrel length of 270 inches (54 x 5)
Guidance System: MK 45 Gun Mount is remotely fired from the MK 160 Gun Computer System or MK 86 Gun Fire Control System during normal operations
Platforms: MK 45 MOD 1 (5″/54) – CGs 61, 63-68 (2 gun mounts per ship). MK 45 MOD 2 (5″/54) – DDGs 51-80 5″ 54 (1 gun mount per ship); CGs 69-73 (2 gun mounts per ship). MK 45 MOD 4 (5″/62) – DDG 81-113AF (1 gun mount per ship); CG 52-60, 62 (2 gun mounts per ship).


DORNA radar / electro-optic fire control system

DORNA radar / electro-optic fire control system on top of bridge on the lower right of picture – Tom McClean YouTube

DORNA is an evolved concept of a Fire Control System oriented towards client needs which accordingly adapts its interfaces to the vessel’s Combat System, Navigation System, Weapons, or on-board video distribution system.

It boasts anti-air warfare, surface, and coastal capabilities, besides surveillance, training and maintenance features, as well as other secondary features such as navigation support, warning rounds, etc.

It is available in two basic configurations: either equipped with a monitoring radar and
electrical-optical sensors (such as the ones installed in frigates F100 and BAM ships of the
Spanish Navy) or only with electric-optical sensors (such as those installed in LCS ships of the
US Navy). Source

As in Eletro-optical variante, the new generation is DORNA R/E-O Mod3A FCS which includes enhanced functionalities such as Post-mission analysis and Improved Onboard Training, apart from great compaction and simplified Through Life Support.

In both variants, DORNA comprises the following units:

  • Console. Its main task is to act as the human machine interface (HMI) center for the operator’s actions and supervision. It is optional, as DORNA can be integrated and handled from a Multi-Function Console of the CMS, if any.
  • FCS Director. It is a stabilized tracker mount with sensors, besides the associated control unit and (depending on the application) the tracking radar units.

DORNA [IR] – Infrared

General data:
Type: Infrared Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 185.2 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Infrared, 3rd Generation Imaging (2000s/2010s, Impr LANTIRN, Litening II/III, ATFLIR)
Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Classification [Class Info] / Brilliant Weapon [Automatic Target Aquisition], Continous Tracking Capability [Visual]
Sensors / EW:
DORNA [IR] – Infrared
Role: Infrared, Weapon Director Camera
Max Range: 185.2 km


DORNA [Radar Tracker] – Radar

General data:
Type: Radar Altitude Max: 30480 m
Range Max: 11.1 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0.2 km Generation: Late 1980s
Properties: Pulse Doppler Radar (Full LDSD Capability)
Sensors / EW:
DORNA [Radar Tracker] – Radar
Role: Radar, FCR, Weapon Director
Max Range: 11.1 km


DORNA [TV Camera] – Visual

General data:
Type: Visual Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 185.2 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Visual, 3rd Generation TV Camera (2000s/2010s, CCD)
Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Classification [Class Info] / Brilliant Weapon [Automatic Target Aquisition], Continous Tracking Capability [Visual]
Sensors / EW:
DORNA [TV Camera] – Visual
Role: Visual, Weapon Director TV Camera
Max Range: 185.2 km


The close-in weapon system (CIWS) is the 20mm Meroka 2B also from FABA. The Meroka CIWS includes infrared camera, video autotracker and is cued by the Aegis radar. Meroka has a range of 2,000m. There are also two 20mm machine guns.

2 x Oerlikon anti-aircraft gun 20/120 mm

Alvaro de Bazan – Telemadrid YouTube

CALIBER: 20mm and 120 calibers


WEIGHT: 405 Kg.

PART LENGTH: 4.6 meters

LENGTH CANYON: 2.4 meters

STRIPED: 12 dextrorsum stripes with passage from 0 to 6º


INITIAL SPEED: 1,200 meters per second

FEEDING: 40 shots drum

MAXIMUM SHOOTING LENGTH: 1,000 shots per minute

DIRECTION OF SHOOTING: Anti-aircraft viewer with grate reticle and aiming eyepiece with reticle


  • 2,000 meters in anti-aircraft shot
  • 2,500 meters in horizontal shot


2 x 25/75 Mk 38 on F105 Cristóbal Colón

25/75 Mk 38 on F105 Cristóbal Colón – Ikonos Press

The MK-38 is a 25-mm machine gun installed for ship self-defense to counter High Speed Maneuvering Surface Targets (HSMST).

General Characteristics
Primary Function: (Mod 1) Single barrel, air cooled, semi- and full-automatic, manually trained and elevated machine gun system.
Contractor: Contractor Mod 1: Designed and assembled by Crane Division, Naval Surface Warfare Center; components procured from various contractors.
Date Deployed: 1986.
Contractor Mod 2/3: BAE Systems Minneapolis, Minnesota; Rafael, Haifa, Israel.
Date Deployed: 2005; 280 systems installed as of December 2016.
Date Deployed: 2005.
Range: 2500 yards (effective range)
Type Fire: Single shot or Burst Mode; Maximum 180 rounds per minute automatic.
Caliber: 25 mm (1 inch).
Guidance System: Mod 1: N/A, manually trained and elevated.
Mod 2/3: Stabilized, remote control with electro-optic fire control system and auto-tracking capability.


4 x Browning 12.7 mm

Browning 12.7 mm on Alvaro de Bazan – Telemadrid YouTube

The ship has two mk32 double torpedo launchers for mk46 lightweight torpedoes and also two anti-ship mortars.

Mk32 double torpedo launchers

Mk32 Mod torpedo launcher (photo : Naval History)

12.75 inch (324mm) Mark 32 Surface Vessel Torpedo Tubes (Mk 32 SVTT):

Mk-32 / Mod. 9 (2 tubes) – for Mk-44, Mk-46 torpedoes

Mk-32 SVTT can be modified to use other 12.75″ torpedoes (such as EuroTorp MU90 / Eurotorp A244S LWT / BAE Systems StingraySource

Mk46 lightweight torpedoes (Mk46 NEARTIP Mod 5)

Type Anti-submarine torpedo
Platform Aircraft, surface ships, ASROC
Diameter 324 mm
Length 2.59 m
Weight 234.8 kg
Warhead 45 kg Mk 103 Mod 1 warhead with PBXN filling
Guidance Active/passive acoustic seeker
Propulsion Twin propeller
Power supply Liquid propellant Otto fuel engine
Speed 40 kt
Range 11 km
Depth 15 to 450 m below sea level

Sikorsky Seahawk helicopters

The F100 has a flight deck 26.4m long and will accommodate one helicopter. The Spanish Navy has acquired six new Sikorsky SH-60B LAMPS Mk III Seahawk helicopters.

A programme to upgrade six existing Seahawk helicopters to LAMPS mkIII standard was completed in January 2004. The helicopters are equipped with a FLIR and Hellfire laser-guided air-to-surface missiles and are deployed on the F100 and Santa Maria Class frigates.

Countermeasures suite

screenshotAtUploadCC_1514617620595Visit to Vigo of the frigates “Álvaro de Bazán” F-101 and “Admirante Juan de Borbón” F-102 of the Spanish Navy, both of the class “Álvaro de Bazán” (also known as F-100), May 27 and 28, 2017. – Contando Estrelas

The ship’s countermeasures suite includes Aldebaran Electronic Support Measures / Electronic Countermeasures (ESM/ECM) system, from Spain’s Indra Group, four Lockheed Martin Sippican mk36 SRBOC chaff and decoy launchers and the AN/SLQ-25A Nixie acoustic torpedo countermeasures system from Argon ST of Newington, Virginia. Mk3300 ESM Antenna and Mk 9500 ECM Antenna MÉNDEZ NÚÑEZ (F-104) – Tom McClean

Mk 9500 ECM suites

General data:
Type: ESM Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 926 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Early 2000s
Sensors / EW:
EN/Mk9500 Regulus [Comms Monitor] – ESM
Max Range: 926 km


EN/SLQ-380 Aldebaran Mk3300 ESM

General data:
Type: ESM Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 926 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Early 1990s
Sensors / EW:
EN/SLQ-380 Aldebaran Mk3300 [ESM] – ESM
Max Range: 926 km


Nixie torpedo countermeasures

U.S. Navy photo

The decoy, also known as “Nixie,” is a modular, digitally controlled, electro-acoustic soft-kill countermeasure system. It uses an underwater towed body acoustic projector, deployed astern by a fiber optic tow cable. The system defends ships against wake homing, acoustic homing and wire-guided torpedoes. Source

General data:
Type: Decoy (Towed) Weight: 21 kg
Length: 0.94 m Span: 0.187 m
Diameter: 0.152 Generation: Late 1990s
Targets: Surface Vessel
AN/SLQ-25A Nixie – Decoy (Towed)
Surface Max: 1.9 km.


4 x Decoy lunchers (SRBOC MK-36)

BLAS DE LEZO (F-103) – Aitor Beobide Rubio Spotters

The BAE Systems Mk 36 SRBOC Chaff and Decoy Launching System is a shipboard, deck-mounted, 6-barreled mortar-type array that launches type-specific countermeasures against a variety of threats. Following launch and dispersion, Mk 36 SRBOC chaff and infrared countermeasures are designed to lure hostile missiles away from ships under attack by creating false target sets. Source


F110 Frigate – NavantiaOficial DE LEZO (F-103) – Aitor Beobide Rubio Spotters

The first four F-100 ships are equipped with the Lockheed Martin AN/SPY-1D fixed phased array radar for air and surface search. AN/SPY-1D is a multi-function E/F band, three-dimensional radar which is an essential part of the Aegis system. It provides instantaneous beam steering, target detection, fire control tracks on hundreds of targets, and multiple target kill assessment.

“The main missions of the F100 frigate include fleet protection and anti-air warfare.”

AN/SPY-1D radar

Visit to Vigo of the frigates “Álvaro de Bazán” F-101 and “Admirante Juan de Borbón” F-102 of the Spanish Navy, both of the class “Álvaro de Bazán” (also known as F-100), May 27 and 28, 2017. – Contando Estrelas


Army/Navy Joint Electronics Type Designation System/AN/SPY-1 Radar is critical for the U.S. Navy’s aerial radar infrastructure and is a key component of Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense System at sea and on land. U.S. Navy cruisers and destroyers employ SPY-1—in addition to a number of foreign vessels—for Aegis Sea-Based BMD, while on land, the radar system is utilized by Aegis Ashore missile defense sites. Developed by Lockheed Martin, SPY-1 radar was originally designed as an air defense system, but has been upgraded to include a ballistic missile defense (BMD) capability. SPY-1’s passive electronic scanning system is computer controlled, using four complementary antennas in order to provide full 360 degree coverage. It operates in S-band and is a multi-function phased-array radar capable of search, automatic detection, transition to track, tracking of air and surface targets, and missile engagement support.

The SPY-1 can maintain continuous radar surveillance while automatically tracking more than 100 targets at one time. Public numerical figures on the SPY-1 detection range claim that it can detect a golf ball-sized target at ranges in excess of 165 km. When applied to a ballistic missile-sized target, the SPY-1 radar is estimated to have a range of 310 km. The system is designed for blue water and littoral operations however SPY-1 configuration must be modified to look above the terrain to avoid causing excessive false targets from land clutter. Configuration changes to mitigate this technical issue have made it more difficult for AN/SPY-1 to identify and track low and fast targets.

Regional Defense—Engagement Capability Aegis BMD systems are capable of detecting, tracking, targeting, and intercepting cruise and ballistic missile targets. After detecting and identifying a regional missile threat, Aegis BMD can engage and intercept the target using Standard Missile variants guided by tracking information provided by SPY-1. Aegis BMD-equipped cruisers and destroyers are being equipped with the capability to intercept short- and medium-range ballistic missiles as quickly as 10 seconds after the radar “sees” the missile’s movement.

Homeland Defense—Long-Range Surveillance and Tracking Aegis Destroyers on BMD patrol detect and track Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles with SPY-1, reporting tracking data to the Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS). The BMDS shares tracking data to cue other missile defense sensors and provides fire control data to Ground-based Mid-course Defense (GMD) interceptors located at Fort Greeley, Alaska and Vandenberg Air Force Base, California. To date, twenty-one Aegis Cruisers and Destroyers have been upgraded with the Long-Range Surveillance and Tracking capability. At-sea tracking events and flight tests have verified the capability to track Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles and demonstrated the connectivity and reliability of long-haul transmission of tracking data (across nine time zones), which is necessary to support missile defense situational awareness, target acquisition, and engagements.

Deployment Variants of the AN/SPY-1 radar are employed by all Aegis BMD systems, both on land—with Aegis Ashore—and at sea—on Ticonderoga (CG-47) Class Aegis Cruisers and Arleigh Burke (DDG-51) Class Aegis Destroyers. As of June 2015, there are 33 Aegis BMD-capable combatants in the U.S. Navy, 5 cruisers (CGs) and 28 destroyers (DDGs). Of the 33 ships, 16 are assigned to the Pacific Fleet and 17 to the Atlantic Fleet. U.S. allies with Aegis BMD-capable vessels, namely Japan, the Republic of Korea, Norway, and Spain also use the SPY-1.

SPY-1 radar employed by Aegis Ashore is virtually identical to that used by Aegis Sea-Based BMD. Currently, there is only one active Aegis Ashore site, which is located at the Deveselu Military Base in Romania, along with one under construction in Poland. There is an additional land-based test facility in Kauai, Hawaii.

screenshotAtUploadCC_1514617125728Spanish Navy Frigate SPS Mendez Numez’s – Contando Estrelas

SPY-1 Variants

Four different SPY-1 radar variants are currently deployed on U.S. ships. The original SPY-1 variant was a test version of the radar that was never deployed. The SPY-1A and 1B variants are equipped by Aegis cruisers and have two antenna faces on each of the two deckhouses, while the SPY-1D and 1D(V) variants are equipped by Aegis destroyers and have four antenna faces, each antenna covering slightly more than 90° in azimuth. All U.S. Aegis systems that have been upgraded for BMD are equipped with either the 1B, 1D, or 1D(V) version.

  • SPY-1A The SPY-1A was installed on the first Aegis cruiser, the USS Ticonderoga (CG 47), which was deployed in 1981. The U.S. Navy is currently in the process of phasing out the SPY-1A and most Aegis cruisers employ the upgraded 1B variant.
  • SPY-1B This SPY-1 variant has an improved antenna that is better suited to operate in a cluttered environment. The SPY-1B also has around twice the average power of the SPY-1A. 1B is currently employed by most Aegis cruisers.
  • SPY-1D The SPY-1D was the first SPY-1 radar developed for Aegis destroyers. This variant is similar to the 1B version, however, one transmitter is used by the 1D to drive all four radar faces, which are all located on a single deckhouse. This upgrade also improves the radar’s performance against low-altitude, reduced radar cross-section targets in heavily cluttered environments and in the presence of electronic countermeasures. The four U.S. destroyers based in Rota, Spain in 2015 as part of the European Phased Adaptive Approach (EPAA) are equipped with SPY-1D radar.
  • SPY-1D(V) Called the “littoral warfare” radar, the SPY-1D(V) improved clutter rejection and moving target detection, enhancing the capability of Aegis radar in cluttered environments.
  • SPY-1F This variant—known as the “frigate array radar system”—is designed for Aegis frigates and is a smaller version of the SPY-1D. While not employed by the U.S. Navy, the SPY-1F is used by Norway on their Fridtjof Nansen-class Aegis frigates.


* SPY-1D(V) for F105 Cristóbal Colón

F110 Frigate – NavantiaOficial YouTube
General data:
Type: Radar Altitude Max: 60960 m
Range Max: 324.1 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 1.1 km Generation: Early 1990s
Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Non-Coperative Target Recognition (NCTR) – Jet Engine Modulation [Class Info], Continous Tracking Capability [Phased Array Radar], Track While Scan (TWS), Moving Target Indicator (MTI), Pulse Doppler Radar (Full LDSD Capability)
Sensors / EW:
AN/SPY-1D MFR – Radar
Role: Radar, FCR, Surface-to-Air, Long-Range
Max Range: 324.1 km


F110 Frigate – NavantiaOficial YouTube

2 x MK 99 radar illuminator

Aft MK-99 Fire Control System (FCS) Spanish Navy Frigate SPS Mendez Numez’s – Contando Estrelas

The MK-99 Fire Control System (FCS) is a major component of the AEGIS Combat System. It controls the loading and arming of the selected weapon, launches the weapon, and provides terminal guidance for AAW missiles. FCS controls the continuous wave illuminating radar, providing a very high probability of kill. The Mk-99 Fire Control System (FCS) also controls the target illumination for the terminal guidance of Ship Launched SM-2 Anti-Air Missiles.

The Mk 99 MFCS controls the loading and arming of the selected weapon, launches the weapon, and provides terminal guidance for AAW (Anti-Air Warfare) missiles. It also controls the target illumination for the terminal guidance of SM-2 Anti-Air missiles. The radar system associated with the Mk 99 MFCS is the missile illuminator AN/SPG-62. Source

General data:
Type: Radar Altitude Max: 30480 m
Range Max: 305.6 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0.4 km Generation: Late 1980s
Properties: Pulse Doppler Radar (Full LDSD Capability), Interrupted Continuous Wave Illumination
Sensors / EW:
AN/SPG-62 [Mk99 FCS] – Radar
Role: Radar Illuminator, Long-Range
Max Range: 305.6 km


BLAS DE LEZO (F-103) – Andreas Randall YouTube

The fifth vessel, Cristobal Colon (F105), is fitted with the SPY-1D(V), which includes an upgrade to improve littoral performance. The air-search radar is the three-dimensional TRS and surface-search radar is the G/H band AN/SPS-67(V)3 from DRS technologies.

Thales Sirius LR-IRST long-range dual-band infrared search and track systems (?)

Thales Naval Nederland Sirius LR-IRST long-range dual-band infrared search and track systems This is a high-powered Infra Red surveillance system. It is very useful for locating sea-skimming missiles. It is designed and build by Thales. Sirius is a dual-band IR detection and tracking sensor with an 8-12 micron and a 3-5 micron IR camera on a pedestal. The former has a window which elevates to 14 degrees and the latter a window which elevates to 3 degrees. Scan rate is 53 rpm and an airplane can be detected at up to 15km, a missile at up to 12km. The system can carry over 500 tracks and provides automatic alerts on the 32 most threatening tracks with a false alarm rate of less than 1/hr. SIRIUS provides data directly to the SEWACO Combat Data System as digital data to the databus and video to the video bus. Each band can be processed separately providing three different outputs – each band individually or a combined output.




The AN/SPS-67 is a two-dimensional pulsed radar set primarily designed for surface search and navigation, and limited air search capability. It can also detect antiship-missiles (ASM) and low-flying aircraft. The AN/SPS-67 is a successor to the AN/SPS-10.

The AN/SPS-67(V)3 antenna consists of an L-band IFF- monopulse array antenna integrated atop a C-band feed horn array antenna using horizontal linear polarisation. Its nominal elevations beam width is 28 degrees.

Below-decks, AN/SPS-67 consists of a transceiver, a video processor, a radar control unit, an antenna controller and an antenna safety switch, all of which are housed in five cabinets. System performance is improved via the addition of a very narrow pulse mode (0.1 µs) for better navigation and improved resolution of small targets at short ranges. Long and medium pulse (1 and 0.25 µs) modes are used in open sea for detection of long- and medium-range targets.

frequency: 5 450 … 5 825 MHz
pulse repetition time (PRT):
pulse repetition frequency (PRF): 750, 1200 or 2400 Hz
pulsewidth (τ): 1 µs, 0.25 µs or 0.1 µs
receive time:
dead time:
peak power: 280 kW
average power:
instrumented range: 56 NM (≙ 104 km)
range resolution:
beamwidth: 1.6°
hits per scan:
antenna rotation: 2 or 4 rpm
MTBCF: > 600 hrs




The Radar Set AN/SPS-73(V)12 is a short-range, two-dimensional, surface search/navigation radar system that provides contact range and bearing information. The AN/SPS-73(V)12 provides for signal processing and automatic target detection capability. The AN/SPS-73(V)12 surface search function provides short-range detection and surveillance of surface units and low-flying air units, while the AN/SPS-73(V)12 navigation function enables quick and accurate determination of own ship position relative to nearby vessels and navigational hazards. The system’s radar processors and displays combine Commercial-Off-The-Shelf (COTS) products and specialized technologies to create navigational awareness. The AN/SPS-73(V)12 is replacing the AN/SPS-64(V) and AN/SPS-55(V) systems in their capacity as navigational radars on the US Navy Ships.

The AN/SPS-73(V) radar has Built-In-Test functionality for improved reliability, capability and maintainability. The AN/SPS-73(V) can track up to 200 targets on a single system or 300 targets on a dual system with speeds up to 210 knots. The AN/SPS-73(V) Radar tracks surface crafts, obstructions, shorelines, buoys and navigational markers in order to assist in navigation, collision avoidance, surface surveillance and limited detection of low flying aircraft. The AN/SPS-73(V) is designed to commercial standards for navigation radars and is in compliance with various electronics interfacing standards (e.g., NMEA 0183). This radar system is a digital system, which outperforms the previous analog AN/SPS-64(V) Radar. The system can be easily integrated with other navigation and information processing systems, such as AIS, Electronic Chart Display Information System-Navy (via IBS) and Navigation Sensor System Interface. The AN/SPS-73(V) system can also be modified to accommodate future interfaces and requirements; the systems’ Interface Design Document describes the data, status, and control inputs and outputs of the radar and facilitates integration into other systems.

General Characteristics
Primary Function: Short-range, two-dimensional, surface-search/navigation radar system that provides contact range and bearing information.
Contractor: Raytheon Portsmouth, Rhode Island (Original Equipment Manufacturer).
Unit Cost: $421,000.
Weight: Above Deck: AS-4472/SPS-73(V) – 18.5 lbs., AS-4473/SPS-73(V) – 21.8 lbs., AB-1399/SPS-73(V) – 63.9 lbs., AB-1399(A)/SPS-73(V) – 68.9 lbs., 7614132. Antenna Safety Switch – 2.0 lbs.

Source IFF MÉNDEZ NÚÑEZ (F-104) – Tom McClean

The hull-mounted sonar is the Raytheon DE1160 LF active and passive sonar. The Sikorsky SH-60 Seahawk helicopter is equipped with AN/SQQ-28 LAMPS III sonobuoys.

Raytheon DE1160 LF active and passive sonar


The DE 1160 is known as the DE 1164 when configured as a Variable-Depth Sonar (YDS). As a YDS, the sonar can descend to 656 ft (200 m) and be towed at speeds up to 20 knots.
The DE 1160 is capable of convergence zone performance when equipped with three additional transmitter cabinets (for a total of eight) and a larger, low-frequency transducer array. This configuration, which is fitted to the Italian aircraft carrier Giuseppi Garibaldi, is known as the DE 1160LF. The DE 1160LF/VDS combines the capabilities of the 1160LF with the VDS ability to adapt to the environment of the DE 1164.

The 1167 is smaller and less expensive. The sonar can be fitted in a hull dome or deployed as a VDS, or as an integrated hull dome and VDS. The VDS transmits at 12 kHz and the 36-stave circular, hull-mounted array transmits at either 12 or 7.5 kHz. Source

General data:
Type: Hull Sonar, Active/Passive Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 14.8 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Early 1980s
Sensors / EW:
DE 1160LF – Hull Sonar, Active/Passive
Role: Hull Sonar, Active/Passive Search & Track
Max Range: 14.8 km


AN/SQQ-28 LAMPS III sonobuoys

The AN/SQQ-28 sonar signal processing system, part of the SQQ-89 (V) USW Combat System, provides shipboard sonobuoy processor support for the Light Airborne Multipurpose System (LAMPS MK III) to detect submarines and provide accurate classification and targeting data. The LAMPS helicopter uses sonobuoys and magnetic anomaly detection devices to detect underwater contacts. Acoustic and electromagnetic data generated by these sensors are relayed from the helicopter to ownship for processing, evaluation, and display by the AN/SQQ-28. The AN/SQQ-28 also provides for the relaying of tactical instructions, weapon delivery information, and transmission of other processed data, including digitized voice communications to the LAMPS helicopter. When the LAMPS helicopter is performing its anti-ship surveillance and targeting mission, the AN/SQQ-28 relays radar and ESM data from the helicopter to ownship’s command and control system. The system incorporates the AN/UYS-1 Advanced Signal Processor (ASP) Input Signal Conditioner (ISC) subunit to provide analog and digital input channels and preconditioning of acoustic signal data received from sonobouys, as well and other functions including tape control and audio. Source

AN/SQQ-89(V) Surface Ship ASW Combat System

SQQ-89 12 Aug 2014

The AN/SQQ-89(V) Surface Ship ASW Combat System provides integrated Undersea Warfare (USW) combat management, fire control, command and control, and onboard training to enable surface combatants to support engagement of USW targets in both open ocean and littoral environments. The AN/SQQ-89(V) provides surface warships with a seamlessly integrated undersea/anti-submarine warfare detection, localization, classification and targeting capability. The system presents an integrated picture of the acoustic tactical situation by receiving, combining and processing active and passive sonar sensor data from a variety of hull-mounted arrays, towed arrays, and sonobuoys. In addition to active and passive detection, the system provides a full range of USW functions: underwater fire control, onboard training capability, a highly-evolved display subsystem and integration with the Light Airborne Multi-Purpose System (LAMPS MK III and Block II Upgrade) helicopter for sonobuoy signal processing. The system has been deployed on Oliver Hazard Perry (FFG 7) class frigates (all currently in foreign naval service), Arleigh Burke (DDG 51) class destroyers, and Ticonderoga (CG 47) class cruisers. When installed on Aegis equipped destroyers and cruisers, the AN/SQQ-89(V) is integrated with the Aegis Combat System. It is the technological foundation for the AN/SQQ-90 system aboard Zumwalt (DDG 1000) class destroyers, the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) Mission Package and is being considered for the future Fast Frigate (FF) ASW suite, as well as the basis of several Foreign Military Sales (FMS) sonar system packages. Source DE LEZO (F-103) – Aitor Beobide Rubio Spotters

CODAG propulsion system

The F100 is equipped with a combined diesel and gas propulsion (CODAG) system with two GE LM 2500 gas turbines providing 34.8MW and two Navantia diesel engines rated 9MW. The shafts drive two controllable pitch propellers.


Displacement standard, t F101-104: 4555

F105: 4605

Displacement full, t F101-104: 6000

F105: 6050

Length, m 133.2 pp 146.7 oa
Breadth, m 18.6
Draught, m 7.20 max 4.75 mean hull
No of shafts 2
Machinery F101-104: CODOG: 2 General Electric LM-2500 gas turbines / 2 Caterpillar CAT3600B12 diesels

F105: CODOG: 2 General Electric LM-2500 gas turbines / 2 Caterpillar CAT3600B16 diesels

Power, h. p. F101-104: 47600 / 12240

F105: 47600 / 16320

Max speed, kts 29
Fuel, t gas turbine / diesel oil
Endurance, nm(kts) 5000(18)
Armament F101-104: 2 x 4 Harpoon SSM (8 RGM-84F), 1 x 48 Standard SM-2MR Block IIIA SAM / ESSM SAM (VLS, 32 RIM-66L / 64 RIM-162), 1 x 1 – 127/54 Mk 45 Mod. 2, 2 x 1 – 20/120 Oerlikon, 4 x 1 – 12.7/90, 4 – 324 Mk 32 Mod. 9 TT, 1 helicopter (SH-60B)

F105: 2 x 4 Harpoon SSM (8 RGM-84F), 1 x 48 Standard SM-2MR Block IIIB SAM / ESSM SAM (VLS, 32 RIM-66L / 64 RIM-162), 1 x 1 – 127/54 Mk 45 Mod. 4, 2 x 1 – 25/75 Mk 38, 4 x 1 – 12.7/90, 4 – 324 Mk 32 Mod. 9 TT, 1 helicopter (SH-60B)

Sensors F101-104: SPY-1D, SPS-73(v)12, SPS-67(v)3, 2x SPG-62, DORNA radars, Sirius e/o director, DE1160 sonar, Elnath Mk 9000, Aldebarán SLQ-380, Regulus Mk 9500 ECM suites, 4x Mk 36 SRBOC decoy RL, SLQ-25 Nixie torpedo decoy, DANCS CCS

F105: SPY-1D(v), 2x Aries, 2x SPG-62, DORNA radars, FLIR e/o detector, Sirius e/o director, DE1160 sonar, Elnath Mk 9000, Aldebarán SLQ-380, Regulus Mk 9500 ECM suites, 4x Mk 36 SRBOC decoy RL, SLQ-25 Nixie torpedo decoy, DANCS CCS

Complement 235


Main material source

Maim image Spanish Navy Álvaro de Bazán class –


Antonov An-188 Military Transport Aircraft

Antonov An-188 multi-purpose military transport aircraft is a modification of An-70 medium-range transport aircraft developed by Ukrainian aircraft manufacturing company Antonov.

The An-188 aircraft development programme was unveiled at the 51st Paris Air Show held in Le Bourget, Paris, France, in June 2015.

Turkish Undersecretary for Defense Industries (SMM) and Ukrainian state-run defence company entered a co-operative agreement to jointly produce the An-188 aircraft, during the Eurasia Airshow held in Turkey in April 2018. A scale model of the aircraft was also displayed at the air show.

The aircraft will be modified in compliance with Nato standards and will be installed with new components and equipment outsourced by foreign companies. It is intended primarily for the Ukrainian Air Force.

The aircraft will be used for transportation of personnel, cargo and all kinds of military equipment.

An-188 military transport aircraft design and features

The An-188 military transport aircraft has a length of 41m, height of 16m and wingspan of 44m. It will have a maximum take-off weight of 140t and maximum cargo carrying capacity of 50t.


The airlifter design uses a high-wing arrangement with four engines. It will be fitted with a strengthened landing gear assembly consisting of a twin-wheeled nose gear and a multi-wheeled main gear underneath the fuselage.

Featuring short take-off and landing (STOL) capability, the jet-powered aircraft will be able to perform take-off and landing on different airfields, including unpaved runways and short runways with a length of 915m.

Cargo hold of the AN-70

The cargo cabin of the aircraft will be 19.1m-long, 4m-wide and 4.1m-high. With a volume of 400m³, the spacious cargo cabin will allow for the carriage of a variety of cargo, including military equipment, Puma / Lynx helicopters, infantry fighting vehicles, construction equipment, pallets, containers, and humanitarian cargo.

by RodgerSaintJohn

The aircraft can accommodate up to 300 soldiers or 206 wounded troops over two decks when deployed in medical evacuation operation. More than 130 fully equipped paratroops can be carried aboard the aircraft in troop transport configuration.

The aircraft can airdrop up to 21t of cargo and carry heavy payloads weighing up to 35t.


Antonov An-70: Details

Cockpit and avionics

Antonov An-70 cockpit – Alexey Reznichenko

The An-188 military transport aircraft will have advanced glass cockpit that seats up to three crew members, including a pilot, a co-pilot and a flight engineer. The cockpit will feature modern head-up displays, and latest navigation and communication equipment.

The aircraft will be outfitted with modern and reliable avionics to support safe operation.

An-188 military transport aircraft propulsion and performance

The An-188 military transport aircraft will be equipped with four modern, cost-effective D-436-148FM turbofan engines, rated at 8,800kgf each.

Manufactured by JSC Motor Sich Public, the engines will deliver high speed and increased flight range with less fuel consumption. The engine is 3.7m-long, 1.78m-wide and 1.93m-high, and has a dry weight of 1,450kg.

D-436-148FM turbofan engines

Designed to power short-haul passenger aircraft with passenger capacity of up to 100 people. Installed on the An-148 and the An-158 regional passenger aircraft. It meets the effective environmental requirements of ICAO standards. In commercial production since 2005.

 Automatic control system
adjustment types:
D-436-148B D-436-148D
Takeoff (S/L static; ISA)
Thrust, kgf 6,570 7,010
Specific fuel consumption, kg/h/kgf 0.351 0.351
Maximum cruise( Н=11,000 m, Мп=0.75 ISA+10°С)
Thrust, kgf 1,560 1,560
Specific fuel consumption, kg/h/kgf 0.6 0.6
Dimensions, mm 4,034 x 1,784 x 1,930
Weight, dry, kg 1,400


The aircraft will also be compatible with AI-28 new-generation engines or CFM International LEAP high-bypass turbofan aircraft engines.

CFM International LEAP high-bypass turbofan engines

The LEAP® engine was developed by Safran Aircraft Engines and GE through their joint company, CFM International, to power the next generation of single-aisle commercial jets. Combining the best technologies from the two partners, LEAP offers operators exceptional performance while retaining the legendary reliability of the CFM56®. These capabilities have already made the engine a best seller, even before it has entered revenue service.

Applications Airbus A319neo, Airbus A320neo, Airbus A321neo
Max. takeoff thrust (lbf) 35,000
Bypass ratio 11
Fan diameter (in) 78
Number of fan/low-pressure/high-pressure compressor stages 1+3+10
Number of high-pressure/low-pressure turbine stages 7+2
Entry into service 2016


The airlifter will have a speed of approximately 800km/h and a cruising altitude of approximately 12,000m. It will be able to travel to distances up to 7,700km based on the engine type. The fuel consumption of the plane is estimated to be 4,600kg per flight hour.


Main material source

MH-47G Chinook Special Operations Helicopter

The Boeing MH-47G is a special operations variant of the CH-47 Chinook multi-role, heavy-lift helicopter. It is in service with the US Army Special Operations Aviation Command (USASOC). The first new-build MH-47G helicopter was delivered to the USASOC in September 2014.

The MH-47G is used in heavy-lift missions such as the transportation of troops, ammunition, vehicles, equipment, fuel and supplies, as well as civil and humanitarian relief missions. The helicopter can conduct long-range missions at low level, in adverse weather conditions during the day / at night.

Boeing received a $26.9m indefinite-delivery / indefinite-quantity contract for the production of Block 2 MH-47G aircraft in July.

Boeing receives contract for MH-47G special operations helicopters: Here


Boeing has received a $27 million contract from the U.S. Special Operations Command for preparatory work on the production of Block 2 MH-47G Chinook special operations helicopters, the Department of Defense announced.

The contract calls for incorporating new and existing stockpiles of government and contractor components to upgrade CH-47 ariframes to the MH-47G variant. The airframes are being modified under the auspices of the Thechnology Applications Program Office.

The 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment (Airborne) of the US Army has the requirement for 61 MH-47Gs. The MH-47G modernisation programme is aimed at delivering a mix of remanufactured and new MH-47Gs to the USASOC.

MH-47G design and features

The MH-47G incorporates a monolithic, machine-framed fuselage integrating long-range fuel tanks, and an extendable refuelling probe to receive fuel mid-air from fixed-wing tankers. The helicopter also possesses advanced cargo-handling capabilities.

The airframe houses a rear ramp for loading / unloading of troops, supplies and vehicles. The port side of the fuselage features a gunner’s window / firing port. The helicopter offers seating for five crew, including two pilots and three crew-chiefs or aerial gunners.

A U.S. Army Special Forces soldier backs a LTATV vehicle up the ramp of a MH-47 Chinook.U.S. Air National Guard photo by Tech. Sgt. Jorge Intriago/Released

The helicopter can be fitted with special operations equipment such as a fast rope insertion extraction system (FRIES), a special patrol insertion and extraction system (SPIES), a rope ladder, an electrically powered rescue hoist and a personnel location system (PLS).

The fuselage of the MH-47G measures 15.9m-long and 4.8m-wide. The overall length of the helicopter with unfolded rotors is 30.18m. It has a maximum gross weight of 24,494kg and can transport a useful load of 11,340kg.

The MH-47G uses 2 T55-GA-714A engines with IES-47 Infrared Exhaust Suppressors fitted to reduce the helicopter’s IR visibility. Enhanced Air Transportability Pylons allow for faster re-build of an air-transported helicopter. ‘Fat tanks’ are fitted in the form of enlarge fuel sponsoons that extend the MH-47G’s range. An extendable refueling probe allows the aircraft to take on fuel mid-air from compatible fixed-wing tankers. The airframe a belly hatch, bubble windows along each side and a rear ramp that can be used to load and off-load troops, supplies and vehicles. A rescue hoist/winch is mounted above the starboard-side forward door. A gunner’s window / firing port is found on the port side fuselage, rear of the flight deck. A door is on the opposite side, which has a rescue hoist mounted over it. Source

US Army begins process to replace manufactured MH-47G Block 1 Chinooks with Block 2 newbuilds

The US Army is moving ahead with plans to begin replacing its current remanufactured MH-47G Block 1 Chinook special mission helicopters with newbuild Block 2 platforms.

A request for information (RFI) issued by the Aviation Integration Division (AMCOM) on 14 March calls for an initial six newbuild MH-47G Block 2 Chinooks with an option for a further eight helicopters to partially replace the army’s 61 MH-47Gs that were made from remanufactured CH-47D and MH-47D/E airframes.

Fielded by the US Army Special Operations Command (USASOC), the current MH-47G fleet comprises the 61 remanufactured Block 1 helicopters (62 were delivered – 35 CH-47Ds, 9 MH-47Ds, and 18 MH-47Es – although one was lost on operations in Afghanistan), as well as 8 newbuild MH-47Gs for a total fleet of 69 Block 1 platforms.

Derived from the baseline CH-47F heavy-lift Chinook, the MH-47G is a specialist special-mission platform that features double-capacity ‘fat’ fuel tanks, an in-flight aerial refuelling probe, a digital advanced flight control system, and classified sensors and electronic warfare kits specified by SOCOM. The USASOC’s MH-47Gs are among the most heavily utilised in the army’s inventory, and it is likely that all 69 Block 1 helicopters will eventually be replaced with Block 2 models.

The Block 2 enhancements, which are being developed for the US Army’s wider CH-47F fleet, include the Advanced Chinook Rotor Blade (ACRB), which features geometry and a new asymmetric aerofoil to increase the aircraft’s lift capacity by about 1,500 lb (680 kg) at 4,000 ft and 35°C in the hover (the army’s 4K/95 performance benchmark). Source

Cockpit and avionics

The helicopter features a fully integrated digital cockpit management system. The cockpit accommodates a pilot and a co-pilot in a side-by-side arrangement. The night vision goggle-compatible glass digital cockpit features five liquid crystal multi-function displays (MFDs) and two control display units (CDUs).

Pilots of a MH-47G Chinook perform pre-flight tests. Note the 5 MFD LCD displays visible as part of the digital glass cockpit. The pilots interact with these MFDs via the switches in their surrounding bezel. Also visible, level with the pilot’s upper arms, are the screens and keyboards for the 2 lower Control Display Units (CDUs). U.S. Air Force photo by Staff Sgt. Elizabeth Rissmiller/Released

The integrated digital common avionics architecture system (CAAS) of the cockpit allows for the integration of global communications and navigation systems, including a forward-looking infrared (FLIR) and a multi-mode radar. The FLIR, along with an electro-optical camera mounted below the chin, enables low-level flights in low-visibility and adverse weather conditions.

The cockpit also houses a digital moving map display, dual digital data buses, an inertial doppler navigational system, an automatic target hand-off system, a GPS receiver and a Rockwell Collins low-frequency automatic direction finder.

The on-board communication systems include a high-frequency (HF) radio, a single-channel ground and airborne radio system, four ultra high-frequency (UHF) / very high-frequency (VHF) radios, a blue force tracking system, an IFF transponder and a digital inter-communication system (DICS).

The cockpit also features digital moving map display, dual MIL-STD-1553 digital databuses, AN/ASN-137 inertial doppler navigational set, CP1516-ASQ automatic target hand-off system, AN/ASN-149(V)2 GPS receiver and Rockwell Collins AN/ARN-149(V) low-frequency automatic direction finder.

Fight to Fly Photography YouTube

Rockwell Collins AN/ARN-149(V) low-frequency automatic direction finder

The system gives your military aircraft around the world the ability to navigate in austere locations where a commercial AM broadcast signal is the only available navigation aid.

Features & Benefits

  • Lightweight – under 11 lbs for complete system
  • Synthesized digital tuning
  • Internal, field-upgradable, MIL-STD1553 compatibility (input and output functions) with retention of analog interface
  • 100 to 2199.5 kHz frequency coverage in 500 Hz steps; positive digital selection
  • Integrated sense-loop antenna, dual antenna available for dual installations
  • Dual identification tone filter enhances Morse tones for positive aural identification even with noisy reception conditions
  • Two preset emergency channels
  • Easy retrofit; uses existing control wiring in most cases
  • Internal QEC, connector-strapped; airframe wiring sets QEC
  • Meets RTCA MOPS
  • DO-160 rated for hard mounting in helicopters and fixed wing aircraft
  • High reliability; predicted MTBF is 4,900 hours


MH-47G Sensors

  • AN/ZSQ-2 EOSS – A foward-looking infrared (FLIR) and electro-opitcal camera mounting in a bubble under the helicopter’s chin enables the pilots to fly low level, at night and in marginal weather
  • AN/APQ-174B Multi-mode Radar ‘Silent Knight’ multi-mode radar
    the MH-47’s radar features terrain-following, terrain-avoidance and weather detection modes

AN/ZSQ-2 electro-optical sensor system

AN/ZSQ-2 V1 Electro-Optical Sensor System (EOSS) – Image – Joe A. Kunzler

The Raytheon AN/ZSQ-2 electro-optical sensor system is part of the company’s Multi-Spectral Targeting System (MTS) family of sensors for target detecting, ranging, and tracking. The sensor system is packaged in a turreted or forward-looking pod combining electro-optical and infrared sensors, as well as full-motion video camera for long-range surveillance and high-altitude target acquisition, tracking, and laser designation.

The sensor pod is capable of integrating multiple-wavelength sensors, near-infrared and color TV cameras, target illuminators, eyesafe laser range finders, image merging capability, spot trackers, and other kinds of avionics, Raytheon officials say. The AN/ZSQ-2 can laser-designate targets for the AGM-114 Hellfire air-to-ground missile, the Paveway laser-guided bomb, and other U.S. and NATO laser-guided munitions. Source

AN/APQ-174B/187 Multi-mode Radar ‘Silent Knight’ multi-mode radar

AN/APQ-174B Multi-mode Radar ‘Silent Knight’ multi-mode radar – Michael Block

The AN/APQ-174/186 Multi-Mode Radar family protects aircrew and aircraft by lowering the probability of detection by enemy forces.

The APQ-174/186 Multi-Mode Radar (MMR) family provides terrain following and terrain avoidance for a wide variety of military aircraft. The MMR allows safe flight down to a 100-ft set clearance at night, in adverse weather, and in high-threat environments. It lowers the probability of detection by enemy forces and increases mission success through terrain masking and minimizing time spent in threat range. It reduces risk to the aircrew and the aircraft by balancing the low-level terrain clearance altitude with flight safety considerations.

The MMR uses proven control algorithms, high-reliability designs, and extensive built-in-test software to provide a high-confidence system with high user acceptability. MMR modes include:

  • Terrain following (TF)
  • Low power/low velocity (LP/LV) TF
  • Terrain avoidance (TA)
  • Ground mapping (GM)
  • Air-to-ground ranging
  • Weather detection (WX)
  • Beacon interrogation (BCN)
  • Cross scan modes (TF/TA, TF/GM, TF/WX, TF/BCN)

The APQ-174B is deployed on the U.S. Army Special Operations MH-60K and MH-47E aircraft. The APQ-186 is a derivative of the APQ-174 currently being developed for the U.S. Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) CV-22. Source

General data:
Type: Radar Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 3.7 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0.2 km Generation: Early 1990s
Properties: Pulse-only Radar
Sensors / EW:
AN/APQ-174 MMR/TFR – Radar
Role: TFR, Terrain Following Radar
Max Range: 3.7 km


MH-47G Communications Gear

  • AN/ARC-220 High Frequency (HF) Radio
  • AN/ARC-201D Single channel ground and airborne radio system (SINCGARS)
  • 4x AN/ARC-231 (UHF, VHF) including 2 with satcom capability
  • AN/ASN-145 AHRS Jam-resistant radios
  • MTX Blue Force Tracker
  • AN/APX-123 IFF Transponder
  • Digital Inercommunication System (DICS)


AN/ARC-220 HF Airborne Communication System


Military users need an easy-to-operate, multifunctional, fully digital signal processing (DSP) high-frequency radio for rotary-wing applications. That’s why Rockwell Collins designed the AN/ARC-220 HF airborne communications system. It provides embedded Automatic Link Establishment (ALE), serial tone data modem, text messaging and GPS position reporting functions.

The ARC-220 was designed specifically for rotary-wing applications, enabling pilots to keep their eyes out of the cockpit. It is fielded on all U.S. Army Black Hawk, Chinook and Apache helicopters and has identical capabilities to the VRC-100, which is fielded by the U.S. Army at Aviation Tactical Operation Centers.

Features & benefits

  • Specifically designed for rotary-wing platforms
  • Automatic Link Establishment (ALE) offers best clear-channel selection
  • Digital signal processing
  • Global range and 200 watts of power ensure continuous tactical communication
  • Embedded data modem
  • Upgradable to meet future requirements



The Harris AN/ARC-201 delivers the reliability of SINCGARS field-proven voice and data communication systems, combined with battle-ready networking capabilities, all in a lightweight form factor.

Reliable Tactical Communications with Secure Anti-Jam Voice and Data

The SINCGARS Airborne Radio’s integration of COMSEC and the Data Rate Adapter (DRA) combines three Line Replaceable Units (LRU) into one—reducing overall aircraft radio weight. This Type 1 airborne solution prevents jamming and interception through noisy channel avoidance and enhanced frequency hopping, and supports future battlefield requirements with improved error correction, Enhanced Data Modes (EDMs), more flexible remote control and Global Positioning System (GPS) compatibility.

Key Benefits

  • Features SINCGARS, the world’s most fielded radio technology
  • Reduced weight for deployment versatility
  • Compatible with legacy SINCGARS data modes
  • Supports future digital battlespace requirements


AN/APX-123 IFF Transponder

Our CXP products incorporate all of the advanced features required in today’s
global military and civil air traffic control environments. The AN/APX-123/A
transponder contains an NSA-certified M4/M5 crypto and meets all U.S. and
NATO Mode 5 requirements. The transponder’s open-system architecture
design and high-density field programmable gate array technology ensures
ongoing versatility and future utility through software upgrade only, without
the risk and cost associated with hardware modifications. The CXP is configured
for replacement of all AN/APX-100, AN/APX-101, AN/APX-108, AN/APX-64,
AN/APX-72 and AN/UPX-28 transponders.

Features and/or benefits
• Flexible interface designed to accommodate retrofit and new installations
• Supports Modes 1, 2, 3/A, C, 4 and Mode 5 Level 1 and 2
• Supports Mode S Level 3 and interface to TCAS II systems per RTCA/DO-181
• Elementary surveillance (ELS) and enhanced surveillance (EHS)-compliant
• ADS-B Out compliant per RTCA/DO-260B
• DoD AIMS 03-1000 certified
• NSA-certified M4/M5 crypto
• MIDS and JTIDS-compatible
• Optional remote control unit for use on non-bused platforms
• MIL-STD-1553 control and status for glass cockpits
• Ethernet and RS-232 for shipboard control
• FAA TSO-C112 and TSO-C166 certification


MH-47G armament and self-protection

A Night Stalkers crew chief fires a M134 minigun from the forward starboard opening. This port can be opened up fully to create a doorway from which troops can fast-rope down to the ground. Note the winch fitted over the doorway. This can be used to lift individual troops up into the aircraft. A rope ladder can also be fitted here. U.S. Army photo by Sgt. Marcus Butler

The helicopter is armed with two M134 7.62mm electrically operated, air-cooled mini guns and two M240 7.62mm belt-fed machine guns mounted on either side of the fuselage at the forward and rear sections.

2 x M134 7.62mm electrically operated, air-cooled mini guns


The M134 Minigun is an externally operated weapon which uses electrical motor drive to operate its action. Typical power requirements for 3,000 rounds per minute (50 rounds/second) rate of fire are 24-28 V DC, 58 Amp (~1.5 KWt); with increase of rate of fire power requirements rise accordingly. The gun operates on Gatling principle, that is it employs a rotary cluster of six barrels, each with its own bolt group. Bolts are moved back and forth behind each barrel as their operating roller passes an internal curved track machined inside the receiver cover. Typically, the topmost barrel in the cluster has its bolt fully open and the bottom barrel in cluster has its bolt fully closed, locked and firing pin released to fire the loaded cartridge. Barrel locking is achieved by the rotary bolt head. Since the gun operates on external power, it is immune to dud / misfired rounds, which are ejected during the normal cycle of operation. Feed is provided either by linkless chute or by the linked ammunition, In the latter case, a powered feeder/delinker module is installed on the gun; it receives necessary power through the gear from the gun motor. To properly operate the gun, it is fitted with electronics control box, which, in the case of manually controlled installation, has an ‘master arm’ switch and fire controls (triggers). Typical feed arrangement uses a large container holding some 1,500 (full weight ~ 125 lbs / 58 kg) to 4,500(full weight ~ 295 lbs / 134 kg) rounds, with maximum capacity reaching well over 10,000 rounds per gun in certain heavy helicopter installations (such as used in CH-53 and CH-47 during Vietnam war). The container is connected to the gun via the flexible chute. If chute is overly long, an additional electrical feed booster is installed on the ammunition container.

Caliber  7.62×51 NATO
Weight 24…30 kg gun with motor and feeder/delinker, less ammunition container and power source
Length 801 mm
Barrel length 559 mm
Feed belt in 1500, 3000 or 4500 round containers
Rate of fire 3000 or 4000 rounds per minute, fixed


2 x M240 7.62mm belt-fed machine guns

M240 mounted on a MH-47G – Michael Block

The FN MAG is a gas operated, belt fed, air cooled automatic weapon. It uses the long piston stroke gas system with the gas regulator, located below the barrel.The bolt is locked using a swinging shoulder that engages the cut in the floor of the receiver. The air-cooled barrel is quick-detachable, with the carrying handle attached to it to help handling of the hot barrel. The receiver is made from steel stampings.

The M240 is fed using the disintegrating steel belts of various lengths. The rate of fire can be selected between “low” (~650 rpm) and”high” (~950 rpm), depending on the tactical situation, and the gun can be fired in full auto only. The charging handle is located on the right side of the receiver.

The simple folding bipod is attached to the gas block, and there’s a mounting points on the bottom of the receiver to fit into the various mountings,including infantry tripods. The open sights are fitted by standard, and some of the latest production MAG versions have Picatinny-style scope mounts on the top of the receiver. Standard guns are fitted with the pistol grip and trigger, and the wooden (early models) or plastic (present manufacture) butt, coaxial guns(like M240C) have the trigger replaced by the electric solenoid, and the pintle-mounted versions, like the M240D, have the spade grips instead of the pistol grip and the butt.

Caliber: 7,62x51mm NATO
Weight: 11 – 13 kg on bipod (depending on version), ~21 kg on tripod
Length: 1260 mm
Barrel length: 545 mm
Feed: belt
Rate of fire: selectable, 650-750 and  950-1000 rounds per minute


The defensive aids aboard the rotorcraft include a common missile warning system (CMWS), an integrated radio frequency countermeasures suite, a laser warning system and XM216 dark flares.

Defensive systems

  • Common Missile Warning System (CMWS)
  • Suite Of Integrated Radio Frequency Countermeasures (SIRFC)
  • AN/AVR-2b Laser Warning System
  • XM216 Dark Flares (invisible to naked eye)

AN/AAR-57 common missile warning system (CMWS)

BAE Systems’ AN/AAR-57 Common Missile Warning System provides advanced missile warning and hostile fire detection for rotary and fixed-wing aircraft. The system uses electro-optic missile sensors (EOMS) paired with an electronic control unit (ECU) to quickly respond to current and evolving threats in any situation. Designed to automatically detect a wide range of missile and hostile fire threats, CMWS gives the pilot and aircrew the confidence to complete the mission.

Superior detection

  • Compatible with existing chaff, flare and RF decoy dispensers, and laser DIRCM systems
  • Over 2,100 systems installed on fixed –wing and rotary-wing aircraft
  • Flown more than 2 million combat theatre flight hours
  • Hostile fire indication capabilities
  • Enables data recording capabilities for post-mission analysis
  • Can be used as a centralized processing system for Integrated Aircraft Survivability Equipment


AN/AVR-2b Laser Warning System



The AN/AVS-2B(V) was derived from the system developed for the Sikorsky RAH-66 Comanche. Goodrich claimes it is 40% smaller, 45% lighter (i.e. approx. 2,5 pounds (1,5 kg) per sensor) and uses 45% less power than the previous AN/AVR-2A(V) version . The system provides increased functionality for threat detection and data interface and has demonstrated a 500% improvement in reliability. The model was introduced into service in 2004. Source

Type: ESM Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 18.5 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Early 1990s
Role: LWR, Laser Warning Receiver
Max Range: 18.5 km
AN/AVS-2B(V)  – Image:


The AN/ALQ-136(V)2 CMS is designed for the Special Electronics Mission Aircraft (SEMA) and the Special Operations Aircraft (SOA) — RC-12, MH-47E, MH-60K, EH-60A. This CMS is programmed to respond to the pulse radar signals of the most critical threat weapon system anticipated to be encountered by SEMA and SOA in a hostile environment. It can operate against multiple threat weapons systems simultaneously. It has programmable modules, covers a broader frequency range than the (V)1 CMS and has built-in preplanned product improvement capabilities. The AN/ALQ-136(V)2 CMS consists of three types of line replaceable units (LRUs). These LRUs include one receiver/transmitter (RT) assembly, one control indicator assembly and four antennas. The RT assembly utilizes state-of-the-art gate array and gallium arsenide lightweight circuit boards. The total system weight is 72 pounds. Source

Engines of MH-47G special operations helicopter

Fight to Fly Photography

The helicopter is powered by two Honeywell T55-GA-714A engines, which develop a maximum power output of 3,529kW each. The engines are equipped with infrared (IR) exhaust suppressors to reduce the IR visibility of the helicopter. The helicopter has the capacity to carry 7,828l of fuel.

T55-GA-714A engines

The T55-714A features a seven-stage axial compressor, a two-stage free power turbine, a two-stage gas producer turbine, centrifugal compressor, and a reverse-flow atomizing combustor. All models can be configured with a Full Authority Digital Electronic Control (FADEC) system.

Upgrade kits are currently available from Honeywell for the T55 Family of engines. These will update the engine with latest technology standards. Compared to older T55 engines, the T55-714A upgrade provides a 22% power increase, a 7% improvement in fuel efficiency and a significant enhancement of reliability and maintainability. Altogether, the upgrade results in a 25% reduction in operation and support costs. Also, the time between engine overhauls will increase to 3,000 hours. The goal is to go to on-condition maintenance in the future.

Honeywell‘s next generation T55-L-71X engines will offer the flexibility of even more power with improved SFC.

Manufacturer: Honeywell International, Inc.
(originally produced by Lycoming Engines – Textron)
Power: Continous: 4,168 shp; Max: 4,867 shp
Overall Pressure Ratio at Maximum Power: 9.32
Compressor: Axial flow/centrifugal
Compressor Stages: 7-stage axial/1-stage centrifugal
Turbine: 2 HP + 2 PT
Engine Control: FADEC
Length: 47.1 in (1.2 m)
Diameter: 24.3 in (61.6 cm)
Dry Weight: 830 lbs (376 kg)
Platforms: CH-47 Chinook; MH-47 Special Forces Chinook
Price/Unit Cost: $1.06 million (in 2016)
Introduced: 1950s (first T55 model)
First Run: 1950s (first T55 model)
First Flight: September 21, 1961


The power plant provides a maximum speed of 315km/h and long-range fuel tanks ensure a maximum mission radius of 630km.

MH-47G Specifications

Crew Pilot, Co-pilot + 3 crew chiefs/gunners
Engines 2xTextron Lycoming T55-4-714 Turboshaft engines
Dimensions L – 15.87m
W (rotor diameter) – 18.82m
H – 5.59m
Weights 12,210 kg (empty)
24,494 kg (max loadout)
Max Speed 259 kph
Range 1382 km
Armament 4 gun stations (port/starboard front and rear) :
2x m134 7.62mm miniguns (front)
2 xM240D 7.62mm machine gun (rear)


Main material source

MK VI Patrol Boats

The MK VI patrol boats are designed and built by American boat manufacturer, Safe Boats International (SBI) to serve as the next-generation patrol boats for the US Navy. The 85ft patrol boats will replace the ageing patrol boat fleet of Naval Expeditionary Combat Command (NECC) and will support the Coastal Riverine Force (CRF).

SBI was awarded an initial $36.5m contract for six MK VI Patrol Boats in May 2012. The US Navy signed a $34.5m firm-fixed-price agreement with SBI for four additional MK VI patrol boats in July 2014. The agreement includes options for two more boats, bringing the total value of the contract to $52.2m. The US Navy plans to acquire a total of 48 Mark VI Patrol Boats.

180424-N-NT795-842 SAN DIEGO (April 24, 2018) Sailors assigned to Coastal Riverine Squadron (CRS) 3 are underway aboard MKVI patrol boat during unit level training conducted by Coastal Riverine Group (CRG) 1 Training and Evaluation Unit. CRG provides a core capability to defend designated high value assets throughout the green and blue-water environment and providing deployable Adaptive Force Packages (AFP) worldwide in an integrated, joint and combined theater of operations. (U.S. Navy photo by Chief Boatswain’s Mate Nelson Doromal Jr/Released)

The U.S. Navy quietly updated its fleet last month, adding its first new patrol boat since the mid-1980s. The Mark VI Patrol Boat is an 85-foot vessel that seats 10 crewmen and eight passengers, reaching a sprint speed of more than 35 knots.

Built by Safe Boats International, a military supplier with the motto, “God, Country and Fast Boats,” the Mark VI is designed to patrol shallow littoral areas, support search-and-seizure operations, and function as a high value shipping escort, among other duties. The Navy expects to deploy its first 10 MK VI boats next year and expand the fleet starting in 2018. Source

SBI received a contract modification in July 2015 to supply two additional boats to the US Navy, bringing the total number of orders to 12.

Navy orders two Mark VI patrol boats with on-board networking and flat-screen displays: Here


U.S. Navy surface warfare experts are ordering two 85-foot patrol boats that have surveillance and battle-management networking, as well as flat-screen monitors mounted throughout the vessels.

Officials of the Naval Sea Systems Command in Washington announced a $17.8 million contract modification Friday to Safe Boats International LLC in Bremerton, Wash., to provide two Mark VI patrol boats.

The boats are being built at SBI’s large craft production facility (LCPF) situated in the Port of Tacoma, Washington. SBI hired 100 new employees in addition to the existing 275 workers to build the boats.

The first of 12 MK VI patrol boats was delivered to the US Navy in August 2014. The boat successfully completed sea trials and was handed over to NECC for operational deployment in 2015. The remaining 11 boats are expected to be built by March 2018.

Coastal Riverine Group 2 (CRG 2) of the US Navy received two MK VI patrol boats in September 2015.

US Navy Patrol Boat Mark VI Debuts in Arabian Gulf: Here


The US Navy’s latest patrol boat, the Mark VI, has made its operational debut in the Arabian Gulf this month.

The patrol boat was designed and built by American boat manufacturer Safe Boats International to serve as the next-generation patrol boats for the US Navy. Mark VI arrived at the 5th Fleet base of operations in Bahrain in March, according to the ship’s program manager, US Navy Lt. David Weinreb.

The fleet of 85-foot patrol boats is cued to replace the aging patrol boat fleet of Naval Expeditionary Combat Command (NECC) and will support the Coastal Riverine Force (CRF).

Currently there are four Mark VI patrol boats in the US Navy, Weinreb said, with two assigned to the 5th Fleet with a third due to be delivered.

One more Mark VI is planned to be sent out to the 5th Fleet, he said, adding that three of the four existing boats are allocated for the Gulf.

Sailors assigned to Coastal Riverine Group (CRG) 1 Det Guam oversee the lifting of a MK VI patrol boat in order to perform yearly scheduled maintenance at the Port Authority in Guam on Jan. 11, 2017. CRG 1 Det Guam is assigned to Commander, Task Force 75, which is the primary expeditionary task force responsible for the planning and execution of coastal riverine operations, explosive ordnance disposal, diving engineering and construction, and underwater construction in the U.S. 7th fleet area of operations. (U.S. Navy Combat Camera Photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Daniel Rolston)

MK VI patrol boat missions

The MK VI patrol boat is the first mission-specific patrol boat designed for the US Navy since the mid-1980s. It will replace the smaller 68ft Mark V and 34ft Sea Ark to defend the green-water navy. The CRF will deploy the patrol boats for critical infrastructure protection (CIP) in and around foreign ports across the world.

U.S. Defense System

The boats can operate in brown, green or blue waters, and will be deployed to patrol shallow littoral regions beyond the harbours and bays. They can conduct missions in the open ocean for protecting defence forces.

The versatile patrol vessels can support search-and-seizure operations, maritime intercept operations, theatre security cooperation operations and other clandestine security force activities. They can function as escorts for high value assets and also take part in mine hunting and fast attack combats.

The boat is ideal for coordinated efforts with Naval Special Warfare and Naval Special Operations operators such as Navy SEALs and Explosive Ordinance Disposal (EOD).

Unmanned systems

The U.S. Navy’s MK VI Patrol Boat is designed to carry a variety of unmanned systems.  At Sea Air Space 15, the boat displayed a PUMA UAV. It will also be configured to carry two MK 18 Mod 2 Kingfish mine hunting UUVs.  Source

MK 18 Mod 2 Swordfish UUV

Based on Hydroid REMUS 600 (Lightweight)
Dimensions: 12‐3/4” diameter, 11‐1/2’ long / Weight: 600 lbs in air
Operating Depth: 5m‐300m (Search to 3 m)

MKVI-RemuMK 18 Mod 2 Swordfish UUV

Dynamic Focus Side Look Sonar (SLS)
Neil Brown Conductivity & Temperature Sensor (CT)
WET Labs Beam Attenuation Meter (BAM) Optical Sensor
Imagenex 852 Pencil Beam Sonar (Obstacle Avoidance)
WET Labs ECO FLNTU (Fluorometer & Turbidity measurement)

Long baseline (LBL) Acoustic (via Ranger)
Freewave Radio Modem (via Gateway Buoy)

Up/Down looking Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP)
Doppler Velocity Log (DVL)
Kearfott Inertial Navigation Unit (INS)
P‐code GPS

  • Body Type: Torpedo
  • Size (LxWxH): 3.93m x 0.66m x 0.66m
  • Body Size (LxWxH): 3.93m x 0.32m x 0.32m
  • Hull Material: Aluminum
  • Weight: 282.00kg
  • Maximum Depth: 600.00 m
  • Dynamic Buoyancy: No
  • Self-Righting: Yes
  • Obstacle Avoidance: No
  • Endurance (nominal load): Information not available
  • Manufacturer Website: Link


MKVI-Remus2MK 18 Mod 2 Swordfish UUV

RQ-20A Puma AE

Navy Petty Officer 3rd Class Neil Wierboski prepares an unmamned aerial vehicle for launch aboard Mark VI patrol boats during training conducted by the Coastal Riverine Group 1 Training and Evaluation Unit in the Pacific Ocean, May 9, 2018. Wierboski is assigned to Coastal Riverine Squadron 3.

The Aqua Puma All Environment (AE) RQ-20A is a small tactical, hand-launched UAS produced by AeroVironment, Inc. and marinized for use by the United State Marine Corps and Naval Special Warfare. Puma is an acronym for “Pointer Upgraded Mission Ability,” indicating the vehicle’s derivation from the Pointer. The electrically-powered RQ-20A carries stabilized electro-optical and infrared cameras, an 860 nanometer laser illuminator and has a maximum flight time of two hours and ceiling of 10,000 feet. The Puma’s Ground Control Station (GCS) has a communications range of 20 km and is common with the smaller Wasp and Raven RQ-11 UAS.  AeroVironment’s Digital Data Link (DDL) gives the Puma encrypted, beyond-line-of-sight voice, video, data, and text communication capabilities.  The aircraft can use GPS to automatically land within 25 meters of a chosen spot, including on the water. Source


Payloads Gimbaled payload, 360 degree continuous pan, +10 to -90 degrees tilt, stabilized EO, IR camera, and IR Illuminator all in one modular payload
Range 20 km
Endurance 3+ hours with an LE battery
Operating Altitude (Typ.) 500 ft (152 m) AGL
Wing Span 9.2 ft (2.8 m)
Length 4.6 ft (1.4 m)
Weight 14 lbs (6.3 kg)
GCS Common GCS with Raven® and Wasp® AE
Launch Method Hand-launched, rail launch (optional)
Recovery Method Autonomous or manual deep-stall lan


Design and features

by gaston18
by gaston18

MK VI patrol boat is a modification of the 780 Archangel Class patrol boat, which was also built by SBI. The boat is designed to decrease Total Ownership Cost (TOC) and manpower. Its aluminium hull is enhanced for performance, fuel efficiency, easy maintenance and firepower.

The boat is equipped with ballistic protection, with armour plating around the engines and fuel storage. The boats are small enough to fit inside the well deck of LHD, LPD and LSD class amphibious warfare ships. Thus, they can be transported to any location in a short period of time.


The patrol boat is armed with two remotely controlled and stabilised MK-38 Mod2 25mm machine gun systems, small arms mounts and six crew served 50-calibre machine guns. It also has the provision to install other weapons such as mini guns, grenade launchers and smaller calibre machine guns.

2 x MK-38 Mod2 25mm machine gun system

MK-38 Mod2 25mm machine gun system –  US Navy

The MK 38 MOD 0 25mm MGS replaced the MK 16 20mm gun system and was then later upgraded to a MK 38 MOD 1 MGS. A total of 387 MK 38 MOD 1 MGSs were procured and deployed in the U.S. Navy and U.S. Coast Guard (USCG). In 2003, the chief of Naval Operations (CNO) directed the Navy to pursue a simple, stabilized, low cost solution for outfitting near-term deployers to counter small boat threats. The Navy began fielding the Mk 38 MOD 2 in 2005. Due to the success of the MK 38 MOD 2 MGS, the program scope was expanded in July 2012 to add several ship classes and to develop a modification to the system. This modification is known as the MK 38 MOD 3 which is a technical refresh of the MK 38 MOD 2. The first MK 38 MOD 3 is to be fielded in FY17.  Source

U.S. Defense SystemU.S. Defense System

50-calibre machine guns

U.S. Navy Quartermaster Jonathon Williams, assigned to Coastal Riverine Squadron (CRS) 3, fires a .50-caliber machine gun aboard Mark VI patrol boat during a simulated small boat attack exercise as part of unit level training provided by the Coastal Riverine Group (CRG) 1 Training and Evaluation Unit in San Diego May 10, 2018. The CRG provides a core capability to defend designated high value assets throughout the green and blue-water environment and providing deployable Adaptive Force Packages (AFP) worldwide in an integrated, joint and combined theater of operations. (U.S. Navy photo by Chief Boatswain’s Mate Nelson Doromal Jr.)
DESIGNATION 0.50″/72 (12.7 mm) M3M FH Herstal MG
SHIP CLASS USED ON Rotary-wing aircraft
DATE IN SERVICE 2001-2003 (evaluation)
2004 (service)
WEIGHT 79.9 lbs. (35.8 kg)
GUN LENGTH OA 59.8 in (1.520 m)
BARREL LENGTH 36 in (0.914 m)
RIFLING LENGTH 31.5 in (0.800 m)
CHAMBER VOLUME 1.5 in3 (24.6 cm3)
RATE OF FIRE 950 – 1,100 rounds per minute cyclic
200 rounds per minute practical


M240 machine guns

180510-N-NT795-153 SAN DIEGO (May 10, 2018) Electronic Technician 3rd Class Carlos Jacob Gilmore, assigned to Coastal Riverine Squadron (CRS) 3, fires the M240 machine gun aboard MKVI patrol boat during a simulated small boat attack exercise as part of unit level training provided by Coastal Riverine Group (CRG) 1 Training and Evaluation Unit. CRG provides a core capability to defend designated high value assets throughout the green and blue-water environment and providing deployable Adaptive Force Packages (AFP) worldwide in an integrated, joint and combined theater of operations. (U.S. Navy photo by Chief Boatswain’s Mate Nelson Doromal Jr/Released)

The FN MAG is a gas operated, belt fed, air cooled automatic weapon. It uses the long piston stroke gas system with the gas regulator, located below the barrel.The bolt is locked using a swinging shoulder that engages the cut in the floor of the receiver. The air-cooled barrel is quick-detachable, with the carrying handle attached to it to help handling of the hot barrel. The receiver is made from steel stampings.

The M240 is fed using the disintegrating steel belts of various lengths. The rate of fire can be selected between “low” (~650 rpm) and”high” (~950 rpm), depending on the tactical situation, and the gun can be fired in full auto only. The charging handle is located on the right side of the receiver.

Caliber: 7,62x51mm NATO
Weight: 11 – 13 kg on bipod (depending on version), ~21 kg on tripod
Length: 1260 mm
Barrel length: 545 mm
Feed: belt
Rate of fire: selectable, 650-750 and  950-1000 rounds per minute



Water-jet – DefenseWebTV

The propulsion system consists of twin diesel engines and water-jets. The engines can burn both marine grade diesel fuel and JP-5 aviation fuel. The boats can reach a maximum sprint speed of 30kt at full load. The propulsion system enables the boat to sail up to a range of more than 600nmi.

U.S. Navy photo

 2 x MTU 16V 2000 M94 engines


Accommodation aboard the patrol boat

U.S. Defense System

The boat consists of a pilothouse and a main deck cabin. The pilothouse contains state-of-the-art shock mitigating seating for the crew. Work stations are integrated into the seats for easy access to the controls and displays, and to minimise injury and fatigue.

The spacious interior can accommodate ten crewmen and eight passengers. Basic amenities such as berthing accommodations, galley and shower facilities ensure extended missions.


The main cabin can be configured to accommodate unmanned, remotely operated vehicles and additional shock mitigating seating. It can also be converted into a temporary medical triage area during emergencies. Small boats, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and underwater unmanned vehicles (UUVs) can be launched and recovered from the rear deck and stern of the boat.

General Characteristics, MK VI Patrol Boat 

Propulsion: Installed Power: 5,200 HP – 2 x MTU 16V2000 M94 and 2 x Hamilton HM651 Water Jets
Length: LOA: 84.8′
Beam: 20.5′
Displacement: 170,000 lbs (full load displacement)
Draft: less than 5 ft
Speed: Cruise: 25+ Knots; Sprint: 35+ Knots
Range: 600+ Nautical Miles
Crew: 2 Crews, 5 Personnel each, plus 8 Person Visit, Board, Search and Seizure (VBSS) Team (18 Total)
Armament: MK 50 (.50 cal) Gun Weapon System (Qty 4); MK 38 Mod 2 (25 mm) Gun Weapon System (Qty 2); MK 44 Machine Gun System; Multiple Crew Served Weapon & Long Range Acoustic Hailing Device (Qty 6)


Main material source

Project 21980 Class Counter-Sabotage Boats

Designed by JSC Vympel Design Bureau, the Project 21980 class counter-sabotage vessels are intended for the protection of naval bases, ports and aquatic areas of the Russian Federation.

The boats are also used to fight against sabotage and terrorist activities in the sea, as well as render assistance to the Border Service of the Russian Federation in their efforts to safeguard the state borders.

The Russian Navy has commissioned a total of 12 Project 21980 class counter-sabotage vessels as of November.

Boat pr. 21980 Grachonok was developed by the specialists of OJSC KB Vympel (Nizhny Novgorod) and is serially produced at the facilities of OJSC Zelenodolsky Plant named after VNIgorov. A.M. Gorky “under the contract with the Ministry of Defense, signed in 2007. The head boat P-104 (plant number 981, side 889) was laid on February 18, 2008, launched on April 25, 2009 and after successful tests in the waters of the river. The Volga and the Baltic Sea in December of the same year became part of the Baltic Fleet of the Russian Navy.

The following year, on 4 May 2010, the Adrei flag was hoisted on it. Currently, the boat is fighting to protect the water area of ​​the Leningrad naval base, and in the summer of 2011, in an original camouflage color, it was demonstrated at the International Naval Salon.

Second GPC pr.21980 “Grachonok” (factory number 982, airborne 840) was laid on 7.05.2010, launched in July 2011. At the end of October of the same year, an act was signed on the transfer of the boat to the compound of the ships of the protection of the water area Novorossiysk Naval Forces of the Black Sea Fleet. On the eve of the 67th anniversary of the Great Victory, it was planned to solemnly raise the naval flag.

In May of last year, a third anti-sabotage boat was built at the capacities of Zelenodolsk Shipyard, prospect 21980, the active construction of which is currently under active development.  Translated by google source

Vympel Shipyard (Shipyard Vympel)

Project 21980 class orders and deliveries

Construction on the Project 21980 class counter-sabotage vessels began in 2008 and deliveries were commenced in 2009. The vessels are operational with the Russian Navy’s fleets, including the Baltic Fleet, Pacific Fleet, Black Sea Fleet, and Caspian Flotilla.

The Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation selected three Russian shipbuilding companies JSC Zelenodolsk plant, named after A.M. Gorky, Vostochnaya Verf Shipyard and JSC Vympel Shipyard to build the Project 21980 class vessels.

JSC Zelenodolsk plant was contracted to build up to nine boats and completed deliveries of first seven by October 2014. Keels for the eighth and ninth vessels were laid in 2015.

Vostochnaya Verf Shipyard built and delivered three vessels, while Vympel Shipyard agreed to construct four Project 21980 vessels.

The Russian Navy’s Northern Fleet took delivery of the first two vessels from Vympel Shipyard in November.


16 + 8 units


Project 21980

Yard №
Laid Down
Shipyard named after A.M. Gorky, Zelenodolsk – 8+2 units
from 27.12.2013 – P-104 Nakhimovets
from 16.02.2015 – P-191 Kadet
from 16.02.2015 – P-349 Suvorovets
from 16.02.2015 – P-350 Kursant Kirovets
from 2016 – P-351 Yunarmeets Kaspiya
from 2016 – P-355 Yunarmeets Kryma
from 06.2017? – P-424 Kinel
plan 2018
under construction
plan 2018
under construction
Vostochnaya verf, Vladivostok- 4+2 units
from 2016 – P-420 Yunarmeets Primorya
from 2016 – P-417 Yunarmeets Kamchatki
under construction
under construction
Vympel Shipyard, Rybinsk – 4+4 units
from 2016 – P-340 Yunarmeets Zapolyarya
from 24.02.2018 – P-430 Valery Fedyanin
under construction
under construction
under construction
plan 2019
under construction


Shipyard in central Russia floats out first Project 21980 anti-sabotage boat: Here


In accordance with the contract signed with the Russian Navy, the Vympel Shipyard is expected to build four Project 21980 anti-sabotage boats, the press office added.

“A Project 21980 Grachonok anti-sabotage boat has been put afloat today. This is the first out of four anti-sabotage boats the Vympel Shipyard has built under the contract signed with the Russian Defense Ministry,” shipyard spokeswoman Tatyana Gerasimova said.

“The Vympel Shipyard has not built such boats earlier,” she added.

Design and features of the counter-sabotage vessels

The Project 21980 counter-sabotage vessel features a single hull made of steel and its deckhouse is built using aluminium and magnesium alloys.

Vympel Shipyard (Shipyard Vympel)

The overall length and widths of the boat are 31m and 7.4m respectively and the draught is 1.85m. With a displacement of 138t, the vessel can carry up to eight crew members.

Vympel Shipyard (Shipyard Vympel)

The boat carries a remotely operated underwater vehicle to conduct mine-clearing and inspection activities in deep waters. Diving systems are provided aboard the vessel to support search and recovery, and mine clearance operations.

Vympel Shipyard (Shipyard Vympel)Vympel Shipyard (Shipyard Vympel)

Armament fitted to Project 21980 class counter-sabotage vessels

A 14.5mm marine pedestal heavy machine-gun mount fitted at the bow provides defence against lightly armoured surface, marine and air targets. With a rate of fire of 450 shots a minute, the machine gun can engage targets at distances of 2km.

14,5 mm MTPU-14,5

MTPU 14.5mm marine pedestal machine-gun mount

14.5 mm marine pedestal machine-gun mount (14.5 mm MTPU) is intended for fight against lightly armoured surface, coast and air targets. It is mounted on decks of war boats and ensures defeat of surface and coast targets at the distances of up to 2000 m at the height of up to 1500 m.

Cartridges with armour-piercing-incendiary bullet B-32, armour-piercing-tracer bullet BZT and incendiary of instant action MDZ are used for firing at surface, coast and air targets.

Pedestal machine gun mount without gun – Vympel Shipyard (Shipyard Vympel)
Technical Characteristics
Weapon machine-gun KPVT
Machine-gun calibre, mm 14.5
Rate of fire, shot/min, not less 450
Mass of a mount with a machine-gun (without ammunition and SPT&A),kg 350
Overall dimensions (with the height
of foundation from the deck 100 mm), mm:
Angle of elevation guidance, degrees -15 to +60
Angle of traverse guidance, degrees ±180
Direction of a machine-gun feed right
Method of guidance manual
Crew, persons 1


The vessel is armed with Igla man-portable air-defence system (MANPADS) at the stern to defend enemy aircraft, helicopters and remotely operated vehicles.

9K38 Igla (Needle) Man-Portable Air Defense System (MANPADS)

Intended to defeat approaching and receding jet-engine, turboprop, propeller-driven fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters round the clock when they are visually observed against clutter background and in infrared countermeasure environment.
High counter-countermeasure resistance. Round the clock identification friend-or-foe. Main combat employment – shoulder-firing. Launch options include a 203-OPU Dzhigit support launching unit and 9S846 Strelets set of control equipment and launch modules.

Major features of Igla MANPADS:

  • two-colour seeker;
  • automatic entry of lead and elevation angles at launch;
  • target selection when it deploys IR decoys;
  • software-driven target adaptive guidance;
  • detonation of sustainer’s remaining propellant together with warhead activation;
  • disabling launches at friendly targets.

System specifications:

 Target altitude, m  10…3,500
 Target range, m  5,200
 Target speed, m/s:
            head-on engagement  Up to 360
            tail-chase engagement  Up to 320
 Combat equipment weight, kg (in combat position)  16.8
Major missile specifications:
 Missile calibre, mm  72.2
 Missile length, mm  1,655
 Missile launch weight, kg  10.6
 Booster  Solid-propellant
 Sustainer  Solid-propellant, two-thrust
 Warhead  Blast fragmentation
 Aerodynamic configuration  Canard
 Flight control  Aerodynamic surfaces, powder thruster at initial trajectory
 Seeker  Optical, two-colour, homing (passive)
 Control system  Single-channel


The 55mm remote-controlled counter-sabotage grenade launchers, including ten-barrelled DP-65A and two-barrelled DP-64 are installed at the stern to protect the boat against enemy combat vessels. The DP-65A grenade launcher offers a maximum firing range of 500m, while the range of DP-64 is 400m.

DP-65A grenade launcher

Рыбинская Неделя YouTube

DP65 small-sized remotely controlled antidiversion grenade launching system

It is designed for protection of ships against attacks of underwater combat swimmers at external roadstead open anchor stops and bases, for protection against attacks of underwater combat swimmers at water-development works, sea platforms and other important sea and coastal installations.

It is mounted both on the ships (sea installations) and on the coastal installations.

The system ensures single-shot and salvo fire with rocket grenades RG-55M and RGS-55.

Guidance of the system and fire control is carried out remotely or manually. Rocket grenades launching in manual control mode is carried out by the autonomous power source.

The control panel and the power source provide the possibility of simultaneous connection of one to four grenade launchers.
The system is equipped with blocking device ensuring security of loading and unloading of the grenade launcher, blocking of firing circuits in the zones forbidden for firing.

Detection of a target is performed with the sonar dipping station. When using the system with the sonar “ANAPA-ME” automatic detection of the target, guidance of the system by the sonar to the target and its tracking up to defeat is ensured.

Technical Characteristics
Calibre, mm 55
Quantity of barrels 10
Angle of elevation guidance, degrees -33 to +48
Angle of traverse guidance, degrees -165 to +165
Speed of elevation guidance, degrees/s 10
Speed of traverse guidance, degrees/s 15
Range of fire, m minimum 50
maximum 500
Mass of the grenade launcher (without grenades), kg 132
Overall dimensions of the grenade launcher, mm 970×780×1820


DP-64 grenade-launcher


DP-64 grenade launcher is designated for protection of submarines in the above-water position, ships at external roadsteads, against attacks of underwater combat swimmers.

The grenade launcher allows carrying out loading and fire conducting by one person at a range of up to 400 m.

Firing the grenade launcher is conducted with FG-45 fragmentation grenade to destroy a swimmer and with SG-45 signal to mark the swimmer’s location.

DP-64 grenade launcher allows conducting fire ordinary small arms from any place of the ship deck, from the deck house of a submarine in the above-water position and from a helicopter. Source

Navigation and communications equipment

The Project 21980 class counter-sabotage vessels are provided with advanced navigation and communications equipment to perform efficient detection and tracking of underwater objects.

The systems include MR-231 Anapa navigation radar, MTC-201 M3 electro-optical observation system, underwater detecting objects, sonar, searchlight, hydro acoustic system, loudhailer, siren, and search equipment.

MR-231 Anapa navigation radar

MR-231 Anapa navigation radar on top of bridge aft of MTK-201ME Multipurpose TV shipborne system – Рыбинская Неделя YouTube

MTK-201ME Multipurpose TV shipborne system

The MTK-201ME multipurpose TV shipborne system is designed to surveillance air and surface situation in the ships and boats for all types of defense of self-defense zones, ship`s navigational safety and weapons control.


  • automated and manual search of air, surface and coastal targets, including pinpoint, autonomous or according to targeting;
  • visual detection, recognition and identification by operator of air, surface and coastal targets at round-the-clock;
  • automatic, automated and manual tracking of targets, including high-speed;
  • measuring of targets distance and angle coordinates, the computation of motion parameters;
  • visual (thermal imaging and television), the coordinate and calculated data transmission in ship’s information systems and radar fire-control systems;
  • shipboard helicopters position and trajectory control during takeoff and landing, as well as monitoring of premises within the ship.

The system provides the fire-control of one or two artillery units simultaneously visually observed targets.


  • multi-sensor gyrostabilised turret;
  • digital progressive scanning TV black and white, and color cameras;
  • thermal imager 8-12 m;
  • lasers range-finders, 1.06 m and 1.54 m;
  • electronic units including auto tracker, video processor, and control units.


Anapa-ME underwater anti-saboteur detection sonar system

The Anapa-ME underwater anti-saboteur detection sonar system is designed for surveillance underwater situation to provides anti-sabotage actions protection of ships stopped in the open roadsteads or basing points, and to safeguard important military and industrial installations, hydrotechnical facilities in ports, open sea and other water areas.


The Anapa-ME sonar main missions are as follows:

  • search and detection of underwater saboteur with flippers or underwater delivery scooters;
  • identification and tracking underwater targets;
  • automatic measurement of target coordinates and their feeding into anti-saboteur weapons launchers.


Project 21980 class propulsion and performance

Рыбинская Неделя YouTube

Power for the Project 21980 class vessel comes from two diesel engines, two fixed-pitch propellers and two diesel generators.

The maximum speed of the boat is 23kt and the cruising range is 200mi. It can also stay afloat for up to five days.

2 x 2400 hp MTU diesels (?)


2 x Deutz Mwm Tbd620V12 Diesel Engine (Ships №01221-01226)

application Running work Intermission work
Working ship High speed ship Yacht,high speed duty ship
condition air/turbocharge cooled/atmospheric pressure/relative humidity:45°C/32°C/0.1MPa/60%
Power symbol MCFN MFN
(A) (B) (C) (D)
speed 1500 1650 1800 1500 1650 1800 1860 1860
TBD620V8 829 870 920 915 960 1016 1120 1168
TBD620V12 1240 1304 1380 1370 1440 1524 1680 1752
TBD620V16 1658 1740 1840 1830 1920 2032 2240 2336
BORE/STROKE 170/195mm
ARRANGE 90° v-90°
IGNITION SPEED 150r/min(5°c)
RATED SPEED 1500r/min
DIRECTION counter clockwise rotation(from the end of flywheel)
TYPE 4-stroke,direct-injection
INTAKE turbo/turbo-intercooler
DIMENSION mm V8:2340*1450*2000
WEIGHT(KG) V8:3600


General characteristics 

Displacement (tons):
Standard: 138
Full load:
Dimensions (m):
Length: 31,04
Beam: 7,4
Draft: 1,85
Speed (knots): 23
Autonomy (days): 5
Propulsion: 2×2400 hp MTU diesels (№01221-01226 – 2×2215 hp TBD620V12 diesels), 2 fixed pitch propellers, 2×100 kW DGA-100-V-A1-MPS diesel-generators
Armament: 4×1 SAM system 9K38 «Igla» launchers (9M39 missiles)
1×1 14,5 mm MTPU-14,5
1×10 55 mm DP-65A grenade launcher (RG-55M, GRS-55 grenades)
1×2 45 mm DP-64 grenade launcher (FG-45, SG-45 grenades)
1 diving complex (1 diving chamber), 1 Falcon Underwater Remotely Operated Vehicle
Electronics: MR-231 navigation radar, MTK-201M3 electronic-optical television system, «Filin» (P-104) optical system, «Kalmar» sonar complex, MG-757 «Anapa-M» anti-saboteur sonar
Complement: 8


Main material source

Updated Jun 15, 2018

An-124 Ruslan (Condor) Large Cargo Aircraft

The An-124 Ruslan (Nato reporting name Condor), designed by the Antonov ASTC, based in Kiev, Ukraine, is a very large cargo transport aircraft. It is manufactured by Aviant State Aviation Plant, Kiev, and Aviastar, Ulyanovsk, Russia.

The Ruslan is designed for long-range delivery and air dropping of heavy and large size cargo, including machines, equipment and troops. The development of the first AN-124 airframe commenced in 1979. The An-124 completed its maiden flight in December 1982 and entered service in January 1986. The aircraft was first showcased at the Paris Air Show in 1985. It was accredited with civil certification in 1992. Around 60 aircraft have were built. The Russian Army operates 25 An-124 aircraft.

An-124 Ruslan transport capabilities

Volga-Dnepr Airlines An-124-100 – T24 YouTube

The unique transport capabilities and the high performance of the aircraft have been proven in operation.

20 An-124-100 of Antonov Airlines, Volga-Dnepr, Poliot and other airlines transport different cargoes all over the world; for example: 90t hydraulic turbines, large Liebherr autocranes, American Euclid dump trucks, the fuselage of Tu-204 passenger transporter, a 109t railway locomotive, and a sea yacht more than 25m long.

Volga-Dnepr Airlines An-124-100 – T24 YouTube

Volga-Dnepr Airlines of Russia has ten plus five An-124 aircraft on order. Polet Airlines of Russia operate eight An-124 aircraft.

Aviant State Aviation Plant in Kiev completed an An-124-100 from parts in stock which was sold to the United Arab Emirates in 2004.

Volga-Dnepr Airlines An-124-100 – T24 YouTube

Seven An-124-100 aircraft were operated by Antonov Airlines, based at London Stansted Airport, in partnership with Air Foyle HeavyLift. Antonov Airlines did not renew the contract for this partnership in June 2006 and instead signed an agreement with Volga-Dnepr Airlines and Aviastar for the modernisation and construction of the An-124.

Volga-Dnepr Airlines – Gdańsk112 – Jacas YouTube

In September 2004, the governments of Russia and the Ukraine announced that series production of the An-124 would be restarted. Up to 80 An-124-100M upgraded aircraft are to be jointly manufactured by Aviastar and Aviant between 2007 and 2020.

Volga-Dnepr Airlines An-124-100 – T24 YouTube

Volga-Dnepr Airlines placed an order for five An-124-100Ms in August 2005. Supplemental type certification was received for the aircraft in June 2007, allowing operations with 402t maximum take-off weight and 150t maximum payload. The An-124-100M’s flight range was increased to 4,000km and the crew reduced to three.

A preliminary agreement was signed between Russia and Ukraine in April 2008 to resume the An-124 aircraft production.

Antonov was contracted by Volga-Dnepr Airlines in August 2011 to overhaul the fleet of An-124-100 Ruslan into An-124-111VD standard. The modernised aircraft will have a maximum take-off weight of 402t, a cargo lift capacity of 150t, a flight range of 5,000km with a 120t payload and a minimum crew of three. It will be powered by advance 3M series D-18T engines compatible with the FADEC system.

An-124-100 Antonov Design Bureau (Aviant, Antonov Airlines) – Vaibhav Shah YouTube

Volga-Dnepr details new modernised An-124 variant An-124-111VD

Russian outsize freight specialist Volga-Dnepr has reached another development agreement to modernise the Antonov An-124, this time into a version designated the An-124-111VD.

It will have a maximum take-off weight of 402 tonnes and a payload capability of 150 tonnes, with a range of 5,000km with a 120-tonne load.

The upgrade will include powerplant modification to the Ivchenko-Progress D-18T 3M series engine, with full authority digital engine control.

Antonov, which disclosed the agreement during the MAKS Moscow air show, said the engine would have a life of 50,000h and 11,111 cycles.

“This will significantly improve the fuel efficiency of the aircraft, to increase its reliability, as well as reduce noise and maintenance costs,” it added.

The heavy transport would have a crew of three and its cockpit would be modernised with digital avionics.

Upgrade of the type has been a long-running effort. Antonov Airlines operates a modernised variant known as the An-124-100M-150, which needs a four-person crew.

Volga-Dnepr, which has 10 An-124s, said the lifetime of the new type would eventually be lengthened to 60,000h and 12,000 cycles, potentially taking service life to 50 years.

The aircraft would be able to comply with requirements for ICAO Category IIIa landing performance, it added.

Volga-Dnepr said the modernisation of the carrier’s first aircraft would lay a platform for production launch of a new-build version known as the An-124-300.

Antonov chief Dmitry Kiva said the agreement set out design specifications for Volga-Dnepr’s aircraft and added: “The An-124 is undergoing yet another landmark moment in its history. The demand for these unique aircraft has exceeded supply.”

Volga-Dnepr Group president Alexey Isaikin added that the modernisation, ready by 2013, would be an “important practical step” towards resumption of An-124 production. He said the company was committed to the type and was prepared to order 40. Source

Russia unveils its new giant cargo aircraft

‘Slon’ – ‘elephant’ concept

Details provided of new heavy transport aircraft to replace AN-124

Moscow’s Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute (TsAGI) – the centre of Russian research on aerodynamics, and a key institution in the development Russian aircraft since its foundation by Nikolay Zhukovsky in December 1918 – says that Russia has completed preliminary design work on a new giant cargo aircraft to replace the Soviet era AN-124.

The AN-124 with its ability to ferry 150 tonnes of cargo over 3,200 kilometres is the largest and most powerful cargo aircraft in current service.  However it was designed in the 1970s and is now showing its age.

Also the AN-124 is the offspring of the Antonov Design Bureau based in Kiev in what is now independent Ukraine, and its Progress D-18T turbofan engines are built by the Motor-Sich factory in Zaporozhye in Ukraine.

As the AN-124 becomes increasingly old its maintenance needs are increasing, and the conflict with Ukraine means Russia can no longer easily source engines or spare parts for it.

The need for a new big cargo aircraft to replace the AN-124 for both civil and military uses is therefore becoming pressing, and it has been known for some time that the Russians have been working on such an aircraft.

TsAGI has not disclosed the identity of the design bureau that is responsible for this aircraft, but it is almost certainly the Ilyushin bureau which is becoming the main design centre for Russian large transport aircraft projects.

The new cargo aircraft (pictured) looks similar to the AN-124 but is actually bigger and has a longer range.

Allegedly it will be able to ferry 150 tonnes of cargo over 7,000 kilometres (twice the distance of the AN-124 with the same load) whilst the maximum load will increase from the 150 tonnes of the AN-124 to 180 tonnes for the new aircraft, which the new aircraft will however be able to ferry over a distance of 4,900 kilometres.

This is a significant upgrade in performance over the AN-124.

This is consistent with the demands of Russia’s leading air freight specialist Volga-Dnepr – the main civilian operator in Russia of the AN-124 – which says that any new aircraft replacing the AN-124 should be at least 30-40% more efficient than the AN-124.  Advances in technology since the An-124 was designed in the 1970s make that possible.

The new cargo aircraft will achieve its greater efficiency by using in its structure the stronger and lighter materials which have become available since the AN-124 was designed in the 1970s, and by using a newer and significantly more powerful and efficient engine than the D-18T used by the AN-124.

The new engine will almost certainly be the new Kuznetsov PD30 geared turbofan which is reported to have a rating of around 35 tonnes of thrust (roughly a third more than the D18T).

The Kuznetsov PD30 is known to be in advanced development for use on the new Russian-Chinese wide-bodied aircraft, which will carry two.  The illustration of the new Russian cargo aircraft released by TsAGI shows it will have four.

Combined with a lighter and stronger structure because of the use of new materials, four Kuznetsov PD30 engines – more powerful and more efficient than the AN-124’s D18T engines – will ensure that the new aircraft is able to meet the performance targets.

The Russians have spoken in the past of a programme entitled “Prospective Airborne Complex of Transport Aviation” or PAK-TA, which is intended to provide the air transport division of the Russian Aerospace Forces with a family of new large cargo aircraft.

It seems that at least two aircraft are being developed, and that these will share components and sub-systems with each other, making their design and construction simpler, and simplifying the logistic and maintenance burden.

The smaller of these aircraft will apparently take the form of a revived version of the IL-106 project of the 1980s, and will be able to carry payloads of 80-100 tonnes using four of the new PD-18R geared turbofan engines, which have 20 tonnes of thrust each.

The second is the larger aircraft details of which TsAGI has just revealed, which is designed to carry payloads of 150-180 tonnes using four of the new PD-30 geared turbofan engines, with 35 tonnes of thrust each.

Both of these aircraft appear to be conservative designs posing few technical challenges for an industry which has extensive experience of designing and building large transport aircraft.

Given the availability of the new engines to power the new, they should not be especially expensive or complex to design or build.

The factory tasked with building them will probably be the Aviastar factory complex in the Volga city of Ulyanovsk.

Production will probably begin in earnest in the early 2020s, as sufficient numbers of the new PD18R and PD30 engines become available, with service entry apparently intended for 2023.

The Russians have now provided us with a glimpse of what the larger aircraft will look like.  Apparently the Russians have already given it a nickname: “Slon” meaning elephant. Source

Kuznetsov PD30 engine

“The PD-30 engine will have the bypass design with the gearbox and split exhaust in the ducts”, said Dmitry Fedorchenko. “The modification of the core engine should be aimed at ensuring the stated parameters, including a considerable increase in the gas-dynamic characteristics of the blade units. In the course of the modification, the low-pressure turbine and compressor, gearbox, single-stage fan and control, monitoring and diagnostic system are designed anew. The gearbox will ensure the optimal revolutions of the fan and low-pressure turbine and also transfer the power to the fan by means of the shaft of the low-pressure turbine inside the medium-pressure turbine”.

According to the design data released during the Engines 2012 salon in April, the PD-30 will have a takeoff thrust of 29,500 kgf along with a bypass ratio of 8.7, an airflow rate of 1,138 kg/s and an inlet air temperature of 1,570K. The specific fuel burn will equal 0.535 kg/kgf*h in cruising mode (H=11 km, M=0.76). According to the requirements specification, the PD-14 fan diameter measures 2,950 mm, and the weight of the engine without its reverser accounts for 5,140 kg. The design and technological solutions implemented in the PD-30 include the use of blisk technologies in the high- and medium-pressure compressors, monocrystal cast blades of the high- and medium-pressure turbines, hollow fan and low-pressure turbine blades, etc.

The development of the PD-30 is planned to build on the expertise resultant from the development of another advanced Russian engine, the PD-14. To manufacture the engine demonstrator and then run the production of the PD-30, proposals have been made to subcontract other Russian companies, e.g. UMPO, Salut, NPO Saturn, Aviadvigatel, etc. Source

Libyan Arab Air Cargo –


An-124 Ruslan
Strategic heavy airlift transport aircraft
Commercial transport aircraft
Commercial transport version fitted with Western avionics


An-124-100M-150 Antonov Design Bureau (Aviant, Antonov Airlines) – 235FireFly YouTube

The An-124-100M-150 version

– includes the main components of the ?N-124-100 program development:
– payload increased from 120 tons to 150 tons;
– take-off weight increased from 392 tons to 402 tons;
– flight range increased, including for cargo of 120 tons from 4650 km to 5400 km;
– aircraft assigned service life is increased to 24,000 flight hours; works on its extension up to
50 000 flight hours/10 000 flights/45 years service life are being performed;
– the new PO-500 schedule of maintenance has been introduced (maintenance every 500 flight hours);
– onboard crane equipment providing loading-unloading operations of a single piece of cargo up to 40 tons weight;
– fuselage structure had been strengthened to enable airlift of a single piece of cargo up to 150 tons weight;
– Navigation System and radar have been updated;
– digital anti-skid braking system allowing to reduce landing distance up to 30% have been installed;
– crew reduced from 6 to 4 members, and the comfort level of the crew rest cabin has been improved;
– military oxygen equipment has been exchanged for the civil one;
– reinforced wheels and tires have been installed;
– new devices for engine control have been installed;
– modernized systems of reverse control and engine vibration state monitoring have been developed;
– the SRPPZ-2000 ground proximity warning system installed;
– A826 inertial navigation system upgraded;
– Enhanced observation (EHS) has been applied;
– Mail Minimum Equipment List has been developed and is now being implemented

On June 19, 2007, the An-124-100M-150 obtained an Annex to the Type Certificate issued by Aviation Register of the Interstate Aviation Committee (AR IAC) and an updated Type Certificate was obtained for the An-124-100 aircraft issued by State Aviation Authority of Ukraine. Source

An-124-100M-150 cockpit – VeaceslavAn-124-100M-150 cockpit –
Commercial transport version with an EFIS flight deck
Planned new variant with EFIS based on Rockwell Collins avionic parts
Proposed version
Variant with one seat in the rear and the rest of the cargo area (approx. 1,800 square feet) dedicated to freight
New variant with increased payload (150 tonnes)
Proposed version with General Electric CF6-80C2 engines, each rated at 59,200 lbf (263 kN)
Joint proposal with Air Foyle to meet UK’s Short Term Strategic Airlifter (STSA) requirement, with Rolls-Royce RB211-524H-T engines, each rated 60,600 lbf (264 kN) and Honeywell avionics—STSA competition abandoned in August 1999, reinstated, and won by the Boeing C-17A.
variant ordered by the Russian Air Force with new avionics, a new improved braking system and a payload of 150 tonnes.


An-124 orders and deliveries

Customer orders for the An-124 include Russian Air Force (25), Libya Arab Air Cargo (two), Antonov Airlines (seven), and Maximum Air Cargo (one).

Maximum Air Cargo – Cargospotter YouTube

Volga-Dnepr Airlines awarded a contract to state-owned joint stock company United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) in 2008 to deliver 40 An-124-100M aircraft.

UAC will start delivering the new AN-124 Ruslan to the Russian Air Force from 2014 under the state arms procurement programme. It will produce 20 AN-124s by 2020 at the rate of three aircraft per annum. The deliveries are scheduled for completion by 2027.

Russian Air Force – Alexander Mishin

Revenues from Production of An-124 Aircraft Will Reach $12,89 Billion

According to some forecasts, the resuming of An-124 aircraft production and manufacturing of 80 jets of the type will generate revenues of $12,89 billion, RIA Novosti-Ukraine reports with reference to the prime-minister of Ukraine, Nikolay Azarov.

Earlier Russia and Ukraine signed a number of agreements following the results of the meeting of inter-governmental commission, in particular, an intergovernmental agreement on implementation of measures of State Support for resuming the serial production of An-124 aircraft.

“Ukraine and Russia are resuming the production of An-124 aircraft with Ukrainian-produced engines. The total production output will be 80 aircraft. The total revenues from selling 80 An-124 jets will be around $12.89 billion”, – Azarov said during the meeting of Ukrainian Cabinet of Ministers held on Wednesday. Source

Polet Airlines – MidlandsAviationHD YouTube

Operators: Here

An-124 very large cargo aircraft design

The design of the AN-124 began in 1971. The aircraft fuselage has a double-deck layout. The cockpit, the relief crew compartment and the troop cabin with 88 seats are on the upper deck.

Rear cargo entry with ladder to rear upper deck –

The lower deck is the cargo hold. The flight deck has crew stations arranged in pairs for six crew: the pilot and co-pilot, two flight engineers, the navigator, and the communications officer. The loadmaster’s station is located in the lobby deck.

Antonov AN-124 Boeing 747-8F C-5 Galaxy Antonov AN-225
Payload 330,000lbs 295,800lbs 270,000lbs 418,834lbs
Length 226ft 3in 250ft 2in 247ft 1in 275ft 7in
Wingspan 240ft 5in 224ft 7in 222ft 9in 290ft 0in
Height 68ft 2in 63ft 6in 65ft 1in 59ft 5in
Max Take Off Weight 893,000lbs 987,000lbs 840,000lbs 1,410,958lbs


Volga-Dnepr Airlines – Liam Gusman YouTube

Antonov An-225 Mriya Strategic airlifter: Details

The An-124 aircraft is fitted with a relatively thick (12%) swept-back super-critical wing to give high aerodynamic efficiency and, consequently, a long flight range.

The construction includes extruded skin panels on the wing, extruded plates for the centre-section wing panels and monolithic wafer plates for the fuselage panels. The aircraft structural members are made of composites that make up 1,500m² of the surface area.

Multi-leg landing gear and loading equipment ensure self-sufficient operation of the aircraft on prepared concrete runways and on unpaved strips.

The landing gear is self-orienting and incorporates a kneeling mechanism, which allows an adjustable fuselage clearance to assist the loading and unloading of self-propelled equipment.

Cargo systems

Onboard system of cargo handling equipment – photos Jonty Wilde

The onboard system of cargo handling equipment makes it possible to load and unload the aircraft without the help of ground facilities. The para-dropping and cargo handling equipment comprises two travelling cranes, two winches, rollgang and tiedown equipment.

Cargo handling equipment Volga-Dnepr Airlines An-124-100 – T24 YouTubeCargo handling equipment Volga-Dnepr Airlines An-124-100 – T24 YouTube

The aircraft is often compared to the US Lockheed Martin C-5 Galaxy. The An-124 has a transportation capability 25% higher than that of the C-5A and 10% higher than the C-5B.

photos Jonty Wilde

The two cargo hatches are a distinctive structural feature. The fuselage nose can be hinged upward to open the front cargo hatch and there is a cargo hatch in the rear fuselage.



All systems are quadruple redundant. The onboard equipment provides the capability to execute airlift and para-drop missions by day and at night, in visual flight rules and instrument flight rules (VFR and IFR) weather conditions. There are 34 computers functioning aboard the aircraft, combined into four main systems: navigation, automatic piloting, remote control and monitoring.

airlinereporter.comPeephole from the cockpit to monitor the cargo hold  Volga-Dnepr–

The integrated flight control and aiming-navigation system comprises an autonomous navigation system, altitude and air-speed indicating system, combat formation flight control equipment, short-range radio navigation and landing system, global positioning system, automatic radio compass, ground surveillance radar, forward-looking weather radar, optical and TV sight, and IFF equipment.

Galley aft of cockpit – airlinereporter.comCrew rest area – airlinereporter.comLadder leading up to front upper deck cockpit area –

The pressurized cabin accommodated a flight crew of six, along with accommodations for a relief crew. The aircraft was flown with a quadruplex fly-by-wire flight control system, and featured a triple-redundant inertial navigation system. It did not have a glazed nose. A pressurized passenger section with 88 seats was included behind the wing. Source

Upper deck crew rest area Volga-Dnepr Airlines An-124-100 – T24 deck crew rest area Volga-Dnepr Airlines An-124-100 – T24 YouTubeUpper deck galley area Volga-Dnepr Airlines An-124-100 – T24 YouTubeUpper deck crew rest area Volga-Dnepr Airlines An-124-100 – T24 YouTubeRear upper deck hatch with ladder in up position Volga-Dnepr –

An-124-210 and An-124-100M

Volga-Dnepr – Gdańsk112 – Jacas YouTube

Antonov, Aviastar and Air Foyle of the UK jointly submitted a proposal to the UK MoD for leasing of new versions, the An-124-210 and An-124-100M. An-124-210 will be equipped with a Rolls-Royce RB211-52H-T engine; An-124-100M with series 3 D-18 engines, produced by Progress Design Bureau in Zaporozhe.

Volga-Dnepr Airlines An-124-100 – T24 YouTube

These engines allow an increase in service range of 10% and reduced take-off distance.

Ivchenko-Progress D-18T 3M series engine

Designed to power heavy transport aircraft. Installed on the An-124 and An-124-100 Ruslan aircraft and the An-225 Mriya extra high load capacity transport aircraft. The engine has the Type Certificate. In conformity with existing ICAO Environmental Standards requirements. In commercial production since 1999.

Volga-Dnepr Airlines An-124-100 – T24 YouTube


 Volga-Dnepr Airlines An-124-100 – T24 YouTube

TA18-200-124 APU

The plane has two separate APU — there will be one “full-time” and the new APU APU TA18-200-124 with a capacity of 60 kW generator.

Basic APU TA18-200 provides an air launch propulsion aircraft engines, power supply AC 115/200 V with power up to 60 kW, as well as to supply air to the air conditioning system and cabin interiors.

Optimizing turbocharger (centrifugal and centripetal turbine compressor), the combustion chamber, gear and mounted units allowed to provide fuel savings of 30% and a significant (2-fold) reduction in engine weight compared with the previously developed counterparts. The use of modular construction allows to effectively diagnose and repair the engine.

APU allows you to run up to the height of the plane’s engines in the 9,000 meters Operating temperature range — ± 60 ° C. Weight (without generator) of 190 kg. Initial assigned resource is 2000/4000 hours / launches. Assigned resource 12/15 thousand hours / launches. Source

APU, the photo shows a nozzle and blades Volga-Dnepr – leorus77.livejournal.comAPU exhaust visible on both sides Volga-Dnepr –

The engines are provided with 76 714 Imp gallons (348 740 litres) of fuel in ten integral wing tanks. This provides a range of 2 795 miles (4 500 km) when fully loaded. However, range varies considerably according to the load carried. For example, when carrying an 88 184 pound (40 000 kg) payload the range is a much greater 7 456 miles (12 000 km). Source

The An-124-210 is a 120ft (36.5m)-long cargo freighter. The floor width and height of aircraft is 21ft (6.4m) and 14.4ft (4.3m) respectively, with 10.5ft (3.2m) below the crane.

Cargo area –

The An-124-100M aircraft has the capacity to travel 4,500km at a height of up to 10,000m carrying a maximum load of 120t. The aircraft is 36m long and 4.4m high. It can operate under 60°C below zero and 45°C above zero.

Front loading ramp An-124-100 Antonov Design Bureau (Aviant, Antonov Airlines) – Vaibhav Shah YouTubeMain landing gear An-124-100 Antonov Design Bureau (Aviant, Antonov Airlines)  – Vaibhav Shah YouTubeAPU exhaust one on each side behind rear landing gear An-124-100 Antonov Design Bureau (Aviant, Antonov Airlines) – Vaibhav Shah YouTube

Both versions will be equipped with digital instrumentation and displays from Honeywell of the USA and Aviapribor of Russia, enabling the crew size to be reduced from six to four. Also fitted are a traffic alert collision avoidance system (TCAS 2000), ground proximity warning system and satellite communications system.

Upper deck exit door Volga-Dnepr – leorus77.livejournal.comEmergency escape shaft Volga-Dnepr –




Main picture Liam Gusman YouTube

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MQ-4C Triton Broad Area Maritime Surveillance (BAMS) UAS

MQ-4C Triton is a new broad area maritime surveillance (BAMS) unmanned aircraft system (UAS) unveiled by Northrop Grumman for the US Navy. The UAS will complement the navy’s Maritime Patrol and Reconnaissance Force family of systems, delivering SIGNET (signals intelligence), C4ISR and maritime strike capabilities.

The MQ-4C Triton programme is managed by the Persistent Maritime Unmanned Aircraft Systems Programme Office (PMA-262).

Details of the BAMS UAS programme

The BAMS UAS was acquired under a US Department of Defence (DoD) Acquisition Category (ACAT) 1D programme and Northrop Grumman was awarded a $1.16bn contract for the MQ-4C BAMS programme in April 2008. The programme saw the completion of preliminary design review in February 2010 and critical design review in February 2011.

The first of the three fuselages of MQ-4C was completed in March 2011 and the ground station testing of multifunction active sensor (MFAS) radar was completed in November 2011.

The flight testing of MFAS on the Gulfstream II testbed aircraft began in February 2012. The first MQ-4C Triton was unveiled in June 2012, while the maiden flight for the UAS was conducted in May 2013.

The MQ-4C completed its ninth trial flight in January 2014 and operational assessment (OA) in February 2016. The US Navy intends to procure 68 MQ-4C Triton UAS to carry out surveillance missions, along with the manned P-8 Poseidon maritime patrol aircraft.

Navy gets first new Triton drone for ocean surveillance: Here


The Navy received its first operational MQ-4C Triton drone when the high altitude, long endurance unmanned aircraft landed at a Navy facility at Point Mugu, contractor Northrop Grumman announced Nov. 10.

The company said it expects to deliver a second Triton later this year.

Early next year, the Tritons will fly to Guam where the Navy is expected to make them officially operational, Thomas Twomey, senior manager of business development at Northrop Grumman, told C4ISRNET in April. The MQ-4C can fly for as long as 24 hours and at an altitude as high as 55,000 feet.

A small skeleton crew will perform launch and recovery tasks and then a larger group will fly the Triton remotely from Naval Air Station Jacksonville, he added.

Germany to buy MQ-4C Triton drone: Here


Germany’s defense ministry has decided to buy high-altitude MQ-4C Triton unmanned surveillance planes built by U.S. weapons maker Northrop Grumman Corp for deliveries after 2025, ministry sources said on Tuesday.

The new drones will replace the Euro Hawk program, which Berlin canceled in May 2013 after it became clear that it could cost up to 600 million euros to get the system approved for use in civil airspace.

MQ-4C Triton design features

MQ-4C Triton

The MQ-4C Triton is based on the RQ-4N, a maritime variant of the RQ-4B Global Hawk. The main aluminium fuselage is of semi-monocoque construction, while the V-tail, engine nacelle and aft fuselage are made of composite materials.

Global Hawk flying environmental mapping missions in Latin America, CaribbeanRQ-4B Global Hawk

New sensor payload capability available for Global Hawk: Here


A Northrop Grumman solution to enable the use of legacy and future sensor systems on its RQ-4 Global Hawk drone has been successfully demonstrated.

The test involved the use of a legacy SYERS-2 intelligence gathering sensor attached to the high-altitude, long-endurance drone through the use of the company’s innovative Universal Payload Adapter, a bracket mounted onto a Global Hawk airframe to support a wide variety of payloads.

With the success of the SYERS-2 flight, Northrop Grumman now plans to fly an Optical Bar Camera sensor and an MS-177 multi-spectral sensor later on the RQ-4 later this year.

File photos of MQ-4C Triton. Courtesy of Northrop Grumman.

The forward fuselage is strengthened for housing sensors and the radomes are provided with lightning protection, and hail and bird-strike resistance.

The UAS has a length of 14.5m, height of 4.7m and a wingspan of 39.9m. It can hold a maximum internal payload of 1,452kg and external payload of 1,089kg.

Mission capabilities of MQ-4C Triton BAMS UAS

MQ-4C Triton –

Key Features
• Provides persistent maritime ISR at a mission radius of 2,000 nm; 24 hours/7 days per week with 80% Effective Time on Station (ETOS)
• Land-based air vehicle and sensor command and control
• Afloat Level II payload sensor data via line-of-sight
• Dual redundant flight controls and surfaces
• 51,000-hour airframe life
• Due regard radar for safe separation
• Anti/de-ice, bird strike, and lightning protection
• Communications bandwidth management
• Commercial off-the-shelf open architecture mission control system
• Net-ready interoperability solution


The MQ-4C is a high-altitude, long-endurance UAS, suitable for conducting continuous sustained operations over an area of interest at long ranges. It relays maritime intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) information directly to the maritime commander.

The UAS can be deployed in a range of missions such as maritime surveillance, battle damage assessment, port surveillance and communication relay. It will also support other units of naval aviation to conduct maritime interdiction, anti-surface warfare (ASuW), battle-space management and targeting missions.

The MQ-4C is capable of providing persistent maritime surveillance and reconnaissance coverage of wide oceanographic and littoral zones at a mission radius of 2,000 nautical miles. The UAS can fly 24 hours a day, seven days a week with 80% effective time on station (ETOS).

Payloads of Northrop’s unmanned system

Fra denne vinkelen synes de fleste sensorene i US Navys Triton: Lengst fram i nesepartiet er EO/IR-sensoren, kuppelen i midten er den MFAS-radaren («multifunction active sensor») og bakerst er ESM («electronic support measures») som identifiserer og lokaliserer marinefartøy. *** Local Caption *** Fra denne vinkelen synes de fleste sensorene i US Navys Triton: Lengst fram i nesepartiet er EO/IR-sensoren, kuppelen i midten er den MFAS-radaren («multifunction active sensor») og bakerst er ESM («electronic support measures») som identifiserer og lokaliserer marinefartøy. Translated – From this angle, most of the sensors appear in US Navys Triton: At the top of the nose section is the EO / IR sensor, the middle of the middle is the multifunction active sensor (MFAS) and the back is ESM (“electronic support measures”) identifies and locates marine vessels. *** Local Caption *** From this angle, most of the sensors appear in US Navys Triton: At the top of the nose is the EO / IR sensor, the middle of the center is the multifunction active sensor (MFAS) radar and the rear is ESM (“Electronic support measures”) that identifies and locates marine vessels.

The payload is composed 360° field of regard (FOR) sensors including multifunction active sensor (MFAS) electronically steered array radar, electro-optical / infrared (EO/IR) sensor, automatic identification system (AIS) receiver and electronic support measures (ESM). The payload also includes communications relay equipment and Link-16.

AN/ZPY-3 Multi-Function Active Sensor (MFAS)

The AN/ZPY-3 MFAS is a 360-degree field-of-regard active electronically scanned array radar designed for maritime surveillance. The X-Band two-dimensional sensor features a combination of electronic scanning and a mechanical rotation, allowing the radar to spotlight a geographic area of interest for longer periods to increase detection capabilities of smaller targets, particularly in sea clutter.

The AN/ZPY-3 MFAS sensor is the first radar system to provide full 360-degree persistent coverage of both open oceans and littoral regions from extremely long ranges.

The AN/ZPY-3 MFAS sensor operates with a rotating sensor that incorporates electronic scanning and provides mode agility to switch between various surveillance methods. These include maritime-surface-search (MSS) mode for tracking maritime targets and inverse-synthetic-aperture radar (ISAR) mode for classifying ships.

Image-while-scan capability is used to interleave very short duration ISAR functions (ISAR snapshot and high- range resolution) during MSS scans. Two synthetic aperture radar (SAR) modes are used for ground searches; spot SAR for images of the ground and stationary targets and strip SAR for images along a fixed line. Source

General data:
Type: Radar Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 370.4 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0.2 km Generation: Late 2010s
Properties: Periscope/Surface Search – Advanced Processing [2000+], Moving Target Indicator (MTI), Pulse-only Radar, Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA)
Sensors / EW:
AN/ZPY-3 MFAS AESA – (MQ-4C) Radar
Role: Radar, Surface Search, Long-Range
Max Range: 370.4 km


The MTS-B multispectral targeting system performs auto-target tracking and produces high-resolution imagery at multiple field-of-views and full motion video. The AN/ZLQ-1 ESM uses specific emitter identification (SEI) to track and detect emitters of interest.

MTS-B multispectral targeting system

Multi-spectral targeting system (MTS) “B” AN/DAS-3

Raytheon’s Multi-Spectral Targeting System (MTS) is a turreted electro-optical/ infrared (EO/IR) sensor used in maritime and overland intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) missions.

It provides EO/IR, laser designation, and laser illumination capabilities integrated in a single sensor package.

The MTS product family of sensors, includes Compact MTS, MTS-A, MTS-B, MTS-C and MTS-D (AN/DAS-4).  Source
General data:
Type: Infrared Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 55.6 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Infrared, 3rd Generation Imaging (2000s/2010s, Impr LANTIRN, Litening II/III, ATFLIR)
Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Classification [Class Info] / Brilliant Weapon [Automatic Target Aquisition], Continous Tracking Capability [Visual], Periscope/Surface Search – Advanced Processing [2000+]
Sensors / EW:
AN/DAS-3 MTB-S [EO/IR] – (MC-4C, Multi-Spectral Targeting System) Infrared
Role: Infrared, Surveillance FLIR
Max Range: 55.6 km


General data:
Type: ESM Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 926 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Late 2000s
Sensors / EW:
AN/ZLQ-1 – (MQ-4C) ESM
Max Range: 926 km


Engine and performance of the US’s UAS

MQ-4C Triton is powered by a Rolls-Royce AE3007H turbofan engine. It is an advance variant of the AE3007 engine in service with the Citation X and the Embraer Regional Jet. The engine generates a thrust of 8,500lb

The UAS can fly at a maximum altitude of 60,000ft. It has a gross take-off weight of 14,628kg. Its maximum unrefuelled range is 9,950 nautical miles and endurance is 30 hours. The maximum speed is 357mph.

AE 3007H turbofan engine

The AE 3007 turbofan engine is a high bypass, two shaft engine featuring a wide-chord single-stage low pressure (LP) compressor, 14-stage high pressure (HP) compressor followed by an effusion-cooled annular combustor, two stage high pressure (HP) turbine and a three stage low pressure (LP) turbine.

Specification AE 3007H
Thrust lbf (kN) 9,500 (42)
Bypass ratio 5.0
Pressure ratio 23
Length in (m) 115.08 (2.92)
Diameter in (m) 38.5 (0.98)
Basic weight lb (Kg) 1,644 (746)
Compressor 1LP, 14HP
Turbine 2HP, 3LP

Engine source

Operators: Here


Ground control station

The UAS is operated from ground stations manned by a four-man crew, including an air vehicle operator, a mission commander and two sensor operators.

The ground station includes launch and recovery element (LRE) and a mission control element (MCE).


The MCE performs mission planning, launch and recovery, image processing and communications monitoring.

The LRE controls related ground support equipment as well as landing and take-off operations.


NAVAIR Flight Ready: Triton Airspace Integration

Published on Dec 22, 2015

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