Type 071 landing platform dock (LPD) is a new class of amphibious warfare vessels built by Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding, a subsidiary of China State Shipbuilding Corporation (CSSC), for the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN).
The Type 071 LPD is primarily deployed in amphibious landing missions and can also conduct humanitarian aid and civilian evacuation missions.
The first LPD in the series, Kunlun Shan (998), was launched in December 2006 and commissioned in November 2007. Jinggang Shan (999), the second vessel in the series, was floated out in November 2010 and was inducted into service in October 2011.
The third ship in class, Changbai Shan (989), was launched in September 2011 and entered service with the PLAN in September 2012. Yimeng Shan (988) was launched in January 2015 and commissioned in February 2016.
A modified variant of the Type 071 LPD was offered by the China State Shipbuilding & Trading Corp (CSTC) consortium for the Royal Malaysian Navy.
Ships of the class
|1||998||昆仑山 / Kunlun Shan||Hudong||South Sea Fleet||Active|
|2||999||井冈山 / Jinggang Shan||Hudong||South Sea Fleet||Active|
|3||989||长白山 / Changbai Shan||Hudong||South Sea Fleet||Active|
|4||988||沂蒙山/Yimeng Shan||Hudong||22 January 2015||1 February 2016||East Sea Fleet||Active|
|5||Hudong||15 June 2017||Fitting out|
Type 071 LPD design and features
Type 071 LPD ships feature a unique hull platform offering a large dock space. The ship also offers a dedicated space for medical care and is equipped with a fresh water supply system. The stabilisers fitted to the vessel reduce roll and improve the stability in high sea states.
The high volumes of internal space support the installation of additional communications systems, which make the ship a fleet command and control centre during amphibious operations.
The Type 071 LPD has a length of 210m, beam of 28m and a draft of 7m. The full load displacement of the vessel is 25,000t.
Cargo housing capacities
The amphibious warfare ship features a vehicle deck, well-deck, landing deck and a hanger. It can carry a combination of marines, vehicles, landing craft and helicopters.
The vehicle deck can house amphibious assault vehicles including ZBD05 amphibious IFV, and ZTD-05 amphibious assault tracked armoured vehicle. The stern ramp, two side doors and ramps allow rapid loading of the vehicles and equipment.
The well deck houses up to four landing craft air-cushioned (LCAC), which can transfer vehicles or marines to the shore at high speed. The LCAC are launched by flooding of the docking area. The vessel can also carry landing craft on port / starboard davits.
The amphibious dock landing ship Kunlunshan (Hull 998), a Type 726 Yuyi class landing craft, air cushion (LCAC) and a Z-8 ship-borne helicopter head to the beach during a beach landing exercise at an undisclosed sea area in late March, 2017. They are assigned to a landing ship flotilla of the South China Sea Fleet of the PLA Navy. (81.cn/ Gan Jun) – chinamil.com.cn
Type 726 Yuyi class landing craft, air cushion (LCAC)
In conjunction witht the building of Red China’s first LPD, the Type 071, Yuzhao Class LPD, the PLAN also embarked on designing and building their own landing craft, air cushion (LCAC) to go with it.
In 2008, a new, indegenous Chinese LCAC was observed. It is remarkably similar to the US LCAC, except the control house is on the port side of the vessel instead of the starboard side. In addition, the Chinese LCAC apppears a little smaller than the American LCAC.
These vessels appear to have four gas turbines to power them. It is not known whether those turbines are indigenous Chinese designs or based on Russian or Ukrainian technology
By 2010 as many as four had been observed, but it is anticapted that more are building since the PLAN launched a second Yuzhao class LPD in 2010 and will likely launch a third in 2011. Since each LPD is supposedly capcable of carrying 3-4 LCACs it is anticpated that 10-12 will be built as a minimum. More if more LPDs are built, and even more if the anticpated PLAN LHD Class Amphibious Assault ship is constructed.
The specifications include:
Qty: 4 (more building)
Displace (Full): unknown
– 4 gas turbines, 2 fans
Speed: 40 knots (est)
Crew: 4-5 est.
– 2 x 12.7mm machine guns
– Potential man portaable AAMs
The stern helicopter deck offers two landing spots for supporting the operations of two Z-8 (SA 321 Super Frelon) transport helicopters. The twin-door cantilever hangar can house up to four Z-8 helicopters.
Z-8 Superfrelon helos
The performance properties of Z-8 helicopter:
Dimensions: diameter of the screw head — 18.9 m, tail rotor diameter — 4.0 m length of -19.4 m, height — 6.76 m
Helicopter Weight: Normal take-off — 10 500 kg maximum take-off — 13 000 kg.
Type of power plant 3 GTE Changzhou (CLXMW) Wozhou-6, power 1156 kW each.
The highest speed — 250 km / h
Cruising speed — 230 km / h
Practical flight range — 700 km. 27 paratroopers or 500 km with 3 tons of cargo.
Service ceiling — 3100 m
Internal fuel — 4000 l.
The desired load — up to 27 paratroopers, 15 stretchers with the wounded, and 5,000 kg of cargo in the cab or on the outside of the suspension.
Combat load — up to 2000 kg., On 2 hardpoints.
Crew — 2-3.
Z-8 data survincity.com
The LPD also has the capacity to carry a marine battalion, including up to 800 marines and associated equipment and supplies.
A Z-8 ship-borne helicopter sits on the flight deck of the amphibious dock landing ship Jinggangshan (Hull 999) while another takes off during a beach landing exercise at an undisclosed sea area in late March, 2017. They are assigned to a landing ship flotilla of the South China Sea Fleet of the PLA Navy. (81.cn/ Gan Jun) – chinamil.com.cn
Armament and countermeasures
The bow deck is installed with an AK-176 76mm naval gun system. The vessel is also armed with four 30mm AK-630 close-in weapon systems (CIWS). Countermeasures are provided by four 18-tube Type 726-4 decoy or chaff launchers.
1 × PJ26 76 mm dual purpose gun
PJ26 single tube 76MM stealth gun
PJ26 single tube 76MM gun stealth based AK176 single tube 76.2 mm gun stealth modifications on the Russian ship. In early 2000 determined by the Zhengzhou Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering (713) as chief engineer units, and thus responsible for the development, general contracting, Chen Ting Feng served as the chief architect and was completed in 2003.
Performance parameters (Russia AK176 type):
total weight: 11500kg (including the lower deck loader)
Range: 11.5 ~ 15.5km
Rate of fire: 60 to 120 rounds / min
reserve ammunition: 152 Hair
barrel tilt range: -15 to +85 degree
level cyclotron range: about 175 degrees
4 x 30mm AK-630 close-in weapon systems (CIWS)
|Type: Gun||Weight: 0 kg|
|Length: 0.0 m||Span: 0.0 m|
|Diameter: 0.0||Generation: None|
|Properties: Capable vs Seaskimmer|
|Targets: Aircraft, Helicopter, Missile, Surface Vessel|
|AK-630M 30mm/65 Gatling Burst [400 rnds] – Gun
Air Max: 1.9 km. Surface Max: 2.8 km.
2–4 heavy machine guns
Type 726-4 decoy/chaff launcher
4 x 18-tube Type 726-4 decoy/chaff launcher
Type 071 LPD radars
The LPD is equipped with a Type 360 (Seagull-S) air / surface search radar operating on E / F-band frequencies, a Type 364 G-band air search radar, a Type 344 I-band fire control radar and a navigation radar.
Type 360 (Seagull-S) air / surface search radar
The air/surface search radar is the Type 360S E/F-band, mounted at the top of the forward mast. @3.bp.blogspot.com
The Type 360 is an air/surface search radar manufactured by Yangzhou Marine Electronic Instruments Research Institute (扬州船用电子仪器研究所)/ No. 723 Institute and is reportedly based on Selenia RAN-10S / SPS – 774.
(Specs based on RAN-10S)
- Beam: 1.5° × 17° (coverage to 60° elevation)
- Peak Power: 140 kW
- Gain: 28 dB
- Burst width: 20.8 (compressed to 0.4) microseconds
- PRF: 900 pps
- Scan Rate: 15 or 30 rpm
- Max altitude: 10,000 m
- Mast weight: 900 kg
- Antenna dimensions: 4.3 m × 0.7 m
- Other features:
- Phased coded burst pulse, each burst consist of 4 pulses and frequency agile transmitter
- Separate IFF antenna (4 × yagi) installed on top of antenna.
- Other reported names:
|Type: Radar||Altitude Max: 10058 m|
|Range Max: 166.7 km||Altitude Min: 0 m|
|Range Min: 0.2 km||Generation: Early 1980s|
|Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Moving Target Indicator (MTI), Pulse Doppler Radar (Full LDSD Capability)|
|Sensors / EW:|
|China Type 360 – (Sea Tiger, SR-60, S-3, Seagull-S) Radar
Role: Radar, Target Indicator, 2D Surface-to-Air & Surface-to-Surface
Max Range: 166.7 km
Type 364 G-band air search radar
The Type 364 radar was developed by the Yangzhou Marine Electronic Instruments Research Institute (扬州船用电子仪器研究所) / No. 723 Research Institute. It is typically enclosed in a dome on new PLA-N‘s frigates and destroyers.
An improved version of the earlier Type 360, it replaces the Yagi IFF antenna with a planar IFF configuration and moves to higher frequencies in order to achieve better target discrimination. The dome is also expected to improve azimuth resolution.
It is offered for sale through the China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (CSIC).
- System: Coherent pulse compression (CPC), adaptive moving target detector (AMTD)
- Band: S band
- Range: 75km against 2m2 RCS aircraft; 12km against 0.1m2 RCS target
- Beam width: 2°(H), 25° (V)
- Scan coverage: 360°×25°
- Processing capacity
- Multiple tracking: ≥20pcs
- Mast weight: 520 kg
- Type: Incision parabolic antenna
- Gain: 38dB
- Rotation speed: 30RPM
- Transmitter / Receiver
- Frequency: S-band
- Consumption: 100w (avg.) 60kW (peak)
- NF: <3dB
- Friend/Foe Transponder
- Gain: 20dB
- Beam width: 1°×30°
- Ambient temperature
- Antenna: -25℃~+70℃
- Power supply
- AC: 220VAC (150~250 VAC)
- Power consumption: 10kW
|Type: Radar||Altitude Max: 7468 m|
|Range Max: 129.6 km||Altitude Min: 0 m|
|Range Min: 0.2 km||Generation: Early 1990s|
|Properties: Track While Scan (TWS), Pulse-only Radar|
|Sensors / EW:|
|China Type 364 – (SR-64, Seagull-C) Radar
Role: Radar, Target Indicator, 2D Surface-to-Air
Max Range: 129.6 km
Type 347G I-band radars
Type 347G I-band radars
Chinese Designation: Type 347G
Export Name: EFR-1
NATO Reporting Name: Rice Bowl
Role: Fire-control for the Type 76A dual-37mm AAA
Range: (2m2 RCS) 12km; or (0.1m2 RCS) 6km
Description: The Type 347G is believed to be based on the 1980s European (Italian) technology. The radar has been seen on many PRC-built surface combatants, in conjunction with the Type 76A dual-37mm AAA gun. Typically, the system consists of two Type 347G radars and four Type 76A guns on destroyers and frigates, and one radar and two AAA guns on smaller corvettes. Source globalmil.com
|Type: Radar||Altitude Max: 30480 m|
|Range Max: 37 km||Altitude Min: 0 m|
|Range Min: 0.2 km||Generation: Early 1970s|
|Properties: Continous Tracking Capability [Target Tracking Radar], Pulse-only Radar|
|Sensors / EW:|
|China Type 347G – (GFCR, 100mm, EFR-1, Rice Lamp) Radar
Role: Radar, FCR, Weapon Director
Max Range: 37 km
Type 344 I-band fire control radar
The Type 344 is a multifunctional fire control radar (FCR) developed by the Xian Research Institute of Navigation Technology (西安导航技术研究所)/XRINT/ No. 20th Research Institute.
It can track two batches of target simultaneously and measure the position deviation between the shell and the target, constantly calibrating the gun’s firing parameters in action. The system also includes a TV tracker and laser range finder. It is used to control 76m, 100mm and 130mm guns in PLAN service.
- Uses phase scanning techniques
- Uses pulse compression, MTI (Moving Target Indicator) and CFAR (Constant False Alarm Rate)
- Traveling Wave Tube (TWT) amplifier
- Independent search capability in 10“ X 10“
- Able to track both surface and airborne
|Type: Radar||Altitude Max: 9144 m|
|Range Max: 27.8 km||Altitude Min: 0 m|
|Range Min: 0.2 km||Generation: Late 1950s|
|Properties: Pulse-only Radar|
|Sensors / EW:|
|China Type 344 – (GFCR, 100mm, MR-34) Radar
Role: Radar, FCR, Weapon Director
Max Range: 27.8 km
The Type 071 LPDs are powered by integrated combined diesel and diesel (CODAD) propulsion, controlled by an automated propulsion control system.
The propulsion system integrates four Shaanxi 16 PC2.6 V400 diesel engines driving two controllable pitch propellers through twin shafts. Each engine produces a maximum power of 35,197kW.
The power-plant provides a maximum speed of 25kt and a range of 10,000nmi at 18kt. The maximum endurance of the vessel is 60 days.
|Operators:||People’s Liberation Army Navy Surface Force|
|Type:||Amphibious transport dock|
|Displacement:||25,000 tons full load.|
|Length:||210 m (689 ft 0 in)|
|Beam:||28 m (91 ft 10 in)|
|Draft:||7 m (23 ft 0 in)|
|Speed:||25 knots (46 km/h; 29 mph)|
|Range:||10,000 nmi (19,000 km) at 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph)|
|Boats & landing
|Capacity:||15–20 armoured vehicles|
|Aircraft carried:||4 Z-8 Super Frelon|
Main material source naval-technology.com
Revised Jan 19, 2018