How Smart Will the Armata’s Smart Munitions Be? ‘Really Smart’
21:51 21.02.2017(updated 22:01 21.02.2017)
On Monday, Tekhmash, the Russian defense firm developing shells for the Armata T-15 and Kurganets-25 infantry fighting vehicles, announced that new ‘smart ammunition’ will be created for the armored vehicles by 2018. Speaking to Sputnik, military writer Viktor Baranets took note of the expected features of these smart shells.
Speaking to RIA Novosti on the sidelines of the IDEX-2017 defense exhibition in the UAE on Monday, Tekhmash director Sergei Rusakov said that new smart munitions for Russia’s Armata Universal Combat Platform-based armored vehicles would be ready starting in 2018, the same year that the mass rollout of the T-14 next-generation main battle tank is expected to start.
The company earlier announced that preliminary testing was underway for new smart rounds for the 57mm Au-220M Baikal remotely operated turret, which can be mounted on the Armata T-15 heavy infantry fighting vehicle and the Kurganets-25 family of IFVs, as well as the Bumerang amphibious armored personnel carrier, another new Russian armored vehicle.
Speaking to Radio Sputnik about the news, retired army colonel and military observer Viktor Baranets explained the concept behind these so-called smart munitions.
“Smart munitions are shells which are highly accurate and, to some extent, capable of ‘thinking’,” the expert noted. “For example, the Armata T-15 is equipped with the Afghanit active protection system, which detects flying projectiles and automatically prevents them from reaching the vehicle, either shooting them down or blowing them up. This is active defense.”
“But the Armata can be used not only as a tank gun, but also as a rocket launcher to launch projectiles, which can themselves select their target while simultaneously taking account of a variety of factors,” Baranets added. “During the flight toward the target, this round takes into account temperature, wind strength, distance, the target’s speed, etc.”
In addition, the expert explained that one of the main tasks before the makers of smart munitions today is the creation of defensive systems for the shells themselves. “Along with the creation of highly precise smart munitions…electronics engineers are also furrowing their brows trying to figure out ways to create a system that can prevent enemy jamming of a round’s ‘thinking’ while it flies toward its target,” Baranets said.
Of course, “the real level of protection, and the capabilities of these weapons can be demonstrated only in real battle,” the expert noted. Accordingly, “in Syria, we did not lose any time in vain. For our equipment, the fight against terrorism has also become a very serious ‘exam administrator’. Moreover, many conclusions have already been made to make these weapons even more effective,” the officer concluded.
Original post sputniknews.com
57-mm automatic gun mount AU-220M/57-мм АВТОМАТИЧЕСКАЯ АРТИЛЛЕРИЙСКАЯ УСТАНОВКА АУ-220М
Позволяет расширить сферу боевого применения боевых бронированных машин за счет решения задач стрельбы по воздушным целям.
СИСТЕМА УПРАВЛЕНИЯ ОГНЕМ:
Предназначена для управления процессом обнаружения и идентификации целей, наведением и огнем 57-мм автоматической пушки и 7.62-мм пулемета при стрельбе с места, с ходу и на плаву во всех условиях боевого применения.
Оснащена комбинированым прицельным комплексом, вклющающим в себя телевизионный и тепловизионный каналы, лазерные дальномеры и независимую 2-плоскостную стабилизацию поля зрения.
Круговой обстрел – защита от пули калибра 7,62 мм (~3 уровень защиты по STANAG 4569).
Лобовая проекция – защита от пули калибра 30 мм (~5 уровень защиты по STANAG 4569).
Translated by google:
It allows you to expand the scope of application of combat armored vehicles at the expense of solving problems shooting at air targets
FIRE CONTROL SYSTEM:
Designed to control the process of detection and identification, guidance and fire 57-mm automatic cannon and a 7.62 mm machine gun when firing from the place with the move and afloat in all conditions of combat use.
Equipped combining aiming system, vklyuschayuschim a television and thermal imaging channels, laser rangefinders and independent 2-planar stabilization of the visual field.
The circular firing – from bullets of 7.62 mm Protection (~ 3 protection level STANAG 4569).
The front projection – from 30 mm caliber bullet protection (~ 5 level of protection for STANAG 4569).
|Overall dimensions, mm:Length x Width x Height||5820 x 2100 x 1300|
|GUN automatic caliber 57 mm|
|Maximum rate of fire, rds. / Min||80|
|Range of fire, m||12000|
|Angles pointing, hail– vertically
– on the horizon
|-5 … 60360|
|allowance of ammunition||80|
|Types of ammunition||shots unitary loading with high-explosive, armor-piercing projectiles and manageable|
|Paired 7.62-mm machine gun|
|Rate of fire, rds. / min||700 … 800|
|Accurate firing range, m||1500|
AU-220M 57mm automatic cannon
The 57mm gun that’s also used in Atom 8×8 is basically an Anti-Aircraft gun used in S-60 towed AA system. The gun was developed in 1950’s.
The same cannon also used in ZSU-57-2 Soviet self propelled anti-aircraft gun
Burevestnik’s 57 mm А-220М naval artillery module, from which the AU-220M was effectively reverse engineered.
The cannon uses 57x347mm semi-rimmed ammunition. The image below shows the 57mm ammunition vs the Bofors 40×365 ammunition.
Image: ©WarfareTechnology 2014Image: ©WarfareTechnology 2014
The gun is recoil operated. Rate of fire is 105-120 rpm and the muzzle velocity is around 1.020 m/sec. It has a barrel length of around 4.4m.
The effective firing range against ground targets is 4km’s.
The gun has a new automatic loading capable ammunition feed system that houses 20 ready-to-fire rounds as shown below.
Image: ©WarfareTechnology 2014
The turret basket has a powered 73 round ammunition carousel that provides ammunition to the linkless feeder above. Source ©WarfareTechnology 2014
T-15 Armata Heavy IFV: Here
KURGANETS-25 IFV: HERE