Monthly Archives: February 2017

Armata T-15 and Kurganets-25 IFV to get 57mm Au-220M Baikal remotely operated turret with smart ammunition

How Smart Will the Armata’s Smart Munitions Be? ‘Really Smart’

21:51 21.02.2017(updated 22:01 21.02.2017)

On Monday, Tekhmash, the Russian defense firm developing shells for the Armata T-15 and Kurganets-25 infantry fighting vehicles, announced that new ‘smart ammunition’ will be created for the armored vehicles by 2018. Speaking to Sputnik, military writer Viktor Baranets took note of the expected features of these smart shells.

Speaking to RIA Novosti on the sidelines of the IDEX-2017 defense exhibition in the UAE on Monday, Tekhmash director Sergei Rusakov said that new smart munitions for Russia’s Armata Universal Combat Platform-based armored vehicles would be ready starting in 2018, the same year that the mass rollout of the T-14 next-generation main battle tank is expected to start.

The company earlier announced that preliminary testing was underway for new smart rounds for the 57mm Au-220M Baikal remotely operated turret, which can be mounted on the Armata T-15 heavy infantry fighting vehicle and the Kurganets-25 family of IFVs, as well as the Bumerang amphibious armored personnel carrier, another new Russian armored vehicle.

Speaking to Radio Sputnik about the news, retired army colonel and military observer Viktor Baranets explained the concept behind these so-called smart munitions.

“Smart munitions are shells which are highly accurate and, to some extent, capable of ‘thinking’,” the expert noted. “For example, the Armata T-15 is equipped with the Afghanit active protection system, which detects flying projectiles and automatically prevents them from reaching the vehicle, either shooting them down or blowing them up. This is active defense.”

“But the Armata can be used not only as a tank gun, but also as a rocket launcher to launch projectiles, which can themselves select their target while simultaneously taking account of a variety of factors,” Baranets added. “During the flight toward the target, this round takes into account temperature, wind strength, distance, the target’s speed, etc.”

In addition, the expert explained that one of the main tasks before the makers of smart munitions today is the creation of defensive systems for the shells themselves. “Along with the creation of highly precise smart munitions…electronics engineers are also furrowing their brows trying to figure out ways to create a system that can prevent enemy jamming of a round’s ‘thinking’ while it flies toward its target,” Baranets said.

Of course, “the real level of protection, and the capabilities of these weapons can be demonstrated only in real battle,” the expert noted. Accordingly, “in Syria, we did not lose any time in vain. For our equipment, the fight against terrorism has also become a very serious ‘exam administrator’. Moreover, many conclusions have already been made to make these weapons even more effective,” the officer concluded.

Original post


Armata T-15 with “Burevestnik” with a 57 mm automatic cannon and ATM 9M120 “Ataka”

ATAKA-T guided weapon system

19M120Atakatandemheat9M1201 missile

Designed to defeat stationary and moving fielded and future main battle tanks, other armoured (IFVs, APCs) and small-size (like pillboxes and bunkers) targets, fortified assets, manpower under cover and in the open as well as aerial low-level targets flying at speeds of up 400 km/h in the day- and night-time and surface small-displacement vessels.

The ATAKA-T guided weapon system (GWS) (industrial code B07S1) is intended for installation in turrets and fighting  compartments of various combat vehicles based on a tank chassis (e.g., tank support combat vehicle (TSCV), BMPT[TSCV]-72), IFVs, APCs, tractors, and other military trucks, ship-borne mounts, including those of foreign origin.

Ataka-T GWS specifications
Parameter Value
Missile guidance Semiautomatic laser beam riding
Laying angles for 9M120-1 missile:

– in azimuth, deg.

– in elevation, deg.


360 (due to turret rotation)

From minus 10 to plus 25

Firing range of 9M120-1 missile, km From 0.4 to 6.0
Target altitude with reference to carrier datum
(for 9M120-1 missile), km
From 0.0 to 2.0

(maximum target altitude is ensured over range of 3.3±0.5 km)

Number of targets engaged simultaneously 1
Missile launch mode Consecutive
Rate of fire, rounds./min. 3-4
Selection of missiles by warhead type Provided
Armour penetration behind ERA
(for 9M120-1 missile), mm
800, minimum
Time of flight to 5 km, s 14.5, max.
Average flight speed Supersonic
Reaction time (minimum time for GWS to launch missile after achieving fully operational state), s Less than 1.2
Number of missiles loaded on launcher, pcs. Up to 4
Time for manual loading/unloading of one launcher guide, s 30, max.

Launcher specifications:

Number of launcher-mounted missiles: 4
Launcher weight without package:

B07S1.01.000 launcher, version 1

B07S1.01.000 launcher, version 2


108 kg, max.

119 kg, max.

Missile arrangement on launch module:

B07S1.01.000 launcher, version 1

B07S1.01.000 launcher, version 2



staggered outwards

Overall dimensions of launcher components:

B07S1.01.000 launcher, version 1:

– B07S1.01.150 left-side launch module

– B07S1.01.160 right-side launch module

B07S1.01.000 launcher, version 2:

– B07S1.01.350 left-side launch module

– B07S1.01.360 right-side launch module



920х263х431 mm, max.

920х263х431 mm, max.


920х418х330 mm, max.

920х418х330 mm, max.


57-mm automatic gun mount AU-220M/57-мм АВТОМАТИЧЕСКАЯ АРТИЛЛЕРИЙСКАЯ УСТАНОВКА АУ-220М


Предназначена для установки на перспективные и модернизированные боевые бронированные машины с целью повышения огневой мощи мотострелковых и пехотных подразделений.

Позволяет расширить сферу боевого применения боевых бронированных машин за счет решения задач стрельбы по воздушным целям.

Предназначена для управления процессом обнаружения и идентификации целей, наведением и огнем 57-мм автоматической пушки и 7.62-мм пулемета при стрельбе с места, с ходу и на плаву во всех условиях боевого применения.

Оснащена комбинированым прицельным комплексом, вклющающим в себя телевизионный и тепловизионный каналы, лазерные дальномеры и независимую 2-плоскостную стабилизацию поля зрения.

Круговой обстрел – защита от пули калибра 7,62 мм (~3 уровень защиты по STANAG 4569).

Лобовая проекция – защита от пули калибра 30 мм (~5 уровень защиты по STANAG 4569).

Translated by google:

Designed for installation in advanced and upgraded armored vehicles to increase the firepower of infantry and mechanized infantry units.

It allows you to expand the scope of application of combat armored vehicles at the expense of solving problems shooting at air targets

Designed to control the process of detection and identification, guidance and fire 57-mm automatic cannon and a 7.62 mm machine gun when firing from the place with the move and afloat in all conditions of combat use.

Equipped combining aiming system, vklyuschayuschim a television and thermal imaging channels, laser rangefinders and independent 2-planar stabilization of the visual field.

The circular firing – from bullets of 7.62 mm Protection (~ 3 protection level STANAG 4569).

The front projection – from 30 mm caliber bullet protection (~ 5 level of protection for STANAG 4569).


Main Specifications

Overall dimensions, mm:Length x Width x Height 5820 x 2100 x 1300
GUN automatic caliber 57 mm
Maximum rate of fire, rds. / Min 80
Range of fire, m 12000
Angles pointing, hail– vertically

– on the horizon

-5 … 60360
allowance of ammunition 80
Types of ammunition shots unitary loading with high-explosive, armor-piercing projectiles and manageable
Paired 7.62-mm machine gun
Rate of fire, rds. / min 700 … 800
Accurate firing range, m 1500
Ammunition, pc 2000
Burevestnik’s 57 mm А-220М Source

AU-220M 57mm automatic cannon

The 57mm gun that’s also used in Atom 8×8 is basically an Anti-Aircraft gun used in S-60 towed AA system. The gun was developed in 1950’s.

The same cannon also used in ZSU-57-2 Soviet self propelled anti-aircraft gun

Burevestnik’s 57 mm А-220М naval artillery module, from which the AU-220M was effectively reverse engineered.

The cannon uses 57x347mm semi-rimmed ammunition. The image below shows the 57mm ammunition vs the Bofors 40×365 ammunition.

Image: ©WarfareTechnology 2014c105ef7e30335d2f45dd00cea40162c5Image: ©WarfareTechnology 2014

The gun is recoil operated. Rate of fire is 105-120 rpm and the muzzle velocity is around 1.020 m/sec. It has a barrel length of around 4.4m.

The effective firing range against ground targets is 4km’s.

The gun has a new automatic loading capable ammunition feed system that houses 20 ready-to-fire rounds as shown below.

Image: ©WarfareTechnology 2014

The turret basket has a powered 73 round ammunition carousel that provides ammunition to the linkless feeder above. Source ©WarfareTechnology 2014

Updated Aug 23, 2018


France and UK joint contract to MBDA for Storm Shadow/SCALP EG mid-life refurbishment

MBDA to regenerate French, UK Storm Shadow/SCALP EG missiles

Robin Hughes, London – IHS Jane’s Missiles & Rockets

27 February 2017

Key Points

  • Mid-life refurbishment will address obsolescence and to replace life-expired components
  • Modernisation of the missiles will leverage a joint design phase launched in July 2014

The French and UK ministries of defence have placed a joint contract on MBDA for the mid-life refurbishment of their Storm Shadow/SCALP EG (Système de Croisière Autonome à Longue Portée – Emploi Général) long-range conventionally-armed deep strike weapons.

The contract was announced at a meeting of French Director-General of Armament Laurent Collet-Billon and his UK counterpart, Minister of Defence Procurement Harriett Baldwin in London on 22 February. However, the UK segment of the contract element (valued at GBP146 million [USD182 million]) was approved in October 2016, and the French segment (value not disclosed) on 30 December 2016, respectively.

Original post


MBDA Apache stand-off weapon or Storm Shadow / SCALP

The Storm Shadow / SCALP is a long-range, air-launched, stand-off attack missile designed and developed by France-based MBDA Systems. The missile was developed primarily for the UK and French armed forces. It is derived from the MBDA Systems’ Apache anti-runway missile.

The missile is intended to strike high-valued stationary assets such as airbases, radar installations, communications hubs and port facilities. The Storm Shadow is capable of engaging the targets precisely in any weather conditions during day and night. The long range and low attitude combined with subsonic speed make the Storm Shadow a stealthy missile.

Storm Shadow guidance and navigation system

The Storm Shadow missile is designed to strike the targets with an enhanced accuracy, employing different navigation systems installed onboard.

The navigation system of the missile includes inertial navigation (INS), global positioning system (GPS) and terrain reference navigation for better control over the path and accurate target strike. The missile is fitted with a passive imaging infrared seeker.


The Storm Shadow missile is programmed with each and every detail of the target and the path to be taken to reach the target prior to its launch. Once released from the aircraft, the missile follows a pre-programmed path at low level with the help of continuous updates from the onboard navigation system. It employs imaging infrared seeker to compare the actual target area with stored imagery repeatedly until reaching the target.

Storm Shadow warhead details

The missile is fitted with a two-stage bomb royal ordnance augmented charge (BROACH) blast/ penetrator warhead.

The first stage of the warhead makes the way for the second stage by cutting the surface of the target. The larger second stage (main) of the warhead then penetrates into the target and detonates.

Storm Shadow propulsion system

tri60-30_1Turbomeca Microturbo TRI 60-30 turbojet – Image:

The Storm Shadow missile is equipped with a Turbomeca Microturbo TRI 60-30 turbojet propulsion system, which can produce a 5.4kN of thrust. Source


Apart from extreme accuracy, the second element of Storm Shadow effectiveness is the sophisticated warhead it carries, the Bomb, Royal Ordnance, Augmenting CHarge (BROACH). BROACH uses a precursor penetrator charge followed by a follow through main charge. Combined with an advanced fuze (like Paveway IV, from Thales) it has proven to be devastatingly effective. Source


Technical data:

Originated From: France

Possessed By: France, United Kingdom, Italy, Greece, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates (UAE)

Alternate Name: APACHE AP, SCALP EG, Storm Shadow, SCALP Naval, Black Shaheen

Class: Short Range Cruise Missile

Basing: air-, ship-, sub-launched

Length: 5.1 m (5.5 m for SCALP Naval)

Diameter: 630 mm

Launch Weight: 1,300 kg (1,230 kg for APACHE AP)

Warhead: 1 X 400 kg HE penetration

Propulsion: turbojet

Range: 140- 400 km

Status: Operational

In Service: 2004

Variant  SCALP EG/Storm Shadow
Range  400 km
Platform  Air-Launched
Warhead  1X400 kg HE penetration
Diameter  630 mm
Launch Weight  1,300 kg
Countries Possessing Missile  France, Greece, Italy, Saudi Arabia, United Kingdom

Technical data source

Russia’s New T-50 get cannon shells that feature synthetic polymer navigation equipment

Number One With a Bullet: Russia’s New T-50 Jet Gets Sophisticated Shells

18:12 23.02.2017(updated 18:20 23.02.2017)

Russia’s fifth generation fighter jet, the T-50, is equipped with new aircraft cannon shells which have been upgraded to enable ‘smart’ targeting, according to the Russian newspaper Rossiyskaya Gazeta.

The Russian newspaper Rossiyskaya Gazeta quoted Sergey Rusakov, the head of the Russian concern Tekhmash, as saying that Russia’s fifth generation fighter jet, the T-50, has been equipped with aircraft cannon shells that feature synthetic polymer navigation equipment.

According to him, a batch of these sophisticated 30-mm shells have already been produced in Russia. Rusakov said that they will add significantly to the survivability of an aircraft’s guns.

The main new feature of the shells is that their steering components are made of a special plastic, according to Rusakov.

This significantly increases the combat effectiveness of 30-millimeter guns, especially when firing multiple-round bursts.

The multi-purpose T-50 fighter jet, also known as the PAK FA, made its maiden flight in January 2010.

A year later, the aircraft was presented at the MAKS-2011 air show. Mass production of the plane is due to begin later in 2017.

It is a single-seat, twin-engine jet fighter, and the first operational aircraft in the Russian Aerospace Forces to use stealth technology.

The warplane was designed by the Sukhoi Design Bureau. The aircraft will be used to achieve air superiority and assist in ground attacks.

Original post


9-A1-4071K 30mm gun


The 9-A1-4071K is an automatic, rapid-fire cannon derived from the GSh-301 30mm gun being developed for the Russian Air Force T-50/Su-50 fifth generation fighter jet. KBP started the development of the new gun system in 2014 and the first test firings were carried out in September 2016. The 9-A1-4071K is provided with a water-based cooling system and supports rate of fires of 1,500 rounds per minute. This lightweight cannon is able to fire 30mm blast/fragmentation, incendiary and armor piercing ammunition against air, sea and ground targets. The cannon have an effective range of 200 to 800 meters against airborne target and 1,200 to 1,800 meters against surface targets. Thanks to the Su-50 fire control system the cannon is expected to become more effective to those used on existing combat aircraft.


Magazine Capacity: 150

Number of Barrels: 1


Caliber: 30 millimeter


Max Range: 1,800 meter (5,906 foot)

Min Range: 200 meter


Max Rate of Fire: 1,500 round per minute


Muzzle Velocity: 860 mps


Cartridge Weight: 0.83 kilogram

Combat Weight: 50 kilogram (110 pound)

Projectile Weight: 0.39 kilogram


Related post:

India wants firm commitment whether the agreement will allow commercial production and exports of FGFA Project

Russia to Test PAK FA Fighters With Operational Engines in Late 2017

Russia hopes to ink Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft deal with India by end of 2016

Russian experts upbeat about export prospects for the PAK FA

Russia Defense Ministry Unveils First Video of Amazing Next Gen T-50 Fighter Jet

Russia tests sixth-generation fighter elements on fifth-generation jet

India, Russia to invest $4 billion each in final phase of 5th-generation fighter creation

Jet Set: Russia’s T-50 Stealth Fighter ‘Ready for Mass Production’

Sukhoi Pak Fa T-50 (Su-50): Details


U.S. Navy may need 100 Super Hornets over the next five years while it waits for the F-35C

Boeing fighter jet, feared dead, gets new life from Trump tweets

By JULIE JOHNSSON | Bloomberg | Published: February 23, 2017

Boeing’s Super Hornet is poised for a surprising comeback thanks to President Donald Trump’s Twitter broadsides and a strike-fighter shortage caused by delays to Lockheed Martin Corp.’s F-35 program.

Until recently, Boeing’s combat jet was on life support, with work at its St. Louis factory slowing to a crawl as orders dwindled. But that was before Congress approved a $10.1 billion sale to Kuwait, Canada said it would take 18 of the twin-engine fighter and Trump said the Pentagon is “looking seriously at a big order.”

Now Dan Gillian, who heads the Boeing fighter-jet program, is plotting upgrades to keep the F/A-18 flying through the 2040s — and even looking at increasing the production rate. The U.S. Navy may need at least 100 of the Super Hornets over the next five years while it waits for Lockheed’s next version of the F-35. Boeing also sees opportunities for additional sales from India, Finland and Switzerland.

“We have reinvented this factory four or five times,” Gillian said during a recent February morning stroll through the Super Hornet’s final assembly line. In the background, a jet’s nose barrel was being riveted together. Now the company is studying how to boost output while keeping operations lean, “which is a great problem to solve,” he said.

It’s the latest resurgence for a combat jet that took its first flight in 1995 and seemed headed for oblivion in 2001 when Lockheed’s F-35 beat a Boeing proposal to build the Pentagon’s Joint Strike Fighter. The Super Hornet found a lifeline as cost overruns and technical issues plagued early development of the F-35, the first jet designed to meet the different missions of the Marines, Air Force and Navy.

The flurry of Super Hornet sales and a $21.1 billion order by Qatar for Boeing’s F-15 fighter have helped revive the Chicago-based company’s defense business as commercial-jet orders start to lag. The military business was Boeing’s largest at the start of the decade. It accounted for only 31 percent of total revenue last year due to the Obama administration’s spending constraints.

The Navy has relied heavily on the Super Hornet, whose combat credentials were burnished in missions over Iraq and Afghanistan, while awaiting a stealth-fighter version developed for aircraft-carrier decks: the F-35C. The final model of Lockheed’s three-jet family isn’t slated to be declared combat-ready before late 2018, and it could take more than a decade for the 260 jets ordered by the Navy and 80 by the Marines to be delivered.

“All of this is a recipe for survival into the mid-2020s,” Richard Aboulafia, an aerospace analyst with Teal Group, said of Boeing. “It wasn’t expected a few years ago.”

How swiftly Boeing moves to step up production — and hiring in St. Louis — could depend on a Pentagon study comparing the operational capabilities of the Super Hornet, which was designed in the 1990s, with the cutting-edge F-35.

Defense Secretary Jim Mattis commissioned the study during the new president’s first week in office, after Trump had suggested on Twitter that an upgraded version of the F/A-18 could be an alternative to the Lockheed fighter. The president has repeatedly criticized the $379 billion F-35 program as “out of control.”

Lockheed welcomes the “appropriate focus on affordability and capability,” Marillyn Hewson, the defense company’s chief executive officer, said in a statement. “We are confident such a thorough and objective analysis will show that only the F-35, with its advanced stealth and sensors, can meet the 21st century air superiority requirements of all of our military services.”

Regardless of the outcome of the Mattis study, Boeing appears poised to reap as many as 140 Super Hornet orders between 2017 and 2022 as the Pentagon addresses its strike-fighter shortfall, said defense analyst Jim McAleese.

Boeing CEO Dennis Muilenburg has made the Super Hornet a focus of discussions as he cultivates a relationship with Trump. Reince Priebus, the White House chief of staff, was spotted holding a brochure for the next version of the jet, the F/A-18 XT, while Trump toured a Boeing commercial jet factory last week. During an address to workers, the president hinted that a large order was ahead.

“We’re excited to work with the new administration to bring the right capability to the warfighter, and it has certainly accelerated that discussion,” Gillian, the Boeing vice president, said.

Boeing has floated concepts for an enhanced Super Hornet for several years, though based on Navy feedback, the company has focused on relatively cheap upgrades. The latest version would extend the fighter’s range, while upgrading cockpit displays with larger screens. Boeing and General Electric are also studying an engine redesign that could boost thrust from the Super Hornet turbines by about 20 percent.

The jet would be made “smarter” by borrowing both the bigger network switches and a distributed-network processor developed for the EA-18G Growler, a sibling designed to jamenemy radar. But it wouldn’t necessarily be stealthier. Boeing has dropped plans to encase the Super Hornet’s weapons systems in a pod aimed at reducing its radar footprint, Gillian said.

“There is no point in trying to compete with an F-35 on stealth,” said Loren Thompson, a defense analyst with Lexington Institute, who’s done consulting for contractors such as Lockheed. “But there are other things like networking where the Super Hornet can deliver capabilities earlier than the F-35.”

The upgrades would cost “a couple of million dollars” above the “low-to-mid $70 million” price that the Navy currently pays for the Super Hornet, according to Gillian. They could also be retrofitted to older models. Boeing holds a separate contract worth about $2 billion aimed at extending the lives of the 568 Super Hornets already in the Navy fleet by one-third to 9,000 flight hours.

Even with the latest upgrades, a “fourth-generation” F/A-18 couldn’t be transformed into a viable competitor to the “fifth generation” F-35, equipped with more advanced radar, sensors and communications systems. The fighters are vastly different, with distinctive roles in America’s arsenal, said Rep. Kay Granger, the Republican lawmaker who would need to approve big changes in defense spending.

So, Boeing’s fighter orders shouldn’t come at Lockheed’s expense if caps on defense spending are lifted, Thompson said.

“That’s frankly what the Navy needs,” he said. “It needs to get a fully stealthy aircraft on its carrier decks. But it needs to fill the gap in capability caused by the slow delivery of the F-35.”

Bloomberg’s Anthony Capaccio contributed.

Original post


Boeing has floated concepts for an enhanced Super Hornet for several years, though based on Navy feedback, the company has focused on relatively cheap upgrades. The latest version would extend the fighter’s range, while upgrading cockpit displays with larger screens. Boeing and General Electric are also studying an engine redesign that could boost thrust from the Super Hornet turbines by about 20 percent.

The jet would be made “smarter” by borrowing both the bigger network switches and a distributed-network processor developed for the EA-18G Growler, a sibling designed to jamenemy radar. But it wouldn’t necessarily be stealthier. Boeing has dropped plans to encase the Super Hornet’s weapons systems in a pod aimed at reducing its radar footprint, Gillian said.

Related post:

F-35 Stealth Fighter Is Here to Stay

Trump again teased the prospect of placing a “big order” of F/A-18 Super Hornets

US Navy studying major upgrade of F/A-18E/F & EA-18G engines

Two-thirds of the Navy’s F/A 18 strike fighter jets are grounded

Low-key for US fighter jets at Aero India 2017 due to new US administration

India released detailed RFI for procurement of 57 Multi-Role Carrier Borne Fighters (MRCBF)

Indian navy shopping for new carrier-borne fighters

Super Hornet Stopgap for Canada could cost $5 billion to $7 billion over the lifetime of the aircraft

Under Trump F/A-18E/F Super Hornet may steal orders from F-35

F-18 Advance Super Hornet Vs F-35

Air Force Will Oppose Trump If He Tries To Kick Out F-35 In Favor Of F-18

Boeing to Provide Next Generation Jammer (NGJ) for EA-18G in $308M Deal

Sales Outlook Brightens For Boeing’s F/A-18 Super Hornet Fighter

Kuwait to buy 28 F-18 Super Hornet

You can’t replace the F-35 with an F-18 any more than you can replace an aircraft carrier with acruise ship

EA-18G Growler: Details

F-18 Advance Super Hornet: Details


Russia’s mordenized T-90 gets new gun

Lock and Load! Armata Endows Russia’s Main Battle Tank With Deadly Cannon

15:15 21.01.2017(updated 15:18 21.01.2017)

The latest modernization of Russia’s main battle tank, the T-90, will embrace the firepower capabilities of the advanced T-14 Armata. The Uralvagonzavod machine building company recently published the tank’s photo for the first time.

“The T-90M will receive a modernized smoothbore 125mm 2A82-1M cannon, the one used in the Armata, and a new fire control system characterized by a higher precision and a higher rate of fire, and its barrel durability will be increased up to 900 shots,” Russian military expert Alexei Leonkov told Zvezda TV.

The gun is 20 percent more precise and has 17 percent more muzzle energy (a firearm’s destructive potential is directly proportional to this factor) than the rival model on Germany’s Leopard 2 battle tank. The automatic loading mechanism allows for the use of projectiles up to one meter long, such as the armor-piercing fin-stabilized discarding-sabot (APFSDS) called Vacuum-1, which is used in the Armata.

The T-90M’s ammunition load totals 45 projectiles. In addition to shells, the modernized tank is capable of firing Invar and Invar-M tandem-charge guided missiles, which are said to be able to effectively penetrate the protective shielding of all existing and prospective armor vehicles used by foreign armies.

The tank is now protected from enemy fire with the Malakhit reactive armor and the Afghanit active protection system, which were designed for the Armata family of vehicles. Reactive armor is in essence an extra layer of metal “bricks” covering a vehicle’s parts, which bear the main weight of a shell’s hit and cushion its destructive effect. In its turn, the active protection system can “blind”, deflect and strike down an enemy missile or other anti-tank weapon.

The lower part of the turret is now additionally protected by slat armor, shielding it from anti-tank rocket-propelled grenades. The surveillance means of the tank’s commander and the gun sighter allow for an equally efficient search for targets day and night, in motion or in a stationary position.

According to Leonkov, Russia is going to upgrade 400 T-90 battle tanks to the T-90M level.

Thanks to the Armata “refresh pack”, the Russian main battle tank will be able to conduct even more effective combat operations in different weather conditions and strike targets despite stiff enemy resistance.

The family of Armata platform-based military vehicles is the latest achievement of Russian armor engineers.

Original post


125mm 2A82-1M smoothbore gun


The 125mm 2A82-1M is noticeable in that it does not have a fume extractor. These are normally used to pull the toxic gases from the firing process out of the muzzle after the round has exited so they do not blow back in to the turret when the breach is open so the crew avoiding breathing in the gases. As the turret is unmanned a fume extractor is not required.


The main gun is coupled to the autoloader, which Russian media has said is capable of firing 10+ rounds per minute.

tank animated GIF

The Fire Control System has the latest version of thermal sighting equipment for the gunner and commander’s independent sight. The ballistic computer has the latest sensors and laser range finder and is able to track moving targets increasing the 1st hit probability of the main gun. Source


It would have a fume extractor as seen in main pic…

Related post:

Russia to start exports of new T-90SM/MS

India Ministry of Defense plans to purchase 464 Russian T-90MS

T-90MS/SM: Details

Al Stubborn

U.S. Marine Corps released Request for Information for 11,000 M27 Infantry Automatic Rifles

The Marine Corps Wants To Buy 11,000 M27 Infantry Automatic Rifles

By MATTHEW MOSS  on February 16, 2017

Last week, the U.S. Marine Corps released a Request for Information to manufacturers enquiring about their capacity to produce 11,000 more M27 Infantry Automatic Rifles. This stoked rumors that the Marine Corps is looking to replace its M4s with the M27, which were first sparked last November when 3rd Battalion, 5th Marines was equipped with the M27 instead of the M4 during pre-deployment exercises as an experiment.

The RFI for 11,000 M27s could indicate a possible push to replace the M249, which continues to be used by weapons platoons. However, I believe it is more likely that the Corps is simply looking to add more Infantry Automatic Rifles to its inventory. Currently, Marine infantry battalions typically have over 80 Infantry Automatic Rifles distributed at the fireteam level. Just 11,000 new rifles will not re-equip the riflemen of the Corps’ 32 infantry battalions, but it will enhance their firepower and perhaps pave the way for future orders.

While the Marine Corps would no doubt love to replace its current service rifle with the M27, especially with the branch’s emphasis on marksmanship, the M27 is considerably more expensive. Each M27 costs in the region of $3,000, according to a November report. While this is cheaper than the M249, it is significantly more expensive than the M4, which costs approximately $750 per carbine. The Marines’ purchase of an additional 11,000 M27s, the Corps’ largest single order for the rifles so far, will probably cost in excess of $30 million. With the Marine Corps’ annual budget a fraction of other branches, it’s understandable that it is seeking to expand its capabilities with a battle-tested weapon system, rather than attempting to fully transition to the M27.

The demand for the M27’s improved accuracy over both the M249 and the M16A4 and M4 came from hard-learned lessons in Afghanistan. The M27 has a slightly longer range than the M4, and is able to hit targets out to 600 meters, while area fire is effective out to approximately 800 meters.

In 2015, the service announced a decision to move away from the long-serving M16 to the shorter M4, favored by the Army. At the same time, the Corps moved the M249 from fireteams to weapons platoons and introduced the M27. The M27 has the advantage of having fully automatic capability, something that the M4 and M16A4s, which have a three-round burst setting, do not have.

The M27 is based on Heckler & Koch’s gas-operated, piston-driven HK416. It has a free-floating 16.5-inch barrel to improve accuracy and cooling. The M27 feeds from standard 30-round or PMAG magazines; however, high-capacity magazines are a future option for suppressive fire. The IAR is issued with a Trijicon ACOG optic and a bipod for both precise accurate fire and suppressive fire. The Corps is also experimenting with suppressors for M27 and other small arms systems. In Afghanistan, the M27’s greater range, accuracy, and rate of fire were found to enhance Marine patrols, which had previously relied on M240 medium machine guns and designated marksmen to return longer range enemy fire effectively.

Only time will tell if the Marine Corps really intends to transition the M27 from a support weapon role to an infantry rifle. In the meantime, 11,000 more M27s will greatly enhance the Marine Infantry’s firepower.

Original post


M27 Infantry Automatic Rifle

m27-iarThe M27 IAR fitted with SU-258/PVQ Squad Day Optic, Harris bi-pod, fore grip and Advanced Target Pointer Illuminator Aiming Light (ATPIAL). Note: the M27 was initially issued with a Grip-pod fore grip/bipod, an arrangement that has been replaced by a separate fore grip and bipod. A Vickers Combat Applications sling is also attached to this M27. photo : US DoD – Source:

A HK416D is a modified variant of a Heckler & Koch HK416 assault rifle. It was introduced in 2010. In turn the HK416 is an improved version of the M4 carbine, that is widely used by the US military. The HK416D has been adopted by the US Marine corps as the M27 in 2011. Marines initially ordered 4 748 rifled and planned to obtain a total of 6 500 of these automatic weapons. These partially replaced the M249 Squad Automatic Weapon, that was adopted back in 1985. The main goal adopting the M27 was to enhance automatic rifleman’s maneuverability, especially in urban terrain. However the M249 will remain in service with the US Marine Corps. The new weapon is distributed one per 4-men fireteam.

In terms of appearance and ergonomics the M27 is very similar to the M16A4 and M4A1 and has a familiar feel for soldiers, reducing the time needed for retraining. However the German Heckler & Koch company successfully improved this weapon and cured a lot of its problems.

marine-m27An automatic Rifleman with the 26th Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) lays down suppressing fire with a M27. Photo By: Cpl. Michael Lockett – Source:

The M27 is a gas-operated automatic weapon. It is chambered for a standard NATO 5.56×45 mm ammunition. It uses a patented gas piston system, derived from the Heckler & Koch G36 assault rifle. This new operating system significantly reduced malfunctions and increased life of parts, comparing with the M16A4 assault rifle. The new weapon is much more reliable.

The M27 has a 419 mm (16.5 in) barrel. The barrel is cold hammer-forged and has a 20 000 round service life.

Charging handle is ambidextrous. Fire mode selector has three positions for “safe”, “semi-auto” and “full-auto”.


This assault rifle is fed from 30-round magazines. At the start of testing this automatic rifle used 100 round magazines, however these were unreliable. It is compatible with all standard NATO 5.56 mm magazines. However the M27 was criticized for its low magazine capacity, as it replaced the belt-fed 200 round suppressive fire weapon. Even though the M27 is more reliable and more accurate, it looses in terms of firepower to the M249. This magazine-fed rifle has to reload more often and is not able of sustaining fire. The gunner of the M27 is expected to carry a total of 16 to 22 magazines, depending on mission requirements. While the gunner of the M16A4 typically carries only 7 magazines.

Weapon has a telescopic buttstock, that can be extended or collapsed to suit the shooter.


   The M27 has a Picatinny-type scope rail and can be used with various scopes. It comes as standard with Trijicon 3.5x magnification day sight. There is a reflex sight on top for close-quarters engagement. Also there are flip-up diopter sight and front post for emergency use. The M27 has effective range of 550 m against point targets and 800 m against area targets.

There are accessory rails on all four sides of the forearm. The M27 is compatible with most current accessories for the M16 and M4, including a 40-mm underbarrel grenade launcher. Also the M27 is often used with detachable bipod and laser pointer. Source

M27 IAR Specifications

weight: 7.19 lbs (empty)
9 lbs (loaded with 30-round magazine)
length: 36.9 inches (stock extended fully)
33 inches (stock retracted)
barrel length : 16.5 inches
action : Gas-operated short-stroke piston, rotating bolt
rate of fire : Sustained: 36 rpm
Cyclic: 700 to 850 rpm
muzzle velocity : 2,550 feet per second
effective range : 550 meters (point target)
600 meters (area target)
caliber : 5.56x45mm NATO
magazine : 30-round STANAG magazine

Specification data


Pakistan to receive the first of 12 Bell AH-1Z Viper attack helicopters

International Viper [IDEX17D5]

23 February 2017

This year Pakistan will begin receiving the first of 12 Bell AH-1Z Viper attack helicopters that it has ordered. When delivered, they will be the first export use of the type, which is the latest iteration of Bell’s iconic gunship helicopter.

The AH-1 concept has come a long way since its creation as the HueyCobra in the 1960s, gaining a second engine and a four-bladed rotor along the way, while the mission equipment now represents the state-of-the-art in attack helicopter systems.

The Viper’s principal targeting system is the Lockheed Martin AAQ-30 Target Sight System, an electro-optical turret mounted in the helicopter’s nose. The two- person crew employ the Thales TopOwl helmet-mounted display, while the Viper is protected by systems such as the AAR-47 missile approach warning system, APR-39C(V)2 radar warning receiver and ALE-47 countermeasures dispensing system. Armament comprises a chin-mounted M197 three-barrelled 20mm cannon turret, rocket pods and precision-guided weapons such as Hellfire missiles and APKWS laser-guided rockets. The stub wings have a tip-mounted rail for an air-to-air missile such as the AIM-9 Sidewinder.

Along with the Bell UH-1Y Venom with which it shares major systems and components, the Viper was selected to equip the light helicopter attack squadrons of the US Marine Corps as a successor to the AH-1W. Pakistan became the first export customer when it ordered three in August 2015, adding nine more in April 2016. A total of 15 was requested in the notification to US Congress, approved in April 2015.

Original post


Related post:

Bell Helicopter announces half-billion dollar contract

Bell Signs MoU with IAR for AH-1Z Support in Romania

Bell signs MoU with Czech industry for UH-1Y bid

US Navy orders nine AH-1Z Viper Attack Helicopters for Pakistan

Bell Gets Navy Contract for 25 New Helos

Bell AH-1Z Viper: Details