Monthly Archives: September 2018

Lynx KF-31/KF 41 Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV)

The Lynx infantry fighting vehicle (IFV) is a state-of-the-art, highly protected, tracked armoured vehicle developed by Rheinmetall. The IFV was unveiled for the first time at Eurosatory 2016 exhibition held in June 2016.

The Lynx IFV is offered in two configurations, Lynx KettenFahrzeug (KF) 31 and KF 41. The KF 31 weighs up to 38t and accommodates three crew and six troops, whereas the KF 41 is an extended version with a capacity to carry three crew and eight infantrymen.

KF 31

LynxKF 31 –

A key feature of the Lynx combat family is its versatility. The Lynx comes in two versions: the KF31 and KF41 (KF stands for “Kettenfahrzeug”, or tracked vehicle in German). Weighing up to 38 tonnes, Lynx KF31 can seat 3+6 soldiers. Lynx KF41 is slightly larger and can carry 3+8 soldiers. 31 –

The Lynx can be configured for various roles:

  • Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV),
  • Command & control,
  • Armoured reconnaissance,
  • Repair & recovery or
  • Ambulance. Armoured reconnaissance – Armoured Personnel Carrier – Repair & recovery – Ambulance –

A high degree of commonality in parts and components is another prominent feature of the Lynx family of vehicles. This simplifies logistic support and has a positive impact on training. Furthermore, customized service support is available worldwide – ranging from training and logistics to in-theatre repairs and technology transfer. Source

Armament 31 – Jane’s by IHS Markit

The Lynx IFV is mounted with a Rheinmetall LANCE turret armed with a stabilised and externally-powered 30mm or 35mm automatic cannon. The turret allows the crew to effectively engage targets at a maximum distance of 3,000m.

ClAMP3fXEAAd4yaKF 31 RMG 7.62mm co-axial machine gun – JPW_FIDES twitter

The IFV can also be armed with an anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) launcher and a secondary remotely controlled weapon system mounted with a 7.62mm co-axial machine gun. The secondary weapon station is connected to the main optics. Source –

Both variants can be configured as command and control, armoured reconnaissance, repair and recovery, and ambulance vehicles.

KF41 Lynx Command Variant 41 command and control – Jane’s by IHS Markit

Command Variant is armed with a remotely controlled .50 Cal machine gun

Remote Weapon Station 12.7mm MG Eshel, Defense-Update

Rheinmetall offers a family of fully digital and stabilized, remotely controlled weapon stations that can be integrated on various vehicle platforms and used for different mission profiles. Various sizes of weapons can be accommodated from small to medium calibres, including 40mm grenade launchers. The weapon station family is designed with a high level of commonality and modularity, and is fully compliant with military standards for human factors engineering. Our weapon stations meet a wide range of specific customer requirements such as:

  • Integration of small and medium calibre weapons
  • Integration of a broad variety of optical modules
  • Operation as a standalone system or as part of a network of systems

Full stabilisation, super elevation, long-range day/night all-weather sights, smoke protection systems, and the capability to integrate NATO and non-NATO weapons are available options on certain models. Rheinmetall’s weapon stations are fielded for instance on vehicles with the Canadian Army, the Nexter VBCI for the French Armed Forces, the MPPV and AIV for the Belgium Army, and are integrated on the Fuchs APC for the Armed Forces of an international customer. Source

Lynx Combat Support Vehicle (CSV)


The CSV was designed for the recovery and repair of combat vehicles as well as support for mobility and logistics. A five-tonne crane is mounted on the rear cover, which can be used to recover vehicles or move heavy loads. An additional tank enables the delivery of fuel to external consumers (field filling station). A dozer blade is mounted on the front, which can be fitted with fangs. For self-defense, a remote-controlled weapon station for machine weapons up to 12.7 mm and grenade machine launchers up to 40 mm is integrated on the roof.

The Lynx CSV as a derivative of the Lynx IFV uses a large number of the same components. This results in advantages in terms of training, operation and logistics when both vehicles are used in parallel. Source

Lynx 120 mechanised fire support vehicle

Armed with a 120mm smoothbore gun, a weapons system that was derived from the Leopard 2, as well as coaxial and .50 calibre machine guns, the vehicle was designed to provide additional fire support capabilities whilst on the battlefield.

According to the company, the new variant builds off of the KF41 chassis and is expected to enhance the operational capabilities of Lynx battle groups through its “plug-and-play” optionality, allowing the vehicle to be integrated with multiple off-the-shelf products in line with NATO requirements.

Such optionality extends to protective systems, enabling the vehicles to adapt to the specific needs of the battle space. This includes opportunities to integrate additional protection against ballistic and explosive threats such as the Rheinmetall Active Defence System.

Like other recent Lynx variants, the new system the new system similarly features 360-degree situational awareness technologies to enable automatic target detection. Source

Design and features of Lynx IFV

The Lynx IFV is based on a highly modular design concept, allowing for the integration of special mission kits to produce a specific variant. The mission kit comprises a specific roof, mission-specific installations and equipment.

tumblr_pb87ngjHpK1ws46zho1_1280KF 41 –

The monocoque hull design of Lynx IFV houses power-pack in the front and exhaust system at the rear. Driver’ position is located on the left front side of the hull, whereas the crew is seated in a mission-neutral space. 41 –

The commander, gunner and driver are provided with hatch covers to enter and exit the vehicle. Crew can also ingress and egress the vehicle through the hydraulically-operated rear ramp. The vehicle also has a roof hatch at the rear of the crew compartment, which acts as an observation point and emergency exit. 41 –

Rheinmetall – The integrated technology group

Key features at a glance

Mission dynamics

-Superb force protection
-Extreme mobility
-Premium crew comfort

Superior battlefield awareness

-Exact orientation of the weapon stations and superior field awareness
-Instantaneous detection of specific threats
-Automatic target recognition and tracking
-Real time situational awareness

Armed to the teeth

-Main armament: 35mm Wotan cannon
-Main Sensor Slaved Armament/MSSA with 360° view
-Antitank guided missiles
-Counter strike with ADS and ROSY


Lynx IFV armament

KF 41 – Huang Yimin

The Lynx IFV is mounted with a Rheinmetall LANCE turret armed with a stabilised and externally-powered 30mm or 35mm automatic cannon. The turret allows the crew to effectively engage targets at a maximum distance of 3,000m.

30 mm x 173 / 35 mm x 228 WOTAN30 / WOTAN35

The WOTAN30 is an externally driven, medium-calibre automatic cannon with a rate of fire of 200rds/min. Easy to handle and highly reliable, the WOTAN30 can neutralize a wide variety of targets, making it the perfect choice for arming modern IFVs and other combat vehicles. The WOTAN35 is the latest member of the new WOTAN family and, due to its larger calibre, delivers longer range and deeper penetration than 30mm cannons. Source 41 –

The IFV can also be armed with an anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) launcher and a secondary remotely controlled weapon system mounted with a 7.62mm co-axial machine gun. The secondary weapon station is connected to the main optics.

Rafael Spike LR2 ATGMs

KF 41 – DTR Magazine

Spike-LR II is smarter, sharper and agiler than its predecessors, but is designed to operate from the same launchers used for Spike MR and LR, in dismounted configurations, on vehicles, weapon stations, marine platforms, and helicopters. It will also fit the new lightweight launcher developed by RAFAEL for aerial platforms, enabling light helicopters to defeat tanks, vehicles or bunkers from ten kilometers away. The new missile will be presented for the first time at the Paris Air Show in June.

6n2A view of the Spike LR II; it is fitted with an uncooled sensor and has an increased range of 5.5 km. (photo P. Valpolini)

Weighing 12.7 kg – 10% less than the legacy LR, Spike LR II provides major enhancements over the current LR variant -in lethality, range, and resolution. First and foremost, the new version enhances the Spike’s capability to defeat targets of all types – from main battle tanks with advanced, reactive and active protection, to fortified and evasive targets and those hidden in bunkers, buildings.

RAFAEL offers the missile with a choice of two warheads – an anti-tank missile optimized with an enhanced tandem warhead that increases armor penetration by 30 percent over the previous generation. Another advantage of the new missile is its ability to strike at higher impact angles – Spike LR II will be able to hit targets at up to 70 degrees, delivering more lethal top attack profile. According to RAFAEL, the SPIKE LR II is the only missiles known to have an inherent Counter-APS (CAPS) capability.

The second type is the multi-purpose version, provided with a different tandem warhead using multiple fusing presets designed to defeat light or fortified targets. The variable fusing enables the operator to set the fuse to penetrate a target or explode on impact. Designed to operate as a penetrating warhead, the missile’s warhead would breach a small hole through reinforced concrete, for the main charge to follow through.

The missile maintains the fiber-optic data link for man-in-the-loop control but the new missile can defeat those targets from an extended range of up to 5,500 meters. Source

KF 41 – Huang Yiminscreenshot--2018.05.22-05-42-45


RMG 7.62mm co-axial machine gun 41 – Shephard Media

The RMG7.62, which is currently under development, is a foreign-powered, largely 7.62 mm x 51 mm, weapon that is largely sealed against environmental influences. All components necessary for remote operation are located in or on the weapon. Benchmarks of the design are high reliability, system security and easy safe handling. Thanks to the integration of all remote control functions and the cradle, the RMG 7.62 can be quickly installed in a variety of platforms. With the RMG7.62 NATO standard ammunition can be fired with the MG3 standard links.


New is the remote-controlled pipe exchange device with three tubes in a bundle: Is a pipe shot hot, electrically the tube bundle is rotated and so the manual manual pipe replacement electrically, realized under protection and brought a cool tube in firing position in less than 5 seconds. Nanocoatings and high-performance materials ensure a long service life. The weapon is completely ITAR free. The cadence of the weapon can be set to up to 800 rounds per minute. Due to the large stock of ammunition on the weapon, the high cadence and the automatic running change, the RMG7.62 is suitable as an effector for weapon stations or as a coaxial MG for combat and armored infantry fighting vehicles. The weapon is created in cooperation with the Bundeswehr.  Source

Observation and fire control

KF 41 – Rheinmetall YouTube

The turret houses two electro-optical (EO) sights including a stabilised electro-optical sensor system (SEOSS) panoramic sight with an integrated laser rangefinder and fire control system (FCS), and an SEOSS sector sight aligned with the main armament.

Seoss – Stabilized Electro-optical Sighting System

Seoss enables accurate engagement of targets while on the move, both day and night and under conditions of limited visibility. Perfect for high-end combat vehicles, Seoss stabilized electro-optical sensor system is a compact digital fire control unit. Featuring dual-axis stabilization, the Seoss can be mounted without difficulty to any suitable surface on the vehicle. It is equipped with a Saphir® thermal imaging device, a daytime camera and an eye-safe laser rangefinder. All the data necessary for evaluating the situation appear on a display conveniently located in the interior of the vehicle. Apart from the target, these include the system status, range and type of ammunition.

Main features

  • Primary stabilized
  • 2-axis stabilized sensor head with: Thermal imager 3rd generation, high resolution daylight CCD camera (optional), eyesafe laser range finder, integrated fire control and stabilization electronics
  • Detection, recognition, identification and engagement of moving and stationary targets also on the move
  • Interface to battle management system (optional)
  • Very compact design and low weight
  • Easy integration without extensive turret modification (no turret penetration)
  • High degree of logistic communality between the versions (sector or panoramic)
  • Available as Seoss-sector, Seoss-panoramic and Seoss-MOUT

Product variants

  • Seoss-sector
  • Seoss-panoramic
  • Seoss-MOUT

Source 41 – Rheinmetall YouTube

Each EO sight can be operated by both the commander and the gunner; one of them ensures all-round visibility irrespective of the turret motion. The turret can be integrated with a situational awareness system (SAS), an additional commander’s sight, a laser warning system (LWS), an independent weapons station, an acoustic shot locator system and C4I systems.

The fully digital fire control system of LANCE ensures a high-precision rate of fire of 200 rounds a minute.

Self-protection of Lynx IFV

The modular design of Lynx IFV integrates ballistic armour, which protects the crew from anti-tank weapons, medium-calibre ammunition, shrapnel and shell splinters, improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and bomblets.

The interior of the vehicle also incorporates a spall liner for additional protection against potential threats. The vehicle is also offered with mine and IED protection packages and decoupled seats for add-on protection.

The vehicle is optionally equipped with hard kill active defence system (ADS) for 360° passive protection against a wide range of attacks. The Rheinmetall SolarΣShield mobile camouflage system aboard the vehicle further reduces heat loading, as well as infrared, visual and radar signatures.

KF 41 –

Lynx IFV diesel engine

The Lynx IFV is powered by a new generation COTS diesel engine, which develops a power output of 560kW (750hp) for the KF 31 and 800kW (1,050hp) for the KF 41 variant. The engine is coupled to a fully-automatic transmission system.

Liebherr diesel engine D9512 (KF 31)

The Liebherr diesel engine D9512 with 12 cylinders in V-arrangement and a displacement of 24,2 liters has a maximum power of 750kW at 1,900 revolutions. The engine features for regulated and unregulated markets identical performances, the same requirements for the machine‘s cooling system, and the same interfaces when installed. This enables the customer to use the same device design for different emission standards.

Configuration V-engine
Number of cylinders 12
Flywheel housing SAE 0 / SAE 1
Bore 128 mm
Stroke 157 mm
Displacement 24.2 l
Power rating 565 – 750 kW
Rated speed 1,500 – 1,900 rpm
Max. torque 4,675 Nm
Dimensions (L/W/H) 1,856 / 1,236 / 1,314 mm
Dry weight 2,050 kg
Auxiliary outputs (PTO) 2
Emission standards EU Stage V / EPA Tier 4f / IMO III / EPA Tier 0 (Fuel consumption optimised)


The KF 31 engine was mated to an Allison automatic transmission. 41 –

Liebherr diesel engine D9612 (KF 41)

The Liebherr diesel engine D9612 with 12 cylinders in V-arrangement and a displacement of 27 liters has a maximum power of 1,100 kW at 1,800 revolutions. The engine features for regulated and unregulated markets identical performances, the same requirements for the machine‘s cooling system, and the same interfaces when installed. This enables the customer to use the same device design for different emission standards.

Configuration V-engine
Number of cylinders 12
Bore 135 mm
Stroke 157 mm
Displacement 27.0 l
Power rating 650 – 1,100 kW
Rated speed 1,500 – 1,900 rpm
Max. torque 6,230 Nm
Dimensions (L/W/H) 1,839 / 1,262 / 1,338 mm
Dry weight 2,350 kg


Renk HSWL 256 automatic 6-speed transmission (KF 41)

RENK’s transmissions of the HSWL 256 type represent the state of the art, and have been selected for use in the highly sophisticated PUMA infantry fighting vehicle used by the German Bundeswehr and for the British Army’s Ajax family. The HSWL 256 transmission is based on RENK’s extensive expertise as well as knowledge gained thanks to the ongoing consideration of practical experience. The HSWL 256 transmission combines a compact design with weight-optimized individual parts, guaranteeing both a long service life as well as the capability to safely move, steer and brake vehicles over a large weight range. This transmission has an outstanding track record for use in medium-weight vehicles.


Lynx IFV vehicle mobility

KF 41 – Rheinmetall YouTube

The forward hull integrates final drives, whereas the rear houses the idler sprockets with track tensioners. The running gear constitutes six road wheels per side, on either rubber or light metal tracks. The vehicle has a maximum speed of 70km/h.

The Lynx IFV can negotiate gradients of up to 60° and lateral slopes of 30°. It has the ability to cross ditches up to 2.5m-wide, ford water streams of up to 1.5m-deep and climb 1m-high vertical obstacles.



Images are from public domain unless otherwise stated

Main material source

Updated Feb 22, 2022

Mi-26T2/Mi-26T2V Heavy-Lift Transport Helicopter

The Mil Mi-26 is a twin-engine heavy transport helicopter designed and manufactured by Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant, Russia, for both military and civilian roles. It is the second largest and powerful helicopter in the world, and entered into service in 1985.

The helicopter’s maiden flight took place in December 1977. About 276 Mi-26 helicopters are currently in service worldwide.

Mi-26 helicopter variants

The Mi-26 has 13 variants, which include Mi-26A, Mi-26M, Mi-26MS, Mi-26NEF-M, Mi-26P, Mi-26PP, Mi-26PK, Mi-26S, Mi-26T, Mi-26TP, Mi-26TS, Mi-26TZ and Mi-27.

The Mi-26A is an advanced version of the Mi-26 and completed its flight test in 1985. It is upgraded with a structured PNK-90 flight navigation system for automated approach and decline.

Another variant, the Mi-26M is an upgraded version of Mi-26. It is incorporated with a flight navigation system, D-127 turboshaft engines, an electronic flight instrumentation system and aerodynamic rotor blades for better performance.

The Mi-26T is a commercial cargo or freight transport version. It was first showcased in the 1997 Moscow Air Show. The helicopter was later displayed at Farnborough Air Show held in 2002 after installing advanced avionics by Rostvertol.


Mi-26T –

Mi-26T, the world’s best line production helicopter in terms of load capacity, is unrivaled in cost-performance parameters. This type helicopters are intensively used for all sorts of operations: transportation, evacuation, fire fighting etc. Mi-26T is capable of carrying up to 20 tons of cargo inside fuselage or on the external sling.

Mi-26T cockpit – – – – – – T24



Max. speed
295 km/h
Cruise speed
255 km/h
Max. flight range with main fuel tanks
800 km
Operational ceiling
4,600 m
Hover ceiling (OGE)
1,520 m

Weight Parameters

Max. take-off weight
56,000 kg
With underslung load
56,000 kg

Max. Payload, kg

in transport cabin
20,000 kg
on external sling
20,000 kg

Engine 2 х D-136 (2 х 11 400 h. p.)

Take-off power
h. p.
Contingency power
h. p.

Cabin Dimensions

12.1 m
3.29 m
3.17 m



Mi-26T specification

The Mi-26MS is an upgraded model of the Mi-26T. The variant is a medical evacuation helicopter and comprises intensive care section for four casualties and two medics, ambulance section for five stretcher patients, three seated casualties and two attendants, and a laboratory.

The Mi-26NEF-M is another variant of Mi-26 fitted with a search radar below the nose radome. It is an anti-submarine warfare version, which boasts heat exchangers and towed MAD housing fitted on a ramp.

The Mi-26P is a passenger transport version, which can carry 70 to 100 passengers. The variant features airline-type seating, with a centre aisle, bathroom, kitchen and cloakroom near the flight deck.

Another variant, the Mi-26PP, is a radio relayed version with its first flight test completed in 1986. The Mi-26PK is derived from the Mi-26P. It is a flying crane helicopter introduced in 1997. The Mi-26S is a disaster relief version incorporated with a discharging liquid tank and underbelly spraying apparatus.

The Mi-26TP is a fire-fighting helicopter, which can distribute 17,260l of water from a squat VSU-15 bucket. It was first introduced in 1994.

Another variant, the Mi-26TS, is an export version of the Mi-26T supplied to Samsung Aerospace Industries, South Korea.

The Mi-26TZ is a fuel tanker version, while the Mi-27 is airborne command post variant.

Mi-26TZ fuel tanker version Mi-26TZ is a specially adapted for transporting and filling fuel in the field – Документальные Фильмы

Type :   special modification of the heavy-duty helicopter typeMi-26 ( Halo A ),serving as the role of a ground filling station

Determination :   Fuel transmission to helicopters and front-combat combat airplanes and ground fighting techniques

Differences from the Mi-26 helicopter (Halo A) :

– installation of three removable modules, two with fuel tanks with a total capacity of 14,000 liters, a fuel pump and a control panel and one with four air fuel hoses, ten hoses on diesel and a fuel gauge inside the cargo compartment hoses – Документальные Фильмы

Manufactured :   at least six serial machines

Users :   Kazakhstan and Russia

Crew:    two pilots, navigator and on-board mechanic

Drive:   two turbo-shaft engines of the Progress D-136 type with a maximum power of 11,400 kp

Radar:  weather station type 8A313 Groza , installed inside the hull spike

Equipment:   SRO-1P identification system Parol-2D, warning system RL type SPO-15 (L006) Berjoza and six whirlpools of 32 misleading IR / RL targets of the ASO-2V type (three- installed on the sides of the central part of the fuselage, in the area above the main bogie)

Capacity:   Tank with 14,000 liters of fuel and canisters 1,040 l of lubricants transported inside the cargo cabin with dimensions 12,08 mx 3,25 mx 2,91 m



Time necessary for conversion from refueling equipment version………….1h.25 min
From transport version to refueling equipment version…………………………  1h. 25 min


Performance with refuel equipment of Mi-26 T in conformity with performance of standard Mi-26T

Capacity of transported fuel   14.040 lt
Transported fuel  aviation kerosene T-2, TS-1, RT
Diesel DL, DZ, DA grades
Transported lubricants  (52 tanks of 20 liters each) 1.040 lt
Fuel distribution rate with pressure from pump (3,8-4,0 kgf/cm2) on each hose
With 4 hoses of aviation fuel Up to 300 lt/min
With 10 hoses of diesel fuel 50…..150 lt/min
Fineness of filtration of distributed fuel
Aviation 5 μm
Diesel 12…16 μm
Time of deployment for distribution to consumers
Aviation fuel 10 min
Diesel fuel 15 min
Time for stowage
Aviation fuel refueling equipment 15 min
Diesel fuel refueling equipment 25 min


Mi-26 helicopter upgrades for Defense Ministry

Holding “Helicopters of Russia” prepared a project for the modernization of the Mi-26 helicopter for Russian military aircraft. At present, the Rostvertol plant is already working on the creation of a prototype of the new Mi-26T2V with the subsequent implementation of a complex of flight tests.

As the general director of the holding “Russian Helicopters” Andrey Boginsky said, the machine will embody the latest technical solutions taking into account the use in combat operations. “I want to note that we are talking about the modernization of the military version of the Mi-26 rather than the Mi-26T2 helicopter, which is exported,” he said.

The modernized Mi-26T2V is a heavy wide-body transport helicopter with a carrying capacity of 20 tons. The number of crew members of the updated version remained the same – 5 people.

The new machine will be able to provide flights in the conditions of any region, including, with complex physico-geographical and unfavorable climatic conditions. Also, the helicopter will be able to be operated in conditions of unequipped trails and along routes outside the trails, over unoriented terrain, in conditions of fire and information counteraction of the enemy.

The machine is equipped with a modern integrated complex of on-board radio electronic equipment NPK90-2, which provides helicopter piloting day and night with automatic flight along the route, exit to a predetermined point and approach, as well as pre-landing maneuvering and return to the main or alternate aerodrome. The air defense system of the helicopter provides helicopter protection against missile damage with radio and opto-electronic guidance. Source DD 20 OCTOBER 2017

Mil Mi-26T2V 

7_d554b1b6Mi-26T2V – Rostvertol

Differences from the Mi-26 helicopter :

– installation of an automated flight-navigation complex type NPK-90-2 instead of the original navigation equipment (this reduced the number of crew members from four persons to two) – Pictures below of Mi-26T2V shows 4 crew stations

Mi-26T2V cockpit

Evgeny Baranov

– installation of modified interconnection equipment

– installation of new instrumentation inside the cockpit

– installing new impact-resistant seats inside the crew’s cabin

– installing new external lighting to allow the use of night vision glasses – Женя Вертолет – Женя Вертолет – Женя Вертолет – Женя Вертолет – Женя Вертолет – Женя Вертолет – Женя Вертолет YouTube

– installation of the L370E26L Vitebsk Defense Complex, consisting of a L370-2-01 Warnetting Anti-Missile System (L370-2-01), a L370-5L directional intruder and 28 dummy targets. All of the components of the Vitebsk-type complex are located within two pairs of tandem-shaped conformal containers that are attached to the sides of the central part of the hull. While the front is just behind the front side entry door, the rear pair of Vitebsk-type complex containers is located directly above the main chassis. While the front containers contain a L370-5L type lane and one L370-2-01 (one for the front and rear half-sphere), two 14-meter dumbbells are built into the hind legs of each of the rear containers. Source

L370E26L Vitebsk Defense Complex – Russian Helicopters

It is designed to protect aircraft from anti-aircraft missiles with infrared, radar or combined homing heads. “Vitebsk” is able to track the launch of missiles within a radius of several hundred kilometers from the aircraft and “take away” the missile from the target.


Structurally, the complex L-370 “Vitebsk” is made in the form of blocks that can be located inside the fuselage and on the outer hinges of the aircraft or helicopter. The main elements of the complex are laser radiation detection equipment, ultraviolet rocket launching direction finder, control system, opto-electronic suppression station and false thermal targets (LTC) devices. The known modifications of BKO-L-370B52 (for Ka-52), L-370E8 (for MI-8MT), L-370E26L (for MI-26), L-370E50 (for Ka-50). Defense Complex – Женя Вертолет YouTube

The main element of Vitebsk is the digital station for active interference (LSS) L-370-3S. It exceeds the Sorbtsiya (Su-27), Omul (Su-25), Gardenia (MiG-29) and suppresses the enemy radar in a wider frequency range. The complex includes a system of protection against missiles with a thermal homing head (TGSN), which blinds enemy missiles with a laser spotlight. Translated by google – ource



Ø carrier rotor: 32,00 m
Ø tail rotor: 7.61 m
Total length: 40,03 m
Length of hull: 33.73 m
Height: 8.15 m
Empty weight: ?
Max. takeoff weight: 56 000 kg
Max. speed: 295 km / h
Practical access: 4 600 m
Max. range without / with 4 PTB: 800/1 920 km


Mi-26T2 – Airguardian

The Mi-26T2 is a modernisation of the Mi-26T heavy-lift transport helicopter designed by Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant, a division of Russian Helicopters.

The modernised helicopter is designed to transport heavy cargo and equipment. It can be used to quickly transport up to 82 troops and their equipment, as well as a wide range of heavy-weight combat vehicles.Телеканал Звезда

Preliminary flight tests were carried out in 2014 and serial production of the Mi-26T2 helicopter began in May 2015.

Rostvertol, which is part of Russian Helicopters, built the helicopter at its Rostov-on-Don factory. factory – T-24

Avionics for the Mi-26T2 helicopter were developed by OJSC Ramenskoe Instrument Design Bureau (RKPB), a subsidiary of KRET.

The ambulance / emergency response variant of the Mi-26T2 helicopter can carry up to 60 wounded people. It can be configured to perform various other operations, including fire-fighting, fuel delivery, construction and installation works.

The helicopter can also provide self-contained refuelling to ground-based vehicles.

Mi-26T2 demonstration and orders

The helicopter was exhibited at the International Aviation and Space show MAKS 2011, HeliRussia 2011, and Dubai Airshow 2013. It entered  the first stage of flight trials in 2011. It was demonstrated to the Algerian Armed Force in July 2012 and offered for the Indian Air Force in November 2012.

Russian Helicopters received an order to deliver six Mi-26T2s for the Algerian Air Force under a $2.7bn contract in March 2014. The first helicopter performed its maiden flight in December 2014. Algerian Air Force – Algeria Today

On June 26, 2013, the Algerian Air Force ordered a total of 6 Mi-26T2 helicopters. The first one (SL-21) was also the first serial specimen of the Mi-26T2 helicopter, and it was first released in the cloud on December 25, 2014. On February 11, 2015, the second series Mi-26T2 (SL-22 ). Upon completion of the tests, both of these Mi-26T2 helicopter specimens were used to train the flight and ground personnel of the customer. It was only then, on 8 July 2015, that they embarked on a trip from Rostov to Don to Algeria, respectively. at the base of Bild. The day arrived at the destination. But this was preceded by a stopover on one of the Greek islands. The other two Mi-26T2 series (SL-32 and SL-34) were flown in June and July 2015. Their handover was made before the end of the same year. Translated by google – source Algerian Air Force – Algeria Today

Algeria ordered a second batch of eight Mi-26T2 helicopters in August 2015.

King Abdullah Design and Development Bureau placed an order with Russian Helicopters to deliver four Mi-26T2s for the Royal Jordanian Air Force, in April 2016. The first helicopter was delivered in January 2018.

Mi-26T2 transport helicopter design and features

The Mi-26T2 heavy-lift transport helicopter features new digital avionics suite and an upgraded engine. It is capable of executing missions during both day and night under all weather conditions. main landing gear – Телеканал Звезда

Attached to the helicopter is double-wheeled landing gear in a tricycle arrangement. Its main rotor system consists of eight blades, while the tail rotor system consists of five blades.Тамаз Мухашаврия YouTube

The base variant is 12.1m long, 3.29m wide and 3.17m high. The helicopter has a cargo lifting capacity of 20t and accommodates the maximum weight of the cargo inside the cargo cabin or from an external sling, which is operated by a flight engineer.

Two members of crew operate the helicopter. A door on each side of the cabin facilitates easy entry and exit for the crew. It is fitted with a new air conditioning and cargo compartment heating systems.Первый каналПервый канал

Mi-26T2 cockpit – Первый канал

The Mi-26T2 heavy-lift transport helicopter features a glass cockpit fitted with an electronic display system of five liquid-crystal displays (LCDs), control panels, airborne computer, as well as standard and infrared (IR) lighting equipment.

1024px-Mil_Mi-26T2,_Rostvertol_AN1989586Mi-26T2  cockpit –

Additionally, a Tranzas TSL-1600 light can be installed to visually control external loads in night conditions. The cockpit can be optionally fitted with night vision goggles (NVG) based on the customer requirements. – Первый канал

Avionics suite onboard the Mi-26T2

The Mi-26T2 features a BREO-26 digital avionics suite to improve stability and control in all flight modes over unfamiliar terrains. The onboard avionics include NPK 90-2 flight and navigation system along with NAVSTAR / GLONASS, modern communications system, airborne flight recorder system, backup device system, and an on-board control system. – Первый канал

A round-the-clock gyro stabilised optoelectronic system is also fitted to provide increased surveillance capabilities.

The Mi-26T2 prototype has already been tested with the L370E26L Vitebsk self-protection suite, borrowed from the Ka-52 Alligator. The costly system integrates L370-2-01 Reagent missile approach warning sensors and directional IR jammer; the jamming effect is also being enhanced by pumping out IR flares from chaff/flare dispensers scabbed onto the fuselage sides. with Vitebsk self-protection – Тамаз Мухашаврия YouTube

The Mi-26T2, in its baseline configuration, comes equipped with the all-new Russian-made BREO-26 digital avionics package, built around the KRET NPK90-2 flight-navigation avionics suite with a LINS-100RS laser inertial navigation system and an A737-1 satellite navigation receiver as well as the PKV-26D digital autopilot.

NPK-90-2 navigation equipment

The complex of on-board radio-electronic equipment NPK90-2 provides:

  • round-the-clock piloting in simple and difficult weather conditions;
  • automatic flight along the route with the provision of possible operational change of the flight route manually and by commands from ground control points of air traffic;
  • continuous automatic determination of the position and motion of the helicopter;
  • automatic determination of polar coordinates relative to radio beacons and their indication;
  • exit to a predetermined point from a given direction, issuing information about the time of arrival at the intermediate (final) point of the route
  • approach and pre-landing maneuvering in accordance with the landing scheme introduced for the aerodrome, including a repeated approach;
  • return to the main and alternate aerodromes, as well as to landing areas for the shortest distance;
  • providing information on flight parameters, operation of helicopter units and systems, tactical situation;
  • display of an electronic map of the locality;
  • information on the remaining path, traveled track, ground speed, instrument speed, track actual speed, and altitude flight barometric.


LINS-100RS inertial system

LINS-100RS – is a joint development of «SAGEM Defense Securite» (France), and JSC RDC, JSC ITT (Russia).

LINS-100RS – has been designed according to Western and Russian standards.

LINS-100RS is a strapdown inertial-navigation system on base of ring laser gyros (RLG) and pendulous accelerometers.

LINS-100RS includes a SNS receiver installed into a monoblock (antenna assembly is included). The system has a mounting frame for providing accurate tie to coordinate system of aircraft. A monoblock case is a dust-moisture-proof design.

The system provides definition and output of flight/navigation para-meters, and is designed for new and upgraded aircraft and helicopters. Source – Первый канал

PKV-26D digital autopilot

An integrated navigation flight planning and communication system is also included in the package, as well as a precise auto hover system, digital map display, five MFI-10-7V multifunctional displays replacing a number of conventional ‘stem-gauge’ instruments. – Первый канал

The other new avionics components are represented by the KS-26T2 communications suite, a 7A-813C weather radar and a GOES-series day/night observation turret (with gyro-stabilised infrared and TV-cameras).

Type 7A813C weather radar

It also features customer-selectable options such as night vision goggle-compatible interior and exterior lighting, a TSL-1600 searchlight, a Vitebsk self-protection suite and a SKY899 traffic collision avoidance system. Source

TSL-1600 searchlight

p39helicopter.gifTSL-1600 searchlight –

TSL-1600 has high light characteristics, which makes it possible to effectively conduct search and rescue, rescue operations, patrol, investigative-search, security measures. The floodlight can also be used for nighttime photo and video shooting.



The projector is designed for visually concealed and unconcealed aviation operations for various purposes, used in various climatic and meteorological conditions and in various areas above the earth’s and water surfaces (mountainous terrain, urban and rural areas, forests, water bodies). Search and lighting projector can be installed on a helicopter of any type with sufficient power of the generator and search and rescue aircraft. The TSL-1600 does not have its own controls and displays.For these purposes either a control panel or a set of switching and indicating elements on the aircraft or a combination thereof is used.

Another advantage of the TSL-1600 is that it can work in automated control mode, receiving commands from external controls (multi-function indicator TDS-84, FLIR, etc.). This function allows to keep or accompany the object of observation, regardless of the spatial position and speed of the aircraft.

Tactical and technical indicators

Source of visible light
Lamp Type gas discharge xenon
Power 1600 W
The power of light 30 000 000 cd
Life time up to 1000 hours
IR mode
The spectral range (800 ÷ 1200) nm
Beam divergence in narrow beam mode 4
Beam divergence in wide beam mode 20
Power Cardan Suspension
Angle of rotation in azimuth 350 ° (± 175 °)
Angle of rotation by elevation angle + 10 ° (up) ÷ – 110 ° (downwards)
Angular velocity in azimuth 0-40 ° per second
Angular velocity in slope 0-40 ° per second
Searchlight as a whole
Radiation spectrum visible and infrared
Readiness time 1 sec – for lighting the lamp
Input voltage 27 V (24,0 ÷ 32,0) direct current
Input current 65 A (nom.); 75 A (max.)
Dimensions: (L x W x H) 418 mm x 425 mm x 427 mm
Total installation weight 29 kg


SKY899 traffic collision avoidance system

  • Self-calibrating antenna constantly maintains the bearing accuracy of tracked targets and offers the most precise traffic positioning information
  • Verbal Intruder Positioning (VIP) announces range, bearing and relative altitude of intruder aircraft through the cockpit’s audio system
  • Unmatched 5-Year  Warranty
  • “Look Up/Look Down” altitude display modes highlight specific layers of relative altitude range — useful during climbs, descents and takeoff
  • Optional bottom mount antenna installation, useful for helicopter applications
  • Integrates with Stormscope Lightning Detection Systems
  • Economically fulfills TCAS I requirements for most aircraft
  • 35-mile surveillance & display range
  • Additional ARINC 429 EFIS output
  • The preferred choice of OEM’s worldwide


Mi-26T2 engine

The Mi-26T2 heavy-lift transport helicopter is powered by two modernised, electronically controlled D-136-2 turbo-shaft gas turbine engines designed by Ivchenko-Progress and produced by Motor Sich.

The engine is equipped with full authority automatic control system of FADEC controls and generates 12,500hp of emergency power, while the maximum power rating is 11,650hp. Its engine delivers improved performance, even in hot climatic conditions.


The helicopter has an operating range of approximately 800km and a maximum range 1,905km when fitted with auxiliary fuel tanks.

2 x D-136-2 turbo-shaft gas turbine engines (Mi-26T2)

Takeoff (SLS, ISA)
N, hp. 12,200
C, kg/hp/h 0.210
Dimensions, mm 3,715 x 1,382 x 1,124
Weight, dry, kg 1,150


APU inlet Mi-26T2V – Женя Вертолет on Mi-26T – exhaust Mi-26T2V – Женя Вертолет for external APU source Mi-26T2V – Женя Вертолет YouTube

Characteristic Mi-26T2

Modification   Mi-26T2
Main screw diameter, m   32.00
Diameter of tail rotor, m   7.61
Length, m   40. 03
Height, m   8.145
Width, m   3120
Weight, kg  
  empty   28000
  normal take-off   49600
  maximum take-off   56,000
engine’s type   2 GTD ZMKB Progress D-136-2
Power, hp   2 x 11650
Maximum speed, km / h   290
Cruising speed, km / h   255
Practical range, km   2000
Range of action, km  
  with refueling of main fuel tanks   800
  with refueling basic and add. fuel tanks   1905
Practical ceiling, m   4600
Static ceiling, m   1 500
Crew, people   2 + 1
Payload:   up to 120 passengers or 20000 kg of cargo in the cabin or on the suspension


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Updated Nov 11, 2020