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S-350E Vityaz (50R6) SAM

The S-350E Vityaz (50R6) is a surface-to-air missile (SAM) system designed and manufactured by Almaz-Antey Corporation, for the Russian defence.

SONY DSCImage @bastion-karpenko.ru

The dual defence missile system was unveiled at the MAKS 2013 Airshow held in Moscow in August 2013. The missile testing is expected to be completed in 2014 and mass production is slated to commence in 2015. Deliveries to the Russian Army are anticipated in 2016.

S-350E Vityaz missile system design and features

The mid-range S-350E Vityaz air defence missile system was manufactured by the Northwest Regional Centre of Almaz-Antey. It is a highly mobile system featuring the 8×8 truck chassis BAZ-6909. The BAZ-6909 can tackle a maximum gradient of 57 %, side slope of 38%, fording depth of 1.4m, and trench of 1.5m.

8×8 truck chassis BAZ-6909

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERAImage @ausairpower.net

The BAZ-6909 special wheeled chassis was developed and is produced by Bryansk Motor Vehicle Plant. It is a purpose-designed heavy high mobility military vehicle. It is a baseline model of the Voschina family of military trucks. This family includes 6×6 and 8×8 heavy high mobility trucks, prime movers, artillery tractors, with a payload capacity of 13-21 t. There is a high degree of commonality between these trucks. Development of the Voschina family was funded by Russian Ministry of Defense. The BAZ-6909 has been adopted by the Russian armed forces.

   The BAZ-6909 is of conventional design. It was designed to carry specialized military equipment, such as weapons, missiles, shelters and radars. This vehicle has a payload capacity of 18 000 to 20 000 kg.

   The BAZ-6909 has good cross country mobility. It can operate on all kinds of roads, over rough terrain and in remote areas.

   Vehicle is fitted with a three-person armored cab. The cab can be armored. Also there are versions of this vehicle with extended cabs.

   Initially these trucks were powered by a YaMZ-8424.10 turbocharged diesel engine, developing 470 hp. Some sources claim, that later, a more powerful YaMZ-849 diesel was used. It develops 500 hp. Engine is located behind the cab. It allowed to reduce height of the vehicle and prevent engine and cooling system from damage and blockage with mud. Vehicle is fitted with a central tyre inflation system. This military vehicle has a climatic operational range from -50°C to +45°C. It can be airlifted by An-22An-124 or Il-76 transport aircraft.

Entered service 2004 (?)
Configuration 8×8
Cab seating 1 + 2 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight (empty) 22 t
Payload capacity 18-20 t
Length 11.3 m
Width 2.75 m
Height 2.85 m
Mobility
Engine YaMZ-8424.10 diesel
Engine power 470 hp
Maximum road speed 70 km/h
Range 1 000 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step ~ 0.6 m
Trench ~ 2 m
Fording ~ 1.2 m

Source @military-today.com

The missile system can be fitted with independent torsion-bar wishbone suspension with telescopic shock absorbers. Other equipments fitted to the system include a filtering and ventilation system, a heater, and communication, decontamination and protection systems.

The metal stamped cab of the missile has two welded doors and can accommodate up to three people. The missile can also deploy protected cabs and frame-type cabs with local armour.

The S-350E Vityaz can carry up to 16 aircraft or 12 vertically launched missiles. Each S-350E Vityaz system consists of three 50P6 launcher trucks, a 50K6 command and control vehicle, and 50K6E command post. The basic missile can load 48 weapons per battery.

50P6 launcher truck

1379041220_101The 50P6 is the truck launcher missile system of the Vityaz 50R6 air defense missile system.

The Viyyaz missile truck launcher 50P6 carried twelve tubular containers, in two lines of six. A launcher vehicle can mount 9M96E missiles or 9M100 missiles. The launcher unit is mounted at the rear of the chassis. In firing position four hydraulically operated outriggers are deployed on the ground, one on each side of the chassis and two at the rear.

S-500-Mísseis-anti-aéreos-2014.jpg

The missile for the Vityaz 50R6 the 9M96 originally designed for the S-400 system. This missile is intended for self-defence at a range of up to 15 km and features passive IR homing guidance. The 9M96 is a dual-role anti-missile and anti-aircraft missile. The smaller 9M100 missile can be also used against aircraft, UAVs and cruise missiles. The 9M100 is a short-range, IR-guided missile that has been mentioned as both a SAM and an AAM. The 9M96E missile are ‘hit-to-kill’ designed for direct impact, and use canards and thrust vectoring to achieve extremely high G and angular rate capability. An inertial package is used with a datalink from the MFMTR X-band radar for midcourse guidance, with a radar homing seeker of an undisclosed type. The small 24kg blast fragmentation warhead is designed to produce a controlled fragment pattern, using multiple initiators to shape the detonation wave through the explosive. A smart radar fuse is used to control the warhead timing and pattern.

50K6 command and control vehicle

vityaz_hero_50k6_command_control_vehicle_medium_range-air_defense_missile_system_almaz-antey_russia_russian_defence_industry_640_001Image @armyrecognition.com

The 50K6 is the Command and control vehicle which is used with the Vityaz 50R6 ground-to-air defense missile system. The 50K6 command and control system is designed for battle management of the Vityaz ADM (Air Defense Missile) system fitted with an appropriate interface equipment.

The 50K6 Command and Control vehicle uses a 6×6 truck chassis BAZ-69092-12. This a three axle chassis with a wheel arrangement of 6×6, a three-seat cab and a behind-the-cab engine. The engine is the YaMZ-8424.10-033 multi-fuel four-stroke eight cylinder V-type liquid cooled diesel with a power of 450 hp. This truck can run at a maximum speed of 80 km/h with a maximum road range of 1,000 km. 

6×6 truck chassis BAZ-69092-12

baz-69092-012-6x6-chassis-4sImage @ausairpower.net

The mobile 50K6 command and control system provides the above ADM systems with target designation of current and prospective aircraft, cruise missiles, ballistic targets, and other air attack weapons, within the range of the air defence systems responsibility coverage zone, as well as their interoperability in adverse tactical environment.

vityaz_hero_50k6_command_control_vehicle_medium_range-air_defense_missile_system_almaz-antey_russia_russian_defence_industry_130_001Image @armyrecognition.com
Type
Command and Control vehicle
Country users
Russia
Designer
Almaz-Antey
Truck
BAZ-69092-12
Speed truck
80 km/h
Range truck
1,000 km

Source @armyrecognition.com

50N6A Fire control system with target and surveillance radar

50K6A command post.jpgImage @aviationweek.com

The 50N6A is the MFMTR Multi-Function Mobile Tracking Radar which is used with the Vityaz 50R6 ground-to-air defense missile system. This radar provides a highly mobile 3D search and acquisition capability, but is limited in low level coverage footprint by its antenna elevation. The specialised MFMTR is a high power-aperture, coherent, X-band phased array designed for the rapid acquisition and initial tracking of inbound ballistic missiles within a 90 degree sector.

SONY DSCImage @bastion-karpenko.ruSONY DSCImage @bastion-karpenko.ru

The 50N6A MFMTR Multi-Function Mobile Tracking Radar uses a 6×6 truck chassis BAZ-69092-12. This a three axle chassis with a wheel arrangement of 6×6, a three-seat cab and a behind-the-cab engine. The engine is the YaMZ-8424.10-033 multi-fuel four-stroke eight cylinder V-type liquid cooled diesel with a power of 450 hp. This truck can run at a maximum speed of 80 km/h with a maximum road range of 1,000 km. (See above)

The roof-mounted MFMTR X-band phased array radar of the fire-control system can detect and track up to 40 targets simultaneously and engage eight of them typically using two missiles per target to ensure a high-kill probability. The MSAM is capable of engaging aircraft, helicopters, UAVs and tactical ballistic missile target sets. The MFMTR radar provides a Simultaneous target detection, multiple target tracking and the missile up-link. The radar contains a Rotating phased-array antenna (60 rpm) with Full electronic scanning, with large deflection (+/- 45° in elevation and bearing).

50N6A Fire control system with target and surveillance radar.jpgImage @wikimedia.org
Type
Multi-function mobile tracking radar
Tracking errors
– 250 m range
– 0.5 degrees in azimuth.elevation
Country users
Russia
Designer
Almaz-Antey
Search
– 90° 
– 45° elevation
Truck
BAZ-69092-12
Speed truck
80 km/h
Range truck
1,000 km
Targets
– 40 for tracking
– 8 for engagement using two missiles per target
Radar
X-band phased array radar

Source @armyrecognition.com

The missile system is equipped with relay station for communication equipment, shelter-mounted fire control system with multifunctional target, and surveillance radar 50N6A. The centralised tire and air pressure regulation system of the S-350E Vityaz consists of a pressure control valve, shutoff valves of the wheels, and piping. The system is monitored from the driver seats.

50R6 Relay station for communication 

Vityaz_Hero_relay_station_medium_range_air_defense_missile_system_Almaz-Antey_Russia_Russian_defence_industry_640_001.jpg

The Relay station vehicle for Vityaz 50R6 ground-to-air defense missile system is used for communication between launcher, radar and command post of Vityaz air defense missile system. 

A telescopic mast is mounted at the rear of a Kamaz 6×6 truck chassis.

The Relay Station vehicle of Vityaz 50R6 uses a 6×6 Russian-made Kamaz 5350 truck chassis. The KamAZ-5350 can run at a maximum speed of 95 km/h with a maximum road range of 1,000 km.

6×6 Russian-made Kamaz 5350 truck

kamaz-5350kmu-6x6-truck-1sImage @ausairpower.net

The mobile 50K6 command and control system provides the above ADM systems with target designation of current and prospective aircraft, cruise missiles, ballistic targets, and other air attack weapons, within the range of the air defence systems responsibility coverage zone, as well as their interoperability in adverse tactical environment.

Type
Relay station 
Country users
Russia
Designer
Almaz-Antey
Truck
KamAZ-5350 series
Speed truck
95 km/h
Range truck
1,000 km

Source @armyrecognition.com

Development of S-350E Vityaz SAM

The new S-350E Vityaz SAM defence system has been developed since 2009. It is expected to replace the previous variants of the S-300 systems and complement S-400 systems.

The S-350E Vityaz mobile air defence system is developed based on the design of the KM-SAM Chun Koong system of South Korea. The KM-SAM surface-to-air system was developed by the Agency for Defense Development with design support from Almaz-Antey.

KM-SAM: Details

S-350E Vityaz’s compatibility with other missiles

The mid-range guided missile system is compatible with 9M100 and 9M96E / 9M96M missiles manufactured by Fakel Design Bureau.

The 9M100 is a short-range missile featuring infrared (IR) guidance. It is 2.5m long, has a 125mm diameter body, and weighs 3,073kg. It is used as both a surface-to-air missile and an air-to-air missile, and has a maximum range of 10km.

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The 9M96E / 9M96M, which is originally meant for the S-400 missile system, is a dual-role, self-defence and IR-guided missile. It can load FRAG-HE warheads of 26kg and travel at a speed of 900m/s up to a range of 40km. It features active radar terminal homing guidance system and measures 4.75m in length and 333kg in weight. It has a body diameter of 240mm and wing span of 480mm.

The 9M100 and 9M96E / 9M96M missiles can be launched from solid propelled rockets with thrust vector control.

9M96E missile

01-jpg6fc59c04-df1f-4d0f-991e-979f20df36d4original
Type
Surface-to-air defense missile system
Missiles
– 9M96E or 9M96M
Country users
Russia
Propulsion
Solid propelled rocket
Explosive load
9M96E/9M96M: 26 kg FRAG-HE
Launch Weight missile
– 9M96E/9M96M: 333 kg
Lenght missile
– 9M96E/9M96M: 4.75 m
Range
– 9M96E/9M96M: 1 – 40 km max.
Guidance system
– 9M96E.9M96M: inertial with active radar terminal homing seeker
Radar and command vehicles
– 50N6A multifunctional radar
– 50K6 Command and control vehicle

9M100 missile

9m100_019M100 missile
Type
Surface-to-air defense missile system
Missiles
– 9M100, 
Country users
Russia
Propulsion
Solid propelled rocket
Launch Weight missile
– 9M100: 3,073 kg
Lenght missile
– 9M100: 2.5 m
Range
– 9M100: 10 km max.
Guidance system
– 9M100: inertial with IR
Radar and command vehicles
– 50N6A multifunctional radar
– 50K6 Command and control vehicle

Source @armyrecognition.com

igor-sutyagin-the-opposite-of-air-power-53-1024Image @Dr Igor Sutagin spoke at the RUSI Air Power Conference 2013

Details of the BAZ-6909 truck

*See above for truck info*

The propulsion system of the BAZ-6909 truck includes a YaMZ-8424.10-033 engine, a clutch and a gearbox, all placed behind the cab.

The V-type multi-fuel, four-stroke engine consisting of eight cylinders runs on liquid cooled diesel and produces 470hp of power. The vehicle can achieve a maximum speed of 80km/h and has a maximum range of 1,000km.

Main material source @army-technology.com

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