Daily Archives: January 18, 2016

Kornet E / EM Anti-Tank Missile, Russia

The Kornet (Russian: “Корнет”; English: Cornet) is a Russiananti-tank guided missile (ATGM). It is intended to deal with main battle tanks, but it is not intended to fully replace previous systems, due to its high cost. The missile carries the GRAU designation 9M133 and the NATO reporting name AT-14 Spriggan. It was first introduced into service with the Russian Army in 1998.

Kornet E is the name given to the export version of the Russian Kornet missile system. The system, first shown in 1994, was developed by the KBP Instrument Design Making Bureau, Tula, Russia, and is in production and service with the Russian Army. The missile has been exported to Syria, Jordan, the UAE, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, India, Morocco, Algeria and Greece.


Kornet is a third-generation system, developed to replace the Fagot and Konkurs missile systems in the Russian Army. It is designed to destroy tanks, including those fitted with explosive reactive armour (ERA), fortifications, entrenched troops as well as small-scale targets.

The system can be fitted to a variety of tracked and wheeled vehicles, including the BMP-3 infantry fighting vehicle, as well as serving as a standalone, portable system. The self-propelled Kornet missile system is manufactured by the Volsk Mechanical Plant, Volsk, Russian Federation.

Kornet E missile system orders and deliveries

Russian MoD

It was reported in April 2005 that the Kornet E missile system had been ordered by the Government of Eritrea.

In March 2009, it was announced that 244 Kornet E missiles had been ordered by Peru under a $25m contract. The missile systems were delivered in January 2010.

Kornet anti-tank missile

The launcher fires Kornet missiles with tandem shaped charge HEAT warheads to defeat tanks fitted with ERA or with high explosive / incendiary (thermobaric effect) warheads, for use against bunkers, fortifications and fire emplacements.

Armour penetration for the HEAT warhead is stated to be 1,200mm. Range is 5km.

The missile has semi-automatic command-to-line-of-sight (SACLOS) laser beamriding guidance, flying along the line of sight to engage the target head on in a direct attack profile.

Tripod launcher


The tripod launcher includes optical sight, thermal sight, laying drives, missile launch mechanism and missiles kept in storage and transport containers. The operator uses either optical or thermal sight to detect and track the target. The thermal sight is designated 1PN80 and is produced by the State Institute of Applied Optics (NPO GIPO) of Kazan, Russia.

Thermal sight 1PN80

Vehicle mounts

The Kornet anti-tank guided weapon system is mounted on a cross-country, armoured chassis based on the BMP-3 infantry fighting vehicle which entered production in the late 1980s and is in service with the Russian Army. BMP-3 is a tracked, armoured, amphibious vehicle. It has a 500hp diesel engine, weighs 18.7t and is capable of a maximum speed of 70km/hr and range of 600km. The vehicle is equipped with night vision devices.

BMD-3 with Berezhok weapon system turret

BMD-3 with Berezhok weapon system turret. The system contains: 30-mm 2A42 gun, 30-mm grenade launcher AG-30, 4 ATGM Kornet-E, 7.62 machine gun

Berezhok weapon system on BMD3: Details

BMD-2 with parts of Berezhok weapon system

BMD-2 with parts of Berezhok weapon system. The turret is from BMD-2, but additional modules from Berezhok system were used for the upgrade. In this modernization variant KBP design bureau used 2 ATGMs Kornet-E and combined gunner sight

BMD-2 with Berezhok weapon system: Details

Kornet-EM: Details

The self-propelled Kornet missile system has the capability for automatic loading and the simultaneous launching of two missiles at a single target. 16 missiles can be carried. It has a crew of two.


Kliver missile / gun turret

Based on the Kornet missile system, the KBP Instrument Design Making Bureau developed the Kliver missile / gun turret , which can be mounted on a variety of vehicles including the Russian Army’s BTR-80 armoured personnel carrier and BMP-1 infantry fighting vehicle. It can also be installed on small ships such as coastal patrol boats.

The Kliver turret carries four Kornet missiles and a 30mm 2A72 gun. The gun has a range of 4,000m and can fire at the rate of 350-400 rounds a minute. There is also a 7.62mm PKT machine gun. Total weight of the turret is around 1,500kg, including ammunition and missiles. (The Kliver turret is the old version it is very hard to find a current picture)

The automatic fire control system includes ballistic computer, thermal sight, laser rangefinder and stabilisation system. The turret has a 360° traverse and an elevation of -15° to +60°.

Source: army-technology.com/aselsan.com.tr/armyrecognition.com/from the net

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Iver Huitfeldt-class frigates – Demark

The Ivar Huitfeldt Class frigates are being built by Odense Steel Shipyard for the Royal Danish Navy. Three frigates are scheduled to enter service between 2012 and 2013. The class is preceded by Niels Juel corvette. It is the navy’s largest acquisition project to date.

The keel for the first ship in the class, Iver Huitfeldt (F 361), was laid in June 2008 and launched in March 2010. The frigate was transferred to the Defence Acquisition and Logistics Organisation (FMT) in January 2011 for testing. It is expected to enter operational service in 2012. The second frigate, Peter Willemoes (F362), was laid in March 2009 and launched in December 2010. The third and final ship, Niels Juel (F363), was laid in December 2009.

Peter Willemoes (F362)

Ivar Huitfeldt design

Image: defencyclopedia.com

The seven-deck monohull design features 15 watertight sections. It has been designed to reduce radar signature, infrared radiation, underwater noise and magnetic signature to make the ship as invisible as possible to an enemy.

The Iver Huitfeldt Class design is an evolution of the Absalon Class developed by the navy and Odense Steel Shipyard (OSS).

The exterior is easily distinguished from Absalon Class as the Iver Huitfeldt is one deck lower, and lacks an internal multipurpose deck (flex deck). The chimney’s design has been changed to prevent excessive steam impact of SMART-L radar.


The design protects the crew from contamination. The frigate is divided into six hazard zones. All the zones are equipped with separate filters to protect the crew against chemical, radioactive or biological weapon attacks and airlocks are provided between them.

Frigate construction

The frigates are being constructed simultaneously in the same dock in a phased manner.

The first phase includes assembly of all welded steel blocks into a ship platform, while civil equipment is installed by the shipyard and its subcontractors in the second phase.

Following delivery from the shipyard, the frigates will sail to Naval Station Korsor where military installation work will take place in the final phase.

List of ships

Name Number Laid Down Launched Commissioned Status

Iver Huitfeldt (da)

F361 June 2008 March 2010 January 2011 In Service

Peter Willemoes (da)

F362 March 2009 December 2010 June 2011 In Service

Niels Juel (da)

F363 December 2009 December 2010 November 2011 In Service

Source wikiwand.com

Command and control

The spacious bridge spans the full width of the ship. Bridge 

The frigates will be equipped with the Terma C-flex command and control system. The C-flex system integrates Commercial, off-the-shelf (COTS) units including a server, a console computer, an interface computer, a LAN switch and an UPS unit in an environmentally protected 19” rack. It is based on the T-Core open architecture platform.

The C-flex receives information from ship board sensors and distributes the data to weapon systems after evaluation. The computer creates an electronic image of the real-time situation around the frigate.

The helmsman sits at a raised console in the center of the pilothouse, steering with a joystick.

The frigate can exchange information with other units based at sea, air or land. The communications are conveyed through data links and other computer networks.


Terma to Support Royal Danish Navy Iver Huitfeldt Class Frigate BMD & IAMD Upgrade 

The Danish Defence Acquisition and Logistics Organization (DALO) has entered into an agreement and signed a contract with Terma on Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD). The aim is to provide DALO with study and advisory support within the Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) and IAMD domains related to the Danish government’s decision to upgrade at least one of the IVER HUITFELDT class frigates to a BMD sensor role and offer this capability to the NATO BMD system.  13 April 2016 – navyrecognition

Royal Danish Navy sets SM-2 buy as priority, mulls frigate BMD upgrade: Here

Weapon Systems

The frigate will be fitted with Lockheed Martin mk41 multimissile vertical launch system (VLS) for the evolved Sea Sparrow missile (ESSM) and SM-2 IIIA missile.

Lockheed Martin mk41 multimissile vertical launch system

The missile bay amidships is fitted with three different types of launchers. At center is a new 32-cell Mark 41 Vertical Launch System from Lockheed Martin, able to handle Standard SM-2 and SM-6 missiles. The weapons have yet to be purchased, however, and the system is not yet operational. Flanking the Mark 41 are two Raytheon Mark 56 missile launchers to handle Evolved Sea Sparrow missiles (ESSM) anti-air missiles. Just visible in the foreground are the support structures for Boeing Harpoon surface-to-surface missiles. Both the Mark 56 and Harpoon launchers come from decommissioned ships. None of these launchers are yet operational, but the ship plans to fire both ESSM and Harpoon missiles in Spring 2015 to certify the systems. Lockheed Martin mk41 multimissile vertical launch system (VLS) for the evolved Sea Sparrow missile (ESSM) and SM-2 IIIA missile

Evolved Sea Sparrow missile (ESSM)


Sea Sparrow missile (ESSM) The Sea Sparrow SAM is equipped with an improved semi-active radar homing guidance system in an 8in diameter forebody guidance section. The guidance system uses inertial / command mid-course continuous wave radar or interrupted continuous wave radar illumination-data. Both X-band and S-band data links are used to transmit the information to the combat systems. The Sea Sparraw SAM provides increased performance against smaller targets. The propulsion system provides the missile with a speed of over Mach 4 and a range of more than 50km. Source naval-technology.com

General Characteristics:
Primary Function: Surface-To-Air and Surface-To-Surface radar-guided missile.
Contractor: Raytheon Missile Systems, Tuscson, Ariz.
Date Deployed: 2004
Unit Cost: $787000 – $972000 depending on configuration
Propulsion: NAMMO-Raufoss, Alliant (solid fuel rocket)
Length: 12 feet (3,64 meters)
Diameter: 8 inches (20,3 cm) – 10 inches (25,4 cm)
Weight: 622 pounds (280 kilograms)
Speed: Mach 4+
Range: more than 27 nmi (more than 50 km)
Guidance System: Raytheon semi-active on continuous wave or interrupted continuous wave illumination
Warhead: Annular blast fragmentation warhead, 90 pounds (40,5 kg)

RIM-162 ESSM data Source seaforces.org

SM-2 IIIA missile

SM-2 IIIA missile  The Block III missiles differ from earlier blocks by the addition of the MK 45 MOD 9 target detecting device, for improved performance against low altitude targets. The Block IIIB missile additionally has a dual semi-active/infrared seeker for terminal homing. The dual seeker is intended for use in high-ECM environments, against targets over the horizon or with a small radar cross section. 40 to 90 nmi (74 to 167 km) > 24,400 m (80,100 ft) Mach 3.5

The mk41 system can fire anti-air, anti-submarine and anti-ship missiles. Ivar Huitfeldt will also be armed with the Boeing Harpoon block II anti-ship missile system and the Eurotorp MU90 lightweight torpedo fired from a twin or triple torpedo launcher.

Boeing Harpoon block II anti-ship missile


The Harpoon is an all weather, subsonic, over the horizon, anti-ship missile which can be launch from surface ships, submarines and aircraft. The Harpoon Block II is the latest version of the Harpoon missile and is able to strike land-based targets and ships in littoral environments. The Block II incorporated the GPS/INS guidance system of the JDAM bombs and the mission computer, software, and GPS antenna employed by the SLAM ER missile.


Diameter: 340 millimeter
Length: 4.63 meter (15.2 foot)
Wingspan: 910 millimeter
Max Range: 124 kilometer (67 nautical mile)
Top Speed: 237 mps (853 kph)
Thrust: 660 pound
Warhead: 224 kilogram (494 pound)
Weight: 691 kilogram (1,523 pound)

Source deagel.com

Eurotorp MU90 lightweight torpedo


The MU90/IMPACT Advanced Lightweight Torpedo is the leader of the 3rd generation of LWTs. Designed and built with the most advanced technology, the weapon is of fire-and-forget type conceived to cope with any-task any-environment capability requirements and meet the ASW operational needs of the 21st century.

The weapon has been designed to counter any type of nuclear or conventional submarine, acoustically coated, deep and fast-evasive, deploying active or passive anti-torpedo effectors


Main Dynamic Features
Linearly Variable speed …………………… 29 to >> 50 kts**
Range …………………… >10,000 m at max. speed**
> 23,000m at min. speed**
Minimum depth for launching …………………… < 25 m
Max. operating depth …………………… >> 1000 m**
Agility and manoeuvrability ……………………. Extreme
Diameter (NATO Standard) …………………… 323,7 mm
Length …………………… 2850 mm
Weight …………………… 304 kg
Main Acoustic Features
Operational bandwidth …………………… >>10KHz
Acoustic coverage …………………… 120°H x 70°V
Simultaneous targets …………………… Up to 10
Main Counter-Counter Measures
Stationary target detection capability
Decoy classification
Anti-Jammer tactics

(**) = real value classified

Source eurotorp.com

The frigate’s main gun will be an Oto Melara 76mm Super Rapid gun. The Oerlikon Millennium 35mm naval gun system will onboard provide close-in air defence. It is based on the new Oerlikon 35mm revolver cannon land-based air defence system. A 12.7mm machine gun will also be available aboard the ship.

Oto Melara 76mm Super Rapid gun

Two Italian-made 76mm Oto Melara guns are fitted forward -- unusually for post-World War II ships, in a super-firing arrangement (one over the other). The guns are reconditioned units from decommissioned patrol ships. The base ring for the forward mount is sized to take a US-built Mark 45 five-inch gun, but funding for the mount -- at about $50 million each -- has yet to be approved. Eventually, the Danish Navy hopes to install another close-in weapon system in the No. 2 position. Oto Melara 76mm Super Rapid gunThe ready-ammunition magazine for one of the 76mm gun mounts. Variants of the lightweight Oto Melara are one of the most popular gun mounts in the world, in no small part because of their minimal impact on ship designs. The revolving ready-ammunition magazine for one of the 76mm gun mounts.

The Oto-Melara / Oto-Breda 76/62SR 76mm (3-inches) 62-caliber Super Rapid gun is a lightweight, automatic loading, rapid fire naval gun system used against shore, sea and air targets.

Manufacturer: 1963-2001 Oto-Melara / 2001- OtoBreda
Produced: Compact: 1963- / Super Rapid: 1988-

Technical data:
Caliber: 3 inches / 76,2 mm
Barrel lenght: 186 inches / 4,72 meters (= 62 caliber)
Weight: 7900kg, empty (Super Rapid)
Shell: 76 x 900 mm / 12,34 kilograms
Elevation: – 15° to + 85°
Traverse: 360°
Rate of fire: Compact: 85 rpm / Super Rapid: selectable from single shot up to 120 rpm
Muzzle Velocity: 925 m/s (1100 m/s – DART)
Magazine: Compact: 80 rounds / SR: 85 rounds
16 kilometers with standard ammunition
20 km with extended range ammunition
up to 40 km with VULCANO ammunition

– Compact
– Super Rapid
– Stealth casing
– DAVIDE/STRALES radio frequency guidance system for DART guided ammunition

HE (high explosive) – 6,296kg / Range 16km / effective range 8km (4km vs. air targets at elev. 85°)
MOM (multi-role OTO munition)
PFF (pre-formed fragmentation) – anti-missile ammunition
SAPOM (semi-armored piercing OTO munition) – 6,35kg / Range 16km
SAPOMER (semi-armored piercing OTO munition, extended range) – Range 20km
DART (driven ammunition reduced time of flight) – sub-calibre guided ammunition against multiple targets
(missiles and maneuvering targets at sea) 4,2kg in barrel / 3,5kg in flight / 660mm lenght / effective range >8km
VULCANO (76mm unguided and guided extended range ammunition) – under development

Source seaforces.org

Oerlikon Millennium 35mm naval gun system

Oerlikon Millennium 35mm naval gun system will onboard provide close-in air defence based on the new Oerlikon 35mm revolver cannon land-based air defence system
Designation Gun:  Oerlikon 35 mm/1000 KDG
Mounting:  Millennium GDM-008
Ship Class Used On Royal Danish Navy:  Absalom class Combat Support Ships and Iver Huitfeldt class frigates
Taiwan:  Support Ship Panshih
Venezuela:  Guaiqueri and Guaicamacuto classes offshore patrol vessels
Date Of Design about 1995
Date In Service 2003
Gun Weight 992 lbs. (450 kg)
Gun Length oa 161.8 in (4.110 m)
Bore Length 108.9 in (2.766 m)
Rifling Length N/A
Grooves 24
Lands N/A
Twist RH Progressive
Chamber Volume N/A
Rate Of Fire 1,000 rounds per minute cyclic
Note:  Weapon may be set to fire single shots, 200 rounds per minute or 1,000 rounds per minute.

Source navweaps.com

12.7mm machine gun

A 12.7mm machine gun

Sensors and radars


The sensor suite includes the SMART-L long-range surveillance radar, the APAR multifunction radar, Furuno navigation radar and ATLAS ASO 94 hull-mounted sonar. The SMART-L operating on L band will provide very long-range surveillance.

Smart-L three dimensional radar

Closer view of the Smart-L radar. A Rheinmetall Oerlikon 35mm Millenium close-in weapon system is to be installed atop the hangar. The Swiss-manufactured weapon is in service with the Danish and Venezuelan navies. SMART-L long-range surveillance radar

Smart-L three dimensional radar This is a volume-search early warning long-range air search radar, which has been designed by Thales. It is a derivative of the smaller SMART-S, using an LW-09 solid-state transmitter. It uses an 8.2m electronically stabilized antenna scanning at 12 rpm to an elevation of 70 degrees. SMART-L provides range, bearing, elevation, and target velocity on each scan. Low observable targets can be detected at 55km and a conventional target beyond 100km. Maximum instrumented range is 400km. The ADT track file can carry up to 1000 air, 40 surface and 32 jammer tracks simultaneously. SMART-L is integrated with the Scout radar for surface surveillance.

Type: Radar Altitude Max: 30480 m
Range Max: 481.5 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0.2 km Generation: Late 2000s
Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Pulse Doppler Radar (Full LDSD Capability)
SMART-L ELR – (2006, VSR) Radar
Role: Radar, Air & Surface Search, 3D Long-Range
Max Range: 481.5 km

Source cmano-db.com

APAR (active phased array radar) 

APAR multifunction radar

APAR (active phased array radar) The APAR (Active Phased Array Radar) by Thales contains four active phased array antennas with 3200 modules each, which together provide a 360 degrees azimuth coverage. Some other features of the system are multi-function capability, digital Doppler processing, digital pulse compression techniques, graceful degradation and flexible waveform generation. APAR operates in I/J-band, which makes the radar an excellent sensor for the detection of sea-skimming missiles. The APAR system has one main waveform generator, plus two additional waveform generators to provide missile guidance links and target illumination in the terminal phase of engagement. Each array can generate up to four beams for 16 simultaneous engagements and 30 SM-2 and ESSM missiles in the air. Instrumented range is 150km in air search and 75km horizon search with elevation coverage up to 70 degrees and a capacity to handle 250 tracks.

Type: Radar Altitude Max: 30480 m
Range Max: 166.7 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0.2 km Generation: Early 2000s
Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Continous Tracking Capability [Phased Array Radar], Track While Scan (TWS), Pulse Doppler Radar (Full LDSD Capability), Interrupted Continuous Wave Illumination
APAR MFR – Radar
Role: Radar, FCR, Surface-to-Air & Surface-to-Surface, Medium-Range
Max Range: 166.7 km

Source cmano-db.com

Other subsystems include ATLAS ASO 94 hull-mounted sonar, FLIR system Seastar Seafire III, Saab CEROS 200 fire control radars, and EDO 3701 electronic warning and assessment system.

ATLAS ASO 94 hull-mounted sonar

General data:
Type: Hull Sonar, Active/Passive Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 44.4 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Late 2000s
Sensors / EW:
ASO 94-01 [CSU 90] – Hull Sonar, Active/Passive
Role: Hull Sonar, Active/Passive Search & Track
Max Range: 44.4 km

Source cmano-db.com

FLIR system Seastar Seafire III

FLIR system Seastar Seafire III

Saab CEROS 200 fire control radars

The CEROS 200 features world-class acquisition speed and tracking precision. It has the ability to track any target, including supersonic missiles and surface targets, in any weather conditions. It provides these capabilities over long distances as well as extremely close to the ship. The system features options for tracking multiple targets, including the facility for the operator to seamlessly switch designation of the primary target. It is available in a CWI configuration with
the 9LV ESSM Missile Control Module. It provides an X-band channel for CWI illumination of a target, for guidance of the semi-active surface-to-air missile. The system has a top weight of 630-750 kg, much lighter than comparable systems. This makes it easy to integrate with all
platform types. The CEROS 200 provides reliable performance even in cluttered environments and is highly resistant to the latest jamming technology. The system can also be combined with the 9LV Gun Fire Control and SAM modules, providing precision control for any naval gun or a semi-active SAM missile system.

• Extremely high accuracy
• Fast reaction
• Extremely high availability
• Patented CHASE algorithm
• Proven performance
• Unique capabilities
• Long range
• Extremely wide bandwidth (2 GHz)
• Low weight
• Low lifecycle cost
• Inherent growth potential

General data:
Type: Radar Altitude Max: 30480 m
Range Max: 74.1 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0.2 km Generation: Early 2000s
Properties: Moving Target Indicator (MTI), Pulse Doppler Radar (Full LDSD Capability), Continuous Wave Illumination
Sensors / EW:
CEROS 200 Tracker [9LV Mk4 ESSM] – Radar
Role: Radar, FCR, Surface-to-Air & Surface-to-Surface, Short-Range
Max Range: 74.1 km

Source cmano-db.com

EDO 3701 electronic warning and assessment system

EDO 3701 electronic warning and assessment system. (defense-studies.blogspot.com)


The large flight deck is limited to aircraft of 20,000 pounds -- big enough for EH-101 and NH-90 helicopters. The flight control station is at left.

The Iver Huitfeldt frigate will feature a helicopter deck and hangar to support the operations of medium-sized helicopters such as the AW101. The deck can also handle larger and heavier helicopters of up to 20t.



The frigate will be fitted with 12-barrelled Terma DL-12T 130mm decoy launchers. Terma SKWS (soft kill weapon system) is a modern decoy-launching system that can fire SeaGnat decoys. The Terma launcher provides 360° coverage against incoming anti-ship missiles.

12-barrelled Terma DL-12T 130mm decoy launchers SeaGnat decoys


The Ivar Huitfeldt Class will have a crew 101 divided into four divisions:

  • surgical division of 32 (eight officers, three sergeants and 21 privates)
  • weapons division of 17 (two officers, three sergeants and 12 privates)
  • engineering division of 32 (six officers, three sergeants and 23 privates)
  • management division of 20 (two officers, four sergeants and 14 privates).
Electro Officer Christian Jens, in the foreground at left, oversees operations in the ship's Engineering Control center. With a crew of only 117, the Nils Juel relies on a high degree of automation. Fifty cameras monitor key spaces around the ship -- at right, one of them shows a view of the helicopter hangar.Engineering Control center

Each frigate will have berths for 165 people, hence small staff, helicopter crew, doctors, students and trainees are accommodated.


The frigate will be powered by four main MTU 20V 8000 M70 diesel engines, placed two and two each, in a combined diesel and diesel configuration. The propulsion system will provide a speed of over 28kt.

MTU 20V 8000 M70 diesel engine

One of the ship's four MTU 20V M70 diesels. Together, they provide 32.8 megawatts to drive the ship's two propeller shafts. Another view of the forward machinery room. These spaces, along with most of the ship's lower hull, were designed primarily by Maersk, the huge Danish shipping firm. Use of commercial features combined with military requirements was key to keeping construction costs down.

The ship will be equipped with two Becker rudders and a bow thruster with an output of 900kW. A set of active stabilisers will provide stability to the frigate. Four generating sets comprising two Caterpillar engines and Leroy-Somer generators will be provided. Each pair will include a CAT3512 and CAT3508 generating 1,360kW and 920kW respectively.

Sailors hoist in one of the ship's two rigid-hull inflatable boats (RHIBs). Only three sailors are needed to handle the operation.

Source: naval-technology.com/intercepts.defensenews.com/from the net/Saab

Updated Jun 03, 2018

Jaguar Armoured Reconnaissance and Combat Vehicle (EBRC)

The Jaguar 6×6 armoured reconnaissance and combat vehicle (EBRC) is being developed by a consortium of Nexter Systems, Thales, and Renault Trucks Defense, primarily for the French Army.

A total of 248 Jaguar EBRC units are planned for acquisition by the French Defense Procurement Agency (DGA) through its Scorpion multi-role armoured vehicle programme, which will aid the French Army in meeting its mission requirements on the modern battlefield.

The new-generation vehicles are intended to replace the French Army’s ageing fleet of AMX10RC 6×6 light reconnaissance vehicles and ERC Sagaie 6×6 armoured vehicles, as well as the VAB (véhicule de l’avant blindé) HOT armoured fighting vehicles.

The Jaguar vehicle offers high protection, increased mobility, and enhanced firepower for land-based forces.

Jaguar EBRC orders and deliveries

French companies Nexter Systems, Thales, and Renault Trucks Defense established a consortium in January 2014 for the collaborative development of two types of armoured vehicle solutions for the Scorpion programme, which covers the Jaguar EBRC and Griffon multi-role armoured vehicle (VBMR).

The French DGA awarded a contract to the three-member consortium in December 2014 to design, develop and manufacture the Jaguar vehicle. The deal also covers armament and logistics support for the vehicles during the qualification and manufacturing phases.

France’s DGA awarded a contract to the consortium to manufacture and deliver 20 Jaguar armoured vehicles in April 2017.

The vehicles are currently expected to be delivered to the French Army by 2020.

Jaguar EBRC design details


The Jaguar armoured reconnaissance and combat vehicle is based on all-terrain six-wheeled chassis.

Shephard Media

It features a gross weight of 25t and can carry a crew of up to three members.


Shephard Media

The crew stations are placed in a fully enclosed armoured crew compartment, which is equipped with air-conditioning and internal overpressure systems.

Emergency escape hatch – Forcesoperations

Weaponry of Jaguar armoured vehicle

ACTA International 40mm Cased Telescoped Armament System (CTAS) is the main armament of the Jaguar EBRC.

The 40mm cannon unit is mounted on a remote-control weapon system, and is able to defeat light armoured, urban, and soft targets at a rate of fire of 200 rounds a minute.

40mm Cased Telescoped Armament System (CTAS)

The 40 CTAS has been conceived as the next generation weapon of choice for medium calibre systems within Armoured Fighting Vehicles and Infantry Fighting Vehicles. The novel rotating breach technology and the associated cased telescope ammunition of the 40 CTAS is such that it is easily integrated within both manned and unmanned turrets with the benefit of minimum intrusion within the turret. The benefits are multiple in that the crew has greater space within which to operate, the unmanned turret has more space for additional equipments or better stealth profile, the vehicle having a more powerful weapon at its disposal than those with similar calibre equivalents. The 40 CTAS has been designed to provide a future proof capability against armoured threats, urban targets and soft targets in all combat theatres.

– 40 mm Cased Telescope Armament System
– Novel rotating breach mechanism,
– Up to 200 rounds per minute rate of fire, single shot, burst and continuous
– Ability to fire over a wide range of elevation (-10° to +75°)
– Ammunition Natures (GPR-AB-T, GPR-PD-T, APFSDS-T, TP-T and TPRR-T)

Status: CTAI is currently under contract with the UK MoD and French DGA to qualify the 40 CTAS Cannon and Ammunition in readiness for use on the UK MoD WCSP and FRES-SV programmes and for the French DGA for the future EBRC programme. Source nexter-group.fr

Shephard Media

The range of munitions developed for the 40 CTAS has been conceived to provide the operators of medium calibre systems within Armoured Fighting Vehicles and Infantry Fighting Vehicles a wide range of capabilities with levels of performance above that from weapons of a similar calibre.

The currently available ammunition types are:
– General Purpose – Air Burst – Tracer (GPR-AB-T) to neutralize dismounted infantry,
– GPR – Point Detonation – Tracer (GPS-PD-T) to defeat reinforced concrete walls with delay fuze,
– Armour Piercing Fin Stabilised Discarding Sabot – Tracer (APFSDS-T) able to penetrate 140mm of RHA (frontal arc of some first generation MBT and all IFV’s),
– Target Practice – Tracer (TP-T) and TP Reduced Range – Tracer (TPRR-T).

40 mm Cased Telescope Armament System Ammunition
– Munition projectile “Cased” and surrounded by propellant,
– High muzzle exit velocity across the range of munitions,
– High levels of precision,
– Cylindrical shape allowing ease of handling for automatic loading into weapon and reloading by the operator within the turret.

Status: CTAI is currently under contract with the UK MoD and French DGA to qualify the 40 CTAS Cannon and Ammunition in readiness for use on the UK MoD WCSP and FRES-SV programmes and for the French DGA for the future EBRC programme. Source nexter-group.fr

“In terms of firepower, French will replace the high caliber weapons such as the 90mm and 105mm with the new 40mm CT medium caliber cannon in the reconnaissance role.

I think this will give them, rapid firing capability supported by a new generation sighting system for the gunner and commander plus a modern fire-control system that will satisfy a high first round hit probability.

Coupled with the 40mm ammunition’s acclaimed high penetration and the capabilities coming from the use of  programmable rounds, Jaguar will have a quite good lethality against a large range of targets.

The modern sighting equipment and data communication capability will also have an impact on the performance and success of the reconnaissance missions.

The UK’s Scout SV a 40+ ton tracked vehicle with 40mm CT two-men turret and France’s 6×6 25 ton wheeled vehicle with a similar weapon system show two different approaches in armored reconnaissance and only time will tell how they will perform.” Source warfare757.rssing.com

The vehicle is also armed with MBDA’s man-portable medium-range missile (Missile Moyenne Portée), which is effective against both static and moving targets.

It offers superior fire power against a variety of targets, including infantry vehicles and heavily armoured vehicles.

Missile Moyenne Portée

MMP is the latest (fifth) generation land combat missile system designed for dismounted infantry as well as for integration on combat vehicles.

Featuring both fire-and-forget and man-in-the-loop operation, network-enabled MMP also receives third party target designation for indirect firing scenarios.

MMP’s design includes the growth potential necessary for a future family of missiles for modern land combat.

Shephard Media

MMP will replace the Milan and Javelin anti-tank missiles in service with the French Army and special forces from 2017. Taking into account the battle experience gained from recent conflicts in which the French Army has been engaged, MMP is a response to the demands that have been expressed in terms of required capabilities: firing from confined spaces, “fire-and-forget”, and self-guidance with a “man-in-the-loop” facility.

  • Lightweight weapon system, easily man-portable
  • High level of day and night, all-weather reconnaissance and identification capability
  • Confined space firing capability
mage: janes.com


  • Weight (incl. Tube) : 15 kg
  • Length : 1.3 m in tactical canister
  • Diameter : 140 mm
  • Range : 4.000 m

Source mbda-systems.com

A 7.62mm machine gun can be fitted to further increase the vehicle’s firepower capabilities.

7.62mm machine gun (FN) T3 RCWS

Armée de Terre
7.62x51mm NATO Gas operated, open breech 1.260mm (49.60″) Rifled portion: 487.5mm (19.19″)
Overall: 630mm (24.80″)
Belt Weapon: ~ 11.8 kg (26.01 lb)
Barrel assembly: ~ 3.050 kg (6.75 lb)
650 to 1,000 RPM

Source fnherstal.com

Jaguar vehicle protection features

The French Army’s new-generation armoured fighting vehicle is designed to offer high levels of NATO STANAG-standard protection against small arms fire, projectiles, bullets and weapons.

It also incorporates nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) and mine protection kits for defence against improvised explosive devices (IED) and mine blasts.

Self-protection for the vehicle’s crew is provided by four smoke-grenade launchers, which are located on either side of the turret.

Galix grenade launchers

Galix grenade launchers on both sides of the turret – Armée de Terre
The system detects the position of the threat and transfers this data to the fire control systems of the infantry fighting vehicles and main battle tanks.
The Galix suite is not only for the purpose of self-defence (passive action) but also to actively neutralize hostile personnel.
Lacroix offers combat proven solutions which are unique and global in scope. Land passive defence systems manufactured by Lacroix have been installed on more than 5,000 military vehicles.

The Galix 360 degree automatic obscuration system protects armored vehicles against all types of guided missiles.

Galix grenade launchers at the rear – Shephard Media

Launchers Tubes

– Manual / stand alone system : 6 or 8 launch tubes
– Automatic System : up to 12 launch tubes
– Automatic / connected system, distributed architecture : up to 24 launch tubes

Source lacroix-defense.com

Thales’ Antares

Thales describes Antares as a “real-time day and night local awareness and softkill” for combat vehicles. The single payload provides 360° situation awareness and features an integrated laser warning system capable of providing self-protection against close-in threats; rear view and driving aids; and an external view for mounted soldiers ahead of egress from the vehicle. The laser warning system is capable of detecting laser range finders operating at 1.54 nm and 1.06 nm with threat localisation of less than 2°. An optional acoustic gunshot detection system is being considered for integration in the future. Source janes.com

Antares – Armée de Terre

Metravib Pilar V acoustic sensor

PILAR vehicle version is designed for the protection of heavy and light armoured vehicles, as well as police armoured vehicles. It is available as a tetrahedral acoustic array mounted on the vehicle roof. It can also include a display indicating the shot origin and identification.

Real time threat monitoring

  • Provides GPS coordinates and identification of the threats
  • Good accuracy for determining the shot origin:
    • Azimuth: ±2°
    • Elevation: ±3°
    • Range: ±10%
  • Operating during fighting attacks with multiple threats such as Small Arm Fires, RPGs and Mortars.

Source metravib-defence.com

Observation and fire control


The driver’s field of view is provided from a closed hatch via panoramic vision blocks.

Safran was selected to develop an optronics solution for the Jaguar EBRC based on the Paseo sighting system.

Driver hatch – arronlee33

The optronics system allows for detection, identification and tracking of land-based targets both during the day and at night.

Paseo sighting system

PASEO  for gunner – Shephard Media

Relying on its unique expertise in inertial and infrared technologies, Safran Electronics & Defense designed PASEO, the latest-generation of advanced panoramic sight to improve the survivability and fighting capabilities of the Infantry Fighting Vehicles (IFV) and Main Battle Tanks (MBT). Highly versatile, PASEO is perfectly suited to 30-125 mm Gunner and Commander’s applications as well as Forward Observation Artillery. Effective day and night, it provides a true “fire-on-the-move” capability, with a high firstround hit probability, whether on static or moving targets. Source safran-electronics-defense.com

Gunner station left

The gunner is seated on the left, he is also equipped with a direct optical channel, on the left, and with a Safran E/O viewer, on the right, aligned with the gun. Close situational awareness is provided by Thales’ Antares, which also doubles as a laser warning receiver, two being mounted, one front right and one rear left, to provide all-round coverage. A Metravib Pilar V acoustic sensor is also installed. Thales also provides the entire vetronic architecture of the Jaguar. Source edrmagazine.eu

PASEO for commander  – Shephard Media

The commander observation systems are located on the right side of the turret, can use an all-optic panoramic sight located at the centre of the turret, as well as Safran’s dedicated Paseo electro-optic all-digital panoramic sight fitted on the remotely controlled weapon station. His hatch s fitted with episcopes allowing a 360° view.  Source edrmagazine.eu

Commander station

SAVAN 11 Fire Control System

The SAVAN 11 Fire Control System is suited to high-performance IFVs and AFVs either as first-mount equipment or a mid-life up grade.
It provides a high first-round hit probability in all combat conditions.

Key features:

• Compact and modular
• Excellent performance-to-cost ratio, ideal for medium caliber turrets, whether manned or unmanned
• True fire-on-the-move capability
• Integrated fire-control computer for direct or indirect firing with coordinates
• High-performance stabilization, allowing single-shot or burst firing with the same high firstround hit probability
• Long-range target identification, making the SAVAN 11 ideal for asymmetrical or symmetrical operations
• Ready for NCW.

SAVAN 11 is composed of 2 main assemblies:

• The LST 11 gunner optronic sight
• The LJ 11 gunner day sight
(manned turret version only)

Source angelopodesta.com
SAVAN 11 for gunner  – Tim Fish

Command and control for the Jaguar armoured vehicle is provided by the onboard Scorpion forward information system (SICS), which has been equipped with a Bull battle management capability.

The system enables the transmission and sharing of information through a Thales Contact software-defined radio device.

Thales is in charge of the vetronics subsystem, and will develop and manufacture the SCORPION common vetronics solution, communication solutions, including the intercom system, perimeter vision system, self-protection suite and navigation system for all variants of the EBMR. In addition, Thales is responsible for the sensor payload for the VOA artillery observation vehicle (Véhicule d’Observation de l’Artillerie), which comprises a day/night sight with a laser target designator mounted on a telescopic mast and coupled to a GO12 radar. The vetronics network is designed to support the future Contact software-defined radio system, the SCORPION forward information system (SICS) and the Atlas artillery system, developed under separate contracts. The network also supports broader platform digitisation and network-centric operations. Source thalesgroup.com

Navigation and communications onboard Jaguar armoured vehicle

Thales is responsible to develop and supply navigation and communication for the Jaguar armoured vehicle, with integrated systems such as vetronics, an intercom unit and self-protection suite, as well as perimeter vision and navigation systems.

The vetronics system allows for internal data transfer and video management and provides support for the SICS and contact radio device.

The Jaguar EBRC comes with a number of countermeasures, including laser warning system, missile detection system, barrage jamming, and acoustic sniper localisation system.

As for communications, the vehicle will be equipped with one Thales Contact radio, allowing simultaneous data and voice communications in VHF and UHF bands, and with two PR4G radios. Source edrmagazine.eu

Thales Contact radio

ion of communication architecture standards and on the European waveform developed by the ESSOR partners to guarantee interoperability. Software radios and waveforms developed within this framework will meet new requirements with high operational value as armed forces transition to the digitised battlespace and increase their reliance on C4I, video transmissions and other value-added services during multinational operations.

Future CONTACT radio products will be fielded with the French Army, Air Force and Navy, providing faster transmission speeds, better security and heightened interoperability. They will be interoperable with the communication systems of other nations to support coalition operations.

These products will be interoperable with the PR4G waveform, thus assuring upward interoperability with PR4G radio equipment currently in service. Source: thalesgroup.com

PR4G radio

TRC 9310 B/C (2 radios) ?

TRC 9310 B/C (2 radios) PR4G F@stnet – VHF Vehicular Dual Fit Station

  • Dual fit solutions: Relay (B version) – 2×50 W (C version)
  • Dimensions (WxHxD): 400x195x320 mm
  • Operating in proximity with several radios thanks to high performance co-site filter
  • Dismountable for manpack use

Source thalesgroup.com

number of countermeasures, including laser warning system, missile detection system, barrage jamming, and acoustic sniper localisation system.

Engine and mobility

The Jaguar reconnaissance and combat vehicle is powered by a single diesel engine located in the front portion, delivering increased mobility across all terrain conditions.

On road the Jaguar uses the four rear wheels, the 6×6 traction being used only when going cross country, differentials being blocked progressively, depending on terrain conditions. The suspensions, provided by Quiri, allow to change the ground clearance depending on situations, lower on roads and higher in cross country, suspensions stiffness also changing depending on the height. An extra-low position allowing to better hide the vehicle when observing; it is also used for maintenance, to ease access to some elements, and when the vehicle is transported by rail. To reduce the turning radius both the first and third axle are steerable.

The Jaguar is fitted with the same pneumatics adopted on the Griffon, and is equipped with CTIS and run-flat systems. The front and rear axles are identical to those of the Griffon, which increases commonality, each axle being able to carry 9 tons. The Jaguar has a range of 800 km thanks to its 465 litres fuel tank; the one in the prototype is provisional, the final design foreseeing tne fuel tank heavily protected and one less protected but of the self-sealing type. Source edrmagazine.eu


DXi 13-liter engine?

The 6×6 chassis was developed by RTD and is fitted with a Volvo engine providing 500 hp, coupled to the same ZF automatic six-speed transmission used in the Griffon 6×6 APC. It is to note that the reverse movement is obtained through an inverter and not through the transmission, which provides a much higher reverse speed. To reduce the vehicle’s length the engine and transmission, located at the back, are not mounted in sequence but in a ”U” configuration, through a horizontal transfer box. Source edrmagazine.eu

Source fandjexports.com

Specification military-today.com

Main material source army-technology.com

Materials from edrmagazine.eu

Images are form public domain unless otherwise stated

Main image by Olivier Berger

Revised Nov 04, 2018