Daily Archives: January 14, 2016

EA-18G & Block III Growler Electronic Attack Aircraft

The EA-18G Growler is an airborne electronic attack (AEA) aircraft which operates from either an aircraft carrier or from land-bases. The Growler has been developed as a replacement for the United States Navy EA-6B Prowler aircraft which entered service in 1971 and is approaching the end of operational life.

The Growler is a derivative of the combat-proven two-seat F/A-18 Hornet, the US Navy’s maritime strike aircraft. The aircraft missions are mainly electronic attack (EA) and suppression of enemy air defences (SEAD), particularly at the start and on-going early stages of hostilities.

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The Growler aircraft has 11 weapon stations for carrying electronic mission systems and weapons and can then be used to carry out conventional strike missions when the requirements for EA and SEAD sorties are reduced.

EA-18G Growler programme and development

The US Navy awarded a five-year system development and demonstration (SDD) contract in December 2003. A contract for the first four production aircraft was signed in July 2006.

The Growler aircraft’s first test flight was successfully completed in August 2006. This was followed by delivery of the first two test aircraft to the USN in September and November 2006. The first production aircraft was delivered to the USN in September 2007.

The first operational aircraft was delivered to NAS Whidbey Island in June 2008 and operational evaluation began in October 2008 onboard the USS John C Stennis (CVN 74) aircraft carrier. The SDD programme will conclude with an initial operational capability in late 2009 when the first of ten electronic attack squadrons (VAQ) will begin EA-18G operations. Deliveries of 88 Growler aircraft are planned to conclude in 2013. In service the aircraft will carry out a range of missions including stand-off and escort jamming, surveillance and strike.

Naval Air Systems Command PMA-265 is the US Navy acquisition office for the EA-18G. The Boeing Company is the prime contractor and weapon system integrator and Boeing also leads the EA-18G Growler industry team. Northrop Grumman is the principal subcontractor and airborne electronic attack subsystem integrator.

The EA-18G Growler fleet will be based at Naval Air Station Whidbey Island, Washington.

AN / APX-111 IFF

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The AN / APX-111 is a system for friend-to-enemy detection (IFF), which is used on the F / A-18 Hornet . Produced by BAE Systems .

Description

Since IFF requests have to be received and answered from all directions, there are a total of five antennas on the F / A-18 flight cell covering the entire airspace. In addition to receiving and responding to requests, the system can also send such requests via an antenna at the front of the machine. In order to protect the inquiries from interception and interference by the enemy, they are encrypted in various ways. The APX-111 is equipped with a computer with the designation KIV-6 / TSEC.AN APX-111 IFF transponder 3 Feb 2016.jpg.scale.LARGE

Technical specifications

  • Weight: 20,60 kg
  • Volume: 0,0134 m³
  • Power consumption: 180 watts
  • MTBF : 2500 hours
  • MTTR : 15 minutes
  • Error detection probability: 97%

Transponder system

  • Transmission power: 0.5 kW
  • Reception: -76 dBm
  • IFF modes: 1, 2, 3 / A, C, 4, S (Mode 5 can be retrofitted)

Query system

  • Range:> 185 km
  • Transmission power: 1.4 kW
  • Reception: -83 dBm
  • Target sector: 70 ° × 60 ° (forward direction)
  • Angular deviation: ± 2 °
  • Distance resolution: <152 m
  • Maximum targets: 32
  • IFF modes: 1, 2, 3 / A, C, 4 (Mode 5 can be retrofitted)
  • Waveform: monopulse

Source wikiwand.com

EA-18G Growler to get artificial intelligence to improve its electronic warfare capabilities

Growler cockpit

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The two-seat cockpit has the pilot crew station and the electronic warfare officer’s advanced crew station. The advanced crew station is equipped with a touch-screen liquid crystal display (LCD) mission systems control and display, a 203mm x 23mm (8in x 10in) full-colour tactical LCD, and two multipurpose 127mm x 127mm (5in²) LCDs. The displays have tactical aircraft moving map capability (TAMMAC).

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Electronic warfare officer’s advanced crew station

Honeywell AMPD 5-by-5-inch display

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The AMPD rugged display family consists of 5-by-5-inch forward avionics displays; 5-by-5-inch aft displays, and 8-by-10-inch avionics displays.

The AMPD replaces obsolete cathode ray tube (CRT)-based displays in legacy aircraft, and uses state-of-the-art active matrix liquid crystal display (AMLCD) technology.

The displays are full color, high density, and can be used during the day, at night, and with the night vision imaging system (NVIS). Of the AMPD family, the 5-by-5-inch versions are for the F/A-18E/F/G models, and the 8-by-10-inch versions are for the F/A-18F/G aft cockpit. The 8-by-10-inch model includes a direct digital video input.

The displays provide symbology, raster, and hybrid display formats, and support mono and full-color modes. Source militaryaerospace.com

The aircraft is equipped with HOTAS hands-on throttle and stick control and full digital fly-by-wire controls.

The aircraft is fitted with a helmet-mounted cueing system developed by the Rockwell Collins and Elbit joint venture company, Vision Systems International.

The HMCS provides ‘first look, first shot’ high off-boresight weapons engagement capability.

The system enables the pilot to accurately direct or cue the weapons against enemy aircraft while performing high-g manoeuvres. The pilot points his head at the target and weapons are directed to the target. Aircraft and mission data such as targeting cues and aircraft performance parameters are displayed directly on the pilot’s visor.

U.S. Navy integrate tablet on EA-18 Growler: Here

The U.S. Navy’s recent demonstration with Boeing integrated a Windows-based tablet into the mission system for the EA-18 electronic attack aircraft for the first time. Photo courtesy of Boeing

Excerpt

The U.S. Navy and Boeing integrated a Windows-based tablet with a EA-18G Growler’s mission system in a recent demonstration of new targeting technologies.

The tablet was integrated with the electronic attack aircraft’s mission system along with an advanced targeting processor, high-bandwidth data link, and an open architecture. Following the integration, the aircraft showed an an enhanced ability to detect targets from long distances, and rapid information sharing capability.

Martin Baker SJU-5/6 zero/zero ejection seat

F-18 Hornet Ejection: Here

EA-18G electronic warfare

The EA-18G integrates advanced airborne electronic attack capabilities, developed and manufactured by Northrop Grumman, with the advanced strike capabilities, including advanced weapons, sensors and communications systems, installed on the F/A-18 Super Hornet aircraft.

The block 1 Growler is fitted with up to three AN/ALQ-99 radar jamming pods, together with an AN/ALQ-218(V)2 receiver and a Raytheon AN/ALQ-227 communications countermeasures system both of which are mounted in the bay previously designated as the F/A-18 Hornet aircraft’s gun bay.

Three AN/ALQ-99 radar jamming pods

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3 AN/ALQ-99 jammer

The AN/ALQ-99 jammer fitted on the block 1 Growler is supplied by the EDO Corporation. The AN/ALQ-99 receivers are installed in the tail of the aircraft and the AN/ALQ-99 pod houses the exciters and the high radiated power jamming transmitters.

Raytheon next generation jammer (NGJ)

The gives operators the ability to load a broader variety and higher capacity of electronic attacks, says Jeff Anderson, technical lead for Jammer Technique Optimization (JATO). “It used to take up to 90 days for a contractor to manufacture the design of one of these application specific (ASIC) chips,” Anderson says. “Now we can program our jammer to go against it within hours.”

The JATO group at Point Mugu and at the , and the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Lab specialize in jamming technology along with other electronic warfare methods.

Next Generation Jammer design expanded at Naval Air Warfare Center Military Embedded Systems

Boeing to Provide AN/ALQ-249 Next Generation Jammer (NGJ) for EA-18G in $308M Deal: Here

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Excerpt

Boeing will provide Next Generation Jammer (NGJ) integration services for the US Navy’s EA-18G aircraft in a deal worth $308 million. Work ordered in the contract includes the program’s engineering phase, as well as the design and manufacturing tasks for 12 ECP 6472 kits, NGJ pod testing, and additional supporting equipment. The NGJ is a Raytheon-led effort to improve airborne electronic warfare capabilities while replacing the existing AN/ALQ-99 pods used by EA-18G Growler aircraft. Industry partners are aiming to reach initial operating capability for the new pods in 2021. 

Electronic warfare: Navy advances next-generation jammer

The Navy’s Next-Generation Jammer, to be ready by 2021, is designed to jam multiple radars at the same time and defeat future high-tech enemy air defenses.

  • BY KRIS OSBORN
  • OCT 10, 2016

The Navy is engineering a new, more powerful, high-tech electronic warfare jamming technology designed to allow strike aircraft to destroy enemy targets without being detected by modern surface-to-air missile defenses.

“The whole idea is to get the enemy air defense systems from seeing the strike package. It does not matter what type of aircraft we are protecting. Our mission is to suppress enemy air defenses and allow the mission to continue. This is not just designed to allow the aircraft to survive but also allow it to continue the mission – deliver ordnance and return home,” Cmdr. Ernest Winston, Electronic Attack Requirements Officer, said in an interview.

The Next-Generation Jammer consists of two 15-foot long PODs beneath the EA-18G Growler aircraft designed to emit radar-jamming electronic signals; one jammer goes on each side of the aircraft.  Radar technology sends an electromagnetic ping forward, bouncing it off objects before analyzing the return signal to determine a target’s location, size, shape and speed…etc.  However, if the electromagnetic signal is interfered with, thwarted or “jammed” in some way, the system is then unable to detect the objects, or target, in the same way.

“It is able to jam multiple frequencies at the same time — more quickly and more efficiently,” he said.

The emerging system uses a high-powered radar technology called Active Electronic Scanned Array, or AESA.

“It will be the only AESA-based carrier offensive electronic attack jamming pod it DoD. What it is really going to bring to the fleet is increased power, increased flexibility and more capacity to jam more radars at one time,” Winston added.

The NGJ, slated to be operational by 2021, is intended to replace the existing ALQ 99 electronic warfare jammer currently on Navy Growler aircraft.

The new jammer is designed to interfere with ground-and-air based threats such as enemy fighter jets trying to get a missile “lock” on a target.

One of the drawbacks to ALQ 99 is that it was initially designed 40-years ago and is challenged to keep up with modern threats and digital threats with phased array radars, increased power, increased processing and more advanced wave forms, Winston explained.

The Next-Generation Jammer is being engineered with what’s called “open architecture,” meaning it is built with open computing software and hardware standards such that it can quickly integrate new technologies as threats emerge.

For example, threat libraries or data-bases incorporated into a radar warning receiver can inform pilots of specific threats such as enemy fighter aircraft or air defenses. If new adversary aircraft become operational, the system can be upgraded to incorporate that information.

“We use threat libraries in our receivers as well as our jammers to be able to jam the new threat radars. As new threats emerge, we will be able to devise new jamming techniques. Those are programmable through the mission planning system through the mission planning system of the EA-18G Growler,” Winston explained.

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While radar warning receivers are purely defensive technologies, the NGJ is configured with offensive jamming capabilities in support of strike aircraft such as an F/A-18 Super Hornet or F-35 Joint Strike Fighter.

The jammer is intended to preemptively jam enemy radars and protect aircraft by preventing air defenses from engaging.

“With surface-to-air missile systems, we want to deny that track an engagement opportunity. We try to work with the aircraft to jam enemy radar signals,” Winston added.

The NGJ could be particularly helpful when it comes to protecting fighter aircraft and stealth platforms like the B-2 bomber, now-in-development Long Range Strike-Bomber and the F-35 multi-role stealth fighter. The technology is designed to block, jam, thwart or “blind” enemy radar systems such as ground-based integrated air defenses – so as to allow attack aircraft to enter a target area, conduct strikes and then safely exit.

This is useful in today’s modern environment because radar-evading stealth configurations, by themselves, are no longer as dominant or effective against current and emerging air-defense technologies.

Today’s modern air defenses, such as the Russian-made S-300 and multi-function S-400 surface-to-air missiles, will increasingly be able to detect stealth aircraft at longer distances and on a wider range of frequencies. Today’s most cutting edge systems, and those being engineered for the future, use much faster computer processors, use more digital technology and network more to one another.

“Multi-function radars become much more difficult because you have a single radar source that is doing almost everything with phased array capability. However, with the increased power of the next-generation jammer we can go after those,” Winston said.

“It is a constant cat and mouse game between the shooter and the strike aircraft. We develop stealth and they develop counter-stealth technologies. We then counter it with increased jamming capabilities.”

The NGJ is engineered to jam and defeat both surveillance radar technology which can alert defenses that an enemy aircraft is in the area as well as higher-frequency “engagement” radar which allow air defenses to target, track and destroy attacking aircraft.

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“The target engagement radar or control radar has a very narrow scope, so enemy defenses are trying to search the sky. We are making enemies search the sky looking through a soda straw. When the only aperture of the world is through a soda straw, we can force them into a very narrow scope so they will never see aircraft going in to deliver ordnance,” Winston said.

Winston would not elaborate on whether the NGJ’s offensive strike capabilities would allow it to offensively attack enemy radio communications, antennas or other kinds of electronic signals.

“It can jam anything that emits or receives and RF frequency in the frequency range of NGJ — it could jam anything that is RF capable,” he explained.

The U.S. Navy recently awarded Raytheon Company a $1 billion sole source contract for Engineering and Manufacturing Development (EMD) for Increment 1 of the Next Generation Jammer (NGJ), the advanced electronic attack technology that combines high-powered, agile, beam-jamming techniques with cutting-edge, solid-state electronics,” a Raytheon statement said.

Raytheon will deliver 15 Engineering Development Model pods for mission systems testing and qualification, and 14 aeromechanical pods for airworthiness certification.

The NGJ contract also covers designing and delivering simulators and prime hardware to government labs and support for flight testing and government system integration, Raytheon officials said.

Overall, the Navy plans to buy as many as 135 sets of NGJs for the Growler. At the same time, Winston did say it is possible that the NGJ will be integrated onto other aircraft in the future.

“This is a significant milestone for electronic warfare,” said Rick Yuse, president of Raytheon Space and Airborne Systems. “NGJ is a smart pod that provides today’s most advanced electronic attack technology, one that can easily be adapted to changing threat environments. That level of sophistication provides our warfighters with the technological advantage required to successfully prosecute their mission and return home safely.”

Source defensesystems.com

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EA-18G GROWLER’s AN/ALQ-249 NEXT GENERATION JAMMER DEVELOPMENT CONTINUES ON TRACK: Here

Excerpt

As reported by Naval Air Systems Command (NAVAIR) news release, the Airborne Electronic Attack Systems and EA-6B program office (PMA-234) completed a critical design review (CDR) for the AN/ALQ-249 Next Generation Jammer (NGJ) Increment (Inc) 1 Mid-band program at Naval Air Station (NAS) Patuxent River, Maryland, in late April.

Navy moves Next-Gen Jammer electronic warfare to next phase: Here

Excerpt

The Navy is hoping that a new, more powerful, high-tech electronic warfare jamming technology will allow strike aircraft to destroy enemy targets without being detected by modern surface-to-air missile defenses.

Australia and US sign Next Generation Jammer development MOU: Here

Excerpt

The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) and the US Navy have signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to jointly develop the ALQ-249 Next Generation Jammer Mid-band (NGJ-MB) capability.

The block 2 Growler is equipped with the APG-79 multi-mode radar with passive detection mode and active radar suppression, ALQ-218(V)2 digital radar warning receiver and ALE-47 countermeasures dispenser.

Super Hornet Block III

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Super Hornet Block III differs from the earlier proposed Advanced Super Hornet in that Boeing is no longer focused on improving the fighter’s stealth capability relative to the F-35’s, said Dan Gillian, F/A-18 and EA-18 program manager. Rather, it proposes to integrate networking components that along with other improvements would make the Super Hornet an equal partner with the F-35 in future strike formations.

Boeing would enable the Block III fighter by installing a Distributed Targeting Processor-Networked (DTP-N) computer and tactical targeting network technology (TTNT) Internet-protocol-based, high-speed datalink, both program-of-record upgrades for the Super Hornet’s EA-18G Growler electronic warfare variant, Gillian said. It would have an advanced cockpit with a 10-by-19 inch Elbit Systems large area display as the pilot interface, similar to what Boeing has installed in the F-15 and the clean-sheet jet it developed for the U.S. Air Force’s T-X advanced jet trainer requirement. In terms of cost, “the delta between a Block 2 and a Block 3 is a couple million dollars,” Gillian said.

Cockpit

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Elbit Systems

Elbit Systems of America® is a global leader in developing and manufacturing display and mission management systems for air, land, and sea applications. Military forces worldwide rely on our displays to simplify the increasing workload on commanders and crew by presenting information and crisp, sensor video images that enhance communication, navigation, and situational awareness capabilities.

Features and Benefits:

  • AMLCD ruggedization to withstand and perform in harsh military environments
  • Backlights efficiently deliver high brightness for direct sun viewability while allowing extreme dimmability for night operation in excess of 20,000:1
  • ANVIS compatibility with both Class A and Class B requirements, wide-viewing angles, and preservation of the red color
  • System
    • Powerful real-time and non real-time processors backed with our high-performance and high visual quality graphics accelerators and generators
    • Optimized video processing for image clarity and resolution
    • Multiple picture-in-picture windowing with a comprehensive interface suite
    • System software with powerful applications including: primary flight display, situational awareness, digital real-time moving map, fusion of sensor video with digital maps, digital terrain elevation, threat intervisibility, data sharing, messaging, and EFB.
    • Packaged in the smallest volume possible with the lowest power consumption and weight

Source elbitsystems-us.com

The networking system upgrade, matched with the already approved Lockheed Martin AN/ASG-34 long-range infrared search and track (IRST) sensor pod and evolutions of the Raytheon APG-79 active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar and Harris AN/ALQ-214 integrated defensive electronic countermeasures (IDECM) self-protection system, prepare the Super Hornet for the future threat environment, Boeing contends. As with the Advanced Super Hornet, the Block III Super Hornet would come with shoulder-mounted conformal fuel tanks containing 3,500 gallons of fuel, increasing the fighter’s range by about 120 nm and/or time on station by about 20 to 30 minutes depending on its mission payload, Gillian said.

Harris AN/ALQ-214 integrated defensive electronic countermeasures (IDECM) self-protection system

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The ALQ-214 is the next generation integrated countermeasures system carried by the U.S. Navy F/A-18 Carrier-based aircraft. It has also been delivered to the Royal Australian Air Force for its F/A-18 aircraft.

Sensitive receivers and active countermeasures form an electronic shield around the F/A-18

The system blends sensitive receivers and active countermeasures to form an electronic shield for the U.S. Navy and RAAF F/A-18 fighter aircraft. The RF countermeasure system responds to threats autonomously with a specific series of measures designed to protect the aircraft from detection and engages any fired threats to the aircraft, to ensure mission success. Source harris.com

Conformal fuel tanks CFT

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Tests have shown the CFTs installed on the upper fuselage increase the Super Hornet’s mission radius by up to 130 nm, for a total radius exceeding 700 nm. The CFTs add no drag to the aircraft at subsonic speed; at transonic or supersonic speeds they produce less drag than a centerline fuel tank, Boeing said. Enhancements to the aircraft’s radar cross section, including the EWP, produced a 50-percent improvement in its frontal low-observable (LO) signature. “We have worked very hard to make sure that the CFTs were not a negative contributor to the [radar] signature,” said Paul Summers, Boeing Super Hornet and Growler director.

Detailed view: RCS improvements – Image: navyrecognition.com

Radar Cross Section (RCS) improvements – Minor treatments to improve the low RCS levels of the aircraft. The mostly consist in a redesigned muzzle (in the nose of the aircraft) as well as improved angle of attack sensors (located on the sides of the nose). Source navyrecognition.com

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CFTs on the Growler would provide equivalent mission performance in terms of range and performance, but with 3,000 pounds less fuel, compared to an EA-18G fitted with two 480-gallon external fuel tanks, three jamming pods and two AGM-88 HARM anti-radiation missiles. Summers said the removal of the external fuel tanks would enable the ALQ-99 tactical jamming pods and their planned replacement system in 2020, the Next Generation Jammer, to have an unobstructed field of regard for jamming. “Historically, the fuel tanks tend to block some of the radiation coming off of the airplane,” he said. Source ainonline.com

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The IRST pod is especially a differentiator, he argued. “That’s something Super Hornet brings to the air wing that nobody else has—then you leverage it with things like the conformal fuel tanks and the DTP-N and TTNT and now your networked carrier air wing is much more effective,” Gillian said. The F-35’s integrated electro-optical targeting system (EOTS) infrared search and track sensor represents “medium range air-to-ground versus long range air-to-air” capability, he asserted.

Boeing expects to secure a first contract from the Navy early next year to begin a service life modernization program that will extend the service life of Block II fighters from 6,000 to 9,000 hours. New build Block III Super Hornets would already be 9,000-hour fighters, which Boeing could start delivering in the early 2020s; Block II fighters could be retrofitted through the service life modification “a little later than that,” Gillian said.

With the Navy burning through the service hours it needs to fly Super Hornets into the next two decades, and with President Donald Trump questioning the cost of the F-35 program and hinting at a major new F/A-18 order, Boeing has ramped up promotion of the Super Hornet Block III.  Source ainonline.com

The F/A-18 Super Hornet Is About to Fly Farther Than Ever Before

Situational awareness Multi-Spectral Fusion

Detailed view: New satellite link/GPS antenna – Image: navyrecognition.com

New computers and datalink – They would allow Block III Super Hornet to exchange large quantity of data with Growlers and E-2D Advanced Hawkeyes through the TTNT (Tactical Targeting Network Technology) network and fuze real time information. Source navyrecognition.com

Tactical Targeting Network Technology

Low-latency, ad hoc, IP-based networking for today’s warfighter

Rockwell Collins’ Tactical Targeting Network Technology (TTNT) is a secure and robust IP-based waveform that delivers the fastest ad hoc mesh network to the tactical edge. It’s a proven and mature system that instantly and accurately shares secure voice, video and data across a dynamic battlespace, meeting the rapidly changing networking needs of today’s warfighter.

Features & benefits

  • Provides low-latency, ad hoc, IP-based networking to more than 200 users at any given time
  • Self-forming and self-healing, so platforms automatically enter and leave the network without the advanced planning required with other networking options
  • Allows for instant and accurate sharing of vast amounts of secure voice, video and data at speeds up to Mach 8
  • Statistical priority-based multiple access (SPMA) protocol ensures critical data is sent and received by holding off the transmission of lower priority data until needed
  • Strong anti-jam performance for contested environments that extends far beyond line-of-sight using multi-hop relay and automatic routing
  • Platforms simultaneously transmit and receive up to four data streams

Source rockwellcollins.com

Enhanced version of current GE F414-400 engines

The enhanced powerplant is also more durable and maintainable. Technology changes extend the time between overhaul from 2,000 to 4,000 hours for the hot section, and from 4,000 to 6,000 hours for the turbine fan.

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APG-79 multi-mode radar

APG-79-AESA-1A
General data:
Type: Radar Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 222.2 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0.2 km Generation: Late 2000s
Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Non-Coperative Target Recognition (NCTR) – Narrow Beam Interleaved Search and Track [Class Info], Continous Tracking Capability [Phased Array Radar], Track While Scan (TWS), Low Probability of Intercept (LPI), Pulse Doppler Radar (Full LDSD Capability), Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA)
Sensors / EW:
AN/APG-79 AESA – (F/A-18E/F, LPI) Radar
Role: Radar, FCR, Air-to-Air & Air-to-Surface, Medium-Range
Max Range: 222.2 km

Source cmano-db.com

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The advanced tactical radar, the APG-79 Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) radar provides air-to-air and air-to-ground capability with detection, targeting, tracking and protection modes. The radar is supplied by Raytheon Space and Airborne Systems at El Segundo, California.

The interleaved radar modes include real beam-mapping mode and synthetic aperture radar mode with air-to-air search, air-to-air tracking, sea surface search and ground moving target indication and tracking. The radar has an advanced four-channel receiver-exciter which provides wide bandwidth capability and the ability to generate a wide range of waveforms for electronic warfare, air-to-air and air-to-ground operation. It also has the ability to operate in multiple air-to-air and air-to-ground modes simultaneously.

AN/ALQ-218(V)2

ESM

Type: ESM

Altitude Max: 0 m

Range Max: 926 km

Altitude Min: 0 m

Range Max: 926 km

Range Min: 0 km

Generation: Early 2000s

Source cmano-db.com

The AN/ALQ-218(V)2, developed by Northrop Grumman Electronic Systems, is a variant of the Improved Capabilities (ICAP) III system deployed on the US Navy’s EA-6B Prowler aircraft. The system’s antennas are located on the port and starboard sides of the nose, the engine bays, in the wingtip pods and to the aft of the cockpit, providing 360° azimuthal cover. The passive countermeasures system provides threat detection, identification and location.

ALQ-218(V)2 digital radar warning receiver

ALE-47 countermeasures dispenser

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AN/ALE-47 dispenser and associated equipment

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ALE-47 countermeasures dispenser under F-18E – Image: michael_block

The ALE-47 countermeasures dispenser supplied by BAE Systems Electronics and Integrated Systems in Austin, Texas, can be used with US and NATO radar and infrared decoys.

Growler weapons

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The aircraft is armed with the AIM-120 AMRAAM advanced medium-range air-to-air missiles and AGM-88 HARM high-speed anti-radiation missiles.

AIM-120 AMRAAM

Advanced Anti-Radiation Guided Missile (AARGM)

The Advanced Anti-Radiation Guided Missile (AGM-88E) provides the U.S. Navy, U.S. Marine Corps and Italian Air Force the latest and most advanced weapon system for engaging and destroying enemy air defenses and time-critical, mobile targets. AARGM is a supersonic, medium-range, air-launched tactical missile compatible with U.S. and allied strike aircraft, including all variants of the F/A-18, Tornado, EA-18G, F-16, EA-6B, and F-35 (external).

Designed to upgrade the AGM-88 High-Speed, Anti-Radiation Missile system (HARM), AARGM features an advanced, digital, anti-radiation homing sensor, millimeter wave (MMW) radar terminal seeker, precise Global Positioning System/Inertial Navigation System (GPS/INS) guidance, net-centric connectivity, and Weapon Impact Assessment transmit (WIA). Missile Impact Transmitter capability is available for approved customers. The missile offers extended-range engagement, as well as organic, in-cockpit emitter targeting capability and situational awareness.

New capabilities for the warfighter include:

  • Anti-radar strike with advanced signal processing and vastly improved frequency coverage, detection range and field of view
  • Time-critical, standoff strike with supersonic GPS/INS point-to-point or point-to-MMW-terminal guidance
  • Missile-impact zone control to prevent collateral damage through tightly coupled, Digital Terrain Elevation Database-aided GPS/INS
  • Counter-emitter shutdown through active MMW-radar terminal guidance
  • WIA transmission prior-to-impact for bomb damage assessment

Orbital ATK is teamed with MBDA to provide this advanced, cost-effective weapon system to U.S. and approved allied customers.

AARGM Fact Sheet OA Interim

In a surveillance-only configuration the Growler is armed with two AIM-120 air-to-air missiles for self defence. For stand-off jamming and escort jamming missions the Growler is armed with two AGM-88 anti-radiation missiles plus two AIM-120 missiles.

In a strike configuration the Growler is armed with two each of AGM-88 HARM missiles, AGM-154 JSOW joint stand-off weapon (block 2 aircraft) and AIM-120 air-to-air missiles. While carrying out active transmitting jamming, the block 2 aircraft has the capability of handing off target data to other airborne, land or surface attack platforms.

EA-18G design

The EA-18G Growler aircraft is a derivative of the F/A-18F Super Hornet with structural changes and the installation of avionics and mission systems, increasing the empty weight by 800kg to 15,000kg and increasing the carrier landing weight by 1,350kg to 21,775kg.

One of the external visual characteristics is the wingtip air-to-air missiles on the F/A-18 Super Hornet are normally replaced by wideband receiver pods on the EA-18 Growler and the other hardpoints carry a mix of electronic warfare pods and weapons.

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The aircraft construction includes a light alloy multispar wing and high-strength graphite and epoxy panels and doors. The major contractor Northrop Grumman manufactures the rear and centre fuselage sections and EADS CASA is responsible for the manufacture of structural components such as the fuselage rear side panels, horizontal tail surfaces, flaps, the leading edge extensions, the rudders and the speed brakes.

The aircraft has retractable tricycle-type landing gear. The Menasco main landing gear is single wheeled and turns through 90° to retract rearward into the wheel bays mounted in the engine air ducts. The aircraft has a Messier-Dowty twin-wheel nose gear. The nose of the aircraft is fitted with a catapult launch tow bar. An arrester hook is installed under the rear section of the fuselage.

Turbofan engine

The Growler is powered by two F414-GE-400 afterburning turbofan engines, supplied by General Electric. A titanium engine firewall is incorporated into the aircraft structure. The engines are rated to supply 62kN or 98kN with afterburn.

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The aircraft’s power is provided by two F414-GE-400 turbofan engines from General Electric. The engines are an advanced derivative of the GE F404 engines installed on the Hornet. The air inlets have been enlarged to provide increased airflow into the engines.

The engines each provide 22,000lb thrust, with afterburn giving a maximum speed in excess of Mach 1.8.

The structural changes to the airframe on the F/E variant of the aircraft increase the internal fuel capacity by 3,600lb, a 33% higher fuel capacity than the F-18C/D variant. This extends the mission radius by up to 40%.

F414-GE-400 turbofan engines

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The General Electric F414-GE-400 is a 22,000-pound class afterburning turbofan engine. The engine features an axial compressor with 3 fan stages and 7 high-pressure compressor stages, and 1 high-pressure and 1 low-pressure turbine stage. At a weight of 2,445 pounds, the F414-GE-400 has a thrust-to-weight ratio of 9. The F414 is one of the U.S. Navy’s newest and most advanced aircraft engines. It incorporates advanced technology with the proven design base of its F404 predecessor – for example the F414 features a FADEC (Full Authority Digital Engine Control) system – to provide the Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet and the EA-18G Growler with a durable, reliable and easy-to-maintain engine.

Manufacturer: General Electric Co.
Thrust: 22,000 pounds
Overall Pressure Ratio at Maximum Power: 30
Thrust-to-Weight Ratio: 9
Compressor: Two-spool, axial flow, three-stage fan
LP-HP Compressor Stages: 0-7
HP-LP Turbine Stages: 1-1
Combustor Type: Annular
Engine Control: FADEC
Length: 154 in (3.91 m)
Diameter: 35 in (88.9 cm)
Dry Weight: 2,445 lbs (1,109 kg)
Platforms: F/A-18E/F Super Hornet; EA-18G Growler

Source fi-powerweb.com

US Navy studying major upgrade of F/A-18E/F & EA-18G engines

Operators: Here

Specifications (EA-18G Growler)

Data from Boeing brochure and U.S. Navy F/A-18E/F fact file.

General characteristics

  • Crew: Two
  • Length: 60 ft 1.25 in (18.31 m)
  • Wingspan: 44 ft 8.5 in (13.62 m) (including wingtip-mounted pods)
  • Height: 16 ft (4.88 m)
  • Wing area: 500 ft2 (46.5 m2)
  • Empty weight: 33,094 lb (15,011 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 48,000 lb (21,772 kg) ; recovery weight
  • Max. takeoff weight: 66,000 lb (29,964 kg)
  • Powerplant: 2 × General Electric F414-GE-400 turbofans
    • Dry thrust: 14,000 lbf (62.3 kN) each
    • Thrust with afterburner: 22,000 lbf (97.9 kN) each
  • Internal fuel capacity: 13,940 lb (6,323 kg)
  • External fuel capacity: (3 x 480 gal tanks): 9,774 lb (4,420 kg)

Performance

Armament

  • Guns: None
  • Hardpoints: 9 total: 6× under-wing, and 3× under-fuselage with a capacity of 17,750 lb (8,050 kg) external fuel and ordnance
  • Notes: The two wingtips missile launcher rail for AIM-9 Sidewinder, found on the E/F Super Hornet, have been replaced with AN/ALQ-218 detection pods, six removable under wing mounted hard points (inboard pylons will carry 480 gal fuel tanks, mid-board pylons will carry AN/ALQ-99 High Band Jamming Pods, and outboard pylon reserved for AGM-88 HARM missiles), two multi-mode conformal fuselage stations (AIM-120 AMRAAM missiles), 1 centerline fuselage removable hardpoint, for AN/ALQ-99 Low Band Jamming Pod.
    • Weapons employment: Currently, Phase I of the Growler will carry the AIM-120 AMRAAM missiles for self-protection at the two conformal fuselage stations and AGM-88 HARM missiles. The A/A-49A-2 gun system with the 20 mm M61A2 cannon has been removed and replaced by a pod of electronic boxes that control the AN/ALQ-218 and assist with the coordination AN/ALQ-99 jamming attacks.
    • According to the possible weapon configurations which were revealed, EA-18G would also be capable of performing “time-sensitive” strike missions, carrying AGM-154 JSOW under wings, or multi-sensor reconnaissance missions with SHARP and AN/ASQ-228 ATFLIR on centerline and left conformal weapon stations, respectively.

Avionics

Source: wikipedia.org/naval-technology.com/from the net

Updated Aug 12, 2017

B-1B Lancer Long-Range Strategic Bomber

The B-1B Lancer was developed by Rockwell International, now Boeing Defense And Space Group, and is the US Air Force long-range strategic bomber. The B-1B has the largest internal payload of any current bomber. The B-1B became operational in 1986. In July 2001, the US Department of Defense announced plans to cut its B-1B inventory from 92 to 67 as a cost-saving measure. The first aircraft was withdrawn from service in August 2002. Following Operation Iraqi Freedom, it was decided that there should be 67 aircraft in the fleet.

The remaining fleet operates from Dyess AFB, Texas (38 aircraft) and Ellsworth AFB, South Dakota (29 aircraft). The B-1B is expected to in be service until 2025. In May 2010, Boeing B-1 bomber has completed its 25th Anniversary of operations at Dyess US Air Force Base.

The low radar cross section, variable-geometry wings, modern avionics, and afterburning engines enable the B-1 to carry the largest payload strike and offers long range, maneuverability, high speed and survivability.

In March 2008, the B-1B became the first aircraft to fly at supersonic speed using synthetic fuel. The fuel was a 50/50 blend of conventional JP-8 petroleum and a synthetic fuel derived from natural gas using the Fischer-Tropsch process. The flight was part of an ongoing USAF programme to certify the alternative fuel for all USAF aircraft.

B-1B Lancer upgrade programme

In February 2009 Boeing received a $45m contract from the US Air Force to upgrade avionics software on the B-1 heavy bomber. The contract ensures that B-1 crews are well equipped to meet its ever-expanding role.

Boeing has recently upgraded the B-1 aircraft with a fully integrated data link (FIDL) and the upgraded aircraft took its maiden flight in July 2009. The upgrades included cockpit modifications, new processors, colour displays and communications architecture, enhancing B-1 crews’ situational awareness and communications capability and Ethernet network.

The FIDL system reduces the workload of the crew by automatically retasking the weapons system. Boeing Integrated Defense Sytems is expecting a contract in November 2010 from the USAF to installing FIDL systems in its B-1 fleet.

B1 Electronic System Bay

A Sustainment Block Program (SBP) was unveiled in 2003. The program includes upgrading the nation’s 67 B-1B long-range heavy bombers fleet with advanced software avionics every year.

In December 2007, a $45m contract was awarded to Boeing, by the USAF, for improving the B-1B bomber’s avionics software as part of the SBP. The contract enabled work to start on the Sustainment Block SB14. SB 14 underwent flight test at Edwards Air Force Base, California and was delivered in 2011.

A $28m contract of Phase 1, which included hardware and software development, was completed in April 2009.

B-1 bomber Sustainment Block SB 16 upgrades

The USAF has also awarded an $84m contract to Boeing in October 2009, under the SBP, for upgrading the Sustainment Block SB 16 of B-1 bomber fleet with state of the art avionics software.

The upgrades encompass changes to navigation, weapon delivery, radar, electrical multiplexing, communication/navigation management system software, controls and displays. The design and development of the SB 16 is yet to begin.

The USAF awarded a $23m contract to Boeing in November 2009 to upgrade the B-1 Laptop Controlled Targeting Pod software of Phase 2 development. The upgrade will allow the targeting system of B-1 to identify both stationary and moving targets.

Integration of the sniper pod with the aircraft’s software which will deliver single-moving-target kill capability using the Guided Bomb Unit-54 (GBU-54) Laser Joint Direct Attack Munition (Laser JDAM) will be completed as part of Phase 2.

A Boeing B-1 bomber aircraft successfully completed the Phase I of flight tests in December 2009 following an upgrade with fully integrated data link (FIDL). The upgrade replaced 25-year-old avionics processing, displays and keyboards.

Flight testing of the B-1 Lancer started in June 2010 following an upgrade using new digital avionics for the aft cockpit and a line-of-sight Link 16 data link. The Link 16 data link was tested by sending and receiving text messages, and receiving virtual mission assignment data such as target coordinates for a weapon. Three flight tests were executed in June 2010 under B-1 programme and additional flight tests ran until January 2011.

“The IBS upgrades will provide B-1 aircrews with a higher level of situational awareness and a faster, secure digital communication link,” said Maj. Michael Jungquist, from the 337th TES. “This will enable the aircrews to perform at an even more effective level and will make the B-1 cockpit more reliable and supportable.” Source deagel.com

First SB-16 flight by operational squadron

141002-F-HX320-080A U.S. Air Force B-1B Lancer takes off Oct. 2, 2014, at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas. The B-1B is undergoing the largest modification package in the aircraft’s history. Eight initial cadre from 7th Bomb Wing operational flying squadrons will spend the next three months learning the new systems. Upon the When the 9th BS returns from its current deployment, 7th BW cadre will train those pilots and weapons system officers. (U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman Peter Thompson/Released)

DYESS AIR FORCE BASE, Texas — Aircrew from 7th Bomb Wing flying squadrons took part in the first flight of a B-1B Lancer upgraded with the Sustainment-Block 16 upgrade outside of operational testing, here Oct. 2.

A pilot and weapons system officer from the 9th Bomb Squadron were joined by aircrew members from the 337th Test and Evaluations Squadron, who provided oversight and information on the new system during the milestone flight.

Eight initial cadre from the 7th BW operational flying squadrons will spend the next three months learning the new systems. When the 9th BS returns from its current deployment, 7th BW cadre will train those pilots and weapons system officers.

In January, the 337th TES received the Air Force’s first SB-16 upgraded aircraft. For nearly the past year, they worked to validate technical orders, references, procedures and tactics for operating the aircraft.

“We wanted to make sure we are maximizing the way we employ the aircraft,” said Lt. Col. William Alcorn, 7th Operations Support Squadron Mission Training Center director.  “We also want to be sure we are properly applying all the capabilities that SB-16 has to offer and the new ways the displays present information to us, helping us to make sound tactical decisions.”

The way pilots fly and weapons system officer’s access on-board systems has changed because of physical improvements to the aircraft.

U.S. Air Force Maj. James Silva, left, and Lt. Col. Steven Myers, both B-1B Lancer pilots, complete a flight in the first newly upgraded operational B1-B Lancer Jan. 21, 2014, at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas. The B-1B Lancer was recently upgraded with an Integrated Battle Station. The IBS is a combination of three different upgrades, which includes a Fully Integrated Data Link, a Vertical Situation Display upgrade, and a Central Integrated System upgrade. The VSDU upgrades the B-1’s forward cockpit by replacing two unsupportable, monochrome pilot and co-pilot displays with four multifunctional color displays, giving pilots more situational awareness data in a user-friendly format. (U.S. Air Force photo by Staff Sgt. Richard Ebensberger/Released)

“Information is presented to aircrews in a different manner than it was in the past,” Alcorn said. “However, situational awareness provided by the new system is substantially enhanced. Now the entire crew can work more effectively together.”

SB-16 is the largest B-1 modification in the aircraft’s history. It has increased the jet’s warfighting capabilities and improved it’s functionality with other aircraft.

“This upgrade impacts our mission significantly,” said Maj. Brian Ranaudo, 9th Bomb Squadron director of operations. “It improves our ability to integrate and communicate more effectively with other aircraft in a strike package; by doing so it increases the lethality of the aircraft.”

The SB-16 upgrade has increased the survivability of the B-1 Bomber by eliminating many of the aircrew’s out dated systems and procedures. Additionally, it has provided a gateway for future upgrades to the aircraft.

“There are only so many options we have with the systems we are replacing,” Alcorn said. “This upgrade was critical. Now that we have this new system we can do almost anything.”

The 7th BW will continually train pilots and weapons system officers with the new systems while rotating its B-1 fleet to be upgraded. The 7th BW aims to be ready to deploy with a completely modified group of aircraft and aircrew capable of employing by the fall of 2016, if called upon to do so. If so, the 7th BW would be the first unit to operate an SB-16 upgraded B-1 in support of combat operations. Source acc.af.mil

140507-F-OR423-003Maj. Brad Weber checks a screen that displays diagnostic information May 7, 2014, at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas. The IBS is a combination of three different upgrades, which includes a Fully Integrated Data Link, a Vertical Situation Display upgrade, and a Central Integrated System upgrade. The VSDU upgrades the B-1’s forward cockpit by replacing two unsupportable, monochrome pilot and copilot displays with four multifunctional color displays, giving pilots more situational awareness data in a user-friendly format. Weber is a 337th Test and Evaluation Squadron, defensive weapons operator. (U.S. Air Force photo/Airman 1st Class Alexander Guerrero)

Cockpit

The aircraft is operated by four crew: pilot, co-pilot, defensive systems operator (DSO) and offensive systems operator (OSO).

The DSO station is equipped with the interface for AIL Systems, Inc’s ALQ-161 defensive avionics system and a Honeywell multifunction display linked to the aircraft’s offensive avionics system (OAS). The OSO station is equipped with two Honeywell multifunction displays linked to the OAS.

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Rockwell Collins received a contract in February 2004 to upgrade the displays to 5in×7in colour multifunction displays using active matrix liquid crystal (AMLCD) technology.

B-1B missile and bomb payloads

The B-1B is no longer armed with nuclear weapons but is capable of carrying the AGM-86B air launch cruise missile (ALCM) and the AGM-69 short-range attack missile. (Boeing AGM-131 SRAM II replaced the AGM-69)

AGM-86B-C Air Launched Cruise Missile (ALCM)

Picture1AGM-86B-C air launch cruise missile (ALCM)

Technical Specifications

First flight August 1979
Air Force designation AGM-86B/C
Classification Missile
Span 144 inches
Length 20 feet 10 inches
Gross weight 3,200 pounds
Range More than 1,500 miles
Power 600-pound-thrust F-107-WR-101 turbofan engine
Armament Nuclear (AGM-86B) or conventional (AGM-86C) warhead

Source boeing.com

Boeing AGM-131 SRAM II

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The SRAM II (Short-Range Attack Missile) was intended as a replacement for the AGM-69 SRAM, but it was not produced in quantity.

In 1977, the USAF planned to develop an upgrade of the SRAM for the forthcoming B-1A bomber as AGM-69B SRAM B. When the B-1A was cancelled in 1978, the AGM-69B was dropped, too. After the resurrection of the B-1 program (as B-1B) in 1981, it was decided to develop an entirely new weapon, the SRAM II. In 1986, Boeing was finally awarded a development contract for the AGM-131A SRAM II. The AGM-131A was planned to have only about 2/3 the size of an AGM-69A, so that 36 missiles could be carried by the B-1B, as compared to 24 AGM-69As. One new feature of SRAM II was a lighter, simpler, and more reliable rocket motor by Thiokol for increased range. The SRAM II also used a new W-89 thermonuclear warhead, which was much safer to operate than the W-69 of the AGM-69. Initial Operational Capability for the AGM-131A was planned for 1993, but after flight tests in the late 1980s, the program was cancelled in 1991. Stated reasons include technical (difficulties with the rocket motor) and political (nuclear arms reduction) ones.

The AGM-131B SRAM-T (SRAM-Tactical) was a version intended for use by the F-15E Eagle tactical strike aircraft. The SRAM-T reached the flight-test stage, but was eventually cancelled, too.

Specifications

Note: Data given by several sources show slight variations. Figures given below may therefore be inaccurate!

Data for AGM-131A (except where noted):

Length 3.18 m (10 ft 5 in)
Diameter 39 cm (15.3 in)
Weight 900 kg (2000 lb)
Speed Mach 2+
Range 400 km (250 miles)
Propulsion Thiokol solid-fueled rocket
Warhead W-89 thermonuclear (200 kT)
AGM-131B: W-91 thermonuclear (10 kT, 100 kT)

Source designation-systems.net

Image: fas.org

The aircraft has three internal weapon bays and six external hardpoints under the fuselage. The maximum internal weapons payload is 75,000lb and maximum external weapons payload is 59,000lbs.

GBU-54 Laser Joint Direct Attack Munitions

GBU-54 Laser Joint Direct Attack Munitions

The B-1B weapons payload is: 24 GBU-31 joint direct attack munition (JDAM) at one time or a combination of 24 mk84 2,000lb general purpose bombs, eight mk65 naval mines, 84 mk82 500lb general purpose bombs, 84 mk62 500lb naval mines, 30 CBU-87, -89, -97 cluster munitions, 30 CBU-103, -104, -105 wind-corrected munitions dispensor (WCMD), 24 AGM-158 joint air to surface stand-off missiles (JASSM) or 12 AGM-154 joint stand-off weapons (JSOW).

24 mk84 2,000lb general purpose bombs

mk84 2,000lb general purpose bomb

84 mk82 500lb general purpose bombs

mk82 500lb general purpose bombs

30 CBU-87, -89, -97 cluster munitions

CBU-87, -89, -97 cluster munitions

30 CBU-103, -104, -105 wind-corrected munitions dispensor

CBU-103, -104, -105 wind-corrected munitions dispensor (WCMD)

The Boeing JDAM uses global positioning system / inertial navigation guidance for delivery of the 1,000lb mk83, 1,000lb BLU-110, 2,000lb mk84 and 2,000lb BLU-109. It has a range up to 15 miles and strike precision within 13m.

Boeing JDAM

Boeing JDAM  1,000lb mk83, 1,000lb BLU-110, 2,000lb mk84 and 2,000lb BLU-109

The Lockheed Martin JASSM is a long-range precision standoff cruise missile with digital jam-resistant global positioning system (GPS) / inertial navigation guidance and infrared seeker.

JASSM weighs 1,020kg (2,250lb) and has a range over 370km (200nm) and a dual-mode penetrator and blast fragmentation warhead.

JASSM-ER has a range of 926km (500nm). The B-1B successfully launched the first JASSM-ER missile in June 2006.

JASSM / JASSM ER (AGM-158A/B)

JASSM

The JASSM (Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile) is a conventional, stealthy, air-launched ground attack cruise missile designed for the U.S. Air Force and international partners. An extended range version, AGM-158B JASSM-ER, was developed alongside the standard variant, and went into service in 2014.

JASSM At A Glance

Originated From: United States
Possessed By: United States, Australia, Finland, Poland
Class: Cruise Missile
Basing: Air-launched
Length: 4.27 m
Wingspan: 2.4 m

Launch Weight: 1,021 kg
Warhead: 450 kg WDU-42/B penetrator
Propulsion: Turbojet (AGM-158A), Turbofan (AGM-158B)
Range: 370 km (AGM-158A), 1,000 km (AGM-158B)
Status: Operational
In Service: 2009-Present

JASSM utilizes a low-observable airframe designed to defeat various targets, to include enemy air defenses. The missile’s low-profile airframe is particularly important given the proliferation of sophisticated air defenses such as the S-300 (and newer variants). The JASSM-ER will eventually incorporate a weapons data link (WDL) into the missile allowing for course corrections after launch.2This is a critical upgrade for road-mobile and maritime targets.

The missile is fitted to the B-1B Lancer, B-2 Spirit, B-52H Stratofortress, F-15E Strike Eagle, F-16C/D, F/A-18C/D, and possibly the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter. The B-1B is considered the starting point platform, and can carry 24 missiles, and is currently the only one equipped with JASSM-ER. The B-2 can carry up to 16 missiles and the B-52H can carry 12 internally on rotary launchers. Fighter aircraft can carry one or two missiles under each wing. The F-35, if certified to carry the JASSM, would have to carry the weapon externally, because the missile would not fit in the main internal weapon bays the aircraft boasts.

The standard variant has a range of 370 km, whereas the JASSM-ER has a range of approximately 1,000 km. Their airframes are identical, so the weapons cannot be distinguished merely by appearance. The primary differences lie in a larger internal fuel tank, and a more efficient turbofan engine. The airframe itself can be described as angular, similar to the Taurus KEPD 350, although more rounded and fluid. When the missile is carried by aircraft, the fins and wings are folded, and then unfolded by small explosive charges after released. Source missilethreat.csis.org

LRASM Anti-Ship Missile Tactical Configuration Takes First Flight from USAF B-1B: Here

AGM-158C LRASM

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After the Cold War ended, the U.S. Navy dropped the ball with respect to anti-ship weaponry as the prospect of a major sea battle faded from view.

China took a different tack by spending big on naval modernization with new ships and submarines and an increasingly sophisticated array of anti-ship ballistic and cruise missiles or “carrier killers” fired from land, sea and undersea. China’s road-mobile DF-21D missile, for instance, can target military vessels about 810 nm (1,500 km) off the coast and its YJ-18 subsonic cruise missile fielded in 2015 can reach out 290 nm, creating a threat ring of approximately 264,200 nm2. Meanwhile, the U.S. continues to rely on the sea-skimming Boeing Harpoon Block 1C missile introduced in the mid-1980s, with an unclassified range of 67 nm.

Seeing the Navy increasingly forced into a defensive crouch and responding to the White House’s “Pacific Pivot,” DARPA and the Office of Naval Research began tinkering with the AGM-158C Long-Range Anti-Ship Missile (LRASM), derived from Lockheed Martin’s extended-range Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile, which boasts a range or more than 500 nm. Sharing 88% common components including the airframe, engine, anti-jam GPS receiver and 1,000-lb. penetrating warhead, the weapon has been upgraded with a multi-mode seeker designed by BAE Systems for semi-autonomous strikes against specific naval vessels, even when mixed among noncombatants.

The program was launched in 2009 and achieved its first successful strike against a maritime target on Aug. 27, 2013, fired from the B-1B bomber. The weapon’s design has been validated two other times in flight testing in 2013 and 2015 and was adopted by the Navy in 2014 to meet an urgent requirement for an air-launched anti-ship weapon, a requirement called Offensive Anti-Surface Warfare (OASuW) Increment 1. Moving at roughly twice the speed of a normal acquisition program, LRASM received clearance from the Pentagon to enter low-rate initial production in late 2016 to support fielding on the Air Force B-1B next year and the Navy F/A-18E/F Super Hornet in 2019. Built in Troy, Alabama, Lockheed will turn out 110 missiles to meet the immediate need and then compete for the follow-on requirement known as OASuW Increment 2. It is also pitching surface-launched versions fired from the Mark 41 vertical launch tube and a customized deck-mounted launcher for the Littoral Combat Ship. Source: aviationweek.com

LRASM_160130_02

Specification

Source: navyrecognition.com

The Raytheon JSOW AGM-154A carries BLU-97 combined effects bomblets and is in full-rate production. The blast / fragmentation unitary variant AGM-154A-1 which incorporates the 500lb BLU-111 (mk82) is under development.

The AGM-154B carries BLU-108 sensor fused weapon (SFW) submunitions and has completed engineering and manufacturing development (E&MD).

AGM-154C (JSOW-C) entered full-rate production in February 2005. It incorporates an uncooled imaging infrared (IIR) terminal seeker and tracker and has a BROACH dual-stage blast / fragmentation and/or penetrator warhead, developed by BAE Systems. JSOW has an unpowered range of 22km (12nm) low-altitude launch, 130km (70nm) high-altitude launch and a powered range of up to 325km (175nm).

AGM-154C JSOW

AGM-154_Joint_Standoff_Weapon_MainStealthy AGM-154C JSOW glide bombs

The AGM-154A (Formerly Advanced Interdiction Weapon System) is intended to provide a low cost, highly lethal glide weapon with a standoff capability. JSOW family of kinematically efficient, air-to-surface glide weapons, in the 1,000-lb class, provides standoff capabilities from 15 nautical miles (low altitude launch) to 40 nautical miles (high altitude launch). The JSOW will be used against a variety of land and sea targets and will operate from ranges outside enemy point defenses. The JSOW is a launch and leave weapon that employs a tightly coupled Global Positioning System (GPS)/Inertial Navigation System (INS), and is capable of day/night and adverse weather operations.

The JSOW uses inertial and global positioning system for midcourse navigation and imaging infra-red and datalink for terminal homing. The JSOW is just over 13 feet in length and weighs between 1000-1500 pounds. Extra flexibility has been engineered into the AGM-154A by its modular design, which allows several different submunitions, unitary warheads, or non-lethal payloads to be carried. The JSOW will be delivered in three variants, each of which uses a common air vehicle, or truck, while substituting various payloads.

AGM-154A (Baseline JSOW) The warhead of the AGM-154A consists of 145 BLU-97/B submunitions. Each bomblet is designed for multi-target in one payload. The bomblets have a shaped charge for armor defeat capability, a fragmenting case for material destruction, and a zirconium ring for incendiary effects.

AGM-154B (Anti-Armor) The warhead for the AGM-154B is the BLU-108/B from the Air Force’s Sensor Fuzed Weapon (SFW) program. The JSOW will carry six BLU-108/B submunitions. Each submunition releases four projectiles (total of 24 per weapons) that use infrared sensors to detect targets. Upon detection, the projectile detonates, creating an explosively formed, shaped charge capable of penetrating reinforced armor targets.

AGM-154C (Unitary Variant) The AGM-154C will use a combination of an Imaging Infrared (IIR) terminal seeker and a two-way data link to achieve point target accuracy through aimpoint refinement and man-in-the-loop guidance. The AGM-154C will carry the BLU-111/B variant of the MK-82, 500- pound general purpose bomb, equipped with the FMU-152 Joint Programmable Fuze (JPF) and is designed to attack point targets. Source fas.org

84 500-pound Mk-62 Quick Strike naval mines

Mk 62 was approved for service use in 1980. As of about 1986, plans called for procurement of 39,804 Mk 70/71 TDDs, plus 8000 Mk 57 and 2500 Mk 58. Actual TDD procurement: Mk 57: 1575 in FY83 and 1753 in FY84. Mk 58: 75 in FY84, 165 in FY85, 400 in FY87, 300 each in FY88 and FY89.

These weapons use 2 alternative target-detection devices (TDDs): Mk 57 (magnetic-seismic) and Mk 58 (magnetic-seismic-pressure). Presumably, seismic is, in effect, an acoustic sensor using sound as transmitted through the sea floor rather than directly through the water. These units are to be replaced by new Mk 70 and Mk 71 TDDs.

The QUICKSTRIKE Service Mine Mk 62 is an explosive-loaded (H-6 fill) bottom mine operationally planted by personnel flying B-52H Stratofortress, F/A-18A/D Hornet, F-14A/D Tomcat, B-1B Lancer, B-2A Spirit, or P-3C Orion aircraft. This mine is currently being flight tested on the F/A-18E/F Super Hornet with carriage approval expected in the near future.

This 500-pound mine consists of a thick-walled general purpose (GP) Bomb Mk 82 incorporating an Arming Device Mk 32, and a Fin Mk 15, Fin BSU-86/B, or Tail Section Mk 16. The mine uses a Target Detection Device (TDD) Mk 57 (magnetic and seismic sensors) to detect stimuli generated by enemy vessels. The mine case is painted either olive drab or gray (new color).

Six OAs exist for the QS Service Mine Mk 62. For OAs 02 and 03, a Fin Mk 15 is fitted. A Fin BSU-86/B is used for OA-09. A Tail Section Mk 16 is used for OA-06 (F/A-18), OA-12 (B-1B), or OA-13 (B-2A).

U.S. sailors load the MK 62 Quick Strike mine aboard a P-3C Orion aircraft before a mine-laying exercise. Photo by JOC Joseph Krypel, USNR, courtesy of Tom Watson

The QUICKSTRIKE Laying Mine Mk 62 is a recoverable, inert-loaded mine identical in size and weight to its Service mine counterpart. It is designed solely for training aviation personnel flying B-52H, F/A-18A/D, B-1B, B-2A, or P-3C aircraft in the techniques of carrying mines and planting minefields.

This mine consists of an inert-loaded GP Bomb Mk 82 incorporating an inert-loaded Arming Device Mk 32 and an operational Fin Mk 15, Fin BSU-86/B, or Tail Section Mk 16. For MMS Mk 5 recovery with either fin, a marine mammal recovery attachment and spacer is installed in the rear fuse well. For Tail Sections Mk 16, a special grabber mechanism mates with the tail’s access holes when MMS Mk 5 recovery is used. The mine case is painted either white with orange stripes or orange with white stripes.

Six OAs exist for the QS Laying Mine Mk 62. For OAs 02K and 03K, a Fin Mk 15 is fitted. A Fin BSU-86/B is used for OA-09K. A Tail Section Mk 16 is used for OA-06K (F/A-18), OA-12K (B-1B), or OA-13K (B-2A). Source hartshorn.us

8 2,000-pound Mk-65 Quick Strike naval mines

The QUICKSTRIKE Service Mine Mk 65 is an explosive-loaded mine for operational planting by aviation personnel flying B-52H Stratofortress, F/A-18A/D Hornet, B-1B Lancer, and P-3C Orion aircraft. This mine is currently being flight tested on the F/A-18E/F Super Hornet with carriage approval expected in the near future. It was designed as a mine from the outset, using a thin-walled mine-type case filled with a PBXN-103 explosive mix vice the thicker bomb-type cases used by QUICKSTRIKE Mines Mk 62 and 63 filled with explosive mix H-6. The mine uses either a Target Detection Device (TDD) Mk 57 (magnetic and seismic sensors) or a TDD Mk 58 (magnetic, seismic, and pressure sensors) to detect stimuli generated by enemy vessels.

Mk 65 prior to loading Photo courtesy of Tom Watson

This mine weighs approximately 2,260 pounds, consisting of a mine case, nose fairing, and a Tail Section Mk 7. Its case is a steel cylinder 93 inches long and 21 inches in diameter at its largest point. A 16-inch portion of the aft end of the case tapers from 21 inches to 17.5 inches in diameter, at which point the tail is attached. The mine’s case is painted olive drab. Source hartshorn.us

B-1B aircraft were fitted with the AN/AAQ-33 Lockheed Martin Sniper ATP advanced targeting pod in June 2008. Sniper includes a mid-wave FLIR (forward-looking infrared), dual mode laser, CCD-TV, laser spot tracker and IR marker. Sniper gives the B-1B the capability for self- identification of targets and bomb damage assessment. The first series of flight tests with the new pod took place in February 2007. The B-1B equipped with the Sniper ATP made its first operational deployment in August 2008 in support of Operation Enduring Freedom.

AN/AAQ-33 Lockheed Martin Sniper ATP advanced targeting pod

A B-1B Lancer with a Sniper advanced targeting pod is parked on the flightline Oct. 22, 2010, at Ellsworth Air Force Base, S.D. The pod is a long-range precision targeting system that supports the B-1’s mission by providing positive target identification, autonomous tracking, coordinate generation and precise weapons guidance from extended standoff ranges supporting air to ground operations. (U.S. Air Force photo/Senior Airman Kasey Close)

Mission
Sniper pods provide improved long-range target detection/identification and continuous stabilized surveillance for all missions, including close air support of ground forces. The Sniper pod enables aircrews to detect and identify weapon caches and individuals carrying armaments, all outside jet noise ranges. Superior imagery, a video datalink and J-series-weapons-quality coordinates provided by the Sniper pod enable rapid target decisions and keep aircrews out of threat ranges.

High resolution imagery for non-traditional intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (NTISR) enables the Sniper pod to play a major role in Air Force operations in theater, providing top cover for ground forces, as well as increasing the safety of civilian populations.

The Sniper pod is combat proven on U.S. Air Force and international F-15E, F-16 (all blocks), B-1, A-10C, Harrier GR7/9 and CF-18 aircraft. Lockheed Martin is also in the final stages of integrating the Sniper pod on the B-52. The pod’s plug-and-play capability facilitates moving the pod across platforms without changing software.

Features
Sniper pods include a high definition mid-wave forward looking infrared (FLIR), dual-mode laser, HDTV, laser spot tracker, laser marker, video data link, and a digital data recorder. Advanced image processing algorithms, combined with rock steady stabilization techniques, provide cutting-edge performance. The pod features automatic tracking and laser designation of tactical size targets via real-time imagery presented on cockpit displays. The Sniper pod is fully compatible with the latest J-series munitions for precision weapons delivery against multiple moving and fixed targets.

Advanced Targeting Pod – Sensor Enhancement (ATP-SE) design upgrades include enhanced sensors, advanced processors, and automated NTISR modes.

The Sniper pod’s architecture and modular design permits true two-level maintenance, eliminating costly intermediate-level support. Automated built-in test permits flightline maintainers to isolate and replace an LRU in under 20 minutes. Spares are ordered through a user-friendly website offering in-transit visibility to parts shipment.

The Sniper pod’s modular design also offers an affordable road map for modernizing and enhancing precision targeting capabilities for U.S. Air Force and coalition partner aircraft.

General characteristics
Primary function: positive identification, automatic tracking and laser designation, NTISR
Prime contractor: Lockheed Martin
Length: 98.2 inches (252 centimeters)
Diameter: 11.9 inches (30 centimeters)
Weight: 446 pounds (202 kilograms)
Aircraft: F-15E, F-16 Block 30/40/50, A-10, B-1
Sensors: high resolution FLIR and HDTV, dual mode laser designator, laser spot tracker and laser marker

Source af.mil

Conventional mission upgrade programme

With the end of the Cold War, the USAF instituted the B-1B conventional mission upgrade programme.

This series of upgrades involves: Block C (completed 1997) – capability to drop cluster bombs; Block D (completed June 2001) included deployment of JDAM, new defensive system, new navigation and communications systems including the fitting of GPS to enable the dropping of satellite-guided munitions such as JDAM, and an AN/ALE-50 towed decoy system; Block E (entered service in 2005 and completed in September 2006) – capability to deploy JSOW (joint stand-off weapon), wind-compensated munitions dispenser (WCMD) and JASSM (joint air to surface stand-off missile).

AN/ALE-50 towed decoy system

AN/ALE-50 towed decoy system

The AN/ALE-50 towed decoy system was developed by Raytheon to protect multiple US military aircraft from radar-guided missiles. The ALE-50 consists of a launch controller, launcher and towed decoy. It can be used on a variety of platforms without modification. When deployed, the ALE-50’s expendable aerial decoy is towed behind the aircraft.

The decoy protects the host aircraft providing a more attractive target and steering the radar-guided missile away from the aircraft and right to the decoy. ALE-50 has countered both surface-to-air and air-to-air missiles. Currently, the ALE-50 is installed on F-16s aircraft and is planned for installation on B-1B bombers and F/A-18 aircraft. The ALE-55 is a derivative of the ALE-50 would be the production decoy installed on B-1B bombers. Source deagel.com

JASSM entered service on the B-1 in May 2005. Block F – the defensive system upgrade programme (DSUP) – was terminated by the USAF.

As part of the Block E computer upgrade programme, in May 2002 a B-1B successfully targeted three different weapon types (mk84 bomb, mk82 bomb and CBU-89 cluster munitions) against three separate targets. In July 2003, the B-1B made the first JSOW drop from a long-range bomber.

Countermeasures

The EDO Corporation AN/ALQ-161 defensive avionics suite provides jamming against early warning radars and the fire control radars of missiles and anti-air guns. The processing algorithms are installed on an IBM AP-101F digital computer. The system also incorporates Northrop Grumman jamming transmitters, Raytheon phased array antennas and a tail warning pulse Doppler radar, which gives rear-facing hemispherical coverage.

AN/ALQ-161 defensive avionics suite

AN/ALQ-161 defensive avionics suite

The AN/ALQ-161A system is an integrated RF electronic countermeasures system designed specifically for the B-1B bomber aircraft. The system is designed to detect and counter all modes of radar based weapon systems and also provides a tail warning function to detect and counter incoming missiles from the aft sector.

A countermeasure system for bomber aircraft that prioritizes and automatically reacts to threats

The system provides 360-degree simultaneous receive and jamming coverage against a large number of concurrent threats. The ECM system sorts threats by priority and reacts against them automatically while allowing for “man-in-the-loop” intervention.

Image: harris.com

The AN/ALQ-161A is a totally integrated radio frequency countermeasures system that is made up of over 108 Line-Replaceable Units, weighing over 5,000 lbs, consuming about 120 kW of power. The AN/ALQ-161A, which was initially delivered in the 1980’s, has been sustained through a series of OFP block cycle upgrades and hardware upgrades to incorporate modifications necessary to detect and counter the ever changing threat.

Harris is developing new capability for the AN/ALQ-161A to meet the future needs of the B-1B and its crew through its retirement in 2048. Source harris.com

GENERAL DATA:
Type: ESM Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 222.2 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Late 1980s
SENSORS / EW:
AN/ALQ-161 [RWR] – ESM
Role: RWR, Radar Warning Receiver
Max Range: 222.2 km

Source cmano-db.com

IBM AP-101F digital computer

IBM produced the avionics computer used to control the Space Shuttle and a variety of other aircraft.

Adapted from writeups by NASA and Wikipedia: The AP-101 was a derivative of the 4Pi introduced by IBM in 1966.  It used the basic instruction set architecture from IBM’s mainframe System/360. The AP-101 processed 480,000 instructions per second. Five AP-101s were installed aboard each shuttle. The AP-101 was also used in a broad set of US military aircraft, including the B-52 and B-1 bombers and the F-15 fighter. Source researcher.watson.ibm.com

The system’s countermeasures include dispensers for expendable decoys including chaff and flares. The defensive system upgrade programme (DSUP), which includes the AN/ALR-56 radar warner and the BAE Systems integrated defensive ECM suite (IDECM), developed for the F/A-18 fighter aircraft, is on hold but may receive funding in the future.

AN/ALR-56 radar warner

SENSORS / EW:
AN/ALR-56M – ESM
Role: RWR, Radar Warning Receiver
Max Range: 222.2 km

Source cmano-db.com

Radar

The Northrop Grumman APQ-164 offensive radar system is a multi-mode radar with an electronically scanned phased array antenna, which provides high-resolution terrain mapping, velocity data, beacon modes, terrain avoidance, terrain following, position data, weather detection, rendezvous and calibration modes.

Northrop Grumman APQ-164 offensive radar system

The AN/APQ-164 radar is an advanced phased array fire control, navigation and weapon targeting radar for the B-1B aircraft. Selected line replaceable units are essentially common with the APG-68 used in the F-16 C/D.

The APQ-164 provides the B-1B with a Monopulse Ground Map (MGM) for an all weather area navigation aid. It provides a precise all-weather automatic Terrain Following (TF) and Terrain Avoidance (TA) capability for the B-1B. The APQ-164 provides the B-1B with a high resolution Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) for navigation and targeting nuclear and strategic weapons in all weather conditions. The radar can be modified with a Multitarget Track (MTT) software mode for Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile (AMRAAM) deployment.

The system comprises a two axis electrically scanned phased array antenna, a radar receiver transmitter, a programmable signal processor, dual mode transmitter and a video signal processor.

Source northropgrumman.com

Northrop Grumman Unveils the Scalable Agile Beam Radar — Global Strike for the B-1B Bomber: Here

Excerpt

Northrop Grumman’s SABR-GS is a full performance, multi-function, active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar for the B-1. Developed as an affordable, low risk radar retrofit solution, SABR-GS offers advanced operational capabilities and greater system reliability than the legacy passive ESA. Large synthetic aperture radar maps, advanced image processing and sensor integration provide a significant advantage in situational awareness and give the B-1 powerful new capabilities for intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance and targeting. Open architecture standards have been used to integrate data from other onboard sensors, enabling continued innovation and affordability for the life of the system.

Scalable Agile Beam Radar – Global Strike (SABR-GS) AESA

B1SABRGS725.jpgImage: defense-update.com

As the provider of the B-1’s radar for more than three decades, Northrop Grumman has a deep understanding of the aircraft and its demanding global strike mission. Maintaining the B-1’s dominance in the face of growing threats points to the need for a significant increase in capability that only active electronically scanned array (AESA) technology can provide.

See farther, faster: New capabilities for the B-1

  • Faster ground searches: SABR-GS’s electronically scanned beams enable much faster ground searches, resulting in earlier and longer range target detections and tracking, a key operational need for the B-1 bomber.
  • Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) mapping and processing: SABR-GS will provide the most detailed SAR maps ever available from a B-1 radar. Northrop Grumman’s image and video processing algorithms automatically scan entire SAR maps, precisely locating and classifying targets of interest and greatly reducing workload.
  • Multiple modes: SABR-GS incorporates proven hardware and operating software modes from Northrop Grumman’s F-35 and F-22 AESA radars, as well as hosting new modes unique to the B-1. Approximately 85% of SABR-GS’s new mode software suite comes directly from the AN/APG-81 radar.
  • Open architecture processing: The new SABR-GS architecture, along with the currently fielded AN/ APQ-164 Radar Reliability and Maintainability Program (RMIP) backend, uses open architecture standards to manage data from multiple sensors. These open architecture principles enable continued innovation and affordability for the life of the system. Advanced video processing allows for interleaved radar modes, moving maps and EO/IR imagery.
  • Survivability: SABR includes robust and proven electronic protection to counter advanced threats.

Source northropgrumman.com

GENERAL DATA:
Type: Radar Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 185.2 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0.2 km Generation: Early 2010s
Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Non-Coperative Target Recognition (NCTR) – Narrow Beam Interleaved Search and Track [Class Info], Continous Tracking Capability [Phased Array Radar], Track While Scan (TWS), Low Probability of Intercept (LPI), Pulse Doppler Radar (Full LDSD Capability), Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA)
SENSORS / EW:
AN/APG-83 SABR-GS AESA – (B-1B, LPI) Radar
Role: Radar, FCR, Air-to-Air & Air-to-Surface, Medium-Range
Max Range: 185.2 km

Source cmano-db.com

Navigation and communications

The aircraft has Honeywell ASN-131 radar altimeter, Kearfott inertial navigation system, Northrop Grumman (Teledyne Ryan) APN-218 Doppler radar velocity sensor (DVS), Honeywell APN-224 radar altimeter, Rockwell Collins ARN-118 TACAN tactical air navigation system and Rockwell Collins ARN-108 instrument landing system (ILS).

Kearfott inertial navigation system

Kearfott’s INS/GPS provides high performance in a small, lightweight envelope for a wide variety of applications spanning from rotary to fixed-wing platforms, manned or unmanned. Utilizing Kearfott’s Monolithic Ring Laser Gyro (MRLG) and MOD VIIA pendulous accelerometers, the INS/GPS provides heading, attitude, velocity, and position information necessary for navigation. The INS/GPS system tightly couples the inertial sensors with an Embedded GPS Receiver (EGR) capable of providing the performance needed while operating through adverse environments. For configurations requiring PPS capability, the EGR utilizes a proven 24-channel GPS SAASM engine able to provide high accuracy measurements under extreme conditions, and provides real-time Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring (RAIM) and Fault Detection and Exclusion (FDE) per RTCA/DO-229. An SPS configuration is available for applications not requiring PPS capabilities. Primary communication consists of MIL-STD-1553B, RS-422, and/or RS-232, depending on application needs.

  • Minimizes weight contribution at the aircraft level
  • Capable of being installed in confined areas or have multiple systems on board
  • Increases position and altitude accuracies
  • Provides angular rates (Δθ) and linear accelerations (Δv) for applications requiring information at the inertial sensor level

Source kearfott.com

ARN-118 TACAN Tactical Air Navigation system

TACAN is a radio navigational aid. It provides the following pieces of information:

1. Bearing
2. Course Deviation
3. To/From
4. Distance
5. Beacon Identification Tone
6. Reliability

Bearing – Simple enough. The system provides magnetic bearing to the station you are tuned to. This is the primary function of the sytem.

Course Deviation – This supplements the bearing by giving you a fly-to command which aids you in flying towards the selected station.

To/From – Again, going the right direction is pretty important so this makes sure you know whether you are flying away or towards your station.

Distance – This is yet another critical piece of information, giving you slant range to the station up to 390 nautical miles (200 nmi max for A/A [air-to-air]).

Beacon Identifier Tone (BIT) – This audio information consists of a morse code trail for identification of the station you are tuned to.

Reliability – The warning flag information lets you know if the system is reliable.

RT-1159 – The receiver/transmitter demodulates TACAN transmissions and also transmits distance interrogations. The R/T gives 3 major outputs: relative bearing, range and beacon audio.

MX-9577 Adaptor – The MX adaptor performs several functions with data provided by the R/T. First, it takes the bearing from the station and using an external compass input from a system such as C-12, it calculates bearing to the station. Based on the aircraft heading, the adaptor also creates course deviation and to/from information. Finally, the adaptor processes signals to generate reliability information for the HSI warning flags. Source opticfox.com

The communications suite includes ASC-19 AFSATCOM satellite communications, Rockwell Collins long range ARC-190 HF radio, Honeywell KY-58 secure voice line-of-sight encryption device, Rockwell Collins ARC-171 UHF line-of-sight communications radio system, ARR-85 secure or open line-of-sight system and APX-101A IFF (identification friend or foe).

Rockwell Collins long range ARC-190 HF radio

Frequency Range: 2-29.999 MHz
Spacing: 25 kHz
Platforms: 190(V): AC-130H/U, B-1B, B-52H, C-130E/H, C-141B/C, C-17A, C-20B/H, C-5A/B, C-5C, C-9A, C-9C, E-4B, E-8C, EC-130E/H, EC-135C/Y, F-15A/B/C/D/E, HC-130N/P, KC-135E/R/T, LC-130H, MC-130E/H/P, MH-53J/M, NC-130H, OC-135B, RC-135S/U, RC-135V/W, T-43A, TC-135S/W, TH-53A, WC-130H/W. 190(V)8: C-130J, KC-10A

The AN/ARC-190(V) is a solid-state HF transceiver that provides beyond-line-of-sight communications capability for various military airborne applications. The ARC-190 system is designed for use in various military airborne applications that employ probe/cap, shunt or wire antennas. It is automatically tuned in both the receive and transmit mode. Built-in test equipment (BITE) and modular construction provide for rapid fault isolation to the box and module level for quick repair. The AN/ARC-190 is the mainstay of HF communications in the U.S. Air Force having been installed in a large variety of fixed and rotary wing aircraft, such as the C-130, KC-135, C-141, C-5, C-9, KC-10, B-1, B-52, C-17, F-15, F-16, H-60 and S-2T.

The HFDL mode provides worldwide-automated data communications directly between aircraft systems and the ARINC ground network. HFDL is part of the Aeronautical Telecommunication Network (ATN) and supports a wide variety of data applications. The HFDL configuration of the AN/ARC-190 consists of an RT-1341(V)8 Receiver Transmitter and a CP-2024C Automatic Communications Processor. Upgrade kits are available for both the RT and Processor to upgrade prior versions of these equipments to the HFDL configuration. Source dpdproductions.com

Rockwell Collins ARC-171 UHF line-of-sight communications radio system

Technical Data

Design Specifications. ARC-171 RT configurations range from 10 watts AM voice to 30/100 watts AM/ FM/ FSK/ECCM and satellite capabilities, with a MILSTAR configuration also available. The same chassis is used for all versions except for the full duplex. The desired version is obtained through simple module/card substitution. The form factor is compatible with all existing UHF radios, thus allowing simple replacement when upgrading capability. It also results in reduced maintenance costs through improved reliability. All configurations feature nuclear survivability and built-in test equipment. Each version offers self-contained cooling using an optional blower. Primary power is either 28-volt DC or 115-volt, 3-phase, 400 Hz, depending upon the power supply module selected. The ARC-171(V) provides 7,000 UHF channels in 25 kHz increments between 225.000 MHz and 339.975 MHz. A preset “guard” channel (243 MHz) is also included.

Operational Characteristics. The transceiver is controlled by means of a serial data stream and clock from the associated control unit. One control unit supplies control status data for AMonly radios. A second control unit is available for use with radios having AM/FM/ FSK/ECCM. Source forecastinternational.com

B-1B engines

The B-1B is equipped with four 30,000lb thrust class F101-GE-102 turbofan engines from General Electric. An in-flight refuelling receptacle allows refuelling from a KC-10 or a KC-135 tanker.

F101-GE-102 turbofan engine

Manufacturer: General Electric Co.
Thrust: 30,780 pounds
Overall Pressure Ratio at Maximum Power: 26.8
Thrust-to-Weight Ratio: 7
Compressor: Two spool, axial flow, single-stage fan
LP-HP Compressor Stages: 1-9
HP-LP Turbine Stages: 1-2
Combustor: Annular
Length: 181 in (4.59 m)
Diameter: 55 in (140 cm)
Dry Weight: 4,400 lbs (1,996 kg)
Platforms: B-1B Lancer

Source fi-powerweb.com

Performance

The B-1 Lancer can fly at a maximum speed of 1,448km/h. Its service ceiling is 9,144m. The aircraft weighs around 86,182kg and its maximum take-off weight is 216,363kg.

General Characteristics

Primary Function: Long-range, multi-role, heavy bomber
Contractor: Boeing, North America (formerly Rockwell International, North American Aircraft); Offensive avionics, Boeing Military Airplane; Defensive Avionics, EDO Corporation
Power plant: Four General Electric F101-GE-102 turbofan engine with afterburner
Thrust: 30,000-plus pounds with afterburner, per engine
Wingspan: 137 feet (41.8 meters) extended forward, 79 feet (24.1 meters) swept aft
Length: 146 feet (44.5 meters)
Height: 34 feet (10.4 meters)
Weight: approximately 190,000 pounds (86,183 kilograms)
Maximum Takeoff Weight: 477,000 pounds (216,634 kilograms)
Fuel Capacity: 265,274 pounds (120,326 kilograms)
Payload: 75,000 pounds (34,019 kilograms)
Speed: 900-plus mph (Mach 1.2 at sea level)
Range: Intercontinental
Ceiling: More than 30,000 feet (9,144 meters)
Armament: 84 500-pound Mk-82 or 24 2,000-pound  Mk-84 general purpose bombs; up to 84 500-pound Mk-62 or 8 2,000-pound Mk-65 Quick Strike naval mines; 30 cluster munitions (CBU-87, -89, -97) or 30 Wind-Corrected Munitions Dispensers (CBU-103, -104, -105); up to 24 2,000-pound GBU-31 or 15 500-pound GBU-38 Joint Direct Attack Munitions; up to 24 AGM-158A Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missiles; 15 GBU-54 Laser Joint Direct Attack Munitions
Crew: Four (aircraft commander, copilot, and two combat systems officers)
Unit Cost: $317 million
Initial operating capability:  October 1986
Inventory: Active force, 62 (test, 2); ANG, 0; Reserve, 0

Specification data (Current as of September 2016) af.mil

Main material source airforce-technology.com

Revised Aug 23, 2017