Daily Archives: January 15, 2016

Ilyushin IL-76MD-90A / Il-78M-90A tanker (IL-476) Aircraft

Ilyushin IL-76MD-90A is a new military transport aircraft (code name: IL-476) developed by Ilyushin Aviation Complex, a subsidiary of United Aircraft Corporation (UAC). It is a modernised version of the IL-76MD which itself is based on the IL-76 cargo aircraft platform.

2017 Aviadarts military aviation competition kicks off in Voronezh Region, RussiaIL-76 cargo aircraft – Sputnik

The IL-76MD-90A cargo aircraft is manufactured at the Aviastar-SP production facility in Ulyanovsk. The factory test flight of the first IL-76MD-90A was concluded in January 2013.

First experienced the upgraded transport plane Sludge-76MD-90A built an aircraft factory “Aviastar-SP”Ulyanovsk and preparing for flight tests.

The aircraft successfully completed its maiden flight test in March 2013, near Moscow. It flew at altitudes of 2,000m to 10,000m for a period of one hour and 55 minutes during the test flight.

The flight test programme of IL-76MD-90A is expected to conclude by the third quarter of 2014.

IL-76MD-90A is developed to transport a range of military equipment, armed personnel, heavy and long size vehicles and cargoes. It will also be used in parachuting cargo / troops and other air borne cargo missions.

Orders and deliveries of the Russian military transport aircraft

The Russian Ministry of Defence (MoD) signed a $4bn contract with UAC for the delivery of 39 IL-76MD-90A aircraft, in October 2012. The deliveries are scheduled to commence in 2014.

Il-78M-90A Aerial Refuelling Tanker

The Il-78M-90A aerial refuelling aircraft is 46.6m-long, 14.76m-high, and has a maximum take-off weight (MTOW) of 220t. Its payload capacity has been increased to transport large volumes of fuel.

The wing assembly has been modified to incorporate two modern fuel tanks with a total capacity of 111,940l. The wing area and wing spans are 300m² and 50.5m respectively. The tanker accommodates six flight crew members.

The fuselage has a diameter of 4.8m and is configured to carry approximately 50,300l of fuel, while a large cargo ramp at the rear enables airdropping. The modular airframe can be converted to support other roles such as fire-fighting and cargo transportation.

The aircraft is outfitted with reinforced nose and main landing gear to support the increased maximum take-off weight (MTOW).

Refuelling capabilities of Il-78M-90A tanker


The Il-78M-90A refuelling aircraft carries a total of three UPAZ-1M hose and drogue aerial refuelling pods, two of which are mounted on the main wings and the remaining on the right side of rear fuselage. The fuel transfer capability of the UPAZ-1M pod is between 2,300l and 3,000l per minute.


Aerial-refueling system UPAZ-1M


Currently “RD&PE Zvezda” JSC designs and develops a unified aerial-refueling pod (UPAZ-1M) featuring an improved performance. The UPAZ-1М is to be mounted on the IL-78М-90А tanker.

The UPAZ-1М  will support aerial refueling of the long-range, front-line and special aircraft equipped with aerial fuel-reception systems.

640 UPAZ-1 pod – redsamovar.com

In comparison with earlier developed items (UPAZ,UPAZ-1), the UPAZ-1М has a higher pumping capacity (up to 3000 l/min) owing to introduction of the ТNА-150М turbo-pump assembly with a higher power turbine. It is planned to complement the UPAZ-1М with an electrically driven pumping station, an angular movement transducer and a fire alarm system, SОP-62.


In the UPAZ-1М, the automatics control system is supported by the BАI (Automatics & Data Unit). Application of the BАI, which is being created on the basis of a modern domestic processor, makes it feasible to:

  • realize flexible adjustment of the UPAZ-1М operation algorithms by the BАI reprogramming;
  • obtain digital channels for data exchange with aircraft systems and checkout equipment using any interfaces currently applied in the aircraft;
  • equip the UPAZ-1М  with a self-contained recorder to register the pod’s performance characteristics both in flight and during maintenance on ground.

In future, application of the BАI in the UPАZ-1М will make feasible an automatic system to control the aerial refueling parameters. Source zvezda-npp.ru


The wing-mounted pods allow inflight refuelling of two frontline aircraft such as MiG-29/35 and Su-27/30/34/35 simultaneously using TNA-150M turbo-pump unit, while the rear-mounted pod allows for the refuelling of a long-range or special aviation aircraft.

The aircraft has the ability to refuel up to four aircraft simultaneously on land. Source airforce-technology.com

Il-78M-90A refuelling aircraft PDF: Here

First Il-78M-90A tanker aircraft being rolled out to a flight testing

Russian AEW aircraft A-100 made its first flight: Here

A-100 AWACs – Image: UAC


The latest Russian aircraft radar patrol and targeting A-100 made in Saturday’s first flight, reported the press service of the concern “VEGA” (part of the holding Russian electronics of the state Corporation “rostec”), which develops the car.

Russian Il-76 “Candid” Modified To Support Special Operations Conducts Flight Test Over The Black Sea: Here



A really interesting aircraft was spotted conducting flight testing over the Black Sea on Sept. 26, 2017: the Il-76MD-90A “78650”, the first “Candid” modified to carry out special operations.

According to the Russian media outlet “Izvestia” the example “78650” is a flying testbed for a heavily modified Il-76MD-90A variant equipped with “unique on-board radio-electronic systems that would allow the aircraft to stealthily deliver paratroopers and special forces behind the enemy lines, remaining invisible and invulnerable to the enemy.

How the aircraft can evade radars and remain invisible is unclear, anyway, the experimental Candid can be distinguished from the baseline IL-76MD-90A by the presence of an opto-electronic station mounted on the lower nose section of the aircraft and for the “President-C” system used designed to protect aircraft from MANPADS (Man-Portable Air Defense Systems) and IR (heat-seeking) missiles by laser and radiofrequency/electronic jamming of the missile guidance.

Il-76MD-90A Aircraft to Combine Static and Endurance Tests

Russian Ministry of Industry & Trade has financed development of procedure for static and endurance tests of transport airplanes. It will be based on results of design audit over Il-76MD-90A aircraft and integrated into the R&D project codenamed Opora.

According to the R&D project documents available to Mil.Today, after transfer of production facilities from the Tashkent Aircraft Production Company to Ulyanovsk-based Aviastar-SP, “emerged the need for radically new procedure for structural tests that would ensure conducting both static and endurance tests at the same facility”. That must reduce the trials time and costs

As of today, an endurance specimen of upgraded Il-76 has passed fatigue tests in the extent of up to 2,000 flights. Additional calculations and experimental studies shall prove the design service life of 8,000 flights, says the R&D project description. It is planned to finish the tests by the end of 2019.

Mikhail Pestrakov, an aviation engineer and an airspace expert, confirmed to Mil.Today that the in-depth upgrade of the airplane needs new endurance tests and high-tech methods of their studying.

“The aircraft testing procedure must be adjusted in step with technology development”, the expert said

Gen Maj Alexander Akhlyustin, Russia’s honored military pilot of Il-76 aircraft added that due to production transfer the equipment and staff had changed, so assembly technology might change as well, which gave rise for extra tests.

For reference

New version of Il-76MD-90A transport aircraft differs from the predecessors by several parameters. The plane has ‘glass cockpit’, new communications and protection system, and new piloting and navigation equipment. Besides, it has more powerful engines PS-90A-76 thrusting up to 14.5 tons, which helps the airplane lift up to 60 tons payload.

Service life of the new version of widely-known military transport aircraft reaches 30 years with an extension potential. The plane got upgraded wing and reinforced landing gear. Source mil.today

IL-76MD-90A design, based on the IL-76

The IL-76MD-90A is based on the same airframe and fuselage of IL-76 aircraft. The cargo aircraft integrates advanced features such as redesigned wing section, new cockpit with modern avionics and powerful engines.

The aircraft has a length of 46.6m, height of 14.76m, wing span of 50.50m and a wing area (trapezoidal) of 300m². The landing gear track (outer wheels) and fuselage mid-section diameter of the aircraft are 8.16m and 4.8m respectively.

ИД Ульяновская правда

The IL-76MD-90A has a maximum take-off weight of 210t and can carry a maximum payload of 52t. It can accommodate up to five crew members.

The heavy transport aircraft Il-76MD-90A is designed for inter-regional transportation heavy long-size cargoes. IL76MD-90A can be also used for transportation of ill and injured people and for fire-extinguishing purposes.

The maximum payload has been increased up to 52 tons.
The maximum takeoff weight has been increased to reach 210 tons.
The aircraft is a cantilever high-wing monoplane with four engines located on the wing pylons. It has a Tee-tail unit and a 5 leg-landing gear. A cargo compartment is located in the fuselage tail bottom section. It has a ramp for loading/unloading cargoes and equipment and for parachute dropping purposes.
The aircraft can perform takeoff and landing on unpaved airfields (with consistency of the soil up to 7.5 kg/cm2) and on concrete pavement airfields with altitude above sea level pending from minus 300 up to 3000 m and perform flights day and night over land and sea.
The aircraft upgrading envisaging installation of up-to-date engines, aircraft control systems, a new wing and a reinforced landing gear extends the Il-76MD-90A aircraft performance and increases the navigation and parachute dropping accuracy. Source aviastar-sp.ru

Yuri Stepanov

Cockpit and avionics of the Ilyushin aircraft

The advanced glass cockpit of the IL-76MD-90A is installed with three intelligent control panels and a KSEIS-KN-76 aircraft status master monitor display system with eight multifunctional liquid crystal displays. The glass cabin provides better view to the cabin crew.

Il-76MD-90A – Marina LystsevaIl-76MD-90A – Marina LystsevaIl-76MD-90A – Marina LystsevaIl-76MD-90A – Marina LystsevaboPiIe8Il-76MD-90A – Marina Lystsevaea868fc996cf8d6d7622e754abc748acIl-76MD-90A – Marina Lystseva

Cockpit and integrated flight and navigation system


The “glass cabin” principle has been realized in the aircraft. Eight multifunctional LC displays and three intelligent control panels have been installed in the cockpit. The glass cockpit provides for excellent view from the pilot and navigator work stations.  The new “Kupol-III-76M” flight sight navigation system is installed in the Il-76MD-90 aircraft to provide for solving navigation problems and intended for:  work with navigation data bases also including the global base: when preparing the flight plan, during en-route flight, when maneuvering in the aerodrome area and during approach (SID/STAR, APPR);  automation in solving navigation problems ensuring automated flight along the pre-planned path using autonomous and non-autonomous correction means;  providing aircraft traffic collision avoidance;  automatic approach according to category II to aerodromes equipped with landing facilities corresponding to ICAO category II;  detection, identification with the help of weather radar and display on the integrated navigation status indicator the weather conditions in horizontal and vertical sections including the four color indication of precipitation intensity and turbulence in accordance with the ARINC-708A recommendations, detection of mountain peaks, big cities, detection of encountering aircraft by a passive method, detection and tracing of radar beacons, providing the inter-aircraft navigation mode; providing the system automated control on the land and in the flight. Source aviastar-sp.ru


The IL-76MD-90A also integrates a digital ACS-76 auto flight control system and a new Kupol-III-76M flight sight navigation system with a display indication.

Kupol navigation & ground surveillance radar

General data:
Type: Radar Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 64.8 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0.4 km Generation: Early 1970s
Properties: Pulse-only Radar
Sensors / EW:
Generic Weather Radar – Radar
Role: Radar, Weather
Max Range: 64.8 km

Kupol-III-76M flight sight navigation system


IL-76MD-90A cargo handling capabilities

The cargo cabin of the aircraft is designed with a length of 24.5m (with ramp), width of 3.45m, and height of 3.4m. The cargo cabin offers an interior volume of 321m³.


Il-76MD-90A is capable of carrying 126 parachutists or 145 troops in single deck arrangement and 225 troops in double-deck arrangement. It can also be installed with special equipment to carry 114 injured persons.

The aircraft is installed with an Aerial-Delivery System (ADS) for dropping of cargoes, transportation of armed forces cargo containers and pallets, and troop parachutes.

Il-76MD-90A – Marina Lystseva

The ADS installed onboard the IL-76MD-90A facilitates dropping of parachutists from an altitude of 8,000m at 220km/h to 400km/h speeds. It also enables equipment dropping with the help of parachutes from altitudes of 300m to 4,000m at 260km/h to 400km/h speeds.

55e988da10a29a820c1fc74c08e8da83Il-76MD-90A – Marina Lystseva

On the cargo compartment floor and ramps are installed with four roller monorail track in two versions: in special niches for landing platforms on the beams for the transport of air containers and pallets. Source survincity.com

The cargoes and equipment are loaded through the cargo door by means of airborne winches and electric overhead monorail motor hoists. Two winches ensure loading the dumb wheel equipment with maximum force on each winch cable to make up 3000 kgf. The winches are driven electrically and manually. The loading of a cargo item can be done with four hoists weighing up to 10 tons. 

The cargo cabin has a ramp, which can be moved to horizontal or some other necessary position during loading and unloading operations. If needed, some cargoes weighing up to 30 tons can be lifted to the cargo cabin by means of a ramp. To load caterpillar and wheel vehicles as well as a platform, four under-ladder devices are to be installed onto the ramp to provide a smooth entering of the vehicles onto the ramp. Four roller ways are to be installed onto the cargo cabin and ramp floor with a monorail in two variants: in special niches for platform parachute dropping; onto the beams for transportation of aviation containers and pallets.
For carrying of people there are seats in the cargo cabin and the removable central seats can be installed. In the one-deck variant (with central seats) the aircraft can carry 145 men or 126 parachutists. In the two-deck variant it can carry up to 225 men.

The aircraft is equipped with the cargo dropping system that allows a single and serial dropping of platforms loaded with cargoes and equipment.

Besides that, in the cargo cabin some special equipment can be installed to ensure:

  • carrying of up to 114 injured people and the medical personnel
  • providing intensive therapy for up to 20 badly wounded people
  • fire extinguishing

Source aviastar-sp.ru

16fe2fc3dcf0e1e5f76f4e2106e7c83cIl-76MD-90A – Marina Lystseva

The cargo dropping system aboard the aircraft ensures the dropping of platforms laden with shipments and equipment. The under-ladder devices, roller ways and winches in the cabin allow the loading of cargoes and equipment into the aircraft.

Engine of Russia’s Ilyushin military cargo aircraft


IL-76MD-90A is installed with four fourth generation PS-90A-76 turbofan bypass engines with 4:4 bypass ratios. Each engine develops a maximum continuous thrust of 14,500kgf. It consumes 12% lesser fuel and offers an increased flight range of 18%.

4 x PS-90A-76 turbofan bypass engines

Alexander Guk

PS-90A-76 engine (PS – Pavel Soloviev) is a modification of PS-90A turbofan bypass engine. It extends service life of the large fleet of the IL-76 transport airplanes and raises their efficiency by installation of the PS-90A-76 engine instead of the D-30KP. It allowed to build a new modification of the IL-76 airplane – the IL-76MF military cargo aircraft which meets modern requirements.

Turbofan, bypass, two-shaft, mixed flow, with a thrust reverser in a fan duct and noise absorbing system. 

It is intended for various versions of the IL-76 long-range cargo aircraft and the IL-76MF aircraft.The engine was certified in 2003.


Thrust, kg

  • take-off: TH< +30°C , PH > 730 mm Hg, H=0
  • cruise: Н=11 km, М=0.8
Specific fuel consumption (with real nozzle), kg/kgf hour 0.595
Flight altitude, m up to 13100
Air temperature at sea level (for start and operation), ° С -47…+45
Airfield height (versus sea level) , m up to 3500
Wind speed for ground operation, no more, m/s

  • cross wind
  • tail wind
Engine length, mm 4964
Fan tip diameter, mm 1900
Dry weight, kg 2950
Thrust reverser weight, kg 450
Delivery weight, kg 4160

Advantages of the PS-90A-76 engine compared to D-30KP

  • Conformity of ecological parameters on emission and noise to ICAO  regulations
  • Increase of reliability and life
  • Improvement of efficiency
  • Availability of thrust augmentation up to 16000 kg
  • Parameter stability of running
  • Improvement of fire safety in connection with replacement of some fuel accessory units by pneumatic
  • Feasibility of the fan impeller replacement when running


Cargo Compartment Height 3.4 m, Cargo Compartment Length 31.1 m, Cargo Compartment Width 3.5 m, Fuel Tank Capacity 109,500 l (28,816 gl), Fuselage Diameter 4.8 m, Height 14.3 m, Length 53.2 m, Payload Capacity 400 metric ton, Wing Area 300 square meter, Wingspan 50.5 m


Max Weight 210 t, Payload 60 t

Engine/s Performance:

Thrust 141,000 lb (63,958 kg)


Ceiling 12,000 m (39,370 ft), Cruise Speed 850 kph (528 mph), Landing Run Distance 990 m (3,248 ft), Max Range 6,300 km (3,402 nm) carrying a 40t payload or 4,000km carrying a 60t payload, Service Life 30 yr, Take Off Run Distance 1,800 m (5,906 ft)


Number of Engines 4, Service Life (Flight Hours) 30,000, Service Life (Flights) 10,000

Source generalequipment.info

24491885652_808f1d88bd_b.jpgImage: hiveminer.com

The PS-90A-76 engine on board the IL-76MD-90A aircraft is compliant with latest ICAO requirements for noise and emission levels. An Auxiliary Power Unit (APU) TA-12A is installed onboard the aircraft.



TA12-60 is a single-shaft auxiliary gas-turbine engine with the equivalent power of 360 kWt. This engine is designed for aircraft and helicopter APUs. It is used for air turbine start of the helicopter and aircraft mid-flight engines, AC electric power of 115/200 V, power up to 60 kWA and providing air conditioning for cockpit and cabins.

High overall efficiency of the engine is based on the use of a 4-stage axial compressor. An annular reverse-flow combustion chamber of evaporative type provides 0,99 burning and low content of hydrocarbons in the exhaust gases. The engine contains a 3-stage axial turbine. Driving units, including alternator, are installed on the engine’s gearbox.

The noise level of the TA12-60 engine, when installed on the craft, does not exceed 90 dB.

The engine complies with the Norms of Aircraft Airworthiness (NLGS-3); this is confirmed by a type certificate No 101-VD issued by the Aviation Register of the IAC.

Since 2005 the TA 12-60 APU has been operated under the second strategy. The TA 12-60 APU is operated subject to the technical condition till the specified life time of the principle components is terminated (4,000 hr/starts).

The TA12-60 engine has been in serial production since 1996.

APPLICATION: Tu-204, Tu-214, Tu-334, Be-200, An-70, Yak-42.

Technical features:

Absorbed electric power of AC, kVA 60
Bleed air consumption, kgf 1,6
Bleed air pressure, kgf/sm2 4,9
Bleed air temperature, °С 250
Start and operation altitude, m 7000/9000
Environmental temperature, °С ± 60
Weight (without generator), kg 297
Specified number of operating hours/starts 2000/4000
Overall dimensions, mm 1588х682х718

Source aerosila.ru

Performance of the IL-76MD-90A

f4fc8902b0a9934c853992b13f69ad4bIl-76MD-90A – Marina Lystseva


The aircraft can cruise at a speed of 820-850km/h. It can fly at a maximum altitude of 12,000m. The maximum range of the aircraft is 8,500km. The aircraft requires 1,700m take-off distance on concrete runway.

The life expectancy of the IL-76MD-90A military transport aircraft is 30 years. The aircraft can accumulate a maximum of 30,000 flying hours throughout its service life.

Il-76MD-90A – Marina Lystseva

Specifications (Il-76TD-90)



Overall geometry dimensions

Length of the aircraft, m 46,60
Height of the parked aircraft, m 14,76
Wing span, m 50,50
Wing area (trapezoidal), m2 300,0
Landing gear track (outer wheels), m 8,16
Fuselage mid-section diameter, m 4,8

Characteristics of the turbofan bypass engine PS-90A-76

Quantity of engine 4
Bypass ratio 4,4
Thrust, kgf
Maximum continuous thrust 14500
Overspeed condition regime 16000
Cruising power 3300
Reverse thrust 3600
Compliance with ICAO requirements п.16, Гл.IV
Specific fuel consumption at cruising power 0,59

Weight characteristics

Maximum takeoff weight, t 210
Maximum payload, t 52
Fuel tanks total capacity, l 109500

Flight data

Cruising speed, km/h 820 … 850
Flight range, km
with 50 tons load 4100
with 40 tons load 5400
with 20 tons load 8500
Flight altitude, m 9000…12000
Takeoff ground run, m 1450
Takeoff distance required on the concrete runway, m 1700
Landing ground run when using engines thrust reverser, m 930

Cargo cabin dimensions

Length with ramp, m 24,50
Width, m 3,45
Height, m 3,40
Cargo cabin capacity, m3 321

Aircraft service life

Calendar years 30
Number of landings 10000
Number of flying hours 3

Source: aviastar-sp.ru/airforce-technology.com/flickr.com/photos/lystseva

Main image Alexander Kopitar – AviMedia

Updated Nov 11, 2020

Ilyushin Il-38N “Novella” maritime patrol aircraft

The Ilyushin Il-38 is a maritime patrol and anti-submarine warfare (ASW) aircraft designed by the Russia-based Ilyushin Aviation Complex. Derived from the Ilyushin Il-18 turboprop transport aircraft, the Il-38 can be deployed in surveillance, search and rescue, maritime reconnaissance and anti-submarine warfare operations. The aircraft can detect and intercept surface vessels and submarines.

Ilyushin Il-18 Medium-range transport aircraft


The Il-18 (Western designation Coot) first flew in 1957 and was produced in large numbers for civilian operators. Its production commenced in 1959. This aircraft was a milestone in development of Soviet commercial aviation. Its performance, capacity and reliability made it an obvious choice for adaptation of redundant airframes for military roles. These militarized versions were used by the Soviet Air Force and Soviet Naval Aviation. Both civil and militarized versions of the Il-18 have been exported to a number of Soviet allies and countries where the Soviet influence has spread, including Afghanistan, Algeria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Vietnam and Yugoslavia. In some countries the Il-18 it was used as a government, presidential or VIP transport.

Currently a single Il-18 is still used by North Korean Air Force. Versions of this aircraft, such as Il-20 or Il-38 are used by the Russian military.

The Il-18T is a military transport aircraft. It was used to carry troops, vehicles, cargo and evacuate casualties. However there was also a commercial airliner with the same designation.

The Il-18 can carry a maximum load of about 13 500 kg. Range with maximum payload is 3 700 km.

The Il-18 is powered by four Ivchenko AI-20M turboprop engines, developing 4 250 hp each.

There were numerous variants of the Il-18. Only military variants are listed below.

il-18Image: al-airliners.be
Entered service ?
Crew 9 men
Dimensions and weight
Length ~ 36 m
Wing span ~ 37 m
Height ~ 10 m
Weight (empty) ~ 35 t
Weight (maximum take off) ~ 64 t
Engines and performance
Engines 4 x Ivchenko AI-20M turboprop engines
Engine power 4 x 4 250 hp
Maximum speed 675 km/h
Cruising speed 625 km/h
Service ceiling 11.8 km
Range (with 6 500 kg payload) 6 500 km
Range (with maximum payload) 3 700 km
Ferry range ?
Maximum payload 13.5 t
Troops 65 – 120 men
Cargo compartment dimensions ?

Source military-today.com

The first aerodynamic prototype of the Il-38 completed its maiden flight in September 1961. The aircraft is currently in service with the Russian Navy and the Indian Navy. The Russian Navy upgraded the aircraft to extend its service life to 2015.

The Indian Navy placed an upgrade contract for five aircraft in 2001. The programme will extend the operational life of the aircraft up to 15 years. Two upgraded aircraft were delivered in January 2006 and third was delivered in 2008. The operational problems with the new avionics and electronic warfare system caused delays in further aircraft deliveries. The last aircraft was delivered in February 2010.


The upgraded Il-38 of the Russian Navy and Indian Navy are designated as Il-38N and Il-38SD respectively. The aircraft’s anti-sub system was replaced with the modern and compact system known as Novella (export name: Sea Dragon).

The system consists of several sub systems, including an anti-submarine warfare, a search-and-rescue and ecological monitoring, an electronic support measures, a sea and land surface surveillance system.

The new fully digital system comprises a high-resolution radar, display, thermal imaging subsystem, infrared sensor, a magnetometer and an electronic intelligence (ELINT) system.

The first production upgraded antisubmarine aircraft Il-38N

f70f73d28346329b5e6ee86ed53ed30214 July 2014 – Image: ilyushin.org

Russian Navy to get its Seventh Upgraded Il-38N Maritime Patrol Aircraft: Here


Ilyushin Il-38 aircraft design


The Ilyushin Il-38 design is based on the Il-18 aircraft. The airframe length was increased by 4m and the wings were moved forward. The tail has an magnetic anomaly detector (MAD) and a search radar under the forward fuselage.

The aircraft is fitted with two internal weapons bays, one forward and the other behind the wing. The forward weapon bay houses sonobuoys and the behind one houses weapons.



Turbogenerators Units TG-16M is a standalone unit and consist of a gas turbine engine GTD-16M, gearbox, generator DC HS-24A-AP and systems that provide start-up and operation of the unit. Source an-26.com

There was a heat exchanger on each side of the forward fuselage to get rid of heat from the combat systems. The tailfin featured a long extension running up the fuselage to the wings for a communications antenna. An APU — it appears the TG-16 — was fitted in the rear fuselage about midway between wings and tail assembly, with an exhaust port on the lower left side of the fuselage. Source airvectors.net


Il-38 ASW cockpit


The partial glass cockpit accommodates a pilot, co-pilot, flight engineer and operational crew, including a tactical coordinator, sensor operators, an MAD operator and observers.


Ilyushin Il-38 avionics

The Il-38 avionics suite includes a radar, a forward-looking infrared (FLIR) turret below the nose and the ELINT system. The system is mounted on struts above the forward fuselage.


The upgraded avionics and electronic warfare suite features a new synthetic-aperture radar / inverse-synthetic-aperture radar (SAR / ISAR), a search and attack radar, a high-resolution FLIR sensor, a low-light television camera, a new electronic support measures system, an MAD and active and passive sonobuoys. The sensor suite can detect air targets at a distance of up to 90km and sea going targets at 320km, and simultaneously track up to 32 targets.

Novella P-38 search and sighting system

novella_armia-2015_01Image: bastion-karpenko.runovella_mvms-2005_02Image: bastion-karpenko.ru0_dacc2_56d3986_orignovella_mvms-2005_06Image: bastion-karpenko.runovella_mvms-2005_10Image: bastion-karpenko.ru

The upgraded Il-38N plane is equipped with the Novella target search and track system that can detect aerial targets at a distance of up to 90 kilometers (56 miles) and surface targets at a range of up to 320 kilometers (199 miles). The system can track 32 above- and underwater targets simultaneously. It is fitted with new-generation sonobuoys and a thermal imager. The Il-38N plane can also conduct Signals intelligence (SIGINT) and ISR. Source: navyrecognition.com

General data:
Type: Radar Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 333.4 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0.4 km Generation: Early 2000s
Properties: Periscope/Surface Search – Fine Range Resolution + Rapid Scan [1980+], Pulse-only Radar
Sensors / EW:
Sea Dragon – (Il-38N/SD, Morskoi Zmei) Radar
Role: Radar, Air & Surface Search, 2D Long-Range
Max Range: 333.4 km

Weather Radar

General data:
Type: Radar Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 64.8 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0.4 km Generation: Early 1970s
Properties: Pulse-only Radar
Sensors / EW:
Generic Weather Radar – Radar
Role: Radar, Weather
Max Range: 64.8 km

Optical-electronic system Lanner-A (NV5-0101)

Lanner-A (NV5-0101) is an autonomous gyrostabilized optical-electronic observation device. The device is an air-borne system for subsonic aviation and is designed for 24-hour and all-weather survey of the lower hemisphere (observation of surface and above-water objects) through television and infrared imaging channels.


The device provides the following capabilities:

  • measuring and outputting the angular orientation of the visor axis by relative bearing and elevation bearing;
  • automatic tracking of on-land and above-water mobile objects and keeping them on the visor axis;
  • pointing the visor axis according to external target assignment (relative bearing and elevation angle).

Lanner-A can be used for the following purposes:

  • detection of on-land and above-water objects in day-time and night-time conditions;
  • identification of detected objects;
  • supporting search and rescue operations, environment monitoring;
  • forming and outputting target assignment;
  • solving other specific tasks, including those related to emergency landing of the craft.


Lanner-A provides observation through television and infrared imaging cameras having different fields of view and installed on a gyrostabilized platform. The system completely compensates for such factors negatively influencing image quality as vibration, pitching and rolling. The almost all-round view provided by the device is complemented by the digital filtration system for image quality improvement in adverse weather conditions (haze, fog, rain, dusk etc.). A low-light level high-resolution TV camera provides the capability to detect small-sized targets and identify them at great distances, including high-resolution picture in low illumination conditions.

The body of the device is air-tight so it can be used in a wide range of conditions. For critical applications, it can be equipped with special units keeping the required thermal regimes and ensuring reliable operation in northern climatic conditions. These units decrease the warming-up time under below-zero temperatures of the ambient air.

Lanner-A is a modular system and it can be supplied in various composition sets for particular purposes specified by the customer. Due to a user-friendly standard interface, the device is easily combined with other systems (radars, weapon control systems, monitoring systems etc.).


Basic specifications:

Operating turn angles of the visor line:

a) by azimuth
b) by elevation angle

±200 angular degree
-20 — +110 angular degree
Maximum turning rate of the visor line ±40 angular degrees/sec
View angle sizes in the television channel:

a) wide view angle
b) narrow view angle

9 х 12 angular degrees
2.3 х 3.0 angular degrees
View angle sizes in the infrared imaging channel:

a) wide view angle
b) narrow view angle

6 х 9 angular degree
Two-times electronic zooming-in of the video image
Weight of the device no more than 60 kg

Source npo-karat.ru

The Il-38N is equipped with the cutting-edge search and aiming system called Novella. This system is capable of detecting airborne targets at a distance of 90 kilometers, the surface at a distance of 320 kilometers. The aircraft can simultaneously track 32 targets of different types.

According to the Ministry of Defense, the Novella system includes magnetometric equipment, thermal and optical devices of high resolution, the latest means of electronic intelligence, sensors, gravitational anomalies, and other high-tech equipment.

Moreover, the Il-38N is armed with cruise missiles, anti-submarine torpedoes and depth charges. The aircraft can carry a payload of up to five tons. Source defaiya.com

Magnetic anomaly detector (MAD)

The MAD system comprises the sensitive quantum-mechanical magnetometer and provides: real-time data processing; use of target detection and aircraft-generated interference compensation combined algorithms with a high degree of automation; high accuracy of the beam range and beam passage time determination; reliable magnetic and electromagnetic interference clutter protection.

The acoustic system provides: automatic submarine detection and localisation by means of active and passive sonobuoys with target motion parameter measurement; operation near ice edges; underwater acoustic conditions reconnaissance and contacts prediction; multichannel receiving and processing capability.  The ESM provides detection of radar emissions with multi-octave frequency coverage in dense signal environments; monopulse measurements; analysis of frequency and modulation data; emitter identification and multitarget tracking.

General data:
Type: MAD Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 1.9 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Early 1970s
Sensors / EW:
Generic MAD – MAD
Role: MAD
Max Range: 1.9 km

*Note very scarce info on the radars I only could find in some old forum


Sea Dragon maritime surveillance mission system architecture (Export version)

Indian Navy Il-38SD

The Sea Dragon maritime surveillance mission system architecture is a proposal offered by the Leninetz Holding Company of St Petersburg. The roles proposed include: Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW); maritime surveillance; Anti-Surface Warfare (ASuW); Search And Rescue (SAR) and surface environment monitoring. The mission suite comprises: radar; electro-optics,

Magnetic Anomaly Detector (MAD); acoustic system; Electronic Support Measures (ESM); and Mission Control Computer Unit (MCCU).

The radar system proposed provides: long-range detection of surface vessels in rough sea states and against precipitation and jamming environments; detection of small targets and emergency beacons in high sea states; air-to-air detection against a background of sea clutter; target acquisition and tracking, with range heading and velocity data; Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) and Inverse SAR (ISAR) modes.

The electro-optic surveillance system combines Infra-Red (IR) and Low Light Level TV (LLLTV) cameras. There are two video channels and features include: high-resolution and selectable field of view IR and TV images; 360º coverage; 3-Dgyrostabilised gimbal and autotrack controlled by the Mission Control Computer Unit (MCCU). Source forums.bharat-rakshak.com

Berkut search/navigation/weather radar scanner & Leninets 2Sdi radar scanner

Leninets has also developed — and will be producing — new sonobuoys for the Novella’s radio sonobuoy subsystem. (In the former Soviet Union, sonobuoys were designed by the Slavutich design bureau in Kiev, now in the Ukraine, but produced in the Sigma factory in Moldova). During the Gelendzhik naval aviation exhibition in September, Leninets showed three new sonobuoys for the Novella system:

– RMB-81 (radiomagnitometricheskiy buoy), which consists of a float with radio transmitter, control command receiver and radio beacon, as well as a MAD receiver, which can be dipped to a depth of 100m. The buoy can operate for up to six hours;

– RGB-48 (radiogidroakusticheskiy buoy), a passive sonobuoy of similar size and construction to the RMB-81, but with acoustic signal receiver and processor instead of the magnetometer. The buoy can operate for 24 hours, at depths from 50m to 300m;

– GB-58 is a noise generator co-operating with passive sonobuoys (such as the RGB-48 and earlier RGB-41). Controlled by microprocessor, it can generate a signal of up to 1kW lasting 10s. It can be dipped to a depth from 50m to 1,200m. Source forums.bharat-rakshak.com

Aircraft armaments

The aircraft is fitted with two internal weapons bays on the forward and backward sides of the wing to carry missiles, torpedoes, FAB 250 free-fall bombs and depth charges.

The aircraft has been retrofitted to carry the Sea Eagle anti-ship missiles. The missile can reach the moving targets in 110km range. It is also equipped with R-73RDM2 short-range air-to-air missiles.

Sea Eagle anti-ship missile


Designation Sea Eagle (P3T)
Contractor BAe Dynamics
Year (Into Service) 1984 (RAF)
Type Anti-Ship Missile
Wingspan 3ft 11in
Length 13ft 7in
Core Diameter 1ft 33/4in
Launch Weight 1,320lb
Speed (Max) Mach 0.85 (560kts, 645mph)
Range (Effective) 60 miles
Range (Max) 177 miles
Propulsion Microturbo TRI-60 Turbojet
787lb Static Thrust
Guidance Active Radar Homing System
Warhead 505lb Semi-Armour Piercing (SAM)
Impact delay-fused penetrating ‘Blast Fragmentation’

Source blackburn-buccaneer.co.uk

R-73RDM2 short-range air-to-air missiles (NATO designation AA-11 Archer)

The R-73 short-range air-to-air missile was developed by “Molniya” (recently the special design bureau Nr.4) design bureau. It’s team at the beginning of the 1970s developed the R-60 missile and the R-73 was intended to replace it. It is known as the AA-11 “Archer” with NATO countries.

Missile features a wide angle infrared seeker and extreme maneuverability.

The R-73 is completed with a vectored trust system to makevery tight turns. It’s minimum range of fire is 0.3 km and missile is intended as a dogfight weapon in close air combats. Furthermore the R-73 is considered to be the most dangerous weapon system in close visual combat.

There were developed later variants of the R-73 missile:

– The R-73E missile features extended range;

– The R-73M1 (sometimes designated as R-73 RDM-1) features improved overall performance;

– The R-73M2 (R-73 RDM-2) has even better performance characteristics than it’s predecessor – the R-73M1;

– The K-74ME.

All these missiles have the same AA-11 “Archer” NATO designation.

Model R-73E R-73M1 R-73M2
Entered service in ? 1982 ?
Range against closing target < 30 km 30 km 40 km
Range against receding target < 15 km 15 km ?
Weight 115 kg 105 kg 110 kg
Weight of warhead 7.4 kg 8 kg ?
Type of warhead expanding rod
Speed Mach 2.5
Guidance infrared
Kill probability ? 0.6 ?
Length 2.9 m
Diameter 0.17 m
Fin span 0.51 m
Carried by Ka-50, Ka-52, MiG-29, MiG-31, Su-25, Su-27, Su-30, Su-33, Su-34, Su-35, Su-37, Su-39, Yak-141

Source enemyforces.net

With all-up weight of 68 tons, the Il-38 has a crew of seven and a range of 9,500 km (5,126nm). It is broadly similar to the P-3 Orion, which has filled a similar ASW role with the U.S. Navy. According to Ilyushin, the Il-38N is intended for long-endurance anti-submarine patrols over sea, with simultaneous search for aerial and sea-going targets. In addition, the aircraft can set mine fields and perform search-and-rescue and ecological monitoring duties. Its arsenal of torpedoes, mines, depth charges and buoys has been extended though addition of the PL250-120 Zagon anti-submarine guided bombs. Indian Il-38SDs can fire the Kh-35, whereas the Russian navy decided not to equip its aircraft with anti-ship missiles. Source ainonline.com

PL250-120 Zagon anti-submarine guided bombs (Zagon-2 (S3V) guided anti-submarine bomb)

Zagon 2.jpg

S3V ( Russian : S3V ), the Russian aircraft-launched induction of KTRV company has developed depth charge . Manufacturer name Zagon ( Russian : Zagon ., Zagon means the enclosure of livestock).


Zagon -1
Formality of been depth charges.
Zagon -2
Improved in development

Translated by google from Japanese – Source wikipedia.org

image009Image: aoniii.ru

This weapon is designed to engage submarines on the sea surface, under water at periscope level and at depth. Developed by the Scientific Research Institute of Engineering (Techmash) the 120 kg Zagon-2 was originally intended for use with ship-based Ka-28 helicopters. It can also be dropped from Il-38 and Tu-42M anti-submarine planes. Its use is now extended to the larger, shore based Mi-14. When dropped on underwater targets the 150 cm long bomb descends on a parachute, which is released at the moment the bomb splashes down. The bomb then sinks down, steered on its descent towards the target using active sonar for target location and a motion control system for guidance. The weapon can detect enemy submarines from a distance of 450 meters, at cruising depths of up to 600 meters. Source defense-update.com

The aircraft is also equipped with radio communication system and electronic countermeasures system.

The Indian Navy aircraft can be armed with an air-launched BrahMos supersonic cruise missile. BrahMos is jointly developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) of India and NPO Mashinostroeyenia of Russia. It has a speed of Mach 2.8 and can hit targets within the range of 290km.

BrahMos supersonic cruise missile



The BRAHMOS is a short-range supersonic cruise missile, that can carry nuclear warhead. It was jointly developed by India and Russia. The BRAHMOS Aerospace joint venture was established in 1998 and started working on the project. The acronym BRAHMOS is an abbreviation of two rivers, the Brahmaputra of India and Moskva of Russia. The missile was first test fired in 2001.

The BRAHMOS entered service with the Indian armed forces in 2006. This missile has been adopted by Indian Army, Navy and Air Force. Some sources report that Indian armed forces have a total requirement for about 1 000 of these missiles. This cruise missile is also being proposed for export customers from 14 countries.

The BRAHMOS is based on the Russian P-800 Oniks supersonic anti-ship cruise missile. The missile is 9 m long and has a diameter of 0.7 m. It has a two-stage propulsion system. It uses solid-fuel rocket booster for initial acceleration and liquid-fuel ramjet for sustained supersonic cruise. The booster is ejected by the airflow after it has burned out.

This missile has a range of 290-300 km. It can carry nuclear warhead, or 200-300 kg conventional warhead. The range is limited to 300 km, as Russia is a signatory of the Missile Technology Control Regime, which prohibits it from helping other countries develop missiles with ranges above 300 km.

The BRAHMOS is one of the fastest cruise missiles in the world. It travels at supersonic speed and can gain a speed of Mach 2.8 (3 430 km/h). This missile was developed primarily as an anti-ship missile, however there are also land attack versions. This cruise missile has GPS/GLONASS/GAGAN satellite guidance. It uses US, Russian or Indian navigation satellites and has a pin-point accuracy. At a maximum range it can hit a target as small as 1.5 x 1.5 m. It is a fire-and-forget type missile.

Entered service 2006
Missile length 9 m
Missile diameter 0.7 m
Missile weight 3 000 kg
Warhead weight up to 300 kg
Warhead type nuclear, conventional
Range of fire 290-300 km
CEP 1.5 m

BRAHMOS data military-today.com

Kh-35UE Tactical anti-ship missile

The Kh-35UE tactical anti-ship missile is an advanced version of the Kh-35E air-launched anti-ship missile.

The missile features improved performance: twice the maximum range (260 km); the maximum missile turn angle in the horizontal plane after launch of 130º (against 90º for the Kh-35E); twice the maximum firing altitude (10 km against 5 km).

A combined guidance system using an inertial system, satellite navigation and active-passive radar seeker gives the Kh-35UE better accuracy and higher jamming immunity, as well as a wider range of targets, including in an ECM environment. The new seeker has a lock-on range of 50 km (compared with 20 km for the Kh-35E).

The guidance system: inertial + satellite navigation + active-passive radar seeker.

The Kh-35UE has the same dimensions as the Kh-35E.



Source Rosoboronexport



OFAB 250-270. Fragmentation High Explosive Bomb 250-270 is intended for destruction of military-industrial sites, railway junctions, field facilities and personnel in open terrain as well as in light armoured vehicles and trucks on the march or during attack within the main concentration perimeter.


Caliber, kg 250
Length, mm 1 456
Body Diameter, mm ø325
Tail fin span, mm 410
Characteristic time, s 20,92/12
Explosive weight, kg 92
Bomb weight, kg 268
Distance between the two lugs, mm 250

Source dunarit.com

Ivchenko Al-20M engines


The aircraft is powered by four Ivchenko Al-20M single-shaft turboprop engines driving four four-bladed propellers. The engines deliver a power output of 3,125kW.

AI-20M turboprop engines

AI-20M turboprop engines – Image: ivchenko-progress.com

Designed for use as a sustainer propulsion system on two or four-engine passenger and transport multi-purpose aircrafts on short-haul and medium-haul (up to 6500 km). It powers: AN-8, AN-10, AN-12, AN-32, Be-12, IL-18, IL-20, IL-22, IL-38 aircrafts and their modifications. Meets the environmental requirements of ICAO standards. In commercial production since 1957.

АI-20К АI-20M АI-20D series 2   АI-20D series 5 АI-20D series 5M
Takeoff power rating (H=0, М=0, ISA)
Equivalent power, ehp 4,000 4,250 5,180 5,180 4,750
Specific fuel consumption, kg/e.h.p./h 0.27 0.239 0.227 0.227 0.24
Cruise power rating (H=8,000m, М=0.57)
Equivalent power, e.h.p 2,940 2,700 2,725 2,725 2,725
Specific fuel consumption, kg/e.h.p./h 0.21 0.197 0.199 0.199 0.199
Dimensions, mm 3,096 x 842 x 1,080
Dry weight, kg 1,080 1,040 1,040 1,040 1,040
Assigned service life, h 20,000 22,000 6,000 6,000 20,000
Applicability ll-18V An-12D
An-32 An-32B-200

AI-20 data ivchenko-progress.com

Ilyushin Il-38 aircraft performance


The Ilyushin Il-38 can fly at a maximum speed of 650km/h. It has a range of 9,500km and service ceiling of 10,000m. The aircraft can climb at a rate of 320m per minute. The maximum take-off weight of the aircraft is 63,500kg.

Main technical characteristics

Length, m 40,1
Height, m 10,17
Wingspan, m 37,4
Wing area, sq. m. 140
Fuselage diameter, m 3,5
Number x engine type 4 x turbo-propeller engine
Engine AI-20M series 6I
Maximum shaft power (МСА, H=0), kgf 4 250
Propeller diameter, m 4,5
Maximum takeoff weight, tons 66
Cruising speed, km/h 570–600
Flight altitude, m 8 000
Takeoff distance, m 1 400
Landing distance, m 900
Calendar operating life, years 48
Number of flights 6 000
Number of flight hours, hr. 10 000

Technical characteristics ilyushin.org

Russian Navy Eyes Il-114 as Future MPA

Самолёт Ил-114. Летающая лаборатория.Il-114 airframe—side number 93001—has been used in the role of flying testbed

One Il-114 airframe—side number 93001—has been used in the role of flying test bed by Agat and Radar-MMS since 2005. “The aircraft proved reliable and up to the job. It can loiter for 14 hours,” according to Antsev. Having completed a number of R&D programs using this airframe, Agat and Radar-MMS have turned it into an advanced-technology MPA demonstrator. At the recent IMDS’ 2015 maritime show, RA93001 demonstrated the transmission of telemetry and targeting data in real time using a wide-band secure datalink. This was billed as “the first public demonstration of the Kasatka rescue and targeting complex in action.”

il114radar2007dmitryterekhov-672x372myaviationnetphotoid00803832_sIl-114 cockpit

The current configuration of the Il-114 test bed features a FLIR under the nose and a magnetometer in the tail section. A semi-automatic dispenser deploys sonobuoys. Two pylons under the fuselage allow for sensor pods or Kh-35 anti-ship missiles to be carried. On the starboard side, a GSh-2-23 twin barrel 23-mm rapid fire cannon pad can be carried. Metric-band antennas are in conformal attachments on both sides of the fuselage. There are two radars, one (KS-9) working in metric waveband (range up to 50 km) and the other (KS-1 or Zarya) in centimetric waveband (range 300 km), with an antenna in an underbelly doom for 360-degree coverage. Source ainonline.com


Specifications (Il-114)

Data from Jane’s All The World’s Aircraft 2003–2004

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Capacity: 64 passengers
  • Length: 26.88 m (88 ft 2 in)
  • Wingspan: 30.00 m (98 ft 5 in)
  • Height: 9.19 m (30 ft 2 in)
  • Wing area: 81.90 m2 (881.6 sq ft)
  • Aspect ratio: 11:1
  • Empty weight: 15,000 kg (33,069 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 23,500 kg (51,809 lb)
  • Fuel capacity: 8,780 l (1,931 imp gal; 2,319 US gal)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Klimov TV7-117S turboprop engines, 1,839 kW (2,466 hp) each

Klimov TV7-117CT turboprop engines


United engine Corporation, which is part of rostec state Corporation, held an analytical session, during which they developed new solutions for the successful implementation of the program for the Assembly of gas turbine family engines TV7–117.

JSC «Klimov», which is located in Saint Petersburg, was developed by turboprop engines TV7-117S and TV7-117SM. They are designed for installation on passenger aircraft Il-114. Also designed the engine TV7-117СТ especially promising for light military-transport aircraft Il-112V, which Assembly is conducted at the Voronezh Aircraft factory. In addition, created a helicopter engine TV7-117V designed for installation on the latest helicopter Mi-38.

This engine is the most fuel efficient in its class, with the help of the Il-114 can be in the air without refueling for up to 9 hours. It can also be installed on passenger aircraft Il-114, Il-114Т and speed boats.

Source news-original.ru


  • Maximum speed: 500 km/h (311 mph; 270 kn)
  • Cruising speed: 470 km/h (292 mph; 254 kn)
  • Range: 1,000 km (621 mi; 540 nmi) with 64 passengers

Source revolvy.com

Main material source naval-technology.com

Updated Jul 18, 2017