Daily Archives: January 1, 2016

Talon HATE pods for F-15C/D fleets

The Talon HATE programme covers the development of an infrared search and track sensor (IRST) and data-links equipped communications pod, which will improve communication and information sharing among various platforms.

“The system assimilates information in real-time from multiple domains, creating an improved common operating picture for tactical awareness.”

The Talon HATE (and by the way, nobody seems to know what that stands for) system includes air-to-air, air-to-ground and satellite data links. Not only will this large pod work as an essential communications bridge and data-fusion center, but it also provides America’s F-15C/D Eagle fleet with a serious sensor enhancement via the installation of an Infrared Search and Track system (IRST) at the 17 foot-long, 1,800 pound pod’s forward tip.

Talon HATE will work in a very similar way as the Air Force’s Battlefield Airborne Communications Node (BACN), which is currently deployed on Air Force E-11 and EQ-4 as well as NASA WB-57 aircraft today, but in a tactical instead of strategic one.

Boeing describes the Talon HATE system as such:

Scheduled to be initially carried by F-15C fighter aircraft, the pod combines information from fourth and fifth-generation fighter aircraft, national sources and joint command and control assets.

The system assimilates information in real-time from multiple domains. The data will then be transmitted over a common data-link for use by joint aircraft, ships and ground stations, improving communication and information sharing across the battlefield.

The single operational picture formed by Talon HATE is claimed to provide soldiers with a capability to more efficiently engage and defend against ‘next-generation’ threats.

Basically it’s a fighter-mounted universal translator, data-fusion center, and router that takes various data-links’ waveforms and “languages,” and fuses their information into a single common picture. It then rebroadcasts that common picture multiple waveforms and “languages” so that everyone in the battlespace is on the same page and can exploit a much more detailed rendering of where the enemy is and where the good guys are.

This will allow American F-15C/D and other so-called “legacy” fighters, allied aircraft, ships, and ground and command-and-control assets that use MIDS/JTIDS Link 16 data links common to NATO countries to see what the F-22 sees. It does this by receiving and translating the F-22’s proprietary and stealthy Intra-flight data link (FIDL) transmissions into data the MIDS/Link 16 data link terminals can display.

F-22s are some of the most capable sensor platforms in the world

This is a very big deal as F-22s are some of the most capable sensor platforms in the world. Their ALR-94 electronic surveillance measures (ESM) and radar warning receiver suite can sniff out the locations of enemy radars and communications, and classify them accordingly. The aircraft’s APG-77 AESA radar is also highly capable, especially considering it will likely be operating forward of other non-stealthy enemy forces, peering deep into enemy territory.

The F-22 does not have Link 16 transmission capability like most other combat aircraft because that system was not designed for stealthy aircraft and its omni-direction emissions could give away the F-22’s presence. As such, the F-22 can currently receive information via Link 16 compatible broadcasts, but it cannot send them. In other words, an F-22 can see what an F-15C sees sensor-wise, but not the other way around.

The Talon HATE pod will basically masquerade as another F-22, with Raptors beaming back information to it for processing and redistribution on MIDS/Link 16 waveforms. This will allow F-15C/Ds to see the F-22’s tactical picture, and other aircraft will be able to as well.

F-22 Raptor: Details

In addition to being a flying data-fusion center and super wireless hot-spot, Talon HATE also features the aforementioned IRST mounted on the tip of its pod. Currently, the Air Force lacks any IRST capability, including the F-22. So this secondary capability gives the F-15C/D Eagle a much needed set of passive detection eyes.

IRST

irst10IRST mounted on the tip of its pod

Talon HATE’s IRST data will also be integrated into the common picture, so that F-22s can make use of it. This will allow the stealth and fast jets to super-cruise out to a target and engage it without ever turning on their own radars, and thus not emitting any electromagnetic energy that the enemy could spot. Additionally, the pod’s IRST can be equally effective when F-22s are not present, giving the F-15C/D fleet a much needed way for detecting stealthy aircraft and cruise missiles or taking on targets without turning on their powerful radars.

Most importantly, this system will greatly enhance the Eagle-Raptor air dominance team. With only about 125 combat coded F-22s in service, the Air Force will partially rely on the F-15C/D when it comes to air superiority for decades to come. By sharing a common picture, tactics can be better tailored to take advantage of each aircraft’s strengths and weaknesses.

F-15E ‘Strike’ Eagle: Details

APG-63V3 Active Electronically Scanned Array radar

For instance, the F-15C/D’s new APG-63V3 Active Electronically Scanned Array radar is the most powerful in the world. Being able to search for enemy aircraft deep in enemy airspace, the F-15C/D can data-link its radar picture to the F-22, which can operate far ahead of the Eagle safely. By relying primarily of the F-15C/D’s radar picture, the F-22 can use its radar as little as possible, which will lessen its chances of detection.

Such tactics will allow the F-22 to streak out ahead of the F-15s and club the enemy without them ever knowing they are there, all they would see are F-15C/Ds, with their radars blazing, many miles behind where the Raptors are silently operating. Additionally, once the F-22’s missile stocks run dry, they can switch to a scouting role, calling the shots for F-15s that are heavily laden with air-to-air missiles and operating safely behind the F-22’s stealthy screen. Boeing is well aware of this potential dichotomy and they are offering upgrades that could see F-15s carrying double the missile load they can today.

F-15SA (Saudi Advanced): Details

What this all amounts to is a maximization of each aircraft’s abilities against an enemy threat. By sharing a common situational picture and targeting data, the F-15C/D and F-22 team become much more potent and synergistic, and other aircraft, ships, and ground assets can benefit from this relationship as well. Without Talon HATE’s data fusion capabilities, this cannot be achieved.

Even without the F-22’s presence, the pod’s ability to provide IRST capability and an indigenous active battlefield network capability to the F-15C/D fleet that reaches from the ground up into space is a capability worth pursuing on its own. This is especially true as current BACN equipped aircraft are highly tasked and not meant to be present on the leading edge of the battlefield. This is an especially large problem for anti-access environments, where lumbering support aircraft, like those carrying a BACN system, could be pushed back hundreds of miles from the front lines. And it is in these exact scenarios where having connectivity between F-22s and legacy fighters will be so essential.

Talon HATE represents another step in the Pentagon’s attempt to deal with integrating 5th generation stealth fighters with a fleet of older aircraft that will be around for decades to come. This problem will only be exacerbated by the F-35’s introduction into service.

Currently there is an initiative underway to try and figure out how its unique and stealthy data link can be rebroadcasted to other less advanced assets. But for now, the most pressing need is to get the F-22 and the Air Force’s teen-series fighters, especially the F-15C/D fleet, on the same tactical page, and the Talon HATE pod hopes to do just that.

Source:  foxtrotalpha.jalopnik.com/airforce-Technology.com

Updated May 09, 2017

BMP-3 IFV fitted with a gun mount system AU-220m armed with a 57mm automatic cannon

Army Recognition at RAE Russia Expo Arms 2015

At RAE 2015 (Russia Arms Expo 2015), the Russian Defense Company Machinery & Industrial Groups N.V. Concern “Tractor plants” unveils a new variant of the famous BMP-3 infantry fighting vehicle equipped with a new turret armed with a 57mm automatic cannon AU-220M.

At RAE 2015 (Russia Arms Expo 2015), the Russian Defense Company Machinery & Industrial Groups N.V. Concern "Tractor plants" unveils a new variant of the famous BMP-3 infantry fighting vehicle equipped with a new turret armed with a 57mm automatic cannon AU-220M. New BMP-3 IFV Infantry Fighting Vehicle fiited with gun mount turret AU-220M armed with a 57mm automatic cannon at RAE Russia Arms Expo 2015 in Nizhny Tagil, Russia.

This new version is based on the chassis of BMP-3 infantry fighting vehicle fitted with a new turret armed with a 57mm automatic cannon using gun mount module AU-220M. A 7,62mm coaxial machine gun is mounted to right side of the main armament. A bank of four smoke grenade dischargers is mounted on each side of the turret.

The vehicle is also equipped with latest generation of computerized firing control system to increase the accuracy of the 57mm cannon. It has the capacity to be used against ground and aerial targets as helicopter and drones.

The 57mm gun with the AP round has a penetration capability of 130mm of Steel at a range of 1.000m.

The AU-220M gun mount system is a remotely operated unmanned turret design to be easily integrated onto modern light infantry fighting vehicles.

The hull and turret of the BMP-3 ICV are of all-welded aluminium armour construction providing the crew with protection from small arms fire and shell splinters. The turret is in the centre of the vehicle with the commander seated on the right and the gunner on the left.

The vehicle can carry a total of 12 military personnel including driver, gunner and commander. The troop compartment is at the rear of the hull with entry via two doors in the hull rear opening left and right, with the left door having a firing port.

This BMP-3 57mm cannon is motorized with a type UTD-29M 10-cylinder 4-stroke liquid cooled diesel developing 500 hp. The vehicle can run at a maximum road speed of 70 km with a maximum cruising range of 600 km.

At RAE 2015 (Russia Arms Expo 2015), the Russian Defense Company Machinery & Industrial Groups N.V. Concern "Tractor plants" unveils a new variant of the famous BMP-3 infantry fighting vehicle equipped with a new turret armed with a 57mm automatic cannon AU-220M. Details view of gun mount tuuret AU-220M with 57mm automatic cannon.

Source: armyrecognition.com

AU-220M 57mm automatic cannon unmanned turret

The turret is called AU-220. It’s been initially developed as an upgrade to the PT-76 amphibious tank to replace its 76mm main gun and old turret.

The Central Research Institute Burevestnik-designed 57-mm A-220M gun, designed for use by armored vehicles.

An upgraded PT-76 is shown with the 57mm AU-220 turret.

57mm Gun

The 57mm gun that’s also used in Atom 8×8 is basically an Anti-Aircraft gun used in S-60 towed AA system. The gun was developed in 1950’s.
The 57-mm anti-tank gun model 1941 (ZiS-2) developed and adopted in the opening days of the Great World War.
The same cannon also used in ZSU-57-2 Soviet self propelled anti-aircraft gun

Burevestnik’s 57 mm А-220М naval artillery module, from which the AU-220M was effectively reverse engineered.

Burevestnik's 57 mm А-220М naval artillery module, from which the AU-220M was effectively reverse engineered.

The cannon uses 57x347mm semi-rimmed ammunition. The image below shows the 57mm ammunition vs the Bofors 40×365 ammunition.
c105ef7e30335d2f45dd00cea40162c5
The gun is recoil operated. Rate of fire is 105-120 rpm and the muzzle velocity is around 1.020 m/sec. It has a barrel length of around 4.4m.
The effective firing range against ground targets is 4km’s.
The gun has a new automatic loading capable ammunition feed system that houses 20 ready-to-fire rounds as shown below.
The turret basket has a powered 73 round ammunition carousel that provides ammunition to the linkless feeder above.
The 57mm gun with the AP round has a penetration capability of 130mm of Steel at a range of 1.000m. I would expect the penetration would be much better for the huge 57mm caliber.
The 35mm APFSDS round has 120mm penetration at the same range.

57-mm automatic gun mount AU-220M/57-мм АВТОМАТИЧЕСКАЯ АРТИЛЛЕРИЙСКАЯ УСТАНОВКА АУ-220М

406816_original407443_original407064_original.jpg409366_original

Предназначена для установки на перспективные и модернизированные боевые бронированные машины с целью повышения огневой мощи мотострелковых и пехотных подразделений.

Позволяет расширить сферу боевого применения боевых бронированных машин за счет решения задач стрельбы по воздушным целям.

СИСТЕМА УПРАВЛЕНИЯ ОГНЕМ:
Предназначена для управления процессом обнаружения и идентификации целей, наведением и огнем 57-мм автоматической пушки и 7.62-мм пулемета при стрельбе с места, с ходу и на плаву во всех условиях боевого применения.

Оснащена комбинированым прицельным комплексом, вклющающим в себя телевизионный и тепловизионный каналы, лазерные дальномеры и независимую 2-плоскостную стабилизацию поля зрения.

ЗАЩИЩЕННОСТЬ:
Круговой обстрел – защита от пули калибра 7,62 мм (~3 уровень защиты по STANAG 4569).

Лобовая проекция – защита от пули калибра 30 мм (~5 уровень защиты по STANAG 4569).

Translated by google:

Designed for installation in advanced and upgraded armored vehicles to increase the firepower of infantry and mechanized infantry units.

It allows you to expand the scope of application of combat armored vehicles at the expense of solving problems shooting at air targets

FIRE CONTROL SYSTEM:
Designed to control the process of detection and identification, guidance and fire 57-mm automatic cannon and a 7.62 mm machine gun when firing from the place with the move and afloat in all conditions of combat use.

Equipped combining aiming system, vklyuschayuschim a television and thermal imaging channels, laser rangefinders and independent 2-planar stabilization of the visual field.

PROTECTION:
The circular firing – from bullets of 7.62 mm Protection (~ 3 protection level STANAG 4569).

The front projection – from 30 mm caliber bullet protection (~ 5 level of protection for STANAG 4569).

Main Specifications

Overall dimensions, mm:

Length x Width x Height

5820 x 2100 x 1300
GUN automatic caliber 57 mm
Maximum rate of fire, rds. / Min 80
Range of fire, m 12000
Angles pointing, hail

– vertically

– on the horizon

-5 … 60 360
allowance of ammunition 80
Types of ammunition shots unitary loading with high-explosive, armor-piercing projectiles and manageable
Paired 7.62-mm machine gun
Rate of fire, rds. / min 700 … 800
Accurate firing range, m 1500
Ammunition, pc 2000
Burevestnik’s 57 mm А-220М Source burevestnik.com

Source ©WarfareTechnology 2014

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Naval Power: China Building Second Aircraft Carrier

14:27 31.12.2015

China's first aircraft carrier, the Liaoning, is anchored in the northern port in Qingdao, east China's Shandong Province, Wednesday, Feb. 27, 2013

The Chinese Defense Ministry officially announced that work on the construction of a second aircraft carrier has begun in the port of Dalian.

Earlier, media continuously reported that China was building a second aircraft carrier, but without official confirmation from authorities.

“Everyone knows that the first aircraft carrier, which is at the disposal of the Chinese Navy, is the (aircraft carrier) Liaoning. Relevant departments have considered the subject from all angles and then embarked on the development work of the second carrier. At the moment further design and construction of the aircraft carrier is underway,”

Chinese Defense Ministry spokesman Yang Yujun said in an official statement.

According to him, China adheres to an independent foreign policy of peace and a defensive military strategy.

“We have a long coastline and vast water area located in our jurisdiction. The guarantee of their safety, the protection of sovereignty, territorial waters and the legitimate interests of the country’s seas and oceans is the sacred duty of the armed forces of the China,” he added.

The design draws on experiences from the country’s first aircraft carrier, the Liaoning, which was bought from Ukraine in 1998. It was an unfinished Soviet cruiser Varyag and it was refitted in China.

The ship was named after the province of Liaoning where the docks of the Dalian port were located.

The first sea trials of the Liaoning took place in August 2011, in November 2012 it was announced that a J-15 fighter successfully landed on the deck of the ship.

© 2015 Sputnik. All rights reserved

Read original post sputniknews.com

****-END-****

China’s first Aircraft carrier – Liaoning

The Liaoning was built using the hull of a Soviet Kuznetsov-class carrier, the Varyag, with a displacement of 65,000 tonnes, which China acquired from Ukraine in 2002. It is a conventionally powered carrier

China’s First Homemade Carrier Moves Forward

Chinese military watchers everywhere have another clear sign that China is building its first indigenous aircraft carrier, the Type 001A “17”

The Type 001A aircraft carrier, “17”, is projected to feature incremental improvements over the original Liaoning, such as a redesigned island superstructure, as well as newer radar, increased automation and greater storage space (some fan art like this CGI, show it with waist catapults to launch heavier aircraft).

Aircraft carrier number “17” is likely to be 65,000 to 70,000 tons in displacement, have forward located ski-jump to launch figthers, and carry about 36-48 aircraft, a combination of J-15 Flying Shark fighters and Z-8/Z-18 helicopters. That’s similar in size to “16” Liaoning, China’s Soviet designed and built aircraft carrier or newer programs like Britain’s HMS Queen Elizabeth class aircraft carrier presently under construction. “17” will feature automation to reduce crew size, increased fuel and ammunition storage, and a smaller island superstructure, making it far more capable than the Liaoning.

China Aircraft Carrier Type 001A WuhanEven the land based carrier test mockup in Wuhan is getting a make over for “17”, with modifications to install new radars and communications gear.

If all goes to plan, “17” will be launched in the second half of 2016. At this stage, it would receive its name, most likely the name of a Chinese province or national level municipality. It would likely to be commissioned in 2019, thus doubling China’s aircraft carrier capacity for theaters from the First Island Chain all the away to Africa and Latin America. As the PLAN gains more naval aviation experience from the Liaoning and “17”, its fleet will then move on to more capable future aircraft carriers, like the planned catapult-equipped Type 002 and nuclear power Type 003. Source: Popular Science

Source: planobrazil.com

Note: Other sources indicate that it would be around 80,000 tons in displacement. 

Japan’s Asahi Shimbun says that China is building two homegrown aircraft carriers of 80,000-ton displacement each. China has obtained from Russia the design drawings of Russia’s Ulyanovsk nuclear aircraft carrier and the technology of its nuclear power system. As a result, China’s new aircraft carriers will be nuclear powered.

The Ulyanovsk is the first nuclear aircraft carrier that former Soviet Union was building, but it was dismantled due to lack of funds when the Societ Union disintegrated. It has a displacement of 78,000 tons and can carry at least 60 fix-wing fighters and helicopters. What is worth special notice is that it was to use steam catapult according to its design.

The PLA has shown great interest in VTOL fighter jets and may use such fighters on its aircraft carriers.

Informed sources say that Chengdu Aviation Corp. plans to build a VTOL fighter similar to US F-35 VTOL fighter. The PLA may cooperate with Russia in developing it to use Russian Yak-41 and Yak-141 technology. Sources say that Chinese navy plans to build 6 newest Type 081 amphibious attack warships that can carry a few Chinese version of F-35 VTOL fighter jets to dominate the sea areas near China.

Judging by the USD300 million cost of a 28,000-ton Type 071 landing platform dock, the cost of a 40,000-ton amphibious attack warship will not exceed USD500 million. It is much cheaper and easier to build and maintain than a nuclear aircraft carrier for use in remote sea areas that costs billions of US dollars.

Source: Qianzhan.com “Exposure of the structural drawings of the aircraft carrier for 40 carrier-based aircrafts that China’s Jiangnan Shipyard is building in Shanghai” summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese

China plans to build a 110,000 ton ‘super aircraft carrier’ to rival US naval power

Sunday, December 22, 2013

CHINA has declared it is building a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier of a size to rival the biggest in United States naval service in the first move of a major new arms race.

Chinese website qianzhan.com cites “top People’s Liberation Army” sources as saying the 110,000-ton aircraft carrier should be launched by 2020.

110,000-ton aircraft carrier should be launched by 2020

“By that time, China will be able to confront the most advanced US carrier-based fighter jets in high sea,” the Chinese-language article reads.

The news follows rising tensions in the South and East China Seas where the most recent incident involved a near-collision with a US cruiser shadowing China’s first aircraft carrier, the refurbished Liaoning which was purchased from Ukraine.

China’s first homegrown aircraft carrier will be a larger version of Liaoning. The first of two such vessels is due to hit the water in 2015.

The design is reportedly based on drawings from the former Soviet Union of a nuclear-powered, 80,000 ton vessel capable of carrying 60 aircraft.

“Despite their lack of experience, Chinese scientific research personnel have the ambition to overcome various difficulties to master lots of new technologies and techniques in building China’s own powerful aircraft carrier,” the article reads. Source vndata.blogspot.com