Daily Archives: January 6, 2016

Warsaw signed contracts to upgrade 128 of its Leopard 2A4 battle tanks to 2PL standard

Jan 06, 2016 00:05 UTC by Defense Industry Daily staff

The indigenous led modernization of Poland’s armed forces continues, after Warsaw signed contracts to upgrade 128 of its Leopard 2A4 battle tanks. The $605.7 million deal will see prime contractor Polska Grupa Zbrojeniowa (PGZ) and integrator ZM Bumar-Labedy conduct the works due to be completed by 2020, with options to upgrade fourteen more. Bought from ex-German stocks in 2002, the tanks will see work done to turrets, chassis and other equipment as well as upgrades to Poland’s tank training simulators.

Source © 2004-2016 Defense Industry Daily, LLC


Polish Leopard 2A4 and 2A5 tanks

The Polish Land Forces operate 128 Leopard 2A4s and ordered 14 more Leopard 2A4s and 105 Leopard 2A5s as of March 2013. The Polish Leopard 2 tanks serve with the 10th Armoured Cavalry Brigade based in Świętoszów. By November 2013, the Polish Defense Ministry had acquired 119 tanks (105 Leopard 2A5s and 14 2A4s) from the German Army. All acquired Leopard 2A4 tanks are to be upgraded to Leopard 2PL standard. The first 11 Leopard 2A5s arrived with the 34th Armoured Cavalry Brigade based in Żagań on 16 May 2014. Source wikiwand.com

Although not yet revealed exact technical parameters Leopards 2GB (such designation adopted for the upgraded tanks), it is known that the Polish army first modernized Tank is expected to receive next fall. All parties will be modernized by the end of 2019. The contract for the modernization is estimated at about one billion dollars. Source polska-zbrojna.pl

2PL upgrade standard 

The contract includes upgrades to the MBTs’ turret, chassis, and other equipment to F6 level (with co-operation from subcontractor WZM Poznan), and the modernisation of Poland’s tank training simulators.

The upgrade will include a modernisation of the MBTs’ turret armour to a level at least that of the Leopard 2A5 variant, while not exceeding a total weight of 60 tons for the Leopard 2PL. This will include a partial change of the MBT’s turret armour plates, and the addition of extra armour developed by IBD. Spall liners will also be added in the crew compartment of the turret, while internal storage and stowage capabilities will be extended.

The upgrade will see the tanks retain their existing L44 120 mm gun (rather than be upgraded with the longer L55 gun), although it and its fire control system will be upgraded for compatibility with the newest DM11 and DM63-type armour-piercing ammunition. A more substantial upgrade will come in the form of new commander and gunner sights incorporating the Polish PCO KLW-1 thermal imager, while the gun and turret stabiliser systems will be changed from hydraulic to electric. Source IHS Janes

Rheinmetall to upgrade Polish Army’s Leopard 2 tanks

According to UPI

By Richard Tomkins   |   Feb. 22, 2016 at 1:56 PM

Poland is modernizing tanks bought from Germany with help from Rheinmetall.

DUSSELDORF, Germany, Feb. 22 (UPI) — Rheinmetall to modernize 128 Leopard 2 tanks of the Polish Army in cooperation with Polska Grupa Zbrojeniowa and ZM Bumar-Łabędy S.A.

Under the contract, Rheinmetall will supply key capabilities for the upgrade. Included will be electronics and weapon technology to bring the tanks to Leopard 2 PL standard, which corresponds to the German Leopard 2 A5 and A6.

The contract is worth nearly $244.8 million for Rheinmetall.

“Rheinmetall’s willingness to share technology and operate in tandem with local industry proved decisive in prompting the Polish government to select Rheinmetall as its strategic partner,” Rheinmetall said. “For Poland, the contract will mean the creation of highly skilled jobs as well as obtaining valuable defense technology know-how.”

The Leopard tanks were bought from German Army surplus in 2002.

Rheinmetall gave no indication as to how long the modernization of the tanks would take.

Source UPI

From Rheinmetall website

Order worth of about €220 million

Rheinmetall has booked another major modernization order for heavy tanks.

Poland has just awarded the Düsseldorf-based Group a contract for overhauling 128 Leopard 2 MBTs.

In cooperation with Poland’s Polska Grupa Zbrojeniowa (PGZ) and ZM Bumar-Łabędy S.A., Rheinmetall will serve as a strategic partner, supplying crucial key capabilities, including electronics and weapon technology. The project represents roughly €220 million in sales volume for Rheinmetall.

During the course of modernization, the 128 Leopard 2 A4 main battle tanks purchased in 2002 by the Polish Army from surplus Bundeswehr stocks will be upgraded to Leopard 2 PL standard, which corresponds to the German Leopard 2 A5 and A6.

Following Canada and Indonesia, Poland is now the third Leopard user nation to turn to Rheinmetall as the technology partner of choice for a major modernization programme. Besides the Bundeswehr, the armed forces of 17 countries now have Leopard 2 tanks in their inventories.

Value added in Poland too

Rheinmetall’s willingness to share technology and operate in tandem with local industry proved decisive in prompting the Polish government to select Rheinmetall as its strategic partner. For Poland, the contract will mean the creation of highly skilled jobs as well as obtaining valuable defence technology know-how.

On 28 December 2015, the Armament Inspectorate of the Polish armed forces awarded PGZ (as general contractor) and ZM Bumar-Łabędy S.A. (as integrator) a contract to upgrade the combat effectiveness of the Leopard 2 A4. Rheinmetall played a key role in preparing the upgrade package, having already established itself as a strategic partner by this point. Just signed, the contract lays out the details of Rheinmetall’s role in the modernization package. Source Rheinmetall


Admiral Gorshkov Class Frigate Project 22350 (Project 22356 – export variant)

Admiral Gorshkov Class frigates (project 22350) are being built by Severnaya Verf OJSC for the Russian Navy. The new multirole, long-range frigates can be deployed in anti-submarine warfare and escort operations.

In October 2005 the Russian MoD placed an order with Severnaya Verf for the construction of the lead frigate, Admiral Sergei Gorshkov. It was named after the commander-in-chief of the Soviet Navy. The frigate is the first long-range maritime surface vessel being built for the Russian Navy in 15 years.

Project 22350 Admiral Gorshkov-class lead frigate

Admiral Gorshkov-class lead frigate

The Project 22350 Admiral Gorshkov-class lead frigate will undergo new trials in the Gulf of Finland in mid-May and enter service in the Russian Navy by the yearend, United Shipbuilding Corporation President Alexey Rakhmanov said on Wednesday.

“The Admiral Gorshkov lead frigate will set out for planned running trials in mid-May. The Navy will receive the Project 22350 newest lead frigate on time – at the end of this year,” Rakhmanov said.

The frigate that has been under construction at Severnaya Verf (Northern Shipyard) in St. Petersburg in northwest Russia, sailed for its first sea trials in the Gulf of Finland on November 18, 2014. After that, the shipyard’s spokesman said the lead vessel would undergo a new stage of trials in late January 2015.

Some media earlier reported about faults in the Admiral Gorshkov’s power unit. However, the shipyard rejected the media reports, saying there were “no problems” with the power unit and “the ship performed well at the trials.”

At the same time, a tender was opened on the state purchases website on Tuesday for fulfilling works to rebuild the gas turbine engine for order 921 of Project 22350 (the Admiral Gorshkov frigate) on the premises of the Saturn research and production association acting as the sole supplier.

Severnaya Verf is the client of these works estimated at 135 million rubles ($2.7 million) and scheduled to be finished by December 2016.

“The purchase cost indicated in the materials includes a set of various works as part of the enterprise’s operational activity,” the United Shipbuilding Corporation president said, commenting on the information posted on the state purchases website. Source tass.com

The keel of the Admiral Sergei Gorshkov, the first of the two frigates being built, was laid in Severnaya Verf Shipyard in St Petersburg in February 2006. It was floated out of the launch dock in October 2010.

Admiral Kasatonov, the second Project 22350 frigate

Admiral Kasatonov – Image – greenstylo.blogspot.com

The Admiral Kasatonov, the second Project 22350 frigate, was set afloat at the Northern Wharf in Russian northern capital St. Petersburg on Friday. Lead ship of the project, the Admiral Gorshkov, is already at sea trials. The Navy plans to take it into service in 2015, the chief commander said earlier on Friday.

Project 22350 frigates will be brought into service of the Northern Fleet which faces tasks in the Arctic Region, moreover, these warships should provide for Russian military presence in other areas of the world ocean, Chirkov added. “Therefore, the class of ships destined for action in far sea areas should be upgraded,” the admiral said.

Project 22350 frigates displace 4.5 thousand tons and can speed at 29 knots (53.7 kph). In particular, these vessels are armed with 16 Onyx and Kalibr missiles as well as the Poliment-Redut air defense missile system. Source greenstylo.blogspot.com

Project 22350 “Admiral Kasatonov” Frigate & Project 20385 “Gremyashchy” Corvette being built at PAO Shipyard “Severnaya Verf” (St. Petersburg): Here

Russia’s Second Project 22350 Gorshkov-class Frigate to Start Sea Trials in 2018: Here

The vessel is scheduled to join the Russian Navy in November 2013. Construction of the second frigate, Admiral Kasatonov, began in November 2009. The vessel is expected to be delivered by 2014. The keel for the third ship, Admiral Golovko, was laid in February 2012.

The Russian Navy intends to build 20 vessels of the Gorshkov Class. Six frigates are to be delivered by 2020. The new ships will serve the Baltic, Black Sea, Northern and Pacific fleets.

“Severnaya verf”, Sankt-Peterburg

Yard №
Laid Down
Admiral Flota Sovetskogo Soyuza Gorshkov
plan 07.2017
under construction
Admiral flota Kasatonov
plan 2018
under construction
Admiral Golovko
plan 2016
plan 2019
under construction
Admiral Flota Sovetskogo Soyuza Isakov
plan 2019
under construction
Admiral Yumashev
under construction
under construction

Hull Numbers

Admiral Flota Sovetskogo Soyuza Gorshkov: 417(2013)
Admiral flota Kasatonov: 431(2016)

Source russianships.info

Russian Navy to receive two Project 22350 frigates by 2020: Here


The Russian Navy will receive two Project 22350 frigates by late 2020 that will feature a new antiaircraft missile/artillery system with several types of missiles, including a long-distance air defense missile, Russia’s Defense Ministry Sergei Shoigu said on Tuesday.

Russian Navy to Receive Six Project 22350 Frigates of Gorshkov Class by 2025: Here


A series of six Project 22350 frigtates is expected to join the Russian Navy by 2025, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said during a conference call on Wednesday. “Six ships of this type are expected to join the Navy by 2025. They will be furnished with modern armament and advanced control systems,” Shoigu said.

Russian Navy Next Generation Frigates to be Based on Project 22350 Gorshkov-class: Here


The next generation frigates with increased displacement and reinforced armament suite will be based on the Project 22350 frigates, the President of the United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC) Alexey Rakhmanov told TASS. Russia`s Minister of Defense, General of the Army Sergei Shoigu said previously that the Project 22350 frigates would form the Russian Navy`s backbone.

“Admiral Gorshkov” project 22350 undergoing a final testing phase: Here


The Northern fleet began the final phase of testing project 22350 frigate “Admiral Gorshkov”, said Friday the chief a press-services of the fleet Vadim Serga. The Northern fleet has set out to ensure the final phase of the test, the lead frigate of project 22350 “Admiral Gorshkov”. The crew of the ship and ensuring naval forces out to ranges of combat training of the Northern fleet in the Barents sea, where started the implementation of the test program.

Design of the Russian Navy’s frigates


In July 2003 Russian Naval Command approved the basic design of the frigate. It was developed by FSUE Severnoye PKB (Northern Design and Development Bureau) in St Petersburg. The design is based on the Talwar / Krivak IV Class frigate developed by Russia for India and incorporates stealth technology.

‘Super Gorshkov’ project 22350M



22350 mod


Severnoye Design Bureau to Start Developing Project 22350M Frigates in 2018

Gremyashchy-class corvettes (Project 20385): Details

An important feature of the new ship – the presence of so-called “optronic mast”, which includes radar systems and systems for various applications, greatly increasing the possibility of corvettes for the detection and tracking of air and sea targets of the enemy, their defeat. In particular, the mast is allowed to refuse a single antenna station fire-control radar “Puma”.

Furke-E (Russia, Improved Cross Round) 5P-27M «Furke-2»

Antenna post radar “Furke-E” housed in radome on top of mast 

Furke-E” development NIIRT Concern PVO “Almaz-Antei” The range of radio waves – E  Radar detection of the total air and surface targets and target housed in a dome on the top mast.

TTX given in three trim levels radar “Furke-E” (ist. – NIIRT booklet):

Option 1 Option 2 Option 3
Range Review 60 km 150 km 60 km
Sector Review azimuth 360 degrees 360 degrees 360 degrees
Sector review in elevation 6 degrees 4 ° 15 degrees
Detection range of sea targets 0.95 radio horizon 0.95 radio horizon 0.95 radio horizon
The detection range of aerial target with EPR 1 sq.m 60 km 120 km 52/60 km
War emergency power
Range Review 40 km 150 km 60 km
Sector Review azimuth 360 degrees 360 degrees 360 degrees
Sector review in elevation 60 degrees 80 degrees 30 degrees
Height 15 km 20 km
The detection range of aerial target with EPR 1 sq.m 30km 75 km 52 km
Detection range RCC ESR of 0.02 m at a height of 5 m 10km 12-14 km 12 km
Suppression of reflections from a fixed underlying surface 50-55 dB 50-55 dB 50-55 dB
Accuracy of coordinate measuring range 50m 50m 50m
Accuracy of coordinate measuring azimuth 4-6 points rangefinder 4-6 points rangefinder 3-4 points rangefinder
Accuracy of coordinate measuring elevation 8-9 points rangefinder 5-7 points rangefinder
Range resolution 150-200 m 150-200 m 150-200 m
Azimuth discrimination 3.2 degrees 3.2 degrees 2 °
Number of simultaneously tracked targets 100 200 50
Energy consumption 8 kW 25 kW 7.5 kW
Weight of antenna post 420 kg 890 kg 90 kg
Weight of the entire radar equipment 1100 kg 2450 kg 860 kg
Mean time before failure 850 hours 850 hours 850 hours

Multi-purpose navy radar system “Zaslon”


Multi-purpose navy radar system “Zaslon” is designed for:

  • Illumination of the air, surface and signal environment with active radar channels of X and S wavelength bands and passive radar channels of L, S, C, X, Ku wavelength bands, with their operation adapted to the existing environment and ship’s priority tasks
  • Active jamming (in Х, Кu frequency bands) and active jamming equipment control
  • Target designation to weapon control systems
  • Control of shipboard gun mounts

Additionally, “Zaslon” navy radar can ensure radio monitoring in short-wave and VHF wavelength bands.



“Zaslon” navy radar ensures solution of the following tasks:

  • Search, detection and tracking of air targets, low-altitude pin-point targets, surface targets, shore-based radiocontrast targets
  • Automatic recognition and classification of tracked targets
  • Detection of radiation sources, recognition of radiating equipment classes and types, including those in the far-field region
  • Estimation and analysis of electronic environment, position finding of jamming sources
  • Active countermeasures
  • Control of passive jamming equipment
  • Weapons control
  • Information support to the benefit of flights of fighters, ground attack aircrafts, shipboard helicopter on patrol and search-and-rescue problem missions, etc.
  • Automatic performance monitoring and troubleshooting
  • Recording of information processing results, worked out decisions and conditions of mating systems
  • Personnel simulated training

Use of directional pattern electronic scanning, special modes and algorithms of target surveillance, acquisition and tracking in “Zaslon” navy radar ensures short response time, high throughput rate, exact target designation accuracy, and thus highly efficient use of mating systems’ possibilities.

“Zaslon” navy radar has substantial possibilities for update, since design of its component parts allows changing the equipment components and tasks to be solved, depending on the ship purpose. “Zaslon” navy radar capacities are adaptable to various functions to be fulfilled in combat conditions. Source zaslon.com

RLK “Zaslon” on project 20385 ships (4 X-band, 4 S-band ,AESA, 200 km range, datalink for 9M96D) Source matrixgames.com


In IMDS-2015 the company SEC “Barrier” has introduced multi-function radar system “Barrier” for advanced surface ships of the Russian Navy. It includes radar system S band and X band radar and other radio-electronic means. All systems are installed in integrated design bashennomachtovuyu IBMX ship and are related to the regular means of the ship. The company showed at IMDS-2015 full-size model AESA radar X band unit MF RFCs “Barrier.” The figure at the Salon video mast mounted on a corvette type “20382 project”. The complex is able to detect air targets with RCS = 1 sq. m at a distance of 75 km and a low-flying in the 0.9-0.95 range radio horizon. The number of defined target coordinates – 3. The maximum detection range of the emitted radio-electronic systems of up to 300 km, the number of tracked targets – more than 100. This system is capable of producing active interference in the area of up to 360 degrees. in the frequency range of X and Ku. Tranlated by google  Source Источник: bastion-opk.ru ОВТ «ОРУЖИЕ ОТЕЧЕСТВА» A.V.Karpenko

5P-20K-A «Monument-A» radar complex for aerial and surface targets


Main mast – It has a 4 face Poliment 5P-20K multi-function S-band AESA radar which can search and track aerial and surface targets as well as provide guidance to the SAMs.

Type: Radar Altitude Max: 3048 m
Range Max: 74.1 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0.2 km Generation: Early 2010s
Properties: Track While Scan (TWS), Pulse Doppler Radar (Full LDSD Capability)
Monument A – Radar
Role: Radar, Target Indicator, 3D Surface-to-Air & Surface-to-Surface
Max Range: 74.1 km

Source cmano-db.com

Project 11356 Admiral Grigorovich Class frigates/Indian Navy’s Talwar Class frigates: Details

Gorshkov Class frigates are designed to operate in multi-threat environments and are equipped with long-range surface-to-surface and surface-to-air missiles, which can attack multiple targets simultaneously.

The frigates have an overall length of 130m, a beam of 16m and a draft of 16m. They have operational ranges of more than 4,000 miles and a displacement of 4,500t. The maximum speed of the vessels is 30kt. They can accommodate about 200 crew members.

Countermeasures / sensor technology

Gorshkov Class frigates are fitted with 3D air search radars, Puma fire control radars and sonar suites with hull-mounted LF sonar and LF VDS sonar. They are also equipped with Garpun-BAL SSM targeting and SAM control systems.


5P-20K Monument/Poliment, 34K1 Monolit, 5P-27 Furke-4, MR-231-2, 5P-10 Puma radars, MTK-201M E/O detector, Zaria-3.3, Minotavr-ISPN sonars, TK-28 ECM suite, Grach E/O interference system, 2x KT-308, 8x KT-216 decoy launchers (Prosvet-M system), Sigma-22350 CCS. Source navypedia.org

Furke 4 3D radar

Furke-4 volume search radar which is uniquely mounted on top of the main radar itself. This prevents interference and allows both radars to have unobstructed search capability.  Furke-4 is placed at the very top so it is in a good position to look further beyond the horizon limit with no ship clutter to worry, most likely it would do a combined Air/Surface search capability , handling of targets to Poliment or to firecontrol system of Antiship missile , GUNS , CIWS SAM etc …and in secondary role it would do target guidance if required. Having different band for radar would have it own advantage too and Furke/Poliment would compliment each other. Source keypublishing.com

General data:
Type: Radar Altitude Max: 30480 m
Range Max: 129.6 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0.4 km Generation: Early 2010s
Properties: Moving Target Indicator (MTI), Pulse Doppler Radar (Full LDSD Capability)
Sensors / EW:
Furke-E – (Russia, Improved Cross Round) Radar
Role: Radar, Target Indicator, 3D Surface-to-Air & Surface-to-Surface
Max Range: 129.6 km

Source cmano-db.com

5P-10E Radar Control System

The control system 5П-10Э is purposed for control of shipboard artillery gunnery of 30-130mm caliber and unguided rocket weapons of 122-300mm caliber applicable to air, surface and shore targets (including low-flying air-to-ship missile a.k.a. sea-skimmer) in all ranges, by means of ballistic ammunition unitary loading. It also provides circular and sector scanning, auto-acquisition of air, surface and shore targets observed by the radar.

• Automatic simultaneous fire control of multiple shipboard gun mounts, which includes firing of two various calibers to a single or double air, surface and shore targets.
• Automatic target acquisition from shipborne facilities, capture and tracking of up to 4 targets in scanning sector of receiving antenna array.
• Autonomous target detection in circular and sector scanning modes, automatic capture and tracking of four most hazardous targets of all the detected, ranking of targets depending on their level of hazard.
• Output of present coordinates and necessary movement parameters of the tracked targets to target distribution system for the purpose of using other kinds of shipborne fire arms.
• Automatic measurement of zero hits and firing correction, such as using optical-electronic equipment built into antenna station.
• Interception of missile fired from a tracked target.
• RCS capability automatic control with fault indication and troubleshooting output.
• Crew training using simulated targets under simulated interference with shooting ability.

Implementation of complex phase-shift keyed radar impulses with variable base in RCS, availability of optical-electronic target acquisition and tracking aids built into antenna station, as well as several other engineering solutions provide automatic adjustment to target situation and high-noise immunity of RCS.

RCS software obtains intuitive interface which provides solutions to artillery system automatic control in all operation modes.

CS 5П-10Э architecture includes three functional subsystems:
• Radio-electronic coordinator subsystem;
• Fire control subsystem;
• Power supply subsystem.

Radio-electronic coordinator subsystem provides coordinates measurement and output of target movement parameters, includes radar-location and optical-electronic channel. Provides circular and sector scanning and autonomous target acquisition in off the line (standby) mode.
Fire control subsystem оprovides automatic fire control based on target present data, coming from radio-electronic coordinator or from other target acquisition shipborne systems, as well as interface with shipborne systems and the work results recording.
Power supply subsystem provides devices with necessary identification scheme of double current supply voltage and includes primary and secondary power supply hardware.

Data channels: – radar;
– optical-electronic.
Radar channel wavelength 3 sm.
Arm time:
from «Full off» position not more than 3 min;
in burst mode 60 sec;
from «High voltage off» mode 2 sec;
Tracking mode working area
Range: about 60 km;
Elevation: up to 85°;
Azimuth: up to ±200°.
Circular scanning mode working area
Range: about 30 km;
Elevation: up to 35°;
Azimuth: circular
Response time from start of automatic tracking to combat readiness: 3 sec;
Combat crew: 2 persons
Energy potential of RCS 5П-10Э provides air-defence balance sheet closing based on reflective surface targets of more than 0,05 m2 with up to 1000 m/sec velocity in effective firing range for artillery arms of all calibers.

Source kb-ametist.com

Monolit 34K1 radar

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.08.19-07-31-47Dome holds the Monolit 34K1 radar – Новости на Первом Канале

The Dome holds the Monolit 34K1 radar is used for Anti-Ship missile guidance and surface search

Poliment 5P-20K multi-function S-band AESA radar

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.08.19-07-45-31Main mast has a 4 face Poliment 5P-20K multi-function S-band AESA radar – Новости на Первом Канале

Main mast – It has a 4 face Poliment 5P-20K multi-function S-band AESA radar which can search and track aerial and surface targets as well as provide guidance to the SAMs.

General data:
Type: Radar Altitude Max: 30480 m
Range Max: 148.2 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0.2 km Generation: Early 2010s
Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Non-Coperative Target Recognition (NCTR) – Jet Engine Modulation [Class Info], Continous Tracking Capability [Phased Array Radar], Moving Target Indicator (MTI), Pulse Doppler Radar (Full LDSD Capability), Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA)
Sensors / EW:
3P96-2 [Poliment-Redoute] – (SA-N-21 FCR, AESA) Radar
Role: Radar, FCR, Surface-to-Air & Surface-to-Surface, Medium-Range
Max Range: 148.2 km

Source cmano-db.com

Zarya M bow mounted sonar

Submarine detection capability is provided by the Zarya M bow mounted and Vinyekta towed array sonars along with the embarked Ka-27 ASW helicopter 
General data:
Type: Hull Sonar, Active/Passive Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 9.3 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Early 2010s
Sensors / EW:
Bull Nose [MGK-335EM-03 Zarya-3] – Hull Sonar, Active/Passive
Role: Hull Sonar, Active/Passive Search & Track
Max Range: 9.3 km

Source cmano-db.com

Pal-N navigation radars



3 x  Pal-N navigation radars Designed to carry out surface surveillance, ensure navigation safety and supply radar information to other shipborne systems.  The radar operates in a circular scan mode including a covert emission mode. It detects surface targets, automatically locks on to them and tracks them, generates dynamic parameters of targets, automatically resolves collision avoidance problems, generates recommendations for a tactical maneuver, supplies information to associated shipborne systems, and records the gathered information. Maximum target detection range, km: cruiser, destroyer at least 40, boat 20, buoy 8 to 10, Minimum target detection range 25 m, Single scan time, 3 to 6 sec, Resolution: direction, deg not worse than 1, range not worse than 25 m, MRSE: bearing, mil 0.8, range 15m, Maximum number of targets tracked simultaneously 50, Weight, kg, max 300. Source warfare.be


Communications: Vigstar Centaurus-NM

Electro-Optical Systems: 2 × MTK-201M and 2 × 5P-520

MTK-201M Electro-Optical Systems

Image – bastion-opk.ru via – foto-i-mir.ru

The system is designed for day and night viewing, detection and identification of air, surface and coastal targets, capture and automatic tracking of targets, determine the angular coordinates, distance and speed of tracked targets.

Image – bastion-opk.ru via – foto-i-mir.ru

The complex includes:
– gyro-stabilized platform with channels:
• Digital television cameras in black and white and color images with progressive scan
• thermal imaging channel 8-12 mm
• laser rangefinder, laser rangefinder safe
– Remote control units improve the signal (video processor) and the block automatic tracking of targets

This complex is part of the on-board equipment of a new generation of Russian corvettes.
On the project 20380 corvettes set modification multifunctional television complex of ITC-201M2.2.

Image – bastion-opk.ru via – foto-i-mir.ru

The structure of “Bark-0-MGKUSO” includes:
1. Optical modules Block stabilized (BOMS), which establishes:
• Stability and Control;
• thermal imaging channel [TPVK);
• TV channel (TCE):
– two TCE black and white image
– TEC color images
• dual-wavelength laser rangefinder;
• devices cleaning of protective hatches;
• a channel alignment
2. Electronic module (ME):
• block the electronic stabilization system;
• the control unit;
• Power Supply
Branch to develop optoelectronic systems of marine and terrestrial purpose of “Production Association” Ural Optical and Mechanical Plant “under the leadership of NI Sheynikova conducted the development and testing of innovative systems sector review for surface ships WF. Creating a product MTK-201M-C1 significantly increase the target detection range and improve the defenses of the ship.

Source foto-i-mir.ru

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.08.19-07-19-37Александр АЙВЕНЕНГО РИФ ТВ

5P-520 Electro-Optical System

Optical-electronic control system (OECS) СП-520 “Condenser-М” is purposed for control of shipboard artillery gunnery of 76-130 mm caliber or shipboard multiple launch rocket system for surface, air and visible shore targets, based on target acquisition data from shipboard systems or optical-electronic sighting system, as part of the control system. Implementation of OECS СП-520 for redundancy of gunnery control radar systems and/or as over-ship observation telescope and target acquisition device is advisable.

• Targets search in the given area (autonomously or by target acquisition), targets tracking and autonomous fire control of shipboard artillery gunnery or shipboard multiple launch rocket system for air, surface and shore targets.
• Fire control in distant range:
– for gun mount air targets effective fire range;
– for surface and visible shore targets within sight.
• Data output for gun mount aiming perigon, target time taking into account velocity and course of own ship, pitching and rolling and distance between gun mount and coordinates initial reading point by air, surface and visible shore targets under the available fire modes.
• Graphic display of tracked target motion path and recording of the device operation results.
• Operator training at data visualizing device with result monitoring and automatic operability control with fault indication down to replaceable units.

OECS СП-520 provides maximum possible level of automation for all firing control processes.

СП-520 includes:
• Fire control module;
• Above-deck electro-optical targeting device;
• Standby above-deck targeting device.

Electro-optical targeting device includes electro-optical unit, remote control stand with video display unit and power supply units. Standby above-deck targeting device is a sighting column equipped with laser rangefinder binoculars. OECS is available in five versions, of which:
a-is a standard one;
b-is the most small-sized.

Fire control module provides automatic fire control by current target coordinates, coming from electro-optical targeting device or from shipboard target acquisition systems, as well as interface with shipboard systems and operation results recording. The fire control module software obtains intuitive interface providing artillery system automatic control in all operation modes.

Visual channel:
wide field of view (angular degree) 19°
narrow field of view (angular degree) 4,45°
enlargement (in units) 3х,12х
TV channels, field of view:
day mode (angular degree) 5,2° х 4,0°
night mode (angular degree) 6,0° х 4,3°
Laser ranger (1,06 µm):
pulse energy (mJ) 10
measurement limits (m) 60-20000
Line-of-sight stabilization available
Aiming limits:
by relative bearing (angular degree) ±170°
by elevation (angular degree) from -15° to +85°
Coordinates measurement accuracy:
angularly (угловые минуты) up to 10’
by range (m) 5
Aiming speed (deg./sec.):
under change-over 60
under aiming 0,05-30
Power supply (kVA) 2
Combat crew (operator) 1 person

Source kb-ametist.com

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.08.19-07-22-36Александр АЙВЕНЕНГО РИФ ТВ

Combat system: Sigma/Sigma 22350

SIGMA-E Combat Management SystemSIGMA-E Combat Management Systemscreenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.07.21-15-57-29screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.07.21-15-55-21screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.07.21-15-56-54screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.07.21-15-58-36

EW Suite

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.08.19-07-22-00EW systems on mask – Александр АЙВЕНЕНГО РИФ ТВ

K-28 and “Prosvet-M” systems

Sensors / EW:
TK-28 [5P-28] ESM – ESM
Role: ELINT w/ OTH Targeting
Max Range: 926 km
General data:
Type: ESM Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 11.1 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Early 2000s
Sensors / EW:
TK-28 [5P-28] LWR – ESM
Role: LWR, Laser Warning Receiver
Max Range: 11.1 km

Source cmano-db.com

EW Suite: Prosvet-M


  • 2 × PU KT-308
  • 8 × PU KT-216

Special Russian complex interference CT-308

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.08.19-07-33-45CT-308 – Новости на Первом Канале

The complex jamming CT-308 is designed to protect ships at least some class of all defense lines against various types of missiles with homing radar, electro-optical and combined type. According to its features and the introduction of protection is not inferior zabugornom analogues, and certain features and superior to them. Certainly, the data interfering systems, when installed on the ships of the Russian Navy, only enhance the vitality and sustainability of Russian ships. The very formulation of interference, even for experienced sailors is ecstasy and excitement that then read about ordinary people. Surface ship Kuta typical cluster of fireworks. But in fact this is the “decoys” that produces system to protect against modern weapons of the enemy. The basis of such complexes is the zenith armament ship. EW is based on the destabilization of the information field of the signal of the enemy, using for this interference, which surpass those of the protected surface ship. One of the important problems in the performance of tasks by jamming make complex clutter. They are placed without the introduction of active energy sources. (Translated by google

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.08.19-07-35-25CT-308 – Новости на Первом Канале

The composition of CT-308:

— rocket launchers PU-SC or starting PU RMS. Carrier-based variant — two 6-barrel unit CK / CK-MH. Suspended option — 12-barrel unit. Ammunition — rockets combined type UPC-51 missiles masking type PZM-51. Ship depends on the class number of launchers of the complex, in the main complex goes 2-4 in PU;

— 10-chargers launchers PU-1716 mortar type. Ammunition — SB-50, COM-50 interference optical type SR-50 radar interference type and SMZ-50 Type masking noise. Ship depends on the class number of launchers of the complex, in the main complex data sets of up to 10 MPs;

— ammo ammunition launchers;
— control panel, which is located at the command post;
— hardware to calculate the parameter of shooting;
— instrument units for inductive input characteristics of the fuses for launching projectiles;
— Isolator unit that distributes power in the complex.

The entire interior of the electric CT-308 created by modern components. The equipment provides the necessary interface to CICS ship, ensures reliable operation of the entire complex at least some weather and climate in all criteria. Shooting and management can be carried out off-line on their own devices, and in the general mode of the automatic SU EW ship.

The time required for loading PU complex CT-308 — a bit less than 15 minutes. Ready for use with full operational capability — up to 10 seconds. Transfer to a full BG from traveling — 90 seconds. Ammunition interference are warhead cassette. In BC a string of cassettes are placed, and can be different gear cassettes. Operation of the “first cassette” of ammunition (released from the mortar launchers) — 30 meters. Rate of Fire — 200 rounds / min. Operation of the “first cassette” of ammunition (released from the reactive PU) — 30-1000 meters. These fuses in ammunition injected immediately before application of the induction method. Rate of fire 400 rounds / min. The complex is served by only one person. Translated by google – Source survincity.com

8 × PU KT-216

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.08.19-07-33-18PU KT-216 foreground  – Новости на Первом Канале

AZ-SO-50/AZ-SOM-50 rounds

These rockets are designed to protect small, medium and large displacement ships against guided weapons at close ranges by setting up distracting decoy targets. The rockets are launched from the KT-216 launcher of the PK-10 shipboard system.

The following three types of the caliber rockets are developed and series produced:

      • SR-50 radar jamming rocket;
      • SO-50 optronic jamming rocket;
      • SK-50 combined jamming rocket.
screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.08.19-07-35-46PU KT-216 and CT-308 – Новости на Первом Канале

Basic characteristics

SR-50 SO-50 SOM-50
Caliber, mm 120 120 120
Length, mm 1,226 1,226 1,226
Weight, kg
– rocket 25.5 25 25
– payload 11 7.3 9.1
Payload type chaff IR, laser chaff, IR, laser
Operating temperature range, ° C from -40 to +50

Data rbs.ru

 Grach E/O interference system (5P-42 Filin)


According to the manufacturer’s statement, the Grach station is designed for installation on 2nd class surface ships, including amphibious vehicles, hovercrafts and hydrofoils.

The device is able to suppress visual-optical and electro-optical surveillance and targets enemy monitoring devices with a high-intensity radial light, “dazzling” the enemy.  This ensures the protection of ships and personnel as they perform tasks at sea or in a coastal zone.

In fact, it is a powerful non-lethal weapon, which allows ships to perform serious offensive and defensive tasks.

The device doesn’t cause an irreversible impact on human eyesight, a representative of the manufacturer told RIA Novosti.

He also added that the company has started the development of a ground version of the device, which will require some slight modifications.

Meanwhile, the testing of the naval visual optical interference station is scheduled in about two weeks’ time. The device will be installed on an Admiral Gorshkov-class frigate, also known as Project 22350. Source sputniknews.com

Filin is also capable of “effectively suppressing” night vision tech, laser distance sensors, and even pointing systems for anti-tank missiles from a range of up to 5km, according to the manufacturer. Source rt.com

Weapons and armaments of the multirole long-range frigates

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.08.19-07-32-55Admiral Gorshko – Новости на Первом Канале

The Admiral Gorshkov Class vessels are equipped with a new 130mm gun mount, a 30mm close-in weapon system (CIWS) gun and eight SS-NX-26 Yakhont anti-ship cruise missiles. Yakhont missiles can be fired against a group of naval surface vessels and single vessels.

Other weapon systems include a Medvedka-2 ASW (anti-submarine warfare) system and a Hurricane medium-range surface-to-air defence missile system. The vessels can also be fitted with 21in torpedo tubes to carry torpedoes.

Gorshkov is the only Russian combat ship to be equipped with BrahMos missiles. BrahMos is a supersonic cruise missile developed by the BrahMos Aerospace, a collaboration between Russia and India.

The missile has a range of 180 miles (290km) and is capable of carrying a conventional warhead of up to 660lb.

Ground and sea targets can be successfully hit by the missile while travelling at an altitude as low as ten metres (30ft) and at a speed of Mach 2.8, three times faster than the US-made subsonic Tomahawk cruise missile. The Russian Navy plans to equip the ship with six BrahMos missiles.


  • 1 × 130mm Amethyst/Arsenal A-192M naval gun with rate of fire of 45 rds per minute [7]
  • 16 (2 × 8) UKSK VLS cells fitted with P-800 Oniks (SS-N-26) and/or Kalibr missile system (SS-N-27)
  • 32 (4 × 8) Redut VLS cells housing 9M96, 9M96M, 9M96D/9M96DM(M2) family of missiles and/or quad-packed 9M100 short range missiles
  • 2 × Palash CIWS
  • 2 × 4 330mm torpedo tubes for Paket-NK anti-torpedo/anti-submarine torpedoes
  • 2 × 14.5mm MTPU pedestal machine guns

Source wikiwand.com

A-192M -130-mm naval gun mount

Features gun mount A-192m: – a new generation of artillery systems, unified, lightweight, modular design; – gun mounts odnoorudiynaya tower, fully automated, consisting of two modules: the firing rotating module attached to the equalized-ring-ship; Module for placement of electrical and hydraulic equipment and electro-optical guidance system equipment is placed in aggregate ship compartment; – the barrel-monoblock with muzzle brake, horizontal wedges, hydraulic rammer, hydropneumatic recoil device and pneumatic recuperator; – cooling liquid barrel produced in between firing pumping water through the bore; – ammunition for automatic feeding is vertical drums, arranged in a rotating AU firing module. Make-up drum is made in between the firing of the semi-automatic system cabling mechanical bark-feeding (CPM) of artpogreba;

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.08.19-07-46-28Admiral Gorshko – Новости на Первом Канале

– Automation, control and monitoring (Sauk) UE provides synchronization of work feeders shots with the work of artillery machine, control the initial state mechanisms and AC systems before shooting and diagnostics in case of failure during the shooting; – guidance artillery systems, and fire control, select the type of shot carried out remotely, in automatic mode from the radar 5P10 control system or from a remote optoelectronic module (OEM) based on the GOES-140 gyro-stabilized system – used ammunition – unitary ballistic explosive and anti-aircraft missiles (ALS), used in the AK-130 and high-precision artillery shells unconventional kind of firing on shore and surface targets; – AU can be easily adapted to the system of multi-purpose weapons of surface ships with a displacement of 1500 tons or more. The number of personnel during combat service – 3 people. The persistence of the barrel – 2500 shots.



Research Engineering Institute (THEM), belongs to the group “Tehmash”, is developing artillery shells with intelligent, programmable fuses for naval artillery, which will bring the enemy ship down with one shot, he said in July 2015 Head Valeriy Lebedev Institute office. He noted that the use of these shots will significantly increase the effectiveness of firing on marine, coastal and air targets, thus reducing the consumption of ammunition at the goal defeat. “The global trend that we follow – is the creation of intelligent fuses that allow a projectile blasting in optimal time and spatial coordinates, “- said Lebedev. According to him, for example, in contact with such a projectile into the vehicle will first be overcome by the thickness of his body, then carried the projectile blasting with optimal deceleration

A192M_03Image – bastion-opk.ru


Complex Developer Design “Amethyst” Office

Developer gun mount KB “Arsenal”

Caliber, mm 130

Number of trunks 1

Type loader unitary, automatic

trunk Type monoblock shutter type horizontal wedge

firing range, km:

– for sea targets up to 23

– air targets up to 18

Combat rate of fire, rds. / min. OK. 30

RCS coverage area, 60 km to the reaction time, with

– for the purpose of air ≤ 5

– on the topside (Coast) targets 10-15

transfer time to fire another RCC in the stream, with ≤ 1

continuous queue length based SAP, rds 20

ammunition for the installation, shots 22 – 60 (Number of ready to fire ammunition is determined by the capacity of the ship artpogreba) ammunition types

– high-explosive with HC;

– zenith with PB or DVM;

– practical

projectile Weight 33.4

cartridge Weight 52 8

vertical aiming angles -15 ° + 80 °

in the horizontal guidance angle 170 °

Weight, kg 24000-25000 (without ammunition)

Battle calculation, people. 3

Power on the network 3F 380 V 50 Hz, up to 150 kVA

Translated by google – Source bastion-opk.ru


A-192-5P-10E Artillery System

130-mm multi-purpose shipboard artillery system А-192-5П-10Э is purposed for ordnance of surface ships of medium and large tonnage for firing to surface, air (including sea skimmers) and shore targets, as well as for improvement of fire power by means of replacement of 100-mm artillery systems.

Single mount 130-mm shipboard lightened gun mount (GM) А-192Э «Universal». (1)
Artillery system fire control system includes (complete package) (2):
– Multi-purpose radar control system (RCS) 5П-10Э;
– Interface facility with GM А-190Э.

Set of 130-mm ballistic unitary munition, including firing of anti-aircraft shell Sl. No. АЗ-УЗС-44, Sl. No. АЗ-УЗС-44Р, fragmentation-demolition shell АЗ-УФ-44 (3).

The composition of the artillery complex according to identification scheme and the number of functional subsystems are defined by the Project engineer of the mother ship or by the Customer. The expanded furnishing of the artillery complex can also include GM АУ МЗА and ПУ НРО with corresponding ammunition, as well as electro-optic aiming aids.

• The system provides all-weather capability and simultaneous firing of two gun mounts to two targets under corresponding configuration. Gun mount ammunition ready to automatic firing of 22 shells. Gun mount is equipped with shells auto-feed system from ship hold.
• High-noise immunity of the system is achieved by means of using radar control system with automatic time-space adaptation based on digital processing of coherent radar impulses with variable base and electro-optical channel.
• The system operability is supported by general shipborne target acquisition systems and autonomous targets detection mode.
• Improved attack potential in combat against stream of attacking sea skimmers is achieved due to capability of simultaneous tracking of up to 4 targets, firing data generation on two most hazardous targets and swift fire transfer to the successive targets in the stream. The system is capable of high quality meteoballistic preparation of fire, zero hits measurements and automatic faults correction during firing to air and surface targets. The system includes automatic operability control and troubleshooting system, as well as operation process documentation facilities.

Field of fire surface (shore) target: up to 23 km
Field of fire air target: up to 18 km
Field of angular combat employment (in tracking mode) by relative bearing: ±170°
Field of angular combat employment (in tracking mode) by elevation: from -15° to +80°
Ammunition на gun mount, shells: 22
Firing rate, shots per minute: up to 30
Continuous burst continuance, shots: up to 200
Shell types:
fragmentation-demolition with munition opening devices;
anti-aircraft shell with proximity fuse or mechanic proximity fuse;
practice round.
RCS zone of action: up to 60 km
Response time by surface (shore) target: 10-15 sec.
Response time by air target: ≤ 5÷6 sec.
Power line consumption: 3-phase, 380 V, 50 Hz: to 100 kVA:
Combat crew: 2 persons

Source kb-ametist.com

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.08.19-07-40-2016 (2 × 8) UKSK VLS cells fitted with P-800 Oniks (SS-N-26) and/or Kalibr missile system (SS-N-27) Admiral Gorshko – Новости на Первом Канале

This new class of Russian frigates incorporate best weapons and sensors that the Russian industry can produce.

The Admiral Gorshkov class is equipped with a 16-cell Vertical Launch System (VLS) for a mix of Kalibr-NK land attack cruise missiles (range 2 500 km), P-800 Oniks anti-ship missiles (range 300-500 km) and 91RTE2 anti-submarine missiles (missile drops torpedo 50 km away). Source military-today.com

2 × 8 UKSK VLS cells

2 × 8 UKSK VLS cells just in front of bridge fitted with P-800 Oniks (SS-N-26) and/or Kalibr missile system (SS-N-27) and behind main gun 32 (4 × 8) Redut VLS cells housing 9M96, 9M96M, 9M96D/9M96DM(M2) family of missiles and/or quad-packed 9M100 short range missiles.

P-800 Oniks (SS-N-26) anti-ship missile

The P-800 Oniks is one of the most deadly anti-ship missiles today. Its export version is know and Yakhont. Western designation of this missile is SS-N-26 Strobile. Despite this, there is little information to be had about this powerful weapon.

Development of the P-800 began in 1983. It became operational in the early 2000s. So far, it has been mostly used on land or in submarines, although some sources state that it is also mounted on certain naval vessels or airplanes as well.

The P-800 has an effective guidance system. It is fire-and-forget, which basically means that the launch platform can run to safety after launching the missile. At the beginning of its flight, the P-800 uses satellite guidance, and towards the end, it actively tracks its target with radar. This guidance works so well that the P-800 has a Circular Error Probable (CEP) of just 1.5 meters.

The P-800 has two different ways to approach its targets. It can fly just above the sea the whole way, which decreases its range to 120 kilometers but reduces its radar visibility. Or, it can start out flying high and dive towards the target. This method gives the P-800 a maximum range of 300 km. Some sources also state that the P-800 Oniks, the non-export version, has a range of 600 km. However, there is no solid evidence for this.

The P-800 uses a powerful two-stage propulsion system. For the initial flight stage it uses a solid-fuel rocket booster, which the airflow ejects after it burns out. For sustained supersonic cruising it uses liquid-fuel ramjet. This propulsion system works very well. In fact, its maximum of speed of Mach 2.5 (3 062 km/h) may travel too fast for Close-In Weapon Systems (CIWS).

The P-800 has a very high chance of hitting its target. Its supersonic speed gives it a good chance of avoiding CIWS and other shipboard guns. Also, it has excellent resistance to electronic counter-measures, which further improves its survivability.

This anti-ship cruise missile carries a powerful warhead. Weighing between 200 and 250 kilograms, this warhead could wreak enormous damage upon standard ships. In addition, it is believed that the P-800 can use either conventional or nuclear warheads, with the latter probably intended for US carrier groups in the case of a major war. Reportedly, this missile can also be used against land targets.

The P-800 can be used in conditions up to Sea State 7.

Country of origin Russia
Entered service 2002
Missile length 8.6 m
Missile diameter 0.67 m
Fin span 1.7 m
Missile launch weight 3 100 kg
Warhead weight 200 – 250 kg
Warhead type Nuclear or conventional
Range of fire up to 300 km
CEP ~ 1.5 m

Source military-today.com

3M54T (SS-N-27) anti-ship missile

3M54T is deployed on surface ships equipped with VLS launchers and thrust vectoring boosters. The performances are the same as the 3M54.

Its basic length is 8.22 m (27.0 ft.), with a 200 kg (440 lb.) warhead. The range is 440–660 km (270–410 mi). The missile is a sea-skimmer with supersonic terminal speed (Mach 2.9) and a flight altitude of 4.6 metres (15 ft.) at its final stage.

The Kalibr 3M-54 (NATO codename – «Sizzler», SS-N-30A) is a long-range, low-flying cruise missile capable of carrying conventional or nuclear warheads. It has land-attack, anti-ship and anti-submarine variants. The missile has a second stage that performs a supersonic sprint in the terminal approach to the target, reducing the time that target’s defense systems have to react.

The Kalibr is designed to share common parts between the surface and submarine-launched variants but each missile consists of different components, for example, the booster. The missile can be launched from a surface ship with a Vertical Launched System (VLS) and a booster with thrust vectoring capability. The missile launched from a submarine torpedo tube can use a conventional booster instead. The air launched version is held in a container to be dropped after the missile is fired. During its terminal phase, the missile locates its target through a mix of coordinates and onboard image recognition, essentially matching an uploaded image of the target to what the missile sees in front of it. If all goes to plan, the missile’s 1,000-pound payload of high-explosive is then guided straight to the target for a violent impact.

3M14T land attack missile

3M14T is the inertial guidance surface ship-launched land attack variant with VLS launched missile and thrust vectoring booster. The basic length is 8.9 m (29 ft.); its warhead weight and other performance are the same as the 3M14K. 26 3M14T cruise missiles of this variant were fired from four surface ships in the Caspian Sea on 7 October 2015. Source strategic-culture.org

Originated From: Russia
Possessed By: Russia
Alternate Name: 3M-54, Kalibr
Class: Sea-launched Land Attack Cruise Missile
Basing: Ship/Submarine-based
Length: 6.2 m
Payload: 450 kg warhead:
Propulsion: Turbojet
Range: 1,500-2,500 km
Status: Operational
In Service: 2015-present

Source missilethreat.csis.org

91RE2 anti-submarine torpedo

91RE2 anti-submarine torpedo

The 91RE2 is a surface-launched, rocket-assisted, anti-submarine torpedo similar to ASROC: length of 6.5 m, weight is 1300 kg, range is 40 km, warhead is 76 kg, maximum speed is Mach 2.0. Source defenseupdates.blogspot.com

Anti-submarine missile 91RE2 is intended to arm surface ships equipped with standardized launchers 3C-14E or 3C-14PE. 91RE2 run at all speeds ship carrier. Booster rocket 91RE2 less powerful than rocket 91RE1, it provides output of ship missiles launcher and climb. In the design point of the second stage separation is carried out, which splashed down on a parachute, and then searches for and guidance on underwater target (see diagram application). The firing range – 40 km. Prelaunch time is 10 seconds.

Prelaunch missile 91RE2 formation and entering the flight tasks performed universal control system (CS) missile complex 3R-14H. It is an automated system that operates in real time as part of the combat information control system (CICS) ship carrier. The ships 11356 installed CICS “requirement-M”, developed NPF “Meridian”.

anti-submarine missiles and 91re1 91re2CICS “requirement-M” is an open, distributed adaptive computing system. Pairing SU missile system with CICS performed on the digital channel LAN using special devices interface. According to the targeting and commands from CICS “requirement-M” and navigating complex ship carrier SU missile system generates data for firing controls prelaunch preparation and launch missiles of various purposes from the complex, as well as procedural checks of complex systems and missiles. Information on the status of the missile system, ammunition available, its use plans, control commands transmitted in graphical and tabular form on the workstations (AWS) CICS “requirement-M.” It provides centralized management of all weapons systems ship with a view to their optimal use in solving various combat missions, including the management of the ship fighting against the use of submarines and anti-submarine weapons. All appliances in the composition SU missile system (except the remote control missiles) – bespultovye, maintenance-free, in the spray – and waterproof performance. Equipment fire – and explosion-proof, requires no cooling during operation. Source tonnel-ufo.ru

APR-3ME or small-sized homing torpedo

APR-3ME or small-sized homing torpedo
APR-3ME or small-sized homing torpedo MPT-1UME (weight-300 kg, a diameter of 324 mm, length 3000 mm, weight-60kg warhead). APR-3ME and MPT-1UME belong to the third generation anti-submarine weapons, and provide an independent search and detection of underwater targets in silent mode, speedy rapprochement with it and defeat it before executing evasive maneuvers and counter. Source tonnel-ufo.ru
3M-54E 3M-54E1 3M-14E 91RE1 91RE2
Length [m] 8.22 6.2 6.2 8.0 6.5
Diameter [m] 0.533 0.533 0.533 0.533 0.533
Launch Weight [kg] 2,300 1,780 1,780 2,050 1,300
Maximum Range [km] 220 300 300 50 40
Speed [Mach] Depends on flight mode
Subsonic Mode: Mach 0.6 – 0.8, Supersonic Mode: Mach 2.9
0.6 – 0.8
Terminal Stage Speed for the 3M-54E1
0.6 – 0.8
Terminal Stage Speed for the 3M-14E
Ballistic Stage Speed for the 91RE1
Ballistic Stage Speed for the 91RE2
Warhead Weight [kg] 200 400 400 76 76
Control System Inertial + Active Radar Homing Inertial + Active Radar Homing Inertial Inertial Inertial
Flight Path Low-Flying Low-Flying Ballistic Ballistic Ballistic

Russia includes hypersonic missile deployment on Navy’s corvettes and frigates in new armament plan: Here


MOSCOW, December 19. /TASS/. The deployment of Tsirkon new anti-ship hypersonic cruise missiles on the Russian Navy’s corvettes and frigates is envisaged by Russia’s state armament plan for 2018-2027, a source in the country’s defense industry told TASS on Tuesday.

32 (4 × 8) Redut VLS cells housing 9M96, 9M96M, 9M96D/9M96DM(M2) family of missiles and/or quad-packed 9M100 short range missiles

Redut VLS for 16 9M96E

Redut VLS for 16 9M96E (120 km range) SAMs are located behind main gun total 128 SAMs

Combat power of the modernized craft greatly enhanced by introducing into the arms of a new universal missile complex “Caliber-NK” (instead of anti-ship complex “Uran”) with a uniform 8-cell launcher for several types of missiles – anti-shooting and coastal targets. Anti-aircraft weaponry corvette enhanced anti-aircraft missile system, 9M96 missiles (supplied from 16 missiles). Source globalsecurity.org

9M96 anti-aircraft missile

The S-400 Triumph also launches 9M96E and 9M96E2 medium range ground-to-air missiles. Designed for direct impact, the missiles can strike fast moving targets such as fighter aircraft with a high hit probability. The maximum range of the 9M96 missile is 120km.

9M96E and 9M96E2 missiles (Fakel in Milparade.ru)
9M96E 9M96E2
Target engagement envelope, km:
Weight, kg:
container with four missiles
Average velocity, m/s 750 1,000
First shot hit probability:
piloted target
unpiloted target
target═s payload

Source globalsecurity.org

9M100 short range missiles

The 9M100 is a short-range surface-to-air missile (SAM) being developed by the Fakel Design Bureau, part of Almaz-Antey concern, for new air defenses that should be in place within Russia by 2015. It is targeted at countering the latest generation of fighter aircraft, helicopters, cruise missiles, guided bombs, supersonic missiles and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) which pose a grave threat to ground forces and key facilities. The highly maneuverable 9M100 missile is being designed for launch by means of a vertical launching system (VLS). As of early 2010 the 9M100 missile system is associated with Vityaz medium-range air defense system and might be the primary weapon for the Morfei short-range air defense system.

The 9M100 guidance system combines an inertial navigation system (INS) with an infrared seeker along with a contact and proximity fuze which ignites the warhead. Such a guidance system means that the 9M100 missile is a fire-and-forget weapon capable of engaging multiple targets simultaneously. The solid propellant rocket motor features thrust vectoring control providing outstanding maneuverability.

Diameter: 125 millimeter (4.92 inch)
Length: 2.50 meter (98 inch)
Max Range: 10 kilometer (5.40 nautical mile)

Source deagel.com

2 × Palash CIWS

AO-18K (6K30GSh) 30-mm six-barrel antiaircraft automatic gun

AO-18K (6K30GSh) / 30-mm six-barrel antiaircraft automatic gun


Parameter Value
Caliber, mm 30
Rate of fire, rpm 4500…5000
Muzzle velocity, m/s 890
Weight of automatic gun, kg 230
Recoil force, kN 70
Length, mm 2600
Ammunition allowance, cartridges 500
Type of cartridges fragmentation high-explosive


fragmentation high-explosive

incendiary tracer

Cartridge charge ignition method electric
Freed of automatic gun with cartridges linkless
Weight of cartridge, kg 0.83
DC supply voltage, V 27
Compressed air pressure feed to pneumatic starter of automatic gun, kgf/cm2
Cooling of barrel cluster Transpiration type
Operating conditions, 0С -40…+50

Source tulamash.ru


2 × 4 330mm torpedo tubes for Paket-NK anti-torpedo/anti-submarine torpedoes


The Paket-E/NK small-sized anti-submarine system with anti-torpedo is designed:

– to engage (destroy) submarines in ship’s close-in zone (when carrying out submarine warfare tasks)

– to destroy torpedoes, attacking the ship (when carrying out anti-torpedo defence tasks)

The complete set of the Paket-E/NK comprises:

– Paket-E control system

– rotating or fixed launching units

– Paket-AE specialized target designation sonar

– combat modules mounted on the launchin unit


Depending on missions assigned to the surface ship, its launching units can house combat modules armed with different combinations of small-sized heat-seeking torpedoes and/or anti-torpedoes, both in nomenclature and in quantity.

The small-sized heat-seeking torpedo is designed to engage enemy submarines, and the anti-torpedo is designed to intercept and destroy attacking torpedoes. Both are housed in unified transport-launch containers.


Characteristic basic as:

Torpedo caliber, mm: 324

Effective anti-submarine defence zone, m: up to 10000

Effective anti-torpedo defence zone, m: 100-800

Source roe.ru

The Paket-E/NK system can operate independently or be integrated into ship’s antisubmarine/anti-torpedo defence system, solving a number of tasks in fully automatic or automated modes, such as:

– generation of target designation data for small-sized heat-seeking torpedoes, based on data, provided by ship’s sonar systems and posts

– detection and classification of attacking torpedoes, determination of their movement parameters, and generation of target designation data for anti-torpedoes

– pre-launch preparation of combat modules, generation and transfer of firing data to them, launching of anti-torpedoes and/or small-sized heat-seeking torpedoes


– launching units control

The Paket-E/NK system is a radically new weapon system, allowing surface ships to solve ASW/anti-torpedo defence tasks with high effectiveness, and to increase substantially their survivability.

The delivery set of the Paket-E/NK small-sized antisubmarine/anti-torpedo system is customer-defined.

An automated testing and trouble-shooting system can be delivered for combat modules operational support. Source ktrv.ru

General data:
Type: Torpedo Weight: 235 kg
Length: 2.6 m Span: 0.324 m
Diameter: 0.324 Generation: None
Properties: Search Pattern, Bearing-Only Launch (BOL)
Targets: Submarine, Torpedo
Sensors / EW:
Torpedo Seeker – (Paket-NK, Small-Caliber, 50kts) Hull Sonar, Active/Passive
Torpedo Seeker, Active/Passive Shallow Water
Max Range: 1.9 km
Paket-NK [MTT ASW] – (Russia) Torpedo
Subsurface Max: 7.4 km.

Source cmano-db.com

2 × 14.5mm MTPU pedestal machine guns


Technical Characteristics
Weapon machine-gun KPVT
Machine-gun calibre, mm 14.5
Rate of fire, shot/min, not less 450
Mass of a mount with a machine-gun (without ammunition and SPT&A),kg 350
Overall dimensions (with the height
of foundation from the deck 100 mm), mm:
Angle of elevation guidance, degrees -15 to +60
Angle of traverse guidance, degrees ±180
Direction of a machine-gun feed right
Method of guidance manual
Crew, persons 1

Propulsion and power of the Admiral Gorshkov Class vessels

The frigates are equipped with combined gas turbine and gas turbine (COGAG) propulsion systems. The two cruise gas turbines and two boost gas turbines will be connected through two shafts.DA91 Gas Turbine (First 2 Frigates)

Gas Turbine (First 2 Frigates)

Image: russiandefence.com

Gas turbine engine UGT 15000+

Three-shaft gas turbine

Compressors: axial 9-stage LPC, 10-stage HPC

Combustion chamber is a can-annular 16-liner counterflow chamber

Compressor turbines are axial single-stage engines

Power turbine is an axial 4-stage engine

The turbine start up is fulfilled by means of the rotor spinning with two AC electric starters of 30kW continuous power

Application М*
Power, kW 20000
Efficiency  % 36,0
Specific fuel consumption (Hu = 10200 kcal/kg), kg/(kW hr) 0,234
Summarized engine pressure ratio 20,0
Exhaust gas mass flow,  kg/sec 76,5
Exhaust gas temperature, оС 450
Rotation speed of the turbine, rpm 3500

*М – drive component for ship propellers

Source zmturbines.com

Saturn M90FR gas turbine engine (Replace DA91 Gas Turbine)

img_0.jpg2 x M90FR gas turbines

Saturn M90FR gas turbine engine with a maximum power of 27,500 hp, the M55R power plant includes the 5,200-hp 10D49 diesel engine from the Kolomna Machinebuilding Plant and the RO55R reduction gearbox. Source navyrecognition.com

Parameters Values
Power on the nominal mode (in the conditions of the ship) Number Ne., h.p./kw 27 500/20 220
Specific fuel consumption on the nominal mode Xie of number, kg / l.s.ch. (kg/kWh) 0,170 (0,230)
Power on the mode of 80% of rated power (in the conditions of the ship) Ne of 80%., h.p./kw 22 000/16 200
Specific fuel consumption on the mode of 80% of rated power Xie 80%ny., kg / l.s.ch. (kg/kWh) 0,178 (0,242)
Air consumption on an entrance to the compressor on the nominal mode Ge, kg/s 72

Source rybinsk.all.biz

10D49 diesel engine

35202 x 10D49 diesel engines 

16ЧН26/26 и 16ГДЧН26/26 (V-version)

Technical characteristics

Designation of diesel (engine/diesel-generator including dieselengine16ЧН26/26) Application Power range,KW (h p) Engine speed,rpm Weight of diesel-generator, kg Dimensions, mm
10Д49 as main marine engine for diesel-gas turbine aggregate ДГТА (55МР) for driving fixed-pitch propeller via reduction gear 3825 (5200) 1000 24020 5220 2300 3460

* – Weight of diesel engine

Technical data kolomnadiesel.com

M55R Propulsion Plant

M55R Propulsion Plant – Image: russiandefence.com

The COGAG propulsion is more efficient than combined diesel and gas (CODAG) and combined diesel or gas (CODOG) propulsion systems. The COGAG system delivers more economical transit at cruise speeds. The propulsion system provides a maximum speed of 30kt.

The Gorshkov Class features an aft flight deck and hangar to carry advanced Ka-26/27 helicopters. The helicopters are fitted with radar systems which detect and track submarines.

Ka-52K landing on Pr.22350 Admiral Gorshkov Frigate during 21-22Jul takeoff/landing tests – Video

Kamov Ka-27 Helix

1874748Image arliners.net
Kamov Ka-27PL ‘Helix-A’
Entered service 1982
Crew 3 men
Dimensions and weight
Length 11.27 m
Main rotor diameter 15.9 m
Height 5.45 m
Weight (empty) 6.1 t
Weight (maximum take off) 12.6 t
Engines and performance
Engines 2 x Klimov TV3-117V turboshaft engines
Engine power 2 x 2 190 hp
Maximum speed 250 km/h
Cruising speed 230 km/h
Service ceiling 5 km
Range 800 km
Maximum payload 5 t
Typical load ?
Torpedoes 4 x APR-2E homing torpedoes
Bombs 4 x groups of S3V guided anti-submarine bombs in place of torpedoes
Image: combataircraft.com

Kamov Ka-27 Data military-today.com

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.08.19-07-24-31Admiral Gorshko – Новости на Первом Канале

General characteristics – Project 22350

Displacement (tons):
Standard: 4500
Full load: 5400
Dimensions (m):
Length: 135
Beam: 16
Draft: 4,5
Speed (knots): 29
Range: 4000 nmi
Autonomy (days): 30
Propulsion: 2×32700 hp M55R diesel-and-gas-turbines engines (27500 hp M90FR gas turbine, 5200 hp 10D49 diesel), 2 fixed pitch propellers, 4×1000 kW ADG-1000NK diesel-generators
Armament: 1 Ka-27 helicopter
2×8 3S14-22350 VLS (3K14 «Kalibr-NK» guided missile complex, 3K55 «Onyx» anti-ship missile complex (P-160 anti-ship missiles (3M55)) – 16 missiles)
4×8 3S973K96 «Redut» SAM system VLS (32 9M96 missiles) – «Poliment» fire control system
1×1 130 mm A-192M «Armat» – 5P-10 «Puma» fire control system
2 3R99 «Palash» modules – 2x(2×6 30 mm)
2×1 14,5 mm MTPU
2×4 330 mm SM-588 torpedo tubes – «Paket-A» anti-submarine system (MTT torpedoes, M-15 anti-torpedoes)
Electronics: 5P-20K «Monument» radar complex, 5P-27 «Furke-4» air/surface search radar, MR-231-2 navigation radar, TK-28 ESM radar system, «Grach» visual optical jammer station, «Zarya-3.3» sonar complex, 3.3», «Minotavr-ISPN»sonar, «Sigma-22350» combat information control system, «Tsentavr-NM-1» satellite communication system, «Chardsh-22350» navigation complex
«Prosvet-M» decoy RL system (2? KT-308 launchers, 8 KT-216 launchers)

Source russianships.info

Main material source naval-technology.com

Revised on Jul 02, 2017

Updated Aug 19, 2018