Admiral Flota Sovetskogo Soyuza Gorshkov (Russian: Адмира́л фло́та Сове́тского Сою́за Горшко́в is a frigate of the Russian Navy and the lead ship of the Admiral Gorshkov class. She was laid down in 2006, launched in October 2010, and is set to start mooring trials in May 2012. The ship is expected to join the Russian Navy in 2013. However, as delays mounted during construction and outfitting, including the ship sitting in a quay for a full year nearly completed, while awaiting its main gun, and an engine fire requiring a replacement of one of is gas turbines, it is now expected to be commissioned in November 2015. The ship will be the largest warship to join the Russian navy in over a decade and is named after Sergey Gorshkov.
The build status of the Russian Navy’s third- and fourth-in-class Project 22350 Admiral Gorshkov-class frigates may be delayed as Russia contends with sourcing an indigenous propulsion plant supplier following Ukraine’s ban on military exports to Russia.
The lead vessel Admiral Gorshkov and second-in-class Admiral Kasatonov are powered by two M90FR gas turbines designed and built by Zorya-Mashproekt in Ukraine. Russia’s NPO Saturn collaborated extensively with the Ukrainian turbine maker before the ban and will now build the M90FR.
2 x M90FR gas turbines designed and built by Zorya-Mashproekt in Ukraine2 x 10D49 diesel engines
However, the status of power plants for Admiral Golovko and Admiral Isakov is unclear, and the timetable for completing these ships may be extended. Under the Russian government’s import substitution programme, it is understood that NPO Saturn is supposed to develop the capability to produce and test the M90FR by 2017.
Severnaya Verf shipyard launched Admiral Kasatonov on 12 December 2014. Admiral Golovko will be launched before the end of 2015, according to the shipyard’s acting general director Yury Taratonov. Admiral Isakov , laid down in 2013, remains under construction.
Severnaya Verf has a contract to build six Admiral Gorshkov-class ships by 2020. The first four will join Russia’s Northern Fleet. Russian Navy Commander-in-Chief Admiral Viktor Chirkov has publicly stated that the navy has a requirement for more than 15.
Design of the Russian Navy’s frigates
In July 2003 Russian Naval Command approved the basic design of the frigate. It was developed by FSUE Severnoye PKB (Northern Design and Development Bureau) in St Petersburg. The design is based on the Talwar / Krivak IV Class frigate developed by Russia for India and incorporates stealth technology.
Gorshkov Class frigates are designed to operate in multithreat environments and are equipped with long-range surface-to-surface and surface-to-air missiles, which can attack multiple targets simultaneously.
The frigates have an overall length of 130m, a beam of 16m and a draft of 16m. They have operational ranges of more than 4,000 miles and a displacement of 4,500t. The maximum speed of the vessels is 30kt. They can accommodate about 200 crew members.
Countermeasures / sensor technology
Gorshkov Class frigates are fitted with 3D air search radars, Puma fire control radars and sonar suites with hull-mounted LF sonar and LF VDS sonar. They are also equipped with Garpun-BAL SSM targeting and SAM control systems.
Gorshkov Class frigate Bridge Furke 4 3D radar – Furke-4 volume search radar which is uniquely mounted on top of the main radar itself. This prevents interference and allows both radars to have unobstructed search capability. Furke-4 is placed at the very top so it is in a good position to look further beyond the horizon limit with no ship clutter to worry, most likely it would do a combined Air/Surface search capability , handling of targets to Poliment or to firecontrol system of Antiship missile , GUNS , CIWS SAM etc …and in secondary role it would do target guidance if required. Having different band for radar would have it own advantage too and Furke/Poliment would compliment each other. (keypublishing.com) Puma 5P-10 fire control radars in the center of the picture before the main mast above the dome – control radar for the 130 mm gun and 2 illuminators for the Palash CIWS – The Dome holds the Monolit 34K1 radar is used for Anti-Ship missile guidance and surface searchMain mast – It has a 4 face Poliment 5P-20K multi-function S-band AESA radar which can search and track aerial and surface targets as well as provide guidance to the SAMs.Submarine detection capability is provided by the Zarya M bow mounted and Vinyekta towed array sonars along with the embarked Ka-27 ASW helicopter 3 x Pal-N navigation radars Designed to carry out surface surveillance, ensure navigation safety and supply radar information to other shipborne systems. The radar operates in a circular scan mode including a covert emission mode. It detects surface targets, automatically locks on to them and tracks them, generates dynamic parameters of targets, automatically resolves collision avoidance problems, generates recommendations for a tactical maneuver, supplies information to associated shipborne systems, and records the gathered information. Maximum target detection range, km: cruiser, destroyer at least 40, boat 20, buoy 8 to 10, Minimum target detection range 25 m, Single scan time, 3 to 6 sec, Resolution: direction, deg not worse than 1, range not worse than 25 m, MRSE: bearing, mil 0.8, range 15m, Maximum number of targets tracked simultaneously 50, Weight, kg, max 300. (warfare.be)2 × target illuminators aft superstructure for Palash CIWS
Communications: Vigstar Centaurus-NM
Electro-Optical Systems: 2 × MTK-201M and 2 × 5P-520
Combat system: Sigma/Sigma 22350
EW Suite: Prosvet-M
- 2 × PU KT-308
- 8 × PU KT-216
Special Russian complex interference CT-308
The complex jamming CT-308 is designed to protect ships at least some class of all defense lines against various types of missiles with homing radar, electro-optical and combined type. According to its features and the introduction of protection is not inferior zabugornom analogues, and certain features and superior to them. Certainly, the data interfering systems, when installed on the ships of the Russian Navy, only enhance the vitality and sustainability of Russian ships. The very formulation of interference, even for experienced sailors is ecstasy and excitement that then read about ordinary people. Surface ship Kuta typical cluster of fireworks. But in fact this is the “decoys” that produces system to protect against modern weapons of the enemy. The basis of such complexes is the zenith armament ship. EW is based on the destabilization of the information field of the signal of the enemy, using for this interference, which surpass those of the protected surface ship. One of the important problems in the performance of tasks by jamming make complex clutter. They are placed without the introduction of active energy sources. (Translated by google)
The composition of CT-308:
— rocket launchers PU-SC or starting PU RMS. Carrier-based variant — two 6-barrel unit CK / CK-MH. Suspended option — 12-barrel unit. Ammunition — rockets combined type UPC-51 missiles masking type PZM-51. Ship depends on the class number of launchers of the complex, in the main complex goes 2-4 in PU;
— 10-chargers launchers PU-1716 mortar type. Ammunition — SB-50, COM-50 interference optical type SR-50 radar interference type and SMZ-50 Type masking noise. Ship depends on the class number of launchers of the complex, in the main complex data sets of up to 10 MPs;
— ammo ammunition launchers;
— control panel, which is located at the command post;
— hardware to calculate the parameter of shooting;
— instrument units for inductive input characteristics of the fuses for launching projectiles;
— Isolator unit that distributes power in the complex.
The entire interior of the electric CT-308 created by modern components. The equipment provides the necessary interface to CICS ship, ensures reliable operation of the entire complex at least some weather and climate in all criteria. Shooting and management can be carried out off-line on their own devices, and in the general mode of the automatic SU EW ship.
The time required for loading PU complex CT-308 — a bit less than 15 minutes. Ready for use with full operational capability — up to 10 seconds. Transfer to a full BG from traveling — 90 seconds. Ammunition interference are warhead cassette. In BC a string of cassettes are placed, and can be different gear cassettes. Operation of the “first cassette” of ammunition (released from the mortar launchers) — 30 meters. Rate of Fire — 200 rounds / min. Operation of the “first cassette” of ammunition (released from the reactive PU) — 30-1000 meters. These fuses in ammunition injected immediately before application of the induction method. Rate of fire 400 rounds / min. The complex is ser
ved by only one person. (Translated by google) (survincity.com)
8 × PU KT-216
Weapons and armaments of the multirole long-range frigates
The Admiral Gorshkov Class vessels are equipped with a new 130mm gun mount, a 30mm close-in weapon system (CIWS) gun and eight SS-NX-26 Yakhont anti-ship cruise missiles. Yakhont missiles can be fired against a group of naval surface vessels and single vessels.
1 x 130mm gun mount Amethyst/Arsenal A-192M naval gun with rate of fire of 45 rds per minute2 × 8 UKSK VLS cells just in front of bridge fitted with P-800 Oniks (SS-N-26) and/or Kalibr missile system (SS-N-27) and behind main gun 32 (4 × 8) Redut VLS cells housing 9M96, 9M96M, 9M96D/9M96DM(M2) family of missiles and/or quad-packed 9M100 short range missiles
P-800 Oniks (SS-N-26) The P-800 was reportedly used as the basis for the joint Russian-Indian supersonic missile BrahMos. Ramjet using kerosene liquid fuel Oniks (version for Russia): 600km (max range) Yakhont (export version): 120 to 300 km (74.6 to 186.4 mi) depending on altitude. Mach 2.5 Kalibr missile system (SS-N-27) An anti-shipping variant deployed by the Russian Navy, as a submarine launched missile, Its basic length is 8.22 m (27.0 ft), with a 200 kg (440 lb) warhead. Its range is 440–660 km (270–410 mi). It is a Sea-skimmer with supersonic terminal speed and a flight altitude of 4.6 metres (15 ft) at its final stage; its speed is then Mach 2.9.
(4 × 8) Redut VLS cells aft of main gun
Redut VLS cells 9M96, 9M96M, 9M96D/9M96DM(M2) family of missiles and/or quad-packed 9M100 short range missiles Max Range: 10 kilometer
The 9M100 is a short-range surface-to-air missile (SAM) being developed by the Fakel Design Bureau, part of Almaz-Antey concern, for new air defenses that should be in place within Russia by 2015. It is targeted at countering the latest generation of fighter aircraft, helicopters, cruise missiles, guided bombs, supersonic missiles and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) which pose a grave threat to ground forces and key facilities. The highly maneuverable 9M100 missile is being designed for launch by means of a vertical launching system (VLS). As of early 2010 the 9M100 missile system is associated with Vityaz medium-range air defense system and might be the primary weapon for the Morfei short-range air defense system.
The 9M100 guidance system combines an inertial navigation system (INS) with an infrared seeker along with a contact and proximity fuze which ignites the warhead. Such a guidance system means that the 9M100 missile is a fire-and-forget weapon capable of engaging multiple targets simultaneously. The solid propellant rocket motor features thrust vectoring control providing outstanding maneuverability.
2 × Palash CIWS The command module detects and tracks threats, distributes targeting data to the combat modules, and interrogates IFF of approaching threats. The command module has a 3-D target detection radar, and an all weather multi-band integrated control system. Depending on the number of installed combat modules, the system can engage multiple targets simultaneously. The combat modules automatically track using either radar, electro-optronic control system (such as FLIRs) or both, and then engages targets with missiles and guns. The combat modules are typically equipped with two GSh-30K (AO-18K) six-barrel 30 mm rotary cannons, fed by a link-less feeding mechanism, Along with a high rate of fire, the fairly heavy round (390 g or 14 oz) used by the Kashtan is comparable to the DPU rounds of the GAU-8 Avenger (425 g or 15.0 oz), although the muzzle velocity (and therefore both the kinetic energy and effective range) is slightly lower, partially offsetting the high caliber and rate of fire. 2 × 4 324mm torpedo tubes for Paket-NK anti-turpedo/anti-submarine torpedo’s2 × 14.5mm MTPU pedestal machine guns position of both sides of the ship behind the bridge
Gorshkov is the only Russian combat ship to be equipped with BrahMos missiles. BrahMos is a supersonic cruise missile developed by the BrahMos Aerospace, a collaboration between Russia and India.
Propulsion and power of the Admiral Gorshkov Class vessels
The frigates are equipped with combined gas turbine and gas turbine (COGAG) propulsion systems. The two cruise gas turbines and two boost gas turbines will be connected through two shafts.
The COGAG propulsion is more efficient than combined diesel and gas (CODAG) and combined diesel or gas (CODOG) propulsion systems. The COGAG system delivers more economical transit at cruise speeds. The propulsion system provides a maximum speed of 30kt.
The Gorshkov Class features an aft flight deck and hangar to carry advanced Ka-27 helicopters. The helicopters are fitted with radar systems which detect and track submarines.
Source: janes.com/defencyclopedia.com/wikiwand.com/paralay.net/naval-technology.com/from the net/survincity.com/
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