Pantsir-S1/S2 mobile air defense system

Pantsir-S2, is an updated version of the Pantsir-S1 — a short-range, mobile, fully autonomous air defense system combining two 2A38M 30mm anti-aircraft guns and six 57E6-E ready-to-fire missiles in steered launch containers

ImagePantsir-S2 has a 2 faced radar – RLM-SOC, more powerful, faster, more agile, less susceptible to jamming, covering 360 ° continuous ……… sometimes called JANUS (

2 x 2A38M 30mm anti-aircraft guns

2 x 2A38M 30mm anti-aircraft guns.  The cannons are fired alternatively with a combined rate of fire of between 3,900 and 5,000 rounds per minute (1,950 to 2,500 rpm for each gun), and have a muzzle velocity of 960 m/s. Bursts of between 83 and 250 rounds are fired as determined by the target type, with an engagement range between 0.2 and 4.0 km and to an altitude of about 3 km. HE-T and HE-I shells are used and fitted with a A-670 time and impact fuze which includes an arming delay and self destruct mechanism.


57E6-E missiles


57E6-E missiles The missile has a bicalibre body in tandem configuration, separable booster and sustainer with separation mechanism. The sustainer contains the warhead and contact and proximity fuses. The missile weighs 65kg at launch and has a maximum speed of 1,100m/s. Range is from 1km to 12km. It has an expanded engagement zones up to 20 km in range and up to 10 km in altitude.The 57E6YE surface-to-air missile features a short flight time at the boost phase (t = 1.5 s, Vmax = 1.300 m/s). High agility after separation of the booster is accompanied by small ballistic deceleration during post-boost flight (40 m/s for 1 km of flight). Also noteworthy is the heavy weight of the warhead (16kg – 20 kg) at the small launch weight of the SAM, along with the employment of rod subprojectiles in the warhead ensuring positive engagement of a broad class of targets. Its warhead is described by the Russians as being of “elongated rod” pattern, presumably a form of what is termed “continuous rod” in the West. The effectiveness of an elongated rod warhead is proportional to warhead length and inversely proportional to warhead diameter. The air-dynamic control actuator is available without limitations in terms of service life. (

The new missile will increase the system’s range of fire from 20 to 30 kilometers. “The dimensions of the missile will be altered slightly but it will fit in as usual and no changes will be required.

The armament consists of 12 surface-to-air guided missiles and two 30-millimetre automatic guns. It is provided with multi-range radar capable of detecting aerial targets with effective surface of dispersion of up to 2-3 square meters at a distance of more than 30 kilometers and track them down from a distance of over 24 kilometers.


It can also operate in a passive mode using an infrared channel in the long-wave band with logical processing of the signal and automatic tracking.


The system can conduct fire at two targets at the same time and attack up to 12 targets within a minute. The system’s effective range for missiles is 20 kilometers and the maximum altitude is eight kilometers, and for artillery shells up to three and four kilometers respectively.


Optical Sensors

Early variants of the Tunguska series introduced an electroptical tracker to provide silent angle tracking in jamming environments. The electro-optical tracking system includes a longwave (8 – 14 μm band) thermal imager for target acquisition and tracking, and a dual band short (3 – 5 μm) / midwave  (0.6 -1.1. μm) IR tracker for angular measurement of the missile beacon.

In the Pantsir S1 the AOP (Avtonomniy Opticheskiy Post) is cued by the radar system, and provides angle tracking of the target and missiles. The cited system specifications are [1][2]:

  • Azimuth coverage of ± 90 °;
  • Elevation coverage from -5 ° to 82°;
  • Angular tracking rate of 100° / sec;
  • Angular acceleration of 170° / sec;
  • French Sagem MATIS LR midwave thermal imager with WFOV of 4.17° x 6.25°, and NFOV of 0.87° x 1.3°, with a 0.05 mrad angular track error;
  • Acquisition performance: F-16 at 17 to 26 km; AGM-88 HARM at 13 to 15 km; cruise missiles at 11 to 14 km, and glidebombs at ~10 km;


TTX IR finder ZUR:
the spectral sensitivity range – 0,77-0,91 m

wide field narrow field
Angular field of view – Horizontal -2.5 .. + 2.5 ° -0.4 .. + 0.4 °
Angular field of view – Vertical -1.0 .. + 4.0 ° -0.3 .. + 0.6 °
Accurate determination of coordinates of the laser transponder ZUR 2 mrad 0.05 mrad

Translated by google – Source

The probability of destroying the target is 0.6 to 0.8 depending on its type and obstacles. The time of response is 5-6 seconds.



New Pantsir-SM: Details


The new radar set up


The new SOTS S-band search radar increases detection range from 36km’s to “over 40.” The system can now track in excess of 40 incoming targets up from 8-10, and can now engage targets traveling at up to 1,200 meters per second up from 1,000 m/s. Search azimuth has also been increased from 80 degrees to 90 degrees owed to electronic beam steering.

Launch customer for the new variant is Algeria. Several dozen vehicles will be delivered to them this year.

Note the location of the friend or foe beacon has been changed. The early sand colored prototype has the antenna on the bottom, but on the series produced green vehicle above the antenna is on top of the radar.

ImageRadar RLM SOC S-band

The radar is a Janus-faced ESA, evidently intended to generate track outputs at a significantly higher rate than the VNIIRT 2RL80/2RL80E on early production systems for the Russian PVO and export clients. The system is claimed to be for an export client, not disclosed, who may be Middle Eastern given the desert camouflage on the prototype vehicle. A higher tracking rate would provide a better capability to track PGM targets, especially variants of the AGM-88 HARM/AARGM. Source


Source: Sputnik News, Army Recognition,

Updated May 02, 2017

Video Panstir-S1

Video Panstir-S2


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