Pantsir-S1/S2 mobile air defense system

Pantsir-S2, is an updated version of the Pantsir-S1 — a short-range, mobile, fully autonomous air defense system combining two 2A38M 30mm anti-aircraft guns and six 57E6-E ready-to-fire missiles in steered launch containers

ImagePantsir-S2 has a 2 faced radar – RLM-SOC, more powerful, faster, more agile, less susceptible to jamming, covering 360 ° continuous ……… sometimes called JANUS (forcesdz.com)

Chart exhibit of VKS 2017 SAM (Pantsir-S1/2?) “kills” in Syria

2 x 2A38M 30mm anti-aircraft guns

2 x 2A38M 30mm anti-aircraft guns.  The cannons are fired alternatively with a combined rate of fire of between 3,900 and 5,000 rounds per minute (1,950 to 2,500 rpm for each gun), and have a muzzle velocity of 960 m/s. Bursts of between 83 and 250 rounds are fired as determined by the target type, with an engagement range between 0.2 and 4.0 km and to an altitude of about 3 km. HE-T and HE-I shells are used and fitted with a A-670 time and impact fuze which includes an arming delay and self destruct mechanism.

30 x 165 mm Round with HE-T Projectile

he_t_projectile

The 30 x 165 mm Round with High Explosive Tracer Projectile is intended to engage air and ground  targets.

The round is fitted with distance-armed, delayed action, self-destruct fuze.

The ammunition is safe in transport, storage and handling and ensures the reliable performance of the gun systems in all weather conditions.

The automatic guns 2A42, 2A38, 2A72 and modifications are mounted on the following carriers:

  • Infantry Fighting Vehicles BMP-2, BMP-3, BMD-2, BMD-3, BTR-80A and  their modifications
  • Reconnaissance Vehicle “RIS”
  • Air-Defence Complex “Tunguska”
  • Attack Helicopters Ka-50 and Mi-28 and modifications

BASIC CHARACTERISTICS

Caliber: 30 x 165 mm
Fuze Arming Distance: 20  to 100 m
Self-destruction Time: 7.5  to 14.5 sec
Operational Temperature Range: -50 to +50°C
Shelf Life: 15 years

ELEMENTS OF ROUND

Projectile: High Explosive Tracer
Fuze: A-670M
Explosive filling: A-IX-2 (RDX)
Propellant: 6/7 P-5BPfl
Cartridge case: steel
Primer: KV-30, KV-3-1

BALLISTIC DATA

Muzzle Velocity: 950 – 970 m/s
Probable Deviation: 5 m/s
Average Pmax: 3600 kgf/cm2

TECHNICAL DATA

Length of Round (max): 292 mm
Weight of Round: 0.826 kg
Weight of Projectile: 0.385 kg
Propellant Charge Mass: 0.122 kg
Burning Time of Tracer: not less than 10 sec

Source arcus-bg.com

30 x 165 mm Round with HE-I Projectile

1_30_hei_1

The 30 x 165 mm Round with High Explosive Incendiary Projectile is intended to engage air and ground  targets.

The round is fitted with distance-armed, delayed action, self-destruct fuze.

The ammunition is safe in transport, storage and handling and ensures the reliable performance of the gun systems in all weather conditions.

The automatic guns 2A42, 2A38, 2A72 and modifications are mounted on the following carriers:

  • Infantry Fighting Vehicles BMP-2, BMP-3, BMD-2, BMD-3, BTR-80A and  their modifications
  • Reconnaissance Vehicle “RIS”
  • Air-Defence Complex “Tunguska”
  • Attack Helicopters Ka-50 and Mi-28 and modifications

BASIC CHARACTERISTICS

Caliber: 30 x 165 mm
Fuze Arming Distance: 20  to 100 m
Self-destruction Time: 7.5  to 14.5 sec
Operational Temperature Range: -50 to +50°C
Shelf Life: 15 years

ELEMENTS OF ROUND

Projectile: High Explosive Incendiary
Fuze: A-670M
Explosive filling: A-IX-2 (RDX)
Propellant: 6/7 P-5BPfl
Cartridge case: steel
Primer: KV-30, KV-3-1

BALLISTIC DATA

Muzzle Velocity: 950 – 970 m/s
Probable Deviation: 5 m/s
Average Pmax: 3600 kgf/cm2

TECHNICAL DATA

Length of Round (max): 293 mm
Weight of Round: 0.833 kg
Weight of Projectile: 0.389 kg
Propellant Charge Mass: 0.123 kg

Source arcus-bg.com

Pantsyr-short-range-gun-missile-air-defense-system

57E6-E missiles

pantsyr7

57E6-E missiles The missile has a bicalibre body in tandem configuration, separable booster and sustainer with separation mechanism. The sustainer contains the warhead and contact and proximity fuses. The missile weighs 65kg at launch and has a maximum speed of 1,100m/s. Range is from 1km to 12km. It has an expanded engagement zones up to 20 km in range and up to 10 km in altitude.The 57E6YE surface-to-air missile features a short flight time at the boost phase (t = 1.5 s, Vmax = 1.300 m/s). High agility after separation of the booster is accompanied by small ballistic deceleration during post-boost flight (40 m/s for 1 km of flight). Also noteworthy is the heavy weight of the warhead (16kg – 20 kg) at the small launch weight of the SAM, along with the employment of rod subprojectiles in the warhead ensuring positive engagement of a broad class of targets. Its warhead is described by the Russians as being of “elongated rod” pattern, presumably a form of what is termed “continuous rod” in the West. The effectiveness of an elongated rod warhead is proportional to warhead length and inversely proportional to warhead diameter. The air-dynamic control actuator is available without limitations in terms of service life. Source globalsecurity.org

Number of Stages: 2 

Performance
Max Range: 20,000 meter (10.8 nautical mile)
Min Range: 1,200 meter (0.65 nautical mile)
Target’s Max Altitude: 10,000 meter (6.22 mile)
Speed
Target’s Max Speed: 1,000 mps (3,601 kph)
Weight
Warhead: 20 kilogram (44 pound)
Weight: 75 kilogram (164 pound)

Source deagel.com

1017436403

The new missile will increase the system’s range of fire from 20 to 30 kilometers. “The dimensions of the missile will be altered slightly but it will fit in as usual and no changes will be required.

The armament consists of 12 surface-to-air guided missiles and two 30-millimetre automatic guns. It is provided with multi-range radar capable of detecting aerial targets with effective surface of dispersion of up to 2-3 square meters at a distance of more than 30 kilometers and track them down from a distance of over 24 kilometers.

Radar

Target detection radar (1РС1-1Е) (Panstir S1)

fig410

It can also operate in a passive mode using an infrared channel in the long-wave band with logical processing of the signal and automatic tracking.

1RS2/1RS2-E Shlem or SSTsR fire control system

1RS2/1RS2-E Shlem or SSTsR

This pulse Doppler radar is designated the 1RS2/1RS2-E Shlem or SSTsR (Stantsiya Slezheniya Tsel’a i Rakety – Target and Missile Tracking Station), initially designated the 1RS1 and 1RS1-E for export. Cited tracking range performance for a 2 m2 target is 30 km. Cited RMS angular errors for X-band operation are 0.3-0.8 milliradians, for Ku-band operation 0.2-0.4 milliradians, with a 5 metre range error.

The X-band component of the SSTsR is used for target tracking, and uplink of missile steering commands., the Ku-band component for target and missile beacon tracking. The system typically guides one or two missile rounds against a single target.

In 2004 the requirement for the PVO engagement radar changed, when it was expected that the program would be cancelled. A new requirement was issued to increase the number of concurrent targets to be tracked and engaged, and engagement range was increased. This likely reflects the success of the US GBU-31/32/35/38 JDAM and emergence of analogues globally, where more than two weapons would be released from an aircraft concurrently. With the GBU-39/B Small Diameter Bomb intended to be released eight at a time, the Roman and Shlem would be saturated in a single aircraft attack.

fig510

This resulted in the development of an entirely new PESA based radar, curiously designated the 1RS2-1 / 1RS2-1E, but also labelled by a Russian source as the 1RL123-E. VNIIRT has been credited with the development of this design. To date all imagery has excluded views of the PESA antenna without the protective radome, so the following description is based on recent public disclosures and is yet to be validated:

  • Operating centre wavelength claimed by KBP to be “8 mm in the K-band” – antenna geometry suggests 15 mm (20 GHz) to 18 mm (16.7 GHz);
  • Beamsteering angles of up to ±45° of arc;
  • Mechanical PESA boresight steering in elevation between -5° and 82°;
  • Track while scan of nine separate targets;
  • 90% probability of initial target acquisition within 1 second of coordinate transfer from the 2RL80 with errors of ±2.5° in azimuth, ±2.5° in elevation, ±200 m in range and ±60 metres / sec in radial velocity;
  • Tracking errors of 0.2 milliradians in azimuth, 0.3 milliradians in elevation, 5 metres in range and 2 metres / sec in velocity;
  • Ability to track airborne targets at velocities between 10 to 1,100 metres / sec;
  • Ability to capture 4 missiles after launch;
  • Ability to track 3 to 4 outbound missiles at velocities between 30 to 2,100 metres / sec;
  • Detection range of 24 km against a 2.0 m2 RCS airborne target; 21 km against a 1 m2RCS airborne target; 16 km against a 0.5 m2 RCS airborne target; 10 km against a 0.1 m2 RCS airborne target; 7 km against a 0.03 m2 RCS airborne target;

High countermeasures resistance is claimed for the 1RS2-1 and 2RL80, but not detailed beyond the standard descriptions found in brochures.

The primary antenna is used for target and missile tracking, it is supplemented by a command link antenna which is part of the APKNR (Apparatura Peredachi Komand i Naprovadzaniya Raket) subsystem for datalink control of the missiles. Source ausairpower.net

Image: ausairpower.net

The system can conduct fire at two targets at the same time and attack up to 12 targets within a minute. The system’s effective range for missiles is 20 kilometers and the maximum altitude is eight kilometers, and for artillery shells up to three and four kilometers respectively.

Optical Sensors

KBP-96K6-72V6-Pantsir-S1-SPAAGM-MGyurosi-1S

Early variants of the Tunguska series introduced an electroptical tracker to provide silent angle tracking in jamming environments. The electro-optical tracking system includes a longwave (8 – 14 μm band) thermal imager for target acquisition and tracking, and a dual band short (3 – 5 μm) / midwave  (0.6 -1.1. μm) IR tracker for angular measurement of the missile beacon.

In the Pantsir S1 the AOP (Avtonomniy Opticheskiy Post) is cued by the radar system, and provides angle tracking of the target and missiles. The cited system specifications are [1][2]:

  • Azimuth coverage of ± 90 °;
  • Elevation coverage from -5 ° to 82°;
  • Angular tracking rate of 100° / sec;
  • Angular acceleration of 170° / sec;
  • French Sagem MATIS LR midwave thermal imager with WFOV of 4.17° x 6.25°, and NFOV of 0.87° x 1.3°, with a 0.05 mrad angular track error;
  • Acquisition performance: F-16 at 17 to 26 km; AGM-88 HARM at 13 to 15 km; cruise missiles at 11 to 14 km, and glidebombs at ~10 km;

Source ausairpower.net

TTX IR finder ZUR:
the spectral sensitivity range – 0,77-0,91 m

  wide field narrow field
Angular field of view – Horizontal -2.5 .. + 2.5 ° -0.4 .. + 0.4 °
Angular field of view – Vertical -1.0 .. + 4.0 ° -0.3 .. + 0.6 °
Accurate determination of coordinates of the laser transponder ZUR 2 mrad 0.05 mrad

Translated by google – Source militaryrussia.ru

The probability of destroying the target is 0.6 to 0.8 depending on its type and obstacles. The time of response is 5-6 seconds.

d2decab1291ed4151a8a985f96e47de35e4150db

Modes

Using a digital data link system up to six Pantsir-S1 combat vehicle can operate in various modes.

  • Stand alone combat operation: All the combat sequence from detecting a target to its engagement is fulfilled by a single Pantsir-S1 combat vehicle without employing other assets.
  • Operation within a battery (“master-slave”): One Pantsir-S1 operates both as combat vehicle and as “master” command post. 3 to 5 Pantsir-S1 combat vehicles acting as “slave” receive target designation data from the “master” and subsequently fulfil all the combat operation stages.
  • Operation within a command post: The command post sends target designations to the Pantsir-S1 combat vehicles and subsequently fulfill the designation order.
  • Operation within a battery with command post and early warning radar: The command post receives air situation picture from a connected early warning radar and sends target designations to the Pantsir-S1 combat vehicles and subsequently fulfil the designation order.

Source wow.com

New Pantsir-SM: Details

nga-quang-cao-to-hop-phong-khong-pantsir-ha-f-35-my-hinh-13.jpg

The new radar set up RLM SOC S-band (Panstir S2)

psr-3

The new SOTS S-band search radar increases detection range from 36km’s to “over 40.” The system can now track in excess of 40 incoming targets up from 8-10, and can now engage targets traveling at up to 1,200 meters per second up from 1,000 m/s. Search azimuth has also been increased from 80 degrees to 90 degrees owed to electronic beam steering.

Launch customer for the new variant is Algeria. Several dozen vehicles will be delivered to them this year.

Note the location of the friend or foe beacon has been changed. The early sand colored prototype has the antenna on the bottom, but on the series produced green vehicle above the antenna is on top of the radar.

ImageRadar RLM SOC S-band

The radar is a Janus-faced ESA, evidently intended to generate track outputs at a significantly higher rate than the VNIIRT 2RL80/2RL80E on early production systems for the Russian PVO and export clients. The system is claimed to be for an export client, not disclosed, who may be Middle Eastern given the desert camouflage on the prototype vehicle. A higher tracking rate would provide a better capability to track PGM targets, especially variants of the AGM-88 HARM/AARGM. Source ausairpower.net

General data:  
Type: Radar Altitude Max: 7620 m
Range Max: 55.6 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0.2 km Generation: Late 2000s
Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Pulse Doppler Radar (Full LDSD Capability)
Sensors / EW:
Hot Shot [RLM SOC] Acquisition – Radar
Role: Radar, Target Indicator, 3D Surface-to-Air
Max Range: 55.6 km

Source cmano-db.com

ImageImage

New radar 1RL-123E for Pantsir-S1

Image: vitalykuzmin.net
 Main characteristics

Radar detection and targeting combat vehicle ZRPK (SOC BM)

Radar detection 1RL123 E-air targets

Option 1 option 2
The range of radio waves centimetric “L”
Field of view:
   in range, km 1-30 1-50 10-200
   in azimuth, deg 360
   in elevation, deg from 0 to 60 -2 to +60
   height, km 15 thirty
Temp Zone / pace escort review, 4/2 6/3
Target detection range with EPR 1 m, km 26 (32) * 47 130
Suppression of reflections from fixed local object dB 55 50 … 55
The accuracy of measurement of coordinates:
   range, m 50 20 … 50
   azimuth min 18 … 20 15 … 18 25
   elevation, min 30 … 35 25 … 30 25
Resolution:
   range, m 150 … 200 100
   in azimuth, deg 3.2 4
   in elevation, deg 7 5.5
Dimensions PAR:
   Width, mm 1776 2800
   Height, mm 830 940 3400
Power consumption, kW 2.5 … 3 10 … 12 thirty
Mean time between failures, h 1800 … 2000 2000
Mean recovery time, min 60 60 (30 – electric units)
 * C probability P-0.5

Читать полностью: http://xn—-7sbb5ahj4aiadq2m.xn--p1ai/guide/army/pv/96k6.shtml

Source: Sputnik News, Army Recognition, far-maroc.forumpro.fr/forcesdz.com

Updated Aug 26, 2017

Video Panstir-S1

Video Panstir-S2

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