Daily Archives: October 28, 2015

Mi-24 Super Hind

The south African corporation “Advanced Technologies and Engineering” (ATE), is one of those which make modernizations and maintenance, of the Mi-24 helicopters, out of Russia.

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In 1999 the ΑΤΕ undertook a contract for the modernization of 40 Mi-24 helicopters on behalf of the Algerian Air Force. The first one was delivered in the same year, with a new code name Super Hind.

Until 2004, the modernized helicopters had completed more than 14000 hours of flight, but already from 2002, the Algerian Air Force, satisfied with the result, proposed a contract for further modernizations to the ATE. Source redstar.gr

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The SuperHind is based on the Hind-E airframe. It is fitted with a new integrated navigation and weapons suite, driven by a powerful mission computer. The aircraft controls and systems are unchanged and Mi-24 rated pilots will immediately feel at home, a spokesman for ATE says.

Hind2
Yet, experience on Russian types is not a prerequisite to fly the Mk III. However unusual, the Mi-24 is a well-equipped and instrumental helicopter with straightforward systems, according to ATE. Several pilots and weapons systems operators have already been converted to the type without any difficulty.

“The originality of the SuperHind mission suite is that is blends harmoniously with the aircraft. The mission computer interfaces with the original aircraft systems which is a major cost saving. The various sights and panels driving the mission equipment merge in the cockpits. The capability to find and destroy all conventional targets by day and night and using NVGs is literally at the crew’s fingertips. Source defense-aerospace.com

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Super Hinds are built around core digital systems which integrate flight, sensor and combat systems together. Sensors aboard the Super Hind include a FLIR Pod and TV camera. Sensor data is displayed on tv screens. The Super Hind cockpit is night vision goggle-compatible and features a day/night electro-optical HUD. Doppler GPS enables accurate navigation.

20mm cannon in steerable chain turret with Carl Zeiss Optronics Argos 410-Z

272896350_ad9b203f67The Super Hind features a stablized sight on the aircraft’s nose which includes a FLIR, laser range finder and tv camera. photo : ATE

The Argos 410 enhances and expands the ability of both platforms to perform long range search and rescue, surveillance, reconnaissance, and other observation missions.

The Argos 410-Z military airborne observation system from Carl Zeiss Optronics (Pty) is a South African development drawing on the experience of its Cumulus and Denel Optronics heritage. The turret system itself and facilities allows the customer to select the exact nature of the sensor fit.

The contracted Argos 410-Z sensor configuration includes the latest generation Carl Zeiss Optronics mid-wave ATTICA thermal imager (FLIR), a 3-CCD daylight TV Camera with powerful Zoom Lens, eye-safe Laser Range Finder, Autotracker, and Mission Awareness Positioning System (MAPS). The MAPS function provides the system operator with GPS coordinates of objects of interest which is achieved by a high accuracy integrated Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU).

The Argos 410-Z is built to military specifications and offers outstanding day and night image quality. At the heart of the system is Carl Zeiss Optronics ATTICA 640×512 thermal imager, known for generating clear, focused images. With its four fields of view and advanced image processing features, including edge enhancement, local adaptive dynamic compression and electronic zoom, it offers exceptional detection, recognition and identification ranges. The high resolution, colour 3 CCD continuous zoom camera is supported by a powerful zoom lens. Source saairforce.co.za

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Giat Industries 20 mm M693 (F2)

Turret machine gun Vektor F2 + GI-2 20mm. We can specify two port loading of its parallel

The Giat Industries 20 mm M693 (F2) is a dual feed cannon which fires standard 20 x 139 mm ammunition.

It is gas operated and the firing mode can be selected for single shots, bursts or safe. The gas system operates via two vents, one on each side of the barrel, through which the propellant gases can push against two pistons. The gun is locked by two swinging locking devices which act as struts between the gun body and the gun block. On firing, the two gas pistons are driven to the rear, moving the struts backwards and so allowing the breech block to move to the rear. In this way all the firing forces are developed along the barrel centreline to keep accuracy constant.

d733882ec886f531427c6969c228faa0Image: denellandsystems.co.za

The M693 has three main assemblies: the basic gun or recoil mass; the cradle; and the fire-control unit. The basic gun includes a 7° rifled barrel made of a special nitrided steel and fitted with a muzzle brake. The feed operates on a ratchet and pawl mechanism rotating two side sprockets which can feed ammunition into the gun from both sides, ejecting the spent cases from the same side as the feed in use. This system allows two types of ammunition to be fed into the gun. A further control switch can select the ammunition feed to be used. The linked rounds are fed into the gun from flexible chutes.

The M693 can be fitted with an electric recocking device including a system to indicate the end of its operation, or a hydraulic recocking device.

SPECIFICATIONS:
PROPERTY VALUE
Main weapon caliber (mm)
20
Length (mm)
2600
Barrel length (calibres)
100
Recoil stroke (mm)
60
Height (mm)
260
Weight (kg)
71
Rate of fire (rds/min)
900

Giat Industries 20 mm M693 (F2) data army-guide.com

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The Super Hind can be armed with machine guns on its side doors that can be of the model PKT 7.62 mm of Russian manufacture. Depending on customer’s taste, Super Hind may have its Russian-origin machine guns replaced by M-240 (FN-MAG) in 7.62X51 mm caliber, FN Herstal M3M caliber (.50), GAU-17A (M-134 Minigun ) With six rotating barrels in 7.62X51 mm caliber, GAU-16A (Browning M-2) caliber 12.7mm (.50) machine guns, or 7.62 × 51 mm caliber MG-3 machine guns. The Hind is endowed with large semi-wings mounted on the fuselage that can carry up to 2400 kg of armament of various types. In the case of anti-tank missiles the MK.IV can be equipped with Kentron ZT35 Ingwe missiles with a range of 5 km. Source: planobrazil.com

PKT 7.62 mm (Door mounted)

Length of gun:: 1100 mm
Theoretical rate of fire: 700-800 rounds/min
Combat rate of fire: 250 rounds/min
Maximum range: 3800 m
Muzzle velocity: 830 m/s
Effective range of ground targets: 1000 m
Number of cartridges in the belt: 1000 pcs
Weight of gun: 10.5 kg
Mainly weight: 3.2 kg

Source excaliburarmy.com

M-240 (FN-MAG) – (Door mounted)

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SPECS

  • CALIBER: 7.62x51mm NATO
  • OPERATION: Open-bolt
  • BARREL LENGTH: 21.7″
  • OVERALL LENGTH: 48.5″
  • HEIGHT: 11.6″
  • RATE OF FIRE: 550 – 650 RPM

EFFECTIVE RANGES

  • 600m effective range, grazing fire
  • 800m effective range, point target
  • 900m effective range, tracer burnout
  • 1,800m effective range, area target
  • 3,725m maximum range

Source fnamerica.com

FN Herstal M3M caliber (.50) (Door mounted)

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Designation 0.50″/72 (12.7 mm) M3M FH Herstal MG
Ship Class Used On Rotary-wing aircraft
Weight 79.9 lbs. (35.8 kg)
Gun Length oa 59.8 in (1.520 m)
Barrel length 36 in (0.914 m)
Rifling Length 31.5 in (0.800 m)
Grooves 8
Lands N/A
Twist N/A
Chamber Volume 1.5 in3 (24.6 cm3)
Rate Of Fire 950 – 1,100 rounds per minute cyclic
200 rounds per minute practical

Source navweaps.com

8 x INGWE laser-guided tandem-warhead anti-tank missiles

Denel ZT3 Ingwe

Originally a Kentron product, the Denel ZT3 Ingwe (Afrikaans for “Leopard”) was developed by South Africa’s Project Raleigh, as a complement to the SADF’s ageing MILAN ATGM, and as a successor to that weapon for use on vehicles. It is unmistakably a BGM-71 TOW variant, despite the official claim that it was developed solely in South Africa.

The most interesting twist is that how the technology used in its guidance system could have ended up in the hands of the South African military-industrial complex has never been clarified, but events have shown that it might have been stolen from the US. Soon after the Ingwe was first unveiled in public the US government and defense industry realized it was virtually identical to an experimental variant of the TOW that was undergoing testing in the US at the time — a variant which, at the time, was still a top secret program. How this technology ended up in South Africa is still unexplained by both US and South African authorities, though it is almost certain that espionage was involved.

Image thaimilitaryandasianregion.wordpress.com

The Ingwe employs semi-active laser guidance. The target is illuminated by a spot from a laser designator, which the missile actively seeks. This system has the advantages of being invulnerable to radio jamming and/or interference, none of the flight limitations imposed by wire guidance, and the ability of the launch platform to remain completely behind cover without having to expose itself (i.e., the missile may be guided by a laser designator other than the one on the launch platform, such as by troops, a helicopter, a ground vehicle, etc.). It is also possible to “ripple fire” laser-guided missiles; if several are launched in rapid succession, the second one can be directed to a second target after the impact of the first, and so on, until multiple missiles have destroyed multiple targets in rapid succession. However, the recent advent of laser detectors and dazzlers entails that laser guidance is no longer stealthy or safe from jamming.

The effective range of the Ingwe is 5 000 m, which is considerably longer than any wire-guided TOW variant; this is likely resulted from a combination of eliminating the guidance cable, and the installation of a more powerful rocket motor (which was also made possible by eliminating the cable as well, as it limited how fast the missile could fly without damaging the guidance system). The minimum effective range is still quite long, at 250 m. The claimed flight speed is 200 m/sec, which is slightly faster than the average speed of a TOW at 187 m/sec.

Propulsion is by a single-stage, solid fuel rocket motor. The quantity and composition of the fuel is classified, but likely contain organic chemical compounds.

At least three warheads have been developed for the Ingwe. The original ZT3A missile had a shaped charge warhead rated to penetrate 650 mm or RHA Steel, while the improved ZT-3B has a tandem shaped charge warhead that is rated to penetrate 1 000 mm or RHA Steel, after ERA. A new type of warhead unveiled at the IDEX 2013 exposition, dubbed the MPP (Multi Purpose Penetrator) has been developed for use against light armor and material targets (unarmored vehicles, parked aircraft, structures, trucks, etc.), but the MPP has apparently not yet been adopted.

Source military-today.com

Technical Data

  • Missile mass : 28.5 kg
  • Missile diameter : 127 mm
  • Missile length : 1 750 mm
  • Penetration : up to 1 000 mm in RHA (with ERA)
  • Range : 250 m to beyond 5 000 m

Source deneldynamics.co.za

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Russian weapons

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If the customer’s taste is for Russian armament (although the model has been marketed only with Western weapons), Super Hind can maintain the ability to operate up to 16 anti-tank missiles that can be AT-6 Spiral (9K114 Shturm) with range Of 6 km and guided by radio, or the missile AT-9 Spiral 2 (9M120 Ataka V) with 6 km of distance and guided by radio. The advantage of AT-9 is to be more precise and destructive against armor. Super Hind can also operate on rockets of various calibers, and can operate four UB-32-57 mm PODs, which can be equipped with 32 S-5 57-mm rockets, up to four B-8M1 and B8V20-A PODs, Which can be equipped with up to 20 S-8 Rocket 80-mm rockets and the B-13L POD that can be equipped with up to five 122-mm Rocket S-13 rockets. Super Hind can also be equipped with the S-24B unguided rocket that has a 125 kg warhead and a 3 km range. An interesting fact is that only the pilot can launch rockets because they depend on alignment with the target.

16 x AT-6 Spiral (9K114 Shturm)

General characteristics (AT-6A Spiral)

  • Length: 1625 mm
  • Wingspan: 360 mm
  • Diameter: 130 mm
  • Launch weight: 31.4 kg
  • Speed: 345 m/s 9M120M 55-500 (medium 350-400).
  • Range: 400 m to 5 km (8 of 9M120M, year 2000). 9M120D 10.
  • Guidance: Radio command link Semi-automatic command to line of sight
  • Warhead: 5.3 kg HEAT 560 mm vs RHA 9M120M 950 mm+ERA vs RHA

Source wikiwand.com

16 x T-9 Spiral 2 (9M120 Ataka V)

9M120_ATGM_Ataka13-image1

ATAKA missiles with laser guidance system  range of 8,000 m t0 10,000 m. The improved warhead can penetrate over 950 mm of RHA after ERA.

Type Anti-tank missile
Diameter 0.130 m body, 0.36 m wingspan
Length 1.625 m
Weight 31.4 kg
Guidance Radio command guidance
Warhead 5.3 kg HEAT warhead, penetration 560 – 600 mm RHA
Propulsion Solid propellant rocket motor
Speed 345 m/s
Range 400 m minimum, 5 km maximum

Source weaponsystems.net

UB-32-57 mm PODs

B-8M1 PODS

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B8V20-A PODs

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S-5 rocket

Image: edetechnologies.com

The S-5 (first designated ARS-57) is a rocket weapon developed by the Soviet Air Force and used by military aircraft against ground area targets. It is in service with the Russian Air Force and various export customers.

Image: yugoimport.com

It is produced in a variety of subtypes with different warheads, including HEAT anti-armour (S-5K), high-explosive fragmentation (S-5M/MO), smoke, and incendiary rounds. Each rocket is about 1.4 meters (4 ft 6 in) long and weighs about 5 kg (11 lb), depending on warhead and fuze. Range is 3 to 4 kilometres (1.9 to 2.6 miles). Source revolvy.com

B-13L POD

B-13L-032

 

The S-13 is a 122 mm calibre unguided rocket weapon developed by the Soviet Air Force for use by military aircraft. It remains in service with the Russian Air Force and some other countries.

The S-13 rocket was developed in the 1970s to meet requirements for a penetrating weapon capable of cratering runways and penetrating hardened aircraft shelters, bunkers and pillboxes, to fill a gap between 80 mm and 240 mm rockets and fulfill a role similar to the 127 mm Zuni rocket. The S-13 is conventional in layout, with a solid rocket motor and folding tail fins that provide stability after launch.

The first trials were in 1973, but it was introduced only in 1983. S-13 rockets are shot from 5-tube launchers B-13L, that can be carried by most of Soviet and Russian attack and new fighter aircraft, like Su-17/20/22,Su-24, Su-25, Su-27, MiG-23BN, MiG-27, MiG-29. B-13L1 launcher is used by helicopters, like Mil Mi-24, Mil Mi-28, Ka-29TB, Ka-50, Ka-52.

S-13 rocket

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Source su-27flanker.com

S-24B unguided rocket

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The S-24 is a rocket weapon designed and used by the Soviet Air Force. It remains in use by the Russian Air Force. The name is based on the diameter of the rocket, 24 cm (9.4 in).

The Soviet Union was an early, enthusiastic user of rocket weapons, employing them as early as the 1930s. The S-24/S-24B is a very large, powerful unguided weapon and one of a handful of successors to the earlier world war II era BETAB-750DS rockets,.[1]

The S-24 is 2.33 metres (7 ft 8 in) long, with a launch weight of 235 kg (520 lb). It has a 123 kg (271 lb) blast-fragmentation warhead. Its range is about 2–3 kilometres (1.2–1.9 mi). The S-24 is carried individually on weapon pylons, rather than in pods. Source wikiwand.com

In what is said to pumps the Super Hind can be equipped with pumps of western origin of the Mk family. 80 being armed with up to eight Mk free fall bombs. 81 of 112kg, 8 pumps Mk.82 of 225 kg, 4 pumps Mk.83 of 450 kg or two pumps Mk.84 of 900 kg, another solution can be the pumps of Russian origin FAB (Fugasnaya aviatsionnaya pump – Russian equivalent to the pumps Of the Mk.80 series) being armed with up to 8 FIB 50UD free fall bombs of 50 kg, 8 FAB 100 of 100 kg, 8 FAB-250M-46 of 250 kg or two of FAB-500M-46 of 500 kg, ( The FAB 2 bombs “Naplm” ZB-500 or 4 “Naplm” ZB-250 incendiary bombs, and a KMGU-2 submunition dispenser. In addition to Hind armament, Hind can also carry under its wings up to 4 external 500 liter tanks (132 Gallons). Translated by google – Source planobrazil.com

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Super Hind Variants

Super Hind Mk 2 – combines core avionics package with the standard Mi-24 ‘Hind F’ weapons package.

Mi_24_SuperHindII (600 x 212)Super Hind MkII (Mi-24) . First flight: 1999 © K. Panitsidis

Super Hind Mk 3 – adds the core avionics systems together with a dual-feed, turreted, 20mm cannon and INGWE anti-tank missiles. The 20mm cannon can be slaved to the crew’s helmets.

Mi_24_SuperHind_III (600 x 212)Super Hind MkIII (Mi-24) © Konstantinos Panitsidis 

Planned future upgrades include a redesigned fuselage, digital glass cockpit, infra-red exhaust suppressors, sand filters, composite rotor blades, fixed landing gear and a digital autopilot system. These upgrades will result in the MI-24 Super Agile Hind.

Mi_24_SuperHindMkIII (600 x 212).pngSuper Hind MkIII (Mi-24), fitted with a protective cover to the exhaust nozzles to reduce signature IR. © Konstantinos Panitsidis553704_3522337497114_1232377681_33467732_122884743_nSuper Hind MkIII (Mi-24)

The ATE version Mi-24 Super Hind Mk. IV is a development of the MK version. III, and presents considerable improvements over the other models and will be the focus of this matter.

Cockpit

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Pilot Mk 3

Picture1

Gunner Mk 3

Mk3cockpit

The vector is equipped with a complete navigation suite and was designed to have a glasscockpit aimed at reducing the workload on the crew also has a HMD (Helmet Mounted Display) Zh-3YM-1 Schchel-3U system of Russian origin or The French Thales TopOwl system giving a good solution for customers who are not accustomed to Russian defense products. The HMD automatically directs the cannon to where the copilot-gunner is looking and can be equipped with an integrated Night Vision Googles (NVG) and a HUD (Head-Up Display) that provides navigation information that allows the flight Nap-of-the-earth (NOE) with low flight profile following the low altitude, using the masking of the ground, Hiding behind the imperfections of the ground and treetops avoiding detection by enemy radars at a height of 15 meters. Digital autopilot system and GPS navigation . Source planobrazil.com

HMD (Helmet Mounted Display) Zh-3YM-1 Schchel-3U system

French Thales TopOwl system

Le Casque TopOwl MKII / TIGRE / GAMSTAT VALENCEThales Avionics TopOwl helmet-mounted sight display (HMSD)- Image: thalesgroup.com

Engines

tumblr_njj56y3D091qmqs6fo6_1280With Pall Vortex Engine Air Particle Separator System

Two Klimov TV3-117V

Klimov TV3-117 turboshaft

The Klimov TV3-117 is a turboshaft engine family intended to provide power to medium rotary-wing aircraft. The engine family provides a maximum power at takeoff between 1,800 and 2,200 shaft-horsepower (shp).

Power
Emergency Power: 2,200 shp (1,641 kW)
Max Power at Cruise: 1,500 shp
Max Power at TakeOff: 2,000 shp (1,492 kW)
Weight
Dry Weight: 294 kilogram (648 pound)

Source deagel.com

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MI-24 Super Hind Specifications

Crew 2 – With Pilot seated above and behind Gunner
+ 2 door gunners (optional)
MI-24 SUPERHIND FEATURES

  • integrated avionics package
  • night vision compatible cockpit
  • doppler GPS navigation
  • reduced vibration
  • stabilized nose-mounted sensor / sight package featuring FLIR, range finder and TV camera
  • optional dual-feed 20mm cannon in steerable chin turret
  • day/night heads up display (HUD)
  • flight data record
  • vhs video recording of sensor data
Engines Two Klimov 1500-hp TV3-117 turboshafts
Dimensions L – 17.51m
W (rotor diameter) – 17.30m
H – 3.97m
Weights 8200 kg (empty)
26,455 kg (max loudout)
Max Speed 180 kt (279 kph)
Range 1000 km – with external fuel pods
Armament optional replacement of standard Mi-24 weapons:

20mm dual-feed cannon
up to 16 INGWE laser-guided tandem-warhead anti-tank missiles

Source: Gun Copter

Updated Jun 26, 2017

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Video :

Mi-24 Super Hind guncopter.com

2s25 SPRUT 18 ton Tank Killer

The 2S25 Sprut-SD (Russian: 2С25 «Спрут-СД»; 2S25 “Kraken-SD”) is a self-propelled tank destroyer or light tank developed and manufactured by the Russian defence company, Volgograd tractor factory joint stock company to meet the requirements of the VDV. In mid-2001, the Volgograd tractor plant revealed that the development of the 2S25 lasted several years.

2s25.main.8491

The Sprut-SD is designed to defeat tanks, hard-skinned material and enemy manpower by airborne and amphibious landing forces, as well as by specially designated units of ground forces. Its main armament, the Sprut anti-tank gun, is capable of firing APFSDS, HE-Frag, HEAT and ATGM ammunition. This grants the 2S25 to be as powerful as a main battle tank and as maneuverable and amphibious as airborne infantry combat vehicles. The 2S25 can be used by units of ground forces and naval infantry as a light amphibious tank.

sprut_280814_1.t

The 2S25 is based on the chassis of the BMD-3 Infantry fighting vehicle which is also produced by the Volgograd tractor factory and in service with the Russian airborne troops. Notable distinctions from the BMD-3 are the armament, the fire control system and the addition of two wheels to each side of the vehicle; which increases to 7 on each side. At the front of the chassis is where the crew is located. The turret and ammunition occupies the middle of the vehicle, while the engine-transmission compartment is towards the rear.

125 mm smoothbore 2A75 tank gun

Tank_turret,_Volgograd_region

The main armament of the 2S25 is a 125 mm smoothbore 2A75 tank gun which is a derivative of the 125 mm 2A46 tank gun installed on other Russian main battle tanks. The ammunition of the 2A75 includes laser guided missiles like the 9M119 Svir; providing a maximum range of 4 km for defeating armored targets. Reloading the main gun is completed by means of a horizontal autoloader mounted behind the turret. It can carry a total of 40 rounds for the main armament with 22 ready to use in the autoloader. In case the autoloader is no longer intact, manual loading is possible at the cost of a substantially longer reload time.

2s25_sprut-sd_163_of_401

9M119 Svir

Granata 39M119 Svirtank1 (1)9M119 Svir loaded into main gun autoloaderAuto-Loader2S25_08

The weight of the 2S25 is 18 tonnes which is comparable to that of infantry fighting vehicles. Like the BMD-3, the 2S25 features hydropneumatic suspension with a variable height clearance of 190–590 mm within 6–7 seconds to reduce visibility. Hydropneumatic suspension provides high smoothness while driving and dampens recoil of the main gun. Suspension on each side consists of seven single rollers, four support rollers, rear wheel drive and a front-mounted steering wheel. There are hydraulic track adjusters in assistance for greater mobility. In the engine-transmission compartment, multi-fuel diesel engine 2V-06-2S installed, which develops a power of 510 hp (380 kW). It features an automatic transmission that has five gears forward and five gears reverse

2s25_sprut-sd_006_of_4012s25_sprut-sd_004_of_401

Operators

 Russia

  • Russian airborne troops – 24 vehicles were in service during 2009[2] with further orders being cancelled in 2010. In 2013, the Russian airborne troops ordered a new 125 mm self-propelled gun to the replace 2S25; based on the BMD-4 chassis with a 2A46M-5 125 mm gun.

Gross weight, t 18
Crew 3
Maximum speed, km/h:
on road 70
afloat 10
Cruising range, km 500
Weaponry set:
125-mm 2A75 smoothbore cannon:
ammunition load, total / in autoloader, rds 40 / 22
rounds options APFSDS, HEAT, HE-Frag, laser-guided missile
rate of fire, rds/min 7
7.62-mm PKT coaxial machine gun:
ammunition load, rds 2,000
Laying angles, deg: 360
in azimuth -5 … +15 (forward)
in elevation -3 … +17 (backward)
Armour protection:
frontal (within the sector of ±40 deg)
against 12.7mm bullets
omnidirectional
against 7.62mm bullets
Engine:
type Diesel, 2V-06-2S
power, kW (hp) 375 (510)
specific power, kW/t (hp/t) 20.8 (28.3)

BMD-4 Pictured below

BMD-4_(6)BMD-4_(1)

Source: Wiki, WARFARE.BE

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2s25 Sprut firing main gun link below

F-18XT Advance Super Hornet

The Advanced Super Hornet offers a menu of upgrades for the U.S. Navy’s current or new built F/A-18 E/F Super Hornets. Original equipment manufacturer (OEM) Boeing believes the upgraded platform is a viable and economical way to counter emerging threats, though program personnel downplay any rivalry with the F-35C.

First flight of the F/A-18E/F Advanced Super Hornet with conformal fuel tanks and Enclosed Weapons Pod. 8/7/2013

First flight of the F/A-18E/F Advanced Super Hornet with conformal fuel tanks and Enclosed Weapons Pod. 8/7/2013

Most noticeably, the F/A-18E/F Super Hornet and the EA-18G Growler, its electronic warfare platform sibling, are 25 percent larger than the original Hornet. Less noticeably — certainly from a radar’s perspective — the Super Hornet incorporates stealth technology. It also carries modern avionics and weaponry that cannot be retrofitted on legacy F/A-18s.

F18-Advanced-Super-Hornet-3

Advanced Super Hornet Enhancements

  • Longer range with low-drag, stealthy conformal fuel tanks (CFTs)
  • Enhanced low observability with enclosed weapons pod and next gen radar cross section reduction
  • Enables long-range detection of adversary stealth aircraft with internal Infrared Search-and-Track (IRST)
  • Significant acceleration and durability with Enhanced Engine
  • Advanced information fusion optimizes decision loop
  • Next-generation cockpit optimizes situational awareness and reduces workload

Source airwingmedia.com

advanced_super_hornet

The Advanced Super Hornet, derived from the Block II Super Hornet, incorporates a trio of major upgrades, all retrofittable onto Super Hornets and Growlers currently in service: conformal wing-top fuel tanks, an enclosed weapons pod, and radar signature enhancements. Possible future enhancements include a high-resolution cockpit display, internal infrared search and track (IRST) system, and enhanced engines. An upgraded cockpit is already a standard international offering for new Super Hornet orders.

Block III

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Internal infrared search and track (IRST) system

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Internal infrared search and track (IRST) system

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IRST21 Sensor System – Image: lockheedmartin.com

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Features

  • Long-range infrared scan and detection of airborne threats
  • Passive detection and ranging
  • Large field of regard
  • Immune to electronic deception
  • Programmable scan modes
  • Low false-alarm rate
  • Automatic target detection algorithms
  • Multiple mounting options

Source PDF lockheedmartin.com

Conformal fuel tanks

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The two conformal fuel tanks, fitted atop the fuselage, hold 3,500 pounds of useable fuel, adding either 260 nautical miles in range or 130 nautical miles of combat radius, an impressive boost in capability for an aircraft this size. Gammon notes that “range is an ever more important topic in U.S. military, especially in the Pacific theater,” given the large distances to cover. Adding only 870 pounds of structural weight, the wing-top fuel tanks create no additional drag at subsonic speeds.

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Tests have shown the CFTs installed on the upper fuselage increase the Super Hornet’s mission radius by up to 130 nm, for a total radius exceeding 700 nm. The CFTs add no drag to the aircraft at subsonic speed; at transonic or supersonic speeds they produce less drag than a centerline fuel tank, Boeing said. Enhancements to the aircraft’s radar cross section, including the EWP, produced a 50-percent improvement in its frontal low-observable (LO) signature. “We have worked very hard to make sure that the CFTs were not a negative contributor to the [radar] signature,” said Paul Summers, Boeing Super Hornet and Growler director.

CFTs on the Growler would provide equivalent mission performance in terms of range and performance, but with 3,000 pounds less fuel, compared to an EA-18G fitted with two 480-gallon external fuel tanks, three jamming pods and two AGM-88 HARM anti-radiation missiles. Summers said the removal of the external fuel tanks would enable the ALQ-99 tactical jamming pods and their planned replacement system in 2020, the Next Generation Jammer, to have an unobstructed field of regard for jamming. “Historically, the fuel tanks tend to block some of the radiation coming off of the airplane,” he said. Source ainonline.com

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The upgraded cockpit on new Super Hornets includes increased computing power, supporting enhanced graphical data displays, and an 11- by 19-inch touch screen. “We can create three-dimensional images of the geography that’s in front of pilots,” Gammon says.

AN / APX-111 IFF

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The AN / APX-111 is a system for friend-to-enemy detection (IFF), which is used on the F / A-18 Hornet . Produced by BAE Systems .

Description

Since IFF requests have to be received and answered from all directions, there are a total of five antennas on the F / A-18 flight cell covering the entire airspace. In addition to receiving and responding to requests, the system can also send such requests via an antenna at the front of the machine. In order to protect the inquiries from interception and interference by the enemy, they are encrypted in various ways. The APX-111 is equipped with a computer with the designation KIV-6 / TSEC.AN APX-111 IFF transponder 3 Feb 2016.jpg.scale.LARGE

Technical specifications

  • Weight: 20,60 kg
  • Volume: 0,0134 m³
  • Power consumption: 180 watts
  • MTBF : 2500 hours
  • MTTR : 15 minutes
  • Error detection probability: 97%

Transponder system

  • Transmission power: 0.5 kW
  • Reception: -76 dBm
  • IFF modes: 1, 2, 3 / A, C, 4, S (Mode 5 can be retrofitted)

Query system

  • Range:> 185 km
  • Transmission power: 1.4 kW
  • Reception: -83 dBm
  • Target sector: 70 ° × 60 ° (forward direction)
  • Angular deviation: ± 2 °
  • Distance resolution: <152 m
  • Maximum targets: 32
  • IFF modes: 1, 2, 3 / A, C, 4 (Mode 5 can be retrofitted)
  • Waveform: monopulse

Source wikiwand.com

Cockpit

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Elbit Systems

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Elbit Systems of America® is a global leader in developing and manufacturing display and mission management systems for air, land, and sea applications. Military forces worldwide rely on our displays to simplify the increasing workload on commanders and crew by presenting information and crisp, sensor video images that enhance communication, navigation, and situational awareness capabilities.

Features and Benefits:

  • AMLCD ruggedization to withstand and perform in harsh military environments
  • Backlights efficiently deliver high brightness for direct sun viewability while allowing extreme dimmability for night operation in excess of 20,000:1
  • ANVIS compatibility with both Class A and Class B requirements, wide-viewing angles, and preservation of the red color
  • System
    • Powerful real-time and non real-time processors backed with our high-performance and high visual quality graphics accelerators and generators
    • Optimized video processing for image clarity and resolution
    • Multiple picture-in-picture windowing with a comprehensive interface suite
    • System software with powerful applications including: primary flight display, situational awareness, digital real-time moving map, fusion of sensor video with digital maps, digital terrain elevation, threat intervisibility, data sharing, messaging, and EFB.
    • Packaged in the smallest volume possible with the lowest power consumption and weight

Source elbitsystems-us.com

Boeing F-15SE Silent Eagle: Details

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Meanwhile, the robust high-definition touch screen monitor (“You can stick a screwdriver through it, and it’s still functional,” Gammon says) replaces four separate cathode ray tube (CRT) displays, providing more area for presenting information and giving pilots more choices in the data they want to see. That minimizes the need to look around the panel or seek data on underlying pages during flight and combat operations. The consolidated displays also reduce the number of line replaceable units (LRUs) that have to be kept in inventory.

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APG-79 multi-mode radar

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With its active electronic beam scanning — which allows the radar beam to be steered at nearly the speed of light — the APG-79 optimizes situational awareness and provides superior air-to-air and air-to-surface capability. The agile beam enables the multimode radar to interleave in near-real time, so that pilot and crew can use both modes simultaneously.

Now in full rate production for the U.S. Navy and Royal Australian Air Force, the APG-79 demonstrates reliability, image resolution, and targeting and tracking range significantly greater than that of the previous mechanically scanned array F/A-18 radar. With its open systems architecture and compact, commercial-off-the-shelf parts, it delivers dramatically increased capability in a smaller, lighter package. The array is composed of numerous solid-state transmit and receive modules to virtually eliminate mechanical breakdown. Other system components include an advanced receiver/exciter, ruggedized COTS processor, and power supplies.

In addition to the APG-79, Raytheon supplies the F/A-18E/F aircraft with several other systems. Among these are the current APG-73 radar, ATFLIR forward-looking infrared targeting pod, ALR-67(V)3 digital radar warning receiver, ALE-50 towed decoy and a variety of missiles and bombs, including laser-guided weapons such as the Paveway and JSOW. Source raytheon.com

General data:
Type: Radar Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 222.2 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0.2 km Generation: Late 2000s
Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Non-Coperative Target Recognition (NCTR) – Narrow Beam Interleaved Search and Track [Class Info], Continous Tracking Capability [Phased Array Radar], Track While Scan (TWS), Low Probability of Intercept (LPI), Pulse Doppler Radar (Full LDSD Capability), Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA)
Sensors / EW:
AN/APG-79 AESA – (F/A-18E/F, LPI) Radar
Role: Radar, FCR, Air-to-Air & Air-to-Surface, Medium-Range
Max Range: 222.2 km

Source cmano-db.com

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Image: ausairpower.net

Raytheon AN/ALR-67(V)3 radar warning receiver

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raytheon.co

The AN/ALR-67(V)3 is the advanced digital countermeasures receiving set now serving as the “System of Record” U.S. Navy radar warning receiver (RWR) on all front-line, carrier-based F/A-18 E/F Super Hornet tactical aircraft. In full rate production, it is the Naval Air Systems Command’s answer to a critical operational requirement ensuring survivability in today’s complex, high-density environment.

The channelized receiver architecture allows successful detection of emitters in high pulse density, as well as interception of faint distant signals despite interference from strong nearby transmitters. The digital measurement path of the receiver uses leading edge digital technology for improved reliability and low cost through reduced parts count, and improved performance through precision digital parameter measurements. This is a key enabler for the advanced functionality needed to fulfill the requirements of major combat operations over the next several decades.

The AN/ALR-67(V)3 is fully integrated with all avionics equipment on the F/A-18 A/B/C/D Hornets, as well as that on the F/A-18E/F Super Hornets. source raytheon.com

ALE-50 Towed Decoy

The ALE-50 program, a joint development venture by a U.S. Air Force/Navy/Raytheon integrated product team, demonstrates a highly successful multi-service approach to ECM system commonality. The ALE-50 towed decoy acts as a preferential target that lures enemy missiles away by providing a much larger radar cross section than the aircraft. The protection it provides to aircraft and aircrews makes the ALE-50 one of the most important end-game electronic countermeasures available today. More than 25,000 decoys have been delivered.

The ALE-50 towed decoy has provided combat-proven aircraft protection against RF missile threats in Kosovo, Afghanistan, and Iraq. Featuring low acquisition and life-cycle cost, the system adaptability enables installation and operation on virtually any airborne platform. The ALE-50 towed decoy is currently operational on the F-16, F/A-18E/F, and B-1B aircraft.

Raytheon can also provide fiber-optic towed decoys, including high-power variants, to protect both tactical and large aircraft. A reel-out reel-in magazine enabling decoy reuse is also in development. source raytheon.com

The Advanced Super Hornet also will be stealthier than current Super Hornets.  Further reducing its radar profile, external weapons can be mounted within an enclosed pod that is opened for weapon deployment. The advanced airframe also offers an option to stealthily carry the IRST system the U.S. Navy currently plans to deploy on its fighters, concealed within the gun bay door.

Weapons

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20mm M61A1 Vulcan

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The M61A1 Vulcan cannon is a six-barrel 20mm gun capable offiring 6,600 rounds per minute. Its operation is based upon the principle used in the rapid-firing gun invented byRichard J. Gatling in the 1860s. The six rotating barrels,firing one at a time, permit a high rate of fire while at thesame time reducing the problem of barrel wear and heat generation.The gun can be driven electrically, hydraulically, or by a ram-air turbine. The Vulcan has equipped such USAF aircraft as the F-104, F-105, F-15, F-16, F/A-18, A-7D,F-111A, F-4E, B-58, and B-52H.

General characteristics
Type Cannon Gatling
Contractor General Electric
Range 1 mile 1.6 km
Caliber 0.79 in 20mm
Weight 255 lb 102 kg
Mounted Internally
Muzzle velocity 3,400 ft/s 3,730 km/h
Rate of fire 6,600 rounds per minute
Magazine capacity 515

Source military.cz

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JDAM

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Boeing GBU-39 GPS-guided 113kg (250lb) small diameter bomb

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The Laser Small Diameter Bomb (Laser SDB) system is the next generation of affordable and low-collateral-damage precision strike weapons, which builds on the success of the same Semi-active Laser (SAL) sensor currently used by Boeing’s Laser JDAM.  A Laser SDB increases mission effectiveness in several ways:

By using already-proven laser sensor technology, Laser SDB offers the flexibility to prosecute targets of opportunity, including moving targets. With the BRU-61 Carriage System, these optimized munitions offer increased load-out for each weapons station to prosecute multiple targets per sortie. As a 250-lb. class weapon, Laser SDB’s smaller size and High Performance Wing Assembly allow it to glide for extended ranges.

Besides providing a safer standoff distance for pilots at greater than 60 nautical miles, Laser SDB target coordinates can be updated after weapon release by illuminating the target with standard Laser designation procedures. Laser SDB also retains a smaller warhead that provides reduced collateral damage, and offers ultra-low fragmentation with the composite focused lethality munition (FLM) variant. Source boeing.ca

AIM-120 AMRAAM

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The AIM-120 AMRAAM (Advanced Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile) is one of the most modern, powerful, and widely used air-to-air missiles in the entire world. After it entered limited service in 1991, this missile has been exported to about 35 countries around the world, where it has certainly been proven with over 3 900 test shots and 10 combat victories.

By the 1980s, the US deemed its current stock of air-to-air missiles, particularly the medium-range AIM-7 Sparrow, were obsolete, or at least not as capable as the latest Soviet missiles of the time. While the Sparrow was effective, with about 60 kills, it was not effective enough. In particular, it had one crushing fault—it was not fire-and-forget, meaning that the pilot was forced to remain on the scene and in danger until the missile reached its target. So, development of the AIM-120 AMRAAM began, along with European development of a short-range missile, resulting in the ASRAAM. In 1991, the AMRAAM entered limited service in the US Air Force. Two years later, it was fully operational there as well as the US Navy, while other countries started to show considerable interest.

ord_aim-120a_amraam_vs_aim-7_engagement_envelopes_lgImage: defenceindustrydaily.com
Country of origin United States
Entered service 1991
Missile
Missile length 3.66 m
Missile diameter 0.18 m
Fin span 0.53 m
Missile launch weight 150.75 kg
Warhead weight 22.7 kg
Warhead type HE blast-fragmentation
Range of fire up to 75 km
Guidance active radar homing

Source military-today.com

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JSM missile

Long-distance Anti-ship Missile

The Joint Strike Missile – or JSM – is a long-distance anti-ship missile designed to take on high value, heavily defended targets. The long standoff range (distance from the aircraft to the target) ensures that the aircraft and pilots remain out of harm’s way.

JSM has sophisticated target acquisition capability that uses Autonomous Target Recognition, made possible by an imaging infrared seeker. It is the only fifth-generation cruise missile that will be integrated on the F-35 and also available for integration on other aircraft intended for offensive anti-surface warfare (OASuW) applications.

FEATURES

  • Advanced engagement planning system that exploits the geography in the area
  • Accurate navigation system for flight close to terrain
  • High maneuverability to allow flight planning in close vicinity to land masses
  • Discriminating seeker with imaging infrared technology
  • Two-way networking datalink (compliant with standard military equipment) offering target-update, retargeting and mission-abort capabilities

The Joint Strike Missile is a partnership between Raytheon Company and Norwegian defense company Kongsberg Gruppen. Source raytheon.com

JSM Key Characteristics
Length : 4.00 m (157 in)
Height : 0.52 m (20.4 in)
Width : 0.48 m (18.9 in) (stowed)
Mass : 416kg (917 lbs)
Speed : High Subsonic
Agility : High
Guidance
Inertial Navigation, aided by GPS and
TERCOM.
Imaging Infra-Red Target Seeker.

Source kongsberg.com

F/A-18F Advanced Super Hornet with Conformal Fuel Tanks on top and Weapons Pod for Flight Test Coverage - walk around, climbin, takeoff, climbout. First flight with weapons pod. - St. Louis 8/7/13 

In the future, the Advanced Super Hornet also may incorporate an enhanced version of its current GE F414-400 engines. General Electric Aircraft Engines has introduced modular upgrades to the motor that boost its power to 22,000 pounds of thrust and reduce fuel consumption from 3 to 5 percent. For combat missions, the enhanced engine could be operated at higher temperatures than previously allowed, providing an additional 20 percent thrust, a critical improvement for its air combat role.

Engines

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F414 enhanced engine

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The enhanced powerplant is also more durable and maintainable. Technology changes extend the time between overhaul from 2,000 to 4,000 hours for the hot section, and from 4,000 to 6,000 hours for the turbine fan.

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Currently, flyaway cost of an F/A-18 E/F for the U.S. Navy is about $52 million, while the EA-18G Growler costs about $62 million. The Advanced Super Hornet capabilities would add about 10 to 15 percent to the cost of the aircraft. Meanwhile, estimates for the true costs of the F-35C range from about $85 million per aircraft to almost $300 million.

Second flight of the F/A-18E/F Advanced Super Hornet with conformal fuel tanks. 8/6/2013

Second flight of the F/A-18E/F Advanced Super Hornet with conformal fuel tanks. 8/6/2013

The next step is a multi-ship, multi-spectral fusion demonstration, referred to as Fleet Exercise (FLEX) ’15, scheduled for next spring. “That will involve multiple Super Hornets and Growlers using data link, which provides us with broadband Internet in the sky and a distributed targeting network that allows us to trade sensor information among all the airplanes in a strike package,”

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The U.S. Navy has a Program of Record for 563 Super Hornets and 138 Growlers, for a total of more than 700 retrofittable platforms. Boeing will continue to deliver Super Hornets and Growlers to the U.S. Navy, as well as the Royal Australian Air Force, through 2016 based on the current Program of Record.

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Source abdonline.com

Updated Dec 24, 2017