Daily Archives: October 14, 2015

Royal Thai Navy LPD HTMS Angthong 791



76mm Oto Melara super rapid naval gun


2 x 30mm remote control guns











Officers lounge










Side loading doors



The Royal Thai Navy first Endurance-class landing platform dock ship, HTMS Angthong (LPD-791) at Laem Thien Port, Sattahip naval base in Chon Buri, Thailand.


Length 141m

Beam of 21m

Draft of 5m

Displacement capacity of 7,600t

Range 5,000nm at 12kts

Complement 120 crew, 15 air crew, >300 troops

Helicopters 2

Propulsion 2 x CPP

Landing craft 2 x 13m LCVP,  2 x 23m LCM


The frigate features 76mm Oto Melara super rapid naval gun, which can fire at a rate of 120 rounds a minute to a maximum range of 30km. Two 30mm remote control guns.

Video of Seahawk Landing on the HTMS Angthong:

Pictures credit: Thai Defense News

 Updated Mar 15, 2017

T-14 Armata Main Battle Tank

T-14 Armata is a new-generation main battle tank (MBT) developed by Russian company Uralvagonzavod (UVZ). It was officially unveiled for the first time during the Moscow Victory Day Parade in May 2015.

The Armata MBT is expected to enter service in 2015 with the Russian Armed Forces, which plans to induct 2,300 Armata main battle tanks by 2020.

First tanks T-14 entered service Taman Division after 2020: Here

Excerpt – Translated by Google

In May it became known that the first tanks T-14 entered service Taman Division after 2020.

Tank T-14 on the basis of standardized heavy tracked “Armata” platform developed in Russia in 2000-2010 Ural Transport Machine-Building Design Bureau (part of the Corporation “Uralvagonzavod”) and is the world’s first serial main battle tank of the new layout (with uninhabited combat compartment ). Currently, this type of machine are combat tests.

Russia Claims Its Next-Generation Main Battle Tank Has 3 Times The Range Of The Abrams: Here


Russia’s next-generation battle tank can reportedly out-stick the American armor in a heartbeat — and it’s coming to battlefields sooner than expected.

Russian weapons manufacturer Uralvagonzavod plans on testing the T-14 Armata battle tank at a test range in the industrial city of Nizhny Tagil, deputy prime minister Dmitry Rogozin told Russian media on June 20. In development since the collapse of the Soviet Union and first unveiled as a prototype in 2012, the Russian military is currently field testing 100 Armatas with hopes to deploy the tank downrange as early as 2019. Should the new armor exceed expectations, the Russian Defense Ministry plans on procuring a total 2,300 by 2020.

T-14 Armata design and features


The T-14 Armata is based on a modular combat platform, which can also serve as a basis for other armoured variants such as heavy infantry fighting vehicle (IFV) and armoured personnel carrier (APC).

Modular combat platform

The hull is divided into three compartments, a crew cab at forward, an unmanned remote controlled turret in the centre and a power-pack at the rear. The driver sits in the left, gunner in the middle and commander in the right inside a special armoured capsule. Entry and exit are provided through three hatches in front of the hull.




The roof of the turret houses a meteorological mast, satellite communications, global navigation satellite system (GLONASS), data-link and radio communications antennae.

The tank measures 10.8m-long, 3.5m-wide and 3.3m-high, and has a combat weight of 48t.

turMeteorological mast, satellite communications, global navigation satellite system (GLONASS), data-link and radio communications antennae.


3-zreD9JJxA125mm 2A82-1M smoothbore

The T-14 Armata is fitted with an unmanned turret mounting a 125mm 2A82-1M smoothbore gun fed by an automatic loader. The turret carries a total of 45 rounds of ammunition, including ready-to-use ammunition. The main gun can also fire laser-guided missiles.

T-14-Armata-Tank-Diagram-4T-14 Armata Tank Autoloader Diagram 

125mm 2A82-1M smoothbore gun

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.08.09-20-41-30125mm 2A82-1M smoothbore – Телеканал Звезда

The main gun is the 125mm 2A82-1M smoothbore. It is capable of firing all standard types of ammunition including ATGM giving it a firing range of 8km. Russian media reports that a new Armour-piercing fin-stabilized discarding-sabot (APFSDS)  round called Vacuum-1 is being developed for the T-14 as is a new HE-FRAG called Telnik and a new 3UBK21 Sprinter ATGM.

T-14-Armata-Tank-CannonT-14 Armata Tank Guns is the 2A82

The 125mm 2A82-1M is noticeable in that it does not have a fume extractor. These are normally used to pull the toxic gases from the firing process out of the muzzle after the round has exited so they do not blow back in to the turret when the breach is open so the crew avoiding breathing in the gases. As the turret is unmanned a fume extractor is not required.

t-14-armata-tank-cannon-3Image: 125mm 2A82-1M smoothboretanknutdave.com

The main gun is coupled to the autoloader, which Russian media has said is capable of firing 10+ rounds per minute.

tank animated GIF

The Fire Control System has the latest version of thermal sighting equipment for the gunner and commander’s independent sight. The ballistic computer has the latest sensors and laser range finder and is able to track moving targets increasing the 1st hit probability of the main gun.

f2e61484b3e8T-14 Armata Tank Autoloader Diagram 

The main gun and sights are stabilised for observation and firing whilst on the move. The vehicle has a coaxial 7.62mm Machine Gun and a Remote Weapon Station with a 12.7mm MG on top of the turret. Source tanknutdave.com

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.08.09-20-48-18125mm 2A82-1M smoothbore

The 2A82 125mm gun can be replaced with a new 2A83 152mm gun in future. The tank can also be fitted with secondary weapons including a Kord 12.7mm machine gun and a PKTM 7.62mm machine gun.

Kord 12.7mm machine gun


12,7 mm machine-gun on infantry mount 6T20 (index 6P60) is designed for defeat of lightly-armoured ground targets, vehcles and group living force at the distance of up to 2000 m.
12,7 mm machine-gun on bipod 6T19 (index 6P57), installed on infantry mount 6T20 (index 6P60), ensures firing in vertical and horizontal surfaces, in a lying position, on a knee and stading in a trench.

Technical characteristics

Calibre, mm 12,7
Firing rate, shot/min 600-750
Muzzle velocity of a bullet, m/s 820-860
Target range, m (max) 2000
Technical resource, shot 10000
Machine-gun mass (without sight and SPTA),
kg (max)
— Mass of 12.7 mm machine-gun
on bipod 6T19 (index 6П57)
— Mass of infantry mount
Machine-gun dimensions, mm (max)
height (with sight)
height (without sight)
width (between bipod supports)
from 475 to 575
from 395 to 495
Feed direction right

Source zid.ru

Russia like a lot of countries have been developing and experimenting with larger bore calibre main guns.

‘Meter of armor’: Armata’s next supreme 152mm gun to sport super-piercing shell: Here


Russia’s new T-14 Armata tank is going to get an even more powerful armament, as the next version of the main battle tank will be armed with previously rumored 152mm gun, revealed the official in charge of the defense industry.

Deputy PM Dmitry Rogozin told Izvestia newspaper that next-stage Armata tanks will be supplied with already-developed big bore cannon and brand new projectiles.

“Object 292”


152 mm on the T-80 but still with an eye on the GTE 1500 hp Source: afirsov.livejournal.com

Russia’s UVZ says ready to create new tank with 152-mm cannon

KUBINKA /Moscow Region/, August 22. /TASS/. Uralvagonzavod (UVZ), a part of Russia’s state corporation Rostec is ready to create a new heavy tank with a 152-mm cannon on the basis of the Armata platform, UVZ press service told TASS.

“There are technical resources to create a tank on the Armata platform,” the source said. “The decision is up to the client, the Russian Defense Ministry.”

The T-14 tank based on the Armata platform was publicly shown for the first time at the Victory Day parade on Red Square on May 9, 2015. The new combat vehicle features fully digitized equipment, an unmanned turret and an isolated armored capsule for the crew. So far, the Russian armed forces are expected to receive 100 such tanks. Source tass.com

T-14 Armata self-protection

The hull is equipped with a modular armour system made of steel, ceramics and composite materials. The low-silhouette of the tank avoids exposition of the parts to enemy fire, which significantly enhances the safety and survivability of the crew. The crew capsule is isolated from the automatic loader and ammunition to increase crew survivability during explosions.


  1. Бронекапсула, где экипаж выживает даже при повреждении башни и возгорании соседнего отсека
  2. Необитаемая башня с отделением для боеприпасов и элементами автомата заряжания
  3. Несъемные топливные баки, защищенные противокумулятивным экраном
  4. Дизельный двигатель мощностью 1800 л.с.
  1. Armored capsule, where the crew survives even if the tower is damaged and the adjacent compartment is ignited
  2. Uninhabited tower with ammunition compartment and elements of the automatic loading device
  3. Fixed fuel tanks protected with anti-cumulative shield
  4. Diesel engine capacity of 1800 hp

Source vid1.ria.ru

Reactive armour

T-14-Armata-Tank-armor-1024x499T-14 Armata Tank armour –  Source: tanknutdave.com

The tank is anticipated to offer up to STANAG 4569 Level 5 protection. Its forward portion is covered with reactive armour, whereas the rear is fitted with bar armour to provide added protection against anti-tank rocket-propelled grenades (RPGs). The tank can also be hinged with additional active and passive armour.

Bar armour 

T-14-Armata-Tank-armor-rear-1024x537T-14 Armata Tank Bar armour –  Source: tanknutdave.com

The nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) protection, automatic fire suppression system and smoke grenade dischargers aboard the tank further enhance the crew survivability. The new Afghanit hard-kill active protection system on the tank defends incoming anti-tank guided missiles (ATGMs), rockets and RPGs.

Hard-kill active protection & smoke discharger


The tower on the right is larger. The colors are:
1 – surveillance cameras
2 – receiving antenna of active protection of the upper hemisphere
3 – active protection system “Afghanistan”
4 – block of charges of the active protection complex of the upper hemisphere
5 – block of charges of the active defense system “Afghanistan”
6 – shooting slot, from which flies off the striking element of KAZ “Afghanistan”. The black cover can rotate 360 ​​degrees, directing the element to the desired side. Each tube contains several dozen charges.




Russian Armata Tanks to Get New Active Protection System with UV detectors: Here

Afghanit hard-kill active protection system


Russia also says the tanks use magnetic sensors to repel incoming anti-tank rockets.

giphy-downsized-large (1).gif

If a laser targets the tank, the Armata is capable of releasing a cloud of debris which tricks the incoming threat.


The Armata is almost entirely covered in thick armor plates.


Russia’s Armata gets new armor for urban warfare: Here


According to the developers, “plate shields,” which are similar in appearance to the bars on metal bunk beds, will be installed along the perimeter of the machines. These shields will protect armored vehicles from cumulative grenades and anti-tank guided missiles — the most common threat to them in urban settings. The new shields are intended to deform the head of a grenade when it makes contact with the vehicle and divert part of the energy from the explosion.

Observation and fire control


Front view. The color is marked:
1 – the niche of the sight of the gunner or the hatch for the ejection of the spent cartridge shells from the tower, until it is clear
2 – the mysterious niche under dop. gun on the turret or the real hatch ejection shells.

The commander and gunner are provided with multispectral sights with visible scope, thermal channels, and laser rangefinders.


The commander’s sight mounted on top of the turret offers a 360° field of view, while the gunner’s sight is fitted with a direct-vision periscope and a laser designator.


The wide-angle cameras fitted on the tank provide a full 360° all-round vision and situational awareness for the crew. The tank is also expected to carry electro-optical/infrared (EO/IR) based laser warning receivers.


View from the starboard side of the tank. The colors are:
1 – hatch tank commander, pay attention to the construction of the armor
2 – active protection system “Afghanistan”, from below the tubes of charges, above it radar
3 – elements of the active protection of the upper hemisphere of the tank, on the roof – radiating antennas, below the square panels – receiving antennas, as well as a block of charges
4 – panoramic sight, combined with a machine gun
5 – a panorama camera
6 – a forage niche.

360-degree view cameras

tank animated GIF

The T-14 Armata is fitted with a computerised fire control system, which automatically formulates the fire control solution using the data from a muzzle reference system and a wind sensor mounted on the roof of the turret. The tank is also equipped with a battlefield management system.

Additionally, the tanks software can set and track targets by itself, leaving the crew free to focus on other objectives

tank animated GIF

Engine and mobility of the Russian MBT

The Armata T-14 is powered by a A-85-3A turbocharged diesel engine, which generates a power output of 1,200hp. The engine is coupled to a 12-speed automatic transmission.

A-85-3A turbocharged diesel engine


A-85-3A is turbo-piston diesel engine (sometimes named 2A12-3, 12CHN15/16 or 12N360) for front- and rear-positioned engine compartment. A-85-3A engine is used on an Armata universal platform.

The development of the engine was engaged in Chelyabinsk Transdizel design bureau. It produced on Chelyabinsk tractor plant.

A-85-3A (12N360) Engine Specifications:

  • Engine Type: four X – shaped, 12 – cylinder with a turbocharged and intercooled air
  • The system of fuel mixing: direct fuel injection


Property Value
Engine power output (h.p.) 1500
Rated speed (r.p.m.) 2000
Fuel consuption (g/h.p.h) 160
Weight (kg) 1550
Length (mm) 813
Width (mm) 1300
Height (mm) 820

Engine data army-guide.com

The running gear includes seven dual rubber-tired road wheels on each side. The tank can run at a maximum road speed of 90km/h and has a maximum cruising range of 500km.



One 125mm gun, one 57mm automatic grenade launcher, one 12.7 mm machine gun
Country users
Prototype Russia
Designer Country
Infrared night vision, NBC protection system, automatic fire control system, fire detection and suppression system, battle management system
Protection against small arms and shell splinters. Active protection system and active, passive add-on armour
Weight vehicle
48,000 kg
Speed vehicle
80 to 90 km/h maximum road speed
500 km
Length, ? m; Width, ? m; Height, ? m

Specification data armyrecognition.com

T-16 Armata Armoured Recovery Vehicle

1-zpp4mfipnamqjoclucpgswT-16 armored recovery vehicle – Source: Uralvagonzavod

The Armata is a new family of tracked heavy armored vehicles being developed for the Russian Armed Forces by Uralvagonzavod Research and Production Corporation since 2010. The original aim of the Armata program was to develop a new generation main battle tank (MBT). The Russian Army concerns about the quality of the T-90 tanks and its intended successors the Black Eagle and T-95 prototypes led to the cancellation of the T-95 and prevented any more T-90A orders from the Russian Army. The Armata is a new design aimed at fixing the low quality concerns of Russian-made MBTs. The Russian Army also aimed the new program at delivering an entire family of tracked heavy armored vehicles. The Armata family propulsion system consists of a 1,500-hp diesel engine with a fully mechanized electric transmission with maintenance and repair schedules extended compared with existing heavy armored vehicle’s propulsion systems. Between 2010 and 2015 the vehicle’s main components were tested by the Uralvagonzavod and the military leading to the production of 20 prototypes in 2015 for troop’s evaluation. The Armata family is expected to be ready for mass production by 2017 entering into active duty with the Russian Army soon after. The Armata heavy armored vehicle family are expected to be unveiled during the Victory Day Parade on Red Square, May 9, 2015 in Moscow.

The T-16, also known as Armata ARV or BREM-T, is an armored recovery and repair variant intended to provide support on the battlefield to the other variants of the Armata heavy armored vehicle family.


Rolling Rubber Wheels: 7


Max Range: 500 kilometer (311 mile)


Power: 1,500 hp (1,119 kW)


Top Speed: 90 kph (56 mph)

T-16 data deagel.com

Main material source army-technology.com

Revised Apr 21, 2017

Updated Aug 23, 2018


“Affordable main battle tank” based on the M60 Patton (Turkey)

In 2011, the Turkish company StandartBio joined the list of companies and organizations working to improve the outdated tank. Her M60 tank modernization project received the code name The Affordable Main Battle Tank («Affordable main battle tank”). As the name implies, the purpose of the project was to bring the updated features of the tank to the maximum possible. This modernization was to have an acceptable price to customers. As potential customers upgrading tank M60 were considered state, which is armed with a large number of cars of this model. In particular, the Turkish army still uses more than 800-850 outdated US-made tanks.

Engine upgrade

One of the most important characteristics of the tank – mobility. To improve ride characteristics Turkish company offers to equip the new diesel engine tank capacity of 1200 hp With this power plant modernized tank M60, it gained even due to a series of new equipment has superior performance compared to the base machine. In addition, an auxiliary power unit to supply electricity to the tank when the engine is switched off, basically. Stated updated chassis and suspension reinforcement.

1383019630_m60_tank_modernization-8 At the back of the roof of the tower, an additional remote-controlled turret with 25-mm cannon ATK LW25. Ammunition automatic gun – 300 shells.



1383019601_m60_tank_modernization-4At the back of the roof of the tower, an additional remote-controlled turret with 25-mm cannon ATK LW25. Ammunition automatic gun – 300 shells.1383019641_m60_tank_modernization-11

Weapons upgrade

It sports a 120 mm M256 smoothbore main gun. The second machine gun 12.7 mm mounted on the commander’s turret mounts, allowing direct weapon in the vertical plane. At the back of the roof of the tower, an additional remote-controlled turret with 25-mm cannon ATK LW25. Ammunition automatic gun – 300 shells.

Protection Upgrade keeping in mind to keep cost low

Minor changes in the hull of modernization should be subjected to the basic tank. Front and side of the body are covered with additional modules booking. The sides of the turret and equipped protivokumulyativnymi bars. Given the security settings of older versions of the tank M60, we can say that the installation of additional modules can significantly improve the survivability of tanks in the atmosphere of a real fight.


People’s Liberation Army Air Force H-6K/N/M/HK bomber

“The fact that our H-6K bombers have performed several long-distance drills far into the Pacific Ocean indicates that the H-6K fleet has become capable of conducting various operations such as long-range precision strikes,” Fu Qianshao, an aviation equipment expert with the PLA Air Force, told China Daily on Tuesday.



“In the past, our bombers could only deliver airdropped bombs and so were unable to conduct precision attacks, but the H-6K, with the adoption of some of our most advanced aeronautic technologies, is able to carry and launch air-to-surface cruise missiles and anti-ship missiles, which means it can take out multiple targets on the ground or at sea within one mission,” he said. Source China.org.cn

This bomber carries air-launcher cruise missiles under its wings. There are 6 hardpoints for missiles. This bomber can carry CJ-10A cruise missiles with conventional or nuclear warheads. The CJ-10 is the first long-range land attack missile, developed in China. It was specially designed to counter the US Navy’s carrier battle groups. The air-launcher CJ-10A has a range of 2 000-2 200 km. It can also carry YL-12 anti-ship missiles with a range of around 400 km. Source military-today.com

H-6N ASBM carrier

It was also rumored in February 2017 that an ASBM carrier (H-6N) is being developed based on H-6K and is equipped with a nose-mounted inflight refueling probe similar to Russian Tu-95MS. A single large missile is carried externally underneath the fuselage in a semi-recessed fashion and could be a DF-21D ASBM variant (DF-21E? range >1,500km) against American aircraft carriers. H-6N is expected to have a similar combat radius of 3,500km and to be supported by the newly acquired Il-78 tanker due to its large internal fuel capacity. Source chinese-military-aviation.blogspot.com

H-6K (H-6KH?) AShM carrier variant

H-6KH can carry up to 6 YJ-12 anti-ship shells, launched a full attack on the enemy ships, for which in the body after the abdomen to add a similar KD-63 space bomb data link pod. At the same time, the H-6KH also retains the ability to carry the older YJ-83K anti-ship projectiles to better interface with the active duty equipment of the Navy.

Another major improvement of the H-6KH is the addition of a pair of pylons to the outside wing for the KG600 / 800 large-scale self-defense electric war pod. This further enhances the electronic warfare capabilities of the H-6KH, enabling it to effectively suppress enemy long-range airborne warning systems such as the E-2C AWACS, Source toutiao.china.com

YJ-12 Carrier Killer


China/U.S. Designation YJ-12
Missile Variants CM-302/CM-400AKG
Mobility and Role Anti-Ship Cruise Missile
Designer/Producer People’s Republic of China
Range 400km
Warhead Type and Weight Nuclear or Conventional/500kg
MIRV and Yield No MIRV Capability/300kt
Guidance System/Accuracy Inertial, GPS/5-7m CEP
Stages/Propellant Multistage/Solid Booster, Liquid Ramjet
IOC/Retirement 2015/Still in service
Status/Number of Units Operational/ N/A

Source missiledefenseadvocacy.org

‘World’s best’ anti-ship missile a showstopper: Here


China’s largest missile-maker is promoting what it calls “the world’s best anti-ship missile” for sales in the international market.

China Aerospace Science and Industry Corp, one of the main defense equipment suppliers in the nation, is marketing its CM-302 supersonic anti-ship cruise missile to nation shopping to improve their naval capabilities.

CM-302 is the best anti-ship missile available on the world’s arms market and “it’s not an exaggeration”, said Lyu Xiaoge, spokesman for the State-owned defense technology gianton the sidelines of the 2016 Zhuhai Airshow, which sealed 40 bln USD worth of deals.

YJ-91 anti-radiation missile Aegis destroyer killer


In 2012, Voice of Russia published a report, stating in late 1990s, Russia exported KH-31P anti-radiation missiles to China. Soon afterwards, China imported the technology and was licensed to produce such missiles. It gave the missile the codename YJ-91. Before that, China tried to produce an anti-radiation missile on its own but failed.

The new anti-radiation missile produced with licensed Russian technology becomes Chinese air force’s major weapon in breaking through enemy air defense. China has specially developed special fighter jets to carry it. For example, China’s J-8HG attack fighter-bomber. Source tiananmenstremendousachievements.wordpress.com

The Kh-31P high-speed medium-range “air-to-surface” guided missile with changeable passive radar homing heads is designed to engage radars operating within long- and medium-range air defence missile systems, as well as other ground- and sea-based radars of different purpose, in the corresponding frequency band.

The Kh-31P missile can be efficiently launched either independently or in salvo, in fair and adverse weather conditions, to engage radar targets of opportunity or previously disclosed ones.

The missile can be equipped with changeable homing heads operating in coresponding frequency bands used by modern continuous-wave and pulsed radars of surface-to-air missile and anti-aircraft artillery systems.

The missile’s radar homing head ensures:

– target search and lock-on in the autonomous mode, or by receiving target designation data from carrier’s sensors with the missile on the aircraft suspension station;

– target tracking and missile guidance command generation.

It has a high explosive/fragmentation type of warhead.


 Launch range envelope, km  15-110
 Launch altitude envelope, m  100-15,000
 Launch speed envelope, km/h (Mach number)  600-1,250
 Max missile cruising speed, m/s  1,000
 Warhead weight, kg  87
 Missile launch weight, kg  about 600
 Missile dimensions, m:
 length  4,7
 body diameter  0,36
 wing span  0,914

*Note techincal data is of Kh-31P

Source ktrv.ru

CJ-10A (KD-20) anti-ship/land attack cruise missile

Variants of the CJ-10 anti-ship/land attack cruise missile can be launched from different platforms. Six are carried by Xian H-6K strategic bomber, The missile is also carried on board the Type 095 and 052D destroyers and on land-based mobile launchers. Source Asia Times

Technical specifications

Type Land attack cruise missile
Place of origin People’s Republic of China
Service history
Used by Second Artillery Corps
Production history
Manufacturer China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation/China Haiying Electro-Mechanical Technology Academy
Warhead Conventional or nuclear
>1500 km.
Type 093G submarine
Xian H-6 (CJ-20)

Source onwar.com


KD-63 land-attack cruise missile

kd63_02KD-63 TV-guided air-to-surface missile – Image: errymath.blogspot.com

The KD-63 relies on inertial navigation, with input of datalink command (and possibly GPS signal correction) and TV terminal guidance. The missile is fitted with a CCD camera, which transfers images of the target back to the carrier bomber. The bomber’s onboard fire-control computer then sends correction command back to the missile until it hits the target. Alternatively, the missile can be guided using a manual command to line of sight (MCLOS) method, where the weapon operator manually ‘flies’ the missile remotely to its target. The communications between the missile and the carrier bomber is via the datalink antenna located underneath the bomber’s fuselage behind the bomb bay doors.

Carrying a 500kg high-explosive (HE) warhead, the KD-63 was designed to hit large fixed land targets, such as bridges, airport, command posts, and barracks. Its TV-seeker can lock on a typical target at a distance of 12 km. The missile’s effectiveness is greatly hampered at night or in adverse weather conditions. It is also vulnerable to enemy jamming due to its dependence on the carrier aircraft for guidance command.


IOC 2004
Length 7.0 m
Diameter 0.76 m
Launch weight 2,000 kg
Warhead 500 kg HE
Propulsion FW-41B turbojet
Speed 900 km/h
Max range 180 km
Min range 20 km
Guidance Inertial + datalink command + GPS? + TV terminal
Max target detection range 18 km
Max target lock-on range 12 km
Launch altitude 200 – 5,000 m
Flight altitude 7 – 1,000 m (typical 600 m)
CEP 2 – 6 m

Source errymath.blogspot.com

KD-88 TV or imagining infrared-guided missile

KD-88 air-to-surface missile is similar in concept to the U.S. AGM-84 SLAM, but is fitted with a TV-seeker which is more prone to adverse weather and enemy jammingKD-88 air-to-surface missile is similar in concept to the U.S. AGM-84 SLAM, but is fitted with a TV-seeker which is more prone to adverse weather and enemy jamming – Image: errymath.blogspot.com

The KD-88 (KongDi-88, official designation K/AKD88) is the land-attack version of the YJ-83K (YingJi-83K) series air-launched subsonic sea-skimming anti-ship cruise missile. It is PLA’s second-generation standoff weapon, designed for use against fixed high-value targets. The baseline version of the missile is fitted with a TV-seeker for terminal guidance, which only allows the missile to be operated in good weapon conditions in day light. Alternatively the missile could be fitted with semi-active radar or infrared imaging seekers for all-weather, day/night operation capability.

The KD-88 uses inertial navigation with datalink command and TV terminal guidanceKD-88 uses inertial navigation with datalink command and TV terminal guidance – Image: errymath.blogspot.com

The TV-guidance version of the missile, designated KD-88, was commissioned by the PLA around 2006. The missile uses inertial navigation system (INS) with datalink command and possibly GPS inputs for mid-course correction. The terminal guidance of the missile can be controlled either by the aircraft’s fire-control computer automatically or by the weapon operator manually. The carrier aircraft carries a targeting pod under its fuselage for receiving television images of the target from the missile and transmit guidance command back. Source errymath.blogspot.com

New strike capabilities of H-6K bombers: Details

A Chinese air force H-6K bomber carrying what appear to be six bombs on each of its six under-wing pylons. (Via Weibo)A Chinese air force H-6K bomber carrying what appear to be six bombs on each of its six under-wing pylons. (Via Weibo)


The development of this new variant officially started in May 2003. The #001 prototype first flew on January 5, 2007 at XAC. Two prototypes were produced (861 & 862). Its major improvement is to replace two fuel-thirsty WP-8/AM-3 turbojet engines with Russian D-30KP-2 turbofan engines (TO thrust 12,000kg, similar to the engine used by Il-76MD in service with PLAAF), resulting in a greater range (combat radius ~3,500km) and a higher cruise speed. Around 55 D-30KP-2 engines were imported from Russia between 2009-2011. As the result the engine compartment was completely redesigned and appears longer.

D-30KP-2 engine

D-30КU/КP – family of the turbofan engines for commercial and cargo / transport aircraft.
Design features
• 3 stages low pressure compressor
• 11 stages high pressure compressor
• cannular combustor (12 flame tubes)
• 2 stages high pressure turbine
• 4 stages low pressure turbine


Engine D-30КU-154 D-30КU-2 D-30КP-2
Thrust at APR*, kgf  –
Take-off thrust, kgf 10 500 11 000 12 000
Specific fuel consumption at take-off, kg/(kgf∙hr) 0.498 0.498 0.510
Specific fuel consumption at cruise, kg/(kgf∙hr)** 0.715 0.685 0.705
Bypass ratio  2.50 2.31 2.24
Dimensions (L x D), m  5.698 x 1.560 5.698 x 1.560 5.448 x 1.560

* – automatic power reserve
** – (H=11 000 m, M=0.8)

Source npo-saturn.ru

The aircraft is fitted with Russian Saturn D-30KP-2 turbofan engines. Some sources report that this engine was reverse-engineered in China. The new engines have a greater thrust. The H-6K has a greater maximum takeoff weight and payload and the previous version of the H-6. Also it seems that new aircraft has a more favorable weight-to-thrust ratio. This results in improved fuel efficiency and improved range. The bomb bay was eliminated in favor of extra fuel for a longer range. As a result the H-6K has longer range than its predecessors.

It was reported, that indigenous WS-18 engine is under development to replace the Russian D-30KP-2.

It was reported that the H-6K has a combat radius of 3 500 km. Long-range cruise missiles effectively extend the bombers range to about 4 000-5 000 km. It is enough to reach, Japan, Malaysia, Philippines, Vietnam, Guam, Hawaii, Alaska and Moscow form Chinas mainland, without leaving air defense zone. Source military-today.com

Other improvements include a redesigned solid nose housing a large ground search radar developed by the 38th Institute and a chin mounted EO turret containing FLIR, CCD TV camera and a laser designator for night/poor weather missions.


The H-6K retained the basic aerodynamic layout of the H-6/Tu-16 ‘Badger’. The original glass-in nose has been replaced by a solid nose and redesigned cockpit window (1); The air intakes have been enlarged to support the new DK-30 turbofan engines (2); There is an under-chin electro-optical turret containing FLIR and TV sensors (3); The forward-fuselage has been added with new EW/ELINT and communication antennas (4); There is a spherical radome located under the fuselage behind the bomb bay doors, possibly for data link with the KD-20 cruise missile (5); The vertical tail fin has been added with all-aspect radar warning receivers and missile approach warning system (6); There are six under-wing payload hard points for carrying the KD-20 missiles (7); The tail gun turret has been completely removed and replaced by space for additional avionics (8); EW/ECM suite including flare/chaff dispensers (9). Source chinadefencetoday.com

Chin mounted electro-optical turret containing FLIR and TV sensors


The aircraft also has nose mounted ECM antennas, nose and tail MAWS sensors, RWR/ECM antennas on top of the vertical tailfin, a SATCOM antenna on the top of rear fuselage, a datalink antenna underneath the rear fuselage, solid tail cone housing electronics with the tail gunner compartment removed, 6 underwing missile pylons and use of composite materials to reduce weight. Its cockpit has been completely redesigned featuring 6 color MFDs.

Datalink pod


The aircraft would carry a datalink pod under a small pylon underneath the rear fuselage


An H-6K with targeting pods, photographed by Japanese Air Self Defence Force. (Photo: Japan Ministry of Defence) via ainonline.com



The aircraft now has 3-member crew located in the forward cabin (two pilots+navigator/WSO), each equipped with a new ejection seat (HTY-6F) to improve survivability. Source Chinese Military Aviation

 Ejection seat (HTY-6F) during test


Entered service 2009
Crew 4 men
Dimensions and weight
Length ~ 34 m
Wing span ~ 33 m
Height ~ 10 m
Weight (empty) ~ 35 t
Weight (maximum take off) ?
Engines and performance
Engines 2 x Saturn D-30KP-2 turbofan
Traction ?
Maximum speed ?
Service ceiling ?
Ferry range ?
Range ?
Combat radius 3 500 km
Missiles 6 x CJ-10A land attack cruise missiles, YL-12 anti-ship missiles

Source: military-today.com

Updated Sept 24, 2019



A PLAAF H-6M (K/JH6M?) cruise missile carrier was seen here carrying a KD-20 ALCM under its left wing. First entering service in 2007, this new variant (S/N 40x7x) were converted from the older H-6F, as its twin 23mm tailguns are retained. Similar to the naval H-6G, H-6M was modified with a large chin mounted surface search radar and two pairs of underwing pylons. Other noticeable features are the much improved self-protecting measures including UV band MAWS sensors on the nose and above the rear gunner compartment, RWR antennas on the vertical tailfin tip, and chaff/flare dispensers along the side of rear fuselage. Its cockpit was also upgraded with some analog displays replaced by color MFDs. The KD-20 ALCM is carried underneath the large inner pylon while a KG600 ECM pod is carried underneath the smaller outer pylon. A small pylon underneath the fuselage behind the bomb bay could be the place to carry additional datalink pod (for guiding the KD-63 ALCM?). The same type of ALCM is also carried by H-6K (see below). H-6M is speculated to be a low-cost, stop-gap solution until the more advanced H-6K enters PLAAF service. A recent video (February 2015) suggested that two KD-63 ALCMs could also be carried in place of KD-20. The latest image (July 2016) indicated that a dorsal SATCOM antenna has been installed on some H-6Ms. Source chinese-military-aviation.blogspot.com

Strike Radius of H-6K


Related articles:

Air force now able to launch long-range, precision strikes: Here 

Chinese Air Force Gets More H-6K Strategic Bombers: Here