Pantsir-SA Arctic air defense missile system

Russia has displayed versions of the KBP Instrument Design Bureau Pantsyr-S1 and Almaz-Antey Tor-M2 air defence systems integrated onto Vityaz DT-30-series all-terrain tracked carriers (ATTCs) optimised for Arctic operations.

The systems were first seen in footage of a rehearsal for Russia’s 9 May Victory Day parade shown by Russian television on 5 April and then in a photograph released by the Russian Ministry of Defence on 8 April.

The DT-30 is amphibious, has a load-carrying capability of around 30 tonnes, and consists of two sections that are joined by an articulated joint to allow for a high degree of articulation while moving across rough terrain, including sand, ice, and snow.

Image result for Vityaz engineering companyVityaz all-terrain vehicles seen at a service yard in Moscow’s Nizhniye Mnevniki Street ahead of the 9 May military parade commemorating the 72nd anniversary of the victory over Nazi Germany in the 1941-1945 Great Patriotic War. Sergei Savostyanov/TASS – gettyimages.com

The vehicle’s wide tracks provide a low ground pressure that allows it to cross terrain that is not passable by conventional tracked and wheeled platforms.

The front section houses the crew compartment and powerpack, with the rear section used to carry the load.

The Pantsyr-S1 and Tor-M2 systems seen on the rear sections of the ATTCs in the parade rehearsal were both covered, making it difficult to establish whether they are configured in the same way as the variants that are already in service with the Russian military.

The Pantsyr-S1 normally has 12 missile launch tubes (six on each side) and two twin 30 mm 2A38M cannons. The latter enable close-in targets such as cruise missiles to be engaged as well as providing a secondary capability to engage ground targets out to a range of 4,000 m.

An artist’s impression of the arctic Pantsyr-S1 that emerged last year indicated it will have 18 missile launch tubes and the new bidirectional phased array search radar, but not the 30 mm guns.

Original post janes.com

Image: russiadefence.net

Upgraded Pantsir-S2 Gun-Missile System to Enter Service in 2015

ImagePantsir-S2 has a 2 faced radar – RLM-SOC, more powerful, faster, more agile, less susceptible to jamming, covering 360 ° continuous ……… sometimes called JANUS – Image: forcesdz.com

Pantsir-S2, is an updated version of the Pantsir-S1 — a short-range, mobile, fully autonomous air defense system combining two 2A38M 30mm anti-aircraft guns and six 57E6-E ready-to-fire missiles in steered launch containers.

Pantsir-S1 can shoot down airborne targets flying up to Mach 3 (1,000 m/s) at ranges between 1.2 to 20 kilometers and altitudes varying from 5 to 10,000 meters.

The two automatic anti-aircraft guns deliver a maximum rate of fire between 4,500 and 5,000 rounds per minute.

The gun system is able to take out targets at ranges between 200 to 4,000 meters at altitudes between zero and 3,000 meters. Source sputniknews.com

Armament

2 x 2A38M 30mm anti-aircraft guns

2 x 2A38M 30mm anti-aircraft guns.  The cannons are fired alternatively with a combined rate of fire of between 3,900 and 5,000 rounds per minute (1,950 to 2,500 rpm for each gun), and have a muzzle velocity of 960 m/s. Bursts of between 83 and 250 rounds are fired as determined by the target type, with an engagement range between 0.2 and 4.0 km and to an altitude of about 3 km. HE-T and HE-I shells are used and fitted with a A-670 time and impact fuze which includes an arming delay and self destruct mechanism. Source globalsecurity.org

30 x 165 mm Round with HE-T Projectile

he_t_projectile

The 30 x 165 mm Round with High Explosive Tracer Projectile is intended to engage air and ground  targets.

The round is fitted with distance-armed, delayed action, self-destruct fuze.

The ammunition is safe in transport, storage and handling and ensures the reliable performance of the gun systems in all weather conditions.

The automatic guns 2A42, 2A38, 2A72 and modifications are mounted on the following carriers:

  • Infantry Fighting Vehicles BMP-2, BMP-3, BMD-2, BMD-3, BTR-80A and  their modifications
  • Reconnaissance Vehicle “RIS”
  • Air-Defence Complex “Tunguska”
  • Attack Helicopters Ka-50 and Mi-28 and modifications

BASIC CHARACTERISTICS

Caliber: 30 x 165 mm
Fuze Arming Distance: 20  to 100 m
Self-destruction Time: 7.5  to 14.5 sec
Operational Temperature Range: -50 to +50°C
Shelf Life: 15 years

ELEMENTS OF ROUND

Projectile: High Explosive Tracer
Fuze: A-670M
Explosive filling: A-IX-2 (RDX)
Propellant: 6/7 P-5BPfl
Cartridge case: steel
Primer: KV-30, KV-3-1

BALLISTIC DATA

Muzzle Velocity: 950 – 970 m/s
Probable Deviation: 5 m/s
Average Pmax: 3600 kgf/cm2

TECHNICAL DATA

Length of Round (max): 292 mm
Weight of Round: 0.826 kg
Weight of Projectile: 0.385 kg
Propellant Charge Mass: 0.122 kg
Burning Time of Tracer: not less than 10 sec

Source arcus-bg.com

30 x 165 mm Round with HE-I Projectile

1_30_hei_1

The 30 x 165 mm Round with High Explosive Incendiary Projectile is intended to engage air and ground  targets.

The round is fitted with distance-armed, delayed action, self-destruct fuze.

The ammunition is safe in transport, storage and handling and ensures the reliable performance of the gun systems in all weather conditions.

The automatic guns 2A42, 2A38, 2A72 and modifications are mounted on the following carriers:

  • Infantry Fighting Vehicles BMP-2, BMP-3, BMD-2, BMD-3, BTR-80A and  their modifications
  • Reconnaissance Vehicle “RIS”
  • Air-Defence Complex “Tunguska”
  • Attack Helicopters Ka-50 and Mi-28 and modifications

BASIC CHARACTERISTICS

Caliber: 30 x 165 mm
Fuze Arming Distance: 20  to 100 m
Self-destruction Time: 7.5  to 14.5 sec
Operational Temperature Range: -50 to +50°C
Shelf Life: 15 years

ELEMENTS OF ROUND

Projectile: High Explosive Incendiary
Fuze: A-670M
Explosive filling: A-IX-2 (RDX)
Propellant: 6/7 P-5BPfl
Cartridge case: steel
Primer: KV-30, KV-3-1

BALLISTIC DATA

Muzzle Velocity: 950 – 970 m/s
Probable Deviation: 5 m/s
Average Pmax: 3600 kgf/cm2

TECHNICAL DATA

Length of Round (max): 293 mm
Weight of Round: 0.833 kg
Weight of Projectile: 0.389 kg
Propellant Charge Mass: 0.123 kg

Source arcus-bg.com

Телеканал ЗВЕЗДА

Image

18 x 57E6 surface-to-air guided missiles

pantsyr7

57E6-E missiles The missile has a bicalibre body in tandem configuration, separable booster and sustainer with separation mechanism. The sustainer contains the warhead and contact and proximity fuses. The missile weighs 65kg at launch and has a maximum speed of 1,100m/s. Range is from 1km to 12km. It has an expanded engagement zones up to 20 km in range and up to 10 km in altitude.The 57E6YE surface-to-air missile features a short flight time at the boost phase (t = 1.5 s, Vmax = 1.300 m/s). High agility after separation of the booster is accompanied by small ballistic deceleration during post-boost flight (40 m/s for 1 km of flight). Also noteworthy is the heavy weight of the warhead (16kg – 20 kg) at the small launch weight of the SAM, along with the employment of rod subprojectiles in the warhead ensuring positive engagement of a broad class of targets. Its warhead is described by the Russians as being of “elongated rod” pattern, presumably a form of what is termed “continuous rod” in the West. The effectiveness of an elongated rod warhead is proportional to warhead length and inversely proportional to warhead diameter. The air-dynamic control actuator is available without limitations in terms of service life. Source globalsecurity.org

Mobility

Image: Vitaly V.Kuzmin

DT-30PM Vezdesusciy, improved variant of the DT-30P. It is fitted with a more powerful YaMZ diesel engine, developing 800 hp and has higher road speed and greater range. Its load carrying capability is similar to the previous version.  Source military-today.com

YaMZ-847.10 – 12-cylinder multi-fuel diesel engine

YaMZ-850Image: yar-dizel.ru
Model Power, kW (hp) Rotational speed, rpm 1 Max. torque, Nm (kgs.m) Frequency for max. cool. point, min-1 Min. sp. fuel consumption, g / kWh (g / hph) Overall dimensions (length / width / height) Mass, kg
YaMZ-847.10 588 (800) 2100 3090 (315) 1250-1400 203 (149) 1830/1070/1220 2000

Source yar-dizel.ru

Pantsir weapon station

Crew stations in the recent Pantsir S1E configuration (image © Miroslav Gyűrösi)

1RS2/1RS2-E Shlem or SSTsR fire control system

1RS2/1RS2-E Shlem or SSTsR

This pulse Doppler radar is designated the 1RS2/1RS2-E Shlem or SSTsR (Stantsiya Slezheniya Tsel’a i Rakety – Target and Missile Tracking Station), initially designated the 1RS1 and 1RS1-E for export. Cited tracking range performance for a 2 m2 target is 30 km. Cited RMS angular errors for X-band operation are 0.3-0.8 milliradians, for Ku-band operation 0.2-0.4 milliradians, with a 5 metre range error.

The X-band component of the SSTsR is used for target tracking, and uplink of missile steering commands., the Ku-band component for target and missile beacon tracking. The system typically guides one or two missile rounds against a single target.

In 2004 the requirement for the PVO engagement radar changed, when it was expected that the program would be cancelled. A new requirement was issued to increase the number of concurrent targets to be tracked and engaged, and engagement range was increased. This likely reflects the success of the US GBU-31/32/35/38 JDAM and emergence of analogues globally, where more than two weapons would be released from an aircraft concurrently. With the GBU-39/B Small Diameter Bomb intended to be released eight at a time, the Roman and Shlem would be saturated in a single aircraft attack.

fig510

This resulted in the development of an entirely new PESA based radar, curiously designated the 1RS2-1 / 1RS2-1E, but also labelled by a Russian source as the 1RL123-E. VNIIRT has been credited with the development of this design. To date all imagery has excluded views of the PESA antenna without the protective radome, so the following description is based on recent public disclosures and is yet to be validated:

  • Operating centre wavelength claimed by KBP to be “8 mm in the K-band” – antenna geometry suggests 15 mm (20 GHz) to 18 mm (16.7 GHz);
  • Beamsteering angles of up to ±45° of arc;
  • Mechanical PESA boresight steering in elevation between -5° and 82°;
  • Track while scan of nine separate targets;
  • 90% probability of initial target acquisition within 1 second of coordinate transfer from the 2RL80 with errors of ±2.5° in azimuth, ±2.5° in elevation, ±200 m in range and ±60 metres / sec in radial velocity;
  • Tracking errors of 0.2 milliradians in azimuth, 0.3 milliradians in elevation, 5 metres in range and 2 metres / sec in velocity;
  • Ability to track airborne targets at velocities between 10 to 1,100 metres / sec;
  • Ability to capture 4 missiles after launch;
  • Ability to track 3 to 4 outbound missiles at velocities between 30 to 2,100 metres / sec;
  • Detection range of 24 km against a 2.0 m2 RCS airborne target; 21 km against a 1 m2RCS airborne target; 16 km against a 0.5 m2 RCS airborne target; 10 km against a 0.1 m2 RCS airborne target; 7 km against a 0.03 m2 RCS airborne target;

High countermeasures resistance is claimed for the 1RS2-1 and 2RL80, but not detailed beyond the standard descriptions found in brochures.

The primary antenna is used for target and missile tracking, it is supplemented by a command link antenna which is part of the APKNR (Apparatura Peredachi Komand i Naprovadzaniya Raket) subsystem for datalink control of the missiles. Source ausairpower.net

Image: ausairpower.net

SOTS S-band search radar

ImageRadar RLM SOC S-band – Image: vitalykuzmin.net

The radar is a Janus-faced ESA, evidently intended to generate track outputs at a significantly higher rate than the VNIIRT 2RL80/2RL80E on early production systems for the Russian PVO and export clients. The system is claimed to be for an export client, not disclosed, who may be Middle Eastern given the desert camouflage on the prototype vehicle. A higher tracking rate would provide a better capability to track PGM targets, especially variants of the AGM-88 HARM/AARGM. Source ausairpower.net

10ES1 E-opto-electronic complex for export ZRPK “Carapace-C1”

KBP-96K6-72V6-Pantsir-S1-SPAAGM-MGyurosi-1SThe optics indicate a three field of view stabilised TV system and a single field of view thermal imaging sensor (image © Miroslav Gyűrösi).

Optical Sensors

Early variants of the Tunguska series introduced an electroptical tracker to provide silent angle tracking in jamming environments. The electro-optical tracking system includes a longwave (8 – 14 μm band) thermal imager for target acquisition and tracking, and a dual band short (3 – 5 μm) / midwave  (0.6 -1.1. μm) IR tracker for angular measurement of the missile beacon.

In the Pantsir S1 the AOP (Avtonomniy Opticheskiy Post) is cued by the radar system, and provides angle tracking of the target and missiles. The cited system specifications are [1][2]:

  • Azimuth coverage of ± 90 °;
  • Elevation coverage from -5 ° to 82°;
  • Angular tracking rate of 100° / sec;
  • Angular acceleration of 170° / sec;
  • French Sagem MATIS LR midwave thermal imager with WFOV of 4.17° x 6.25°, and NFOV of 0.87° x 1.3°, with a 0.05 mrad angular track error;
  • Acquisition performance: F-16 at 17 to 26 km; AGM-88 HARM at 13 to 15 km; cruise missiles at 11 to 14 km, and glidebombs at ~10 km;

Source ausairpower.net

TTX IR finder ZUR:
the spectral sensitivity range – 0,77-0,91 m

wide field narrow field
Angular field of view – Horizontal -2.5 .. + 2.5 ° -0.4 .. + 0.4 °
Angular field of view – Vertical -1.0 .. + 4.0 ° -0.3 .. + 0.6 °
Accurate determination of coordinates of the laser transponder ZUR 2 mrad 0.05 mrad

Translated by google – Source militaryrussia.ru

DT-30 Vityaz All-terrain articulated tracked carrier

The DT-30 Vityaz (knight) all-terrain tracked carrier was designed to carry heavy loads over all off-road terrain, including swamps, sand and snow. First vehicle was built in 1981 and small scale production commenced in 1982. It is also used for a number of civilian applications in rough terrain. The original DT-30 is no longer produced. This vehicle has never been exported outside the former Soviet republics.

The DT-30 Vityaz has articulated configuration. The original DT-30 has a single flatbed cargo body. Vehicle weights 30 tons and has equal payload capacity. The DT-30P is a more usual variant with two cargo areas.

Vityaz has a fully enclosed forward control cab, which provides seating for driver and four passengers. Engine compartment is located behind the cab. The rear unit can accommodate a variety of bodies. In some cases the rear unit can vary considerably from the front.

Vehicle is powered by a V-46-5 multi-fuel diesel engine, developing 710 hp. This engine was developed from that, used on the T-72 main battle tank. Engine is fitted with a pre-heater and can be started at -50°C. Tracks of the Vityaz are 1.1 m wide. The DT-30P has a very low ground pressure. It can even go through anti-tank mine without causing detonation.

Variants

DT-30P Vityaz. It is produced since 1986. It has two load carrying areas, one on the front section and other and other on the second articulated unit. Vehicle is fully amphibious. On water it is propelled by its tracks;

DT-30PM Vezdesusciy, improved variant of the DT-30P. It is fitted with a more powerful YaMZ diesel engine, developing 800 hp and has higher road speed and greater range. Its load carrying capability is similar to the previous version;

DT-10P Vityaz, smaller articulated tracked carrier. It has a payload capacity of 10 t or 10 passengers, including the crew of five. This vehicle also has narrower tracks.

DT-30P
Entered service 1986
Configuration Tracked
Cab seating 1 + 4 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 28 t
Maximum load 30 t
Length ?
Width ?
Height ?
Mobility
Engine V-46-5 diesel
Engine power 710 hp
Maximum road speed 50 km/h
Amphibious speed on water 5 km/h
Range 500 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step 1.5 m
Trench 4 m
Fording Amphibious

Source military-today.com

Updated May 11, 2017

Image result for Vityaz engineering company

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