Daily Archives: October 25, 2015

The Scorpion Attack Aircraft

The Scorpion Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) / Strike aircraft is being developed by Textron AirLand, a joint venture between Textron and AirLand Enterprises.

The aircraft is capable of performing air defence, irregular warfare, border patrol, maritime security, disaster relief and counter-drug missions.

The development of the Scorpion aircraft was commenced in January 2012, with the objective of producing the most economical jet-powered light attack aircraft in the world.

First production Scorpion test flown: Here

textron-scorpion-1Image: Textron

Excerpt

Conducted from McConnell AFB in Kansas on 22 December, the 1h 42min first flight “verified the avionics and aerodynamic performance, as well as a number of aircraft systems”, the Textron company says. Registered as N530TX, the jet “performed extremely well”, it adds.

Design improvements introduced with the new aircraft include a simplified landing gear, enhanced aft horizontal stabiliser and an additional 4˚ of sweep to its wing.

In the cockpit, the Scorpion gets a new head-up display, hands-on-throttle-and-stick controls and a Garmin G3000-based avionics suite. “The newly configured avionics system features a large, high-definition display complemented by touch-screen controllers and provides more mission capability in the forward cockpit position, additional navigation capability in the rear cockpit position and overall weight savings,” the airframer says.

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US Air Force to evaluate improved Scorpion jet: Here

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Excerpt

Changes to the production-conforming Scorpion included 4 degrees of sweep to the wings, an enhanced aft horizontal stabilizer and a simplified landing gear design.

Officials from Textron AirLand, a unit of Textron Inc., said during the test flight that they verified the Scorpion’s newly configured Garmin G3000 avionics and aerodynamic performance as well as a number of other aircraft systems.

Now, the revamped twin-engine, multimission jet will undergo an assessment by the Air Force Airworthiness Office.

Light ISR: The Air Force’s next experiment?: Here

Excerpt

The Air Force is considering whether to press forward with a demonstration of inexpensive, off-the-shelf light intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) aircraft that could complement a potential light attack plane buy.

The service completed a demonstration of four light attack planes at Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico, in August. During the demonstration, Textron’s Scorpion aircraft caught the attention of Gen. Mike Holmes, head of Air Combat command, because its modular design allows for a wide package of sensors.

As a result, Holmes said, some in the service are now intrigued by the idea of hosting a similar demonstration focused on ISR capabilities.

“If you look at some of the airplanes we flew, there are airplanes that have kind of been built with great big internal bays where you could carry a whole variety of sensors, so it’s an intriguing possibility for Scorpion,” Holmes told reporters during a Sept. 18 roundtable at the Air Force Association’s annual conference.

Saudi Arabia considering Scorpion deal: Textron chief: Here

Excerpt

Saudi Arabia is considering acquiring the Textron AirLand Scorpion light attack aircraft, with initial discussions under way.

Scott Donnelly, chief executive of parent company Textron, says Riyadh is one of a number of customers it is in talks with over the developmental aircraft.

The recent arms deal between the USA and Saudi Arabia includes $2 billion for “light close air support” aircraft. However, no details on the type or delivery dates have been disclosed.

Cautioning that its talks with Riyadh are at an “early” stage, Donnelly, speaking on a second-quarter results call, added: “There are certainly a number of things that we are looking at, but we think that now the performance envelope, the capability of what Scorpion can do makes it a very viable product for their requirements. But it’s still in its formative stages, I would say.”

Saudi Arabia Puts Textron’s Scorpion Light Attack Jet Through Its Paces: Here

Excerpt

As Saudi Arabia continues its multi-billion dollar international arms shopping spree, it appears to have begun evaluating Textron AirLand’s Scorpion light attack jet. The firm has previously said that the Kingdom is interested in the aircraft, but growing American political opposition to its brutal and protracted intervention in Yemen might slow or scuttle actual purchases.

Textron Divisions Pair Scorpion Jet With Drone Control Capability

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The Scorpion aircraft features an all-composite airframe and structure powered by twin turbofan engines. Its fuselage integrates a tandem cockpit, retractable sensor package, internal payload bay and external mounts for precision and non-precision munitions. The corrosion-resistant airframe offers 20,000 hours of service life.

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The aircraft is designed to integrate globally-available commercial components for reducing the total cost of ownership. The modular architecture of the aircraft allows for future integration of various sensors and weapon systems with reduced integration costs.

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The internal payload bay is designed to deliver critical operational flexibility, by quickly accepting new payloads for different operational requirements. It can house various modules of sensors, fuel and communications in desirable combination to achieve high performance during a wide range of missions.

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Scorpion Strike / ISR aircraft cockpit and avionics

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The Scorpion aircraft accommodates two pilots in tandem layout. The two cockpits are equipped with advanced multifunction colour displays, providing the details of flight characteristics, aircraft operation, navigation and armament data.

The avionics suite integrates inherent Flight Management System (FMS), Class-B Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS), engine indication and crew alerting system (EICAS), dual Air Data, Attitude and Heading Reference Systems (ADAHRS), dual GPS/Satellite Based Augmentation Systems (SBAS) and integrated moving maps.

The nigh-vision compatible cockpit also offers instrumentation for weather radar control, display of external video and digital flight data recording.

Scorpion jet to get BAE Systems LiteHUD display: Here

LiteHUD HeadUp Display

1434650030277Image: baesystems.com

Featuring Patented Optical Waveguide technology

LiteHUD® is a small and compact Head-Up Display (HUD), offering space and weight advantages paired with the latest optical waveguide technology. Its modular and lightweight design improves flight safety, reducing fatigue and increasing situational awareness day or night. Providing seamless operation with night vision goggles (NVGs), LiteHUD® allows for incremental capability upgrades with minimal impact to helmet and aircraft installation.

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The benefits of LiteHUD

  • 60% smaller and 50% lighter than a conventional HUD, integrates easily into both existing and future cockpits
  • Incorporates significantly larger eye motion box, increasing pilot comfort
  • High-resolution navigation and sensor imagery displayed under all flight conditions

Source baesystems.com

New glass cockpit – aviationphotodigest.com

Garmin G3000 Avionics suite

Fingertip Control Meets Integrated Flight Deck

  • Touchscreen control to light turbine aircraft
  • Wide-format WXGA displays
  • Most intuitive pilot interface available in this class of avionics
  • Synthetic Vision Technology (SVT™)
  • NextGen/SESAR growth provisions

Source garmin.com

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Textron’s Scorpion jet completes first weapons exercise: Here

Excerpt

Textron AirLand’s Scorpion jet has successfully completed its first weapons exercise, the company announced Thursday.
The exercise demonstrated the Scorpion’s close air support mission capability via the successful deployment of three widely used weapon systems, the company said in a statement.
Testing took place Oct. 10 through Oct. 14 in coordination with the U.S. Navy and Air Force.
Weapon types used included the Hydra-70 unguided 2.75-inch rockets, the Advanced Precision Kill Weapon System and the AGM-114F Hellfire missile.

Weapon systems, sensors and radars on the Scorpion aircraft

Scorpion-External-Stores1

The Scorpion ISR / Strike aircraft can be armed with a range of scaled munitions for indulgent military and homeland security environments.

The aircraft can carry an array of weapons systems on its external hard points under the wings. Three under-wing hard points on either side of the fuselage can hold precision guided munitions (PGMs) and general purpose munitions.

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The Scorpion can be integrated with a variety of sensors, electro-optical / infrared devices and communication packages to perform various missions.

The aircraft will be offered with dedicated mission sensor systems, for conducting boarder security, maritime patrol, irregular warfare support, law enforcement, counter narcotics and humanitarian assistance / disaster response missions.

Scorpion Light Attack Jet During Weapons Separation Testing: Here

theaviationist.com

Weapons such as the HMP-400 .50 Cal guns and LAU-131A/A rocket launcher were monitored for hot gas ingestion into the intakes. Operational modes were tested and wiring configurations were evaluated.

Weapons tested included:

  • LAU-131A/A 2.75” unguided/guided rocket launcher
  • HMP-400 .50 Cal machine gun pods, (two flights with single and simultaneous firing)
  • GBU-12 Paveway II 500 lb. bombs
  • BDU-50 (500 lb. practice bomb)

LAU-131 seven-tube rocket launchers

The LAU-131/A is a 7-round 2.75-inch (70 mm) rocket launcher, primarily used by the U.S. Air Force.

TYPE
LAU-131/A LAUNCHER
LENGTH
59.8 INCHES (152 CM.)
DIAMETER
10.125 INCHES (25.7 CM.)
WEIGHT (EMPTY)
65 POUNDS (29.5 KG.)
CAPACITY
7 ROCKETS (2.75 INCH/70MM.)
Source arnolddefense.com
Textron Scorpion fires 2.75″ Hydra-70 rockets during recent weapons trials at NAS Patuxent River, MD. The Textron team achieved 100% mission completion rate during weapons system testing. 5 different configurations (LAU-131, HMP-440 Gun pods, GBU-12) were tested over 5 days, with the tests concluding 4 days early. – theaviationist.com

HMP Machine gun pods

pods1

The HMP pods are fitted with the 12.7mm M3P heavy machine gun and carry either 250 or 400 rounds of ammunition. The M3P has a rate of fire of about 1.075 rpm and may use any type of 12.7mm ammunition. The effective range is 3 km versus area targets and 1 km against single vehicles.

The HMP pods are fitted with a 12.7mm M3P heavy machine gun. Three versions are available. The designation HMP is followed by the number of rounds it carries and if it is fitted with a links collector (LC) or links and case collector (LCC).

HMP-400 LC: HMP model with 400 round capacity and links collector. It is identified by its squared rounded nose cone.

Type Gun pod
Platform Aircraft, helicopters
Length 2.12 m
Diameter 0.41 m
Weight 138 kg loaded
Armament 12.7mm M3P machine gun with 400 rounds
Remarks Mach 0.70 maximum speed, 355 mm lug spacing

HMP-400 LCC: HMP-400 model with links and case collector. The case collector is located in the squared bulge below the pod.

Type Gun pod
Platform Aircraft, helicopters
Length 2.12 m
Diameter 0.41 m wide, 0.45 m tall
Weight 138 kg loaded
Armament 12.7mm M3P machine gun with 400 rounds
Remarks Mach 0.75 maximum speed, 355 mm lug spacing

Source weaponsystems.net

Textron Scorpion with HMP-400 gun pods overflies NAS Patuxent River during recent weapons trials. The TEXTRON team achieved 100% mission completion rate during weapons system testing. 5 different configurations (LAU-131, HMP-400 Gun pods, GBU-12) were tested over 5 days, with the tests concluding 4 days early. – theaviationist.com

GBU-12 Paveway II

The GBU-12 Paveway II consists of a MK-82 500 pound (250 kg) bomb with an added laser guidance package. This bomb is suitable against small, hardened targets such as battle tanks and other armored vehicles. This bomb also features a reduced collateral damage probability due to its lightweight warhead.

Despite the original contractor for the Paveway II LGB bomb was Raytheon, Lockheed-Martin began assembly Paveway II laser guidance kits in the early years of the 21st century in support of the Global War on Terror and the military campaigns in Iraq (Iraqi Freedom 2003-20??) and Afghanistan (Enduring Freedom 2001). As of September 2005, Lockheed Martin had delivered more than 25,000 guidance kits for the GBU-10, GBU-12 and GBU-16 guided-precision bombs.

Dimensions
Diameter: 270 millimeter (10.6 inch)
Length: 3.33 meter (131 inch)
Wingspan: 1.32 meter (52 inch)
Performance
CEP: 9 meter
Max Range: 14,800 meter (7.99 nautical mile)
Weight
Warhead: 87 kilogram (192 pound)
Weight: 277 kilogram (611 pound)

Source: deagel.com

Textron Scorpion drops a 500 lb GBU-12 Paveway II during recent weapons trials at NAS Patuxent River, MD. The Textron team achieved 100% mission completion rate during weapons system testing. 5 different configurations (LAU-131, HMP-400 Gun pods, GBU-12) were tested over 5 days, with the tests concluding 4 days early. – theaviationist.com

Scorpion Selected for ASDOT Proposal: Here

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Excerpt

The Textron AirLand Scorpion has been selected by QinetiQ and Thales to provide a large proportion of the platform capabilities for their planned ASDOT bid (ASDOT is the UK Ministry of Defence’s Air Support to Defence Operational Training program). The three company CEOs involved signed a memorandum of understanding at Farnborough yesterday to launch the bid.

An ASDOT contract is due to be awarded in September 2018, with delivery of the service to run for 15 years starting in January 2020. The program aims to deliver a new training capability to meet the needs of a modern force, with increasing emphasis on a mix of live flying with simulation and synthetics. As such, ASDOT is closely linked with the Defence Operational Training Capability—Air (DOTC—Air) program, which is primarily concerned with synthetic training.

Air Force to Certify Scorpion Jet, Broadening Its International Appeal: HERE

Thales RDY-3 multi-mode radar

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The RDY-3 features all the advanced functions required on a multirole aircraft of the 21st century.

The Air-to-Air function with its advanced automatic mode management reduces pilot workload – search domain management, ranking and sorting of highest priority targets – and allows better tactical situation assessment and mission efficiency.

Multiple scanning patterns as well as angular domain and scanning speed are automatically managed by the radar

Advanced Combat modes with fast and automatic target acquisition and tracking adapted to hard target manœuvres at short range; high quality of target designation associated to simultaneous multi-tracking and multi-shoot capability.

The Air-to-Surface modes adapted to various missions: Navigation, Surveillance, Target, Acquisition, Very-Low Level penetration.

The reference in its category

• Lightweight and multifunction radar

• Modular design

• Adaptable to a wide range of combat aircraft

6

OPERATIONAL BENEFITS

Air-to-Air Function

  • Very long range, all aspect, look-up / look-down detection
  • Automatic waveform management and antenna scanning
  • Multi-target automatic lock-on and TWS
  • Simultaneous multi-target fire control
  • Single Target Track
  • Combat modes
  • IFF interrogator capabiliy

Air-to-Ground Function RDY-3 provides all the modes required for day and night, all-weather operations:

  • High Resolution Mapping spotlight SAR (picture)
  • Terrain Avoidance (Contour Mapping for Blind Penetration)
  • Moving Target Indication and Tracking
  • Air-to-Ground Ranging
  • Freeze / Silence

Air-to-Sea Function RDY-3 provides all the modes required for BVR attack of surface ships:

  • Long-range detection
  • Multi-Target TWS
  • Target RCS assessment
  • STT
  • ISAR (option)

Others • Easy Air-to-Surface modes transitions

RDY-3 KEY FEATURES

  • Modular design
  • Light weight:
  • Low power consumption: 3.5 kVA
  • Different antenna sizes available
  • High average transmitted power: 400 W
  • Up-to-date signal processing technologies
  • COTS components for obsolescence protection
  • 1553 Bus
  • Advanced ECCM features
  • Very Low False Alarm Rate
  • Flexibility and growth potential
  • Efficient BITE and maintenance concept for reduced manpower and life cycle cost

RDY-3

Source thalesgroup.com

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L-3 WESCAM’s MX-15D sensor suite

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MX-15D

Ideal for: Medium-altitude; Covert Intelligence, Surveillance & Reconnaissance (ISR),
Armed Reconnaissance, CSAR, Target Designation missions
Installations:
Fixed-wing, Rotary-wing, UAV, Aerostat

Features & Benefits

Multi-Sensor Imaging/Lasing Payload Options:

  • Currently supports up to ten sensors simultaneously
  • Superior HD imaging resolution from Electro-Optical (EO) and Infrared (IR) cameras
  • Short-wave IR imaging
  • Laser rangefinder/designator
  • 3 laser illuminator divergence options
  • Hyper-spectral imaging blends matched images from multiple sensors, uncovering greater detail in each frame

Enhanced Local Area Processing (ELAP):

  • Real-time image enhancement for EO day, EO night & IR

Consistent Targeting Accuracy:

  • Full-laser stabilization minimizes spot jitter
  • Internal isolator minimizes vibration-induced boresight shifts
  • Operationally-proven precision target designation

High-Performance IMU & MX-GEO Software Suite:

  • IMU & MX-GEO work to create accurate target location
  • MX-GEO automatically aligns to the aircraft
  • Robust automatic image focus

Uncompromised Stabilization:

  • Four-axis gimbal with internal IMU
  • All payloads are fully-stabilized

MX-Series Commonality:

  • Common operator interfaces and Hand Controller Units (HCUs)
  • Simplified interchangeability
  • Efficiencies in support and technology enhancements

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WESCAM Kinetic™

WESCAM Kinetic is a suite of powerful situational awareness and target detection capabilities that easily integrate with WESCAM’s MX-Series of imaging sensors.  The Suite includes:

Kinetic™ ISR – Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance
A map-based sensor management package providing operators with advances sensor control from an intuitive, user-friendly interface

Kinetic™ MTI – Moving Target Indicator
A moving target indicator tool that detects moving objects in a screen

Kinetic™ Speed
A powerful tool used to indicate the speed at which a target is moving on the ground or in the water

Source wescam.com

481300112Textron AirLand Scorpion camera dome seen during the Royal International Air Tattoo at RAF Fairford on July 18, 2015 in Gloucestershire, England. The Royal International Air Tattoo (RIAT) is the world’s largest military air show, July 19, 2015 Licence

Thales successfully integrates I-Master radar on Textron’s Scorpion light attack and ISR aircraft: Here

defence24.pl

Excerpt

Thales and Textron AirLand announced today, June 17, 2015, at the International Paris Air Show 2015, that they have successfully jointly integrated Thales’ I-Master radar on to Textron AirLand’s Scorpion light attack and ISR aircraft. The addition of the radar into the Scorpion’s mission system compliments the Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) sensor suite which already includes a high end EO/IR capability.

THALES I-MASTER RADARS

I-MASTER is Thales’ new lightweight high performance combined Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) and Ground Moving Target Indicator (GMTI). I-MASTER weighs only 30kg, and provides the perfect balance of capability, cost, weight and power consumption for use onboard a wide range of unmanned air vehicles (UAV)helicopters, small fixed wing aircraft and tilt rotor platforms.

High performance imaging radars are now essential in any programme that requires an all weather ISTAR (Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition and Reconnaissance) capability. To date, high quality SAR/GMTI radars have been too heavy and costly for tactical UAVs or small manned aircraft.

The low weight of I-MASTER means that a combined SAR/GMTI capability can be added to tactical UAVs either in addition to or instead of electro-optic (E/O) sensors. I-MASTER is also designed to fit existing E/O payload mountings. On smaller air vehicles, which are able to carry just one payload, this unique feature enables the sensor to be exchanged within a few minutes. This capability will allow the platform’s role to be quickly adapted as the mission tempo and the environment changes. For larger air vehicles, able to carry more than one payload, collaborative targeting using both SAR/GMTI and EO packages greatly increases the options available to the field commander.

I-MASTER builds upon Thales’ radar expertise that exists in depth in both the UK and France. This expertise has made it possible for Thales to develop a SAR/GMTI radar sensor that not only delivers high performance but also sufficiently light and inexpensive to be fitted to Tactical UAVs. I-MASTER provides an all-weather capability, which dramatically increases Tactical UAV mission effectiveness. High quality imaging is now possible in hostile environments such as cloud and smoke. The ability to image at long stand-off ranges improves UAV survivability by distancing the air vehicle from potential ground fire.

I-MASTER incorporates a high performance Ground Moving Target Indicator (GMTI) able to detect both vehicle and infantry movements at ranges up to 20km. Very low speed targets can be detected through the use of multi-channel processing.

With 360-degree coverage and an innovative stabilised antenna, I-MASTER provides high quality images over a wide area from small air vehicles in a wide range of flight conditions.

Key features

  • High-fidelity, 360° all-weather, day/night surveillance
  • Ground moving target indication (GMTI) & synthetic aperture radar (SAR) modes
  • Compact, single line replacement unit – interchangeable with electro optic/infrared turret sensors
  • Ideal for rotary, fixed-wing, manned and unmanned platforms

Source thalesgroup.com

AFRL’s AgilePod Test Fitted on Textron Aviation Defense Scorpion: Here

1000x667_q95Photo By David Dixon | RIGHT-PATTERSON AIR FORCE BASE, Ohio – The Air Force Research Laboratory’s AgilePod is shown mounted on the wing of the Textron Aviation Defense’s Scorpion Light Attack/ISR jet. The AgilePod is an Air Force-trademarked, multi-intelligence reconfigurable pod that enables flight-line operators to customize sensor packages based on specific mission needs. A fit check in late December 2017 provided an opportunity to demonstrate the ability of the pod to rapidly integrate onto a new platform with short notice, highlighting the benefits of Sensor Open Systems Architecture. (Air Force photo by David Dixon/released)

Excerpt

US AIR Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) officials announced on January 2 that AFRL’s intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) pod, the AgilePod, has been successfully test-fitted on Textron Aviation Defense’s Scorpion light attack ISR jet aircraft.  Andrew Soine, an electronics systems engineer in the AFRL Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, said: “We met with the Textron Aviation Defense Scorpion team and discussed the possibility of doing a fit check with their Scorpion platform and the AgilePod.  A few days later they called and said they could get the plane to Wright-Patterson within the week.  We couldn’t miss this opportunity to show the AgilePod’s capabilities on a new class of aircraft.”

The AgilePod is an Air Force-trademarked, multi-intelligence reconfigurable pod that enables flight-line operators to customize sensor packages based on specific mission needs.  The pod takes advantage of the AFRL Sensors Directorate Blue Guardian Open Adaptable Architecture construct and Sensor Open System Architectures.  Open architectures enable rapid integration of sensor technologies through standardized software and hardware interfaces that enable the pod to seamlessly integrate on platforms that use the standard architectures.  This increases the number of missions the pod can augment, expanding the scope of ISR mission possibilities.

2 x Honeywell TFE731

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Model Engine Type  Market

 Parameter

 Max Envelope Diameter  Length Takeoff Thrust 
 inch  cm  inch cm  Sea Level (lbf)
TFE731-2 Turbofans Business Jet / Military Trainer 39.4 100.1 59.9 152.1 3500

Source aerospace.honeywell.com

(AW) Maker of bizjets and helos hopes to carve out a niche with light attack, reconnaissance jet It takes a gutsy move for a company to pitch a brand new, clean-sheet aircraft to the Pentagon for a set of requirements it has not even said it wants, and to present this idea while defense spending in the U.S. faces massive cuts.ScorpionFighter

Source: Airforce Technology, Textron Air Land Scorpion

Main image aviationphotodigest.com

Updated Jan 04, 2018

The Scorpion Webstie: HERE

Video:

J-10 (Jian 10) Vigorous Dragon Multirole Tactical Fighter

The J-10 (Jian 10 or Fighter 10) is China’s indigenously built multirole fighter aircraft developed by the Chengdu Aircraft Industry. Chengdu Aircraft Industry is part of the China Aviation Industry Corporation I (AVIC I). In the West the J-10 aircraft is known as the Vigorous Dragon.

It is estimated that up to 300 J-10 fighter aircraft will be manufactured. China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA) includes the army, navy, air force and strategic rocket force. The air force (AFPLA) has 200 fighter and fighter ground attack squadrons and 120 strike fighter squadrons.

The J-10 aircraft is considered the replacement for the J-7 and Q-5. The air force currently operates about 250 J-7 (MiG-21) air defence and attack aircraft and about 500 Q-5 attack aircraft.

J-10 multirole fighter development

The development task was handed over to the Chengdu Aircraft Design Institute (also known as 611).

In January 1986, the State Council and the Central Military Commission jointly issued a document to approve the development of the J-10 project, code-named No. 10 project – “At that time, the F16 was positioned, and the gap was very large.” Xu De said.

At that time, some domestic experts seemed to catch up with the F16. At that time, China’s most advanced J-8 fighters were only second-generation aircraft, and the advanced third-generation fighters, the US F15, F16 and the Soviet MiG-29, have begun to equip and apply actual combat.

At the age of 56, Song Wenzhao was the chief designer of the J-10. He had previously designed the 歼-7C, which was nominally made in China, but the technology was still a copy of the Soviet MiG-21. Translated by google – Source jczs.news.sina.com.cn

j10history2Chinese Air Force’s 歼10 fighter aircraft prototype 001 –  Source: sinodefence.wordpress.com

J-10 (Jian-10 Fighter aircraft 10) / F-10

The J-10 [the export version being designated F-10] is a multi-role single-engine and single-seat tactical fighter, with its combat radius of 1,000 km. It is designed for point defensive warfare with performance generatlly matching aircraft such as the Mirage 2000 deployed by Taiwan. Apparently, Chinese engineers are trying to develop the J-10 from a single F-16 provided by Pakistan, and with assistance from Israeli engineers associated with Israel’s US-financed Lavi fighter program, which was cancelled in 1987.The acquisition of Su-27, after China had attempted for years to develop the J-10 aircraft with equivalent technology to perform similar functions, demonstrates a lack of confidence in domestic industrial capabilities. China’s record on reverse engineering aircraft has not been impressive, and it remains in doubt whether the J-10 will ever join China’s interceptor inventory.

It is unclear what specific technologies and systems Israel has provided, although it is reported that the Jian-10’s radar and fire-control system is the Israeli-made ELM-2021 system, which can simultaneously track six air targets and lock onto the four most-threatening targets for destruction. Some experts believe that the Israeli contribution will focus on avionics and radar, with Russia supplying the engines. In December 1991, US intelligence officials announced that Israel was planning to open a government coordinated and sponsored “arms office” in the PRC. In light of what the Israelis have to offer, and what the Chinese need, it was most likely that a transfer of avionics and other technologies developed in the Lavi program would ensue, since there is a void in the Chinese avionics and fire control system capability due to the 1989 termination of a US/Chinese program in response to Tienanmen square.

China and Israel started collaboration in the early 1980’s and full-scale cooperation was underway officially by 1984. After the 1987 cancellation of the Lavi, it was taken over by CAIC and the IAI carried on with the development of avionic equipment. However, the Lavi project had included many elements that Israel could not develop by itself, and China cannot obtain these key technologies from the United States, which has consequently substantially increased the technical difficulties of the F10. In addition, there are certain difference between the Israeli and Chinese requirements for the aircraft. Since Israel already already had fighters such as the F-15, its primary requirement for the Lavi was short-range air support and interdiction, with a secondary mission of air superiority. In contrast, the Chinese Air Force is interested in replacing its large fleet of outmoded J-6 and J-7 fighters, for which air superiority capabilities remain a top priority while the air-to-ground attack capability is of secondary importance.

Since neither China nor Israel is capable of developing the propulsion system required by the J-10, in 1991 China acquired the AI31F turbofan engine from Russia for incorporation into the J-10 fighter. This engine is also used in the Su-27 air superiority fighter that Chinese acquired from Russia. The performance of the AL31F engine is significantly better than that of the American PW1120 originally slated for the Lavi, it may be anticipated that the performance of the J-10 will be accordingly enhanced.

The J-10 features a delta wing canard configuration which ensures aircraft stability with widened static stability active control technology. The deep burial of the engine and the extensive use of composite materials for wing-fuselage fusion design reduces the aircraft’s radar signature. This aircraft uses control-figured vehicle design and nine independent control planes: two forward wings, two forward wing flaps, two inside elevons, two outside elevons, and one vertical rudder. Source fas.org

J-10A

China formally announced the J-10 in February 2007. The existence of the J-10 was first reported in 1994, but the J-10 programme was started in 1988 and the first flight of the single seat aircraft took place in 1998. A two-seater variant made its first flight in 2003.

J-10A

There are reports that the J-10 entered service in 2005 and is operational in single seater and two seater versions in at least two PLA air force squadrons.

The first native fourth-generation J-10 aircraft was unveiled by the air force in April 2010. Four J-10 fighter jets were showcased by the 24th fighter division of AFPLA. Pakistan will receive the first export versions of the J-10, up to 36 aircraft, by 2015. China and Pakistan have worked closely on the development of another fighter aircraft, the JF-17 or FC-1 light fighter aircraft.

Richard Ferriere

Pakistan order of J-10 has been cancelled as of 2016.  Pakistan Air Force is focussing on JF-17 Block 3 and in future it is looking to procure the export version of J-31.

JF-17 or FC-1 light fighter aircraft: Details

Falcon Strike 2017: Video

PLAAF J-10A and RTAF Gripen

Variants

J-10B

J-10B

The improved J-10B single-seat fighter began flight test in December 2008. The most distinctive feature of this variant is its chin-mounted diffuser supersonic inlet (DSI), which employs a one-piece bump at the top of the inlet replacing the original movable ramp on the basic variant J-10. This eliminates all moving parts on the inlet, lightening the overall weight and reducing the aircraft’s radar signature.

J-10B

The J-10B has been added with an electronic-optic targeting system (EOTS). Placed forward of the cockpit canopy to the right, the system comprises an infrared search and track (IRST) sensor and a laser rangefinder, which can detect enemy targets passively without requiring to turn on the fire-control radar, thus reducing the chance of the aircraft being detected.

J-10B – chinamil.com.cn

The aircraft has also been upgraded with an improved suite of avionics, including an indigenous passive electronically scanned array (PESA) fire-control radar, capable of engaging 4 targets simultaneously. The upper edge of the aircraft’s tailfin is curved, in contrast to the straight-edged tailfin of the J-10. A large fairing is added to the tip of the tailfin to accommodate electronic warfare and countermeasures (EW/ECM) equipment. There are also four black electronic countermeasures (ECM) antenna arrays attached externally to the fuselage, a larger one on either side of the cockpit and a smaller one on either side of the rear fuselage near the engine nozzle.

Upper edge of the tailfin is curved, and a large fairing is added to the tip of the tailfin to accommodate electronic warfare and countermeasures (EW/ECM) equipment – chinamil.com.cn

After years of flight testing and evaluation, the J-10B finally entered operational service with the PLAAF in 2014, when the production of the basic variant J-10A stopped. The J-10B production continued until May 2015, after some 50 examples had been delivered. The production has subsequently switched to the newer J-10C variant.

J-10C

The latest addition to the J-10 family is the J-10C single-seat fighter, which made first flight in December 2013. This variant is almost identical to the B variant in appearance, but features an indigenous active electronically scanned array (AESA) fire-control radar and increased use of composite materials in its airframe for reduced radar cross section (RCS) profile. The aircraft began delivery to the PLAAF in late 2016, and was first unveiled during the flypast on 30 July 2017 to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the founding of the PLA. Source sinodefence.com

J-10D Fan-art

FC-20 (Export version)

FC-20 – gogonews.cc

J-10 design

The structure of the aircraft is based on a tail-less delta (triangular planform) wing, foreplanes and a sweptback vertical tail. There are two fixed, outwardly canted ventral (on the underside of the body) fins near the tail.

Two fixed outwardly canted ventral (on the underside of the body) fins near the tail

The size and design of the J-10 are very similar to that of the Israeli Aircraft Industries Lavi fighter aircraft, which itself is similar to and derived technology from the USAF F-16 aircraft.

Foreplanes – chinamil.com.cn

The horizontal close-coupled foreplanes (larger than those on the Lavi) on the forward fuselage improve the take-off and low-speed handling characteristics.

Weapons

J-10B – sinodefence.com

The J-10 has 11 external hardpoints: five hardpoints on the fuselage with one on the centreline and a pair of hardpoints on each side of the fuselage, and three hardpoints on each wing.

The outer wing stations carry air-to-air missiles such as the Chinese built Python 3 PL-8, P-11 or PL-12 or the Russian Vympel R-73 (AA-11 Archer) or R-77 (AA-12 Adder).

The PL-8 infrared homing short-range air-to-air missile is manufactured in China under a licensed production agreement by the China Academy (formerly the Luoyang Electro-optics Technology Development Centre) and is a variant of the Israeli Python 3 missile. The PL-11 is a licensed-manufactured variant of the MBDA Italy Aspide medium-range air-to-air missile.

The PL-12 missile is manufactured in China under a collaborative agreement with Russia. It uses the Russian AA-12 Adder missile technology configured with a Chinese-developed rocket motor to give a range of 50 miles and speed of Mach 4.

Chinese built Python 3 PL-8

The PL-8 is a legally licenced copy of the Israeli Rafael Python 3 WVR missile, the predecessor to the widely exported and highly agile Python 4. Production of the PL-8 commenced during the late 1980s, five years after initial negotiations, the weapon has been integrated on a wide range of aircraft, including the J-7E Fishbed, J-8B/D Finback and new J-10 and J-11B. Comparable to the AIM-9L in basic performance, the PL-8 is an all aspect WVR missile designed for close combat, and credited with a 35 G capability. Chinese sources claim it has been integrated with a helmet mounted sight. Source ausairpower.net

Dimensions
Diameter: 0.16 meter (6.30 inch)
Length: 2.99 meter (118 inch)
Wingspan: 0.81 meter (31.9 inch)
G-load
Max Maneuvering Load Factor: 35 g
Performance
Max Range: 15 kilometer (8.10 nautical mile)
Min Range: 500 meter (0.27 nautical mile)
Speed
Top Speed: 2 mach (2,391 kph)
Weight
Warhead: 11 kilogram (24.3 pound)
Weight: 115 kilogram (254 pound)

Source deagel.com

P-11

The PL-11 is derived from a licenced copy of the Selenia Aspide, itself an improved variant of the AIM-7E Sparrow. China had initially experimented with cloning the AIM-7B as the Luoyang PL-4, with a heatseeking and semi-active radar variant planned. This project was abandoned during the 1980s, in favour of the improved PL-10, itself abandoned later in favour of the licenced Aspide, the latter having the advantage of a jam resistant monopulse seeker.

While it is known that Selenia withdrew support for the Aspide licence following 1989, the PL-11 was nevertheless deployed in the 1990s, on the indigenous J-8B Finback. Three variants are cited, the basic semi-active homing PL-11 equivalent to an Aspide Mk.1, the improved PL-11A with more range and a midcourse inertial unit permitting terminal phase only illumination, and the PL-11B or PL-11AMR, claimed to be equipped with an active radar seeker and equivalent to the defunct UK BAe Active Skyflash or Aspide Mk.2 – both AIM-7 derivatives. Source ausairpower.net

GENERAL DATA:
Type: Guided Weapon Weight: 220 kg
Length: 3.89 m Span: 0.68 m
Diameter: 0.2 Generation: None
Properties: Illuminate at Launch, Anti-Air All-Aspect
Targets: Aircraft, Missile
SENSORS / EW:
SARH Seeker – (Aspide AAM) Semi-Active
Weapon Seeker, Semi-Active Radar Homing (SARH)
Max Range: 37 km
WEAPONS:
PL-11 [Aspide] – (2002, AAM) Guided Weapon
Air Max: 55.6 km.

Source cmano-db.com

PL-12

PL-12 (left) and PL-10 (right)

While some confusion remains about designations, most sources identify the SD-10 and PL-12 as the same missile, China’s equivalent to the AMRAAM. This weapon is in sizing and configuration very similar to the AIM-120A, but employs a unique tail planform. Equipped with an active radar seeker, and datalink aided inertial midcourse guidance, this missile is a credible player against the AMRAAM and R-77 series. The indigenous AMR-1 active seeker is identified with the PL-12, and numerous reports exist claiming that it is a derivative of the Russian Agat 9B-1348E seeker package used in the R-77 series. The missile is widely credited with superior range performance to the AIM-120A-C variants.

The production status of the PL-12 is unclear, but the missile has been claimed as a future weapon for the indigenous J-10 fighter and the Su-27SK and Su-30, replacing imported R-77s on the latter. The missile has been photographed on the J-10A, J-10S and J-11B.

A variant with an all aspect infrared seeker may exist, analogous to Russian heatseeking variants of the R-27 / AA-10 Alamo and R-77 / AA-12 Adder.

There is little doubt that the PL-12 closes most of the technology gap between Chinese built BVR missiles, and in service Western BVR missiles. Source ausairpower.net

GENERAL DATA:
Type: Guided Weapon Weight: 199 kg
Length: 3.93 m Span: 0.75 m
Diameter: 0.2 Generation: None
Properties: Home On Jam (HOJ), Anti-Air All-Aspect, Capable vs Seaskimmer
Targets: Aircraft, Missile
SENSORS / EW:
Active Radar Seeker – (AAM MR, PL-12) Radar
Weapon Seeker, Active Radar
Max Range: 9.3 km
WEAPONS:
PL-12 – (2004) Guided Weapon
Air Max: 92.6 km.

Source cmano-db.com

PL-10

PL-10 foreground

Key Points

  • The PL-10E will be sold as a potential weapons upgrade for existing 4th-generation fighter fleets, or as part of a package with the Chengdu J-10B or Shenyang FC-31 fighter aircraft
  • PL-10/PL-10E has a maximum range of 20 km

During the 11th China International Aviation & Aerospace Exhibition, or Zhuhai Air Show 2016, China unveiled the PL-10E, an export variant of the PL-10 5th-generation short-range imaging infrared (IIR) homing air-to-air missile (AAM), which itself intended to equip the People’s Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) 5th-generation stealth fighter aircraft.

The PL-10 SRAAM is produced by the Luoyang-based China Air-to-Air Guided Missile Research Institute (formerly the Luoyang Electro-Optics Technology Development Centre), a subsidiary of the Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC) consortium, and the designer and manufacturer of all infrared (IR) homing variants in China’s PL (Pi Li/Thunderbolt) series AAMs. Source janes.com

GENERAL DATA:
Type: Guided Weapon Weight: 85 kg
Length: 2.9 m Span: 0.45 m
Diameter: 0.13 Generation: None
Properties: Anti-Air Dogfight (High Off-Boresight), Capable vs Seaskimmer
Targets: Aircraft, Missile
SENSORS / EW:
IIR Seeker – (PL-10E) Infrared
Weapon Seeker, Imaging IR
Max Range: 18.5 km
WEAPONS:
PL-10 – (2018) Guided Weapon
Air Max: 20 km.

Source cmano-db.com

PL-15

PL-10 air-to-air missiles hang from the outboard wing pylons and long-range PL-15s from the inboards

Developed by the 607 Institute, the PL-15 (Pi Li or Thunderbolt), is China’s latest beyond-visual-range air-to air missile (BVRAAM). It achieved a first firing in September 2015. Powered by a dual-pulse rocket motor, the PL-15 has a maximum speed of Mach 4 and is reported to achieve a standoff range of 300 km. In comparison, its predecessor PL-12 has a range of 100 km, similar to its Western counterpart, the AIM-120C AMRAAM. According to Chinese reports, the PL-15 will enable the PLAAF to down enemy high-value assets such as tankers and AEW aircraft, beyond the engagement range of their escortsSource ainonline.com

PL-10 air-to-air missiles hang from the outboard wing pylons and long-range PL-15s from the inboards
GENERAL DATA:
Type: Guided Weapon Weight: 199 kg
Length: 3.93 m Span: 0.75 m
Diameter: 0.2 Generation: None
Properties: Home On Jam (HOJ), Anti-Air All-Aspect, Capable vs Seaskimmer, Level Cruise Flight
Targets: Aircraft, Missile
SENSORS / EW:
Active Radar Seeker – (AAM MR, PL-15) Radar
Weapon Seeker, Active Radar
Max Range: 11.1 km
WEAPONS:
PL-15 – (2018+) Guided Weapon
Air Max: 174.1 km.

Source cmano-db.com

The aircraft can be armed with laser-guided bombs, the anti-ship YJ-8K or C-801K solid rocket powered missiles, the C-802 land attack and anti-ship turbojet-powered missiles manufactured by CHETA, and the YJ-9 anti-radiation missile.

YJ-8K or C-801K anti-ship missiles

YJ-81K/C-801K anti-ship cruise missiles C-801 is a subsonic Chinese anti-ship missile (AShM) developed in the 1980s, receiving NATO reporting name CSS-N-4 Sardine. Designated as YJ-8 (YJ is the abbreviation of Yingji, or 鹰击 in Chinese, meaning Eagle Strike), this originally surface platform based missile would become the foundation based on which several other missiles developed, such as YJ-1, the submarine-launched version, and YJ-81, the air-launched version. More advanced missiles such as C-802 and C-803, as well as land strike and anti-radiation versions were also subsequently developed.  YJ-81: Air-launched version without the booster. Operational range 40km at ≈ Mach > 0.75+

GENERAL DATA:
Type: Guided Weapon Weight: 655 kg
Length: 4.65 m Span: 1.18 m
Diameter: 0.36 Generation: None
Properties: Home On Jam (HOJ), Terrain Following, Search Pattern, Bearing-Only Launch (BOL), Weapon – INS Navigation, Level Cruise Flight
Targets: Surface Vessel
SENSORS / EW:
Active Radar Seeker – (ASM MR, C-801) Radar
Weapon Seeker, Active Radar
Max Range: 9.3 km
Passive Radar Seeker – (C-801) ESM
Weapon Seeker, Anti-Radiation
Max Range: 18.5 km
WEAPONS:
C-801K [YJ-81] – (1999, Air) Guided Weapon
Surface Max: 46.3 km.

Source cmano-db.com

YJ-91 anti-radiation missile

2 × YJ-91 ARM with data link , ECM KG500, K/RKL700A, PL-8 AAM

The Kh-31P high-speed medium-range “air-to-surface” guided missile with changeable passive radar homing heads is designed to engage radars operating within long- and medium-range air defence missile systems, as well as other ground- and sea-based radars of different purpose, in the corresponding frequency band.

The Kh-31P missile can be efficiently launched either independently or in salvo, in fair and adverse weather conditions, to engage radar targets of opportunity or previously disclosed ones.

The missile can be equipped with changeable homing heads operating in coresponding frequency bands used by modern continuous-wave and pulsed radars of surface-to-air missile and anti-aircraft artillery systems.

The missile’s radar homing head ensures:

– target search and lock-on in the autonomous mode, or by receiving target designation data from carrier’s sensors with the missile on the aircraft suspension station;

– target tracking and missile guidance command generation.

It has a high explosive/fragmentation type of warhead.

Performance:

 Launch range envelope, km  15-110
 Launch altitude envelope, m  100-15,000
 Launch speed envelope, km/h (Mach number)  600-1,250
 (0,65-1,5)
 Max missile cruising speed, m/s  1,000
 Warhead weight, kg  87
 Missile launch weight, kg  about 600
 Missile dimensions, m:
 length  4,7
 body diameter  0,36
 wing span  0,914

Source ktrv.ru

*Note techincal data is of Kh-31P

A 23mm cannon is installed internally on the port side of the forward section of the fuselage above the nosewheel.

23mm twin-barrel GSh-23L auto cannon

The GSh-23 functions on the Gast principle. In this twin barrel setup the recoil from one barrel cycles the action of the other, allowing for an instant high rate of fire. The GSh-23 is belt fed from a single belt. The GSh-23L adds a muzzle brake that helps reduce recoil. Both GSh-23 and GSh-23L are solenoid fired.

The GSh-23 fires the 23x115mm round that is also widely used in other Soviet aircraft cannon. The rate of fire is 3.000 to 3.400 rpm and is instantly achieved as opposed to Gatling type weapons. The muzzle velocity of 715 m/s is low compared to other modern aircraft cannon.

Type Autocannon
Caliber 23x115mm AM-23
Mechanism Gas operated, Gast principle
Barrel Twin barrel, 1.000 m, rifled, 10 grooves, 575 mm right hand twist
Dimensions 1.387 m long, 165 mm wide, 168 mm tall
Weight 50 kg
Feeding Single belt feed
Rate of fire 3.000 – 3.400 rpm
Muzzle velocity 700 – 730 m/s
Recoil 2.900 kg recoil force
Remarks Muzzle brake

Source weaponsystems.net

chinamil.com.cn

Unguided weapon 57mm Rocket

GENERAL DATA:
Type: Rocket Weight: 4 kg
Length: 0.91 m Span: 0.23 m
Diameter: 0.06 Generation: None
Targets: Surface Vessel, Land Structure – Soft, Land Structure – Hardened, Mobile Target – Soft, Mobile Target – Hardened
WEAPONS:
57mm Rocket – (Generic) Rocket
Surface Max: 1.9 km. Land Max: 1.9 km.

Unguided weapon 90mm Rocket

GENERAL DATA:
Type: Rocket Weight: 17 kg
Length: 1.21 m Span: 0.34 m
Diameter: 0.09 Generation: None
Targets: Surface Vessel, Land Structure – Soft, Land Structure – Hardened, Mobile Target – Soft, Mobile Target – Hardened
WEAPONS:
90mm Rocket – (Generic) Rocket
Surface Max: 3.7 km. Land Max: 3.7 km.
chinamil.com.cn

Sensors

The aircraft could be fitted with a forward-looking infrared and laser target designator pod. The China Aviation Industry Corporation I (AVIC I) has displayed an exhibition model of the J-10 fitted with targeting pods, which would provide the capability of the J-10 to deploy laser and satellite navigation guided weapons.

Indigenous IRST/LR

The aircraft also features a new indigenous IRST/LR in front of the canopy, a white IFR probe light on the starboard side of the nose, a JF-17 style glass cockpit with a wide-angle holographic HUD, three large color MFDs and an HMDS. The new IRST allows passive detection of enemy aircraft, making J-10B more stealthy in combat. Its nose appears flatter too, similar to that of American F-16. Source chinese-military-aviation.blogspot.com

GENERAL DATA:
Type: Infrared Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 185.2 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Infrared, 3rd Generation Imaging (2000s/2010s, Impr LANTIRN, Litening II/III, ATFLIR)
Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Classification [Class Info] / Brilliant Weapon [Automatic Target Aquisition], Continous Tracking Capability [Visual]
SENSORS / EW:
Generic IRST – (3rd Gen Imaging) Infrared
Role: IRST, Imaging Infrared Seach and Track
Max Range: 185.2 km

Source cmano-db.com

Possible pulse Doppler radar fits include the Chinese Type 1473 radar, Russian Phazotron Zhuk-10PD or Zhemchug, the Chinese JL-10A, the Israeli IAI Elta EL/M-2023 or the Italian Galileo Avionica Grifo 2000.

Chinese Type 1473 radar

J-10B – L Guo
GENERAL DATA:
Type: Radar Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 148.2 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0.2 km Generation: Early 2000s
Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Pulse Doppler Radar (Full LDSD Capability), Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA), Continuous Wave Illumination
SENSORS / EW:
China KLJ-3 PESA [Zhemchoug] – (J-10B) Radar
Role: Radar, FCR, Air-to-Air, Medium-Range
Max Range: 148.2 km

Source cmano-db.com

K/RKL700A (KG600?)

K/JDC01A FLIR/laser designation pod

GENERAL DATA:
Type: Sensor Pod Weight: 0 kg
Length: 0.0 m Span: 0.0 m
Diameter: 0.0 Generation: None
Properties: Pod – Night Navigation/Attack (Incl. Bomb, Rocket Delivery)
SENSORS / EW:
Blue Sky [Laser Designator] – (WMD-7?) Laser Designator
Laser Target Designator & Ranger (LTD/R)
Max Range: 18.5 km
Blue Sky [FLIR] – (WMD-7?) Infrared
Infrared, Attack FLIR
Max Range: 55.6 km

Source cmano-db.com

Cockpit

The single-seat fighter aircraft is also being developed in a two-seat variant as a trainer aircraft and as an electronic warfare aircraft. The first flight of the two-seat variant was completed in 2003. The cockpit is fitted with a zero-zero ejection seat.

The aircraft has a digital fly-by-wire flight control system and HOTAS (hands-on throttle and stick) control on which the pilot has every control for combat incorporated into the two handholds.

J-10S – chinamil.com.cn

Cockpit displays include a helmet-mounted weapon sight, a wide field of view head-up display and one full-colour and two monochrome liquid crystal multifunction displays. The avionics are served by a 1553B databus.

Engine

J-10B – chinamil.com.cn

The aircraft is powered by the AL-31 turbojet engine supplied by Saturn Lyulka. The prototype aircraft and the first series of production aircraft are fitted with the AL-31FN developing 79kN and 123kN with afterburn, and which is the currently used in the Chinese Air Force Su-27 and Su-30 aircraft.

AL-31FN

The AL-31F engines have modular design, with a four-stage variable low-pressure compressor and a two-shaft turbine. The nine-stage high-pressure compressor has a variable-area first group of stages. The combustor is of an annular type. The single-stage high and lowpressure turbines have active radial clearance control. The air-to-air heat exchanger of the turbine cooling system is placed in the external duct, and is fitted with a device preventing air flow in dry-thrust engine operation mode.

The afterburner is common for both ducts. The supersonic nozzle has a variable-area design. The engine has a top-mounted gearbox, a looped oil system, and an autonomous startup system. The main control system is electronic, while the auxiliary one is hydraulic. The engine features a surge termination system and high gas-dynamic stability of the compressor.

The AL-31F engines are available both in standard and tropicalised variants. They are operational in a wide altitude/airspeed envelope, and provide stable operation in deep air intake surge modes at Mach numbers of up to 2.0, in controlled, inverted and flat spins, and enable execution of aerobatics in the dynamic operation mode at negative airspeeds of up to 200 km/h. The engines boast high gas-dynamic stability and durability, enabling their operation in extreme conditions with air intake pressure irregularities and pulsing.

Variants

The AL-31F engine is designed for installation in the Su-27, Su-30, Su-32, and Su-35 aircraft. The AL-31F Series 3 engine is designed to power the Su-33 aircraft. The AL-31FN engine is a development of the AL-31F engine featuring both bottom and top gearboxes designed for the Chinese J-10A aircraft. The AL-31FP engine is another development of the AL-31F engine with a swiveling nozzle for the Su-30MK.

Technical Data Specification

AL-31F

AL-31FN

AL-31FP

Thrust, full afterburner, kgf

12,500

12,500

12,500

Specific fuel

consumption, kg/kgf/h

economy power (H=0, M=0)

0.670

0.685

0.670

Dimensions, mm:

length

4,950

4,897

4,990

max diameter

1,240

1,140

1,280

Engine dry weight, kg

1,530

1,547

1,570

 

Source armscom.net

chinamil.com.cn

The more highly powered and advanced variant of the J-10, the Super-10, first reported in 2006, is fitted with the AL-31FN M1 supplied by Salyut. The AL-31FN M1 provides 132.5kN and is equipped with full authority digital engine control and a four-way swivelling exhaust nozzle for vectored thrust.

AL-31FN M1

wikiwand.com

The modernization of engines AL-31F to version AL-31FM1 (AL-31F series 42, serial No Item 99M1) began in about 2001 or 2002. Thrust increased from 12,500 to 13,500 kp. Time between overhault was increased to 750 hours with the expected increase to 1000 hours. The engine got a new low-pressure compressor KND-924-4 with the inlet diameter of 924 mm, compression 3,68 and airflow 119 kg/s. Blades number of the first stage is unchanges – 37. The control system has been changed to the type of KRD-99C. The engine is equipped with all-regime supersonic vectored nozzle with life of 800 hours (of September 2007). Weight increased slightly to 1557 kg. Modernization of the engine version AL-31FM1 is firstly in the hands of the Moscow Salut. Motor AL-31FM1 underwent flight tests in the M. M. Gromov Institute on planes Su-27 nr. 595 and 598. State tests should be completed by July 2006, then required contracts should be signed and serial production can be started. In December 2006, it was decided that the engines AL-31FM1 will be admitted to the arms of Russia to fill the gap between the current engines, the fourth and fifth generation of future engines. Serial production began in March 2007. Engines were presented at the public exhibition MAKS 2007. China expresseed interest in the engines AL-31FM1 and to the modernization of its Su-27 and Su-30. Source leteckemotory.cz

WS 10 Engine

Specifications:

-new variant of WS-10A engine reaches 14000kg thrust and has certify
-lifespan of WS-10A is 4000hrs and schedule maintenance every 300hrs
-WS-10A has started mass equip of domestic aircraft like J-11B/D, J-10B/C, J-15, J-16 and Y-20 transport aircraft.
-WS-10A still not fully equipped all domestic aircraft is because many AL-31 engine lifespan has not used up.

Taihang engine is already in-production and in-service with the PLAAF. Note the yellow serial numbers on the vertical stabilizer. These are in-service aircraft the Taihang’s 14,000 kgf of maximum thrust is enough to surpass the AL-31F M1 (13,500 kgf) and AL-31FN Series 3 (13,700 kgf) and it slightly below the 117S (14,500 kgf), but very close. Source errymath.blogspot.com

TVC

J-10B with TVC – L Guo

The aircraft carries a maximum of 4,950l of fuel internally, comprising 3,180l in the wing tanks and 1,770l in the fuselage tanks. A fixed refuelling probe for in-flight refuelling is installed halfway up the forward port side of the fuselage and just forward of the pilot.

Aerial refuelling of the J-10 is from a Xian H-6U tanker aircraft.

Additional fuel can be carried in auxiliary tanks on the centreline under the fuselage and on the innermost pair of the three sets of wing hardpoints.

Landing gear

J-10B

The aircraft is equipped with tricycle-type landing gear. The nose unit has twin heels and retracts rearwards and the main units retract forward. The aircraft has a drogue parachute for landing.

Performance

chinamil.com.cn

The J-10 can fly at a maximum speed of 2,327km/h at high altitudes. Its maximum speed at sea level is 1,470km/h. The range and combat radius of the aircraft are 1,850km and 550km respectively. Its service ceiling is 18,000m. The aircraft weighs around 9,750kg and has a maximum take-off weight of 19,277kg.

Specification J-10A

Modification   J-10
Wingspan, m   8.78
Length m   14.57
Height, m   4.78
Wing area, m2   33.05
Weight, kg
  empty aircraft   9800
  normal takeoff   18,000
Fuel l
  internal   2625
  PTB   4165
engine’s type   1 TRDF AL-31FN
Thrust, kgf
  normal   1 x 7600
  afterburner   1 x 12500
Maximum speed, km / h   M = 2.00
Cruising speed, km / h   1110
Practical range, km   2000
Practical ceiling, m   18,000
Max. operational overload   9
Crew   one
Armament:   one 23mm cannon.
combat load – 7260 kg on seven nodes of the external suspension;
it is possible to place air-to-air missiles of PL-8, PL-10, PL-11, P-27 and R-73, as well as air-to-surface
missiles of anti-ship missiles -8K, NAR, free-fall bombs and other weapons

Source airwar.ru

Main material source airforce-technology.com

Images are from public domain unless otherwise stated

Revised Dec 08, 2018

Yakovlev Yak-130

The Yak-130 combat trainer was selected as the winner of the trainer competition of the Voyenno Vozdushnyye Sily, Russian Federation Air Force, in April 2002. The aircraft is also actively marketed for export by Yakovlev, the Irkut company, and by Rosoboronexport.

1451476_-_main

The Russian Air Force has a future requirement for 300 Yak-130 aircraft that can be deployed as a light strike aircraft or as a trainer for a range of fourth or fifth-generation fighters. An order was placed for the first 12 aircraft to replace ageing Aero Vodochody L-39 Albatros in 2002. The aircraft entered service in the Russian Federation Air Force at the military pilot training academy in Krasnodar in July 2009 and was showcased in the MAKS 2009 air show.

The first Yak-130 ordered by the Russian Air Force completed its flight acceptance test at Sokol in August 2009. The Russian Air Force received the first four of 12 Yak-130s between February 2010 and April 2010. Another five aircraft were delivered in April 2011.

In December 2011, the Russian Ministry of Defence placed an order with Irkut for the delivery of 55 Yak-130 combat trainers by 2015.

yak-130m

The Yak-130 has a maximum g-loading of +8g to -3g and is capable of executing the flight manoeuvres specific to current operational and developmental combat aircraft, including Su-30, MiG-29, Mirage, F-15, F-16, Eurofighter, F-22 and F-35.

Other variants of the Yak-130 considered included a navalised carrier-based trainer aircraft, a lightweight reconnaissance aircraft and an unmanned strike aircraft.

The Yak-130 is of classical swept-wing and empennage monoplane design and light alloy construction with carbon-fibre control surfaces. Kevlar armour protection is fitted to the engines, cockpit and avionics compartment.

All-digital cockpit

0013

The aircraft has an air-conditioned and pressurised two-seat tandem cockpit fitted with NPO Zvezda K-36LT 3.5 zero-zero ejection seats. The pilots have all-round view through a blister canopy. The forward pilot has a view over the nose to -16°. The rear pilot has a view to -6°.

K-36L-3,5YA (К-36Л-3,5Я)

k36l_3-5ya_0

Main specifications:

Ejection seat provides rescue crew member in Vi speed ranges (0 to 1050) km / h, Mach numbers up to 1.0 and the aircraft flight altitudes (from 0 to 13,000) m, including take-off, landing run, “H = 0 mode, V = 0 “and is applied with a set of protective equipment and oxygen RUC-15 type of equipment.

The installation weight of the chair is not more than 86 kg (with a survival kit)

Application:

Yak-130

Source zvezda-npp.ru

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.06.09-16-17-26Т24

Oxygen system comprises the onboard oxygen generating system (OBOGS) designed to supply oxygen to the crew members in all flight modes at altitudes of up to 12,500 m, including emergency situations such as cockpit depressurization and crew ejection. Emergency oxygen system installed in the ejection seats is a source of oxygen for about 5 minutes in cases of the OBOGS failure and cockpit depressurization (automatically activated if over 8,000 m), ejection and subsequent parachute descent.

Air conditioning system is designed to ventilate and maintain the required air temperature and pressure in the cockpit, cool down electronic equipment compartments, pressurize external fuel tanks, supply air to the OBOGS, etc.

Protective equipment provides optimal working conditions for the flight crew and includes pilots’ anti-G suits and protective helmets with oxygen masks. Source redstar.gr

Oxygen System KS – 130

Purpose:

The KS-130 oxygen system is designed to provide one or two pilots of the front-line aircraft with oxygen during flights at the altitudes up to 12 km. The oxygen source is the BKDU-130 onboard oxygen-generating system, which produces oxygen from compressed air tapped from the aircraft gas turbine compressor.

Major advantages of the bottle-free oxygen system:

  • There are no onboard oxygen bottles in the system and, correspondingly, there is no need in pre-flight charging of the system with oxygen;
  • The mission duration is not limited with the onboard oxygen reserve;
  • The system features less line maintenance man-hours than the system with the bottle oxygen source.

The KS-129 oxygen system is used onboard the Yak-130 aircraft.

Source zvezda-npp.ru

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.06.09-16-05-56Т24

The production Yak-130 is the first Russian aircraft with an all-digital avionics suite. The avionics meets Mil Standard 1553 and can be adapted to the customer’s requirements.

The aircraft has an all-glass cockpit. Both pilot positions are night vision goggle compatible and equipped with three multi-function 6in x 8in color liquid crystal displays. The pilot in the forward cockpit can use the helmet-mounted sight for target designation. The cockpit is fitted with an MS internal and external communication and voice warning system supplied by AA.S. Popov GZAS Joint Stock Company.

yak130_4yak130-cock

The Avionica fly-by-wire flight control system is used to adjust the stability and controllability characteristics and flight safety systems to simulate a number of aircraft such as the MiG-29, Su-27, Su-30, F-15, F-16, F-18, Mirage 2000, Rafale, Typhoon and future fighters such as the F-35. The pilot selects the software model of the simulated aircraft’s control system on the Yak-130 onboard computer. The pilot can select the model during flight. The system can be forgiving to allow cadet pilots the easy acquisition of piloting skills.

screenshot-thaimilitaryandasianregion.wordpress.com-2018.09.25-19-34-31Т24

The open architecture avionics suite includes two computers and a three-channel information exchange multiplexer. The navigation suite includes laser gyroscopes and GLONASS/NAVSTAR global positioning.

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.06.09-16-12-33Т24

Optico-laser-teplotelevizionnaya (SOLT-25) system

MAKS2015part8-44-XL

GENERAL DATA:
Type: Laser Designator Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 9.3 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Not Applicable (N/A)
SENSORS / EW:
Laser Designator [SOLT-25] – (Su-25SM3) Laser Designator
Role: Laser Target Designator & Ranger (LTD/R)
Max Range: 9.3 km

Source cmano-db.com

Yak 130 with SLOT system on the nose – irkut.com

WEAPONS

The Yak-130 combat trainer can simulate the tactics of different combat aircraft. There is one centerline fuselage hardpoint and the number of wing hardpoints for the suspension of weapons payloads has been increased to eight with six underwing and two wingtip points, increasing the combat payload weight to 3,000kg. The aircraft can carry weapons, suspended fuel tanks, reconnaissance pods and a range of electronic warfare pods including radar jammers and infrared countermeasures.

Yak_130_Arma1

An open architecture avionics suite installed on the Yak-130 allows a wide range of western weapon systems and guided missiles to be integrated including the AIM-9L Sidewinder, Magic 2 and the AGM-65 Maverick. Weapons fits include the Vikhr laser-guided missile, R-73 infrared-guided air-to-air missiles (NATO designation AA-11 Archer) and the Kh-25 ML (NATO designation AS-10 Karen) air-to-surface laser-guided missile. A Platan electro-optical guidance pod is installed under the fuselage for deployment of the KAB-500Kr guided bomb.

AIM-9L Sidewinder

AIM-9L Sidewinder

The Sidewinder is the most widespread Air-to-Air missile in the world; its first version, the AIM-9B, entered service in 1953 and since then it has been continuously updated up to the latest versions AIM-9L and AIM-9M and it boasts many imitation attempts, like the Russian AA-2 “Atoll” or the Israeli Rafael “Shafrir 2”.

It features four detachable double-delta control surfaces behind the nose and a roll stabilizing rear wing/rolleron assembly. The main components of the missiles are an infrared homing guidance system with “all aspect” capability, an explosive/fragmentation warhead weighting about 10 Kg and an active optical target detector. According to the avionic system of the carrier aircraft, the missile can be fired in two modes:

  • “Boresight Mode”: IR seeker slaved to the aircraft weapon aiming system
  • “Scan Mode”: IR seeker performs autonomous scanning
Technical specification
LENGTH: 2.87 m
DIAMETER: 127 mm
WING SPAN: 0.64 m
WEIGHT: 87 Kg
WARHEAD: 9.5 Kg HE/fragmentation
FUZE: Active Laser
GUIDANCE: IR
PROPULSION SYS.: Rocket motor, solid propellant
RANGE: 8 Km

Source nibbio14.altervista.org

Magic 2 (R-550)

Magic 2 missile

Magic R550 -“All aspect” medium-range missile, developed in 1967 by Matra and entered service in 1974. Advanced aerodynamic characteristics, thanks to moving control fins near the nozzle, in combination with four aerodynamic vanes which serve to stabilize the flow for better control.

LAUNCH-PLATFORM Mirage 2000, Rafale, F-16, Sea Harrier, Mirage 5, Super Etendard, Mirage F1, Mirage III
DESIGNER Marta, MBDA
COUNTRY France
IN SERVICE 1975 (Magic)

1986 (Magic II)

TYPE Short-range air-to-air missile
POWER PLANT Rocket motor
Thrust, kN
DIMENSIONS
Length, mm 2750
Diameter, mm 160
Wing span, mm 470
WEIGHT
Weight, kg 89
Warhead weight, kg 30
Warhead type Fragmentation
GUIDANCE SYSTEM IR
PERFORMANCE
Speed, (Mach) 4
Range, km 15

Source redstar.gr

AGM-65 Maverick

AGM-65 Maverick

Vikhr laser-guided missile

AT-16-VikhrVikhr laser-guided missile

The 9A4172 Vikhr is a Russian long-range anti-tank guided missile. It is known in the West as the AT-16 Scallion. It was developed in the Soviet Union during the 1980s. At the time Soviets needed a new missiles, to replace the 9K114 Shturm (AT-6 Spiral) system, that could penetrate contemporary Western main battle tanks with composite and explosive reactive armor, such as the American M1 Abrams, German Leopard 2, and British Challenger. Prototypes were tested by the Soviet armed forces in 1989. First production missiles were delivered in 1992. During the same year the Vikhr was first publicly revealed. Since its introduction sales of the Vikhr missile have been slow, partly because Russia also uses Ataka missile, developed by another manufacturer, which is similar in function, but uses different guidance. In 2013 Russian MoD ordered over 6 000 Vikhr-1 missiles in order to prevent the manufacturer from going bankrupt. Delivery was completed in 2016. The Vikhr has been exported to Egypt, and possibly some countries.

steamworkshop_webupload_previewfile_335149944_preview.png

Launchers with the Vikhr missiles can be mounted on helicopters, vehicles and watercraft. This missile is typically used on Russian helicopters, such as the Ka-52, and Su-25T ground attack aircraft. However much more numerous Russian Mil attack helicopters, such as the Mi-24 and Mi-28 are typically equipped with broadly similar Ataka anti-tank missiles.

The Vikhr missiles are used in conjunction with APU-6 and APU-8 aviation launchers. The APU-6 launcher carries 6 missiles and is used on the Ka-50 helicopters. The APU-8 launcher carries 8 missiles and is used on the Su-25T ground attack aircraft.

Country of origin Russia
Entered service 1992
Missile
Armor penetration 1 000 mm behind ERA
Missile length 2.75 m
Missile diameter 0.13 m
Fin span 0.38 m
Missile launch weight 45 kg
Warhead weight 10 – 12 kg
Warhead type Tandem HEAT
Range of fire up to 10 km
Guidance Laser-guided

Source military-today.com

R-73 infrared-guided air-to-air missiles (NATO designation AA-11 Archer)

R-73 infrared-guided air-to-air missiles

The R-73 short-range air-to-air missile was developed by “Molniya” (recently the special design bureau Nr.4) design bureau. It’s team at the beginning of the 1970s developed the R-60 missile and the R-73 was intended to replace it. It is known as the AA-11 “Archer” with NATO countries.

Missile features a wide angle infrared seeker and extreme maneuverability.

The R-73 is completed with a vectored trust system to makevery tight turns. It’s minimum range of fire is 0.3 km and missile is intended as a dogfight weapon in close air combats. Furthermore the R-73 is considered to be the most dangerous weapon system in close visual combat.

There were developed later variants of the R-73 missile:

  – The R-73E missile features extended range;

  – The R-73M1 (sometimes designated as R-73 RDM-1) features improved overall performance;

  – The R-73M2 (R-73 RDM-2) has even better performance characteristics than it’s predecessor – the R-73M1;

  – The K-74ME.

All these missiles have the same AA-11 “Archer” NATO designation.

Model R-73E R-73M1 R-73M2
Entered service in ? 1982 ?
Range against closing target < 30 km 30 km 40 km
Range against receding target < 15 km 15 km ?
Weight 115 kg 105 kg 110 kg
Weight of warhead 7.4 kg 8 kg ?
Type of warhead

expanding rod

Speed

Mach 2.5

Guidance

infrared

Kill probability ? 0.6 ?
Length

2.9 m

Diameter

0.17 m

Fin span

0.51 m

Carried by Ka-50, Ka-52, MiG-29, MiG-31, Su-25, Su-27, Su-30, Su-33, Su-34, Su-35, Su-37, Su-39, Yak-141

Source enemyforces.net

Kh-25 ML (NATO designation AS-10 Karen) air-to-surface laser-guided missile

x-25ml_cx

The Kh-25/Kh-25M (Russian: Х-25; NATO:AS-10 ‘Karen) is a family of Soviet lightweight air-to-ground missiles with a modular range of guidance systems and a range of 10 km. The anti-radar variant (Kh-25MP) is known to NATO as the AS-12 ‘Kegler and has a range up to 40 km.Designed by Zvezda-Strela, the Kh-25 is derived from the laser-guided version of their Kh-23 Grom (AS-7 ‘Kerry’). It has now been succeeded by the Kh-38 family, but the Kh-25 remains in widespread use.

The Kh-25 is very similar to the later version of the Kh-23, with cruciform canards and fins.

The Kh-25MP has two versions of its homing head, 1VP and 2VP, sensitive to different frequencies.

The original Kh-25 entered service with the Soviet Air Force between 1973-5, equipping the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23, MiG-27 and Sukhoi Su-17M. Since then it has been cleared for use on the MiG-21, MiG-29, Sukhoi Su-17/20/22 family, Sukhoi Su-24, Su-25 and Su-27. It can also be carried by attack helicopters such as the Kamov Ka-50.

Kh-25ML – semi-active laser guidance with tandem warhead that can penetrate 1 metre (39 in) of concrete.

steamworkshop_webupload_previewfile_335149944_preview

Specifications

Weight Kh-25ML :299 kg (659 lb)

Kh-25MP :315 kg (694 lb)

Length Kh-25ML :370.5 cm (12 ft 2 in)

Kh-25MP 1VP :425.5 cm (167.5 in)

Kh-25MP 2VP :435.5 cm (171.5 in)

Diameter 27.5 cm (10.8 in)
Warhead High explosive, shell-forming
Warhead weight Kh-25MP :89.6 kg (198 lb), Kh-25MR :140 kg (309 lb)
Wingspan 75.5 cm (29.7 in)
Operational

range

Kh-25ML :11 km (5.9 nmi)

Kh-25MP :up to 60 km (32 nmi)

Kh-25MTP : 20 km (11 nmi)

Speed Kh-25ML :1,370–2,410 km/h (850–1,500 mph)

Kh-25MP :1,080–1,620 km/h (670–1,000 mph)

Guidance

system

Laser guidance, passive radar, TV guidance, IIR, Satellite guidance,active radar homing depending on variant
Launch

platform

MiG-21, MiG-23/27, MiG-29, Ka-52 , Su-17/20/22, Su-24,Su-25, Su-27, Yakovlev Yak-130

Kh-25MP : MiG-23/27, Su-17/22, Su-24, Su-25

Source wikipedia.org

KAB-500Kr guided bomb

steamworkshop_webupload_previewfile_335149944_preview.png

The KAB-500Kr corrected air bomb is designed to engage stationary ground/surface small-sized hardened targets, such as reinforced concrete shelters, runways, railway and highway bridges, military industrial installations, warships, and transport vessels.

KAB-500Kr

Weights: total/warhead/HE, kg 520/380/100
Dimensions:
length, m 3,05
diameter, m 0,35
empennage, m 0,75
Bomb drop altitude, km 0,5-5
Carrier speed, km/h 550…1100
Root mean square deviation, m 4…7
Warhead type concrete-piercing
(high explosive penetrator)

The aircraft is fitted with a 30mm GSh-301 cannon or a podded GSh-23 cannon installed under the fuselage. It can also deploy unguided B-8M and B-18 rockets, 250kg and 50kg bombs and cluster bombs.

B-8M rocket pod

52ab7-36f8ab713ede2ef03af82827bb51948f

‘S-8’ 80mm unguided rocket

s-8_kom1.jpg

The S-8 system is the main caliber weapon in the class of unguided aircraft rockets and can solve a variety of aircraft missions.

The rocket is provided with a solid propellant motor with a summary thrust pulse of 5,800 N.s and operating time of 0.7 s. Progressive methods for body shaping from ready-made rolled aluminum and unique engineering solutions in terms of separate elements aimed at reducing motor manufacturing labor consumption and costs are used in its construction.

The following types of S-8 rockets are operational today:

    • S-8KOM with HEAT fragmentation warhead;
    • S-8BM with concrete-piercing (penetrating) warhead;
    • S-8-OM with illuminating warhead.

B-13 Rocket pod

4KAB-500Kr guided bomb and B-13 Rocket pod

‘S-13’ type 122mm unguided rocket

The S-13 is a 122 mm calibre unguided rocket weapon developed by the Soviet Air Force for use by military aircraft. It remains in service with the Russian Air Force and some other countries.

S-13T: Tandem HEAT, range 1.1 – 4 km Combined penetration of 6 m of earth and 1 m of reinforced concrete. Velocity 500 m/s.

s-13tS-13T

S-13OF: The only 122mm rocket available, this large rocket packs a blast-fragmentation warhead with some serious wallop, dealing significant damage to soft targets and lightly armored vehicles, and can even destroy a main battle tank with a direct hit. With only 5 rockets per pod, accurate delivery is key.

air_508a_007The S-13OF

30mm GSh-301 cannon

30mm GSh-301 cannon

The GSh-301 is a modern Soviet single barrel autocannon with a high rate of fire. It arms the two most common types of Soviet multirole fighters, the MiG-29 and the larger Su-27.

The GSh-301 fires the 30x165mm round at a rate of fire of 1.500 to 1.800 rpm. Short bursts are fired. A 100 round burst destroys the barrel. Effective range is quoted as 200 to 800 m against aerial targets and 1.200 to 1.800 m against ground targets. Combined with targeting computer and laser range finder accuracy is reported to be good.

Type Autocannon
Caliber 30x165mm Soviet
Mechanism Short recoil operated
Barrel 1.500 m barrel
Dimensions 1.978 m long, 156 mm wide, 185 mm tall
Weight 46 kg
Feeding Single belt feed
Rate of fire 1.500 – 1.800 rpm
Muzzle velocity 860 m/s
Recoil ?
Remarks 2.000 round barrel life

Source weaponsystems.net

GSh-23 cannon gun pod

otr_gun_gsh-23_o1GSh-23 cannon  

The GSh-23 functions on the Gast principle. In this twin barrel setup the recoil from one barrel cycles the action of the other, allowing for an instant high rate of fire. The GSh-23 is belt fed from a single belt. The GSh-23L adds a muzzle brake that helps reduce recoil. Both GSh-23 and GSh-23L are solenoid fired.

The GSh-23 fires the 23x115mm round that is also widely used in other Soviet aircraft cannon. The rate of fire is 3.000 to 3.400 rpm and is instantly achieved as opposed to Gatling type weapons. The muzzle velocity of 715 m/s is low compared to other modern aircraft cannon.

Image:  Makarov Alekseyubs7
Type Autocannon
Caliber 23x115mm AM-23
Mechanism Gas operated, Gast principle
Barrel Twin barrel, 1.000 m, rifled, 10 grooves, 575 mm right hand twist
Dimensions 1.387 m long, 165 mm wide, 168 mm tall
Weight 50 kg
Feeding Single belt feed
Rate of fire 3.000 – 3.400 rpm
Muzzle velocity 700 – 730 m/s
Recoil 2.900 kg recoil force
Remarks Muzzle brake

Source weaponsystems.net

RADAR

The Yak-130 is fitted with the 8GHz to 12.5GHz Osa or Oca (Wasp) radar developed by NIIP Zhukovsky. The radar has the capacity to track eight airborne targets simultaneously, simultaneously engage four targets at all angles and simultaneously track two ground targets. The detection range against 5m² cross section targets is 40km in the rear direction and 85km in the forward direction. The lock-on range for operation in automatic tracking mode is 65km.

Osa or Oca (Wasp) radar

Osa or Oca (Wasp) radar developed by NIIP Zhukovsky @vitalykuzmin.net
General data:
Type: Radar Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 83.3 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0.2 km Generation: Late 1980s
Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Pulse Doppler Radar (Full LDSD Capability), Continuous Wave Illumination
Sensors / EW:
Oca – (Yak-130, Osa) Radar
Role: Radar, FCR, Air-to-Air, Short-Range
Max Range: 83.3 km

Source cmano-db.com

COUNTERMEASURES

The electronic warfare suite includes a chaff and flare dispenser, a radar warning receiver and active jammers.

Image @sputniknews.com

ENGINES

Yak-130_11Yak taxing with air intakes closed to keep out foreign objects the air instead are from a series of vents that open above the air intakes 

The aircraft has a high thrust to weight ratio of about 0.85. The demonstrator is powered by two Slovakian Povazske Strojarne DV-2SM turbofan engines, each rated at 2,200kg thrust.

Production aircraft are fitted with two powerful high economy AI-222-25 turbofan engines, each rated at 2,500kg thrust and developed under a Russian and Ukrainian program by Motor Sich, Zaporozh’e Progress Design Bureau and the Moscow Salyut Motor Building Production Enterprise. The export variant of the Yak-130 can be fitted with the DV-2SM engines.

Engine automatic control system 

Engines operation is managed by a duplex all-mode electronic hydromechanical automatic control system built around an electronic digital full authority controller of FADEC type with a redundant hydromechanical control loop. The automatic control system monitors engines technical status, service life reserve and working parameters, and manages power plant modes of operation, surge protection, starting. Source redstar.gr

AI-222-25 turbofan engine

ai-222-25 (1)AI-222-25 turbofan engines @ivchenko-progress.com

Maximum power (SLS, ISA σin=1)

Thrust, kgf (flat rated to ISA =+30 °С) 2,500
Specific fuel consumption, kg/kgf/h 0.64
Maximum power (H = 5,000 m; M = 0.6; ISA; σin=0.97)
Thrust, kgf 1,450
Cruise power (H = 10,000 m; M = 0.6; ISA; σin=0.97)
Thrust, kgf 300
Specific fuel consumption, kg/kgf/h 0.875
Dimensions, mm 2,238 х 860 х 1,102
Weight, dry (without propfan), kg 440
Specified service life, h 3,000

Al-225-25 engine specification ivchenko-progress.com

DV-2SM engine

dv2s_01

Take-off thrust (kN) 21,58
Specific fuel consumption (kg/kN/hour) 61
Weight, dry (kg) 474
Engine Control System Supervisor + Stand-by + Back-up
Time between Overhauls (hour) 750
Service Life (hour) 3750
Inlet mass flow (kg/sec) 49,3
Overall compressor pressure (-) 13,6
Turbine Inlet Temperature (K) 1440
Bypass ratio (-) 1,4

DV2 engine specification htc-aed.sk

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.06.09-16-11-38Exhaust – Т24

TA-14-130 APU

ta14-130

TA-14-130 is a contemporary auxiliary gas-turbine engine with the equivalent power up to 106 kW. This engine is designed for APU of Jak-130 aircraft. It is used for air turbine start of the main aircraft engines, supplying on-board AC electric power  (200/115 V, power up to 20 kWA) and providing air conditioning for cockpit and cabins.

The engine is equipped with a highly efficient turbo compressor and integrated system of oil cooling. As a result, fuel consumption and the weight is reduced.

The engine is compliant with the contemporary market requirements and is equipped with a full-authority electronic digital control system that provides regulation, control and error detection as well as operation time counter.

screenshotAtUploadCC_1518928597142

APPLICATION: Jak-130

Closeup APU exhaust – Image:  Makarov Aleksey

Technical features:

Absorbed electric power of AC, kVA

20

Bleed air consumption, kg/s

0,55

Bleed air pressure, kgf/sm2

3,65

Bleed air temperature, °C

210

Start and operation altitude, m

9000

Environmental temperature, °С

± 60

Weight (without generator), kg

63

Overall dimensions, mm

835х507х440

Source aerosila.ru

yak130-2

Operators: Here

Russian Aerospace Forces to Receive 30 Yak-130 Aircraft By End of 2018: Here

General characteristics

Type
Combat trainer
Country user
Russia, Algeria, Vietnam
Country producer
Russia
Crew
2
Engine
2 × Progress AI-222-25 turbofan, 21.58 kN (4,852 lbf) each

Yak-130 specification airrecognition.com

Basic Data:

Mass:
      – takeoff, maximum 9 000 kg
      – takeoff, normal 5 700 kg
      – fuel, maximum:
               – in internal tanks 1 750 kg
               – in external tanks 2 х 450 kg
      – armament, maximum 3 000 kg
Power plant 2 turbofance
Takeoff thrust, ISA 2 х 2 500 kg
Maximum thrust/weight ratio 0,9
Speed:
      – level flight, maximum 1 050 km/h
      – takeoff (full fuel load) 200 km/h
      – landing 195 km/h
Maximum flight altitude 12 500 m
Flight angles of attack 40°
Service range with maximum internal fuel 2.000 km
Load factor::
      – sustained at 4 572 m altitude (15 000 ft 5,2 g
      – maneuvering load factor limits +8 g; -3 g
Airfield runway length 1 000 m
Service life 10 000 hours

Basic data yak.ru

Updated Mar 24, 2018

Main material source: Wiki/Sputnik/foromilitar.com.ar/Air Force Technology, Aironautical World Trainers