Daily Archives: October 21, 2015

BMPT-72 Terminator 2/Armata based Terminator-3 Tank support armoured fighting vehicle

At Russian Arms Expo 2013 defense exhibition in Nizhny Tagil (Russia), the Russian Defense Company Uralvagonzavod unveiled a new version of its Terminator, fire support armoured fighting vehicle BMPT-72. The idea to build new heavily armed tank support vehicles emerged on the basis of experience acquired by the Russian military during the First Chechen War in North Caucasus, especially during the urban fighting in Grozny in 1995 when Russian troops lost a large number of combat vehicles to “guerrilla warfare” tactics used by Chechen separatists. As the first production of BMP-T, the BMPT-72 is based on the chassis of the Russian-made main battle tank T-72.


The vehicle offers new protection and fire power especially in urban operations. The BMPT-72 is able to fight a full range of modern targets as main battle tank, armoured infantry fighting vehicles and other combat vehicles, dismounted infantry, and guided missile combat teams. The BMPT-72 is an extensive modernization of the world-famous T-72 main battle tank, also produced by Uralvagonzavod. Compared with the BMPT predecessor, the BMPT-72 has an improved fire control system and better turret weapon station protection.



According to manufacturer Uralvgonzavod, the key advantage that the BMPT-72 gives to all the counties that operate T-72 tanks is that they can promptly and at minimal cost upgrade their armies to an ultra-modern level, and enhance capacity, mobility, protection and armament without purchasing new high-cost machines.


The BMPT-72 or Terminator 2 is fitted with a new unmanned redesigned fully stabilized electromechanical turret, with lower profile and better protection. The main armament of the BMPT-72 turret consists of two 30mm automatic guns 2A42 and one PKTM 7.62mm coaxial machine gun which can be used against light armoured vehicles and manpower.

The Ministry of Defense informed about the purchase of BMPT “Terminator”: Here


Kubinka (Moscow region), 24 August – RIA Novosti. The Russian army will purchase the first tank-fighting vehicles (BMPT) “Terminator” and modernized BMP-3 with the combat module “Epoch” for the first time, Deputy Defense Minister Yury Borisov said on Thursday during the signing of the contracts.

Russian Terminator-3 BMPT is an Armata based tank with missiles instead of a main gun and Russian plans Armata vehicle versions that are robotic and unmanned: Here


A potentially closer comparison for the Armata based Terminator-3 might be the Israeli Namer — which is based on a Merkava 4 tank chassis — but the Russian machines are not designed to carry troops.

The idea of the tank support vehicle is a vehicle with the protection of a main battle tank, but which had the ability to engage enemy armor, bunkers and infantry in hiding in elevated positions. Indeed, every version of the Terminator built to date has the armor protection equivalent to — or better — than a main battle tank.

BMOP_Terminator-3 (1)

Terminator-3 Fan Art – vignette.wikia.nocookie.net

Russian ‘Terminator 2’ Combat Vehicle to Get New Guns: Here

The guns can fire a wide range of ammunitions as APERS-T (Anti-Personnel ammunitions), HEF-I (High-explosive Fragmentation Incendiary), AP-T (Armour Piercing)., and KE (Kinetic Energy). Two anti-tank guided missile Ataka-T launcher units are mounted to each side of the turret. The missile 9M1201 can be equipped with two types of warheads, hollow-charge and high-explosive concrete-piercing.

The main armament of the BMPT-72 turret consists of two 30mm automatic guns 2A42 and one PKTM 7.62mm coaxial machine gun.

2 x 30mm automatic guns 2A42



30 mm
Number of grooves
Twist of grooves
715,5 mm
Rate of fire
min 550 rounds/min
200-300 rounds/min
Gun weight
115 kg
Barrel weight
38,5 kg
Recoiling force
40-50 Kn
Length of the gun
3 027 mm
Voltage of the trigger electric source, contact system
27 +2/-5 V
Two belt type
Pyrotechnical or manual
Number of powder cartridges
Force required to cock the gun by hand for:
– loading
up to 400 N
– re-loading with simultaneous extraction of misfired round 
up to 600 N

Source ztsspecial.sk


Terminator 2 – vityok-m4-15.livejournal.com

30 mm Grenade Launcher AG-17D is designed to defeat manpower and firing assets located outside shelters, in open trenches and behind natural obstacles (ravine, gully, mountainside etc).

30×165 30mm 2A42 AAA and GSh-30 aircraft cannon

This round was introduced in the late 1970s and is used in the 2A42 cannon fixed to the BMP-2 and in movable mounts on Ka-50 and Mi-8 helicopters with double ammunition supply and a selective fire rate of 200 and 600rpm. The 2A42 is a gas/recoil operated cannon weighting 115kg and measuring 3030mm in length.

The 2A72 cannon, installed in the BMP-3 is recoil operated and has a fixed fire rate of 330rpm, the cannon weights 84kg and is 3010mm long.

Combat vehicles BMD-2, BMD-3, BRM RYS and Pantsir air defence system also use this type of ammo.

The Zinc clad steel cases have the shells securely fixed by two pronounced spaced crimps, in the guns described above, the rounds use a KV-3 percussion primer and 6/7P-5Bfl propellant. Shells for the ground based guns use the nose fuze A-670M. Cartridges are linked in 9H-623 type desintegrating steel belts.

Tracers for the HE-T shells are first burning yellow, then red. The “Kerner” APDS-T shell used in the ground based guns only is capable of penetrating 25mm/60°/1500m of RHA, compared to the standard AP-T shell, which achives only 14mm. Total weight of this “BPS” cartridge is 765g, it uses 136g of propellant.

18 cartridges are packed in an airtight metal can, 3 cans are overpacked in one wooden box measuring 375x875x206mm and weighting 63kg.

Ammunition is manufactured by the Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia and Russia.

Ammunition used in the 2A42, 2A38 and 2A72:

USSR Designation US Abbreviation Bullet Weight [g] Muzzle Velocity [m/s] Description
UOR-84M HEI-T 388 960 Shell with waist, filled with 11g HEI, A-670M fuze and tracer
UOF-84 HEI 390 960 Shell filled with 48,5g HEI, with A-670M fuze
BT AP-T 400 880 Solid shot with cap and tracer
BPS “Kerner” APDS-T 304 1120 Yellow plastic sabot surrounding tungsten alloy core with tracer
30 JOCvSv HETP-T 386 960 Czech airburst training round. As HEI-T but with no- impact-action self-destruction fuze A-390
UP TP 386 960 Inert filled and dummy fuzed HEI shell

From left to right (above picture):
2 Russian inert drill rounds, TP from AP-T round, AP-T round, HEI round, TP from HEI-T, HEI-T round.

Source russianammo.org

30mm grenade launcher



The AG-17 weapon system uses VOG-17M fragmentation rounds with a non-delay point fuse detonating on impact. The weapon is fed from a box-stowed metal link belt. The belt can be delivered from both right and left sides. The weapon features quick-to-disconnect barrel.


The AG-17 weapon system uses VOG-17M fragmentation rounds with a non-delay point fuse detonating on impact. The weapon is fed from a box-stowed metal link belt. The belt can be delivered from both right and left sides. The weapon features quick-to-disconnect barrel.

AG-17 Specification

Caliber, mm 30
Weight, kg* 31
Ammo box capacity, rounds 29
Ammunition stowage, rounds 87
Fire rate, rds./min. 420-480
Effective range, m 1700
Muzzle velocity, m/s 185
Fragmentation kill radius, m 7+

Source minotor-service.com

30x28B 30mm AGS-17 grenade launcher


30mm VOG-17A with belt link

The AGS-17 Plamyja (= “flame” in English) grenade launcher was introduced in 1979 and is used by motorized armed forces (BTR, BMP, BMD vehicles). The recoil operated launcher weights 18kg without mount,  ammunition is fed from 29-round magazine drums from the right side. The short barrel has cooling-fins and fires 350-400rds/min. with a muzzle velocity of 185m/s up to a combat range of 800m, maximum range is 1750m.

Ammunition used in the AGS-17:

USSR Designation US Abbreviation Bullet Weight [g] Muzzle Velocity [m/s] Description
VOG-17A HE-FRAG 275 185 Thin walled shell with fragmentation wire-coil inside, VMG-A nose fuze
VOG-17M HE-FRAG SD 275 185 As above but with VMG-M self destruction fuze
VOG-30 HE-FRAG 275 185 Improved design fragmentation shell with weakening grooves in body, filled with 40g of HE
VUS-17 Smoke 275 185 Smoke shell filled with red phosphorus, shell casing has 2 holes in the side, VMG-M fuze

Source russianammo.org

4 x Ataka-T


9M1201 missile

The Ataka (Attack) (Western reporting name AT-9 Spiral-2) is a long-range anti-tank guided missile system. It was developed in the 1980s in the Soviet Union as a follow-on to the previous Shturm (AT-6 Spiral) system, that was introduced in 1976. Soviets needed a new missiles, that could defeat contemporary Western main battle tanks with composite and explosive reactive armor, such as the American M1 Abrams, German Leopard 2, and British Challenger. Launchers with Ataka missiles can be mounted on helicopters, vehicles and watercraft. It is basically similar to the previous Shturm, but has longer range and is more resistant to electronic countermeasures. The Ataka missiles are currently used by the Russian armed forces. These missiles have been exported to Algeria, Brazil, India, Kazakhstan, and Slovenia. Some sources report that these missiles have also been exported to Iran and North Korea.

The following missiles are available:

– 9M120 is a baseline missile with a tandem High Explosive Anti-Tank (HEAT) warhead. It is used against tanks and other armored vehicles. It has a range of 6 km and penetrates 800 mm of armor behind Explosive Reactive Armor (ERA).

– 9M120F with fuel-air explosive (thermobaric) warhead. It is used against infantry in buildings, trenches, bunkers and fortifications. It has a maximum range of 5.8 km.

– 9M120M improved version with longer range and improved HEAT warhead. It has a maximum range of 8 000 m and penetrates 950 mm of armor behind ERA.

– 9M120D improved version with a maximum range of up to 10 km.

Source military-today.com


Terminator 2 – Russian MoD

Ataka-T GWS specifications
Parameter Value
Missile guidance Semiautomatic laser beam riding
Laying angles for 9M120-1 missile:

         – in azimuth, deg.

         – in elevation, deg.


360 (due to turret rotation)

From minus 10 to plus 25

Firing range of 9M120-1 missile, km From 0.4 to 6.0
Target altitude with reference to carrier datum
(for 9M120-1 missile), km
From 0.0 to 2.0

(maximum target altitude is ensured over range of 3.3±0.5 km)

Number of targets engaged simultaneously 1
Missile launch mode Consecutive
Rate of fire, rounds./min. 3-4
Selection of missiles by warhead type Provided
Armour penetration behind ERA
(for 9M120-1 missile), mm
800, minimum
Time of flight to 5 km, s 14.5, max.
Average flight speed Supersonic
Reaction time (minimum time for GWS to launch missile after achieving fully operational state), s Less than 1.2
Number of missiles loaded on launcher, pcs. Up to 4
Time for manual loading/unloading of one launcher guide, s 30, max.

Source kbm.ru


The BMPT-72 is equipped with computerized fire control system with multichannel sighting system and weapon high-accuracy laying systems. The vehicle carries 850 rounds for the 30mm guns and 2,100 ammunitions for the 7.62mm machine gun. The turret protection includes armored shields for the missiles, protecting the missiles from splinters and firing of small arms. The turret can be rotated on 360 ° with elevation from -5° to +25° for the anti-tank missile and from -5° to +45° for the guns and coaxial machine gun. The anti-tank missile can engage a target up to a maximum distance of 6,000 m while the guns have a maximum range of 2,500 against light armoured vehicles and 4,000 against light tactical vehicles and troops. A screening system increases the self-protection of the BMPT-72 which is designed to counter laser target-designators and laser rangefinders. Six smoke grenade launchers are mounted to each side of the turret. When the screening system warns the crew of laser attacks a smoke is created by the launch of grenades.


Sight of the gunner (left) and the commander’s panoramic sight.

The BMPT-72 or Terminator 2 has a crew of three with the removal of two grenade launching positions, while the first version of BMP-T had a crew of five. The drive is located at the front center of the hull with gunner and commander at the rear. A panoramic sight is mounted at the front of the tank commander and the gunner position is equipped with day periscopes on 360°.

The BMPT-72 hull and turret are made of steel armour and integrates latest protection systems with explosive reactive armour (ERA) to the front of the turret, a detachable ERA module on the glacis plate and applique ERA on the sides of the hull and turret. The rear parts of the turret and the chassis are fitted with slat armour to increase protection against anti-tank rocket-propelled grenade (RPG) attacks. The anti-tank launch units include armored shields for the missiles, protecting the missiles from splinters and small arms fire.


The BMPT-72 (Terminator 2) can be motorized with two types of engine, the original 850 hp B84MC or the new 1000 hp. B92C2 power plants, both are 12 cylinder V type multi fuel, liquid cooled Diesel engines. The B92C2 is a turbo supercharger which offers higher power and efficiency. The engine is coupled to a hydraulically assisted transmission with 7 forward and 1 reverse gears.

V-84MS engine

Technical specifications

Type of engine: four-stroke, V-shaped, 12-cylinder multi-fuel diesel engine of liquid cooling with combined supercharging from the drive centrifugal supercharger (CSP) and inertial
Mixing system direct fuel injection
Engine power without resistance at the inlet and outlet, kW (hp) 618 (840)
Rotational speed, s -1 (rpm) 33.3 (2000)
Coefficient of adaptability for torque  1.18
Specific fuel consumption, g / kW · h (g / hp · h) 247 (182)
Weight, kg 1020
Specific power, kW / kg (hp / kg) 0.6 (0.82)
Diameter of the cylinder, mm 150.0
Piston stroke in cylinder with main connecting rod, mm 180.0
Piston stroke in a cylinder with a connecting rod, mm 186.7
Working volume, l 38.88
Minimum temperature of reliable starting of the
engine without preheating, ° С
– 20 ° C
Permissible engine operating conditions:
   – ambient temperature from -40 ° С to + 50 ° С
   – relative humidity up to 98% at 20 ° С
   – height above sea level up to 3000 m
Flash sequence uniform, through 60 ° rotation of a cranked shaft
Degree of poise full dynamic balance

Source chtz-uraltrac.ru

V-92S2 engine

Technical specifications

Type of engine: four-stroke, V-shaped, 12-cylinder multi-fuel diesel engine of liquid cooling with combined supercharging from the drive centrifugal supercharger (CSP) and inertial
Mixing system direct fuel injection
Engine power without resistance at the inlet and outlet, kW (hp) 736 (1000)
Rotational speed, s -1 (rpm) 33.3 (2000)
Coefficient of adaptability for torque  1.25
Specific fuel consumption, g / kW · h (g / hp · h) 212 (156)
Weight, kg 1020
Specific power, kW / kg (hp / kg) 0.72 (0.98)
Diameter of the cylinder, mm 150.0
Piston stroke in cylinder with main connecting rod, mm 180.0
Piston stroke in a cylinder with a connecting rod, mm 186.7
Working volume, l 38.88
Minimum temperature of reliable starting of the
engine without preheating, ° С
– 20 ° C
Permissible engine operating conditions:
   – ambient temperature from -50 ° С to + 50 ° С
   – relative humidity up to 98% at 20 ° С
   – height above sea level up to 3000 m
Flash sequence uniform, through 60 ° rotation of a cranked shaft
Degree of poise full dynamic balance

Source chtz-uraltrac.ru

The BMPT-72 uses also an auxiliary power unit to extend mission endurance and running all systems on silent watch. The BMPT-72 is able to reach a maximum road speed of 60 km with a maximum cursing range of 500 km. The torsion bar suspension each side consists of six roadwheels with the idler at the front, drive sprocket at the rear and three return rollers supporting the inside of the track only. Shock-absorbers are fitted at the first, second and sixth roadwheel stations. The upper part of the suspension is protected by armour plates at the front and slat armour at the rear.


auxiliary power unit

Auxiliary power unit 

DGU 5-P27.5-VM1 or DGU8-P27.5-VM-1

Operators: Here


Combat weight, t 44
Crew 3 (Commander, Gunner, Driver)
Body length over mud flaps and grid shields, mm 7,200
Guided weapons system
Type semi-automatic with laser control channel
Number of guided missiles on launchers, pcs 4
Ammunition allowance, pcs 850
Machine gun twinned with guns
Model PKTM with remote reloading mechanism
Bore size, mm 7.62
Gunner’s sight multichannel with sighting and thermal channels, laser range finder, built-in laser control channel for missile guidance and independent 2-plane stabilization of field of vision
Min identification range of tank target, m
by day via sighting channel 5,000
Ballistic computer electronic, digital with a set of weather and topographical sending units
Weapon stabilizer two-axis with electromechanical traversing and elevating drives
Max highway speed, km/h 60
Fuel distance with barrels, km 500
Trench, m 2.6 … 2.8
Power plant
Engine V-84MS / V-92S2
Type V 12-valve 4-stroke multifuel diesel with liquid cooling and gear-driven centrifugal-type supercharger / V 12-valve 4-stroke multifuel diesel with liquid cooling and turbocharger
Power train
Type Mechanical, with transmission gear unit, two final gear boxes and coaxial final drives
Number of gears Seven forward and one reverse
Running gear
Armor protection, type combined
Explosive reactive armor, type multipurpose, modular
NBC protection system, type collective
Model R-168-25UE-2
Number, pcs 1
Diesel-generator unit
Model DGU 5-P27,5-VM1 / DGU8-P27,5-VM-1
Electric power, kW 5 / 8
Location in armored compartment on left plate over the track

Specification uralvagonzavod.com

Source: Army Recognition, Encyclopedia of Safety 

Updated Jun 28, 2018


Boeing AH-6i is a light attack / reconnaissance helicopter designed primarily for export markets. It is an advanced variant of the AH-6M helicopter operated by the US Army Special Operations Forces. The helicopter is intended to provide close air support for land-based forces. It can also serve as an attack platform for destroying enemy tanks, armoured vehicles and fortifications.


The ground clearance is increased with an extended height landing gear. The modular design allows the integration of flexible mission configurations, as well as additional capabilities for future requirements.

The helicopter features new main and tail rotor systems for superior performance. The flight characteristics were further improved with the addition of enhanced directional control, a new vertical stabiliser and collective trim actuator.

The AH-6i helicopter has a length of 7.5m, height of 1.6m and width of 3.3m. The wing span of the rotorcraft is 8.38m. The helicopter can carry a payload of 907kg.


Boeing’s first production AH-6i Little Bird completes maiden flight: Here

Cockpit and avionics of the helicopter

Boeing Defense

The new advanced glass cockpit design of AH-6i incorporates bubble-window crew doors. The cockpit accommodates two crew, including a pilot and co-pilot. The night vision goggle (NVG) compatible cockpit integrates two multifunction displays, an up-front display, a 3-in-1 flight information display, vertical information display and pilot and co-pilot intercom control station (ICS) panels.


Dedicated panels are provided for electrical power, radio control, armament, jettison and lighting.





Lightweight multiple weapons supportohat8a6p5kpv3kbz0pli

The AH-6i helicopter features a lightweight multiple weapons support system for mounting wide range of weapons, including the M-134D 7.62mm mini-gun, GAU-19 12.7mm mini-gun, M260 seven-shot rocket pod, laser-guided 70mm Folding-Fin Aerial Rocket (FFAR) and Hellfire semi-active laser (SAL) missiles.

M-134D 7.62mm mini-gun


The Dillon Aero M134D is one of the most reliable weapons in the world, given its capacity, simplicity in loading, and ease of maintenance. Designed for speed and accuracy, the M134D is a true force multiplier. The rapidity of shooting is of the utmost importance: only guns as rapid as the M134D can achieve the extreme shot density needed to suppress multiple targets in compressed periods of time. Additionally, the M134D is virtually free of recoil. When properly mounted, it moves slightly aft with the first shot, without any tendency to pitch or yaw. This stability is vital, in that it significantly assists in the aiming on and retention of a target. High rates of fire, extremely dense shot grouping, and high weapon stability demonstrate the perfect pairing of swiftness and precision.


The M134D is the standard Minigun in use with US ground forces. The weapon’s robust construction provides for an exceptionally long service life which numbers in the millions of rounds. The M134D is primarily used in ground and naval environments, whereas the M134D-H is used on aviation platforms.

The Minigun’s high rate of fire is the source of its exceptional accuracy and threat suppression capabilities. The system is electrically powered by either a 24 Volt DC battery or vehicle power. Chambered in 7.62x51mm NATO, the Minigun fires at an impressive rate of 3,000 shots per minute. This rate of fire is divided between the weapon’s six barrels, resulting in a firing rate of only 500 shots per minute per barrel. This is less than that of any single barreled machine gun.


  • Chambered in 7.62x51mm NATO with available magazines in up to 4,000 round capacities
  • Fixed firing rates of 3,000 rounds per minute (50 rounds per second)
  • Averages an impressive 30,000 rounds between stoppages
  • 1/50th of a second between each shot = four rounds fired from the M134D in the time it takes to fire a single round from an M240
  • Four-fold reduction in the amount of time needed for gunner to see his hits and adjust aim, leading to an average of nine times more hits

Source dillonaero.com

GAU-19 12.7mm mini-gun

GAU-19 12.7mm mini-gun

The externally mounted version of the 12.7mm GAU-19/A three-barrel Gatling gun produced by General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical Systems provides high-rate-of-fire firepower in a small, lightweight weapon system.

The weapon is effective in both air-to-air and air-to-ground missions. The GAU-19/A gun is installed within a fixed-forward mount that can be attached to standard 14-inch NATO stores racks or lightweight mount, which attaches directly to a universal stores pylon.

The GAU-19/A provides highly effective air-to-ground firepower against area suppression and point targets, such as light armored vehicles. Its high rate of fire, combined with the 12.7mm ammunition’s short time of flight, permits reduced exposure time while the gunner is unmasked.

The system is ideally suited for scout or utility helicopters and light fixed-wing aircraft. It features an internal recoil system that reduces gun recoil to the airframe. This system can be coupled with a variety of linked ammunition feed systems that can, in turn, be tailored to fit a variety of applications.

The GAU-19/A has an automatic safing and clearing cycle. This ensures no live rounds are left in the gun and the firing mechanism is in a defeated position.

Wikimedia Commons


Gun type Three-barrel, 12.7mm, externally powered Gatling gun
Reliability 40,000 mean rounds between
Scheduled Maintenance 30,000 rounds
Barrel replacement 50,000 rounds/set
Gun Weight 138 pounds
Rate of fire 1,000/1,300/2,000 shots per minute
Dispersion Maximum of 5 milliradians diameter,
80 percent circle
Average peak recoil force 630 pounds at 2,000 shots per minute
495 pounds at 1,300 shots per minute
pounds at 1,000 shots per minute
Ammunition Standard NATO .50 caliber M9-linked
Drive system Electric
Feed system Linked belt

Source gd-ots.com

M260 seven-shot rocket pod

M260 seven-shot rocket pod – US Marine Corps

66.2 INCHES (168.15 CM.)
9.72 INCHES (24.68 CM.)
35 POUNDS (15.9 KG.)
7 ROCKETS (2.75 INCH/70MM.
Source arnolddefense.com

APKWS® Laser-Guided Rocket


There are a number of precision-guided weapons on the market, but few consistently hit their intended target with pinpoint accuracy, while leaving minimal collateral damage. Our guidance section is designed to lock onto targets from over 3 kilometers away, keeping aircraft and laser designators at a safe distance from threats.

Innovative by design, the APKWS rocket includes advanced DASALS seeker optics located on all four guidance wings. Once fired, the wings deploy, and the optics lock in, guiding the rocket to the target  – delivering accuracy when it matters most.

  • Wing slot seals protect optics from adjacent firings, sand, and moisture prior to launch to ensure no damage or debris inhibit the seeker from locking onto targets
  • Optics lock onto moving or stationary targets in open or confined areas, supporting a wide variety of missions, and eliminating the possibility of a lost or uncontrolled rocket after launch
  • 40-degree instantaneous field of regard enables a broad capture area for the rocket to adjust mid-flight and stay on track to its target

Source baesystems.com

Wikimedia Commons

Laser-guided 70mm Folding-Fin Aerial Rocket (FFAR)


Hellfire semi-active laser (SAL) missiles


The AGM-114 HELLFIRE Family of Missiles includes the HELLFIRE II and Longbow HELLFIRE Missiles. HELLFIRE II is a precision strike, Semi-Active Laser (SAL)-guided missile and is the principal air-to-ground weapon for the Army AH-64 Apache, OH-58 Kiowa Warrior, MQ-1C Gray Eagle Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS), Special Operations aircraft, Marine Corps AH-1W Super Cobra, and Air Force Predator and Reaper UAS.

The SAL HELLFIRE II missile is guided by laser energy reflected off the target. It has three warhead variants: a dual-warhead, shaped-charge, high-explosive anti-tank capability for armored targets (AGM-114K); a blast fragmentation warhead for urban, patrol boat and other “soft” targets (AGM-114M); and a metal-augmented charge warhead (AGM-114N) for urban structures, bunkers, radar sites, communications installations and bridges.


Beginning in 2012, a HELLFIRE II multipurpose warhead variant (AGM-114R) became available to the warfighter and allows selection of warhead effects corresponding to a specific target type. The AMG-114R is capable of being launched from Army rotary-wing and UAS platforms and provides the pilot increased operational flexibility. Source army.mil

Ahmed Hader

The Hellfire is a laser guided air-to-surface missile (ASM) equipped with multimission, multitarget precision-strike capabilities. The integrated weapon support system enables the AH-6 to perform counteraction missions involving the destruction of key enemy installations.


Sensor system and communications

The AH-6i helicopter features an L-3 Wescam MX-15Di EO/IR targeting sensor system.

The MX-15Di can be integrated with up to six high-performance sensors, including a laser designator with LRF, laser illuminator, eye-safe laser range-finder, colour daylight camera with zoom lens, mono daylight camera with spotter lens and an infra red (IR) with high magnification four-step zoom.

L-3 Wescam MX-15Di EO/IR targeting sensor system



Ideal for: ISR – Medium-Altitude Covert Intelligence, Surveillance & Reconnaissance, SAR missions

Installations: Fixed-wing, Rotary-wing, UAV, Aerostat

Features & Benefits

Weight-sensitive Solution

  • No external electronics unit ““ direct support of peripherals reduces aircraft wiring
  • Installed weight reduced by up to 50 lb/22 kg

Multi-Sensor Imaging/Lasing Payload Options:

  • Currently supports up to 6 sensors simultaneously
  • Superior HD imaging resolution from Electro-Optical (EO) and Infrared (IR) cameras
  • 20% improvement in range performance

Just launched: Easy-to-use state-of-the-art technologies that improve operator effectiveness

  • Color low-light, wide-angle zoom EO imager ““ Complementing the system’s existing dual-channel spotter, this technology enhances its imaging capability under a wide range of illumination conditions, including dusk and poor weather conditions
  • Zoom spotter ““ Zoom optics allow the operator to achieve the desired balance of magnification and field of view between moderately wide and ultra-narrow
  • Short wave IR (SWIR) imager ““ Useful for day and night imaging missions, the high resolution SWIR imager offers outstanding range performance at the limits of atmospheric visibility. In addition, it offers improved imaging performance under suboptimal atmospheric conditions, such as atmospheric haze and fog

Image Blending:

  • Blends EO and IR imagery
  • Spectrally-rich image yields detail that would be invisible in individual senor images

Enhanced Local Area Processing (ELAP):

  • Real-time image enhancement for EO day, EO night & IR

IR Image Processor (Local Area Processing):

  • Greatly enhances image detail and scene contract
    • Increases dynamic range, reduces noise, performs electronic zoom

High-Performance IMU & MX-GEO Software Suite:

  • IMU & MX-GEO work to create accurate target location
  • MX-GEO automatically aligns to the aircraft
  • Robust automatic image focus

Uncompromised Stabilization:

  • 4-axis gimbal with internal IMU
  • All payloads are fully-stabilized

MX-Series Commonality:

  • Common operator interfaces and Hand Controller Units (HCUs):
    • Ease and familiarity of use
    • Simplified interchangeability
    • Efficiencies in product support and technology enhancements

The navigation equipment and systems onboard the AH-6i include a LN251 INS/GPS, Boeing integrated digital map, L3 standby flight instrumentation system, HARCO air data computer and an APN-209 radar altimeter.



The LN-251 is a fully integrated, non-dithered navigation system with an embedded 12/24 channel, All-In-View, Selective Availability/Anti-Spoofing Module (SAASM), P(Y) code or Standard Positioning Service (SPS) GPS. The LN-251 fully integrated, tightly coupled GPS inertial design provides superior navigation performance relative to other embedded INS/GPS units. The non-dithered inertial sensor achieves the lowest measurement error in its class for increased sensor accuracy. Its modular open system architecture provides for easy adaptation to other applications and evolving requirements.

LN-251 advantages

Northrop Grumman’s highly reliable LN-251 INS/GPS has various advantages, including light weight, low cost and high performance. The LN-251 fiber-optic gyro (FOG) employs one of our most modern technologies and includes three independent navigation solutions: blended INS/GPS, INS-only, and GPS-only. The non-dithered, low noise FOG technology eliminates self-induced acceleration and velocity noise. Additionally, Standard Positioning Service GPS (coarse/acquisition code) is available. Our LN-251 has independent and programmable inputs and outputs for flight controls and avionics. The LN-251 has a non-dithered inertial sensor that allows additional accurate velocity measurements and is available in 0.8, 1.0 and 2.0 nmi/hr classes of performance. The system is capable of AR-57 shipboard alignment. Source northropgrumman.com

HARCO air data computer


HARCO’s air data computers compute a variety of functions such as Static Pressure, Total Pressure, Calibrated Airspeed, Mach, SAT, TAS, Altitude Rate, Airspeed Rate, and Pressure Ratio – any air data function can be added. In some unique applications, equivalent airspeed is calculated instead of calibrated airspeed. HARCO will be glad to work with you in determining the exact computer specifications for your application. Source hellotrade.com

APN-209 radar altimeter


Claimed to be one of smallest, lightest and most proven altimeters in the market, the APN-209 provides the pilot and flight control computer with an indication of height above the nearest terrain point below the aircraft, such as a tower or building.

The information provided by the lightweight and compact altimeter is said to ensure that the pilot and crew have the most accurate information about the landscape around their helicopter.

Capable of being integrated with an altitude indicator and mounted in the helicopter cockpit, the radar altimeter also includes advanced features such as low-probability of detection, intercept and exploitation. Source army-technology.com

The helicopter is equipped with Wulfsberg RT5000/C5000 digital communications system.

Wulfsberg RT5000/C5000 digital communications system


Engine onboard Boeing’s AH-6i


AH-6i is powered by a Rolls-Royce 250-C30R/3M engine which develops a power output of 650shp. The engine is controlled by Full Authority Digital Electronic Controller (FADEC). It enables a maximum speed of 132kt. Source Army Technology

Rolls-Royce 250-C30R/3M engine



The Rolls-Royce M250 is a family of turboshaft engines. The M250 Series II turboshaft engines have a two-shaft modular design featuring four to six-stage axial and single-stage centrifugal compressors, a two-stage low-pressure turbine, two-stage high-pressure turbine with a hydromechanical fuel control system, and a gearbox with a 6,000 rpm output. Compressed air is routed to the aft end of the engine for combustion while exhaust gases exit upward from the middle. The larger M250 Series IV engines are identical in layout except they have a one-stage centrifugal rather than a centrifugal/axial compressor.

The newest M250 Series IV turboshaft engines feature a FADEC (Full Authority Digital Engine Control) system. Source fi-powerweb.com



AH-6 Technical Specifications

Maximum Cruise Speed 126 knots
Maximum Range 179 nmi (331 km)
Maximum Endurance 2.1 hrs
Maximum Rate of Climb 2,162 ft per min
Maximum Service Ceiling 20,000 ft

Source boeing.com

Helicopter orders and deliveries

In July 2010, Boeing and MD Helicopters signed a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) to jointly produce and market the AH-6i helicopter.

In May 2010, Jordan’s Government signed a letter of intent for procuring the AH-6i light attack / reconnaissance helicopter.

In February 2012, Boeing and the Saudi Arabian Government signed a letter of acceptance for 36 AH-6i helicopters.

The Chilean Ministry of Defence expressed interest in the AH-6i helicopters. Other South American nations including Colombia, Brazil and Argentina also showed their interest in the AH-6i helicopter.

Operators: Here

Main material source army-technology.com

Main image -Aviation Photo Digest

Images are from public domain unless otherwise stated

Updated Oct 01, 2019