OH-58D Kiowa Warrior (OH-58F Fox) Armed Reconnaissance Helicopter

The Armed OH-58D Kiowa Warrior, in service with the US Army, is supplied by Bell Helicopter Textron of Fort Worth, Texas. Around 375 Kiowas are in service and the single engine, double-bladed armed reconnaissance helicopter has been deployed in support of United States armed forces around the world including Haiti, Somalia and the Gulf of Arabia (Desert Storm and Desert Shield).

In 2002, Kiowas were deployed as part of Nato’s SFOR forces in Bosnia and, in 2003, 120 Kiowas were deployed in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. 29 helicopters were lost during that operation. The US Army Kiowa fleet achieved a total of 750,000 combat hours until the end of 2011.

1cruisin_3-rs

The latest model, the OH-58D Kiowa Warrior, is primarily operated in an armed reconnaissance role in support of ground troops. The OH-58 has been exported to Austria, Canada, Croatia, the Dominican Republic, Taiwan, and Saudi Arabia. It has also been produced under license in Australia. Source wikiwand.com

First ex-US Army OH-58Ds delivered to Croatia: Here

phoca_thumb_l_kiowe_30072016_02Image: MORH/ T. Brandt

Excerpt

The Croatian air force has received its first batch of ex-US Army Bell OH-58D Kiowa Warrior helicopters, which were ferried to Zadar-Zemunik air base on the Adriatic coast on 30 June.

A US Air Force Reserve Command Lockheed Martin C-5B Galaxy delivered five examples of the rotorcraft that were built between 2010 and 2012, plus one simulator, the Croatian ministry of defence says.

The sale is worth some HRK97 million ($14.5 million), and covers the acquisition of 16 Kiowa Warrior examples, three simulators and spares. The budget was approved by the Croatian government in May 2016, and falls under budget years 2017-2020.

Croatia receives final OH-58D Kiowa helicopters: Here

Excerpt

Croatia received 11 more Bell OH-58D Kiowa Warrior armed reconnaissance helicopters on 3 December, completing the donation of 16 of the helicopters from the United States.

The helicopters were delivered by a US Air Force C-5 Super Galaxy to the 93rd Air Base of the Croatian Armed Forces in Zemunik, near Zadar.

Kiowa Warrior helicopter sale to Tunisia approved: Here

Excerpt

Tunisia is set to procure surplus Bell OH-58D Kiowa Warrior scout and light attack helicopters after the US government approved a sale valued at USD100.8 million.

The sale, which was announced by the US Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA) on 3 May, covers the helicopters, weapon systems, defensive aids, night-vision goggles (NVGs), communications and navigation systems, as well as training and support.

OH-58D Kiowa Warrior armed reconnaissance helicopter role

The primary mission of the helicopter is in the scout attack role. The helicopter can be optionally equipped to carry out transport and utility roles using equipment kits installed externally on existing hard points.

kiowa6Image: army-technology.com

A cargo carrying hook is rated to carry loads up to 2,000lb. Emergency casualty evacuation can be carried out transporting two casualties on litters (stretchers), plus over 320kg of supplies to an operating radius of more than 185km. The Kiowa can be used for insertion of up to six troops for critical point security missions.

Two Kiowas can be transported in a C-130 aircraft. For air transportation the vertical tail fin pivots, the main rotor blades and the horizontal stabiliser are folded, and the mast mounted sight, the IFF antenna and the lower wire cutter are removed. The landing gear can kneel to decrease the height.

Next-generation armed reconnaissance helicopter

The OH-58D Kiowa Warrior was to be replaced by the next-generation armed reconnaissance helicopter (ARH) within the US Army. A contract worth $211m for the ARH, a military version of the Bell 407, was awarded to Bell Helicopter in July 2005. Under the contract, Bell was required to supply 368 helicopters between 2008 and 2013.

In order to replace four Army National Guard attack helicopter battalions, the number of helicopters to be delivered was increased from 368 to 512. In July 2008, the US Army discovered that the ARH programme had exceeded cost-growth limits of the Nunn-McCurdy Act. The ARH programme was therefore terminated in October 2008.

Kiowa safety enhancement programme (SEP)

To maintain the safety and effectiveness of the Kiowa fleet until retirement, a safety enhancement programme (SEP) was launched as a part of the Army Scout refreshment programme in 1998. The SEP provided engine upgrades and improved computer control systems for 292 Kiowa helicopters. The programme was concluded in 2011.

In March 2009, the US Army awarded a contract to Bell Helicopter to upgrade an additional 27 OH-58D aircraft under the Kiowa Warrior SEP.

Upgrade work on the 27 aircraft began in April 2009 and deliveries began in the last quarter of 2009 at a rate of three aircraft a month. In March 2010 the US Army awarded a contract to modify the final 30 OH-58D aircraft under the SEP. Work on the final lot of aircraft in the SEP was started in March 2010 and completed in 2011. The upgrade was carried out at Bell Helicopter’s plant 1 facility in Fort Worth, Texas.

OH-58F Fox helicopter

In October 2010, the US Army provided the “Fox” designation to the upgraded version of OH-58D Kiowa Warriors. The new version is known is OH-58F or Fox and will have an upgraded cockpit and sensor. The upgraded fleet is expected to be deployed in the fourth quarter of 2015.

OH-58F Fox

OH-58F_850x-1BHT.jpgOH-58F – Image: Star-Telegram

The OH-58F is the next generation Kiowa Warrior designed specifically for the Army’s next generation Scout mission. Building on the proven strengths of its predecessor while adding the latest in advanced technology, the OH-58F answers the call for tenacity, stealth and lethality. The OH-58F features enhanced sensors, new cockpit control hardware and software, three color multi-function displays, a dual-redundant digital engine controller and the latest aircraft survivable equipment. Level II Manned-Unmanned Operations (MUM-O) technology is also incorporated to provide increased situational awareness and improved battlefield command and control.

Key Features and Benefits

oh-58f_850x-4OH-58F – Image: scoutsout.com
  • Nose Mounted Sensor
  • New Control and Display Subsystem 5 (CDS5)
  • Improved MCPU
  • Integrated Common Missile Warning System (CMWS)
  • Dual Channel FADEC
  • Integrated Level II MUM-O (Manned-UnManned Operations)

Weapons

  • M3P .50 Cal. Machine Gun
  • 2.75” Rocket Pods (7 Shot)
  • Laser-guided Hellfire Missiles (optional)

Digital Cockpit

oh-58f-blockii_850x-4OH-58F – Image: scoutsout.com
  • Single pilot operable
  • 2 5×7 Color displays
  • 1 6×8 Color display
  • Dual, independent map channels
  • Control and Display Subsystem version 5 (CDS5)
  • SWB 4 and Beyond
  • Improved MCPU
  • Emergency Standby Attitude Indicator (ESIS)

Performance/Reliability

  • 250 C30R/3 Engine (FADEC) dual channel FADEC
  • Bell 406 Transmission
  • CBM – Condition Based Maintenance

Navigation Guidance

  • P3I EGI (GPS/INS)
  • World-Wide Navigation

Communication/Identification/Interoperability

  • AN/ARC-231 UHF/VHF/SATCOM (2)
  • AN/ARC-201 VHF FM (2)
  • Digital Communications (IDM 304)
  • Digital ICS
  • Improved Frequency Modulation (IFM)
  • APX-123 (mode 5)
  • Blue Force Tracker (BFT)
  • VMF Certified

Sensors

  • Advanced FLIR, I2, Color TV
  • Std & Eyesafe LRF/D
  • Laser Pointer
  • Laser Spot Tracker
  • High Skids & Side Beam solution
  • Federated Level II UAS Teaming – on any display

Sustainability

  • Meet or exceed R&M requirements
  • Current and Predicted readiness rate (>80%)
  • Supportable in current Army system
  • Integrated Condition Based Maintenance (CBM)

Armament and Lethality

oh-58f-blockii_850x-1OH-58F – Image: scoutsout.com
  • M260-7 tube 2.75 FFAR Launcher (up to 2)
  • 0.50 cal (M3P)
  • MIL-STD-1760 Weapons Bus
  • Digital HELLFIRE Launcher
  • JAGM Integration
  • Modernized Rocket Launcher

Aircraft Survivability Equipment

  • Integrated Common Missile Warning System (CMWS)
  • Integrated APR-39A(v)4 Pulse/Doppler Radar Warning Receiver
  • Integrated AN/AVR 2B Laser Warning Receiver

AN/APR-39A

01apr39 AN/APR-39A (V)2 – Image: globalsecurity.org

Goodrich AN/AVR-2B(V) Laser Warning System (LWS)

6322431541_96883ab854_b.jpgImage: thaimilitaryandasianregion.wordpress.com

Survivability

  • LW/Repairable Armored crew station (Seat back, side, bottom, combustor, fuel control)
  • 30 minute run dry gearboxes
  • Redundant cockpit flight controls
  • Ballistically tolerant blades and fuel cell
  • Hidden exhaust, small presented area, and low IR signature
oh-58f-blockii_850x-2OH-58F – Image: scoutsout.com

Essential Specifications

Cruise Speed with Weapons 95 kts 176 kph
Range 140 nm 260 km
Seating 2 crew seats in cockpit  
Maximum Gross Weight 5,500 lbs 2,495 kg
Powerplant One (1) Rolls-Royce 250-C30R3
  650 shp 485 kW

Source scoutsout.com

OH-58F Block II

OH-58 Block II demonstrator

Bell says the OH-58 Block II demonstrator “takes an OH-58 Kiowa Warrior and makes it a fast-fielding, low-risk and lowest-cost solution” to the Army’s expected “high-hot” operational requirement of 6,000-foot, 95-degree performance. That performance can be attained with propulsion and drive-train upgrades to the existing platform, the company says.

The Block II aircraft builds on the OH-58F-model cockpit and sensor upgrade program (CASUP) by adding a new Honeywell HTS900 engine, transmission and rotor system. The CASUP program replaces the OH-58D’s mast-mounted sensor with a nose-mounted sensor, updates the cockpit with color, multifunction displays, and incorporates full authority digital engine control and common missile warning system. As with the EADS candidate helicopter, the OH-58 Block II aircraft can be fitted with M3P machine gun, 2.75-inch rockets and Hellfire missiles. Source ainonline.com

Honeywell HTS900 engine

“The Honeywell HTS900 engine is a new type design engine to provide superior performance at high, hot conditions, fuel efficiency, and operating costs” said Mike Cuff, Honeywell Vice President, Helicopters and Surface Systems. “This certification demonstrates Honeywell’s continued success in developing the world’s highest performance turboshaft engines for both the commercial and military segments.

“The Honeywell HTS900 engine produces more than 1,000 Shaft Horsepower (SHP) uninstalled at sea level on a standard day – and has accumulated more than 1,000 flight hours,” Source aero-news.net

OH-58D cockpit

tumblr_n5q417bxzq1sqagtlo1_1280

The Kiowa was the first US Army helicopter to have an all-glass cockpit. The cockpit is supplied by Sperry Flight Systems and is equipped with a multiple target tracking / moving target indicator, an ANVIS (aviation night-vision system) display symbology system and helmet-mounted display.

The primary multifunction displays provide situation information, communications control and the mast-mounted sight video. A video recorder stores television and thermal imagery from the mission and allows playback in the cockpit.

0747305size0

Kiowa weapons

The OH-58D is equipped with two universal quick-change weapons pylons. Each pylon can be armed with two Hellfire missiles, seven Hydra 70 rockets, two air-to-air Stinger missiles or one .50-calibre fixed forward machine gun.

Hellfire missiles

hellfire_missile_complete_by_scott2753

Primary Function: Air-to-surface and surface-to-surface point target/anti-armor missile
Prime Contractor: Hellfire Systems, LLC – A Boeing – Lockheed Martin Joint Venture
Propulsion: ATK (now Orbital ATK) solid propellant rocket motor (IM HELLFIRE Propulsion System);
AGM-114A: ATK M120E3; AGM-114B: ATK M120E4; AGM-114L: ATK M120E4
Length: 5.33 ft (1.62 m); AGM-114L: 5.77 ft (1.76 m)
Diameter: 7 in (17.8 cm)
Wingspan: 28 in (0.71 m)
Weight: 98 to 109 lbs (44.5 to 49.4 kg); AGM-114R: 109 lbs (49.4 kg)
Speed: Subsonic
Range: AGM-114 K/L/M/N: 4.97 miles (8,000 m)
AGM-114R fired at 3,000 ft (914 m):
4.97 miles (8,000 m) – LOAL, high trajectory
4.41 miles (7,100 m) – LOAL, low/direct trajectory
Guidance: Semi-Active Laser (SAL) seeker; AGM-114L: Millimeter wave (MMW) radar seeker
Warhead: AGM-114 A/C/F/K/K-2/L/P/P+: Shaped charge warhead
AGM-114F-A/K-2A/P-2A: Shaped charge warhead with frag sleeve
AGM-114M/N: Blast fragmentation warhead (AGM-114N is a thermobaric version with metal augmentation charge)
AGM-114R: Multi-purpose Integrated Blast Frag Sleeve (IBFS) warhead

Source fi-aeroweb.com

Iraqi Freedom

LAU-68 rocket launcher w/ seven 2.75″ Hydra 70 rockets

cwc_309

Hydra-70 Family

Image: defenceindustrydaily.com

In the following, the nine main variants of the Hydra-70 rocket are presented:

M151 High-Explosive:

The M151 HEPD is a unitary fragmenting 10-pound anti-personnel, anti-material warhead with the M423 Point Detonating Fuze. Upon detonation, the warhead fragments into thousands of small high velocity fragments. The fuzed warhead is 16.2″ long and weighs 9.3 pounds.

M156:

The M156 white phosphorus (smoke) is primarily used for target marking. The M156 has the same ballistic characteristics as the M151 warhead and is of similar construction. Filler for the M156 is 2.2 pounds of white phosphorus with a 0.12 pound bursting charge of composition B. The fuzed warhead is 16.2″ long and weighs 9.65 pounds.

M229 High Explosive:

The M229 High Explosive warhead is a heavier version of the M151. The U.S. Army is currently not buying this variant. The fuzed warhead is 26″ long and weighs 17 pounds.

M255A1 Flechette:

The M255A1 Flechette warhead consists of a nose cone assembly, a warhead case, an integral fuze, 1,179 60-grain flechettes and an expulsion charge assembly. The primary fuze (M439) is remotely set with the Aerial Rocket Control System (ARCS) Multifunctional Display (MFD) or Rocket Management System (RMS) to provide a range from 500 meters to 7,200 meters. At expulsion, the 1,179 60-grain, hardened-steel flechettes separate and form a disk-like mass which breaks up with each flechette assuming an independent trajectory. The flechette uses kinetic energy derived from the velocity of the rocket to produce the desired impact and penetration of the target. The fuzed warhead is 26.9″ long and weighs 14 pounds.

M257 Illuminating Flare:

The M257 Illuminating warhead is designed to provide battlefield illumination and does not require the use of Infrared (IR) goggles. The M257 flare rocket can be launched by from either fixed wing or rotary-wing aircraft. The M442 motor burnout fuze functions after a 9-second delay. The fuzed warhead is 29.1″ long and weighs 11 pounds.

M261 Multi-Purpose Submunition (MPSM):

The MPSM warhead (weight is 13.9 pounds) provides improved lethal effectiveness against area targets such as light armor, wheeled vehicles, materiel, and personnel. The M73 Submunitions are deployed over the target and descend almost vertically. The M261 Warhead is a cargo warhead consisting of a nose cone assembly, a case, integral fuze, nine submunitions, and an expulsion charge assembly. The primary M439 warhead fuze is remotely set with the Aerial Rocket Control System (ARCS), Multifunctional Display (MFD) or Rocket Management System (RMS) to provide a range from 500 meters to 7,200 meters.

M264 RP Smoke:

The M264 RP (red phosphorous) Smoke is used as a red phosphorous filled smoke rocket propelled by the Mk 66 motor and the smoke is deployed at a range set remotely from within the aircraft cockpit. The M264 warhead is used for smoke obscuration in the visible light spectrum. The fuzed warhead is 26.9″ long and weighs 8.6 pounds.

M274 Smoke Signature (practice):

The M274 warhead is a smoke/flash signature practice warhead used for pilot/gunner training missions and consists of a cast iron warhead modified with vent holes, an aluminum nose cap with firing pin, a M423 fuze safe and arming device, and a smoke/flash cartridge. The fuzed warhead is 16.2″ long and weighs 9.3 pounds.

M278 Infrared Flare:

The M278 Infrared Flare warhead is designed for battlefield illumination for use with Infrared (IR) goggles. The flare rockets can be launched from either fixed wing or rotary-wing aircraft. The 442 motor burnout fuze functions after a 9-second delay. The fuzed warhead is 29.1″ long and weighs 11 pounds.

WTU-1/B (practice):

The fuzed warhead is 16.2″ long and weighs 9.3 pounds.

Source fi-aeroweb.com

M3P (or M296) .50 cal (12.7 mm) machine gun

M3P_machine_gun

Calibre 12.7x99mm NATO (.50 cal)
Overall length From 1,680mm (66.1″) to 1,800mm (70.9″)
Weapon weight 37 kg (81.5 lb)
Barrel weight 5 kg (11 lb)
Barrel length 914mm (36″)
Maximum range 6,500m
Ammunition type Ball, Tracer, API, APEI
Buttstock type N/A
Cyclic rate of fire 1,025 (+/- 75 RPM)
Effective range 2,500m (2,734 Yards)
Feed Left or right side (M9 links)
Firing mode Full automatic
Handguard type N/A
Role Airborne Applications
Ejection link Right or left side
 Source fnherstal.com

Lockheed Martin successfully test fired its DAGR guided rockets from OH-58D Kiowa Warrior helicopter in March 2010.

LM’s DAGR fires from Kiowa Warrior: Here

A single DAGR installed on a Kiowa Warrior prior to test firing. (photo – Lockheed Martin)

2.75-inch/70mm DAGR missile

DAGR

The 2.75-inch/70mm DAGR missile is a precision-strike, multi-role, multi-platform munition that effectively neutralizes lightly-armored and high-value targets close to civilian assets or friendly forces. DAGR offers strike capability with the reliability of a HELLFIRE II missile while further limiting collateral damage.

The DAGR system puts HELLFIRE II missile and Joint Air-to-Ground Missile technology in a 2.75-inch guidance section that integrates seamlessly with legacy Hydra-70 rockets. Like HELLFIRE, DAGR offers lock-on-after-launch (LOAL) and lock-on-before-launch (LOBL) capability, target handoff, enhanced built-in testing on the rail, and laser coding from the cockpit. The result is a laser-guided missile that offers capabilities beyond those of a simple guided rocket.

The DAGR rail-mounted canister (RMC) mounts to HELLFIRE-compatible digital and analog launchers (e.g., M299/M310 and M272). The RMC readily integrates with all HELLFIRE platforms, including unmanned aerial vehicles and Apache, Kiowa, Little Bird, Cobra, and Tiger helicopters.

Plug-and-play HELLFIRE II compatibility allows aircrews to mix loadouts between HELLFIRE and DAGR missiles on the same launcher, providing the flexibility to meet any challenge on an ever-changing battlefield. When increased loadout or reduced weight is a must, DAGR delivers. Source lockheedmartin.com

Mission processors control the suite of mission subsystems via a military standard 1553B bus. An onboard computer provides laser ranging and target location within 10m.

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Countermeasures

The countermeasures suite includes an AN/ALQ-144 infrared jammer, radar warning receivers against pulsed and continuous wave radars and a laser warning detector.

Self-defence: AN/APR-39(V)1 or -39A(V)1 RWR. Phase 1 adds AN/ALQ-144 IR jammer, second RWR (AN/APR-44(V)3) and AN/AVR-2 laser detection system.  Source aviastar.org

AN/APR-39(V)1 or -39A(V)1 RWR

372

The APR-39 provides continuous 360-degree coverage to automatically detect and identify threat types, bearing and lethality before alerting a cockpit crew to each threat with a graphical symbol on the cockpit multifunction display or video display. This cost-effective system features state-of-the-art technology in a small, lightweight configuration that protects a wide variety of fixed-, rotary- and tilt-wing aircraft from today’s most modern threats.

“For the past two decades Northrop Grumman’s AN/APR-39 has been the primary radar warning receiver and electronic warfare management system for the United States Army, Navy, Marine Corps and Air Force rotary wing aircraft,” said Mark Kula, vice president of Radio Frequency Combat and Information Systems at Northrop Grumman’s Land and Self Protection Systems Division. “The AN/APR-39 is specially designed to maximize survivability by improving aircrew situational awareness.”  

To date over 6,000 APR-39 systems have been installed on both domestic and international AH-1W/Z, UH-1N/Y, MV-22B, KC-130T, UH-60, OH-58D, CH-53, CH-46, AH-64A/D and CH-47 aircraft. Source dailyairforce.com

SENSORS / EW:
AN/APR-39A(V)1 – (Army) ESM
Role: RWR, Radar Warning Receiver
Max Range: 222.2 km

Source cmano-db.com

AN/ALQ-144 infrared jammer

1434573464515.jpgImage: baesystems.com

The AN/ALQ-144 IR Countermeasures Set is an always-on infrared jammer, providing protection against infrared missiles over a wide environmental range. The system is extremely flexible, as it offers multiple configurations to complement small-to medium- signature helicopters. It may operate independently or cohesively with a missile warning system and flares.

Versatile

  • Mission versatility
  • Instantaneous and complete protection
  • Active-multi-threat jamming capability

Source baesystems.com

bell-oh58-kiowa_18

AN/AVR-2 laser detection system

laser_warningImage: taiwanairpower.org

The AN/AVR-2A Laser Detecting Set was developed by Raytheon to warn military helicopter crews of threats from laser-aided weapons. It has 4 sensor units and a central processing unit that detect, identify, characterize and displays laser-aided weapons. AVR-2A has a coverage of 360-degree circumference and +45/-45 degree elevation about the aircraft. Once threats detected, the system displays each threat in priority order of lethality. The AN/AVR-2A is in production for US military helicopters.

Azimuth Coverage: 360 deg

Coverage in Elevation: 90 deg

Source deagel.com

SENSORS / EW:
AN/AVR-2 – ESM
Role: LWR, Laser Warning Receiver
Max Range: 18.5 km

Source cmano-db.com

Fire control and observation

The distinctive mast-mounted sight (MMS) from Boeing, situated above the rotor blades, enables the Kiowa Warrior to operate by day and night and to engage the enemy at the maximum range of the weapon systems and with the minimum exposure of the helicopter.

normal_a6c4b16d8b0d186cf4ab5b9a69140b48Image: pimg.tw

The MMS contains a suite of sensors which includes: a high-resolution television camera for long-range target detection; a thermal imaging sensor for navigation, target acquisition and designation; a laser rangefinder / designator for target location and guidance of the Hellfire missiles and designation for Copperhead artillery rounds; and a boresight assembly which provides in-flight sensor alignment. The laser rangefinder / designator is also employed for handoff to an AH-1 Cobra helicopter for TOW missile engagements.

The MMS is principally used for collecting imagery and target acquisition data of the battlefield during the day or night, under extreme adverse conditions.

mms.jpg

SYSTEM FEATURES

Television Sensor Low Light Silicon Vidicon

Spectral Range 0.65 – 0.9 µm

Line Format 875

Field of View Narrow 2.0°; Wide 8.0°

Thermal Imaging Sensor 640 x 480 element InSb detector

Spectral Range 3.8 – 4.8 µm

Line Format 875

Field of View Narrow 1.6° x 2.0°; Wide 4.9° x 3.7°

Stabilization Better than 20 µ Rad

Field of Regard ±190° Azimuth, ±30° Elevation

Interface Architecture MIL STD 1553

Track Capability Auto – Tracker (Centroid, Scene, Offset)

Laser Rangefinder Designator 1.06 µm NdYAG

Turret Dimensions 25.5 inch diameter, 47 inch height

Source drs.com

TV Camera

GENERAL DATA:  
Type: Visual Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 148.2 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Visual, 2nd Generation TV Camera (1980s/1990s, AXX-1 TCS)
Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Classification [Class Info] / Brilliant Weapon [Automatic Target Aquisition], Continous Tracking Capability [Visual]
SENSORS / EW:
Generic TV Camera – (2nd Gen, Target Tracking And Identification) Visual
Role: Visual, Target Tracking and Identification TV Camera
Max Range: 148.2 km

Laser Designator (Surface Only)

SENSORS / EW:
Generic Laser Designator – (Surface Only) Laser Designator
Role: Laser Target Designator & Ranger (LTD/R)
Max Range: 18.5 km

FLIR

GENERAL DATA:  
Type: Infrared Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 148.2 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Infrared, 2nd Generation Imaging (1980s/1990s, LANTIRN, Litening) )
Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Classification [Class Info] / Brilliant Weapon [Automatic Target Aquisition], Continous Tracking Capability [Visual]
SENSORS / EW:
Generic FLIR – (2nd Gen, Target Tracking And Identification) Infrared
Role: Infrared, Target Tracking and Identification Camera
Max Range: 148.2 km

Source cmano-db.com

gregory-angry-eyes-2015-images-082.jpgImage: geographicalimaginations.files.wordpress.comOH-58D

DRS Technologies is currently responsible for the sensor suite and, in March 2004, was awarded an $8.2m contract to upgrade the thermal imaging system on the MMS. The thermal imaging system upgrade (TISU) provides enhanced target detection and range. Deliveries began in August 2005 and were completed in early 2006.

The contract is part of a five-year $514m master indefinite delivery / indefinite quantity (IDIQ) contract awarded to DRS in December 2003.

In February 2006, the US Army Aviation and Missile Command (AMCOM) awarded another TISU contract worth $33m. Product deliveries began in February 2006 and were completed in December 2008.

1836543

A new five-year contract (January 2009-December 2013) worth $913m was awarded to DRS in February 2009 to support the maintenance, repair and service of the MMS on the OH-58D Kiowa Warrior. This is a follow on of the previous $514m contract.

Under the contract, DRS was awarded a $110m contract to supply spare components, repairs and programme services for the MMS in April 2009. The contract includes delivery of new spare parts from June 2009 to March 2013 with repair and maintenance services scheduled from June 2009 to January 2012.

Navigation and communications

The US Army OH-58D is equipped with an attitude heading reference system (AHRS) from Litton and an integrated Global Positioning System and Inertial Navigation System, GPS/INS.

A data-loading module allows the pre-mission storing of navigation waypoint data and radio frequencies. The mission equipment includes an improved data modem for digital battlefield communications, (IDMDBC). The communications system is based on the Have-Quick UHF and SINCGARS FM anti-jam radio.

Kiowa Warrior engine

The OH-58D helicopter is equipped with a Model 250 485kW turbine engine from Rolls-Royce. The transmission has a transient power level of 475kW. The engine and transmission system have been upgraded to provide high performance levels in high temperature and extreme climates.

Rolls-Royce M250-C30R/3

One Allison 250-C30R (T703-Ad-700) turboshaft, (C30R/3 with improved diffuser in Kiowa Warrior) with an intermediate power rating of 485kW at S/L, ISA, FADEC. Transmission rating: Kiowa 339kW continuous; Kiowa Warrior 410kW continuous. One self-sealing crash-resistant fuel cell, capacity 424 litres located aft of the cabin area. Refuelling point on starboard side of fuselage. Oil capacity 5.7 litres. Source aviastar.org

Image: Rolls-Royce
Model Weight (kg) Air flow rate (kg/s) Pressure
ratio
Take-off power (WPS) Continuous power (WPS) Height (mm) Width (mm) Length (mm)
C30M 113 2.54 8.6:1 650 540 638 555 1041
C30S 114 2.54 8.6:1 650 501 638 555 1041
C30P 114 2.54 8.6:1 650 501 638 555 1041

Source wikiwand.com

Operators: Here

bell_warrior

Entered service 1985
Crew 2 men
Dimensions and weight
Length 12.9 m
Main rotor diameter 10.67 m
Height 3.95 m
Weight (empty) 1.74 t
Weight (maximum take off) 2.5 t (?)
Engines and performance
Engines 1 x Allison turbine
Engine power 650 shp
Maximum speed 240 km/h
Cruising speed 205 km/h
Service ceiling 4.58 km
Range 555 km
Armament
Cannon pod with 12.7-mm machine gun or 40-mm automatic grenade launcher
Missiles up to 4 x AGM-114 Hellfire anti-tank missiles or up to 4 x FIM-92 Stinger anti-aircraft missiles
Rockets 2 x Hydra 70 rocket pods with unguided rockets in place of the missiles

Technical data military-today.com

Main material source army-technology.com

Revised May 04, 2017

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2 thoughts on “OH-58D Kiowa Warrior (OH-58F Fox) Armed Reconnaissance Helicopter

  1. Mary J Hegar

    Hi there! I’d like to find out where you got the fifth picture down (the OH-58). I’m writing a book and I’d love to include this picture, but I need permission from the person it’s credited to. Thanks!

    Like

    Reply

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