MiG-29 SMT is an improved version of the MiG-29 Fulcrum fighter aircraft, designed and produced by Russian Aircraft Corporation MiG (RAC MiG), which is a part of JSC United Aircraft Corporation.
The modernised aircraft is equipped with high-precision air-to-air and air-to-surface weapons to deliver high combat efficiency against aerial, ground, and sea-based targets. It incorporates enhanced cockpit and avionics, additional fuel tanks, upgraded engine, and increased weapons carriage capacity.
The first flight of the MiG-29SMT prototype was concluded in April 1998. Serial production of the fighter aircraft began in 2004.
To improve aerial combat capabilities, the Russian Air Force intends to upgrade up to 150 MiG-29 fighters to MiG-29 SMT standard.
The MiG-29SMT is an upgrade package for first-generation MiG-29s (9.12 to 9.13) containing enhancements intended for the MiG-29M variant. Additional fuel tanks in a further enlarged spine provide a maximum flight range of 2,100 km on internal fuel. The cockpit has an enhanced HOTAS design, two 152 × 203 mm (6 × 8-inch) colour liquid crystal MFDs and two smaller monochrome LCDs. The MiG-29A was not designed for an advanced air-to-ground capability, this is substantially improved by the SMT upgrade; features include air-to-ground radar detection and integrated air-to-ground guided weapons. The upgraded Zhuk-ME radar provides similar features to the MiG-29M. The power plant are upgraded RD-33 ser.3 engines with afterburning thrust rated at 8,300 kgf (81.4 kN) each. The weapons load was increased to 4,500 kg on six underwing and one ventral hardpoints, with similar weapon choices as for the MiG-29M. The upgraded aircraft can also accommodate non-Russian origin avionics and weapons. Source wikiwand.com
MiG-29SMT-II (Factory index 9.17-II)
Further upgrades to the SMT are already planned or on offer, under provisional designation MiG-29SMT-II. Improvements include frontal RCS reduction measures, IR signature reduction and further increases in fuel tankage and warload. Fuel capacity to be increased to 5,600 kg (12,346 lb) through installation of new 219 litre (58.0 US gallon; 48.0 Imp gallon) tanks in LERX, replacing auxiliary air intakes and ducts, as in MiG-29M and original SMT scheme. Eight hardpoint wing (either based on MiG-29M, with broad span ailerons, or merely rebuilt standard wing) will allow warload increase to 5,500 kg (12,125 lb). Potential avionics improvements include new radar (N010, Zhuk, Zhuk PH or NIIR Zemchug). Some expect future MiG-29 variants to receive a new engine, the VK-10M, being developed by Klimov for production from 2010, with a thrust of 108 to 113 kN (24,250 to 23,350 lb st). Thrust vectoring may be offered. May use triple redundant digital FBW FCS developed for MiG-29M. Source toad-design.com
MiG-29SMT orders and deliveries
Algeria concluded a contract for 28 single-seat MiG-29SMT aircraft in March 2006. RAC MiG delivered 15 aircraft by April 2007. The Algerian Military, however, rejected the deliveries and cancelled the contract in 2008 due to allegations of low-quality manufacturing.
The 28 Algerian-reject MiG-29SMT jets were delivered to the Russian Air Force between 2009 and 2010.
In April 2014, RAC MiG signed a three-year contract worth more than RUR17bn ($473m) with the Russian Defence Ministry to deliver 16 MiG-29SMT aircraft, along with ground support and test equipment, for the Russian Air Force. The first MiG-29SMT fighter was delivered in January 2016 and deliveries of remaining aircraft are scheduled to conclude by the end of 2016.
The Yemeni Air Force received its first MiG-29SMT in October 2004. The Yemen Defence Ministry placed a $1.3bn order for 32 MiG-29SMT aircraft in September 2006.
In 2006, the Indian Air Force announced an upgrade of its 69 MiG-29 jets to the MiG-29UPG standard, which is a similar version of the MiG-29SMT fighter. Modernisation of six aircraft began in Russia in August 2008.
The first three MiG-29UPGs were delivered in December 2012 and three more in March 2013. The remaining units are being retrofitted by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL).
IAF exercises versus other Air Forces
The MiG-29s were able to hold their own in exercises, against both USAF F-16CJs and RSAF (Singaporean) F-16 Block 50’s at KKD Air Force Base near Calcutta. The Su-30 MKIs, however, clearly outperforming the Block 50 F-16s.
- “Russian-origin Sukhoi-30MKI jets are apparently outgunning American F-16s on “several aspects” at the ongoing Indo-Singapore air combat exercise in Gwalior.
- This is the first-ever face-off between these two sophisticated war machines originating from the two former Cold War adversaries.
- “Our Sukhois are doing very well against the F-16Cs (of Singapore Air Force) in terms of manoeuvrability, sophistication of avionics and weapon systems. Similarly, our MiG-29s and Mirage-2000s are also matching up to the F-16s,” say IAF sources.” Source: Don’t fret if Pak gets F-16s, October 22, 2004
The RSAF downplayed these “leaks” and denied them. However, the acquisition of AESA equipped latest generation F-15s by the RSAF (as versus more F-16s) speaks for itself in terms of the RSAF acquiring a “heavy-medium” mix as versus relying on F-16s alone. The RMAF (Malaysian AF) fields Su-30MKMs, which are derivatives of the IAF Su-30MKIs.
Net, that the MiG-29 and Mirage 2000s were able to face off against more modern variants of the F-16 is also quite creditable for both of these platforms and supports the IAF decision to keep both platforms around and upgrade them to latest available standards.
However, while the upgraded MiG-21 Bisons were able to perform well against the USAF during both Cope India exercises (against F-15Cs at Gwalior AFB, and against F-16Cs in KKD AFB), they were not as successful during the KKD exercises against the RSAF. Source bharatrakshak.wikia.com
MiG-29SMT design and features
The reinforced structure of the MiG-29SMT Fulcrum multi-role fighter aircraft results in increased flight endurance and a longer range. The aircraft has two fixed, rearward-swept wings with square-cut wing tips. Two vertical stabilisers are fitted at the rear.
A retractable landing gear allows the aircraft to perform safe take-off and landing. Meanwhile, the nose landing gear consists of a single two-wheel bogie, and the two main landing gears featuring a single wheel each.
The length of the fighter jet is 17.32m, whilst the wing span is 11.36mm and the height is 4.73m. The normal and maximum take-off weights of the aircraft are 17,000kg and 22,000kg respectively.
The aircraft is equipped with a bolt-on retractable refuelling probe and different in-flight refuelling systems. It can be fitted with additional fuel tanks for more fuel.
Nozzle Assembly of the GPT -2E series
Nozzle assemblies of the GPT-2E (-1, -1M, -1I) type are designed to refuel combat aircraft in flight. The nozzle assemblies feature universal refueling couplings that conform both to the RF and NATO standards. This makes it possible to refuel the aircraft from the tankers equipped with the aerial-refueling pods of both domestic and foreign production.
- Refueling coupling;
- Engagement warning system;
- Pneumatic drive to open refueling valves of the nozzle assembly/refueling pod drogue;
- Output fuel pressure regulator;
- Structural fuse of the refueling coupling;
- Emergency retraction system for the refueling coupling.
- Maximum refueling rate is up to 2500 l/min.
Year of development: 2006
MiG-29E, MiG-29МST, MiG-29К/КUB, Su-24, Su-30MKI and Su-35.
Cockpit and avionics
The new glass cockpit of the MiG-29SMT fighter aircraft is equipped with a data display system consisting of two wide-screen MFD-10-6 multifunction colour displays and hands-on throttle and stick control (HOTAS). It also incorporates an INS-GPS navigation system.
K-36DM zero/zero ejection seat
The К-36D-3,5 ejection seat serves as a working station for a pilot and a means of emergency escape from an aircraft by ejection.
The ejection seats of the К-36-3,5 family are designed to be used as a part of the emergency escape system for single-seat and two-seat combat/combat & training aircraft.
In flight, a crewmember is held in the seat with a suspension/restraint harness system. The crewmember may be restrained in the seat with the shoulder and waist restraint mechanisms. The seat features stepless height adjustment, which makes the seat occupation comfortable for work and vision.
The crewmember protection against the dynamic pressure G-loads at ejection is provided with the protective gear, windblast shield, forced restraint in the seat, seat stabilization as well as the selection of one of three operation modes for the energy source depending on the suited pilot mass. At the aircraft speed exceeding 850 km/h, the MRM steady-state mode is adjusted by the automatics depending on the acceleration.
After automatic separation of the pilot from the seat, the recovery parachute canopy is inflated providing the pilot’s safe descent. A portable survival kit, which is separated from the seat together with the pilot, supports his/her vital functions after landing or water landing, makes the pilot search easier, and the ПСН-1 life raft supports the pilot floatation on the surface of water.
The К-36D-3,5 ejection seat realizes the crewmember emergency escape within the range of equivalent airspeed (VE.) from 0 to 1300 km/h, at Mach number up to 2.5 and aircraft flight altitude from 0 to 20,000 m, including takeoff, landing run and «Н=0, V=0» mode. The seat is used with the KKO-15 set of protective gear and oxygen equipment.
The seat installation mass does not exceed 103 kg, including the survival kit.
Year of development: 2001
The К-36D-3,5 family features seat modifications for each aircraft version.
The К-36D-3,5 seats are installed in all versions of the Su-30 aircraft; the К-36D-3,5M seats are installed in the MiG-29M and seaborne МiG-29К/KUB aircraft.
The К-36D-3,5E ejection seats are supplied to India, Vietnam and Algeria.
Oxygen System KS – 129
The KS -129 oxygen system is designed to provide one or two pilots of the front-line aircraft with oxygen during flights at the altitudes up to 20 km. (KS -130 oxygen system is used at the altitudes up to 12 km). The oxygen source is the BKDU -130 onboard oxygen-generating system, which produces oxygen from compressed air tapped from the aircraft gas turbine compressor.
Major advantages of the bottle-free oxygen system:
- There are no onboard oxygen bottles in the system and, correspondingly, there is no need in pre-flight charging of the system with oxygen;
- The mission duration is not limited with the onboard oxygen reserve;
- The system features less line maintenance man-hours than the system with the bottle oxygen source.
The KS-129 oxygen system is used onboard the MiG-29K (KUB), MiG-29UPG, MiG-35, Su-30МКМ, Su-30МКI(A), Su-35, etc. Source zvezda-npp.ru
The aircraft is installed with a multifunctional, multi-mode, lightweight pulse doppler airborne radar Zhuk-ME, which was developed by Phazotron-NIIR.
A slot antenna array is fitted on to the radar. This offers an increased detection range and enhanced target recognition than previous generation radars. It is capable of tracking up to ten air targets, while engaging four targets simultaneously in air-to-air mode.
БРЛС Жук-МЭ (Zhuk-ME)
|Type: Radar||Altitude Max: 0 m|
|Range Max: 203.7 km||Altitude Min: 0 m|
|Range Min: 0.4 km||Generation: Late 1990s|
|Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Pulse Doppler Radar (Full LDSD Capability), Continuous Wave Illumination|
|Sensors / EW:|
|Slot Back [N-010 Zhuk-M] – (MiG-29M) Radar
Role: Radar, FCR, Air-to-Air & Air-to-Surface, Medium-Range
Max Range: 203.7 km
The aircraft features an open architecture mission computer with a data exchange multiplex channel for integration of different avionics systems, based on the customer requirements.
The optional equipment includes an electronic countermeasures (ECM) pod, radio stations, upgraded infrared search and track system (IRSTS), as well as a variety of identification, friend or foe (IFF) transponders.
The OLS-UE optical-location station is designed for MiG-29K / KUB, MiG-29M / M2, MiG-35 aircraft and provides:
• search, detection, capture and autosupport, determination of angular coordinates and range to air, ground and surface targets (CC, NC and NEC) on average IR (3 .. 5 Μm) and visible wavelength ranges;
• Laser illumination of NC.
Structurally, the OLS-UE consists of 4 blocks:
an optical-mechanical unit (BOM);
Information processing unit (SPU);
Processor block (BPR);
Drive control unit.
Block cooling: air, natural convection and forced convection (air supply from the side).
Type: InfraredAltitude Max: 0 mRange Max: 185.2 kmAltitude Min: 0 mRange Min: 0 kmGeneration: Infrared, 3rd Generation Imaging (2000s/2010s, Impr LANTIRN, Litening II/III, ATFLIR)
|Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Classification [Class Info] / Brilliant Weapon [Automatic Target Aquisition], Continous Tracking Capability [Visual]|
SPO-15 “Beryoza” Radar Warning Receiver
The RWR display indicates any threat radars illuminating (“painting”) the aircraft. Information is presented as symbols representing the type and direction to the threat. Six illuminated symbols at the bottom of the display notify the pilot of the threat radar type. The system indicates both enemy and friendly radars. Detailed information on the SPO-15 RWR is provided in a separate chapter. Source scribd.com
Beryoza / SPO-15 / L006
|Type: ESM||Altitude Max: 0 m|
|Range Max: 222.2 km||Altitude Min: 0 m|
|Range Min: 0 km||Generation: Late 1970s|
|SENSORS / EW:|
|SPO-15 Beryoza [L-006] – ESM
Role: RWR, Radar Warning Receiver
Max Range: 222.2 km
T220 targeting pod
T220 targeting pod
On the website of the Moscow model-prototyping company “Guild modelers” were pictures made this company a full-size demonstration model of prospective Russian aircraft target designation pod T220 / E. The container is designed of “Scientific and Industrial Corporation” Precision Instrument Systems “(of” SPC “NGN”) and the known data, intended for equipping MiG-29 SMT, Mig-29M / M2 (MiG-35) and Su-35C. It is reported that the container has a length of 2.4 m and a diameter of 0.37 m. The model aircraft suspended container targeting T220 / e development of “Scientific and Industrial Corporation” Precision Instrument Systems “(c) www.gildmaket.ru. Translated by google – Source bmpd.livejournal.com
Russia Has Deployed Its MiG-29SMT Multirole Combat Aircraft To Syria For The Very First Time: Here
Once again the Syrian Air War is the testbed for the most recent Russian Air Force weapons system. This time is the turn of the MiG-29SMT.
The Russian Air Force has deployed some MiG-29SMT multirole combat aircraft to Hmeymim airbase, near Latakia, in western Syria, the Russian Ministry of Defense confirmed on Sept. 13, 2017.
The multi-role fighter jet features six external hard-points to carry a variety of modern high-precision weapon systems.
It is armed with two R-27ER1(R1), two R-27ET1(T1) and six RVV-AE medium-range air-to-air missiles; six R-73E short-range air-to-air missiles; four KAB-500Kr / KAB-500L guided bombs; and a 30mm Gsh-301 built-in air gun.
30mm Gsh-301 built-in air gun
The unique short-recoil action minimized the weapon weight and allowed achieving the highest firing rate per barrel among 30mm cannons. The ring return spring and dual-action hydraulic brake efficiently dissipate the excessive energy of the mechanism parts stabilizing the action during burst discharge. Both right- and left-hand feeding, electro-pyrotechnical recharging and ammunition counter are available.
Design and operation concepts
The weapon incorporates a number of non-conventional design and functioning solutions involving low expenditure of materials, i.e.:
- round being a part of the action;
- shockless “flick” chambering;
- gas powered extraction of fired casings;
- partial time-matching of these operations.
The main feature of the cannon is an independent water-evaporating cooling system of the barrel.
|Ammunition type …………………..||GSh-6-30|
|Caliber ………………………………….||30 mm|
|Rate of fire …………………………….||1500-1800 rds./min|
|Muzzle velocity ………………………||860 m/c|
|gun ………………………………………||50 kg|
|round …………………………………..||0.832 kg|
|projectile ……………………………..||0.39 kg|
R-27 (NATO reporting name: AA-10 Alamo)
Medium-range missiles R-27 (e), designed to intercept and destroy aircraft and helicopters of all types of unmanned aerial vehicles and cruise missiles in a dogfight at medium and long distances, with individual and group actions carrier aircraft, day and night, in simple and adverse weather conditions, from any direction, against the background of the earth and the sea, with active information, firing and maneuvering countering enemy.
Available in several versions, differing use of two types of homing – semi-active radar (PARGS) and heat – and two types of propulsion systems – with standard and increased installed power. Modifications PARGS are designated R-27R and R-27ER, with TGS – R-27T, R-27ET, with propulsion of increased energy available – R-27ER and R-27ET.
Main material rocket design titanium alloy, a steel motor housing .
For the suspension to the carrier aircraft and launch weight of both modifications missiles used the same launchers rail and catapult type.
The rail trigger APU-470 is used for the deployment of missiles under the wings of the aircraft, and the ejection device AKU-470 for the deployment of missiles under the fuselage and under the wings.
RVV-AE Air-to-Air Guided Missile
The RVV-AE medium-range air-to-air guided missile is designed to engage air targets, such as fighters, bombers, attack aircraft, helicopters, military transports, and cruise missiles, at all aspects against ground and water surface, by day and night, in conditions of enemy electronic countermeasures, including a multichannel “fire-and-forget” mode.
The missile is guided with an inertial/radio-corrected navigation system in the initial flight phase, and an active radar homing head in the terminal phase. It is powered with a one-mode solid-fuel rocket engine.
The warhead is of a multi-shaped charge rod type. It is fitted with a laser proximity target sensor.
The missile’s design with folding lattice control planes (electrically driven) and low-aspect wing make it small-sized enough for accomodation inside carrier’s fuselage.
The missile is suspended under the aircraft on the AKU-170E launch unit providing for in-flight power supply, combat launch and emergency jettison.
Developer and manufacturer: State Machine-Building Design Bureau “Vympel” @ktrv.ru
|Launch range, km:|
|max, in front hemisphere||80|
|min, in rear hemisphere||0,3|
|Target engagement altitude, km||0,02-25|
|Warhead weight, kg||22,5|
|Launch weight, kg||175|
|Missile dimensions, m:|
|control plane span (in-flight position)||0,7|
The AKU-170E missile ejection unit (MEU) is designed for external suspension, carriage and jettison (ejection) of the RVV-AE missile on MIG-29, Su-27, Su-30 type aircraft.
The AKU-170E missile ejection unit provides:
multiple missile suspension/dismounting without additional adjustments
forced missile release, preventing its yawing and rolling until separation
30-days launch capability without missile’s dismounting and MEU’s additional checks/adjustments
Missile separation parameters:
- Airspeed relative to the carrier – more than – 4 m/s
- Pitch angle, angle degrees – from 2,0 up to 0
- Pitch rate, angle degrees – from 10 up to 70
- Forced track movement – about 100mm
R-73 infrared-guided air-to-air missiles (NATO designation AA-11 Archer)
The R-73 short-range air-to-air missile was developed by “Molniya” (recently the special design bureau Nr.4) design bureau. It’s team at the beginning of the 1970s developed the R-60 missile and the R-73 was intended to replace it. It is known as the AA-11 “Archer” with NATO countries.
Missile features a wide angle infrared seeker and extreme maneuverability.
The R-73 is completed with a vectored trust system to makevery tight turns. It’s minimum range of fire is 0.3 km and missile is intended as a dogfight weapon in close air combats. Furthermore the R-73 is considered to be the most dangerous weapon system in close visual combat.
There were developed later variants of the R-73 missile:
– The R-73E missile features extended range;
– The R-73M1 (sometimes designated as R-73 RDM-1) features improved overall performance;
– The R-73M2 (R-73 RDM-2) has even better performance characteristics than it’s predecessor – the R-73M1;
– The K-74ME.
All these missiles have the same AA-11 “Archer” NATO designation.
|Entered service in||?||1982||?|
|Range against closing target||< 30 km||30 km||40 km|
|Range against receding target||< 15 km||15 km||?|
|Weight||115 kg||105 kg||110 kg|
|Weight of warhead||7.4 kg||8 kg||?|
|Type of warhead||expanding rod|
|Fin span||0.51 m|
|Carried by||Ka-50, Ka-52, MiG-29, MiG-31, Su-25, Su-27, Su-30, Su-33, Su-34, Su-35, Su-37, Su-39, Yak-141|
KAB-500Kr guided bomb
The KAB-500Kr corrected air bomb is designed to engage stationary ground/surface small-sized hardened targets, such as reinforced concrete shelters, runways, railway and highway bridges, military industrial installations, warships, and transport vessels.
|Weights: total/warhead/HE, kg||520/380/100|
|Bomb drop altitude, km||0,5-5|
|Carrier speed, km/h||550…1100|
|Root mean square deviation, m||4…7|
|(high explosive penetrator)|
KAB-500L guided bombs
The KAB-500L is the baseline laser semi-active homing 500 kg guided bomb developed for the FA-VVS and widely exported since the end of the Cold War. It achieved IOC in 1979.
The weapon uses the Azov 27N or later 27N1 semi-active laser homing seeker using an annular airfoil and optical design similar to the Paveway I/II series. It will provide similar characteristics to the baseline Paveway I/II seeker. The cited CEP is 7 to 10 metres which is consistent with this style of seeker and the bang-bang control loop technology involved.
Delivery envelope is 1 to 15 km AGL and 550 – 1700 km/h.
- KAB-500L-Pr-E – Penetrating bunker buster with subclaibre warhead.
- KAB-500L-F-E – Blast fragmentation warhead equivalent to M118.
- KAB-500L-OD-E – thermobaric warhead / FAE.
- KAB-500L-K-E – cluster warhead.
The aircraft also carries two Kh-29TE, two Kh-29L and four Kh-25ML air-to-surface missiles; two Kh-31A anti-ship missiles; and two Kh-31P anti-radar missiles.
The Vympel Kh-29 / AS-14 Kedge is a Russian supersonic equivalent to the French AS.30 and US AGM-65 Maverick, and is primarily intended for interdiction and close air support, maritime strike roles, and attacks on hardened concrete shelters and structures. An APU-58 or AKU-58 launcher is used, on the Su-27/30 Flanker (up to 6 rounds), the MiG-27 Flogger (2 rounds), Su-17/22 Fitter (2 rounds) and Su-24M Fencer (3 round). Multiple variants exist.
The Kh-29T (Izdeliye 64 or AS-14B) is an electro-optical variant with a daylitgh television seeker. The Kh-29TE is the export variant, the Kh-29TM an enhanced variant. The Kh-29TD is another EO variant, possibly equipped with a thermal imaging seeker.
Missile weight: 680 kg
Length: 3900 mm
Diameter: 400 mm
Wingspan: 1100 mm
Minimum range*: 3 km
Maximum range: 8 – 12 km
Engine: fixed thrust solid, fuel rocket
Fuze type: impact
Guidance system: passive TV
Warhead: high-explosive penetrating
Warhead weight: 320 kg
The Kh-29L (Izdeliye 63 or AS-14A) is a semi-active laser homing variant used in the manner of the AS.30L, with a 24N1 seeker. Source ausairpower.net
Missile weight: 660 kg
Length: 3900 mm
Diameter: 400 mm
Wingspan: 1100 mm
Minimum range*: 3 km
Maximum range: 8 – 10 km
Height of launch: 0.2 – 5 km
Engine: fixed thrust, solid fuel rocket
Fuze type: impact
Guidance system: passive TV
Warhead: high-explosive penetrating
Warhead weight: 320 kg
The Kh-25, AS-10 Karen NATO designation, is a tactical, supersonic, guided missile family intended for use on the Mig-27, Su-24 and Su-17/22 tactical attack aircraft. Developed in the 1970s, externally it is similar to the Kh-23M missile. Overall, Kh-25 family of missiles is from a certain point of view the Soviet counterpart to French Air Force’s AS-30L supersonic air-to-ground missile. Kh-25 missile flexibility has allowed integration onto Russian Air Force’s Ka-50 Hokum attack helicopter. They are fitted with either a high explosive or piercing warhead.
The basic Kh-25 variant includes three main versions outfitted with three different guidance systems. The Kh-25ML uses a semi-active laser guidance system, Kh-25MR a radio command guidance system and Kh-25MTP uses an infrared seeker. Their primary targets are armored vehicles and fortifications using a high explosive shaped charge warhead. The Kh-25MUL is a combat training missile, Kh-25ML-UD is a functional training missile and Kh-25ML-UR is a sectional training missile.
Diameter: 275 millimeter (10.8 inch)
Length: 3.70 meter (146 inch)
Wingspan: 755 millimeter
Max Launch Altitude: 5,000 meter
Max Range: 10 kilometer (5.40 nautical mile)
Min Launch Altitude: 50 meter
Min Range: 3 kilometer
Piercing in Concrete: 1 meter (3.28 foot)
Cruise Speed: 670 mps (2,413 kph)
Max Launch Airspeed: 1,250 kph (1.05 mach)
Top Speed: 870 mps (3,133 kph)
Warhead: 89 kilogram (196 pound)
Weight: 300 kilogram (661 pound)
Kh-31AD high-speed air-launched antiship missile
This missile is designed to destroy surface vessels (up to destroyer type targets, inclusive) navigating either individually or as a part of naval strength groups, capable of operating under any weather conditions and at any time of the day.
It’s in service since 1988-1990, now it’s operating as a part of modern airborne weapon systems such as Su-24M, Su-32, Su-35, Su-30MKI, Su-30KN, Su-30MK, MiG-29.
The missile features active radar homing head, radio altimeter and powered by combined power plant consisting of solid-fuel booster und ramjet sustainer running on kerosene. Payload type – penetration.
Kh-31A features normal aerodynamic design with X-shaped location of wing panels and fins. It works in coordination with armament and navigation system, as well as weapon-control system as a part of carrier’s airborne hardware.
Used in two modes: in shared one with autofollowing target acquisition performed by radar homing head that is situated on the load under the carrier. In automated one with autofollowing target acquisition performed by radar homing head on the missile’s path (after launching) over a distance in 7-20 km to the target. Carrier crew decides which mode is better depending on flight altitude and target. After the cross shape generator of carrier’s radar has found its target and sent a command, it begins the calculation of authorized launching zone and informs about the launching preparation process.
When the aircraft is in authorized launching zone, it’s given a signal of weapon employment.
|Launch weight, kg||600|
|Warhead weight, kg||87-90|
|Maximal velocity, km/h||4700|
|Maximal range of fire||70|
|Minimal range of fire||5|
|Circular error probability, m||5-8|
|Velocity range of carrier, km/h||600-1100|
|Flight altitude envelope||50-15000|
Kh-31P anti-radar missiles
The Kh-31P high-speed medium-range “air-to-surface” guided missile with changeable passive radar homing heads is designed to engage radars operating within long- and medium-range air defence missile systems, as well as other ground- and sea-based radars of different purpose, in the corresponding frequency band.
The Kh-31P missile can be efficiently launched either independently or in salvo, in fair and adverse weather conditions, to engage radar targets of opportunity or previously disclosed ones.
The missile can be equipped with changeable homing heads operating in coresponding frequency bands used by modern continuous-wave and pulsed radars of surface-to-air missile and anti-aircraft artillery systems.
The missile’s radar homing head ensures:
– target search and lock-on in the autonomous mode, or by receiving target designation data from carrier’s sensors with the missile on the aircraft suspension station;
– target tracking and missile guidance command generation.
It has a high explosive/fragmentation type of warhead.
Thanks to its relatively small weight and size the Kh-31P missile can be employed from various air combat platforms including moderately sized ones. The missile has passed state acceptance tests on a number of series-production front-line combat aircraft of the Russian Air Force. The missile makes part of weapon systems of modern combat aircraft, such as the Su-25, Su-27, Su-30, Su-34, Mig-29, etc., and can be adapted to other types of Russian or foreign-origin aircraft during their modernization.
The missile is suspended under the aircraft and linked to its onboard systems, carried in flight and launched (or jettisoned in emergency, if required) by means of the AKU-58 airborne ejection unit.
|Launch range envelope, km||15-110|
|Launch altitude envelope, m||100-15,000|
|Launch speed envelope, km/h (Mach number)||600-1,250|
|Max missile cruising speed, m/s||1,000|
|Warhead weight, kg||87|
|Missile launch weight, kg||about 600|
|Missile dimensions, m:|
Grom tactical air-to-ground missile
Engine and performance
The MiG-29SMT Fulcrum is powered by two RD-33 series-3 engines, which generate a take-off thrust of 8,300kgf each. The power plant ensures a maximum air speed of 1,500km/h near the ground and 2,400km/h at high altitudes.
2 x 33 series-3 engines
It has an inter-correction resource increased from 700 to 1000 hours, the total lifespan is 2000 hours, the forcing power remains at 8300 kp. It is the engine for MiG-29SD / SM (both first flew in 1995). At the ILA 98, the MiG-29SMT was introduced with these engines (the first flight in 1998). The installation of the RD-33 series 3s was considered in the old German MiG-29. It is difficult to tell if the upgrading eventually took place.
In 1997, Russia and Malaysia carried out a four-phase upgrade of the ordered MiG-29S to the Malaysian version of the MiG-29N (= SD with enhancements). An airplane extension was added, the radar N019M1 and the R-77 missile were used. The last phase was the replacement of RD-33 series 2s engines for RD-33 series 3 engines. The first modified aircraft was launched on 8.4.1998.
According to the 2002 report, the MiG-29SMT (and SMT-II) is expected to increase the life of the RD-33 Series 3 to 4000 hours, bringing operating costs down by 40%. One of the improvements that will lead to increased durability is the reinforced construction of the three-stage labyrinth of the combustion chamber and more durable bearings. Source leteckemotory.cz
|Thrust at full reheat rating||8300kgf|
|Maximum dry thrust||5040kgf|
|SFC at full augmented rating||2.05kg/kgfh|
|SFC at max. dry thrust||0.77kg/kgfh|
|Overall pressure ratio||21|
|Dry weight||1055 kg|
|Total technical life||1600 h|
The GTDE-117 is a turbo-shaft engine with a free turbine (a turbine that drives only the output shaft, not the compressor). The design is modular. The centrifugal compressor powers a single-stage turbine. The free turbine shaft drives the speed reducer. GTDE-117 and their modifications are relatively lightweight, they are used on MiG-29, MiG-29K, Su-27, Su-30, Su-33 and Su-35 aircraft. They were developed by the VJ Klimova plant and produced by the Red October plant.
|Temperature of use||-60 ° C to + 60 ° C|
|Power in engine starting mode
H = 0 m, standard atmospheric conditions
|H = 2.5 km, temperature + 30 ° C||65 hp|
|Output power mode||70 hp|
|Output Shaft Speed - Starting Mode||4540 rpm|
|– power source mode||2500 rpm|
|Fuel||RT, TS-1 and customer agreement|
|Max. fuel consumption||67 kg / h|
Standard atmospheric conditions – pressure 1013 hPa, temperature 15 ° C
The ferry range of the aircraft is 1,800km, without any external tanks. The range can be extended up to 2,400km with one drop tank, and up to 3,000km with three drop tanks.
The aircraft can reach a maximum range of more than 5,000km when fitted with three drop tanks and one single in-flight refuelling. Service ceiling is 17,500m, the maximum G-load is nine, and the maximum M-number is Mach 2.25.
|Wing span, m||11,36|
|Take-off weight, kg:|
|– normal||17 000|
|– maximum||22 000|
|Maximum airspeed, km/h:|
|– near ground||1500|
|– at high altitude||2400|
|Service ceiling, m||17 500|
|Ferry range, km:|
|– without drop tanks||1800|
|– with 1 drop tanks||2400|
|– with 3 drop tanks||3000|
|– with 3 drop tanks and one single in-flight refueling||more than 5000|
|Take-off thrust, kgf||2×8300|
|Number of external stations||6|
|– middle range||2хR-27ER1(R1)2хR-27ET1(T1)
|– short range||6xR-73E|
|Guided bombs||4xKAB-500Kr (OD)4xKAB-500L*|
|Built-in air gun, 30 mm||Gsh-301|
* at application of target designation pod or target external illumination
Main material source airforce-technology.com
Images are from public domain unless otherwise stated
Revised Aug 08, 2017
Updated Aug 12, 2019