Su-34 Fullback

The Su-34 (also known as Su-27IB) fighter bomber has been developed by the Sukhoi Design Bureau Joint Stock Company in Moscow and the Novosibirsk Aircraft Production Association at Novosibirsk, Russia.


The Russian Air Force ordered an initial 32 Su-34 aircraft in 2008, with an additional requirement for 92 aircraft in 2012. The first two production aircraft were delivered to the Russian Air Force in December 2006. The export designation of the Su-34 is Su-32.

Production of the Su-34 bomber

Full-rate production began in January 2008. In the same month, the Russian Air Force stated that 70 aircraft would be procured by 2015. Sukhoi will deliver the Su-34 bombers to the Russian air force and army units until 2020, under a state contract with the Russian Ministry of Defence approximately 200 Su-34s were expected to be in service by 2020.


Su-27 Flanker based design of the Su-34

The Su-34 replaces for Tu-23M and Su-24 aircraft. It is one of a number of Russian aircraft, Su-30, Su-33 and Su-35, which are based and developed from the Su-27 Flanker.


The Su-34 design retains the basic layout and construction of the Su-27 airframe, with a conventional high-wing configuration and a substantial part of the onboard equipment. The Su-34 has a changed contour of the nose section to accommodate an advanced, multi-mode, phased array radar with terrain following and terrain avoidance modes. It has a two-seat rather than single-seat cockpit. The capacity of the internal fuel tanks has been increased with a resulting increased take-off weight. Changes have been made to the central tail boom for rear-facing radar.


Su-34 cockpit


The cockpit has two K-36DM zero/zero ejection seats side-by-side for the pilot and co-pilot. The seats are supplied by Zvesda Research and Production Enterprise Joint Stock Company, Moscow. The multifunction displays in the cockpit show the flight parameters, the operational status of the aircraft units and tactical data.

img59031454951976-su34reverseCenter retractable control panelK36_DM__05K-36_DM_-_04K-36DM zero/zero ejection seats4063




“The combined instrument-corporation” (part of the State Corporation Rostec) presented at the international exhibition “Gidroaviasalon 2016” pattern radar station (RLS) side-looking “Peak – M” to equip combat aircraft and unmanned aerial vehicles.

Fourth-generation radar “Peak – M “designed for radar surveillance, including for the detection of military targets of the enemy -. roads, airports, bunkers, fortifications, as well as weapons and military equipment

in the station has a function of processing radar data in real time, as well as provided a telescopic observation mode . resolution up to 30 cm in particular, the radar is able to detail “see” aircraft components – engine, keel, arms, etc., and to determine the characteristic features of its type.

The serial production of radar “Peak-M” in the “instrument-making of the Joint Corporation “is the Scientific-Research Institute” Pendant “. Initially, the product was developed for multipurpose fighter-bomber Su-34, but can be used on other types of aircraft, including drones.

“Peak-M” is part of the on-board complex RBB-3, capable of maintaining a radar surveillance in all weather conditions and at any time of the day. The station has a resolution in the map mode to 1-1.5 m, and the distance of objects detected -. 300 km

radar has successfully completed the implementation of the state program of tests in 2016. At the same time, “NII Pendant” commissioned by the Industry and Trade Ministry is developing a technology to create a side-view of the fifth-generation radars with active phased array (AESA).


Russian Su-34 Bomber Gets Unique New Recon Gear

“The new system, dubbed the UKR-RT, is placed inside a container attached to the underside of the Su-34 (NATO reporting name — Full Back).

“Right now the UKR-RT system is undergoing field trials and will soon be supplied to the Air Force,” the an unnamed source told the newspaper.

The UKR-RT is primarily designed to locate and “read” the technical signatures of communications systems, radar installations and UAV ground control stations.”

“According to another in dependent defense expert, Dmitry Boltenkov, the UKR-RT has at its heart the M-410 radio reconnaissance system.

“The M0410 is a downsized version of the more sophisticated Fraktsiya system carried by Russia’s latest Ty-214R reconnaissance plane,””

Read full article: Here

The‘Fraktsiya’ – OESVR ‘Faction’ – Electro-Optical Target Designation and Tracking System – Developed by ‘TPK Lincos.’

IqN9v.jpgTPC Lincos E/O system; “Fraktsiya.” sensor’s

The Tu-214R’s ‘MRC-411’ or MRK-411 system is complemented by the ‘Fraktsiya’ or OESVR ‘Faction’ Electro-Optical high-resolution cameras developed by “TPK Lincos.” 

 They are real-time digital imagery transmitting, high-precision cameras that can track individual objects or provide wide-swath imagery of terrain in daylight, visible, low-light (LLTV), and Infra-Red. 

The specifications from TPK Lincos are given as: “- +15 degrees in the longitudinal plane, and -+80 degrees in the transverse plane.  Lens Focal Length: 1750mm, Thermal Imaging Channel -373mm.”

IMG00001.gifE/O target designation system targeting a bridge


The Su-34 is equipped with an electro-optical fire control system supplied by the Urals Optical and Mechanical Plant (YOM3) and a Geofizika FLIR (forward-looking infrared) pod. Leninetz of St Petersburg supplies the passive phased array radar system and TsNIRTI the electronic countermeasures suite.

UOMZ-Sapsan-E-EOTS-VVK-1SThe UOMZ Sapsan E Electro-Optical Targeting System pod000-B004-ESA-Su-32FN-1S34256
Leninets B005 Multimode Attack Radar phased array. The B004 multimode phased array attack radar is the most advanced strike radar ever designed for a Russian combat aircraft. Unlike the N011M/BARS, the B004 is an optimised bomber radar, similar in many capabilities to the APQ-164 in the B-1B, and sharing the same generation of antenna technology.


Engines and performance

First production aircraft are powered by two after-burning NPO Saturn AL-31F turbofan engines. Later aircraft may be fitted with MMPP Salyut AL-31F-M2/3 or NPO Saturn 117 engines. They are mounted under the wing and are equipped with all-duty fixed geometry air intakes. A rotor protection installed in the air intakes provides protection against the ingestion of foreign objects.

C6XFGR5АЛ-31Ф М2MMPP Salyut AL-31F-M2 145 kN (32,600 lbf)Saturn AL-31F 117SNPO Saturn 117 engines 142 kN (31,900 lbf)

The aircraft can carry 12,100kg of fuel internally in two fuel tanks in the wings and four in the fuselage. Three external fuel tanks, each with a capacity of 3,000l, can also be fitted.

The aircraft can achieve a speed of 1,900km/h (Mach 1.6) at altitude and 1,300km/h (Mach 1) at sea level, and has a flight range of 4,000km.




Russian Air Force – 73 aircraft as of October 2015


Specifications (Su-34)


Data from Sukhoi data, Gordon and Davison, AF Technology,,

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 23.34 m (72 ft 2 in)
  • Wingspan: 14.7 m (48 ft 3 in)
  • Height: 6.09 m (19 ft 5 in)
  • Wing area: 62.04 m² (667.8 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 22,500 kg (49,608 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 39,000 kg (85,980 lb)
  • Useful load: 12,000 kg (26,455 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 45,100 kg (99,425 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × 13,500 kgf (132 kN, 29,762 lbf) afterburning thrust Lyulka AL-31FM1 turbofans
  • Internal fuel: 12,100 kg (15,400 l)



Guns: 1× 30 mm GSh-30-1 (9A-4071K) cannon, 150–180 rounds

  • Hardpoints: 12× wing and fuselage stations with a capacity of 8,000–12,000 kg and provisions to carry combinations of:
    • Rockets:
    • Missiles:
      • R-27 (AA-10) air-to-air missile
      • R-73 (AA-11) air-to-air missile
      • R-77 (AA-12) air-to-air missile
      • Kh-29L/T (AS-14) air-to-ground missile
      • Kh-38 new generation air-to-ground missile with a range of 40 km
      • Kh-25MT/ML/MP (AS-10) air-to-ground missile or anti-radiation missile
      • Kh-59M (AS-18) air-to-ground missile
      • Kh-58 (AS-11) anti-radiation missile
      • Kh-31 (AS-17) anti-radiation or anti-ship missile
      • Kh-35 (AS-20) anti-ship missile
      • P-800 Oniks missile (SS-N-26 Strobile) anti-ship missile (version for the Air Force). Version named “Alpha”, weight of 1500 kg with a range of up to 300 km and a speed in the range of numbers M = 2.2-3.0. Officially not in service.
      • Kh-65SE or Kh-SD cruise missile
    • Bombs:
      • KAB-500L, KAB-500KR, KAB-500S and KAB-1500L/KR guided bombs
      • OFAB-250-270, OFAB-100-120, FAB-500T, BETAB-500SHP, P-50T, ODAB-500PM unguided bombs, RBK-500 and SPBE-D cluster bombs, nuclear bombs.
    • Other:
      • 3,000 litres PTB-3000 Suspended Fuel Tanks, EW and reconnaissance pods.
otr_gun_gsh-301_m02Closeup of the 30 mm GSh-30-1 (9A-4071K) cannonSu-34-EO-Targeting-System-1Ssu-34.35103Electro-optical system ventral aperture. Note the GNPP KAB-1500L 3,000 lb laser guided bomb on the centreline station (Above 2 images)13339726.8f879e2e.500Chaff dispensers 

Su-34 fitted with Jammer

312An Su-34 Fullback demonstrator photographed at Kubinka in September, 2009, equipped with new wingtip mounted KNIRTI SAP-518 self-protection ECM pods, and a large centreline KNIRTI SAP-14 “Escort Jammer” support jamming pod. The new SAP-14 is analogous to the US ALQ-99E series pods, but employs a fundamentally different antenna arrangement optimised to suppress emitters in the forward and aft hemispheres of the escort jamming aircraft. The pod has been cleared for carriage on the Su-30MK Flanker G/H airframes and the Su-34 FullbackKNIRTI-SAP-14-SJ-Pod-VVK-1SThe heavyweight high power KNIRTI SAP-14 Support Jammer ECM pod is a Russian analogue to the US ALQ-99E pod carried on the EA-6B Prowler and EA-18G Growler. It was developed for Flanker family aircraft and is carried on a large centreline pylon. To date little has been disclosed about this design, but it has been observed on the Su-30MK Flanker G/H and Su-34 Fullback. It operates between 1 GHz and  4 GHz (© 2009 Vitaliy V. Kuzmin).KNIRTI-SAP-518-ECM-Pod-VVK-1SThe KNIRTI SAP-518 ECM pod is a new technology replacement for the established L005 Sorbstiya series wingtip ECM pods. It operates between 5 GHz and 18 GHz (© 2009 Vitaliy V. Kuzmin).Sukhoi-Su-34-FullbackSu-32FN-Weps-PLA-NKAB-GBU-1Source:

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Updated on Sept 25, 2016

MAKS 2015 Su-34 Demoflight

Watch an Su-34 dogfight an Su-27 in a flight demonstration

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