Su-34 Fullback

The Su-34 (also known as Su-27IB) fighter bomber has been developed by the Sukhoi Design Bureau Joint Stock Company in Moscow and the Novosibirsk Aircraft Production Association at Novosibirsk, Russia.


The Russian Air Force ordered an initial 32 Su-34 aircraft in 2008, with an additional requirement for 92 aircraft in 2012. The first two production aircraft were delivered to the Russian Air Force in December 2006. The export designation of the Su-34 is Su-32.

Production of the Su-34 bomber

Full-rate production began in January 2008. In the same month, the Russian Air Force stated that 70 aircraft would be procured by 2015. Sukhoi will deliver the Su-34 bombers to the Russian air force and army units until 2020, under a state contract with the Russian Ministry of Defence approximately 200 Su-34s were expected to be in service by 2020.


Su-27 Flanker based design of the Su-34

The Su-34 replaces for Tu-23M and Su-24 aircraft. It is one of a number of Russian aircraft, Su-30, Su-33 and Su-35, which are based and developed from the Su-27 Flanker.


The Su-34 design retains the basic layout and construction of the Su-27 airframe, with a conventional high-wing configuration and a substantial part of the onboard equipment. The Su-34 has a changed contour of the nose section to accommodate an advanced, multi-mode, phased array radar with terrain following and terrain avoidance modes. It has a two-seat rather than single-seat cockpit. The capacity of the internal fuel tanks has been increased with a resulting increased take-off weight. Changes have been made to the central tail boom for rear-facing radar.


Su-34 cockpit


The cockpit has two K-36DM zero/zero ejection seats side-by-side for the pilot and co-pilot. The seats are supplied by Zvesda Research and Production Enterprise Joint Stock Company, Moscow. The multifunction displays in the cockpit show the flight parameters, the operational status of the aircraft units and tactical data.

img59031454951976-su34reverseCenter retractable control panel

Zvezda K-36 DM “zero-zero” Ejection seat

K36_DM__05K-36_DM_-_04K-36DM zero/zero ejection seats

Zvezda K-36 DM “zero-zero” evacuation system is an ejector seat that allows the crew to leave the aircraft at any altitude or flight envelope (maximum limits: Mach speed .3 and altitude of 24,000 meters, as well as during taxiing on the track or even when the vector is parked – static on the ground). The Su-34’s K-36 DM operates almost 3 times faster than the SU-24M’s ejection system, the Zvezda K-36D. The ejection is performed upwards after the “ejection” of the conopy, and is sequential with one crew member at a time. The vector is also equipped with a first aid kit.

Monolithic titanium-shielded capsule

6The entire Su-34 cockpit was built into a huge 17mm thick monolithic titanium-shielded capsule that weighs almost half a ton to protect the crew and avionics. Image:

The entire Su-34 cockpit was built into a huge 17mm thick monolithic titanium-shielded capsule that weighs almost half a ton to protect the crew and avionics. Other vital parts of the aircraft also have additional protection, such as engines and fuel tanks (which in addition to the titanium shield are covered with rubber foam and are filled internally with a self-sealing polyurethane foam to prevent explosions). The total increase of the shield is of 1,480 kg. In order not to increase the weight of the vector much more components were implanted in composite materials and plastics that are lighter.However, the cockpit weight addition had to be compensated for by stretching the tail cone to balance the center of gravity of the aircraft.This type of shielding had never been deployed in a vector of this class, which was based on the experiences and vulnerabilities of vectors operating at low altitude such as Su-24 and Su-25. The crew was arranged side by side (Side by Side) with the pilot-commander on the left and the navigator – WSO (Weapon System Operator) on the right, aiming at not duplicating the electronic instruments and ensuring an excellent Visibility to the crew ahead and down the cockpit.

7.jpgOne of the most elaborate points in the Su-34’s development was the comfort and comfort of the cockpit, aiming to keep the crew with the least fatigue and fatigue possible, always maintaining high capacities of discernment, concentration and attention, to always be in Combat conditions in operations of up to 10 uninterrupted hours. – Image:

One of the most elaborate points in the development of the Su-34 was the comfort and comfort of the cockpit, aiming to keep the crew with the least fatigue and stress load possible, always maintaining high capacities of discernment, concentration and attention, maintaining the performance of the During the various hours of flight of each mission. For this, the designers worked to keep the ergonomic standards (the crew able to move inside the cabin), rest (the pilot and the navigator / operator are accommodated in the Zvezda K-36 DM ejection seats with better ergonomics and with A built-in massage system, one of the crew can lie down in the space between and behind the ejectable seats for rest), comfort (the cabin is pressurized and allows the crew to operate without oxygen masks up to 10,000 meters altitude, being Which are available for use in emergencies and combat situations, air conditioning system, upper canopies with curtains to prevent excessive entry of light into the cabin, to promote greater visual comfort to crew members during daytime operations), sanitation (The vector counts with bathroom), and food (the aircraft has an on-board kitchen composed of an electric oven to heat pre-cooked meals, a refrigerator and compartments for cutlery, plates, glasses, garbage, etc.) Integral and healthy during missions with several hours of flight. With these measures the Su-34 crew can carry out uninterrupted 10-hour operations and be in combat conditions. Translated by google source





“The combined instrument-corporation” (part of the State Corporation Rostec) presented at the international exhibition “Gidroaviasalon 2016” pattern radar station (RLS) side-looking “Peak – M” to equip combat aircraft and unmanned aerial vehicles.

Fourth-generation radar “Peak – M” designed for radar surveillance, including for the detection of military targets of the enemy -. roads, airports, bunkers, fortifications, as well as weapons and military equipment

in the station has a function of processing radar data in real time, as well as provided a telescopic observation mode . resolution up to 30 cm in particular, the radar is able to detail “see” aircraft components – engine, keel, arms, etc., and to determine the characteristic features of its type.

The serial production of radar “Peak-M” in the “instrument-making of the Joint Corporation “is the Scientific-Research Institute” Pendant “. Initially, the product was developed for multipurpose fighter-bomber Su-34, but can be used on other types of aircraft, including drones.

“Peak-M” is part of the on-board complex RBB-3, capable of maintaining a radar surveillance in all weather conditions and at any time of the day. The station has a resolution in the map mode to 1-1.5 m, and the distance of objects detected -. 300 km

radar has successfully completed the implementation of the state program of tests in 2016. At the same time, “NII Pendant” commissioned by the Industry and Trade Ministry is developing a technology to create a side-view of the fifth-generation radars with active phased array (AESA).


Russian Su-34 Bomber Gets Unique New Recon Gear

“The new system, dubbed the UKR-RT, is placed inside a container attached to the underside of the Su-34 (NATO reporting name — Full Back).

“Right now the UKR-RT system is undergoing field trials and will soon be supplied to the Air Force,” the an unnamed source told the newspaper.

The UKR-RT is primarily designed to locate and “read” the technical signatures of communications systems, radar installations and UAV ground control stations.”

“According to another in dependent defense expert, Dmitry Boltenkov, the UKR-RT has at its heart the M-410 radio reconnaissance system.

“The M0410 is a downsized version of the more sophisticated Fraktsiya system carried by Russia’s latest Ty-214R reconnaissance plane,””

Read full article: Here

The‘Fraktsiya’ – OESVR ‘Faction’ – Electro-Optical Target Designation and Tracking System – Developed by ‘TPK Lincos.’

IqN9v.jpgTPC Lincos E/O system; “Fraktsiya.” sensor’s

The Tu-214R’s ‘MRC-411’ or MRK-411 system is complemented by the ‘Fraktsiya’ or OESVR ‘Faction’ Electro-Optical high-resolution cameras developed by “TPK Lincos.” 

 They are real-time digital imagery transmitting, high-precision cameras that can track individual objects or provide wide-swath imagery of terrain in daylight, visible, low-light (LLTV), and Infra-Red. 

The specifications from TPK Lincos are given as: “- +15 degrees in the longitudinal plane, and -+80 degrees in the transverse plane.  Lens Focal Length: 1750mm, Thermal Imaging Channel -373mm.”

IMG00001.gifE/O target designation system targeting a bridge


The Su-34 is equipped with an electro-optical fire control system supplied by the Urals Optical and Mechanical Plant (YOM3) and a Geofizika FLIR (forward-looking infrared) pod. Leninetz of St Petersburg supplies the passive phased array radar system and TsNIRTI the electronic countermeasures suite.

UOMZ-Sapsan-E-EOTS-VVK-1SThe UOMZ Sapsan E Electro-Optical Targeting System pod000-B004-ESA-Su-32FN-1S34256

Leninets B005 Multimode Attack Radar phased array. The B004 multimode phased array attack radar is the most advanced strike radar ever designed for a Russian combat aircraft. Unlike the N011M/BARS, the B004 is an optimised bomber radar, similar in many capabilities to the APQ-164 in the B-1B, and sharing the same generation of antenna technology.


Engines and performance

First production aircraft are powered by two after-burning NPO Saturn AL-31F turbofan engines. Later aircraft may be fitted with MMPP Salyut AL-31F-M2/3 or NPO Saturn 117 engines. They are mounted under the wing and are equipped with all-duty fixed geometry air intakes. A rotor protection installed in the air intakes provides protection against the ingestion of foreign objects.

C6XFGR5АЛ-31Ф М2MMPP Salyut AL-31F-M2 145 kN (32,600 lbf)Saturn AL-31F 117SNPO Saturn 117 engines 142 kN (31,900 lbf)

The aircraft can carry 12,100kg of fuel internally in two fuel tanks in the wings and four in the fuselage. Three external fuel tanks, each with a capacity of 3,000l, can also be fitted.

The aircraft can achieve a speed of 1,900km/h (Mach 1.6) at altitude and 1,300km/h (Mach 1) at sea level, and has a flight range of 4,000km.




Russian Air Force – 73 aircraft as of October 2015


Specifications (Su-34)


Data from Sukhoi data, Gordon and Davison, AF Technology,,

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 23.34 m (72 ft 2 in)
  • Wingspan: 14.7 m (48 ft 3 in)
  • Height: 6.09 m (19 ft 5 in)
  • Wing area: 62.04 m² (667.8 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 22,500 kg (49,608 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 39,000 kg (85,980 lb)
  • Useful load: 12,000 kg (26,455 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 45,100 kg (99,425 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × 13,500 kgf (132 kN, 29,762 lbf) afterburning thrust Lyulka AL-31FM1 turbofans
  • Internal fuel: 12,100 kg (15,400 l)



Guns: 1× 30 mm GSh-30-1 (9A-4071K) cannon, 150–180 rounds

  • Hardpoints: 12× wing and fuselage stations with a capacity of 8,000–12,000 kg and provisions to carry combinations of:
    • Rockets:
    • Missiles:
      • R-27 (AA-10) air-to-air missile
      • R-73 (AA-11) air-to-air missile
      • R-77 (AA-12) air-to-air missile
      • Kh-29L/T (AS-14) air-to-ground missile
      • Kh-38 new generation air-to-ground missile with a range of 40 km
      • Kh-25MT/ML/MP (AS-10) air-to-ground missile or anti-radiation missile
      • Kh-59M (AS-18) air-to-ground missile
      • Kh-58 (AS-11) anti-radiation missile
      • Kh-31 (AS-17) anti-radiation or anti-ship missile
      • Kh-35 (AS-20) anti-ship missile
      • P-800 Oniks missile (SS-N-26 Strobile) anti-ship missile (version for the Air Force). Version named “Alpha”, weight of 1500 kg with a range of up to 300 km and a speed in the range of numbers M = 2.2-3.0. Officially not in service.
      • Kh-65SE or Kh-SD cruise missile
    • Bombs:
      • KAB-500L, KAB-500KR, KAB-500S and KAB-1500L/KR guided bombs
      • OFAB-250-270, OFAB-100-120, FAB-500T, BETAB-500SHP, P-50T, ODAB-500PM unguided bombs, RBK-500 and SPBE-D cluster bombs, nuclear bombs.
    • Other:
      • 3,000 litres PTB-3000 Suspended Fuel Tanks, EW and reconnaissance pods.

Russia’s Su-34 Hellduck Strike Fighter to Pack More Punch: Here

KH-15 (AS-16 KICKBACK) Kh-15 hypersonic air-to-ground aeroballistic missile

Even the fast KSR-5 left something to be desired. Storable rocket propellants are corrosive and highly toxic, making them difficult to handle, and the KSR-5’s range and capability were inadequate. In the 1970s, the US Navy developed the Grumman F-14 Tomcat interceptor, which featured long-range Phoenix air-to-air missiles. The Tomcat / Phoenix combination, backed up by the Grumman E-2C Hawkeye carrier-based radar early warning aircraft, presented a clear threat to Soviet bombers operating in the anti-ship role. The Hawkeye could provide long-range “eyes” for the Tomcat, which had long range and endurance, allowing it to fire a Phoenix at a Soviet bomber long before the Red aircraft got within range of a carrier group. If the bomber did manage to take a shot with a cruise missile, the Phoenix might well shoot the missile down.

The Tomcat / Phoenix / Hawkeye threat led the Soviets to develop the low-level launch versions of the Kh-22 and KSR-5 missiles, and also to work on a missile that was much harder to intercept. The Soviets were impressed enough by the Boeing SRAM that Raduga developed an equivalent, the “Kh-15 (AS-16 Kickback)”, which has almost the same external appearance as the SRAM. It was the first Soviet large ASM with solid-fuel rocket propulsion.


The Kh-15 is a simple spike of a missile with three tailfins. The resemblance to SRAM is so close that it is tempting to refer to the Kh-15 as “SRAMski”. Unlike SRAM, however, as with the other large Soviet ASMs, the Kh-15 was designed for both strategic and anti-ship attack. There are three versions: the standard Kh-15 nuclear-armed strategic variant, with inertial guidance only; a conventionally-armed anti-ship variant, the “Kh-15A”, with an active radar terminal seeker; and an antiradar variant, the “Kh-15P”, with a passive radar seeker. An export version of the Kh-15A, the “Kh-15S”, was also built. After launch, the missile climbs to the edge of space and then dives on the target steeply at Mach 5, making it very hard to hit.

Raduga began work on the Kh-15 in the late 1960s and it was accepted for service in the early 1980s. A Tu-22M Backfire bomber can carry six Kh-15s in a revolver launcher in the weapons bay, plus four more under the wings. It is also carried by the Tupolev Tu-160 Blackjack bomber. Source

otr_gun_gsh-301_m02Closeup of the 30 mm GSh-30-1 (9A-4071K) cannonSu-34-EO-Targeting-System-1Ssu-34.35103Electro-optical system ventral aperture. Note the GNPP KAB-1500L 3,000 lb laser guided bomb on the centreline station (Above 2 images)

APP-50 IR decoy dispenser

13339726.8f879e2e.500Chaff dispensers 


The APP-50 passive jamming automatic units (decoy dispensers) are designed to protect aircraft from engagement in flight by airborne missile systems and air defence missile/artillery systems by dispensing radar/IR interference rounds. The dispensers are installed onboard aircraft, and can be controlled manually (from the control panel) or automatically. The APP-50 dispensers can be delivered in two variants: APP-50P for autonomous operation; APP-50A for integration into onboard electronic support systems. The dispenser can launch rounds (up to three types) in continuous, salvo, combined and emergency modes. Launch time intervals, number of salvos and number of rounds in one salvo (from 1 to 4) are set by operator or by the electronic support system.

Developer and manufacturer: Gorizont JSC


 Launch altitude envelope, m  0 – 30, 000
 Launch time intervals, sec  0,1 – 8,0
 Round types  PRP-50, PPI-50
 Caliber, mm  50
 Number of rounds  24
 Dispenser weight (loaded), kg  53 – 56,5
 Launch modes  continuous, salvo, by series


Su-34 fitted with Jammer

L175V/KS418, Digital RF Memory-equipped jamming system


Of more interest in the longer term is the proposed support jamming variant, discussed in the Indian and Russian trade press. This aircraft is a Russian analogue to the EF-111A or EF-18G Growler, designed as a fast support jammer for escort and standoff jamming. The podded L175V / KS418 high power jammer is being developed for this purpose, it being an analogue to the US ALQ-99 jamming pods on the EA-6B and EF-18G. The KS418 is believed to be related closely to the TsNIRTI MSP-418K support jamming pod, claimed to be designed around a DRFM (Digital RF Memory) jamming techniques generator. Source

KNIRTI SAP-518 self-protection ECM pod


An Su-34 Fullback demonstrator photographed at Kubinka in September, 2009, equipped with new wingtip mounted KNIRTI SAP-518 self-protection ECM pods, and a large centreline KNIRTI SAP-14 “Escort Jammer” support jamming pod. The new SAP-14 is analogous to the US ALQ-99E series pods, but employs a fundamentally different antenna arrangement optimised to suppress emitters in the forward and aft hemispheres of the escort jamming aircraft. The pod has been cleared for carriage on the Su-30MK Flanker G/H airframes and the Su-34 Fullback


The heavyweight high power KNIRTI SAP-14 Support Jammer ECM pod is a Russian analogue to the US ALQ-99E pod carried on the EA-6B Prowler and EA-18G Growler. It was developed for Flanker family aircraft and is carried on a large centreline pylon. To date little has been disclosed about this design, but it has been observed on the Su-30MK Flanker G/H and Su-34 Fullback. It operates between 1 GHz and  4 GHz (© 2009 Vitaliy V. Kuzmin).

KNIRTI-SAP-518-ECM-Pod-VVK-1SThe KNIRTI SAP-518 ECM pod is a new technology replacement for the established L005 Sorbstiya series wingtip ECM pods. It operates between 5 GHz and 18 GHz (© 2009 Vitaliy V. Kuzmin).Sukhoi-Su-34-FullbackSu-32FN-Weps-PLA-NKAB-GBU-1Source:

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Updated on Dec 10, 2016

MAKS 2015 Su-34 Demoflight

Watch an Su-34 dogfight an Su-27 in a flight demonstration

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