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Sukhoi Su-35

The Sukhoi Su-35 (Russian: Сухой Су-35; NATO reporting name: Flanker-E) is a designation for two separate, heavily upgraded derivatives of the Su-27 ‘Flanker’. They are single-seat, twin-engine, supermaneuverable multirole fighters, designed by Sukhoi and built by Komsomolsk-on-Amur Aircraft Production Association (KnAAPO). The Su-35 is also known as Super Flanker.

The first variant was designed during the 1980s, when Sukhoi was seeking to upgrade its high-performance Su-27, and was initially known as the Su-27M. Later re-designated Su-35, this derivative incorporated aerodynamic refinements to increase manoeuvrability, enhanced avionics, longer range, and more powerful engines. The first Su-35 prototype, converted from a Su-27, made its maiden flight in June 1988. More than a dozen of these were built, some of which were used by the Russian Knights aerobatic demonstration team. The first Su-35 design was later modified into the Su-37, which possessed thrust vectoring engines and was used as a technology demonstrator. A sole Su-35UB two-seat trainer was built in the late 1990s that strongly resembled the Su-30MK family.

Su-37 technology demonstrator

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In 2003, Sukhoi embarked on a second modernization of the Su-27 to produce what the company calls a 4++ generation fighter that would bridge the gap between legacy fighters and the upcoming fifth generation Sukhoi PAK FA. This derivative, while omitting the canards and air brake, incorporates a reinforced airframe, improved avionics and radar, thrust-vectoring engines, and a reduced frontal radar signature. In 2008 the revamped variant, erroneously named the Su-35BM in the media, began its flight test programme that would involve four prototypes.

The Russian Air Force has ordered 48 production units, designated Su-35S, of the newly revamped Su-35.

Modernization

In 2003, even as Russia aimed to export the Su-27M, Sukhoi launched a project to produce a fighter to bridge the gap between upgraded variants of the Su-27 and Su-30MK, and Russia’s fifth-generation Sukhoi PAK FA. The project’s aim was a second modernization of the Su-27 airframe (hence its classification as a “4++ generation fighter”) by incorporating several characteristics that would be implemented on the PAK FA.  Additionally, the aircraft was to be an alternative to the Su-30 family on the export market. The design phase was to take place until 2007, when it would be available for sale. It was later reported that the programme was launched due to concerns that the PAK FA project would encounter funding shortages. The project’s in-house designation is T-10BM (Bolshaya Modernizatsiya, “Big Modernization”) while the aircraft is marketed as the Su-35.

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The reinforced airframe sees extensive use of titanium alloys, increasing its durability to some 30 years or 6,000 service hours, and raising the maximum takeoff weight to 34.5 tonnes. Internal fuel capacity was increased by more than 20% to 11.5 tonnes, and could be raised to 14.5 tonnes with the addition of drop tanks; in-flight refueling can also be used to extend missions.

a0102380_49752770dae7bOld Cockpit layoutjyySQBe10679907746_640b9eb5bb_o10679874265_a21595df45_oNew Cockpit Layout

Sukhoi has overhauled the avionics suite, at the heart of which is the information management system that greatly enhances man-machine interaction. The system, which has two digital computers, collects and processes data from various tactical and flight-control systems and presents the relevant information to the pilot through the two main multi-function displays, which, together with three secondary MFDs, form the glass cockpit. The aircraft features many other upgrades to its avionics and electronic systems, including digital fly-by-wire flight-control system, and the pilot is equipped with a head-up display and night-vision goggles.

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Irbis-E passive electronically scanned array radar

LAKI5282_TLCIrbis-E passive electronically scanned array radarRadar Irbis E_Ares35-Radar-System-awsome-see

Молния Сухого поражает F-35 JSF

[SUKHOI’S LIGHTNING STRIKES THE F-35 JSF]

Air Power Australia – Australia’s Independent Defence Think Tank

Air Power Australia NOTAM

3rd September, 2007

Colonel of Aviation Grigoriy “Grisha” Medved (retd)

This time, the Sukhoi Su-35 has the new Tikhomirov NIIP IRBIS-E ESA radar and can talk to earlier model Su-30MK to pass target coordinates – like Indian Air Force Su-30MKI talks to older MiG-21 and tells when to fire its missile [Editor: This is the TKS-2 intraflight network]. Ramjet Vympel R-77M «Adder» in service for several years with long range of about 160 km. Also, some new weapons – we discuss these later.

F-35 in service from 2015 and Chuck finally understands penalty of having short arms and no punch, so redoes AIM-120 AMRAAM into the «D» model, with range of 110 km and a two-pulse motor – Americans have not yet solved ramjet drive like Russia. Still, the AIM-120D is a big improvement on old models – Americans then sell old junk to Allies to fit to Super Hornets. Not fit too many AIM-120D inside Pidgeon – some say four, others two in weapon bay. Cannot put more on pylons – all stealth is then gone and Sukhoi kills Pigeon like a Super Hornet. Also AIM-120 only have radar head [Editor: seeker]. Sukhoi have lots of shots and choose seeker head – mostly carry 8 mix R-77M with big centre tank.

We make the discussion easy – we use «DIED» kill-chain model: Detect, Identify, Engage, Destroy.

First, we detect. We ask our friends at the Russian Institute of Radio Physics and Electronicsfor the analysis of «Pigeon on Stick» radio-location reflections. They ask a very good question:«Is this US version or export version?» I say US version – if you can kill that model, export model easier to kill – much bigger radio-location reflection. We match the estimated radio-location reflection with IRBIS-E detection performance in table:

Aspect

Radar Cross Section [m2]

IRBIS-E Detection Range [km]

Outside AIM-120D Range?

Front

0.01

95

No

Side

0.1

150

Yes

Top and Bottom

0.3

210

Yes

Rear

0.5

240

Yes

Source : ausairpower.net

Physics colleagues say many glints as Pigeon flies and turns. Need to fire R-77M outside AIM-120D range so try to duck head-on shot. This is not so hard to do.

AIR_F-35C_Weapon_Trials_LMCO_lgRadar Cross Section measurement of JSF shape (US DoD).

Tactics are important. On fighter sweep we fly line-abreast, put two Su-35 60 km then Su-30MK 40 km more each side – see side radio reflections of Pidgeon and pass target location to shooter with best position.

Pigeon hard to see from front on X-Band radio locator, but easy to spot on other bands. Australian JORN [Editor: Jindalee HF band Over The Horizon Backscatter Radar] very good to see stealth aircraft. Also, nice irony that Lockheed Martin make stealth aircraft and radio locator to see stealth aircraft. This one called «Silent Sentry», it works using radio reflection from TV and FM radio – very good over land at low heights and out to sea about 200 km. Also«Surface Wave Radio Locator» work in HF band. Use Pigeon wingspan or body length to tune the radio locator resonance – see very well over water to 400 km distance. Can now put such a radio-location system on a ship.

Old radio locators now making a comeback. Many low frequency [Editor: VHF band], like NNIIRT NEBO series «Tall Rack», OBORONA «Tall King» and P-18-2 «Spoon Rest» see stealth airplane at 10,000 meters as far as 250 km. Rosoboronexport have on-line catalogue for these radio locators [1].

Even the Pigeon radiates – it uses APG-81 «Low Probability of Interception (LPI)» radio locator, but still makes energy pulses when it transmits. The Czechs make the «Vera-E» and the Ukrainians makes the «Kolchuga» passive radio-location systems – these track the airplane from time-of-arrival of energy pulses.

Worst part of the Pigeon is a very hot engine – 160 Celsius hotter than standard combat jet engine exhaust. It makes a very bright star in the sky and long jet plume. Russia adapted space technology for seeing ICBM launches, to air combat fighter. The OLS-35 [Editor: Infra-Red Search and Track Set] in service now, much better versions planned in next decade. Today, we see a standard fighter at about 50 km, by 2017 new technology will see Pigeon at about 150 km. Angle only measurement, but if we fly wide fighter-sweeps and pass angles to other fighters using the TKS-2 network, we can use trigonometry calculations in software to find range. Also the OLS-35 is passive – this is good.

So, Grisha advises to build multi-spectral sensors in digital network to catch the Pigeon. Then pass target location to Sukhoi fighters so they can fly close enough, where on-board sensors can detect Pidgeon.

Identifying target type is always hard. Very bad to shoot airliner, but sometimes fighters hide under body of big plane. So, we declare Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ) like Americans have over Washington. For commerce airplane, pass over SAM sites to get finer look. Time short for intercept, so if see airplane in ADIZ, shoot first – ask later.

Also, use logic – if we see AWACs airplane then expect fighters in airspace between AWACs and Sukhoi, divide sky up and use fine search with radio locator and infra-red sensor.

Engage when first detect. R-77M fly for about 120 seconds out to about 160 km. Problem if glint from Pigeon fade during missile flight, so expect low kill probability. Keep guidance to last point if radio reflection show again. Send a two missile package, one radar locator [Editor: seeker] and one infra-red locator. Maybe R-77M radar self guidance head makes the Pigeon turn to show its tail feathers – very bright spot for infra-red seeker. Also use imaging infra-red so pass by flares to hit plane.

This table show how close R-77M get to lock on to Pigeon:

Aspect

Radar Cross Section [m2]

R-77 Seeker Detection [km]

Front

0.01

3.7

Side

0.1

6.0

Top and Bottom

0.3

7.4

Rear

0.5

13.0

Irbis-BARS

Source ausairpower.net

SU-27-Knocks-F18-Fighter-HD-Widescreen-Wallpapers

The Su-35 employs an Irbis-E passive electronically scanned array radar that constitutes an essential component of the aircraft’s fire-control system. The radar is capable of detecting a 3-square-metre (32 sq ft) aerial target at a distance of 400 km (250 mi), and can track 30 airborne targets and engage eight of them at the same time. Su-35S uses the N135 Irbis passive antenna array with electronic scanning radar for improved locating. The radar can also map the ground using a variety of modes, including the synthetic aperture mode.

N036 Byelka radar – N036B-1-01 in the wings – N036B-1-01, 358 modules

233L-Band AESA – Image: sinodefenceforum.com[IMG]L-Band AESA – Image: sinodefenceforum.com AESA geometrical field of regard, assuming a mainlobe beam steering angle of ±50° off the array boresight. Single plane monopulse precision angle tracking is feasible in the volume covered simultaneously by both arrays (Author). Image: ausairpower.netL-Band AESA  – Image: ausairpower.netSu-35S X F-22 Raptor315755

OLS-35

The Irbis-E is complemented by an OLS-35 optoelectronic targeting system that provides laser ranging, TV, Infra-red search and track (IRST) functionality. The Su-35 is compatible with a multitude of long- and short-range air-to-air missiles, precision and unguided air-to-ground weaponry that include missiles, fuel-air bombs and rockets. A maximum weapon payload of 8 tonnes can be carried on the fourteen hardpoints. The fighter may use missiles with a range of up to 300 km

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The Su-35 is powered by a pair of izdeliye (Product) 117S (AL-41F1S) turbofan engines. Developed jointly by Sukhoi, NPO Saturn and UMPO, the engine is a heavily upgraded AL-31F variant, and draws on the design of the fifth-generation PAK FA’s Saturn 117 (AL-41F1) engines. Its thrust output is estimated at 142 kN (31,900 lbf), 20 kN (4,500 lbf) more than the Su-27M’s AL-31F. It has a service life of 4,000 hours.  The thrust vectoring nozzles operate in one plane for pitch, but the canting allows the aircraft to produce both roll and yaw by vectoring each engine nozzle differently.

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117S (AL-41F1S) turbofan engines

Saturn AL-31F 117SIzdeliye (Product) 117S (AL-41F1S) turbofan engines thrust output is estimated at 142 kN (31,900 lbf)

On February 19, 2008 the Su-35 aircraft powered with 117S engines successfully performed its first test flight. The specified engine performances were proved during rigorous bench and flight tests. Russian Ministry of Defence is the launch customer for Su-35.

Advantages

The 117S engine thrust has been increased by 16% (up to 14500 kgf) compared to the base AL-31FP engine, the ultimate life has been increased twice (up to 4 000 hours), keeping the same weight and overall dimensions. Such high parameters are attained thanks to application of:
• new high-tech LP compressor with increased air consumption and efficiency
• high efficiency turbine with increased reliability and improved blade cooling system
• new digital engine control system integrated to aircraft flight control system

Specification (H=0, M=0, MCA)

Engine 117S
Maximum afterburning thrust, kgf 14 500
Combat mode thrust:
• full afterburning thrust, kgf
• maximum dry thrust, kgf
14 000
8 800
Ultimate service life, h 4 000

Source npo-saturn.ru

Sukhoi_Su-35S_07_RED_PAS_2013_07Thrust vectoring nozzles

The engine gives the Su-35 limited supercruise capability, or sustained supersonic speed without the use of afterburners. Radar-absorbent material is applied to the engine inlets and the front stages of the engine compressor to halve the Su-35’s frontal radar cross-section (RCS); the canopy was also modified to deflect radar waves.

Missile Defense System (Sensors)Sukhoi_Su-35S_at_MAKS-2011_airshow

Variants

Su-27M/Su-35 
Single-seat fighter.
Su-35UB 
Two-seat trainer. Features taller vertical stabilizers and a forward fuselage similar to the Su-30.
Su-35BM 
Single-seat fighter with upgraded avionics and various modifications to the airframe. Su-35BM is informal name.
Su-37
Thrust-vectoring demonstrator.
Su-35S 
Designation of production Su-35BM version for the Russian Air Force.

Operators

 Russia

Specifications (Su-35S)

Su-35S

Data from KnAAPO, Su-27 books, Jane’s AWA

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 21.9 m (72.9 ft)
  • Wingspan: 15.3 m (50.2 ft, with wingtip pods)
  • Height: 5.90 m (19.4 ft)
  • Wing area: 62.0 m² (667 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 18,400 kg (40,570 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 25,300 kg (56,660 lb) at 50% internal fuel
  • Max. takeoff weight: 34,500 kg (76,060 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Saturn 117S (AL-41F1S) afterburning turbofan with 3D thrust vectoring nozzle
    • Dry thrust: 8,800 kgf (86.3 kN, 19,400 lbf) each
    • Thrust with afterburner: 14,500 kgf (142 kN, 31,900 lbf) each
  • Fuel capacity: 11,500 kg (25,400 lb) internally

Performance

  • Maximum speed:
    • At altitude: Mach 2.25 (2,390 km/h, 1,490 mph)
    • At sea level: Mach 1.15 (1,400 km/h, 870 mph)
  • Range:
    • At altitude: 3,600 km (1,940 nmi)
    • At sea level: 1,580 km (850 nmi)
  • Ferry range: 4,500 km (2,430 nmi) with 2 external fuel tanks
  • Service ceiling: 18,000 m (59,100 ft)
  • Rate of climb: >280 m/s (>55,000 ft/min)
  • Wing loading: 408 kg/m² (500.8 kg/m² with full internal fuel) (84.9 lb/ft² 50% fuel)
  • Thrust/weight: 1.13 at 50% fuel (0.92 with full internal fuel)
  • Maximum g-load: +9 g

Armament

  • Guns: 1× 30 mm GSh-301 internal cannon with 150 rounds

GSh-301 30mm cannon

The Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-30 (ГШ-30) is a family of autocannons used on certain Russian military aircraft.

The GSh-30-1 (also known as “GSh-301”) is the standard cannon armament of most modern Russian fighters including the Yak-141 Freestyle, MiG-29 Fulcrum, Su-27 Flanker and its’ various derivatives. The GSh-30-2 is carried by the Sukhoi Su-25 Frogfoot ground attack plane and in external gun pods. The GSh-30-2K is a modified version with 2400mm long water-cooled barrels and variable rate of fire. It is used on a fixed mounting on Mi-24P Hind-F helicopters.

Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-30-1

  • Caliber: 30x165mm
  • Operaton: Gast principle
  • Length: 1978mm
  • Weight (complete): 46 kg
  • Rate of fire: 1500–1800 rpm
  • Muzzle velocity: 860 m/s
  • Projectile weight: 386-404 g (13.6-14.25 oz)
  • Mounting platforms: Yakovlev Yak-141 “Freestyle”, Mikoyan MiG-29 “Fulcrum”, Sukhoi Su-27 “Flanker” (and derivatives), Sukhoi Su-34 “Fullback”

GSh-30 Data imfdb.org

Su-35_GSh-301_cannon_LeBourget2013_217130 mm GSh-301 internal cannon with 150 rounds
  • Hardpoints: 12 hardpoints, consisting of 2 wingtip rails, and 10 wing and fuselage stations with a capacity of 8,000 kg (17,630 lb) of ordnance and provisions to carry combinations of:

Su-35-KNAAPO-Brochure-Loadouts-2008

  • Rockets:
    • S-25L laser-guided rocket
    • S-25 unguided rocket
    • B-8 unguided S-8 rocket pods
    • B-13 unguided S-13 rocket pods

Rockets

S-25L laser-guided rocket

steamworkshop_webupload_previewfile_335149944_preview (1).png

Weapon
Type
Guidance
Range(km)
Warhead (kg)
Weight (kg)
Speed
Intended Targets
S-25L
340 mm laser guided aircraft rocket
Semi-Active Laser
3
190
480
2520 km/h
Soft targets, concrete targets

Source steamcommunity.com

S-25 OFM-PU air-to-ground rocket

steamworkshop_webupload_previewfile_335149944_preview

The S-25 is a Russian air-to-ground rocket launched from aircraft. It is launched from the O-25 pod which can hold one rocket.

S-25-OFM for use against hardened targets

Weapon
Type
Guidance
Range (km)
Warhead (kg)
Weight (kg)
Speed (km/h)
Intended Targets
S-25
OFM
340 mm unguided aircraft rocket
Unguided
3
190
480
2520
1 x Ultra heavy FFAR(folding-fin-aerial-rocket) HE ,soft targets, concrete targets

Source steamcommunity.com

97ae3b75508b1485dccc758ce572adfd.jpg

S-8 rocket pod

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‘S-8’ 80mm unguided rocket

s-8_kom1.jpg

The S-8 system is the main caliber weapon in the class of unguided aircraft rockets and can solve a variety of aircraft missions.

The rocket is provided with a solid propellant motor with a summary thrust pulse of 5,800 N.s and operating time of 0.7 s. Progressive methods for body shaping from ready-made rolled aluminum and unique engineering solutions in terms of separate elements aimed at reducing motor manufacturing labor consumption and costs are used in its construction.

The following types of S-8 rockets are operational today:

    • S-8KOM with HEAT fragmentation warhead;
    • S-8BM with concrete-piercing (penetrating) warhead;
    • S-8-OM with illuminating warhead.
Weapon
Type
Guidance
Range (km)
Warhead (kg)
Weight (kg)
Speed (km/h)
Intended Targets
S-8
KOM
80 mm unguided aircraft rocket
Unguided
1.3-4
3,6
11.3 (pod 386)
2196
20 x AT Fragmentation Rocket ,(400mm penetration) light anti-armor. This rocket is intended to engage modern tanks, lightly armored and soft-skinned combat materiel. Owing to the fragmentation effect, the rocket also inflicts damage on manpower
S-8
OFP2
80 mm unguided aircraft rocket
Unguided
6-7
9.2
16.7 (pod 402)
20 x HE Fragmentation Rocket , This rocket is designed to engage personnel, soft and lightly armored targets.
S-8
TsM
80 mm unguided aircraft rocket
Unguided
1.3-3
3.6
11.1 (pod 382)
20 x Smoke, This rocket is intended to mark ground targets, routes of movement and landing areas in daytime.

Source steamcommunity.com

B-13 unguided S-13 rocket pods

The S-13 is a 122 mm calibre unguided rocket weapon developed by the Soviet Air Force for use by military aircraft. It remains in service with the Russian Air Force and some other countries.

The S-13 rocket was developed in the 1970s to meet requirements for a penetrating weapon capable of cratering runways and penetrating hardened aircraft shelters, bunkers and pillboxes, to fill a gap between 80 mm and 240 mm rockets and fulfill a role similar to the 127 mm Zuni rocket. The S-13 is conventional in layout, with a solid rocket motor and folding tail fins that provide stability after launch.

The first trials were in 1973, but it was introduced only in 1983. S-13 rockets are shot from 5-tube launchers B-13L, that can be carried by most of Soviet and Russian attack and new fighter aircraft, like Su-17/20/22,Su-24, Su-25, Su-27, MiG-23BN, MiG-27, MiG-29. B-13L1 launcher is used by helicopters, like Mil Mi-24, Mil Mi-28, Ka-29TB, Ka-50, Ka-52.

S-13 rocket

air_508a_007

Source su-27flanker.com

  • Missiles:
    • Vympel R-27R/ER/T/ET
    • Vympel R-77 – the proposed R-77M, R-77T
    • Vympel R-73E/M, and R-74M
    • Vympel R-37M
    • Kh-29T/L
    • Kh-31P/A
    • Kh-59ME
istochnik-rossiya-vpervye-ispytaet-noveyshie-su-35s-v-boevyh-usloviyah-v-sirii_1.jpegImage: novosti-dny.com

R-27 (NATO reporting name: AA-10 Alamo)

Medium-range missiles R-27 (e), designed to intercept and destroy aircraft and helicopters of all types of unmanned aerial vehicles and cruise missiles in a dogfight at medium and long distances, with individual and group actions carrier aircraft, day and night, in simple and adverse weather conditions, from any direction, against the background of the earth and the sea, with active information, firing and maneuvering countering enemy.

Available in several versions, differing use of two types of homing – semi-active radar (PARGS) and heat – and two types of propulsion systems – with standard and increased installed power. Modifications PARGS are designated R-27R and R-27ER, with TGS – R-27T, R-27ET, with propulsion of increased energy available – R-27ER and R-27ET.

Main material rocket design titanium alloy, a steel motor housing .

For the suspension to the carrier aircraft and launch weight of both modifications missiles used the same launchers rail and catapult type.

he rail trigger APU-470 is used for the deployment of missiles under the wings of the aircraft, and the ejection device AKU-470 for the deployment of missiles under the fuselage and under the wings.

shema_en.pngImage: artem.ua

Data airwar.ru & artem.ua

R-27R1 missile

r1p1R-27R1 eng

R-27ER1 missile

er1ep1R-27ER1 eng

R-27T1 missile

t1R-27T1 eng

R-27ET1 missile

ET1.pngR-27ET1 eng

Source artem.ua

R-77 extended medium range air-to-air missile

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The R-77, RVV-AE designation used for the export market and AA-12 Adder designation used by Western intelligence, is an extended medium range air-to-air missile featuring an active radar seeker to engage multiple airborne targets simultaneously. This missile was designed as the Soviet/Russian counterpart to the United States Air Force AIM-120 AMRAAM. The R-77 enables the Mig-29 and Su-27 fighter aircraft families to engage multiple airborne threats simultaneously thanks to its fire and forget capability. There are other versions fitted with infrared and passive radar seekers instead of active radar homing. Future plans call for increasing the missile range well beyond 150 kilometers.

7a95c62bb8a3a50c4c27ae070a860629.jpg

The R-77 has been designed with innovative control surfaces which are one of the keys of its impressive performance. Once launched, the R-77 depends on an inertial navigation system with optional in-flight target position updates from the aircraft sensors. When the R-77 missile is at a distance of about 20 km its radar homing head activates leading the missile to its target.

Dimensions

Diameter: 200 millimeter

Length: 3.60 meter (11.8 foot)

Wingspan: 350 millimeter

Performance

Max Range: 80 kilometer (43 nautical mile)

Target’s Max Altitude: 25,000 meter

Target’s Min Altitude: 20 meter

Speed

Top Speed: 4 mach (4,782 kph)

Weight

Warhead: 30 kilogram

Weight: 175 kilogram (386 pound)

R-77 data deagel.com

2308044Image: airliners.net

R-73A short range air-to-air missile

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Currently the R-73 is the best Russian short range air-to-air missile. Apart from an exceptional maneverability, this missile is also directly connected to the pilot’s helmet, which allows engagement of targets lateral to the aircraft, which cannot be engaged by missiles with a traditional system of targeting and guidance. The R-73A, an earlier variant of this missile, has a 30 km range, while the most recent R-73M can hit targets at a distance of 40 km.

R-73M short range air-to-air missile

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The R-73 short-range, close-combat standardized missile was developed in the Vympel Machine Building Design Bureau, and became operational in 1984. The R-73 is included in the weapon complex of MiG-23MLD, MiG-29 and Su-27 fighters and their modifications and also of Mi-24, Mi-28 and Ka-50 helicopters. It also can be employed in flying craft which do not have sophisticated aiming systems.

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The missile is used for engaging modern and future fighters, attack aircraft, bombers, helicopters, drones and cruise missiles, including those executing a maneuver with a g-force up to 12. It permits the platform to intercept a target from any direction, under any weather conditions, day or night, in the presence of natural interference and deliberate jamming. It realizes the “fire and forget” principle.

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The missile design features a canard aerodynamic configuration: control surfaces are positioned ahead of the wing at a distance from the center of mass. The airframe consists of modular compartments accommodating the homing head, aerodynamic control surface drive system, autopilot, proximity fuze, warhead, engine, gas-dynamic control system and aileron drive system. The lifting surfaces have a small aspect ratio. Strakes are mounted ahead of the aerodynamic control surfaces.

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The combined aero-gas-dynamic control gives the R-73 highly maneuverable flight characteristics. During flight, yaw and pitch are controlled by four aerodynamic control surfaces connected in pairs and by just as many gas-dynamic spoilers (fins) installed at the nozzle end of the engine. Control with engine not operating is provided by aerodynamic control surfaces. Roll stabilization of the missile is maintained with the help of four mechanically interconnected ailerons mounted on the wings. Drives of all missile controls are gas, powered from a solid-propellant gas generator.

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The passive infrared homing head supports target lock-on before launch. Guidance to the predicted position is by the proportional navigation method. The missile’s combat equipment consists of an active proximity (radar or laser) fuze and impact fuze and a continuous-rod warhead.

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The engine operates on high-impulse solid propellant and has a high-tensile steel case. Russia’s Vympel weapons designers have developed a one-of-a-kind air-to-air missile, which NATO has dubbed as AA-11, for use on foreign fighter planes. Techically and militarily the new missile, meant for quick-action dogfights, leave its foreign analogues far behind. Vympel experts have also made it possible for the new missile to be easily installed on all available types of aircraft. The AA-11 can also be used on older planes which will now be able to effectively handle the US’ highly maneuverable F-15 and F-16 jets. The AA-11 missile is based on all-new components, use new high-energy solid fuel and an advanced guidance and control system which has made it possible to minimize their size. Their exceptionally high accuracy is ensured by the missile’s main secret, the so-called transverse control engine, which rules out misses during the final approach trajectory. The transverse control engine is still without parallel in the world.

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Russia has offered the export-version R-7EE air-to-air missile system for sale so that it can be fitted to foreign-made fighter aircraft. Developed by the Vympel state-sector engineering and design bureau, the R-7EE is designed for close-quarters aerial combat. Vympel specialists have developed a way of ensuring that the missile system can be fitted to virtually any type of aircraft. It can be fitted to older aircraft, which feature heavily in third-world countries’ air forces.

Contractor Vympel
Date Deployed 1980s
Range 20 km (R-73M1)  30 km (R-73M2) 40 km
Speed Mach 2.5
Propulsion One solid-propellant rocket motor
Guidance All aspect Infrared
Warhead 7.4 kg HE expanding rod warhead
Launch Weight 105 kg (R-73M1)  115 kg (R-73M2)
Length 2.9 m
Diameter 170 mm
Fin Span 0.51 m
Platforms Su-27, Su-33, Su-34, Su-35, Su-37, MiG-29, MiG-31, MiG-33, Yak-141, Ka-50, Ka-52

Data fas.org Images sourced from the net

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Vympel R-37M

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The R-37 (Western designation: AA-13 Arrow, although sometimes AA-X-13 Arrow) is a large, fast, powerful, and extremely long-ranged Russian air-to-air missile. Vympel, a sizeable research and production company, (now part of TRV) designed and built the R-37.

   The R-37 was developed to replace the R-33 (Western designation: AA-9 Amos), which was used on the MiG-31. Its main purpose is to shoot down aircraft (particularly high value AWACS—Airborne Warning And Control System—aircraft) and possibly even cruise missiles from such long range that the launch platform is safe from retaliation.

   A council of ministers in the USSR started the development of the R-37 in 1983. Testing began six years later in 1989. In 1994, the K-37 (the R-37’s name in development) secured a kill and a record at the same time by hitting its target from 300 kilometers. However, in 1998, the K-37 program was dropped due to its high cost and lack of enough suitable MiG-31 launch platforms. But, in 2006, the Russian government restarted the weapon’s development as part of the MiG-31BM program. The new version is known as R-37M or RVV-BD. It is unknown if this missile has entered service yet, although according to some sources it entered production in 2014.

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   The R-37M is believed to track its targets with both semi-active and active radar homing. Its radar system is the 9B-1388. The R-37M probably homes on its targets in this way: first, the launch platform detects its target and launches the R-37 towards the target’s hypothesized position. Once the R-37M comes within suitable range of the target, it activates its own radar and homes in on the target. The R-37M can also use a fire-and-forget mode where it is completely independent of its launch platform.

   The recent R-37M is a powerful and effective missile. It is much more maneuverable than its predecessor, the R-33. It can engage targets from any altitude between 15 and 25 000 meters, giving it great versatility. Its high explosive fragmentation warhead is huge—60 kilograms—and capable of critically damaging even large AWACS aircraft. It has an incredibly fast speed—Mach 6 or about 7 350 km/h, which is enough to easily catch up with every type of aircraft. Above all, it reportedly has an enormous range— of up to 200.

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   Although normally called the R-37, this missile has many other names. In the West it is designated as the AA-X-13, AA-13,  Arrow, or even Andi. In Russia, it is also known as the Izdeliye 610 or RVV-BD (Raketa Vozduh-Vozduh Bolyshoy Dalnosty or English for Long-Range Air-to-Air Missile).

   It appears that the R-37M will be used on two types of aircraft. The first is the MiG-31BM, an extremely fast interceptor aircraft. The second is the Su-35S, a powerful multi-role fighter.

R-37M RVV-BD

Country of origin Russia
Entered service 2016 (?)
Missile
Missile length 4.06 m
Missile diameter 0.38 m
Fin span 1.02 m
Missile launch weight 510 kg
Warhead weight 60 kg
Warhead type Conventional
Range of fire up to 200 km
Guidance semi-active and active radar homing

Source military-today.com

Kh-29T/L 

Kh-29T/L ) is a Soviet air-to-surface missile with a range of 10–30 km. It has a large warhead of 320 kg, has a choice of laser, infrared, active radar or TV guidance, and is typically carried by tactical aircraft such as the Su-24, Su-30, MiG-29K as well as the “T/TM” models of the Su-25, giving that craft an expanded standoff capability.

Kh-31AD & Kh-31PD (AS-17 Krypton)

kh-31-as-17-krypton.png

The Kh-31, AS-17 Krypton NATO-codename, is an advanced, long range, highly supersonic missile designed to withstand countermeasures effects. The Kh-31 propulsion system consists of a solid-fuel rocket engine which accelerates the missile to Mach 1.8 airspeed. Then this engine is dropped and a jet engine ignites using the missile’s within space as a combustion chamber. The missile accelerates to Mach 3+ thanks to the jet engine.

Kh-31AD airborne anti-ship guided missile

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Kh-31AD airborne anti-ship guided missile is designed for hitting combat (assault landing) surface ships and cargo ships from the striking force (convoys) and single ships. This particular missile has a warhead power increased to 15% in compare with its prototype Kh-31A. Launch range is increased up to 120-160 km almost in two times.

Performance:

 Maximum launch range  
(carrier flight parameters: H=15 km, M=1.5 km), km  120 to 160
 Launch altitrudes, km  0,1 to 15
 Launch speeds (M number)  0,65 to 1,5
 Aiming system  inertial + active radio homing head
 Active radio homing head angle of sight in vertical plane, degree  +10 to -20
 Active radio homing head angle of sight in horizontal plane, degree  up to +/-27
 Warhead:  
 type  universal
 weight, kg  110
 Fuel  gasoline
 Missile start weight (maximum), kg  715
 Lengthxdiameter, m  5,340×0,360
 Weather conditions for use  any conditions at sea roughness
   up to 4-5
 Carriers  aircrafts Su-30MK (MKI, MKM, MK2),
   Su-35, Mig-29K, Mig-29KUB, Mig-35
   and etc.
 Average number of missile hits required to make enemy’s destroyer  
 ineffective  2,0

Kh-31PD airborne high speed anti-radar missile

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Kh-31PD airborne high speed anti-radar missile is designed to hit radars of anti-aircraft missile stations (ZRK).

Missile ground maintenance is provided by the OKA-E-1 aircraft guided weapons (AUSP) preparation system.

Performance:

 Maximum launch range, km  
 (carrier flight parameters H=15km, M=1,5), km  180 to 250
 Maximum launch range (H=0,1km), km  15
 Launch altitudes, km  0,1 to 15
 Launch speeds (M number)  0,65 to 1,5
 Aiming system  inertial + wide waveband range
   passive radio homing head
 Target location angle when launching, degree  
 target lock being under carrier  +/-15
 target lock at the trajectory  +/-30
 Warhead:  
 type  cluster, universal
 weight  110
 Fuel  gasoline
 Missile start weight (maximum), kg  715
 Missile overall dimensions:  
 lengthxdiameterxwing span, m  5,340×0,360×0,954 (1,102)
 Weather conditions  any weather conditions
 Carriers  aircraft Su-30MK (MKI, MKM, MK2),
   Su-35, Mig-29, Mig-35, Mig-29KUB and etc.

Source ktrv.ru

Su-30MK+Kh-31-2Image: ausairpower.net

Χ-59ME (Kh-59 ME)

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The Kh-59 is a standoff, air-launched, air-to-surface weapon designed to engage ground and surface targets with pinpoint accuracy in optimal weather conditions. Its guidance system consists of an automatic navigation and control system which takes the weapon to the target’s area. A nose-mounted TV-sensor relays target area imagery to the launch airborne platform and the pilot selects the impact point. A bi-directional data link allows the pilot to select the impact point and re-target with the missile already in flight. The Kh-59 was introduced as the the Soviet counterpart to US SLAM standoff missile in the 1980s.

The Kh-59ME is an improved version of the Kh-59 standoff missile and was introduced in the early 1990s. It features two larger fragmentation and penetration warheads, minor airframe changes, and a new propulsion system for extended range. The missile can fly at altitudes between 7 and 1,000 meters. The nose-mounted TV-sensor relays target area imagery to the launch airborne platform and the pilot selects the impact point using the aircraft-mounted APK-9ME pod. The Kh-59ME improved standoff weapon has been integrated on Russian tactical attack aircraft such as the Mig-27 and Su-24. Source deagel.com

36MT turbofan engine

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Design features

  • 1-stage fan
  • axial-diagonal high pressure compressor
  • annular combustor
  • 1-stage high pressure turbine
  • 1-stage low pressure turbine

 Specification

Engine 36МТ
Thrust at maximum rating, kgf 450
Maximum length, mm 850
Maximum diameter, mm 330
Weight, kg <100

Source 36МТ npo-saturn.ru

Design Bureau “Raduga”
Launch altitude, m 200-5.000
Launch speed, km/h 600-1.100
Max launch range, km 115
Cruising altitude, km 0,007 (sea)0,05, 0,1, 0,2, 0,6, 1
Mach number 0,72-0,88
Warhead Penetration or cluster
Guidance accuracy (CEP), m  
manual mode 2-3
automatic mode 5-7
Communications range, km 140
Launch weight, kg 930
Length, m 5,7
Wing span, m 1,3
Warhead weight, kg:  
– penetration WH 320
– cluster WH 280
Body diameter, m 0,38
Pod weight, kg 260
Pod length, m 4,0
Pod diameter, m 0,45

Technical data redstar.gr

APK-9 datalink pod for the Kh-59ME

kh59m-1Kh-59ME Ovod M / AS-18 Kazoo and APK-9 Tekon pod on Su-30MK (KnAAPO image). – Image: ausairpower.nethttp://www.ausairpower.net/APA-Rus-ASM.html#mozTocId919852APK-9 Tekon pod –Image : ausairpower.net
  • Bombs:
    • FAB-250 250-kilogram (550 lb) unguided bombs
    • FAB-500 500-kilogram (1,100 lb) unguided bombs
    • KAB-500L laser-guided bomb
    • KAB-1500 laser-guided bomb

FAB-250 250-kilogram (550 lb) unguided bombs

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KAB-500L laser-guided bomb

KAB-500L laser-guided bomb

KAB-1500 laser-guided bomb

KAB-1500 laser-guided bomb

The KAB-1500L, KAB-1500LG-F-E is the current production standard, is a 1,500 kg, laser-guided bomb designed to hit stationary ground and surface targets when used by the latest generation of Russian-made fighters and bombers. It is the Russian counterpart to United States Paveway II/III laser-guided bombs. Once released, the pilot or a third party must aim at the target with a laser designator in order to successfully direct the KAB bomb. The KAB-1500LG-F-E features an impact fuze with three delay modes.

The KAB-1500L bombs were deployed successfully during the Russian military campaign in Chechnya. Usually, the Su-24 Fencer and Mig-27 Flogger aircraft use this type of weapon in strike missions but can be used by the latest generation of Su-30MK multirole aircraft. The spectrum of targets to hit by this weapon include: railway and highway bridges, military and industrial facilities, ships and transport vessels, ammunition depots and railway terminals. Source deagel.com

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Developer and manufacturer: GNPP “Region”

Performance:

  KAB-1500LG-Pr-E KAB-1500LG-F-E KAB-1500LG-OD-E
Weight, kg      
(total/warhead/explosive) 1525/1120/210 1525/1120/440 1450/1170/650
Dimensions, m:      
length 4,28 4,28 4,24
diameter 0,58 0,58 0,58
wingspan 0,85 (retracted) 0,85 (retracted) 0,85 (retracted)
  1,3 (extended) 1,3 (extended) 1,3 (extended)
Drop altitude, km 1 to 8 1 to 8 1 to 10
Aircraft drop speed, km/h 550 to 1100 550 to 1100 550 to 1100
Aiming accuracy, m 4 to 7 4 to 7 4 to 7
Warhead penetrating high explosive full air explosive
Type of blasting device contact with three contact with three direct action contact
  types of delay types of delay  

Source ktrv.ru

  • Other:
    • buddy refueling pod

Avionics

  • Irbis-E passive phased array radar
  • OLS-35 infra-red search and track system
  • L265 Khibiny-M electronic warfare pod

L265 Khibiny-M electronic warfare pod

KNIRTI-SAP-518-ECM-Pod-VVK-1S

L265 Khibiny-M electronic warfare pod – The system is designed for radio direction-finding probing signal source irradiation followed by a distortion of the reflected signal parameters

Estimated Cost: USD 65 million (wiki 2013)

Source: wikipedia/ausairpower.net

Updated Dec 27, 2016

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Sukoi_Takeoff_Magazine_WideSu30-2014-12-29-EN

F-22 Raptor vs Sukhoi SU-35

F-22 Raptor vs SU-35 Flight Cost Per Hour

per-hour-f-22-raptorper-hour-su-35

Overall and BVR ratings

CATEGORY F-22 RAPTOR SUKHOI SU-35
BVR Rating 98% 87%
Armament 8.2/10 8.4/10
Technology 10/10 8.2/10
Avionics 9.8/10 8.3/10
Maneuverability 9.4/10 (2D Aerody.) 9.9/10 (3D Thrust)
Rate of Climb max. 315 m/s – 62k ft/min max. 280 m/s – 55k ft/min
Thrust/Weight 1.26 1.21
Service Ceiling 20 km – 65k ft 18 km – 59k ft
Speed 2.25 Mach 2.25 Mach
Fuel Economy 0.47 km/l – 1.10 NM/gallon 0.20 km/l – 0.46 NM/gallon
Unit Cost 250.000.000 USD 75.000.000 USD
Overall Rating excellent excellent

BVR (Beyond Visual Range) Ratings

CATEGORY F-22 RAPTOR SUKHOI SU-35
BVR AAM missile AIM-120 AMRAAM AA-12 Adder (R77 Vympel)
Nation USA Russia
Year in 1997 in 1998
Range (mile) 45 99
Range (km) 75 160
Speed (mph) 2640 2970
Speed (km/h) 4248 4779
Radar AN/APG-77 IRBIS-E
Radar overall rating excellent excellent
BVR Technology 98% 87%
BVR Def. Tech. 99% 85%
RCS – Radar Cross Section 0.0001-0.4 1.0-3.5

Dogfight (close to medium range) Ratings

CATEGORY F-22 RAPTOR SUKHOI SU-35
Cannon GAU-22/A GSh-30-1
Caliber (mm) 20 mm 30 mm
Rate of Fire (rpm) 4200 rpm 1800 rpm
Muzzle Velocity 1000 m/s 860 m/s
Size Point 10%-30% 20% 10%
Maneuverability 9,4 9,9
Thrust/Weight Ratio 1,26 1,21
AAM (first) AIM-9X AA-11 Archer
Operational range 0.2 – 50 km 0.3 – 40 km
AAM (second) AIM-9X AA-8 Aphid
Operational range 0.2 – 50 km 0.1 – 8 km
Dogfight Rating 86% 95%

Size Comparison

CATEGORY F-22 RAPTOR SUKHOI SU-35
Length 18.9 m – 62.0 ft 21.9 m (72.9 ft)
Wingspan 13.6 m – 45 ft 0 in 15.3 m (50.2 ft)
Wing area 78.0 m² – 840 sq ft 62 m² (667 sq ft)
Height 5.08 m – 16.8 ft 5.90 m (19.4 ft)
Weight 19,700 kg – 43,5k lb 18,400 kg (40,570 lb)
Power 2 x 153 kN – 35k lbf 2 x 142 kN – 31,4k lbf

Source aviatia.net

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