Su-30SM Multirole Fighter Aircraft, Russia

Su-30SM is a multi-role fighter aircraft developed by JSC Sukhoi Design Bureau for the Russian Air Force. It is an advanced derivative of the Su-30MK combat aircraft family.

The Su-30MK series fighters are in service with the Algerian Air Force, Indian Air Force, Indonesian Air Force, People’s Liberation Army Air Force, Royal Malaysian Air Force, Ugandan Air Force, Venezuelan Air Force and Vietnam People’s Air Force.

Su-30MKI Multirole Fighter: Here

iaf-sukhoi-su-30-mki-indradhanush_650x400_81438827550.jpgSu-30MKI – Image

The Su-30SM fighter was designed in accordance with the requirements of the Russian Air Force. It is being manufactured by IRKUT, a company based in Russia. The first Su-30SM fighter designed for the Russian Ministry of Defence performed its maiden flight in September 2012.

The multi-role Su-30SM can be deployed in counter-air strikes, counter-land and counter-sea missions. It can conduct electronic counter-countermeasures and early warning tasks. The aircraft also acts as a command-and-control platform within a fleet of combat aircraft performing joint missions.

Su-30SM orders and deliveries

IRKUT and the Russian Ministry of Defence signed a contract for 30 Su-30SM multi-role fighters in March 2012. The Russian MoD plans to replace the Su-24 fleet with Su-30SM fighters.

40d903db93189efdd7ea86bfa8748827OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERASu-30SM – Image

The Russian Ministry of Defence placed an order for the second batch of 30 Su-30SM fighters in December 2012.

IRKUT delivered the first two Su-30SM fighters to the Russian Air Force in November 2012. The first batch of aircraft is expected to be delivered by 2015.

Russia to Replace All Su-24’s With Su-30SM’s in Black Sea Fleet by 2020: Here

Su-30SM design


The airframe of Su-30SM is made of titanium and high-strength aluminium alloys. It is based on the Su-30MKI aircraft developed jointly by IRKUT and JSC Sukhoi Design Bureau, for the Indian Air Force (IAF).

The fuselage head houses cockpit, radar sections and avionics bay. High manoeuvrability was achieved through the integral aerodynamic form combined with thrust vectoring feature.

Cockpit and avionics


The glass cockpit accommodates two pilots in tandem configuration. The crew are provided with ejection seats. The cockpit incorporates an advanced avionics suit integrating a head up display and liquid crystal multifunction displays.



The Su-30SM features identification friend-or-foe equipment, a global positioning system and an inertial navigation system. The open architecture design allows the integration of modern avionics, including a new radar system, radio and recognition system, and other support systems.

ZSh-7AP helmet


KD-36DM ejection seats


The crew are provided with zero-zero KD-36DM ejection seats. The rear seat is raised for better visibility. The cockpit is provided with containers to store food and water reserves, a waste disposal system and extra oxygen bottles. The KD-36DM ejection seat is inclined at 30°, to help the pilot resist aircraft accelerations in air combat. Source


Russian air forces are going to upgrade radar control system of Su-30SM fighters


V.Tikhomirov Scientific Research Institute of Instrument Design (NIIP) is waiting for Russian air forces to present a performance specification for upgrade of Bars-R radar control system installed on Su-30SM fighters, RIA Novosti reports with reference to the enterprise’s CEO Yuri Beliy.

“Bars-R radar control system (RCS) of Su-30SM aircraft was derived from Bars RCS installed on Su-30MKI fighters, developed under a contract with Indian air forces. The system was upgraded in accordance with a performance specification developed by Russian air forces. However, the RCS has more upgrade potential, so we are expecting a new performance specification developed by the air forces in order to continue upgrading the RCS,” Beliy said.

He added that the Russian party has been negotiating upgrade of Bars systems with India. “Distinctive feature of Su-30MKI and Su-30SM aircraft is radar with electronic scanning capability based on a phased antenna array with a manual azimuth adjustment, which provides significant advantages in terms of engagement area. Recent joint military exercise held by western partners with the participation of F-15, F-16, Typhoon and Su-30MKI aircraft (operated by Indian air forces), have once again demonstrated advantages of Su-30MKI fighters fitted with our system,” Beliy said.

Su-30SM (production upgraded version) is the multi-role super-maneuverable fighter. It was derived from Su-30MK. The fighter meets the requirements of Russian air forces in terms of radar, radio communications systems, friend-or-foe identification system, ejection seats and a number of other systems.

Bars multi-role radar control system is intended for: providing the crew and weapon control system with information about air and ground targets, their coordinates and characteristics, with a level of accuracy required to attack, target illumination and transferring commands to “air-to-air” weapons.

NIIP specializes in developing weapon control systems for fighters as well as developing medium-range air defense systems, which are designed to protect facilities and troops from aerial attacks. At present the main shareholders of NIIP are Almaz-Antey Concern (56%) and Radioelectronic Technologies Concern (KRET – 44%), which is part of Rostec State Corporation. Posted on 14 august 2015 by


Performance characteristics

“BARS” radar provides as follows:

– simultaneous firing of up to four targets in the long-range air combat and one target in the close air combat by “Air-to-Air” weapons;

– together with OEPrNK it provides the application of “Air-to-Ground” and “Air-to-Sea” weapons;

– participating in the fighter combat operation control;

– control of fighter flight while applying weapons;

– data interaction with the aircraft avionics and the IFF interrogator;

– estimation of the radar equipment status;

– application of “Air-to-Air” guided missiles with RDR as leading channel;

– application of “Air-to-Ground” weapons with RDR as leading channel together with OEPrNK.

“Air-to-Air” operation modes:

– target detection (velocity search, range search);
– track-while-scan of up to 15 air targets and discret tracking of up to four targets preserving sector surveillance;
– jammer tracking;
– illumination of air targets and transmission of radio correction commands for “Air-to-Air” weapon control;
– assessment of group target characteristics;
tracking of a visually visible target in close maneuverable combat;
– recognition of an air target type upon its spectal characteristics while discrete tracking.

“Air-to-Ground” operation modes:

– real beam mapping;
– mapping in Doppler beam sharpening mode (DBS);
– mapping in SAR mode (synthetic aperture radar);
– ground moving target selection (GMTS);
– tracking and coordinate measurement of up to two ground (surface) targets.

Combined mode:

– tracking of two ground targets preserving sector surveillance for air targets or firing upon one air target in the long-range combat.

“Air-to-Sea” operation modes:

– sea surface surveillance and sea target detection;
– sea moving target selection;
– coordinate measurement of a moving and fixed sea target.

Detection range for a MiG-29 type fighter in 300 sq.deg. scanning zone is as follows:

– at head-on courses – up to 140 km;
– at trailing courses  – up to 60 km.

“Air-to-Ground” mode:

Detection ranges are as follows:
– of a railway bridge: 80..120 km.;
– of a group of tanks: 40..50 km.;
– of a torpedo-boat destroyer: 80..120 km.;
– of an aircraft carrier: 250 km.

Maximum resolution is 10..20 m.



Radar control system RLSU “BARS” is intended for modified multitarget export aircraft versions Su-30MKI, Su-30MKI(A), Su-30MKM  under foreign customer contracts.


BARS provides for the following combat modes:

– discrete tracking, preparation and simultaneous homing of “Air-to-Air” guided missiles RVV-AE, 27R(ER), 27T(ET), 72E while firing upon 1 to 4 air targets in the long-range air combat;

– “Air-to-Air” guided missiles RVV-AE, 27R(ER), 27T(ET), 72E and built-in guns are applied for firing in close-range air combat modes;

– tracking (of up to two ground or sea targets), preparation and homing of one guided missile X-31A upon a sea target;

– tracking, transmission of preliminary target designation to OEPrNK to fire upon a ground target with guided “Air-to-Ground” weapons as well as unguided bombs;

– during the attack of one ground target RLSU provides for simultaneous detection of air targets or firing upon one target in the long-range air combat under combined mode;

– transmission of data to ACS (automatic control system) and display systems to control the fighter flight under the attack in “Air-to-Air”, “Air-to-Sea” and “Air-to-Ground” modes;

– estimation of the equipment and weapon status at all stages of ground preparation and in flight;

– transmission of data to record parameters by the system of objective control (SOC);

– operation under (active and passive) jamming conditions and tracking of one jammer with the subsequent attack in FWD and TAIL hemispheres.

In group actions mode the radar provides for the target data acquisition and transmission of target designation (target distribution within a group of aircraft) to wingmen; the execution of the attack (combat application) by each wingmen in a group upon four air targets or one ground (sea) target.


Upon the desire of the Customer the following changes can be incorporated into RLSU “BARS”:

- . 1.jpg– antenna diameter and type (PESA – AESA);
– transmitter power Paver=1…5kW;
– applied “Air-to-Air” and “Air-to-Ground” weapons of Russian and Customer’s origin are subject to change;
– modes of dangerous moisture target detection are subject to be implemented.

Rendering of service

– development of air-, ground- and sea-based radars on the base of RLSU “BARS”;

– upgrade of RLSU “BARS” hardware and software upon the Customer requirements;

– consulting service;

– processing and analysis of SOC records containing data on RLSU “BARS” operation;

– support of RLSU “BARS” user trials;

– development of test rigs (simulators) to train the Customer’s staff in RLSU “BARS” operation;

– training of the Customer’s staff with regard to:

  • Ground maintenance and adjustment of RLSU “BARS”
  • Troubleshooting in RLSU “BARS”
  • Analysis of SOC records



RuAF Su-30SM picked up an American F-22A over Syria

kadex2014su30fly_zps4e4dcca7 1

15-Oct 2015: Rumors (rumors) that RuAF Su-30SM picked up an American F-22A over Syria at a range of over 40 km. There appears to be a Western change in tone after the incident? Also, the Russian MoD says its working with the IDF-AF to avoid encounters in the air. Posted on July 02, 2015 The End of Primacy: Russian Federation Air Power in Syria

OLS-30 laser-optical locator system



Optoelectronic sighting system includes an optical-location station and a helmet-mounted target designation system. IRSTS Su-30MK2 station, which is a combination of surveillance and tracking teplopelengator and laser rangefinder, designator, used for detection and tracking of air targets in the front and back of her hemispheres by its heat radiation, ranging laser beam to the air and ground targets, and can also be used for laser illumination of ground targets in the application of guided missiles “air-to-surface” with semi-active laser homing head.

OLS-30 laser-optical locator system to include a day and night FLIR capability and is used in conjunction with the helmet mounted sighting system. The OLS-30 is a combined IRST/LR device using a cooled, broader waveband, sensor.Detection range is up to 90 km, whilst the laser ranger is effective to 3.5 km. Targets are displayed on the same LCD display as the radar. Source

sukhoi-su-35-11-638.jpgImage @slideshare.netsukhoi-su-35-20-638Image @slideshare.netSu-30MK-BVR-2.jpg

What happens when the existing OLS-27/30/31 series IRST is replaced with a newer longwave Focal Plane Array device – such as a single chip QWIP device? The result will be a capability to engage opposing aircraft under clear sky conditions regardless of RCS reduction measures. While the supercruising F/A-22A can defeat such techniques by kinematics alone, fighters in the teen series performance envelope will have to contend with BVR shots using the R-27ET, R-77, R-77T and R-77M cued by the thermal imaging search and track set. Similar issues arise with the deployment of modern ESM receivers on the Su-30MK, analogous to a number of existing Western systems. The Su-30MK series can then launch long range BVR missiles such as the R-27ET, R-77T with infrared seekers, or the R-27EP and R-77P with passive radio-frequency anti-radiation seekers. If cued by such sensors or offboard sources, these weapons will permit the Su-30MK to engage the JSF despite the JSF’s good forward sector radar stealth performance (Author). Source

TKS-2/R-098 (Tipovyi Kompleks Svyazi) Intra Flight Data Link (IFDL)

syria-su-30sm-russian-air-force.jpgWhite patch are Intra Flight Data Link (IFDL)su-30sm-28White patch are Intra Flight Data Link (IFDL)

The encrypted TKS-2/R-098 (Tipovyi Kompleks Svyazi) Intra Flight Data Link (IFDL) which permits the networking of up to 16 Sukhoi fighters. It is not known whether the 5U15K-11 datalink designed for networking the A-50 AWACS and MiG-31 has been adapted to the Su-27/30, or whether a unique equivalent design is used. The TKS-2 was used effectively during the 2004 Cope India exercise against US F-15Cs. Source

Image @ausairpower.net2434591-v20-16.jpgImage

Su-30SM weapon systems

The Su-30SM is capable of carrying an advanced weapons payload weighing up to 8t. The aircraft can be armed with a machine gun, bombs, air-to-air missiles, and Oniks (Yakhont) supersonic anti-ship and land attack missiles. Developed by NPO Mashinostroyeniya, Oniks served as a basis for the BrahMos supersonic missile. Oniks has an operational range of 120km to 300km depending on altitude.


Su-30MK’s combat load is mounted on 12 hardpoints: 2 wingtip AAM launch rails, 3 pylons under each wing, 1 pylon under each engine nacelle, and 2 pylons in tandem in the “arch” between the engines. All versions can carry up to 8 tonnes of external stores.

  • Guns: 1× GSh-30-1 gun (30 mm calibre, 150 rounds)
  • AAMs: 6× R-27ER (AA-10C), 2× R-27ET (AA-10D), 6× R-73E (AA-11), 6× R-77 RVV-AE (AA-12)
  • ASMs: 6× Kh-31P/A anti-radar/ship missiles, 6× Kh-29T/L laser guided missiles, 2× Kh-59ME
  • Aerial bombs: 6× KAB 500KR, 3× KAB-1500KR, 8× FAB-500T, 28× OFAB-250-270, Nuclear bombs


GSh-301 30mm cannon

The Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-30 (ГШ-30) is a family of autocannons used on certain Russian military aircraft.

The GSh-30-1 (also known as “GSh-301”) is the standard cannon armament of most modern Russian fighters including the Yak-141 Freestyle, MiG-29 Fulcrum, Su-27 Flanker and its’ various derivatives. The GSh-30-2 is carried by the Sukhoi Su-25 Frogfoot ground attack plane and in external gun pods. The GSh-30-2K is a modified version with 2400mm long water-cooled barrels and variable rate of fire. It is used on a fixed mounting on Mi-24P Hind-F helicopters.

Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-30-1

  • Caliber: 30x165mm
  • Operaton: Gast principle
  • Length: 1978mm
  • Weight (complete): 46 kg
  • Rate of fire: 1500–1800 rpm
  • Muzzle velocity: 860 m/s
  • Projectile weight: 386-404 g (13.6-14.25 oz)
  • Mounting platforms: Yakovlev Yak-141 “Freestyle”, Mikoyan MiG-29 “Fulcrum”, Sukhoi Su-27 “Flanker” (and derivatives), Sukhoi Su-34 “Fullback”

GSh-30 Data

1458073880183175850Image Image

R-27 (NATO reporting name: AA-10 Alamo)

Medium-range missiles R-27 (e), designed to intercept and destroy aircraft and helicopters of all types of unmanned aerial vehicles and cruise missiles in a dogfight at medium and long distances, with individual and group actions carrier aircraft, day and night, in simple and adverse weather conditions, from any direction, against the background of the earth and the sea, with active information, firing and maneuvering countering enemy.

Up to 6 x R-27R SARH air-to-air missiles27R SARH air-to-air missiles – Image

Available in several versions, differing use of two types of homing – semi-active radar (PARGS) and heat – and two types of propulsion systems – with standard and increased installed power. Modifications PARGS are designated R-27R and R-27ER, with TGS – R-27T, R-27ET, with propulsion of increased energy available – R-27ER and R-27ET.

Main material rocket design titanium alloy, a steel motor housing .

For the suspension to the carrier aircraft and launch weight of both modifications missiles used the same launchers rail and catapult type.

2 x R-27ET IR air-to-air missiles extended rangeR-27ET IR air-to-air missiles extended range – Image

The rail trigger APU-470 is used for the deployment of missiles under the wings of the aircraft, and the ejection device AKU-470 for the deployment of missiles under the fuselage and under the wings.

shema_en.pngImage @artem.uaSU1Image

Data &

R-27ER1 missile

er1ep1R-27ER1 eng

R-27R1 missile

r1p1R-27R1 eng

R-27ET1 missile

ET1.pngR-27ET1 eng

R-27T1 missile

t1R-27T1 eng

R-27EP1 missile

ER1,EP1.pngR-27EP1 eng

R-27P1 missile

R1,P1.pngR-27P1 eng



Vympel R-73 (NATO reporting name: AA-11 Archer)

Up to 6 x R-73 IR air-to-air missilesImage

R-73A short range air-to-air missile


Currently the R-73 is the best Russian short range air-to-air missile. Apart from an exceptional maneverability, this missile is also directly connected to the pilot’s helmet, which allows engagement of targets lateral to the aircraft, which cannot be engaged by missiles with a traditional system of targeting and guidance. The R-73A, an earlier variant of this missile, has a 30 km range, while the most recent R-73M can hit targets at a distance of 40 km.

R-73M short range air-to-air missile


The R-73 short-range, close-combat standardized missile was developed in the Vympel Machine Building Design Bureau, and became operational in 1984. The R-73 is included in the weapon complex of MiG-23MLD, MiG-29 and Su-27 fighters and their modifications and also of Mi-24, Mi-28 and Ka-50 helicopters. It also can be employed in flying craft which do not have sophisticated aiming systems.


The missile is used for engaging modern and future fighters, attack aircraft, bombers, helicopters, drones and cruise missiles, including those executing a maneuver with a g-force up to 12. It permits the platform to intercept a target from any direction, under any weather conditions, day or night, in the presence of natural interference and deliberate jamming. It realizes the “fire and forget” principle.


The missile design features a canard aerodynamic configuration: control surfaces are positioned ahead of the wing at a distance from the center of mass. The airframe consists of modular compartments accommodating the homing head, aerodynamic control surface drive system, autopilot, proximity fuze, warhead, engine, gas-dynamic control system and aileron drive system. The lifting surfaces have a small aspect ratio. Strakes are mounted ahead of the aerodynamic control surfaces.


The combined aero-gas-dynamic control gives the R-73 highly maneuverable flight characteristics. During flight, yaw and pitch are controlled by four aerodynamic control surfaces connected in pairs and by just as many gas-dynamic spoilers (fins) installed at the nozzle end of the engine. Control with engine not operating is provided by aerodynamic control surfaces. Roll stabilization of the missile is maintained with the help of four mechanically interconnected ailerons mounted on the wings. Drives of all missile controls are gas, powered from a solid-propellant gas generator.


The passive infrared homing head supports target lock-on before launch. Guidance to the predicted position is by the proportional navigation method. The missile’s combat equipment consists of an active proximity (radar or laser) fuze and impact fuze and a continuous-rod warhead.


The engine operates on high-impulse solid propellant and has a high-tensile steel case. Russia’s Vympel weapons designers have developed a one-of-a-kind air-to-air missile, which NATO has dubbed as AA-11, for use on foreign fighter planes. Techically and militarily the new missile, meant for quick-action dogfights, leave its foreign analogues far behind. Vympel experts have also made it possible for the new missile to be easily installed on all available types of aircraft. The AA-11 can also be used on older planes which will now be able to effectively handle the US’ highly maneuverable F-15 and F-16 jets. The AA-11 missile is based on all-new components, use new high-energy solid fuel and an advanced guidance and control system which has made it possible to minimize their size. Their exceptionally high accuracy is ensured by the missile’s main secret, the so-called transverse control engine, which rules out misses during the final approach trajectory. The transverse control engine is still without parallel in the world.


Russia has offered the export-version R-7EE air-to-air missile system for sale so that it can be fitted to foreign-made fighter aircraft. Developed by the Vympel state-sector engineering and design bureau, the R-7EE is designed for close-quarters aerial combat. Vympel specialists have developed a way of ensuring that the missile system can be fitted to virtually any type of aircraft. It can be fitted to older aircraft, which feature heavily in third-world countries’ air forces.

Contractor Vympel
Date Deployed 1980s
Range 20 km (R-73M1)  30 km (R-73M2) 40 km
Speed Mach 2.5
Propulsion One solid-propellant rocket motor
Guidance All aspect Infrared
Warhead 7.4 kg HE expanding rod warhead
Launch Weight 105 kg (R-73M1)  115 kg (R-73M2)
Length 2.9 m
Diameter 170 mm
Fin Span 0.51 m
Platforms Su-27, Su-33, Su-34, Su-35, Su-37, MiG-29, MiG-31, MiG-33, Yak-141, Ka-50, Ka-52

Data Images sourced from the net


R-77 extended medium range air-to-air missile


The R-77, RVV-AE designation used for the export market and AA-12 Adder designation used by Western intelligence, is an extended medium range air-to-air missile featuring an active radar seeker to engage multiple airborne targets simultaneously. This missile was designed as the Soviet/Russian counterpart to the United States Air Force AIM-120 AMRAAM. The R-77 enables the Mig-29 and Su-27 fighter aircraft families to engage multiple airborne threats simultaneously thanks to its fire and forget capability. There are other versions fitted with infrared and passive radar seekers instead of active radar homing. Future plans call for increasing the missile range well beyond 150 kilometers.


The R-77 has been designed with innovative control surfaces which are one of the keys of its impressive performance. Once launched, the R-77 depends on an inertial navigation system with optional in-flight target position updates from the aircraft sensors. When the R-77 missile is at a distance of about 20 km its radar homing head activates leading the missile to its target.


Diameter: 200 millimeter

Length: 3.60 meter (11.8 foot)

Wingspan: 350 millimeter


Max Range: 80 kilometer (43 nautical mile)

Target’s Max Altitude: 25,000 meter

Target’s Min Altitude: 20 meter


Top Speed: 4 mach (4,782 kph)


Warhead: 30 kilogram

Weight: 175 kilogram (386 pound)

R-77 data


Kh-31P & Kh-31A


The Kh-31, AS-17 Krypton NATO-codename, is an advanced, long range, highly supersonic missile designed to withstand countermeasures effects. The Kh-31 propulsion system consists of a solid-fuel rocket engine which accelerates the missile to Mach 1.8 airspeed. Then this engine is dropped and a jet engine ignites using the missile’s within space as a combustion chamber. The missile accelerates to Mach 3+ thanks to the jet engine.


The Kh-31P has been designed to be a high performance anti-radiation missile against the most sophisticated air defense systems developed by NATO countries. It features high kill probability against radar systems that have been turned-off when attacked.

Number of Stages: 2


Diameter: 360 millimeter

Length: 4.70 meter

Wingspan: 780 millimeter


Max Range: 110 kilometer

Min Range: 15 kilometer


Top Speed: 3 mach (3,587 kph)


Warhead: 87 kilogram

Weight: 600 kilogram

Source Kh-31P


The Kh-31A is an anti-ship missile based on the proven Kh-31P missile. It features an active radar guidance system and a sea-skimming profile.

Number of Stages: 2


Diameter: 360 millimeter

Length: 4.70 meter (15.4 foot)

Wingspan: 780 millimeter


Max Range: 70 kilometer (37.8 nautical mile)

Min Range: 7.50 kilometer


Top Speed: 1,000 mps (3,601 kph)


Warhead: 94 kilogram (207 pound)

Weight: 610 kilogram

Source Kh-31A


Χ-59ME (Kh-59 ME)


The Kh-59 is a standoff, air-launched, air-to-surface weapon designed to engage ground and surface targets with pinpoint accuracy in optimal weather conditions. Its guidance system consists of an automatic navigation and control system which takes the weapon to the target’s area. A nose-mounted TV-sensor relays target area imagery to the launch airborne platform and the pilot selects the impact point. A bi-directional data link allows the pilot to select the impact point and re-target with the missile already in flight. The Kh-59 was introduced as the the Soviet counterpart to US SLAM standoff missile in the 1980s.

The Kh-59ME is an improved version of the Kh-59 standoff missile and was introduced in the early 1990s. It features two larger fragmentation and penetration warheads, minor airframe changes, and a new propulsion system for extended range. The missile can fly at altitudes between 7 and 1,000 meters. The nose-mounted TV-sensor relays target area imagery to the launch airborne platform and the pilot selects the impact point using the aircraft-mounted APK-9ME pod. The Kh-59ME improved standoff weapon has been integrated on Russian tactical attack aircraft such as the Mig-27 and Su-24. Source

36MT turbofan engine

img (1).jpeg

Design features

  • 1-stage fan
  • axial-diagonal high pressure compressor
  • annular combustor
  • 1-stage high pressure turbine
  • 1-stage low pressure turbine


Engine 36МТ
Thrust at maximum rating, kgf 450
Maximum length, mm 850
Maximum diameter, mm 330
Weight, kg <100

Source 36МТ

Design Bureau “Raduga”
Launch altitude, m 200-5.000
Launch speed, km/h 600-1.100
Max launch range, km 115
Cruising altitude, km 0,007 (sea)

0,05, 0,1, 0,2, 0,6, 1

Mach number 0,72-0,88
Warhead Penetration or cluster
Guidance accuracy (CEP), m  
manual mode 2-3
automatic mode 5-7
Communications range, km 140
Launch weight, kg 930
Length, m 5,7
Wing span, m 1,3
Warhead weight, kg:  
– penetration WH 320
– cluster WH 280
Body diameter, m 0,38
Pod weight, kg 260
Pod length, m 4,0
Pod diameter, m 0,45

Technical data

APK-9 datalink pod for the Kh-59ME

kh59m-1Kh-59ME Ovod M / AS-18 Kazoo and APK-9 Tekon pod on Su-30MK (KnAAPO image). – Image @ausairpower.net Tekon pod –Image


The Vympel Kh-29 / AS-14 Kedge is a Russian supersonic equivalent to the French AS.30 and US AGM-65 Maverick, and is primarily intended for interdiction and close air support,  maritime strike roles, and attacks on hardened concrete shelters and structures. An APU-58 or AKU-58 launcher is used, on the Su-27/30 Flanker (up to 6 rounds), the MiG-27 Flogger (2 rounds), Su-17/22 Fitter (2 rounds) and Su-24M Fencer (3 round). Multiple variants exist.


The Kh-29T (Izdeliye 64 or AS-14B) is an electro-optical variant with a daylitgh television seeker. The Kh-29TE is the export variant, the Kh-29TM an enhanced variant. The Kh-29TD is another EO variant, possibly equipped with a thermal imaging seeker.

 Launch weight for most variants is around 1,500 lb, with a 700 lb warhead being used most often. Range is usually cited at 16 nautical miles for a high altitude launch. Source

Missile weight: 680 kg
Length: 3900 mm
Diameter: 400 mm
Wingspan:  1100 mm
Minimum range*: 3 km
Maximum range: 8 – 12 km
Engine: fixed thrust solid, fuel rocket
Fuze type: impact
Guidance system: passive TV
Warhead: high-explosive penetrating
Warhead weight: 320 kg

Missile weight: 690 kg
Length: 3900 mm
Diameter: 400 mm
Wingspan:  1100 mm
Minimum range*: 3 km
Maximum range: 20 – 30 km
Engine: fixed thrust, solid fuel rocket
Fuze type: impact
Guidance system: passive TV
Warhead: high-explosive penetrating
Warhead weight: 320 kg




The Kh-29L (Izdeliye 63 or AS-14A) is a semi-active laser homing variant used in the manner of the AS.30L, with a 24N1 seeker. Source


Missile weight: 660 kg
Length: 3900 mm
Diameter: 400 mm
Wingspan:  1100 mm
Minimum range*: 3 km
Maximum range: 8 – 10 km
Height of launch: 0.2 – 5 km
Engine: fixed thrust, solid fuel rocket
Fuze type: impact
Guidance system: passive TV
Warhead: high-explosive penetrating
Warhead weight: 320 kg



KAB-500KR & KAB-500 OD guided and corrected air bombs


KAB-500Kr & KAB-500-OD are guided and corrected air bombs

The KAB-500Kr corrected air bomb is designed to engage stationary ground/surface small-sized hardened targets, such as reinforced concrete shelters, runways, railway and highway bridges, military industrial installations, warships, and transport vessels.

The KAB-500-OD corrected air bomb is designed to engage ground targets, such as fire emplacements, and manpower hidden in mountainous terrains.

The KAB-500Kr, KAB-500-OD corrected air bombs are fitted with TV/terrain-matching homing heads and various types of warheads. TV homers with target data processing correlation algorithm can “remember” target location and correct bomb’s flight trajectory until the impact on the target, thus realizing the “fire and forget” principle. Such homing heads can help defeat low-contrast and masked targets provided that terrain reference points and target coordinates related to them are available. The KAB-500Kr, KAB-500-OD corrected air bombs make part of weapon systems of such front-line aircraft types as Su-27, Su-30, Su-34, Su24M, MIG-29 and others.


Developer and manufacturer: State Research and Production Enterprise “Region”


KAB-500Kr KAB-500-OD
Weights: total/warhead/HE, kg 520/380/100 370/250/140
length, m 3,05 3,05
diameter, m 0,35 0,35
empennage, m 0,75 0,75
Bomb drop altitude, km 0,5-5 0,5-5
Carrier speed, km/h 550…1100 550-1100
Root mean square deviation, m 4…7 4…7
Warhead type concrete-piercing high explosive
  (high explosive (fuel-air
  penetrator) explosive)


______-60____ (1)KAB-500Kr, KAB-500-OD – Image

KAB-1500KR guided and corrected air bomb


KAB-1500Kr are guided and corrected air bombs

The KAB-1500Kr corrected air bomb is designed to engage various stationary ground/surface small-sized hardened targets, such as reinforced concrete shelters, military industrial installations, depots, and seaport terminals.

The KAB-1500Kr corrected air bombs are fitted with TV/terrain-matching homing heads and various types of warheads. TV homers with target data processing correlation algorithm can “remember” target location and correct bomb’s flight trajectory until the impact on the target, thus realizing the “fire and forget” principle. Such homing heads can help defeat low-contrast and masked targets provided that terrain reference points and target coordinates related to them are available. The KAB-1500Kr corrected air bombs make part of weapon systems of such front-line aircraft types as Su-27, Su-30, Su-34, Su24M, MIG-29 and others.


Developer and manufacturer: State Research and Production Enterprise “Region”


Weights: total/warhead/HE, kg 1,525/1,170/440
length, m 4,63
diameter, m 0,58
empennage, m 0,85 (folded)
  1,3 unfolded
Bomb drop altitude, km 1-8
Carrier speed, km/h 550-1100
Root mean square deviation, m 4…7
Warhead type high explosive


KAB-1500L laser-guided bomb


The KAB-1500L, KAB-1500LG-F-E is the current production standard, is a 1,500 kg, laser-guided bomb designed to hit stationary ground and surface targets when used by the latest generation of Russian-made fighters and bombers. It is the Russian counterpart to United States Paveway II/III laser-guided bombs. Once released, the pilot or a third party must aim at the target with a laser designator in order to successfully direct the KAB bomb. The KAB-1500LG-F-E features an impact fuze with three delay modes.

The KAB-1500L bombs were deployed successfully during the Russian military campaign in Chechnya. Usually, the Su-24 Fencer and Mig-27 Flogger aircraft use this type of weapon in strike missions but can be used by the latest generation of Su-30MK multirole aircraft. The spectrum of targets to hit by this weapon include: railway and highway bridges, military and industrial facilities, ships and transport vessels, ammunition depots and railway terminals. Source


Developer and manufacturer: GNPP “Region”


  KAB-1500LG-Pr-E KAB-1500LG-F-E KAB-1500LG-OD-E
Weight, kg      
(total/warhead/explosive) 1525/1120/210 1525/1120/440 1450/1170/650
Dimensions, m:      
length 4,28 4,28 4,24
diameter 0,58 0,58 0,58
wingspan 0,85 (retracted) 0,85 (retracted) 0,85 (retracted)
  1,3 (extended) 1,3 (extended) 1,3 (extended)
Drop altitude, km 1 to 8 1 to 8 1 to 10
Aircraft drop speed, km/h 550 to 1100 550 to 1100 550 to 1100
Aiming accuracy, m 4 to 7 4 to 7 4 to 7
Warhead penetrating high explosive full air explosive
Type of blasting device contact with three contact with three direct action contact
  types of delay types of delay  



Unguided Projectiles

‘S-8’ 80mm unguided rocket


The S-8 system is the main caliber weapon in the class of unguided aircraft rockets and can solve a variety of aircraft missions.

The rocket is provided with a solid propellant motor with a summary thrust pulse of 5,800 N.s and operating time of 0.7 s. Progressive methods for body shaping from ready-made rolled aluminum and unique engineering solutions in terms of separate elements aimed at reducing motor manufacturing labor consumption and costs are used in its construction.

The following types of S-8 rockets are operational today:

    • S-8KOM with HEAT fragmentation warhead;
    • S-8BM with concrete-piercing (penetrating) warhead;
    • S-8-OM with illuminating warhead.

‘S-13’ type 122mm unguided rocket

The S-13 is a 122 mm calibre unguided rocket weapon developed by the Soviet Air Force for use by military aircraft. It remains in service with the Russian Air Force and some other countries.

S-13T: Tandem HEAT, range 1.1 – 4 km Combined penetration of 6 m of earth and 1 m of reinforced concrete. Velocity 500 m/s.


S-13OF: The only 122mm rocket available, this large rocket packs a blast-fragmentation warhead with some serious wallop, dealing significant damage to soft targets and lightly armored vehicles, and can even destroy a main battle tank with a direct hit. With only 5 rockets per pod, accurate delivery is key.

air_508a_007The S-13OF

S-25 OFM-PU air-to-ground rocket


The S-25 is a Russian air-to-ground rocket launched from aircraft. It is launched from the O-25 pod which can hold one rocket.

S-25-OFM for use against hardened targets

Rockets S-8, S-13, S-25Rockets S-8, S-13, S-25 – Image @digitalcombatsimulator.comtumblr_obm7j9ohbo1tp71ino1_500



Many Russian Air Force munitions also have thermobaric variants. The 80 mm (3.1 in) S-8 rocket has the S-8DM and S-8DF thermobaric variants. The S-8’s 122 mm (4.8 in) brother, the S-13, has the S-13D and S-13DF thermobaric variants. The S-13DF’s warhead weighs only 32 kg (71 lb), but its power is equivalent to 40 kg (88 lb) of TNT. The KAB-500-OD variant of the KAB-500KR has a 250 kg (550 lb) thermobaric warhead. The ODAB-500PM and ODAB-500PMV unguided bombs carry a 190 kg (420 lb) fuel-air explosive each. Source



OFAB 100-120. Fragmentation High Explosive Bomb 100-120 is intended for destruction of military field facilities and base stations, destruction of personnel in open terrain as well as in light armoured vehicles and trucks on the march or during attack within the main concentration perimeter.


Caliber, kg 100
Length, mm 1 065
Body Diameter, mm ø273
Tail fin span, mm 345
Characteristic time, s 21,10/6
Explosive weight, kg 42
Bomb weight, kg 123




OFAB 250-270. Fragmentation High Explosive Bomb 250-270 is intended for destruction of military-industrial sites, railway junctions, field facilities and personnel in open terrain as well as in light armoured vehicles and trucks on the march or during attack within the main concentration perimeter.


Caliber, kg 250
Length, mm 1 456
Body Diameter, mm ø325
Tail fin span, mm 410
Characteristic time, s 20,92/12
Explosive weight, kg 92
Bomb weight, kg 268
Distance between the two lugs, mm 250



The aircraft can engage aerial threats, ground and naval surface targets by deploying onboard air-to-air and air-to-surface guided/unguided weapons. It can be fitted with anti-surface weaponry such as rockets and rocket pods for conducting land attack operations.

Russia may buy BrahMos cruise missiles for Su-30SM fighters: Here

BrahMos supersonic cruise missile


The BRAHMOS is a short-range supersonic cruise missile, that can carry nuclear warhead. It was jointly developed by India and Russia. The BRAHMOS Aerospace joint venture was established in 1998 and started working on the project. The acronym BRAHMOS is an abbreviation of two rivers, the Brahmaputra of India and Moskva of Russia. The missile was first test fired in 2001.

The BRAHMOS entered service with the Indian armed forces in 2006. This missile has been adopted by Indian Army, Navy and Air Force. Some sources report that Indian armed forces have a total requirement for about 1 000 of these missiles. This cruise missile is also being proposed for export customers from 14 countries.

The BRAHMOS is based on the Russian P-800 Oniks supersonic anti-ship cruise missile. The missile is 9 m long and has a diameter of 0.7 m. It has a two-stage propulsion system. It uses solid-fuel rocket booster for initial acceleration and liquid-fuel ramjet for sustained supersonic cruise. The booster is ejected by the airflow after it has burned out.


This missile has a range of 290-300 km. It can carry nuclear warhead, or 200-300 kg conventional warhead. The range is limited to 300 km, as Russia is a signatory of the Missile Technology Control Regime, which prohibits it from helping other countries develop missiles with ranges above 300 km.

The BRAHMOS is one of the fastest cruise missiles in the world. It travels at supersonic speed and can gain a speed of Mach 2.8 (3 430 km/h). This missile was developed primarily as an anti-ship missile, however there are also land attack versions. This cruise missile has GPS/GLONASS/GAGAN satellite guidance. It uses US, Russian or Indian navigation satellites and has a pin-point accuracy. At a maximum range it can hit a target as small as 1.5 x 1.5 m. It is a fire-and-forget type missile.

Su-30MKI with BrahMos MRCM

Entered service 2006
Missile length 9 m
Missile diameter 0.7 m
Missile weight 3 000 kg
Warhead weight up to 300 kg
Warhead type nuclear, conventional
Range of fire 290-300 km
CEP 1.5 m


Why the F-35 is a sitting duck for the Flankers: Here



The Su-30SM is powered by two AL-31FP by-pass turbojet reheated engines. The engines generate a total after-burning thrust of 25,000kgf. The power plant provides a horizontal flight speed of Mach 2.

The maximum unrefuelled flight range of Su-30SM is about 3,000km. The aircraft is also equipped with a flight refuelling probe and refuelling system.

Al-31FP turbojet engine


The Saturn AL-31 is a family of military turbofan engines. It was developed by Lyulka, now NPO Saturn, of Soviet Union, originally for the Sukhoi Su-27 air superiority fighter. It produces a totalthrust of 123 kN (27,600 lb) with afterburning in the AL-31F, 137 kN (30,800 lb) in the AL-31FM (AL-35F) and 142 kN (32,000 lb) in the AL-37FU variants. Currently it powers all Su-27 derivatives and the Chengdu J-10 multirole jet fighter which has been developed in China.

The AL-31FP and AL-37FU variants have thrust vectoring. The former is used in the Su-30MKI export version of the Su-30 for India & Sukhoi Su-30MKM for Malaysia . The AL-37FU can deflect its nozzle to a maximum of ±15° at a rate of 30°/sec. The vectoring nozzle is utilized primarily in the pitch plane. The Al-31FP is built in India by HAL at the Koraput facility under a deep technology transfer agreement.


It has a reputation for having a tremendous tolerance to severely disturbed air flow. In the twin-engined Su-27, the engines are interchangeable between left and right. The Mean Time Between Overhaul (MTBO) for the AL-31F is given at 1000 hours with a full-life span of 3000 hours. Some reports suggested that Russia was offering AL-31F to Iran to re-engine its F-14 Tomcat air fleet in the late 1990s.

The Su-30MKI is powered by the Al-31FP (P for povorotnoye meaning “movable”), which is a development of the Al-37FU (seen in the Su-37 Terminator).

AL-31FP which is designed by the Lyulka Engine Design Bureau (NPO Saturn) is also different from Al-31F (by the same company). The Al-31F is the ‘baseline’ powerplant found in most Su-27 and its variants, and perhaps in the China’s J-10 in the future and lacks TVC. The AL-31FP was only 110Kg heavier and 0.4 m longer than the AL-31F, while the thrust remains the same. Planes equipped with AL-31F can be upgraded to AL-31FP later on without any changes in the airframe. It is being produced now at the Saturn manufacturing facility at Ufa, Russia.


The Al-37FU (FU stands for forsazh-upravlaemoye-sopo or “afterburning-articulating/steerable-nozzle”) basically added 2D Thrust Vectoring Control (TVC) Nozzles to the Al-31F. 2D TVC means that the Nozzles can be directed/pointed in 2 axis or directions – up or down. TVC obviuosly makes an aircraft much more maneuverable. Al-31FP builds on the Al-37FU with the capability to vector in 2 planes i.e. thrust can be directed side-ways also. The nozzles of the MKI are capable of deflecting 32 degrees in the horizontal plane and 15 degrees in the vertical plane. This is done by angling them inwards by 15 degrees inwards, which produces a cork-screw effect and thus enhancing the turning capability of the aircraft.

The TVC nozzles will be made of titanium to reduce the nozzle’s weight and can deflect together or differentially to achieve the desired thrust vector for a particular maneuver. The engine designers are also working to reduce the infrared signature for thrust settings below afterburner.

Also, the 2-nozzles can be vectored un-symmetrically, i.e. each nozzle can point at different directions independent from the other nozzle and thus multiplying the effect.The aircraft is capable of near-zero speed airspeed at high angles of attack and super dynamic aerobatics in negative speeds up to 200 km/h.

10_nozzleShows port nozzle of Su30MKI. its white! not black as many of us would expect! note long spine b/n nozzles – Image

TVC allows the MKI for example, to rapidly loose speed and turn in any direction and fire its weapons. The complete range of maneuveres possible in the MKI are impossible on any other combat fighter in production. “We even made a corkscrew spin a controllable manoeuvre – the pilot can leave it at any moment by a single motion of the stick that engages thrust-vectoring and aerodynamic surfaces,” says Sukhoi’s earlier general designer Mikhail Simonov.

Two AL-31FP by-pass thrust-vectoring turbojet reheated engines (25000 kgf full afterburning thrust) ensure a 2M horizontal flight speed (a 1350 km/h ground-level speed) and a rate of climb of 230 m/s. The Mean Time Between Overhaul (MTBO) for the AL-31FP is given at 1,000 hours with a full-life span of 3,000 hours. The titanium nozzle has a MTBO of 500 Hrs.

The Al-31FP improves upon the Al-37FU in two ways:

  • Firstly, the Al-37FU cannot vector thrust in 2 planes unlike the Al-31FP.
  • Secondly, the nozzle drive connection is effected now from the aircraft fuel system and not from the aircraft’s hydraulic system. The change-over to the fuel system, to control swiveling nozzles, enhances the dependability of the aircraft and its survivability in air combat.


Data from

4075Image Copyright © 2009–2016 Michael Kominik


Type: Two-shaft afterburning turbofan

Length: 4,990 millimetres (196 in)

Diameter: 905 millimetres (35.6 in) inlet; 1,280 millimetres (50 in) maximum external

Dry weight: 1,570 kilograms (3,460 lb)


Compressor: 4 fan and 9 compressor stages

Combustors: annular

Turbine: 2 single-staged turbines


Maximum thrust:

74.5 kilonewtons (16,700 lbf) military thrust

122.58 kilonewtons (27,560 lbf) with afterburner

Overall pressure ratio: 23

Bypass ratio: 0.59:1

Turbine inlet temperature: 1685 K (1,412 °C (2,574 °F))

Fuel consumption: 2.0 Kg/daN·h

Specific fuel consumption:

Military thrust: 0.67 lb/(lbf·h)

Full afterburner: 1.92 lb/(lbf·h)

Thrust-to-weight ratio: 4.77:1 (dry), 7.87:1 (afterburning)


Specifications (Su-27PU/Su-30)


General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 21.935 m (72.97 ft)
  • Wingspan: 14.7 m (48.2 ft)
  • Height: 6.36 m (20.85 ft)
  • Wing area: 62.0 m2 (667 ft2)
  • Empty weight: 17,700 kg (39,021 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 24,900 kg (54,900 lb) with 56% fuel
  • Max. takeoff weight: 34,500 kg (76,060 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × AL-31FL low-bypass turbofans
    • Dry thrust: 7,600 kgf (74.5 kN, 16,750 lbf) each
    • Thrust with afterburner: 12,500 kgf (122.58 kN, 27,560 lbf) each
  • Fuel capacity: 9,400 kg (20,724 lb) internally


  • Maximum speed: Mach 2.0 (2,120 km/h, 1,320 mph) at altitude
  • Range: 3,000 km (1,620 nmi) at altitude
  • Service ceiling: 17,300 m (56,800 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 230 m/s (45,275 ft/min)
  • Wing loading: 401 kg/m2 with 56% fuel (468.3 kg/m2 with full internal fuel) (82.3 lb/ft2 with 56% fuel)
  • Thrust/weight:
    • With full fuel: 0.86
    • With 56% fuel: 1.00
  • Maximum g-load: +9 g


Su-30SM landing gear


The Su-30SM features hydraulically retractable tricycle-type landing gear. The main landing gear units are fitted with single wheels. Each unit reverses through 90° to retract frontward into the bay in the wing-root.


The main landing gear has hydraulically functioned carbon disc brakes equipped with an electric brake cooling fan and an anti-skid mechanism. The forward retractable single nose-wheel is hydraulically steerable. The tail-cone at the stern of the fuselage integrates a brake parachute compartment.

Main material source

Rafale vs SU-30MKI

Dassault Rafale vs Sukhoi SU-30MKI

Both planes are quite similar in terms of use, maybe small adventage for Rafale because of better AAM missiles, even Su-30MKI have better tehnology and characteristics…

Adventage for Rafale is bigger with any new update, french fighter tend to improve technology and avionics, and also plan to use similar weapon as SU-30 MKI, like AAM and AAG missiles of Indian company DRDO…

Rafale has better thrust to weight ratio, and slightly better economical factor, but is also twice more expensive… Both planes are excellent, and in fight main factor will be experience of pilot or ground support.

Indian company DRDO produce AAM, AAG and anti-radiation missiles for SU-30MKI. Astra (AAM) missile is designed to be capable of engaging targets at varying range and altitudes allowing for engagement of both short-range targets (up to 20 km) and long-range targets (up to 80 km) using alternative propulsion modes. The maximum range of Astra missile is 110 km (it is not taken into calculation of data because it is still in test phase).

Dassault Rafale: Details7d873d6f41d68e363b47c4ebfaba473d

Rafale vs SU-30MKI Flight Cost Per Hour


Overall and BVR ratings

BVR Rating 90% 86%
Armament 8.6/10 8.4/10
Technology 8.5/10 8.2/10
Avionics 8.4/10 8.2/10
Maneuverability 9.3/10 9.7/10 (3D Thrust)
Rate of Climb max. 300 m/s – 60k ft/min max. 280 m/s – 55k ft/min
Thrust/Weight 1.13 1.05
Service Ceiling 17 km – 55k ft 17 km – 56k ft
Speed 2.00 Mach 2.00 Mach
Fuel Economy 0.70 km/l – 1.65 NM/gallon 0.23 km/l – 0.50 NM/gallon
Unit Cost 130.000.000 USD 65.000.000 USD
Overall Rating excellent excellent

BVR (Beyond Visual Range) Ratings

BVR AAM missile MBDA Meteor AA-12 Adder (R77 Vympel)
AAM origin NATO Russia
Year in 2013 in 1998
Range (mile) 62 99
Range (km) 100 160
Speed (mph) 2640 2970
Speed (km/h) 4248 4779
Radar Thales RBE2-AA IRBIS-E
Radar overall rating excellent excellent
BVR Technology 85% 87%
BVR Def. Tech. 85% 85%
RCS – Radar Cross Section 0.5-2.0 1.0-3.5

Dogfight (close to medium range) Ratings

Cannon GIAT 30M/719B GSh-30-1
Caliber (mm) 30 mm 30 mm
Rate of Fire (rpm) 2500 rpm 1800 rpm
Muzzle Velocity 1025 m/s 860 m/s
Size Point 10%-30% 20% 10%
Maneuverability 9.3 9,7
Thrust/Weight Ratio 1,13 1,05
AAM (first) MBDA MICA AA-11 Archer
Operational range 0.2 – 50 km 0.3 – 40 km
AAM (second) R.550 MAGIC II AA-8 Aphid
Operational range 0.3 – 15 km 0.1 – 8 km
Dogfight Rating 76% 94%

Size Comparison

Length 15.27 m – 50 ft 1 in 21.9 m (72.9 ft)
Wingspan 10.80 m – 35 ft 4 in 15.3 m (50.2 ft)
Wing area 45.7 m² – 492 ft² 62 m² (667 sq ft)
Height 5.30 m – 17 ft 3 in 5.90 m (19.4 ft)
Weight 10,100 kg – 22,6k lb 18,400 kg (40,570 lb)
Power 2 x 75 kN – 17k lbf 2 x 123 kN – 27,3k lbf


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