Su-30SM is a multi-role fighter aircraft developed by JSC Sukhoi Design Bureau for the Russian Air Force. It is an advanced derivative of the Su-30MK combat aircraft family.
The Su-30MK series fighters are in service with the Algerian Air Force, Indian Air Force, Indonesian Air Force, People’s Liberation Army Air Force, Royal Malaysian Air Force, Ugandan Air Force, Venezuelan Air Force and Vietnam People’s Air Force.
Su-30MKI Multirole Fighter: Here
Su-30MKI – Image: ndtvimg.com
The Su-30SM fighter was designed in accordance with the requirements of the Russian Air Force. It is being manufactured by IRKUT, a company based in Russia. The first Su-30SM fighter designed for the Russian Ministry of Defence performed its maiden flight in September 2012.
The multi-role Su-30SM can be deployed in counter-air strikes, counter-land and counter-sea missions. It can conduct electronic counter-countermeasures and early warning tasks. The aircraft also acts as a command-and-control platform within a fleet of combat aircraft performing joint missions.
Su-30SM orders and deliveries
IRKUT and the Russian Ministry of Defence signed a contract for 30 Su-30SM multi-role fighters in March 2012. The Russian MoD plans to replace the Su-24 fleet with Su-30SM fighters.
Su-30SM – Image: ruaviation.com
The Russian Ministry of Defence placed an order for the second batch of 30 Su-30SM fighters in December 2012.
IRKUT delivered the first two Su-30SM fighters to the Russian Air Force in November 2012. The first batch of aircraft is expected to be delivered by 2015.
Su-24M Fencer: Details
Posted by Carl Gould on August 07, 2015 – Image: jetphotos.net
Su-30SM to be upgraded to Su-30SM1: Here
Ministry of Defense and the corporation “Irkut” complete modernization of the fighter Su-30cm. It is assigned an index Sioux 30SM1. Improvements affect avionics, the aircraft also will be able to use the latest precision-guided munitions. According to experts, the updated “drying” of his chance to level with fighting fifth-generation machines.
According to earlier reports that it would be able to carry X-59mk2 (Kh-59MK2) missile. The Su-30SM1 will also be fitted with the SVP-24 Gefest (Hephaestus) targeting system which will improve the accuracy of both guided and unguided weapons such as bombs and missiles.
The Optico-laser-teplotelevizionnaya (SOLT-25) system will also be integrated into the Su-30SM1. Source: rbth.com
The airframe of Su-30SM is made of titanium and high-strength aluminium alloys. It is based on the Su-30MKI aircraft developed jointly by IRKUT and JSC Sukhoi Design Bureau, for the Indian Air Force (IAF).
РИФ РОССИЙСКИЙ ИНФОРМАЦИОННЫЙ ФРОНТ
The fuselage head houses cockpit, radar sections and avionics bay. High manoeuvrability was achieved through the integral aerodynamic form combined with thrust vectoring feature.
Nozzle Assembly of the GPT -2E series
Nozzle assemblies of the GPT-2E (-1, -1M, -1I) type are designed to refuel combat aircraft in flight. The nozzle assemblies feature universal refueling couplings that conform both to the RF and NATO standards. This makes it possible to refuel the aircraft from the tankers equipped with the aerial-refueling pods of both domestic and foreign production.
- Refueling coupling;
- Engagement warning system;
- Pneumatic drive to open refueling valves of the nozzle assembly/refueling pod drogue;
- Output fuel pressure regulator;
- Structural fuse of the refueling coupling;
- Emergency retraction system for the refueling coupling.
- Maximum refueling rate is up to 2500 l/min.
Year of development: 2006
MiG-29E, MiG-29МST, MiG-29К/КUB, Su-24, Su-30MKI and Su-35.
Air Duel between the Sukhoi Su – 30 Russian SM and Israeli F-15: Here
Cockpit and avionics
The glass cockpit accommodates two pilots in tandem configuration. The crew are provided with ejection seats. The cockpit incorporates an advanced avionics suit integrating a head up display and liquid crystal multifunction displays.
The Su-30SM features identification friend-or-foe equipment, a global positioning system and an inertial navigation system. The open architecture design allows the integration of modern avionics, including a new radar system, radio and recognition system, and other support systems.
Pilot viewWSO view
SVP-24 Gefest (Hephaestus) targeting system (Su-30SM1)
Introducing the SVP-24:
SVP stands for “специализированная вычислительная подсистема” or “special computingsubsystem”. What this system does is that it constantly compares the position of the aircraft and the target (using the GLONASS satellite navigation system), it measures the environmental parameters (pressure, humidity, windspeed, speed, angle of attack, etc.). It can also receive additional information from datalinks from AWACs aircraft, ground stations, and other aircraft. The SVP-24 then computes an “envelope” (speed, altitude, course) inside which the dumb bombs are automatically released exactly at the precise moment when their unguided flight will bring them right over the target (with a 3-5m accuracy).
In practical terms this means that every 30+ year old Russian “dumb” bomb can now be delivered by a 30+ year old Russian aircraft with the same precision as a brand new guided bomb delivered by a top of the line modern bomber.
Not only that, but the pilot does not even have to worry about targeting anything. He just enters the target’s exact coordinates into his system, flies within a defined envelope and the bombs are automatically released for him. He can place his full attention on detecting any hostiles (aircraft, missiles, AA guns). And the best part of this all is that this system can be used in high altitude bombing runs, well over the 5000m altitude which MANPADs cannot reach. Finally, clouds, smoke, weather conditions or time of the day play no role in this whatsoever.
Last, but not least, this is a very *cheap* solution. Russian can now use the huge stores of ‘dumb’ bombs they have accumulated during the Cold War, they can bring an infinite supply of such bombs to Syria and every one of them will strike with phenomenal accuracy. And since the SVP-24 is mounted on the aircraft and not the bomb, it can be reused as often as needed.
The SVP-24 has now been confirmed to be mounted on the Russian SU-24s, SU-25s, Tu-22M3 “Backfires” and the Kamov Ka-50 and Ka-52 helicopters, the venerable MiG-27 and even the L-39 trainer. In other words, it can be deployed on practically *any* rotary or fixed wing aircraft, from big bombers to small trainers. I bet you the Mi-24s and Mi-35Ms deployed near Latakia also have them.
Here are what the various parts of the SVP-24 system look like:
SVP 24 targeting system on the Su-33: Details
К-36D-3,5 (К-36D-3,5М) Ejection seat
In flight, a crewmember is held in the seat with a suspension/restraint harness system. The crewmember may be restrained in the seat with the shoulder and waist restraint mechanisms. The seat features stepless height adjustment, which makes the seat occupation comfortable for work and vision.
The crewmember protection against the dynamic pressure G-loads at ejection is provided with the protective gear, windblast shield, forced restraint in the seat, seat stabilization as well as the selection of one of three operation modes for the energy source depending on the suited pilot mass. At the aircraft speed exceeding 850 km/h, the MRM steady-state mode is adjusted by the automatics depending on the acceleration.
After automatic separation of the pilot from the seat, the recovery parachute canopy is inflated providing the pilot’s safe descent. A portable survival kit, which is separated from the seat together with the pilot, supports his/her vital functions after landing or water landing, makes the pilot search easier, and the ПСН-1 life raft supports the pilot floatation on the surface of water.
The К-36D-3,5 ejection seat realizes the crewmember emergency escape within the range of equivalent airspeed (VE.) from 0 to 1300 km/h, at Mach number up to 2.5 and aircraft flight altitude from 0 to 20,000 m, including takeoff, landing run and «Н=0, V=0» mode. The seat is used with the KKO-15 set of protective gear and oxygen equipment.
The seat installation mass does not exceed 103 kg, including the survival kit.
Year of development: 2001
The К-36D-3,5 family features seat modifications for each aircraft version.
The К-36D-3,5 seats are installed in all versions of the Su-30 aircraft; the К-36D-3,5M seats are installed in the MiG-29M and seaborne МiG-29К/KUB aircraft.
Oxygen System KS – 129
The KS -129 oxygen system is designed to provide one or two pilots of the front-line aircraft with oxygen during flights at the altitudes up to 20 km. (KS -130 oxygen system is used at the altitudes up to 12 km). The oxygen source is the BKDU -130 onboard oxygen-generating system, which produces oxygen from compressed air tapped from the aircraft gas turbine compressor.
Major advantages of the bottle-free oxygen system:
- There are no onboard oxygen bottles in the system and, correspondingly, there is no need in pre-flight charging of the system with oxygen;
- The mission duration is not limited with the onboard oxygen reserve;
- The system features less line maintenance man-hours than the system with the bottle oxygen source.
The KS-129 oxygen system is used onboard the MiG-29K (KUB), MiG-29UPG, MiG-35, Su-30МКМ, Su-30МКI(A), Su-35, etc. Source zvezda-npp.ru
Russian air forces are going to upgrade radar control system of Su-30SM fighters
V.Tikhomirov Scientific Research Institute of Instrument Design (NIIP) is waiting for Russian air forces to present a performance specification for upgrade of Bars-R radar control system installed on Su-30SM fighters, RIA Novosti reports with reference to the enterprise’s CEO Yuri Beliy.
“Bars-R radar control system (RCS) of Su-30SM aircraft was derived from Bars RCS installed on Su-30MKI fighters, developed under a contract with Indian air forces. The system was upgraded in accordance with a performance specification developed by Russian air forces. However, the RCS has more upgrade potential, so we are expecting a new performance specification developed by the air forces in order to continue upgrading the RCS,” Beliy said.
He added that the Russian party has been negotiating upgrade of Bars systems with India. “Distinctive feature of Su-30MKI and Su-30SM aircraft is radar with electronic scanning capability based on a phased antenna array with a manual azimuth adjustment, which provides significant advantages in terms of engagement area. Recent joint military exercise held by western partners with the participation of F-15, F-16, Typhoon and Su-30MKI aircraft (operated by Indian air forces), have once again demonstrated advantages of Su-30MKI fighters fitted with our system,” Beliy said.
Su-30SM (production upgraded version) is the multi-role super-maneuverable fighter. It was derived from Su-30MK. The fighter meets the requirements of Russian air forces in terms of radar, radio communications systems, friend-or-foe identification system, ejection seats and a number of other systems.
Bars multi-role radar control system is intended for: providing the crew and weapon control system with information about air and ground targets, their coordinates and characteristics, with a level of accuracy required to attack, target illumination and transferring commands to “air-to-air” weapons.
NIIP specializes in developing weapon control systems for fighters as well as developing medium-range air defense systems, which are designed to protect facilities and troops from aerial attacks. At present the main shareholders of NIIP are Almaz-Antey Concern (56%) and Radioelectronic Technologies Concern (KRET – 44%), which is part of Rostec State Corporation. Posted on 14 august 2015 by ruaviation.com
Slot Back N-011M Bars-R
|Type: Radar||Altitude Max: 0 m|
|Range Max: 296.3 km||Altitude Min: 0 m|
|Range Min: 0.4 km||Generation: Late 2010s|
|Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Track While Scan (TWS), Pulse Doppler Radar (Full LDSD Capability), Interrupted Continuous Wave Illumination|
|SENSORS / EW:|
|Slot Back [N-011M Bars-R] – (Su-30SM) Radar
Role: Radar, FCR, Air-to-Air & Air-to-Surface, Long-Range
Max Range: 296.3 km
“BARS” radar provides as follows:
– simultaneous firing of up to four targets in the long-range air combat and one target in the close air combat by “Air-to-Air” weapons;
– together with OEPrNK it provides the application of “Air-to-Ground” and “Air-to-Sea” weapons;
– participating in the fighter combat operation control;
– control of fighter flight while applying weapons;
– data interaction with the aircraft avionics and the IFF interrogator;
– estimation of the radar equipment status;
– application of “Air-to-Air” guided missiles with RDR as leading channel;
– application of “Air-to-Ground” weapons with RDR as leading channel together with OEPrNK.
“Air-to-Air” operation modes:
– target detection (velocity search, range search);
– track-while-scan of up to 15 air targets and discret tracking of up to four targets preserving sector surveillance;
– jammer tracking;
– illumination of air targets and transmission of radio correction commands for “Air-to-Air” weapon control;
– assessment of group target characteristics;
– tracking of a visually visible target in close maneuverable combat;
– recognition of an air target type upon its spectal characteristics while discrete tracking.
“Air-to-Ground” operation modes:
– real beam mapping;
– mapping in Doppler beam sharpening mode (DBS);
– mapping in SAR mode (synthetic aperture radar);
– ground moving target selection (GMTS);
– tracking and coordinate measurement of up to two ground (surface) targets.
– tracking of two ground targets preserving sector surveillance for air targets or firing upon one air target in the long-range combat.
“Air-to-Sea” operation modes:
– sea surface surveillance and sea target detection;
– sea moving target selection;
– coordinate measurement of a moving and fixed sea target.
Detection range for a MiG-29 type fighter in 300 sq.deg. scanning zone is as follows:
– at head-on courses – up to 140 km;
– at trailing courses – up to 60 km.
Detection ranges are as follows:
– of a railway bridge: 80..120 km.;
– of a group of tanks: 40..50 km.;
– of a torpedo-boat destroyer: 80..120 km.;
– of an aircraft carrier: 250 km.
Maximum resolution is 10..20 m.
Su-30SM – Image: ruaviation.com
Radar control system RLSU “BARS” is intended for modified multitarget export aircraft versions Su-30MKI, Su-30MKI(A), Su-30MKM under foreign customer contracts.
BARS provides for the following combat modes:
– discrete tracking, preparation and simultaneous homing of “Air-to-Air” guided missiles RVV-AE, 27R(ER), 27T(ET), 72E while firing upon 1 to 4 air targets in the long-range air combat;
– “Air-to-Air” guided missiles RVV-AE, 27R(ER), 27T(ET), 72E and built-in guns are applied for firing in close-range air combat modes;
– tracking (of up to two ground or sea targets), preparation and homing of one guided missile X-31A upon a sea target;
– tracking, transmission of preliminary target designation to OEPrNK to fire upon a ground target with guided “Air-to-Ground” weapons as well as unguided bombs;
– during the attack of one ground target RLSU provides for simultaneous detection of air targets or firing upon one target in the long-range air combat under combined mode;
– transmission of data to ACS (automatic control system) and display systems to control the fighter flight under the attack in “Air-to-Air”, “Air-to-Sea” and “Air-to-Ground” modes;
– estimation of the equipment and weapon status at all stages of ground preparation and in flight;
– transmission of data to record parameters by the system of objective control (SOC);
– operation under (active and passive) jamming conditions and tracking of one jammer with the subsequent attack in FWD and TAIL hemispheres.
In group actions mode the radar provides for the target data acquisition and transmission of target designation (target distribution within a group of aircraft) to wingmen; the execution of the attack (combat application) by each wingmen in a group upon four air targets or one ground (sea) target.
Upon the desire of the Customer the following changes can be incorporated into RLSU “BARS”:
– antenna diameter and type (PESA – AESA);
– transmitter power Paver=1…5kW;
– applied “Air-to-Air” and “Air-to-Ground” weapons of Russian and Customer’s origin are subject to change;
– modes of dangerous moisture target detection are subject to be implemented.
Rendering of service
– development of air-, ground- and sea-based radars on the base of RLSU “BARS”;
– upgrade of RLSU “BARS” hardware and software upon the Customer requirements;
– consulting service;
– processing and analysis of SOC records containing data on RLSU “BARS” operation;
– support of RLSU “BARS” user trials;
– development of test rigs (simulators) to train the Customer’s staff in RLSU “BARS” operation;
– training of the Customer’s staff with regard to:
- Ground maintenance and adjustment of RLSU “BARS”
- Troubleshooting in RLSU “BARS”
- Analysis of SOC records
Su-30SM – Image: ruaviation.com
RuAF Su-30SM picked up an American F-22A over Syria
15-Oct 2015: Rumors (rumors) that RuAF Su-30SM picked up an American F-22A over Syria at a range of over 40 km. There appears to be a Western change in tone after the incident? Also, the Russian MoD says its working with the IDF-AF to avoid encounters in the air. Posted on July 02, 2015 The End of Primacy: Russian Federation Air Power in Syria
OLS-30 laser-optical locator system
OLS-30 [IRST] (Izdeliye 52Sh)
|Type: Infrared||Altitude Max: 0 m|
|Range Max: 185.2 km||Altitude Min: 0 m|
|Range Min: 0 km||Generation: Infrared, 3rd Generation Imaging (2000s/2010s, Impr LANTIRN, Litening II/III, ATFLIR)|
|Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Classification [Class Info] / Brilliant Weapon [Automatic Target Aquisition], Continous Tracking Capability [Visual]|
|Sensors / EW:|
|OLS-30 [IRST] – (Izdeliye 52Sh) Infrared
Role: IRST, Imaging Infrared Seach and Track
Max Range: 185.2 km
Optoelectronic sighting system includes an optical-location station and a helmet-mounted target designation system. IRSTS Su-30MK2 station, which is a combination of surveillance and tracking teplopelengator and laser rangefinder, designator, used for detection and tracking of air targets in the front and back of her hemispheres by its heat radiation, ranging laser beam to the air and ground targets, and can also be used for laser illumination of ground targets in the application of guided missiles “air-to-surface” with semi-active laser homing head. Source knaapo.ru
OLS-30 laser-optical locator system to include a day and night FLIR capability and is used in conjunction with the helmet mounted sighting system. The OLS-30 is a combined IRST/LR device using a cooled, broader waveband, sensor.Detection range is up to 90 km, whilst the laser ranger is effective to 3.5 km. Targets are displayed on the same LCD display as the radar. Source jerryjo94.blogspot.com
What happens when the existing OLS-27/30/31 series IRST is replaced with a newer longwave Focal Plane Array device – such as a single chip QWIP device? The result will be a capability to engage opposing aircraft under clear sky conditions regardless of RCS reduction measures. While the supercruising F/A-22A can defeat such techniques by kinematics alone, fighters in the teen series performance envelope will have to contend with BVR shots using the R-27ET, R-77, R-77T and R-77M cued by the thermal imaging search and track set. Similar issues arise with the deployment of modern ESM receivers on the Su-30MK, analogous to a number of existing Western systems. The Su-30MK series can then launch long range BVR missiles such as the R-27ET, R-77T with infrared seekers, or the R-27EP and R-77P with passive radio-frequency anti-radiation seekers. If cued by such sensors or offboard sources, these weapons will permit the Su-30MK to engage the JSF despite the JSF’s good forward sector radar stealth performance (Author). Source ausairpower.net
Optico-laser-teplotelevizionnaya (SOLT-25) system (Su-30SM1)
|Type: Laser Designator||Altitude Max: 0 m|
|Range Max: 9.3 km||Altitude Min: 0 m|
|Range Min: 0 km||Generation: Not Applicable (N/A)|
|Sensors / EW:|
|Laser Designator [SOLT-25] – (Su-25SM3) Laser Designator
Role: Laser Target Designator & Ranger (LTD/R)
Max Range: 9.3 km
S-108 airborne integrated communication system and NKVS-27 ground communication systems
S-108 airborne integrated communication system
The S-108 airborne integrated communication system and NKVS-27 ground communication systems, the communication system is Russia, a new generation of airborne communication system. Can be between aircraft for combat, combat aircraft and early warning aircraft and combat aircraft and ground instructions the between tactics operation according to the information and swap, also can be used for aircraft navigation, identification, and other functions, these functions and the United States of LINK-16 roughly.
Also the message says S-108 communication system of probation distance can reach 1500 km, from AT-E data link terminal working frequency point of view, it belongs to the microwave frequency, wavelength is small, in the atmosphere almost in linear propagation, such aircraft flying at an altitude of 10000 meters of the hour, the spread distance should also in 500 kilometres, the 1500 km should is the distance of shortwave communication, known as lower frequency, longer wavelength, spread farther away, but the speed is low, only secure voice spread or low speed data transfer. If the hour of high-speed data transmission is limited in wireless TV distance, for example, according to the wireless TV distance formula, when the early warning aircraft and combat aircraft are in the hour at an altitude of 9000 meters, the communication distance is only 800 kilometers. To continue to extend the radio range, it is necessary to use aerial relay carrier.
Although the Russian S-108 data chain to the LINK-16 scale, but the latter is the passage of time, LINK-16 has a series of problems, such as cannot achieve dynamic network, low bandwidth, long time, long time of networking and anti destroying ability is limited, especially it adopts the omni-directional communication system, the hidden ability is poor. Is a relatively large error error for stealth aircraft, so the air force has to remove LINK-16 from the F-22 fighter configuration, instead of the “data link” between fighters -IFDL, while the F-35 is equipped with MADL data chain, as active three generation combat aircraft also intends in the LINK16 data link terminal. Equipped with TTNT module to improve the communication ability, the communication speed can reach 2M\/ greater than LINK-16 seconds.
From the point of view of domestic related unit public information, a domestic TTNT a new generation of data link has been developed, such as a space of No.513 Institute LINK-TDD-S data link terminal, from its parameters view is better than LINK-16 and S-108 data chain, has quite in the United States TTNT data chain, estimate it may be like LINK-16\/TTNT, in the military integrated data link terminal add a LINK-TDD-S module or system. Source bestchinanews.com
Ground-Based Air Communications System “NKVS-27”
Designed to ensure information interaction between CPs and crews of any aircraft by means of conversations through voice communications radio networks as well as data exchange with Ka-31 AEW rotary-wing and Su-35 [Su-30] fixed-wing aircraft through data exchange radio networks. Source npomars.com
TKS-2/R-098 (Tipovyi Kompleks Svyazi) Intra Flight Data Link (IFDL)
White patch are Intra Flight Data Link (IFDL)
The encrypted TKS-2/R-098 (Tipovyi Kompleks Svyazi) Intra Flight Data Link (IFDL) which permits the networking of up to 16 Sukhoi fighters. It is not known whether the 5U15K-11 datalink designed for networking the A-50 AWACS and MiG-31 has been adapted to the Su-27/30, or whether a unique equivalent design is used. The TKS-2 was used effectively during the 2004 Cope India exercise against US F-15Cs. Source ausairpower.net
Khibiny-MV-10V, L-175B and L-175M
The Russian Air Force Khibiny is an advanced aircraft-mounted electronic warfare (EW) system capable of jamming state-of-the-art radar-based weapon systems. It consists of a small torpedo-shaped wingtip pod that covers the aircraft with radio-electronic protective hood once a missile attack has been detected. The protective hood prevents the missile from reaching the target and makes it deviate from the course. According to KRET corporation the Khibiny increases the aircraft’s survivability by 25-30 times. This pod development is the result of the lessons learned during the conflict with Georgia in 2008 where all the aircraft lost were not fitted with an EW system which is the main cause of them being shot down. The Khibiny jamming system was tested successfully for some time on the ground in Buryatia, Russian Federation. The Russian Air Force plans call for the installation of the Khibiny jammer on all its advanced jets such as Su-30SM, Su-30M2, Su-34 and Su-35 (Khibiny-10V). The Khibiny-10V is a version installed internally instead of the wingtips. Source deagel.com
|Type: ESM||Altitude Max: 0 m|
|Range Max: 222.2 km||Altitude Min: 0 m|
|Range Min: 0 km||Generation: Late 2000s|
|Sensors / EW:|
|L-175V Khibiny-10V – (Su-34) ESM
Role: RWR, Radar Warning Receiver
Max Range: 222.2 km
Su-30SM weapon systems
The Su-30SM is capable of carrying an advanced weapons payload weighing up to 8t. The aircraft can be armed with a machine gun, bombs, air-to-air missiles, and Oniks (Yakhont) supersonic anti-ship and land attack missiles. Developed by NPO Mashinostroyeniya, Oniks served as a basis for the BrahMos supersonic missile. Oniks has an operational range of 120km to 300km depending on altitude.
Su-30MK’s combat load is mounted on 12 hardpoints: 2 wingtip AAM launch rails, 3 pylons under each wing, 1 pylon under each engine nacelle, and 2 pylons in tandem in the “arch” between the engines. All versions can carry up to 8 tonnes of external stores.
- Guns: 1× GSh-30-1 gun (30 mm calibre, 150 rounds)
- AAMs: 6× R-27ER (AA-10C), 2× R-27ET (AA-10D), 6× R-73E (AA-11), 6× R-77 RVV-AE (AA-12)
- ASMs: 6× Kh-31P/A anti-radar/ship missiles, 6× Kh-29T/L laser guided missiles, 2× Kh-59ME
- Aerial bombs: 6× KAB 500KR, 3× KAB-1500KR, 8× FAB-500T, 28× OFAB-250-270, Nuclear bombs
GSh-301 30mm cannon
The Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-30 (ГШ-30) is a family of autocannons used on certain Russian military aircraft.
The GSh-30-1 (also known as “GSh-301”) is the standard cannon armament of most modern Russian fighters including the Yak-141 Freestyle, MiG-29 Fulcrum, Su-27 Flanker and its’ various derivatives. The GSh-30-2 is carried by the Sukhoi Su-25 Frogfoot ground attack plane and in external gun pods. The GSh-30-2K is a modified version with 2400mm long water-cooled barrels and variable rate of fire. It is used on a fixed mounting on Mi-24P Hind-F helicopters.
- Caliber: 30x165mm
- Operaton: Gast principle
- Length: 1978mm
- Weight (complete): 46 kg
- Rate of fire: 1500–1800 rpm
- Muzzle velocity: 860 m/s
- Projectile weight: 386-404 g (13.6-14.25 oz)
- Mounting platforms: Yakovlev Yak-141 “Freestyle”, Mikoyan MiG-29 “Fulcrum”, Sukhoi Su-27 “Flanker” (and derivatives), Sukhoi Su-34 “Fullback”
GSh-30 Data imfdb.org
R-27 (NATO reporting name: AA-10 Alamo)
Medium-range missiles R-27 (e), designed to intercept and destroy aircraft and helicopters of all types of unmanned aerial vehicles and cruise missiles in a dogfight at medium and long distances, with individual and group actions carrier aircraft, day and night, in simple and adverse weather conditions, from any direction, against the background of the earth and the sea, with active information, firing and maneuvering countering enemy.
Available in several versions, differing use of two types of homing – semi-active radar (PARGS) and heat – and two types of propulsion systems – with standard and increased installed power. Modifications PARGS are designated R-27R and R-27ER, with TGS – R-27T, R-27ET, with propulsion of increased energy available – R-27ER and R-27ET.
Main material rocket design titanium alloy, a steel motor housing .
For the suspension to the carrier aircraft and launch weight of both modifications missiles used the same launchers rail and catapult type.
R-27ET IR air-to-air missiles extended range – Image: digitalcombatsimulator.com
The rail trigger APU-470 is used for the deployment of missiles under the wings of the aircraft, and the ejection device AKU-470 for the deployment of missiles under the fuselage and under the wings.
Image: artem.uaImage: artem.ua
Data airwar.ru & artem.ua
Vympel R-73 (NATO reporting name: AA-11 Archer)
R-73A short range air-to-air missile
Currently the R-73 is the best Russian short range air-to-air missile. Apart from an exceptional maneverability, this missile is also directly connected to the pilot’s helmet, which allows engagement of targets lateral to the aircraft, which cannot be engaged by missiles with a traditional system of targeting and guidance. The R-73A, an earlier variant of this missile, has a 30 km range, while the most recent R-73M can hit targets at a distance of 40 km.
R-73M short range air-to-air missile
The R-73 short-range, close-combat standardized missile was developed in the Vympel Machine Building Design Bureau, and became operational in 1984. The R-73 is included in the weapon complex of MiG-23MLD, MiG-29 and Su-27 fighters and their modifications and also of Mi-24, Mi-28 and Ka-50 helicopters. It also can be employed in flying craft which do not have sophisticated aiming systems.
The missile is used for engaging modern and future fighters, attack aircraft, bombers, helicopters, drones and cruise missiles, including those executing a maneuver with a g-force up to 12. It permits the platform to intercept a target from any direction, under any weather conditions, day or night, in the presence of natural interference and deliberate jamming. It realizes the “fire and forget” principle.
The missile design features a canard aerodynamic configuration: control surfaces are positioned ahead of the wing at a distance from the center of mass. The airframe consists of modular compartments accommodating the homing head, aerodynamic control surface drive system, autopilot, proximity fuze, warhead, engine, gas-dynamic control system and aileron drive system. The lifting surfaces have a small aspect ratio. Strakes are mounted ahead of the aerodynamic control surfaces.
The combined aero-gas-dynamic control gives the R-73 highly maneuverable flight characteristics. During flight, yaw and pitch are controlled by four aerodynamic control surfaces connected in pairs and by just as many gas-dynamic spoilers (fins) installed at the nozzle end of the engine. Control with engine not operating is provided by aerodynamic control surfaces. Roll stabilization of the missile is maintained with the help of four mechanically interconnected ailerons mounted on the wings. Drives of all missile controls are gas, powered from a solid-propellant gas generator.
The passive infrared homing head supports target lock-on before launch. Guidance to the predicted position is by the proportional navigation method. The missile’s combat equipment consists of an active proximity (radar or laser) fuze and impact fuze and a continuous-rod warhead.
The engine operates on high-impulse solid propellant and has a high-tensile steel case. Russia’s Vympel weapons designers have developed a one-of-a-kind air-to-air missile, which NATO has dubbed as AA-11, for use on foreign fighter planes. Techically and militarily the new missile, meant for quick-action dogfights, leave its foreign analogues far behind. Vympel experts have also made it possible for the new missile to be easily installed on all available types of aircraft. The AA-11 can also be used on older planes which will now be able to effectively handle the US’ highly maneuverable F-15 and F-16 jets. The AA-11 missile is based on all-new components, use new high-energy solid fuel and an advanced guidance and control system which has made it possible to minimize their size. Their exceptionally high accuracy is ensured by the missile’s main secret, the so-called transverse control engine, which rules out misses during the final approach trajectory. The transverse control engine is still without parallel in the world.
Russia has offered the export-version R-7EE air-to-air missile system for sale so that it can be fitted to foreign-made fighter aircraft. Developed by the Vympel state-sector engineering and design bureau, the R-7EE is designed for close-quarters aerial combat. Vympel specialists have developed a way of ensuring that the missile system can be fitted to virtually any type of aircraft. It can be fitted to older aircraft, which feature heavily in third-world countries’ air forces.
|Range||20 km (R-73M1) 30 km (R-73M2) 40 km|
|Propulsion||One solid-propellant rocket motor|
|Guidance||All aspect Infrared|
|Warhead||7.4 kg HE expanding rod warhead|
|Launch Weight||105 kg (R-73M1) 115 kg (R-73M2)|
|Fin Span||0.51 m|
|Platforms||Su-27, Su-33, Su-34, Su-35, Su-37, MiG-29, MiG-31, MiG-33, Yak-141, Ka-50, Ka-52|
Data fas.org Images sourced from the net
R-77 extended medium range air-to-air missile
The R-77, RVV-AE designation used for the export market and AA-12 Adder designation used by Western intelligence, is an extended medium range air-to-air missile featuring an active radar seeker to engage multiple airborne targets simultaneously. This missile was designed as the Soviet/Russian counterpart to the United States Air Force AIM-120 AMRAAM. The R-77 enables the Mig-29 and Su-27 fighter aircraft families to engage multiple airborne threats simultaneously thanks to its fire and forget capability. There are other versions fitted with infrared and passive radar seekers instead of active radar homing. Future plans call for increasing the missile range well beyond 150 kilometers.
The R-77 has been designed with innovative control surfaces which are one of the keys of its impressive performance. Once launched, the R-77 depends on an inertial navigation system with optional in-flight target position updates from the aircraft sensors. When the R-77 missile is at a distance of about 20 km its radar homing head activates leading the missile to its target.
Diameter: 200 millimeter
Length: 3.60 meter (11.8 foot)
Wingspan: 350 millimeter
Max Range: 80 kilometer (43 nautical mile)
Target’s Max Altitude: 25,000 meter
Target’s Min Altitude: 20 meter
Top Speed: 4 mach (4,782 kph)
Warhead: 30 kilogram
Weight: 175 kilogram (386 pound)
R-77 data deagel.com
Kh-31AD & Kh-31PD (AS-17 Krypton)
The Kh-31, AS-17 Krypton NATO-codename, is an advanced, long range, highly supersonic missile designed to withstand countermeasures effects. The Kh-31 propulsion system consists of a solid-fuel rocket engine which accelerates the missile to Mach 1.8 airspeed. Then this engine is dropped and a jet engine ignites using the missile’s within space as a combustion chamber. The missile accelerates to Mach 3+ thanks to the jet engine.
Kh-31AD airborne anti-ship guided missile
Kh-31AD airborne anti-ship guided missile is designed for hitting combat (assault landing) surface ships and cargo ships from the striking force (convoys) and single ships. This particular missile has a warhead power increased to 15% in compare with its prototype Kh-31A. Launch range is increased up to 120-160 km almost in two times.
|Maximum launch range|
|(carrier flight parameters: H=15 km, M=1.5 km), km||120 to 160|
|Launch altitrudes, km||0,1 to 15|
|Launch speeds (M number)||0,65 to 1,5|
|Aiming system||inertial + active radio homing head|
|Active radio homing head angle of sight in vertical plane, degree||+10 to -20|
|Active radio homing head angle of sight in horizontal plane, degree||up to +/-27|
|Missile start weight (maximum), kg||715|
|Weather conditions for use||any conditions at sea roughness|
|up to 4-5|
|Carriers||aircrafts Su-30MK (MKI, MKM, MK2),|
|Su-35, Mig-29K, Mig-29KUB, Mig-35|
|Average number of missile hits required to make enemy’s destroyer|
Kh-31PD airborne high speed anti-radar missile
Kh-31PD airborne high speed anti-radar missile is designed to hit radars of anti-aircraft missile stations (ZRK).
Missile ground maintenance is provided by the OKA-E-1 aircraft guided weapons (AUSP) preparation system.
|Maximum launch range, km|
|(carrier flight parameters H=15km, M=1,5), km||180 to 250|
|Maximum launch range (H=0,1km), km||15|
|Launch altitudes, km||0,1 to 15|
|Launch speeds (M number)||0,65 to 1,5|
|Aiming system||inertial + wide waveband range|
|passive radio homing head|
|Target location angle when launching, degree|
|target lock being under carrier||+/-15|
|target lock at the trajectory||+/-30|
|Missile start weight (maximum), kg||715|
|Missile overall dimensions:|
|lengthxdiameterxwing span, m||5,340×0,360×0,954 (1,102)|
|Weather conditions||any weather conditions|
|Carriers||aircraft Su-30MK (MKI, MKM, MK2),|
|Su-35, Mig-29, Mig-35, Mig-29KUB and etc.|
Su-30SM to be armed with Krypton missiles in the Arctic region: Here
Novator RVV-L / R-172 / K-100
The R-172, previously designated the KS-172, is a departure from the established focus of Novator, designers of the S-300V (SA-12) system’s long range SAMs. Like the R-37, the R-172 was developed as an ‘AWACS killer’. The missile employs an active radar seeker and inertial midcourse guidance. Two configurations are known, with and without a booster pack. With the booster the missile is claimed to achieve a range of 215 NMI, without 160 NMI. Cited seeker performance is similar to the R-37.
While the R-172 is less mature than the R-37, India has recently negotiated an arrangement to fund final development and licence produce the weapon, not unlike the extant deal to licence the Yakhont as the BrahMos. Source ausairpower.net
|Weight||748 kg (1,650 lb) (KS–172)|
|Length||6.01 m (19.7 ft) + 1.4 m (4.6 ft) (KS–172)|
|Diameter||40 cm (16 in) (KS–172)|
|Warhead||HE fragmentation (KS–172)|
|Warhead weight||50 kg (110 lb)|
|Engine||Solid-propellant tandem rocket booster (KS–172)|
|Wingspan||61 cm (24 in) (KS–172)|
|At least 200 km, possibly 300–400 km (160–210 nmi)|
|Flight altitude||3 m (9.8 ft)–30,000 m (98,000 ft) (KS–172)|
|Speed||4,000 km/h (2,500 mph; 1.1 km/s; Mach 3.3) (KS–172)|
|inertial navigation with midcourse guidance and terminal active radar homing (KS–172)|
|Su-27, Su-30, Su-35, Su-30MK, PAK FA (expected)|
Χ-59ME (Kh-59 ME)
The Kh-59 is a standoff, air-launched, air-to-surface weapon designed to engage ground and surface targets with pinpoint accuracy in optimal weather conditions. Its guidance system consists of an automatic navigation and control system which takes the weapon to the target’s area. A nose-mounted TV-sensor relays target area imagery to the launch airborne platform and the pilot selects the impact point. A bi-directional data link allows the pilot to select the impact point and re-target with the missile already in flight. The Kh-59 was introduced as the the Soviet counterpart to US SLAM standoff missile in the 1980s.
The Kh-59ME is an improved version of the Kh-59 standoff missile and was introduced in the early 1990s. It features two larger fragmentation and penetration warheads, minor airframe changes, and a new propulsion system for extended range. The missile can fly at altitudes between 7 and 1,000 meters. The nose-mounted TV-sensor relays target area imagery to the launch airborne platform and the pilot selects the impact point using the aircraft-mounted APK-9ME pod. The Kh-59ME improved standoff weapon has been integrated on Russian tactical attack aircraft such as the Mig-27 and Su-24. Source deagel.com
36MT turbofan engine
- 1-stage fan
- axial-diagonal high pressure compressor
- annular combustor
- 1-stage high pressure turbine
- 1-stage low pressure turbine
|Thrust at maximum rating, kgf||450|
|Maximum length, mm||850|
|Maximum diameter, mm||330|
Source 36МТ npo-saturn.ru
|Launch altitude, m||200-5.000|
|Launch speed, km/h||600-1.100|
|Max launch range, km||115|
|Cruising altitude, km||0,007 (sea)
0,05, 0,1, 0,2, 0,6, 1
|Warhead||Penetration or cluster|
|Guidance accuracy (CEP), m|
|Communications range, km||140|
|Launch weight, kg||930|
|Wing span, m||1,3|
|Warhead weight, kg:|
|– penetration WH||320|
|– cluster WH||280|
|Body diameter, m||0,38|
|Pod weight, kg||260|
|Pod length, m||4,0|
|Pod diameter, m||0,45|
Technical data redstar.gr
X-59mk2 (Kh-59MK2) missile (Su-30SM1)
The Kh-59MK2 is a stealth air-launched, fire-and-forget, highly subsonic cruise missile featuring an improved engine which provides a maximum range in excess of 290 kilometers. Its guidance system combines automatic inertial navigation and terrain recognition with one or more target’s area pre-programmed in the flying mission. It is intended to destroy a wide range of stationary targets with no radar or infrared signatures as well as troops and equipment placed in a wide area. The engine is placed inside the main body making the weapon more compact and favoring its stealth profile. The existence of the stealth Kh-59Mk2 cruise missile developed by Raduga, part of Tactical Missiles Corporation, was revealed in October 2015.
The Kh-59MK2 cruise missile can be released from altitudes between 200 meters and 11 kilometers. The missile is lighter than the Kh-59Mk, features angular, compact airframe and stealth coating to minimize its radar signature and folded wings to fit into inner weapons bays. It is capable of engaging ground targets in adverse weather conditions, day/night. The missile’s maximum range is 290 kilometers but the Russian Air Force variant maximum range may exceed that figure. The Kh-59MK2 missile flies at altitudes between 50 and 300 meters with a circular error probable (CEP) of 3 meters. It can be armed with either a blast fragmentation or a cluster munitions warhead depending of the target.
Diameter: 400 millimeter (15.7 inch)
Length: 4.20 meter (165 inch)
Wingspan: 1.30 meter
CEP: 3 meter
Max Launch Altitude: 11,000 meter
Max Range: 290 kilometer (157 nautical mile)
Min Launch Altitude: 200 meter
Cruise Speed: 900 kph (0.75 mach)
Top Speed: 1,000 kph (0.84 mach)
Warhead: 310 kilogram (683 pound)
Weight: 770 kilogram (1,698 pound)
Sukhoi-30 SM/M2 & Su-34/35S may get Mach 10 hypersonic air-to-surface missile Knizhal
Grom tactical air-to-ground missile
APK-9 datalink pod for the Kh-59ME
Kh-59ME Ovod M / AS-18 Kazoo and APK-9 Tekon pod on Su-30MK (KnAAPO image). – Image: ausairpower.netAPK-9 Tekon pod –Image: ausairpower.net
The Vympel Kh-29 / AS-14 Kedge is a Russian supersonic equivalent to the French AS.30 and US AGM-65 Maverick, and is primarily intended for interdiction and close air support, maritime strike roles, and attacks on hardened concrete shelters and structures. An APU-58 or AKU-58 launcher is used, on the Su-27/30 Flanker (up to 6 rounds), the MiG-27 Flogger (2 rounds), Su-17/22 Fitter (2 rounds) and Su-24M Fencer (3 round). Multiple variants exist.
The Kh-29T (Izdeliye 64 or AS-14B) is an electro-optical variant with a daylitgh television seeker. The Kh-29TE is the export variant, the Kh-29TM an enhanced variant. The Kh-29TD is another EO variant, possibly equipped with a thermal imaging seeker.
Missile weight: 680 kg
Length: 3900 mm
Diameter: 400 mm
Wingspan: 1100 mm
Minimum range*: 3 km
Maximum range: 8 – 12 km
Engine: fixed thrust solid, fuel rocket
Fuze type: impact
Guidance system: passive TV
Warhead: high-explosive penetrating
Warhead weight: 320 kg
Missile weight: 690 kg
Length: 3900 mm
Diameter: 400 mm
Wingspan: 1100 mm
Minimum range*: 3 km
Maximum range: 20 – 30 km
Engine: fixed thrust, solid fuel rocket
Fuze type: impact
Guidance system: passive TV
Warhead: high-explosive penetrating
Warhead weight: 320 kg
The Kh-29L (Izdeliye 63 or AS-14A) is a semi-active laser homing variant used in the manner of the AS.30L, with a 24N1 seeker. Source ausairpower.net
Missile weight: 660 kg
Length: 3900 mm
Diameter: 400 mm
Wingspan: 1100 mm
Minimum range*: 3 km
Maximum range: 8 – 10 km
Height of launch: 0.2 – 5 km
Engine: fixed thrust, solid fuel rocket
Fuze type: impact
Guidance system: passive TV
Warhead: high-explosive penetrating
Warhead weight: 320 kg
KAB-500KR & KAB-500 OD guided and corrected air bombs
KAB-500Kr & KAB-500-OD are guided and corrected air bombs
The KAB-500Kr corrected air bomb is designed to engage stationary ground/surface small-sized hardened targets, such as reinforced concrete shelters, runways, railway and highway bridges, military industrial installations, warships, and transport vessels.
The KAB-500-OD corrected air bomb is designed to engage ground targets, such as fire emplacements, and manpower hidden in mountainous terrains.
The KAB-500Kr, KAB-500-OD corrected air bombs are fitted with TV/terrain-matching homing heads and various types of warheads. TV homers with target data processing correlation algorithm can “remember” target location and correct bomb’s flight trajectory until the impact on the target, thus realizing the “fire and forget” principle. Such homing heads can help defeat low-contrast and masked targets provided that terrain reference points and target coordinates related to them are available. The KAB-500Kr, KAB-500-OD corrected air bombs make part of weapon systems of such front-line aircraft types as Su-27, Su-30, Su-34, Su24M, MIG-29 and others.
Developer and manufacturer: State Research and Production Enterprise “Region”
|Weights: total/warhead/HE, kg||520/380/100||370/250/140|
|Bomb drop altitude, km||0,5-5||0,5-5|
|Carrier speed, km/h||550…1100||550-1100|
|Root mean square deviation, m||4…7||4…7|
|Warhead type||concrete-piercing||high explosive|
KAB-500Kr, KAB-500-OD – Image: justpaste.it
KAB-1500KR guided and corrected air bomb
KAB-1500Kr are guided and corrected air bombs
The KAB-1500Kr corrected air bomb is designed to engage various stationary ground/surface small-sized hardened targets, such as reinforced concrete shelters, military industrial installations, depots, and seaport terminals.
The KAB-1500Kr corrected air bombs are fitted with TV/terrain-matching homing heads and various types of warheads. TV homers with target data processing correlation algorithm can “remember” target location and correct bomb’s flight trajectory until the impact on the target, thus realizing the “fire and forget” principle. Such homing heads can help defeat low-contrast and masked targets provided that terrain reference points and target coordinates related to them are available. The KAB-1500Kr corrected air bombs make part of weapon systems of such front-line aircraft types as Su-27, Su-30, Su-34, Su24M, MIG-29 and others.
Developer and manufacturer: State Research and Production Enterprise “Region”
|Weights: total/warhead/HE, kg||1,525/1,170/440|
|empennage, m||0,85 (folded)|
|Bomb drop altitude, km||1-8|
|Carrier speed, km/h||550-1100|
|Root mean square deviation, m||4…7|
|Warhead type||high explosive|
KAB-1500L laser-guided bomb
The KAB-1500L, KAB-1500LG-F-E is the current production standard, is a 1,500 kg, laser-guided bomb designed to hit stationary ground and surface targets when used by the latest generation of Russian-made fighters and bombers. It is the Russian counterpart to United States Paveway II/III laser-guided bombs. Once released, the pilot or a third party must aim at the target with a laser designator in order to successfully direct the KAB bomb. The KAB-1500LG-F-E features an impact fuze with three delay modes.
The KAB-1500L bombs were deployed successfully during the Russian military campaign in Chechnya. Usually, the Su-24 Fencer and Mig-27 Flogger aircraft use this type of weapon in strike missions but can be used by the latest generation of Su-30MK multirole aircraft. The spectrum of targets to hit by this weapon include: railway and highway bridges, military and industrial facilities, ships and transport vessels, ammunition depots and railway terminals. Source deagel.com
Developer and manufacturer: GNPP “Region”
|wingspan||0,85 (retracted)||0,85 (retracted)||0,85 (retracted)|
|1,3 (extended)||1,3 (extended)||1,3 (extended)|
|Drop altitude, km||1 to 8||1 to 8||1 to 10|
|Aircraft drop speed, km/h||550 to 1100||550 to 1100||550 to 1100|
|Aiming accuracy, m||4 to 7||4 to 7||4 to 7|
|Warhead||penetrating||high explosive||full air explosive|
|Type of blasting device||contact with three||contact with three||direct action contact|
|types of delay||types of delay|
‘S-8’ 80mm unguided rocket
The S-8 system is the main caliber weapon in the class of unguided aircraft rockets and can solve a variety of aircraft missions.
The rocket is provided with a solid propellant motor with a summary thrust pulse of 5,800 N.s and operating time of 0.7 s. Progressive methods for body shaping from ready-made rolled aluminum and unique engineering solutions in terms of separate elements aimed at reducing motor manufacturing labor consumption and costs are used in its construction.
The following types of S-8 rockets are operational today:
- S-8KOM with HEAT fragmentation warhead;
- S-8BM with concrete-piercing (penetrating) warhead;
- S-8-OM with illuminating warhead.
B-13 – S-13 rocket pods
‘S-13’ type 122mm unguided rocket
The S-13 is a 122 mm calibre unguided rocket weapon developed by the Soviet Air Force for use by military aircraft. It remains in service with the Russian Air Force and some other countries.
S-13T: Tandem HEAT, range 1.1 – 4 km Combined penetration of 6 m of earth and 1 m of reinforced concrete. Velocity 500 m/s.
S-13OF: The only 122mm rocket available, this large rocket packs a blast-fragmentation warhead with some serious wallop, dealing significant damage to soft targets and lightly armored vehicles, and can even destroy a main battle tank with a direct hit. With only 5 rockets per pod, accurate delivery is key.
S-25 OFM-PU air-to-ground rocket
The S-25 is a Russian air-to-ground rocket launched from aircraft. It is launched from the O-25 pod which can hold one rocket.
S-25-OFM for use against hardened targets
Rockets S-8, S-13, S-25 – Image: digitalcombatsimulator.com
Many Russian Air Force munitions also have thermobaric variants. The 80 mm (3.1 in) S-8 rocket has the S-8DM and S-8DF thermobaric variants. The S-8’s 122 mm (4.8 in) brother, the S-13, has the S-13D and S-13DF thermobaric variants. The S-13DF’s warhead weighs only 32 kg (71 lb), but its power is equivalent to 40 kg (88 lb) of TNT. The KAB-500-OD variant of the KAB-500KR has a 250 kg (550 lb) thermobaric warhead. The ODAB-500PM and ODAB-500PMV unguided bombs carry a 190 kg (420 lb) fuel-air explosive each. Source wikipedia.org
OFAB 100-120. Fragmentation High Explosive Bomb 100-120 is intended for destruction of military field facilities and base stations, destruction of personnel in open terrain as well as in light armoured vehicles and trucks on the march or during attack within the main concentration perimeter.
|Length, mm||1 065|
|Body Diameter, mm||ø273|
|Tail fin span, mm||345|
|Characteristic time, s||21,10/6|
|Explosive weight, kg||42|
|Bomb weight, kg||123|
OFAB 250-270. Fragmentation High Explosive Bomb 250-270 is intended for destruction of military-industrial sites, railway junctions, field facilities and personnel in open terrain as well as in light armoured vehicles and trucks on the march or during attack within the main concentration perimeter.
|Length, mm||1 456|
|Body Diameter, mm||ø325|
|Tail fin span, mm||410|
|Characteristic time, s||20,92/12|
|Explosive weight, kg||92|
|Bomb weight, kg||268|
|Distance between the two lugs, mm||250|
The aircraft can engage aerial threats, ground and naval surface targets by deploying onboard air-to-air and air-to-surface guided/unguided weapons. It can be fitted with anti-surface weaponry such as rockets and rocket pods for conducting land attack operations.
Russia may buy BrahMos cruise missiles for Su-30SM fighters: Here
BrahMos supersonic cruise missile
The BRAHMOS is a short-range supersonic cruise missile, that can carry nuclear warhead. It was jointly developed by India and Russia. The BRAHMOS Aerospace joint venture was established in 1998 and started working on the project. The acronym BRAHMOS is an abbreviation of two rivers, the Brahmaputra of India and Moskva of Russia. The missile was first test fired in 2001.
The BRAHMOS entered service with the Indian armed forces in 2006. This missile has been adopted by Indian Army, Navy and Air Force. Some sources report that Indian armed forces have a total requirement for about 1 000 of these missiles. This cruise missile is also being proposed for export customers from 14 countries.
The BRAHMOS is based on the Russian P-800 Oniks supersonic anti-ship cruise missile. The missile is 9 m long and has a diameter of 0.7 m. It has a two-stage propulsion system. It uses solid-fuel rocket booster for initial acceleration and liquid-fuel ramjet for sustained supersonic cruise. The booster is ejected by the airflow after it has burned out.
This missile has a range of 290-300 km. It can carry nuclear warhead, or 200-300 kg conventional warhead. The range is limited to 300 km, as Russia is a signatory of the Missile Technology Control Regime, which prohibits it from helping other countries develop missiles with ranges above 300 km.
The BRAHMOS is one of the fastest cruise missiles in the world. It travels at supersonic speed and can gain a speed of Mach 2.8 (3 430 km/h). This missile was developed primarily as an anti-ship missile, however there are also land attack versions. This cruise missile has GPS/GLONASS/GAGAN satellite guidance. It uses US, Russian or Indian navigation satellites and has a pin-point accuracy. At a maximum range it can hit a target as small as 1.5 x 1.5 m. It is a fire-and-forget type missile.
|Missile length||9 m|
|Missile diameter||0.7 m|
|Missile weight||3 000 kg|
|Warhead weight||up to 300 kg|
|Warhead type||nuclear, conventional|
|Range of fire||290-300 km|
BRAHMOS data military-today.com
Chaff/ flare dispensers HC-30MK
Ejection device HC-30MK is designed to protect aircraft such as Su-30 against guided missiles by jamming their guidance systems and actuators in the optical and radio wavelengths of electromagnetic waves.
MODES OF OPERATION:
- rapid shooting;
- built-in control;
Why the F-35 is a sitting duck for the Flankers: Here
The GTDE is a turboshaft engine with a free turbine, has a modular design, with the turbocompressor module being one-shaft with centrifugal compressor and one-stage turbine. The reduction gear of the power turbine is executed according to the two-stage multi-flow scheme. The purpose is to provide the independent pre-flight aircraft preparation without starting the main engines and their subsequent startup.
The gas turbine engine-power unit differs by a relatively small mass at high available power, is produced in several modifications for a number of domestic and foreign planes. The main modifications – GTDE-117 and GTDE-117-1 are installed on MiG-29, MiG-29К, Su-27, Su-30, Su-33, Su-35, etc.. Source koavia.com
The Su-30SM is powered by two AL-31FP by-pass turbojet reheated engines. The engines generate a total after-burning thrust of 25,000kgf. The power plant provides a horizontal flight speed of Mach 2.
The maximum unrefuelled flight range of Su-30SM is about 3,000km. The aircraft is also equipped with a flight refuelling probe and refuelling system.
Al-31FP turbojet engine
The Saturn AL-31 is a family of military turbofan engines. It was developed by Lyulka, now NPO Saturn, of Soviet Union, originally for the Sukhoi Su-27 air superiority fighter. It produces a totalthrust of 123 kN (27,600 lb) with afterburning in the AL-31F, 137 kN (30,800 lb) in the AL-31FM (AL-35F) and 142 kN (32,000 lb) in the AL-37FU variants. Currently it powers all Su-27 derivatives and the Chengdu J-10 multirole jet fighter which has been developed in China.
The AL-31FP and AL-37FU variants have thrust vectoring. The former is used in the Su-30MKI export version of the Su-30 for India & Sukhoi Su-30MKM for Malaysia . The AL-37FU can deflect its nozzle to a maximum of ±15° at a rate of 30°/sec. The vectoring nozzle is utilized primarily in the pitch plane. The Al-31FP is built in India by HAL at the Koraput facility under a deep technology transfer agreement.
It has a reputation for having a tremendous tolerance to severely disturbed air flow. In the twin-engined Su-27, the engines are interchangeable between left and right. The Mean Time Between Overhaul (MTBO) for the AL-31F is given at 1000 hours with a full-life span of 3000 hours. Some reports suggested that Russia was offering AL-31F to Iran to re-engine its F-14 Tomcat air fleet in the late 1990s.
The Su-30MKI is powered by the Al-31FP (P for povorotnoye meaning “movable”), which is a development of the Al-37FU (seen in the Su-37 Terminator).
AL-31FP which is designed by the Lyulka Engine Design Bureau (NPO Saturn) is also different from Al-31F (by the same company). The Al-31F is the ‘baseline’ powerplant found in most Su-27 and its variants, and perhaps in the China’s J-10 in the future and lacks TVC. The AL-31FP was only 110Kg heavier and 0.4 m longer than the AL-31F, while the thrust remains the same. Planes equipped with AL-31F can be upgraded to AL-31FP later on without any changes in the airframe. It is being produced now at the Saturn manufacturing facility at Ufa, Russia.
The Al-37FU (FU stands for forsazh-upravlaemoye-sopo or “afterburning-articulating/steerable-nozzle”) basically added 2D Thrust Vectoring Control (TVC) Nozzles to the Al-31F. 2D TVC means that the Nozzles can be directed/pointed in 2 axis or directions – up or down. TVC obviuosly makes an aircraft much more maneuverable. Al-31FP builds on the Al-37FU with the capability to vector in 2 planes i.e. thrust can be directed side-ways also. The nozzles of the MKI are capable of deflecting 32 degrees in the horizontal plane and 15 degrees in the vertical plane. This is done by angling them inwards by 15 degrees inwards, which produces a cork-screw effect and thus enhancing the turning capability of the aircraft.
The TVC nozzles will be made of titanium to reduce the nozzle’s weight and can deflect together or differentially to achieve the desired thrust vector for a particular maneuver. The engine designers are also working to reduce the infrared signature for thrust settings below afterburner.
Also, the 2-nozzles can be vectored un-symmetrically, i.e. each nozzle can point at different directions independent from the other nozzle and thus multiplying the effect.The aircraft is capable of near-zero speed airspeed at high angles of attack and super dynamic aerobatics in negative speeds up to 200 km/h.
TVC allows the MKI for example, to rapidly loose speed and turn in any direction and fire its weapons. The complete range of maneuveres possible in the MKI are impossible on any other combat fighter in production. “We even made a corkscrew spin a controllable manoeuvre – the pilot can leave it at any moment by a single motion of the stick that engages thrust-vectoring and aerodynamic surfaces,” says Sukhoi’s earlier general designer Mikhail Simonov.
Two AL-31FP by-pass thrust-vectoring turbojet reheated engines (25000 kgf full afterburning thrust) ensure a 2M horizontal flight speed (a 1350 km/h ground-level speed) and a rate of climb of 230 m/s. The Mean Time Between Overhaul (MTBO) for the AL-31FP is given at 1,000 hours with a full-life span of 3,000 hours. The titanium nozzle has a MTBO of 500 Hrs.
The Al-31FP improves upon the Al-37FU in two ways:
- Firstly, the Al-37FU cannot vector thrust in 2 planes unlike the Al-31FP.
- Secondly, the nozzle drive connection is effected now from the aircraft fuel system and not from the aircraft’s hydraulic system. The change-over to the fuel system, to control swiveling nozzles, enhances the dependability of the aircraft and its survivability in air combat.
Data from gutenberg.org
Type: Two-shaft afterburning turbofan
Length: 4,990 millimetres (196 in)
Diameter: 905 millimetres (35.6 in) inlet; 1,280 millimetres (50 in) maximum external
Dry weight: 1,570 kilograms (3,460 lb)
Compressor: 4 fan and 9 compressor stages
Turbine: 2 single-staged turbines
74.5 kilonewtons (16,700 lbf) military thrust
122.58 kilonewtons (27,560 lbf) with afterburner
Overall pressure ratio: 23
Bypass ratio: 0.59:1
Turbine inlet temperature: 1685 K (1,412 °C (2,574 °F))
Fuel consumption: 2.0 Kg/daN·h
Specific fuel consumption:
Military thrust: 0.67 lb/(lbf·h)
Full afterburner: 1.92 lb/(lbf·h)
Thrust-to-weight ratio: 4.77:1 (dry), 7.87:1 (afterburning)
Modernized Su-30SM to receive Su-35S engines
2 x 117S (AL-41F1S) turbofan engines (Modernized Su-30SM)
Izdeliye (Product) 117S (AL-41F1S) turbofan engines thrust output is estimated at 142 kN (31,900 lbf)
On February 19, 2008 the Su-35 aircraft powered with 117S engines successfully performed its first test flight. The specified engine performances were proved during rigorous bench and flight tests. Russian Ministry of Defence is the launch customer for Su-35.
The 117S engine thrust has been increased by 16% (up to 14500 kgf) compared to the base AL-31FP engine, the ultimate life has been increased twice (up to 4 000 hours), keeping the same weight and overall dimensions. Such high parameters are attained thanks to application of:
• new high-tech LP compressor with increased air consumption and efficiency
• high efficiency turbine with increased reliability and improved blade cooling system
• new digital engine control system integrated to aircraft flight control system
- Crew: 2
- Length: 21.935 m (72.97 ft)
- Wingspan: 14.7 m (48.2 ft)
- Height: 6.36 m (20.85 ft)
- Wing area: 62.0 m2 (667 ft2)
- Empty weight: 17,700 kg (39,021 lb)
- Loaded weight: 24,900 kg (54,900 lb) with 56% fuel
- Max. takeoff weight: 34,500 kg (76,060 lb)
- Powerplant: 2 × AL-31FL low-bypass turbofans
- Dry thrust: 7,600 kgf (74.5 kN, 16,750 lbf) each
- Thrust with afterburner: 12,500 kgf (122.58 kN, 27,560 lbf) each
- Fuel capacity: 9,400 kg (20,724 lb) internally
- Maximum speed: Mach 2.0 (2,120 km/h, 1,320 mph) at altitude
- Range: 3,000 km (1,620 nmi) at altitude
- Service ceiling: 17,300 m (56,800 ft)
- Rate of climb: 230 m/s (45,275 ft/min)
- Wing loading: 401 kg/m2 with 56% fuel (468.3 kg/m2 with full internal fuel) (82.3 lb/ft2 with 56% fuel)
- With full fuel: 0.86
- With 56% fuel: 1.00
- Maximum g-load: +9 g
Accidents and crashes of Su-30 aircraft: Here
Su-30SM landing gear
The Su-30SM features hydraulically retractable tricycle-type landing gear. The main landing gear units are fitted with single wheels. Each unit reverses through 90° to retract frontward into the bay in the wing-root.
The main landing gear has hydraulically functioned carbon disc brakes equipped with an electric brake cooling fan and an anti-skid mechanism. The forward retractable single nose-wheel is hydraulically steerable. The tail-cone at the stern of the fuselage integrates a brake parachute compartment.
Main material source airforce-technology.com
Images are from public domain unless otherwise stated
Main image Vladislav Perminov @flicker
Updated Nov 12, 2019