Daily Archives: November 16, 2015

Su-35S Flanker-E Multirole Fighter

The latest version of the Sukhoi Su-35, Su-35BM (bolshaya modernizatsiya – big modernisation), is an advanced capability multirole air superiority fighter developed from the Su-27. The aircraft has high manoeuvrability (+9g) with a high angle of attack, and is equipped with high-capability weapon systems that contribute to the new aircraft’s exceptional dogfighting capability. The maximum level speed is 2,390km/h or Mach 2.25.

Su-27 Flanker

The Su-27 was developed primarily for Russia’s air-defense interceptor forces. Work on the T-10 design that led to the Su-27 began in 1969. The requirement was for a highly maneuverable fighter with very long range, heavy armament and modern sensors, capable of meeting the F-15 on equal terms.

The first prototype T-10 Flanker-A flew in 1977. The early flight development programme revealed serious problems that led to a total redesign; the resulting T-10S-1 flew in 1981. The single-seat Su-27 Flanker-B eventually entered operational service in 1985 and despite its age remains a formidable interceptor.

Its heavy armament of up to 10 air-to-air missiles gives excellent combat persistence; outstanding maneuverability, coupled with a helmet sight to cue agile R-73 missiles also make it a potent close combat fighter, and its large internal fuel capacity confers a very long range that allows the Su-27 to escort Su-24 interdictors.

All operators also use Su-27UB Flanker-C two-seat trainers. This retains full combat capability and has been developed further.

The Su-27K is a naval fighter variant that has the Russian naval aviation service designation Su-33 (Flanker-D). A total of 24 production aircraft has been built to date; the type made its first deployment on carrier Kuznetsov in 1995.

The Su-30 is a two-sear multi-role fighter. This aircraft is fitted with new avionics and has an added ground attack capability. It made its first flight in 1986. The Su-30 has been exported to a number of countries.

Entered service 1985
Crew 1 men
Dimensions and weight
Length 21.94 m
Wing span 14.7 m
Height 5.93 m
Weight (empty) 17.7 t
Weight (maximum take off) 33 t
Engines and performance
Engines 2 x NPO Saturn AL-31F turbofans
Traction (dry / with afterburning) 2 x 79.4 / 122.6 kN
Maximum speed 2 280 km/h
Service ceiling 17.7 km
Range 3 680 km
Cannon 1 x 30-mm cannon with 150 rounds
Missiles 6 x R-27 (AA-10 ‘Alamo’) and 4 x R-73 (AA-11 ‘Archer’) air-to-air missiles

Su-27 data military-today.com

Su-33 Flanker-D: Details

Su-30SM: Details

Su-30MKI: Details

The Su-35BM was unveiled at the Aerosalon MAKS air show in Moscow in August 2007 and its first flight was in February 2008. The SU-35BM entered into serial production as the Su-35S for the Russian Air Force in 2010.

The aircraft was developed, tested and introduced into serial production by the Sukhoi Design Bureau, based in Moscow, and manufactured by KNAPPO of Komsomolsk-on-Amur. Both companies are part of the Sukhoi Aviation Holding Joint Stock Company.


The Russian Air Force ordered 48 Sukhoi Su-35S jets in August 2009 with deliveries scheduled to run until 2015. Sukhoi began producing the components required for assembly of the aircraft in November 2009. An information management system integrated with onboard subsystems and a new phased array radar system with long-range aerial target detection have been installed in the aircraft, which is currently undergoing preliminary testing.



The first Su-35S aircraft was handed over to the 929th State Flight Test Centre (GLITS) for flight tests in August 2011. The Russian Ministry of Defence received six Su-35S production aircraft from Sukhoi in December 2012.

Nozzle Assembly of the GPT -2E series


Nozzle assemblies of the GPT-2E (-1, -1M, -1I) type are designed to refuel combat aircraft in flight. The nozzle assemblies feature universal refueling couplings that conform both to the RF and NATO standards. This makes it possible to refuel the aircraft from the tankers equipped with the aerial-refueling pods of both domestic and foreign production.


  • Refueling coupling;
  • Engagement warning system;
  • Pneumatic drive to open refueling valves of the nozzle assembly/refueling pod drogue;
  • Output fuel pressure regulator;
  • Structural fuse of the refueling coupling;
  • Emergency retraction system for the refueling coupling.


  • Maximum refueling rate is up to 2500 l/min.

Year of development: 2006


MiG-29E, MiG-29МST, MiG-29К/КUB, Su-24, Su-30MKI and Su-35.

Source zvezda-npp.ru

Another batch of Su-35S will enter service with Russian Aerospace Force in late 2017: Here


MOSCOW, May 30. /TASS/. The Russian Aerospace Force is expected to complete the trials and take state-of-the-art Su-35S plane into service in late 2017, Russian Deputy Defense Minister Yuri Borisov said on Tuesday.

Russian Aerospace Force Su-35S inventory: Here

Russia to upgrade Su-35C fighter

Sukhoi Su-35C will be upgraded in 2017 based on the experience from the combat use in Syria

KOMSOMOLSK-ON-AMUR, June 5. /TASS/. Sukhoi Su-35C (NATO reporting name: Flanker-E) will be upgraded in 2017 based on the experience from the combat use in Syria, Deputy Defense Minister Yuri Borisov said on Monday.

“This year’s aircraft will be upgraded based on all the drawbacks and the Syrian experience,” he said during a visit to the Gagarin aircraft plant in Komsomolsk-on-Amur.

The deputy defense minister said at first the plane “inhaled” small stones from the runway, it had problems with the light, screens. But during the combat use these drawbacks were fixed. The ministry contracted ten aircraft annually, which the plant will supply to 2020.

“Our pilots, who serve in Syria, say it is one of the best aircraft in the world in the flight-technical characteristics, the nomenclature and the range of weapons,” he said. “They believe the aircraft cannot be compared in combat use with any other plane, and thus foreign clients have been considering this aircraft.”. Source tass.com

Su-35 Flanker-E cockpit

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.07.26-22-47-01DarthWelder Channel

The cockpit has a central control column and is fitted with a Zvesda K-36D-3.5E zero-zero ejection seat which allows the pilot to eject at zero speed and at zero altitude. *Note the correct seat model is K-36D-5

Ejection Seat К-36D-5

Design description:

In flight, a crewmember is held in the seat with a suspension/restraint harness system. The crewmember may be restrained in the seat with the shoulder and waist restraint mechanisms. The seat features stepless height adjustment, which makes the seat occupation comfortable for work and vision.

The crewmember protection against the dynamic pressure G-loads at ejection is provided with the protective gear, windblast shield, forced restraint in the seat, seat stabilization as well as the selection of one of three operation modes for the energy source depending on the suited pilot mass. At the aircraft speed exceeding 850 km/h, the MRM steady-state mode is adjusted by the automatics depending on the acceleration.

After automatic separation of the pilot from the seat, the recovery parachute canopy is inflated providing the pilot’s safe descent. A portable survival kit, which is separated from the seat together with the pilot, supports his/her vital functions after landing or water landing, makes the pilot search easier, and the PSN-1 life raft supports the pilot floatation on the surface of water.

In comparison with the К-36D-3,5 seat, the К-36D-5 ejection seat has improved operating characteristics:

  •  increased range of operating temperatures;
  •  increased range of flight personnel anthropometry;
  •  improved characteristics regarding minimal safe-ejection altitudes without on-board flight data;
  •  electric heating on the seat bottom and back.


The К-36D-5 ejection seat realizes the crewmember emergency escape within the range of equivalent airspeed (VE.) from 0 to 1300 km/h, at Mach number up to 2.5 and aircraft flight altitude from 0 to 20,000 m, including takeoff, landing run and «Н=0, V=0» mode. The seat is used with the KKO-15 set of protective gear and oxygen equipment.

Seat installation mass does not exceed 100 kg, including the survival kit.

Year of development: 2013


T-50 and Su-35S aircraft

Source zvezda-npp.ru

Oxygen System KS – 129


The KS -129 oxygen system is designed to provide one or two pilots of the front-line aircraft with oxygen during flights at the altitudes up to 20 km. (KS -130 oxygen system is used at the altitudes up to 12 km). The oxygen source is the BKDU -130 onboard oxygen-generating system, which produces oxygen from compressed air tapped from the aircraft gas turbine compressor.

Major advantages of the bottle-free oxygen system:

  • There are no onboard oxygen bottles in the system and, correspondingly, there is no need in pre-flight charging of the system with oxygen;
  • The mission duration is not limited with the onboard oxygen reserve;
  • The system features less line maintenance man-hours than the system with the bottle oxygen source.

The KS-129 oxygen system is used onboard the MiG-29K (KUB), MiG-29UPG, MiG-35, Su-30МКМ, Su-30МКI(A), Su-35, etc. Source zvezda-npp.ru

The aircraft has a quadruplex, digital fly-by-wire control developed by the Avionika Moscow Research and Production Complex JSC (MNPK Avionika).

The cockpit is fitted with two 230mmx305mm high-resolution MFI-35 liquid crystal displays with a multifunction control panel and a IKSh-1M head up display with a wide 20°x30° field of view.

2 x 230mm x 305mm high-resolution MFI-35 liquid crystal displays

10679925974_8eb78cdd74_oTwo 230mmx305mm high-resolution MFI-35 liquid crystal displays with a multifunction control panel

IKSh-1M head up display

MAKS2013part7-03IKSh-1M head up display with a wide 20°x30° field of viewjyySQBe10679907746_640b9eb5bb_o10679874265_a21595df45_o

Su -35 Cockpit Details

  1. Multi-function display MFD-35 with a diagonal of 15 inches. With push-frame pilot can divide the display into several parts and output them all the necessary information about the flight mission, navigation, weapons and technical condition of the aircraft. Purpose multifunction buttons varies depending on the nature of the displayed information, appropriate hints are displayed next to the buttons.
  2. The line of CCD control modes (complex avionics). There are only five of the CCD mode: short-range and long-range combat in the air, near and far fight on the ground, plus the navigation mode. Each mode provides a specific set of information displayed on the display, and the preset selection of weapons. The pilot selects the CCD right thumb mode and thus has access to virtually all the functions of the aircraft, without taking your hands off the controls.
  3. An integrated system of backup devices (PSOE) – a minimum set of essential equipment, such as the altimeter and attitude indicator to help the pilot to return to the home airfield in the event of failure of the main avionics. Earlier, the PSOE was carried out in the form of switch devices (pilots called them “alarms”), now it has its own multi-function display with battery.
  4. Multi-function IR-LED with a working field of 4 x 5-inch frame and push-button is used to configure all aircraft systems, including radar sighting and navigation equipment, weapons, video recording system.
  5. collimator aviation indicator and remote control display. It appears as a basic flight information, including altitude, speed, attitude indicator, heading and current selection of weapons, as well as any other necessary pilot at the moment.
  6. The control unit and automatic traction control system. Lets without the pilot to maintain the set speed in all maneuvers and in all conditions, or fully automatically maintain the aircraft on the route in accordance with the flight plan. In this pilot task is only to carry out take-off and landing, as well as the decision on the use of weapons.

Centre stick

  1. The automatic control system off button (ACS). Also under the little finger of the pilot is the lever to temporarily disable the automatic control: moving on autopilot, the pilot presses the lever and manually perform the maneuver, after which ACS continues to lead the aircraft at the new rate.
  2. The four-CCD mode switch to select the modes of combat and navigation complex avionics.
  3. To bring the key to the horizon. In case of loss of orientation in space, including if you feel unwell due to overload, the pilot can press this button to automatically return to the plane rectilinear motion with zero roll and pitch.
  4. The firing button for cannon armament. Rockets run the trigger.
  5. The switch “maneuver – trajectory control.” Translates the plane in supermaneuverability mode.
  6. Joystick (joystick) control marker is responsible for the cursor position on the screen.

Motor Control Levers

  1. The four-surveillance-attack system control switch. It is concentrated to 14 different functions.
  2. Enter the command.
  3. Radio – one switch controls with two radios.
  4. Enter – button to lock the pilot action (reaffirmation of choice).
  5. The choice of weapons. Each battle mode of the CCD corresponds to a standard set of weapons, but the pilot may at any time on their own to clarify its choice.

Source  “Theatre of the pilot,” published in “Popular Mechanics” magazine ( №133, November 2013 ).

The pilot has two VHF/UHF encrypted radio communications systems and a jam-resistant military data link system between squadron aircraft and between the aircraft and ground control. The navigation system is based on a digital map display with a strapdown inertial navigation system and global positioning system.

HMD Helmet

Su-27 based fighter construction

Compared to the Su-27 design from which it is derived, the front fuselage diameter of the Su-35 has been increased to accommodate the larger 900mm-diameter antenna of the Irbis-E radar.

High-strength, low-weight, composite materials have been used for non-structural items such as the radomes, nose wheel, door and leading-edge flaps. Some of the fuselage structures are of carbon fibre and aluminium lithium alloy.



The aircraft has 12 hardpoints for carrying external weapons and stores.

Each wing has four hardpoints – one on the wingtip and three under-wing stations. There are two hardpoints on the underside of the fuselage on the centreline and one under each engine.



The aircraft’s air-to-air missiles can include the Vympel R-27 (Nato designation AA-10 Alamo), the Vympel radar-guided medium-range R-77 (AA-12 Adder) and the Vympel short-range infrared-guided R-73E (AA-11 Archer).

R-27 (NATO reporting name: AA-10 Alamo)

Medium-range missiles R-27 (e), designed to intercept and destroy aircraft and helicopters of all types of unmanned aerial vehicles and cruise missiles in a dogfight at medium and long distances, with individual and group actions carrier aircraft, day and night, in simple and adverse weather conditions, from any direction, against the background of the earth and the sea, with active information, firing and maneuvering countering enemy.

Available in several versions, differing use of two types of homing – semi-active radar (PARGS) and heat – and two types of propulsion systems – with standard and increased installed power. Modifications PARGS are designated R-27R and R-27ER, with TGS – R-27T, R-27ET, with propulsion of increased energy available – R-27ER and R-27ET.

Main material rocket design titanium alloy, a steel motor housing .

For the suspension to the carrier aircraft and launch weight of both modifications missiles used the same launchers rail and catapult type.

he rail trigger APU-470 is used for the deployment of missiles under the wings of the aircraft, and the ejection device AKU-470 for the deployment of missiles under the fuselage and under the wings.

shema_en.pngImage: artem.ua

Data airwar.ru & artem.ua

R-27R1 missile

r1p1R-27R1 eng

R-27ER1 missile

er1ep1R-27ER1 eng

R-27T1 missile

t1R-27T1 eng

R-27ET1 missile

ET1.pngR-27ET1 eng

Source artem.ua

R-77 extended medium range air-to-air missile

The R-77, RVV-AE designation used for the export market and AA-12 Adder designation used by Western intelligence, is an extended medium range air-to-air missile featuring an active radar seeker to engage multiple airborne targets simultaneously. This missile was designed as the Soviet/Russian counterpart to the United States Air Force AIM-120 AMRAAM. The R-77 enables the Mig-29 and Su-27 fighter aircraft families to engage multiple airborne threats simultaneously thanks to its fire and forget capability. There are other versions fitted with infrared and passive radar seekers instead of active radar homing. Future plans call for increasing the missile range well beyond 150 kilometers.

The R-77 has been designed with innovative control surfaces which are one of the keys of its impressive performance. Once launched, the R-77 depends on an inertial navigation system with optional in-flight target position updates from the aircraft sensors. When the R-77 missile is at a distance of about 20 km its radar homing head activates leading the missile to its target.


Diameter: 200 millimeter

Length: 3.60 meter (11.8 foot)

Wingspan: 350 millimeter


Max Range: 80 kilometer (43 nautical mile)

Target’s Max Altitude: 25,000 meter

Target’s Min Altitude: 20 meter


Top Speed: 4 mach (4,782 kph)


Warhead: 30 kilogram

Weight: 175 kilogram (386 pound)

R-77 data deagel.com

R-73A short range air-to-air missile


Currently the R-73 is the best Russian short range air-to-air missile. Apart from an exceptional maneverability, this missile is also directly connected to the pilot’s helmet, which allows engagement of targets lateral to the aircraft, which cannot be engaged by missiles with a traditional system of targeting and guidance. The R-73A, an earlier variant of this missile, has a 30 km range, while the most recent R-73M can hit targets at a distance of 40 km.

R-73M short range air-to-air missile


The R-73 short-range, close-combat standardized missile was developed in the Vympel Machine Building Design Bureau, and became operational in 1984. The R-73 is included in the weapon complex of MiG-23MLD, MiG-29 and Su-27 fighters and their modifications and also of Mi-24, Mi-28 and Ka-50 helicopters. It also can be employed in flying craft which do not have sophisticated aiming systems.


The missile is used for engaging modern and future fighters, attack aircraft, bombers, helicopters, drones and cruise missiles, including those executing a maneuver with a g-force up to 12. It permits the platform to intercept a target from any direction, under any weather conditions, day or night, in the presence of natural interference and deliberate jamming. It realizes the “fire and forget” principle.


The missile design features a canard aerodynamic configuration: control surfaces are positioned ahead of the wing at a distance from the center of mass. The airframe consists of modular compartments accommodating the homing head, aerodynamic control surface drive system, autopilot, proximity fuze, warhead, engine, gas-dynamic control system and aileron drive system. The lifting surfaces have a small aspect ratio. Strakes are mounted ahead of the aerodynamic control surfaces.


The combined aero-gas-dynamic control gives the R-73 highly maneuverable flight characteristics. During flight, yaw and pitch are controlled by four aerodynamic control surfaces connected in pairs and by just as many gas-dynamic spoilers (fins) installed at the nozzle end of the engine. Control with engine not operating is provided by aerodynamic control surfaces. Roll stabilization of the missile is maintained with the help of four mechanically interconnected ailerons mounted on the wings. Drives of all missile controls are gas, powered from a solid-propellant gas generator.


The passive infrared homing head supports target lock-on before launch. Guidance to the predicted position is by the proportional navigation method. The missile’s combat equipment consists of an active proximity (radar or laser) fuze and impact fuze and a continuous-rod warhead.


The engine operates on high-impulse solid propellant and has a high-tensile steel case. Russia’s Vympel weapons designers have developed a one-of-a-kind air-to-air missile, which NATO has dubbed as AA-11, for use on foreign fighter planes. Techically and militarily the new missile, meant for quick-action dogfights, leave its foreign analogues far behind. Vympel experts have also made it possible for the new missile to be easily installed on all available types of aircraft. The AA-11 can also be used on older planes which will now be able to effectively handle the US’ highly maneuverable F-15 and F-16 jets. The AA-11 missile is based on all-new components, use new high-energy solid fuel and an advanced guidance and control system which has made it possible to minimize their size. Their exceptionally high accuracy is ensured by the missile’s main secret, the so-called transverse control engine, which rules out misses during the final approach trajectory. The transverse control engine is still without parallel in the world.


Russia has offered the export-version R-7EE air-to-air missile system for sale so that it can be fitted to foreign-made fighter aircraft. Developed by the Vympel state-sector engineering and design bureau, the R-7EE is designed for close-quarters aerial combat. Vympel specialists have developed a way of ensuring that the missile system can be fitted to virtually any type of aircraft. It can be fitted to older aircraft, which feature heavily in third-world countries’ air forces.

Contractor Vympel
Date Deployed 1980s
Range 20 km (R-73M1)  30 km (R-73M2) 40 km
Speed Mach 2.5
Propulsion One solid-propellant rocket motor
Guidance All aspect Infrared
Warhead 7.4 kg HE expanding rod warhead
Launch Weight 105 kg (R-73M1)  115 kg (R-73M2)
Length 2.9 m
Diameter 170 mm
Fin Span 0.51 m
Platforms Su-27, Su-33, Su-34, Su-35, Su-37, MiG-29, MiG-31, MiG-33, Yak-141, Ka-50, Ka-52

Data fas.org Images sourced from the net

Su-35S X F-22 Raptor

Vympel R-37M


The R-37 (Western designation: AA-13 Arrow, although sometimes AA-X-13 Arrow) is a large, fast, powerful, and extremely long-ranged Russian air-to-air missile. Vympel, a sizeable research and production company, (now part of TRV) designed and built the R-37.

The R-37 was developed to replace the R-33 (Western designation: AA-9 Amos), which was used on the MiG-31. Its main purpose is to shoot down aircraft (particularly high value AWACS—Airborne Warning And Control System—aircraft) and possibly even cruise missiles from such long range that the launch platform is safe from retaliation.

A council of ministers in the USSR started the development of the R-37 in 1983. Testing began six years later in 1989. In 1994, the K-37 (the R-37’s name in development) secured a kill and a record at the same time by hitting its target from 300 kilometers. However, in 1998, the K-37 program was dropped due to its high cost and lack of enough suitable MiG-31 launch platforms. But, in 2006, the Russian government restarted the weapon’s development as part of the MiG-31BM program. The new version is known as R-37M or RVV-BD. It is unknown if this missile has entered service yet, although according to some sources it entered production in 2014.


The R-37M is believed to track its targets with both semi-active and active radar homing. Its radar system is the 9B-1388. The R-37M probably homes on its targets in this way: first, the launch platform detects its target and launches the R-37 towards the target’s hypothesized position. Once the R-37M comes within suitable range of the target, it activates its own radar and homes in on the target. The R-37M can also use a fire-and-forget mode where it is completely independent of its launch platform.

   The recent R-37M is a powerful and effective missile. It is much more maneuverable than its predecessor, the R-33. It can engage targets from any altitude between 15 and 25 000 meters, giving it great versatility. Its high explosive fragmentation warhead is huge—60 kilograms—and capable of critically damaging even large AWACS aircraft. It has an incredibly fast speed—Mach 6 or about 7 350 km/h, which is enough to easily catch up with every type of aircraft. Above all, it reportedly has an enormous range— of up to 200.


Although normally called the R-37, this missile has many other names. In the West it is designated as the AA-X-13, AA-13,  Arrow, or even Andi. In Russia, it is also known as the Izdeliye 610 or RVV-BD (Raketa Vozduh-Vozduh Bolyshoy Dalnosty or English for Long-Range Air-to-Air Missile).

It appears that the R-37M will be used on two types of aircraft. The first is the MiG-31BM, an extremely fast interceptor aircraft. The second is the Su-35S, a powerful multi-role fighter.

Country of origin Russia
Entered service 2016 (?)
Missile length 4.06 m
Missile diameter 0.38 m
Fin span 1.02 m
Missile launch weight 510 kg
Warhead weight 60 kg
Warhead type Conventional
Range of fire up to 200 km
Guidance semi-active and active radar homing

Source military-today.com

The aircraft’s air-to-surface missiles include the Molniya Kh-29 (AS-14 Kedge) tactical missiles, the Kh-31P (AS-17 Krypton) anti-radiation missiles and the long-range Kh-58UShE (AS-11 Kilter) anti-radiation missiles.



The Vympel Kh-29 / AS-14 Kedge is a Russian supersonic equivalent to the French AS.30 and US AGM-65 Maverick, and is primarily intended for interdiction and close air support,  maritime strike roles, and attacks on hardened concrete shelters and structures. An APU-58 or AKU-58 launcher is used, on the Su-27/30 Flanker (up to 6 rounds), the MiG-27 Flogger (2 rounds), Su-17/22 Fitter (2 rounds) and Su-24M Fencer (3 round). Multiple variants exist.

The Kh-29T (Izdeliye 64 or AS-14B) is an electro-optical variant with a daylitgh television seeker. The Kh-29TE is the export variant, the Kh-29TM an enhanced variant. The Kh-29TD is another EO variant, possibly equipped with a thermal imaging seeker.

 Launch weight for most variants is around 1,500 lb, with a 700 lb warhead being used most often. Range is usually cited at 16 nautical miles for a high altitude launch. Source ausairpower.net


Missile weight: 680 kg

Length: 3900 mm

Diameter: 400 mm

Wingspan:  1100 mm

Minimum range*: 3 km

Maximum range: 8 – 12 km

Engine: fixed thrust solid, fuel rocket

Fuze type: impact

Guidance system: passive TV

Warhead: high-explosive penetrating

Warhead weight: 320 kg


Missile weight: 690 kg

Length: 3900 mm

Diameter: 400 mm

Wingspan:  1100 mm

Minimum range*: 3 km

Maximum range: 20 – 30 km

Engine: fixed thrust, solid fuel rocket

Fuze type: impact

Guidance system: passive TV

Warhead: high-explosive penetrating

Warhead weight: 320 kg

Source armamentresearch.com



The Kh-29L (Izdeliye 63 or AS-14A) is a semi-active laser homing variant used in the manner of the AS.30L, with a 24N1 seeker. Source ausairpower.net


Missile weight: 660 kg

Length: 3900 mm

Diameter: 400 mm

Wingspan:  1100 mm

Minimum range*: 3 km

Maximum range: 8 – 10 km

Height of launch: 0.2 – 5 km

Engine: fixed thrust, solid fuel rocket

Fuze type: impact

Guidance system: passive TV

Warhead: high-explosive penetrating

Warhead weight: 320 kg

Source armamentresearch.com

Kh-31AD & Kh-31PD (AS-17 Krypton)

The Kh-31, AS-17 Krypton NATO-codename, is an advanced, long range, highly supersonic missile designed to withstand countermeasures effects. The Kh-31 propulsion system consists of a solid-fuel rocket engine which accelerates the missile to Mach 1.8 airspeed. Then this engine is dropped and a jet engine ignites using the missile’s within space as a combustion chamber. The missile accelerates to Mach 3+ thanks to the jet engine.

Kh-31AD airborne anti-ship guided missile


Kh-31AD airborne anti-ship guided missile is designed for hitting combat (assault landing) surface ships and cargo ships from the striking force (convoys) and single ships. This particular missile has a warhead power increased to 15% in compare with its prototype Kh-31A. Launch range is increased up to 120-160 km almost in two times.


Maximum launch range
(carrier flight parameters: H=15 km, M=1.5 km), km  120 to 160
 Launch altitrudes, km  0,1 to 15
 Launch speeds (M number)  0,65 to 1,5
 Aiming system  inertial + active radio homing head
 Active radio homing head angle of sight in vertical plane, degree  +10 to -20
 Active radio homing head angle of sight in horizontal plane, degree  up to +/-27
 type  universal
 weight, kg  110
 Fuel  gasoline
 Missile start weight (maximum), kg  715
 Lengthxdiameter, m  5,340×0,360
 Weather conditions for use  any conditions at sea roughness
 up to 4-5
 Carriers  aircrafts Su-30MK (MKI, MKM, MK2),
 Su-35, Mig-29K, Mig-29KUB, Mig-35
 and etc.
 Average number of missile hits required to make enemy’s destroyer
 ineffective  2,0

Kh-31PD airborne high speed anti-radar missile


Kh-31PD airborne high speed anti-radar missile is designed to hit radars of anti-aircraft missile stations (ZRK).

Missile ground maintenance is provided by the OKA-E-1 aircraft guided weapons (AUSP) preparation system.


Maximum launch range, km
 (carrier flight parameters H=15km, M=1,5), km  180 to 250
 Maximum launch range (H=0,1km), km  15
 Launch altitudes, km  0,1 to 15
 Launch speeds (M number)  0,65 to 1,5
 Aiming system  inertial + wide waveband range
 passive radio homing head
 Target location angle when launching, degree
 target lock being under carrier  +/-15
 target lock at the trajectory  +/-30
 type  cluster, universal
 weight  110
 Fuel  gasoline
 Missile start weight (maximum), kg  715
 Missile overall dimensions:
 lengthxdiameterxwing span, m  5,340×0,360×0,954 (1,102)
 Weather conditions  any weather conditions
 Carriers  aircraft Su-30MK (MKI, MKM, MK2),
 Su-35, Mig-29, Mig-35, Mig-29KUB and etc.

Source ktrv.ru

Novator RVV-L / R-172 / K-100


The R-172, previously designated the KS-172, is a departure from the established focus of Novator, designers of the S-300V (SA-12) system’s long range SAMs. Like the R-37, the R-172 was developed as an ‘AWACS killer’. The missile employs an  active radar seeker and inertial midcourse guidance. Two configurations are known, with and without a booster pack. With the booster the missile is claimed to achieve a range of 215 NMI, without 160 NMI. Cited seeker performance is similar  to the R-37.

While the R-172 is less mature than the R-37, India has recently negotiated an arrangement to fund final development and licence produce the weapon, not unlike the extant deal to licence the Yakhont as the BrahMos. Source ausairpower.net

Air Power Australia WebsiteImage: ausairpower.net
Weight 748 kg (1,650 lb) (KS–172)
Length 6.01 m (19.7 ft) + 1.4 m (4.6 ft) (KS–172)
Diameter 40 cm (16 in) (KS–172)
Warhead HE fragmentation (KS–172)
Warhead weight 50 kg (110 lb)
Engine Solid-propellant tandem rocket booster (KS–172)
Wingspan 61 cm (24 in) (KS–172)


At least 200 km, possibly 300–400 km (160–210 nmi)
Flight altitude 3 m (9.8 ft)–30,000 m (98,000 ft) (KS–172)
Speed 4,000 km/h (2,500 mph; 1.1 km/s; Mach 3.3) (KS–172)


inertial navigation with midcourse guidance and terminal active radar homing (KS–172)


Su-27Su-30Su-35Su-30MKPAK FA (expected)

Specification wikiwand.com

Su-30MK+Kh-31-2Image: ausairpower.net

Kh-58UShK (AS-11 “Kilter”) anti-radiation missile

Kh-58UShK (AS-11 “Kilter”) anti-radiation missile (wings extended)

The Kh-58 (Russian: Х-58; NATO:AS-11 ‘Kilter’) is a Soviet anti-radiation missile with a range of 120 km. As of 2004 the Kh-58U variant was still the primary anti-radiation missile of Russia and its allies. It is being superseded by the Kh-31. The NATO reporting name is “Kilter”, after a pixie in the 1902 book The Life and Adventures of Santa Claus by L. Frank Baum.

It was designed to be used in conjunction with the Su-24’s L-086A “Fantasmagoria A” or L-086B “Fantasmagoria B” target acquisition system. The range achieved depends heavily on the launch altitude, thus the original Kh-58 has a range of 36 km from low level, 120 km from 10,000 m (32,800 ft), and 160 km from 15,000 m (49,200 ft).

Like other Soviet missiles of the time, the Kh-58 could be fitted with a range of seeker heads designed to target specific air defence radars such as MIM-14 Nike-Hercules or MIM-104 Patriot.

The Kh-58 was deployed in 1982 on the Su-24M ‘Fencer D’ in Soviet service. The Kh-58U entered service in 1991 on the Su-24M and Mig-25BM ‘Foxbat-F’. The Kh-58E version can be carried on the Su-22M4 and Su-25TK as well, whilst the Kh-58UshE appears to be intended for Chinese Su-30MKK’s.


  • Kh-58 (Izdeliye 112) – original version for the Su-24M
  • Kh-58U – improved version with longer range and lock-on-after-launch
  • Kh-58E – export version first offered in 1991 a downgraded Kh-58U
  • Kh-58EM – another version offered for export in the 1990s
  • Kh-58UShE (Uluchshennaya Shirokopolosnaya Exportnaya : ‘improved, wideband, export’) – new wideband seeker in new radome, intended for Su-30
  • Kh-58UShKE – version shown at MAKS 2007 with folding fins for internal carriage in the Sukhoi PAK FA.
  • Kh-58UShKE(TP) – version shown at MAKS 2015 with an added IIR UV seeker.

Some Western sources have referred to a Kh-58A that is either optimised for naval radars or has an active seeker head for use as an anti-shipping missile – it probably represents another name for the Kh-58U. Source revolvy.com

The Su-35 anti-ship missiles include Kh-31A (see above), the long-range Kh-59MK (AS-18 Kazoo), the long-range Kalibr and the NPO Mashinostroenia heavy long-range Yakhont missile.

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.07.26-22-47-30DarthWelder Channel

Kh-59MK/MK2 / AS-18 Kazoo

The Kh-59MK2 was developed with PLA-N funding to arm the Su-30MK2 Flanker G variant delivered to PLA-N naval strike wings. It has since been offered for export to other clients, in competition with the Kh-25E/UE Switchblade.

Kh-59MK2 / AS-18 Kazoo anti-shipping variant – Image: ausairpower.net

The design changes are substantial, with the original folding high aspect ratio canards replaced by a strake like cruciform canard stabiliser. The electro-optical seeker is completely replaced with a new Radar MMS developed ARGS-59E active radar seeker designed for attacks on shipping or other high radar contrast targets. Stated range performance for this variant is 285 km. The missile is fitted with a KTRV-Detal A-079E radar altimeter.

Основные тактико-технические характеристики Х-59МК
Максимальная дальность, км
по цели типа «эсминец», «крейсер» 285
по цели типа «катер» 145
Минимальная дальность, км 5…25
Режимы пуска ракеты:
диапазон скоростей полёта носителя при пуске, км/ч 600…1100
число М 0,5…0,9
диапазон высот полета носителя, км 0,2…11
Скорость полета ракеты, км/ч 900…1050
Высота полета ракеты,м
На марше (над водной поверхностью) 10…15
В районе цели 4…7
Стартовая масса ракеты, кг не более 930
Боевая часть проникающего типа
Масса боевой части, кг 320
Габаритные размеры, м
длина корпуса 5,7
размах крыла 1,3
диаметр основного корпуса (без двигателя) / носовой части 0,38 / 0,42

Source ausairpower.net

Χ-59ME (Kh-59 ME)


The Kh-59 is a standoff, air-launched, air-to-surface weapon designed to engage ground and surface targets with pinpoint accuracy in optimal weather conditions. Its guidance system consists of an automatic navigation and control system which takes the weapon to the target’s area. A nose-mounted TV-sensor relays target area imagery to the launch airborne platform and the pilot selects the impact point. A bi-directional data link allows the pilot to select the impact point and re-target with the missile already in flight. The Kh-59 was introduced as the the Soviet counterpart to US SLAM standoff missile in the 1980s.

The Kh-59ME is an improved version of the Kh-59 standoff missile and was introduced in the early 1990s. It features two larger fragmentation and penetration warheads, minor airframe changes, and a new propulsion system for extended range. The missile can fly at altitudes between 7 and 1,000 meters. The nose-mounted TV-sensor relays target area imagery to the launch airborne platform and the pilot selects the impact point using the aircraft-mounted APK-9ME pod. The Kh-59ME improved standoff weapon has been integrated on Russian tactical attack aircraft such as the Mig-27 and Su-24. Source deagel.com

36MT turbofan engine

Design features

  • 1-stage fan
  • axial-diagonal high pressure compressor
  • annular combustor
  • 1-stage high pressure turbine
  • 1-stage low pressure turbine



Engine 36МТ
Thrust at maximum rating, kgf 450
Maximum length, mm 850
Maximum diameter, mm 330
Weight, kg <100

Source 36МТ npo-saturn.ru

Design Bureau “Raduga”
Launch altitude, m 200-5.000
Launch speed, km/h 600-1.100
Max launch range, km 115
Cruising altitude, km 0,007 (sea)0,05, 0,1, 0,2, 0,6, 1
Mach number 0,72-0,88
Warhead Penetration or cluster
Guidance accuracy (CEP), m
manual mode 2-3
automatic mode 5-7
Communications range, km 140
Launch weight, kg 930
Length, m 5,7
Wing span, m 1,3
Warhead weight, kg:
– penetration WH 320
– cluster WH 280
Body diameter, m 0,38
Pod weight, kg 260
Pod length, m 4,0
Pod diameter, m 0,45

Technical data redstar.gr

Kh-35U Anti-Ship Missile Added to Russian Su-35S Fighters Weapon Suite: Here


The Su-35S fighter jets of the Aerospace Forces (VKS) will be able to destroy naval targets of various classes, as well as ground objects, owing to the Kh-35U anti-ship missiles (ASM). The ASM has been officially introduced to the armament suite of the Su-35S after trials. Therefore, the fighters will be multifunctional platforms, being able to accomplish a wide range of tasks, according to the Izvestia newspaper.

Kh-35UE anti-ship missile


The Kh-35UE is a subsonic, sea-skimming anti-ship missile designed to engage amphibious assault ships and cargo vessels navigating individually or as part of a convoy from longer ranges than the basic Kh-35 missile. Like its predecessor, the new missile can be released from both fixed- and rotary-wing aircraft. The helicopter version is longer and heavier than the airplane version (4.4 meters versus 3.85 meters and 650 kg versus 550 kg) but can be released at lower altitudes (100-3,500 meters) and airspeeds (0-0.25 Mach). The guidance system has been improved to make the missile system more effective against advanced targets.

The Kh-35UE features an improved propulsion system which doubles the effective range of the cruise missile from 130 km to up to 260 km. It features a high-precision radio-altimeter and an active radar guidance system in the terminal phase of the flight. During the flight the Kh-35UE missile depends on the radio-altimeter and the Inertial Navigation System (INS). It is fitted with a 145 High Explosive (HE) fragmentation, penetration warhead.

Number of Stages: 2


Diameter: 0.42 meter

Length: 3.85 meter (12.6 foot)

Wingspan: 1.33 meter


Max Launch Altitude: 10,000 meter

Max Range: 260 kilometer (140 nautical mile)

Min Launch Altitude: 200 meter

Min Range: 7 kilometer


Cruise Speed: 0.80 mach (956 kph)

Max Launch Airspeed: 0.90 mach (1,076 kph)

Min Launch Airspeed: 0.35 mach (418 kph)


Warhead: 145 kilogram (320 pound)

Weight: 550 kilogram

Source deagel.com

Sukhoi-30 SM/M2 & Su-34/35S may get Mach 10 hypersonic air-to-surface missile Knizhal

Grom tactical air-to-ground missile

APK-9 datalink pod for the Kh-59ME

kh59m-1Kh-59ME Ovod M / AS-18 Kazoo and APK-9 Tekon pod on Su-30MK (KnAAPO image). – Image: ausairpower.nethttp://www.ausairpower.net/APA-Rus-ASM.html#mozTocId919852APK-9 Tekon pod –Image : ausairpower.net


The Su-35 can be armed with a range of guided bombs, including the KAB-500Kr TV-guided bomb, KAB-500S-E satellite-guided bomb, LGB-250 laser-guided bomb, Kab-1500Kr TV-guided bomb and KAB-1500LG laser-guided bomb.

FAB-250 250-kilogram (550 lb) unguided bombs


KAB-500L laser-guided bomb

GNPP-KAB-500L-F-1SKAB-500L laser-guided bomb – ausairpower.net

The KAB-500L is the baseline laser semi-active homing 500 kg guided bomb developed for the FA-VVS and widely exported since the end of the Cold War. It achieved IOC in 1979.

The weapon uses the Azov 27N or later 27N1 semi-active laser homing seeker using an annular airfoil and optical design similar to the Paveway I/II series. It will provide similar characteristics to the baseline Paveway I/II seeker. The cited CEP is 7 to 10 metres which is consistent with this style of seeker and the bang-bang control loop technology involved.

Delivery envelope is 1 to 15 km AGL and 550 – 1700 km/h. Source ausairpower.net

KAB-1500 laser-guided bomb

4_zpsd7uzellyKAB-1500 laser-guided bomb

The KAB-1500L, KAB-1500LG-F-E is the current production standard, is a 1,500 kg, laser-guided bomb designed to hit stationary ground and surface targets when used by the latest generation of Russian-made fighters and bombers. It is the Russian counterpart to United States Paveway II/III laser-guided bombs. Once released, the pilot or a third party must aim at the target with a laser designator in order to successfully direct the KAB bomb. The KAB-1500LG-F-E features an impact fuze with three delay modes.

The KAB-1500L bombs were deployed successfully during the Russian military campaign in Chechnya. Usually, the Su-24 Fencer and Mig-27 Flogger aircraft use this type of weapon in strike missions but can be used by the latest generation of Su-30MK multirole aircraft. The spectrum of targets to hit by this weapon include: railway and highway bridges, military and industrial facilities, ships and transport vessels, ammunition depots and railway terminals. Source deagel.com

Developer and manufacturer: GNPP “Region”


KAB-1500LG-Pr-E KAB-1500LG-F-E KAB-1500LG-OD-E
Weight, kg
(total/warhead/explosive) 1525/1120/210 1525/1120/440 1450/1170/650
Dimensions, m:
length 4,28 4,28 4,24
diameter 0,58 0,58 0,58
wingspan 0,85 (retracted) 0,85 (retracted) 0,85 (retracted)
1,3 (extended) 1,3 (extended) 1,3 (extended)
Drop altitude, km 1 to 8 1 to 8 1 to 10
Aircraft drop speed, km/h 550 to 1100 550 to 1100 550 to 1100
Aiming accuracy, m 4 to 7 4 to 7 4 to 7
Warhead penetrating high explosive full air explosive
Type of blasting device contact with three contact with three direct action contact
types of delay types of delay

Source ktrv.ru

The aircraft can also be armed with 80mm, 122mm, 266mm and 420mm rockets.


S-8 rocket pod


‘S-8’ 80mm unguided rocket


The S-8 system is the main caliber weapon in the class of unguided aircraft rockets and can solve a variety of aircraft missions.

The rocket is provided with a solid propellant motor with a summary thrust pulse of 5,800 N.s and operating time of 0.7 s. Progressive methods for body shaping from ready-made rolled aluminum and unique engineering solutions in terms of separate elements aimed at reducing motor manufacturing labor consumption and costs are used in its construction.

The following types of S-8 rockets are operational today:

    • S-8KOM with HEAT fragmentation warhead;
    • S-8BM with concrete-piercing (penetrating) warhead;
    • S-8-OM with illuminating warhead.
Range (km)
Warhead (kg)
Weight (kg)
Speed (km/h)
Intended Targets


80 mm unguided aircraft rocket
11.3 (pod 386)
20 x AT Fragmentation Rocket ,(400mm penetration) light anti-armor. This rocket is intended to engage modern tanks, lightly armored and soft-skinned combat materiel. Owing to the fragmentation effect, the rocket also inflicts damage on manpower


80 mm unguided aircraft rocket
16.7 (pod 402)
20 x HE Fragmentation Rocket , This rocket is designed to engage personnel, soft and lightly armored targets.


80 mm unguided aircraft rocket
11.1 (pod 382)
20 x Smoke, This rocket is intended to mark ground targets, routes of movement and landing areas in daytime.

Source steamcommunity.com

B-13 unguided S-13 rocket pods

The S-13 is a 122 mm calibre unguided rocket weapon developed by the Soviet Air Force for use by military aircraft. It remains in service with the Russian Air Force and some other countries.

The S-13 rocket was developed in the 1970s to meet requirements for a penetrating weapon capable of cratering runways and penetrating hardened aircraft shelters, bunkers and pillboxes, to fill a gap between 80 mm and 240 mm rockets and fulfill a role similar to the 127 mm Zuni rocket. The S-13 is conventional in layout, with a solid rocket motor and folding tail fins that provide stability after launch.

The first trials were in 1973, but it was introduced only in 1983. S-13 rockets are shot from 5-tube launchers B-13L, that can be carried by most of Soviet and Russian attack and new fighter aircraft, like Su-17/20/22,Su-24, Su-25, Su-27, MiG-23BN, MiG-27, MiG-29. B-13L1 launcher is used by helicopters, like Mil Mi-24, Mil Mi-28, Ka-29TB, Ka-50, Ka-52.

S-13 rocket


Source su-27flanker.com

S-25L laser-guided rocket

steamworkshop_webupload_previewfile_335149944_preview (1).png

Warhead (kg)
Weight (kg)
Intended Targets
340 mm laser guided aircraft rocket
Semi-Active Laser
2520 km/h
Soft targets, concrete targets

Source steamcommunity.com

S-25 OFM-PU air-to-ground rocket


The S-25 is a Russian air-to-ground rocket launched from aircraft. It is launched from the O-25 pod which can hold one rocket.

S-25-OFM for use against hardened targets

Range (km)
Warhead (kg)
Weight (kg)
Speed (km/h)
Intended Targets


340 mm unguided aircraft rocket
1 x Ultra heavy FFAR(folding-fin-aerial-rocket) HE ,soft targets, concrete targets

Source steamcommunity.com


Su-35_GSh-301_cannon_LeBourget2013_217130 mm GSh-301 internal cannon with 150 rounds

The Gryazev-Shipunov 30mm GSh-30-1 gun is fitted in the starboard wing root with 150 rounds of ammunition.

GSh-301 30mm cannon

The Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-30 (ГШ-30) is a family of autocannons used on certain Russian military aircraft.

The GSh-30-1 (also known as “GSh-301”) is the standard cannon armament of most modern Russian fighters including the Yak-141 Freestyle, MiG-29 Fulcrum, Su-27 Flanker and its’ various derivatives. The GSh-30-2 is carried by the Sukhoi Su-25 Frogfoot ground attack plane and in external gun pods. The GSh-30-2K is a modified version with 2400mm long water-cooled barrels and variable rate of fire. It is used on a fixed mounting on Mi-24P Hind-F helicopters.

Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-30-1

  • Caliber: 30x165mm
  • Operaton: Gast principle
  • Length: 1978mm
  • Weight (complete): 46 kg
  • Rate of fire: 1500–1800 rpm
  • Muzzle velocity: 860 m/s
  • Projectile weight: 386-404 g (13.6-14.25 oz)
  • Mounting platforms: Yakovlev Yak-141 “Freestyle”, Mikoyan MiG-29 “Fulcrum”, Sukhoi Su-27 “Flanker” (and derivatives), Sukhoi Su-34 “Fullback”

GSh-30 Data imfdb.org


The X-band multimode phased array Irbis-E radar is supplied by Tikhomirov Scientific-Research Institute of Instrument Design (NIIP), based in Zhukovsky. Irbis-E is a high-performance radar designed for the Su-35 aircraft.


The 900mm passive phased array antenna is mounted on a hydraulic actuator for mechanical steering. The electronic steering provides azimuthal and elevation coverage of 60°. With both mechanical and electronic scanning the coverage is 120°.


The radar can detect low-observable and stealth aircraft, unmanned air vehicles and missiles with a radar cross section of 0.01m² at ranges to 90km. Radar modes include air-to-air, air-to-ground, air-to-sea, mapping, Doppler beam and synthetic aperture radar modes. It can detect and track up to 30 airborne targets with a radar cross section (RCS) of 3m² at ranges of 400km using track-while-scan mode.

Irbis-E passive electronically scanned array radar

dsc00007.jpgIrbis-E passive electronically scanned array radar – Image: niip.ruRadar Irbis E_Ares35-Radar-System-awsome-see

RLSU “IRBIS-E” is a multifunctional X-band system on the base of passive antenna array with electronic beam scanning, mounted on two-degree-of-freedom drive (in azimuth and in roll), and advanced computing system. The radar control system also consists of the IFF interrogator equipment operating in Mk-XA modes and a  micronavigation unit.

RLSU “IRBIS-E” provides detection, tracking and coordinate measurement of air, ground, surface targets day-and-night, under all weather conditions in the presense of natural noise and jamming.


Performance characteristics

“Air-to-Air” mode:

– detection range for targets with RCS=3m2 is 350 km

Scanning zone:

– in elevation: ± 60 deg.;

– in azimuth: ± 120 deg.

The number of detected and tracked targets is 30.

The number of simultaneously fired upon air targets is up to 8.

“Air-to-Ground” mode:

– mapping in SAR (synthetic aperture radar) mode with 3 meter resolution;

– real beam mapping in DBS mode (Doppler beam sharpening);

– ground moving target selection;

– tracking of up to four ground targets;

– tracking of one ground target preserving air sector surveillance.



Radar control system “IRBIS-E” is used at all stages of combat application while interacting with on-board equipment complex, as well as with complexes of on-board  equipment within a group of aircraft under close and long-range air combat modes, during group and single operations day-and-night, under simple and heavy weather, over its own and the enemy territory in the presence of natural noise and jamming.


It was not carried out.

Rendering of service

– warranty period:

Warranty package is set by the manufacturer under the agreement with the Customer. It should provide for the warranty of Su-35 aircraft Supplier under the contract and under the supply agreement of Sh135E (Ш135Э) items to equip Su-35 aircraft.

Service life limit (lifetime) of the item should not be less than 6000 hours within 30-year lifetime.

– types of repair:

service life and lifetime before the first repair is 1500 hours, 12 years.

Overhaul life and lifetime is 1500 hours, 12 years.

Mean time to repair “IRBIS-E” item at maintenance stages (troubleshooting by means of replacement of failed units for the serviceable ones containing in SPTA) does not exceed 30 minutes.

The exact procedure of activities is defined by Operation and Maintenance Manuals for the item.

– possibility of training:

In accordance with the requirements for training equipment defined by “IRBIS-E” Technical Assignment, the development of training equipment is executed under a separate Technical Assignment issued by the Customer. The proposals on the structure of training equipment were not submitted in the technical memorandum due to the absence of a separate TA for training equipment. Source niip.ru


S-108 airborne integrated communication system and NKVS-27 ground communication systems

S-108 airborne integrated communication system

0DyxHr4Xa5Image: bestchinanews.com

The S-108 airborne integrated communication system and NKVS-27 ground communication systems, the communication system is Russia, a new generation of airborne communication system. Can be between aircraft for combat, combat aircraft and early warning aircraft and combat aircraft and ground instructions the between tactics operation according to the information and swap, also can be used for aircraft navigation, identification, and other functions, these functions and the United States of LINK-16 roughly.

Image: bestchinanews.com

Also the message says S-108 communication system of probation distance can reach 1500 km, from AT-E data link terminal working frequency point of view, it belongs to the microwave frequency, wavelength is small, in the atmosphere almost in linear propagation, such aircraft flying at an altitude of 10000 meters of the hour, the spread distance should also in 500 kilometres, the 1500 km should is the distance of shortwave communication, known as lower frequency, longer wavelength, spread farther away, but the speed is low, only secure voice spread or low speed data transfer. If the hour of high-speed data transmission is limited in wireless TV distance, for example, according to the wireless TV distance formula, when the early warning aircraft and combat aircraft are in the hour at an altitude of 9000 meters, the communication distance is only 800 kilometers. To continue to extend the radio range, it is necessary to use aerial relay carrier.

Although the Russian S-108 data chain to the LINK-16 scale, but the latter is the passage of time, LINK-16 has a series of problems, such as cannot achieve dynamic network, low bandwidth, long time, long time of networking and anti destroying ability is limited, especially it adopts the omni-directional communication system, the hidden ability is poor. Is a relatively large error error for stealth aircraft, so the air force has to remove LINK-16 from the F-22 fighter configuration, instead of the “data link” between fighters -IFDL, while the F-35 is equipped with MADL data chain, as active three generation combat aircraft also intends in the LINK16 data link terminal. Equipped with TTNT module to improve the communication ability, the communication speed can reach 2M\/ greater than LINK-16 seconds.

From the point of view of domestic related unit public information, a domestic TTNT a new generation of data link has been developed, such as a space of No.513 Institute LINK-TDD-S data link terminal, from its parameters view is better than LINK-16 and S-108 data chain, has quite in the United States TTNT data chain, estimate it may be like LINK-16\/TTNT, in the military integrated data link terminal add a LINK-TDD-S module or system. Source bestchinanews.com

Ground-Based Air Communications System “NKVS-27”

Image: npomars.com

Designed to ensure information interaction between CPs and crews of any aircraft by means of conversations through voice communications radio networks as well as data exchange with Ka-31 AEW rotary-wing and Su-35 [Su-30] fixed-wing aircraft through data exchange radio networks. Source npomars.com

Молния Сухого поражает F-35 JSF


Air Power Australia – Australia’s Independent Defence Think Tank

Air Power Australia NOTAM

3rd September, 2007

Colonel of Aviation Grigoriy “Grisha” Medved (retd)

This time, the Sukhoi Su-35 has the new Tikhomirov NIIP IRBIS-E ESA radar and can talk to earlier model Su-30MK to pass target coordinates – like Indian Air Force Su-30MKI talks to older MiG-21 and tells when to fire its missile [Editor: This is the TKS-2 intraflight network]. Ramjet Vympel R-77M «Adder» in service for several years with long range of about 160 km. Also, some new weapons – we discuss these later.

F-35 in service from 2015 and Chuck finally understands penalty of having short arms and no punch, so redoes AIM-120 AMRAAM into the «D» model, with range of 110 km and a two-pulse motor – Americans have not yet solved ramjet drive like Russia. Still, the AIM-120D is a big improvement on old models – Americans then sell old junk to Allies to fit to Super Hornets. Not fit too many AIM-120D inside Pidgeon – some say four, others two in weapon bay. Cannot put more on pylons – all stealth is then gone and Sukhoi kills Pigeon like a Super Hornet. Also AIM-120 only have radar head [Editor: seeker]. Sukhoi have lots of shots and choose seeker head – mostly carry 8 mix R-77M with big centre tank.

We make the discussion easy – we use «DIED» kill-chain model: Detect, Identify, Engage, Destroy.

First, we detect. We ask our friends at the Russian Institute of Radio Physics and Electronicsfor the analysis of «Pigeon on Stick» radio-location reflections. They ask a very good question:«Is this US version or export version?» I say US version – if you can kill that model, export model easier to kill – much bigger radio-location reflection. We match the estimated radio-location reflection with IRBIS-E detection performance in table:


Radar Cross Section [m2]

IRBIS-E Detection Range [km]

Outside AIM-120D Range?









Top and Bottom








Source : ausairpower.net

Physics colleagues say many glints as Pigeon flies and turns. Need to fire R-77M outside AIM-120D range so try to duck head-on shot. This is not so hard to do.

AIR_F-35C_Weapon_Trials_LMCO_lgRadar Cross Section measurement of JSF shape (US DoD).

Tactics are important. On fighter sweep we fly line-abreast, put two Su-35 60 km then Su-30MK 40 km more each side – see side radio reflections of Pidgeon and pass target location to shooter with best position.

Pigeon hard to see from front on X-Band radio locator, but easy to spot on other bands. Australian JORN [Editor: Jindalee HF band Over The Horizon Backscatter Radar] very good to see stealth aircraft. Also, nice irony that Lockheed Martin make stealth aircraft and radio locator to see stealth aircraft. This one called «Silent Sentry», it works using radio reflection from TV and FM radio – very good over land at low heights and out to sea about 200 km. Also«Surface Wave Radio Locator» work in HF band. Use Pigeon wingspan or body length to tune the radio locator resonance – see very well over water to 400 km distance. Can now put such a radio-location system on a ship.

Old radio locators now making a comeback. Many low frequency [Editor: VHF band], like NNIIRT NEBO series «Tall Rack», OBORONA «Tall King» and P-18-2 «Spoon Rest» see stealth airplane at 10,000 meters as far as 250 km. Rosoboronexport have on-line catalogue for these radio locators [1].

Even the Pigeon radiates – it uses APG-81 «Low Probability of Interception (LPI)» radio locator, but still makes energy pulses when it transmits. The Czechs make the «Vera-E» and the Ukrainians makes the «Kolchuga» passive radio-location systems – these track the airplane from time-of-arrival of energy pulses.

Worst part of the Pigeon is a very hot engine – 160 Celsius hotter than standard combat jet engine exhaust. It makes a very bright star in the sky and long jet plume. Russia adapted space technology for seeing ICBM launches, to air combat fighter. The OLS-35 [Editor: Infra-Red Search and Track Set] in service now, much better versions planned in next decade. Today, we see a standard fighter at about 50 km, by 2017 new technology will see Pigeon at about 150 km. Angle only measurement, but if we fly wide fighter-sweeps and pass angles to other fighters using the TKS-2 network, we can use trigonometry calculations in software to find range. Also the OLS-35 is passive – this is good.

So, Grisha advises to build multi-spectral sensors in digital network to catch the Pigeon. Then pass target location to Sukhoi fighters so they can fly close enough, where on-board sensors can detect Pidgeon.

Identifying target type is always hard. Very bad to shoot airliner, but sometimes fighters hide under body of big plane. So, we declare Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ) like Americans have over Washington. For commerce airplane, pass over SAM sites to get finer look. Time short for intercept, so if see airplane in ADIZ, shoot first – ask later.

Also, use logic – if we see AWACs airplane then expect fighters in airspace between AWACs and Sukhoi, divide sky up and use fine search with radio locator and infra-red sensor.

Engage when first detect. R-77M fly for about 120 seconds out to about 160 km. Problem if glint from Pigeon fade during missile flight, so expect low kill probability. Keep guidance to last point if radio reflection show again. Send a two missile package, one radar locator [Editor: seeker] and one infra-red locator. Maybe R-77M radar self guidance head makes the Pigeon turn to show its tail feathers – very bright spot for infra-red seeker. Also use imaging infra-red so pass by flares to hit plane.

This table show how close R-77M get to lock on to Pigeon:

Aspect Radar Cross Section [m2] R-77 Seeker Detection [km]
Front 0.01 3.7
Side 0.1 6.0
Top and Bottom 0.3 7.4
Rear 0.5 13.0

Source ausairpower.net

N036 Byelka radar – N036B-1-01 in the wings – N036B-1-01, 358 modules

L-Band AESA – Image: sinodefenceforum.comL-Band AESA – Image: sinodefenceforum.comAESA geometrical field of regard, assuming a mainlobe beam steering angle of ±50° off the array boresight. Single plane monopulse precision angle tracking is feasible in the volume covered simultaneously by both arrays (Author). Image: ausairpower.netL-Band AESA  – Image: ausairpower.net
General data:
Type: Radar Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 222.2 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0.2 km Generation: Late 2000s
Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Non-Coperative Target Recognition (NCTR) – Jet Engine Modulation [Class Info], Continous Tracking Capability [Phased Array Radar], Track While Scan (TWS), Pulse Doppler Radar (Full LDSD Capability)
Sensors / EW:
Su-35S L-Band Wing Radar – Radar

Role: Radar, FCR, Air-to-Air & Air-to-Surface, Medium-Range

Max Range: 222.2 km

Su-35S L-Band Wing Radar data cmano-db.com

Infrared search and track

The infrared search and track fire control system, OLS-35 IRST, includes an infrared sensor, laser rangefinder, target designator and television camera. The accuracy of the laser rangefinder is 5m CEP (circular error probability), to a maximum range of 20km against airborne targets and 30km against ground targets. The OLS-35 is a high-performance system with ±90° azimuthal and +60°/-15° elevation coverage.

The system’s acquisition range against a non-afterburning target is 50km forwards and 90km rearward. The Su-35 can also be fitted with a UOMZ Sapsan targeting and laser designation pod.

OLS-35 optoelectronic targeting system



The OLS-35 is an advanced infrared search and track (IRST) fire control system designed for the 4+ generation Su-35 fighter aircraft replacing the OEPS-27 sight system. OLS-35 comprises a heat-seeker, a laser rangefinder/designator and a TV camera along with new algorithms and advanced software to outperform its predecessor installed on the Su-27/Su-30 aircraft family. The Su-35 IRST is superior to the OEPS-27 in terms of range, precision and reliability.

The OLS-35 provides a coverage of +/-90 in azimuth and +60/-15 in elevation with a target acquisition range for non-afterburning aerial targets of 50 km facing up to target’s front hemisphere and 90 km facing up to rear hemisphere. The laser rangefinder features a five-meter Circular Error Probable (CEP) and ranges up to 20 km for aerial targets and 30 km for targets on the ground. Source deagel.com

General data:
Type: Infrared Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 185.2 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Infrared, 3rd Generation Imaging (2000s/2010s, Impr LANTIRN, Litening II/III, ATFLIR)
Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Classification [Class Info] / Brilliant Weapon [Automatic Target Aquisition], Continous Tracking Capability [Visual]
Sensors / EW:
OLS-35 [IRST] – Infrared

Role: IRST, Imaging Infrared Seach and Track

Max Range: 185.2 km

*Note contradicting data from different sources but from what I understand the newer version will most likely have similar performance as in table

sem-tituloImage: sukhoitributeenglish.blogspot.com

OLS-35 [IRST] data cmano-db.com

T220 targeting pod

IMG_0684-c4ef9e9a5dc3c40f23f739f8a09bc756T220 targeting pod

On the website of the Moscow model-prototyping company “Guild modelers” were pictures made this company a full-size demonstration model of prospective Russian aircraft target designation pod T220 / E. The container is designed of “Scientific and Industrial Corporation” Precision Instrument Systems “(of” SPC “NGN”) and the known data, intended for equipping MiG-29 SMT, Mig-29M / M2 (MiG-35) and Su-35C. It is reported that the container has a length of 2.4 m and a diameter of 0.37 m. The model aircraft suspended container targeting T220 / e development of “Scientific and Industrial Corporation” Precision Instrument Systems “(c) www.gildmaket.ruTranslated by google – Source bmpd.livejournal.com

JSC” Scientific and Industrial Corporation “Precision Instrument Systems” – Video: Here


JSC” Scientific and Industrial Corporation “Precision Instrument Systems” (AO “SPC” NGN “) – the integrated structure of the Russian space industry, designed to implement a complete closed loop in development and production of precision instrument systems, including quantum-optical and opto-electronic systems.

Su-35 countermeasures

The aircraft’s electronic warfare suite includes a radar warning system, radar jammer, co-operative radar jamming system, missile approach warner, laser warner and chaff and flare dispenser.

Radar warning system

Missile Defense System (Sensors)screenshotAtUploadCC_1519657730993

Electro-optical reconnaissance Оптико-электронная разведка

Spherical zone Sauer review Detector attacking missiles (SAR)

The system of optical-electronic reconnaissance (SOER)


• continuous review of the formation of spherical mnemo- and surroundings video?;

• automatic detection in the infrared airborne targets (VTs) and missile;

• recognition and support of the Computing Center and missiles;

• formation of signs of threat. <

Detector of attacking missiles (UAR)

Solves the following tasks:

• continuous spherical review of the environment;

• detection of objects representing a threat, determination of their angular coordinates;

• formation of signs of threat.

Detector of laser irradiation (OLO)

OLT moduleOLT module

Solves the following tasks:

• continuous spherical review of the environment;

• automatic detection of laser radiation sources (OR);

• formation of signs of threat.

Translated by google – Source npk-spp.ru

L-265V Khibiny-MV

The Russian Air Force Khibiny is an advanced aircraft-mounted electronic warfare (EW) system capable of jamming state-of-the-art radar-based weapon systems. It consists of a small torpedo-shaped wingtip pod that covers the aircraft with radio-electronic protective hood once a missile attack has been detected. The protective hood prevents the missile from reaching the target and makes it deviate from the course. According to KRET corporation the Khibiny increases the aircraft’s survivability by 25-30 times. This pod development is the result of the lessons learned during the conflict with Georgia in 2008 where all the aircraft lost were not fitted with an EW system which is the main cause of them being shot down. The Khibiny jamming system was tested successfully for some time on the ground in Buryatia, Russian Federation. The Russian Air Force plans call for the installation of the Khibiny jammer on all its advanced jets such as Su-30SM, Su-30M2, Su-34 and Su-35 (Khibiny-10V). Source deagel.com

General data:
Type: ESM Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 222.2 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Late 2000s
Sensors / EW:
L-265V Khibiny-MV – (Su-35S) ESM

Role: RWR, Radar Warning Receiver

Max Range: 222.2 km

L-265V Khibiny-MV data cmano-db.com



As mentioned earlier, Sukhoi learned that a large RCS does not help the plane, as such, to the refinement of the lines, Sukhoi allied other Stealth measures:

_ Use of RAM layers throughout the structure.

_ Treatment of the air inlets with a RAM layer with a thickness between 0.7 and 1.4 mm.

_ Treatment of the face of the engine with RAM material

_Treatment of the canopy with electro conductive materials that prevent reflection of radar waves.

These measures mean a RCS between 0.7 and 1 m2.

In terms of the thermal signature Sukhoi should have used ceramic materials in parts that reach higher temperatures, such as in the exhaust of the engine.

Source sukhoitributeenglish.blogspot.com

New Russian Su-35S Super-Maneuverability Display Wows MAKS Crowds – Video




The aircraft is powered by two Sturn / UFA AL-31F 117S turbofan engines with thrust-vectoring nozzle control, each supplying 86.3kN thrust or 142.2kN with afterburn. The engines were developed jointly by Sukhoi, Saturn and UMPO. *Note latest engine is 117S (AL-41F1S) turbofan engines

2 x 117S (AL-41F1S) turbofan engines

Saturn AL-31F 117SIzdeliye (Product) 117S (AL-41F1S) turbofan engines thrust output is estimated at 142 kN (31,900 lbf)

On February 19, 2008 the Su-35 aircraft powered with 117S engines successfully performed its first test flight. The specified engine performances were proved during rigorous bench and flight tests. Russian Ministry of Defence is the launch customer for Su-35.


The 117S engine thrust has been increased by 16% (up to 14500 kgf) compared to the base AL-31FP engine, the ultimate life has been increased twice (up to 4 000 hours), keeping the same weight and overall dimensions. Such high parameters are attained thanks to application of:

• new high-tech LP compressor with increased air consumption and efficiency

• high efficiency turbine with increased reliability and improved blade cooling system

• new digital engine control system integrated to aircraft flight control system

Specification (H=0, M=0, MCA)

Maximum afterburning thrust, kgf 14 500
Combat mode thrust:

• full afterburning thrust, kgf

• maximum dry thrust, kgf

14 000

8 800

Ultimate service life, h 4 000

Source npo-saturn.ru


Thrust vectoring nozzles

Sukhoi_Su-35S_07_RED_PAS_2013_07Thrust vectoring nozzles

TA14-130-35 APU

TA14-130-35 is a state-of-the-art gas-turbine engine with the power up to 105 kW. This engine is designed for SU-35 aircraft APU. It is used for supplying on-board AC electric power 200/115 V, up to 30 kV and providing air conditioning for cockpit and cabin.

The engine is equipped with a highly efficient turbo compressor and integrated system of oil cooling. As a result, fuel consumption and the weight are reduced.

20090000_029_062LAPU inlet in between the engines taken from front

The engine is compliant with the contemporary engineering requirements and is equipped with a full-authority electronic digital control system that provides regulation, control and error detection as well as operating time count.

20090000_029_063LAPU inlet in between the engines taken from rear

Technical features:

Absorbed electric power of AC, kVA 30
Bleed air consumption, kg/s 0,55
Bleed air pressure, kgf/sm2 3,70
Bleed air temperature, °C 210
Start and operation altitude, m 10000
Environmental temperature, °С ± 60
Weight (without generator), kg 62
Overall dimensions, mm 868х481х426

Source aerosila.ru

The total fuel capacity is 14,350l. In order to increase the unrefuelled range and endurance compared to earlier models the Su-35 incorporates additional tailfin and fin-root tanks. The fuel tanks are of aluminium lithium construction and are located in the wings, fuselage and in the square-tip twin tailfins. The unrefuelled range on internal fuel is 1,580km.


For in-flight refuelling the aircraft is equipped with a refuelling probe on the port side of the nose. Two external fuel tanks, type PTB-2000, provide an additional 4,000l of fuel. The ferry range with two external tanks is 4,500km.

Su-35 flight tests

Flight tests of the Su-35 began on 18 February 2008. During high-speed ground tests in April 2009, the third prototype of the Su-35 programme crashed at Komsomolsk-on-Armur. The crash damaged the new NIIP Irbis-E radar set installed on Su-35.


The aircraft can fly at a maximum speed of 2,390km/h. The normal and ferry ranges of the aircraft are 3,600km and 4,200km respectively. The maximum altitude is 18,000m. The Su-35 weighs around 18,400kg and the maximum take-off weight is 34,500kg.

Performance data
Aircraft length
wing span (m) 14.70
length (m) 21.9
height (m) 5.9
Weight characteristics
maximum fuel reserve in integral tanks (kg) 11,3
maximum take-off weight (kg) 34,5
normal take-off weight (kg) 25,3
maximum combat payload weight (kg) 8,000 on 12 hardpoints
Engine’s main performance data
type, model afterburning turbofan engine, 117S
number 2
maximum unboosted thrust (kgf) 2 х 8,800
maximum reheated thrust (special setting) (kgf) 2 х 14,500
Performance data
maximum speed near ground (km/h) 1,4
maximum Mach number at cruise altitude 2.25
practical flight range near ground (km) 1,55
practical range at cruise altitude without refueling (km) 3,6
ferry flight range with external fuel tanks (2 drop tanks 2,000 l each) (km) 4,5
service ceiling (w/o external loads) (m) 18

Specification uacrussia.ru

Operators: Here

Image: airrecognition.com

Main material source airforce-technology.com

Revised Apr 19, 2017

Updated Jul 28, 2018

KAI T-50 and FA-50 Golden Eagle

The T-50 Golden Eagle, formerly known as the KTX-2, jet trainer and light attack aircraft was built for the Republic of Korea Air Force (RoKAF). The aircraft was developed in the T-50A advanced trainer and T-50B lead in fighter trainer versions.

The T-50 LIFT is called the A-50 by the RoKAF. The T-50 is designed to provide pilot training for current and next-generation fighters such as advanced F-16s, F-22s and the F-35 joint strike fighter.

T-50 Golden Eagle programme and orders

The first flight of the T-50 took place in August 2002. The RoKAF has a requirement for 50 T-50 trainers and 44 T-50 LIFTs. RoKAF placed a production contract for the first 25 T-50 in December 2003 and the first production aircraft was rolled out in August 2005.

T-50 first prototype 001
Development History:
KTX-2 Initial project designation.
T-50A Initial designation for unarmed Advanced Jet Trainer version.
T-50B Initial designation for Fighter Lead In Trainer version, with APG-67 radar and M61 internal gun. Later incorporated into A-50 version.
T-50 Golden Eagle Official designation for unarmed Advanced Jet Trainer version. Also known as T-50 AJT.
A-50 Golden Eagle Official RoKAF designation for armed version with APG-67 radar and M61 internal gun. Also known as T-50 LIFT. Fighter Lead In Trainer/Light Attack variant.

Source aeroflight.co.uk

The first two aircraft were delivered to RoKAF in December 2005 and entered service in April 2007. A total of 13 aircraft were deployed for training purposes in 2007.

Two squadrons (30 to 40 aircraft) began operations by 2008. The 50th and final T-50 was delivered to the RoKAF in May 2010.

One thousand flights have been completed in the test programme. The A-50 made its first flight in September 2003. A programme of weapon delivery flight testing was completed and deliveries of the A-50 began in 2009.

In December 2006, the RoKAF placed a second production contract for 50 T-50 and A-50 aircraft.

KAI developed a fighter version based on the T-50, called the FA-50 for the RoKAF, which has a requirement for 60 aircraft to replace the F-5.

a-50_rokaf_0001RoKAF TA-50 

In December 2011, KAI signed a production contract with Defense Acquisition Programme Administration (DAPA) to deliver 20 FA-50 aircraft by 2014. The aircraft obtained type certificate in November 2012. The FA-50 is fitted with air-to-air and air-to-surface missiles, 20mm cannon, Joint Direct Attack Munitions (JDAM) and Sensor Fused Weapon (SFW).

FA-50 Light Combat Aircraft


The FA-50 is the most advanced version of the T-50, possessing more internal fuel capacity, enhanced avionics, a longer radome and a tactical datalink. It is equipped with a modified Israeli EL/M-2032 pulse-Doppler radar with Korean-specific modifications by LIG Nex1.

EL/M-2032 pulse-Doppler radar (FA-50 version)

ELM_2032-Airborne-Fire-Control-RadarIsraeli EL/M-2032 pulse-Doppler radar

EL/M-2032 is an advanced pulse Doppler, multimode fire control radar intended for multi-mission fighter aircraft. It is suitable for air-to-air and air-to-surface modes. In the air-to-air mode the radar delivers long-range target detection and tracking capability. In the air-to-surface mode, the radar generates high resolution ground imagery using Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) technology for smart weapons guidance. Air-to-Sea mode provides long-range detection and tracking as well as target identification capability.

EL/M-2032 air-to-air mode has a detection and tracking range of up to 150 km, the air-to-ground mode generates high resolution radar imagery of locations at up to 150 km, and air-to-sea mode can detect and classify naval targets at ranges of up to 300 km. The radar system weighs between 72 and 100 kg. To date, Elta Systems has integrated this radar system into F-4, F-5, F-16, Mirage and Mig-21. Source deagel.com

Type: Radar Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 148.2 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0.2 km Generation: Early 2000s
Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Moving Target Indicator (MTI), Pulse Doppler Radar (Full LDSD Capability)
EL/M-2032 – Radar
Role: Radar, FCR, Air-to-Air & Air-to-Surface, Medium-Range
Max Range: 148.2 km

Source cmano-db.com

The engine could be either Eurojet EJ200 or General Electric F414, upgraded to 20,000 lb or 22,000 lb thrust, roughly 12–25% higher than the F404’s thrust; and are offered to prospective customers for the T-50. The radar of the FA-50 has a range two-thirds greater than the TA-50’s radar.

Eurojet EJ200 (Option)

1hEurojet EJ200 

The EJ200 is a twin shaft reheated turbofan, with three low pressure (LP) and five high pressure (HP) compressor stages, powered by two single-stage turbines (LP and HP). The combustor is annular with airspray injectors. The engine reheat system features a 3-stage manifold system and a convergent/divergent nozzle. Engine control is by an integrated application of blisks, wide-chord aerofoils, single crystal blades, an airspray combustion system, and an integral Full Authority Digital Engine Control (FADEC) providing low pilot workload and comprehensive fleet management capability.

Specification EJ200
Thrust lbf (kN) 20,000 (89) reheated (13,500 dry)
Bypass ratio 0.4
Pressure ratio 26
Length in (m) 157 (4)
Diameter in (m) 29 (0.74)
Basic weight lb (Kg) 2,180 (989)
Compressor 3LP, 5HP
Turbine 1HP, 1LP
Applications Eurofighter Typhoon

*Technical data (ISA SLS)

Source rolls-royce.com

General Electric F414 (Option)

f414_01General Electric F414 turbo-fan engines

The General Electric F414-GE-400 is a 22,000-pound class afterburning turbofan engine. The engine features an axial compressor with 3 fan stages and 7 high-pressure compressor stages, and 1 high-pressure and 1 low-pressure turbine stage. At a weight of 2,445 pounds, the F414-GE-400 has a thrust-to-weight ratio of 9. The F414 is one of the U.S. Navy’s newest and most advanced aircraft engines. It incorporates advanced technology with the proven design base of its F404 predecessor – for example the F414 features a FADEC (Full Authority Digital Engine Control) system – to provide the Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet and the EA-18G Growler with a durable, reliable and easy-to-maintain engine.

The EL/M-2032 was initially chosen over Lockheed Martin’s preferred AN/APG-67(V)4 and SELEX Vixen 500E active electronically scanned array (AESA) radars. Other AESA radars such as Raytheon Advanced Combat Radar and Northrop Grumman’s Scalable Agile Beam Radar are options for future production, and may be shared with the radar chosen for USAF and ROKAF F-16 fighters. Samsung Thales is also independently developing a domestic multi-mode AESA radar for the FA-50. Source wikiwand.com

Manufacturer: General Electric Co.
Thrust: 22,000 pounds
Overall Pressure Ratio at Maximum Power: 30
Thrust-to-Weight Ratio: 9
Compressor: Two-spool, axial flow, three-stage fan
LP-HP Compressor Stages: 0-7
HP-LP Turbine Stages: 1-1
Combustor Type: Annular
Engine Control: FADEC
Length: 154 in (3.91 m)
Diameter: 35 in (88.9 cm)
Dry Weight: 2,445 lbs (1,109 kg)
Platforms: F/A-18E/F Super Hornet; EA-18G Growler

Source fi-powerweb.com

The avionics package consists of embedded Inertial Navigation System/Global Positioning System (INS/GPS), integrated mission computer, identification, friend or foe (IFF), radar altimeter, multimode radar, store management system, UHF/VHF radio, tactical data link, data transfer and recording system, Radar Warning Receiver (RWR) and Counter Measure Dispensing System (CMDS).

Weapon systems on the FA-50

The FA-50 aircraft can carry a weapons load of up to 4.5t. The aircraft can be armed with AIM-9 Sidewinder short-range air-to-air missiles, AGM-65 Maverick air-to-ground tactical missiles (AGM), GBU-38/B Joint Direct Attack Munitions (JDAM), CBU-105 Sensor Fused Weapon (SFW), Mk-82 Low Drag General Purpose (LDGP) bombs and Cluster Bomb Units (CBUs).

The aircraft is also mounted with an internal, three-barrel 20mm Gatling gun and LAU-3/A 19-tube 2.75″ rocket launcher for firing Folding-Fin Aerial Rockets (FFAR). The wide range of weapon systems aboard the FA-50 allows it to counter multiple threats in today’s complex battlefield scenario. Source airforce-technology.com (Weapons see below)

Philippine Air Force FA-50

12311244_1094869203858858_1349436458996258730_nPhilippine Air Force FA-50

The Philippine Air Force chose 12 KAI TA-50 aircraft to fulfill its requirement for a light attack and lead-in fighter trainer aircraft. The Department of National Defense (DND) announced the selection of the type in August 2012. Funding for 12 aircraft was approved by Congress on September 2012, but by late January 2013, state media reported that the FA-50, not the TA-50 as previously reported, was selected for the procurement.

In October 2013, President Aquino said the DND was close to finalizing the FA-50 deal, and on 19 October 2013, President Aquino and President Park Geun-hye of South Korea signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with provisions for acquisitions. On 13 February 2014, President Aquino approved the payment scheme for purchasing 12 lead-in fighter trainers with P18.9 billion ($415.7 million) budgeted. On 28 March 2014, the Philippines’ Department of National Defense signed a contract for 12 FA-50 light attack aircraft worth P18.9 billion (US$421.12 million).

Deliveries began in November 2015 and are expected to be completed in May 2017. The first four FA-50PH aircraft delivered were displayed on 1 December 2016.

Plans call for 3 to 4 of 12 aircraft to be fitted with capability for beyond visual range (BVR) intercept. In March 2015, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) reported that the Philippines plans to order additional FA-50s, which is supported by the PAF flight plan 2028 that lists another 12 FA-50s planned for the future.

On 26 January 2017, the Philippine Air Force used the FA-50PH in combat for the first time when two aircraft conducted a nighttime strike on terrorist hideouts in Butig, Lanao del Sur province in Mindanao. Source wikiwand.com

Image: koreaaero.com

The TA-50, the maiden armed variant of T-50, was introduced in January 2011 for deployment in lead-in fighter training operations. Indonesia awarded a $400m contract to KAI in May 2011 to supply 16 T-50s. Deliveries will be completed by the end of 2013.

Indonesia T-50i

cTppjkfIndonesia T-50i

The Golden Eagles are to replace the Hawk Mk 53 in Indonesian Air Force service. Indonesia’s version has been designated T-50i. Deliveries began in September 2013. The last pair of T-50i aircraft were delivered in January 2014. Source wikiwand.com

Royal Thai Air Force T-50TH

In September 2015, the Thai government chose the KAI T-50 variant for its air force over the Chinese Hongdu L-15 to replace its aging L-39 Albatros trainers. The 4 T-50TH aircraft are scheduled to be delivered by March 2018. Source wikiwand.com

IqAF has received its first batch of (KAI) T-50 jets: Here


Iraqi Air Force (IqAF) commander Lieutenant General Anwar Hamad Amin announced on 16 March that the IqAF has received its first batch of Korean Aerospace Industries (KAI) T-50 jets.

KAI to conclude an export contract with Argentina for 600 billion won for FA- 50: Here


Korea Aerospace Industries ( KAI ) will conclude an export contract with Argentina for an export of 600 billion won for the FA- 50. KAI and the Korean government agreed to complete the contract by December , with the South Korean government to export 12 FA- 50s

KAI/LM T-50 T-X Glass Cockpit


‘T-50A’ T-X Demonstrator First Flight – Video: Here

Development of the T-50 Golden Eagle

The aircraft’s development was funded 13% by Lockheed Martin, 17% by Korea Aerospace Industries and 70% by the Government of South Korea. Korea Aerospace Industries (KAI) is the Republic of Korea’s national aerospace company, established in 1999 with the consolidation of Samsung Aerospace, Daewoo Heavy Industries and the Hyundai Space and Aircraft Company. The T-50 was built at the KAI facility in Sachon.

KAI is the prime contractor and is responsible for the design of the fuselage and tail unit. The mid-mounted variable camber wings are manufactured by Lockheed Martin Fort Worth. Lockheed Martin is also responsible for the avionics and electrical flight control system, as well as for general technical consulting.

Lockheed Martin Aeronautical Systems and KAI created the T-50 International Company, known as TFIC, to pursue export markets outside Korea. The aircraft is considered as a candidate for the F-5 replacement market.


T-50B – These pictures were taken and shared with the web by Howard Mason

The T-50 Golden Eagle has digital fly-by-wire controls and hands on throttle and stick (HOTAS). The cockpit displays include two 127mm full colour Honeywell multifunction displays, Honeywell instrumentation displays and a head-up display (HUD) supplied by BAE Systems.


Two 127mm full colour Honeywell multifunction displays

PictureImage: mdisimulation.weebly.comPictureSource: mdisimulation.weebly.com

Head-up display (HUD) supplied by BAE Systems

Image: dodaam.com

Electronic Horizontal Situation Indicator

PictureSource: mdisimulation.weebly.comPictureSource: mdisimulation.weebly.com

The full authority digital flight control system and avionics were developed by Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Division at Fort Worth.

The flight equipment includes a navigation / attack system, a Honeywell H-764G embedded global positioning / inertial navigation system and HG9550 radar altimeter, Rockwell Collins VIR-130A integrated VOR / instrument landing system and ARN-153V advanced digital tactical aid to navigation, and Raytheon ARC-232 VHF radio.

Honeywell H-764G embedded global positioning / inertial navigation system

EGI family includes the H-764

EGI-FamilyShot-740x400.jpgImage: honeywell.com

HG9550 radar altimeter


ARN-153V advanced digital tactical aid to navigation

TCN-500 / AN/ARN-153(V) Advanced Digital TACAN Receiver-Transmitter

Field tested and proven over many years and on multiple platforms, the TCN-500 is the latest technology airborne Receiver-Transmitter (RT) component of the Tactical Airborne Navigation (TACAN) system.

The TCN-500 RT measures the slant-range distance and relative bearing to a selected ground station or an airborne beacon and computes velocity and time-to-go to that station.

An optional configuration measures slant-range distance to up to three selected ground stations for RHO-RHO or DME-DME area navigation.

Features & Benefits

  • Digital A-1553 outputs for both distance and bearing
  • Range: 390 nautical miles
  • Solid-state, 500-watt transmitter
  • Drop in” ARN-118 replacement when used with appropriate retrofit mount
  • Pilot selectable (manual or A-1553) air-to-air range ratio capability
  • Three-DME-station tracking capability
  • TACAN-550 available as a “beaconing” transmitter function

Source rockwellcollins.com

Raytheon ARC-232 VHF radio


ARC-232 is airborne walkie-talkie model capable of voice and data communication air-to-air and air-to-surface and Have Quick Secure Communication. Source lignex1.com

Image: dodaam.com

The AN/APG-67(V)4 multi-mode radar, supplied by Lockheed Martin, is installed in the nose of the LIFT version.

AN/APG-67(V)4 multi-mode radar (T-50 LIFT version)


Full Suite of Modes

Air to Air

  • Range While Search Look-Up/Look-Down (LU/LD) at > 50/40 nmi
  • Track While Scan LD at > 40 nmi
  • Air Combat Manuevering at 10 nmi
  • Head Up Display Search, Vertical Acquisition, Boresight and Slewable
  • Adaptive Search Mode LU/LD
  • Velocity Search
  • Single Target Track
  • Situation Awareness Mode Air to Surface
  • Real Beam Ground Map and Expand
  • Doppler Beam Sharpening Map – 40:1
  • Freeze
  • Ground Moving Target Indication > 40 nmi (small ship) and Track
  • Air to Ground Ranging
  • Fixed Target Track
  • Beacon
  • Sea Mode > 50 nmi (small ship)

Source 3mp.ir

The two-crew, tandem-stepped cockpit is fitted with an onboard oxygen generating system (OBOGS) and ejection seats supplied by Martin Baker of Uxbridge, UK.

On-board oxygen-generating system (OBOGS)

obogsImage: cobham.com

Mk.16 KR16K zero/zero ejection seat


Losses and Ejection: Here

T-50 weapons

The aircraft has seven external hardpoints for carrying weapons, one on the centreline under the fuselage, two hardpoints under each wing and an air-to-air missile launch rail at the two wingtips.

The wingtip launch rails can carry AIM-9 Sidewinder missiles. The underwing and centreline hardpoints can carry rocket pods, air-to-surface missiles or air-to-air missiles according to the mission requirements, for example, AGM-65 Maverick missiles or mk82 / 83/ 84 bombs or rocket launchers.

In November 2005, the A-50 successfully test-fired an AIM-9L air-to-air missile.

AIM-9L air-to-air missile

The AIM-9L is essentially an AIM-9H with a new 4 micron Indium Antimonide detector, new Argon cooling system, FM modulated reticle and new fuze fitted to the AIM-9H airframe and controls. The InSb detector finally replaced the 1940s era PbS (lead sulphide) infra-red detector). The cassegrain system of the AIM-9H was retained, but a new FM reticle was adopted, necessitating some fundamental changes to the GCS. The new optical system allows acquisition and tracking of targets from all aspects, due the longer wavelength sensitivity of the InSb, with the filter employed to reject shorter wavelengths. Argon gas is used to cool the detector, with the coolant tank embedded in the missile’s seeker to allow use with arbitrary physically/electrically compatible launchers. Local Swedish designation is Rb.74. Upgrades include the AIM-9L Tactical, which is an upgraded version of the basic 9L missile. Next was the AIM-9L Genetic, which has increased infra-red counter counter measures (IRCCM), this upgrade consisted of a removable module which when placed in the GCS gave a infrared flare rejection (IRCCM) capability. Next came the AIM-9L(I), this had its IRCCM module hardwired into the GCS giving improved counter measures as well as an upgraded seeker system. Diehl BGT also markets the AIM-9L(I)-1 which again upgrades the AIM-9L(I) GCS (more insensitive to the recognition and shadowing against infrared flares) and is considered an operational equivalent to the initially “US only” AIM-9M. (Firing) Air Training Round designated ATM-9L, Captive Air Training Round designated CATM-9L and Dummy Air Training Round (for ground handling training) designated DATM-9L. The NATM-9L is equipped with special test and evaluation equipment. Over 5,500 rounds were built, with licensed production by Diehl BGT Germany and Mitsubishi in Japan. Source scramble.nl



The AIM-120 AMRAAM (Advanced Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile) is one of the most modern, powerful, and widely used air-to-air missiles in the entire world. After it entered limited service in 1991, this missile has been exported to about 35 countries around the world, where it has certainly been proven with over 3 900 test shots and 10 combat victories.

By the 1980s, the US deemed its current stock of air-to-air missiles, particularly the medium-range AIM-7 Sparrow, were obsolete, or at least not as capable as the latest Soviet missiles of the time. While the Sparrow was effective, with about 60 kills, it was not effective enough. In particular, it had one crushing fault—it was not fire-and-forget, meaning that the pilot was forced to remain on the scene and in danger until the missile reached its target. So, development of the AIM-120 AMRAAM began, along with European development of a short-range missile, resulting in the ASRAAM. In 1991, the AMRAAM entered limited service in the US Air Force. Two years later, it was fully operational there as well as the US Navy, while other countries started to show considerable interest.

ord_aim-120a_amraam_vs_aim-7_engagement_envelopes_lgImage: defenceindustrydaily.com
Country of origin United States
Entered service 1991
Missile length 3.66 m
Missile diameter 0.18 m
Fin span 0.53 m
Missile launch weight 150.75 kg
Warhead weight 22.7 kg
Warhead type HE blast-fragmentation
Range of fire up to 75 km
Guidance active radar homing

Source military-today.com


Maverick air-to-surface missile

The AGM-65 Maverick is a tactical, air-to-surface guided missile designed for close air support, interdiction and defense suppression mission. It provides stand-off capability and high probability of strike against a wide range of tactical targets, including armor, air defenses, ships, transportation equipment and fuel storage facilities. Maverick was used during Operation Desert Storm and, according to the Air Force, hit 85 percent of its targets.


The Maverick has a cylindrical body, and either a rounded glass nose for electro-optical imaging, or a zinc sulfide nose for imaging infrared. It has long-chord delta wings and tail control surfaces mounted close to the trailing edge of the wing of the aircraft using it. The warhead is in the missile’s center section. A cone-shaped warhead, one of two types carried by the Maverick missile, is fired by a contact fuse in the nose. The other is a delayed-fuse penetrator, a heavyweight warhead that penetrates the target with its kinetic energy before firing. The latter is very effective against large, hard targets. The propulsion system for both types is a solid-rocket motor behind the warhead.

The Maverick variants include electro-optical/television (A and B), imaging infrared (D, F, and G), or laser guidance (E). The Air Force developed the Maverick, and the Navy procured the imaging infrared and the laser guided versions. The AGM-65 has two types of warheads, one with a contact fuse in the nose, the other a heavyweight warhead with a delayed fuse, which penetrates the target with its kinetic energy before firing. The latter is very effective against large, hard targets. The propulsion system for both types is a solid-rocket motor behind the warhead.


Primary Function: Air-to-surface guided missile
Contractors: Hughes Aircraft Co., Raytheon Co.
Power Plant: Thiokol TX-481 solid-propellant rocket motor
Autopilot Proportional Navigation
Stabilizer Wings/Flippers
Propulsion Boost Sustain
Variant AGM-65A/B AGM-65D AGM-65G AGM-65E AGM-65F
Service Air Force Marine Corps Navy
Launch Weight: 462 lbs(207.90 kg) 485 lbs(218.25 kg) 670 lbs(301.50 kg) 630 lbs(286 kg) 670 lbs(301.50 kg)
Diameter: 1 foot (30.48 centimeters)
Wingspan: 2 feet, 4 inches (71.12 centimeters)
Range: 17+ miles (12 nautical miles/27 km)
Speed: 1150 km/h
Guidance System: electro-optical television imaging infrared Laser infrared homing
Warhead: 125 pounds(56.25 kilograms)cone shaped 300 pounds(135 kilograms)delayed-fuse penetrator, heavyweight 125 pounds(56.25 kilograms)cone shaped 300 pounds(135 kilograms)delayed-fuse penetrator, heavyweight
Explosive 86 lbs. Comp B 80 lbs. PBX(AF)-108
Fuse Contact FMU-135/B
COSTS Air ForceAGM-65D/G NavyAGM-65E/F
Date Deployed: August 1972 February 1986 1989
Aircraft: A-10, F-15E and F-16 F/A-18 F/A-18 and AV-8B

AGM-65 Maverick data fas.org

Rockeye II anti-tank cluster bomb 


The CBU-100 Cluster Bomb (also called the Mk-20 Rockeye II) is an American cluster bomb which is employed primarily in an anti-tank mode. It weighs 490 pounds and carries 247 Mk 118 Mod 1 bomblets.

The anti-tank cluster bomb is an air-launched, conventional free-fall weapon. The Mk 20, CBU-99, and CBU-100 are used against armored vehicles.

When the Mk 20 bomb cluster is released from the aircraft, the arming wires (primary and/or optional arming) are pulled sufficiently to arm the Mk 339 fuze (and recently the FMU-140 fuze) and release the fins. The positive armed fin release arming wire frees the fin release band, and the movable fins snap open by spring-force. Functioning of the fuze initiates the linear shaped charges in the dispenser which cut the dispenser case in half and disperse the bombs/bomblets. When the Mk 339 Mod 1 primary fuse arming wire is pulled, the fuze will function 1.2 seconds after the arming wire has been extracted. If the pilot selects the option time (4.0 seconds), both the primary and option arming wires must be pulled. If the pilot selects the option time and the primary arming wire is not pulled, the fuze will fail to function and be a dud. Source revolvy.com

GBU-38 500-pound Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM)

Type: Guided Weapon Weight: 253 kg
Length: 2.35 m Span: 0.43 m
Diameter: 0.27 Generation: None
Properties: Weapon – INS w/ GPS Navigation
Targets: Land Structure – Soft, Land Structure – Hardened, Runway
GBU-38(V)1/B JDAM [Mk82] – (USAF, 2004) Guided Weapon
Land Max: 22.2 km.

Source cmano-db.com

CBU-105 Sensor Fused Weapon (SFW)

Type: Guided Weapon Weight: 450 kg
Length: 2.34 m Span: 0.52 m
Diameter: 0.41 Generation: None
Properties: Weapon – INS w/ GPS Navigation
Targets: Land Structure – Soft, Mobile Target – Soft
CBU-105 WCMD [CBU-97/B SFW, 10 x BLU-108/B Anti-Tank Bomblets] – (2000, CBU-97) Guided Weapon
Land Max: 27.8 km.

Source cmano-db.com

Mk82 / 83/ 84 bombs

Type: Bomb Weight: 241 kg
Length: 2.0 m Span: 0.4 m
Diameter: 0.0 Generation: None
Targets: Surface Vessel, Land Structure – Soft, Land Structure – Hardened, Runway, Mobile Target – Soft, Mobile Target – Hardened
Mk82 500lb LDGP – (1954) Bomb
Surface Max: 1.9 km. Land Max: 1.9 km.

*Note – data for Mk82 only

Source cmano-db.com

South Korean Air Force FA-50 supersonic multi-purpose light fighter 1

LAU-3/A 19-tube 2.75″ rocket launcher

Hydra rocket

2.75 inch (70 mm) Hydra rocket

Hydra-70 Family

In the following, the nine main variants of the Hydra-70 rocket are presented:

M151 High-Explosive:

The M151 HEPD is a unitary fragmenting 10-pound anti-personnel, anti-material warhead with the M423 Point Detonating Fuze. Upon detonation, the warhead fragments into thousands of small high velocity fragments. The fuzed warhead is 16.2″ long and weighs 9.3 pounds.


The M156 white phosphorus (smoke) is primarily used for target marking. The M156 has the same ballistic characteristics as the M151 warhead and is of similar construction. Filler for the M156 is 2.2 pounds of white phosphorus with a 0.12 pound bursting charge of composition B. The fuzed warhead is 16.2″ long and weighs 9.65 pounds.

M229 High Explosive:

The M229 High Explosive warhead is a heavier version of the M151. The U.S. Army is currently not buying this variant. The fuzed warhead is 26″ long and weighs 17 pounds.

M255A1 Flechette:

The M255A1 Flechette warhead consists of a nose cone assembly, a warhead case, an integral fuze, 1,179 60-grain flechettes and an expulsion charge assembly. The primary fuze (M439) is remotely set with the Aerial Rocket Control System (ARCS) Multifunctional Display (MFD) or Rocket Management System (RMS) to provide a range from 500 meters to 7,200 meters. At expulsion, the 1,179 60-grain, hardened-steel flechettes separate and form a disk-like mass which breaks up with each flechette assuming an independent trajectory. The flechette uses kinetic energy derived from the velocity of the rocket to produce the desired impact and penetration of the target. The fuzed warhead is 26.9″ long and weighs 14 pounds.

M257 Illuminating Flare:

The M257 Illuminating warhead is designed to provide battlefield illumination and does not require the use of Infrared (IR) goggles. The M257 flare rocket can be launched by from either fixed wing or rotary-wing aircraft. The M442 motor burnout fuze functions after a 9-second delay. The fuzed warhead is 29.1″ long and weighs 11 pounds.

M261 Multi-Purpose Submunition (MPSM):

The MPSM warhead (weight is 13.9 pounds) provides improved lethal effectiveness against area targets such as light armor, wheeled vehicles, materiel, and personnel. The M73 Submunitions are deployed over the target and descend almost vertically. The M261 Warhead is a cargo warhead consisting of a nose cone assembly, a case, integral fuze, nine submunitions, and an expulsion charge assembly. The primary M439 warhead fuze is remotely set with the Aerial Rocket Control System (ARCS), Multifunctional Display (MFD) or Rocket Management System (RMS) to provide a range from 500 meters to 7,200 meters.

M264 RP Smoke:

The M264 RP (red phosphorous) Smoke is used as a red phosphorous filled smoke rocket propelled by the Mk 66 motor and the smoke is deployed at a range set remotely from within the aircraft cockpit. The M264 warhead is used for smoke obscuration in the visible light spectrum. The fuzed warhead is 26.9″ long and weighs 8.6 pounds.

M274 Smoke Signature (practice):

The M274 warhead is a smoke/flash signature practice warhead used for pilot/gunner training missions and consists of a cast iron warhead modified with vent holes, an aluminum nose cap with firing pin, a M423 fuze safe and arming device, and a smoke/flash cartridge. The fuzed warhead is 16.2″ long and weighs 9.3 pounds.

M278 Infrared Flare:

The M278 Infrared Flare warhead is designed for battlefield illumination for use with Infrared (IR) goggles. The flare rockets can be launched from either fixed wing or rotary-wing aircraft. The 442 motor burnout fuze functions after a 9-second delay. The fuzed warhead is 29.1″ long and weighs 11 pounds.

WTU-1/B (practice):

The fuzed warhead is 16.2″ long and weighs 9.3 pounds.

Source fi-aeroweb.com

LOGIR rockets


LOGIR rockets Guided a precision guided 2.75 inch (70 mm) rocket for use with existing Hydra 70 systems in service, as such it has many similarities with the Advanced Precision Kill Weapon System program. The principal difference between the systems is that while APKWS uses terminal laser homing, requiring the target to be ‘painted’ until impact, LOGIR would guide to a position supplied by the launching aircraft, using imaging infrared in the terminal phase making it a true fire-and-forget weapon.Another advantage of LOGIR was that it was “especially effective against swarm attacks by enemies like small boats, as there’s no need for ongoing guidance.”

A 20mm General Dynamics Armaments three-barrel M61 cannon is installed internally on the A-50 LIFT version. The gun is mounted behind the cockpit and carries 205 rounds of ammunition in a linear linkless feed system. The A-50 LIFT can carry electronic warfare pods and a radar warning receiver.

20mm General Dynamics three-barrel M61 cannon

500px-M197Gatling20 mm (0.787 in) General Dynamics A-50 3-barrel rotary cannon


Gun type Three-barrel, 20mm, externally powered Gatling gun
Weight 132 pounds (60 kg)
Rate of fire Up to 1,500 shots per minute
Dispersion 5 milliradians diameter, 80 percent circle
Muzzle velocity 8.0 milliradians diameter, 80 percent circle (M50)
Average recoil force 1,300 pounds (5.8 kN)
Feed system Linked or linkless
Drive system Hydraulic, electric, pneumatic

Technical data M-197 20mm Gatling Gun gd-ots.com

The A-50 Gun System used on the FA-50PH. Photo courtesy of General Dynamics.


Image id: 23854 – The engine nozzle and afterburner assembly of KAI T-50 Number ‘4’ of the Korean Air Force Black Eagles. The aircraft was in attendance at the 2012 Farnborough Airshow. Taken 2012-07-09 by Tony Hart Photo  URL: http://www.pixstel.com/23854.html

The T-50 Golden Eagle is powered by a single General Electric turbofan engine, type F404-GE-102, with full authority digital electronic control (FADEC). It is a derivative of the 402 with additional improvements in the turbine and afterburner. The engine has twin side-mounted air intakes on either side of the fuselage under the wing.

T-50B – These pictures were taken and shared with the web by Howard Mason

The engine, with a three-fan stage and seven axial stage arrangement, is equipped with full authority digital engine control and generates 78.7kN with afterburn.

General Electric F404 -102

1_RM12-engineGeneral Electric F404 (built under license by Samsung Techwin) afterburning turbofan

Performance Specifications

(Sea level/standard day)



F404 -102/402   
Thrust class

17,700 lb

78.7 kN


154 in

391 cm


146 lb/sec

66 kg/sec

Maximum diameter

35 in

89 cm


2,282 lb

1,035 kg

Inlet diameter

28 in

71 cm

Pressure ratio



Source geaviation.com

Image id: 23813 (picture 4 of 11 selected) – A Black Eagles KAI T-50 Golden Eagle taking off at the 2012 Farnborough Airshow.  Taken 2012-07-10 by Colin K. Work  URL: http://www.pixstel.com/23813.html

The aircraft has seven internal fuel tanks, five in the fuselage and two in the wings, which can carry 2,655l of fuel with the option of three additional 570l external fuel tanks.

The aircraft is fitted with an Argo-Tech fuel system. The power generator is supplied by Hamilton Sundstrand.

Landing gear

T-50B – These pictures were taken and shared with the web by Howard Mason

The aircraft is equipped with Messier Dowty retractable tricycle-type landing gear. Each unit is single wheeled and fitted with oleo pneumatic shock absorbers. The main wheels are retracted into the trunks of the engine air intakes. The nose wheel retracts forward.

Operators: Here

T-50 performance

The T-50 can fly at a maximum speed of 1,837km per hour. The range and service ceiling of the aircraft are 1,851km and 16,764m respectively. The service life is 10,000 hours.


Entered service 2005
Crew 2 men
Dimensions and weight
Length 13.14 m
Wing span 9.45 m
Height 4.94 m
Weight (empty) 6.4 t
Weight (maximum take off) 12.3 t
Engines and performance
Engines 1× General Electric F404 turbofan
Traction (dry / with afterburning) 53.07 / 78.7 kN
Maximum speed 1 640 km/h
Service ceiling 14.63 km
Range 1 851 km

Specification military-today.com

Main material source airforce-technology.com

Images are from public domain unless otherwise stated

Revised May 08, 2017

Updated Jan 08, 2018