In July 2010 the Chinese aviation firm AVIC revealed the first prototype of the new home-grown WZ-19 anti-armor attack helicopter. The prototype may have flown during May 2010. The Z-19 prototype was undergoing a test flight at the Harbin Aircraft Industrial Corporation [HAIC] airfield. It was reported that one prototype crashed on September 18, 2010.
The new Chinese Army Aviation WZ-19 attack helicopters are mainly used to attack tanks and other heavy targets. The new Harbin/AVIC WZ-19 attack helicopter is based on the Z-9W anti-armor attack helicopter, which itself was derived from the license-built AS-365N. The WZ-19 used the engines (WoZhou WZ8A?), rotor, aft fuselage and tail section (including Fenestron tailrotor) with minor modifications from H425 [one of the recent upgraded variants of the Z-9] which speeds up the development. Unlike the the Z-9W, which was basically an wide-body armed utility helicopter, the WZ-19 features a new narrow forwarded fuselage with tandem compact layout similar to that of the other gunship helicopters like Z-10, TAI/Agusta Westland T-129, AH-1Z Viper, AH-64 Apache, Eurocopter Tiger, Mil Mi-28 and HAL Light Combat Helicopter.
The WZ-19 features a narrow forward fuselage and a tandem cockpit layout similar to those of Z-10, but with reversed seating – the pilot sitting in the front seat and gunner in the back seat. Both crew are protected by armor plates, crash-resist seats and non-retractable front landing gears. It also features a Z-9WA style nose mounted EO turret (FLIR, TV and laser range finder), with armament consisting of on 30mm canon in chin turret. The helicopter can also carry the air-to-air and air-to-ground weapon package similar to that of Z-9WA under a pair of stub wings, including KD-8 ATGMs, PL-90 AAMs as well as 23mm gun pods and rocket lanchers.
TY-90 Air-to-Air Missile
KD9 and KD10 ATGMs
Z-19E China-made attack chopper makes maiden flight: Here
The China-made attack helicopter Z-19E made its maiden flight from a Harbin airport on Thursday, marking a major step in China’s entry into the global market for attack helicopters.
Also called the “Black Whirlwind,” the Z-19E is the first export-oriented attack helicopter developed by the AVIC Harbin Aircraft Industry Group. Based on the Z-19’s design, the 19E can be used in quick-response, low-impact and frequent attack missions, China National Radio reported.
The Z-19 also features armor plating, crash resistant seats, and a turret with FLIR, TV, and laser range finder. Z-19 is also equipped with advanced helmet mounted sight (HMS), which looks different from that of WZ-10.
The primary task of the WZ-10 and WZ-19 armed helicopters is to provide fire support on battlefields. Characterized by excellent flight performances and extreme low-altitude maneuverability, the helicopters can be equipped with multiple air-to-air and air-to-ground precision-guided weapons, and possess the daytime and nighttime combat capabilities. All the troop units equipped with these armed helicopters have successively established flight tackling teams in order to tackle highly-difficult problems in flight of these armed helicopters, explored new training methods and tactics by focusing on the characteristics of future wars, and established a complete training system for these new-type armed helicopters. Source: Global Security Org.
- Crew: Two, pilot and observer
- Length: 12 m (39 ft 4 in)
- Height: 4.01 m (13 ft 2 in)
- Empty weight: 2,350 kg (5,181 lb)
- Max takeoff weight: 4,500 kg (9,921 lb)
- Powerplant: 2 × WZ-8C turboshafts, 700 kW (940 hp) each
- Main rotor diameter: 11.93 m (39 ft 2 in)
- Main rotor area: 111.79 m2 (1,203.3 sq ft)
2 × WZ-8C turboshafts
- Maximum speed: 280 km/h (174 mph; 151 kn)
- Cruising speed: 245 km/h (152 mph; 132 kn)
- Range: 700 km (435 mi; 378 nmi)
- Endurance: 4 hours
- Service ceiling: 6,000 m (19,685 ft)
- Rate of climb: 9 m/s (1,800 ft/min)
- Pylon stores for rockets, gun pods, HJ-8 or other anti-tank missiles, or TY-90 air-to-air missiles, 23 mm autocannon.