BMPT-72 Terminator 2/Armata based Terminator-3 Tank support armoured fighting vehicle

At Russian Arms Expo 2013 defense exhibition in Nizhny Tagil (Russia), the Russian Defense Company Uralvagonzavod unveiled a new version of its Terminator, fire support armoured fighting vehicle BMPT-72. The idea to build new heavily armed tank support vehicles emerged on the basis of experience acquired by the Russian military during the First Chechen War in North Caucasus, especially during the urban fighting in Grozny in 1995 when Russian troops lost a large number of combat vehicles to “guerrilla warfare” tactics used by Chechen separatists. As the first production of BMP-T, the BMPT-72 is based on the chassis of the Russian-made main battle tank T-72.

BMP-72_Termintaor-2_fire_tank_support_armoured_infantry_fighting_vehicle_Uralvagonzavod_Russia_Russian_defense_industry_details_001

The vehicle offers new protection and fire power especially in urban operations. The BMPT-72 is able to fight a full range of modern targets as main battle tank, armoured infantry fighting vehicles and other combat vehicles, dismounted infantry, and guided missile combat teams. The BMPT-72 is an extensive modernization of the world-famous T-72 main battle tank, also produced by Uralvagonzavod. Compared with the BMPT predecessor, the BMPT-72 has an improved fire control system and better turret weapon station protection.

1-5Southfront

According to manufacturer Uralvgonzavod, the key advantage that the BMPT-72 gives to all the counties that operate T-72 tanks is that they can promptly and at minimal cost upgrade their armies to an ultra-modern level, and enhance capacity, mobility, protection and armament without purchasing new high-cost machines.

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The BMPT-72 or Terminator 2 is fitted with a new unmanned redesigned fully stabilized electromechanical turret, with lower profile and better protection. The main armament of the BMPT-72 turret consists of two 30mm automatic guns 2A42 and one PKTM 7.62mm coaxial machine gun which can be used against light armoured vehicles and manpower.

The Ministry of Defense informed about the purchase of BMPT “Terminator”: Here

Excerpt

Kubinka (Moscow region), 24 August – RIA Novosti. The Russian army will purchase the first tank-fighting vehicles (BMPT) “Terminator” and modernized BMP-3 with the combat module “Epoch” for the first time, Deputy Defense Minister Yury Borisov said on Thursday during the signing of the contracts.

Russian Terminator-3 BMPT is an Armata based tank with missiles instead of a main gun and Russian plans Armata vehicle versions that are robotic and unmanned: Here

Excerpt

A potentially closer comparison for the Armata based Terminator-3 might be the Israeli Namer — which is based on a Merkava 4 tank chassis — but the Russian machines are not designed to carry troops.

The idea of the tank support vehicle is a vehicle with the protection of a main battle tank, but which had the ability to engage enemy armor, bunkers and infantry in hiding in elevated positions. Indeed, every version of the Terminator built to date has the armor protection equivalent to — or better — than a main battle tank.

Generally speaking, the Russians employ BMTP vehicles alongside with their main battle tanks in the same unit in combat. On the open battlefield, there would normally be a pair of tanks accompanied by a BMTP.

Terminator-3 Fan Art – vignette.wikia.nocookie.net

Russian ‘Terminator 2’ Combat Vehicle to Get New Guns: Here

The guns can fire a wide range of ammunitions as APERS-T (Anti-Personnel ammunitions), HEF-I (High-explosive Fragmentation Incendiary), AP-T (Armour Piercing)., and KE (Kinetic Energy). Two anti-tank guided missile Ataka-T launcher units are mounted to each side of the turret. The missile 9M1201 can be equipped with two types of warheads, hollow-charge and high-explosive concrete-piercing.

The main armament of the BMPT-72 turret consists of two 30mm automatic guns 2A42 and one PKTM 7.62mm coaxial machine gun.

2 x 30mm automatic guns 2A42

30mm automatic guns 2A42 (Source: ZTS Special)

TECHNICAL DATA OF 2A42

Caliber
30 mm
Number of grooves
16
Twist of grooves
715,5 mm
Rate of fire
high
min 550 rounds/min
low
200-300 rounds/min
Gun weight
115 kg
Barrel weight
38,5 kg
Recoiling force
40-50 Kn
Length of the gun
3 027 mm
Voltage of the trigger electric source, contact system
27 +2/-5 V
Feeding
Two belt type
Recocking
Pyrotechnical or manual
Number of powder cartridges
3
Force required to cock the gun by hand for:
– loading
up to 400 N
– re-loading with simultaneous extraction of misfired round 
up to 600 N

Source ztsspecial.sk

30 mm Grenade Launcher AG-17D is designed to defeat manpower and firing assets located outside shelters, in open trenches and behind natural obstacles (ravine, gully, mountainside etc).

30mm grenade launcher

minotor-service.com

The AG-17 weapon system uses VOG-17M fragmentation rounds with a non-delay point fuse detonating on impact. The weapon is fed from a box-stowed metal link belt. The belt can be delivered from both right and left sides. The weapon features quick-to-disconnect barrel.

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The AG-17 weapon system uses VOG-17M fragmentation rounds with a non-delay point fuse detonating on impact. The weapon is fed from a box-stowed metal link belt. The belt can be delivered from both right and left sides. The weapon features quick-to-disconnect barrel.

AG-17 Specification

Caliber, mm 30
Weight, kg* 31
Ammo box capacity, rounds 29
Ammunition stowage, rounds 87
Fire rate, rds./min. 420-480
Effective range, m 1700
Muzzle velocity, m/s 185
Fragmentation kill radius, m 7+

Source minotor-service.com

4 x Ataka-T

19M120Atakatandemheat9M1201 missile

The Ataka (Attack) (Western reporting name AT-9 Spiral-2) is a long-range anti-tank guided missile system. It was developed in the 1980s in the Soviet Union as a follow-on to the previous Shturm (AT-6 Spiral) system, that was introduced in 1976. Soviets needed a new missiles, that could defeat contemporary Western main battle tanks with composite and explosive reactive armor, such as the American M1 Abrams, German Leopard 2, and British Challenger. Launchers with Ataka missiles can be mounted on helicopters, vehicles and watercraft. It is basically similar to the previous Shturm, but has longer range and is more resistant to electronic countermeasures. The Ataka missiles are currently used by the Russian armed forces. These missiles have been exported to Algeria, Brazil, India, Kazakhstan, and Slovenia. Some sources report that these missiles have also been exported to Iran and North Korea.

The following missiles are available:

– 9M120 is a baseline missile with a tandem High Explosive Anti-Tank (HEAT) warhead. It is used against tanks and other armored vehicles. It has a range of 6 km and penetrates 800 mm of armor behind Explosive Reactive Armor (ERA).

– 9M120F with fuel-air explosive (thermobaric) warhead. It is used against infantry in buildings, trenches, bunkers and fortifications. It has a maximum range of 5.8 km.

– 9M120M improved version with longer range and improved HEAT warhead. It has a maximum range of 8 000 m and penetrates 950 mm of armor behind ERA.

– 9M120D improved version with a maximum range of up to 10 km.

Source military-today.com

Alex Kontz
Ataka-T GWS specifications
Parameter Value
Missile guidance Semiautomatic laser beam riding
Laying angles for 9M120-1 missile:

         – in azimuth, deg.

         – in elevation, deg.

 

360 (due to turret rotation)

From minus 10 to plus 25

Firing range of 9M120-1 missile, km From 0.4 to 6.0
Target altitude with reference to carrier datum
(for 9M120-1 missile), km
From 0.0 to 2.0

(maximum target altitude is ensured over range of 3.3±0.5 km)

Number of targets engaged simultaneously 1
Missile launch mode Consecutive
Rate of fire, rounds./min. 3-4
Selection of missiles by warhead type Provided
Armour penetration behind ERA
(for 9M120-1 missile), mm
800, minimum
Time of flight to 5 km, s 14.5, max.
Average flight speed Supersonic
Reaction time (minimum time for GWS to launch missile after achieving fully operational state), s Less than 1.2
Number of missiles loaded on launcher, pcs. Up to 4
Time for manual loading/unloading of one launcher guide, s 30, max.

Source kbm.ru

1BMPTweaponranges

The BMPT-72 is equipped with computerized fire control system with multichannel sighting system and weapon high-accuracy laying systems. The vehicle carries 850 rounds for the 30mm guns and 2,100 ammunitions for the 7.62mm machine gun. The turret protection includes armored shields for the missiles, protecting the missiles from splinters and firing of small arms. The turret can be rotated on 360 ° with elevation from -5° to +25° for the anti-tank missile and from -5° to +45° for the guns and coaxial machine gun. The anti-tank missile can engage a target up to a maximum distance of 6,000 m while the guns have a maximum range of 2,500 against light armoured vehicles and 4,000 against light tactical vehicles and troops. A screening system increases the self-protection of the BMPT-72 which is designed to counter laser target-designators and laser rangefinders. Six smoke grenade launchers are mounted to each side of the turret. When the screening system warns the crew of laser attacks a smoke is created by the launch of grenades.

c562fdd81b6fc31c1a21bedb776d8d7eSight of the gunner (left) and the commander’s panoramic sight.

The BMPT-72 or Terminator 2 has a crew of three with the removal of two grenade launching positions, while the first version of BMP-T had a crew of five. The drive is located at the front center of the hull with gunner and commander at the rear. A panoramic sight is mounted at the front of the tank commander and the gunner position is equipped with day periscopes on 360°.

The BMPT-72 hull and turret are made of steel armour and integrates latest protection systems with explosive reactive armour (ERA) to the front of the turret, a detachable ERA module on the glacis plate and applique ERA on the sides of the hull and turret. The rear parts of the turret and the chassis are fitted with slat armour to increase protection against anti-tank rocket-propelled grenade (RPG) attacks. The anti-tank launch units include armored shields for the missiles, protecting the missiles from splinters and small arms fire.

BMP-72_Termintaor-2_fire_tank_support_armoured_infantry_fighting_vehicle_Uralvagonzavod_Russia_Russian_defense_industry_details_002

The BMPT-72 (Terminator 2) can be motorized with two types of engine, the original 850 hp B84MC or the new 1000 hp. B92C2 power plants, both are 12 cylinder V type multi fuel, liquid cooled Diesel engines. The B92C2 is a turbo supercharger which offers higher power and efficiency. The engine is coupled to a hydraulically assisted transmission with 7 forward and 1 reverse gears.

V-84MS engine

Technical specifications

Type of engine: four-stroke, V-shaped, 12-cylinder multi-fuel diesel engine of liquid cooling with combined supercharging from the drive centrifugal supercharger (CSP) and inertial
Mixing system direct fuel injection
Engine power without resistance at the inlet and outlet, kW (hp) 618 (840)
Rotational speed, s -1 (rpm) 33.3 (2000)
Coefficient of adaptability for torque  1.18
Specific fuel consumption, g / kW · h (g / hp · h) 247 (182)
Weight, kg 1020
Specific power, kW / kg (hp / kg) 0.6 (0.82)
Diameter of the cylinder, mm 150.0
Piston stroke in cylinder with main connecting rod, mm 180.0
Piston stroke in a cylinder with a connecting rod, mm 186.7
Working volume, l 38.88
Minimum temperature of reliable starting of the
engine without preheating, ° С
– 20 ° C
Permissible engine operating conditions:
   – ambient temperature from -40 ° С to + 50 ° С
   – relative humidity up to 98% at 20 ° С
   – height above sea level up to 3000 m
Flash sequence uniform, through 60 ° rotation of a cranked shaft
Degree of poise full dynamic balance

Source chtz-uraltrac.ru

V-92S2 engine

Technical specifications

Type of engine: four-stroke, V-shaped, 12-cylinder multi-fuel diesel engine of liquid cooling with combined supercharging from the drive centrifugal supercharger (CSP) and inertial
Mixing system direct fuel injection
Engine power without resistance at the inlet and outlet, kW (hp) 736 (1000)
Rotational speed, s -1 (rpm) 33.3 (2000)
Coefficient of adaptability for torque  1.25
Specific fuel consumption, g / kW · h (g / hp · h) 212 (156)
Weight, kg 1020
Specific power, kW / kg (hp / kg) 0.72 (0.98)
Diameter of the cylinder, mm 150.0
Piston stroke in cylinder with main connecting rod, mm 180.0
Piston stroke in a cylinder with a connecting rod, mm 186.7
Working volume, l 38.88
Minimum temperature of reliable starting of the
engine without preheating, ° С
– 20 ° C
Permissible engine operating conditions:
   – ambient temperature from -50 ° С to + 50 ° С
   – relative humidity up to 98% at 20 ° С
   – height above sea level up to 3000 m
Flash sequence uniform, through 60 ° rotation of a cranked shaft
Degree of poise full dynamic balance

Source chtz-uraltrac.ru

The BMPT-72 uses also an auxiliary power unit to extend mission endurance and running all systems on silent watch. The BMPT-72 is able to reach a maximum road speed of 60 km with a maximum cursing range of 500 km. The torsion bar suspension each side consists of six roadwheels with the idler at the front, drive sprocket at the rear and three return rollers supporting the inside of the track only. Shock-absorbers are fitted at the first, second and sixth roadwheel stations. The upper part of the suspension is protected by armour plates at the front and slat armour at the rear.

Auxiliary power unit 

DGU 5-P27.5-VM1 or DGU8-P27.5-VM-1

Operators: Here

TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION

GENERAL INFORMATION
Combat weight, t 44
Crew 3 (Commander, Gunner, Driver)
Body length over mud flaps and grid shields, mm 7,200
PRIMARY ARMAMENT
Guided weapons system
Type semi-automatic with laser control channel
Number of guided missiles on launchers, pcs 4
Ammunition allowance, pcs 850
AUXILIARY ARMAMENT
Machine gun twinned with guns
Model PKTM with remote reloading mechanism
Bore size, mm 7.62
FIRE CONTROL SYSTEM
Gunner’s sight multichannel with sighting and thermal channels, laser range finder, built-in laser control channel for missile guidance and independent 2-plane stabilization of field of vision
Min identification range of tank target, m
by day via sighting channel 5,000
Ballistic computer electronic, digital with a set of weather and topographical sending units
Weapon stabilizer two-axis with electromechanical traversing and elevating drives
MOBILITY AND CROSS-COUNTRY ABILITY
Max highway speed, km/h 60
Fuel distance with barrels, km 500
Trench, m 2.6 … 2.8
Power plant
Engine V-84MS / V-92S2
Type V 12-valve 4-stroke multifuel diesel with liquid cooling and gear-driven centrifugal-type supercharger / V 12-valve 4-stroke multifuel diesel with liquid cooling and turbocharger
Power train
Type Mechanical, with transmission gear unit, two final gear boxes and coaxial final drives
Number of gears Seven forward and one reverse
Running gear
PROTECTION
Armor protection, type combined
Explosive reactive armor, type multipurpose, modular
NBC protection system, type collective
COMMS EQUIPMENT
Radio
Model R-168-25UE-2
Number, pcs 1
SPECIAL EQUIPMENT
Diesel-generator unit
Model DGU 5-P27,5-VM1 / DGU8-P27,5-VM-1
Electric power, kW 5 / 8
Location in armored compartment on left plate over the track

Specification uralvagonzavod.com

Source: Army Recognition, Encyclopedia of Safety 

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Updated Apr 03, 2018

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