The Gripen is a multi-role fighter aircraft, intended to be a lightweight and agile aerial platform incorporating advanced, highly-adaptable avionics. It has canard control surfaces which contributes a positive lift force at all speeds, while the generous lift from the delta wing compensates for the rear stabilizer producing negative lift at high speeds, increasing induced drag. Being intentionally unstable and employing digital fly-by-wire flight controls to maintain stability removes many flight restrictions, improves maneuverability, and reduces drag. The Gripen also has good short takeoff performance, being able to maintain a high sink rate and strengthened to withstand the stresses of short landings. A pair of air brakes are located on the sides of the rear fuselage; the canards also angle downward to act as air brakes and decrease landing distance. It is capable of flying at a 70-80 degrees angle of attack.
In order to enable the Gripen to have a long service life, projected to be roughly 50 years, the aircraft was designed to have low maintenance requirements; major systems such as the RM12 engine and PS-05/A radar are of a modular type to reduce operating cost and increase reliability. The Gripen was designed to be flexible as it had been anticipated that newly developed sensors, computers, and armaments would need to be integrated as technology advances.
Gripen – F16 soaring in the Gulf of Thailand during combined training RTAF, RTN and RTA: Matichon TV
Royal Thai Air Force (RTAF) contracts FMV for support of Gripen aircraft: Here
FMV has received an order from the Royal Thai Air Force (RTAF) on support for the Gripen aircraft previously acquired from FMV.
The order includes maintenance and spares supply but also technical support and publication updates and more. It is a three-year order, for the years 2017-2019.
– It feels very good that we have managed to achieve a longer contract with RTAF said Martin Mann, FMV’s project manager for the Gripen Thailand. Previously, we had a one-year orders and a further order gives FMV better anticipation and opportunities for planning.
Air Force awaits answers on fatal Gripen crash: Here
Authorities are waiting for answers from the maker of the jet fighter, the aerospace company Saab, which has received the aircraft’s crash survivable memory unit (CSMU), more commonly referred to as the “black box” that records flight data in the event of a crash.
Saab received the CSMU days after the crash that killed Squadron Leader Dilokrit Pattawee on Children’s Day.
The investigation is expected to take about two months based on the analysis of the pre-crash condition of the aircraft, flying conditions at the time of the accident, and relevant issues regarding the pilot and management.
The plane that crashed – one of Thailand’s 12 JAS 39 Gripen fighter jets composing Wing 7 in Surat Thani province – was not among three jets struck by lightning during their 2013 transport to Thailand.
After a temporary suspension following the crash, the remaining 11 jets of the Gripen squadron successfully performed an operation over the Gulf of Thailand on Thursday, which authorities said indicated that the loss of one of the jets had not dented the fleet’s operational abilities.
The Air Force plans to field a total force of 18 Gripen jets. The first 12 were bought for Bt34.4 billion while Air Chief Marshal Chalit Pukbhasuk was the Air Force’s commander-in-chief.
Thailand mulls buying four more Swedish jet fighters: Here
Thailand might probably buy four more Swedish jet fighters to add to a current squadron of 12 fighters of the same type, said Deputy Prime Minister Prajin Juntong on Thursday.
Prajin, a former Thai air force chief, said that he viewed Saab JAS 39 Gripen multirole combat aircraft as “technologically advanced” and suggested that his successor buy an additional four Swedish jet fighters.
*Note other sources indicate 6 more
Saab looking at Thailand to set up MRO hub: Here
Saab Automobile AB, a Swedish manufacturer of fighter jets, among other products, has expressed interest in investing in a production and maintenance hub in the Eastern Economic Corridor (EEC), says Industry Minister Uttama Savanayana
After meeting with Kaj Rosander, executive vice-president of Saab Asia-Pacific, Mr Uttama said Saab is interested in building a maintenance, repair and operations (MRO) hub at U-tapao airport.
The airport is slated to be upgraded from an ageing military outpost to a modern commercial airport providing air logistics service to serve rising demand in Thailand’s Eastern Seaboard.
Outcome of China and Thailand First Strike Falcon Joint Military Exercise – With Chinese News Video (no Eng sub): Here
Pics from Falcon Strike 2015
Avionics and sensors
All of the Gripen’s avionics are fully integrated using total of five MIL-STD-1553B digital data buses, described as “sensor fusion”. The total integration of the avionics makes the Gripen a “programmable” aircraft, allowing software updates to be introduced over time to increase performance and allow for additional operational roles and equipment.
Much of the data generated from the onboard sensors and by cockpit activity is digitally recorded throughout the length of an entire mission. This information can be replayed in the cockpit or easily extracted for detailed post-mission analysis using a data transfer unit that can also be used to insert mission data to the aircraft. The Gripen, like the Viggen, was designed to operate as one component of a networked national defence system, which allows for automatic exchange of information in real-time between Gripen aircraft and ground facilities. According to Saab, the Gripen features “the world’s most highly developed data link”. The Gripen’s Ternav tactical navigation system combines information from multiple onboard systems such as the air data computer, radar altimeter, and GPS to continuously calculate the Gripen’s location.
Royal Thai Air Force Net Work Centric
Royal Thai Air Force Net Work Centric developed by Avia Satcom/Rohde & Schwar
RTAF Saab 340 AEW&C: Details
Royal Thai Navy HTMS Chakri Naruebet with Saab CMS: Here
Naresuan Class Guided-Missile Frigates (F 25T): Details
RTAF ordered 2 more Saab 340 ELINT & COMINT version: Here
The Gripen entered service using the PS-05/A pulse-Doppler X band multi-mode radar, developed by Ericsson and GEC-Marconi, which is based on the latter’s advanced Blue Vixen radar for the Sea Harrier that also served as the basis for the Eurofighter’s CAPTOR radar. The all-weather radar is capable of locating and identifying targets 120 km (74 mi) away, and automatically tracking multiple targets in the upper and lower spheres, on the ground and sea or in the air. The Mark 4 version has a 150% increase in high-altitude air-to-air detection ranges, detection and tracking of smaller targets at current ranges, 140% improvement in air-to-air mode at low altitude, and full integration of modern weapons such as the AIM-120C-7 AMRAAM, AIM-9X Sidewinder, and MBDA Meteor missiles.
PS-05/A Mark 4
The upgraded radar, designated PS-05/A Mk4, features a new hardware and software, with the primary changes being in the system’s ‘back end’.
Today’s Mk. 3 radar can be converted to a Mk. 4 by replacing two line-replaceable units with new hardware: an all-digital exciter/receiver and a radar processing unit. Part of the performance improvement comes from the exciter/receiver, which Saab claims has such a low noise level that the company found it hard to procure test equipment that would measure it. It also is inherently wideband and can simultaneously receive its own radar signals and emissions from other radars.
- Long and medium range look-up and look-down detection
- Low probability of intercept
- Multiple target Track-While Search
- Short range auto acquisition and tracking
- BVRAMRAAM and Meteor missile data link
- Non cooperative target recognition (NCTR)
- ECM immunity
- Passive operation
- Mapping. Real beam and high resolution SAR
- Ground Moving Target Indication (GMTI)
- Ground Moving Target Tracking (GMTT)
- Sea surface search and tracking
- Air-to-ground ranging
- ECM immunity
- Weather Mapping mode
- General: Pulse Doppler, X band radar, monopulse
- Sub-units: 4 Rack mounted units + antenna unit and waveguide parts
- Weight: 150 kg
- Antenna (ANT): 60 cm, Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) dipoles
- Power Amplifier Unit (PAU). Transmitter: Travelling-Wave Tube (TWT), liquid cooled, peak power >10 kW
- Transmitter AuxilliaryAuxiliary Unit (TAU)
- High-FrequencyExciter Receiver Unit (EXRHFU): Narrowband and wideband receivers, digital pulse compression, state-of-the-art spectral purity and noise figures
- Signal and data processorRadar Processing Unit (RPUSDP): Saab airborne Modular Avionic Computer System (MACS) computer system and parallel COTS based multiprocessor cluster, solid state discs for recording
- Mean Time Between Failure (MTBF): 250 400 hours in airborne operation
Technical data Saab
The primary flight controls are compatible with the HOTAS control principle – the centrally mounted stick, in addition to flying the aircraft, also controls the cockpit displays and weapon systems. A triplex, digital fly-by-wire system is employed on the Gripen’s flight controls, with a mechanical backup for the throttle.
Datalinks and communications – Flygvapnet pioneered the use of datalinks in the combat aircraft, fielding first versions on SAAB 35 Draken in mid 1960s. Gripen is equipped with four high-bandwidth, two-way data links, with range of around 500 kilometers. This allows for exchange of targeting information and other data, even when one of aircraft is on the ground. One Gripen can provide data for four other aircraft, as well as get access to ground C&C systems and SAAB-Ericsson 340B Erieye “mini-AWACs” aircraft. It can also allow fighters to quickly and accurately lock on to target by triangulation of data from several radars. Annother possibility includes one fighter jamming the target while another tracks it, or several fighters using different frequencies at the same time to penetrate jamming easier. (defenseissues.wordpress.com)
Note lower right switch show “PEACE” and “WAR” setting it is said that the WAR setting boast the Gripen performance by 30% and it could attain +12 G
The Gripen includes the EP-17 cockpit display system, developed by Saab to provide pilots with a high level of situational awareness and reduces pilot workload through intelligent information management. The Gripen features a sensor fusion capability, information from onboard sensors and databases is combined, automatically analysed, and useful data is presented to the pilot via a wide field-of-view head-up display, three large multi-function colour displays, and optionally a helmet mounted display system (HMDS).
Gripen helmet mounted display system (HMDS)
Of the three multi-function displays (MFD), the central display is for navigational and mission data, the display to the left of the center shows aircraft status and electronic warfare information, and the display to the right of the center has sensory and fire control information. In two-seat variants, the rear seat’s displays can be operated independently of the pilot’s own display arrangement in the forward seat, Saab has promoted this capability as being useful during electronic warfare and reconnaissance missions, and while carrying out command and control activities.
|Operating Ceiling||50000+ ft (15,250m)|
|Minimum height/Speed||Zero/zero in near level attitude|
|Crew boarding mass range||69.2 – 112.2 kg|
|Crew size range||3rd to 99th percentile|
|Maximum Speed for ejection||630 KIAS|
|Parachute type||GQ Type 1000 Mk 2|
|Parachute deployment||Drogue assisted|
|Drogue parachute type||5ft and 22 in.|
|Drogue deployment||Drogue gun. Initiated by trip rod|
|Ejection seat operation type||Ejection gun and multi-tube rocket pack|
|Ejection gun||Single, two stage|
|Gun stroke length||72 in.|
|Ejection initiation||Handle on seat pan initiates gas operated seat firing system|
|Barostatic time-release unit||Yes, with 2 sec delay to give time for speed to decrease. Trip rod initiated.|
|Automatic back-up unit||No|
|Manual override handle||Yes|
|Guillotine||Yes, early variant|
|Timers||0.50 second Drogue Gun Delay Timer, and a BTRU (barostatic time release unit)|
|Seat adjustment||Up/down Actuator operated 28 Vdc|
|Leg restraints||Yes, two garters|
|Oxygen supply||Bottled emergency oxygen, Main oxygen system connection|
|Personal survival pack||Yes, landscale, Liferaft option available|
|Aircrew services||Personal Equipment Connector (PEC) provides connections for
– main oxygen
– back-up oxygen
– emergency oxygen
– anti-g suit
|Miniature detonating cord||Yes|
|Miniature detonating cord||Yes|
|Interseat sequencing system||Yes, through command delay breech unit|
Royal Thai Air Force 701 Fighter Squadron
Gripen Multirole Fighter Aircraft: Details
Gripen operational cost lowest of all western fighters: Jane’s
The operational cost of the Swedish Saab Gripen aircraft is the lowest among a flightline of modern fighters, confirmed a White Paper submitted by the respected international defense publishing group IHS Jane’s, in response to a study commissioned by Saab.
For the purpose of modeling to create a standard or benchmark, the study arrived at the ‘aircrafts’ fuel usage, hence cost, based on a theoretical one hour sortie at max dry thrust’, not ‘necessarily reflective of actual fuel consumption and hence fuel cost of a one hour sortie’.
As is evident, the modeled cost pattern is closest to the derived cost pattern in the case of the Gripen, F-16, Rafale, and Eurofighter. The research and the model digress in the case of the F-35 and the F/A-18.
In the case of the F-35, the study says the different ‘costs arise from the differing power and specific fuel consumptions of the A / C and B models. The B model is the top figure in both cases’. The study says, “The single P&W F-135 engine is relatively fuel efficient for its power, resulting in a lower fuel burn at maximum dry thrust than might be expected.” It adds that, although obviously, ‘accurate CPFH for in-service aircraft does not exist’, ‘the US and Australian forecast costs both suggest it will not offer lower CPFH than current aircraft’, considering ‘the aircraft itself is an extremely sophisticated design carrying a large number of new and unproven onboard systems’.
Specifications (JAS 39C/D Gripen)
- Crew: 1 (2 for JAS 39D)
- Payload: 5,300 kg (11,700 lb)
- Length: 14.1 m (46 ft 3 in); two-seater: 14.8 m (48 ft 5 in)
- Wingspan: 8.4 m (27 ft 7 in)
- Height: 4.5 m (14 ft 9 in)
- Wing area: 30.0 m² (323 ft²)
- Empty weight: 6,800 kg (14,990 lb)
- Loaded weight: 8,500 kg (18,700 lb)
- Max. takeoff weight: 14,000 kg (31,000 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 × Volvo RM12 afterburning turbofan
- Dry thrust: 54 kN (12,100 lbf)
- Thrust with afterburner: 80.5 kN (18,100 lbf)
- Wheel track: 2.4 m (7 ft 10 in)
- Maximum speed: Mach 2 (2,204 km/h (1,190 kn; 1,370 mph)) at high altitude
- Combat radius: 800 km (497 mi, 432 nmi)
- Ferry range: 3,200 km (1,983 mi) with drop tanks
- Service ceiling: 15,240 m (50,000 ft)
- Wing loading: 283 kg/m² (58 lb/ft²)
- Thrust/weight: 0.97
- Maximum g-load: +9 g (+12 g emergency)
- Guns: 1× 27 mm Mauser BK-27 Revolver cannon with 120 rounds (single-seat models only)
- Hardpoints: 8 (three on each wing and two under fuselage) and provisions to carry combinations of:
- Rockets: 4× rocket pods, 13.5 cm rockets
- 6× AIM-9 Sidewinder (Rb.74) or IRIS-T (Rb 98)
- 4× AIM-120 AMRAAM (Rb.99) or MICA
- 4× Meteor (under development)
- 4× AGM-65 Maverick (Rb.75)
- 2× KEPD.350
- 2× Rbs.15F anti-ship missile
- 4× GBU-12 Paveway II laser-guided bomb
- 2× Bk.90 cluster bomb
- 8× Mark 82 bombs
Saab Gripen Flight Suit Saab Chemical Biological Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) Aircrew Protection for Gripen
Sundstrand T-62T-46LC-1 APU
Notice the distinct bulge, and the flaps for the intake and exhaust – Image: kitreview.comAPU intake and exhaust flaps open
The Gripen features an auxiliary power unit (APU) to reduce its dependence on ground systems, and the fighter’s onboard digital systems include “built-in self-test” capabilities that can download diagnostic data to a tech’s laptop computer. Service doors to critical systems are at head level or lower, allowing easy access by technicians. Flygvapnet experience shows that the Gripen requires 40% less maintenance work-hours and only half the fuel of the Viggen.
After obtaining initial production machines, the Flygvapnet moved on to deliveries of Batch 2 Gripens, which featured a Sundstrand APU, replacing the older Microturbo APU, which was too noisy and not reliable enough. Source airvectors.net
The RM12 engine was developed by GE Aircraft Engines and Volvo Aero Corporation to power Swedish JAS-39 Gripen fighter. RM12, specially designed for single-engine use has a few different characteristic compared to it’ father F404-GE-400. First of all the fan has been strengthen to sustain a hit of 0.5 kg bird, the airflow was highten by 10% and the turbine was made of modern materials to stand higher temperatures. All of this increased the overall performance by 10-20%. Engine has FADEC with hydromachanical backup and backup ignition system. The RM12 has fast power setting response, unlimited number of power cycles, smooth to-afterburner transition and is very reliable. .
|Fan pressure ratio||x|
|Overall pressure ratio||x||27|
|Temperature – max turbine inlet||°C|
|– max turbine outlet||°C|
|Thrust – maximal (SLS)||kp||5507|
|– with afterburner (SLS)||kp||8210|
|SFC – maximal thrust (SLS)||kg/kN/h||84,0|
|– afterburner (SLS)||kg/kN/h||181,5|
RM12 data leteckemotory.cz
Royal Thai Air Force Saab Gripen simulator
Rafael’s Litening III Laser Designation Pod (LDP)
Litening Airborne Day/Night Navigation & Targeting Pod provides precision strike capability to every fighter aircraft.
- reduces pilot workload during the process of targeting maintenance target
- Sighting system of high accuracy and reliability
- reduces operational limitations
- simple maintenance and support
- low maintenance cost
- potential upgrade
- upgrades available for aircraft with multi-mission capability
- Adaptable on most aircraft
- detection, recognition, identification, laser designation of targets on land or sea
- Release accurate ammunition laser-guided enema and general purpose weapons.
- identification of air targets beyond visual range (BRV)
- option for data link and long-range video
The evolution of the Litening pod continued with the Litening III version, which utilized a more capable Gen III (3-5micron) FLIR, with a 640×480 digital detectors array. This system is also equipped with a target marker, which improves the coordination of ground and air forces, by designation of targets by day or night. Litening III system is also equipped with a dual-wavelength diode-pumped laser, which is compatible with training (eyesafe) and wartime operational modes. The system also employs electronic image stabilization, to provide cleaner images of targets, acquired at long standoff range.
Logistically, the integration of the pod is easy and straightforward; it can fit the centerline or E/O pod mounts available with most modern aircraft and require no structural changes in the aircraft. Pods can also be installed on different aircraft, in support of specific missions. For example, the US Reserves currently field eight pods per wing. The pod requires minimal maintenance and technical support on the flight line. It is self boresighting in flight, therefore requires no alignment prior to the mission and improved accuracy during operations.
The Israeli targeting pod was procured by 14 air forces, including the US Air Force Reserve’s and Air National Guards for their F-16 Block 25/30/32 Fighting Falcon. Other air forces operating the system include the US Marine Corps (AV-8B), Israeli air Force (F-16), Spanish and Italian Navy (AV-8B) and Spanish air force (F/A-18), German Air Force (Tornado IDS), and the Venezuela (F-16A/B). The pods were also selected for South Africa’s Grippens, India’s Mirage 2000, MiG-27 and Jaguar. The most recent inquiry for the pods came in March, for a planned procurement of F-16s by Austria. The pod is also fully integrated in the Eurofighter, F-5E, MiG-21 and other types. Testing are underway to integrate the pod with Boeing F-15I operated by the Israel Air Force.
|Litening III specifications:|
|total weight:||440 lb|
|IR sensor:||640×480 FPA Mid-IR wavelength|
|Wide FOV:||18.4 x 24.1|
|Narrow field of view:||1×1|
|Field of regard:||+45 / -150|
|Laser:||Diode pumped laser designator, dual wavelength|
27mm Mauser high-energy gun
27mm all-purpose Mauser BK27 high velocity gun
This 27mm cannon is a single barrel, gas-operated lightweight single barrel revolver cannon that fires electrically primed 27×145 mm ammunition at 1 700 rounds per minute.
Developed by Mauser-Werke Oberndorf of Germany, it’s features include low volume, low system weight, high fire power in target (air/air, air/ground), low time of flight projectile and a long stand-off range.
The cannon is relatively lightweight at only around 100 kg including barrel, but with a natural rate of fire of approximately 1700 rounds per minute (instantaneous time to rate), the relatively large shell (260g) and the high muzzle velocity of just over 1 km/s (v0) it packs a punch. The cartridge is ignited electrically and fed to the cylinder through linked belts or, in the case of the Eurofighter, through a linkless conveyor belt ammunition feed system, the first such system for revolver guns. Linkless systems (which are a staple in modern Gatling-type cannons) are less prone to stoppage and the ammunition uses considerably less space.
The different types of ammunition all have the same internal and external ballistic properties allowing for the use of belts with mixed ammunition for greater flexibility.
Armour piercing high explosive
Semi Armour Piercing High Explosive
Target Practice Target Practice Frangible Projectile
Target Practice Tracer
Gripen (fuselage x 1)
IRIS-T air-to-air missile
The IRIS-T, InfraRed Imaging System – Tail/Thrust Vector Controlled, is an International initiative to replace current AIM-9L/M Sidewinder short-range, air-to-air missiles. The missile combines advanced aerodynamics and thrust vector control in a tail controlled airframe to achieve outstanding performance.
It utilizes a solid-propellant rocket motor. IRIS-T features a roll-pitch (128×128) IR seeker with �90� look angle for high off-boresight angle missile engagements. Engagements against targets in the rear hemisphere can be done successfully with the missile locked-on target after launch. IRIS-T outstanding agility is the key to successfully engage highly maneuverable advanced aircraft.
Overall, IRIS-T delivers increased agility, target acquisition range, hit accuracy, a more effective warhead and considerably improved protection against countermeasures compared with the Sidewinder missile. The mass, length, diameter and interface of the IRIS-T missile are very close to its predecessor achieving a high degree of compatibility which is a must for the IRIS-T program. During the flight tests, the IRIS-T achieved direct impact on the target even with IRCM (IR countermeasures) presence. The highly maneuverable IRIS-T missile will be integrated onto Typhoon, Gripen, F-16, Tornado, and F/A-18 aircraft. Dhiel BGT is the prime contractor for the program and Germany is the lead nation. Source deagel.com
|LENGTH||2936 mm / 2.9m|
|Impact and active radar proximity fuse|
|FLIGHT ALTITUDE||Sea level to 20,000 m|
|Typhoon, Tornado, F-4, F-16,NASAMS, Gripen, F-18.|
Specification source wikipedia.org
AIM-9 Sidewinder Anti-Aircraft Missile
The Lima was followed in production in 1982 by the AIM-9M, which is essentially an improved AIM-9L. The Mike has improved background rejection, counter-countermeasures capability and a low smoke motor to reduce the visual signature of the inbound weapon. The AIM-9M has the all-aspect capability of the AIM-9L model, but provides all-around higher performance. The M model has infra-red countermeasures, enhanced background discrimination capability, and a reduced-smoke rocket motor. Deliveries of the initial AIM-9M-1 began in 1982. The only changes from the AIM-9L to the AIM-9M were related to the Raytheon Guidance Control Section (GCS). Several models were introduced in pairs with even numbers designating US Navy versions and odd for US Air Force. All AIM-9M GCS are comprised of three major assemblies; a seeker assembly for detecting and tracking the target; an electronics assembly for processing detected target information; and a servo assembly that transforms electrical tracking signals to mechanical movement of the fins. An umbilical cable assembly provides electrical interface between the missile GCS and the aircraft launcher. The umbilical I-3 cable also allows the flow of coolant from the LAU-7 to the missile GCS. AIM-9M GCS versions include the WGU-4A/B used in the AIM-9M-1 and AIM-9M-3, the WGU-4C/B used in the AIM-9M-4, the WGU-4D/B used in the AIM-9M-6, and the WGU-4E/B GCS used in the AIM-9M-8. The WGU-4E/B GCS uses advanced technology that has evolved through the WGU-4D/B development, while expanding the potential of the IRCM detection circuitry and improving the missile’s capability with respect to tactical IRCM deployment. Source scramble.nl
MBDA Offers Meteor BVRAAM for Thailand’s Gripen: Here
Missile major MBDA is promoting its Meteor BVRAAM (Beyond Visual Range Air-to-Air Missile) as the ideal solution for maximising the air defence potential, of Saab Gripen fighter aircraft belonging to the Royal Thailand Air Force (RTAF).
The Meteor BRAAM is now in full production and will enter service on Gripen aircraft of the Swedish Air Force by the end of this year. The Swedish Air Force will receive full Meteor capability as part of the Gripens latest MS20 (Materiel System 20) combat systems update. With MS20 having been obtained, Gripen can be fitted with the world’s first and only functional Meteor BVRAAM capability, years ahead of other combat aircraft. Meteor capability now also becomes available for other Gripen users.
Meteor (Future upgrade)
Meteor Beyond-Visual Range Air-to-Air Missile, Meteor is air ramjet-powered missile with advanced seeker technology that can fly at sustained high speeds, over long ranges and with great agility to defeat air-to-air threats range 100-300 km at over Mach 4
The AIM-120 AMRAAM (Advanced Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile) is one of the most modern, powerful, and widely used air-to-air missiles in the entire world. After it entered limited service in 1991, this missile has been exported to about 35 countries around the world, where it has certainly been proven with over 3 900 test shots and 10 combat victories.
By the 1980s, the US deemed its current stock of air-to-air missiles, particularly the medium-range AIM-7 Sparrow, were obsolete, or at least not as capable as the latest Soviet missiles of the time. While the Sparrow was effective, with about 60 kills, it was not effective enough. In particular, it had one crushing fault—it was not fire-and-forget, meaning that the pilot was forced to remain on the scene and in danger until the missile reached its target. So, development of the AIM-120 AMRAAM began, along with European development of a short-range missile, resulting in the ASRAAM. In 1991, the AMRAAM entered limited service in the US Air Force. Two years later, it was fully operational there as well as the US Navy, while other countries started to show considerable interest.
Image: defenceindustrydaily.comAIM-120 AMRAAM range 105-180 km at Mach 4
|Country of origin||United States|
|Missile length||3.66 m|
|Missile diameter||0.18 m|
|Fin span||0.53 m|
|Missile launch weight||150.75 kg|
|Warhead weight||22.7 kg|
|Warhead type||HE blast-fragmentation|
|Range of fire||up to 75 km|
|Guidance||active radar homing|
Maverick air-to-surface missile
The AGM-65 Maverick is a tactical, air-to-surface guided missile designed for close air support, interdiction and defense suppression mission. It provides stand-off capability and high probability of strike against a wide range of tactical targets, including armor, air defenses, ships, transportation equipment and fuel storage facilities. Maverick was used during Operation Desert Storm and, according to the Air Force, hit 85 percent of its targets.
The Maverick has a cylindrical body, and either a rounded glass nose for electro-optical imaging, or a zinc sulfide nose for imaging infrared. It has long-chord delta wings and tail control surfaces mounted close to the trailing edge of the wing of the aircraft using it. The warhead is in the missile’s center section. A cone-shaped warhead, one of two types carried by the Maverick missile, is fired by a contact fuse in the nose. The other is a delayed-fuse penetrator, a heavyweight warhead that penetrates the target with its kinetic energy before firing. The latter is very effective against large, hard targets. The propulsion system for both types is a solid-rocket motor behind the warhead.
The Maverick variants include electro-optical/television (A and B), imaging infrared (D, F, and G), or laser guidance (E). The Air Force developed the Maverick, and the Navy procured the imaging infrared and the laser guided versions. The AGM-65 has two types of warheads, one with a contact fuse in the nose, the other a heavyweight warhead with a delayed fuse, which penetrates the target with its kinetic energy before firing. The latter is very effective against large, hard targets. The propulsion system for both types is a solid-rocket motor behind the warhead.
|Primary Function:||Air-to-surface guided missile|
|Contractors:||Hughes Aircraft Co., Raytheon Co.|
|Power Plant:||Thiokol TX-481 solid-propellant rocket motor|
|Service||Air Force||Marine Corps||Navy|
|Launch Weight:||462 lbs(207.90 kg)||485 lbs(218.25 kg)||670 lbs(301.50 kg)||630 lbs(286 kg)||670 lbs(301.50 kg)|
|Diameter:||1 foot (30.48 centimeters)|
|Wingspan:||2 feet, 4 inches (71.12 centimeters)|
|Range:||17+ miles (12 nautical miles/27 km)|
|Guidance System:||electro-optical television||imaging infrared||Laser||infrared homing|
|Warhead:||125 pounds(56.25 kilograms)cone shaped||300 pounds(135 kilograms)delayed-fuse penetrator, heavyweight||125 pounds(56.25 kilograms)cone shaped||300 pounds(135 kilograms)delayed-fuse penetrator, heavyweight|
|Explosive||86 lbs. Comp B||80 lbs. PBX(AF)-108|
|Date Deployed:||August 1972||February 1986||1989|
|Aircraft:||A-10, F-15E and F-16||F/A-18||F/A-18 and AV-8B|
AGM-65 Maverick data fas.org
Saab RBS15F anti-ship missile
The RBS-15 was adapted for air launch as the “RBS-15F”, entering service in 1989. Such RB-04s as remained in service after that time were passed on to the training role.
The RBS-15F is Flygvapnet JAS-39 Gripen and was carried on the AJS-37 Viggen fighter. The missile’s advanced navigation system can store a large number of map “waypoints” to allow it to maneuver through complicated flight profiles, and it can even perform “feints”, closing in on one target and then veering off abruptly to hit another at the very last moment.
SAAB is now working on a land-attack derivative of the RBS-15F with a “stealthy” radar system, infrared terminal seeker, and new warhead, for introduction no earlier than 2004.
|Wingspan||1.4 meters||4 feet 7 inches|
|Length||4.45 meters||14 feet 7 inches|
|Total weight||600 kilograms||1,320 pounds|
|Warhead weight||300 kilograms||660 pounds|
|Range at altitude||200 kilometers||125 MI / 110 NMI|
GBU-12D/B Paveway II LGB
GBU-49/B Paveway II GPS/LGB
Mark 82/83 bombs
Source: wiki, Saab, Avia TAF
Updated May 07, 2017
Artist rendering Gripen with CFT
Royal Thai Air Force Presentation on Current and Future Development (Eng Sub)
Cope Tiger 2015