In the early 90s a BTR-90 was developed in Russia. It had a more powerful armament, improved protection greater mobility and increased internal volume, comparing with the previous BTR-80. However it was not accepted to service, possibly due to funding problems. Since 2010 Russia stopped purchasing the older BTR-80 APCs. Currently an improved BTR-82 is being obtained as a stop-gap measure until a new vehicle is available.
BTR-82A APC: Details
In 2011 Russian MoD issued a requirement for a modular family of armored vehicles instead of the BTR-90. The project is known as the Bumerang (boomerang). A baseline vehicle is an armored personnel carrier. It was developed alongside a new-generation Kurganets tracked armored vehicle family. The whole project was kept in high secrecy. The new APC was revealed to Russian military officials in 2013. During the same year first Bumerang APCs were delivered to the Russian Army for trials and evaluation. It was first publicly revealed in 2015. In 2015 a handful of pre-production vehicles were delivered to the Russian armed forces. As of early 2017 this APC is till being tested by its manufacturer. Full-scale production could begin within the next couple of years.
Once operational the new-generation Bumerang APC should replace a whole host of ageing Russian armored vehicles. The estimated requirement is for at least 2 000 wheeled armored vehicles.
The Bumerang is a clean sheet design. It is not based on any previous Russian armored vehicle. Actually it resembles Western designs. A number of components and subsystems of the Bumerang are interchangeable with the Kurganets family of tracked armored vehicles.
Bumerang APC and Bumerang IFV
Engine of the Bumerang is located at the front of the hull. Troops enter and leave the new vehicle via rear power-operated ramp with integral doors. It is worth mentioning that a rear-mounted engine of the BTR series APCs was a significant drawback, as troops had to leave the vehicle via side doors. Cramped side entry and exit hatches are even worse on BTR-70 APCs, which is still in service with the Russian Army. If such vehicles are ambushed, troops usually have to leave it under direct enemy fire.
Bumerang 8×8 Armoured Personnel Carrier (K-16 APC): Details
This new armored personnel carrier has a crew of 3, including commander, gunner and driver. It can carry 9 soldiers. Firing ports for the troops were deleted in order not to compromise armor protection.
Vehicle has a welded hull and turret. Its armor is modular, so protection level can be tailored to suit mission requirements. So far its protection level is classified. However it seems that all-round protection with maximum armor is against 14.5-mm armor-piercing round.
Vehicle has a V-shaped hull that deflects mine blasts away. As usually this vehicle is fitted with NBC protection and automatic fire suppression systems. It has been reported that the Bumerang can be fitted with active protection system.
The Bumerang uses the same unmanned turrets as Kurganets APC and IFV. This 8×8 armored personnel carrier comes in two basic version. One version fitted with the same turret as used on Kurganets APC. It is armed with a 12.7-mm machine gun. Another version is fitted with a turret of Kurganets IFV and packs a formidable punch. It is armed with a 30-mm cannon, coaxial 7.62-mm machine gun and 4 external launchers with Kornet-M anti-tank guided missiles.
Epoch Turret is developed by the KBP Design Bureau in Tula, Russia.
The turret is remotely operated from inside the vehicle and armed with a 2A42 gas operated, dual-feed 30mm autocannon and a coaxial 7.62mm PKT Machine Gun.
Image: Warfare Technology
2A42 gas operated, dual-feed 30mm autocannon
The 2A42 is a double feed autocannon that fires the powerful 30x165mm round. There are no variants of the 2A42 although the design of the newer lightweight 2A72 has been based on it.
|Mechanism||Gas operated, electrically powered|
|Barrel||rifled, 16 grooves, 716 mm right hand twist|
|Dimensions||3.027 m long|
|Weight||115 kg overall, 38.5 kg barrel|
|Feeding||Double belt feed|
|Rate of fire||200 – 300 rpm, 550 – 800 rpm|
|Muzzle velocity||960 – 970 m/s|
|Recoil||30 to 40 kN|
|Remarks||Muzzle brake, 6.000 round service life|
Image: Warfare Technology
PKT 7.62mm Coaxial Machine Gun
All Russian MBTs are traditionally equipped with a 7.62mm machine-gun mounted coaxially with the main armament.
The PKT machine-gun (Pulemyot Kalashnikova Tankovyi, Kalashnikov Machine-gun Tank version) is used in this role since 1962 when it was introduced instead of the older Goryunov SGMT MG. The differences from the PK unified MG include removal of stock and sights, longer and heavier barrel to facilitate higher rate of fire, solenoid electric trigger, gas regulator and several others.
PKT permits only automatic fire, is belt-fed, and the ammo box holds 250 rounds.
Machine-gun: 7.62mm PKT (6P7)
Length: 1,098 mm
Weight (empty): 10.5 kg
Barrel length: 722 mm
Barrel weight: 3.23 kg
Direct fire range: 650 m (at running target)
Effective range: 1,500 m
Maximum range: 4,000 m
Rate of fire: 700 .. 800 (250 practical) rds/min
Ammo box: 250 rounds
Ammo box weight: 9.4 kg
Total ammo allowance: 2000 rounds (T-72B(M), T-72BK, T-90)
1250 rounds (T-80U, T-80U(M))
750 rounds (T-80UK)
The turret also has two Kornet-EM ATGM missiles on each side.
The turret has got two identical looking stabilized sights for the gunner and commander. A computerized fire control system is fitted with thermal imagers, day cameras and laser range finders for increased first round hit probability. All around the turret, laser warning receivers and smoke grenade launchers are located. Source Warfare Technology
Kornet (Russian: “Корнет”; English: Cornet) ATM missiles
Its fearsome reputation is derived from its extreme range that’s far beyond current anti-tank missiles. The FGM-148 Javelin, for example, can only deliver its lethal top attack warhead 2.5 kilometers away while the original Kornet-E developed by the Instrument Design Bureau (KBP) had a maximum range of 5.5 km.
To outdo rival systems, KBP upgraded the Kornet. Improved Kornet-EM has twice the maximum range of its predecessor.
The Kornet’s tandem HEAT warhead is just as intimidating for its size. With a 152 mm diameter it is one of the largest ATGM’s ever built. This feature is meant to defeat the threat posed by Explosive Reactive Armor (ERA) on modern tanks.
The 9M133 Kornet (Western designation AT-14 Spriggan) was first introduced in 1994 and has since inspired subtle, albeit persistent, demand from many countries—including states that weren’t traditionally customers of Russian hardware. This missile was adopted by the Russian Army in 1998.
|Armor penetration||1 000 mm|
|Missile length||1 200 mm|
|Missile diameter||152 mm|
|Missile weight||8.2 kg|
|Total weight with launcher||29.2 kg|
|Warhead weight||7 kg|
|Warhead type||Tandem HEAT|
The new APC is powered by a turbocharged diesel engine. Two engine alternatives are available. These are 17-liter ChTZ-Uraltrac 2V06 opposite engine, developing 450-510 hp or YaMZ-780 inline engine with two turbochargers, developing 750 hp. As of early 2017 it is unclear which engine will be fitted on production model. It is planned that the same engine will be used by Kurganets family of tracked armored vehicles.
It looks like the engine is mated to a 6-speed automatic gearbox. Vehicle has an 8×8 configuration with all-wheel drive. Vehicle is fitted with a central tyre inflation system and run-flat tyres. The Bumerang is fully-amphibious. On water is is propelled by two waterjets.
Two waterjets used for amphibious operations
Other armored vehicles of the Bumerang family will include armored ambulance, command post vehicle, reconnaissance vehicle, anti-tank missile carrier, air defense missile launcher, fire support vehicle, mortar carrier, and other. It seems that with these vehicle Russia plans to equip rapid deployment brigades, similar in concept to US Stryker brigades.
RUSSIAN NAVY MARINES TO BE ARMED WITH BUMERANG: Here
The Military Industrial Company (VPK) has started to test an amphibious armored fighting vehicle, developed on the basis of a unified wheeled armored platform Bumerang.
The Military Industrial Company (VPK) which is a leading manufacturer of armored personnel carriers, infantry fighting vehicles and armored vehicles for the Russian army, started preliminary testing of an amphibious armored fighting vehicle, developed on the basis of the unified wheeled armored platform Bumerang, the Izvestia Daily newspaper reported.
|Dimensions and weight|
|Weight||15 ~ 20 t|
|Length||~ 8 m|
|Width||~ 3 m|
|Height||~ 3 m|
|Machine guns||1 x 7.62-mm (?)|
|Main gun||500 rounds|
|Machine guns||2 000 x 7.62-mm|
|Engine power||450 ~ 750 hp|
|Maximum road speed||~ 100 km/h|
|Amphibious speed on water||~ 10 km/h|
|Range||~ 800 km|
|Vertical step||~ 0.6 m|
|Trench||~ 2 m|
Revised May 26, 2017