JSC Zelenodolsk plant is building six patrol ships of the Project 22160 class that is named after A. M. Gorky and intended for use by the Russian Navy’s Black Sea Fleet command. The vessels are designed by Russian ship designing firm JSC Severnoye Design Bureau.
The vessels are primarily intended for duties such as patrol, monitoring and protection in the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) and territorial waters of Russia in open and closed seas. It can also be used to offer protection for ships in transit, water areas as well as naval bases against enemy attack in wartime.
Other missions of the patrol ship are search and rescue, assistance to disaster victims, environmental monitoring, and combat smuggling and piracy activities.
Construction details of Project 22160 class patrol ships
Project 22160 patrol ship under construction at Zelenodolsk Shipyard. Picture via: glav.su/forum
Keel for the lead ship in the Project 22160 class, designated Vasily Bykov, was laid in February 2014 and is expected to be commissioned into the Russian Navy in 2017.
Construction on the second patrol ship in the series, named Dmitry Rogachev, began in July 2014. Keel laying ceremony of the third ship, designated Pavel Derzhavin, was held in February 2016.
Deliveries of all six vessels are expected for completion by 2020.
Zelenodolsk Shipyard Laid Down the Fourth Project 22160 Patrol Vessel for Russian Navy
The fourth Project 22160 patrol ship ‘Sergey Kotov’ was laid down at Zelenodolsk Shipyard named after Maxim Gorky on May 8, according to Russian Navy`s official spokeperson, Igor Dygalo.
Keel laying ceremony for the Russian Navy patrol boat Project 22160 “Sergei Kotov” at OAO “Zelenodolsk Plant named after AM Gorky “. Zelenodolsk on 08/05/2016. Picture: http://www.zdship.ru
“The ship honors Hero of the Soviet Union, real admiral Sergey Kotov, who took part in the defense of Odessa and Sebastopol. During the Second World War, he commanded a torpedo boats division of the Black Sea fleet,” Dygalo said.
The representatives of the Tatarstan government took part in the related ceremony, as well as members of the Navy`s major command.
The Project 22160 type ship ‘Vasily Bikov” was laid down in February 2014, the second ship, namely, ‘Dmitry Rogachyov’ – in Summer 2014. In February 2016, Zelenodolsk Shipyard laid down the third Project 22160 patrol ship named after Pavel Derzhavin. Read full article @navyrecognition.com
Project 22160 Patrol ship
0 + 6 units
Russian Navy to receive six advanced patrol ships by 2019
The Russian Navy is set to receive six new Project 22160 advanced patrol ships by 2019.
“The Russian state program envisions the construction of six Vasily Bykov-type ships that will be included in each of the four fleets before 2019”,Russian news agency Sputnik quoted Ilya Brilliantov, the head of Kronstadt Technologies.
According to Brillantov, Kronstadt Technologies is responsible for the delivery of a modular integrated bridge system which will allow the ships to be re-equipped for different tasks at short notice.
In October 2015, IHS Jane’s reported that the patrol ships would be armed with Kalibr-NK missiles which were deployed by Russia against Syrian rebel targets in October 2015.
Construction of the first Project 22160 ship started on February 26, 2014 at the Zelenodolsk shipyard. The 94-meter ships will have a displacement of 4,550 tonnes and be capable of reaching speed of about 30 knots, according to Severnoye Design Bureau, responsible for the ship’s design.
The ships will have a telescopic hangar and helo deck with facilities for take-off, landing and maintenance of the Ка-27 PS type 12-ton rescue helicopter. @navaltoday.com
Project 22160 class design and features
Featuring modular design, the Project 22160-class patrol ship is 94m-long, 14-m-wide, and 3.4m- high, has a standard displacement of 4,550t, and can accommodate up to 80 personnel.
|Displacement||about 1800 t|
|Speed||up to 30 knots|
|Range||up to 6000 nm|
|Berths for staff depending on purpose (reserve ones incl.)||up to 80 persons|
The vessel is equipped with a telescopic hangar and helicopter deck with facilities at the aft to facilitate take-off, landing and maintenance of one 12t rescue helicopter such as Kamov K?-27 PS. An inflatable boat can be carried for patrol and transportation tasks.
Armament of Project 22160
|Artillery weapon:||1 x 57 mm А-220М|
|Air-defence weapon:||1 Gibka AD missile turret mount
8 Igla man-portable AD system
|Additional weapon:||2 14.5 mm heavy machine guns|
|Additional weapon to be installed by request of customer:||1 Shtil-1 AD system with two 3S90E.1 modular launchers
1 Club-N integrated missile system
|Anti-underwater saboteur aids:||2 DP-65 hand mortars
1 Pallada divers detection sonar
The Project 22160-class is armed with one 57mm ?-220? naval artillery weapon on the bow of the main deck. With a rate of fire of 300rpm, the gun is designed to defeat air, surface and coastal targets. Two 14.5mm heavy machine guns are mounted on the bridge deck.
The ship is also equipped with two DP-65 grenade launchers and one Gibka air defence missile turret mount, armed with eight Igla man-portable air defence systems. It is optionally offered with one Club-N integrated missile system as well as one Shtil-1 air defence system with two 3S90E.1 modular launchers.
57 mm А-220М
The decision on the development made in 1967 and research started in 1967, KB Gorky Machine Building Plant, and continued in the Central Research Institute “Petrel” (after its formation in 1970 on the basis of KB). Draft project is ready in August 1968 field tests took place from 26 August 1975 to 28 April 1977 with the breaks for revision and correction system.During the tests, barrel life was found to be insufficient. Gosuderstvennye shipboard tests were conducted from September 1977 to August 1978 in conjunction with the MSA “Vimpel-220” on the towing boat pr.206PE (plant №110). The test results are found to be positive as a whole, but the installation into service was not accepted. In 2000-2001, ON “Arsenal” has mastered the production of the modernized version of the installation A-220M (modified body of the tower). Setting A-220M is offered for export. As of the 2015 CRI “Petrel” reports that the installation tests A-220M completed and it is recommended to the adoption. The unit is designed to defeat air, sea and coastal targets. By default, the installation A-220. Translated by Google @militaryrussia.ru
– an automatic gun unit comprising a barrel and a breech with a wedge breechblock and a cradle. Integrated with the cradle, there are a cross-feed mechanism, a rammer, a trigger, an empty case extractor, recoil and counterrecoil brakes and a barrel-cooling system;
– a carriage with an artillery unit, an ammunition feed mechanism and quick electrohydraulic actuators with gun laying systems and hydraulics;
– a magazine with a double-lead screw for ammunition storage and feed. The magazine is attached to the collector in the bottom part of the carriage;
– a cupola made of aluminium alloy;
– a fire control panel interfacing the artillery mount with any fire control system that provides total laying angles;
– an automatic command and control system.
There are 400 rounds in the magazine; the rest munitions can be stored in special racks under the deck. The munitions are fed from the magazine by the feed screw through a transferring mechanism to the collector connected with the vertical elevator. From the elevator receiver the munitions are transferred to the harp transporter of the gun unit. Coming to the last position on the transporter, the ammunition descends to the ramming line. Then the round is rammed and fired.
The feeding mechanisms of the gun oscillating mass are recoil-operated. The transfer of rounds from the magazine to the oscillating mass receiver is power-driven. Empty cases are ejected into the gun under-turret area. Ammunitions are reloaded to the magazine between firing activities. The gun’s Automatic Command and Control System provides the means of control required for the gun preparation for combat operation and firing as well as continuous diagnostics of the gun system and status data transferring. It also allows the operators training without activating the main gun mechanisms. @burevestnik.com
Gibka AD missile turret mount
The 3M-47 Ghibka turret was designed by Altair Naval Radio Electronics Scientific Research Institute and is manufactured by the Ratep Joint Stock Company.
Ghibka 3M-47 (3M47 Gibka) Turret Mount is intended for guidance and remote automated launching of IGLA type missiles to provide protection of surface ships with displacement of 200 tons and over against attacks of anti-ship missiles, aircraft and helicopters in close-in area..
The turret mount utilizes information from ship’s radars. The missiles are equipped with homing head with optical tracking (passive) and artifical thermal noise detector. The system is design to resist natural (background) and artificial jamming conditions. The turret mount is equipped with 9M39 and 9M342 anti-aircraft guided missiles.
To date, 3M-47 Ghibka is installed on Project 21630 “Buyan” class corvettes, Project 21631 “Buyan-M” class missile corvettes and will be installed on the future Mistral type LHD for the Russian Navy.
Version 1 with 4 SAM
Version 2 with 8 SAM
|Short-range shipborne surface-to-air missile system|
|Visual detection range at the control module|
|12 to 15 Km|
|Guidance sector (in degrees)|
|Azimuth: +150 to -150 | Elevation: 0 to 60|
|Number of simultaneously engaged targets|
|Single | Salvo|
|Number of launch modules|
|Version 1: 2 | Version 2: 4|
|Number of SAM per launch module|
|Igla (9M39) | Igla-S (9M342)|
|< 8 seconds|
|Manual loading time for 1 module by 1 man|
|< 3 minutes|
|Turret mount weight (with 2 launch modules)|
|< 650 Kg|
14.5 mm MTPU heavy machine guns
14.5 mm marine pedestal machine-gun mount (14.5 mm MTPU) is intended for fight against lightly armoured surface, coast and air targets. It is mounted on decks of war boats and ensures defeat of surface and coast targets at the distances of up to 2000 m at the height of up to 1500 m.
Cartridges with armour-piercing-incendiary bullet B-32, armour-piercing-tracer bullet BZT and incendiary of instant action MDZ are used for firing at surface, coast and air targets.
|Machine-gun calibre, mm||14.5|
|Rate of fire, shot/min, not less||450|
|Mass of a mount with a machine-gun (without ammunition and SPT&A),kg||350|
|Overall dimensions (with the height
of foundation from the deck 100 mm), mm:
|Angle of elevation guidance, degrees||-15 to +60|
|Angle of traverse guidance, degrees||±180|
|Direction of a machine-gun feed||right|
|Method of guidance||manual|
1 Shtil-1 Air Defense System with two 3S90E.1 modular launchers
The weight of the missile is 581 kg, including the 62 kg blast fragmentation warhead initiated by a dual-mode radar proximity fuze. Dimensions of the hull are 5.18 m length; 0.36 m maximum diameter. Range is 2.5–32 km in a 3S90M “Shtil-1” naval missile system. Altitude of targets from 15 m up to 15 km (and from 10 m to 10 km against other missiles). 9M317ME missiles can be fired at 2-second intervals, while its reaction (readiness) time is up to 10 s.
The missile was designed to be single-staged, inertial guidance, radio control mid-course update and terminal semi-active radar homing.
The tail surfaces have a span of 0.82 m when deployed after the missile leaves the launch container by a spring mechanism. Four gas-control vanes operating in the motor efflux turn the missile towards the required direction of flight. After the turnover manoeuvre, they are no longer used and subsequent flight controlled via moving tail surfaces. A dual-mode solid-propellant rocket motor provides the missile with a maximum speed of Mach 4.5. Data @wikiwand.com
3M-54TE Club-N Anti-Ship Missile
The 3M-54TE Club-N is a subsonic ship launched anti-ship missile carried inside a Transport-Launch Container (TLC) which allows for vertical launch. It features a booster and a cruise low-altitude subsonic sustainer. Its guidance system is based on inertial navigation system with end-game active radar homing.
Diameter: 645 millimeter
Length: 8.92 meter (29.3 foot)
Max Range: 220 kilometer (119 nautical mile)
Speed Cruise Speed: 266 mps (958 kph)
Top Speed: 266 mps (958 kph)
Warhead: 200 kilogram (441 pound)
Weight: 1,951 kilogram (4,301 pound)
DP-65 grenade launcher
It is designed for protection of ships against attacks of underwater combat swimmers at external roadstead open anchor stops and bases, for protection against attacks of underwater combat swimmers at water-development works, sea platforms and other important sea and coastal installations.
It is mounted both on the ships (sea installations) and on the coastal installations.
The system ensures single-shot and salvo fire with rocket grenades RG-55M and RGS-55.
Guidance of the system and fire control is carried out remotely or manually. Rocket grenades launching in manual control mode is carried out by the autonomous power source.
The control panel and the power source provide the possibility of simultaneous connection of one to four grenade launchers.
The system is equipped with blocking device ensuring security of loading and unloading of the grenade launcher, blocking of firing circuits in the zones forbidden for firing.
Detection of a target is performed with the sonar dipping station. When using the system with the sonar “ANAPA-ME” automatic detection of the target, guidance of the system by the sonar to the target and its tracking up to defeat is ensured.
|Quantity of barrels||10|
|Angle of elevation guidance, degrees||-33 to +48|
|Angle of traverse guidance, degrees||-165 to +165|
|Speed of elevation guidance, degrees/s||10|
|Speed of traverse guidance, degrees/s||15|
|Range of fire, m||minimum 50
|Mass of the grenade launcher (without grenades), kg||132|
|Overall dimensions of the grenade launcher, mm||970×780×1820|
Pallada divers detection sonar
Pallada sonar is designed for underwater detection in the active mode of combat swimmers with (and without) their delivery vehicles, from the stopped ship. The sonar is capable of classifying and tracking up to three detected targets.
- receiving/emitting acoustic antenna
- single-unit switchboard/receiver-amplifier
- control console, comprising data processing and control equipment, video monitor and transceiver
The sonar provides a 360-deg underwater coverage, and its acoustic array can be dipped to a depth of up to 20 m. Electronic equipment housed in the junction box and control console serves to emit, receive and process hydroacoustic signals. All relevant data is rep-resented on a display panel with a keyboard and a trackball. Pallada sonar is controlled by one operator.
The onboard PK-10 close-range decoy dispensing system offers protection against electro-optical guided weapons and radars. A TK-25 ship-based electronic countermeasure system is used to deceive sonar, radar and lasers.
PK-10 Shipborne Decoy Dispensing System
TK-25E-5 integrated electronic warfare suite
Main Jamming systems is the TK-25E-5 Jammer. That can Jam any kinda Radar Emitting Objects, Basically Airborne and Shipborne Target Acquisition Radars, These Radars are used in all kind of Ships to Search and Track Enemy ships and Ready to Launch and Guide any Kind of Missiles, The Airborne Target Acquisition Radars means Anti Submarine Aircrafts Like P 3 , P 8 and Russian Tu 142, IL 38, These Radars also Track Ships, But here the TK-25E-5 Jammer do it’s Jobs by feeding Fake Targets and Information’s disrupting their Command and Control Center, further more the Jammer can Disable the Enemy Radars too, mostly they can able to jam Airborne Radars and Make it useless in Combat
Navigation and communications
|Electronics:||1 Pozitiv-ME1 air/surface search radar
1 Pal-N navigation radar
|ECS:||1 TK-25E jamming system (See above)
1 PK-10 chaff system (See above)
Fitted atop the bridge, a Pal-N ship borne navigation radar is used to scan, detect, identify and track air or surface targets for safe manoeuvring. A Pozitiv-ME1 air / surface flat phased array search radar, also located on the top of the bridge, is designed for the detection and tracking of air and surface targets.
Pozitiv-ME1 air / surface flat phased array search radar
Positiv-ME1 and Positiv-ME1.2 Active Radars are designed for plan scanning, detection and tracking of air and surface targets, output of target designation data to users. The radars perform the following tasks:
- radar air and surface surveillance;
- detection of air targets including small-sized, diving, and flying at extremely low altitude;
- detection of surface targets under conditions of normal and increased radar detection range, as well as under best visibilty conditions;
- positioning (azimuth, range and elevation angle) and moving parameter determination of tracked targets;
- friend-or-fore and individual identification of tracked targets by means of IFF system with embedded antennas;
- target classification according to the path characteristics;
- tracked target threat assessment;
- automated target assignment;
- display of target assignment chart featuring its dynamic on-line correction;
- output of surface and air target designation data to missile firing control systems, as well as to artillery and torpedo systems, and jamming systems;
- automated control of operation modes depending on interference situation;
- automated performance monitoring and fault detection;
- recording and archiving of tracked target data, data on made decisions, and statuses of integrated systems;
- crew training in simulated tactical situation.
Positiv-ME1 and Positiv-ME1.2 Active Radars can be used as:
- target detection systems, detection module, radar module for CIWS or missile systems;
- scanning radars for the ships of various classes, as well as for land mobile platforms, stationary facilities and transportable containers.
|· Target detection range||up to 250 km||up to 150 km|
|· Fighter-class target detection range||up to 110 km||up to 50 km|
|· Sector width by elevation||up to 85 deg.||up to 85 deg.|
|· Output of surface and air target designation data to missile firing control systems, torpedo and artillery systems, as well as to jamming systems.
· High rate of scanning.
PAL-N1 Navigation Radar
PAL-N1 Shipborne Navigation Radar is designed for plan scanning, detection, identification and auto-tracking of the detected surface targets with recommendation generation for safe passing and tactical manoeuvring.
|Range scale||0.5; 1; 2; 4; 8; 16; 2; 64 miles|
|Maximum target detection range|
|for large anti-submarine ship (σ = 5500 m2)||20 miles|
|for motor boat (σ = 300 m2)||10 miles|
|Simultaneous tracking||up to 50 targets|
|by distance||25 m|
|by azimuth||1 deg.|
|Continuous operation time||24 h|
|Power consumption||1.5–3 kW|
A Pallada sonar system (See above) aboard the patrol ship detects and tracks divers, while a Vinyetka-EM active / passive sonar system detects the surface ships, submarines and torpedoes. The ship is also fitted with a MGK-335EM-03 sonar system on the hull.
MGK-335EM-03 sonar system
LOW-FREQUENCY ACTIVE-PASSIVE SONAR “VIGNETTE-EM”
Designed for surface ships, solving the problem of anti-submarine defense, the protection of waters, convoy escort and patrol ships. Uses towed astern of the ship towed flexible extended antenna (GPBA) and low-frequency transducer that provides in sonar mode effective detection of low-noise submarines. Along with the work carried out sonar ASG shumopelengovaniya mode, which allows you to detect torpedoes and surface ships at great distances.
|Submarine detection range:|
|in shallow water||10-20 km *|
|in the deep sea||15-60 km *|
|Sector Overview (course angle)||± 180 °|
|The accuracy of the coordinates in the automatic mode of support purposes:|
|Bearing (traverznyh in the corners and on the straight tack carrier)||2 °|
|range||1% of the scale|
|towing speed||up to 18 knots.|
|torpedo||15-30 km *|
|surface ship||30-100 km *|
|submarine||15-20 km *|
|The accuracy of direction finding traverznyh in the corners and on the straight tack carrier||2 °|
|towing speed||up to 14 kt|
|Operation CEO at sea state||to 5 points|
* – Depending on the version of GAS
Propulsion and performance of the patrol vessels
The Project 22160-class is driven by CODAG (combined diesel and gas) type propulsion system with a total output power of 25,000kW. Electrical systems installed in the ship include four 300kW diesel-generators and one 100kW emergency and harbour diesel generator.
The patrol and maximum speeds of the ship are 16kt and 30kt respectively. The ship has a cruising range of 6,000mi at patrol speeds and an endurance of 60 days.