The Mi-28NE is an export variant of the Mi-28N helicopter developed by Rostvertol, a manufacturing arm of Russian Helicopters. The Night Hunter attack helicopter is designed to provide enhanced combat capabilities against land, air and sea-based targets.
The Mi-28NE Night Hunter can be deployed to identify and destroy enemy battle tanks, armoured vehicles, personnel, boats, small naval vessels, and low-speed and low-altitude aircraft. The combat helicopter can also be used to destroy protected sites and defence installations.
Orders and deliveries of Mi-28NE Night Hunter
Upon completion of a series of test flights in 2007 Russia and Iraq signed a $4.2bn agreement for up to 36 Mi-28NEs, a number of other helicopters, and anti-aircraft defence systems in October 2012. The deal was approved by the Iraqi authorities in April 2013 and the Iraqi Air Force received the first three of the first batch of 15 Mi-28NE helicopters in July this year.
The first serial production Mi-28N helicopter was delivered to the Russian Air Force in mid 2006 and entered into service in December 2013. The Mi-28Ns are also in service with Iraq and Kenya.
Design and features of the Mi-28NE combat helicopter
The Mi-28NE Night Hunter attack helicopter, which is capable of executing missions under all weather conditions during day and night, incorporates a wide range of combat equipment and advanced avionics to deliver enhanced defence capabilities. It can perform manual and automatic nap of the earth (NOE) flight and has stand-alone solo stationing capability.
The combat helicopter is equipped with shock-absorbing landing gear and inflatable rubber bags, and features main and tail rotor blades made using composite materials. The normal and maximum take-off weights are 10,900kg and 12,100kg respectively.
The armoured cockpit is fitted with shock-absorbing seats and a parachute escape system for a crew of two. The portside and starboard cockpit doors and wing panels are installed with an emergency jettisoning system. The helicopter offers superior protection and increased situational awareness for the crew against small arms.
From the book of A. Mazepov, A. Mihkaev, V. Zenkin, A Zhirnov and A. Fomin about the Ka-50 called Polygon from 1996, on Page 31, there is said how the Armor was made on Ka-50 and after that also installed on Mi-28.
It is a 3 hardlinered armor, the inner cockpit section made of a full single titanium alloy “bathtub” covering both pilots, followed by a middle liner of ceramic plates, which caused trouble first after a single shot they break apart and lost all its protective abilities, they avoided that by covering this ceramic plates with kevlar/aramid that was glued on tightend and the outer liner which gives the aerodynamic shape and is made of alluminium alloy with a part carbon in it. The total armor per pilot for russian Ka-50 which they could use was about 300kg while the Apache uses about 90kg of armor per pilot. The Mi-28 has about 250-280kg which was mentioned somewhere else. The Ka-52 has less armor than both Mi-28 and Ka-50 spend for each pilot but it is still in the figure of 150-200kg. (Source:Russian Defense)
Mi-28NE’s armament and protection features
The Mi-28NE Night Hunter combat helicopter is armed with reliable guided weapon systems and missile launchers to destroy enemy aircraft and helicopters.
Russia’s Mi-28 Attack Helicopter to Get Laser Missile Defense Gear: HERE
Russia’s Mi-28 Night Hunter attack helicopters will soon be equipped with an advanced on-board laser system to defend against MANPAD missiles and air-to-air missiles, a senior adviser to the deputy head of the Radio-Electronic Technologies Concern (KRET), told RIA Novosti.
According to Vladimir Mikheyev, the electronic jamming station features a laser illumination detector, an ultraviolet missile approach warning system, an electro-optical electronic warfare system, decoy flares, and a control system to considerably increase the helicopters’ combat survivability.
The helicopter can carry up to 16 Ataka-B air-to-ground missiles and eight short-range Igla man-portable surface-to-air missile systems. It is also armed with two Strelets air-to-air missiles, 80mm and 130mm S-13 rocket pods, B-8 V20A rocket pods with S-8 and B-13 L’1 weapons, and a movable weapon mount with a 30mm 2A42 cannon.
The helicopter offers fire protection for power equipment, hydraulic systems and other fire hazardous units and compartments. The engine compartment is insulated by airframe elements and the self-sealing fuel tanks are protected from explosion and fuel leakage.
Russian Mi-28 Havoc Helo Destroy ISIS Vehicles in Palmyra, Syria (Actual footage)
2A42 30mm automatic gun
The 30mm automatic gun is designed for firing at light armored targets within a distance up to 1500 m, non-armored targets within a distance up to 4000 m and also at low-flying subsonic air targets up to 2000 m within a slant distance of 2500m. The gun can be fired in single shots or in burst (low or high rate of fire). It offers reliable functioning under severe conditions, such as temperature range from +50°C up to -50°C, in rain, dust, frost and in very dry environment.
TECHNICAL DATA OF 2A42
|Number of grooves||16|
|Twist of grooves||715,5 mm|
|Rate of fire||high||min 550 rounds/min|
|Gun weight||115 kg|
|Barrel weight||38,5 kg|
|Recoiling force||40-50 Kn|
|Length of the gun||3 027 mm|
|Voltage of the trigger electric source, contact system||27 +2/-5 V|
|Feeding||Two belt type|
|Recocking||Pyrotechnical or manual|
|Number of powder cartridges||3|
|Force required to cock the gun by hand for:|
|– loading||up to 400 N|
|– re-loading with simultaneous extraction of misfired round||up to 600 N|
2A42 30mm specification source ztsspecial.sk
IMPROVED VERSION OF RUSSIAN MI-28NM ATTACK HELICOPTER SPOTTED IN MOSCOW
The improved version of Mi-28NM has been equipped with surveillance radar and a new control system, the RIA Novosti news agency reported earlier, citing the managing director of the Russian Helicopters (Rosvertol) company, Petr Motrenko. The new attack helicopter also has received improved rotor blades that will increase the cruising speed of the machine by 13% and the top speed – by 10%. According to rumors, the new version will be able to reach speed of 600 km/h (370 mph).
The Mi-28NM attack helicopter is producing at the Rosvertol plant in Rostov. The machine was designed to find and destroy tanks and other armored vehicles in conditions of active fire and electronic countermeasures. The helicopter also can hunt for low-speed air targets and infantry.
The letter ‘N’ (‘night’) in the name of the Mi-28NM shows the helicopter’s ability to work equally effectively at any time of a day. The helicopter modernization project provides for the installation of the radar antenna over the flapping hinge. In addition to the circular view it will enable the crew to monitor the situation, hiding in the folds of the terrain.
Weapon Director & Target Search, Tracking and Identification
|Type: Visual||Altitude Max: 0 m|
|Range Max: 83.3 km||Altitude Min: 0 m|
|Range Min: 0 km||Generation: LLTV, 3rd Generation (2000s/2010s)|
|Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Classification [Class Info] / Brilliant Weapon [Automatic Target Aquisition], Continous Tracking Capability [Visual], LLTV / NVG / CCD (Night-Capable) / Searchlight [Visual Night-Capable]|
|Sensors / EW:|
|Generic LLTV – (3rd Gen, Weapon Director & Target Search, Tracking and Identification) Visual
Role: LLTV, Weapon Director & Target Search, Tracking and Identification
Max Range: 83.3 km
|Type: Infrared||Altitude Max: 0 m|
|Range Max: 55.6 km||Altitude Min: 0 m|
|Range Min: 0 km||Generation: Infrared, 3rd Generation Imaging (2000s/2010s, Impr LANTIRN, Litening II/III, ATFLIR)|
|Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Classification [Class Info] / Brilliant Weapon [Automatic Target Aquisition], Continous Tracking Capability [Visual]|
|Sensors / EW:|
|Generic FLIR – (3rd Gen, Weapon Director & Target Search, Tracking and Identification FLIR) Infrared
Role: Infrared, Weapon Director & Target Search, Tracking and Identification FLIR
Max Range: 55.6 km
Laser Designator (Surface Only)
|Sensors / EW:|
|Generic Laser Designator – (Surface Only) Laser Designator
Role: Laser Target Designator & Ranger (LTD/R)
Max Range: 18.5 km
“The radar is able to process information from multiple channels at the same time that helps to improve accuracy of the measurement of the coordinates and parameters of obstacles. The number of simultaneously tracked targets has been increased, new modes have been developed. Performance-board computer has been increased ten times,” Pavel Budagov, the Director of the Ryazan instrument factory, where the radar was developed, said.
The Mi-28NM has also been equipped with a dual control system – the machine can also be operated by the navigator-operator. Source southfront.org
Avionics on board Mi-28NE Night Hunter
The Mi-28NE Night Hunter combat helicopter is equipped with an advanced set of integrated avionics suites for automatic detection and tracking of targets during combat missions.
KRET’s Ohotnik automatic thermal television system is installed to perform intellectual processing of video images and a high-speed digital interface is used to transmit video signals.
The helicopter is fitted with a helmet-mounted target identification and indication system to project images onto the visor and to determine the direction of proliferation automatically. An optical-electronic system is used to process the information collected by the helmet system. It is also used for observation, navigation and fire control tasks.
Helmet-mounted target identification and indication system to project images onto the visor
The helicopter also incorporates KRET’s airborne radar system and a receiving-transmitting antenna module to detect dangerous objects and meteorological formations. The radar enables the helicopter to remain invisible to the enemy. Other equipment aboard the Mi-28NE includes a dual-control system, CV-28 M round-the-clock target sight system, and a laser system.
The new N025 radar is unique in that its receiving and transmission antenna module is located on the helicopter’s rotor. Since the radar revolves around a fixed point, it can provide 360-degree visibility.
Normally, helicopter radars are located on the bow, meaning the aircraft must turn around if it wants to see what is happening behind it.
According to Vladimir Mikheev, Advisor to the First Deputy CEO of KRET, the range and detection capabilities of the new radar developed by the concern exceed the requirements of tactical and technical specifications and have no analogues in Russia.
As previously reported, the updated Night Hunter will also feature a new control system and “electronic cabin.” The Mi-28N helicopter’s avionics already correspond to the requirements of the fifth-generation aircraft equipment. Its primary developer, Ramensky Instrument Design Bureau (RPKB), is a KRET subsidiary. KRET specialists also plan on installing electronic warfare systems on the Night Hunter. Source kret.com
|Type: Radar||Altitude Max: 0 m|
|Range Max: 37 km||Altitude Min: 0 m|
|Range Min: 0.2 km||Generation: Early 2000s|
|Properties: Periscope/Surface Search – Fine Range Resolution + Rapid Scan [1980+], Periscope/Surface Search – Advanced Processing [2000+], Pulse Doppler Radar (Full LDSD Capability)|
|Sensors / EW:|
|N-025 Arbalet – (Mi-28,Mast Mounted Radar) Radar
Role: Radar, FCR, Air-to-Air & Air-to-Surface, Short-Range
Max Range: 37 km
SPO-32 / L150 Pastel digital receiver
Pastel entered development in 1982, possibly as a reaction to poor performance of Soviet fighters in the Middle East. By 1983 the initial design was produced. It was intended for the Mi-28, MiG-29K/M, Su-27M and others.
Pastel is a family of new generation digital RWRs.
Scans from 1.2-18GHz threat frequencies.
Accuracy is 3-5° with pinpoint location antenna, 10° in rough location antenna. 128 reprogrammable radar types. Detection range minimum of 120% of the radar’s range. 3 modes- operational target, programmed target, most dangerous target.
Detects and finds direction for pulse, pulse-doppler and CW mode radars in search, track and illumination modes. Classifies multiple threats by danger, with full display of all information about most threatening radar presented to crew. Controls EW systems, has the ability to control and assign targets to 6 anti-radiation missiles such as the Kh-31. Aural warnings for high threat situations.
Pastel may be made available for upgrade packages or built into new export models of the Mig-29 and Su-27 families. Source aerospace.boopidoo.com
|Type: ESM||Altitude Max: 0 m|
|Range Max: 222.2 km||Altitude Min: 0 m|
|Range Min: 0 km||Generation: Early 2000s|
|Sensors / EW:|
|SPO-32 Pastel [L-150] – ESM
Role: RWR, Radar Warning Receiver
Max Range: 222.2 km
Russia orders Mi-28UB operational trainer helos: Here
The Russian Aerospace Forces (VKS) has ordered 24 dual-control Mil Mi-28 ‘Havoc’ attack helicopters to be delivered by the end of 2018, the Ministry of Defence (MoD) announced on 24 April.
The contract for the 24 Mi-28UB ‘Havoc-B’ operational trainer aircraft forms part of a wider deal signed between the Russian Ministry of Defence and Russian Helicopters that also includes two Mi-26 ‘Halo’ heavy-lift platforms. According to the announcement, these 24 Mi-28UBs represent the first production batch, though final numbers were not disclosed.
- Crew: 1 pilot (rear), 1 navigator/weapons operator (front)
- Length: 17.91 m (58 ft 9 in)
- Rotor diameter: 17.20 m (56 ft 5 in)
- Height: 3.82 m (12.5 ft (150 in))
- Disc area: 232.35 m² (2,501 ft²)
- Empty weight: 7,890 kg (17,400 lb)
- Loaded weight: 10,500 kg (23,150 lb)
- Max. takeoff weight: 11,700 kg (25,800 lb)
- Powerplant: 2 × Klimov TV3-117 turboshaft, 1,636 kW (2,194 shp) each
Russia launches new engine production for military helicopters: Here
Турбовальный двигатель ТВ7-117В (TV7-117V engine)
Principal specifications of the TV7-117V:
|Emergency performance (Н=0, V=0):|
|emergency power sustained for 30 seconds (ISA+5°С), hp||3750||—|
|emergency power sustained for 2-5 minutes (ISA+15°С), hp||3500||—|
|emergency power sustained for 30 minutes (ISA+20°С), hp||3000||2800|
|Takeoff performance (Н=0, V=0):|
|power (ISA+20°С), hp||2800||2500|
|specific fuel consumption, g/hp/hr||199||201|
|Cruising performance (Н=0, V=0):|
|power (ISA+20°С), hp||2000||1800|
|specific fuel consumption, g/hp/hr||220||230|
- Maximum speed: 324 km/h (175 knots, 201 mph)
- Cruise speed: 265 km/h (145 knots, 168 mph)
- Range: 435 km (234 nmi, 270 mi)
- Combat radius: 200 km (108 nmi, 124 mi) ; with 10 min loiter and 5% reserves
- Ferry range: 1,105 km (595 nmi, 685 mi)
- Service ceiling: 4,950 m (16,250 ft)
- Rate of climb: 13.6 m/s (816 m/min, 2,677 ft/min)
- Power/mass: 0.31 kw/kg for TV3-117 ()
- Hovering ceiling: 3,600 m (11,811 ft)
- Guns: 1× chin-mounted 30 mm Shipunov 2A42 cannon with 250 rounds (±110° horizontal fire)
- Hardpoints: Two pylons under each stub wing to mount bombs, rockets, missiles, and gun pods. Main armament configurations include:
- 16 Ataka-V anti-tank missiles and 40 S-8 rockets, Or
- 16 Ataka-V anti-tank missiles, and 10 S-13 rocket, Or
- 16 Ataka-V anti-tank missiles, and two 23 mm Gsh-23L gun pods with 250 rounds each.
- Other ordnance: 9K118 Sheksna and 9A-2200 anti-tank missiles, 8 Igla-V and Vympel R-73 air-to-air missiles, 2 KMGU-2 mine dispensers
Source: Air Force Technology, Wiki, Russian Defense
Updated May 14, 2017
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Klimov TV3-117 turboshaft
Real footage from Iraqi Mi-28 in action