Kra Canal in Southern Thailand

If one looks at a map of Thailand he or she will notice that in Southern Thailand there is a narrow strip of land where on the right hand side is the South China Sea and on the left hand side there is the Andaman Sea. This strip of land borders Myanmar (Burma) towards the northwestern side and Malaysia towards the southwestern side. It is known as the Isthmus of Kra.

45 years ago the founder of the biggest privately-owned petroleum refinery in Thailand — Thai Oil Refinery PLC — Mr. Chow Chowkwanyun (spelling may not be 100% correct) was already proposing the building of a man-made canal like the Suez and Panama canals to enable ships going from Asia to India, Middle East and Europe and vice versa to shorten their traveling time and save operating expenses like fuel and charter time significantly while generating additional income for the Thai Government to fund industrialization and economic development in Southern Thailand to counter the fast-spreading Islamic insurgency activities in that part of the country.

Succeeding generations of Thai government have paid lip service to promoting such an important project and basically took no action to proceed with it. Every time someone in the Thai Government introduce a new proposal to investigate and determine the economic feasibility of implementing such a project, I was told by informed sources the late Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew of Singapore will immediately fly to Bangkok with his team of Singaporean government officials to “rain cash from helicopter” in Government House in Bangkok. That is of course quite possible because building and operating such a canal will significantly affect the economy of Singapore, especially when they depend a lot of tne entrepot trade between the small island and Indonesia, and also Singapore is the biggest petroleum refining country in Southeast Asia today. I can envision that if the Thai Government goes ahead with the Kra Canal project, many, if not all, of the petroleum refineries in Singapore today (almost all foreign-owned and operated) will eventually move to Thailand and be located on both sides of the canal.

This situation is about the change though. The present Thai Government under the military strongman is discussing the building of just such a canal with China offering both financial and technology back-up to see to it’s successful completion. What I was told was the Chinese-backed International Infrastructure Bank stands ready to provide funding for up to 100% of the project and China is offering to design and build the canal with close participation from all three major SET-listed Thai civil engineering contractors like ItalThai, C.K. and SinoThai.

Hopefully, this time around, if the military government in Bangkok is sincere and truly wants to develop the economy of Southern Thailand and neutralize the Muslim insurgents in that area, the Kra Canal project should be able to see the light of day. Any efforts by the present Singapore Government to scuttle the project will be strongly rebuffed by Beijing. Such a project will truly and significantly promote the industrialization and economic development of the relatively poor Southern Thailand region and benefit the Kingdom and Thai people as a whole.

09 Jul 2016
Original post


Can’t wait to see it happen it would bring great prosperity not just for Thailand but surrounding countries will greatly benefit also, however on a negative note it would also bring increased meddling by superpowers

“Any efforts by the present Singapore Government to scuttle the project will be strongly rebuffed by Beijing.”



If one were to look at a Pacific-centered world map, one would realize that Thailand and the Malacca Straits are located right in-between the Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean. In 1987, at a conference on “The Kra Canal Project and the Development of Thailand” held at the Dusit Thani Hotel, Dr. Uwe Henke von Parpart, Director of the Fusion Energy Foundation, an American mathematician of German origin, remarked that Thailand is situated at the most strategic spot in Southeast Asia, the junction point between the Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean. Thus, Thailand is also located right in the middle of two-thirds of the world’s population. Dr. Parpart went to predict that both China and India would grow to become major economic powers and that should Thailand decide to build the Kra Canal in the south, the country would greatly benefit from its strategic position.


Prof. Dr. Surasak Nananukul, a leading Thai economist of his time, remarked clearly that “The development of a Special Economic Zone” around the Kra Canal would be a major feature in the Global Logistic Infrastructure. The special economic zone would also be a key factor in the “Regional Investment Village.” The existence of the Kra Canal would immediately place Thailand on one of the world’s major sea lane of communication. At present, Thailand is situated at the bottom-end of the lane. All agricultural and manufactured goods have to be first placed on small feeder ships before being transfered onto large ocean freighters that dock in Singapore. Singapore has an advantage because it is situated at the front-end of the lane. The Kra Canal will make it possible for Thailand to be at the front-end of the lane and thus, be able to compete with Singapore.

Dr. Surarak compared the Kra Canal Special Economic Zone to those of China, which would be able to attract enormous amounts of foreign investment simply because the Kra Canal would be part of the Global Logistic Infrastructure, a major feature in developing trade and industrial development. Dr. Surasak went on to con- clude there are five features of the Kra Canal Special Economic Zone to consider:

1. A Center for Maritime Transportation

2. The Special Economic Zone

3. Regional Investment Village

4. Business-friendly Economic System

5. An Economic Zone based on Peace and Neutrality

In the proposal of the Commission of Assets and Securities Market on he subject of “Next Frontier of Capital Market Development” on September 11, 2014, Dr. Worapol Sokhatiyanraks remarked that Thailand has a geographic advantage. It has the potential to become a Logistic Hub with a competitive edge. Thailand could also become the center of cargo transportation by land and air. The development of the high speed train, Thailand will be able to link to other ASEAN nations, China, India, the European continent, Africa and the United States of America. In any case, be- cause Thailand would only slightly benefit from this project, Dr. Worapol suggested that transportation of oil by pipeline would act as an economic land bridge be- tween Satun (Pak Bara Port) on the Andaman Sea and Songkhla province on the Gulf of Thailand. The oil pipeline would be 140 km. long. Giant oil storage towers, deep-sea ports and refineries would line the two coasts of Thailand.

The Land Bridge might help to reduce the problems of congestion in the Straits of Malacca somewhat because the transportation of oil represents 50% of goods that go through the Malacca Straits. In any case, transportation of oil alone would not be able to transform Thailand into a Maritime Logistic Hub. The Port of Singapore receives more than 130,000 vessels (2009 figures) per annum. It is also a major transshipment center. Approximately 1.780 billion tons of cargo transported by 45% of vessels going through the Straits of Malacca, the equivalent of 32 million containers (TEUs), are taken off major ocean-going vessels, put onto feeder ships and vice versa. This fact alone places the Port of Singapore second only to the Port of Shanghai in China.

It is unlikely that the oil pipeline or otherwise known as the Land Bridge would be able to turn Thailand into a Maritime Logistic Hub, the main reason being that it is single-purposed and can be used for only one kind of cargo, in this case only liquid cargos (oil). To handle all types of cargo (liquid cargos, containers, bulk cargos, etc., it would require double-handling, once on the coast of the Gulf of Thailand and again on the coast of the Andaman Sea. Double handling would increase transporta- tion costs. Normally ocean-going cargo vessels try to avoid double-handling. If there is not a good enough reason impelling double-handling, ocean-going vessels would not want to use the services of the Land Bridge. Therefore, it is clear that such a Land Bridge will not provide the necessary impetus for Thailand to become a Mari- time Logistic Hub in the future.





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19 thoughts on “Kra Canal in Southern Thailand

  1. zainal abidin

    Kra Canal.or ASIA CANAL, it makes no different, but if it Kra Canal many Asean conutry could not share the benefit of the canal because the project pass along SOTUN of Thailand to SONGKHLA. within 120km to 135km. Chinese funder and contractor is hunggry to swallow the mega project. They will be the main contractor , But, the citizen of THailand will bear the burden of debt , amount of 28 billions USD. During THaksin Primeminister this project has been taken into account, and A BILL so called Kra Canal had pass into account by the Thai Parliament. Because I am a businessman from Malaysia- repsent my company is alsointerested on the project, where by ihad a close meeting with Kra Canal Commitee of Thai Government. We had international funding to help Thailand to construct the canal.. Unfotunately, Thaksin as The Prime MInister was thrown over by his people and the story of the canal has to be abandon. NOw China claimed they want to take over the canal.. they have to understand the Pattanis will be ready to share with them, Are they ready for the game. it is not that easy because Thailand is not China. And China cannot push them like Taiwan or HongKong.


    1. nonothai Post author

      Thanks for your comment. I think you misunderstood about XPM Thaksin as he was not interested in the canal but he used it to leverage his own business prospective. There was an article about it that he used it to force Singapore to buy AIS


  2. nonothai Post author

    The likely hood of the Kra Canal will soon maybe a reality as the Thai government plan to replace soldiers from other parts of Thailand with local paramilitary soldiers (Taharn Pran) which were recently set up with an additional 18,000 more troops have started to pay dividends together with the Thai government negotiation with Malaysia and with the recent Malaysian move towards China. From a Thai journalist perspective is on the YT link I will try to translate in summary below

    “Recently many insurgents in Southern Thailand have started to give themselves up to the Thai authorities as I have mentioned before that the Southern insurgency is actually backed by Western countries to try and destabilize and separate the 3 provinces from Thailand so they can obtain the rights to gain access to the oil rich Gulf of Thailand which Block 3 alone is valued at THB 700,000 trillion @32 (USD21,875 trillion). This has happened in Iraq, Libya, Sudan and currently Syria. The Malaysian government have many times tried to cease the support of the terrorist in Southern Thailand but were forced by Western nations such as the threat to confiscate the Malaysian PM money and the disappearance of MH370 and the downing of MH17.”

    เบื้องลึก !! แกนนำโจรใต้ทะยอยมอบตัว

    ไขปริศนา MH 370 มาเลเซีย

    Please note this is the sole view of the journalist.


  3. Denny Prijadi

    Thanks for this excellent website , great content and as for kra canal , i hope it will get built , for the prosperity of both china and thai ppl. As for singapore , they will adjust to the situation at hand , their problem is that singapore is tied to america military-wise to counter balance the regional (perceived) anymosity toward singapore. The future of singapore will be bleak if they kept tying their economy and security to the declining US hegemony. In my view i see china is the future of the region , and singapore too will come to china when the time comes..

    a win-win solution , beneficial to both sides , no one is asked to play as proxy/mouthpiece to speak for US state dept.. what’s not to like ?


    Liked by 1 person

  4. Ang Sizhong

    I agree with nonothai that military run government is more beneficial for Thailand. Policies can be implemented fast without going through different parties. Thailand is also more stable now so I don’t see why it should change.

    Building a Kra canal may not affect Singapore in the long term because our government has already diversified into other industries. However, investors’ confidence may take a hit in the short term. I don’t think our government can do anything about it because China will be funding it 100%.

    Just be mindful of those western busybodies who like to create unrest in our region.

    Liked by 1 person

  5. nonothai Post author

    Let me put into perspective how Western financial experts view a military run Thailand compares to a civilian run government.
    “While some observers may believe Thailand is still rife with political volatility, especially after the military took control last year, Thailand’s economy and incomes have historically expanded faster and remained more stable under the three times the military led government, compared to the nine civilian ones.

    Thai stocks could also be supported by the country’s Social Security Office’s bid to up its equity positions while trimming its holdings of sovereign debt. “The fund has overweight holdings on commerce, telecommunication and health-care companies as they’re less affected by energy prices and slower global growth,” according to Bloomberg.”

    Therefore, even Western financial expert have more trust in Thailand run by a military government. One of the best PM Thailand had was during Gen Prem was PM!

    Read full article


    1. nonothai Post author

      Who is supporting China it is for the benefit of Thailand but the project is financed by China and when did China suddenly become the bad boy? What about Syria? Iraq?


      1. somsak

        Even if Thailand become No.1 also useless. Only the elite’s benefit, majority of the people still suffer. Corruption still lurk in the society from top to bottom. We have to solve the back door problem first. Mai tong poot maak na krap.


      2. nonothai Post author

        Corruption? You mean the democratically elected government? Yes I agree politicians are corrupt lucky for Thailand we have the army to remedy the situation it’s a unique cultural and social environment that few people outside Thailand understand. We are luckier than Singapore where the people are passive and the Army is under control of the only government party since it’s birth which rules like a dictator. I suggest you hoop pak dee kwar you must be anti-Thai but strange to have a Thai name! Must be from the family that opened the back door for the Burmese to invade Ayuthaya. How can Kra Canal only benefit the elite? Do you have a pea sized brain? The project land area itself is a couple the size of Singapore Island. It will bring massive economic benefit for the Southern part of Thailand and upper part of Malaysia.


      3. somsak

        I am talking about all sector. Not just the transportation sector that the Kra canal bring. Thailand has all the natural resources. If not for corruption we will have been super power by now, no need to wait for this canal. If we never solve the corruption issue, being No.1 in all sector also useless. The current army government really solve corruption? Are you sure? คุณเป็นคนไทยหรือเปล่า?


      4. nonothai Post author

        Yes the USD20 billion swindle under the rice scheme of the last government could have paid for 70% of the Kra Canal.

        And I will not allow you to post propaganda on my site! Such as the latest comment which I did not allow to be publish. I see now your true color must be from the family that opened the back door for the Burmese to invade Ayudhaya a disgrace to claim to be Thai.


    1. nonothai Post author

      I really don’t understand your statement! Could you elaborate as I don’t see building the Kra canal which is in Thailand’s economic benefit, interest and rights is an act of war? Anyway what will the little country do?


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