Daily Archives: July 1, 2016

Adaptive cycle engine enters final phase of development

Flightglobal Aviation Connected Logo

01 JULY, 2016  BY: STEPHEN TRIMBLE  WASHINGTON DC

The US Air Force has awarded two five-year development contracts to GE Aviation and Pratt & Whitney worth up to $1 billion each to continue development of a next-generation military jet engine and prepare for an anticipated competition in the early 2020s for the chance to power a new combat aircraft and possibly re-engine the Lockheed Martin F-35.

The awards of the Adaptive Engine Transition Programme (AETP) contracts to GE and P&W on 30 June extends a nearly 10-year effort to introduce a fuel-saving cruise mode into an engine intended for a supersonic fighter. Both contractors will develop and test multiple new centreline engines sized at a 45,000lb-thrust level.

“We believe GE is best positioned to integrate the adaptive suite of technologies into existing and next-generation combat aircraft,” says Dan McCormick, general manager of GE Aviation’s Advanced Combat Engine programmes.

P&W was not immediately available for comment.

The USAF is developing concepts for replacing the Lockheed F-22 after 2030, which includes updating existing designs with new technology. Re-engining the F-35 with an adaptive cycle, 45,000lb-thrust engine is also under study.

An adaptive-cycle engine is intended to address a design limitation in modern powerplants. An engine optimised for subsonic speed is more fuel-efficient, but cannot easily exceed the speed of sound. A supersonic engine, however, can accelerate over Mach 1.0 but is limited in range because it guzzles fuel.

The AETP programme continues development of a technology that could make supersonic engines 25% more fuel-efficient, thus extending the range of a fighter by as much as 30%, according to GE.

There are two kinds of airflow in modern engines. One airflow enters the engine core, mixes with fuel, combusts and generates energy to power the gas turbine machinery and create thrust. Another portion of the airflow enters the inlet and then bypasses the core, generating thrust without the need to consume any fuel directly. An adaptive cycle engine proposes to add a secondary stream of bypass airflow in cruise speed conditions. This secondary duct can be shut off when it’s necessary to accelerate rapidly.

The USAF launched the technology development programme in 2007 with adaptive versatile engine technology programme with GE. P&W and GE then participated in the adaptive engine technology demonstration (AETD) programme that began in 2012. AETD is expected to end later this year.

@flightglobal.com

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GE adaptive cycle engine

It was developed under the U.S. Department of Defense’s Adaptive Versatile Engine Technology (ADVENT) and Adaptive Engine Technology Development (AETD) programs, the GE ACE is the only engine that combines outstanding fuel burn with increased, fighter-level thrust, enabling military aircraft to go greater distances and engage more targets.

Unlike traditional engines with fixed airflow, the GE ACE is a variable cycle engine that will automatically alternate between a high-thrust mode for maximum power and a high-efficiency mode for optimum fuel savings. And that means a whole new book of operational possibilities for the U.S. Air Force.

GE has released the first photograph of the fan on its adaptive cycle engine – Image @aviationweek.com

* Ceramic Matrix Composite (CMC) materials enable the GE ACE to achieve the highest core temperature ever recorded.
* GE is using 3D technology to develop complex components one layer at a time and open the creative canvass for engineers.
* the GE ACE can withstand higher temperatures than ever before.

General Electric put out a release about testing for its Adaptive Versatile Engine Technology (ADVENT) project, which achieved the highest combined compressor and turbine temperature operation “in the history of jet engine propulsion.

GE’s unique adaptive cycle, three-stream engine architecture could bring fighters of the future both higher performance and longer range with less fuel burn. @nextbigfuture.com

The adaptive cycle engine is building on decades of military and civilian jet engine research. Innovative architecture shifts air flow between the core, the main bypass, and a third stream to achieve thrust, optimal performance, and fuel efficiency. @gereports.com

GE Jet Sets Record; Will F-35 Get New AETD Engine?

on June 18, 2015 at 8:41 AM

F136 Engine GEA canceled F136 engine being tested

General Electric put out a release late yesterday about testing for its Adaptive Versatile Engine Technology (ADVENT) project, which achieved the highest combined compressor and turbine temperature operation “in the history of jet engine propulsion.”

That release included this sentence: “It is now being applied to the next step – an engine that could fit an F-35-like aircraft.”

You could almost hear the pin drop. Years after former Defense Secretary Bob Gatespushed hard to kill the so-called second engine program — GE’s F136 — it looks as if GE may be poised to come back with what could be either a second engine for the F-35, a replacement for Pratt’s F135, or the next-generation power plant.

(GE and the Air Force Research Lab released a video about the new engine’s testing yesterday. Enjoy.)

GE finished tests on a new engine, which included the highest combined compressor and turbine temperature operation “in the history of jet engine propulsion.”

Daniel McCormick, general manager of GE’s advanced combat engine programs, said there had been a Preliminary Design Review that involved the Air Force, NASA and Lockheed Martin. The new engine can adapt for either maximum thrust — to outrun an enemy anti-aircraft missile, for example — or long-range cruise — say, to penetrate deeply and stealthilyinto an enemy air-defense zone.

As more details emerge it will be fascinating to hear how senior Pentagon officials and Air Force leaders view this GE engine: as a technology marvel, the beginnings of the next generation in F-35 power, or as a “second engine.” @breakingdefense.com

Adaptive Cycle Engine: Farther & Faster

 

Taiwan mistakenly fires ‘carrier killer’ missile toward China

 

 AFP-JIJI  JUL 1, 2016

A Taiwanese warship mistakenly launched a supersonic “aircraft carrier killer” missile toward China on Friday, the navy said, amid deteriorating ties between the island and its once-bitter rival.

The domestically developed Hsiung-feng III (Brave Wind) missile, with a range of 300 kilometers (around 200 miles), flew about 75 kilometers before plunging into waters off Penghu, a Taiwanese-administered island group in the Taiwan Strait.

The navy said it was not immediately clear how the missile had come to be launched, but suggested it could have been due to human error.

“Our initial investigation found that the operation was not done in accordance with normal procedure,” Vice Admiral Mei Chia-shu told reporters, adding that an investigation was under way.

The missile was fired during a drill at around 8:10 a.m. from a 500-ton missile ship docked at a naval base in the southern city of Tsoying, and flew in the direction of China.

Helicopters and navy ships were sent to search for the missile, Mei said, adding that the military had reported the gaffe to the island’s top security body, the National Security Conference.

Taiwan’s Mainland Affairs Council, which handles China policy, declined to say whether the incident had been reported to Beijing.

Ties between Taipei and Beijing have deteriorated noticeably since President Tsai Ing-wen of the China-skeptic Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) was elected in January.

China still insists that self-ruling Taiwan is part of its territory, even though the two sides split in 1949 after a civil war, and has not ruled out using force to bring about reunification.

Original post @japantimes.co.jp

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Great going Taiwan you nearly started WWIII

Hsiung-feng III (Brave Wind) missile

The Hsiung Feng III (HF-3;Chinese: 雄風三型, “Brave Wind III”) is the third in the Hsiung Feng series of anti-ship missiles developed by the National Chung-Shan Institute of Science and Technology (CSIST) in Taiwan. Very little is known about the HF-3, except that it is a Mach number 2 class supersonic speed anti-ship missile.

The HF-3 missile uses a rocket-ramjet propulsion system, with two side-by-side solid-propellant jettisonable strap-on rocket boosters for initial acceleration and a liquid-fueled ramjet (believed to be using JP-10 fuel) for sustained supersonic cruise. The missile features a wingless design with four strake intakes and four clipped delta control surfaces aft. The air intake design arrangement was reported to have been optimized for evasive maneuvering at terminal sea-skimming altitudes. The missile is designed to be capable of way-pointing and can be programmed to fly offset attack axes to saturate defenses. It is also capable of high-G lateral terminal “random weaving” maneuvers to evade close-in defenses.

The HF-3 missile uses an X band monopulse planar array active radar homingseeker evolved from that utilized by the HF-2 anti-ship missile series, but with improved digital signal processing and data-handling capabilities that address the shorter reaction time requirements available to a supersonic anti-ship missile. The missile ECCM‘s includes resistance to range gate pull-off (RGPO), and the missile’s maximum speed at low alttudes is reported to be in the range of Mach 2.3-2.7, with higher cruising speed at greater altitudes. The HF-3 uses a Self-Forging Fragment/SFF (i.e., Explosively Formed Projectile/EFP) warhead reported to be in the 225 kg (496 lb) weight class and designed to be triggered by a smart fuze that directs most of the explosive energy downward once it has detected that the missile is inside the target ship’s hull.

General characteristics
  • Type: Anti-ship missile
  • Range: 150–200 km (93–124 mi; 81–108 nmi)
  • Flight altitude: 125 m – 250 m
  • Power Plant: Rocket-Ramjet
  • Top Speed: 2300 km/h
  • Length: Approx. 6.096 m
  • Diameter: 0.4572 m[1] Missile Body Only
  • Weight: 3,000-3,300 lbs[1]
  • Guidance: Inertial guidance with (X Band) terminal active radar homing
  • Date Deployed: 12/2007 250 Units – approved for official low rate production as of 1/2008

Data @revolvy.com

Royal Thai Navy Submits Funding Plan For Submarine Purchase

BANGKOK, July 1 (Bernama) — Thailand could join the growing Southeast Asian submarine club with its own purchase of the underwater weapon system.

According to a report in the Bangkok Post Friday, the Royal Thai Navy (RTN) has submitted a funding plan for the purchase of three Chinese-made submarines worth 36 billion baht (about RM4.5 billion).

“The navy has submitted a funding plan for its 36-billion-baht submarine procurement project to the cabinet for consideration with the tied-over budget for the subs to be spread over 11 years,” said the newspaper in its front page article today.

The RTN was confident the purchase will receive the go ahead from the government as Deputy Prime Minister and Defence Minister Gen Prawit Wongsuwan had earlier backed the plan.

A plan to procure three Yuan-class submarines from China was submitted to the government by the Navy Sept last year, but it was shelved due to overwhelming public dissaproval.

The newspaper said that the submarines will be purchased immediately should the Thai cabinet give the greenlight, with the first submarine costing 13 billion baht.

With the imminent submarines’ purchase, RTN will join Royal Malaysian Navy (RMN), Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN) and Indonesia’s Navy with submarines capability.

— BERNAMA

Original post bernama.com

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Thailand set to get first Chinese submarine

1345466072_68968.jpg

The Nation July 2, 2016 1:00 am

The Royal Thai Navy will buy its first submarine from China in the coming fiscal year, Defence Minister General Prawit Wongsuwan said yesterday.

Prawit, who is also deputy prime minister overseeing security affairs, said the Navy planned to buy three submarines at Bt12 billion each. “The budget is not too high as payments can be made over a period of about 10 years,” he said.

Prawit said China’s submarine technology was good and modern, playing down criticism of the move. He said the Navy had studied all details. “It first presented its plan in 2008 or 2009.”

Asked why the Navy would want submarines since it had abolished the submarine division, Prawit said the country needed them to protect its massive marine resources in the Andaman Sea.

“Neighbouring countries all have submarines. Myanmar has 10,” he said.

Background

Thai navy chooses Chinese submarines instead of those offered by other countries such as Germany and Sweden because of the high functions-to-price ratio of the Chinese model.

An additional advantage of the model is that it can stay underwater for 21 days.

Moreover, China promises to transfer some navy technology and help train submarine professional technicians.

Previously China tries to sell Thailand its S-20 submarine, an improved version of Type 039A Yuan-class submarine 66 meters long, 8 meters wide, 8.2 meters high with a displacement of 1,850 tons on surface and 2,300 tons submerged and maximum speed of 18 knots. AIP system is provided as an option. The model Thai has chosen is S-26. No details of its functions have been revealed. Analysts believe S-26 is similar in functions to S-20 but with better functions-to-price ratio. “Thai Navy Buys 3 Chinese Submarines able to Stay underwater 21 days” posted  July 3, 2015. Source tiananmenstremendousachievements.wordpress.com

Essay: Inside the Design of China’s Yuan-class Submarine

Yuan Class – Image globaltimes.cn

Excerpt

A review of Google Earth and hand-held photography indicates this is indeed the case. Google Earth imagery of both submarine classes berthed near each other shows the Yuan has a larger beam than the Song-class. This strongly argues that the sources that hold to the narrower beam of 7.5 meters for the Type 039G Song are probably closer to the truth. Furthermore, analysis of hand-held imagery indicates that theYuan is not only longer, but also has a deeper draft than the Song-class.

Chinese submarines use the Russian system for draft markings. This means the markings do not show the draft by direct measurement, but rather it shows the deviation from an established draft. On Chinese submarines, the longer white line in the draft markings shows the submarine’s normal surface waterline, with deviations in the draft noted in 0.2-meter increments. From hand-held, broad aspect photographs of the Type 039A/B submarine, both in the water and out, one can accurately measure the waterline length and the length overall. The often-quoted length of 72 meters for the Yuan class is actually its waterline length. This value is also consistent with Google Earth measurements. The submarine’s overall length from the analysis is just over 77.2 meters, which is consistent with numerous Chinese-language websites that list the length as 77.6 meters. The same can be said of the normal surface draft that comes in at about 6.7 meters, greater than the 5.5-meter value held by many open Western source references.

Putting all of this together shows the Yuan is a large conventional submarine, only marginally smaller than a Soryu-class boat—on the order of 15 percent smaller. Perhaps a better comparison would be with the PLAN’s other large conventional submarine, the Russian-built Project 636 Kilo. That comparison shows theYuan comes out as being slightly bigger than a late model Kilo. The table below lists the basic physical characteristics of the four submarines discussed in this article. Project 636 Kilo and Soryu-class data come from official sources, while Yuan and Song data are largely derived from the analysis mentioned above.

Thus, in stark contrast to the essay’s conclusion, the Type 039 A/B Yuan is not a small submarine at all. It is one of the largest conventional combat submarines in the PLAN inventory, and is no more maneuverable in shallow water than other large conventional submarine designs, such as the Kilo or Soryu-classes. If a navy truly wishes to invest in a “coastal submarine,” or SSC, then it would look at submarines like the German Type 205 and 206, and the North Korean Sango, all of which come in at less than 500 tons submerged displacement.

Project 636 Kilo Type 039A/B Yuan Type 039GSong Soryu
Length Overall 73.8 m 77.6 m1 74.9 m 84.0 m
Beam 9.9 m 8.4 m 7.5 m 9.1 m
Draft 6.6 m 6.7 m2 5.7 m4 8.3 m5
Surface Displacement 2,350 tons 2,725 tons3 1,727 tons 2,947 tons
Submerged Displacement 3,125 tons 3,600 tons 2,286 tons 4,100 tons

22f77920-b607-4e20-8e4b-528816d9a58a
Notes:
1) The often-quoted Type 039A/B length of 72 meters is waterline length, not length overall.
2) Type 039A/B draft is larger than the reported 5.5 meters that is nearly identical to the smaller Type 039G Song-class.
3) Yuan-class surfaced and submerged displacements come from Chinese language websites, of which there is some confusion on surface displacement. The value given on most Chinese websites (2,300 tons) would result in a reserve buoyancy of 50+ percent, which is not realistic. The estimated surface displacement in the table reflects a reserve buoyancy of 32 percent that is consistent with earlier Type 035 and 039G designs.
4) The reported 5.3-meter value for the Type 039G’s draft is suspect. Hand-held photos of this submarine in drydock suggest the draft is probably closer to 5.7 meters.
5) The draft of the Soryu-class is often listed as 8.5 meters, however, numerous photos of fore and aft draft markings show it is closer to 8.3 meters. Data news.usni.org

Shallow Water Environment

Designing a submarine to operate in very shallow water has other problems beyond just maneuvering. Holst correctly points out that the acoustic environment in coastal areas is chaotic and difficult, making it challenging for an antisubmarine platform to find a Yuan ensconced in such waters. But what is good for the gander is also good for the goose.

Radiated noise from shipping is far louder, and even with multiple bounces off the bottom and sea surface, a lot of the acoustic energy will still reach a submerged submarine’s sonar. With shipping, biologic, and wave noise coming in from both near and far, a Yuan would be hard pressed to detect, track, and identify a target of interest; particularly as surface combatants tend to be quieter than civilian merchants. In other words, it will be very difficult to find and obtain an accurate fire control solution on a desired target without using a periscope to sort out the tactical picture. Doing so, however, would increase the submarine’s chances of being detected by radar or electro-optical sensors. Therefore, a submarine hugging the bottom in shallow coastal waters will be vexed by the same problem that an ASW ship has to deal with in looking for the submarine. But what is even more curious—if Chinese designers had intended from the very beginning for the Yuan-class to be a shallow water boat—why was a passive low frequency flank array put on these submarines?

The H/SQG-207 is a line of individual hydrophones mounted to the hull, and is designed to provide long-range detection against noisy ships—low frequency noise suffers lower absorption losses and travels further in water. The problem is this kind of array is most effective in deeper water where interference with the bottom is limited. Such an array would be severely degraded in very shallow water, offering little, if any benefit, beyond the capabilities of the medium frequency bow array. The fact that the H/SQG-207 array is on the Yuan-class argues strongly that its design operating areas are in deeper waters where this passive sonar can serve as the primary sensor.

Type 039B Yuan-class submarine during rollout at the Jiangnan Shipyard on Changxing Island. Note the long white line in the draft markings, which designates the submarine’s normal surface waterline. Also note the low-frequency passive flank array just above the keel blocks. Image news.usni.org

PLAN Submarine Weaponry

Holst’s treatment of PLAN submarine weaponry shows it perpetuates a longstanding misunderstanding when it asserts that the Type 039A/B Yuan carries the C-802 ASCM. The fundamental problem with this is the C-802 is not a submarine-launched missile. In fact, the “C-802” designation is for an export surface, air, and land-based ASCM with a range of 120 kilometers, rather than the 180 kilometers stated in the essay. Of interest, there is no evidence the C802 was ever accepted by the PLAN. Lastly, it isn’t the same missile that the PLAN has fielded on the Type 039G, 039A/B, 091, and 093 submarines—the YJ-82. The YJ-82 is a solid-rocket propelled missile based on the YJ-8/8A ship-launched ASCM, but without the booster. The YJ-82 is launched in a buoyant capsule that is virtually identical to the U.S. submarine-launched Harpoon. Normally, the range of the YJ-8/8A is only 42 kilometers. But without the booster, the YJ-82’s range will be even less, possibly as short as 30 to 34 kilometers (16–18 nautical miles). This very short range means the launch will almost certainly be seen by its target, or an escort, as the missile will be within the radar horizon of most warships by the time it reaches ten meters in altitude. With such a short engagement range, the firing submarine’s location will be fixed quite quickly, with a counter-attack likely following shortly thereafter if a warship is nearby—flaming datums have a bad habit of attracting that sort of response. That is one of the key reasons why the PLAN submarine force is eagerly awaiting the fielding of the YJ-18, which reportedly has a maximum range of up to 220 kilometers.

With respect to the authors the Department of Defense’s, 2015 Annual Report to Congress, the cited range of 290nm (550km) for the YJ-18 in (p. 10) is undoubtedly a typographic error. It is virtually impossible for a missile that is very likely smaller than the SS-N-27B Sizzler to have a range that is almost two and a half times greater. The ranges given in the 2015 report for the YJ-8A and YJ-62 are also incorrect and reflect a reliance on inaccurate open source information.

YJ-18 Supersonic anti-ship missile – Image: andrewerickson.com

It’s the second missile in the video and does an “S” shape maneuver to avoid CIWS of the target ship

Another point of interest is that the weapons carried by the Type 039A/B Yuan are identical to those on the Type 039G Song, to include both the current YJ-82 and the future YJ-18 ASCMs. And yet, Holst makes no mention of the Song-class having the exact same weapons capability, both in terms of the number of torpedo tubes and weapons carried. The Type 039A/B Yuan-class will undoubtedly be the more effective ASCM platform; due to its enhanced sonar suite and the tactical flexibility provided by the AIP system, but in both instances the ASCM is a secondary weapon because of the small load out of missiles in the torpedo room, and the low salvo-size driven by torpedo tube limitations. If the Chinese continue to follow Russian tactical concepts, two of the six torpedo tubes will be loaded with YU-6 torpedoes for self-defense against an unexpected appearance by a submarine or surface ship. And while a salvo of four YJ-18 ASCMs is nothing to sneeze at, it is probably insufficient to overwhelm a modern warship’s hard and soft kill air defenses. The Mach 3 speed of the YJ-18’s sprint vehicle is impressive, and will seriously reduce a ship’s reaction time, but numbers are still needed to saturate todays modern air defense systems.

YJ-82 (C-802) – Image @redstar.gr

Conclusions

In sum, I believe Holst has drawn incorrect conclusions on the Type 039A/B Yuan submarine design basis because of inaccurate technical data and inadequate analysis. The Type 039A/B Yuan is a large submarine, particularly for a non-nuclear boat, and is comparable in size to Russia’s Kilo and Japan’s Soryu-classes. The sonar suite of the Yuan is tailored more for deep water where it can use the low frequency flank array to make long-range detections against noisy ships. The lack of a vertical launch system means the Yuan, and Song-class, are limited by the number of torpedo tubes that can be allocated to ASCMs; making it very hard to saturate a ship’s air defenses with only four, or at most five, missile salvos. And given the current short-ranged YJ-82 ASCM, a Type 039A/B Yuan-class submarine is better off attempting to close inside 15 kilometers and engaging the target with YU-6 torpedoes. But even after the introduction of the YJ-18, the restrictive factors of the torpedo room’s capacity and the small number of torpedo tubes remains. The PLAN appears to appreciate this constraint, as the discussion of future nuclear submarine designs having as many as 16 vertical launch tubes suggests.

Japan’s Soryu-class: Details

The design aspects of the Type 039A/B Yuan-class submarine point toward deep-water operating areas in the near seas, to include the approaches to Taiwan, where their improved sonar and AIP capabilities will aid the submarine in detecting, tracking, and engaging targets of interest. And while a Type 039A/B Yuan could soon be loaded with a more effective, long-range ASCM, the submarine’s design limitations will continue to rely heavily on the torpedo. Source usni.org

 photo zztype041.jpg

Updated Jan 05, 2017

Thailand orders C295W transport aircraft – Update I

IHS Janes

Thailand has received a C295W military transport aircraft from Airbus Defence and Space, IHS Jane’s understands.

Airbus statistics showing a list of secured orders and deliveries up until 31 May 2016, show that the Southeast Asian country had ordered a single C295 aircraft, which test flight images confirm is a C295W version destined for the Royal Thai Army (RTA).

IHS Jane’s understands that the aircraft, which was built in transport configuration, was ordered in September 2015 and formally delivered on 9 June. It is also understood that the C295W cost about THB1.25 billion (USD36 million) and that it was selected by the RTA ahead of Ukraine’s Antonov An-32 ‘Cline’ military transport aircraft.

The RTA is believed to maintain a total requirement for up to four C925W aircraft, but additional orders will depend on available funding over the next few years. In operation with the RTA the C295W will augment the service’s two Airbus (CASA) C212-300 transport aircraft, which were delivered in 1996.

The RTA has limited fixed-wing transport capabilities, with most logistics operations carried out by the C212 aircraft or two British Aerospace Jetstream 41 platforms acquired in the mid-1990s. Other RTA logistics operations are undertaken by the service’s rotary-wing assets, which in recent years have been improved through purchases of small numbers of Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawks, Airbus Helicopters UH-72A Lakotas, and AgustaWestland AW139s.

Airbus launched the C295W, with winglets and enhanced engine performance settings, in May 2013. Since its launch the C295W has been ordered by customers including the Mexican Navy and the Republic of Mali Air Force.

@janes.com

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C295W military transport aircraft

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The EADS CASA C-295 is a twin-turboprop tactical military transport aircraft, and is currently manufactured by Airbus Defence and Space in Spain.

Image @dmitryshulgin.com

Variants

C-295M
Military transport version. Capacity for 71 troops, 48 paratroops, 27 stretchers, five 2.24 × 2.74 m (88 × 108 inches) pallets or three light vehicles.
NC-295/CN-295
Indonesian Aerospace-made C-295. Indonesian Aerospace have a licence to build the C-295 in Indonesia.
C-295MPA/Persuader
Maritime patrol/anti-submarine warfare version. Provision for six hardpoints.

Operators at work inside the Indonesia air force CN235 maritime patrol aircraft that was displayed at the Singapore Air Show. (Chris Pocock) @ainonline.com
AEW&C
Prototype airborne early warning and control version with 360 degree radar dome. The AESA radar was developed by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) and has an integrated IFF (Identification friend or foe) system.
C-295W
Enhanced performance version with winglets and uprated engines announced in 2013. Certification is expected in 2014.
AC-295 Gunship
Gunship version developed by Airbus Defence and Space, Orbital ATK, and the King Abdullah II Design and Development Bureau, based on the AC-235 Light Gunship configuration.

Operators

CASA C-295 operators:   C-295M users.   C-295 Persuader users   Both versions users.
 Algeria
  • The Algerian Air Force received six C-295 for transport and maritime patrol. One lost in accident.[
 Brazil
  • The Brazilian Air Force received 12 C-295, designated C-105A Amazonas, to replace the ageing DHC-5/C-115 Buffalo transports. Three C-295 ordered.
 Chile
 Colombia
  • The Colombian Air Force operates six C-295, the last of original four was delivered in April 2009. The fifth aircraft was ordered in September 2012 and delivered 14 March 2013. The sixth aircraft was ordered in January 2013, entering service before 31 August 2015.
 Czech Republic
 Ecuador
 Egypt
  • The Egyptian Air Force operates 20 C-295 out of 24 ordered as of August 2015. Three aircraft were initially ordered for tactical and logistical transport. The first delivery was on 24 September 2011. In January 2013 a follow-on order was signed for six more aircraft and ordered a further eight on 16 July 2014.
 Equatorial Guinea
 Finland
  • The Finnish Air Force operates three C-295. There is an option for four more additional aircraft.
 Ghana
 India
  • The Indian Air Force will be operating 56 C-295W. The order was finalised on 13 May 2015 by the Indian Ministry of Defense. The first 16 C-295s will be brought in fly away condition; the remaining 40 will be manufactured in India in partnership withTata Advanced Systems.
 Indonesia
  • The Indonesian Air Force operates eight C-295 for tacical and logistical transport. One C-295 is on order as of August 2015.Three planes will be assembled in Indonesia by PT Dirgantara Indonesia, the same company which built the CN-235, the C-295’s predecessor. The first two aircraft were delivered in September 2012
 Jordan
 Kazakhstan
 Mali
 Mexico
  • The Mexican Air Force operates ten C-295Ms & five C-295Ws. They operate in the 301st Squadron, based in Santa Lucia AFB.
  • The Mexican Navy operates four C-295Ms & two C-295Ws. They are based at the Tapachula Air Naval Base.
 Oman
 Philippines
  • The Philippine Air Force ordered three units of C-295M as of April 2014 and the first unit arrived on March 22, 2015. All 3 are in service as of 22nd January 2016.
 Poland
  • The Polish Air Force has received 17 C-295 that replaced their Antonov An-26s. One aircraft crashed on 24 January 2008, the other 16 are in service at Kraków-Balice Air Base. Poland was first foreign customer, ordering eight planes in 2001, two optional in 2006 and two more in 2007, with delivery from 2003 to 2008. In June 2012, another five aircraft were ordered, two delivered in October 2012, third in December 2012 and final two units were delivered on 2 November 2013.[44]
 Portugal
 Spain
 Thailand
 Uzbekistan
 Vietnam

Specifications (C-295M)

EADS CASA C-295

General characteristics

Pratt & Whitney Canada PW127G


Thermodynamic
Power
Class*
(ESHP***)
Mechanical
Power
Class*
(SHP)
Propeller
Speed
(Max. RPM)
Height**
(Inches)
Width**
(Inches)
Length**
(Inches)
PW150 Series 6,200 5,000 1,020 44 30 95
PW127 Series 3,200 2,750 1,200 33 26 84
PW123/124 Series 3,000 2,400 1,200 33 26 84
PW120 Series 2,400 2,100 1,200 31 25 84
PW118 Series 2,180 1,800 1,300 31 25 81
* Powers are approximate values at take-off. Available at sea level, standard day, static conditions, uninstalled. 
** Dimensions are approximate values.
*** Equivalent Shaft Horsepower : includes estimated equivalent contribution of exhaust thrust.

Data @pwc.ca

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 576 km/h (311 knots, 358 mph)
  • Cruise speed: 480 km/h (260 knots, 300 mph)
  • Range: with 3,000 kg (6,600 lb) payload, 4,600 km (2,500 nmi / 2,875 mi); (with 6,000 kg (13,200 lb) payload, 3,700 km (2,000 nmi / 2,300 mi))
  • Range with max 9,250 kg (20,400 lb) payload: 1,300 km (700 nmi / 805 mi)
  • Ferry range: 5,400 km (2,900 nmi / 3,335 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 9,100 m (30,000 ft)
  • Takeoff run: 670 m (2,200 ft)
  • Landing run: 320 m (1,050 ft)

Data @wikiwand.com

PROJECT 20386 SMALL PATROL SHIPS (CORVETTES)

МАЛЫЕ СТОРОЖЕВЫЕ КОРАБЛИ (КОРВЕТЫ) ПРОЕКТА 20386 -PROJECT 20386 SMALL PATROL SHIPS (CORVETTES)

At the International Maritime Defense Show IMDS-2015 in St. Petersburg, United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC) has demonstrated a new version of the model of the corvette project 20382 “Tiger” for export.

Soobrazitel’niy Corvette (Project 20381): HERE

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The appearance of this ship is much different from “Tiger” family class corvettes. According to experts, in the saloon was a model of long-term patrol ship project 20386 with interchangeable combat units, which is an evolution of the TFR 20380 and 20385.

Gremyashchy-class corvettes (Project 20385): HERE

Project 20385 – Image @bastion-karpenko.narod.ru

The new generation of corvettes are in the St. Petersburg shipyard

Image @bastion-karpenko.narod.ru

Electronic warfare systems and stealth technology will make the ship “invisible” to the enemy

The new generation of corvette, part of Project 20386 for Russian Navy, will be finished in either late 2015 or early 2016 in St. Petersburg, according to TASS, citing a source in the defense industry. Modern electronic warfare systems and stealth technology will make the corvette invisible to the enemy.

The design of the new corvette will combine basic configuration elements and removable combat units that will significantly expand the range of tasks it can perform.

The corvette will include an onboard helicopter; the possibility of equipping it with drones is also being explored. In addition, the ship will have the latest domestic avionics and electronic weapons systems, which have no equivalents in the world.

It is expected that this will increase by many times the effectiveness of monitoring water surface, air and underwater conditions and will facilitate new possibilities for conducting electronic warfare, despite the fact that the corvette will be manufactured using stealth technology that makes it invisible to the enemy.

A number of new systems, including avionics and electronic weapons, will be installed on the two corvettes Retivyi and Strogii (Project 20380), which were moved to St. Petersburg’s Northern Shipyard on February 20, 2015.

Today, such electronic warfare systems are installed on all Russian surface ships. They have proven to be effective and practical more than once.

Russia’s leading organization for developing electronic warfare systems for the Navy’s surface ships is Taganrog Research Institute of Telecommunications, which is part of KRET.

Equipment developed by the KRET enterprise can be found on all the large surface ships of the Russian Navy, including the Moskva missile cruiser (Project 1164), Peter the Great heavy nuclear missile cruiser (Project 1144), and the Admiral Kuznetsov heavy aircraft carrier (Project 11435). Post dated 26 Feb 2015 by Source kret.com

Keel laid for new Russian corvette: Here

Image @nevskii-bastion.ru

SMALL patrol ships (corvettes) PROJECT 20386 in July 2013 on the drafting of 20386 reported by the chief engineer of CMDB “Almaz” Konstantin Golubev, clarifying that the design of the ship being “a benchmark for Russian weapons.” On the construction of corvettes for advanced project 20386 reported July 18 2014 President of JSC “USC” Alexei Rakhmanov.

“Given the experience of operating the ships of this project at our facilities, the flagship Severnaya Verf and Amur shipyard, has already begun construction of corvettes 20385/20386 upgrade projects that will allow our sailors successfully meet an even wider range of tasks for the benefit of the Fleet,” – commented the head USC adoption of the Russian Navy corvette project 20380 “resistant.” new generation tab corvette project 20386, which implement modularity of weapons and the possibility of basing drones, planned for 2015, reported by the deputy designer general CMDB “Almaz”, to develop the project, Igor Zakharov. on the upcoming construction of corvettes for advanced project 20386, to develop the project 20380 and 20385, previously reported by some media with reference to the design “Diamond” Office and United shipbuilding corporation.

In St. Petersburg will provide modular Corvette with drones

In late 2015 – early 2016 at the St. Petersburg “Northern shipyard for the Russian Navy will be laid modular Corvette new generation project 20386. It is reported TASS with reference to the source in the industry.

“This is a fundamentally new modification of a surface ship, its design will combine elements of the basic configuration and removable combat modules, which greatly expand the range of performed Corvette tasks,” he explained.

According to him, the Corvette project 20386 “will be on Board the helicopter, considering the possibility of equipping unmanned aerial vehicles”. The ship will also be equipped with new electronic systems. As a result of all these modifications Corvette of this type will be multi-purpose and can act not only near but also far sea zone”.

The source said that a number of these latest systems, including electronic equipment and electronic weaponry, will be installed and two Corvette project 20380 “Zealous” and “Strict” laid on “Northern shipyard” February 20, 2015. “These systems are far superior in its capabilities similar equipment four corvettes of this project, is already transferred to the fleet,” said the source.

Earlier it was reported that the main feature of the new Corvette project 20386 will be a modular design that will allow, if necessary, to quickly optimize the vehicle under a wide range of tasks, changing the standardized modules with equipment and weapons systems. Source latestnewsresource.com

20386

МГК-335ЭМ-03 is hydroacoustic positioning weaponry (Гидроакустика) mounted at the bottom of the ship

Image @vnmilitaryhistory.netImage @vnmilitaryhistory.net

Mission

MGK-335EM-03 sonar system is designed to detect submarines in the short-range hydroa-coustic surveillance zone, to generate targeting data for ASW weapons, and to provide underwater acoustic communications with submerged submarines.

Features

The system has a distinguishing capability of intercepting signals emitted by active sonars,defining their bearings and parameters, as wellas classifying the targets detected.Its missions include:

  • submarine detection in the active mode;
  • automatic target tracking;
  • provision of initial data for weapons targeting;
  • target acquisition by noise emissions in thelistening mode, and torpedo attack warning;
  • high- and low-frequency sonar communications, coded communications, and target identification with range-finding;
  • detection of active sonar signals;
  • automatic classification of the detected tar-gets;
  • monitoring of acoustic interference with thesonar’s operation;
  • target range prediction and display;
  • automatic testing of the system’s operationalstatus.

Data Rosoboronexport

Sigma CMS

GTE M90FR gas turbine powerplant

Saturn M90FR gas turbine engine with a maximum power of 27,500 hp, the M55R power plant includes the 5,200-hp 10D49 diesel engine from the Kolomna Machinebuilding Plant and the RO55R reduction gearbox. Source navyrecognition.com

10D49 diesel engine

16ЧН26/26 и 16ГДЧН26/26 (V-version)

Technical characteristics

Designation of diesel (engine/diesel-generator including dieselengine16ЧН26/26) Application Power range,

KW (h p)

Engine speed,rpm Weight of diesel-generator, kg Dimensions, mm
L В Н
10Д49 as main marine engine for diesel-gas turbine aggregate ДГТА (55МР) for driving fixed-pitch propeller via reduction gear 3825 (5200) 1000 24020 5220 2300 3460

* – Weight of diesel engine

Technical data kolomnadiesel.com

In this embodiment, the corvette set: one 100-mm universal artillery mount type A-190 “stelsovskoy” tower two 30-mm machine-type AK-630M, 2 x 8 TLU SAM type “Redoubt”, 2 x4 PU 3S24 RCC “Uranus” and “Uranium-U”, 2 x 4 RK “package”, the helicopter Ka-27 or UAV with underdeck hangar.

100-mm А190- 01 Lightweight Multipurpose Naval gun

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Burevestnik manufactures two variants of 100-mm А190 Lightweight Multipurpose Naval gun:А190E and А190-01.

100-mm А190 Lightweight Multipurpose Naval Gun is a single-barrel turreted automatic gun that may be installed on ships with the displacement of 500 t and more. Upon the operator’s command the fire control module automatically turns the artillery system to standby or combat-ready position, ensures ammunition selection and feeding, gun laying and firing. As a result, the artillery system has minimum response time and high rate of fire.

Main technical data

Rate of fire, rpm up to 80
Maximum firing range, km over 20
Elevation, degree -15 to +85
Training, degree ±170
Projectile weight, kg 15,6
Number of ready-to-fire rounds 80
Weight, t 15

А190 Naval Gun can fire HE (impact fuze) and AA (time fuze) case ammunitions.
The main advantages of А190 system:
– automatic firing mode with main and back-up control means and the capability to operate in EW battlefield environment;
– minimal dead zones when engaging various target types;
– fast reaction (2…5 sec) to counter air threats. Quick shift of fire when engaging multiple targets.

The upgraded version designated as А190-01 provides significant increase in combat effectiveness. High survivability, reliability and combat effectiveness make it possible to operate the gun in various environments day and night all year around. Source burevestnik.com

2 x AK-630M

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The gun itself is a 6 barrel Gatling gun designated as AO-18.  The barrels are in a single block, having exhaust-driven joint automatics.  They are belt fed with a flat magazine in the AK-630 and a drum magazine in the AK-630M.  These weapons form a part of a complete self-defense system called A-213-Vympel-A, which includes gun, radar, optical and TV control systems.  A single MP-123 Vympel system can control two 30 mm guns or one 30 mm and one 57 mm gun.  This system can engage air targets at ranges up to 4,000 m (4,400 yards) and surface targets at ranges up to 5,000 m (5,500 yards).  The TV control system can detect MTB sized ships at the distance of 75 km (40 nm) and the fighter-size air targets at 7,000 m (7,600 yards).  This system is completely automatic and does not require human supervision although it can be directed from optical control posts in case of damage or for firing on shore targets.

6 barrel Gatling gun AO-18

Image

Date Of Design 1963
Date In Service AK-630:  1976
AK-630M:  1979
AK-306:  1980
3M87:  1989
Gun Weight AO-18 (for AK-630):  under 452 lbs. (under 205 kg)
AO-18L (for AK-306):  341.7 lbs (155 kg)
GSh-6-30K (for AK-630M1-2):  352.5 lbs. (160 kg)
Gun Length oa 64.13 in (1.629 m)
Bore Length 63.78 in (1.620 m)
Rifling Length 57.48 in (1.46 m)
Grooves 16
Lands N/A
Twist N/A
Chamber Volume N/A
Rate Of Fire AK-630:  4,000 – 5,000 rounds per minute
AK-630M:  4,000 – 5,000 rounds per minute
AK-630M1-2:  10,000 rounds per minute
AK-306:  600 – 1,000 rounds per minute
3M87:  10,000 rounds per minute
Palash:  1,000 rounds per minute

Ammunition

Type Fixed
Weight of Complete Round 1.834 – 1.839 lbs. (0.832 – 0.834 kg)
Projectile Types and Weights HE-FRAG (OF-84) – 0.86 lbs. (0.39 kg)
FRAG tracer (OP-84) – 0.86 lbs. (0.39 kg)
Bursting Charge HE-FRAG (OF-84) – 0.107 lbs. (0.0485 kg)
FRAG tracer (OP-84) – 0.026 lbs. (0.0117 kg)
Projectile Length up to 11.54 in (293 mm)
Propellant Charge N/A
Muzzle Velocity All:  2,953 fps (900 mps)
3M87:  2,822 fps (860 mps)
Palash:  3,609 fps (1,100 mps)
Working Pressure N/A
Approximate Barrel Life AK-630:  8,000 rounds (automation resource)
AK-306:  18,000 rounds
Ammunition stowage per gun AK-630:  2,000 rounds
AK-630M:  2,000 rounds
AK-630M1-2:  4,000 rounds
AK-306:  500 rounds

Range

Elevation With 1.2 lbs. (0.54 kg) HE/Frag Shell
Max Ballistic Range 8,860 yards (8,100 m)
Self Liquidation range 5,470 yards (5,000 m)
Effective Targeted Range 4,375 yards (4,000 m)

Data navweaps.com

Image @nevskii-bastion.ru

9M96 anti-aircraft missile  

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The S-400 Triumph also launches 9M96E and 9M96E2 medium range ground-to-air missiles. Designed for direct impact, the missiles can strike fast moving targets such as fighter aircraft with a high hit probability. The maximum range of the 9M96 missile is 120km.

9M96E and 9M96E2 missiles (Fakel in Milparade.ru)
  9M96E 9M96E2
Target engagement envelope, km:
Range:
minimum
maximum
1
40
1
120
Altitude:
minimum
maximum
0.005
20
0.005
30
Weight, kg:
missile
warhead
container with four missiles
333
24
2,300
420
24
2,700
Average velocity, m/s 750 1,000
First shot hit probability:
piloted target
unpiloted target
target═s payload
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.9
0.8
0.7

Redut VLS for 16 9M96E (120 km range)

11TK6

Redut VLS for 16 9M96E (120 km range) SAMs are located forward of main gun

Combat power of the modernized craft greatly enhanced by introducing into the arms of a new universal missile complex “Caliber-NK” (instead of anti-ship complex “Uran”) with a uniform 8-cell launcher for several types of missiles – anti-shooting and coastal targets. Anti-aircraft weaponry corvette enhanced anti-aircraft missile system, 9M96 missiles (supplied from 16 missiles).  Source globalsecurity.org

Kh-35 Uran (SS-N-25 Switchblade) Uran-E shipborne missile system equipped with KH-35E anti-ship missiles 

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The Uran missile systems comprise 16 Kh-35 missiles – 4×4 launchers with pressurised transport-launching containers. The Uran system now serves as armament of Project 1149.8 missile equipped gun boats and other vessels. A coastal defense variant and, more recently, an antiaircraft variant were later developed on the basis of this missile.The Kh-35 missile has a normal aerodynamic design and an aluminium-alloy airframe. The missile’s power plant consists of a solid-fuel booster and a turbojet powerplant. The missile’s take-off weight is 750 kilograms, the warhead weighs 150 kilograms with a range of up to 130 kilometres.

The Kh-35U anti-ship aircraft missile (Article 78U), propelled by a turbojet engine, flies toward its target at a speed of about the 300 m/s at an extremely low altitude. Owing to its high-precision radio-altimeter, the missile can skim the sea waves at an altitude of 3-5 metres at the terminal phase of trajectory. Its guidance system combines inertial guidance for during the initial flight stage and active-radar guidance during the remaining flight stage.

The missile has a folding wing and a folding tail fin.For use by coastal or shipborne launchers the missile is equipped with a rocket starter-accelerator, a container-type launcher having room for four missiles.

2 × 4 launchers with pressurised transport-launching containers

Entered Service 1983
Total length 3.75 m
Diameter 0.42 m
Wingspan 0.93 m
Weight 480 kg [630 kg with booster]
Warhead Weight 145 kg
Propulsion
Maximum Speed 300 m/s
Maximum effective range 130 km
Guidance mode Active Radarhoming

Data fas.org

CLUB-K-type missile system with missiles “Caliber” in standard 40-foot containers

Of course, this modification named the Club-K is somewhat different to the regular military issue used in the Russian coastal and naval units but it is still potent enough to raise concerns with the possible attackers.

The entire Club-K system contains of four missiles (versions 3M54KE, 3M54KE1, Kh35UE for naval targets and 3M14KE and Kh35UE for land targets), a fire control system, combat management, communications and navigation system, and a life support/power supply system. It is all packed in a standard shipping container so it is absolutely impossible to detect its deployment until it starts preparing for launch.

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The operational range of up to 300 km gives a Club-K the ability to attack the targets well out of the visual range and to provide the accuracy, it can use any type of guidance available to the user. So, the radar stations, satellite link or anything that is at the disposal can be interlinked with the system to provide guidance.

During the flight the missiles skim on top of the water/land on the height usually not higher than 5 m which makes them almost impossible to intercept. The ability to make sharp turns provides the additional protection against the air-defense fire but the final stage of the slight is what makes this missile a true nightmare for the opponents. Namely, in the final stage of the flight, the missile jumps into the supersonic mode (around Mach 2.9) and that prevents the ship air defense systems like Phalanx to effectively intercept it.

To make things even worse for the attacker, the system can avoid the radar radiation, making the turn around the radar stations and it usually uses the multi-vector attack tactics. This means that the single target is attacked with several missiles, all approaching at the same moment from the different sides.

The same stands for the land targets and the same tactics are used in those cases, but the warhead of the missiles used for land attacks is heavier and it has the shorter range. Still, it is just ideal for attacking the enemy airports, headquarters or strategically important targets. Source immortaltoday.com

Container for 3M54KE, 3M54KE1 & 3M14KE type missiles

3M-14KE land attack missile 

3M-54KE anti-ship missile

The 3M-54E missile has a range of 300 km. For the majority of its trajectory it flies at a high subsonic speed. The first stage drops off when the missile reaches the prescribed altitude and its second stage sustainer engine goes into action. This is the time when the missile’s wing and tail assembly unfold. The altitude of its flight goes down to 10-15 metres above the sea surface and the missile heads towards the target in accordance with the target designations, fed before the start into the memory of its board guidance system. The targeting on the cruise sector of the trajectory is effected by an inertia navigation system. The end sector of the missile’s flight with the homing head active proceeds only five metres above the water surface. At 60 km from its target the third, solid-fuel stage separates from the missile, accelerates to supersonic speed and overcomes the defence zone of the target vessel

In spite of its relatively small launch weight of 1,570 kilograms, the missile has a range of 300 kilometres and a powerful 450-kilogram warhead, which can blow up very large surface craft. The missile’s moderate weight allows even warships with a small displacement to take aboard quite a few of such deadly weapons. 

3M-54E 3M-54E1 3M-14E
Length [m] 8.22 6.2 6.2
Diameter [m] 0.533 0.533 0.533
Launch Weight [kg] 2,300 1,780 1,780
Maximum Range [km] 220 300 300
Speed [Mach] Depends on flight mode 
Subsonic Mode: Mach 0.6 – 0.8, Supersonic Mode: Mach 2.9
0.6 – 0.8 
Terminal Stage Speed for the 3M-54E1
0.6 – 0.8 
Terminal Stage Speed for the 3M-14E
Warhead Weight [kg] 200 400 400
Control System Inertial + Active Radar Homing Inertial + Active Radar Homing Inertial
Flight Path Low-Flying Low-Flying Ballistic

Data fas.org

Container for Kh35UE both anti-ship Switchblade type missiles

Kh35UE anti-ship missile

Kh-35UE tactical anti-ship guided missile is designed for hitting combat (assault landing) surface ships and cargo ships from the striking force (convoys) and single ships. 

Performance:

 Launch ranges, km  7 to 260
 Missile flight altutude over wave ridge, m
 when cruising  10 to 15
 at final point  4
 Flight speed (M number)  0,8 to 0,85
 Maximum angle of the missile post-launch horizontal turn, degree  +/- 130
 Aiming system:  inertial + satellite navigaion +
 active-passive radio homing head
 Maximum range of passive detection and locking with active-passive  50
 radio homing head, km
 Type of warhead  penetrating high-explosive fragmentation
 Warhead weight, kg  145
 Fuel  gasoline
 Missile start weight, kg.(max.):
 aircraft based  550
 helicopter based  650
 ship (coast) based  670
 Lengthxdiameterxwing span, m:
 aircraft based  3,85×0,42×1,33
 ship (coast) and helicopter based   4,40×0,42×1,33
 Conditions for launch:
 from aircraft: altitude range km/speed (M)  0,2-10/0,35-0,9
 from helicopter: altitude range km/speed (M)  0,1-3,5/0-0,25
 Weather conditions for use  any conditions at sea roughness up to 6
 Carriers  surface ships, coast missile stations,
 aircraft, helicopters

Data ktrv.ru

The ship in the stern “transformennom compartment” capacity for the other weapons, which is expected to create in the dimensions of a standard 40-foot containers. In a container to accommodate any Corvette CLUB-K-type missile system with missiles “Caliber”. The latter has recently been successfully applied during a military operation in Syria with surface ships of the Caspian Flotilla and the submarine project 636.3 Black Sea Fleet.

Image @russiadefence.net

In perspective corvette will be installed radar system with flat phased antenna arrays (PAA) on the bevel fore and aft part of the superstructure. (Radar model not indicated) Likely to be the same type of radar on the Gremyashchy class (Project 20385)

Gremyashchy-class (Project 20385): Details

Experts say that corvette will be made with the use of Stealth technology will become invisible to the enemy. As a result of innovations corvette project 20386 “will be multi-purpose and can operate not only in the near, but in the long-range maritime zone.” Bookmark corvette new generation of project 20386, which implement modularity of weapons and the possibility of basing drones, has been scheduled for 2015. Later, CEO CMDB “Diamond” Alexander Shlyakhtenko said that to lay a new Corvette is scheduled in 2017, and handing the lead ship is scheduled for 2019. A.V.Karpenko, MTC “Nevsky Bastion” 16.04.2016 MODEL PERSPECTIVE CORVETTE 20386 PROJECT FOR IMDS-2015 7 th International Maritime Defense Show IMDS-2015

Helicopter Ka-27 or UAV with underdeck hangar

CHARACTERISTICS Displacement, t 3500 Main propulsion diesel gazoturboelektricheskaya installation (DGTEU) type CODLOG WEAPONS 1 x 1 100 mm Universal Gun Mount Type A-190 “stelsovskoy” tower, 2 × 6 30 mm machine-type AK-630M, 2 x 8 TLU SAM type “Redoubt”, 2 x4 PU 3S24 RCC “Uranus” or “Uranium-U”, 2 x 4 RK “package” Aircraft: helicopter Ka-27M and unmanned radar systems with flat phased antenna arrays (PAA) CICS Sigma 20380 in implementing the functions of products, “track-NK” and “Route -KP navigation radar MR-231-3 gyro-stabilized optoelectronic system “Sphere-05” sonar system “Minotaur ISPN-M” with podkilnoy antenna based on the CIM 335 EM-03 launcher interference CT-216-06.04-SM01 navigation complex and stabilization by hydrogenation such as “Czardas” system of joint use of weapons secure “lock”

Kamov Ka-27 Helix

Kamov Ka-27PL ‘Helix-A’
Entered service 1982
Crew 3 men
Dimensions and weight
Length 11.27 m
Main rotor diameter 15.9 m
Height 5.45 m
Weight (empty) 6.1 t
Weight (maximum take off) 12.6 t
Engines and performance
Engines 2 x Klimov TV3-117V turboshaft engines
Engine power 2 x 2 190 hp
Maximum speed 250 km/h
Cruising speed 230 km/h
Service ceiling 5 km
Range 800 km
Payload
Maximum payload 5 t
Typical load ?
Armament
Torpedoes 4 x APR-2E homing torpedoes
Bombs 4 x groups of S3V guided anti-submarine bombs in place of torpedoes

Data military-today.com

Image @combataircraft.com

Main material source nevskii-bastion.ru

Updated Mar 30, 2017

Note: There are no material in English all I found were in Russian