Daily Archives: July 5, 2016

Saab Pushes For Year-end First Flight of Latest Gripen


Around the end of the year Saab expects to fly the new Gripen E for the first time. The latest generation of the Swedish warplane represents a major enhancement in capabilities and a thorough overhaul of every element of the basic design. Following on from the Gripen Demo technology demonstrator that has been testing various elements of the new fighter for some time, the first new-build Gripen E was rolled out at Linköping on May 18 and is now in the hands of the flight test team preparing for its first flight.

Known to Saab as 39-8, the first aircraft is one of three pre-production test aircraft authorized by the Swedish government. While the first aircraft is to concentrate initially on aircraft systems and aerodynamics trials, the second aircraft, 39-9, is due to fly next year with some tactical systems installed. The third test aircraft is to join the test fleet in 2019 with a representative IOC (initial operating capability) fit and software load, known as MS(mission system) 21. Saab is also working on the follow-on MS22, which adds greater functionality.

Series production of the first batch of 96 Gripen Es for Sweden (60) and Brazil (36) is already underway. The initial production aircraft is scheduled to be for Brazil. It is being built in Sweden and will be used to test the Brazil-specific elements of the system. Thanks to the increased use of ground-based test rigs performing much of the work, Saab estimates that the amount of flight time required to clear the Gripen E is roughly one-third that needed for the Gripen C/D.

Home Defense

Development of the Gripen E comes at a time when Sweden has opted to increase its defense spending in the light of increasing tension in the Baltic region. As well as this increase in capability, the focus of Sweden’s attention has shifted from overseas multi-national operations to national and regional defense.

Sweden faces the threat of a new generation of Russian aircraft and missiles in the Baltic. To maintain a credible counter the Gripen E introduces increased range and endurance, better communications and electronic warfare suite, AESA radar, longer-ranged and ‘smarter’ weapons, lower signature and impressive sensor fusion. “It’s important to have equipment designed for the Nordic environment,” Peter Hultqvist, Sweden’s defense minister, told AIN. “It’s necessary for us to invest in a new generation of JAS Gripens. We need a higher level of capability in these aircraft.”

These features are being introduced to “overcome numerical inferiority” according to Major General Mats Helgesson, chief of the Swedish air force. “Through the use of good technology and tactics we will prevail in the air war.”

Sweden expects to receive its first Gripen E in 2019, leading to an IOC standard in 2021 and the air force’s six current JAS 39C/D squadrons converting between 2023 and 2026. The first squadron is likely to be one of the two based at F7 Såtenäs, the home of the Gripen training center. Having operated as training units for some time, F7’s two squadrons were brought into to the front-line at the start of the year.

Sweden has ordered 60 Gripen E single-seaters, which will replace around 100 JAS 39C/Ds, leveraging the significant additional capability of the new aircraft to offset the decrease in numbers. With Russian saber-rattling in the Baltic showing little sign of abating, some Swedish politicians have called for an increase in the Gripen E purchase. “There is always debate around the size and number,” remarked Hultqvist. “If we need more then that will be a new decision.”

Brazil and Beyond

Saab achieved its first export success for the Gripen NG with a sale to Brazil of 36 aircraft, comprising 28 Gripen E single-seaters and eight Gripen F two-seaters. Illustrating Saab’s ability to transfer technology, Brazilian industry is playing a major role not only in the production of Brazil’s aircraft, but also in the development of the two-seater and other variants, such as the proposed Sea Gripen carrier version.

With an eventual Brazilian requirement that could reach 100 aircraft, and the possibility of sales to other nations in Latin America, the establishment of a production facility in Brazil in conjunction with Embraer was a natural move. The operation is centered on Gavião Peixoto, where a development and flight test center are being established alongside production facilities.

Saab is also offering the Gripen NG to India as part of the ‘Make in India’ initiative. Under the proposal Saab would include transfer of state-of-the-art technology, the establishment of an aerospace cluster including a manufacturing facility, the creation of a local supplier base, and the employment of a well-trained Indian workforce for engineering and manufacturing.

We believe that there is an opportunity for us with the MRCA [Rafale] program being limited to 36 aircraft,” said Saab’s head of Gripen, Jerker Ahlqvist. “There’s a need for a large number of fighters over five years as the MiGs are phased out. We would use Brazil as a model for technology transfer, although India is potentially much bigger.”

A number of other nations are being targeted as potential customers for Gripen NG. Finland is viewed as a major opportunity as it looks for a Hornet successor. Sweden has formed increasingly close defense ties with Finland in recent times, and the advantages of having a common fighter type are seen as being potentially attractive.

Elsewhere in Europe the Gripen NG is competing in Belgium, and Saab believes that the Swiss requirement, for which the Gripen was initially selected, will be revived. Saab is still marketing the current C/D model strongly, with prospects in a number of nations. Slovakia is the closest to a decision with a requirement for eight aircraft. With the Czech Republic and Hungary already operating the Gripen C/D, Saab notes that with additional operators in the region the establishment of a training and technical support center in central Europe would make good sense.

New-look Gripen C/D

Recognizing that it will be some while until Gripen NG is available for deliveries, and that there are many nations that do not require the new version’s expanded capabilities, Saab continues to develop the current JAS 39C/D version. In late April the latest software version, MS20, was released for Swedish service, and it is being rolled out across the six-squadron fleet over the summer.

MS20 brings with it a host of new features, not least of which is the ability to operate with the MBDA Meteor long-range air-to-air missile, significantly enhancing the aircraft’s beyond-visual-range air combat capabilities. Another important weapons enhancement is the ability to carry the GBU-39 small diameter bomb, giving the aircraft a low-collateral damage precision attack capability. Other MS20 features include improved Link 16 datalink, a second datalink for digital close air support, night reconnaissance capability, improved CBRN characteristics, and logistics/maintenance improvements.

Saab is keen to stress the speed with which new-build Gripen C/Ds could be delivered, claiming a lead time of just 18 months from contract signature. The company has also pledged to maintain development of the C/D, drawing in elements from the NG program as and when applicable. Saab’s president and CEO, Håkan Buskhe, concluded that: “If you don’t have the need for endurance, the C/D is a very good fighter.”




Related post:

Sweden makes a case for its innovative Gripen fighters to prospective Asian buyers facing new security challenges.

Saab highlights Make in India plans; says Gripen has lowest life cycle cost in world, India one of its home markets

Gripens To Replace Botswana F-5 Fighter Jets

Brazilian Navy eyes Saab Sea Gripen

Saab offers to make Gripen E fighter in India

Slovakia MoD Rejects Offer from Swedes for Saab Gripen Lease

The Swedes have handed India an irresistible offer

‘Make in India’ pitch to sell Swedish fighter for air force

Saab upbeat on exports as it unveils new fighter jet


Swedish Embassy denies discussions to sell four additional Gripen fighters to Thailand

Thailand mulls buying four more Swedish jet fighters

Sweden to customise offer to push Gripen-NG fighter aircraft deal with India

Saab pitches Gripen for Finland – Video

Saab looks to Gripen lease to kickstart Malaysia’s MRCA programme

Royal Thai Air Force, Slovakia, Croatia and Bulgaria are to acquire Gripen

Saab has announced a 15% growth in sales for 2015 alongside a record order backlog

 Saab Gripen E: Details


Canada should go for Gripen E/F



Project 20380 Steregushchy Class Corvettes, Russia

The Steregushchy class (Russian: стерегущий – “vigilant”) is the newest class of corvette in the Russian Navy. It was designed by the Almaz Central Marine Design bureau. The first ship was designated Project 2038.0 (or 20380) by the Russian Government; subsequent vessels were built to an improved design, Project 20381. At 2,200 tons it is large for a corvette and is designated as a frigate by NATO. Project 20382 “Tigr” is an export variant that has been ordered by Algeria. Project 20385 is another variant.

This type has been further developed into the Gremyashchy-class corvette. Source wikiwand.com

The Steregushchy (530) – Image: deviantart.net

Project 20380 Steregushchy Class corvettes are the new multirole vessels being built by the JSC Severnaya Verf shipyard and Amur Shipbuilding Plant for the Russian Navy. Steregushchy Class corvettes are intended to replace the Grisha Class corvettes.

Project 20381 Soobrazitel’niy Corvette: Here


Steregushchy Class can be deployed in coastal patrol, escort and anti-submarine warfare (ASW) operations. The vessels can engage surface ships, submarines, aircraft and shore-based targets.

The first corvette in its class, Steregushchy, was laid in December 2001 and launched in May 2006. It began sea trials in November 2006, for commissioning into the Baltic fleet in November 2007.

Steregushchy (530) – Image: planobrazil.com

The second ship in class, Soobrazitelny, was laid in May 2003 and launched in March 2010. It was delivered to the Russian Navy in July 2011.

Boyky was laid in July 2010 and launched in April 2011 for the commissioning in 2013. Sovershenny was laid in June 2006. It is expected to be launched in 2013 for the commissioning in 2014. Stoyky was laid in November 2006. It was launched in May 2012 for the commissioning in 2013. Construction of the sixth ship in class, Gromky, began in February 2012.

Gremyashchy-class corvette Project 20385: Here


In June 2011, United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC) signed a contract with Russia’s official weapons exporter Rosoboronexport to supply two new Tiger Class corvettes for the Algerian Navy. Tiger Class is an export variant of the Steregushchy Class corvette.

Project-20382 Tigr-class corvette showcased at Euronaval 2016: Here



Among the most advanced surface combatants are the Project 20382 Tiger-class corvette with the Club-N integrated missile system and vertical launchers, Project 22356 and 11356 frigates being currently supplied to India, Project 22460 offshore patrol vessel, Project 21632 Tornado-class missile ships and their derivatives armed with missile systems. It is expected that foreign navy representatives will take interest in the Amur-1650 and Project 636 non-nuclear submarines equipped with guided missile weapons.

The main missions include protection of territorial waters, exclusive economic zone, continental shelf, offshore areas, naval bases and ports. The Steregushchy class can be deployed in coastal patrol, escort and anti-submarine warfare (ASW) operations, as well as to support amphibious assaults. The corvette can engage surface ships, submarines, aircraft and shore-based targets.

The ship is not an upgrade. The project has been developed practically from scratch by the Almaz Central Marine Design Bureau with over 21 inventions patented and 14 certificates issued for registration of computer programs.

It uses stealth technology. The Steregushchiy-class corvettes have a steel hull and composite material superstructure. The ship’s radar signature is reduced thanks to hull architecture and fire-resistant radar-absorbent fiberglass applied in tophamper’s design.

The modular design allows for space-efficient integration of weapon systems and/or replacement by alternative weapon systems. Source strategic-culture.org

Russia Holds Keel-Laying Ceremony of “Rezky” Corvette at Country’s Far East: Here

Northern Shipyard: Corvette “Retivyi” project 20380 being built: Here


Shipbuilding plant Severnaya Verf (part of JSC “USC”) has completed the formation of Corvette Corps “Retivy” project 20380. Shipbuilders are preparing to load equipment.

Project manager 20380, 20385, 20386 Igor Danilov said that the hull of the ship consists of about one hundred welded sections. Now, on the corvette, the workers are completing the installation of mortars and brackets for the gross lines, in order to proceed with the installation of propeller shafts. Two diesel generators were loaded. Work is underway to prepare the compartments and spaces of the ship for the loading of equipment – the pumping group and air conditioners.

The launch of the “Retivy” corvette is planned for the second quarter of 2019. The transfer of the corvette to military seamen should take place in 2020.

At the moment, the Northern Shipyard is building five corvettes for the Russian Navy: Gremyashchy and Agile (Project 20385), Retvy and Stern (Project 20380), Derzky (Project 20386). The designer of all the corvettes is the CMKB Almaz, a leading developer of surface warships for small and medium displacement.

Project 20380


Project 20380 – 4+6 units

Yard №
Laid Down

«Severnaya verf`», Sankt-Peterburg – 4+2 units


Amur Shipyard, Komsomolsk-on-Amur – 0+4 units

plan 12.2016
under construction
under construction
Geroy Rossiyskoy Federatcii Aldar tcydenzhapov
under construction
plan 1.07.2016
under construction

Data russianships.info

Steregushchy Class design features

Steregushchy (530) – Image: shipmodels.info

Steregushchy Class was designed by the Almaz Central Marine Design Bureau. The corvette incorporates a steel hull, composite superstructure and a bulbous bow. The hull is divided into nine watertight subdivisions.

The stealthy design significantly reduces the radar signature of the ship. The acoustic, infra-red, magnetic and visual signatures were also reduced by incorporating the stealth technology in the construction of the warship.

Steregushchy Class has an overall length of 105m, width of 13m and draft of 3.7m. Full load displacement of the ship is 2,100t. The vessel can sail at a maximum speed of 27kt. It can complement 100 personnel, including helicopter maintenance crew.

Corvette command and control systems

The Steregushchy Class features Sigma combat information management system. The system collects information from the radars and sensors and provides real-time situational awareness. It also allows the ship to exchange intelligence information with other naval units in the battle-group.

Steregushchy Class weapons and missiles

The Steregushchy Class is armed with a combination of missile systems, including Kh-35 missiles and 3M-54 Klub missiles. Two Kashtan anti-aircraft systems on-board provide close-in air defence against anti-ship missiles, aircraft and small surface targets. Beginning from Soobrazitelny, the new ships in class are being armed with the REDUT-K SAM system, in place of Kashtan system.


(№1001 – 1 3M87-1 «Kortik-M» CIWS module – 8 SAM launchers, 2×6 30 mm (64 9M311 missiles, 12000 rounds)),

Kh-35 anti-ship missiles

The Kh-35E (3M-24E) anti-ship missile is designed to destroy surface warships displacing up to 5,000 tonnes, as well as seagoing transports.

The Kh-35E unified guided missile can be launched from the following platforms:

– Uran-E type ship-borne missile systems;

– Bal-E type mobile coastal missile systems;

– tactical and naval combat aircraft.

The Kh-35E anti-ship missile can be employed in fair and adverse weather conditions at Sea States up to 5-6, by day and night, under enemy fire and electronic countermeasures.

The Kh-35E’s aerodynamic configuration is optimized for high subsonic-speed sea-skimming flight to ensure stealthy characteristics of the missile.

Target acquisition and designation data can be fed into missile’s guidance system from both ship-based and external target data sources.

The missile has low signatures thanks to its small dimensions, sea-skimming capability and a special guidance algorithm ensuring highly secure operational modes of the active radar seeker.

Its ARGS-35E active radar seeker operates in both single- and multiple-missile launch modes, acquiring and locking on targets at a maximum range of up to 20 km.

Missiles, employed in ship-based and land-based missile system, are delivered in sealed transport-launch containers. This ensures proper level of reliability of the system in harsh climatic conditions and low maintenance man-hours required for its servicing on carriers.



 Launch range, km  up to 130
 Flight altitude, m:
 en route  10-15
 at terminal area  about 4
 Cruise speed, Mach number  0,8
 Max missile turn angle, ang.deg.:
 in horizontal plane after launch  +;- 90
 Missile launch weight, kg:
 ship/land-based versions  620/620
 aircraft/heliborne versions  520/610
 Warhead type  HE penetrator
 Warnead weight, kg  145
 Missile dimensions,m:
 length of ship/land-based
 and heliborne versions  4,4
 length of airborne version  3,85
 body diameter, m  0,42
 wing span  1,33

Data ktrv.ru


1 3M87-1 «Kortik-M» CIWS module & 8 SAM launchers



AA guns two AO-18KD guns
Artillery rounds 1.000 pcs
Control system radar, optronic
AA guns 500-4.000 m
AA guns 0-3.000 m
AA guns: caliber 30 mm
total rate of fire 10.000 rds/min

9M311-1E anti-aircraft missile


Armament: SAM 9M311-1E
Ammunition: SAM 48/32 missiles
Control system radar, optronic
Engagement envelope:
Range: SAM
1.500-10.000 m
Altitude: SAM 2-6.000 m
Weights: missile in the canister 60 kg
missile w/o canister 42 kg
warhead 9 kg

The main gun fitted forward is an Arsenal A-190 100mm naval gun. Two 30mm six-barrelled AK-630M automatic gun mounts are also installed on the vessel. The AK-630M can fire up to 5,000 rounds a minute for a maximum range of 5,000m. Steregushchy is fitted with two quadruple torpedo tubes for Paket-E/NK antitorpedo missile.

A-190 100mm naval gun


100-mm А190 Lightweight Multipurpose Naval Gun is a single-barrel turreted automatic gun that may be installed on ships with the displacement of 500 t and more. Upon the operator’s command the fire control module automatically turns the artillery system to standby or combat-ready position, ensures ammunition selection and feeding, gun laying and firing. As a result, the artillery system has minimum response time and high rate of fire.

Main technical data

Rate of fire, rpm up to 80
Maximum firing range, km over 20
Elevation, degree -15 to +85
Training, degree ±170
Projectile weight, kg 15,6
Number of ready-to-fire rounds 80
Weight, t 15

А190 Naval Gun can fire HE (impact fuze) and AA (time fuze) case ammunitions.
The main advantages of А190 system:
– automatic firing mode with main and back-up control means and the capability to operate in EW battlefield environment;
– minimal dead zones when engaging various target types;
– fast reaction (2…5 sec) to counter air threats. Quick shift of fire when engaging multiple targets.

The upgraded version designated as А190-01 provides significant increase in combat effectiveness. High survivability, reliability and combat effectiveness make it possible to operate the gun in various environments day and night all year around. Data burevestnik.com

s 04Steregushchy (530) Image: britmodeller.com



The gun itself is a 6 barrel Gatling gun designated as AO-18.  The barrels are in a single block, having exhaust-driven joint automatics.  They are belt fed with a flat magazine in the AK-630 and a drum magazine in the AK-630M.  These weapons form a part of a complete self-defense system called A-213-Vympel-A, which includes gun, radar, optical and TV control systems.  A single MP-123 Vympel system can control two 30 mm guns or one 30 mm and one 57 mm gun.  This system can engage air targets at ranges up to 4,000 m (4,400 yards) and surface targets at ranges up to 5,000 m (5,500 yards).  The TV control system can detect MTB sized ships at the distance of 75 km (40 nm) and the fighter-size air targets at 7,000 m (7,600 yards).  This system is completely automatic and does not require human supervision although it can be directed from optical control posts in case of damage or for firing on shore targets.

6 barrel Gatling gun designated as AO-18


The AK-306 (A-219) system was a modification of the AK-630 (A-213) system for use on light ships, like air cushion craft, ekranoplanes and small displacement motor boats.  Externally, there was no difference between AK-306 and AK-630 guns, but internally instead of using the exhaust to power the automatics, the AK-306 (A-219) used electricity.  This version also lacked radar control, being only optically guided, hence making it less of a anti-missile weapon and more of a surface-to-surface weapon.  The design started in 1974 and the system was accepted into service in 1980.  By 1986, 125 systems were in service.

Date Of Design 1963
Date In Service AK-630:  1976
AK-630M:  1979
AK-306:  1980
3M87:  1989
Gun Weight AO-18 (for AK-630):  under 452 lbs. (under 205 kg)
AO-18L (for AK-306):  341.7 lbs (155 kg)
GSh-6-30K (for AK-630M1-2):  352.5 lbs. (160 kg)
Gun Length oa 64.13 in (1.629 m)
Bore Length 63.78 in (1.620 m)
Rifling Length 57.48 in (1.46 m)
Grooves 16
Lands N/A
Twist N/A
Chamber Volume N/A
Rate Of Fire AK-630:  4,000 – 5,000 rounds per minute
AK-630M:  4,000 – 5,000 rounds per minute
AK-630M1-2:  10,000 rounds per minute
AK-306:  600 – 1,000 rounds per minute
3M87:  10,000 rounds per minute
Palash:  1,000 rounds per minute


Type Fixed
Weight of Complete Round 1.834 – 1.839 lbs. (0.832 – 0.834 kg)
Projectile Types and Weights HE-FRAG (OF-84) – 0.86 lbs. (0.39 kg)
FRAG tracer (OP-84) – 0.86 lbs. (0.39 kg)
Bursting Charge HE-FRAG (OF-84) – 0.107 lbs. (0.0485 kg)
FRAG tracer (OP-84) – 0.026 lbs. (0.0117 kg)
Projectile Length up to 11.54 in (293 mm)
Propellant Charge N/A
Muzzle Velocity All:  2,953 fps (900 mps)
3M87:  2,822 fps (860 mps)
Palash:  3,609 fps (1,100 mps)
Working Pressure N/A
Approximate Barrel Life AK-630:  8,000 rounds (automation resource)
AK-306:  18,000 rounds
Ammunition stowage per gun AK-630:  2,000 rounds
AK-630M:  2,000 rounds
AK-630M1-2:  4,000 rounds
AK-306:  500 rounds


Elevation With 1.2 lbs. (0.54 kg) HE/Frag Shell
Max Ballistic Range 8,860 yards (8,100 m)
Self Liquidation range 5,470 yards (5,000 m)
Effective Targeted Range 4,375 yards (4,000 m)

Data navweaps.com

The AK-630M can fire up to 5,000 rounds a minute for a maximum range of 5,000m. Steregushchy is fitted with two quadruple torpedo tubes for Paket-E/NK anti-torpedo missile.

Paket-NK anti-torpedo

2 × 4 330 mm torpedo tubes for Paket-NK anti-torpedo/anti-submarine torpedoes


chien ham Soobrazitelny_13

Sensors / radars and helicopter deck

project20381_kto (15)_bhvw

The sensor suite consists of a Furke-E 3D, E/F band air search radar, a Garpun-B/3Ts-25E/Plank Shave surface search radar, Hot Flash radar, Ratep 5P-10E Puma fire control radar and a Monument targeting radar. The corvette is also equipped with a Zarya-ME sonar suite and Vinyetka-EM towed sonar array.



“Furke-E” development NIIRT Concern PVO “Almaz-Antei” The range of radio waves – E  Radar detection of the total air and surface targets and target housed in a dome on the top mast.


TTX given in three trim levels radar “Furke-E” (ist. – NIIRT booklet):

option 1 Option 2 Option 3
Range Review 60 km 150 km 60 km
Sector Review azimuth 360 degrees 360 degrees 360 degrees
Sector review in elevation 6 degrees 4 ° 15 degrees
Detection range of sea targets 0.95 radio horizon 0.95 radio horizon 0.95 radio horizon
The detection range of aerial target with EPR 1 sq.m 60 km 120 km 52/60 km
War emergency power
Range Review 40 km 150 km 60 km
Sector Review azimuth 360 degrees 360 degrees 360 degrees
Sector review in elevation 60 degrees 80 degrees 30 degrees
Height 15 km 20 km
The detection range of aerial target with EPR 1 sq.m 30km 75 km 52 km
Detection range RCC ESR of 0.02 m at a height of 5 m 10km 12-14 km 12 km
Suppression of reflections from a fixed underlying surface 50-55 dB 50-55 dB 50-55 dB
Accuracy of coordinate measuring range 50m 50m 50m
Accuracy of coordinate measuring azimuth 4-6 points rangefinder 4-6 points rangefinder 3-4 points rangefinder
Accuracy of coordinate measuring elevation 8-9 points rangefinder 5-7 points rangefinder
Range resolution 150-200 m 150-200 m 150-200 m
Azimuth discrimination 3.2 degrees 3.2 degrees 2 °
Number of simultaneously tracked targets 100 200 50
Energy consumption 8 kW 25 kW 7.5 kW
Weight of antenna post 420 kg 890 kg 90 kg
Weight of the entire radar equipment 1100 kg 2450 kg 860 kg
Mean time before failure 850 hours 850 hours 850 hours

Monument targeting radar


Radar targeting RCC “A Monument” in the radome, combined with the design of the foremast Radar “Monument-E” radar or “Mineral-ME” or active phased array radar Seastar Thales (X band) – See diagram below it is within the main mast.

Type: Radar Altitude Max: 3048 m
Range Max: 74.1 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0.2 km Generation: Early 2010s
Properties: Track While Scan (TWS), Pulse Doppler Radar (Full LDSD Capability)
Monument A – Radar
Role: Radar, Target Indicator, 3D Surface-to-Air & Surface-to-Surface
Max Range: 74.1 km

Source cmano-db.com

chien ham Soobrazitelny_8

Ratep 5P-10E Puma fire control radar


Puma 5P-10  fire control radars in the center of the picture before the main mast above the dome – control radar for the 100 mm gun and 2 illuminators for the Palash CIWS on top of the bridge before the main mast

Control and guidance – OMS “Puma” 5P-10 TV sighting (export version – 5P-10E) with radar and external opto-electronic module based on a gyro-stabilized platform GOES-140. Developed in KB “Amethyst”. The automatic control and monitoring. The system can simultaneously track the target 4-fire with automatic generation of data on the two most threatening of them. On TFR pr. 20380 set modification MSA 5P-10-02 without channel target detection (antenna under the radome of the antenna structure of the post).

5P-10-02E-purpose.pngImage: kb-ametist.com

Target detection range – up to 60 km
reaction time:
– Air purpose – to 5 seconds
– surfaced / Coast goal – 10-15 seconds
the transfer of fire to the next target in a stream – up to 1 sec


Main specifications
Tracking mode operation range:
by distance up to 60 km
by elevation up to 85 deg.
by azimuth ±200 degrees
360° surveillance mode operation range:
by distance not less than 30 km
by elevation up to 35 deg.
by azimuth 360 deg.
Response time:
from the beginning of automatic tracking till fire readiness not more than 3 s
when transferring fire to a 6°x3° sector not more than 1 s
Combat crew 2 persons
total not more than 3700 kg
including antenna post not more than 2100 kg
Special features
  •         Optimal solution for all types of artillery fire control systems modernization and cutting edge equipping of all classes of ships under construction.
  •         Simultaneous gunfire control of several naval guns against one or two air, sea or coastal targets in automated mode.
  •         Automatic adaptation to interference protection and high-noise immunity.

Puma 5P-10 agat.ru

Bulbous bow Zarya-M (Zarya-ME for export) suite, bow mounted

The Zarya-ME surface ship sonar system is designed for undersea and surface targets detection to enable underwater weapon application and navigation security.


  • submarines and surface ships detection in hydrolocation mode by hall-mounted, towed and dipping antenna arrays;
  • detection of torpedoes, submarines and surface ships in the listening mode by hall-mounted, towed and dipping antenna arrays;
  • automatic target tracking, localization and motion parameters determination, and targeting to underwater weapons;
  • objects classification into submarine, surface ship, torpedo and decoy classes;
  • torpedoes detection in the active mode;
  • hydroacoustic communications with submarines and surface ships, and identification “friend-or-foe”;
  • monitoring of sonar background noise;
  • continuous automatic system’s functional testing and location.


Zarya-ME family sonars share a typical structure, differing only in array dimensions and number of hardware components on a particular ship project. Such unification is obtained thanks to the use of multiprocessor computers, standard color displays, as well as sonar management assets.

Zarya-ME sonar modifications are installed on ships of small, medium and large displacement.


download (2).png

Source roe.ru

2 x MR-231-2 navigational radars


PAL-N Navigation Radar



NRLS “PAL-N” is intended for the circular radar review, detection, an identification and automaintenance of the found surface purposes with development of recommendations on a safe divergence and tactical maneuvering

Tactical technical characteristics

  1. The scale of scales of range, miles—————————————0,5; 1; 2; 4; 8; 16; 32; 64
  2. Maximum range of detection, miles:

on BPK (s = 5500 sq.m)—————————————————16

on the boat (s = 300 sq.m)————————————————–6

  1. Simultaneous automaintenance, the purposes————————–50
  2. Resolution:

on range, m———————————————————20

on an azimuth, degrees—————————————————-1

  1. Type of antenna system————————————————-ruporno-slot-hole
  2. Pomekhozashchita from inadvertent hindrances——————————–is provided
  3. Time of continuous work, hour————————————————-24
  4. Power of electricity consumption, kW——————————-1,5 ¸ 3
  5. Structure of fighting calculation————————————————————-2

Main features

  1. Combination of antenna system of Gos.opoznavaniya with the NRLS antenna system.
  2. Possibility of imposing of radar information of the circular review on a digital sea chart of this navigation area.
  3. The increased reserve of own radiation.
  4. The increased accuracy of determination of angular coordinate – 1 etc.

Source moskva.all.biz

MTK-201ME Multipurpose TV shipborne system


The MTK-201ME multipurpose TV shipborne system is designed to surveillance air and surface situation in the ships and boats for all types of defense of self-defense zones, ship`s navigational safety and weapons control.


  • automated and manual search of air, surface and coastal targets, including pinpoint, autonomous or according to targeting;
  • visual detection, recognition and identification by operator of air, surface and coastal targets at round-the-clock;
  • automatic, automated and manual tracking of targets, including high-speed;
  • measuring of targets distance and angle coordinates, the computation of motion parameters;
  • visual (thermal imaging and television), the coordinate and calculated data transmission in ship’s information systems and radar fire-control systems;
  • shipboard helicopters position and trajectory control during takeoff and landing, as well as monitoring of premises within the ship.

The system provides the fire-control of one or two artillery units simultaneously visually observed targets.


  • multi-sensor gyrostabilised turret;
  • digital progressive scanning TV black and white, and color cameras;
  • thermal imager 8-12 m;
  • lasers range-finders, 1.06 m and 1.54 m;
  • electronic units including auto tracker, video processor, and control units.

Source roe.ru

Steregushchy Class has a stern helicopter deck and hangar, to support the operations of a Ka-27 helicopter for use in reconnaissance and anti-submarine missions.

chien ham Soobrazitelny_4

Countermeasures and propulsion of the Russian Naval vessels

The countermeasures equipment includes a TK-25E-5 ECM system and PK-10E decoy system. The TK-25E-5 can tap emissions of air and surface target acquisition radars, fire control radars and ASM radar seekers.

TK-25E-5 ECM systemfNPjHwR

TK-25E-5 ECM system is designed to intercept emissions of airborne and shipborne tar-get acquisition radars, weapons control radar sand anti-ship missile radar seekers, to perform automatic signal classification, to determine most dangerous approaches of attacks against the ship, and to provide jamming in threat directions.TK-25E-5’s configuration depends on carrier-ship type and displacement. Source scribd.com

PK-10E is equipped with a KT-216-E launch system, firing AZ-SO-50/AZ-SOM-50 rounds to deceive radar and optically guided incoming missiles.

Countermeasures: 4 x PK-10 decoy launchers, 4 x PU CT-216


AZ-SO-50/AZ-SOM-50 rounds


These rockets are designed to protect small, medium and large displacement ships against guided weapons at close ranges by setting up distracting decoy targets. The rockets are launched from the KT-216 launcher of the PK-10 shipboard system.

The following three types of the caliber rockets are developed and series produced:

      • SR-50 radar jamming rocket;
      • SO-50 optronic jamming rocket;
      • SK-50 combined jamming rocket.

Basic characteristics

SR-50 SO-50 SOM-50
Caliber, mm 120 120 120
Length, mm 1,226 1,226 1,226
Weight, kg
– rocket 25.5 25 25
– payload 11 7.3 9.1
Payload type chaff IR, laser chaff, IR, laser
Operating temperature range, ° C from -40 to +50

Data rbs.ru

Steregushchy Class corvettes are powered by a combined diesel and diesel (CODAD) propulsion system.

The four 16D49 diesel engines develop a total power output of 23,320hp. Four diesel sets on-board generate 2,520kW electricity for shipboard lighting.

The engines are installed on damped platforms and the diesel gen sets are hooked to the second deck to achieve noise abatement.


4 diesel and 2 reducers Interview with chief designer of factory “Kolomna” Valery Ryzhoviesel mod 16D49 6000 hp AC and gearboxes / reverse RDD-12000  (set up)

The propulsion system provides a maximum speed of 27kt and a cruising range of 4,000mi at 14kt speeds. Steregushchy Class has an endurance of 15 days.

Main material source: naval-technology.com

Updated Oct 12, 2017

General characteristics

Name: Steregushchy class
Builders: ·Severnaya Verf·Komsomolsk Shipyard
Operators: · Russian Navy· Algerian National Navy
Preceded by: Grisha class
Succeeded by: Gremyashchy class
Subclasses: ·Project 2038.2 Tigr (export)·Project 2038.5 (domestic)
Cost: US$120-150m (est. for Tigr)
Built: 2001 – current
In service: 2007 – current
Building: 4
Planned: 12
Completed: 5
Active: 4
General characteristics
Class & type: Project 2038.0 (2038.1)
Type: Corvette
Displacement: ·Standard: 1,800 tons·Full: 2,200 tons
Length: 104.5 m (343 ft)
Beam: 11.6 m (38 ft)
Draught: 3.7 m (12 ft)
Installed power: AC 380/220V, 50 Hz, 4 x 630 kw diesel genset
Propulsion: 2 shaft CODAD, 4 Kolomna 16D49 diesels 23,664 hp (17.6 MW)
Speed: 27 kn (50 km/h; 31 mph)
Range: 3,800 nmi (7,000 km; 4,400 mi) at 14 kn (26 km/h; 16 mph)
Endurance: 15 days
Complement: 90
Sensors and
processing systems:
·Air search radar: Furke 2 (Furke-E, Positiv-ME1, SMILE Thales for export)·Surface search radar: Granit Central Scientific Institute Garpun-B/3Ts-25E/PLANK SHAVE radar

·Monument targeting radar

·Fire control radar: Ratep 5P-10E Puma for A-190

·Sonar: Zarya-M (Zarya-ME for export) suite, bow mounted. Vinyetka low frequency active/passive towed array

·Navigation: GORIZONT-25 integrated navigation system

Electronic warfare
& decoys:
·EW Suite: TK-25E-5 ECM·Countermeasures: 4 x PK-10 decoy launchers
Armament: ·1 × 100mm A-190 Arsenal or 130mm A-192 naval gun·1 × Kashtan CIWS-M (Project 20380)

·2 × 4 Uran Kh-35 (SS-N-25)

·12 × Redut VLS cells (Project 20381)

·2 × AK-630М CIWS

·2 × 4 330mm torpedo tubes for Paket-NK (Paket-NK/E for export) anti-torpedo/anti-submarine torpedoes

·2 × 14.5mm MTPU pedestal machine guns

Aircraft carried: Hangar for Ka-27 Helicopter
Image: the-blueprints.com

Chinese Navy to Introduce Additional New 052D Destroyers


Type 052D destroyer: Here


General characteristics
Tonnage: 7500 tons
Length: 156 m (512 ft)
Beam: 18 m (59 ft)
Draught: 6.5 m (21 ft)
  • Two QC-280 gas turbine engines, each generates 28MW and two MTU 20V 956TB92 diesel engines, each generates 6 MW.
Speed: 30 knots
Complement: 280
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • 1 × H/PJ-38 130mm dual purpose gun
  • 64 VLS
  • 2 × 30 mm remote controlled gun
  • 1 × H/PJ-12 CIWS
  • 1 × HHQ-10 short range SAM in 24-cell launcher
  • 6 torpedo tubes
  • 4 × 18-tube decoy rocket launcher
Aircraft carried: 1 helicopter
Aviation facilities:
  • Stern hangar
  • Helicopter landing platform

Data @wikipedia.org

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PLAN's Next Generation Type 055 Class Guided Missile Destroyers missile hhq-19 19 missiles age (3)

Updated Sept 13, 2016

Raytheon Wins $291.8M Modification Deal for AIM-9X Block II


July 04, 2016, 09:06:00 AM EDT By Zacks Equity Research,

Raytheon Company ‘s

Tucson, AZ-based Missile Systems division has won a modification contract worth $291.8 million for the procurement of AIM-9X Block II Missiles.

Details of the Contract

Per the contract, Raytheon will deliver 660 AIM-9X Block II All Up Round tactical full rate production Lot 16 Missiles for the U.S. Navy, Air Force and Army, as well as the governments of Japan, Norway and Taiwan.

Out of the total 660 orders, 596 missiles will be procured for the U.S. government while the rest is allocated for allied customers.

The modification also pertains to the procurement of 252 Block II Captive Air Training Missiles and other items for the U.S. and foreign governments.

Work is scheduled to be complete by Mar, 2019. The company will carry out 43.7% of the work in Tucson. The contract will use fiscal 2016 procurement, research, development, test & evaluation and foreign military sales funds.

Read entire article @nasdaq.com


AIM-9X Block II Missile


he AIM-9 missile is a supersonic, heat-guided, air-to-air missile carried by most western fighter aircraft. It was introduced in 1956 (AIM-9B). This missile is used for self-defense purposes in close range combat situation, less than 20 kilometers, also known as dogfight. Once the AIM-9 has been launched its seeker follows the heat signature of the enemy’s aircraft engines. Current AIM-9 blast fragmentation warhead detonates by proximity. The AIM-9 missiles have been delivered to more than 40 countries.

firma_produkt_fotogalerie_35_obrazekThe AIM-9X missile is the next generation Sidewinder. AIM-9X will provide US and allied nations fighters with the following capabilities: full day/night employment, resistance to countermeasures, extremely high off-boresight acquisition and launch envelopes, enhanced maneuverability and improved target acquisition ranges. One of the main breakthrough of the AIM-9X missile is a thrust vector controlled airframe. AIM-9X carries a contact fuze device and a new IR seeker that will enable, through the JHMCS, high off-boresight engagements. Its digital design architecture will ensure future growth capability.
The AIM-9X-2 Sidewinder, also known as the AIM-9X Block II, is the next generation of the AIM-9X missile adding a lock-on-after-launch capability, redesigned fuze and a one-way forward-quarter datalink capability to the AIM-9X Block I air-to-air missile. The US Navy conducted the first test launch of an AIM-9X-2 missile in November 2008. The newest Sidewinder variant is expected to go into production in late 2010 or early 2011. @deagel.comaim9x_02.jpg3ca8a5c6-a5b9-49cb-a91a-e21b1d1ea3f3Original

Fourth-generation Super Hornets just can’t do the job in the Arctic, retired U.S. Air Force general insists

Matthew Fisher | July 4, 2016 2:10 PM ET
More from Matthew Fisher

A recently retired senior U.S. Air Force general with decades of experience defending the margins of North American air space agrees with Prime Minister Justin Trudeau that there will be a “capability gap” in defending the northern approaches to the continent.

But retired Lt.-Gen. Michael Dubie, a deputy commander of NORAD and of the U.S. Northern Command until last year, offered a different explanation for the gap and recommended that Canada find out the best way to defend the continent by holding a competition.

After Postmedia reported last month that the government was close to buying Boeing’s fourth-generation Super Hornets to replace some of its current fleet of CF-18s, the prime minister told the Commons that Lockheed Martin’s stealthy fifth-generation F-35 would not be able to fill the developing capability gap because it “is far from working.”

Defence Minister Harjit Sajjan said Canada had to act now to close the gap in order to be able to fulfil its responsibilities in NORAD and NATO.

Dubie dismissed the idea that the F-35 was still somehow an experimental aircraft.

After noting that “every new airplane ever designed takes a whole lot of time to operationalize,” the former test and evaluation pilot said the U.S. Marine Corps had already declared IOC (initial operational capability) on its variant of the F-35 and that the USAF planned to do the same by the end of the year with the model that the Harper government had been considering buying.

“The milestones are being met. They are on track,” the former three-star general said of the F-35. “Sure, there are problems, but this airplane is going forward and it is going to be in the fleets of many countries for many decades to come. They already have 50,000 or 60,000 hours and it is just getting better as the bugs are ironed out.”

The capability gap was not because the F-35 was not ready, he said, but would occur if Canada and other countries did not purchase the right aircraft to confront a rapidly evolving threat.

“The threat — and let’s be candid here — is that the Russian threat is evolving and it will become harder to combat in the future without fifth-generation aircraft,” Dubie said.

“NORAD has to continually evolve with technology and with capability because the threat against North America is going to evolve, too. The F-35 is designed for the threats of the 21st century and those threats will require a much more sophisticated platform than we have in fourth-generation aircraft.”

This was because the F-35 had “a suite of advanced avionics that provide a superior 360 degrees of situational awareness that can target, track and, if needed, engage a variety of threats to North America whether it be small bots (swarms of tiny weapons), UAVs, advanced long-range cruise missiles, all the way to commercial airliners.

“The threat is going to become more complex. Information dominance across all spectrums will be essential. That is the F-35’s strength.”

Dubie, whose father was from Trois Rivieres, Que., emphasized that he did not wish his remarks to be construed as a criticism of the Canadian government.

“I am not trying to be disrespectful to your prime minister or your minister of defence. I am not being cavalier,” he said. “I am not saying he is wrong. I am saying the threat is going to demand fifth-generation aircraft.”

A command pilot with 1,500 hours on the F-16s and hundreds of hours on other jets, Dubie said he had reached this conclusion based on what he had learned from flying NORAD missions charged with intercepting Russian aircraft.

“Around Alaska, they have become incredulous about the aggressiveness of the Russians,” he said. “They are launching complex package of airplanes — bombers, Mi-G-31s (fighters) and tankers — with navy ships below. When we send out AWACS (reconnaissance planes), F-22s and tankers, they are sucking up all our data. It is an orchestrated, sophisticated air campaign the likes of which we have never seen before. They are getting better and more aggressive.

Dubie’s opinion is significant because of the key jobs he has held helping to oversee the defence of North America and because he does not work for either Lockheed or Boeing.

Since last November he has been the president of Revision Military Technologies, a Vermont-based subsidiary of Montreal’s Revision Military Inc., which makes military eyewear and tactical gear.

While not closely informed on the manufacturing schedules of the F-35 or the Super Hornet, which first flew 21 years ago, he said that “what I do know about the Super Hornet is that it is near the end of the line. As I understand the timeline, the F-35 would be available to cover any capability gap on the NORAD mission.”

Dubie rejected the reasoning of F-35 critics who have said that because it has a single engine and the Super Hornet has twin engines, the latter aircraft was a superior choice for operations across the vastness of the north. He noted that the USAF had operated single-engine F-16s for years from a base in northern Alaska, and intended to soon replace those jets with F-35s that had “even more reliable” engines.

The Danes and Norwegians intended to defend the High Arctic with F-35s, too, he said.

“I am not against the Super Hornet,” Dubie said. “What I am saying is that the F-35 will have greater inter-operability with the U.S. fleet and other NATO partners.”

Asked what was the most prudent way for Canada to make the crucial, multi-billion dollar decision about which aircraft was best to defend the country for the next 40 years, Dubie replied “the ultimate question is why would you not have an open competition in Canada? If you have a competition, the strengths and weaknesses of the air frames will come out.

“I cannot envisage any scenario in which the F-35 does not come out better than the Super Hornet or any other aircraft. Fourth-generation jets, they just aren’t as capable.”



I think he better check the speed of the MiG-31 because the F-35 can’t surely chase it down!  Heck it even outruns the AMRAAM!

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