Daily Archives: July 6, 2016

Transport and landing craft BK-16 IMDS 2015

Kalashnikov Delivers First Assault Boats to Russian Military

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The Moscow Times Jul. 06 2016 14:36

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Kalashnikov.com

Russia’s Kalashnikov company, makers of the world-famous AK-47 assault rifle, has begun deliveries of their first transport and amphibious assault boats for Russia’s special forces, the TASS news agency reported Wednesday.

The company unveiled its boat designs last year at the International Maritime Defense Show in St. Petersburg as part of the company’s efforts to diversify its product line. Known as the BC-16 and BC-10 landing craft, the new boats mark a significant departure from Kalashnikov’s traditional experience as a small-arms manufacturer.

“In 2015, the boats successfully passed the tests of the courts and were adapted to fit the technical requirements of the Russian army. Our boats’ equipment is in no way inferior to foreign models,” company director Alexey Krivoruchko said in a statement.

The BC-16 is capable of speeds up to 42 knots and can travel at least 400 miles with a manned crew of two and up to 19 passengers. The BC-10 is capable of 40 knots with room for 12 onboard.

The boats are able to carry out specialized tasks such as the high-speed delivery of troops, fire support, and patrol, sabotage, and anti-sabotage operations.

The purchase is part of a Kremlin effort to modernize Russia’s military. Snap exercises for military outposts all over Russia were carried out last month.

@themoscowtimes.com

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BK-16 High-Speed Landing Craft

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Image @naval-technology.com

BK-16 is a high-speed, multi-purpose amphibious landing craft developed by Russian firearms manufacturer Kalashnikov Concern, for the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation.

The landing craft is intended for a variety of missions such as coastal area patrol, personnel transportation, coastal landing operations, fire support, counter-piracy, counter-terrorism, medical evacuation, assistance to vessels in distress, and other special operations.

A model of the BK-16 was exhibited at the Army 2015 International Military-Technical Forum held in Russia in June 2015.

Furthermore, the landing craft’s ability to launch and retrieve an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) was demonstrated during the International Maritime Defence Show (IMDS 2015) held in St Petersburg, Russia, in July 2015.

BK-16 multi-purpose landing craft design and features

The hull and superstructures of the landing craft are made from AMg alloys. The vessel has a length of 16.45m, width of 4m, a draft of 0.87m, and a height 4.33m from the waterline. It has a crew of two members and can accommodate up to 19 personnel.

The vessel is operated and controlled from a bridge located on the upper deck. The bridge features large windows with wipers to provide operators with 360° view. The crew enter / exit the bridge through the rear door, while two hatches are provided for emergency exit.

The front section of the upper deck facilitates launch and recovery of light reconnaissance UAVs such as ZALA 421-16EM developed by Kalashnikov Concern’s subsidiary ZALA Aero Group. The UAV provides increased situational awareness and the ability to engage targets effectively over land and sea.

ZALA 421-16EM

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The range of video / radio channel of 25 km / 50 km


Flight duration 2.5 hours


Wingspan UAV 1810 mm


The length of the UAV (without CN) 900 mm


Maximum altitude 3600 m


Running the handle


Rise Elastic Catapult


Landing Parachute / network


Engine Type Electric pusher


The speed of 65-110 km / h


Maximum take-off weight of 6.5 kg


Mass target load of 1 kg


Navigation INS-corrected GPS / GLONASS, electronic telemeter


Target loads type “+ 16E”


Additional CN Integrated camera 16 megapixel


Glider Two removable console and fuselage


Battery 21000 mAh 5S


The maximum allowable wind speed of 15 m / s


Operating temperature range -30 ° C … + 40 ° C


Built-in automatic tracking


Unmanned aircraft medium-range with an automatic control system (autopilot), a navigation system with inertial correction (GPS / GLONASS), built-in digital telemetry system, navigation lights, built-in three axis magnetometer module retention and active target tracking (AC unit), digital integrated camera, digital broadband video transmitter C-OFDM-modulation radio modem with the receiver SNA <diagonal AIR> to operate without the SNS signal (electronic telemeter), the self-diagnosis system, a humidity sensor, a temperature sensor, a current sensor, sensor propulsion system temperature, unhook the parachute, the protective element ( visor) payload and search the transmitter. @zela.aero

The passenger compartment in the lower deck seats up to 18 members and is equipped with two windows on both sides. The engine room located at the aft of the lower deck is accessed from the upper deck through two hatches.

Armament of BK-16 landing craft

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Image @naval-technology.com

The BK-16 boat can be equipped with Modul Boyevoy Distantsionno Upravlyaemiy (MBDU) remote weapon station (RWS), which is manufactured by Kalashnikov Concern.

Gun carriage options for the MBDU weapon station include a 7.62mm machine gun, a 12.7mm machine gun, AG-17 30mm automatic grenade launchers and 40mm grenade launchers.

The boat can also be armed with Kornet anti-tank guided missile system and mine countermeasures.

Fire control

The MBDU remote weapon station features a two-axis, gyro-stabilised sighting device equipped with surveillance cameras that have a wide and narrow field of view (FOV), automatic target tracking system, and laser rangefinder.

he MBDU module is also fitted with filters for image enhancement and can acquire targets over a distance of 2.5km and memorise up to 10 static targets. It has a horizontal travel angle of 360°, a vertical travel angle between -20° and 70°, and angular velocity of rotation of 60° a second.

The weapon station offers armoured protection against 7.62x54mm armour-piercing bullets from the SVD sniper rifle / PKM machine gun up to Level III STANAG 4569 standard.

Sensors onboard BK-16 landing craft

The landing craft is equipped with navigation and communications systems, a loud speaker, search lights, antenna mast, and radars for improved surveillance and target acquisition.

Propulsion and performance

Powered by two 780hp engines, the landing craft has a maximum speed of 42kt and an economical speed of 30kt. It can cruise over a distance of 400mi and endure for up to 24 hours.

@naval-technology.com

bk-16_030615

 

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Argentina analysing more combat aircraft offers

 

05 July 2016

The Argentine government is analysing new offers received for combat airplanes for the Argentine Air Force, Minister of Defence Julio Martínez revealed on 1 July.

The force needs to replace its retired Dassault Mirage fleet and its Lockheed Martin A-4AR Skyhawk (Fightinghawk) aircraft, which are reaching the end of their operational life.

Specifically, Martínez explained that besides offers of Mirage F1s, IAI Kfir C10 and C12, Lockheed Martin F-16s, Mirage 2000s, and Chengdu JF-17s (plus a denied request to the US government for Northrop F-5Es), the MoD has received new offers that include new and second-hand platforms.

Argentina was offered second-hand Italian Air Force AMX attack aircraft that could replace the A-4ARs.

Original post janes.com

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Related post:

Argentina seeks combat planes in France – Details of F-1

Argentina interested in F-5s as a stop-gap fighter

Argentina and Israel Resume Kfir Block 60 Talks

JF-17 “Thunder” fighter: Details

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AMX International: Details

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Italy’s M-345 Fighter Trainer Slated for Contract This Year

 

, Defense News12:02 p.m. EDT July 4, 2016

ROME — The M-345 HET, the latest jet trainer to be developed by Italy’s Leonardo-Finmeccanica, will be acquired by the Italian Air Force this year once the Italian government releases initial development funding, a senior defense source has told Defense News.

The new aircraft, which will prepare pilots to move up to the firm’s advanced M-346 trainer, is edging towards first flights this year and may enter service by the end of 2018, company officials said.

Three years after the company announced it would develop the M-345 to replace its MB-339 trainer, Leonardo-Finmeccanica will be showing off the cockpit of the new aircraft at Farnborough, with officials calling the aircraft “unbeatable” for life cycle cost.

The M-345 basic-advanced trainer is based on the firm’s planned, but never-produced, M-311 trainer, albeit with new engines, avionics and some structural aerodynamic changes.

The M-311 was in turn a development of the S-211, which was sold to the Philippines, Singapore and Haiti.

The M-345 prototype now being readied is based on the M-311. It will have the M-345’s selected engine — the Williams FJ44-4M-34 — installed, and fly this year, officials said.

That will be followed by the flight by end 2017 of a pre-series aircraft which will feature the cockpit, complete with three multi-function screens and a Head Up Display for the pilot as well as three multi-function screens and a repeater of the HUD for the back seat.

The three-screen cockpit is similar to the M-346, even if Leonardo-Finmeccanica has decided that the version of the M-346 it will offer to the US in the TX bid will have just one large screen, in keeping with the F-35 configuration.

“We will keep a ‘classic’ cockpit with three multi-function screens on the M-345 because as a Phase II and III trainer, students could be selected to fly helicopters or multi-engine transports,” said an official. “Furthermore, most of the 4th/5th-generation fighters today, and at least up to 2030, still feature a 3-MFD cockpit configuration.”

The flight schedule, followed by deliveries in 2018, marks a slippage from earlier announcements of pre-series flights in 2016 and deliveries in 2017.

What could help accelerate the program is the €9 million in development funding that appeared in this year’s Italian defense budget, the first money slated for the M-345 program. “A contract is likely to be signed this year,” a senior defense source said.

The Williams engine is seen by Leonardo-Finmeccanica as a key selling point for the new aircraft, offering 3,400 lbs of thrust, ten percent more than the M-311.

Leonardo-Finmeccanica Aircraft Division officials have credited the engine with boosting the low life cycle cost of the new plane, which it says will be similar to or lower than that of a turbo-prop aircraft.

Thanks to its civil applications, the engine’s parts are more widespread and cheaper than a military engine, lowering maintenance costs, they said.

After signing a letter of intent with the Italian Air Force to jointly develop the aircraft three years ago, Air Force pilots will undertake flight testing, as they did with the M-346, as well as contributing to developing the avionics and ergonomics.

The next step will be developing an armed version with four hardpoints — two on each wing. With 4,500kg maximum takeoff weight, the plane has a spare 1,200kg for armaments.

As with the M-346, Leonardo-Finmeccanica is trying to create an integrated training system, where the aircraft is just one of several components.

For the Italian Air Force, the firm envisages a desktop training system, a 220-degree simulator and a mission-planning and briefing system. “We don’t plan a full mission simulator because in Phase II training students focus on navigation, instruments and general handling,” said the official. “But we are ready to do a full mission simulator if the client requests it, especially if the M-345 will be used for tactical training,” he added.

After contracting CAE to provide simulators for the M-346, the official said Leonardo-Finmeccanica might build simulators in-house for the M-345. “We are leaning to ‘make’ rather than ‘buy,’ since we have developed the capabilities,” he said.

Original post defensenews.com

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M-345 HET

Alenia-Aermacchi-M-345

Image @airpressonline.it

The M-345 is a basic-advanced, lightweight trainer jet developed by Alenia Aermacchi for the basic-advanced stage of pilot training. The new aircraft will meet various training requirements of the armed forces across the world.

Based on developments on the M-311 demonstrator, the M-345 trainer is cost-effective, and offers low acquisition and life-cycle costs in comparison to heavyweight turboprop trainers.

Design features and technical details of M-345 trainer jet

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The M-345 is a light, tandem twin-seat shoulder wing aircraft. The strengthened airframe offers fatigue life of 15,000 flight hours. It integrates a retractable tricycle landing gear and a single turbofan engine.

Improved features of the M-345 include integrated pressure re-fueling and a two-level maintenance concept which minimises operating costs. Together with the trainer jet’s On-Board Oxygen Generating System (OBOGS) operators can reduce the manpower required for ground maintenance, and cut down on turnaround times to conduct more sorties per day.

The M-345 has an overall length of 9.85m, wingspan of 8.47m, and height of 3.74m. The wing area of the aircraft is 12.6m2. The aircraft has an empty weight of 3,300kg and a maximum take-off weight of 4,500kg. The external load carrying capability makes the M-345 suitable for secondary missions.

M-345 cockpit and avionics

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The advanced glass cockpit of the M-345 can accommodate two crew members in tandem configuration. The fully digital glass-cockpit is equipped with Hands On Throttle-And-Stick (HOTAS) controls and three 5in x 7in LCD multi-function displays (MFDs) for instructor and student pilot. The forward cockpit is fitted with a Head Up Display (HUD), while the rear cockpit is installed with a HUD repeater.

 

Cockpit features include Night Vision Goggles (NVGs) compatibility along with an integrated Global Positioning System (GPS) or Inertial Navigation System (INS), digital moving map, and two mission computers.

The trainer jet is also equipped with an embedded tactical simulation suite that was successfully integrated on the MB-339 and M-346 advanced trainers produced by Alenia Aermacchi. The aircraft integrates a Stores Management System (SMS) too.

Similarities between the M-345 and M-346 cockpits and the respective training syllabuses will also ensure interoperability during joint training operations.

M-345 engine details

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Williams International FJ44-4M engine – Image @l-39ng.cz

It’s Bigger, It’s Better

Williams International sets a new standard in value with the introduction of the FJ44-4 turbofan engine. The 3600-pound class “Dash Four” offers more power, lower acquisition and operating cost, and same great reliability.

Using essentially the same proven core with a continued infusion of improved technology, this new dual-channel FADEC-equipped turbofan engine will provide significantly better value than existing engines in its target thrust class.

Engine Characteristics
Thrust Class…..3600 lbf
Length……………52.8 in
Diameter………..25.3 in
Weight (dry)……650 lb

fj44-4-line-drawing

Data williams-int.com

The M-345 is powered by a turbofan engine developing a maximum thrust of 1,600kg (3,500lb) at take-off. The fuel is supplied by an internal tank with a storage capacity of 700kg. The Health and Usage Monitoring System (HUMS) aboard the aircraft provides information on the structure, engine and other systems to monitor the operational status of each single component/system.

Performance of the M-345 trainer aircraft

The M-345 trainer can fly at a cruise speed of 420KTAS. The certified service ceiling of the aircraft is 40,000ft.

The aircraft has a rate of climb of 5,400ft/min. It can reach a distance of 840nm, but the ferry range can be extended to 1,100nm by integrating two external tanks (10% reserve).

The aircraft has a limit load factors of +7/-3.5g at 3,300kg take-off weight. The lengths of ground run required for take-off and landing of the aircraft are 460m and 450m respectively.

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