Russian Aerospace Forces to Get State of the Art S-500 Air Defense Systems


11:10 15.04.2016(updated 12:15 15.04.2016)

The Russian Armed Forces are reportedly planning to purchase ten S-500 battalions.

MOSCOW (Sputnik) – The Russian Aerospace Forces are expecting the appearance of new models of the S-500 air defense systems soon, Russian Aerospace Forces Vice Commander Lt.-Gen. Viktor Gumenny said Friday.

“We are expecting the first models of the S-500 air defense systems very soon,” Gumenny said on Russia’s Rossiya-24 television.

Russia’s newest S-500 Prometey system, which is expected to begin tests shortly, will be a major upgrade to the state-of-the-art S-400 complex and will, according to member of the advisory council of the Military-Industrial Commission Viktor Murakhovsky, be second to none.



S-500 Prometheus 55R6M Triumfator-M air defense missile system

The S-500 “Prometheus” (Russian name 55R6M Triumfator-M) is the latest generation of Russian-made surface-to-air defense missile system, currently under development by the Russian Defense Company Almaz-Antey company. According to Russian sources, the S-500 is an advanced version of S-400 with dedicated components designed to intercept ballistic missiles at a height of up to 200 km. The S-500 is designed for intercepting intercontinental ballistic missiles and for air defense against Airborne Early Warning and Control and jamming aircraft. The first development of the S-500 was started in 2009 with first prototype completed in 2012. In 2011, Almaz-Antey has announced that the first production system of the S-500 will be completed in 2014. In December 2015, the newspaper website Spunik has released that the Russian Armed Forces could receive the first preproduction prototypes of the next-generation S-500 air defense system in 2016. The S-500 is expected to have an extended range of up to 600 km (over 370 miles) and simultaneously engage up to 10 targets. The system will be capable of destroying hypersonic and ballistic targets. The S-500’s interceptors will operate at an altitude higher than 185km. The system will have a response time of about three to four seconds, which is considerably shorter than the S-400 which is rated at nine to ten seconds. It also has an extended radar range compared to S-400.

S-500_77P6_air_defense_missile_system_TEL_Transporter_Erector_Launcher_vehicle_Russia_Russian_defence_industry_640_001 77P6 Self Propelled Transporter Erector Launcher of S-500 Prometheus

Missile launcher unit

The 77P6 Self Propelled Transporter Erector Launcher of S-500 Prometheus appears to be based on the proposed 9A82MK TELAR for the S-300VMK 9M82M Giant missile. According to the first drawing releases on the Almaz-Antey 2015 Calendar, the S-500 TEL is equipped with two Missile Launch Tube / Transport Container mounted at the rear of the truck chassis. In firing position, two hydraulic jacks are lowered to the ground on each side of the truck chassis and the missiles containers are placed at the vertical to the rear side.


77N6-N & 77N6-N1 Missiles at an Integration Rig @indiandefensenews.in

The S-500 Prometheus uses two new types of missile the 77N6-N and 77N6-N1, the first Russian missiles with inert warheads, which can destroy nuclear warheads by force of impact, i.e., by hitting them with precision at great speed. No explosives are needed: Russian engineers’ estimates show that a collision at a speed of 7km/s would be sure to destroy just about any flying object.


All battery components of the S-500 Prometheus are carried on hardened BZKT BAZ-6909 family vehicles, in 6 x 6, 8 x 8, 10 x 10 configurations. The BAZ-6909 is a family of all-terrain truck chassis produced and manufactured by the Russian Company Bryansk Motor Vehicle Plant. This family includes 6×6, 8×8, 10×10 heavy high mobility trucks, prime movers, artillery tractors, with a payload capacity of 13-21 t. The mobile launcher unit TEL (Transporter Erector Launcher) is based on the chassis of BAZ-69096 trucks in 10×10 configuration. The BAZ-6909 can run at a maximum speed of 70 km/h with a maximum cruising range of 500 km.

Command and control vehicles

The S-500 Prometheus is expected to use the following radars: the 91N6A(M) acquisition and battle management radar, the revised 96L6-TsP acquisition radar, and the new 76T6 multimode engagement and 77T6 ABM engagement radars. The 96L6-TsP Acquisition Radar is a direct derivative of the 96L6-1 series used an a battery acquisition radar in the S-400. Battle management and ABM acquisition will be performed by the 91N6A(M) Big Bird Acquisition and Battle Management Radar, an evolution of the 64N6E series, typically used to support multiple S-300P/S-400 batteries. Two battery command post types are listed, the 55K6MA which is clearly an evolution of the S-400 55K6E battery command post, and the 85Zh6-2, which may refer to a command post for an extended battery.



Long range surface-to-air missile systems
Country users
Designer Company
Almaz Central Design Bureau
Deployment time
To deploy system from traveling position to set system assets : 5 – 10 min
At ready from deployed position : 3 min
Two missiles in individual container
Range missile
77N6-N : 600 km ballistic missile, 400 km air targets
77N6-N1 :
Guidance system
Command and active radar
Radar and command station
Command posts 55K6MA and 85Zh6-2 on BAZ-69092-12 6×6; the acquisition and battle management radar 91N6A(M), a modification of the 91N6 (Big Bird) towed by the BAZ-6403.01 8×8 tractor; the 96L6-TsP acquisition radar, an upgraded version of the 96L6 (Cheese Board) on BAZ-69096 10×10; the multimode engagement radar 76T6 on BAZ-6909-022 8×8; the ABM engagement radar 77T6 on BAZ-69096 10×10




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