The S-500 is a new long-range anti-aircraft and anti-ballistic missile system, that is currently being developed in Russia. Development of this air defense system commenced in 2002. It is being developed by Almaz-Antey company. This system is also referred as the Prometey (Prometheus) and Triumfator-M. Prototype testing is expected to begin in 2015. The S-500 is planned to enter service at the end of this decade, possibly in 2017-2018. Russia plans to field ten battalions of S-500 missiles.
The S-500 is not an upgrade of the S-400, but a new design. It uses a lot of new technology and is superior to the S-400. It was designed to intercept ballistic missiles. It is planned to have a range of 500-600 km and hit targets at altitudes as high as 40 km. Some sources claim that this system is capable of tracking 5-20 ballistic targets and intercepting up to 5-10 ballistic targets simultaneously. It can defeat ballistic missiles travelling at 5-7 kilometers per second. It has been reported that this air defense system can also target low orbital satellites. It is planned that the S-500 will shield Moscow and the regions around it. It will replace the current A-135 anti-ballistic missile system. The S-500 missiles will be used only against the most important targets, such as intercontinental ballistic missiles, AWACS and jamming aircraft.
S-400 Triumph (SA-21 Growler): Details
|Planner Announcement Date||The dates of the start of serial production, receipts for armament, etc.|
|02/07/2011||in 2014, the serial production of the components of the system will begin and until 2020 at least 10 S-500 divisions|
|April 2012||in 2014-2015. it is planned to start serial production of S-500 SAM|
|August-September 2013||the development will be completed in 2015, in 2017 the S-500 system can be adopted and from January 2018 the troops of the East Kazakhstan region will start receiving the S-500 systems|
|February 19, 2017||the prototype of the S-500 system will be ready by 2020 (Russian Deputy Defense Minister Yuri Borisov)|
Russian Aerospace Forces to Get State of the Art S-500 Air Defense Systems
11:10 15.04.2016 (updated 12:15 15.04.2016)
The Russian Armed Forces are reportedly planning to purchase ten S-500 battalions.
MOSCOW (Sputnik) – The Russian Aerospace Forces are expecting the appearance of new models of the S-500 air defense systems soon, Russian Aerospace Forces Vice Commander Lt.-Gen. Viktor Gumenny said Friday.
“We are expecting the first models of the S-500 air defense systems very soon,” Gumenny said on Russia’s Rossiya-24 television.
Russia’s newest S-500 Prometey system, which is expected to begin tests shortly, will be a major upgrade to the state-of-the-art S-400 complex and will, according to member of the advisory council of the Military-Industrial Commission Viktor Murakhovsky, be second to none.
Original post sputniknews.co
55K6MA and 85Zh6-2 Command Posts
The 55K6MA CP appears to be a rehosting of the baseline S-400 55K6E CP to the BAZ-69092-012 chassis, with the addition of an improved NK Orientir precision navigation system. The telescoping datalink antenna appears to cylindrical in shape. Source ausairpower.net
91N6A(M) Big Bird Acquisition and Battle Management Radar
There is insufficient detail to infer any design changes between the baseline 91N6 and the S-500 variant 91N6A(M) subtype. A BAZ-6403.01 tractor is used, also intended for future S-400 builds. The semi-trailer design has been revised and would provide better off-road handling due to the reduced surface loading of a three axle design.
96L6-TsP Acquisition Radar
The 96L6-TsP Acquisition Radar appears to be a rehosted system on the BAZ-69096 chassis. The gas turbine APU location has been changed. A telescoping datalink mast, with cylindrical antenna elements, appears to be part of this configuration. The drawing does not include the NK Orientir precision navigation system, and may be an omission.
76T6 Multimode Engagement Radar
This radar is drawn with the antenna head module of a 92N6E Grave Stone. The crew cabin is much smaller, and similar in design to that used with the 64L6E Gamma-S1E. An important design feature is the use of a telescoping datalink mast, with cylindrical antenna elements, which suggests use with widely dispersed TELs, in turn suggesting a SAM engagement capability. A reasonable inference is that this radar is a derivative of the 92N6E Grave Stone, intended to provide guidance against aerial and IRBM targets. The drawing does not include the NK Orientir precision navigation system, and may be an omission.
77T6 ABM Engagement Radar
This radar is drawn with an enlarged rendering of the antenna head module of a 92N6E Grave Stone. The 10 x 10 BAZ-69096 chassis indicates the need to carry a much heavier radar than the 92N6E Grave Stone, which is consistent with the ABM radar function which requires greater power-aperture product performance compared to a SAM engagement radar. The size of the folded antenna is similar to that in the proposed wheeled 9S19MK Imbir / High Screen ABM acquisition radar, and 9S32MK ABM engagement radar, both part of the S-300VMK system. The drawing includes the NK Orientir precision navigation system, but shows no datalink mast for dispersed TEL operation.
40V6MT Universal Mobile Mast System
The new 40V6MT replaces the legacy 40V6M/MD series. It appears to be an entirely new design with a different outrigger arrangement, and revised elevating mechanism. It is towed by a BAZ-6403.01 tractor.
77P6 Self Propelled Transporter Erector Launcher
The 77P6 is closest in appearance to the 9A82MK TEL for S-300VMK, including the use of the legacy 9A82/9A84 gantry and 9Ya238 Missile Launch Tube / Transport Container, used for the 9M82/9M82M / SA-12B/SA-23B Giant missile. Prominent differences from the 9A82MK/9A83MK are the accessory housings, which are considerably more compact, and an outrigger design common to the self-propelled S-400 9P90S TEL. The drawing shows no evidence of the CW illuminator/uplink antenna used with S-300V/VM TELARs, and does not include the NK Orientir precision navigation system, which may be an omission.
77N6-N & 77N6-N1 Missiles at an Integration Rig @indiandefensenews.in
The S-500 will carry various missiles. These missiles will have various ranges and will be used against different targets. In 2009 a 40N6 long-range air defense missile was ready for testing.
- The 40N6 very long range missile is capable of destroying airborne targets at ranges up to 400km (250mi). Active radar homing head. (expected in 2012) To engage targets out of sight from the ground (for homing missile can) is designed to find the target. System S -400 can hit targets at a height of 185km.
The composition of the air defense / missile defense system S-500 :
|Air Defense System||55P6M|
|The controls of the air defense system, consisting of:||60K6|
|– The military command post (PBU)||55K6MA|
|– The radar complex (RLK) of early detection (ballistic targets)||91N6A (M) (MARS?)|
|– Radar complex (RLC)||96L6-1|
|– (optional) – advanced air defense and air defense control systems||97L6 “The Lord-TP”|
|– (optional) – mobile radar – all-elevated detector||96L6|
|– (optional) mobile tower for an antenna post||40V6MT|
|Missile systems, consisting of:||85Ж6-2 / 98Ж6М1|
|– Multifunctional radar of illumination and guidance||76T6 / 77T6|
|– Transport-launchers (TPU)||77P6, 55P6, 51P6M|
|– (optional) mobile tower for an antenna post||40V6MT|
|Anti-aircraft guided missiles (SAM):|
|– ZUR of air defense systems S-300PM1 / S-300PM2 / S-400||48N6DM|
|– medium-range MIR||9M96M|
|– long-range missiles||40H6|
|– long-range missile (?)||77Н6-Н and 77Н6-Н1 (?)
|Complex of technical equipment||?|
|Unified training complex||?|
Some sources report, that the S-500 system can detect ballistic missile at a range of 2 000 km and warheads of ballistic missiles at a range of 1 300 km. It can defeat ballistic missiles before their warheads re-enter atmosphere.
|Target detection range||600-750 km / ABM up to 2000 km|
|Number of simultaneously tracked targets||up to 500 units. (forecast, January 2017)|
|Targeting range||– 200 km / 600 km ( historical – Mikhalev A. )
– up to 500 km ( source )
|Height of target damage – aerodynamic targets||up to 40-50 km|
|The height of defeat targets – ballistic targets||up to 200 km (forecast, 2012)|
|Maximum target speed||7000 m / s|
|The deployment time of the SAM from the march||10-20 min (forecast)|
|Designated service life||not less than 20 years|
This system has brief reaction time. It has been reported that the S-500 can launch missiles within 10 minutes from travelling. Also it can be considered as a survivable system, as after launching its missiles it can briefly redeploy. In the 1980s Soviets already used this shoot, scoot and hide philosophy on the S-300V air defense system.
|Echelon||Middle Air Defense Line||The average boundary of air defense||Air Defense Long Range||PRO and ultra-long interception
|PRO and ultra-long interception
|PRO and ultra-long interception
|As part of the S-500 SAM||possibly absent||possibly absent||presumably||presumably
|presumably (forecast 2018)|
|The name of the SAM missile (presumably)||9M96||9M96D||48N6DM||40H6||45T6 (see the PRO system A-235 )||77H6|
|Number of steps||1||1||1||2?||1 or 2||1 or 2|
|Length||4.75 m||5.65 m||7.5 m||about 11-12 m|
|Case Diameter||240 mm||240 mm||519 mm|
|Wingspan||480 mm||480 mm||1835 mm
|Weight||333 kg||420 kg||1835 kg
|up to 4000 kg|
|Vehicle weight||26 kg||26 kg||143 kg|
|Range of action||1-40 km||12 miles||3 – 250 km||400 km||up to 600 km|
|Height of defeat||5 – 20,000 m||5 – 30000 m||10 – 27000 m||185 km||up to 200 km|
|Speed max.||900 m / s||1000 m / s||2500 m / s||not less than 3600 m / s|
|Target speed max.||2780 m / s||7000 m / s ( historical – Mikhalev A. )||up to 7000 m / s|