Daily Archives: July 3, 2016

PLAN Upgrading its Project 956E Destroyers with VLS & YJ-12A Anti-Ship Missiles

Friday, 15 April 2016 08:19

Recent images from China are showing two People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) Project 956E Sovremennyy destroyers undergoing major refit and upgrade. It appears that the PLAN is upgrading its class of four destroyers (two 956E followed by two improved 956EM) acquired from Russia with domestic systems.

Recent images from China are showing two People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) Project 956E Sovremennyy destroyers undergoing major refit and upgrade. It appears that the PLAN is upgrading its class of four destroyers (two 956E followed by two improved 956EM) acquired from Russia with domestic systems.Hangzhou (136) and Fuzhou (137) moored at the PLAN naval shipyard 4806 in Zhoushan. Hangzhou has many of its systems removed including the main gun, sensor and masts, missile launchers (both SAM and ASM).

The pictures show first ship of the class Hangzhou (136) and Fuzhou (137) moored at the PLAN naval shipyard 4806 in Zhoushan (a prefecture-level city in northeastern Zhejiang province of Eastern China) at different stage in the upgrade. Hangzhou has many of its systems removed including the main gun, sensors and masts, missile launchers (both SAM and ASM).

According to Navy Recognition sources, the upgrade program for all four ships of the class should see:
– All original electronic systems and sensors replaced by modern Chinese ones.
– The two 3S90 (Uragan) unitary launchers for 9M38 surface to air missiles are getting replaced by a couple of Vertical Launch Systems (2×4 or possibly 2×8 cells) forward and aft. The missiles will likely be the HQ-16C, the latest variant of the HQ-16 naval SAM missile.
– The two KT-190 quadruple launchers for 3M80E (P-270 Moskit or NATO designation SS-N-22 Sunburn) are likely being replaced by YJ-12A missiles.

The YJ-12A is a next generation Chinese supersonic anti-ship missile. It was unveiled for the first time last year during the victory day parade.

Last but not least, the Project 956E should retain their AK-130 main guns forward and aft.

Recent images from China are showing two People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) Project 956E Sovremennyy destroyers undergoing major refit and upgrade. It appears that the PLAN is upgrading its class of four destroyers (two 956E followed by two improved 956EM) acquired from Russia with domestic systems.Satellite view of Hangzhou (136) and Fuzhou (137). VLS systems are being installed on Hangzhou.Recent images from China are showing two People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) Project 956E Sovremennyy destroyers undergoing major refit and upgrade. It appears that the PLAN is upgrading its class of four destroyers (two 956E followed by two improved 956EM) acquired from Russia with domestic systems.Blue print of Sovremennyy showing space availability below the original SAM launchers for installation of vertical launch systems.Recent images from China are showing two People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) Project 956E Sovremennyy destroyers undergoing major refit and upgrade. It appears that the PLAN is upgrading its class of four destroyers (two 956E followed by two improved 956EM) acquired from Russia with domestic systems.The YJ-12A is a next generation Chinese supersonic anti-ship missile. It was unveiled for the first time last year during the victory day parade.

Original post navyrecognition.com


HQ-16C missiles


The HongQi-16 (HQ-16) is a third generation Chinese land-based mid-range surface-to-air missile defense system. It is similar to Russia’s SA-11 Gadfly or SA-17 Grizzly, and seems to be an evolved, Chinese version of those system.  Not much else is known about this new system, but there are reports stating that it can intercept very low-flying targets at maximum distance of 40km.  The HQ-16 is said to be more accurate than previous mid-range defense systems and fills in the performance gaps of the HQ-7 and HQ-9.

Chinese news websites report that the HQ-16’s performance data is roughly:

  • Effective range of 1.5-30 km
  • Effective Altitude of 10-6000 meters
  • Single hit probability of 0.7-0.98
  • Reaction time 5-8 seconds
  • 9 m long missile
  • Projectile diameter 0.232 m
  • Weighs 165 kg
  • Warhead weight of 17 kg
  • Maximum flight speed of Mach 2.8.

Data missilethreat.com

YJ-12 supersonic missile



The highlight of the “YJ-12” is not its range but speed. It can reach “Double Three” or “Double Four”, namely a range of 300 kilometers at Mach 3 (1.02 kilometers per second) or a range of 400 kilometers at Mach 4 (1.36 kilometers per second). When the missile is launched at low altitude at the terminal attack stage and carries out hide-and-defense penetration at high speed, the enemy can barely response within a period of time.

In addition, the missile can carry a warhead of 400-500 kilograms. It will give a heavy strike to large surface vessels. And an operational range between 300-400 kilometers has reached the maximum air-defense range of the surface vessels. The formidable anti-ship ability of the “YJ-12” is the major concern of the United States.

Data missilethreat.com

Sovremennyy-class destroyer: Full details Here

The Chinese People’s Liberation Army Navy Surface Force (PLAN) had two modified Sovremennyy destroyers delivered in December 1999 and November 2000. In 2002, the PLAN ordered two improved versions designated 956-EM. The first vessel was launched in late 2005, while the second was launched in 2006. All four vessels were commissioned to the East Sea Fleet.

From mid 2014, all four Chinese Sovremennyy-class destroyers are planned to undergo a major refit and modernisation program. Hangzhou is currently undergoing refit with the removal of its original components, and are expected to be replaced with domestic systems. Other changes include the 9M38 SAM launchers replaced by two quad or eight-cell vertical launch systems for HQ-16C missiles, and the replacement of 3M80E Moskit anti-ship missiles, possibly with YJ-12 supersonic missiles.

  • Project cost: 600 million US$(mid-1990s price) was the price paid by China for Project 956A (two ships), and 1.5 Billion US$ (early-2000’s price) for Project 956EM (two ships).
  • Vazhnyy– Важный – Eminent (Hangzhou (136) – 杭州 – sold to China before completion)
  • Vdumchivyy– Вдумчивый – Thoughtful (Fuzhou (137) – 福州 – sold to China before completion)
  • Taizhou(138) – 泰州 – improved 956EM built for China (2005)
  • Ningbo(139) – 宁波 – improved 956EM built for China (2006)

sovremenny 04

General characteristics

Type: Anti-aircraft and anti-shipguided missile destroyer
Displacement: 6,600 tons standard, 8,480 tons full load
Length: 156 m (511 ft 10 in)
Beam: 17.3 m (56 ft 9 in)
Draught: 6.5 m (21 ft 4 in)
Propulsion: 2 shaft steam turbines, 4 boilers, 75,000 kW (100,000 hp), 2 fixed propellers, 2 turbo generators,and 2 diesel generators
Speed: 32.7 knots (60.6 km/h; 37.6 mph)
Range: 14,000 nmi (26,000 km; 16,000 mi) at 14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph)
Complement: 350
Sensors and
processing systems:
·Radar: Air target acquisition radar, 3 × navigation radars, 130 mm gun fire-control radars, 30 mm air-defence gun fire control radar

·Sonar: Active and passive under-keel sonar

·ES: Tactical situation plotting board, anti-ship missile fire control system, air defence, missile fire-control system, and torpedo fire control system

Electronic warfare
& decoys:
2 PK-2 decoy dispensers (200 rockets)
Armament: ·Guns and Missiles

·2× 4 Moskit SSM P-270 (SS-N-22 ‘Sunburn’Anti-ship missiles

·2× 24 Shtil SAM (SA-N-12 ‘Grizzly)

·4× (2×2) AK-130-MR-184 130 mm guns

·4× 30 mm AK-630 Gatling guns


·4× (2×2) 533 mm Torpedo tubes

·2× RBU-1000 300 mm anti-submarine rocket launcher

Aircraft carried: 1× Ka-27 ‘Helix’

Data wikiwand.com



India successfully tests MR-SAM system developed with Israel


01 July 2016

India successfully conducted on 1 July the third consecutive test launch of a medium-range surface-to-air missile (MR-SAM) from the Integrated Test Range on Abdul Kalam Island (formerly known as Wheelers Island) off the country’s east coast.

Developed jointly by India’s state-owned Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI), the missiles successfully shot down three Meggitt BTT-3 Banshee pilotless target aircraft some 70 km from the launch site. Two of the three test firings had been carried out the previous day at the same location.

“It [the missile system] is a quantum jump in India’s air-defence capability,” said MR-SAM programme director G.

Original post janes.com


Indo- Israeli developed MR-SAM system successfully test fired from Integrated Test Range, Chandipur

June 30, 2016

India today successfully test fired the under development Medium Range – Surface to Air Missile (MR SAM) from its Integrated Test Range (ITR) facility situated at Chandipur, Orissa. The missile was fired twice today in rapid successions from Launch Complex – III. The missile initially was fired at 8:15 HRS and successfully interdicted the designated target situated over Bay of Bengal. At around 15:45 HRS, the missile was yet again fired in autonomous mode and successfully neutralized a hovering drone.

Manohar Parrikar, Defence Minister of India, shortly after the test congratulated the developmental teams. He also said multiple tests would follow to ascertain the capabilities of the system. Key officials from the Indian Air Force (IAF) who witnessed the launch are said to have been impressed by the performance of the system.

The missile development was constituted as a joint development program between India and Israel in 2007. DRDO, India’s premier defence research organization, was the lead partner representing India’s efforts while the same was reciprocated by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI). Israel’s leading aerospace firm, Rafael Advanced Defense Systems, has also provided substantial technology for the program.

MR SAM system being injected from the launcher.MR SAM system being injected from the launcher.

India is learnt to have played a crucial role in the development of the system. The Hyderabad based Defence Research and Development Laboratory (DRDL) in partnership with Research Centre Imarat (RCI) is believed to have developed key propulsion, navigational and computational systems for the missile. BDL, L&T, BEL and a host of the other Indian private companies were responsible for the development of the launcher and radar system.

The missile is possibly based on the Barak-8 Naval SAM system and features minimal developments over the same. The missile is expected to have a range of around 70 kilometres and can obliterate aerial targets ranging from 5th Generation fighter aircraft to terrain hugging cruise missiles. The missile assisted by its radar system can make multiple in-flight course changes and this helps in effectively countering highly agile targets.

The missile is integrated with MF STAR (Multi Function Surveillance Track And Guidance Radar) system. The radar system has been developed by the Israel based ELTA systems which is also a lead partner in various joint Indo-Israel programs. This state-of-the-art AESA radar is in-charge of acquiring, tracking and guiding the missile on to the designated target. MF STAR is a highly automated radar system and is capable of picking up targets as minute as a tennis ball in its range.

Launch module of the MR SAM system.Launch module of the MR SAM system.

The system was first test fired in Israel by 2009 and various developmental hurdles have delayed the project by over two years. However, the naval version of Barak-8 has been in operation on-board the Kolkata Class guided missile destroyers of the Indian Navy and the Sa’ar 5-class corvettes of the Israeli Navy.

The land based version maybe inducted into the main folds of the Indian Air Force (IAF) by 2017. The missile system will replace the aging Pechora SAM systems of the IAF. The successful test and induction of the missile system will not only be a major boost to the capabilities of the air force but also a step forward in the maturing Indo-Israeli relationships.

©Karthik Kakoor

Source iadnews.in



Launcher for MRSAM Surface to Air Missile System

DRDO at the ongoing DEFExpo 2016 in Goa displayed MRSAM weapons system launcher which is an advanced Air& Missile Defence System. MRSAM basically is a land version of Barak-8/LR-SAM dubbed as Medium-range surface-to-air missile (MRSAM) system for the Indian Army and Indian Air force to replace Russian-made Kvadrat and OSA-AKM air defense systems and is currently under development and will make its debut in 2017 . As per information provided to idrw.org by DRDO officials MRSAM Mobile Launcher system (MLS) enables transportation, emplacement, erection, activation and launch of 8 MRSAM canisterized missiles (CMs) from a vertical firing position in single as well as ripple modes.


  • Vehicle mounted platform for launching MRSAM missile
  • Launch control system (LS) up to eight (8) CM’s.
  • Intra FU Communication system for communication with the combat Management System (CMS) and other necessary equipment.
  • Single semi-trailer carriers the entire launch system including power generation system . Fully Automatic operation
  • Incorporates state of the art Electromechanical servo Drive Technology with advanced Microprocessor controls .
  • MLS transportable by rail, road and aircraft
  • launcher equipped with facility for an onboard power supply with a hot standby .

NOTE : Article cannot be reproduced without written permission and Direct Citation to Article link or mention of idrw.org or IDRW NEWS NETWORK  has to be mentioned .  Source idrw.org

BANSHEE BTT-3 (MEGGITT AEROSPACE) pilotless target aircraft


Country of Origin. UK.
Similar Aerial Platform. Crecerelle, DR-3.
Role. Target drone, reconnaissance.
Armament. None.
Dimensions. Length: 9 ft, 6 in (2.95 m). Span: 8 ft, 1 in (2.49 m).


Wings. Low-mounted and delta-shaped. Wings have a positive slant.
Engine(s). Single jet in rear. Single exhaust. May have prop-driven engine with prop at the rear in the opposing position.
Fuselage. Round and tapers to the front. Blunt rear with jet engine, and a cone with rotary engine.
Tail. Tall, swept-back fin. No flats.


UK and over 20 other countries.

Data aircav.com

AFSOC favours side-mounted laser for gunship



Air Force Special Operations Command has accepted that it will trade some offensive capability for cost savings and fielding time on its future laser-equipped Lockheed Martin AC-130J Ghostrider if the laser is mounted on the side of the aircraft.

Although a laser turret mounted on the bottom of the gunship will provide more offensive and defensive capability in the long run, the belly-mounted turret would cost more and take much longer to develop, an Air Force spokesman told FlightGlobal this week. The side configuration would require fewer modifications to the existing aircraft, he added.

A recent Air Force Scientific Advisory Board study examined the laser’s placement in a turret on the aircraft’s belly versus mounting the laser on the side in place of the 30-millimeter gun. The AFSAB found the side-mount position would reduce the area the laser could prosecute since the aircraft itself would block its effective hemisphere. Half of that hemisphere points upward, a direction that’s largely useless against surface-to-air missiles, AFSAB chair Werner Dahm said in a June 24 email to FlightGlobal. The belly-mounted turret would have full range to target SAMs.

“To keep demo costs down they [AFSOC] are considering putting the turret in the existing side hole, where the gun currently sits,” Dahm said. “This will still allow us to learn a lot about how to employ a laser in AFSOC missions, but it is not nearly as useful as having the turret on the bottom in the demo.”

But AFSOC chief Lt. Gen. Bradley Heithold, who is pursuing an aggressive schedule for the laser gunship and plans to field a testbed by 2020, would make the capability tradeoff in order to field the aircraft faster.

“I believe it’s the easiest thing to do, rather than a turreted system where you’re bouncing the laser around it,” he told FlightGlobal following a speech at the June 23 Directed Energy Summit in Washington. “Let’s go simple, let’s shoot it off the left side and eventually it will evolve.”

Heithold argues that while AFSOC would lose offensive capability on the laser gunships, he plans to field the weapon on a very small number of AC-130s. AFSOC would maintain its kinetic capability with Griffin and Hellfire missiles still fielded on the majority of its gunships, but the side-mounted laser would fill a capability gap by delivering the element of surprise.

“I don’t plan to take the 30mm gun off of all my airplanes” he said. “What I plan to do is take it off three or four, and put in there a surprise package there with the laser.”

Both Heithold and the Air Force’s new chief of staff, Gen. David Goldfein, hope future directed energy weapons can deliver what they have coined as “silent sabotage.” During the summit, Heithold appealed to industry to field the laser gunship quickly for hostage rescue missions, but he also outlined his plan to operate a low-observable aircraft for silent sabotage. In a Congressional hearing in June, Goldfein described the Air Force’s plan to complete stealthy, laser attacks.

“Right now when I want to, or when we want to place firepower on the enemy, they and everyone else in the area knows we’re there,” Goldfein said. “What we need is a capability to create an effect and not have them know exactly where it came from or who.”

Source flightglobal.com


AC-130J Ghostrider

What goes into the C-130J platform

The AC-130J Ghostrider will inherit the AC-130W Stinger II’s precision strike package, which was developed to support ground forces in overseas contingency operations.

Insurgent activity in urban environments created the need for an airframe that could deliver direct fire support to ground forces and precisely engage enemies with low-yield munitions.

“These new weapon systems and small diameter bombs will provide overwatch and further standoff distance to cover a wider range of space for our warfighters on the ground,” said Maj. Stuart Menn, U.S. Special Operations Command Det. 1 commander.

The precision strike package includes dual electro-optical infrared sensors, a 30-mm cannon, griffin missiles, all-weather synthetic aperture radar and small diameter bomb capabilities. The sensors allow the gunship to visually or electronically identify friendly ground forces and targets at any time, even in adverse weather. Source af.mil

The first MC-130J to be converted into Air Force Special Operations Command’s newest variant of the gunship, the AC-130J Ghostrider, arrives at Eglin Air Force Base, Fla., Jan. 3, 2013. Modifications to the airframe will be completed in ten months and will be a milestone in the recapitalization of the AC-130H/U fleet. (Courtesy photo) @af.mil

Special Operations Aircraft to be Outfitted with Laser Weapon 

March 2016 

By Yasmin Tadjdeh  


Air Force Special Operations Command expects to equip a directed energy weapon on its new AC-130J Ghostrider gunship by 2020, said its commander. 

Officials said the combat aircraft — which will be used for close-air support and air interdiction — is an ideal platform for a laser.

“Most of the senior leadership in the Air Force would argue that the logical step to the advancement of high-energy lasers in the battlefield is to use this AC-130 platform” and then move on to a fighter jet, said Lt. Gen. Bradley Heithold, commander of AFSOC. “It makes too much sense. Use me as a way to get where you finally want to go.”

The AC-130J — a modified C-130 Hercules transport aircraft built by Lockheed Martin — has more size, weight and power than a fighter, making it an appropriate platform to use initially, he told National Defense.

AFSOC has been working with industry, Defense Department laboratories and think tanks to mature lasers. “We believe technology is ripe to move this forward,” he said.

Heithold described lasers as a leap-ahead technology over precision strike munitions. The development of such systems goes hand in hand with the Defense Department’s third offset strategy, which aims to maintain the United States’ technological edge, he said.

“The next evolution is here and this is where I would argue that I’m at the red zone,” he said. AFSOC is working closely with Special Operations Command’s acquisition arm to field the technology, he added.

AFSOC anticipates it will have its first laser on board a gunship and in demonstrations by 2020, he said. For now, the command is aiming to equip it on four systems, but that number could be adjusted. “It all depends on where this technology goes. You may find that eventually all AC-130s have it,” he said. Posted by nationaldefensemagazine.org – Read full article HERE

C-130 experimental plane with laser turret under the fuselage 

Example of laser weapon