Friday, 15 April 2016 08:19
Recent images from China are showing two People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) Project 956E Sovremennyy destroyers undergoing major refit and upgrade. It appears that the PLAN is upgrading its class of four destroyers (two 956E followed by two improved 956EM) acquired from Russia with domestic systems.
Hangzhou (136) and Fuzhou (137) moored at the PLAN naval shipyard 4806 in Zhoushan. Hangzhou has many of its systems removed including the main gun, sensor and masts, missile launchers (both SAM and ASM).
The pictures show first ship of the class Hangzhou (136) and Fuzhou (137) moored at the PLAN naval shipyard 4806 in Zhoushan (a prefecture-level city in northeastern Zhejiang province of Eastern China) at different stage in the upgrade. Hangzhou has many of its systems removed including the main gun, sensors and masts, missile launchers (both SAM and ASM).
According to Navy Recognition sources, the upgrade program for all four ships of the class should see:
– All original electronic systems and sensors replaced by modern Chinese ones.
– The two 3S90 (Uragan) unitary launchers for 9M38 surface to air missiles are getting replaced by a couple of Vertical Launch Systems (2×4 or possibly 2×8 cells) forward and aft. The missiles will likely be the HQ-16C, the latest variant of the HQ-16 naval SAM missile.
– The two KT-190 quadruple launchers for 3M80E (P-270 Moskit or NATO designation SS-N-22 Sunburn) are likely being replaced by YJ-12A missiles.
The YJ-12A is a next generation Chinese supersonic anti-ship missile. It was unveiled for the first time last year during the victory day parade.
Last but not least, the Project 956E should retain their AK-130 main guns forward and aft.
Satellite view of Hangzhou (136) and Fuzhou (137). VLS systems are being installed on Hangzhou.Blue print of Sovremennyy showing space availability below the original SAM launchers for installation of vertical launch systems.The YJ-12A is a next generation Chinese supersonic anti-ship missile. It was unveiled for the first time last year during the victory day parade.
The HongQi-16 (HQ-16) is a third generation Chinese land-based mid-range surface-to-air missile defense system. It is similar to Russia’s SA-11 Gadfly or SA-17 Grizzly, and seems to be an evolved, Chinese version of those system. Not much else is known about this new system, but there are reports stating that it can intercept very low-flying targets at maximum distance of 40km. The HQ-16 is said to be more accurate than previous mid-range defense systems and fills in the performance gaps of the HQ-7 and HQ-9.
Chinese news websites report that the HQ-16’s performance data is roughly:
- Effective range of 1.5-30 km
- Effective Altitude of 10-6000 meters
- Single hit probability of 0.7-0.98
- Reaction time 5-8 seconds
- 9 m long missile
- Projectile diameter 0.232 m
- Weighs 165 kg
- Warhead weight of 17 kg
- Maximum flight speed of Mach 2.8.
YJ-12 supersonic missile
The highlight of the “YJ-12” is not its range but speed. It can reach “Double Three” or “Double Four”, namely a range of 300 kilometers at Mach 3 (1.02 kilometers per second) or a range of 400 kilometers at Mach 4 (1.36 kilometers per second). When the missile is launched at low altitude at the terminal attack stage and carries out hide-and-defense penetration at high speed, the enemy can barely response within a period of time.
In addition, the missile can carry a warhead of 400-500 kilograms. It will give a heavy strike to large surface vessels. And an operational range between 300-400 kilometers has reached the maximum air-defense range of the surface vessels. The formidable anti-ship ability of the “YJ-12” is the major concern of the United States.
Sovremennyy-class destroyer: Full details Here
The Chinese People’s Liberation Army Navy Surface Force (PLAN) had two modified Sovremennyy destroyers delivered in December 1999 and November 2000. In 2002, the PLAN ordered two improved versions designated 956-EM. The first vessel was launched in late 2005, while the second was launched in 2006. All four vessels were commissioned to the East Sea Fleet.
From mid 2014, all four Chinese Sovremennyy-class destroyers are planned to undergo a major refit and modernisation program. Hangzhou is currently undergoing refit with the removal of its original components, and are expected to be replaced with domestic systems. Other changes include the 9M38 SAM launchers replaced by two quad or eight-cell vertical launch systems for HQ-16C missiles, and the replacement of 3M80E Moskit anti-ship missiles, possibly with YJ-12 supersonic missiles.
- Project cost: 600 million US$(mid-1990s price) was the price paid by China for Project 956A (two ships), and 1.5 Billion US$ (early-2000’s price) for Project 956EM (two ships).
- Vazhnyy– Важный – Eminent (Hangzhou (136) – 杭州 – sold to China before completion)
- Vdumchivyy– Вдумчивый – Thoughtful (Fuzhou (137) – 福州 – sold to China before completion)
- Taizhou(138) – 泰州 – improved 956EM built for China (2005)
- Ningbo(139) – 宁波 – improved 956EM built for China (2006)
|Type:||Anti-aircraft and anti-shipguided missile destroyer|
|Displacement:||6,600 tons standard, 8,480 tons full load|
|Length:||156 m (511 ft 10 in)|
|Beam:||17.3 m (56 ft 9 in)|
|Draught:||6.5 m (21 ft 4 in)|
|Propulsion:||2 shaft steam turbines, 4 boilers, 75,000 kW (100,000 hp), 2 fixed propellers, 2 turbo generators,and 2 diesel generators|
|Speed:||32.7 knots (60.6 km/h; 37.6 mph)|
|Range:||14,000 nmi (26,000 km; 16,000 mi) at 14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph)|
|·Radar: Air target acquisition radar, 3 × navigation radars, 130 mm gun fire-control radars, 30 mm air-defence gun fire control radar
·Sonar: Active and passive under-keel sonar
·ES: Tactical situation plotting board, anti-ship missile fire control system, air defence, missile fire-control system, and torpedo fire control system
|2 PK-2 decoy dispensers (200 rockets)|
|Armament:||·Guns and Missiles
·2× 24 Shtil SAM (SA-N-12 ‘Grizzly)
·4× (2×2) AK-130-MR-184 130 mm guns
·4× 30 mm AK-630 Gatling guns
·4× (2×2) 533 mm Torpedo tubes
·2× RBU-1000 300 mm anti-submarine rocket launcher
|Aircraft carried:||1× Ka-27 ‘Helix’|