The Admiral Grigorovich class (Фрегаты проекта 11356Р/М) is the latest class of frigates ordered by the Russian Navy for the Black Sea Fleet. Six ships (two batches of three ships) have been ordered so far to be built by the “Yantar” shipyard in Kaliningrad. The frigates are based on the Talwar-class frigate, six of which were ordered by the Indian Navy and were built at the same shipyard. The Talwar class is in turn based on the Burevestnik-class frigates. The contract for the construction of three frigates is to be completed in four years. The lead ship, Admiral Grigorovich was laid down on 18 December 2010 and was expected to be in service 34 months from that date (October 2013).
The class’s original gas turbines were made by Ukrainian state-owned enterprise Zorya-Mashproekt. The company was a center of Soviet maritime gas turbine design and production. The last three vessels remain without engines as of November-December 2014.
After the Russian seizure of Crimea and incursions into Donetsk/Luhansk, Ukraine would no longer supply the engines.Instead Russian manufacturer Saturn was initially asked to supply alternative M90FP turbines. However these cannot be completed before 2019-2020, and this delay seemingly means the Navy would rather use the funds elsewhere. Thus Russia is now hoping to find an export customer for the final three vessels. The Defence Ministry is reallocating the money, initially set aside for the other three frigates, to the construction of other ships it badly needs.
Admiral Essen (751)
On 9 December 2015 it was announced that the lead vessel was being sent from the Baltic to the Northern Fleet for the next stage of state tests. Some weapons firings are not possible in the Baltic. Lead ship was commissioned on 11 March 2016. Source wikiwand.com
The Project 11356 Admiral Grigorovich Class frigates are under construction at Yantar Shipyard, based in Kaliningrad, for the Russian Navy. The vessels utilise the same design developed for the Indian Navy’s Talwar Class frigates
Indian Navy’s Talwar Class frigates
INS Tarkash Talwar Class frigates
India: 6 units
Indian class – Project 17: Talwar F40 (till 18.06.2003 Dozornyy), Trishul F43 (til 25.06.2003 Udarnyy), Tabar F44 (till 19.04.2004 SKR-23), Teg F45, T6 (till до 27.04.2012 №01354), Tarkash F50 (till 9.11.2012 №01355) 27.12.2012, Trikand F51 (till 29.06.2013 №01356)
The 3,620-tonne, 124.8 m long Project 11356M class is a derivative of the Talwar-class frigates that Russia built for the Indian Navy (in turn a derivative of the earlier Project 1135 Krivak-class frigate). According to the Russian Navy the class is armed with Kalibr-NK (SS-N-30A) cruise missiles, the 3S90M ‘Shtil-1’ (SA-N-7C) air defence system (a derivative of the land-based Buk system), an A-190 100 mm naval gun, an RBU-6000 anti-submarine mortar, and two 30 mm AK-630 close-in weapon systems. Data janes.com
The Admiral Grigorovich Class frigates can be deployed in anti-surface warfare (AsuW), anti-submarine warfare (ASW) and anti-air warfare (AAW) missions, and are capable of conducting missions as a single vessel as well as a part of task force.
The Russian Ministry of Defence signed two contracts with Yantar Shipyard between 2010 and 2011 for the construction of six Project 11356 frigates. The keel of the first ship in series, Admiral Grigorovich, was laid down in December 2010 and the vessel was floated out of dry-dock in March 2014.
Russian Navy receives first Admiral Grigorovich-class frigate: Here
Admiral Grigorovich (745) – image: sputniknews.com
The Russian Navy has finally commissioned into service the lead ship of its Project 11356M frigate class, Admiral Grigorovich , over two years behind schedule.
A formal flag-raising ceremony was held at the Yantar Shipyard in Kaliningrad on 11 March, over five years after the vessel was laid down in the same shipyard in December 2010. The vessel is now expected to transit to join the Black Sea Fleet in Sevastopol.
Since it was launched in March 2014, the frigate has been undergoing sea trials in the Baltic and Barents seas. Speaking at the flag-raising ceremony, Igor Ponomarev, vice president of United Shipbuilding Corporation (Yantar’s parent company), said that the vessel had “successfully passed all tests and showed the high quality of its construction”. Ponomarev added that the second and third ships of the class, Admiral Essen and Admiral Makarov , will also be commissioned in 2016.
The second ship, Admiral Essen, was laid in July 2011; Admiral Makarov was laid in February 2012; Admiral Butakov was laid in July 2013; and Admiral Istomin was laid down in November 2013.
The Russian Navy plans to induct Project 11356 frigates into its Black Sea Fleet, while deliveries are scheduled between 2014 and 2016.
Russian Navy receives Admiral Essen frigate: Here
Admiral Essen (751) – Image: navaltoday.com
The first production-standard Project 11356 frigate – Admiral Essen – was commissioned into service with the Russian Navy on 7 June at a ceremony at Yantar Shipyard in Kaliningrad. The ship will be assigned to the Black Sea Fleet.
Russia to resume construction of Project 11356 frigates: Here
Alexei Rakhmanov, president of United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC), announced on 1 June that the yard will resume construction in 2018 of three Project 11356 frigates – Admiral Butakov, Admiral Istomin, and Admiral Kornilov – for the Baltic Fleet, state controlled media reports. Production was suspended in 2015 because of Ukraine’s refusal to supply gas turbine engines for the vessels.
Construction of 4th and 6th Project 11356 for the Russian Navy at “Yantar” Shipyard: Here
Russian Ministry of Defense: Black Sea fleet will receive new frigate Admiral Makarov equipped with cruise missiles: Here
The frigate Admiral Makarov, built in the Baltic Yantar Shipyard and equipped with high-precision missile weapons will join Russia’s Black Sea Fleet as early as November this year, as reported by the Russian Defense Ministry.
Design and features of the Admiral Grigorovich Class frigates
The Admiral Grigorovich Class incorporates a stealthy hull design developed by the Severnoye Design Bureau. The hull and superstructures were designed to have low radar, acoustic and infrared signatures. The frigate features a flight deck at aft to carry a Ka-28 or a Ka-31 helicopter.
The frigate measures 124.8m in overall length and 15.2m in width, and can complement a crew of 220. The draught at full load displacement is 4.6m, while the standard and full load displacements of the vessel are 3,350t and 3,860t respectively.
TREBOVANIE-M Combat Management System
TREBOVANIE-M Combat Information and Control System (TREBOVANIE-M CICS) is designated for automation of combat control of fire and radio electronic weaponry for different classes of ships participating in warfare independently or as part of ship formations from all-type fleet operational formations.
The system ensures automation of the following processes:
- „collection, processing and display of data on tactical situation and status of ship combat means received from different data sources;
- AAW of a ship and a ship formation according to the danger (threat) level coming from the attacking targets;
- „missile (guided missile weapon), naval artillery and torpedo weapon systems of a ship designed to engage surface targets;
- anti-submarine weapon (ASW);
- „shipborne helicopter;
- „tracking of surface targets using data received from shipborne radar systems;
- navigation, ship navigation control, tactical manoeuvring and safe ship movement;
|Modular design of a display unit|
|Flat-panel liquid-crystal displays:|
|Coloured electroluminescent displays:|
|Inter-device data exhange channel||Ethernet local area network with channel reservation|
|Devices exchanging data with external systems based on CPC 150 500 MHz processor modules and interface modules|
|Weight||not more than 1600 kg|
|Power consumption||not more than 3.5 kW|
|Power supply from the ship system||380 V 50 Hz|
Admiral Grigorovich Class missiles
The Club-N missile system fitted aboard the frigate serves as the anti-ship missile. The missiles are launched by eight-cell 3S-14E under-deck launcher complemented by 3R-14N-11356 fire control system and 3C-25E acquisition radar.
1 × 8 UKSK VLS (3S-14E) cells for Kalibr and 3M55 Oniks
UKSK VLS cells
Kalibr and 3M55 Oniks Anti-Ship Missile
3M14T land attack variant
3M14T is the Inertial guidance land attack variant which is deployed by the Russian Navy. A surface ship with VLS launched missile, with thrust vectoring booster, its basic length is 8.9 m (29 ft), its warhead weight and other performance are the same as the 3M14K. Russia fired 26 3M14T cruise missiles from four surface ships in the Caspian Sea against 11 targets in Syria on 7 October 2015.
According to state television news (broadcast of 11.10.2015), launch of production took place in 2012. Details of this version – the maximum speed of Mach 3, the range of 4,000 km, basing in the air, on land, on water and under water (shows launch from water depth). The missile can make in-flight maneuvers 147 times or more (in any direction), the minimum height of 10 meters, an average of 20 – 50 meters (up to 1000), it will automatically follow terrain, the missile can be controlled in flight.
|Used by||See Operators|
|Manufacturer||Novator Design Bureau|
|Weight||Varies on variant, from 1,300 kg-1780 kg- 2300 kg|
|Length||Varies on variant, from 6.2 m to 8.9 m|
|Warhead||about 500 kg or nuclear|
|Engine||Multi-stage Solid-Fuelrocket, Turbojet engine for 3M-54/E/TE/E1/TE1, -14/E/TE, Solid fuel rocket for 91RE1/RTE2|
|91RE1: 50 km
3M-54E: 220 km
3M-54E1/3M-14E: 300 km
3M-54/3M-54T: 660 km
3M-14/3M-14T: 2500 kmlong range variant: 4000 km?
|Flight ceiling||1000 m|
|Flight altitude||4.6-15 m|
|Inertial guidance plus terminal Active radar homing, By satellites, DSMAC|
|naval ships, submarines, containers, airplanes, TEL|
Russian Navy firing cruise missiles on ISIS positions near Palmyra: Here
The Admiral Essen frigate and Krasnodar submarine of the Russian Navy conducted strikes by four Kalibr cruise missiles on objects of the ISIS terrorist grouping near Palmyra from the eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea.
The missiles destroyed heavy equipment and killed fighters that Islamic State had transferred from its stronghold, Raqqa, to Palmyra, the Russian Defense Ministry has said.
Russian warships fire Kalibr cruise missiles, destroy IS arms depots in Syria – with Video: Here
Russia informed the commands of Turkey and Israel timely about the launches of cruise missiles via channels of communication
MOSCOW, June 23. /TASS/. Frigates Admiral Essen and Admiral Grigorovich and Krasnodar submarine have destroyed by Kalibr cruise missiles large depots of armaments and ammunition of the Islamic State terrorists in Syria, Russia’s Defense Ministry said on Friday.
3M-54E Klub-N anti-ship missiles
3M54 antiship missile, a supersonic long variant, with a 220 kilometer (135 mile) range. It can be launched from a torpedo tube, a vertical launch silo, or an angled launcher. It cruises towards its target area at an altitude of about 15 meters (50 feet). At a range of about 40 kilometers (25 miles) from the estimated target location, the missile pops up and turns on its active radar seeker to get a target fix.
At a range of about 20 kilometers (12.5 miles), the missile releases its terminal attack “upper stage”, which proceeds to the target at Mach 2.9 at an altitude of about 5 meters (15 feet) and hits the target using a 200 kilogram (440 pound) SAP warhead. The missile is capable of maneuvering to confound adversary defenses. The export variant is designated “3M54E”. Source: craymond.no-ip.info
Number of Stages: 2
Diameter: 533 millimeter (21.0 inch)
Length: 8.22 meter (324 inch)
Max Range: 220 kilometer (119 nautical mile)
Cruise Speed: 266 mps (958 kph)
Top Speed: 996 mps (3,587 kph)
Warhead: 200 kilogram (441 pound)
Weight: 2,300 kilogram (5,071 pound)
SS-N-26 (3M55 Oniks) Anti-Ship Missile
SS-N-26/3M55 Oniks/P-800 Yakhont/P-800 Bolid – supersonic
3M55 Oniks/P-800 Yakhont/P-800 Bolid The supersonic P-800 Yakhont (Gem) is a ramjet version of P-80 Zubr [SS-N-7 Starbright]. The ship, submarine and coastal-launched Yakhont is launched from the unified ampoule-shaped transport-launching container (TLC). The container is 9 m long, is 0.71 m in diameter. The firing range reaches 300 km (162 nmi.) when flying along a combined trajectory and 120 kg (265 lb.) when following only a low-altitude trajectory. Flight speed varying over the range from M=2.0 to M=2.5 is provided by the kerosene-fueled multi-mode liquid-fuel ramjet. The P-800 Bolid is the encapsulated, submarine launched version of Yakhont. An air-launched version of the missile with the take-off weight of 2,500 kg (5,507 lb.) is also being developed. The closest American counterparts, the Tomahawk and Harpoon missiles, are subsonic; the best French antiship missile, the Exocet, has a range of only 45 miles. Source fas.org
|Country of Origin||Russia|
|Role||Amphibious anti-submarine patrol aircraft|
|Range||300 km mixed trajectory
120 km low trajectory
|Speed||Mach 2 to 2.5|
|Flight altitude||5 to 15 meters, final phase|
|Weight of warhead||200 kg [about]|
|Guidance||active-passive, radar seeker head|
|Minimum target detection range||50 km in active mode|
|Maximum seeker head search angle||45 degrees|
|Propulsion||· solid propellant booster stage
· liquid-propellant ramjet sustainre motor
|Launcher type||underwater, surface ship, land|
|Launch method||from closed bottom launch-container|
|Launch angle range||15 to 90 degrees|
|Weight||3,000 kg launch
3,900 kg in launch-container
|Launch-container dimensions||8.9 meters length
0.7 meters diameter
Here is what happens when hit by a supersonic missile
Anti-aircraft defence is provided by Shtil-1 medium range air defence missile system, Igla man-portable surface-to-air missile system, and Kashtan air defence missile/gun system including up to six fire modules, a command module, a storage and reloading system, 64 missiles, and 6,000 rounds of 30mm ammunition. The Shtil-1 complex is equipped with 3S90E launcher and 3R90E1 fire control system, and can simultaneously engage up to 12 targets within the range of 3.5km to 32km.
“Tor M2KM” anti-aircraft missile system tested on “Admiral Grigorovich”: Here
It is interesting photos and videos module test autonomous combat anti-aircraft missile complex short-range 9K331MKM “Thor M2KM” placed on the helicopter deck of the frigate head “Admiral Grigorovich” Project 11356 held in the Black Sea in October 2016. Start anti-aircraft guided missiles 9M331M of autonomous combat unit of antiaircraft missile complex short-range 9K331MKM “Thor M2KM” placed on the helicopter deck of the frigate head “Admiral Grigorovich” Project 11356 October 2016 (c) JSC “Izhevsk Electromechanical Plant” Kupol “/ frame video of the TV channel “Russia 24” (via altyn73.livejournal.com)
3 × 12 3S90M Shtil-1 VLS cells
3S90M Shtil-1 VLS cells
The weight of the missile is 581 kg, including the 62 kg blast fragmentation warhead initiated by a dual-mode radar proximity fuze. Dimensions of the hull are 5.18 m length; 0.36 m maximum diameter. Range is 2.5–32 km in a 3S90M “Shtil-1” naval missile system. Altitude of targets from 15 m up to 15 km (and from 10 m to 10 km against other missiles). 9M317ME missiles can be fired at 2-second intervals, while its reaction (readiness) time is up to 10 s.
The missile was designed to be single-staged, inertial guidance, radio control mid-course update and terminal semi-active radar homing.
The tail surfaces have a span of 0.82 m when deployed after the missile leaves the launch container by a spring mechanism. Four gas-control vanes operating in the motor efflux turn the missile towards the required direction of flight. After the turnover manoeuvre, they are no longer used and subsequent flight controlled via moving tail surfaces. A dual-mode solid-propellant rocket motor provides the missile with a maximum speed of Mach 4.5. Data wikiwand.com
|9M39 missiles (SA-18 Igla)|
|The 9M39 missile employs an IR guidance system using proportional convergence logic. The new seeker offers better protection against electro-optical jammers; the probability of kill against an unprotected fighter is estimated at 30-48%, and the use of IRCM jammers only degrades this to 24-30%.|
|9M342 missiles (SA-24 Grinch Iglas-S)|
|The effectiveness of the 9M342 missile against air targets is attributed to the increase weight of the explosive in the missile’s warhead and to the impact/proximity fuze enabling the missile to kill the target both in the event of a direct hit and when it passes at a distance of up to 1.5 m from the target. The target engagement has increased to 6 km compared with the 5.2 km of the Igla (SA-16 / SA-18) system.|
|The turret is remotely operated and can be steered towards targets detected by the Positiv, Furke or Fregat naval radar systems. Final aiming is achieved at the control module through a TV sighting system. According to constructor specifications, the visual detection range of an aircraft through the control module is 12 to 15 Km.|
|Short-range shipborne surface-to-air missile system|
|Visual detection range at the control module|
|12 to 15 Km|
|Guidance sector (in degrees)|
|Azimuth: +150 to -150 | Elevation: 0 to 60|
|Number of simultaneously engaged targets|
|Single | Salvo|
|Number of launch modules|
|Version 1: 2 | Version 2: 4|
|Number of SAM per launch module|
|Igla (9M39) | Igla-S (9M342)|
|< 8 seconds|
|Manual loading time for 1 module by 1 man|
|< 3 minutes|
|Turret mount weight (with 2 launch modules)|
|< 650 Kg|
2 × AK-630M 30mm
Design of the AK-630 (A-213) gun system started in 1963. The first prototype was made in 1964 and trials were conducted until 1966. The trials of the complete system with radar and controls went on until 1976 when the system was accepted for service. Production started in 1969 in Tula, with a modified AK-630M (A-213M) system accepted into service in 1979. These systems are the main close-in defense systems on modern Russian ships.
The gun itself is a 6 barrel Gatling gun designated as AO-18. The barrels are in a single block, having exhaust-driven joint automatics. They are belt fed with a flat magazine in the AK-630 and a drum magazine in the AK-630M. These weapons form a part of a complete self-defense system called A-213-Vympel-A, which includes gun, radar, optical and TV control systems. A single MP-123 Vympel system can control two 30 mm guns or one 30 mm and one 57 mm gun. This system can engage air targets at ranges up to 4,000 m (4,400 yards) and surface targets at ranges up to 5,000 m (5,500 yards). The TV control system can detect MTB sized ships at the distance of 75 km (40 nm) and the fighter-size air targets at 7,000 m (7,600 yards). This system is completely automatic and does not require human supervision although it can be directed from optical control posts in case of damage or for firing on shore targets.
|Gun Weight||AO-18 (for AK-630): under 452 lbs. (under 205 kg)|
|Gun Length oa||64.13 in (1.629 m)|
|Bore Length||63.78 in (1.620 m)|
|Rifling Length||57.48 in (1.46 m)|
|Rate Of Fire||AK-630: 4,000 – 5,000 rounds per minute|
|Weight of Complete Round||1.834 – 1.839 lbs. (0.832 – 0.834 kg)|
|Projectile Types and Weights||HE-FRAG (OF-84) – 0.86 lbs. (0.39 kg)FRAG tracer (OP-84) – 0.86 lbs. (0.39 kg)|
|Bursting Charge||HE-FRAG (OF-84) – 0.107 lbs. (0.0485 kg)FRAG tracer (OP-84) – 0.026 lbs. (0.0117 kg)|
|Projectile Length||up to 11.54 in (293 mm)|
|Muzzle Velocity||All: 2,953 fps (900 mps)3M87: 2,822 fps (860 mps)
Palash: 3,609 fps (1,100 mps)
|Approximate Barrel Life||AK-630: 8,000 rounds (automation resource)|
|Ammunition stowage per gun||AK-630: 2,000 rounds|
|Elevation||With 1.2 lbs. (0.54 kg) HE/Frag Shell|
|Max Ballistic Range||8,860 yards (8,100 m)|
|Self Liquidation range||5,470 yards (5,000 m)|
|Effective Targeted Range||4,375 yards (4,000 m)|
Mount / Turret Data
|Designation||Single Mounts AK-630|
|Weight||AK-630 (empty): 4,079 lbs. (1,850 kg)AK-630 (with ammo): 4,226 lbs (1,918 kg)
AK-630 (with control systems): 20,093 lbs. (9,114 kg)
|Elevation||AK-630: -12 / +88 degrees|
|Elevation Rate||50 degrees per second|
|Train||-180 / +180 degrees|
|Train Rate||70 degrees per second|
|Gun recoil||AK-630: 0.51 in (13 mm)|
Admiral Grigorovich (745)
Artillery and ASW weapons
The main gun fitted on the forward bow deck is an A190E 100mm gun featuring 5P-10E fire control system which enables to track and engage multiple targets effectively. The A190 naval gun can fire high explosive (impact fuse) and AA (time fuse) ammunition at a rate of 80 rounds per minute for ranges more than 20km.
100-mm А190- 01 Lightweight Multipurpose Naval gun
Burevestnik manufactures two variants of 100-mm А190 Lightweight Multipurpose Naval gun: А190E and А190-01.
100-mm А190 Lightweight Multipurpose Naval Gun is a single-barrel turreted automatic gun that may be installed on ships with the displacement of 500 t and more. Upon the operator’s command the fire control module automatically turns the artillery system to standby or combat-ready position, ensures ammunition selection and feeding, gun laying and firing. As a result, the artillery system has minimum response time and high rate of fire.
Main technical data
|Rate of fire, rpm||up to 80|
|Maximum firing range, km||over 20|
|Elevation, degree||-15 to +85|
|Projectile weight, kg||15,6|
|Number of ready-to-fire rounds||80|
А190 Naval Gun can fire HE (impact fuze) and AA (time fuze) case ammunitions.
The main advantages of А190 system:
– automatic firing mode with main and back-up control means and the capability to operate in EW battlefield environment;
– minimal dead zones when engaging various target types;
– fast reaction (2…5 sec) to counter air threats. Quick shift of fire when engaging multiple targets.
The upgraded version designated as А190-01 provides significant increase in combat effectiveness. High survivability, reliability and combat effectiveness make it possible to operate the gun in various environments day and night all year around. Data burevestnik.com
5P-10E Radar Control System
5P-10E General-Purpose Radar Control System (5P-10E RCS) is designated for optimal fire control of 25–305-mm naval artillery systems. The radar control system can perform the following tasks:
- automatic reception of target designation data from shipborne means, acquisition and tracking of up to 4 targets;
- automatic missed firing measurement and firing correction, also using antenna post electronic and optical means;
- аutomated RCS efficiency control with faults indication and generation of recommendations on fault repair;
- naval artillery system combat crew training using simulated targets under simulated interference conditions with a possibility to engage targets with practice missiles;
- аutonomous air, sea and coastal target detection (in standby mode) in 360° surveillance and sector scanning modes;
intercept of the missile taking off from the tracked target.
|Tracking mode operation range:|
|by distance||up to 60 km|
|by elevation||up to 85 deg.|
|by azimuth||±200 degrees|
|360° surveillance mode operation range:|
|by distance||not less than 30 km|
|by elevation||up to 35 deg.|
|by azimuth||360 deg.|
|from the beginning of automatic tracking till fire readiness||not more than 3 s|
|when transferring fire to a 6°x3° sector||not more than 1 s|
|Combat crew||2 persons|
|total||not more than 3700 kg|
|including antenna post||not more than 2100 kg|
Puma 5P-10 agat.ru
The ASW capability is provided by two DTA-53-11356 twin torpedo tubes, and a RBU-6000 depth charge rocket launcher firing 90R ASW rockets and RGB-60 depth rocket bombs.
RBU-6000 (RPK-8) depth charge rocket launcher
RBU-6000 depth charge rocket launcher
The RPK-8 is ship-based anti-submarine rocket system designed to protected surface ships from hostile submarines, torpedoes and combat swimmers. The RPK-8 weapon system comprises the RBU-6000 12-tube rocket launcher, 212mm 90R anti-submarine rocket, fire control system, ammo loading system and ground support equipment. The target designation is provided through the ship’s sonar system. The 90R rocket carries a projectile fitted with a high-explosive shaped charge that separates from its carrier when entering into the water. The projectile’s effective homing head search radius is 130 meters. The RPK-8 weapon system is effective against underwater threats at ranges from 600 meters to 4,300 meters. Data deagel.com
RPK-8 RBU-6000 ASW
- Weight: 110 kg
- Warhead: 25 kg
- Diameter: 0.212 m
- Length: 1.83 m
- Range: 350 m to 5800 m
- Depth: 10 to 500 m
- Sink rate: 11.5 m/s
- Weight 112.5 kg
- Warhead: 19.5 kg
- Diameter: 0.212 m
- Length: 1.83 m
- Range: 600 m to 4,300 m
- Effective radius: 130 m
- Depth range:
- Submarines: 0 to 1,000 m
- Torpedoes and divers: 4–10 m
Two 533mm DTA-53-11356 twin torpedo tubes (4 SET-65E/53-65KE torpedoes)
Image of 533mm DTA-53-11356 twin torpedo tubes on INS Tabar F44 @fijilive.com
The 53-65 torpedo family are Russian made, wake-homing torpedoes designed to destroy surface ships. The 53-65 became operational in 1965, while the 53-65K and 53-65M both became operational in 1969. The 53-65KE is an exported version. China received an unknown number of 53-65KE torpedoes from Russia after purchasing 4 Kilo class submarines in the 1990s.
The Type 53 torpedo is carried by almost all Russian submarines, including the Kilo class and the Akula-class submarine.
The Type 53-65 torpedo is considered especially threatening by the United States Navy because they do not respond to usual torpedo countermeasures. Normal countermeasures are decoys that use noise to divert homing torpedoes, but the Type 53-65 uses sensors that detect the churn made by ships moving, then follows the chopped water in an S-pattern between the wakes until impact from up to 11.8 mi (19.0 km; 10.3 nmi) away. Wake homing torpedoes have caused the U.S. Navy to develop the Surface Ship Torpedo Defense (SSTD) system that employs a maneuvering Countermeasure Anti-Torpedo (CAT) that seeks and intercepts an incoming torpedo.
Layout scheme torpedoes 53-65A and 53-65MA. The numbers in the diagram: 1 – homing system 2 – warhead, 3 – fuse, 4 – an electronic device proximity fuze, 5 – control devices, 6 – tank for fuel, 7 – tank oxidant 8 – energy-power compartment 9 – coil proximity fuze, 10 – air reservoir ( http://www.kremalera.narod.ru ). Source militaryrussia.ru
- Primary function: ASUW torpedo
- Power plant:
- Length: 7.2 m (24 ft)
- Weight: 2,070–2,300 kg (4,560–5,070 lb)
- Diameter: 533 mm (21.0 in)
- 53-65: 18,000 metres (20,000 yd)
- 53-65K: 19,000 metres (21,000 yd)
- 53-65M: 22,000 metres (24,000 yd)
- 53-65 and 53-65K: 45 kt (52 mi/h, 83 km/h)
- 53-65M: 44 kt (51 mi/h, 81 km/h)
- Guidance system: WAKE homing
- Warhead: 307.6 kilograms (678 lb) high explosive
- Operational since:
- 53-65: 1965
- 53-65K and 53-65M: 1969
Admiral Grigorovich (745)
Sensors and countermeasures
The Admiral Grigorovich Class is equipped with hull mounted sonar, SNN-137 towed active array sonar (No data), Fregat-M2EM air/surface search radar, and MR-212/201-1 and Nucleus-2-6000A navigation radars.
•Fregat-M2EM air/surface surveillance radar
•3Ts-25E target acquisition radar
•MR-212/201-1 short-range navigation radar Sonars
•MGK-335EM-03 sonar system
•sonar with Vinyetka-EM towed array
The above assets can be substituted with MGK-335EM-02 system
•Ladoga-ME-11356 inertial navigation and stabilisation system
•dead-reckoning and plotting system
•two magnetic compasses•navigation echosounder
Fregat-M2EM air/surface search radar
The Fregat, Top Plate and Top Steer NATO codename, is a family of 3D, 360-degree/full-coverage ship-based radar systems developed for the Soviet Union Navy and designed to provide surveillance and detection of surface and airborne targets and to deliver target designation data to weapon systems. The Fregat radar system can operate effectively in intense jamming and countermeasures environments. Moreover, the radar system also provides identification friend or foe (IFF). The Fregat radar system has been provided to aircraft carrier, amphibious assault, frigates, cruisers, destroyers and special purpose class ships commissioned by the Russian Navy such as Kuznetsov, Neustrashimy, Krivak III, Kirov, Slava, Udaloy and Sovremenny.
The Fregat family of radar systems features automatic target tracking and built-in self-diagnosis system. The radar system is made of line replaceable units that can be removed with ease in the event of a malfunction. The radars developed under Fregat family are tailored for a variety of ships depending on their displacement and purpose. The main differences among them are: air surveillance range, number of channels and frequency bands, and weight. Typically, Fregat radars operate in the E-band excepting the lightest Fregat MAE-4k which operates in the H-band. All variants can detect a surface ship at the line-of-sight while the maximum detection range for an airborne target with the radar cross section of a non-stealth fighter aircraft varies from 58 to 230 kilometers.
The Fregat M2EM radar system is intended for medium and large displacement ships. It is an E-band two-channel radar with a maximum instrumented range of 300 kilometers and a maximum vertical detection range of 30 km. Fregat M2EM can detect a fighter aircraft at a maximum range of 230 km and/or a missile at a maximum range of 50 km. The radar’s equipment and the antenna station weigh approximately 11.75-t (9.25-t and 2.5-t respectively).
Number of Components: 20
Number of Radar Channels: 2
Max Elevation: 45 �
Max Detection Range: 230 kilometer (124 nautical mile)
Max Detection Range in Altitude: 30 kilometer (98,425 foot)
Max Instrumented Range: 300 kilometer
Measurement Accuracy: 120 meter
Min Detection Range: 2 kilometer
Small Air Target Detection Range: 50 kilometer
Power Consumption: 90 kW
Max Antenna Rotation Speed: 12 roundperminute
Max Scan Rate: 2.50 second
SetUp Time: 5 minute
Weight: 11.8 ton
3Ts-25E target designation radar is designed to provide ECM-resistant secure information on long-range surface (and partly air) tactical situation using active and passive assets. The radar accomplishes the following tasks:
- acquisition and automatic tracking of sur-face targets, determination of their coordi-nates and movement parameters;
- air/surface target detection, classificationand location based on their electronicequipment emissions;
- target identification by means of coupledIFF interrogators;
- generation and transfer of target designa-tion data to ship’s automated missile/torpe-do weapons control system, and surface sit-uation data to combat information manage-ment system;
- interaction with external data sources (e.g.task force ships, air reconnaissance/designa-tion systems, etc.) via ship’s standard andspecial communication systems integratedwith the radar as specified bythe ship designer;
- operation in the navigation mode to ensuresafety of navigation.
The radar makes coordinated use of active and passive channels to acquire and designate targets. It boasts increased operational range thanks to employment of high-energy active channel, advanced methods of signal genera-tion and complex modulated signal process-ing, coupled with passive channel data, and requirements of covert operation, in severe ECM and sea clutter conditions.
The active channel uses a multiprocessor system to generate probing signals and radar data. It is integrated with a multi-computer secondary data processing, control and display network.
The passive channel performs hard-ware/software-based analysis and classification of incoming radar signals by comparing their parameters with those available in the data-base (up to 1,000 entries).
|Type: Radar||Altitude Max: 0 m|
|Range Max: 140.8 km||Altitude Min: 0 m|
|Range Min: 0.6 km||Generation: Early 1990s|
|Properties: Pulse-only Radar|
|Sensors / EW:|
|Plank Shave [3Ts-25 Garpun-Bal] – (SSM FCR, SS-N-25) Radar
Role: Radar, FCR, Surface-to-Surface w/ OTH
Max Range: 140.8 km
MR-212/201-1 short-range navigation radar
MR-212/201-1 version of Vaygach-U-Nayada-M baseline navigation radar is intend-ed to perform short-range surface surveillance, to augment safety of navigation in poor visibil-ity conditions, and to support implementationof specific tasks in cooperation with other sys-tems.The radar is capable of accomplishingthe following missions:•presentation of surface and low-flying air threats on tactical situation displays;•own ship location in reference to coastlineand surface prominent points, as wellas based on signals of satellite navigation sys-tem;•determination of target location and move-ment parameters;•data feed to electronic chart display system.
MR-352 Pozitiv-M1.2 air / surface search radar
Positiv-ME1 and Positiv-ME1.2 Active Radars are designed for plan scanning, detection and tracking of air and surface targets, output of target designation data to users. The radars perform the following tasks:
- radar air and surface surveillance;
- detection of air targets including small-sized, diving, and flying at extremely low altitude;
- detection of surface targets under conditions of normal and increased radar detection range, as well as under best visibilty conditions;
- positioning (azimuth, range and elevation angle) and moving parameter determination of tracked targets;
- friend-or-fore and individual identification of tracked targets by means of IFF system with embedded antennas;
- target classification according to the path characteristics;
- tracked target threat assessment;
- automated target assignment;
- display of target assignment chart featuring its dynamic on-line correction;
- output of surface and air target designation data to missile firing control systems, as well as to artillery and torpedo systems, and jamming systems;
- automated control of operation modes depending on interference situation;
- automated performance monitoring and fault detection;
- recording and archiving of tracked target data, data on made decisions, and statuses of integrated systems;
- crew training in simulated tactical situation.
Positiv-ME1 and Positiv-ME1.2 Active Radars can be used as:
- target detection systems, detection module, radar module for CIWS or missile systems;
- scanning radars for the ships of various classes, as well as for land mobile platforms, stationary facilities and transportable containers.
|Target detection range||up to 250 km||up to 150 km|
|Fighter-class target detection range||up to 110 km||up to 50 km|
|Sector width by elevation||up to 85 deg.||up to 85 deg.|
|Output of surface and air target designation data to missile firing control systems, torpedo and artillery systems, as well as to jamming systems.High rate of scanning.|
Front Dome (MR-90 Orekh)
|Type: Radar||Altitude Max: 30480 m|
|Range Max: 74.1 km||Altitude Min: 0 m|
|Range Min: 0.4 km||Generation: Early 1980s|
|Properties: Pulse Doppler Radar (Full LDSD Capability), Continuous Wave Illumination|
|Sensors / EW:|
|Front Dome [MR-90 Orekh] – (1981, Fire Dome?) Radar
Role: Radar, FCR, Surface-to-Air, Short-Range
Max Range: 74.1 km
MGK-335EM-03 sonar system
|Type: Hull Sonar, Active/Passive||Altitude Max: 0 m|
|Range Max: 9.3 km||Altitude Min: 0 m|
|Range Min: 0 km||Generation: Early 2010s|
|Sensors / EW:|
|Bull Nose [MGK-335EM-03 Zarya-3] – Hull Sonar, Active/Passive
Role: Hull Sonar, Active/Passive Search & Track
Max Range: 9.3 km
Ladoga-ME-11356 inertial navigation and stabilisation system
Inertial navigation and stabilization system for submarines and surface ships Ladoga-ME.
The system provides shipborne systems of submarines and surface ships with navigation and stabilization parameters. It operates in autonomous and GPS/GLONASS-aided modes.
Any types of users can be connected.
Data output to users is performed in digital (MIL-STD-1553B) and analog form. Data elektropribor.spb.ru
Admiral Grigorovich (745)
Countermeasures are provided by ASOR-11356 Electronic Counter Measures (ECM) system and PK-10 close-range decoy dispensing system. The PK-10 system, which includes KT-216-E decoy dispenser, A3-SR-50 radar decoy round and A3-SO-50/A3-SOM-50 electro-optical decoy round, protects the vessels from incoming radar or electro-optical guided weapons.
PK-10 Shipborne Decoy Dispensing System
TK-25E-5 integrated electronic warfare suite
Main Jamming systems is the TK-25E-5 Jammer. That can Jam any kinda Radar Emitting Objects, Basically Airborne and Shipborne Target Acquisition Radars, These Radars are used in all kind of Ships to Search and Track Enemy ships and Ready to Launch and Guide any Kind of Missiles, The Airborne Target Acquisition Radars means Anti Submarine Aircrafts Like P 3 , P 8 and Russian Tu 142, IL 38, These Radars also Track Ships, But here the TK-25E-5 Jammer do it’s Jobs by feeding Fake Targets and Information’s disrupting their Command and Control Center, further more the Jammer can Disable the Enemy Radars too, mostly they can able to jam Airborne Radars and Make it useless in Combat Data sajeevpearlj.blogspot.com
|Type: ESM||Altitude Max: 0 m|
|Range Max: 926 km||Altitude Min: 0 m|
|Range Min: 0 km||Generation: Early 2000s|
|Sensors / EW:|
|TK-25E-5 ESM [ASOR-11356] – (Assoc w Wine Glass) ESM
Role: ELINT w/ OTH Targeting
Max Range: 926 km
The combined gas and gas (COGAG) propulsion system integrating two cruise turbines and two boost turbines powers the Admiral Grigorovich Class. The main propulsion plant generates a maximum power output of 56,000hp.
Saturn enterprise gas turbine engines for Russian Navy: Here
Efficiency and lifetime of the new Russian-made marine gas turbine engines will outclass foreign equivalents by 10-15%, said president Putin on Tuesday, April 25 at the opening ceremony of the NPO Saturn’s new gas-turbine engine production facility. Most of these engines made by Saturn (Rybinsk, Russia) are more efficient than their Ukrainian counterparts: 36% vs 32%. However, comparing to Ukrainian products, not every Russian propulsion plant enjoys the advantage mentioned by the president. Below Mil.Today compared parameters of gas-turbine engines.
M70FRU engines (Russian)
Development – OAO NPO Saturn
Serial production – OAO NPO Saturn
M70FRU is a naval turboshaft engine with 14,000 h.p., developed especially for the Russian Navy and intended for use on ships of all classes.
Dimensional characteristics, power characteristics and rotational velocity of power turbines allow to use the M70FRU engine in a whole range of older military ships of various classes in Russia and abroad.
Availability of versions working with gas fuel allow to use M70FRU as a drive for electric generators and gas compressors (superchargers) on all civil naval and sea-side object which have access to gas fuel (floating power stations, sea rigs, sea-port plats etc)
Key Characteristics of the GTD M70FRU:
|Power at limiting point, h.p.||14000|
|Power in nominal mode, h.p.||12000|
|Specific fuel rate at limiting point, kg/h.p.h||0,172|
|Specific fuel rate in nominal mode, kg/h.p.h||0,178|
|Air use at compressor inlet, kg/с||33,3|
|– between repairs||20000|
M75RU engines (Russian)
Development – OAO NPO Saturn
Serial production – OAO NPO Saturn.
M75RU is a naval turboshaft engine with 7,000 h.p., developed specially for the Russian Navy. The first tests of the trial GTD M75RU, which became the first Russian naval turboshaft engine, took place in 2003. The decree of the state trial board certifying the GTD M75RU with the maximum of 7,000 h.p. was signed on the 25th November 2006. A series of engines are planned for development on the basis of M75RU specially for the Russian Navy, Border Control Services and civil ships.
Key Characteristics of the GTD M75RU:
|Power at limiting point, h.p.||7000|
|Power in nominal mode, h.p.||6000|
|Specific fuel rate at limiting point, kg/h.p.h||0,190|
|Specific fuel rate in nominal mode, kg/h.p.h||0,198|
|Air use at compressor inlet, kg/sec||23,1|
|– between repairs||20000|
The frigate is powered by a two-shaft gas-turbine plant developing max power of 28,000 hp on each shaft at ambient temperature of +15°C. The power plant is managed by Burya-11356 control system. Electric power is provided by four 800kW WCM800/5-type diesel generators supplying three-phase AC/380V/50Hz under control of Angara-11356 system.
ДС71 – DS71 (Ukraine)
Gas turbine engine UGT 6000R (ДС71 – DS71) @zmturbines.com
Three-shaft gas turbine
Compressors: axial 8-stage LPC, 9-stage HPC
Combustion chamber is a can-annular 10-liner counterflow chamber
Compressor turbines are axial single stage LPT and HPT
Power turbine is an axial 2-, 3-, 4- or 6-stage engine (depending on modification)
The turbine start up is fulfilled by means of the rotor spinning with one AC electric starter of 30kW continious power.
ДТ59 – DT59 (Ukraine)
Gas turbine engine UGT 16000 (ДТ59 – DT59) @zmturbines.com
Three-shaft gas turbine
Compressors: axial 7-stage LPC, 9-stage HPC
Combustion chamber is a can-annular 10-liner straight-flow chamber
Compressor turbines are axial 2-stage engines
Power turbine is an axial 2-, 3-stage engine
The turbine start up is fulfilled by means of the rotor spinning with three AC electric starters of 30kW continuous power
M7N1 Propulsion Plant
The frigates are also fitted with four WCM 800/5 diesel-alternators producing 3,200kW electricity for shipboard systems. The propulsion system ensures a maximum speed of 30kt and cruising range of 5,000nmi. The vessel can continuously operate for 30 days.
Main material source: naval-technology.com
Kamov Ka-27 Helix
|Kamov Ka-27PL ‘Helix-A’|
|Dimensions and weight|
|Main rotor diameter||15.9 m|
|Weight (empty)||6.1 t|
|Weight (maximum take off)||12.6 t|
|Engines and performance|
|Engines||2 x Klimov TV3-117V turboshaft engines|
|Engine power||2 x 2 190 hp|
|Maximum speed||250 km/h|
|Cruising speed||230 km/h|
|Service ceiling||5 km|
|Maximum payload||5 t|
|Torpedoes||4 x APR-2E homing torpedoes|
|Bombs||4 x groups of S3V guided anti-submarine bombs in place of torpedoes|
General characteristics – Project 11356
|Range:||4850 nmi (14 knots)|
|Propulsion:||1×46000 hp M7N1 (2×6000 hp gas turbines, 2×17000 hp forsage gas turbines), 2 fixed pitch propellers, 4×800 kW WCM-800/5diesel-generators|
|Armament:||1×8 ЗS14E anti-ship missile complex VLS «Club-N» (8 3M54TE anti-ship missiles) (№01354-01356 – «BrahMos» PJ-10 anti-ship missiles, from №01357 – «Kalibr-NK» guided missile complex)) – 3R-14N-11356 fire control system
1×1 ЗS90E «Shtil-1» launcher (24 9M317E missiles) – 3R91E1 fire control system (from №01357 – 2×12 3S90E.1 «Shtil-1» SAM system VLS (24 missiles))
1×1 100 mm A-190E – (from №01357 – A-190-01) 5P-10E «Puma» fire control system
2 «Kashtan» modules CIWS – 2x(8 missiles, 2×6 30 mm) (64 9M311E missiles, 6000 rounds) (from №01354 – 2×6 30 mm AK-630M – MR-123-02 «Vympel» fire control system)
2?x1 12,7 mm 6P58 «Kord» heavy machine guns
8×1 SAM «Igla-1E» launchers
2×2 533 mm DTA-53-11356 torpedo tubes (SET-65E, 53-65KE torpedoes) – «Purga-11356» fire control system
1×12 RBU-6000 RPK-8E launcher (48 RGB-60 or 90R anti-submarine guided missiles)
2×10 55 mm DP-65 grenade launcher (RG-55М grenades)
1 Ka-28 or Ka-31 helicopter
|Electronics:||MR-710 «Fregat-M» (№301-303 – «Fregat-MAE», №01354-01356 – «Fregat-M2EM») air/surface search radar, «Pozitiv-M1.2» air/surface search radar (№01354-01356), 3Ts-25EK air/surface search radar (№301-303, 01354-01356 – 3Ts-25E), MR-212/201-1 «Vaygach-U» navigation radar, «Bridge-Master» navigation radar, «Nucleus-2-6000A», «ASOR-11356» complex (№01357-01362 – TK-25), MGK-335EM-03 «Platina» sonar (№301-303, 01354-01356 – «Humsa» sonar, SSN-137 sonar), «Trebovanie-M» combat information control system, «Tsentavr» satellite communication complex (№01357-01362), SSC Мк2 communication complex (№301-303, 01354-01356)
PK-10 «Smely» decoy RL (4 KT-216 launchers)
8 + 6 units Completed
Baltic Shipyard, Sankt-Peterburg – 3 units
Yantar Shipyard, Kaliningrad – 5+4 units
Baltic Fleet: Dozornyy, Udarnyy, SKR-23, №01354-01356
Black Sea Fleet: Admiral Grigorovich, Admiral Essen
Dozornyy: 701(2001), 704(10.2001)
Admiral Grigorovich: 745(2015)
Admiral Essen: 751(08.2015)
Updated Jul 21, 2017