T-14 Armata is a new-generation main battle tank (MBT) developed by Russian company Uralvagonzavod (UVZ). It was officially unveiled for the first time during the Moscow Victory Day Parade in May 2015.
The Armata MBT is expected to enter service in 2015 with the Russian Armed Forces, which plans to induct 2,300 Armata main battle tanks by 2020.
First tanks T-14 entered service Taman Division after 2020: Here
Excerpt – Translated by Google
In May it became known that the first tanks T-14 entered service Taman Division after 2020.
Tank T-14 on the basis of standardized heavy tracked “Armata” platform developed in Russia in 2000-2010 Ural Transport Machine-Building Design Bureau (part of the Corporation “Uralvagonzavod”) and is the world’s first serial main battle tank of the new layout (with uninhabited combat compartment ). Currently, this type of machine are combat tests.
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Russian weapons manufacturer Uralvagonzavod plans on testing the T-14 Armata battle tank at a test range in the industrial city of Nizhny Tagil, deputy prime minister Dmitry Rogozin told Russian media on June 20. In development since the collapse of the Soviet Union and first unveiled as a prototype in 2012, the Russian military is currently field testing 100 Armatas with hopes to deploy the tank downrange as early as 2019. Should the new armor exceed expectations, the Russian Defense Ministry plans on procuring a total 2,300 by 2020.
T-14 Armata design and features
The T-14 Armata is based on a modular combat platform, which can also serve as a basis for other armoured variants such as heavy infantry fighting vehicle (IFV) and armoured personnel carrier (APC).
Modular combat platform
The hull is divided into three compartments, a crew cab at forward, an unmanned remote controlled turret in the centre and a power-pack at the rear. The driver sits in the left, gunner in the middle and commander in the right inside a special armoured capsule. Entry and exit are provided through three hatches in front of the hull.
The roof of the turret houses a meteorological mast, satellite communications, global navigation satellite system (GLONASS), data-link and radio communications antennae.
The tank measures 10.8m-long, 3.5m-wide and 3.3m-high, and has a combat weight of 48t.
Meteorological mast, satellite communications, global navigation satellite system (GLONASS), data-link and radio communications antennae.
125mm 2A82-1M smoothbore
The T-14 Armata is fitted with an unmanned turret mounting a 125mm 2A82-1M smoothbore gun fed by an automatic loader. The turret carries a total of 45 rounds of ammunition, including ready-to-use ammunition. The main gun can also fire laser-guided missiles.
T-14 Armata Tank Autoloader Diagram
125mm 2A82-1M smoothbore gun
125mm 2A82-1M smoothbore – Телеканал Звезда
The main gun is the 125mm 2A82-1M smoothbore. It is capable of firing all standard types of ammunition including ATGM giving it a firing range of 8km. Russian media reports that a new Armour-piercing fin-stabilized discarding-sabot (APFSDS) round called Vacuum-1 is being developed for the T-14 as is a new HE-FRAG called Telnik and a new 3UBK21 Sprinter ATGM.
The 125mm 2A82-1M is noticeable in that it does not have a fume extractor. These are normally used to pull the toxic gases from the firing process out of the muzzle after the round has exited so they do not blow back in to the turret when the breach is open so the crew avoiding breathing in the gases. As the turret is unmanned a fume extractor is not required.
The main gun is coupled to the autoloader, which Russian media has said is capable of firing 10+ rounds per minute.
The Fire Control System has the latest version of thermal sighting equipment for the gunner and commander’s independent sight. The ballistic computer has the latest sensors and laser range finder and is able to track moving targets increasing the 1st hit probability of the main gun.
The main gun and sights are stabilised for observation and firing whilst on the move. The vehicle has a coaxial 7.62mm Machine Gun and a Remote Weapon Station with a 12.7mm MG on top of the turret. Source tanknutdave.com
125mm 2A82-1M smoothbore
The 2A82 125mm gun can be replaced with a new 2A83 152mm gun in future. The tank can also be fitted with secondary weapons including a Kord 12.7mm machine gun and a PKTM 7.62mm machine gun.
Kord 12.7mm machine gun
12,7 mm machine-gun on infantry mount 6T20 (index 6P60) is designed for defeat of lightly-armoured ground targets, vehcles and group living force at the distance of up to 2000 m.
12,7 mm machine-gun on bipod 6T19 (index 6P57), installed on infantry mount 6T20 (index 6P60), ensures firing in vertical and horizontal surfaces, in a lying position, on a knee and stading in a trench.
|Firing rate, shot/min||600-750|
|Muzzle velocity of a bullet, m/s||820-860|
|Target range, m (max)||2000|
|Technical resource, shot||10000|
|Machine-gun mass (without sight and SPTA),
— Mass of 12.7 mm machine-gun
on bipod 6T19 (index 6П57)
— Mass of infantry mount
|Machine-gun dimensions, mm (max)
height (with sight)
height (without sight)
width (between bipod supports)
from 475 to 575
from 395 to 495
Russia like a lot of countries have been developing and experimenting with larger bore calibre main guns.
‘Meter of armor’: Armata’s next supreme 152mm gun to sport super-piercing shell: Here
Russia’s new T-14 Armata tank is going to get an even more powerful armament, as the next version of the main battle tank will be armed with previously rumored 152mm gun, revealed the official in charge of the defense industry.
Deputy PM Dmitry Rogozin told Izvestia newspaper that next-stage Armata tanks will be supplied with already-developed big bore cannon and brand new projectiles.
152 mm on the T-80 but still with an eye on the GTE 1500 hp Source: afirsov.livejournal.com
Russia’s UVZ says ready to create new tank with 152-mm cannon
KUBINKA /Moscow Region/, August 22. /TASS/. Uralvagonzavod (UVZ), a part of Russia’s state corporation Rostec is ready to create a new heavy tank with a 152-mm cannon on the basis of the Armata platform, UVZ press service told TASS.
“There are technical resources to create a tank on the Armata platform,” the source said. “The decision is up to the client, the Russian Defense Ministry.”
The T-14 tank based on the Armata platform was publicly shown for the first time at the Victory Day parade on Red Square on May 9, 2015. The new combat vehicle features fully digitized equipment, an unmanned turret and an isolated armored capsule for the crew. So far, the Russian armed forces are expected to receive 100 such tanks. Source tass.com
T-14 Armata self-protection
The hull is equipped with a modular armour system made of steel, ceramics and composite materials. The low-silhouette of the tank avoids exposition of the parts to enemy fire, which significantly enhances the safety and survivability of the crew. The crew capsule is isolated from the automatic loader and ammunition to increase crew survivability during explosions.
- Бронекапсула, где экипаж выживает даже при повреждении башни и возгорании соседнего отсека
- Необитаемая башня с отделением для боеприпасов и элементами автомата заряжания
- Несъемные топливные баки, защищенные противокумулятивным экраном
- Дизельный двигатель мощностью 1800 л.с.
- Armored capsule, where the crew survives even if the tower is damaged and the adjacent compartment is ignited
- Uninhabited tower with ammunition compartment and elements of the automatic loading device
- Fixed fuel tanks protected with anti-cumulative shield
- Diesel engine capacity of 1800 hp
T-14 Armata Tank armour – Source: tanknutdave.com
The tank is anticipated to offer up to STANAG 4569 Level 5 protection. Its forward portion is covered with reactive armour, whereas the rear is fitted with bar armour to provide added protection against anti-tank rocket-propelled grenades (RPGs). The tank can also be hinged with additional active and passive armour.
T-14 Armata Tank Bar armour – Source: tanknutdave.com
The nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) protection, automatic fire suppression system and smoke grenade dischargers aboard the tank further enhance the crew survivability. The new Afghanit hard-kill active protection system on the tank defends incoming anti-tank guided missiles (ATGMs), rockets and RPGs.
Hard-kill active protection & smoke discharger
The tower on the right is larger. The colors are:
1 – surveillance cameras
2 – receiving antenna of active protection of the upper hemisphere
3 – active protection system “Afghanistan”
4 – block of charges of the active protection complex of the upper hemisphere
5 – block of charges of the active defense system “Afghanistan”
6 – shooting slot, from which flies off the striking element of KAZ “Afghanistan”. The black cover can rotate 360 degrees, directing the element to the desired side. Each tube contains several dozen charges.
Russian Armata Tanks to Get New Active Protection System with UV detectors: Here
Afghanit hard-kill active protection system
Russia also says the tanks use magnetic sensors to repel incoming anti-tank rockets.
If a laser targets the tank, the Armata is capable of releasing a cloud of debris which tricks the incoming threat.
The Armata is almost entirely covered in thick armor plates.
Russia’s Armata gets new armor for urban warfare: Here
According to the developers, “plate shields,” which are similar in appearance to the bars on metal bunk beds, will be installed along the perimeter of the machines. These shields will protect armored vehicles from cumulative grenades and anti-tank guided missiles — the most common threat to them in urban settings. The new shields are intended to deform the head of a grenade when it makes contact with the vehicle and divert part of the energy from the explosion.
Observation and fire control
Front view. The color is marked:
1 – the niche of the sight of the gunner or the hatch for the ejection of the spent cartridge shells from the tower, until it is clear
2 – the mysterious niche under dop. gun on the turret or the real hatch ejection shells.
The commander and gunner are provided with multispectral sights with visible scope, thermal channels, and laser rangefinders.
The commander’s sight mounted on top of the turret offers a 360° field of view, while the gunner’s sight is fitted with a direct-vision periscope and a laser designator.
The wide-angle cameras fitted on the tank provide a full 360° all-round vision and situational awareness for the crew. The tank is also expected to carry electro-optical/infrared (EO/IR) based laser warning receivers.
View from the starboard side of the tank. The colors are:
1 – hatch tank commander, pay attention to the construction of the armor
2 – active protection system “Afghanistan”, from below the tubes of charges, above it radar
3 – elements of the active protection of the upper hemisphere of the tank, on the roof – radiating antennas, below the square panels – receiving antennas, as well as a block of charges
4 – panoramic sight, combined with a machine gun
5 – a panorama camera
6 – a forage niche.
360-degree view cameras
The T-14 Armata is fitted with a computerised fire control system, which automatically formulates the fire control solution using the data from a muzzle reference system and a wind sensor mounted on the roof of the turret. The tank is also equipped with a battlefield management system.
Additionally, the tanks software can set and track targets by itself, leaving the crew free to focus on other objectives
Engine and mobility of the Russian MBT
The Armata T-14 is powered by a A-85-3A turbocharged diesel engine, which generates a power output of 1,200hp. The engine is coupled to a 12-speed automatic transmission.
A-85-3A turbocharged diesel engine
A-85-3A is turbo-piston diesel engine (sometimes named 2A12-3, 12CHN15/16 or 12N360) for front- and rear-positioned engine compartment. A-85-3A engine is used on an Armata universal platform.
The development of the engine was engaged in Chelyabinsk Transdizel design bureau. It produced on Chelyabinsk tractor plant.
A-85-3A (12N360) Engine Specifications:
- Engine Type: four X – shaped, 12 – cylinder with a turbocharged and intercooled air
- The system of fuel mixing: direct fuel injection
|Engine power output (h.p.)||1500|
|Rated speed (r.p.m.)||2000|
|Fuel consuption (g/h.p.h)||160|
Engine data army-guide.com
The running gear includes seven dual rubber-tired road wheels on each side. The tank can run at a maximum road speed of 90km/h and has a maximum cruising range of 500km.
|One 125mm gun, one 57mm automatic grenade launcher, one 12.7 mm machine gun|
|Infrared night vision, NBC protection system, automatic fire control system, fire detection and suppression system, battle management system|
|Protection against small arms and shell splinters. Active protection system and active, passive add-on armour|
|80 to 90 km/h maximum road speed|
|Length, ? m; Width, ? m; Height, ? m|
Specification data armyrecognition.com
T-16 Armata Armoured Recovery Vehicle
The Armata is a new family of tracked heavy armored vehicles being developed for the Russian Armed Forces by Uralvagonzavod Research and Production Corporation since 2010. The original aim of the Armata program was to develop a new generation main battle tank (MBT). The Russian Army concerns about the quality of the T-90 tanks and its intended successors the Black Eagle and T-95 prototypes led to the cancellation of the T-95 and prevented any more T-90A orders from the Russian Army. The Armata is a new design aimed at fixing the low quality concerns of Russian-made MBTs. The Russian Army also aimed the new program at delivering an entire family of tracked heavy armored vehicles. The Armata family propulsion system consists of a 1,500-hp diesel engine with a fully mechanized electric transmission with maintenance and repair schedules extended compared with existing heavy armored vehicle’s propulsion systems. Between 2010 and 2015 the vehicle’s main components were tested by the Uralvagonzavod and the military leading to the production of 20 prototypes in 2015 for troop’s evaluation. The Armata family is expected to be ready for mass production by 2017 entering into active duty with the Russian Army soon after. The Armata heavy armored vehicle family are expected to be unveiled during the Victory Day Parade on Red Square, May 9, 2015 in Moscow.
The T-16, also known as Armata ARV or BREM-T, is an armored recovery and repair variant intended to provide support on the battlefield to the other variants of the Armata heavy armored vehicle family.
Rolling Rubber Wheels: 7
Max Range: 500 kilometer (311 mile)
Power: 1,500 hp (1,119 kW)
Top Speed: 90 kph (56 mph)
T-16 data deagel.com
Main material source army-technology.com
Revised Apr 21, 2017
Updated Aug 23, 2018