ARMATA T-14 PROTECTION
T-14 Armata Tank armour
In the development of the tank a new armoured steel plate was developed called 44C-SV-W. It’s understood that it’s lighter than normal steel and used in the vehicles construction to reduce the vehicles weight.
A steel and new ceramic composite armor has been added across the normal frontal arc. In addition a new dual Explosive Reactive Armor has been added on top of this, now referred to by Russia as “modular”.
This new ERA (reportedly named as Malachite) is visible on the vehicle (marked as 1. on the above image) by its shape/lines. It’s claimed that the new armour offers protection levels of 1000–1100 mm vs APFSDS and 1200–1400 mm vs HEAT.
The Armata is also fitted with modular armor along the side of the hull. Sources indicate that these contain either composite or ERA, depending on the mission requirement.
T-14 Armata Tank Bar armour
The rear engine section of the hull has a section of bar armor to protect against single charge RPG-7 attacks.
The turrets futuristic frontal shape and the material used in its construction is supposed to reduce its thermal signature and does not represent its true shape. Mounted on the turret are 2 active protection systems, 1 a hard killer system and the other a masking system.
T-14 Armata Tank active protection systems
The Afghanit hard kill system launching tubes used to fire projectiles at ATGM & HEAT rounds, are located low on the turret sides.
X2 traversable NII Stali (manufacturer’s name) Upper Hemisphere Protection Complex launchers and a further x2 embed launchers are installed on top of the turret. These are described by the manufacturer as “The principle of operation is based on the detection of complex precision-guided munitions flew, striking the upper hemisphere, and the disruption of its guidance system or a powerful electromagnetic pulse, or the creation of securable multispectral aerosol cloud of false and IR purposes”.
The crew are offered greater protection by being moved to the hull. Their fighting compartment is protected by armoured bulkheads separating them from the autoloader and ammunition storage in case of a catastrophic failure.
The vehicle has full NBC protection and may have an internal fire detection and suppression system.
Russian Armata Tanks to Get New Active Protection System with UV detectors: Here
Russia also says the tanks use magnetic sensors to repel incoming anti-tank rockets.
If a laser targets the tank, the Armata is capable of releasing a cloud of debris which tricks the incoming threat.
The Armata is almost entirely covered in thick armor plates.
Footage from inside the tank shows touch screens and 360-degree view cameras.
Additionally, the tanks software can set and track targets by itself, leaving the crew free to focus on other objectives.
The first ever released footage of the tank firing shows the large cannon has surprisingly little recoil in the tank. (The Armata T-14 will also be fitted with a larger 152mm gun)
Posted by “A guide to Russia’s T-14 Armata tank” Alex Lockie Jan. 31, 2016 by Business Insider
Russia’s Armata gets new armor for urban warfare: Here
The main gun is the 125mm 2A82-1M smoothbore. It is capable of firing all standard types of ammunition including ATGM giving it a firing range of 8km. Russian media reports that a new Armour-piercing fin-stabilized discarding-sabot (APFSDS) round called Vacuum-1 is being developed for the T-14 as is a new HE-FRAG called Telnik and a new 3UBK21 Sprinter ATGM.
The 125mm 2A82-1M is noticeable in that it does not have a fume extractor. These are normally used to pull the toxic gases from the firing process out of the muzzle after the round has exited so they do not blow back in to the turret when the breach is open so the crew avoiding breathing in the gases. As the turret is unmanned a fume extractor is not required.
T-14 Armata Tank Autoloader Diagram
The main gun is coupled to the autoloader, which Russian media has said is capable of firing 10+ rounds per minute.
Example how auto loader works
The Fire Control System has the latest version of thermal sighting equipment for the gunner and commander’s independent sight. The ballistic computer has the latest sensors and laser range finder and is able to track moving targets increasing the 1st hit probability of the main gun.
The main gun and sights are stabilised for observation and firing whilst on the move. The vehicle has a coaxial 7.62mm Machine Gun and a Remote Weapon Station with a 12.7mm MG on top of the turret.
Source: Tank Nut Dave
The Armata is a generic name given to a family of vehicles currently being developed in Russia sharing a common chassis, aka Universal Combat Platform.
The Armata Universal Combat Platform is a significant change in armoured vehicle development in Russia, who in the past have developed and are operating different tanks such as the T-72, T-80 and T-90, Infantry Fighting Vehicles such as the BMP-1, BMP-2 and BMP-3, which have all been based on different chassis.
Analyzing the shape of the turret created by the blankets, the main gun appears to be a 125mm smoothbore and maybe either the 2A46M-5 or a newer version. There appears to be a bustle at the rear of the turret, which maybe an ammunition storage compartment. There appears to be a roof mounted Remote Weapon Station.
Uralvagonzavod have demonstrated with the T-90SM Main Battle Tank their capability to develop and produce sophisticated Fire Control Systems with hunter killer capabilities, target tracking and digital thermal sighting technology, which could be installed on the T-14 (not the exact system).
The Moscow Times
Russia’s new Armata T-14 tank will cost a mere 250 million rubles ($3.75 million) when it enters serial production, the head of the vehicle’s manufacturer said Tuesday, putting the battle tank in strong position to compete with U.S. and European rivals on the global export market.
Competitors to the Armata, such as the German Leopard 2, the U.S. M1 Abrams, and the British Challenger 2 are estimated to cost anywhere from $6.8 to $8.6 million, news agency RBC reported Tuesday. China’s Type 99 main battle tank, however, is estimated to cost a mere $2.6 million.
Source: Daily Mail
Updated Oct 16, 2016
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T-90SM Main Battle Tank – it’s capability