plan-chinese-type-056-corvette-abcdef-peoples-liberation-army-navy-pakistan-pn-export-navy-frigate-lite-anti-ship-missile-ascm-yj802345k-c-hq-1012-ciws-11-1

Jiangdao Class (Type 056) Corvette

Type 056 Jiangdao is a new class of stealth corvettes being built by four Chinese shipbuilders to replace the ageing Type 037 fleet of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) Navy.

Type 037 corvette

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The Type 037 corvette is a series 400-500 ton corvette type classes in service with the Peoples Liberation Army Navy. Unlike western navies, the Peoples Liberation Army Navy does not have dedicated patrol boats in its inventory. Instead, a large variety of corvette type classes, in the form of missile boats and submarine chasers fulfill the tasks of patrolling China’s territorial waters. The Egyptian Navy operates eight vessels.

Class overview
Name: Hainan-class
Operators: People’s Liberation Army Navy
Preceded by: Haizhui-class
Succeeded by: Type 037I (Haiqing-class)
Built: 1964-1982
In commission: 1964-present
Completed: 100+
Active: 67 (PLAN)
Lost: 1 (North Korean)
General characteristics
Type: Submarine chaser
Displacement: 430 tonnes (420 long tons; 470 short tons)
Length: 58.77 m (192 ft 10 in)
Beam: 7.2 m (23 ft 7 in)
Draft: 2.2 m (7 ft 3 in)
Propulsion: ·4 × diesel engines, 8,800 hp (6,562 kW)

·4 × shafts

Speed: 30.5 knots (56.5 km/h; 35.1 mph)
Range: 2,000 nmi (3,700 km) at 14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph)
Complement: 70
Sensors and
processing systems:
·1 × Pot Head surface search radar

·1 × Soviet Tamir-II hull mounted or SJD-3 telescoping high frequency active sonar

Armament: ·4 × Chinese Type 66 57 mm (2.2 in) guns (2×2)

·4 × Chinese Type 6125 mm (0.98 in) guns (2×2)

·4 × RBU-1200 or Type 81 ASW rocket launchers

·2 × BMB-2 ASW mortars

·2 × depth charge rails with more than 20 depth charges, and mine rails (10 mines total)

Source wikiwand.com

The PLA Navy plans to procure 20 corvettes in the first batch. It currently operates ten Type 056 ships, while the remaining vessels are in various stages of construction.

The Jiangdao Class corvette can be deployed in patrol, escort, search-and-rescue, surveillance, exclusive economic zone (EEZ) protection, electronic warfare (EW), fishery resources protection, anti-aircraft warfare (AAW), anti-submarine warfare (ASW) and anti-surface warfare (ASUW) operations.

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Construction of Jiangdao Class corvettes

The stealth corvette class is under construction at Wuchang, Huangpu, Hudong-Zhongua and Liaonan shipyards.

type-056-jiangdao-class-corvette-582-bengbu-officially-joined-esf-at-zhoushan-19Bengbu (582)9236405141_d87d905eca_bHuizhou (596)

The lead ship in class, Bengbu (582), was rolled out in May 2012 and began sea trials in November 2012. The vessel entered service with the East Sea Fleet in February 2013. The second frigate, Huizhou (596), was launched in June 2012 and commissioned into the Hong Kong Garrison in July 2013.

plan-chinese-type-056-corvette-abcdef-peoples-liberation-army-navy-pakistan-pn-export-navy-frigate-lite-anti-ship-missile-ascm-yj802345k-c-hq-1012-ciws-20-jpgMeizhou (584)

The third vessel, Meizhou (584), was launched in July 2012 and deployed in the South China Sea Fleet in July 2013. Datong (580) was rolled out in August 2012 and entered service with the North China Sea Fleet in May 2013.

Shangrao (583) was launched in August 2012 and entered service with the East Sea Fleet in June 2013. Qinzhou (597) was launched in August 2012 and commissioned into the Hong Kong Garrison in July 2013.

Baise (585) was launched in October 2012 and entered service with the South China Sea Fleet in October 2013. Yingkou (581) was launched in November 2012 and deployed in the North China Sea Fleet in August 2013.

Ji’an (586) was rolled out in February 2013 and commissioned into the East China Sea Fleet in January 2014. The tenth frigate in the class, Jieyang (587), was launched in January 2013 and entered service with the South China Sea Fleet in January 2014.

Quanzhou (588) and Suqian (FFG 593) were launched in June 2013 and November 2013 respectively.

Design and features of Type 056 corvettes

The Type 056 corvette is the first Chinese modular warship that can be deployed as an offshore patrol vessel or a multi-role frigate. The vessel features stealthy hull design integrating sloped surface and compact superstructure.

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The type 056 class fills the gap between the 4000-ton 054A class frigate and 220-ton 022 class FAC. As of now, at least nine other 056s have already been launched by the four shipyards building them. The overall number of this class is expected to be between the final count of 054A (probably around 20) and 022 (around 80). They are expected to replace the 10 Type 053 class Jianghu frigates currently serving in the South China Sea Patrol flotilla and the close to 50 Type 037 class missile boats.

In many ways, the type 056 hull is based on the Pattani class OPV that China built for Thailand from 2005 to 2006, although more signature reduction work is done such as the shielding of the funnels. Source usni.org

75df4a679f87a6d5c8bee97001593d5fImage – Image navyrecognition.com
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Image – Image navyrecognition.com
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Image – Image navyrecognition.com
ae6729a2e8d9a7f43471325d75870b22
Image – Image navyrecognition.com

Royal Thai Navy Pattani class OPV

HTMS Pattani (511) 

His Thai Majesty’s Ship (HTMS) Pattani was the first of two such vessels ordered from China Shipbuilding in 2003. The classification of these ships is confused, as they are sometimes called Offshore Patrol Vessels (OPV), but possibly they are too heavily armed for that appelation, and frequently called frigates, but possibly their displacement is closer to that of a corvette. The Thai Navy’s Pattani-class OPV bears a resemblance to the subsequent Chinese Type 056 corvette / light frigate, though the later is up-gunned relative to the the Thai OPV, with four YJ-3/C803 ASM and a FL-3000N RAM launcher aft, while the former has a much taller superstructure.

The Pattani is an interesting example of how Chinese hulls can be integrated with Western, sensors and weapons systems. Not much has been heard about its performance or build quality, but both were said to be better built than the older Chinese frigates.

FB Page 511เรือหลวงปัตตานี HTMS Pattani 

Length 95.5 meters / 310 feet
Beam 11.6 meters
Draft 3.0 meters
Displacement, standard  
Displacement, Full Load 1,440 tons
Engines 2 x Ruston 16RK270 diesel engine
Speed 25.0 knots
Range 3,500nm @ 15kts
Armament 1 x 76mm 62 Caliber OTO-Melara SuperRapid DP
2 x 20mm 70-caliber AAA
2 x 12.7mm machine gun
Complement 84

Technical data globalsecurity.org

HTMS Narathiwat (512) – Image – thaifighterclub.org

The guided missile corvette has a length of 89m, beam of 11.6m and maximum draft of 4.4m. The full load displacement of the warship is 1,365t and crew capacity is 60.

be457296ed05f9d821b4c27499cb5d58Image – Image navyrecognition.com

The deck of the vessel can accommodate one rigid hull inflatable boat and four inflatable life-rafts packed in hard-shelled canisters. The helicopter deck at the stern can support a Harbin Z-9C light utility helicopter.

Harbin Z-9C light utility helicopter

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Z-9C: Version for PLA Naval Air Force, for deployment aboard certain classes of destroyers and frigates; in service by late 2000. Believed to be equivalent to Arriel 2-engined Eurocopter AS 565 Panther, but equipped with Thales HS-12 dipping sonar and KLC-11/J-band (Chinese version of Agrion 15) surface search radar; armament includes two Yu-7 torpedoes or TV-guided C-701 anti-surface vessel missiles. Source aviastar.org

Specifications (Z-9B)

Data from

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1 or 2 pilots
  • Capacity: 10 passengers or 1,900 kg (4,189 lb) payload internal, 1,600 kg (3,527 lb) payload slung
  • Length: 12.11 m (39 ft 9 in)
  • Height: 4.01 m (13 ft 2 in)
  • Empty weight: 2,050 kg (4,519 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 4,100 kg (9,039 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Zhuzhou Aeroengine Factory WZ-8A turboshaft, 632 kW (848 hp) each
  • Main rotor diameter: 11.94 m (39 ft 2 in)
  • Main rotor area: 111.98 m2 (1,205.3 sq ft) swept area

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 305 km/h (190 mph; 165 kn)
  • Cruising speed: 260 km/h (162 mph; 140 kn)
  • Ferry range: 1,000 km (621 mi; 540 nmi) with internal auxiliary tank
  • Endurance: 5 hours
  • Service ceiling: 4,500 m (14,764 ft) * Hovering Ceiling in ground effect: 2,600 m (8,530 ft)
  • Hovering Ceiling out of ground effect: 1,600 m (5,249 ft)

Armament

2 fixed 23 mm Type 23-2 (AM-23) cannon on attack variants. Pylons for rockets, gun pods, ET52 torpedo, HJ-8 anti-tank missiles, or TY-90 air-to-air missiles.

Technical data wikiwand.com

Type 056 Class sensors / radars

3c01d722ebe7369dadfe7b1c450ba4bdType 056 corvette Bridge – Image – Image navyrecognition.com8f7315a02bb67b8f311da1ef789ec663Type 056 corvette Bridge – Image – Image navyrecognition.com

The Type 056 corvette incorporates a Type 360 air/surface search radar, Type 760 navigation radar, Type LR-66 fire control radar, Type 754 helicopter control and approach radar, and a hull mounted sonar.

Type 360 air/surface search radar

50a5c69364172f49944a39b2684ffa3dThe air/surface search radar is the Type 360S E/F-band, mounted at the top of the forward mast

The Type 360 is an air/surface search radar manufactured by Yangzhou Marine Electronic Instruments Research Institute (扬州船用电子仪器研究所)/ No. 723 Institute and is reportedly based on Selenia RAN-10S / SPS – 774.

Specifications

  • E/F-band

(Specs based on RAN-10S)

  • Beam: 1.5° × 17° (coverage to 60° elevation)
  • Peak Power: 140 kW
  • Gain: 28 dB
  • Burst width: 20.8 (compressed to 0.4) microseconds
  • PRF: 900 pps
  • Scan Rate: 15 or 30 rpm
  • Max altitude: 10,000 m
  • Mast weight: 900 kg
  • Antenna dimensions: 4.3 m × 0.7 m
  • Other features:
    • Phased coded burst pulse, each burst consist of 4 pulses and frequency agile transmitter
    • Separate IFF antenna (4 × yagi) installed on top of antenna.
  • Other reported names:
    • SR60
    • H/LJQ360
    • Seagull-S
    • S-3

Source wikipedia.org

Type 347G/Type LR-66 fire control radar

97c26b03a0a44bf02f6b9875a6f5933aType 347G I-band radars – Image navyrecognition.com

Chinese Designation: Type 347G
Export Name: EFR-1
NATO Reporting Name: Rice Bowl
Role: Fire-control for the Type 76A dual-37mm AAA
Contractor: CETC
Band: I
Range: (2m2 RCS) 12km; or (0.1m2 RCS) 6km
Description: The Type 347G is believed to be based on the 1980s European (Italian) technology. The radar has been seen on many PRC-built surface combatants, in conjunction with the Type 76A dual-37mm AAA gun. Typically, the system consists of two Type 347G radars and four Type 76A guns on destroyers and frigates, and one radar and two AAA guns on smaller corvettes. Source globalmil.com

The warship is also equipped with two jammers, decoy launchers, IR-17 optronics and a SITN240 SATCOM communication system.

Image – navyrecognition.comb22f36c3d2e320f758af9f73ef83b792Image – navyrecognition.com

Weapon systems fitted to the Chinese warship

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The corvette is armed with four YJ-83 (C-803) sea-skimming anti-ship cruise missiles, an AJK-10 (HQ-10) surface-to-air missile launcher and two 324mm triple torpedo tubes. The AJK-10 launcher can fire up to eight missiles.

Chinese Navy (PLAN) Type 056 Corvette test fires YJ-83 anti-ship missile

type_056_corvette_yj-83_antiship_missile_plan_1PLAN Type 056 Corvette Bengbu (first ship of the class) launches a YJ-83 anti-ship missile.
Picture: PLAN – Source navyrecognition.com

YJ-83 Anti-ship missile

pla-navy-chinese-navy-type-056-jiangdao-class-light-frigate-zhonghua-582-583-hqq-10-586-xiamen-83-subchaser-huangpu-596-597-c-803-2-a-antiship-5

The YJ-83 (YingJi-83 meaning Eagle Strike) was designed by the Third Academy of the China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation “CASIC” (HiWING Mechanical & Electrical Technology Corporation). The programme begun in the mid nineties and procurement with the PLAN begun in the late nineties. YJ-83 is a subsonic missile with a reported range of 150 Km (in its surface-launched version). It is a sea skeaming capable missile fitted with an active radar seeker. Source navyrecognition.com

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The YJ-83 is a long-range anti-ship missile designed to meet the requirements of the PLA Navy (PLAN). The YJ-83 has a range of 150 to 200 kilometers and introduces a data-link to receive target updates from airborne assets such as helicopters or fixed-wing aircraft. The YJ-83 can fly at supersonic speeds (Mach 1.5) during the terminal phase of the flight (approx 15 kilometers). The PLAN is deploying the YJ-83 missile as the standard anti-ship missile onboard frigates and destroyers.

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Dimensions

Diameter: 0.36 meter

Length: 6.39 meter (21.0 foot)

Wingspan: 1.22 meter

Performance

Max Range: 200 kilometer (108 nautical mile)

Speed

Cruise Speed: 0.90 mach (1,076 kph)

Top Speed: 1.50 mach (1,793 kph)

Weight

Warhead: 165 kilogram (364 pound)

Source deagel.com

AJK-10 (HQ-10) surface-to-air missile launcher

00016c8b5de01297f6f53cImage – china.cn

HHQ-10 (FL-3000N) short-range Close-In Weapon System (CIWS) Air Defense System

FL-3000N missile utilizes a combined guidance system that incorporates both passive radio frequency (RF) guidance and imaging infrared (ImIR) guidance. There are a pair of horn like protrusions mounted on the ImIR seeker at the tip of the missile, and these two protrusions are the passive RF seeker. An optional ImIR only guidance is also available and the missile is a fire and forget weapon.

bc8716b14add2c7Image – errymath.blogspot.com

The fire control system (FCS) of FL-3000N can simultaneously control two launchers, and can be integrated into other FCS on board ships. Alternatively, FL-3000N is also capable being directly controlled by other FCS on board ships. The system is usually fully automatic without human intervention, but manual operation can be inserted when needed.

800px-type_056_corvette_fl-3000n_8-round_sam_launcherImage – errymath.blogspot.com

Specifications:

  • Length: 2 meters
  • Diameter: 0.12 meter
  • Minimum range: < 500 meters
  • Maximum range: > 9 km for subsonic targets, > 6 km for supersonic targets
  • Guidance: passive RF + ImIR or ImIR only.

Source errymath.blogspot.com

Two 324mm triple torpedo tubes

6adce39ff3b52ea1cd246b69d9f419fcImage – navyrecognition.com

The corvette is equipped with an H/PJ-26 76mm main gun and is also fitted with two H/PJ-17 30mm dual mode remote controlled weapon systems, which can be operated automatically or manually.

H/PJ-26 76mm main gun

pj-26

PJ26 single tube 76MM stealth gun

PJ26 single tube 76MM gun stealth based AK176 single tube 76.2 mm gun stealth modifications on the Russian ship. In early 2000 determined by the Zhengzhou Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering (713) as chief engineer units, and thus responsible for the development, general contracting, Chen Ting Feng served as the chief architect and was completed in 2003.

Performance parameters (Russia AK176 type): 
  total weight: 11500kg (including the lower deck loader) 
  Range: 11.5 ~ 15.5km 
  Rate of fire: 60 to 120 rounds / min 
  reserve ammunition: 152 Hair 
  barrel tilt range: -15 to +85 degree 
  level cyclotron range: about 175 degrees

Source haijun360.com

H/PJ-17 30mm dual mode remote controlled weapon system

1Image – haijun360.com

Abbreviation: H / PJ17 single 30 mm gun, the Department finalized in 2010, 2011, appeared last single tube 30mm guns. Use the gun Norinco 206 LLP12A developed new fire control systems, radar and optical telecommunications channels, equipped with automatic boot photoelectric stations. The first four of this type of gun installed in 2011 in China Qinghai Lake No. 885 Navy offshore supply ship. Also can be used as the main gun mounted on small ships, Fitness, good, new naval weapon against small targets at sea.

Source haijun360.com

Engine and performance

The Jiangdao class corvette is powered by two SEMT Pielstick PA6-STC marine engines driving two shafts. Each engine generates a power output of 5,148kW. The vessel can sail at a maximum speed of more than 30kt and has a range of over 2,000nm at 18kt speed.

S.E.M.T. Pielstick PA6-STC Marine Engine

Cylinder bore 280 mm
Piston stroke 290 mm
Speed 1,050 r/min
Power per cylinder 324 kW
Specific fuel consumption 202 g/kWh
Engine type Cycl. No. Maximal continuous rating kW Dimensions (mm) Dry mass t
A B C D*
16PA6-STC 16 5,148 3,975 6,093 2,196 3,264 31

Technical data ims-germany.com

Main material source naval-technology.com

type-056-corvette-plan

Variants

The P18 corvette is the export version of the Type 056. The P18 is advertised as displacing 1800 tons, with a 95 m. length and a 12 m. beam; the powerplant is two MTU 20V 4000M diesel engines, for a maximum speed of 25 knots (46 km/h); armament may include a 76 mm. gun, two 30 mm. cannons, up to eight anti anti-ship missiles, and two triple torpedo launchers; a medium-sized helicopter may be carried.

In 2014, the P18 was reportedly considered by Kazakhstan to fill a requirement for up to nine ships.

In late-2014, Argentina reportedly agreed to purchase five P18s, two to be built in China, and the remainder to be co-produced in Argentina. The ships would be called the Malvinas-class, and have towed array sonar and an enlarged landing deck to handle Sea King helicopters. Each ship may cost US$50 million.

Bangladesh

The C13B corvette is the P18 variant under construction for the Bangladesh Navy. The corvette displaces 1330 tons and is 90 m. long. It is armed with a H/PJ-26 76 mm. gun, C-803 anti-ship missiles, FL-3000N SAMs and Two H/PJ-17 30mm remote controlled gun turrets. The C13B lacks sonar and ASW weapons. Like the Type 056, there is a helicopter pad but no hangar. The corvette has a reported speed of 25 knots (46 km/h).

2388877.jpgShadhinota (F111) – Image shipspotting.com

Two corvettes were ordered from Wuchang Shipyard in Wuhan,reportedly in October 2012. Shadhinota (F111), the lead ship, was launched on 30 November 2014. Shadhinota and Prottoy were undergoing initial sea trials in early July 2015, but were not yet completely fitted out. Both were expected to enter service in December 2015. Both ships arrived in Chittagong, their home port, on 10 January 2016.

Two more corvettes were ordered in July 2015 and they are under construction now.

Nigeria

The P18N offshore patrol vessel (OPV) is the variant operated by the Nigerian Navy. The P18N displaces 1800 tons, is 95 m. long, has an endurance of 20 days, a maximum speed of 21 knots (39 km/h) and a range of 3,000 nautical miles (5,600 km) at 14 knots (26 km/h).  It has a crew of 75. Armament is reportedly a single NG-16-1 76 mm. gun with a TR47 fire-control radar, two 30 mm. guns, and two 20 mm. guns. The class has an Oil Support Recovery System to combat oil spills. Unlike the Type 056, the P18N has a helicopter hangar.

nns-centenary-f91NNS Centenary (F91)

Nigeria ordered two P18Ns from CSOC in April 2012 for US$42 million each. The first was slated to be completed in China, with the final 50–70% of the second being completed at the Nigerian Naval Shipyard in Port Harcourt; CSOC was contracted to upgrade the shipyard to facilitate this.

NNS Centenary (F91), the first P18N, was built at the Wuchang Shipyard in Wuhan. It was launched January 2014 and completed trials in October 2014. Centenary left China in December 2014 and arrived in Lagos, Nigeria in February 2015; it was commissioned the same month. Delivery was originally expected in mid-2014.

The second OPV, NNS Unity (F92), was reported in February 2015 to be undergoing outfitting at Wuchang, and was expected to be delivered in 2015. Nigeria had originally expected to receive it in mid-2014 for completion at Port Harcourt.

Ships in class

 People’s Liberation Army Navy

 Pennant Number   Name   Builder   Launched   Commissioned   Fleet   Status 

Type 056

501[29] 信阳 / Xinyang[29]     March 2015[29] North Sea Fleet[29] Active
503[30]            
505[17] 秦皇岛 / Qinhuangdao[17] Hudong[17] October 2014[17] 16 October 2015[17] North Sea Fleet[17] Active[17]
580[30][31] 大同 / Datong[31]     May 2013[31]   Active
581[30][32] 营口 / Yingkou[32]     August 2013[32] North Sea Fleet[32] Active
582[30][33] 蚌埠 / Bengbu[30]     February 2013[33]   Active
583[30] 上饶 / Shangrao[30]          
584[30][34] 梅州 / Meizhou[30][34]     July 2013[34] South Sea Fleet[34] Active
585[30] 百色/ Baise[30]          
586[30] 吉安 / Ji’an[30]          
587[30][35] 揭阳 / Jieyang[30][35]     January 2014[35] South Sea Fleet[35] Active
588[30][36] 泉州 / Quanzhou[36]     August 2014[36] East Sea Fleet[36] Active
589[30][37] 清远 / Qingyuan[37] Huangpu[37]   June 2014[37] South Sea Fleet[37] Active
590[30] 威海 / Weihai[38]          
591[30]            
592[30][37] 泸州 / Luzhou[37] Wuhan[37]   June 2014[37] South Sea Fleet[37] Active
595[30]            
596[30][39] 惠州 / Huizhou[30][39]     July 2013[40] Hong Kong Garrison[39] Active
597[30][39] 钦州 / Qinzhou[30][39]     July 2013[40] Hong Kong Garrison[39] Active

Type 056A

502[8] 黄石 / Huangshi[8] Hudong[8]   March 2015[8] North Sea Fleet[8] Active
593[4][30] 三门峡 / Sanmenxia[4] Hudong[10] November 2013[11] November 2014[4] East Sea Fleet[4] Active
594[30][41] 株洲 / Zhuzhou[41]     November 2014[41] South Sea Fleet[41] Active

Bangladesh Navy

 Pennant Number   Name   Builder   Launched   Commissioned   Status 
F111[6] Shadhinota[6] Wuchang[6] 30 November 2014[22] 11 December 2015[23] Active[23]
F112[6] Prottoy[6] Wuchang[6]   11 December 2015[23] Active[23]

Nigerian Navy

Pennant Number   Name   Builder   Launched   Commissioned   Status 
F91[25] Centenary[25] Wuchang[26] January 2014[26] February 2015[27] Active
F92[25] Unity[25] Wuchang[25] 29 November 2014[42]    

Source wikiwand.com

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