Eurocopter AS565 Panther

The Eurocopter AS 565 Panther is a multirole light helicopter, designed for troop transport, logistic support and medical evacuation. It is operational with the Brazilian Army, the armed forces of Saudi Arabia and the Israeli Defence Force. The army version is designated the AS 565UB and the naval versions AS 565MB (unarmed) and AS 565SB (armed). The helicopter first flew in 1984 and entered production in 1986. 259 AS 565 Panthers have been ordered: 181 army and 78 naval versions.

The Eurocopter AS565 Panther is the military version of the Eurocopter AS365 Dauphin medium-weight multi-purpose twin-engine helicopter. The Panther is used for a wide range of military roles, including combat assault, fire support, anti-submarine warfare, anti-surface warfare, search and rescue, and medical evacuation (MEDEVAC). Source

Bulgarian Navy Panther AS565MB

In January 2005, the Bulgarian Navy ordered six AS 565MB helicopters for maritime surveillance, search and rescue, anti-submarine and anti-surface operations and 12 Cougar AS 532 AL helicopters at a cost of €360m ($477m). The AS565MB helicopter orders were later cut down to three due to financial crisis in Bulgaria. The first of the three aircraft was delivered in October 2011. The variant AS 565MB is capable of working in both day and night shipborne operations in all environments.

French Navy

As a tactical troop transport, the Panther has the capacity to transport ten commandos. For medical evacuation, it can accommodate up to four patients and one doctor. A sling with a 1,600kg capacity or a 90m-long electrical hoist for loads up to 27.2kg can be fitted.

AS565SA Panther – Image: Jean Thomas Rembert

AS 565 Panther helicopter design

The construction of the helicopter is similar to that of the Eurocopter AS 365N3 Dauphin multipurpose helicopter but the build incorporates more composite materials for high strength and lower radar signature. The infrared signature was reduced by the application of IR-absorbing paint. The entire structure has high crash tolerance and the fully laden helicopter at maximum take-off weight of 4,300kg is able to withstand a vertical impact from 7m. The fuel system is rated to withstand a 14m crash and the fuel tanks are self sealing.

The control servomechanisms and the engine controls are armour protected. The fuselage is fitted with cable cutters.

The helicopter is of light alloy construction with extensive use of glass fibre reinforced plastic and Nomex for added strength and for weight reduction. It has a Starflex fibreglass rotorhead with four main rotor blades.

AS565SA Panther main rotor – Image: Jean Thomas Rembert

The blades can be folded manually and are equipped with quick disconnect pins. The main rotor blades incorporate a carbon fibre reinforced plastic spar and are filled with a Nomex honeycomb material. The blades are corrosion and damage resistant.

An 11-bladed Fenestron faired-in tail rotor provides a higher level of safety for ground crew, air crew and passengers when manoeuvring at low altitudes, during landing or on the ground.

AS565SA Panther – Image: Jean Thomas Rembert

Cockpit systems

The helicopter is fitted with a two-pilot Thales Avionics navigation system. The military secure communications system can be fitted to suit the country’s operational requirements. The crew seats are rated to withstand impacts to +20g.

The electronic warfare suite includes a Thales TMV 011 Sherloc radar warning receiver, 2×2 multifunctional displays (MFD), torpedo control box, OTHT joystick, 10.4in colour tactical display (radar, navigation and FLIR), an infrared jammer and Alcan Elips chaff and flare decoy dispensers.

The helicopter is also equipped with advanced automatic flight control systems (AFCS).



The AS 565 helicopter is armed with Giat M621 20mm cannon pods, 68mm and 70mm unguided rockets. It also carries Matra Mistral air-to-air missiles, AS 15 TT anti-surface missiles, HOT anti-tank missiles, and mk46 or Whitehead A.244/S anti-submarine warfare torpedoes missiles.

Giat M621 20mm cannon pod

800px-nexter_nc621GIAT (now Nexter Systems) M621 canon pod –  Image:

The M621 is a French 20 mm automatic cannon, designed by GIAT (now Nexter Systems). It is used on armored vehicles, aircrafts, helicopters and small coastal vessels in France, India, Romania and other countries. Its variants include THL 20, chin mounting for helicopters; SH 20, door mounting for helicopters; CP 20, pintle-mounted naval gun, and others. The gun entered service in 1973 and is still in service today.


  • Type: Automatic gun
  • Calibre: 20×102 mm
  • Gun Weight: 100.3 lbs (45.5 kg)
  • Gun Length: 86.9 in (220.7 cm)
  • Bore Length: 57.5 in (146 cm)
  • Capacity: Belt fed, platform dependent capacity (160 for model 15A naval mounting, 300-750 for THL 20)
  • Rate of fire: 750 rpm
  • Muzzle velocity: 980-1030 m/s depending on ammunition type


68mm and 70mm unguided rockets


Matra Mistral air-to-air missile

The Mistral is a short-range air defense weapon missile system. It was designed and manufactured in France by Matra BAE Dynamics (now MBDA). It features a lightweight man portable launcher, which can be operated by a single soldier. The Mistral SAM can also be launched from armored vehicles, ships and helicopters. More than 17 000 missiles have been produced. The Mistral is used in around 25 countries.

The Mistral missile is a fire-and-forget type weapon with a high technology infrared homing seeker, which is fully autonomous after firing. The missile is lightweight and is very accurate. Maximum altitude is 3 000 m at a maximum speed of 930 m/s. The homing head has high sensitivity due to the incorporation of matrix multiplier unit picking up infrared radiation in the 3-5 micron range.

Image: CEOWORLD magazine

The missile has a 3 kg High Explosive (HE) warhead with high density tungsten balls for increased damage. It uses a laser proximity detonation mechanism, that reduces the chance of premature detonation. The missile also has a gyro-based proportional navigation, that rejects flares. The seeker of Mistral also incorporates a narrow field of view, thereby rejecting decoys interference.

Propulsion system of the missile includes a booster and a sustainer motors. After leaving the canister the booster gives missile an initial velocity of 40 m/s. Then the sustainer motor kicks in, increasing the missile speed to the maximum.

The identification friend-or-foe interrogator is used to determine if the incoming aircraft is friend or foe.

ATAM is an air-to-air version of Mistral, intended for helicopters and aircraft.

Entered service 1988
Missile length 1.86 m
Missile diameter 0.09 m
Fin span 0.18 m
Missile weight 18.7 kg
Missile weight in container 21.4 kg
Weight with launcher 41 kg
Warhead weight 3 kg
Warhead type High Explosive
Range of fire 6 km
Altitude of fire 3 km
Guidance Infrared homing


AS 15 TT anti-surface missiles

Image result for AS 15 TT anti-surface missile

The sleek AS-15TT has small cruciform tail fins, and swept-back wings mounted in the midsection. The wings have antenna pods mounted on their tips. The missile is fitted with a blast-fragmentation warhead derived from that used on the AS-12. Although it does have a radar altimeter for sea-skimming attacks, it does not have a terminal seeker. Targeting is performed by the launch helicopter using radar, and flight instructions are relayed to the missile by a digital data link.

   _____________________   _________________   _______________________
   spec                    metric              english
   _____________________   _________________   _______________________

   wingspan                56.4 centimeters    1 feet 10 inches
   length                  2.6 meters          7 feet 1 inch
   total weight            100 kilograms       220 pounds
   warhead weight          30 kilograms        66 pounds

   speed                   high subsonic
   range at altitude       15 kilometers       9 MI / 8 NMI
   _____________________   _________________   _______________________


HOT anti-tank missiles


The HOT (Haut subsonique Optiquement Téléguidé Tiré d’un Tube, or High Subsonic Optical Remote-Guided, Tube-Launched) is a second-generation long-range anti-tank missile system developed originally as an effort to meet a joint German-French Army requirement, by the then German firm Bölkow and the French firm Nord. Engine Two-stage solid fuel rocket, Range 75-4,300 m at 864 km/h Guidance SACLOS

Mk46 or Whitehead A.244/S anti-submarine warfare torpedoes

Mk46 anti-submarine warfare torpedoes

Turboshaft engines

AS565SA Panther – Image:  Pierric Boudehen

The AS 565 Panther is equipped with two Turbomeca Arriel 2C turboshaft engines, each rated at 635kW, for reliable performance in hot and high conditions. Full authority digital engine control (FADEC) provides fully automatic engine starting and ensures engine operation is maintained within the acceleration, torque and temperature operational limits. The hover ceiling within ground effect is 2,600m and the never exceed speed is over 285km/h.

2 x Turbomeca Arriel 2C turboshaft engines

The Arriel 2C is the latest version of the Arriel turboshaft engine family. The Arriel 2 features a very simple design, with a reduced number of parts and only five modules for easy maintenance. It capitalizes on the experience and know-how gained with the Arriel 1 family. The Arriel 2 has a TBO (Time Between Overhaul) of 3,500 hours.

The Arriel 2C powers the Eurocopter AS 365 Dauphin, capable of carrying 10 persons in its basic configuration, and China’s H 410 A.

AS565SA Panther – Image: Jean Thomas Rembert
OEI 30 sec 718 kW / 963 shp
OEI 2 min 646 kW / 866 shp
OEI Continuous 626 kW / 839 shp
AEO (take-off) 626 kW / 839 shp
AEO (Max. continuous) 581 kW / 779 shp


Four underfloor tanks and one centre fuselage tank provide a total fuel capacity of 1,130 litres. For extended range the helicopter can be fitted with an auxiliary fuel tank and a ferry tank. The range with standard fuel is 820km

Tricycle-type landing gear

AS565SA Panther – Image: Jean Thomas Rembert

The helicopter has hydraulically retractable tricycle type landing gear, with a twin wheeled nose unit and single wheeled main units. The main and nose units are equipped with oleopneumatic shock absorbers. The nose unit retracts rearward and the main wheels retract into wheel troughs in the fuselage.

AS565SA Panther – Image: Jean Thomas Rembert


The AS565 helicopter can climb at a rate of 8.9m/s to 792km range. It can fly at a maximum speed of 287km/h. The ferry range and service ceiling of the helicopter are 827km and 5,865m respectively. The endurance of the helicopter is 4.1 hours. The maximum take-off weight of the helicopter is 4,300kg.

Airbus Helicopters hands over first Mexican Panther MBe: Here

Asset ImageImage: Beth Stevenson/FlightGlobal

Airbus delivers first three TNI-AL AS565 MBe Panther helicopters to PTDI: Here

The first three AS565 MBe Panther helicopters destined for the TNI-AL were signed over to PTDI on 18 November. (Airbus Helicopters/Eric Raz)Image:

Indonesian Spec

Safran Arriel 2N engines


Certified in December 2014, the 2N is the newest addition to the Arriel family. A variant of the Arriel 2+, it powers the Airbus Helicopters AS565MBe Panther. The Arriel 2N is seventeen per cent more powerful than the Arriel 2C in previous versions of the Panther. The Arriel 2N is capable of a take-off power of 986 shp and features a special 30-minute take-off power rating for the most demanding missions. Its maximum power, via the One Engine Inoperative (OEI) rating, approaches 1130 shp. As with other members of the Arriel 2+ family, the 2N integrates a combination of new and proven technologies. It features a new axial compressor, a new HP compressor diffuser, new HP turbine blade material and a new-generation, dual-channel Full Authority Digital Engine Control (FADEC) linked to a modernized fuel system. The Arriel 2N represents the ideal engine solution for new helicopter projects, such as Korea’s LAH military helicopter. Source

L-3 Ocean Systems DS-100 HELRAS dipping sonar


The Helicopter Long-Range Active Sonar (HELRAS) DS-100 has been demonstrated to be the highest-performance helicopter dipping sonar in the world. The wet end comprises a descending vertical transmit array of seven projector elements and a receive array of eight hydraulically driven arms that expand to a diameter of 2.6 meters when deployed.

The DS-100 is capable of operating at depths to 500 meters and has Figure Of Merit (FOM) sufficient to achieve second convergence zone detection in deep water and unparalleled direct path coverage. Low-strength targets moving at slow speeds are detected through the use of high-resolution Doppler processing and long shaped pulses. Extended duration wide bandwidth FM pulses (up to 5 seconds) are available to detect the near-zero Doppler target as well.

The low (1.38 kHz) active center frequency designed into the DS-100 using proprietary transducer and beam-forming technologies, allows multiple boundary interactions, reduced reverberation contamination of the received signals, and interoperability with shipboard sonars and sonobuoys in bistatic or multistatic employment.

In addition to its long-range surveillance and search capabilities, the DS-100 is well-suited to redetection, target localization and weapon delivery against deep and shallow water targets. The sonar system is fully compatible with MIL-STD-1553B databus architectures and its advanced reeling machine evolved from the field-proven AQS-13/18 series. Source


Operating depth 500 m

Projector 8 elements (7 sonar, 1 UWT), array length 5.2 m

Operational modes

Active operation centered at 1.311, 1.38, 1.449 KHz:

CW (0.039 sec PW to 10 sec PW) at 3 frequencies

Frequency modulation

Linear period FM (PW 0.156 sec to 5.0 sec); FM triplet (PW 0.625 sec to 1.25 sec)

50 Hz downsweep: at 3 center frequencies

100 Hz downsweep: at 3 center frequencies

300 Hz downsweep: at 1 center frequency (1.380 KHz)

Active display formats: All beam Doppler range; bearing-range/Doppler-range; bearing-range; A-scan

Passive operation BW: 800 Hz to 2000 Hz broadband; in band DEMON

Passive Display formats: Bearing-time; bearing frequency, automatic line integration

(narrowband and DEMON)

Source level 218 dB/µPa/yd

Beam width Vertical -15º to +15º

Receive beams 32 half beams, 16 full beams

Number of target tracks 10

Range scales 1, 1.5, 2.5, 4, 6, 10, 16, 25, 40, 60 n miles

Receive array 2.6 m diameter x 1.2 m high


Submersible unit: 155 kg

Dome Control, Reeling Machine, Cable & Reel: 130.5 kg

Common Acoustic Processor & Cable Interface Power Supply: 40.5 kg

Integrated System: 326 kg

Sonar Control: 6.3 kg

Flat Panel Display: 9 kg

Standalone System: 341.3 kg

Technical data



SA 365M Panther
Prototype military variant first flown on 29 February 1984.
SA 365 FK
Original designation of SA 365 K.
SA 365 K
The first version of the Panther, based on the AS365 N2. Offered with various armaments, including podded Giat M621 20 mm cannon, 2.75 in Forges de Zeebrugge (FZ) rockets (in pods of 19) or 68mm Thales Brandt rockets (in pods of 22).
AS565 UA
Unarmed military utility variant for reconnaissance, transportation and search and rescue. Can use either Arriel 1M1 or 2C turboshaft engines.
AS565 UB
Utility version of the AS365 N3, currently in production. This version is powered by two Turbomeca Arriel 2C turboshafts, which are equipped with full authority digital engine control(FADEC). The main missions of this version are transport of 8 to 10 fully equipped troops, casualty evacuation and logistic support.
AS565 AA
Armed military battlefield variant, can be armed with air-to-air weapons including 20-mm canon pods, rockets or up to eight Mistral air-to-air missiles. Can use either Arriel 1M1 or 2C turboshaft engines.
AS565 AB
Attack version of the AS365 N3.
AS565 MA
Multi-purpose unarmed naval variant for maritime patrol, search & rescue (fitted with a hoist) or a surveillance. Can use either Arriel 1M1 or 2C turboshaft engines.
AS565 MB
Maritime transport and search & rescue version of the AS365 N3. Offered with various armaments, including cabin-mounted 20mm cannon, AS 15 TT anti-ship missile, Mark 46 torpedo and Whitehead A.244/S torpedo.
AS565 SA
Multi-purpose armed naval variant for anti-submarine warfare using either Sonar or MAD, search and rescue and surveillance roles. Can use either Arriel 1M1 or 2C turboshaft engines.
AS565 SB
Surveillance and ASuW version of the AS365 N3.
AS565 CA
Armed military anti-armour variant with roof-mounted sight and HOT missiles. Can use either Arriel 1M1 or 2C turboshaft engines.
AS565 N3
Maritime patrol and surveillance version of the AS365 N3 for the Hellenic Coast Guard
AS565 SC
Search and rescue version for Saudi Arabia.
AS565 MBe
Improved MB with an increased payload, Arriel 2N engines and new avionics, initially for the Mexican Navy
HM-1 Pantera
Based on the AS565 AA, manufactured by Airbus Helicopters subsidiary Helibras for the Brazilian Army.
Panther 800
Version offered for the US Army’s Light Utility Helicopter program as a replacement for the UH-1 Huey, with 2 LHTEC T800 turboshafts. Test flown only.
Harbin Z-9
The Harbin Z-9 and its variants are license-built by Harbin Aircraft Manufacturing Corporation for the Chinese People’s Liberation Army.

Harbin Z-9

Harbin Z-9

Z-9C: Version for PLA Naval Air Force, for deployment aboard certain classes of destroyers and frigates; in service by late 2000. Believed to be equivalent to Arriel 2-engined Eurocopter AS 565 Panther, but equipped with Thales HS-12 dipping sonar and KLC-11/J-band (Chinese version of Agrion 15) surface search radar; armament includes two Yu-7 torpedoes or TV-guided C-701 anti-surface vessel missiles. Source

Specifications (Z-9B)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1 or 2 pilots
  • Capacity: 10 passengers or 1,900 kg (4,189 lb) payload internal, 1,600 kg (3,527 lb) payload slung
  • Length: 12.11 m (39 ft 9 in)
  • Height: 4.01 m (13 ft 2 in)
  • Empty weight: 2,050 kg (4,519 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 4,100 kg (9,039 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Zhuzhou Aeroengine Factory WZ-8A turboshaft, 632 kW (848 hp) each
  • Main rotor diameter: 11.94 m (39 ft 2 in)
  • Main rotor area: 111.98 m2 (1,205.3 sq ft) swept area


  • Maximum speed: 305 km/h (190 mph; 165 kn)
  • Cruising speed: 260 km/h (162 mph; 140 kn)
  • Ferry range: 1,000 km (621 mi; 540 nmi) with internal auxiliary tank
  • Endurance: 5 hours
  • Service ceiling: 4,500 m (14,764 ft) * Hovering Ceiling in ground effect: 2,600 m (8,530 ft)
  • Hovering Ceiling out of ground effect: 1,600 m (5,249 ft)


2 fixed 23 mm Type 23-2 (AM-23) cannon on attack variants. Pylons for rockets, gun pods, ET52 torpedo, HJ-8 anti-tank missiles, or TY-90 air-to-air missiles.

Z-9 Technical data

Operators: Here

Specifications (AS365 MB Panther)

General characteristics Data from

  • Crew: 1 or 2 pilots
  • Capacity: 10 troops
  • Length: 13.68 m (44 ft 11 in)
  • Height: 3.97 m (13 ft 0 in)
  • Empty weight: 2,380 kg (5,247 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 4,300 kg (9,480 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Turboméca Arriel 2C turboshaft, 635 kW (852 hp) each
  • Main rotor diameter: 11.94 m (39 ft 2 in)
  • Main rotor area: 111.98 m2 (1,205.3 sq ft)


  • Maximum speed: 306 km/h (190 mph; 165 kn)
  • Service ceiling: 5,865 m (19,242 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 8.9 m/s (1,750 ft/min)


  • Guns: Giat M621 20 mm (0.787 in) cannon pods.
  • Rockets: 68 mm (2.677 in) or 70 mm (2.756 in) unguided rockets.
  • Missiles:

Technical data

Main material source


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